Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, August 02, 1861, Image 1

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A. R. BhIEEII, Proprietor.
Wm. M. PORTER, Editor.
The Claatists HERALD In published weekly on a large
'heat containing twenty eight columni, and tarnishod
to subscribers at $1.59_ t pad strictly In advanctel
$1.75 if paid within the i
.year; of s2lh — all (awn when
payment is delayed until after the expiratio i of the
year. No subscriptioni renoirod for a less period than
ix months, and noun dlscontinued.until all arrearages
are paid, nuleits at the option of the publisher. ^ Papers
sent to subscribers kiting out of Cumberland county
must bo paid for In advance, or the payment assumed
by some responsible person tiring In Cumberland coun
ty.. These. terms will h e tightly adhered to in all
Advertisements will be charged $l.OO par square of
twelve linos for three insertions, and 25 cents for eiteh
subsequent Insertion. All advertisements of less than
twelve lines considered as a square:
Advertisements inserted before Marriages and deaths
6 rents per line for Brat Insertion, and 4 cents per line
or subsequent Insertions. Communications on sub.
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notices ur Marriages not exceeding five lines, will be
laserted without charge.
ThelOarlinle Herald .7013 . PRINTING OFFICE fa the
kr:mat-old m at complete establishmoiit in the county.
Four gond Pr.-s os. and a general variety of material
finite I for plain and Fancy work of every kind. enable'.
ua to do JOll Printing at the abodes! notice and on the
most re taon•hle terms. Persona In want of Bnla,
Illanka or anything in the Jobbing lind, will find It to
ribs intorent to sire no a call.
genera[ anti Coca( information
Prentdent—Aßß•RAM LINCOLN.
Vice President —lltitelßAL HAMLIN.
Secretary of State—WlN. 11. SISTARD.
Secretary of Interior—Cotten therm, -
Secretary of TreallUry—SALltON P. CuAlie.
Secretary of War—theme OtitEnoit.
Secretary of Navy—GIDEON
Poet Master fieneral—Mcmrenuenit SLAIN.
Attorney lienernl-14DVIAMD SATES.
Chief Juetice of the United Btates-11.,8. TANNT
Secrotary of State—P.i Swett.
Surveyor General—Wx. H. Klux.
A iblitor General—Taos. It. COORRAN
Treasurer—lll! D Mahe.
Judges of the Supremo Court—s. tame, J. ,M• Aeu•
President Judge 7 -tten. jamas 11. Grahern.
Ass,.aite Judges—lion. Michael Coekiin, Samlid
District Attorney—J. W. D. GllleleL.
Prothonotarr—Bentamlu Souks
It,, ir for dci.—.ollll , 107.1. •
Resister—K. A. Brady. -
High titherlff—ttobt. McCartney; Deputy, 8. Keepers
County Treasurer—Alfred L. Spouster.
Ooroner—.lohn A. Duniapv - -
County Comintseionera—Gatbaniel FL &kola, James
Et. Wagoner, Geo Miller. Clerk to Commissionern,
James Armstrong.
Directors of the Poor—Jno. Trimble, Abraham Bee
ler, John Miller. Superintendent of Poor Rouse—
Henry Snyder.
Cblef Burgess—John Noble,
Asalstunt (Jorge's—Adam 13en'emao
Out dial], Wm. W. Dale, J. R.
Irvine. H♦ tan Carney, John Halbert, J. D. Parker, Fred
erink Diulde, Samuel Krisminger.
Clerk to ilouncll.—Jag. U. klasonhelmer.
High Constables—Geo. Dently, Joseph Stuart. Ward
Conetnblen—Jacob Drets,•Andrew Martin.
Justices of the Pence—A. L. Spongier, David Smith
Michael Holcomb, Abm. Dehuff.
C 11 UM lIES
First Presbyterian Church, Northwest angle of Cen
re Square. Rev. Conway P. Wing Pastor—Services
emery Sunday Morning at 11 o'clock, A-31, and 7._o'clock
P. M .
Second-Presbyterian Chiirch, corner of Bouthllaborer
and Pomfret. street.. Rev. Mr Rolls, Pastor, Services
commence at It o'clock, A. 31.061 , 7 O'clock'P,lsl..
St. John's Church, (Prot. Episcopal) northeast angle of
Centre Square. Rev. Francial.Clere, Rector. Servibes
at 11 o'clock At M., and 3 o'clock, P. 31.
English Lutheran Church, Redford between Main
faeuther streets. Ilev.Jacob Fry, Pastor. Services
at 11 o'clock A. M., and 6% o'clock P. M.
German Reformed Church, Louther, between Han
over and Pitt streets. Rev. A. 11. Eremer, Pastor.—
Spry Ices at 11 o'clock A. M, and ti o'clock. P. M
Methodist E. Church, (first charge) corner ot Main and
Pitt Streets. Rev. Joseph A. Ross, Pastor. Services at
11 o'clock A: 31. end 8 o clock P. M
Methodist E.Church(second charge.) Rev:Hermon M.
Johnsou Pastor. Services In Emory M. E. Church at 11
o'clock A. M. and 6 P 31. .
St. Patrick's Catholic Church, Pomfret near East et.
Re r. James Kelley, Pastor. Services every other
Sabbath at 10 o'clock. Vespers at 3.
. German Lutheran Church corner of Pomfret and
6olfoid streets. Rev. G. A. Strunte Pastor. Services at.
11 o'clock, A. M., and 6% o'clock, P. M.
r/r When changes in the above are necessary the
proper persons are requested to netlfy us.
Rev. ft. M. Johnson, D. D., President and Professor o.
Moral Solemn',
James W Marshall, A. M., Prufeesor of Latin Lan
guages and Literature.
