Carlisle herald and expositor. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1837-1845, March 02, 1842, Image 1

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allamm zokix\y:cb--asQ att,)
• Prom the Philadelphia 'Palle Ledger..
As an excuse for her zeal in the'cause of Temper
ance, and addressed to' a friend who told her she
" was almost-a monomaniac on the subject of alco
holic drink." • "
Go feel w 7 hat I Ike felt, . •
Go, bear what I have borne— - •
Sink 'neath the blow a father dealt,
And the cold'proud world's scorn—,
'Titus struggle on from year to year,.
. Thy role relief the scalding tear. ', •
. ,
`Go, weep is I have wept,
O'er a loved rather's
*.See every cherished prainise swept,
Youth's sweetness turned to gall, •
IHope'sllladetllOWer strew'd all the way
That:led tne up to woman's day.
Go, kneel as I haie knelt,
. Implore, beseech and pray—
Strive the besotted heart to. melt,
The downward course to ?stay—
Be cast, with bitter curse, aside,
Thy prayeris bet lusrytt'ti, thy tears defied
Go, stand where I have stood, •
Ant: lee the strong man now,
With gnashing teeth, lips bathed in blood,
And.oolii and livid brow; ,
aGo; catch his wavid'ring glance and see,
'Theve,•mirror'd his soul's misery.
• , Go,lienr what rhave heard,
The sobs of 'sittl•despair,..
As memory feeling's fount !Ind stirred,
. And its revealings there, ,
not told him what lie might lave been,
Had he the drunkard'i fateforeseem
. .
' (Go, to thy Mother's Aide,. _
• And her crushed spirit cheer, . •
'Thine wvard.rep anguish
'Wipe from her cheek the tear
,: Mark her dimm'd eve ; her 'furrowed brow, •
The gray that streaks - dArk hair now,
Her toil worn fraine, her trembling limb, •
Whose plighted faith in early : yolith,
Promised eternal love nkti truth—
But tetra, teeswot•n, hada - yielded up
This promise iu the deadly.etip;
-- -And led.her down from love and light, .•
Fiom all that.mAde her pathway bright;
And chained her there, 'mid want-andsirife;
he lowly thing--a Drunkard's tf;Ve
And stamp'd on ultildhottiPs bi•ow so
'The- withering blight—a Dettidsurd'e
Go, hear, ace, feel 'and know, .•
All d at toy--sotil bath. fetrnnd known—
'Then look upon the - Whie-cop's glow,
See if-its-hrigidness taltiatone, -
Think if its flavor you will . try, -
If all proelaitn‘d--" 778 drink arid die Ph
me ',hate the-bowl !
Visuris a'Pcehle.~imvl—
loathe, abhor—Ty very snail
With strong disgust is stirr'd,
Wcne.'er I see, hear, or tell
Ot the dark beverage of lie!
vitoctiti . trttotto._
For the Herald & Expoeao:
EnouTh has been said of the beauty of
,n a ture; its loveliness has been the theme
.of poets of all agog, and therefore it needs
-no candied panegyric from a pen like mine.
Yet to begin : I -may say that nowhere is
scenery found so pleasing to the eye or
soothing to the mind, as around Carlisle.
There'may be more sublime, there may
.be more enchanting, yet there can he none
ithat has fewer . defects. I am, a: lover and
admirer of every thing about my dear -na
tive place; the hills, the dales, the streams
near it, are objects of pleasure to my
thoughts. In
, ramble,lately made along
"Conodoguinet," I was particularly struck
with the beauty every where displaYed.. 'lt
was. such a day ae we often have in Feb
- ruary,,nearly' all, spring; yet every few
&Mites a blast of wind, whiCh told that
'old Eorea's had not yet given up 'his . .claim
to rule the weather: the appearance of
.sky was in keeping with the feeling of the
:air; clouds - would at intervals cover the
;heavens, - and,..Winter seemed to be strug 7
gling to resume its sway; but these would
pass away,- and the sun again shine forth
'bright and clear. The maple trees , and
'hawthorn bushes had just commenced, to
shOw their. tender,budeoret as.if' doubting'
whether frost and cold 'had ceased,
,only peeped above their protecting
_covering. The Conotloguinet, -recently
swoolenn 'by' the Melting of the 'snow, had
.began . to clear' its stream from. the discolor-•
od water poured into ie . by its tributaries,
and tel : Jeanine its natural boundaries.—
AlreadY -might the teal be seen flying above
The 'eerfacei4inxions
,againlO pay a hasty
. visi“tei its'aters.' The 'crested titmouse
gave its shrill notes from the;bush . ..and the
mel l odione strairof -the 'fflong.:6parrow
sounded 'along: the :mrcam: .Every
wris'itivigerated 6y tho warmth of the day,.
even the creek of your gun sounded livelier
and Anicki3o. The terioiseliad thrown off'
'his lethargy and .mighl,be Reed crawling
along the bank, or basking on . some rock
-that jutted into-the creek; and at every slieit
.distance - a frog would spring with his.pecu-
Ear eplatsli into the'watei. All things were
of cliarnnter adapted to.exhilerate; noth
-I,,lstierneil 'Out/ of place ;, the pine. trees,.
