Newspaper Page Text
E. PEAMTY,- lero prietor.
Iltszczaw AND 3T.7.1.43 1 100N.
• Dot. H. Hinkley.
FTIC on Main Street, near' the Post
I, flee. Dr. H. is prepared to use Gdlcaniam
_____....4l--a-NmiediaLugant_intlul_tic....inuent of Porn ty.
eis, ,' , :rcuralgia and Rheumatic affections, but
doe's not guaracOe sueees trom.its applicationto
• all or even any
.. ot these dtseases. Raul has
been givn cad cures effected m a number of
instances, and may be imotheri..
March 27, 1850, ly. •
DR. X. C. LOOM IS,
WILL perform all
k , • operations upon the
Teel!' that are requi
re.; fur amirpreservation, such as Scnling,Filing,
Plugging, &e.., or will restore the, less of them,
by inserting Artificial Teeth, from a single tooth
to a lull sun. tr...1 - r Office on Pitt street, a few
o of the. Railroad Hotel. Dr. L. is ab•,
Mit thelagt too days of every month.
-gr A . Tt..r• W. HENDEL, Surgeon Dentist
talortni his former patrons that lie has re,
tlrnett to Carlisle, and will be glad to attend to
in the line of his profession. loct3l
Ti SbBIN WlLLldtldxsolr, -
. 9-410 N AT LAW.—OFFicE, in the
tllllol2Bo of Miss McGinnis, near the store of
A iSu \V Bentz, South flanover street, Garlisle,
Penn's. . jriplo 50
CARSON C. MOORE,
ATI ORNEY AT LAW. Office in
the room lately occupied by Dr. Foster,
deceased, mar 31 '47
Virral. 11. PENB.9SEI,
TTORNEY Al' LAW, gill practice in
Ilk the several Cotlrts of Cumberland county.
OFFICE. in Alain Street; in the room former
y occupied byL..G. Brandnbury, Esq.
X.4I.IIXMAXt.. -SXVII1 1 23,
ATI'ORNEY Flas RE;
MOVED his olliee to Beetem's Row, two
oors from Burlclioltler's Hotel. Japr 1-
jusflcE OP THE PEACE. Or•-
etCE at his residence, cornet:of Main street
and the Public Square. opposite Burkholder's
Hotel. In addition to the duties of 3usni oof
the Peace, Will attend to all kinds of writing,
se as deeds, b mils, mortgages, indentures,
articles in agreement, notes, &c.
Garliele, up n'l9.
Plainfield Classical Academy,
For MILES WEST OF -
The mat Session Will contmrxce on .3101st
DAY, A oveather 4th, 1850.
'IIIN consequence of increasing patronage in
large and commodious brit It edifice has
been erected, rendering this one of- the most
deparimunts are aufivr the cutc:_oLsonost“mt
and lan hful instructors, and ever) endeavor will
be made' to promote [lle mural and intellectual
improvement of students. The surrounding
' country is beautiful and healthful, and the in.
stitution suflicienily distant front town or unhinge
to prevent evil associations.
lertna=-SSP perSrssion (Five Months.)
For circulars with tali information oddness
R di 11 (. 1 It NS, Principal
Plainfield P, 0., Cumherlasal CQUI4i l'a.
Vritslit Drugsy Bledielnes, Etia.
- I have just received from 'Philade!.
phis and New York very extensive
, additions to my former stock, embra
..„ 'cing nearly every article of Xledicine
now in tine, together with Points,
Oils, Varnishes, Tot pentine, Perfumery, Soaps,
•; - Stationery, Fine Cutlery, Fishing Tindtle,,—
. Bridles of almost everY• dcseliption, will, an
endless variety of,other articles, which I am de
• termitic(' to hell at the VERY 1,0 wE:yr prices.
All Physicians, Country - Merchants, Pedlars
and orher,i, are teypedifull , r, ~ticsied not to pass
the 01,I) SPA ND, as they may rest assured
that gym y article will be sold of , a good quality,
S ELLIOT l',
Main street. Carlisle.
Extensive Cabinet Ware-Roams.
ID 013 T 11. SMILE Y, successor to Wtn.
INET:111 A K lilt S.:: -
DEBT.% IZE North Hanover street, Carlisle,
would respcm folly inform the citizens of Carlisle
'end the public, generally that he now has on
hand a large assortment of new
and elegant "FURNITURE,
consisting in part of Sofas,
Wardrobes, Card and other
Tables, Bureaus, Bedsteads, plain and fancy
Sowing Stands, &c. manufactured of the hest
materials and quality warranted. Also a gene.;
ral'msortrnent of Chairs nt the lowest prices:—
Vennian Blinds, made to order and repairing
promptiy nitenden to. 11:7 - COFPIIIS made to
order at the shortest notice. and having a splen•
did Hearse ho will attend funerals in town or
country. Krllont forget the old attind of Wm.
C. Gibson, it North Hanover,' street, a few
doors north of Glass's Hotel. •
Sept .1-Iy. R. B. MILE Y.
Extensive Furniture Rooms
JAMES R.WL•'.%VER would respectfully
0 call the attention of House Keepers and the
public to his extensive stock of ,ELEGANT
FURNITURE. including Sofas, Wardrobes,
Centre and other Tablbs, Dressirig and •plain
Bureaus and every otlum article in his branch of
business. Also, now on hand the largest as
sortment of ELIA IRS in Carlisle, at the lowest
prices. lr.:7'Coflins made at the shortest notice
And a Hearse provided for funerals. lie solic
its a call at his establishment on North Hano•
vor street, near Class's HOTEL. N.l3.—Eur
niter° hired out by the month or year.
Carlisle, Alarch 20. 18t0.-47
Otectioneeringl • •
_Tillie übscri her wishes4o -inform -his-friends
in town and country
,‘ ?I that lie , has- commenc
f ecl the above business
Y, and will attend to, sales
alw , k+k- klei I in town and country on
v.. , 1M the coat reasonablo
' , storms. 'Lle can be found at the Hardwaso Storo
next door to Scott's Tavern in North Hanover
augl4 A 9 SENER.