Rev. Wm. L. Roswell, A. M., Professor of Greek Lan•
guage and Literature.
William G. Wilson, A. M., Professor of Natural Science
and Curator of the Museum.
' Samuel D. Hillman, A. M., erafessor of Mathematics.
A. V. Mullin, A. D., Principal of the Grammar
Joiiii, - 11". - Hterlic Assistant in-the Grammar School .
Andrew Blair, President, 11. Eiastoia ' P. Quigley, E
Curncuan. C. P. fluunprich,J. ilamilEan,Bectelary,Jastin
W. Eby, Treasurer, John Sphar, 81rasouger. Meet. on
the let Monday of each Month at 8 o'clock A. Bt. at Ed.
CARLISLE EXPOSIT ELEC.—President, R. M. Hendcrion,
Cashier. W. M. Beitenr; Ant, Cashier,, J. P. Hasler;
Teller ' Jas. Roney,; Clerk, C. 11 Welder; MaaseuEor,
John Underwood; Directors, IL. DI. Henderson. John
Zug, Samuel Wherry, J. D. Gorges, Sidles Woodburn,
R. 0. Woodward. CoLlienry Logan, Hugh Stuart, and
Jamas Andotten.
Frederick Watts: Secretary and Tresniuror, Edward 3 .
Piddle; Superintendent, O. N. Lull. Passenger trains
twice a day. 'Eutward luring Carlisle at 10.10 o'clock
A. M. and 2.44 o'clock. P.M. Two trains every day
Westward, leaving Carlisle at 9.27 o'clock A, 31., anct
3.30 P. M.'
uel Todd; Trusurer, A. L. .Sponsler; . Superintendent,
George _Wise- , Hindu - C . F;' - Watts; -- %1 m; '3l. I.lectem.-
R. 31. Biddle, s l.lo:rillakton;l t. - 0,-Woodwardy-John-11.
11 rattan - , P. (Jai:deer, and Jilin Campbel l.
CUERERLAND VAI.LET , BAND.—PreldentiJohn 8. Bter:
reit ; Cashier, 11. A. Sturgeon; Teller, Jps. C. liorter.--
Directers,'lohn IL Sterrett. Ear; Meleholr Inane
man, Millard Woods. John C. Dunlap, Robt. C. Sterrett,
U. A. Sturgeon, and Captain Jbhn Dunlap.
CumberlaPt Star-Lodge. N 0../ In, A. .T. 31. meets at
Marton hall on the 2nd and 4th, Tuesdays of every
St. Johni Lodge No 260 A. -Y. M.' • h oet sld Yit
daysof each month. at Msrlo4 '
Carlisle Lodge No Or I. 0. of o. ' 8.. Meets Monday.
eventng, at Trouts building. • ' ,"
The Tiniest hire . ComPany was - .Orgatilzed In •47110.
PrealaeAt t Corun a / a via, :president. • SarmulF
Wetzel ; Secretary, 4. D. Hampton; Treasuror, , P. -Mon ; -
Company meets the th a t Saturday In March, June,,
September, end December.' •• • • • .
The Cumberland Vire Compeny waainstltutedVebru , .
eryl.B, 11105. Presblent,".Tima. :Thorn •lion ;• Secretary
Philip Qiiiglej; Treasurer , Quigley Thrrechipany
meet. on the third Saturday. of January, April, Ally,'
and October ..
The oOod WOl lioceCemparty was Lriatituted in literal,
1655, , President,'11. A. Sturgeon;-:Pice President, C, P.
Mumricti; Secretary, William 'D. Delbert - Treseurer.
_Ogilby...._LThelcoropenylneete, , th*.aecond
Tirtirstiaj Jenuary;APill. July,.and 9etotwir.- - .
The Empire ROA And Ladder Company wee histlint
94 in - 1859. M.Porter;lrice'Pri.cldent,
John 0. Amom Treasurer, John Crinpliellr , Secretery,
John. W. P . 11r111: The .company.tneetis on Aim 'drat ',fri
day In Jerniar,,•April. July and October. • •
. .
Room—Misto . x liati.
Regular monthly meeting—Third TunedsrEvenll4;
•Prayer meeting—So_loe/iAtternOnn at itn'eloek: ,
Reading 'ltem and Library--adminsinn , free ,, open,
every evening (Sundep excepted)fivxKl 0 10 o'eleek.
Strangers wipe-dilly
. • • -
'Postage oa• all- 16ttariof bni•haleounce Velght °ran
dor, ll'eents excep t
. WValiforxdit, .or Oregon;
which to 10 coa l !! prepaid. - -
• Pontagoan the!" Herald the,l i 4inty,
Within the State 13 canto per year: — Toany part of dui
Milted itatos 20'conti. Ponta,ge on trapolent papers
under 3 otincoa la weight, 1 'cent *Told or two, canto
pada% Adrertlarallatteta, o,l*9llogid a illlb thereti4
dvertlaiiig , _
Tits veriest spawn of the "Father of Lies"
Ic that creeping creature called Compromise
A slimy thing in villainous guise.
With the pompous title—Compromise
The tool of the weak—the scorn of the wlao,
Oh 1 men I beware of Compromise I
Crooked and dark the pathway Iles
Before the fiend named Compromise
Avoiding the gleam of good men's eyes,
Characterless crawls Compromise.
Two cowards et war—one of erlex,
"Let's settle the matter by Compromise!"
fie, wrapped In a sereen that detection defies,
In stalk!" the umpire—Compromlee.
Two thieves who grasp at a stolen prise,
Divide the spoils by Compromise—
A country groans and a nation sighs
Wheel the leaden turn to Compromise
Though fools may hops to strengthen ties
lly Cotton bands of Compromise.
