Carlisle herald. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1845-1881, October 02, 1850, Image 1

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Not teal
WIIIS, in and by an act of,lbc General
Assent itie A
lily of the Commonwealth of Penn
-B)lyania,viititletl "An Act relating to the election
of this Commonwealth," • pursed the 2cl tiny 01
Jolt', A. I). HAI, it is nettle the fluty of the She
rill' of every county us ithin this I, 0111111COWeallil.
itvgire public notice-of the tittnertil-Klect.onsvittal
instteli natives to enumerate
• I. 'Flue officers to he e [trete:
1. lks'ottlikte the piece at which the election Is
to be held?
I, DAVID Sherifr el the county
Onmherlasol,--do--Inote - known. nett : give.
this mild in notice to the eti-elOl, a Ow
cotnui of
Calltherlatal,thla oa
OP OCTOBEit •, being Ow Hilt day
of the montlila General Election it ill be held at
the severatelettlioulligmta • liti Inhee Inst
lit said county, •at which time they will vote by
It t llot for the surpral °lnners herein:it - ter minted,
for Canal Comm of the Stitte of Perot
B t.] s
r 'no • Genemi of the Sum at Peonsykon
ar SOINCI Or Gentoatl NE of theRSON State 0 1 Penn',,, a
la O PE
retnastent-the-eountiett-of Cumberland; Frank
-110 and Parry in the Cohgress'of the U. States.
to represent the counties of Cumberland and
Perry in the Senate of Pen..syltatuitt.
Two PERSONS'a;I7 .
to repteseti the ceuntv of Cumlirrlatul in the
House of Ilevresuntativesvd Pennsylvania
for District Attorney of the county of Cumberrd.
for County Survtlor, of the county ol Cumber Pd.
for Commissioner of the county of Cumberland,
Cur Director of the Poo• and or the I louse of Em—
ployment t f the con u f• cf Cumberland.
for Auditor, to settle •the public accounts of the
county of Cumberland
Wbefe . as n -- joiht 'resolution to istvicittl Use Con
stitution of this Commonwealth, in the second
sect roe of the fifth article thereof, by provi
for the election of the Judges of - this Common- -
wealth by thexpeople, has been agreed to by a
majority or the - roelobeee elected to , e ach (louse
of the Legislature,likywo auccessiv.: sessions of
the Same. And wheßa's it is provided in the
tenth article of the Constittition,thsit any_smenth
meta >o ago cud upon, shall lie submitted to the
~ 1
people in such manner stud at such lime, atielfst
three months after being so agreed to by the.
llonse's r as the Legislature shall prep tribe.
And whereas by an act of the General Assent
idly of the State passed the 9th day of April A.
D.'1850 it is provided "that for the, purpose of
ascertaining the souse 01 the eitileits of this
Commonwralti, in regard to the adoption or ire•
jection of the said 1t111C10111112111.1111 C1(11:11011 Will
be lucid to each of the tot6isidlis wards mid di"-
H'il'ts therein, on the secotiirTuesday iu Dela.
her in the year of our Lord one thousand tight
hundred and fifty, for the purpose ol deoitling
nlion the adoption or rejection of the said amend
ment ; which said election be held at the',
phtecs, and be opened and closed at the time at
and within which-the General I... Motions of this
Commonwealth are held, opened and closed ;
and it shall he i the duty M the Judges,lnspeetors
and Clerks, at each of said townships, wards
anthliatricts, to receive at the said election ticks
ets either writteit or printed, of partly written
and partly printed ,Ivor su hi eitizensduly swab
hied to vote for members ofthe General Assent
lily to deposit them in a box or boxes to be for
that purpose provided by the proper offikrs,
which tickets shall be labelled on the outside
"avitcutimetit," awl those wt.° are &Vora!, IC In
the macadamia may express their desire by en.
`Mu i r each a written or printed ticket, or partly
written or partly printed ottlltit, containing on
the inside thereof - the words "Mr the amend
ment," and those who arc opposed to such a
mendsuctst, may. express their opposition by vo
ting each a similar ballot, eutitaluitig on the in
.irte-thrrece-the wards "Itgs -- isear - ettre - 7amencl"
-- 1. cut," "and "dap the election on the said pro
posed amendment st all in all respects lie con
dueled as the general elections. of this Common
wealth are now conducted ; and it bind's be the
duty of die return Judges of the respectjte
counties nut districts thereof, first haring care
hilly a.ccrbiiipcd number 'Ol soles git elt-for
-01'14111.1 die said amendment in the wanner
aforesaid toThisiko out dujihente returns tliereul,
wiiiresily in words at len g th, and ma in figure:,
only, uric of which repo,' sit,ll lie lodged in the
Prothonotary's ofilee 01 the proper county , and
the other sealed and turreted to Ilic tieurcllll) or
the CUrOlOll - 11Wa11111,111111'1/) one 01 111 C 1.10.1
gee forthwith deposited 111 the 110011. I.lollvelliClll.
- 1.081 Office.
The said election will be held throughout the
county, as follows: >
The election in the election district- composed
of the borough of Carlisle and the townships of
North Middleton,Soutli Middleton, Lower Dick
inson, Lower Frankfurt! and Lower %Vest. Peons.
borough, trill lie held at the Court House, in the
bath oughvf Carlisle,
The etectiott in the election district cola; Used
of Silver Speing• township, will be held at the
public house of George Duey, in floguestotto in
said township,
'I-lie eleCtiiiii it, the election district composed
of Ditmptlenlownship, will be held at the house
forineely occupied by it'lleessicr in said town
ship. -
The election to the election district Composed
of the township of U'oper -Allen will be Imid at
the port ho 110119 of Lksvitl .siheifer la Sh.dicchs.
:rite election in the electiondistrict composed
of the township ot Lower Allen will be held at
.the wigou-maker shop of Jonas tianclibarger, •
on Slate Hill. •
'Elie election in die election district composed
of Bast Pennshorough township,. will .lie held at
the house now occupied by S Henninger, at the
, tweet end.of the Harrisburg Bridge.
The election el the district composed oh New
Cumberlithil, will be held ut the public house of
W H. Bold, in° the borough, of New Gunther.
The election in the district composed of the
borough of Alechanicsburgovill be held ut the
public house sif John Hoover, in 'Salo borough.