GE3OAGII Z. BRETZ,
c s LI RatoN DEN TisT—woutd rosputtrui.
0 ly infiiiirrt the public that he jo glow prepar
ed to•perforin all operations on the Teeth that
unity he, required:. Artificial' Teeth,.inseried,
from a single tooth . to tin entire—Set, upon the
latest and• meat apptovbd • principle, - The pa
tronage or the, - public is respectfully solicited:—
nu intky be (Oulud at the residence of his bro
ther art North Pitt street.
Carkirilea%Upt th '4850.
XVlVXl3l:Elticlr . .11.P.12).
]'U Subeelibey would respectfully inform
his friends and the public Etcovrally that ho has
Just opened a twit , . LUM111:12. AND COAL
YARD.in'W • ost 'High street, tr few doors cant
of•ltrossrs J.,/C4 Ithondi's Wafohouse,. whop)
hc,• now, -1171 s and will keep constantly on'
litund tirsinite nisortiuent of nil kinds ol.sta
Boned' pin& bnartheand *plank'ond alt Other ltinda
of soul, ail of which he will sell low lor cash
JOTIN 1 , 1: TIMSTRONG
Lifiro".l.ll l o7EL . „
THE Commissioners of Cumberland county
deem it..erimor tciinform tbolic, that the eta
ed mentings'nf the Board of Commissioners will
he ,held 011 the second - and faurth .111ondays of
i•i 'l, at whichlimo any-poyeone hav j lig
Board, meet them at
over Al ~1.41(1.
, WM. RILEY,,Crit...
Dyeing and Seouing.
• • nearrlie College, ilYcs Toadies! rirucCleutle
rnon's apparrel, all colors, and warraii4l ell work
eke set isiactory. Orders in hie line respectfully
wlicited.. • sop 2'96
21 fluffily jaPtulipitiier,- 7 --JOetitifth to rittrtifitrt, attrafion,
THERE ARE TWO THINGS, SATYR LORD BACON,. 1 iiICII NIAEN A NATION ar„AT , AND, PROSPEROUS—A FEIVTILE . SOIL 'AND BUSY : WORIC,9IIOPS,- , -TO WIIICII LET •ME ADD KNOWLEDGE 'AND ETIEEROM.-7Biahop
A truce with this puling, thin fearing and fooling!
This rigne-etruck awe, boy., is none ot love's school-
No blushing find flying, with r
She wants n stout wooer, mit - one that is flying.
li !tee c sn l i d n e t r o o r r h i e w s i l i s e u r g‘ 9 :i l t r id h le v iv o e r gr nr o 2 r n t i vlin r ier ;
' Teti, leave her and let her be won hen nnther
• But wily should you lack her 1 You know not a
Attend her. attack her, nntewln her and wear her.
When your passion you name, give It language of
But In; her In drentny faith tint know run. aim,
But still breathe your wo, in a voice soft anti low,
For thus the 110:Irt t e nearest drops ever outflow.
Be the tones of yonr prayer— she can never refuse i --
Liko thn,harp . e of the our, when the fond zephyr
• woos It
And look in her eyes, they nro love's truest book,
As star upon star. In their skyeye love, look. •
PrlsLskr_lusul In vauxilp,Autd_lel-yOar-urtri-litlale '
Unnoticed in slip round her delicate waist:
Then your cheek touches berti,'how it crimsons Its
And Whys do trot mingle i the '
But if she's resistful, why turn you then Wistful ; •
Woman for sorrow is wilful and:wistful,
Weep you an ocean, I warrant 'twill move her,
For earth has no spell like tile tears of a lover.
If she still ennui thee, relentless nail hitter,
Why swear elfelca Hecate, and laugh at and quit her!
• For the Herold.
THE NEW TEARS NODNIGHT OF AN
TRANSLATED FROM TII! GERMAN OF JEAN FAU.T.
AN old man stood - at New Year's midnight
by . the window, and gazed with an eye of dds
pondency up to the everlasting, unchangeable,
bldoming heavens, and down on the still, pure,
white earth, on which there was no one sojoy
loss and sleepless as he. For his grave was
close by him, it was concealed only by the
snow ofmge, not by the green of youth; and
out of his eventful life hod he brought nothing
with Idol but error, transgression and sickness;
worn out body, a desolate soul, a heart full
of poison and on old age full of sorrow.
The beautiful days•of his yokth returned to
night as spectres, and drew him back to--that
fair morning on which his Fother hod first
placed him on the forked .road of life—which
to the right lends upon the sure,path of virtue
into a Ivide and quiet land full of light and an
-gels4-anfrglialous-resultxviind - to - thelefe - draws : '
town into tre - moleirnek of crime,
poison,,serpents ready to dart upon their
prey, and of dismal, stifling exhalations. Oh
the serpents hung around his breast, and the
dripping pcison from his tongue, and he knew
now where ho was.
Distracted and with unspeakable grief, cried
he up to Heaven, "Give me back my youth
Oh, Father, place me
, kgain upon he forked
"road, that rani choose otherwise
But Lis fathe'r and the dais of his yotillthrid
long passed away. He saw ignia fatui dance
upon the marshes and expire in the church
yard, and he Skid. " They are my foolish chiya."
He saw a star shooting from Heaven, glimmer
in its fall and perish on the earth. "That am
I," said his bleeding heart, attl i d remorse with
its serpent teeth struck deeper into its wodnds.