It you wish to see a uatlon rho,
Daro to speak or Co[ripromlse I
Accursed be he who nulls or buys
Ills country's honor with Compromise!
Hang him high, and otter he dies.
Write on his tomb-stone Compromise!
Can ye never a plan devise
To save your land but Coinpromiset
Come to your serums! Up! Arise
Bre ye strike one rock of Compromlee!
[Frotl the New York World
The Heat of the Contest
It was noon, and now the battle com
menced in the fierceness of its most Pk'
tended fury. The batteries upon the dis
tant:hill began 'to play upo'n our own, and
upon our advancing_ troops, with hot and
thunderous effect. Carlisle answered for
us. and - Sherman for Hunter's Division,'
while the great 32-pounder addressed
itself resistlessly to the alternate defences
of the foe. The noise of the cannonading
was deafening and , continuous. Converse
ly to the circumstance of the former en
gagement, it completely drowned, at thin
period, the volleys of the musketry and
riflemen. It blanched the cheeks of the
villagers tit Centreville, to the main street
of which place some of the enemy's rifle
shell were thrown. It was beard at Fair
fax, at Alexandria, at - Washington-itself.
Five or six heavy batteries, were in op
eration at once, and to their clamor was ad
ded the lesser yell of twenty thousand small
arms. What could we civilians see of the
fight-at this time ? Little; yet perhaps
more than any who engaged in it. How
'Anxiously we strained our eyes to catch
the various movements,„ thoughtless of
everything but the spectacle, and the suc
cesses or reverses of the Federal army.—
Our infantry were engaged in woods and ^
meadows beyond our view. We knew
not the nature or position of the force
they were fighting. But now and then
then there would be a fierce rush into the
open prospect, a gallant charge on one
side and a retreat on the other, and we
saw plainly that our forces were gaining
•'nd, and - ldily - kg their ad-
Ivement, which
'e and the ene-
ley ilea from
into the open
geld. Then - we saw our own Sixq-nititli
and Seventy-ninth, corps annimated by a
chivalrous national rivalry, press on to the
support of the more distant column. We
could catch glimpses of the continual ad.
vances and retreats ; could here occasion
ally the gunt of a battery before undis
covered ; could guess how terribly all this
accumulation of death upon death must
tell upon those undaunted men, but could
also see—and our cheers continually fol
lowed the 'knowledge—that our forces
were gradually dri'ing the right of the
enemy around the second quarter of a cir
cle. until by ten o'clock the main , battle
was raging at a paint almost directly- op-"standing - Oace—the road at the
edge, `of :the - woods ---- where - it bad com
menced six hours before. '
There wake bill at the distance of a mile
and a half to which I have hitherto elk
de& From its height, _overlooking
whole plain, a,few shell had reached us
early in the day, and as it Was nearer the
Manassas road than almost 'any other por 7
thm of the geld, more of the enemy's , re-;
inforcements gathered about its , ridge than
to'the aid•of the beaten rebels in the
woods Here ibere was an,
open battery and long lines of infantry 'in
support. ready, 6r -- a wonder; - to 'let - lain.
'Wearied fellows , see•pthe.freshforeeti they
bad to conquer: . ; ,
'As the 'Sixty-pinth and. Seventy-ninth
wound round the tnestiews tolhe north, of
this hill, ond'begon to cross the road ap
parently with the intention of' scaling' it,
WO saw, a,colunin
.corning down from the
furthest .perspective, and_for_ w moment
believed it to be a portion of Hunter's
Division; - and that' it' had Ouceeecleil in
completely turning the' enemy's rear. A
wild shoht,rdse from as 'ail. But' soon
the',leekeuts : saw ; that its:. ensign& bore.
Sge(ksskonpanners„ and we. knew. that
Jelmsten' or to nte other rebet,general WAS'
leading a hi k oa 'of 'fresktfooprj'aiiinfie our
nnited•right and:eel:llre:: It was time for
morolretmentiftii be sent -forwardi and,
Keys was ordered to advance with the
First Tyler Brigade. ,The three Con"
nectient reginients - lind the Fourth Maine
came onoith O *in tho' ' Firet Conneeti
out was ,po'sted in•reserve', and the - ether
three - corps swept, tirthe.field, by•the ford ,
on the right,,lcrtati the - ktruggling :
vanes.. " ' •
• _ _
d), PAIME PO. TIM rAphERATC easmago
All eyes were directed to the - distant
hill-top, now the : centre of the fight. Ali
could see the enemy's Infantry ranging
darkly against the sky beyond, and the
first lines of our men moving with fine
determination up the steep slope. The
cannonading upon our advance, the strug.
gle upon the hill-top, the. interchange of
position between the contestants, were
- Watched by us, and as new forces rushed
in upon the enemy's side the scene , was
repeated over and over again. It must
have been here, I think, that the Sixty
ninth touk and lost a battery eight times
in succession, and finally were compelled,
totally exhausted, to resign the comple
tion of their work to the Connecticut re.;
giments which had just come up. The
Third Connecticut finally carried t hat sum
tnit, unfurled the Stars and Stripes above
it, and paused front the fight to cheer for
the Union cause.
Then the battle began to work down .
the returning half of the circle, which the
enemy described during the day, driven
before the desperate charges of our troops,
until they reached the very point where
Tyler's advance commenced the action.