71 . 1ie election in OM district compos , d of Mon.
roe township, will be held at the public house of
Geo. Goodyear in Churchtown, in said township
'1 be emmicitt in the district composed of Upper
Dickinson township, will be held at the house
formerly occupied by Phi ip IVeaver, in said
The election in the district composed ot the
Borough of Nemville, and townships of
Upper Frankfort!,
'West Prinishorough,
nod. that- part of Newton ,triwitnltip, sot included
in the Leesburg.. election 'district 'iercinatter
mentioned, will, be held at,; the Brick School
Donee, in the borough of Newville.
1 lie electitin in the district composed of Hope
.well township, will Le held ut the School llouse
n Newburg; in said township.
Toe election in flitdistrict composed of tin
borough of Shippensburg..Shippensburg' Lewis.
ship, mid that part of Southampton township n th
included in the Leesburg election district, will
, be held at the Council House, in the boroughs of
in mal byan act of the General Assembiy,
Of t th i trifintonwealth, painuid flee 2il July; I Hp,
155,i 5 I ,sroVideul l "That' did qualified electors
of parts ot Newton and Southampton township,
in the county of Cumberland, bounded 1);y the,
lowing linmand distances,wizt Beginning arthe
Adams sounty line, thence aloitg the line dividing
the townships of Dickinson mid Newton to this
turnpike road:thence along said turnpike .to Cen
tre School llouse,olt iiitid turnpike, in Smiutliamp
- tonlownshipolience to a point on the Walnut
,Bottom (toad at Reybuck'a,
FarMithence a straight directionto the Saw Miff
belonging to,the belch of George Clever; thence
• 'aleng'lCrysliees - ruir to the -%Ailiims" county line,
." thence along a i nLine of Adams county to the place
be atl.the same it hereby declared
' n ew.and.separate election district, the election
- to beheld .tit thepublic house of V , tri., Maxwell
In Leesburg, Strathamptors township " • - •
'Notice:is nerebv
An a l , e very persor,exeeptlng J9ticea Of 'thd
Pestoe, who shall hold any office or appolatmeitt
of-profit or trust easier , the United States or
thisyS tato, or ,011 . eify ionorporided district,
whether a' waintemonelltolTicia. or oherwiee;.o
eilairdiniktp 91 , ngent,:who", tir shall he
e mployed nailer the • legadatisse, eaeiutive,,orltsi
( dewy departments' of this State, or of the unitdil
states, or 9t Kay city ,or of soy inoarporated
0 4 Pennily •Veiespapero--Devofed
fief; and also that every inernbei , of Congress
.atill_orthe-State Legishiture,-untl' i nf - the'Select - or -
Common Council of any city, 01' commissioner - of
atr ineorporated , distriet, is by law incapable of
„holding or exercising at the same time, the office
or appointment of judge, inspector,or clerk of
elections of this Commonwealth, and that no in
spector, judge or other officer of such election
shall he eli Ale to be then voted for. '
And the 581(1 qua of Assembly., entitled an act
relating to elect ions of this Commonweklih,passed
.lode '2d, luau, turther_provides as Follows to wit._
and Judges shall Meet. of
1.1111 l'epectiVe planeft Hppoionnl holding the
election in the 111S11,1 n 11 4 .11 they I . CbpeetiVel)
nerore o'clock in On . inOrnin g
Z11,31/1111 uesday of Neosho.l.ll each 01 5.1.1 in-,
sfecoles ctspoinf one till k, alto 'hall be a
-t ht 01180 tile 110,01; u ify shall lint t• eel rtvrdole
5e,01.1 lughcsl MIMI/ell ul roles fi•e
111011 not attend on the day of the election, then
Ole person who sholl hate reek it CIL the heeelit ,
big-best number of iotes for at the next
pi mit-cling e,leetion 8611 act as umpccler w fits
Antl in case the who shall hate
received die highest nuinber 111 VOWS roe inspec
tor shall not attenit,the elected judge shall
appoint inspector iii his plate; 01151 i 11,01580 the
iferSoll 5 I .eteil ii judge 6111111 1101 attend, then the
Inspector who seeetibiT the' highest number of
votes shall appoint a judge in his place; or if any
vacancy shall continue in the avant for the space
or one Lour alter the time
,fixed by* Jaw for the
of the - etc:it Imo he qualified voters of the
'township ward-or district roe 'such officer
shall hove heel: elected, present at tie place of
•electior:, shall elect one of their number to fill
such vacancy;
th shall be the duty of the several assessors
ystecleprive to attend at the place of holding
every general special. or township election, dur
ing the whole time said election is kept open, for
the purpose orgivilig information to the inspectors
and judges when called on ill relation to the right
of ally person assessed by them to vote at such
election, or such tuber matters in relation to the
assessment of voters as the said inspectors (Ii
eitheriof them shall from time to time require.
'No person shall be permitted to vote tit any
election as aforesaid, than a white freeman or the
age of twenty-one years or mare,-who shall have
resided in this State at least one jelly, and ii. the
election district where he ulfers his vote at least
ten days immediately preceding such election,
mid within tWo years paid a State or county tax,
which shall have been assessed' itt least ten days
before theVlection..,.illut. a citizetfof , glie United
States, till° lois previously been It qualified - voter
of this State mud removed therefrom and returned,
mid who Shall have resided iu the election district
and paid taxes aforesaid, shall be entitled to vote
alter isesidilig in this State six months: Prov4ded,
That the A% ilite irtiemett ciiizenact: the
States, beta eini the ages o f t u ditty one and tu enty
two years sand liaxe resided in the election district.
ten days as aforesaid; shall be entitled to_yote al
,bough they shall not have paid taxes.'
No person shall he permitted to vote whose
name, is not contained in the list of taxable inhab
itants Claud shed by the Commissioners, unless
glrsii lie produce a receipt for the payment with
in two, of a state cr county tax assessed
agreeably to the constitution, and give satisfactory
evidence CAIN on his oath or affirmation, or the
oath or affirmation of another that he has paid
such a tax, or on lirilure to produce a receipt
skill miike oath to the paymeht tl4reol. Sec.
and; it he claim a right to'i ow' Ly beta; an elec
tor between the age 'of twenty one and twenty Iw,,
years,-he shall depose on oath or affirmation that
he has resided itithe State .it least one year next
before his application, and make such proof of
I esidence in the district as is required by' tills act
and that he does verily bclieye from the account.
