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STATE TREASURER'S REPORT
• NEW AND VALUABLE St GGES,TIQpIS.'s
The Report of the State t reasurer, pf - •
Pennsylvania, GI DEON S. 'BALL,, Esq•;; ;
was sent to the Legislatu ihe
inst. We find a synopsis of , its oinitents„:
in the Ledger,furnisifeehy,agarriebufg:' ,
correspondent, from which weihake w the
following extracts. The report abounds
with useful and valuable recommenda
tions, and affords testimony r,tf the 'stron
gest character to Mr:Hall's ability as an
Tho State Treasurer premises that the
debt of Pennsylvania is large; and that
the terms upon which it Was contracted
require the payment of the interest, se:
mi-annually.' The preservation Of the
public credit, at home NO abroad, de•
pends upon the punctualry with- which
these payments are made`; hence the en
ergies of the government for some year:
have been 'directed tn this object; and for
this purpose,•nlso, the people have, in
the best of faith, submitted cheerfully to
the imposition of taxes. This, he says
leads to the itiquiry;LPls the machinery
for assessing and collecting these taxes
the beet, cheapest, and most reliable that
.can be devisetl?"
CILANOE IN TEE ASSESSMENT LAWS.
Mr, Ball thinks the present system not
only slow and expensive, but cumber
some and unreliable ; and he recommends
an alteration in the law relative to the
election of Assessors, so that instead of
annually, they should be elected for a
term of at least three years ; 'and shall
enter upon 'their duties immediately after
the triannual assessment. -
Few men will now expend the 'time
necessary to qualify themselves' for this
ditty. Alter the term to three years and
you promote accuracy of assessment, se
cure more skill, capacity and• experience,
and increase the revenues.
COLLECTIONS' BY COUNTY TREASURERS.
As . a necessary appendix to this im
provement in the assessment laws, if a
dopted, Mr. Ball urges that the duty of •
the collection of taxes be devolved upon
the several County Treasurers, and a day
absolute be fixed for payments to be made
to,those officers. In this way, Mr. B. is
of opinion, collections would be-material
ly-cheapened and expedited. 'County
Treasurers would consider' themselves
. amply paid in allowing a commission of
three per cent, in full for collecting and
forwarding the public revenues. [lt now
costs about 10.1 per centum.] By
this arrangement, ,he estimates, at least
$50,000.(or $100,000) would be saved
annually to the State.
Mr. B. sip he is induced to press this' ,
matter more earnestly, in consequence of
the great inaccuracy which characterizes
. the assess..tent of property in the Com
monwealth. Whilst this inaccuracy •ex
ists, the revenue will always be subject,
to loss and fluctuations. The adoptidh
— of the changes 'suggested would lessen
the dissatisfidion of the people, who,
while they are ever ready to pay, will do
so the more cheerfully when they see
• that care-and experience adjusts impar
tially the share of each.
- TAXATION CIF - NUNEY - Ar - INTEREST FOR
STATE PURPOSES ONLY.
He also recommends the - qcneral As
sembly to exempt money at interest from
taxation except for State purposes.
'He a'rgues.that the State now loses a
revenue of about $lBO,OOO -(a moderate
estimate) in consequence of concealment
of this kind,of property to evade the mul
titude of taxes for statp, county, township,
school, and other purposes, (averaging
over the State now about 2 1.2 per cen
turn !) which it now has to bear, He
thinks that if only the three mills State
tax was imposed, the motive for conceal
ment and evasion would be so small as
to induce a universal return of it to the
the assessor. He says, he is aware it
will be said that money at interest.should
be subject, like real estate, to all taxes,—
The position though mainly correct in
the abstract, is ruled adversely to the
principle regulating revenue. Money
unlike'real estate,, can easily evade the
scrutiny of the assessor. $120,000,000
is the amount, in this State, estimated to
lie concealed, and untaxed at this time
That it does so at present, to the loss of
$lBO,OOO annually to the State Treasury,
should be a sufficient answer to those
owners of-real estate who declare such an
exemption unjust. The quick eye of in
terest should stimulate them rather to aid
in applying the remedy ; for if this sum
can be annually saved, it passes at once
to the credit of real estate, and will aid
materially in relieving the land holder
of his burthern The aim of the_ conithon
wealth is revenue. The interest of the
farmer is identical .and blended in the
question. The State Treasurer concludes
his remark on this head' by saying that if
money is relieved from taxation, except
for State purposes, millions of dollars now
hidden would be uncovered to the eye of
the assessor, and much of that invested
elsewhere, would be invited to return.
Mr. Ball proposes the repeal of the law
by which the State taxes her loans. He
looks upon It as a sort of repudiation.—
A large portiori of the Report is devoteck
to the currency. The currency of Penn
sylvania is now of a very mixed charac
ter, coming from East, North, West and
'Sotith-;•-every state4nd even the Canadas
qiiending their brood of small notes to, di
versify our monied circulation. Mr. Ball
argdos that this money of other States is
here because our State refuses to furnish
a better currency. The banking capital
• of Pennsylvania has been reduced, within
the space of a few years, 'from near sixty
millions of dollars to about seventeen mil
lions. In addition, the discriminations
against revenue•by the, onerous tax levied
on money at interest has driven Away
millions more, which, when here, entered,
•into•businees in the form .of permanent
And while this state of things exists in \
Pennsylvania, the, banking capital of a 4,
joining States, has been, increased. The
effect of this great diminution in, our cap
ital caused:a,ile:Maild., for .mciney.' The --
energies of ti,peoPlit, proVerbial for, their
fdifift fig4stry;lintgaecustiimed to the:
°_:' :-:4:iaitAltpand buelOtts,.cbUld''
OP`elOhringe - Without
stagnates `F and"""teddc ;+" : asilgti;Alies "=i lley
must, have 4
_and as die Geoeitit'Aiierni-1:•,
blyon this , ernergetiqjfajled'!'o, 20•Mideti
• , nert,lhey very, natureVioUght
iniportittg•lheocifr,riincY '‘iitithoriteiP' 4.;
other:goVernMentsi'• . ,; . o ;
‘, -boa/fro:pall adyfirtastrotiglii
` , thatillassachuitette";wvithitwpopplatiori':of
900;900, , ;s6U1sirhalarhetilthy banki4capr. '
44 1 ; CRTP till[Y;g o Vrkigtl; 0r,083;285,,009,;)
;000,,0A eou as,,a bar,ltin myna
l ofobly $17,700,900, Cominerit, he,Says,
unnecessary,tbat the millions of papef
'lissom! by other. States, antkcirOulated'iii
;this, to so tain•oup industry;•ii sufficient
comment erase "
AN 11011BA5E OF BANkI.NO dArill'AL, *ND A
j . .91 - lAN:ct4 SYSTELPREPOiED.':..- • .