Down the hill, and into the valley thick:
eta on the left, the Zouaves, the Connecti:
cut and New York Regiments, with the
unconquerable Rhode [slanders, drove the
continually enlar g ing but always van;
quished columns of the enemy. It was
Only to meet more batteries, earthwork
sue ,coding earthwork, ambuscade after
ambuscade. Our fellows were hot and
weary; most had drank no water during
' hours of dust, and smoke, and insufferable
heat. Nu one knows what choking the
battle atmosphere produces in a few trio
!nous, until he has personally experienced
it And so the conflict lulled fur a little
while. It was the middle of a blazing af
ternoon. Our -regiments held the posi
tions they had won, but the enemy kept
receiving additions, and continued a flank
movement toward our left—a dangerous
movement for us, a movement which those
in the rear perceived, and vainly endeav
ored to induce some general officer to
guard against
- Here was th , great blunfler, or misfor
tune, of the battb. A misfortune, that we
had tie troops in reserve after the Ohio
regiments were again sent forward, this
time to assist in building a- bridge across
the run on the Warrenton _road, by the
side of the stone bridge knovia t 9 be
mined. A blunder, in that the last re
serve was sent forward at all. It should
have been retained to guard the rear of
the left, and every other regiment should
have been promptly recalled over the
route by which it had advanced, grdered
only to maintain such positions as rested
on a supported, continuous line General
Scott says, to-day, that our troops had al
ready accomplished three - days' - works and
.should have rested long before. 'But Mc-
Dowell tried, to vanquish the South in a
single struggle, and the sad result is be
fore us. - ,
As it was, Captain Alexander, with his
Sappers and Miners, was ordered to cut
through the abattis by the side of the
mined bridge, in the valley directly before
us, and lay pontoons across the stream.—
Carlisle's Artillery was detailed to protect
the work, and the Ohio and ‘Visconsin
reserve to support the artillery. Mean
while,•in the lull which I have mentioned,
, the thousand heroic details of Federal
valor and the shamelessness of rebel treach
ery begun to reach our ears. We learned
the loss of the brave Cameron, the wound
in,'e' of Heintzelinan and Minter, the fall
ofllagerty and Slocum and Wilcox.—
We heard of the dash of the Irishmen
and their decimation, and of the havoc
made and sustained by the Rhode island
ers, the Highlanders, the- Zouaves, and
Connecticut Third; than of the intrepid
ity of, Burnside and Sprague•-. , - , how the
devoted and daring young Governor led
the regiments he had so munificently e
quippe-d- again - and atrain - to - victorious
charges and at last spiked, with his own
hands, the guns he could not carry away.
The victory seemed ours: It was an hour
sublime in unselfishness, and apparently
glorious in its results.
At this time, near 4 o'clock, I rode for
ward through the open plain to the creek
where the abattis was be'ng assailed by
our engineers The o,hip,,,.connecticut,
and Minnesota regiments were variously
posted. thereabout; others were in distant
portions of the field , all were completely
exhausted and partly dissevered; no Gen
eral of division, except Tyler.—cculd be
found. W here were our (Aileen! ? Where
was the foe? IV ho knew whether we had
WOO or lost?
tons tidings of
use in the trees
than we could
Ae from below.
fairly rounded
we listened
if hir charges
saw for our-
smoke from
ericg column
The question was quickly , to bo decided
for us. A sudden swoop and a body 'of
cavalry rushed down upon our columns
near the bridge. They came from the
woods on the left, and infantry poured
out behind them. Tyler and. hie stall,-
with the 'rese7e, •were apparently out off
by the quick
. manoeuvre.. I succeeded in
raining the positien,l hadjusi left, there
Witnessed the capture of Carlisle's bat
tery in the - plain, and saw another -force_
of cavalry , and infantry pouring iatolhe
road at
.the very spot 'where the battle
coatine - nced, and near which the Smith
Carolinians ; who manned The battery
silenCed 'in the 'meriting, hacf,doubtless
All day ..beep- lying. concealed: The. am
bulances and wagons bad. 'gradually. ad.'
vanced to. this . Spot,, and' of course ,an
~confusjo,n, and dismay •re-
Stliti)d.-_,OUr MM. infantry broke.,lanks.
in the geld, plunged into "the woods 'to
avoid the road,'ind . got Up Abe hill as
ir s . 6 'te
best. , they " couldi . Withoiir loaders ? tIY
man-saving himself in hie VivitCW' ..•
isy the time I reached- the to of th , N
hill, thelretreati , the - partici the heedless
headlong ,confusion weft?, new ''
beyond, a,
hOpe: - I 'wait near the rear'of,:the ;moire:.
moot; with the brave Cdptain*Aleinild4,'
who-eadeiVtired by-the In ost'galltint; itit'
unavailable exertions' to, cheek' the . :66-' ,
ward 'tumult.. Ip. was, difftctilt t,a )4 lefe.
in the, reality of our,,sudden reverse. -7.
. 1 What'does itsall riteitti?", I itskid'Are'r.-
oder: " . 4 Means defeat," was hiiie-
ply., '" We are boaten; it is shinneful, a
;cowardly retreat! Hold tip,,4nen,"., he
shouted, " don't •be such infernal now-
ards l' / and-he `rode back Wards and -- for'
Wards,' placing his horse across the road
and vainly trying to rally
.tbe running
troops. - The - tea rus - and - wagonreenfusdd
and dismembered every corps.
We were now
,cut off from the ridvance_
body by the enemy's infantry, who had
rushed on the slope just left by us, sur
rounded the guns and sutler's wagons.