&hen him that lie is of the age aforesaid, and
give such other evicknee as is required by thi•
Itch-whereupon the name:of the person so admit
ted to vote shall lie inserted in the alphabetical
list, by the inspectors, and a note made opposite
thereto by writing the word 'tax,' if he- chaff be ,
atioitted to vote by reason of having, paid lax, or
the word 'age,' If be snail be admitted to vote by
reason • ol such age, shall be called out to the
clerk's, who shall make the like.notes in the lists'
of s °tura kept by them.
thi till cases where the name _of .the...person
claiming to 0019 is }blind on the list filfelislied by
the commissioners and assessor, or his right to
stnr whether found thereon or tint, 18 3tlit'etell to
-hy-aisyvittalitied-ut tfzen i -it-slial he-the-iloty ulnae-':
inspectors to examine such person on oath as to
his qualifications, and it lie claims to has eitcsiticil
within the State Ihr one year or more, Ins oath
shall bc sufficient profit thereof. but sisal make
proof by lit least Oise collipequlit witness, who
shall be a qualified elector, that he has resided
within the ins! riot for more 'fem.-en thity's nixr
Said rlrcliou, .uul chAl
also liinisrit swear the' hie 11011:1 hill! ' , MiII:W . I.:,
is 11111,1111111 i e his 1. , Lallmg., Ohio the
ile,trie.t, :mil that be MO ,a;.l
tricl Mr the Malin:, id voting
• I.:sery rerrAtii coin
shall m;+kv title l i t i gllll ,, i, ut hie rehideace
amt payment of tteses skull be ad •
Milled to, vote is the ttu uslup, ward or district
is which lie shall reside.
•II on) person sled I prove t or attempt In pre
vent any tamer 01 any election under this net
Irnm holding such clic-0011,0r useor threaten :my ,
sic tenet: to sus such officer, oc shall interrupt or
impi (perry iiilerrere with him itolie 'execuiiin
of his duly, or shall block up the window or
avenue to ally window where the same may he
holding, or , shall riotous!) clispirb die peace at
such election, orshall use or practice any naiad
dating tfiveats, levee or violence, with design lq
influence unduly or overawe an, elector, or to
prevent hint from voting Or to restraia the free
(lomat' choice, such person oli coniqution shall he
lined in any sum not exceeding five hundred-dol
lars and be Imprisoned fur any time not less dui
three nor More than twelve months, and ilit shidl
be shown to court, where the trial of such offence
shall be had; that the person so offending was not
a resident of Um city, ward, district( or townsltip
.where the offence MILS coMmitted, and not entieed
to vote therein, then on conviction lie shall be
•sentenced to pay a fine- of not-less than one Jinn
tired u E - ; more than, one thousand dollars,and be
i imprisoned not less that six .mouths nor noire
than two years.
'lrony person or persons shall make any bet or
wagt.r upon the result of any election ninth, thi s
Commonwealth, or shall otter to make any such
bet or wager, either by.verbal preclamittion there
at, or by any written or printed advertisers ent,
challenge or invite any - person to-make such - beL
or wager, tpoll conviction thereof he or they shall
forfeit and pay three times the amount so bet or
to be bet.
'Unity person not by law qualified,shall fraud
ulently vote at any election in ails Common
wealth,or being otherwise qualified - shall vote out
of his Iwoper district, or if any person knowing
the want of such qualification,shall aid or Roeure
such person to vote, the person offending shall,
on conviction be fined in' any Sam not exceeding
two hundred :loiters, and be imprisoned for any
term not exceeding three months.
'Many person shalt vote at more than one Cleo.
tiOnAistria,orotherwiso fratululeittlyimte.mme
than once en the same tiny, or shall fraudulently
fold and tiellver to the inspector two tickets to
gether, with the intent illegally to vote, or shall
procure another GO to dg i be or they offending
shall on conviction he fined in nay sum not less
than fifty nor more than live hundred dollars, and
be imprisoned fo an term not less than three
nor more than twelvemonths
, any person not foal i Ilea to vet e n this Corn.
;1111011iVeflitil t agreeably to law, (except the Sons or
`qualified citizens) shell limiest at any place of
election for the purpose el issuing tickets or of
;influencing, the citizens qualified to vote, lie shall
,oitemiviction forfeit and pay soy sum not exceed-,
,i n g, one handeed dollars 'for every such offence,
,and he imprisoned for any term not exceeding
three months..
Agreenble to the provisions or the sixty-first
'cotton of said act, every General and :Special
Slection' shall he npetted between the hours of
'eight nod ten in the-forenoon, and shall Contititie
'without interruption or adjournment until seven
,o'elach in the evening; wiltiwthe polls'shall be
mit he JudgeSof the respective districts skive
eiuil "act
- required tbmiteet at ,the
'Court Hove, horougli•of Carlisle 'on thd
third dity after 'the tray of election; being
. the I I th day' or October', then and there to
perform the things required of them by inn,. •
.Given :under Ay; hand, at' Carlisle, this' sth
day of SiiptOkbWiA;D• 1850 . • .
. • DAVID SMITH, Slierilr
slicril { a .Office,'-Carlisle,
1- :September' 5:,1850.
"aril received thiliunbrottind - Rolliad IRON
received ot the Cherip Store or rho
Muhvistferit. LI , SA= ON..
Our readers wilt remember that the committee to
award Mr. ilarnum's prize for a song of animation
to America, to he sung by JENNY LIND, reported that
,there wag one besides Mr. Taylor's which they awl.
_equal -to his,but , :which-wns-not - ao -- welt - tfdaptßlThY
music. Aa we have published Mr. Taylor's we now
publish the Other, which Is understood to have been
written by Eyes Sergeant, of Boston, the . author of
'•A Life on the OeMi n Wave," leaving the public to
Judge between tile tivo
Lund of the beautiful. land of the free.
Oficti toy heart hid uorned longing to thee:
Otten had noninta lalte,lorrent sad stream,
Gleamed un icy waking Moneta. crowded my dream;
Now thou reeelVefil ow nom the broad sea,
Land of the beani WILL laud of the free.
