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siepro;tc..eiietile people of the
tierive'.na'imniediate benefit from the outlay for
that purpose, it would seem- to be just and proper,
that the rebuilding and repairing of, the private
bridgss'ehould hereafter be done by the owners of
the property, and. tho Public ones by the townships
or counties, in which they are ,ftituated;
Since my last annual inessage,in which took
occasion to refer to the combinations -or private
corn ponies and individuals,to monopokelind reap
nearly, ell the advantages from the transpdrtation
on our internal ireprovements, there has'been a
trial and conviction of several persons, on the
clearest .proof, of a most flagrant conspiracy to
render this monopolizing combination still more
triumphant over the laws. This conviction will'
• have the salutary tendency to arrest hereafter'any
such illegal attempts. It is now 'to be hoped, that
.11v theriencivid of these obetecles in-the way of
fair individual' competificm, - our public' improve-
merits will be open, as they Were intended to be,
to the free and equal enjoymentof all. •
Several recommendations, err what were.deem
, sid 'esSientiatreforms, in the, manages : tient of our
internal improvements, made either by -the exe.
motive cane :commissioners, have been hitherto
baffled and defeated, by combinations of interest,
which it is not- easy to comprehend. I do not
deem it necessary to species particulorly-all-these:
you to - my. hest annual
message, arid the last and presdnt report. of the
Canal Commissioners, in which they are contain
-ed. I trust that whatever miry have been the doubt
- heretofore oil the subject, if' any there was, •the
justice and propriety of making them- aro now be
.yond question.. llnring the last year, us well tia_
funnier yeors, the-canal uummissioners haVe recce
loisidOoplS - Lboriog to correct the mostglaring•el
the errors and Apses' which had crept into tlrq
• triandgemeat of our public, irriprovemcnts, They .
' haves:lime peen, lint tench rentainsto'be dope
and unless seconded by the "A:gist:aura, there will
numb remain to be Ismented,•without tire power to
remove it. • •
Nothing has been done- under the-acts of' As.
):amply passed at the . Isiet Session, fbi- thd - incorphr
iltiOU of conipanieri to•coinplete the` Unfinishedlines of.our impruvereents. If any more effec
tual luode 'file the accomplishMent of this object
'can be devised, it will efford Inc great pleasure to •
co.operate with yemin carrying it into execution.
• The,resuletion of the General Assembly of the . .
April laSt, `'relative to the payment of-in
terest to domestic creditors," provides that
of 11c creditors of the Commonwealth as do net
choose to receive certificates ofstock, shall be en-•
titled to a credit for the amount of their claim on
the hooks of the r editor General, arid shall-re
ceive interest at six per cent. on balances due for
work done prior to the 4th of May, 1841, interest
to be all Owed from that date, and on liiilances due
fur work done since the 4th of May, 1841, -inter
' lyst to be allowed from the parisag,e of the net.—
' And the first section of the act• of the :27th July
last, after Utilising certain specific appropriations,
directs whatever balance may be in the Treasury
entire first day of August, November and Feb.
ruary then next, after paying current demands'en
the Treasury, to be divided pro rata among the
domestic creditors having claims for work Ilend
?prior to the 4th May, 1441, or for repairs, &c. on I
finished lines of 'canals and railroad, previous to
the first day of April, 1542. In pursuance of the
foregoing acts, claims amounting in the aggregate
- to 81,191,710 23 were entered on the books of the
Auditor liceeral at the close of tilt:financial year,
•of which 5um5537,461 78 was Tor Work done
juror, and $59.1,04 . 8 45. work done subsequent
to the 2th of May, 1.811. On the first day of AU.
gust the Treasury weeld not admit of a dividend
- --therefore the first and only inStillinent-, twenty
per cent...was paid alt the first Ne'vember,together
with ch idterest their due, which amounted, divi
dend and interest, to sdiii,s6'.l '43.
• Notwithstanding the very OA Ilan dory results
which here grown out of the Woad arid liberal
construction 'given by the •A editor General, to the '
resolution of WO 7th APril, yet•remains a
very deserving class of creditors,who have rectiv
., ed none of its benefits, nor Was it atull•practic
' able to bring these . within its provisions.. The
• poor laborers scattered along the, Improvements,
'who with their own hands du the work necessary
Jo.keep them in navigable condition, should be
the objects-of the first care of the' government.—
. In this instance they were entirdly overleoleedithe
. appropriation for repairs being inadequate, From
the elisracter of theirsclaints—thei r coin rati
• ly trifling einount, and their number, it was found
• inexpedient to enter these on the books of the
Auditor Gomm!. If they had hien entered, it
would in many cases have cost tire whole auto due
•to procure the dividend from the TreaSiiry—and,
indeed, it would be a mockery for the government,
instead of payments, to oiler pour laborers a pre
. rata dividend'on a claim of a tare dollars. It is
. • ardently hoped that this worthy and in most cases
suffering dabs of domestic creditors, will receive
tile immediate attention of the legislature._ . _
, It hadhappened in relation to the banking sys
tem of this CoMmonwealth, as has on many occa
sions heretotbre been the case with the histitutioes
founded on unsound principles, that whir ell its. power, and with all its hold en public confidence
and support, it has fillet' by ilia weight of its own
-imperfections. If any legislative actiomcan re
store public confidence in the banks, or render
them of more service to the community, it will
become your duty to furnish it: The mode and
-detail of the uid to-be rendered, I leave in the
hands of the representatives of the people. But
the public certainly expect, that you will not ad
jourrr until you have made ample provisioo for
• withdrawing- from circulation the rotes issued by
the. batiks in pursuance of the act of 4th May,
1841 ; and it will afford mo great pleasuie to co
-operate with you in any measure that may be
'deemed most advisable tur thi accomplishinent of
this object. A tthe same time, I will take occa
sion to suggest one source, horn which the means
' miry be readily o quilled to extinguish a large per.
Finnof there issues. I re;er to the sale of the
• Bank, Bridge, and other stucksjo which the Stite
is intereisfi d. .tbutk uu amount micitt_be_rediz
- ay,suilMieut to answer the purphse,
if. provision be made by law that the proceeds of
the sale 'he esclusive.ly applied to that object.
The present condition of tire Bank of -Pennsyl
- venia requires tine most carefel consideration of
• the legislature. • The, St...ite has' a do, p interest-ir e
the proper managemeet of that, in and
equally so, in winding it up, if- that be deemed a
politic measure. Several acts werO passed during'
the last session in relation to it; but owing to
some defect they did not answer the purpose de
. • signed.. Some remedy should be at force provid
ed. One suggestion I will make 011 the subject,
and that is, that in no coetingeney should the con
trol of the bank be placed exclusively in the hands ,
- • of the private stockholders. Let, the State and
the stockholders - he put do the Crime leding—each
, having . , rcipectively, the abate of control equal to
the - aount of steel( h.. 10: - No just complaint can
then be made, and the interests of' all parties will '
he properly guarded. This much, at (east, the
public has a right to expect.