-and - were apparently' pressing up 'against
us. " It's no use, Alexander,' I said,
"you Must leave with the rest." "3'll
be d-.-d if I will," was his sullen reply,
and the splendid fellow rode book to make
his way as best he could. Meantime, I
saw officers with leaves and eagles on
their shoulder-straps, majors and eolonelsil
who had deserted their comrades, pass
one galloping as if for dear life - No, en.
emy pursued just then ; - but I suppose all
were afraid that his guns would be trained
down the long, narrow avennthind_ mow
the retreating thousands, and 'cutter to
pieces army wagons and everything else
which crowded it. Only one field officer,
so far as my observation extended, seemed
to have remembered his duty.
Lieutenant Colonel Speideb aoreigner
attached to a Connecticut regiment, strove
against the current for a - league. I pos,
itively declare that with • the two excep
tion's mentioned all efforts made to check
the panic before Centreville was :reached
were confined to civilians. I saW a man
in citizen's dress, who had thrown off his
coat., seized a musket, and was trying to
rally the soldiers who came by at the
point of the bayonet. In reply tonAues
tion for his name, he said it was Wash
burne, and I learned. that
.113 was the
member by that name from Illinois, The
Hon. Mr. Kellogg made a similar effort.
Bath these Congressmen bravely stood
their ground till the last monientp and
were serviceable at Centreville in _assist
ing the halt there ultimately made - And
other civilians did-what they-could,
But what a scone! and how terrific the
onset of that tumultuous retreat. For
three miles hosts of. Federal troops—all
detached from their regiments, a/I min
gled in one disorderly route—were fleeing
along the road, but mostly through the
I lots on either side. Army Wagons .sut
lets' teams, and private carriages choked
the passage, tumbling against each Other,
amid clouds of dust, and slekebing sights
and sounds Hacks, containing unlucky
spectatoys of the late affray, were smashed
like glass, and the ocoupante went lost
sight of 'in the 'debris Horses, flying
wildly from the battle field, many or.tliem
in death agony, galloped . at randomfOr
ward, joining; the stampede. Thole
on -foot -who could, catch them. rode them
bare-back, umf much to save - theinkaves
front-being nth over as to make quicker
• Wounded men, lying-along thebanks—
the few ither left on,the field nor taken
to the captured hospitals , appealed with
raised hands to-those who rode horses, be lifted behind, but few re
garded such petitions. Then the -artil
lery, such as was saved, came thundering
along, smashing and overpowering every
thing The regular cavalry, 1 record it
to their. shame, joined in the. melee,
adding to its terrors, for they rode down
footmen without mercy. One of the
great guns was. overturned, and lay amid
the ruins of n caisson, as I passed it.. I
saw an artilleryman running bet Ween the
ponderous fore and • after-wheels of !be
gun carriage, hanging on with both hands,
and vainly striving to jump upon the ord
nance. The drivers were spurring The
horses; ho could not cling much longer,
and a more agonized expression never
fixed the •features of a drowning-man
The carriage bounded from the roughness
of a steep hill leading to a creek, he lost
his hold, fell, and in an instant the great
wheels had crushed the life out of him.
Who ever saw such a flight? Could
the retreat at Borodino have exceeded it
in confusion-and-t-umult-? - I--think not.
It did not slack in the least until Centre
ville was reached. _There the sight, of
the reserve—Niles' brigade—formed in
order on the hill, seemgd_fiomewhat to
reassure the van But still the' teams
and foot soldiers pUshed on, passing their
own camp, and heading swiftly for the
distant Potomac, until for ten, miles the
road over which the 'grand army had so
lately passed southward, gay with un-'
stained banners, ati'd . flashed with surety
of strength, was covered with - the frag=
ments of its retreating forebs, chattered'
and panic stricken in a single day. From
the branch route, the trains attached to
Hunter's Division had caught the con-
legion of the flight, and poured into its
already swollen • current - another turbid
freshet of confusion and dismay,
W ho ever saw a more shamefully aband
onment of munitions gathered at such
vast expense ?• The teamsters, many of
them, put the traces of their horses, and
galloped front.the wagons ,Others threw.
out their loade to accelerate their flight,
and grain; picks, , and
„shovels, and pro
visions of.every kind lay trampled in the
dust Tor leagues.. Thousands of muskets
strewed the route.; .when, some of us sub
ceeded in tally,ing . a ,body ,of fugitiyes,
an& forming them
,in a lino across the
road; hardly one but had, thrown away
' tf the enemy had brought up
his' artillery and - served' upon the retreat--
i trait);orlj n tercepted out - progress
with five hUndred'of his-cavalry, he might
have' captured 'enough •supplies 'for a
weeks !east ottlianksgiving. Asit'wits;
enough • was left behind to- tell the , story
of the,panio. The roitte,pf the Fed al
army seemed complete . , •
A Ot'ise.A Ao OM: illareikt.„
The . sight . fMiles' reserve ,drawn up,
.on ,the -Centreville, supporting ,a
full batiiriorfi t el'd pidees; and the efforts
of the few officers still ,faithful,, to their
truiti;:oimearageil inany of the
ihfitittry td seek:their old 'eautOs 'and ;go
uo - 1 But the majority Itustieti 'on
t 45 iluint•near the late site of German
town, where Lieutenant Bifsbage ' had
formeda,litte — Of liitat'S'artilletiats, across
the"i/aid;litia..repitlied 4%4) 1 attempted
to brettle,tlirit4h., .:particularly request.
attention to the service thus. tendered, by
this loyal-young officer.
While he wes - thus engaged a courier
arrived with the news that,Colonol Mont
gomery. was "advancing with a New Jer
sey brigade-from Fulls-Church, and that
the retreat must be stopped, • only the
wagons being allowed to pass. through.
Some thousands of the soldiery ; had al
ready got faron their way to Washington.
These were those from whom the details
.of the repulse were gathered this 'morn
ing. Poor fellows! who could blame them?