;Cove re d with theirperpetnal green, - relieved
Alte.desolaie appearance of all
arlotaddajtqlotheitharin telhe scene:.
-• • ..
- 409„0* . t4:93 tre the,.clOsing incident of:
, my stroll:.
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Were . compelled from weariness to rest in
the true hunter fashion, we seated oursel
ves upon a log. But hark! what sound is
that? again it comes on the breeze. It is
the Bluebird's song, plaintiff' and sweet,
and tbough it does not tell that winter is
gone, yet it shows that there was at least
one spring-like day in February,
In the latter part oT the French'Revolu
tion; a young man who .was closely.pur:
need by a. body of 'gene •d'arnies, the
streets of• Paris, stopped at a door in ,which
stood a young .female; and reqUested con
cealment. - There was no time to'consider,
'as the soldiei's were close at hand. She
conducted him to a back building, and lock
ed him in. -She 'had scarcely done, this,
when the soldiers passed. As it happened,
the -very body of gene' d'armes who had
pursued the young man, were invited. by
the owner of the house to, take 'up their
quarters for the.night, and were put into -- a
room in the same building in which the
refugee had taken shelter; and, as they oc
cupied the room next-the entrance; he could
'not' escape .without pasiing through the
room Where. they lay.. In this dilemma j
the yOung lady resolved to extricate him,
if possible. -. She waited until ,She thought
the soldiers Were asleep, and passed through
theraom without waking any of them, ac
lizainted the.'stranger with his peril, and
told: him that if he would consent, she
could ,conduct him to a neighboring church, j
0f whieh her uncle kept the Veys, and se
.crsieli intim lithe_d a figerit..over—He
-eonsented,--She took him:by the arm, and.
they entered theyoom - where the soldiers
were'sleeping; passing,--he-struck
his foot against one, of thent; who jumped
rized'thd-Young andillernantled
who it wa s ; when the' young' lady, with'
great presence-of mind, answered, "It is
only I,jwho cante•toseir,"—fortimate
ly ahe had nothing more to say, as the sol
dier, hearing a female voice, let go the
arm. -- They , passed on, and entering the
church, she conducted him to the door of a
vault, which .was. curiously coneealed be
hind the altar, told him to enter there, anil
she .would bring. 'him food daily, until Ire
should be venture forth in safety.
She gave hini the lamp., and shutting the
door,-immediately returned.tO the house.
• He descended into the vault, and seat
ing himself on a ;torah-stotie, he there be
held recorded the names of his own illus
trious ancestors, :who had moulted into
dust ages ago. 06 was overpowered with
fatigue, and 'fell asleep, and did not awake
until the morning of thezecond day, when
he perceived. that his benefactress had not
been there, and began to fear that some
thing .had happened to prevent her -from
coming again. Ile waited in terror, and
anxiety until night, but still she came not,
and he laid himself down in despair on a
tonsh,atone, resolved to endure the linger
ing destth which awaited him. He sunk
into a lethargy from which he was awak
ened on Ihk tyird morning by the voice of
hia benefactf6.s calling on his name; but
-it seemed as if animation had ceased, Tor
he was unable to Move or articulate a sound.
He heard the dreadful sound of the door as'
it fell ; lie uttered a faint cry, and rushed
up the steps. Fortunately the young lady
had not left the spot; she raised the t door,
entered the vault, and restored new life to
the sufferer. She informed him that she
had been unable to get to the church since
his conceahnent,. on account of the vigi-'
lance of the,guards who were. stationed at .
her uncles, but that she had made arrange
ments by which she could supply him with
food daily; she prepared to depart, and lied
just ascended the steps .when they heard
persons entering the church. She
diasely closed-, -the door of the vault, - and
the nest moment they heard the steps of -a
body of soldiers passitig - about:the - church,
and who were searching inns° refugees
W horn they suspected were ealicealed there;
They were conducted 'by the unsuspicious
un d e : w i ve l e d them to every part of the
building, to prove'his innocence.