cannot, be 4131100,
ever, says Mr. Bull, in any considerable ditl
gree, without .lan increase of our bankieg
capital. Our present systen of banking,
continues the Treasurstr,,,is not only. partial
but 'eiccledive. The sooner it gives way to
one more general, more secure, and•adapted
to the wants of the State, the `sooner existing
evils will be remedied.
Should the Legislature, at the present, or
any future period, authorize an increase of
banking capital, care t should betaken, not to
depart from the gold and silver standard.—
That standard should ever,, be maintained..—
To protect the bill holder against loss, a hodhl
be the first care of government. To' effect
that' object, security equal to every dollar is•
sued should be placed into the custody of
the State authorities, brall banking institu- .
tions, to indemnify. the community against
the depreciation of their note's. •Introddce
this precaution, together with a registry of
their issues, and bank failures will be few
and harmless, at least to the note holders.
CONDITION OF TILE TREASURY
The receipts of the Treasury for the year
have been $4,433;688 65—the expenditures
$4,084,77.1 80. The receipts of the present
year are estimated at $ 1 40134,3°0, and the ex
benditures at $3 627,50—and the estimated
alance in the Treasury on the Ist of Decent •
ber, 1850, at $1,373,067.• The taxes on real
and personrl emits paid into the Treasury
durin..the last year amount to $1,203,921.
Mr. Ball sets down the permanent revenue of
the State, at the present' time, at
million of dollars.
He observes that it is worthy of note, and
illustrates the progress and growth of thei
Commonwealth, that this sum quite equals
the annual revenue of the United States in
the first years of the administration, of Wash
at , tro .;.'l'l.l43.3fpac.t3iilvir
4 .7 .
, r ,
Y It Wil; , ' Me_
V • Vikr.•,:ir:llo
y• ./ '('' ' "ii.O. ,
. • `.- '- , • • —,..1
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 9, !850
FOURTH PAGE.—On the fourth. page
will bo foynd tables, extracted from the Audi
tor General's Report, showing the number of
taxables in each county, tho valuation of prop
erty, the amount of tax assessed and the a.
mount paid, and the amount of appropriations
for Common Schools to each county.
The Govbrnor's ll'visage.
f We were enabled, by dint of a little
enterprise and expense, to lay this admira
ble4acument before our readers in an extra
sheet, a.ccompailying our last, paper. By
this time we trust it has been universally
read by tgi people of Cumberland County.
We are gratified to know, also, frdm a very
general expression of opinion which has
reacheW - that it has .been read with the
highest feelings of satisfaction. Such a pa l
per could hardly Sail of a favorable reception
among the people. It brings again to the
mind's eye of all thy manly and fearleSs
champion of Whig prieciplesoyho as a can
didate for the high office"whieh lie now oc
cupies with such high distinction, presented
himself in person before the assembled peo.
ple of every county, proclaiming in tones of
stirring eloquence the principles of the Whig
•faith, and enforcing with clear and irresisti•
ble reasoning the necessitrot those maaa.
urea of policy which he believed essential
to the public prosperity. As Gov. Johnston
talked to the people from "the stump," so
with the same• freedom and earnestness lie
addreSses them in his messages.
'Gov. Johnsion's second message since his
induction to the Executive chair, enables
him to refer with. no less pride than truth to
his administration as having already tendered
the State effective service. The• State Credit
redne:ned and firmly 'established—the Reduc•
of the State Debt actually commenced—
suspended Public Improvements again put
in progress of completion--.and all effected
without an addition of one cent to the Taxes
which have burthened the Farmer—are
measures of real and, practical good which
come home to the hearts and pockets of
every man in the Commonwealth. Such is
the happy condition of things to which Gov.
Johniton may honestly refer, as folloWing
his administration' of government, and as
testimony that the confidence of the people
has been repaid by the strictest faithfulness
The principles and opinions which Gov.
Johnston proclaimed when he stood befoie
the people as a candidate, aro now re-sffirm
ed from the „Executive chair. Ihryincirates
the claim of the labor and mining interests
of Pennsylvania to the protection, from the
want 01 which we are now languishing; he
urges tho reduction of the rates of postage on
broad, statesmanlike grounds; he declares
the generous sympathies in favor of the
snuggling patriots of foreign lands which the
government at Washington- ias shown that
it so stiongly feels; he asserts the wisdom
and justice of the freo States resisting,.by all
proper constitutional means, the further 'ex.
tension of slavery over the territories of the
republic, while deprecating all idea of inte.
rano° with 'the States themselves; and on
the subject of the Union, he displays that
right and manful American spirit, which is
the best rebuke to the insane and .seditious
tone, of late so much•and so scandalously. in
vogue with the Gdvarnors of some of the
slave holding States. •
The people of Pennsylvania are proud b 1
-their noble Chiel.•ll4agistiate, • .0
TAXABLE INHATIITANTA OF. I' , ENNAYLVANIA.