-Their own colonels had deserted them,
only, leaving orders for them to reach
Arlington Ueights as soon as they could.
A few Miles further I met Montgomery
swiftly pressing to the rescue, and re
ported the success of Lieutenant Bris
bane's efforts. And so I rode along, as
well as my wearied horse could carry me,
past groups of straggling fugitives, to
Fairfax - , where Colonel Woodbury was
expecting, and guarding against, a flank
movement of the enemy, and on again to
Long Bridge and the Potomac. But the
van of the runaway soldiers had made
such time that I found a host of them at
the Jersey entrenchments begging the
sentinels to allow them to cross the bridge.
To-day we learn of the safe retreat of the
main body of the tinny; that they were
feebly followed by the rebels as far as
Fairfax, but are now within the Arling
ton lines; and that McDowell, a stunned
and vanquished general, is overlooking
the wreck of his columns froin his old
quarters at the Custis mansion.
The magnificent comet which appeared
in this thrifty municipality the other night
was witnessed by thousands of our citi
zens, and has been -graphically described
- by the daily paperer W 0 - therefore - need
, not further allude to the appearance of
of the brilliant visitor here, but will pro
ceed to lay our repots from the interior
before the / readers of Vanity Fair:—
ALBANY, July 8.
The comet was' here this evening, and
looked splendidly. " A sort of comet made
its appearance, in Troy, about the same
time, but it was a one-horse affair in com
parison to ours
TROY, July 3.
A, magnificent comet appeared in our
city this - evening. Its splendid nucleus
Wits espebiatly admired by our citizens.—
The sickly concern which appeared in Al
bany had no nucleus.
RALLWAY, N. J., July 4.
The comet has, A last appeared New
Jersey. It made its appearance here this
Ovvping' by-epecial'consent of the corn-
Trion council.. The comet hieda splen
did nucleus. The assertion of a respect
able young man4fronr-New- York- that 'be
saw two comets „is generally discredited,
as he was evidently laboring under a rush
of tea to the head.
, .
• BOSTON, July 5.
'the comet has now been in New En
gland for the space of two days. It is a
very creditable affair, although it is due
to state that it does not, in point
of grandeur and revolutionary interest,
approach Bunker Hill. Th%, conaet will
not leave New , England.
CHICAGO, July 6.
. A gorgeous comet made its appearance
here this evening, and is the guest, of
course, the Chicago Academy of Sci
ence. Corner lots advanced 15 per cent.
at once. Dan. Boss has extended a free
pass to the comet over the Chicago and
Pittsburg It. It.
The cornet was here this evening. It
is vastly superior to the Great Eastern,
even admitting there is any such a boat,
which we by no means do.
Notwithstanding the comet, the fare on
the canidett and Amboy R. 11. will re
main at the same reasonable rates—U. S.
soldiers only being charged extra
The con•et passed over our city to-night.
No attempt was made to obstruct its pas
sage, and there was no evidence of a mob.
The city is quiet.
The comet was seen here to-night by
cone of the Girard house contractors, but
as he couldn't make anything out of it, it
was allowed to sail on.
the killed at Laurel Bill was one Captain
Skipwith, an F. F. V. A correspondent
of a eotemporary, speaking of him, says
that the name recalls to his recollecition
Skipwith's _probable ancestor, as well as
"a great number of the first families of .
Eastern Virginia bearing that name.—
That a man should either be exalted or
degraded by theoharactor of his ancestors
no-1113eral — or
,Christian minded man. will
approve; but when we see a whole pee
ple,, like Eastern Virginia and Lower
Carolina, boasting of an ancestry, that
every intelligent man knows to be false,
then, for the saake of truth, facts abould
take 'the place of fiction. In the ease of
Lord Audley,.. (see State Trials,) Skip:
with, the probable anceitor,of the numer
ous and very respectable families bearing
that name .now living in 'Virginia, was Lt .--
convict sent to Ole Colony of Virginia,-
and- who was found guilty of a crime
while Hiring in the family as a menial';
servant of Lord: Audloy--:a crime ,
enormity: of—which
• is:enough- to ,the.;.
blush, and which is = utterly*;::
-unlit for publication. Most of •the con.
viets, however, went -to South Carolina,-
and - whose descendants now furnish a
large pnrtion of 'het; population,. Who.arcc .
known pine,y-wods; 'peop/c-41-pepti*-.
.forming two =thirds' of the. whole
State—the most ignerant, and '• debaseir.
people 'known' upon' theearibt,'-ei:Phili:
thut all •the,i' flnggenets...,
settled in Carelina, there, was but
one person,
.and she , a :Mrs, Maiegaelt,
who was enabled; to .write
(See Recoid'Officd'hi Oharlenten:) ; They:
were mostly small artisans, : • but..were an
-honest; and, as a: body, , -
far-the.!cuost respaokahle settlere'Sblitk;r
Carolina over had." - -
Oh, we're a sunny Southern band—
Gentlemen all, gentlemen all;
The Chivalry of Dixie's land—
Gentlemen all, gentlemen all.
Wei live on largo Promiscuous bete,
And though we never pay our debts,
We credit seek with him who lets—
Gentlemen all.
-We Ads] a allot and steal a fort—
Gentlemen all, gentlemen all;
For stealing la a manly *port—
Gentlemen all, gentlemen all.
We Itch our nigger", small and great,
We burn a town, or " chew" a gtatb,
And always take our whisky,af might—
Gentlemen all!
We've sworn to swindle Uncle Sam—
Gentleman all, gentlemen all;
And use Secession for a sham—
Gentlemen all, gentlemen all. •
We simply take what's not our own.%.