The passage of a law providing for the election
of members of Congress will be one of the sub
jects demanding your early attention. The ap
..portiOninentef ' members of the two Houses of the
GerieTal Airlembly is oleo a matter: in _which the
ipeOple are - deeply. interested, and which will, of
'scoorse,claird'your,most careful consideration.—
, halideof on appointment bill on this subjeet,
should be; equality, fairness, and justice to all see:
• , *, tions -of the State, 'ln no othei mariner can the
.;` , ;'various interests be faithfully represented. The
;,' fundamental Principles of' a republican govern.
,rrights to every,,ceunty-in the
~ State. The appoint
mem bill poised on •the 16th June, 1836, will not,
.X,eanceivei Ire regarded us a precedent, or an , ex
iniPle;' but as a beacon, to be shunned by . every
.f legislator' WhO understands and is honestly' desir
°us of carrying into execution the injunctions of
the Constitution:. No extraneous- - consideratiorie
72:..,..timjtistify a departure from it, and on all' coca
:',atolls when a darierture has bean attempted, it has
,•• • ::,,resailed„4lthi_ten fold force on theh euds. of thoseby .
Wham Wiens made. - •
, - .'thaye'repeatedly called the attention of the le
4rislattire to the subject.of selecting jurors in the
; - ::!• , 'seeerafeotinties hi the 'tote.- I cermet forbear to.
again - open yon, and to achk that there is
Om) krlCytipee very much, enniplaineC of in - those
..:•peettntleeiiiiliere it exists, under the law,:-.thut •
.‘,.. l ‘.'' .l lthet ' Wheftrliititraratei, wheels a re.kept,fer the pun..
,drwink jniera cur different courts, there
; ). 38 *. lll O l nntnlilittnt as to.the mariner 'of.selecting
intotheiedifferentleheels.' - lt.has
becri,iuggested that if one wheel eelyAvali_provid- •
drasen,this objeMion would beln,agreat
ivilrineteti jk.thir remaihii
tf iglel;igliCieleetionkdriwipiet the
~, ; , j ,111121e. Were to he':49oo 06-con and
in o Pcn.eenttijundetth9 61 . 3 0eivielo.n of ono
Or Mete' of the jiidgelf.'.:qte'ecittL-exnerienee''eallp
t it • Ooteetion it the jury•bnx . 4ern oven •
/-1 6 ,;:knfettettiOtt"'litliwee.i(Oit;theleOp pert* iitilieriitt
; t 4 g,,,:o]!eilkoett'e,yete4 ,
f p,d4opt.ic* rm mpo
whop le; thaitrieed:eiesreely s repea . t ibelll 7 , :I will
.contenttriyielf by reiterating,' that a 'sound educe...
flea; based upon proper moral and religions train
ing, is the best legacy It . parent-,ban .bequeath to
his child,and the' best provision a patrioterin mike
to secure the - permanence and purity of our re,
publican institutions; ' I.refer you to the very full'
and elaborate report of the Superintendent ; for
the condition and delails of our common schools,
aeaderuies,,fernale seminaries and .colleges.
'The report-ofthe Adjutant . General will lie sub,
mitted to you. - I should liti"exceedingly 'happy to
unite with you, in any measures that woule, render,
the-present militia system moro efficient, and less
burthensome to the community. Perhaps the en
couragement of ~yolunteers would be the best
means that could be adopted for-the advancement
of these ends. ~ Pcnnaylvania' has' just reason to .
be proud' of her Volunteers ;in number, discip
line and martial spirit, then can vie with those of
any other State in the Union. Should-any crier
geney ever arise to, require it, she could, on the
shortest notice, muster upwards of .thirty-five
thousand of these intrepid defenders of her soil.
The complexity end obscurity of many of tho
material provisions of the act entitled, "An act to
abolish imprisonment for debt,and to punish freed
ulent debtors,".have rendered 'its operation almost
nugatory. I It seems to have-produced little bene
fir to tho, debtor, and
.much inconvenience -to the
creditor. Its provisidns certainly require a the
rough revision, and if, any law or the kind be
deemed necessary, it should be one,
Out in many of its leading features from the pre.
sent. The penal.sections contained in the same
bill, were drawn with so tittle precision as to have
led to the most intolerable abuses. ,
--- Frequent complaints have neermadelii Philo: -
delphia on the subject of the power cif%Aldermen
and Justices of the. Peace iii criminal eases. Some
mode Should be provided for defining and regul6;
tirtg their jurisdiction, on this. important subject,
no as to guard against extortion and oppression
on flue one hand,and laiity and ifimunity to critne,'
on the other.
The tendency of public opinion, for a number
of years paSt.,.has gradually been to weakenend
relax the execution of the criminal laws. This
Morbid li:cling:has even reached jurors, and other
functionaries engaged in the administration I,f .
erimirifil justice,selhat-it is-hot-au unusual spec:
triele.to see courts and juries convierand sentence
on the clearest_ testimony a criminal on one day,
and recommend his pardon to the executive the
next. These appeals, thus sustained, addressed
themselves with great force to the magistrate en
-trustee with the power of pardoning offenderS and
_is nate be disguised, that unless some chee k be
put upon' it, it will, in the end, lead to great in
justice and_ahuse. -These rCmarks are made, not
' so ankh with a view to invite immediate legisla
tion on thusubject, as tOinfluence and temper the
action of the legislature on subjects connected
with the criminal jurisprudence of the State.
It has been stated -that certain loan companies,
insurance comp:Mies, and other similar corpora
tions which have sprung into existence within the
last ten years, effected their organization, and ob
tained their charters, vithout conferming strictly
.to the requisitions of the law, or after having ob,
(airier' 'their. charters, perpetrated-acts, whereby'
they would ho forfeiteil; and-have, through sun
dry devices, procured the passage, of laws desiif.
cd, I . Vithout having the object expressed,-to screen
them from the penalty which they had incurred,
audio sanctify the illegality .and 'corruption in
which they originated. Such legislation_as this
,is doubtless et war with The public interest and
Astray, and I respectfulli , recommend to the legiS
lature, to enquire into the subject,-and Welly such
laws have been smuggled through; in which the
real object was not manifested; to repeal the same
at once, and to leave these corporations in precise
ly the sane situation, in. which (heir ocvn gets
.placed them, at, the timb„they were perpetrated.
Additional chancery powers have been vested iii
some of the courts of this Commonwealth, with
out suitable provision having been made for the
execution of these powers. The benefits to be
derived from this modification of our jurispru
dence will- in a great measure be lost, unless these
defects are supplied. Arnong other .provisions
ainhority should he given ' fia- the appointment of
masters in chancery. and auditors, and their Tune
• . .