—The'llOPlPlllliEllist of taxablee In the various
counties of the state is nearly completed. It
sljowe an increase •Of.notirly .truentspfour
_vent, and taxable inhabitants. to' the, number,Of
nearly 500,000. In 1842 the, number wail' al,
bout 330,000. 'Phe inerneso an fir as known in;
Pfilladelphie..cOunty bus an increase
, 1,11:15, or 'et the ,rate.of 62, imr mentin eev. ,
„On years'. Philadelph i a elty.hus an increase of
1 5 . 4,1:4;i)Vpa.per:can t : increase. , showe di
titertexitble'irih - afkaMe and , eonsequentlY • the
ppitpttOpn p egrty,,4opb/01
itepttip',!*,tiiite , .'"iiel*C;ipiiTe l :',:Apegheny has
en leiiineen:ef.s.,f, f ilir:iof.,='/lerl t ri an Incolu,O
15 r 0 f; 16 A4; 3 + ,11( 44,4 . 1if 91A9,4ei4f10.qurp:.
i!o! ic iP 9 , 6 o l ) , TJTPoo,s!44iAoA#tOiimiio,l
ivhlph , ito4iecti,tikitiVett;
From Washlngtori-€7,Speecii: of,
:„:,trt•ly..yeiterday , a papers . %vo learc throi
illei'notive tailed to. elect a Clorkatter save i
Lyo.l;l:o6oige,on Monday. Negotiations-hav
.irtreitliiiifen,.,opened by the .British Minis
.and the Nicara.
qua i l tiotlon will be amicably settled. The
recept oittrages will be disavowed by Grew
Brl'itiirf. Mr. Cass' resolution against Aus
„pia was..pader.debate•in the Son:neon Mon.
dly, and speeches made by Mr. Hale and
Mr.•Clay.' Mr: Hale moved le 'amend by
including Russia in the diplomatic suspen-j
'dim Mr. Clay's speech was marked by'
s e and ability of the distill.
gui led orator. •
Mr. CLAY said an appeal was made 'to him
the other day by the Senator from Michigan
to aid him in this proposition, and no less
his respect for that gentleman and the Sen
ate, demanded a reply. The proposition,
either as originally Offered or with the amend--
ment, was a great and grave one, as all sub
jects were which were connected with for
eign affairs,- It proposed not simply the re
call of our own Minister, but the sending out
of the country the Minister of another power
already here. Why was it made a resolu
tion of inquiry? All the facto upon which
the Senator based his proposition were his,
torical. The origin, of the war, and the pun
ishments inflicted, were well known to the
Senate and the country. The propositior.
therefore should be considered in the same
light as a positive direction to Sonia action
carrying out the ultimate object of the rear
The Senate werejust as well prepared as
ever it could be, to decide whether we should
suspend cliplornalie intercourse with Austria
°root, He did not believe that the Senator
from Alabama,-(King) if he had given this
his usual careful consideration, could give it
his sanction. -1-le referred to the eloquent
language in which Mr. Cass had set forth the
sufferings ofllungary, and said that there
was atother way in which the detesta
tion of Austria's course could be manifested
with much more benefit to those who had
been trodden down by the tyrants. Let the
liOnorable Senator bring forward some plan
by which succor and comfort could be given
totheirpmerous exiles who were now flee- •
nig' to- this land from the oppression which
Aft had vainly.endeavibed to repel, and the
gentleman would find him ready to advocate
it with all the , power which ho possesse L
instead of suspending diplom relations
with Austria,, he would send to that Govern
ment some enlightened citizen, who could
command the confidence of the country.—
The Honorable Senator from Michigan him
self wsuld be a mort appropriate poison to
-send on stlch an interesting neeasion, to sue
for some consideration for Hungary,to plead,
her cause, and endeavor to obtain for her
that redress and consideration winch her
wrongs and her bravery were entitled to.—
The object of foreign missions abroad was
not to benefit the country to which we send
representatives, but to protect American in
It was proposed,becauso of our abhorrence
of Aurtrian butcheries, and Austria's disre
gard of Hungarian independence, to punish
Americon merchants and-ignitors—to deprive
our citizens of whatever advantage might be—
derived from the diplomatic relations exis
ting betweit the two nations. Such a course
could be justiffed - by no argument whatever.
Mr. Clay also vindicated the consistency
of his present action, in view of his forme'
course with reference to the South American
States, referred to by Mr. Cass in his speech
If it was proper that the United States Go's ,
ernment should lake any action on this sub
it might more justly be had with refer
ence to Russia, who had interfered upon ;
shallow pretext, and defeated Hungarian in
dependence when Hungary had already a
Mr. Clay also proceededlo show: , by co
gent argument and familiar illustrations, tha
it the precedent in question was established
there was no limitation, qualification or res
friction as to how far, or on what subject
whether religion, morals, or what not, thr
principle might be carried. The course pro
posed to be pursued was in direct contrarlic
Iron to t the policy laid down and followed G 3
Washington, and every, administration to thr
present time., 11 we were to become th.
censors of nations, wherefore aro we to stop
and why should we look to the cause o
Hungary alone? Why not take tip be cans,
of Ireland, and that of unhappy Rome whirl
had been alluded to?
The honorable gentleman had expresed
the fear that he (Mt. Clay) belongod to ,thr
stand still school of politicians. He trout(
like to hear a definition of the prorges
which the gentlemen had designed to ndvo
cate. The party of which the Senator horn
Michigan was a distinguished disciple, was
opposed to the improvement of our great
water courses, opposed to a system of pro
gress which would relieve us from a depen
dence for necessaries of life upon a foreign
land. .What then did he mean by progress?
. Mr. Clay feared that the progress which
he advocates was a progression of conquests,
territorial aggrandizement and foreign wars.
If so, he thanked God he was of the stand
still school, as opposed to such a progress as
that to which he had Minded. •
In conclusion Mr. Clay did not think it
became the Senate to take such unnecessary
and perilous ground as had been proposed,
and hoped that th.o Senate would at once
reject the proposition without reference or
Mr. Foote took the floor to reply to Mr.
klaii3's irony, but gave way to a motion for
Itniee,tions by the Senate
It is said that the Senate will reject ninny
of President Taylor's appointments. It will
do the administration no harm, however, for
the President will then have a new set to
appoint to office, and can gratify more of his
friends that apply, while the dissatisfaction
arrising 'from' rejection will fall upon the
heads of the opposition majority in the
Satiate. The President's hands will be
, sighile'rfed by such measures; for the Sen
ate cannot nominate the adherents of their
own party, and it is not very probable, that,
by en indiscriminate rejection of every
nominee, they will over ceriipel the Presi
dent,tcrappoint. their friends.