Omit to the eye, to thy greedour, tlion'UT I ;
0 doubly fair, doubly dear to the heart
Forgo the exiled. the trodden, the poor,
Through the wide world, thou bast opened thy door
filillhuis crowd In, and ore welcomed by thee—
Land of the beautiful, land or the free I
Land of the rifture liere-Art shall mink=
Kinder thy gale than her own. Credal! air!
Since her true rotaries everitare found
I,6ltrdeserully America crowned:
Where,rio her pride:should she dwell but With Meer
Lund of the bountiful, land of the free
Sculpture for thee shall immortalize Form—
Painting Illumine, and Poetry. warm ;
Music devote all her fervors divine
To heart service at Liberty's shrine—
Till all thy gifts doubly_AreekrusAlialLbe,___,..___
Land of the beautiful, land of the free t
flall,lhen, Reptr of . .. Washington, hail!
Never may star of thy Union wax pale !
Hope of the world! may each omen of 111,
Fade in the'light of thy destiny still—
Time bring hut increase and honor to thee,
Land of the beautiful, land of ti.e tree!
~S- t titoi- i,
Late in the full of 1847, it was my good for
tune M spend several delightful hours in the
gallery of the •'Art Union" in New York.—
Among the many exquisite pictures that graeed
its walls, was one which particularly attracted
my attention; Not that 1 either comprehended
or was much influenced by the learned and
teehrileal critiehtnis of the nouns:l'7Bllra at my
elboW, but it was a New Englund scene., ..The
first news of the bottle of Lexington," by Rau
- •
nay, and for its truth and—
spirit 1 could well
It represetded a New England
.. landscape in
the capricious month of Aptil, with till tho
shows of awakening agricuhund- life and indus
try. A village malty in the foreground, which
I could almost have identified, under the pro
jecling roof of which stood the brawny-armed
smith hirriself, with compressed lips and- n it
ted brews“astening'a shoe to the reeking horse
of a courter,.(how much inure significant" the
old Saxon word bode,) Who, still in the saddle,
hurrialy told his tale ofPfate and fear" to the
excited listeners tnat had already reached the
spot. All along the road were seen Itur,ying
stalwart hunts, will, the implements of toil still
in their hands; in the fields, the plough anci:dx-
ell were left midway in the furrow, while their
master, without bridle or saddle, sprang upon
the - stout farm horse,—acrd-with - his - strong - hand
twisted in his shaggy mane, the, gears still
tripling ul liitrlicels, and nose high in the air
guided him, et an undreamed-of pace,. across_
the fields, and over fence., to , urd the nem° of
I knew many in my native village that might
have stood on the original , .I'ol those men, aye,
rot a few hong, ,hat midi; opoo oec,.i.nis hove
taken that very look tied gait. But
_mere than
this as I gazed anon that *torn, the shadowy
farms of the while-haired fathers of rue village,
seemed to Coke the place of the. gaily•dre,:sed
people at my side; and st :nd leaning, as woe
their wool, over their' stout oaken:sticks, au
they told over again their "talcs of the times al
old." .One of these; which that pitoure vividly
recalled, and which would not ho an unmet
suhject Jar the artist's pencil, I Ann attempd to
Ono SabbatO morning, - during' the gloomy
summer of 1776. when the hopes of the patriots
seemed, likely tn go down iii darkness and
blood, and oven the God•sustainejl heart of
Washington grew troubled, and almost sunk
within him, the people of our villigo came up
to the house of God with Mid countenances and
heavy hearts. News travelled slowly then, and
they were chiefly flies) indebtedlo such Wl/11117 .
ded soldiers as passed through the villege,on
their way to their homes, for their information
of the movements of the army. They know
that. Washington still !MIA Now York; and Alm
lust poor wounded fellow that bad reached
home had told a fearful tale at tho state of our
own 'diminished army, and the horde of troops
under the limos, that wore gathering around
it like locusts.
It was a beautiful mid-simmer morning. A
light. thunder shower, during the latter part of
the preceding night, had laid tha duet and giv-,
en coolness to the air. The rain drops still
stung trembling from leaf and spray, and came
e , •
dropping down in showers, as the footsteps of
pedestrians or the heavy tramp of Ilona, bear-.
Ing in most instances tho'doubla burden of man
and matron, witli.perohance a rosy child or two
startled from their quivering porchmithe silver
throated birds.
The grain was already In/roasted, but'. many
fields of grass tiocrentill standing, !morn and
sunburnt; and it was 'very coition that many
of the crops suffered-from luck of proper milli
vation,,fer many Of. ilia most asp rt wielders of
the boa 'and itCyllio had ClirenOyci of thorn
for the musket and snierd,,', Still, hero and thine.
apiece of Indian corn ,up thriftily,thria`
tho broad leaves of • which the Taint West- win
rustled with a low murmurous sound, like •th
dropping of suinnier rain, In, • Ihe southwest,.
just ettoie , the top ''ot Totoket, appeared. tile
white cups of two or throe of. 'Omni singular
0 . 4n,t . t15, known turiong .; the country. people - es
"thunderiniads.'.! Hut the pecplo, as' they pur,,
sued their wliy. alung,ths token:lanes, and over
the: forcaperownod hills, had oilier. thoughts'
'Cheri of the beauty of the ,14adsaape. ' Theii
hearts wore with their brethers - efd friend a
their thoughts tweed touhrds Him who, i e both
atild . le build tip"and , bast ' dinve, bef l ore ,wheat)
altar. they, were . , aiidestoined to east ail their .
cores, and .treuhlae.'' L . ' ' " ..' ' ,
' As with eloW utf:reverapt' steps they filed
intii the 'meeting : hoiitui arid
, toolitheirs seats ; in
`, the bemire pou'ul,. it' ,ivas easily' seen test. Vie
greater portion of the male part of the Oongro•
. ,
vatfotreoasisted - of - nierr advanced in - loam - and'
boys in their teims. The morniig service pass
ed-as usual, and, after a-short ifiermissioni the
people again gathered to theirp aced, and the .