Their footsteps were ; often heard by the
trembling couple, passing over the vault,.
but they did got perceive it._ When they
left the chinch, she left:the vault with -re
peated.,assurancas of dhily supplying him
with victuals. - She performed her - promise,
and. in a feW days conducted him film his
place of enneealmertt, and he was enabled
to' reach his home in safety/
A Utisbauid's Lore;
Incidents of life occurring from ; day to
flay, , and we suspect.. some not altogether
devested of fiction„are not Irequently to be
,met :within the public 'prints,in - Which they
are heralded as ,instances of the all-absorbing
and •ever-enduring :ntrection - ,which burns
Witlteteknat brightness in 'the • boseins of
wives..niethers,and ~ :sisters • But who has
ever before peen, In the,bolunins ofour pub
lie journals, a- record exhibiting to the
world the.eqtudly . .intenie and not less abi
ding' devotion • of husbands, fathers, - and
brothers?.,_. Buclerecords are rare indeed-:
pint, as we believe, that the latter instances
are' ess, frequent than the . former; hilt be ! ,
cause there • is in them lees to :impress the
ainiable.feelings of onr...natnre„ and excite'
inn peculiar interest whielyeurrottods every
thing hallovied by feenale Virtue or itero
The Lowell' Jour n al :relates 'a e ase . in
point;, Which, through. enceeedingi yeare,
bad failed to interest "the 'pen piths ebron.;
'Editat'and . , Published Or the. Prol3 i
icier.. In a grave yard, situated in a wild;
rural place, abciut a mile from a
lage in that vicinity, stands. a very neat,
granite monument. It is die only
. mottu
ment in'the yard; and stands by itselGover
a solitary grave, apart from all other graves.
The history of that monument is interest;
ing and Melancholy in the extreine, It
marks the spot where' lies buried the young.
wife of one of the most interesting young
men of the village. He was married a few
years since-to one !Om 'xieemed . in every
way calculated - to render him happy., At
that time - the prospects 45f the young coup
le bid fair fur a long-life , of happiness and
usefulness: In . -a year or; two after their
marriage, the . entail pox .broke ant and ra
ged in, the neighborhood. The young wife
was attacked with this.dreadful disease,.and
became its victim.
W. M. P;
The fears of the - community prevented
her friends . from attending her during her
sickness. Her husband, -her physician,
and &a or two attendants. were the only
persontrwho were present to smooth down'
her dying pillow. The same fears took a
way the usual form of a christiari burial,--;-,
A spot for her grave was - pointed out in'tlie
graveyard remote from other graves, by the
proper. anthorities, the dark hour of
night, With 'notie.present-but the husband,
the pltsieia4, and otje or two: fearless
friends;lhe burial took {dace.. There was
milong train of kindred to - witness the cer
•emony ; the afflicted husba'n'd Wasihe only
relative, Who, at the burial ventured to shed
the last tear loier : •4lte grave of the loved
and-the - departed. . ...- , *
Months rolled on, and black melancholy
still brooded over the young man, but "snbit
-I onied-i ta-hol tl f -somewh at.---Sprro*-----sti I I
remainedi but it was soon mingled pith
resignation. He resumed his accustomed .
occupation 'atirseerned,to - forget the past.-
,} 1
'nepait was not-forgotten, however, nor the
oh et which the past had endeared to him.
'Ph i
orave of iris wife was solitary and a-
.lone. ..0-Verlthat-graye he resolved to erect
a monument: to lice - memory. That monti
ment,-although-a blacksmith by- trade, he
chose to plan and•work tvithhirown hands.
He. procured the - rougli - , - ,hineltri Of granite
and connmencedthe pleasing task.
leisure hour he *could obtain was spent in
his favorite wink. No otherhand planned,
and nn other hand, than his own, executed.
Month after month, alone and unaided, with
no knowledge of the art, except_ what.r.o..
tore had taught him, sometimes at' min
day, and sometimes at night, when other's.
had lefi their tasks; he toilekon, until his
work was completed. That monument.
which, as a specimen of art is exceedingly
fine, and would be an ornament even in
Mount Auburn; now marks out the grave
Of his wife.. While it serves to call to .
mind the. i. ' memory of the dead, it speaks
also of the 'constancy and purity of lace
'inns which'death and . not des
• The follnwine terrible paSsage, extrac
ted from a British Magazine, is
commended to the attention• of so many of
the people of the United 4 Btales A arein
favor of ;he punishtnent.of death, as a pen
alty . e f t h e law..... Star of Bethlehem.
"Did your lordship ever attend a kill.
lug time at the Old• Baily ? If not, pray
favor we with your company. 7 - . noron the
gallows; but staying in•the sireet, amid
the crowd that always assemble when I
am at work far you or the' sheriff. Per
imps it will add to the zest, if you conic
when I have a young woman to stiffen;
supplied by yourself. Will the enttecifig
of • the, petticoats, as she swings in the
' wind, produce a pleasant Sound your
'ears, i my learned master? Fail not to
ivateh;the peoplethe men, women, and 1 1
children, good. bati, • and iudiffeie.nt; who
have gathered' to behold the sacred majes
trof.the law, you will see such flashing,
of eyes and grinding teeth— you
hear her sighs and groans, ant words of
rage and hatred, with fierce curses on your
self and me; end then laughter 'such as it
is, of an unnatural kind; that they will
make you start; jests on the dead that they
will make you sink I You will fe6l-~uo,
why should you feel any more than your
faithfid jourueyinan ?. We phalt.gla to our
breakfasts with good appetites, and a firm
conviction that every hanging'bilut, changes.
many sneaking pilferersinto saving robbers,
fit for murder.. • , .