TFIE .BOSTON 'rnActEDY.—Since the de
eision.of the Coroner's .lury, little hes trans
pired concerning thiereolanohely event to eat-
,iery,morbld•ourionity. Dr. Webster is said to
be occupied m,nroparing a eirountplantirtl ac
count Of hislntimacy,with Dr.,,rerktrtau ;
denvorine to chow that, a ponsiticaoy.existe..,n.
gainot Itm, 40 that the body, found ha nOt, (hit
.ofDr..P., Ilie:family supply him ,with ; food,
but With 'hie eiCovt,iup, ho aharoc k , the canto
TAO Orotlierseue . otc;d or cOnvidt d of crime'
the triatyrill not, take place until ketch end
tbo evidence upon mail' .16 . Corinisr's
. pred to their vordipt,will.not . by mado knoni
unit 'that Mao., • ' • • • •
ST. Ltrtits; qta
Plains repint very,qei,q
ilA10118) toeS z ,t'roubl_O;SOitnO:,,, The Military
onirtmandar , at. Vortlirramte- bag afroded a
.vit,ab,illePawness. The Mormons
,ne* colony, ?50 miles Soutivfil,
Laka,;- • • '
‘‘ o::r7Tha ~, , , 1 1!y 4 0(1119r: 1110 t Loamytile,.
..Totirnal; had stated-that tit , B,rawn, ,ql 4,
r:i . jiitik;J*iiirsiifi6 ti buf 'the State,
Ib o l *o? 6 ? l 'o, ( 4 ll f l4l ,'*'''.oolhif , hthlVti,i;
ittoatioit: Or the State Debt.
' thi;artii'Uttl, Mes
sage. of the GOVeirior .:sayir ; the - Harrisburg
.Telegraph;' bavo:tio doubt' beett'strucki as ''f3
we're,•-with the hitahly'itrifireved Of
the :firtaffO94::et: the •Otate,4kii7eichibiliid in ihe
lucid t et ifs of that eireellent document.-:
TheipaYfoent 852117465 - 14 of th'S _ public
debt, .during the. year ,ending on, the .Ist of
pecember, f 849, is a fact which masks
hew eta in the history of Penrrsyliania:' Our
'tate'firis been laboring under the weight el
an enormous debt for years and without
liquidating a tingle dollar of the principal,
it hail gone on to increase from year to year,
under the impiovidenoe and recklessness of
Locoloco Administrations, until, under the
immediate predecessor of Governor Johnston
it reached the sum of $40,000,000. This
was the condition • !II which the present
Whig Administratios found the finances of
of the State; and' Governor Johnston, with
the most ardent and patriotic devotion, im
niedistely addressed filmes!' to the task of
devising measures to arrest the downward
tendency of affairs. By the wise and judi•
' ous measures which be urged upon the
attention of the last 'Legislature, he has suc
ceeded in riot only n,resting the rapid accu
mulation of the Public Debi, but in putting
it in a train of regular and rapid liquidation.
The amount received on account of the sink•
ing fund, for the year ending Dee. let, 1849,
was 9227,629.01; while the estimated amount
for the year ending Dec. Ist, 1850, is 371,-
000. This sum, at the present price of the
State Stocks, would extinguish more than
FOUR HUN DEED THOUSAN D DOLLARS
OF THE STATE DEBT,„ DURING THE
PRESENT YEAR. With these gratifying
results already attained, and in immediate
prospect, it is easy to foresee that the large
indebtedness of the State, should there be a
continuance of Whig policy, will in a• very
few years be entirely wiped away.
Honesty and strict economy in all the
financial affairs of the State, directed by that
wisdom and sagacity for which the Execu
tive is so distinguished, are here manifesting
their legitimate fruits. The people of Penn
sylvania have now greeted the dwivn of a
better day, and it only remains for, them , to
be true to themselves and the great princi
ples by which they triumphed in 1848, to
secure to themselves aie lasting eSd perma
nent benefits of the policy so ably begun.
Auditor General's Report.
We are indebted to Senator STERRET 10t a
copy of the Report of the Auditor General,
for the fiscal year ending the 30th of Nov
ember, 1849. The expenditures of the'State
in detail pre enumerated in this Report.—
The Legislative expenies of the Senaleolast
year were 823,636; of the Assembly $58,-
882; the Public Printing 825,203 ; the Ex
ecutive Department 811,080; the Auditor
General's Office $7,44; the Treasury office,
85000 ; Surveyor General's office,'B637o;
the Judiciary, $91,966; Miscellaneous, $3900.
Aggregate expenses, of the Stale Govern
ment, 8237,105. The amount paid for
Common. Schools was $179,360. 01 this
sum Cumberland county received $2,860.
As much question has been made concer
ning the,conduct of the Canal Commission
ers in drawing heavily upon the treasury at a
time wheu the faith of the-Slate was impel
red, , the following statement of the accounts
demanded and paid' will be interesting: It
sufficiently shows that Mr. Pall, our worthy
State Treasurer, was right in all his action.
To balance due Commonwealth, us per account set
tled Decerocer 4. 1848. • 0113,013 83
To amount received by their treasurer
from the Commissioners of the Inter.
nal Improvement Fund,Niz
-1848, December, $28,201 OD
1840, January, 16,040 00
February, 50,770 00
March, 30,058 00
April, , 155,125 02
May, 84,900 00
July, 121,096 00
November, 11,500 00
This proves conclusively that (luring the
period when the plighted faith of the State
was"most in danger of a renewal of the dis
honor front which, by laborious and self
denying effort, she had escaped, the drafts of
the Locoloco Board of Canal Commissioners
were the heaviest.