Pick all ch. meat from our neighbor's bons,
And only ask to be lot alone—
Gentleman all I
The moment the Flag was threatened,
large bodies of men were called upon to
rally in its defence. Being a large-bodied
man, I rallied, and enrolled myself with
the Home Guards. The drill is very se
vere on me this hot weather, although I
am constantly allowed an, attendant with
a fan and a pitcher of ice water.
I am constantly reminded that one of
the first requirements of a soldier is to
throw out his chest and draw iu his stom
ach. Having been burned out several
times while occupying rooms in an attic,
I have had considerable practice in throw
ing out my chest, but by what system of
practice could I ever hope to draw in my
stomach ? I can't "dress up"—it's no
use trying. If my vest buttons are in line
I as fur in the rear, and if I toe the mark
fearful - bulge indicates my position.—,
(Tlieti is-no room for'argument in regard
to my sentiments—everybody can see at
a glance just where 1 stand) One eve
ning we had a new drill sergeant<who was
near-sighted. Running his eye down the
line, he exclaimed sharply:
" What is that man doing in the ranks
with a bass drum ?"
He pointed at me, but I hadn't any
drum—it was the surplus stomach that I
couldn't draw in.
I am the butt of numberless jokes, as
you may well suppose- They have got a
story . in the Guards that when I first heard
the command, " Order arms !" I dropped
my musket, and taking out my note-book
began to draw an order on the Governor
for what arms I wanted. They say I or
dered a Winans steam gun, with a pair of
Dahlgren howitzers for side arms! Base
fabricators ! My ambition never extend
ed beyond a rifle cannon, and they knew
Although in resptct to size I belong to
the "heavies,' my preference is for the
light infantry service. My knapsack is
marked, light infantry. One evening the
spectators seemed convulsed about some
thing, and my comrades tittered by pla
toons whenever iny:back was turned. It
was all a mystery to me until I laid off
my knapsack Some wretch had erased
the two final letters, arid I bad been pa
rading all evening labelled " LIGHT IN
FANT !" The above is one of the thous
and annoyances to which I am subjected,
and nothing but4ny consuming patriot
ism could ever induce me to submit to it.
I rallied arthe call of my country, and am
not to be put out by the rallying of my
I overheard a spectator inquire of the
drill sergeantone day:
" Do you drill the whole of him at
once ?"
"No," he returned, in an awful whis
per, " I drill him by squads !"
I would have drilled him if I had had
a bayonet.
Specifications have been published in
regard to my uniform, and contractors ad
vertised for. '1 he - making will be let out
to the lowest responsible bidder. In case
the Guards are ordered to take the field,
a special commissary will be detailed to
supply my rations. That reminds me of
a harrowing incident. On last drill night,
an old farmer who dropped in to see us
drill, took me aside, and said he wanted to
sell me a yoke of powerful oxen.
"My ancient agriculturalist," said 1,.
smiling at his simplicity, " I have no use
for oxen."
" Perhaps not at present," quoth ho,
but if you go to war you will want
"For what ? said I, considerably an-'
" Want 'em to d'aw your rations!"
. The Guards paid me a delicate compli
ment at the last meeting. They elected
me "Child of the Regiment," with - the
rank of first eorpulant, and the pay of
chief" Blowyer." - was about to return
thanks in a neat and appropriate specok
when a reporter who was present assured
me it was no uhe—he bad got the whole
thing in type, ape °oh and all,Ated I could.
read it in the evening paper. He said
,kept a'"neat nd - appropriati speech"
standing in type continually. r I - got his
views, and held my peace. •
Yoursfor the Linton, including!,
"the Star; 'also the Stripes,
—Cleveland haindealer,
WILiT BROONIF.I I 3 OF IT?-13veiy , now and
thien.webeard °Rite_ remarkable feat of some,
l'eutonic . gentlemandisposing.of a marvelous
quantity of lager beei, : atid rising from the
table ,-, iperfect•y! sober.i!_. In feet; it" is no
unusual thing to bear the lagorian -disciples
insist that' their favorite beverage, will-not
intoiiCata, no Matter hovr - large - a - quantity"
may be drunk: This reminds'ncof,a::fitory '
which is ctirrettVamong the Chinese ;
great wino drinker, witel:was able to
_sit nil
day' at. the tablCand after.. consuming ',what
ivottlithrOn beenffifficieet , m?driie tbeseosoa .
out r of 'half 4 dozen of ,men„ would - rise tip
ettribetlY'Sobei: The'EttiperotOteitring the
touteLof Altitt sleep drinker, him to din.
„ tier, t h at l ie might , test his marvelous
As the Very goes): the'.triperer hnd
'ordered , tellow , figure to .t be etuttltn bronze,
thei3O.TP.t.laize , artd of this mad:and,
'as: . the .wine was served: for each - cup that
'the guest drank a'
into the opening on Itbe top, ditto head of
101 50 per-annum In - adVancE 6
$2 . 00 If not- paid In advance
the image. This went on for aome.honra,
until nt length the bronie statue qilerflinved
while the guest continued at the ttibl4,' ,
rose from it perfectly sober.
A Pen Portrait of Mr. Lincoln.