His glaring imagination peopled the, neigh
boring roofs with crawling spirits, the wind
mill raised its arms threatening Lim with de-
struction, and a mask which load•been left in
the entpty charnel-house by degrees assumed
his own features. Suddenly, in the midst of
this conflict, the music for the New Year
flowed - down-from-tho steeple' an --a -distant
church anthem—he' became less agitated—he
looked around on the horizon, and. over tlio
broad earth, and he thought of the friends of
his youth, who now Were better and happier
than he—teachers of the earth,—fathers •of
happy children and bleSsed of men,—and ho
cried "0, I could as you this first night have
slumbered with unmoistened eyes, if I had
chosen. Alt, I could also have been happy, if,
dear parents, I had fulfilled your Now Year's
wishes and'instrnetions." Amid these fever
ish reminiscences of his youth it appeared to
him as if the mask (which had assumed his
features in fits charnel-house) by falcons . of
that superstition, which on New Year's eve
sees ghosts and future ovoids, was at last
changed into a living youth/ . 110 could look
no longer,. he covered his eyes, thousands of
scorching 'tears streamed down and lest them
selves in the snow; he•still sighed but although
softly yet disconsolately and inconsolably,
"Only come again, youth, come again."
And it came again; for halted only dreamed
a fearful dream—he was still a youth; his.
errors only had been no dream: But he thank
ed qod, that he, yet in his youth, could leave
the filthYcourses of vice and return to the sun
ny patha which lead to such glorious results.
Return with him, young reader, when thou
strayest .upotylmpath of vice. This frightful
dreaM will at s'i;a:futtuv time ;become thy
judge, but t wijen thou; of anguish, call,
'est Itek; Come again, beautiful'youth,l!..then
will it nacome back to thee. . .
.• rrtEnonnsozi.—There is ono phenonienon
for which we have never been aljle,wholly to
account, either in, the philosophy of morals or,
physics; it is the fact that all old bachelors
when they. tulle unto 'themselvqg a wife,
ways ght some unsophisticated creature who
line senrcely seen her sixteenth Year, and , riot
unfrequently her twelfth, f. To one who is not
corniersaittwith this fact, it would appear very
Atrangii; for apiori it seems exceedingly ini
pyobnblO"thrit' a gentleman of , fforty years
Complete," should prefer a young, giddy,,
tle-brained girl, whose head is full of beaux
and romance,•to the sober and Matured woman '
of a Ceriflill age, (a:very uncertain thing,) •as
tthe'•Must:admirably be fit by congeniality; of/
disposition, fern CoMpanion. • Tilt:Tile in'so much
levity 'and•thou'ghtlesakies :aboiitn' girl, with
her laughing 'eyes and joyous flovi of
ore ago has obliterated the graces-et
youth, that she would Boom to' be-the very last
person : on.eatth 10 - beeeme thewife of a bnoli
der, oi• that he'wonlid ()Wei- dream of 'elevating
-1(Oeso it la; the 'Charming vivacity of yOutit
vinrina Lla vOnernblehOoom intasomething akin
to. thO , 'inkaslon 'O l lova, ilinugh , it is not love
andtito old tellawlina na muolLahYnean
for an antique maid, though aho warn.: 4, Jn0 7
rality'a prim peraonifloution," as any Of "un
from Greif iineti 111egezhibInr February
TO A BACICWARD LOVER. .
~~ I! i~I'~~i~IIPIIICtii.
CA.RLISLF 4 , PA.,
youth," and would linvelisiittle toMe with ker.'
Ilia aversion is. perfectly inexplicable, unless
it be that people who declining yearS
are chilled into despondency by the presence
of age itself, and are appeediensive that an
cient spouses will serve to keep, no it were,
- tlicharr — gasrinif — tnne with its sands runnmg
continually before their eyes, and woubd rath
er associate theii• matrimonial destinies with
ono who will bring forgetfulness of approach
ing infirmities, in the caresses and blandish,
ments of youth.
Heaven onl3/ knows whether the motive bo
this or not; WO can only speculate upon 'it,
having as the basis of oor speculations, thoiri
disputable truth, that your bachelor not only
takes unto himselr a young Wife, but by some
perverse fate, the most beautiful and accom
plished.—Thc Stray Leaf,
THE MINT-MASTER'S" DAUGHTER,
BY GRANDFATHER INIHTEHEAD
Captain John Hull was the mint -master of
Massachusetts nod coined all the money that
was made. His was a new.line of business ;
forein the earlier days of thvolonSr, the cur
rent coinage consisted of the gold and silver
money of England, Portugal and Spain. These
coins being scarce, the 'people were often forced'
to barter their commodities instead of selling
them. For instance, if a ;nail wanted to bu
a coat, he perhaps exchanged bear-slain for it;
if he wished for a barrel of molasses, hetniglit
purchase it for a pile of pine boards: Musket
balls were used instead of farthings.. The In
dians had a sort of money called wampum,
which was made of clam-shells;and this strange
kind of specie 11 : 41s likewise taken in payment
of debts by English settlers. Bank bills had
never been hearthef. There was not money
enoulig of any kind, in any part of the coun
try, to pay their ministers; s,;;- that they had
sometimes to take quintalFMf fish, bushels of
corn, or cords of 'wood, instead of silver 'amid
As the people grew More numerous, and
trade with one another increased, the
want of current money was still more sensibly
felt: - To - supply-the-demand,- Genral - Court
passed a law for establishing riTccinage of shil
IMg and sixpences. Captaio'llull was appoin
ted to manufacture this money, .and was' to
have ono shilling ant of every twenty, to -pay
him for his trouble in maki,
Aereupoii,_..a the old sifrer in tlM—colony--
was handed over to Captain Hull. The batter
ed silver cans and tankards, I,suppose,, lind'
'silver buckles, and broken spoons, and .silver
hilts of swords., that had figured .at Cotirt 7 H , .
all such curious old articles were doubtless
thrown lute the melting-podtogethoc, 33itt.by -
far the greater Dart'of
,tho,lsilyv col'4lSted of .
bullion from the , 0 . ',45: of ocntlilliteal. erican,
which the vugaabi Ortio were- littf better !
than pirates) had titkeni from the --'"' mniards
and brought to MassaLusetis. .. .