NEW Yoan..— -The financial condition of
Now York State appears to be very sound. Its
public debt, including every contingent and
imaginable liability, is less than 25 millions of
dollars, and it is the owner of productive end
most beneficent works of internal improvement,
worth not less than forty five millions, , with
public edifices, lands, and other prOpertv to the
value of several millions =room that the Stato
has two dollars of value on hand for every dol
lar it owes. While its annual expenditures
excepting those for extending its public works
and paying off the prinoipal of Its debt, amount
to less than two millions and three quarters,its
aggregate income for the last fiscal year was'
about four millions and a quarter, showing. a
clear annual surplus.of one million and a halt
of dollars, devoted to the Toduction of its debt
and the co'mpletion of its public works.
TIVO IMPORTANT COMPROMISES. -Mr.
Clay and the taTifi-111r. Cass and Slav'ery.
—The New York Dry Goods Reporter says,
Mr. Clay is about to introduce a compromise
tariff bill to stand for twenty years, wherein
specific and ad valorem duties are combined.
It is not acquainted' with the details, but un
derstands that he dues not propose'to raise
tho present scale of duties,but only only_tti stib!
statute the specific for the ad vale'reM ; .whiyo
k-enir ho don 7.
Mr. Forney of the • Pennsylvanian, Writes
from Washington that' he has every reason
to anticipate that Genepitt
take itiobasin tc;bring forward a,9 - emprontile
• • •
• `INTERESTING LIBED4A.—:—T
York=Jouiniabl C,O:mniorco hu!t bean
with 'oitfaiito'frain leitori'froin •ov:R.Oboits.
Intoreittng faqui to the oolong, from
' , kWh': it tho' good
. itlihtli'Vl;iliChicOliiitliatiOn:lti . irecohitlieldn ' g in
'that Vounti` binentlilia 'lt' Cll'ilfer
thi.onligt'ants'y!' Iret•amovit' to ''1.11; ot:
tton'of fittestoral; !'sO‘OtOi.
tips' Pue , tsiiiiiihisf i etitig'iijiiie for' tltc outiAtetioltin'
of the alitiv"trde thin . ,nll' "the,
fn 1820,4 th
4‘ ' .N.r '
litipdrekArfil teßs.eoi- this ;usehili
,m ret wore sencirem. th'etnitlesef''Pene•:
8 /JX a PIA ., •• La/sl93,thrpe.,,ipillion;twe hun
*lii- , R0 ( . 1 -thirtYrOv,atOfiiand'nlo : /"Inc401
, - ccuTespontioncii Of tha .I.loxol.
WA idis N9iihr,4nn'y . 7, &kis o. %71
itlent's Levee-L.llloveniehte't the ,
Gen. Caes'e speech—ifebstir,,Clay aittl Bu
in Office. •
Dear Sir': Business has not yet fairly corn
menced in the flowe, no Cleric being yet else
led., An attempt, will probably be made to•day
Something like a test vote was had lust Mon
day in the Donee; ac the slavery question,
a resolution offered by Mr, Root, that the Corn
mince un Territories be instructed to report ti
the House a bill providing Territorial Govern
manta fqr all that part of the Territory offerer
to us by Mexico, lying oastwerd' of the Sion..
Nevada, and prohibiting slavery therein. A
motion to lay it on the table was rejected b 3
the significant vote of 101 yeas to •
The slavery question will uniloubtedly be ii
great question of the .session.,l It will over-rh
every other. The bill for the admission o.
California will bring it to a head. Those who
have counted noses aro confident that Confer.
nia--free and unsoiled by slavery—will come
in by a majority of two in the Senate and over
fifty in the House. Those who think President
Taylor wilt hesitate tp sanction the bill, are
• The committees of tho Uuuse,as announced by
Mr. Cobb,are severely denounced by the Whigs ,
as doing them gross injustice..„, , TheSouth con-
Irolsall the committees which have any bearing
on the slavery question, and the committee , on '-
Ways and Means has a decided doccifeco ma
jority, so that the administration has no other
medium of making known the financial wants
andthecessities of the country than through , a
committee of their most hostile opponents,—
But Gen. Taylor has told them how things are,
and what are his "recommendations," and upon
Congress rests the responsibility.
The Presidents Levee on Now Year's morn
ing was attended by thousands, maiming a per- .
feet jam. The old Hero is immensely popular
with all classes, and the people delight to do
honor to the lion-hearted warrior-and Republi
can President. . There were many visitors_ al.
so at.the houses of the Secretaries, which were
open, and many calls upon*Mr. Clay, Mr. Web
ster and other distinguished men. ' -
In the Senate there have been some move
ments. Mr. MA,soN of Va. gave notice of a.bill
to provide more effectually for the recapture of
fugitive slaves. Mr Ttlason Wonto that class •
who are opposed to any agitatior; n the. Sla
very question. Of course he does. Mr. CASS
gave notice that he should ask the Senate to
consider his resolution relative to a suspension ,
of Diplomatic intercourse with Austria.' Mr.
Dicanesest of 1%1 4 . Y. offered a most annihila
ting resolution, calling on the Post Master
General for all sorts of information in regard
to the dismissal of certain locofoco Postmasters-
Wonder if Mr. Dickinson would like to have
the question of Wm. J. Brown's removal agita
ted new ? On the same day, Mr. Arcmersove of -
Missouri presented the resolutions of the Leg
islature of his State, instructing their Senators
to vote against the adoption of tire Wilmot Pro
viso principle. Whereupon, Col. BENTON, "de
-fin-ed his position,..declaring it, as his opinion
-that the resolutions did not reflect the opinions
of the ,people of Missouri, and that the Legisla
ture transcended its authority in passing such
resolutions. This did not bring up the grand
fight between Benton and Calhoun, but it is ex
pected to come off at the first opportunity.
'On Friday Mr. Cass delivered himself of his
great _ speech against Austria. Without any
prejudice against him,for I feel an honest pride
in, the character of all-our public mbn who aro ,
truly great, I must say that I was not very
deeply impressed with the power of Mr. Case'
effort' on this occasion. It .fell greatly, very
greatly, below Mr. Webster's recent speech at
the New Hampshire Festival. That was limn
der—and thunder which would make even the
mighty despotism of Nicholas of Russia tram- .
ble. But although the speech of Mr. Cass will
make a sensation, it will be more became° it
was delivered in the United States Senate than
any thing else. IV° shall probably hear from
Clay nil Webster on this subject.