earnest prayer was offered, and .‘, sermon, suit
cd,to the exigencies of .the timesiand the wantd
of the audience, was commenced. Suddetly,
thecongregation were startled : lv the _heavy_
tramp of a horse, which ropidly aiiproaclacci and
halted at the tneyting-house-door.. Inm moment
the rider had thrown himself' friiit the saddle,
and stouil within the door. Handing a note to
the aged deacon, who was hurrying down the
ai•le to ask the cause of this iflorterruption
with an audibly whispered injtinetion to act
_whit speed,-hecus hastily moutitei, and kept un
his way. Ile deacon oust 4 sone.flanee at the
superscription of the paper, thewarched 'rev
erently up the pulpit stairs, and Deed it in the
hand of the minister, with the saps whispered
injunction. Deliberately -the old man finished
his Pennon and prayer, then gh+lng his eye
over the paper, ho laid its contoip before the
people: It was a pressing reqiisition from
Washington for more troops. was daily
expecting an attack from the coodlin9d forces
of the enemy, and each town andi village was
called upon to furnish what aid itkuld. :After
a few apt and eloquent - remarks oji the . critical
situation or the b-lovod dhieflaitt,qlm worthy
man continued—"LM us not be Met down my
brethren. Our cause is that of quth and jus-
tine and righteousness iand,etron,iin these, we
shall yet asSuredly . triumph. Th 4 business is
urgent; undid trust, it will not be, deemed de
rogutory-toynr Christian elisractsr, nor an in
fiingement upon the holy Sabbath, if we take
sock measures as seem most presping
Therefore, all who 'aro willing to take their
lives in their hancisoirt6._stand hy_the side-of
their Commander-in 7 chier„ in!r of:trial,
will, after the close of . these servicee, please
range themselves in single file, upon tho village
Then, with floods clasped, and raletei towards
- leaven, he took up" the sublime invocation of
"Kberi . noetkon silOce, 0 God hold not thy
peace, and be net still.
"For, 10, mine enemies rhake a tumult, they
that hate thee have lined up the head.
"They have taken crafty counsel against thy
Oen*, and consulted against thy bidden once,
They have said, Come, lot us cut:then:l off from
'bang a ,nation,othat the name of Lintel maybe
no more in remembrance. -
' , 'Let them be confounded and tumbled for.
ever ; yea, let them bo put to sham? and -per•_
"That men may know- that thou,yhese name
alone is Jehovah, urt Moat Higli pier - all the
earth !"
There was silence fur the space of some mo
ments, and then to the strains of old "Mem,"
full, clear, and distinct, from all, parts of the
house rose the words of the following hymn
' , Attend, ye armies to the tight, •
And be nor gnardian, God.
Itt vein s/iall numerous foes unite,
Against 'Fhino uplifted rod.
"our troops, holland' thy guiding hand,
ShallgAln a gLettt_tenowm
'l land that makes the teeblerstand,
And treads the :nighty (am."
, The deep silence that followed tho benedte.
Lion woe broken by thelow muttering of distant
thunder, for the white capped thunder clouds of
the :awing were climbing with giant, strides
up the %Aslant shy. their usual
custom, the•people waited in silence, until their.
pet.tor im:bidescatied from the pulpit, anti pass
ml 4fv4, ; then the aged deacons moved
forWurd, followed-by the congregation in due
order. As they issued from the wide dour-way,
the whole - male portion, as if moved by ono im •
pulse, tusk their way to the village common,—
Thoughtfully nod nilently, to the roll coil of the
boimiing thunder, they took their places, slmOul
11110T to shoulder, and time old minister new be
fore him the available strength of the village—
each man capable of bearing a musket. from the
gray-haired veteran to the boy of sixteen.L-
Grouped around him, was a small band, to
whom age and debility had left no oyailable
weapons, save faith and prayer. 011 U other
group inust not bo forgotten :, the mothers:
wives, sisters daughters , of those men upon the
common, who remained clustered around the
mecting•house door, watching - with breathless
- interest the movements of_theirtrrends. Love,
Pride, anxiety, hope and faith, lit up their exci
ted features, Inia-trow-there-way little cowar
dice thane.
The old minisler's,heert glowed within bin"'
at the eight of the resolute, determined looking
faces befiiiiY him, us they proceeded to a choice
of officers. The subordinate offices could read
ily be filled, but who should lead them to face
danger and death; who should bo their cap.
twin ? - •
Who so worthy to, do this as ho who had
steed by them In all thrice of trial and sorrow ?
he who had already aided them ' - to' fight • the
good fight af faith, their 'Spiritual teacher and
friend, whose moral and physical courage were
undoubted—amid, with, ono accord, they manful
the Rev. Samuel Bells.
The old 'nun was much moved by this Unex
pected proof of their esteem and confidence. It
was the highest honor in their gill, and he ful
ly appeciated the compliment and the respon
sibility. He hadsteet much - of the old Puritan
spirit'i i hip to decline ;:'his heart was in the
cause, and in -a tot aid, bat broken words, ho'
signitiedhis willingness to stand by them in
life,and in death. Then, beckoning the females
to advance, ho bowed his head, and, like 'a true
Cromwellion, called'doom the Messing of Hea
ven on them and their . : • •. ,
;This was the ;firsi.ciimPiiny raised our vil
lage ; such was the spirit with whicli our fa
thers responded:to the requisition of:Washing
ton f and, in juldificiitiOn'ofilioWhidein pftholr
choice; let ua add, thnt.. • •
"Like a aoldlor of the Lord,
• Whim-his llibleand his sword,"
the old' 'pastor led them 'safely •-thr
ifold dangers, 'until , thoY joined:the,
in 14My7fei11,,,:
ajonig, girl; w as drawing
tier little sister, about 'nine miaths old; in a
wagon thruugh,lhp.ptrpat in-Pittsburg' on .Sat
i,rday, a largo sow, rualied.forward, and , seizing
'the infant by tbe,ormoiragged .it oet, and Wati
preparing to devour.i i , when a 'gentlemail ree l '
cued it, though - not till it was consitiOrably inje.
-rod.• - .
ignAiness and General intellig ewe.
- EYES - AND - EARS - IN - GEOUGIA - . --
Thi sat and Productions—. The Pine Foreste.—
. - Leg Houies.—The dram and character 4 the
dwellers in the Pine Woods.—Provinetodism•
Having during the surnriter travelled exten
sively by.private conveyance in Georgia; I pro
pose to give soma account of its seent4, soil.
produetions, inhabitants, railroads, maul - ado
ries, educational institutions, &c. •
Southern Georgia is little else than a vast
sandy plain, coegred with pines. 'Large tracts
of land in the south-eastern-part ot the Stale
arc wet and swampy ; but, generally, the soil
in the lower half of Georgia is sandy and JO.