- The legislature having omitted to-appoint an
agent to receive from the-general -government the
dividend-of this Slate from the proceeds of the
sales of the !while lands, I appointed Job klarM,
Esq., State. Treasurer; by virtue of the untliority
given me by an act of Congress, who has receiv
ed it, amounting to $60,313 27. . .
The explorations connected with the Geological
survey having been' brought to a e - uccessful ter
mination, it is necessary that measures be now
adopted by the legislature for embodying and pith
fishing the results without delay. As the state
has expended a considerable sum in this examina
tion of-liermineral resourcesi-ns it-is known that
the final report and maps of the state Geologist
will contain much vahiable information of a na
ture to invite and direct the invettinents of capi
tal necessary - for the developement of our unsur
passed mineral- wealth ; and as the expenses of
arranging and publishing the details procured,
will bear but a smell proportion to that a trendy in
curred in collecting them, considerations of sound
economy and the public good require,that the pro.
per Steps be taken for affording- our eitizedslthel
benefits of this survey as - soon as practicable. By
applying the balance of the appropriations-for t h e
incidental expenses of the survey, the Geologist
has . been enabled to make considerable progress
towards completing the maps, and drawings, and
various other portions of the'work ; but much de
lay has arisen from the legislature having omitted
at its last session, to make provision for the fur
nishing end engraving, of the maps, for the recep
tion of the State Cabinet, and for the printing, of
the final report-, in conformity to, (lie suggestions
in the last annual report of the Geologist,to which .
you arc respectfully referred. .
Oppressed as the state is, by pecuniary ember
-rassmentsTat-the-present time, - Blliel us to
retrench all expenditures of the public money,
and to ;;; g uard the interests of our constituents
with the same fidelity and care that we would ox- '
ert in guarding our own. Among nther import
ant expenditures; those incident to the I , :gislatiire
see ri to have heen, for tlie last twenty.yearsgrent•
ly on the increase.
.While the expenses of time
other departments have been almost stationary,
those of the legislature have been consith_trably
more than doubled. No satisfactory reason can
ho shown for this, and it calls aloud for inquiry
end redress. The public printing is one of the
largest Berns in this expenditure, and- has increas.
ed., in a ratio that defies reasonable explanation.
It demands a remedy. I can see none better
than to provide for appointing a public printer to
execute all the public printing at fixed and rea
sonable prices. 'The work can then be done with
greater facility and economy: . Sound policy
strongly recommends this mcasura, and the-ex
athple of other -states fully sanctions it. I re
spectiblly commend itto your attention.
This is the first eccasiop on which-I have had
the honor to address a majority of both houses of
the general assembly, belonging to the same po.
litical relationship' with , myself; and I cannot
forbear-to express - the - gratification - I - feerarthe'
prospect of a harmonious, and confidential under
standing between the :several legislative depart.,
moots of the government. I trust we shall re.
collect, that the great distinctive characteristics
of the party to which we are attached, have ever
been magnanimity and justice to our opponents.
Let , iisliet - forget - that - min eri tics-hrivo-tiglils—a-i
-well as majorities; and that whatever May; have
been the examples sot us by, other, it is the! part
of those who are genuine believers in the princi:
pies of democracy, .eto do unto' Others as they
Would Abet others should do, unto them."
„You will allow me, in conclusion, to submit to
,you, in a spirit of perfect frankness and respect,
the propriety of a prompt.and energCtic despatch
'of the public business, and' n adjournMent at the
earliest day practicable. But few loading melt-,
sores "of public importance will 'come before you;
and those are net . , of a • nature to be essentially,
Moaned ,by a protracted delay. • The people will.
.certainly be willing ta,forgo' at the present ses
sion most, '.if: not all of those private matters,
which usually . occupy so large' a share ..of,the
.time and attention of the Legislature. • We have ,
had a surfeit of jurobled.privato: legidlation. Let
those measures, in Whichae public at large•real:,
ly hes"an interest, be 'adopted;' and the work for ,
which You( have assembled is; done. 'Let the' rest
be postponed until tini•conditiont of the TresnUry
• justifleakthe 'ecnitimiaiteengAti:
.lcgislaturn , -cor-•
piiiiftle usesiTthe'Prosentli net that timer •.'
To• Whatever &postmen tot' :the government we
our efforts' to
refer. • 'obrisel, a dln retrencltexpehirecwill aria
'boelitkirwedo.not .prebtiee oursolVeirthe;Prin. •
eipleit:Wel4 down for the guidance of- others,:-
Thls: WOO', °nit trindri, in, whitih:vre,;inin - prove,
out.ontn sirloin 4,l4:and satify : the people',.that'wo,
in - earnest,, ,:-Let us rot uporkthiii)i,olicyi'
anti-I• trust the: present sealskin Will furhisliiiii : Ok. :
4 006 , w4414:theimitatietiof future legislatiie
1.4 wilt itt/Or4:mel•gr tit Oledeurtitn r join4iith you
;WpijAZirkiii,'4iin, c' 0104rOptfthilliirciud'
17:2t2:4'ili.ii ''' , V"..Sikt*' . `6,t'....:,:-.l"':''',--
'and honorable Aistidhlion A firmand malty ex
ortionom .our..part; to .do . much; and to 'do'tt well
in a short time, will botlipromote this public wel.
Pare, and secure the phblic approbation. No
stronger incentivesto dutycan possibly be afford..
ed to. honest , and intelligent servant's , of the peo
ple. . ." DAVID PORTER. ..
EXECUTIVE CHAMBER, ,
Harrisburg, January 4, 1843. crt
E, BEATTY, EDITOR AND PROPRIETOR,
t4ubject to the decision cit E'National Convention
DEMONATIC WHIG PRINCIPLES,
S PECI A 14.1 t " FOR TfiE ''PUBECCEYE.,P
1. A sound National Curtency, regulated by tho
will and authority of the Nation. •
2. An adequate Revenue, with fair Protection to
3. Just restraints on the Executive 'power, em
bracing a further restriction on tho exercise.of
4. .A.' faithful adMinistratiOn of the public dethain,
with an egnitahle distribution 'of tho proceeds
of sales of it among all the States.
5. An honest and economical administration of
the General Government, leaving public; officers
perfect_ freedom of thought and of the right of
suffrage but with suitable restraints against
improper interference in elections. '" •
6. An amendment to' the Constitution, limiting
, the incumbent of. the Presidential 'offiac to a
These objects attained, I think that we should
'ealle_to be afflicted with bad administration of
the Governinent.-11UNRY CLAY,
Our thanks aro, dne to Mr. Gorgaa of . the.
Senate, and Messrs. Foreman and Brindle of the
liouse f for copies of the GOVernor'sMes;age.
.11Nore• nichinonds In the Field
On Monday last, on Motion of S. Dunlap Adair,
Esq. Messrs. MONTGOMERY P. Sitlyv, E. B.