All this old and new silver being melted
down and coined, the result was an humenso
amount of splendid shillings, sixpences and
threepence& Each Juhaul the date of 10U2 on
the one side, and the figure of a pine tree on
the other side. Hence they were called the
pine tree shillings. And for every twenty
.shillings that he coined, you will remember,
Captain John Hull was entitled to put one
shilling into his own pocket. The magistrates
soon began to suspect that the mint-master
would have the best of the bargain. They
offered him a largo Sum of money if he would
give up that twentieth shilling, which he was
continually - drepping- into - his - pocket. - But
Captain Hull declared that he was perfectly
satisfied with the shilling; and well he might
be, fOr so diligentl3;`did - he labor, 'that" in a
few years his pockets, his money bags, and
,his strong box were overflowing, with pine
tree - shillings. This was probably the case
when he canto into . possessieu of his grand
father's chair, and, as ho - worked so hard at
the mint, it was certainly proper that ho
should have a comfortable chair to rest him
self on. ,
When the mint-master was grown very.Vich,
a young man, Samuel &All by namp, came
courting his daughter Betsy, a . _ fine hearty
damsel, by no moans so slender lissome youbg
ladies of our own ago. OO the eontrary, ha
ying always fed heartily on pumpkin pies,.
dough -nuts, Indian puddings, and other Puri
tan dainties, she was as round and 01114 as a
pudding herself. With this round, rosy Miss
Betsy did Samuel etVell fall in love. As he'
was a youndninn of good character, industri
trious in his business, and a member of the'
church, this mint-master very Feadiljgavebis
" Yes, you may fake her," said he; in his
rough way, "and you will and' her a heavy
burden ;h," '
On the wedding-day, we niay suppose\ tat
,lonest, Johnllllll dressed himself in a p n
eat, all the butilmsof which Were matle::tif
pine tree shillings. The buttons of :liihvaist
coat was sixpences, and the' knees 'of his small
clotheswero ............ with silver ilrooponees.
Thus attired, lie . CA' With great' dignityln his
grandfather's chair, and being 'a portly old
gentleman, ho completely filled it from arm to'
'On the epposiN side of the room, be
tween liar bridesmaids, sat Miss Betsy. •. She
was bltithing with iier 'anti loOlted
like a full-blown peeny, a great red, apple, or
any othet.rouriil and 'Scarlet objeoC
• •Tinire, too, was the bridegrUom; dresded in
a fine 'purple' 661, and gold-lace waistcoat,
With iis)nitch other finery as the Puritan laws
hair was crept eldso to his head, 13ecause. Ge•i,
Endiccitt'hati forbidden any man to wear it be
low his•ears. But ho was a 'very'persontible.
young man; and so thought the' bridesmaids
The mint-maitter 'WaS' also pleased; with his
• I 'hi . l . tl . '
new son 7 in- , aw, cspet. t i
, f3t attitr 17.
ing all about So *boa :14';
marringa '; wan , .
whispered a word or' two• to Lie inatt-fidrvants
wbo inimediately:Wen t :tint; awl noon' ratiirii&ll
lugging in ilorgd . :pait,orsonlOn... Thoy wino
'AO; fon. ' 7
wklititi ea; bnllcy ' 6birimodity wn3`rioiv to Le
weighed in them: • 'L
3 :4 Da . ughtorßetsy,?' eat& the talut-Mni3toi,
gocitito•ono'rilao or the ocales.'" , ". o,t
now pall her -Laia ap she was bid, like a duti
ful child,•without any question of if why or
- wherefore. tut •wh t tier fathc s ;'Ottld*nterfn,
unless to. make her husband pay' fs•ilier'hylhe
pound', (in which °sic eho would tUrs-9: been a
dear bargaiit) she had not
"And now," said honest John. lintl• to las
servants, '"bring that box hither.4'.'
7 - Tliiibox to.wmeirthe mint-mattita
wasa huge, sqUare, iron-bound,hheA; it was
big enough ,to play hide and seek
The •sorvants tugged away with might and
main, but could-not lift this enornieus 're c ap_
taeld,,and wore finally obliged to diag if across,
Captain Sewell then took a key 'opt of his
girdle, unlocked the chest, 'an'd lifterits Pon- .
dorous lid. Behold, it waa,falloto'thc brim of
pine tree•shillings, fresh from the 'Mini, land
Samuel Sewell began to think tliatlis father
in-law had got posspion of all the 'money 'in
Massachusetts treasury., But it Wass the mas
Then the.servants, at Captain' Mill's com
mand, heaped double handfulls of shillings in
to the one side of the seeks; Wlliitrtaetsy re
mained in the other. Jingle,lingle went the
shillings, as handful after handfullvethrown
in, till, plump and ponderous as shd was, they
Weighed• the young lady from flit; poor.
"There, son Sewell," Cried the &nest mint
master,'resurning his seatin his grandfather's
chair, "take these_ shillings for my dt..gliter's
portion. Use.lier kindly, and that . heaveß
- for - her, -- for - it-is-not-every-wife-that-m-w or th
her weight in silver l" ,
We laughed heartily at this legend, and
would hardly be convinced but grandfather
had made it out of his own head....1.1e assured
us faithfully however, that he had foinithit in
tk&pageS of a grave historian, and'.merely
badi j tried CO toll it; in a somewhat fujmiVr style.
"Well, grandfather," remarked Clara, "if
wedding poitions 'now-a-4:413 , s were paid as
Miss Betsy's was, young ladies would not pride
themselves upon an airy 'figure, as many of
If the following story, related by' a Texas
correspondent of the New, Orleans Picayune,
will not buret off_ a few_ buttons,)yui.,:malte
some of- our rOaders laugh till thb tears-come
in heir eyes,'we don't know what milli
"About tho' -year J832-'33, theye lived a
family of some note on the Guadaloupe river,
-in Western Texas,
_Among - them .thote_wace_
several young ladies of the upper=tendmmoL
those days—sensible, handsome looking crea
tures; happy as larks and always foad!of fun.