Mr. Wetiter the other day announced his
opposition to spirit rations and flogging in the
'Navy. I hope to see both 'abolished this session.
I understand from a rellifble source that Mr.
Buchanan's letter on the subject of slavery in
the Territories, addressed to the Hon. James
X. McLanahan, is not to be 'published. Mr.
Clay is said to be engaged preparing a tariff
bill. Mr. Cass a teller on slavery. He is busy
laying his plans for the great Presidential con
test of 1852. He is surrounded, at his head
quarters in Washington, by Foote of Mississip
pi, Douglass of Illinois, and several other con
fidential friends, who are warmly , engaged in
his interests. Gen. Cass' designs „. taking .11iiil
wind out:of Mr. Buchanan's sails, by showing
his devotion to thd Southern interests by his
votes and speeches durfVf the session. The
struggle after all, is only for the empty honor ,
of which shall be the nominee of their party.
None of the oxecutive nominations have yet
boon acted on by the Senate. That of Mr.
LoWis, Collector at Philadelphia, will probabft
be decided this week. The opinion prevails
that lie will be , ejected. A movement has been
slanted to abolish the Home Department, thro'
opposition to Mr. Ewing, but it cannot. succeed. •
While the locofoco party is thus manifesting
its malignant hostility to the adminis tration,
and - tolndividnal Whigs, both high and low,
Is it not rather hard that hundreds of loecifouo
clerks should lie 'retained in the various De
partments in 'this city,. while deserving and
competent. Whigs in Valli appeal for justice at
the hands of their friends 7 The whole Whig
party will answer me, Yes ! Let mo respect.
fully suggest to our Secretaries of Departments
that it is high time to look at this matter in a
right light. if they would_ have the respect,
confidence alid affection of• the Whig party
strongly bounditi:the administration,they moat
exhibit a warmer sympathy with the claims of
Whigs. Thera has been too groat delay In thin"`',
-mtitter ! Yours, &a. BUENA VISTA.
Flanttomono r JatT. 4.,—The_ passenger train
which ought to arrive here at 1 . 2 o'clock, M.,
;daily, wee met by 'e burden train near &flys
'Farm, tt short dietanco aboieVPatoreburg, just
ae they 'Were 'Coming round a qurva , in the road.
The "passenger. train , Wria'run'rsing at the' rata
of,2B..milee an hour,whilethebilidon 'train was
prOgreseing but slowly, ;The hands of tho bar
deli train jumpcd . front the evira and ito.ono Was
inpired.". The admit!, have'it from
-wttneasecyjeiated-nnnmg--the pasaengore. wop
Most heartrending.' ,
Mr. Kurtz flieely, a Promising young
and the only'een of a most - respectable family
: ict this :bdrough,,watir standing on;lho,: ter
tank,:end•was almost oruslieth to pieees : xy the,
front part: of the, lecomotive, anuflie
s9' fittiimici that'it'bOosthe .Miessifry far' hinile
inhalea , large quantity of steins', ''',Wheti Mari!.
oated, ho was still living, and suffered for three
or four, hours, when.dhath ended his sufferings !
'nfete convoyed fallter!,f i resl ;
:The 'engineer, ::badly! stdded..
,abdtit thin legs and Rpotijnit injuriee tiro not
'efctilnirions nature. ,;
- , - ,44r:Horit,•the eendiidoe; Itail'.ol4.6e his 'legs,
broken in Ale ,c9...tpc.placcej,; left:feht•ts'all
crushed, Mitt r is' feared quit , he has' •
internal ITtjUriei;: tyt
r. •,Coidt; the,„baggagelnastar,thed , ,hiti
or filießldeKentno7hat, injured, , s bitt ',not 'seriatim' 1.
l's pitithgto,dlit'Obo,4l,lo • 9o9. ".'
I !,,,rebpono!:) , po of tpe Ilanld
• lI'ROM it*.xtrtisuunis. .
Mr. Speake;;:'best—XY: w iliMo4:4"in a Stew-.- :
. '•l l loobisCllemonsti•ation—a wane in Serate-- ,
- . =rthe officeS;6.q.
„Hsearsaurtu4attird ay f jan. 5, 1850.
. Dear Sir—The: !Democracy is in, the • worn
possible humor at the election of Mr. Valen
tine Best of the Columbia county district, as
-Speaker of the Senate. He is denounced as
a traitor on all hands. And the beauty, of it
is it was his own casting vote that did the
thing. He evidently "is fully indoctrinated
wi'lhirkxneximtliat Gov. Porter so faithful.
ly adhered to, of ~t aking care Of his own
housettold:" The democracy however will
not be consoled—it seems ' impossible to
soothe their chafed spires, and they appear
determined to make the Speker's chair any
- thing but a ~b ed cf roses" to Mr. Best.
Vations attempts have been made to cast
indignity and insult upon him. Even 'mobs
havb been got up to distuib and annoy Min.
A scene of the wildest excitement occurred
on Friday night. A goodly number of "the
whiskey boys," such degraded Moll of
would-be leading politicians, as can bit pleff-.
Ii fully found about' here, collected together
in considerable numbers, and formed a torch
light procession, preceded by ;the drum quid
fife, marched in the hotel at which Mr: Best
boards, making the air resound the while
with shStuts,Tl discord and abusive epithets,
aimed at the object of their virtuous indigna
tion. In front of the crowd was carried a
large lanthorn, on which was variously in
scribed—" The best self-made man"- 7 "no
bribery"--Wlto vied Best? I says Cock
Robin".:--"the best successor of Arnold"—"l
did it myself." Such demoustrattons gene
rally clisgrace.the actors in them instead nt
the object of them, and so it has been iii this
case. At any rale Mr. Best has not yet been
abused out of the Speaker's chair. Precious
little would these virtuous chalacters care
about his elevation, if it had not delet;ted
their famished hopes of getting the few
tLpickinge"-in the Senate, whichlhey thought
were already in their grasp. As to the MB
bes,llr. Best has by his casting vote paired
them off bete cell both parties. Mr. Pear
son, whig, was le-elected Clerk, and Pat
rick, loco, assistant Clerk. Mr. McCauley,
whig, of Franklin, and Mr. Samuel Martin,
of Cumberland, loco, Transcribing Clerks.—,
The'other offices were divided in like man
ner. Mr. Martin is the only one out of about
eight or len applicants from your county
who succeeded in getting any thing. Seve
ral who depended upon Mr. Church, in the
House, to secure them a place, did not find
that individual possessing influence enough,
to effect the desired object.