SCIINADEI,, JAMES S. COLWELL, and J..M. SEMMES,
were admitted to practice Law, in the several
courts of Cumberland county: We heartily con.
gratulato our friends on this consummation .of
'their holpes and wishes. Now "go it whiloyou're
- 6(!:t•For Congressional intelligence gee the let
et froth Oliver Oldsehool, in another column.
co" - -The Natidnal Forum gives us.credit for an
article which ism should - feel. considerable' self
satisfliction had we written, but Ala owes its
, paterity to the Memphis Enquirer. We have few
laurels yet, but what we get must lie filiffy ours.
SEVENTH LECTURE —The seventh lecture of the
course before the Alert Fire Company, will be de
livered on Tuesday evening . .next, by S. DUNLAP
An'.ia, Esq. Subject- 7 llusinci.
We have obierved with regret the slenderness
of the audiences upon the two last evening's lec
tures. It is to be hoped it was railer in "conse
quences of the festivities of the holyday and
sleighing season, than any flagging of the inter
est manifested by the public in the opening ice.
tures of the Course. It would be discreditable in
no small degree to the character of our commun
ity, were the course to be suspend on this account;
and we trust there will be such an audienco pre
sent on the coining occasion as will remove all
apprehensions on this score.
The last lecture was excellent and abounded in
eloquent passages; we think, too, it is not hazard
ing, much to promise a fine treat in the lecture on
XrThe Whigs of the H. R. run Mr. Foreman
of Lancaster county, as their candidate for Speak,.
cr. Though they had not numerical strength e
nough to elect him, it was a compliment to Mr.,
F. which his long.:tried and faithful Services to
the party well-deserved. Mr. Foreman is one of
the most active business members in the House.
'Hun El!la Lewis, of Lycoming, has been,
nominated by the Govetrzior to the Judgeship in
Lancaster, vacated by Judge Champneys. `"'
0:17-At the conelusioh of all•ziclams delivered
iu the. House of Delegates, of Maryland on Ttiev
day evening last, by L. C. I,v.viN, Esq., twenty.
four members of the Legislsturo signed the total
We were unfortunately net prevent at the Bu
chanan meeting, on Monday evening, but aro in
formed that the scene was rich in-the highest de
gree. After tee organization of the meeting, a
committee reported a series of resolutions„which
instead of being•confitied to the laudation of Mr.
Buchanan, for which thO meeting was called,
launched out in a strain of harsh denunciation
against that portion of Mr. B's friends, known as
the Anti Tux party. This of course aroused the
ire of the members of that branch of the pal
who were present, and several of them rose to op.
pose their passage. A good deal of confusion en.
sued, but the old leaders, assisted by the magic
wand of "the frophet," had the vote taken on the
resolutions,and although the noes expressed an
unquestionable majority, the .resolutions "were
ciplined ',Chairman, an "old stager" in political
managing and sleight o'-hand 1. Amidst the loud
preteattiof the Anti Tax men against the pro.
ceedingS,:the meeting Was declared adjourned.
The Anti Tax men, who were evidently in a
largo majority in the meeting, then ronialned in
the room and organized a meeting. A. protest a.
gained, the tyrannical conduct of-the 'first meeting
Was then passed, :and thd meeting 'adjouvneil-tp ,
meet again on Mnadaypvening neit.j
, • Soended.the ailitirs—the Anti Tax men walked_
off ;elutedf:StAh Tlie.seeptre ot . the r PrO.
phot ichtkiketri, : titid the power has - departed from
thcold Ilyninityncier again - 4,0_1m retftered
. „ •
,Itannoin:Rtitierhe 'tenni on the Cumber.
:Ift.id I r a l l B Y.reti kaid, / aro , ,Ooosiderably reduced
fcoin and after 'the 9th 'nit.:-From Chembereburg,
ttiiiiiirieburg:tl4.farevilriisia:F.' he 02.00; tkOm
burl!tde to !•itFrosbOrtils oent4Vith correspond.
inl:l 4 4idaii°!i°3l l Fi,766,l4kiiMealltii? iolit!ff; .-
belil4 . !'4l..xv..!wito , g .: 3 lii:..inic t , , t o i n 6 o , l; , o.t i ; i,
ajiotin k: o f. tr O v , olo Pfs'l4.liiirkkrOtirid th9PPT'
panes'advaritagO, . • . - '. __.• ,—, . ~ ' :,' ~ •• ; : :
.orEqto Mount Joy and Lancaetor road, there .
•,* . Aleo,hetat A • reduction.'.-From liairiatiurito•
- Riii9i 6 iikte;titOYitr.4;'4 o iMuy 8I'.50:•` - .-'::i .'"::: ',:',';,` ~.,
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adelihia.for.ss.oq: '.,, ' .: 4,..- , ,
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-,,'"-^..:'-',_.' - ,••• ''':':, '; , i , :' ' '. -'s'_',l„-,47.1.:,-,..
This body met at: Harrisbtfrg on Tuesday the
3d .itrst. Quorums beieg piosent , at both branches.
The 'Senate 'Was organized by; the. chatiopo_f
Battiaamt PRIEIPIN ofPhiladelphia county, Speaker
and " CHARLES W.. Hamm,. of 'Northumberland:
Clerk. Th; other officicto of the last aesaiem,,whe
are Whlga,,l*Mre pat - dbiplaced, in r cOn:
4equonce ofnquiirrel inlbo ranks of"the faithful."
The 1. Housolvaa ,organized by the election.of
lElaunatca B. Wnioi , of Ipzerne, Speaker, and
W. J. B. Am:satire, re.olicted Clerk. William
Dann, jr. of Allegheny, Fag elected Doorkeeper,
and E. M. Stedman, 'or Northumberland, Ser.
Neither branch has yet done much' lit the trans.
'action of besineas: Various - propositions•for re
trenchment of expenditures H of the Legisls.ture
have already been submitted chiefly by
members, which hayMnot been disposed of. • '
A resolutioU was 'subthitted in the House, by
Mr. lfarns of Allegheny, of instruction to our
Congressmen tmvote for refunding the slooolino
to Pen. Jackson.
Mr. Hindman outiiiiitted'a reiolution, to With.
hold .the pay of every member who shall absent
himself from the House upon any other cause
titan sickness. ,
Mr. Heckman, offered ,a resolution cutting off
the donations,' emoluments, &e. to officers of the
House - , and that the Clerk - furnish all supplies of
stationery, &e t tolhe House at wholesale prices.