It happened that among the fifteen or' twenty
young men residing in that section there was
one, by imme . C.; W surly faCed,Vrlty;liaired,
grilltang, chaffy, and moon-eyed 'lmp, , who I
becamowofirily smitten with them 'eharin-
Mg of the afereSaid yOung ladie( of
all tff . a bbielesitins in we' jR:1(4 . 0 4 ,..• , ,t', 4
most tMilliely to boa succ6Ofurill;Tilt'': ... lo:ls
-matters wherein the gentler be
consulted, won and wed:
less and lea's like angels,' firSt once a Month,
then doubling to twice a month, once a Week,,
and soon, 'said old man,' the amber-spitting,
deer-killing, fellow, was almost every day
fOrcing his company on Miss lid : V. Many
jokes at her expense followed, of course, and
she resolved, after suffering untior them some
time, to get rid of; her admirer or quit the
herself. An opportunity offered on the
bbath-following., It-being-the -water -melon
season, and Betty's father.havhig a fine sup
ply, all the youngsters for miles arouhti assem
bled there on the holy .day to feast on melons.
C. Was prominent in the circle till, in theaf- I
ternoon, Betty held priinte interviews with the
other Young men and arranged that C. should,
be decoyed from the house and frightened by
the cry of Indians from some of his coitihdes,
which it was thought would wound his pride
and drive him away. Five young men, with
C. 'walked out., A bathe in the river three
hundred yar,tis distant, was proposed by ore,
and seconded by several. Of courge,..boor C.
"They went down to the ford near the mel
on patch Tout began undressing.' In the incan
time eight or ton ottitrs ;with guns had gone
down under cover of the bank, and' .ceereted
themselves along the path from the bathing
place to the house. The company with C. were
in fine glee, and in going down spoke of the .
recent outrages of the Indians, their increased-
boldness, &0., thus exciting-the anti-combative
'bumps of C. :to the
,highest pitch. "Now,
boys," said one, "who shall po the first to
'dive in that 'er pool,' oh?" " said C.;
"be-gosh ain't I 'first with the gagfiii . othirse
m first hero." Off went coats, slmeS, pants
&o. Just as C. had deffedeyerythipi, barring
a shOrt; relflannel shirt—bang! bang! bang!
Who-.Wo-yew! linng! wont two three; four
guns -‘loud and shrill rtis9:the!lnditin yell, in
the dense Irtish,- and-tinder-OM bank.--a Oh. •
Lord! I am a dead - mail, boys!” said James
Simpson. "My leg is broken., Oh savomef."
cried Cleorge•Villiams. "Run for life; men!
Ru 4!, for mercy!S sake, run!' Cried Jack Par
" ono of. My eyes is out; and both 'Mani;
are broken!" all being latidin4inin . stant; when
do you see that red blaze'Mong the path
Look a moment—what irelooitY! That jagged
hair all straight out that's't. streaking
it for the house, shirt and all `see him about
the corner of the field, by'tire' thicket—bang!
hang! wont half a iozen'PleccEil4ouder than,
ever rose the hideous War-oei
grunted C., redoubling his, sPeed 7 ,4lio red
blaze getting larger-bunches Of his, busy hair
dropping outas:he "Spread iiirnself', i 7 -see
leap the yard,
and .The - Porch was' fidl'of, ladies oif
went two or three rii'oi.e,PieceiC, glanced:at
the ladies, then his
for your life, 0.," actetimed Beth':‘ , the honSe
ie full'of - Indians! faither'S tfeted,'n,iid :lir'ettiorl
weundlitlitti: : : : 4.re4i',' the twhole;
" g 'o4*/*;1;4!Wtgki44;...4f!1 sip
44.P,mmottfrwp4 1 ,9q..eirSrlie .
sif6v7ryta t)lan. Rv°4
dud Striking directly, into aftltiok,,,tterny,bet
tornt,he reached arid, SWa.m! ,the eriy9r
though itiv_asnearquini . q, G. gotinto u settle-
most fifty nines distant:to breakfast neT.llnorT
ning, ze.t.ainine i tics and collar of
his red And -roportad. ailed fatailyAryie
itors, 4;13, * . aiming Minalain.vgAsjar:,,liltgeolf,,
he said:Wind fought as long sighting would
do any good , . _: A„ i
unniadasn42ls nfcnta yh;"iear .
itp . ;
whether or not liettjr was ever trabled with
C. after that snap. .
AS GOOD AS THE BEST.
Ilgtintitart, Vitointo gait etittral.%tiorittatinit,
4 . lE ra x i t n r: r eG 4 fro of m d i r ar n a i d o Si e e l ti t;er T e i d irl o a n B
"-In looting at what we have as a nation, be
the geneildretriarb, that we hhvo every isle
'meat of national happiness 'whicli is required
for Bfillenial enjoyment, 'Without the inter
ventionof miraculous powerto shelter us from
the ordinary:evils of ,;Carth and give broad
without labor, we can pardly.- conceive how
God, in his Providence, could do more than he
has done for us.. If man on earth hi' to eat
bread in the sweat Of his brow, and if ho is to
be liable to sieknep, pain - 1M • death,
we can hardly imagine dircurnstlinces
more favorable to enjoyment, or. fewer impen
ding evils, than exist here. Turn over the
pages of history—call up the records of all
the past—trace the annals pf humanity for
six thousand years—bud you find man in no
condition so blesbed as that in - Which we and
bilr'ehildnen are placed.
• The palmy days of Greece and Rome, the
golden ago of poets, had no blessings like burs.
Sweep with the eye the surface of the earth,
tilryou have taken the guago of every exist
ing nation, s and you find that as to temporal
blessings, God Lath not dealt with any people
as with us.