When Speaker Best took the chaiir after
his election, a few hisses horn the locofoco_
side greeted him, and several hicotoco mem
bers whom he appointed on temporary
committees made a great show of indigna
tion In refusing to act. This spiteful course
has since been continued. On Friday after
the Speaker 'announced the Standing Corn
mittees of the session, Gen. Packer, of the
Lyconiing district rose and severely denoun
ced the Speaker, for offering him an insult in
not placing. him at the head of thd Appor : .
tionment Committee ! Mr. Packer It seems
claimed this post by virtue of having moved
the appointment of said committee! He
went on at considerable• length, unchecked .
by the Speaker, (who said he had no objee ;
Lion to hear tvitat the gentleman had to say.)
until other members thaught the dignity of
the Senate requiFed that his' disorderly re
marks should be put an end hi. Messrs.
Crabb, Walker and Brooke defended the.
action of the Spealeer, and denied that he
had violated any parliamentary rule, as the
apportionment Committee was one of the
Standing committees. The Speaker dis
claiimed any intention of insulting Mr. Pack
er, and -the further consideration of the
matter was postponed until next day.
In the appointment of the Committees
the Speaker has acted with entire fairniiss
towards the IVhig:4. The Committee on
Banks is composed of Messrs. Crabb, Kan
ighmaker and" Sadler, whigs, and Messrs.
Ives and Brawley, locofocos. Mr. Sterret, of
your district to on several Committees. •
in the House, the large locoloco majority
has enabled that patty to divide the spoils
without any difficulty. Every Clerk, Mes
senger, &c. is at course a locoloco. Very
little business has yet been done, but the
Committees having been appointed on
day, wdrk will soon be prepared tor the
action of thepionse.
HARRISBURG, Monday, Jan. 7.
The cosy post of Librarian at the State
Libiafy, with a salary of 600 dollars a year,
is causing a warm struggle. A. A Larnbcr
ton, Esq., formerly of Carlisle, but a resident
here for 'two Br three years past, will proba
bly be successful. His competitors are T.
C. McDowell, John Wyeth, A. J. Herr and
George F. Emerson The office of Reporter
to the Supreme Court, 'vacated- by the death
of R. M. Barr, Esq.. is also in warm demand.
This appointment will be made,by the Gov
ernor.. G. W. Harris, Esq. of Hi:embark, J.
F. Linn, Esq. of Centre, and A. W. Bane=
diet, of Huntingdon, are the prominent
applicants for it. Mr. Harris is'a grandson of
John Harris, the founder of Han isburg, and.
being well-qualified for the post, is'Thought
to have a fair Prospect of success,
thp Senate to-day, explanations were
mutually made b 3 tire Speaker and Mr.
Packer„ in relation to the Apportionment
ComMittees, arid the matter amicably adjus
ted. -:‘,Messrs; Packer and Matthias were
added to.the Committee. 4 paper from the
Governor was read, in which he informed
the-Senate that no lose than twenty-three ,
bills. for Divorce had become laws during
the last session„ atatl.urged - a mote rigid'
scrutiny iti regard to subly"bills, thereby
saving the trute-Uf the Com monwealth
,guarding , the morals of thseimople: -At mss
tinge was aISU recettiod'ibitiri the Gray:einer.
communicating the, following . nominations.
- Joseph Buffington to be' President Judge :of
thethe,,lB.h .Jutliciul..Disfrißribert Wand
ward to . be.Assueiste Judge of the county of
Arrntitrong t 'teeelf 'Assdeiate Judgck
of Mercer Jamb. Bear, Mitioeiate
Associate Judke,, el • Bred lord 'Votinty'.:'Ed;.
ward Taylor,' Arosocipaii) Judge of Ltigorne:
'ft e fi 16'6" lin
. 'HP, :U. ,STATES ARMY --Th.pe report
'of the ailjUlanigeneral of the army for the. ..
past year,; , , shoiti . kthat. the military •establ;sh.
ment•oGilie 'thitil Slates copsishs of 8701
ceintdisiliened officers, anti 3,982 •non-com—
Miss]Onecr officers, intisicions, artificers and'
General officers , F. 3
, Adjutant genera's.Bepones, ' DI
Inspector general's do., 2
Jiidgc ad vocatd•ol army, 1
Quartermaster's deputies: 43
Commissary general's department,. 8
Al edic tit, 35.
Pay depot tment, 2B
There are emmeeted with the general
Corps of engineers, . 48
Corps of typographical engineers, 36
Ordinance department, 37
Military storekeepers, • . 17
Two regiments‘ol dragoons, 1300
One regiment ol mounted riflemen, 800
Four regiments ol artillery, 2808
Eight regiments ol inlantry, - 4461
One company of engineer soldiep,
slippers, miners And portioniers, 100
'Ord in ancii seAreants, 51
Aggregate of t h e authorized midi-
The authorized force :(troops.ol the line)
consists of 2,100 cavalry, officers and men ;
2,808 arttllety, of which eight cotnpanies'are
organized as light artillery, and 4,464 infan
try—making an n,ggregate, 9,372.
A Congenital and Lady can be acoommoda•
ted with a good parlour and from chamber. Al
so several single gentlemen, with boarding and
lodging, at the house formerly tiecupied by Dr.
J.. 1. Myers. Pan. 9, 'so]
List of Letters.