The land, with tho exception of that tying near
the rivers, to unproductive. Corn can, howev.
or, be raised on much of the pine larid, but, on
ly the fertile pert of it will produce cotton. The
river and oak lands. though good for corn, are
specially adapted to tho growth of cotton.
Iminediately above Macon, the appaaraneo of
the , criontry changes. The land becomes bro
kon-and hilly. Thu Pities ara succeeded by the
-oalr, - the - pupla theit lake ry - a nd 'the chean ot.—
The soil, when it is not too broken; is generAy
fertile, producing good crops of corn, wheat,
oats and cotton. Outs grow tolerably well in
the lower parts Of the State, and in Florida.—
They are sown in February, 'and harvested in
May or Juno. ,Planters in Southern Georgia
often attempt to raise wheat, but they seldom
get more than six or eight busbelsfroruan acre,
and often much less. In the upper country the
yield ranges from ton Ofifteen bushels per item
Apples, pears, and cherries grow tolerably well
in Northern Georgia._ Plums, grapes, figs,
blackberries and, peaches flourich in all parts of
the State.
The Pine Forests constitute an interesting_
cature in the aspect otthe country. The trees
nre of thutispeeies called pitch pines. They
grow 011 and straight. Near the top, and. u
sually at the slistance of eighty or ninety feet
from the ground, they send out a few branches,
which, like the body of the tree, aro -long and
straight.. Tho pines vary in height from.eighr
trio one hdndred and twent fhey sel
dom exceed ono or two feet in .fleter.'.. The
. land in the pine woods is love* Jr gently undu
lating. The ground is ceWL- , !Jd with -a short
coarse grass. There is undergrowth.
Fur as the eye can reach, the sight is unob
structed save by the columns of the tall pines.
There is something in these forest solitudes
that excites emotions not unlike those felt by
travelers on the boundleii prairies of the, West.
Vastness - and grandeur that are seen, lead the
mind. to a contemplation of the unseen Infinity,
and kindle in the 'soul 'emotions of reverence
and adoration.
—"Father, thy hand
(lath reared these venerable columns t thou [down
Tilde% weave t h is verdant roof. Thou did's:. look
Upon the naked eartlwand forthwith rose
All these lair ranks of trees. They, In thy Pun,
Budded. and shook their green leaves In thy breeze,
And shot toward heaven."
--Tune ART HERE—thou 1111.01
The snlltinin. Thou art In the soft.wlnds
That ran along the summit of these trees
In music;—Teton art in the cooler breath
That Croat the inmost darknessof the place
Comes, scarcely felt; the barky trunks, the ground
The fresh moist ground, are all Instinct with Thee.'
Sunset in these forests is a glorious sight.—
Tho - disk - oFthu - surrieueorromiled - bra - tlmmurryd
interposing columns . ; but its rays are ao race
Led lrom tree to tree, that, in the distance, the
forests seem enveloped in a fiery ether.
The wind, passing throUgh the pine tops, t
causes a d6Sp moan, resembling the roar of a
dittant cataract, or the noise of an approaching ,
storm. This moan is heard sometimes corislaut
ly Ira several days. At night there is, some
thing peculiarly mournful in the deep unvary
ing tones. At other times they are agreeable
to all hut the melancholy.
.The contra portion cf the State is the^-most
thickly settled. Southern Georgia, along the
rivers, is well populated ; but generally, thiii
part of the State is settled sparsely, if at a11.._
Northern Georgia has been increasing rapidly
within a few years ; especially along the line of
the railroads. The population of the State in
184 U was less then 600,0110,--now his estima
, ted at 850,000.
The wealthier inhabitanti, or those who own
the greatest number of slaves, are found in those
portions of the State 'that produce cottnn.—
There are few large planters in Upper Georgia.
Many of these own only in few negroes, and
kill more none pi all. A poor uneducated class
' of people Inhabit the pine woods in Southern
end Southeastern Georgia. There are aiso.
many poor ignorant people in the northern and
central ports ot Georgia ; do not ifterO
as t'll the pine woods, constitute the Majority of
the inbahitatite.
Three-fourths of the Georgians yet' live'
log-houses.. These houses aro natality built of
pine logs, six or eight incheti in diameter, laid
across each other so alto form a square or ob
long it.ttine Thal logs are notched at the, ends,
eo as to lock tagStei. The main building jtr i ,l
sometirned, so c6netraetcd as to givq'twzrrooms
with R . wide passage „heti/seen their?. 'Other
rooms. aro added to Motto, by joining to ilia—
sides buildingl'with. a roof slanting only one
way, iSometimes 'small rooms -are added, one
after another, until the house contains eight or
ten. Windows , ,qe not indispensable, board
shutters being made to supply the p:itco'of sash
and gins
In the plie woodsflie : hOuies :usually - hhve
but a single room, 15 or 20 feet square.: Most_
of them are built without a plow for' the id.
rtsistlion of light, nave the crocks between the
logs. Often, there la no ether floor than the
ground.; and a heef's hide, hung before en
opening eel in thulogs,'amiwera the puipoeo'.of
a door. Thin room cenelltutee the parlor, the:
sleeping room, the pantry, the l kiielien and tire'
dining room,for the-whole family. I , lave fie;
quently seen in a house of this kind' tiro large
beds, and one or two trundle 'beds, and oecti;-
Menially IN hand
_loom besides. ' :
Thedross of those people iorresponds' with
their dwellings. Their clothing ginerillieen.
sista Of lioniespen Cotton; or ' cotton and wool..
the min seidetio' weiir'ting thing More than ,
shirt and potifelifeni" .. *men'ilimelly, Wear
'simply' a ochre° ei4tois floya,:when the
weather Is not too'vvarm,useally weir ' n shirt ,
and seldoM Airlifting 'More. • Almost all' go
barefirited. The i l:drithing of this people would
be , well ino‘ighere it clean, but it is exceed:
testy .To — all appearances, their ghr..