— The - day=dretuntraf - entlnfsitio poets and
and philanthropists neve? pictured by imagi
nation a happy Utopia that might have not,its
realization in this broad, beautiful and happy
If, as prophets teach - and saints believe a
Millanium is in reserve for our earth, when
-God's benevolence is to meet , a response in
loan's happiness and gratitude, it needs no
additional physical gifts to create this Mille
nium in our land and in the present genera
tion, If we as a nation are not happy it is not
because we arc straitened in the providthttial
Means, but in our moral di;positions and im
provements. Not in the want 'of enjoyment;
but in misuse and perversion of ample and
various means must he sought the only reason
why, as a nation, - Ileaven!a_ light and peace
are not_ universal._
What picture of national blessedness can
the imagination sketch which God's Providence
has not filled up and perfected in these United
States? What haionan to_ask..that God_has.
not here given? If we desired to describe a_',
Lund where mall might be happy, we should
portray just such a land as this.
Could we ask of God a territory more cons
prehmisive ? Nations have pined for enlarge
ment, and battled and•bled for land. ' :In Eng
land, Ireland, Scotland and. France, crowded
millions swelter and suffocate each other for
Want oP room. 'They send:'out 'thousands of
entipirant,'aaOhtiirees, - ktpatye home . _they
lack -land. But have 'l've not land enough
A facetious sailor, in describing 'the bOun-;
dories of. the 11. States; said that they'wcre
bounded north by the polo, east by sun-rise,
south by the moon; and west by the evening
star. : This waggish explanation marks a-fact
thatAlld extent of our territory is almost lim
itlees by the human imagination. Stretching
from ocean to ocean and from Nova Scotia to
Mexico, we have space here for twenty times
lout' present population. The extent of all
Euro o mi.ht bo lined out inAlto tbaLweat,antL
hardly touch a human habitatiOn. And all this
land'is cheap as abundant. In Ireland land
rents for ten dollars per acre. This sum will
give a foe simple deed to eight acres of cleared
and litxxlint Onse - dc - dbif and twenty;.
five cents, the Brice of a poor man's shoes,
will give as entire acre to him and his chil
.dron forever. Or, if ho dislikes this, and will
only go far enough, be can settle on the best
of land, asking no favor of capitalists or land
lords;• and while he makes 'improvements,
knows that they aro his, for his pro;omption
right secures a deed by paying at his,..leisure
the $1 25 per acre.
And do we ask a better soil ? There was
never on earth found the same extent of coun
try so fertile, so certain to reward the hus
bandman, as the great valley of the —West,
2000 miles in extent and 1300 in breadth.
The valley or the .Mississippi rivals ahnost in
richness the narrow, desert-girt vale of the
Palestine, contrasted with Idumin, and parts
Of Egypt, was a land flowing with milk and
honey ;• but in its • palmiest days in fertility
and beatify it probably never equalled a thou
sand portions of the United States. It was
probably a gdodly land, watered with. springs,
and,out of its hills and Mountains it waaprom
ised that the farored tribes should dig iron and
brass; but in gushing springs and in -mineral
wealth, •Palostirie .never. equalled many porz.
flans of our counttr. Without Manufactures,
roads and extensive commerce, it never offered
facilities for competence such-as (Air citizens
.Clio figs of Turkey, the orange '.of Africa
the ricb of Asia,lhegrapos of the Mediterra
nean,•as Iron as the wheat and hardy grimes
of - the North, may all.bo cultivated in • some
parts of these United States., 'Tie true there
is no Part of our hind which reconciles contra..
diations—whore tho wheat and tho orange grow
side by side--whore tho roads aro gravel and
the fluids rich—Where land is cheap and the
Ilut ho who-line disposition to - sefiltivato
the Boil, finds in almost every part of our land
some 80 some 60 and somo 100 fold,
po ive covet a better climate 2 ,Hero ,eyery .
taste can be gratified.. The brabing winds of
the , north, invigorating breezes of: the sea
shore,, the pore air of the, mentions, the - , soft.
hroathino of the sunny south; 7 , are ,all ,ours,.
lindle must bo,an ingrate that (linnet - in all
ill() climes 'embraced by our land End' 801110
(nib to his 'Wale, for 'which' ho le willing to
'odtintair'fiiinisli &n oxhide supply for it's
4nnfi f 'TII6 g:i.p..rinaii6 of 'no nation
_' ) ;,d r d
fiho inane of niniiiiina root' *find
rOsent, liftV.o ( bo9n;prpsited by ow? great
tiy.,tp,proourp.,t4jr, 4141 y breo:d..,q.lVll4t,sho,l
eqt,pllo.. Ayhorewitk ; 41101, ,I.,.:be.4pthpci;Thtr,o•
questions Abioh,. n,?t, - )yorldlinesh, end covetous,
,have suggested in doubt ofileaven's,
Mercy. They have been forood upon„man by
hid reannablo fear.of starvation. But out of
the.narrow circle of the pauperism of cities
and large towns, who among us fears starva
tion ? .
Indeed, among onr Vast population, therols
annually loss apprehension of famine, than of
for animal vrants,.but to obtain high iirieee'for.
the abundance which cannot bo consumed.—
lienceiff'' - m; tempted to welcome a scarcity
in other lands, because it promises to absorb
their supplieS and increase their wealth. In
this land alone has appeared' the_wonderful
phenomenon of cheap food and high wages, by
which the laborer, if economical to-day, be
combs the independent landholder to-morrow.
No doubt there is occasional suffering, for
there is idleness, extravagance, intemperance
and profligacy to breed poverty, and shut the
hand of charity, which, but for the worthless,
;would cheerfully feed and clothe the unfortu
Where is the industrious and careful man or
woman who (loos not find the mennS of 'obtain
ing bread? If now and then there is such a
case, public and private charity has the dispo-
oition and the means to 'grant relief, so that it
may be said of our land what could'never be.