Union and Harmony :
There ie said to be it . strong feeling ,of union'
and _harmony among the Locos in the Legisla
ture, something like that which anciently salmis
led between the celebrated kilkenny cats in the
Senate, Messrs. Gibans, Eyre, Smith and Wilcox,
just enough united with the Whigs to make a Ma
jority, have broke! down ell the caucus nomina
tions, and elected-4 Clerk of some one of the In;
dependent parties of the day"—Mr. Ilegi ns
On Saturday last, Mr: Gibons made a furious
speech against Mr. Buchanan •in the Senate, and
revived some old 'Peace party" Federal reminis.
_The_currespondent of the-U.-S.-Gazette,
says—" Mr. Gibons give it to. the Buchanan men
at a round rate, for their base truckling to that
"spotless Democrat." Ho cut right and left,fcar
lessly, and' will be apt to hear from MT:that : rip.
neys and Mr. 1111.analian, on Modday, as I per' .
ceived both of thetri taking notes, and the former
seemed to be a good deal uneasy in bla lent. Mr.
G. read from, the Pennsylvania Republican," a
Democratic priner, -- published'in 1820, by James
Peacock, in which 'Mr. Buchanan, then a candi
date for Congress, is denounced as an "aristocratte
lawyer"- 2 -Illue Light Federalist—roaming ad
venturer—" Hartford Conventionist," &c. This,
said Mr'. G:, forsooth, is the, great "original Demo
crat," devotion to whom is the sine qua non of all
those wlio Seek anything at . the hands of the
Democratic Senato,of Pennsylvania._ This - is the
man before Whom, because I dared to prefer for
the Presickney a Hero who had shed his blood in
the battle fields of ; hiS country, me arid my 'friends
are to be trampled upon ! ' •
We ptcsent to our readers to-day, the Mosiage
of the Governer of Pennsylvania. There is merit
in Its brevity, but in every .other respect it will
prove,we think, a' very unsatisfactory document - to
all who read it.
business.inani-whose operations are almost
paralyzed by the hard times, backed with the ru
inous deptoblatinn of the very inadequate amount
of money now in elfealation, will wade through
the meson s ., Crows htlinning tv :3-1.1 without find
ing the smallest semblance Jo a recommendation
of any plan which will give relief under the crush;
ing weight of his pecuniary difficulties. His Ex
cellency does teconamend . that the Relief notes be
cancelled as somas possible, but no " better_cur--
rency" is recommended to fill up the vacancy.—
He remarks, however, byway of consolation s we •
suppose, that " at the close of the last war the pe
cuniary embarassments and distress pervading
our country were far greater than they are now."
The tai.payer will not rise from the perusal of
this document With a whit the inure pleatire than
the tradesman. While a sanction is given to the
decrease of the currency-to the amount of over
two millions of dollars, the farmer will leek In
,any suggestions by which the amount of
taxation will be lessened ; or reforms proposed,
which leading to a . more economical administra
tion of the government, will reconcile the people
to the cheerful payment of taxes which are'neces
sary to maintain the good faith and credit of the
State. He will find I plausible argument in fa
vor of retaining the public works, to breed new
swarms of domestic creditors, and to fatten the
hordes of offiee-holders who line these iipproi&
ments. But he will not find any specification' of
abuses to be reformed, or, useless expenditures to
beretrenehod r by which the-enormons - outlays up:
on the different branches of the government will
be materially-lesieried. •
The message contains some good suggestions. ,
The remarks upon the School system, and those
upon the rights of minorities,. if not hypocritical,
will be approved of. But his reproach on account
of the relaxation of the execution of the criminal
laws, seems much like an insult 'added to outrage
when coming from a man who has plucked critn;
finals out of the hands bejustico by a previous.par•
demand tkroWn open the.prison.doors to the scores
of convicts Who have been let loose upon society
by him within a few years. • The Governor speaks
of the petitions of courts and piles in favor of
prisoners as Going the cause of so many pardons;
we, believe on the contrary these petitions are
.rather the drot and the consequence of the Gov.
ernor's excessive clemency, ___
Tim Govsrnor'siriendshipSor "Pennsylvania's
fitvorito son," Mr. Buchanan; may be judged, we
presume,, by the flattering notice-of the "Peace
party," of which Air, Buch;tnan • was ono of the.
distinguished champions during the Into war
ihnpeachutenit'ot the Governor
On Friday last a petition was presented to the
House of Representatives; signed by Andrew Mil
ler, Henry Young, VV - ..C. Parker, John Kamer:, R.
M. Iferrisoa, of Philadelphia, ,. and half a dizen
of others, asking that articles of Impeachment
may be proforred , tigainst the Governor, for con
ipiring with D. M. Oteedliead, Joseph Saline and
others, to procure the passage ; of the resumption
reeolutions htApril 3, 1840; for conspiring
with' the aioresaidrreone to defraud the Unlted
S. .Bank,, - &c.; far rhessage OrApril 4,
1042, and orderingprosecutione against witnesses
who had reatdone toetitying befirs the Investiga
ting Corimiittee, and for iefbeinglo eider criminal
prosecutions against Broadhead,-Solme, Road and
others, aided the Investigating, Committee' closed
its labarsoko.'lrliiiivipaiWite referred to a Select
ConinOce , c9tepond.otaitstrfr Elwcll,
itabigili4•4ol4;•(q,' • ) :.aed Parkezi,:r .
/ !:' ,7 0 6 ' . " ' A
T) . )(1 1 4 oeoe talk. 4liev gGeneral jackson to
P r°ll 4P . Pl' e ti O.i! ,- Larotko 9 1140° 4Q,N-t"Parul•
nat 4 ProlldePti,-alle,-6curfTW;tl4lli!AjP the
old (General if, ho attem Id r, bu, drat is of ilq:
conseryitenen-Oisr*orillittlo pcditicai Capital.
1 1 ;P: r rh0 .- .!_dever - hes'e-t - girieage carriegto.
11 iittd9 1 1 3 4/. 4 ?.!i
ciliteert: Minitei; as _
The , teurt of ilrieeoelry.` L.
' "The tono of , lnguiry upon the cue` of Cont.
mender McKenzie ;ol l ,,the brig: Somers, to - exam.
ine into the necessity for the executimof young
Spencer and.his associates Mali and Cromwell,
has been-in session a week or more,`on board the
frigate North Carolina, lying at Brooklyn N. Y.
The Court is composed . oi Commodores Stewart,
Dallas and Jones ; Ogden Hoffman, of N. Y. ie
Judge Mvocate. ,
After the opening of the Court, Lieut. McKen
zio.read to the court a narrative of the Ceetir!ence
,the Somorp, with his reasons to? dis
charging the painful duty 'which devolved upon
him by the mutiny of a-portion of.hin
This narrative is deeply' interesting—tho princi
pal points of it are the same as those detailed in
the etatement. published by us two weeks ago from
the N. Y. COurier. The remainder of it contain
ing more minute details relative tothe conspiracy,
its, detection, and the execution of the mutineers,
we shall endeavor to publish in our next.