The most careful .observer must. bare
noticed in the face of the President a very
singular combination of mirthful humor,
of keen appreciation of the.ludieromii with
a saddened, dreamy. abstract expression
which somehow impresses one with mel
ancholy. - Mr. Willis in his last letter i to
the Rome Journal analyzes and defines
this two-fold outlook, as follows:
" There was a momentary interval (at
flag•raisin ,, in Washington) - Whilh the
band . playecrthe "Star Spangled Banner,"
and, during this, brief"waiting for the
word," all. eyes - , of course, were on the
President's face,' in Which (at leas for
those near enough to see it well) "there
was the same curious problem of ()nuts
sion which has been more than once no
ticed by the close observer of that singu
lar countenance--the two-fold Ivoillitig of
the two-fold nature of the man. Lineeln
the westerner, slightLy_humorous- but
thoroughly practical and sagacious,- was
measuring " the chore," that was to be
done, and wandering whether that String
was going to draw that heap of *stuff
through the hole in the top of the pavilibn
—determining that it should, but-ageing
clearly that it was mechanically a badly
arranged job, and expecting the difficulty
that did actually occur. Lincoln the
President and statesman was another na
ture, seen in those - abstract and ierioits
eyes, which seemed withdrawn to an inher
sanctuary of thought, sitting in judgment
on the scene and following its far reach
into the future. A whole man, and an
exceedingly " handy" and joyous one was
to hoist the flag; but an anxious ancirev
erent and. deep thinking- statesman--and
patriot was to stand apartwhildit'wentuf, -
and pray God for its long waving-and sa
cred welfare. Completely and yet separ
ately, the one strange face told 'both sto
ries, and told them well.
" I Was pleased though not surprised to
find that the same impression of the Won
li derfully distinct and two-fold nature of
of Mr. Lincoln had been 'wide upork an
eye full of genius which saw . him >for the
first tiMe today. In a converiation
Miss Stebbins, the inspired sculptrese of
the " Letus-eater,” this evening, I heard
her express the same thought as to the
strong and honest good humor of the
physical nature, combined with the stand
ing apart expression of the serious and far.
seeing eyes."
" When I was a poor girl," said the
Dutches of St. Albans, " working very)
hard for my thirty shillings a week, Twent
down to Liverpool during the holidays,
where I was always kindly .received. I
was to perform in a new piece, something
like those pretty little affecting dramas"'
they get up now at our minor theatres;
and in my character I represented ponri:
friendless orphan girl, reduced to the
most wretched poverty. A heartless trades.,
man prosecutes the sad heroine foi a heavy
debt, and insists upon putting her pri-,
son, unless some one will be bail for her.
The girl replies, then I have no: hope.
I have not a friend in the world.' , What,'
will no one be bail for - . you, to save you,
from prison 1' asks the stern creditor. 'I.,
told you I have not a friend on' eartli,'-,
was my reply. But just as I was uttering,
these words", I saw a sailor in the upper
gallery springing over the railing, letting
himself down from one tier to. Another, ,
until he bounded clear over the orchestra
and footlights, and placed himself beside
me in a moment. Yes, you shill have. , •
one friend, at least, my poor young
man,' said he, with great expression in',
his honest, sunburnt countenance. 'l4
will go your bail to any amount. And ,
for you (turning to the frightened actor,),',
if you don't bear a hand, and shift - your ,
moorings, you lubber, it will be worse for
you when I come athwart your bows.'—.
Every creature in the house rose; . the up.;
roar was indescribable; peels of laughter ; ;
screams of tetror, cheers from his mess i
mates in the gallery, preparatory scraping
of the violins from the orchestra,, and
amidst the universal din, - there stood - the ,
unponseious cause of it, sheltering me;:••':
the poor distressed young woman,' . :and:• ,
breathing defiance and destruction, against_
my mimic -persecutor. lie was, only per-,
suaded to relinquish his care of me by the:
manager pretending to arrive and' •reseue"
me with a profusion of theatrical batik , '
notes. •
How a Greased Pig;waa
The army correspondent-of the 'Pretiidincs
Journal in describing the amusements/11
Bulged iu by the First Rhode island Regitonet
at Clamp Sprague, near Washingtoti v !hart
off duty, , gives the following, humorous,
eount of a race for the capture of a greascit„
pig , hyrths volonteers: - -
The:_pnor porker, - closely islifivid and T '
thoroughly lubricated from snout tO Mit t was.'--4. -
conveyed to.thc ' arena ' covered-•. box.
' Piteous indeed was the -expression :of
innocent face When, uncagedi-be ivip3 4prp'qd
adrift'. ' Unknoaing his destiny, he slowly, . y 4•
stepped from his' prison, grunting satishtetion,
at release: But_with a whoop, ten incarnate'„,
fiends rushed madly foward,aint
to clutch his prebensible tail: (Piggy{; if
mdden t
,awoke to a realizing,,,-,senie
his position, and darted ofri,lincertain , ',.wbere;'
to go,' aed' emitting the most dolcfalr'sqnsals::,-,
He rushed-here,-. and acon,e4-41 1 a.rS;:ifavPic;
no respect for the' Vega of ar,bypho. , ~., people hi' every direct Me., The'reeti:, per. ,
s w
hot and:esgerl'irere'dOsperate in the,
Chase. They grabbed and , ceright only to find - , "-
th e f f , etrortChitile. No sooner. would
prize - appear : to' bel won ; than,,jte wag
. of the capture ~watt; enhafices:4,.['i
by its being allowable only tp , hold , the
animal by his, unctuous appentiiife,---anY:::''',
Other Method: . being ruled.'
appeared impossible, but'brie inatitsiblifnely,':?-' 4 '
rose, whose intellect was i,adeitetiteltw the- 2 4--
PerfOrmance the feat. ';'}le thowe(thitusilfL.:4!
to be the very Napoleon, Of pig.chasCrar,i atf,,VA
soared stipreme the
task; and . hitching
himßtilf bodily
his tail.between hjx, 1401i :v4 1:11e ,scptealifeb'
was terrible f .but hiA,Orohneitl4n Ilhfielts„,ft
of laughter. it*: Ondiitilit44llj 'heard "in . 4,
Washingtoai. t •
NO. 36.