Monts are never tyasticd. The. 81111 . 10 is fine of
their bedding. Eieti their hands end faces are
often cuveid with dirt
The pcopitruitkare now describing are, for
°ugh maw
trt) .
them can neither read nor write. They _hate
low, if any 3 no s chools, end soldem any
religious privileges. They aro also indolent,
'especially the men. Their principal motive in,
going into the pine woods :to live easy.—
Having rho,t,en a location upon the public land
that is removed from soy thickly settled neigh ,
borhood, they erect a log hut,•and then procure
-from sonic of the herdsmen 15 or 20 cows,
o hie!' they take care of for their. -milk and a
portion of their irieisasel. - . 7-titi'l, - . .their
subsistence trot, small patches of
corn and potatoes. The women, oftener than
tho - men; folidtv — the tows, - milk than,.
make. the corn.' I,t one of the Southern coon
tics; 1 met two women ioing, to mill. Both
were barefooted,
.They were driving a yoke
of steers attached to a cart, the wheels of which,
were made of short cuts from large pine logs.
"Her old roan," ono of the women informeil
rne, "was at home doing nothing." The next
day 1 saw a W 011101) and her toughter digging a
well: FFer Tiuebund sal in the door of the house
smoking. - -, -while • passing, through
the Southern countiesilnow women doing work
work that properly belonged to their indolent
The among these people are
Very numerous. In an Imaginary dialogue
will give some of them
A. traveller stops at a house to spend the
night. '
Trose/ter.--Clan I stay with you to-night ?
Landlord =I reckon. We does net like to
turn people away, We does not practice hoop
ing people. -
T.--r(lnterrupting him.) , If it is not conve
'cient for you to keep us, we w ill 'go on.
L.—Yes, oh yes, we'll lacepiyou.. Alight
It will PO_Li2Tif .befOre you caw •ovortake• the
next house, and Ito- Mighty hot too. Your
horse looks mighty sorry, and 1 reckon , you can
take up with my faro.
T.—Havo you corn and fodder! • cq
L —Yes right smart' f both."
T.—Well, take my horse.
L. 7 4Here_ Jack; carry this gentleman's
horse to the lot. 010 him b sinart chance, of
corn and fodder. You hear?
- Jack.—Yes, Massa.
Traveller goes into the house, and asks for
Landlady.—Ann, hot Ann. (Ann answers.)
Here, get supper for this gentleman. Fry
some bacon and make a hge-cake. Gel a smart
chance of bacon. Make a heap of coffee. You
• (Ann answers.). e pert now. urn
tg, to the traveller.). You come - from
reckon ?
Londlord.—(To the travelle) YA P had a
map of : bad , road to-day. It has been mighty
tot ,toot Shall tote your plunder (baggage)
into the house?
In morning the traveller asks for his bill.
Landlord —Well, I' charges for eating a man
over night 75 cents, 25 cents for sleeping him,
and 50 cents for eating his hbrse. That makes.
1 reckon, about a dollar and a half.
These provincialisms are heard among ,the
poor whites in all the Southern States, and to
greater or less extent, among the wealthier and
Morgan Jones•anci the Devil
•Why ye!, answered Morgan, 'there's some
truth iii that same, sure enough used-to meet
io meet with him now and then7hut we, fell
out, and I' have not seen dtim these several
!' exclaimed , each of the party, "how is
that,Morgan •
'Why, then, be quiet, and I'll tell ye it all.'
,And thereupon Morgan emptied his pot, and
had it filled again, and took a puff of his pipe,
and began his story.
'Well, then,' says mustlinow that I
had not seen his honor for a long time, and it
'was about two months ago from tins that I Went
ono evening' along the brookohooting wild finvl,
nod as l was going whistliOg along, whom
should I.spy etisnii,g but the
_devil himself !
But you must know he was dressed mighty
fine, like shy grand gentleman, though 1 knew
the old one well by. the. bit of hia lull which
hung out at the bottom of his trousers; Well,
he came up,. end says he, 'Morgan,. how are ye,'
and. says A touching my hat, 'pretty well, your
'honor, I Ailt ye,' Arid then says -he, 'Mor
gan what are ye looking aner, unit - what's that
long thing yo' re currying. will' ye e And says
I, •I'nt only walking 'out. by the bsoolythis fine
evening, and carrying my baelty-pipe with ins
to smoke. 7 . , .. •
"Well, you know the old • fellow Is mighty
frind of the Micky ; so•eays ho, 'Morgan, let's
have a smoke, and lit thunk ye.' And says I,
'You're mighty welcome.'' So I gave him the
gun, and ho put the muzzle in- his mouth to
smoke, and thinks• I, have you now..old boy,'
pause you see° I wanted to quarrel with him ;
so I pulled the trigger, and off went the gun
bang in his mouth. Tuff,' says ho, when he
- ptiljed it out of his mouth, eat he stopped a
tainutelo think about ti and says ho "d—d
strong baelty. Morgan r. Then he gave-me the
gun and looked huffed, ondsvalksid 'off, and sure
enough I've never seen him since. And that's
'the way I got elnit,of the old gentleman, my
boys I' • - ,
THOM —notight engenders , thought.—
Pince one idea u pon paper—another-will: fol.
low it, and OM another,- until you ,have ,
ten a page. itOir cannot fathom yOur
Then, is a w.ellef thought there: Which has 'no'
bottom. The more slot!' draw from it, the
mere ralea r and iryau neg
leeCtothinii youracit, and use, other. people's
thoughrs,:grvingiheca L utraranne, oriiy,, ye? will
never know what you ore capable of. At'. lirst
your idea, may come. out. in,.lumps,. homely.
and-ehapolessi .04i DO IDA time, and,.perse
.8e . errange'rapoith there. ;,earn
tollinilkand,yeuWill learn to writeHihe more
patiltbielt*better„ieu will ercpress
MV" HAIN. who do you iota for?" '• • •
"1 votes for tie peoples, 1 do:" ' • '•
"Well, hut'n , hat candidate ?"
"Der "Governim"
"What . goict:nor ?" •
"Him what zits elected mit de bollolbosi die
- next: bin *Ail tortnightlit , • '
, .
. Herr TO Ds HAPPY.—fay toe Printer,• love
thu girls, end Lawny; wall[ in•-the sunshine.