The examination of the officers has been going
on for some days—their testimony fully corrobo
rates the statement of the Commander. Not one
of them expreases a doubt of the necessity of ihe
execution." Lieut. Geusevoort, On his examina
tion, deciared.that "he did nal believe, that the
vessel could have been brought into port. in the
hands-of its dieers had not the kngleaders been
executed." 'We'think no one can read"the testl.
mony without deeming it conclusive op this point.
Public, opinion thus far .generally sustains Com- .
minder McKenzie:, ' •
Gen. Jaekson's Fine.
It is to be hoped - that Congrese.will plias a bill
for the refunding of the fino of $lO6O irripose'd
upon Gen. Jaikson in 1815; by: - Judge Halo of
New Orleans. It iequitsi improbable that the
General ever paid this fine, as it is asserted upon
pretty good authority that the amount-was rais ed
by subscription among the citizens. But' we &
nevertheless in favor of refunding it, and thus
put an. end to the, brawling which has been made
about injustice by Locofocoisiii r for the sole pui.
pose of raising - a - littlOpolitical - capital.
In reference to this_fine we quite agree with
the,Albany.Evening Journal. Says the Journal,
This whole • matter about Gen. Jackson's fine,
which hoe made so much figure in the ne.wspa.,
pers for two years-past, is neither more nor less
than a pOlitical contrivance' got up by the Loco
roma to divert public attention- from the great
questions at issue between the , t3Vo parties. It is
Screen behind which they.hope to carry on, un—
molested,. their Operations for securing the entire
control of the 'State and General Governments.
So long-as they can amuse their followers with
the cry of " justice to Gen. Jackson " they think
that they may, with perfect'impunity, misnitinage
the government, destroy the currency, repeal 'the
Tariff, squander the Land. Fund and feather their
own nests by plucking . the ptiblic goose. -.Hence
their anxiety to agitate this question . . of repaying.
the thousand dollars fine. Hence their . persever.
mg clamor for 'qustice to general Jackson."—
And hence too the eagerness with which they
catch up and comment upon the articles of-the
Whig papers — against
, this humbug
Their zeal in this matter is the sheerest, boldest
pretence, and the proof that it is so, is to be found
in thi;fa`'ct that for the twelve years during which
they held undisputed sway in both Houses ofCon
gross not one of these mouthipgdeinagogues over
dreamed of readering this "Justice toGeneral
Jackson !" But the moment a Whig ; Congresis
assembled at Washington and r there was a pros
'. pect of making political capital and of hiding
political Sins, by the agitation of this question,
the whole Ledo Foco press and party became sud
denly alivo to the shocking enormity of refusing
to refund General Jeckson'sfine; Nbw .it seems
to us " inconsideiate," to say the least, in the
Whigs', to help along-this plot-of-the-enemy--by
keeping up the discussion. - Wo would that the-
Whig press' could be persuaded to leave the ex
clusive 'enjoyment of this "inad-dog " cry to
their Loco Foco brethren. We Would too that the
present Congress could be induced to pass a bill
to repay General Jackson's fine, both that lie
might resolve from a Wino Congress that, "jun.
Lice " which his own political friends denied him,
and that this piece of Loco Fpco artillery being
,"'spiked," the Destructiies might be called to a
strict account before the people for the manifold
evils whiCh they have cntailcd.upon (lie country.
No Oppressive Taxes without Re
The National Forum, in a notice of the
Governor's Message, speaks the feelings of
the people of this county, 2nd we doubt not
of every other in the State, in its remarks
upon'the . system of Taxation. To save
ourStateeredit, says-the Forum, and pay
our honest debts, there will be.no objection
to Taxes : but we must have-the assurance
that the amount thus raised will be honest,
deVoted to the payment of our State debt
and not squandered upon partisan favorites.
The. Governor has showit . ue but the sunny
side of the picture ; he has not told us that
the jackals were fearful of being driven from
their prey, and that therefore it wii — tiecis.
;dry that me' public works should make a
good exhibit this'year; lest the. legislature
shoultrtletermini or! -their sale 1 He has
not explained to us how it is that notwith
standing the general depression of business
and consequent reduction of tolls, our ca
nals and rail roads
-have_. for the first time
during his administration, yielded.a rev
,He would not like to tell 'es, that
the system of political favoritism practised
by him; eats up all the .substance of our
Commonwealtb,.and will annually add • to
our debt, until the Executive patronage is
decreased—the public works are placed in
the custody of perbon's responsible to the
people—the Auditor General is elected by
the Legislature, and such checks idiposed
On 'the 'iontingent eXpenses of the Senate
and House ae may promise the*People some
epproach to, economy. Until this desira
ble 'state' of things is .produeed, the people
_or Pennsylvania will firmly - 04st the sys 7
tern of indirect rubbery Which.hat
ling to:be taxed for an economic* aupitort
of gOiernment, and:tbi payment inter•
eat, but pot:far, the.support of - Mi'army of
Officeiioldere;:appointed by 'Atte :GonernOr,
ivitlt'no other reCoanientlatioif but blind
Shirswood on the first dity of tho Sos.
sion ofrero4 a rosolptioti or inquirY 'into the int.
ting of the for carrying.; passenger. o n
lhe I t anciteter Union
41 3 in ; tliin jai kig h t`; ; : tiiii 4 ii4t o ,foTetltingrittin
Tao Bawl , litszas.--Mis :affair, which is
• charged, against the Catholics it Champlain, N.
York, le still s a •enbjeet of diecuesien - among the
nerapapere, which savor of 'sectarian
Tie 144 publication in, reference to it.,ceines
from Hughes, and is certainly a sensibly
written letter. He say* he conceive* !Inkciuty
of American citizens to be, that every : mart, ee
ionrai! he 'governs himself by the laws df the'
country, and fulfils the -. duties of his social Patti.
thin, is accountable td Ged , aline for tho°convic
lions of his conscience. Though his church pro
nounces tho Protestantivezeions of the. Bible as
spurious, and direetaits people to 'read their own
'authorized translations, which is abundantly with.
in their reach, ft does not authorize the turning:
ot the Protestant Billie, and therefore ho con.
denies the act with the same emphasis as he
would the burning of a Catholie convent, and as
it would be unjust to condemn' the Protestant min.
liters and the Protestant people for the burning
of alconvent at Boston, .he thinks it would be
ectally unjust to bold • the • Catholic people or
priesthood accountable for the burning of a Pro.
testant translation of iho scriptures at Champlain..
If persons of either faith are guilty; let them be
condemned, and - not their religion. The Bishop
offers to pay half of all the expense of investiga
ting, this outrage. He says the Catholic church
doelnot'allovi its profesiora to thrust their books
on those of a different faith, nor, requires them to
receive heretical books from others; but, hav
ing received them, they Would be deeply culpv
ble• should they outrage the feelings of those
who hold them leered,- by burning them, • '
Our Trade and Finances..