LIST of Levers remaining in the Post, Office
A [mould Samuel Miller Henry
Briggs Nlathew Miller David "
Blair Mies Alary AI L Mentscr Henry
Baker William A Meneer Sary
Davidson John McLane James
Burnet Sarah A Menu-but George
Furgoison William Man David 1)
Fires one Samuel. NIMICCT William
Farrier Daniel ' - Oyler Daniel
Gilmore John A • • PeWley
Geese Abraham Ripton Peter
Givler Henry . Ruth Richard
- Hostetter John Sheply Benjamin
Hampsher Adam ' Ftrine Henry
Kreglow Andrew .Stine Samuel
ICeilll Jacob Shover David _
'quitted James 'Worst William
JAMES WIDNEI , P. M. ,
Newville, January lst 1850
Dissolution of Rattnership,
T HE partnership between the subscri
bqrs 'under the arm of Wright and Saxton,
was dissolved on ihe let inst., by - mutual con• •
The books and papers of rho late firm, are in
the hands of H. Wright and all persons indebt
ad will p case call and settle ne; early as possi•
blo, and all claims against them will be paid by
him.W RIGHT & SAXTON.
Carlisle, Jan. t, 1850- 3 t.
THE undersigned having Purchased
the interest 61 fordier, partner, takes this
method of informing his- numerous customers
and the public generally, that he will continue
at the well known stand in East Main street, di
rectly opposite the stare of Mr. Chas. Ogilby,
where wjll be found the largestand cheapest 118.
mitt-trent of goods in his line, viz., Hardware,
Cedar ware, Glass of every size. Paints, Oils,
Dyestuffs, Sec., of any store in the 'county.
the subscriber returns his sincere thanks to
his customers nod tlfe communitygenerally; for
Are liberal patronage given to the lam firm,. and
hopes by strict attention to business, to merit
anti receive a continitance_of the same.
Jan. 7,1850-3 i. HENItY SAXTON,
.'IRE t wo story liweiling•Hottse
on N orth Hanover street, now cc
enytatl by John Commit, Esq ,
with all the appurtenences thereto
attached, except the Store Room
occupied by Air. Cartnony. 'rho house is !urge
and well finished, and has n good garden and
stable, with siweral other large ont-buildings.. ,
For terms apply to
!RUFUS E. SHAPLEY, Sr.
Carlisle, Jnn. 7., 1850.
THE dwelling liOuse, now ecru
-41 pied by Mr. Saxton, adjoining my
ii store. Also, two comfortable
ling houses in Pitt Stree , , remit 050.
- Possession giyen April Ist 1850
CHAS. 0G1,1L13 Y. ,
Carlisle, Jnk.,9, 1850.
THE store room on West High street
now occup ied by Om R Crooks,!adjoin:
ing Dr. Raw lin s Drug Store, is offereiLtawAnt.
from the first of April. Apply to ----
Jan. 9th 1850. W 141 4. B. KNOX.
ALL, parsons indebted to the subscriber, aro
hereby notified that their accounts orb pos.
.ted up to the Ist inst., and are requested tot all
and settle.up. The books of Warm B. Par-:
kinson, Agent, up to Oi tober 1, 1849, are in my
hands for settlement. On the let of February
next, they will be left with n Squire fo collec
tion. CHAS. 0 GILBY.
Carlisle, Jan 3, 1850
. Buckwheat Meal,
OF the faucet
together with a supply of trash
SODA AND WATER CRACKERS,
Vinegar, Candles, Sperm and Whale nil—and
Pias, Needles and Tapes, to bind them togeth
er if necessary. And all to be had at
Jan. 71850 EBY'S.
FARESEI GREEN AND BLACK TEAS, in
c packages or in bulk —of new crop, also u
new lot of Brown, White and CRUSHED St.
GARS,'at the old and usual
~LOW PRICES, •
together with a selection ofthe.bost •
RIO AND JAVA COFFEES, I
and a general variety of pure and fresh spices,
ground or unground, and all the other articles
usually kept in connexion with groceries, have
just been added to the 'fernier atoelt—to see is
to be sure—give us at call, and as ever we shall
be thankful, Wthe old stund—nearly opposite
the Poet Office. J. W. EBY.
Carlisle Jan. 7, 1850.
Second Arrival of Fall Goods.
At the New Store,
Corner of Han Oven and Louther Streets, oppo•
site Want. Leonard's old stand.
THE undersigned respectfully informs his •
friends and the publie, that he has-just
from Philadelplua,.with a largo tuftl carpi:lllJY
selected assortment of
purchased nt the lowest prices, and, which. lie is
determined,to sell at small profits::: A..!. 1 911fe As
sortment of Cloths of from.7ls , tanti:tai 2 e 6 • Per
yard,'(;;Assitifores, Cassino tts'and •Yestings, at
Ladies various 'micas. „. '
Dross' Goods,', such' as .Delnines,, Cash
nMireb; l`Wil le, - Thibc
f .. cloth,
and C,;eplendid assortment tit eleffant
the npproaCiting'.eqo;‘)!l'':: 6 4.lt,
bleached-and tinaleaalinu.lqiis,l (4l ine, • „_
SOOTS AND/ S HOES.
A well selectedastiortreeta CP - 111 . 1n's...Wonan's
'and Childrenbt,Etoors and ShiteCt . bod and hand-
Satifen i4l,!a an d , 111 ekt!!!;., C
,ead' , ,fl ngifrian
pjtODER:MS in, ell' thely'vtirietY o 7..Nii - l':;Su.
Cedite,.Molasies,. ? Pekitt:,Ten.. Comptinra
celebrated, Teas ; 50mr,7&,,e.; - „tuid :the ; best•
7 1 ,1 - '` • •
4 - N. W.. WO
• Doccrifbei2o/tp2o., '
:Alididerirftein the country. promptly
attended . to.„ t'lttiga Eggs , Butier',lantl all Binds
atm:Ono , ' taltemat'paritet
• , : - CORNSI;;CORSST
TOspoot fully rerOrn M 1 1 'o
ie • - tO•:•lgifet6l,
Some FIT tirpqe . en bylttations tlict trouble
Arifst;4Bi. - 4
oti- , rit
4 1 • NY94 Nato S rent; C