'Poe latter will keep you in spirits, oast the Tur
man' in Baud appotite. • •
ta - mrectin - g - fieen - c -
,;. Id a lawyer's office in a remote-part of,Con
nectictit. laid a, mortgage for eleven hundred
dollars; which was within a few daye of being
duo. One morning 'the inan_on whose place
the mortgage was held, called and inquired if
the payment could be mit .oit" biro. short. tiny',
Ho was a man scsmowhat advanced in life, and
very inteinierate. The lawyer, in reply to hie
inquiries, said that the man that held the mort
gage Waked
,liie'money—that was sorry,
but it could notbo extended. He re urned honies
believing that in a few days, hie aged and :in-.
fithi = wife; and invalid daughter, would to
quit thCroof, which had so long sheltered them,
and seek a lion ho know not where:
He could sa nothing to them about it, it
) 1n
would cause th too much grief. ?' ho mort ,
gage became no and in the morning early the
farmer again repaired to the laviyer's office.
Ho plead for a time, but to no purpose. 0.
vercome with emotion, the old man sunk- into
a Chair, and there - set for two hours, apparent
ly unconscious of anything that was passing
around him, when a Carriage drove up to the
door and a lady supped from it. She entered
ilia of fi ce. After tending a few moments, eye;
' ing tho old man wt interest and emotion, she
spoke. The•old ma looked' op.
• "Father, how do &ou do 7" •
"Oh Sarah, I arOvell but sad. lam glad,,
to see you, but sorry for - your aged 'Mother and
invalid sister. I cannot return to them,for if
will ho to tell thorn they linvo no borne, and ,
and this I cannot bear. It will kill your poor
"Father ! Father!" said the daughter, ncould
you live a temperate man if this were paid 2"
"Yes: uh yes! I would: but it cannot be
for I have nuthingAo pay it with."
-"Now sign the- pledgecand here - ia - the - mon
The old man put hie name to the redeeming,
the saving pledge, and departed to his home
with a happy heart. .- • -•
The daughter had saved the eleven , htMdred
dollars by working in a factory.
Be energetic. Ah i•bow we like the man of•
true energy. He carries all—hearts. Nothing
stands - befui:o him. Does lie begin il/4.taslc•Lthe
ling is as - guod as done. Does he engage in
an ontorpriso—make up your mind at ones
it will 'bo curried through „bravely,
u sly . Energy, why it's !wad, hand, mum-
-die and bona. frs thevery,,life, breath, soul of
everything. A man without it is poor, pitiable
pin:wile, shiftless; contemptible. Every Person
of sense shuns, despises, spite upon'such.
Young man,. ho energetic. w.:?,..irdyes,:Ytirl
seech, beg of you, be energetic:. YoU evill-nevs
or make anything without it. Mahe It your
watdh-word. your maxim through life. Never
forgot it. Whatever yen!' do, do it with energy.
If you read, think, write r ace,.or worlr, drive
the thing with•all the energy in your power.--;.
Otherwise, your life Will be dull,stupid, witlkut
point, plan, ay, m metry, efficiency, or good of and
sort. Raise yourself up, then, in your manifest
propoftkk, and resolve I.liiit_plititsver. you ' pub
your head or hand to, shall be with a heady,
whole-souled, earnest, stern, energy; This
done; and you may go forth into the work a .
FALLING SrAss...--A friend of ours was telt
ing ua, not long since, of an p_amain!anee of
his in South Carolina, who, lot' men
&telly.. Be related of him the follovring anec
dote ;
Said some one to the liar, "do you‘lediero
%erthe time the stars fell many years 'ago)"
“Yes,,” said Menoax
remarked the other, "Pvo hear}
was nII doception r that the stars did not act
ally fall."
"Don't you believe it,'* returned Mendez,
with a knowing look, "they fell in my yard as
big on goose 4gs. I've got one of :ern yet
only the ehildren's plop:a with it so• mac!)
e worn the shinypints rfr"
TAILING THE CENBO9 , — , The Census man has
same hard cases to get at.. There are very
few singiu ladies 'over twenty five years of
age, unbar by acknowledgment or appearandez
Our lieqithy atmosphere retains tha.rose.uport
a Vetiangci girl% 'cheek until. she arrives. at
• . Here is the case of a mare:who•wasn't born
in Pennsylvania:
Marslitir.---'Were you born in this State?'
Ans.—. Yow fiesh not.'
MarOnl-1N hat state were you born in?'
Ans.—Ve dash not know vat Shinto.--
I vash burn in mentor Bounty. Vat Stitate yOu
coil kitn?'--Venangofipectator.
0•1 wantseh to sollipp in the said
a'Dutehman to thd elerk'of a shipping cake..
'Well,' said •tho clerk. pan •in hand; 'what'tt • . :
-'1! ish Hans Venanstnahandordantiseveymen.
day miteitensehinipieletrnidtdesehupiomireMP
said Dutehr, gravely spitting out his old, quid
and taking in a fresh ene.• . ' •
, tleavens !' said the astonished eierk,l
write that. Luok-i•hare, mister; what is ;t1
English—dis you howl"
.Yaer, lel] does. - It is Yon Smidt
The poor •clerk fainted., • • •
/.cri” One of the Hotels in Troyi they.ste* •
buckskin breeches,, and call it ~ veal; while
"drawn" butter is so termed because the 'maw,:
that brought hie morket - ought to be 4 .quarter•
"♦ ,
B..eA keg s of Butter taken limp the wreck of .
u'Aiennter sunk twenty: years age in the,
.A 1 ississuppi, has been reeoveied and found-to bn
as.nweef as the day it was Made.
rj - Z..+Mr. Jenkins, will iksuit you to talk'
thOt - ohroc:dOurit . yours?" -
"No, sir, you Ego nyletaken in iogr man—A
am nO one of the, old settlers! 0)
'!HAD you any Jenny Lind slippers," Ingot ,
red a darkey wench of a• shoe merebant,"tbe,
other day, as she oidde:visible a• . obinese toOt
.-T-about the sine of ta breed basket.' • ••"/
A profane coleliman, po;ntiog to one ,of hir
hdrses'ho vies 40401;04(1p a,plOas , traveler s
"that horle hnilliirvirwhen 1 floor to Wm."—
"Yoe," roplied the traveller, '"and does