The Report of the Secretary of,* Treasury
with its accompanying Docdments is a fiord !flow
Ldo our Free Trkders. They had hoped to shot ,
from it that the New Tariff is destroying the Rev
enue and Foreign! Commerce of the Country, but
it proves exactly the reverse. The lleVenue from
Customs this years coneiderably larger than last,
as it should be, yet still beloW the pressing wants
of the Government, and such as to render it mor
ally certain-that a- Protective Tariffwill neither
leavetheTreasury bankrupt on the one hand nor
will it overflow it on the other. The Tariff, as ad.
jested at the last Session, is about adequate to the
annual wants of the Government, economically
administered.; but a ?oldie Debt of some Twe4. 7
ty Millions . having been incurred under.. the com
parative Free Trade of the lasefive years, it Wily
be found necessary to lay additional dutietron
Tea, Coffee, &c., for a. few. years in ordeuto pay
off this national indebtedness. But for this, the
Tariff would be just about right as it is, the Ex
pendilures of the Government admitting 'of some
Then as to oue'commeica—lthe gross amount
Of our .Exports for the year now closing exceeds
that "of our Import. only by some Five of Six
Millions; which, in 1843,..when the increased
Rates of Duty will - have effect through the whole
year will probably be increased to - ten or fifteen
Now.we do not expect or desire a nal.
Rain preponderance hi value of our Exports over
our Import. s but for tbepresenl, while vre owe a
heavy debt to Europe, and our Circulating Mcdi.
um is so emnty and unstable, this is manifestly as
it should bc. When our Foreign indebtedness,
shall have Iken adjusted, and our currency rein
forced by a duo infusion of the precious metals,
tben wilt-our • Circulating Medium gradually in
crease, and the price of our commodities appreci
ate in value until a proper equilibrium between
Exports and imports will result.—N. Y. Tribune.
Grrit Is 'stated that Professor Wilson, of Eng
sand, the Ch riSto'pher North of Elackvrcrotl's Maga
iine; is trave!linginc'ognito in this eountri..
TRIBUTE TO HENRY CLAY
FROM AN OPPONENT 5
Seldom have we read a document, says
the National Forum,.whichifo Thrilled us,
as the following chaste and eloquent ad 7
.dresiyinade by F. Lee Clailmrne, - Esq. of
.Natchez, welcoming HENRY CLAY to that
city'and to Mississippi. We donut recol
lect to have seen a more appropriate ad
dress on any occasion ; and when we re
fleet that Mr. Claiborne ie a Loco Foco, it
is above all praise. Such hofnage to tal
ents, genius, patriotism and t Aistinguislied
Public services, reflects the highest hortor
upon the author, who is capable of appre
ciating worth, whether he meets it among
political friends or adversaries: •
Sia—ln-the name of my fellow-citizens, I come
to bid you welcome to our city. We pause' from
the excitement of politics, to offer, without dis
tinction of party * the homage due to exalted mer
it and distinguished talents. One of the noblest.
characteristies of the American people, is the
pride which they all feel in those that contribute
to the national glory, turning over our event
histery, we &nd your name, sir, stamped in
letters of light upon many of its pages. The same
pen that records our extraordinary progress—our
'glorious competition, both in peace and in uar,
with the collossal power. of earth, and our present
high altitude among the filmiljr - of Empires, must
at the same time preserve the memory of your pat
Sir s we bid you weleome,-not as serfs and vas
stile, come to pay tribute to a--tyrant—not in the
'spirit of party, which proscribes everything that
is not arrayed in a particular livery,butasfriends,
as Mississippians, es Americans, grateful for the
past,—we•come, sir, men of every creed, to shako
you by the bond. ;
Fromthis eminence, you behold two States rca.
dy to do you honor. Louisiana, the child of the
noblest nation of Europe, now reflecting upon our
Union the lustre of its parentage; and Misaissip.
pi, whose sons and daughters still remember a
midst the waste ot years the clarion voice, that
during the darkest period of the late war, rung
through the halls of Congress—filling their hearts
with your own indomitable courage, and' cheer.
ing our country to the conflict. • :
- 'Nor can we forget, sir, the stand you took' at
on Important epoili for the advancement of popu.
i lir independence in other portions of the woad.'
In South ,America, which had groaned for years
under the Infection ofd spoti: M, and •in that far
distant classic land, w se noble monuments, e.
reeled in an age of li ry, had been for.centuries
polluted by the slave, these mute memorials of for.
mer grandeur felt your generous sympathies; and
her. fallen columns responded, like the - famous
statue of Memnon, to the spirit tones from anoth
The sentiments you Uttered then, air, have been
adopted among the most cherished recollections`
of the nation, and if the, pulse of Shaky yet beats
feebly and fitfblly in these' unhappy regions, we
still have reason to -believe that despotism will
soon perish Ostri the face of the earth. Not fn.
deed, by the
-pangs of protracted revehition—riot _
by the same series of sanguinary, spasms that
stain the leaves.ofhistory,--but by the rapid ad
vance of rational conceptions of, liberty and law;
conceptions, sir, which your memoriible speeches
so eloquently express. ~ . ,•,. ; . . ,
In receiving you thus.eir, we desire likewise to
do honor to the State ' firm which you come-1
State linkedto ue by . the great artely•upon which
wii stand, and by, the many'•gifted intellectil she
has sent among us,':,-We 'desire to do honor to .
IfentuckwimphtimeetiftboleV - A — whoa° march
to battle, awl-always to eirmry, Is paved in every
direction with the bleaching bones of her gallant
sans... lifyou'Avould . find *heiresses, go search
;he countryof Mir eneniyi ' , ' : - ' ' '
Tor all tido, sit—..for your rake and, for - her'e
we' bid yeti trolconic—wr.icOsan to Mississippi:" ,
r lion; tilitineitteesn kits"' ocian,eleated United
giikti 4 844 tor :f. °, •/ 11 )! 4 ° 1 °Iii!'il yearn ftosi
—ofMarch '-':'. , '?-.7:''''''l—
10. aytegs itholitgs at wiishing, , ion i
, ,Iymiturtolviti, Jan. 5. 1843
Where was rid abatement:of the interesting.
eharacter , bf the proceedings _ in the two ends of the'
Capitol to doh but rather an increase of Out
which gives zest to, debate as well as conversaa .
lion.: . - .- - • .
IN .THE SENATE, several petitions stitl'
'memorials were presentOd' against the repeal of
the Bankrhpt Law. A resolution Calling on the .
Secretary of • the Treasury. for an account of the
ptiblie debt incurred during' the two wars with
England ; the expenses of the different Adminittt
trollops o r this government, and the present pub.;
lie debt—whichiiitti adopted.