,any other, there is universal .eampe-
As to the Irish, German and Italian paupers
who beg about our streets, does not every one
omployment and' support? But they prefer the
indolence and beggary of cities to indepen
'deuce and competence in the west. Tho un-
just steward said he could not dig, and to beg
he was ashamed. Our sturdy paupers differ
fL little from him ; they will not -dig, and to
beg they are not ashamed.
Their condition, as a result of their vices,
does not impeach 'the statement that with in
dustry and economy, competence Is universal
among its,,for charity will readily aid the hon
est and iiidustrions poor,
What a glorioim fact is this. While from
the days of Adam until now the fear of star , :
ration has been the attendant of the mass of
mankind—has often made the mother turn in
anguish from the sight of her now born babe—
that in our blessed land there is food enough
and to and to spare. 'What more, in this res
pect, can god do, for ?
Add to this, that we aro secure from foreign
harveselvill be trodden down by hostile armies,
or that his granaries will, be forced open by
foraging scouts. Our-husbandmen plough and
sow, with the assurance that they shall reap
their own harvests... Artisans. build with' no .
fear that public enemies shall over burn down
their dwellings.. Mothers lay their little ones ;
to. rest with no bead of foreign :bayonets or i
lytn4c:thinkAlu4 tivir has
the Into of.h Mak e leerety:in the'savoge state;
and peace the axe ption--:-when we think of 111.' ,
fated Rome, and crUshmi and bleeding Hunga
ry, we may be,th p ankful that our houses, our
families, are saferom-fear.: In this respect,
what more pan god dO for . L . ?
Moreover, we have not only competence and
security, but capital. Whenever'n turnpike, a
canal, a'rail road, will pay, there is no want
of means to level mountains and"elevate car-'
lays, to trace artificial rivers from State to
State, link in iron bands distant cities, and
to detain the lightning that it may be compelled
I was often asked in Europe have you any
railroads in the United States ? I used to say,
" Yes ; about five thousand miles." I was
glad Smatfirm. that,- in -the great-improvements
which Mark the age', thisnew country marches
with the most advanced wave of progress.'
Though, in two hundred years we have been
compelled to sweep the ff forests from half a
continent, to build all roads and bridges,
all its court houses, school houses, cities and
churches, to found all its cities, hike defend
ourselves in,wnsting wars with old England
yet such two our resources thatnotonlyhas this
been done, bill there is capital enough beyond
all for any-improvements essential to beautify
and adorn our cities and tows,, and to develop
the resources of the entire country. If we
fail to reach the highest perfection in agricul
ture and the arts—if we fail to do all that is
necessary for educatio'n and
_commerce, it . will
not be From want of ability, but because avar
ice and selfishness triumph over good taste,
and patriotism. With ''lkirded resources
enough for any work of ptilfii9 utility, with
the clearest light of science, qind the . highest .
skill in the arts, what More inthisrespeet can
ProVidence do for-us? ,
L finally We °Noy. that_gr'eat:e4.' and best
earthly boon LIBERTY, with the exception, - of
sla"Ves at the South. Man hure , is„as 'free as
thc .... 2_..sir'Whioll we broathe.,, , •
A lordly throne with its courtly_corruption: _
and pecuniary extravagance, by which it ab
sorbs the bard earnings of millions—a myriad'
of nobles, idle,,, profligate and wasteful, of
gambling and dobauch-,a corrupt hierarchy,
lording it over .God's heritage with Ace: sword
and arnied men to bo instruments of tyranny,
and to fatten on the earnings of tho , oppressed
farmer' and rhaohnnio, are unknown among
us. With us, if we have bad rulers or bad
laws, it is not our misfortune but our crime,
for we make law-makers "and laws. ' -
_Here a man unquestioned T may. , select. Lis
residence—his occupation—hirr school— his
minister, Und'liie religion.;'hoingleld rosponsi-:
bloialone to .Giod.: Bore a man's time and ear
nings—his tongue And his . pen, aro, so far as.
monis eonoernel, 'his 'own. The school is. ,
open to'all- l -the Church is open to all.--theJ3i- .
IP.o is . .openrto all—tho press is open to ,
publie;oilidei are OPerrto all—tho road to dom
pdtonce iutolligynoo, rospeotability.and,; use
felnoss is opon to all—the state-of Ateltvon, by.•
hte'utilversalprOolamation of s , froogospol, is,;
it by '' l ' ;i 9i 6 F l P-l e f4: •
!,Al,anA9yS itatido:up in
~tho .gignity,,pf. his •
Oroatieni the. 'equal' of every other,' 'unless! ho •
loses , hisjarth-right byidleness, folly or crime. •
1 r yldteirehter privilege" does 'any one , ask
91an ,to, start on a counnen level with his rai:62, - ;
and trust, the result Olds . ownindusiri on&
UrtlL 'arid tiod's iA•oi , hierieol In 'pin. 'land
16e tho, spirit, of our Meditations says of ench
iladiviilllsl„b i e,44_?nade in Ike Imam? ficul7t
tU rule •his own dottiny.,' Can heaven.giie us
a`larger liberty, unless n tyrant's heart,
we covet theliberty to trainplo on others?