Mr. Benton offered a resolution cuffing on the'
Secretary of the Treasury for a statement of tho
imports and exports of
. gold and silver coin, for
eign and domestic, from 30th June, 1834, to the
present time' Adopted. • -
Mr. Rives's resolution, calling on the Secrete:
ry of Styli for copies of any correspondence be.
weep (hot officer and the British Government in
relation to the destruction of the steamboat Caro.
line, &c. was adopted,
The altercation which took pheerfrestottfaj fie:
tivcen Mr: Benton and Mr. Rises iri regard to
alledged misrepresentation of the remarks,
&c. of_ tbe foriner* the latter i was - renewed JO; -
day by Mr. Mcßoberts, who had been appealed ,
to b i Mr. R. and who was not present yesterday,
tieing and giving his impressions uponit. His
recollection unetained that of Mr. Rives.. This
seemed to throw Mr. Benton into It towering pu
sion,rwhe repUtedlyreadthe offensive remarks of
Mr. Rives, and as *frequently asserted the
presence of fbrty.eiglit Senators" that it was a
misrepresentation of what he had said. Mr. R. '
replied, with some tartneser - Mr Benton reioin.
ed with still more; Mr, Rivets- stit-rejoined, with
increasing warmth;-Mr. Benton :rebutted with
decided emphasis and feeling. .Ths altercation
'was finally arrested by the President, Mr. Man. -
gum he out of order. • -
The • Oregon. Bill was then_token up, and
Calhoun expressing a desire for further time to
examine its provisions, it was laid over till next
week. The Senate then went into Executive
Session, and remained till a late hour, r
tie TEE HOUSE, the first business in order was the
unfinished business of yesterday, in regard to.
Mr. Browne's resolution to instruct the Committ.
ee oil the Judiciary to report a bill accompanying.
the resolution,te'remlt the fine of $lOOO, levied
on : General Jackson for contempt of Court in irn.-
priSoning Judge Hall at New Orleans.
Mr,. Gwill having the floor made:- some re,
marks, and was followed by Mr. Cushing.
Mr. Witie and Mr. Cushing, it cannot be for. ,
gotten by the people of this country, have been
for many years, among-the most decided oppo
nents of Gen. Jackson and his Administration in
.then have said more severe
things against him, or exhibited morn determin
ed and irreconcilable hostility, Well, what doe
.vie now behold 7 A few days ago, Mr. Wise:
seized an occasion (when his remarks were en ,
tirely out-of orderyof presentitig a membriaf to. '
pour out his adulation of the old General he had
so often and so violently abused.. Not to be out.
in inconsistency and selfhumiliation .by'
his brother Guardsman, Mr. Cushing to day as.
sumed the part of eulogist and sycophant; and..
played it as perfectly as if he had - been - bred irr
the Court of Henry VIII, or his Celestial Msjes-.
ty Emperor of China.
Mr. Cshing's speech was a :studied oration for
the glorification ofGenerul Jackson and the battle'
of New Orlearnyaround both of which he threw
a halo of glory before which the names and deeds .
of an--Alexander, - an. Alfreriffiff.,a Washington,.
paled, as the waning moon pales in the effulgent
,beams-of the `mici-day
,sun. Nor Outline—
There was not a persoin-trouse,- the guard '—
excepted, who did not feel emotions of pity or
contempt for one who could stand up, and in the
face of open day;and before the assembled rep.
resentatives of the people, and thus pour out the
incense of flattery—flattery the most fulsome,--
and eulogise od namearn, ono whom he had So of.
ten, and for a series years, denonhced as a via ,
lator of the onstitution and laws of•his country,
as guilty of usurpation end tyranny, and of the
meat high handed and'. unwarrantable outrages
upon co-ordinate departments / ef the government;
as a mart whose will was law. and who would stop
at nothing to accomplish his own unhallowt,(Apur.
poses tr Mr. Cushing certainly-cannot perceive
the difference' between a virtuous fame and a
memorable infamy,—or if he does; he seems bent . ,
upon attaining the one, in despair of winning the
Mr. C. was desirous that the Bth-of-January i -___
the glorious anniversary of that' splendid victory
which crowned our arms at the close of the war
wish 'England—a victory which art original ;telt- ,
son man, Geo. Hamilton o hum(' cost this noun.
try above five hundied.millions of dollars—should
be signalizedthis year by the passage of abill re..
funding the 'fine to Gen. Jackson, and he there.
fore sent to the 'chair a resolution that the bill
should ho taken out of committee of the whole
to-morrow at 2 o'clock. He was about to move
the previous question when Mr. Adams got the
floor. Mr. C. claimed it again as not having . '
yielded it, but there was a Universal cry of sit
down—lct-Mr. Adams go on—no gag, Ace—anti -
Mr. C. was cornpelled to yield- . ,
Mr. Adams, with some feeling said he was not
much disposed to be gagged by his colleague at
this time, for he had a word to say.' He remark
ed that' one of the extraordinary circumstances
attending the introduction of this measure into
this House, was the assurance that it was not a
party tneasure,wheu the fact was knontihtital it ori.
ginated' with a protegee of General Jackson, •
in the NeW York Logislatere 7 -Mr. •Davesac,
that it was purely aparly Movement, and came •
from a thorough going party roan. : Mr. Cash
ing had spoken'of the battle of New Orleans be.
ing obtained by Anglo Irishman—a bit of biar.
ney for the Irish. In allusion to this. Mr.
Adams said this was not tits:Anglo-Saxon mesa.
!We, nor an Anglo-Irish measure, nor an Anglo.
Saoteh measure, hut an Anglo French measure,-
(alluding to Dsvesic,) though nano: the worse for
that. His colleague had , expressed 'a desire that
the passage of this_ bin, should glorify the ,
anniversary of the battle of NeW Orlearist pp
happened that the day this year Was a day con. ,
secreted to othor duties , in,which his Ponsula •
took a deep interest;—the Notice of God.
colleague seemed to consider the glory of passing ,
this bill as little leas than the glory •of the battle •
itself. '..OLIVER OLDEICROOL.
grin 'demo:male' Virgimejto mattTeen TIM
tmless . he is a freeholder or a hsusekeeper l And
in democratic' South Ceiroline,O /*Prow/tad"-
to the General, Goirt - must own ffechold of five,
hundred acres and ten i• •
Jcius Vaasa 14 Adininiatta.
lion &publican Gtt . d: - Commiliee of New
rerki have, Out' sohn.Tilev to one of
tbo_caiididatee ibethe,iteit'Pitniidency, to be pia
eed betbro.tho. IlleitiOcratio National Convention.
Mat. Cauniini:—T 1.
he egiplature of Soutli Cat
Ohm: hoetintinintou.ek Peened' a' reoolution nomi+
biting !Ili . ! il P; 04,114601 fOt" lb° irk.° of rsi.i.b., .
.of the United statee: .,• !,
_,..„.' , , , .......:.!......i'.;;-.2.,... , '; ..!..