• There has Veen no period • since the eten•
m cement of the 'world, im .which so many -
_, impoi nt discoveries, tending to the benefitof
1 mankind, were made as in the last half 'oentu
' I ry. Some of the most wonderful results of
human intellect have been witnessed in the last
fifty years. Some of the grandest conceptions
of genius have been perfected. It is remarka- - ,
ble how the mind of the world has run into
scientific investigation, and what achievements
it has . effected in that short period. Before
the year 1800, there *as not a single steam
in existence, and the application of steam
to machinery was 'unknown. Fultonlaunelted
the first steamboat..ia 1807. • Now there are
three thousand Steamboats traversing the wa
ters of America, and the time saved in trtivel
is equal to seventy per cont. The rivers of ev
-cry country in the world, nearly, aro traversed
by steamboats. In 1800, there vras'not a sin
gle railroad 'in the world. 'ln the U. States,
• Alone, there aro now 8,707 miles of railroad,
'costing $286,000000 to build, and about 22,-
090 miles of railroad in Engfand and Anterior'. '•
• The locomotive' *ill now travel in as many
hours, a, distanbd which, in 1800, required as
Many days to accomplish. In 1800 ittnoir Weeks •
'to convey intelligence between Philadelphia
and, NCW" OrleanS ; 'now it can be accompliahed
in minutes through the olectrio telegraph which
'• ,ly had its beginning in 1813. Noltaismwa_a '
- discovered-in Mareh,-1800.- The electro-mai- ,
, net in 1821. lEleetrotypipg was discovered on
is few years aO. Hoe's printing press, ea-
pable of , printino,lo,ooo copies an hour is a-
Very recent diecoveryi but of 4 most important .
'character. Gas . light was unknown in 1800, '
now every city cud town of any 'pretensions is
lighted with it, • and wohavo the futiouricement •
of a still greater discovery by .which light, heat
and motive power "may all be 'produced wit
ecarcely . any cost. paguerre conumnlieated
to the world his beautiful invention in 1889.-, ;
Dun cotton and chloroform are disboveries - but ,
Of a few years old. Astronomy ! ...has added ri
'fiumbor of new, planets to 94, o°l4 sYstem„—
Agrienitural chemistry has 'enlarged the do-
Main of knowledge in that important - branch ,
kscientiflo research, Orid'the iie r ohOnies have
meremed the facilities for production, and the'
;nestle': .of accomplishing an amount of labor
Which far transcends the ability of united man-
Ual.'''effort' td tiecomplish. ' The triuMphs a-'
eidetbd in'this last branch of - discovery and- .
loveutien are.. enouoh. so 'make tho' last half
9entury to that which has most contributed to
oliOettt porsonaledinforts . , enlargo'the oikjoy- .
uteniti; and add to . the Moshe& cif *411.. What : - •
will the .next. half century adoinnplisti? •.We
rosy .. rosylook 'for, still creator discoveries, for the
intellect' of man' is gitvake, 'exploring every, -
mine of .lmowdedge, and searciong tOr US o ful •
information in.overy s departraent ig art andin-4
duistey‘ -rt , ~, -• " ,': .. ': f ,•-• •:, -- • ' : •
XteN,,A small:Apiuttity of •vinegai gene;;J
ralltl•deStiO titty:inseot'• Ibat
4if,Ly into the ACllll66,`iiiia Ilttle'
salad oil will kill any laSeet that may ',tir .
the ear. - •
• . From the National Intelllgeneer.
AGRIKELTUEAL GEOLOGY—No. 3.
DY JOSIAH noLnaoor
Rocks. are the oirles of metals. Sile; the
'mostnbundant ingredient iUrocics, mountains,
mid soils, is the oxyde of silicium. This ox
ydeeonstitutes :nearly one half of the solid
matter of our globe. It is the principal ele
ment of quartz, in all its varieties, which are'
exceedingly numerous, and some of them very
beautiful. Quartz is the only mineral found
everywhere. Sand is palveriied quartz. Peb
bles are fragthents of quartz, rounded by at
trition. Gunflint is quartz, breaking with a
concholdal (shell like) fracture. —Jasper its
red quartz, with a fine compact texture. Ame
thyst is purple quartz, frequently found insix.- .
Sided crystals, which is the cenimon shape of
quartz crystals in its different varieties Agate
is clouded quartz, in numerous-varieties, some
of Wlfi'lare much used for Watch -seals, finger
rings, I) east-pins, and other ornaments. Cor
nclian is quartz of a fine texture and of 'a yel
lowish red color. Chalcedony, bloodstone, eats—
eye, and many enter gems,
.are varieties of
--Most perhaps-all, the-gems-used-in-Iho—
breast-plate of-Aaron, the high priest, were
quartz of different textures, colors and hues.-
The pteeious stones presented by the Queen of
Sheba to the King of Israel were probably
quartz: The stones mentioned in the Book of
Revelations as forming the streets of the New
Jerusalem, with all the gems referred - TX were
but varieties of the stones used for paving our
streets, and of the earth moved to the plough
and the hoe of the farmer, and of the dirtcart
ed for filling our docks.
The coloring mattergiving most of the beau
tiful hues to gems, ancl'un endless variety of
colors to quartz, is the oxyde of iron. Tho
oxydo of silicium and the oxydo of iron are
hence united in this same most abundant min
eral in the world.
Next to quartz, feldspar, or , clay formed by
the decomposition of feldspar, is the most a
bundant element of soils. This too, is- com-.
posed of several oxydes of
,metals in chemical
;combinations. Feldspar, is also very eaten
rocks, not by chemical combination, but me
chanical mixture. The feldspar and- the quartz
can be separated by the hammer. Not so with
the oxygen and silicium, forming silex. Cheni
ical agency alone can separate chemical com
binations. Such-combinations in roclis, soils,
and other mineral bodies, are exceedingly nu
morouik; ettmplicated and delicate, The most
Common stiMe that meets, the" eye in any' part
‘titthe world is cOMpOietrif two.oxydes. The
Oxygen and the metals are oech t united by
chemical affinity, and then the oxydes are a
-gain Combined by the same: agency to form a
‘‘ cbinnion - stone," evidently worthy of more re
spect than it commonly receives.
, An experiment: Pour upon, a little pearlash
iv tiinmblar tionio strong vinegar. An effer
vescence will follow, producing. , carbonic acid.
A burning - candle iniiiieried eitirigitinh
ed, showing carbonic acid :is fatal to combus•
Lion. It is equally so to life.
'lt - OGRESS ( - IF - TH.F. AGE.