41 A few years ago, I was called out of
town to hang a little • bop" ,who had. been
convicted 'of killing %yi' . malice afore.
Thought. guilty, he must have been' in
the habit of
,going to executions. Ten
thodeand came to dabble in the: poor young
creatures blood.. That was the •youngest
fellow creature I eyes _handled in the °way
lirbll64lPip,;;abd - a beautiful child he was,
tnevak yquhaye seen by The papers, With.
a ;straight no S e,'
.eyee , suiti , golden'
hasl have no - heart ; 'no feelings; who
has in.t>nr tailing I But'. those who came
to 'see, me strangle,_ :that, tender youngster,
I.6vellearts _and feelings-as we onee-hal-t-
Have l:4no!.-had; for, tvhatfijey Saw-was
fit to„Maltellism your servant
oCiiiti minder. • • •
"They saw. the, stripling lined, fainting,
on the gallows; his smooth nheek, of the
eolor,of wood ashes—:bie , ,little litntikettem.;.
bling t end hie hosom-hesving , sigli;.after
siglieeif-,04.1i.0'dy and Opal •Noye parting
. -•`•
• '"‘Thlit„Wen,clownright.,tourdeirrnithere
na scarcely ; ;any life: to',,telte otit"of : him.
Wheiii , begtiO to pito,tite:pap,dtte:,..los ba
by rice; he preSsed'hiS.sinall
. . ,
er, (his arms, you :.
,w, were corded fast
to his body) and ft -, : pie me a beseechiog
Molt, jutii. as the . Cal 'sill lick the butcher's
hand. But - eattli4: of speak;.the crea
ture muttered,' 'Pt' ''iir, dOn't hurt me.'
'My dear,' inswe; t,J,',,eyou should have
spoken to the nuts : , :"I'm only the jour
neyman, and innst :. ( its•l'm bid.' This
. made him cry, nliti ( - 2. seemed to relieve
him, and I do,think. should have. cried
trq . eelf, ill hail n0t.,,1 . +rd ahoutrifroin the
crowd-'Poorlanibl: lathe'- -murder!'-
' 'Quick; saidthe s'neii . 4 Ready,' said I.
The Reverend 'Ot r itl”ian - gave me the
wink, the--drop fat - ,- e .kick; and he.
swayed to - and fro, ilea as.the" feelings'of
the 'Christian wide a , ngland. '
. "The crowd dia?era. ; some swearing,
some Weeping' ivith:Ji : Sionate exelatna
lions.; some swearing , a if hell had broke
• loose; ' and some Nag! g; while they
cracked - black-guard 'ink on • you . and me
i i
and the parson and the - "ngling corpse.
'They Came for - ,the- ° ht,.they would
• have:come .to see •an a el murdered.—'
They had come to get d nit with excite
went; and the went back .eling and -filthy
' with the luit debaucli. - ' 'I eyllail - come to
riot in the *sinew of tea and pity :, they
went back, 'some in a fcv of rage, some
burning with hate, some itriletied in heart
like me, Or you; all sunk down in - •their,
(tarn respect, ready
~to Mato light of pain
.and blood, corrupted by theledecent shear.
• and more fit than ever to inale work for us,
the judgeand the hatignian.A 2.. .
.0 'wise law matters! wholltink-to' soft
.ee hearts of the people ; la make them '
gentlel'and good 'to. give the a feeling- of
respect for themselves and ottilrs, by show=
inn' them a eight•like this! -1.--,`?
- 771C'Hindoo Girl,.—The ; 'lowing in
teresting fact - wa - s stated in ti - rcent lectuie
by itli.:•Pierpont;--- .' 1 . • -
"At the present • day,' the Uneducated
Hindoo:giri, by use ollidltands sum
.ply, could surpass in, delicacy lid fineness
of texture, the production of tl most pur
:feet machinery, in the manilla() re of mit--
ton-and - muslin cloths. In Et(l,
land, cot
ton, Nail been spun so fine that ii would re
quiie a thread of . four Madre(' til_ninety
miles in length to weigh # pottnlF—but the
Ilindoo girl had, by, her liands, - •elmstructed
a thread, a hich would 1# nire tobe exten
ded ono thousand miles, weigh g, pots iul ;
and the Daeare i mistli t .r. - .,. , 40.r . tr.r.0ar , - , -»., , , ,-
wite - n - :" - iffeea - ii -- iiii the gr find and covered
with dew, were no long, visible."
It is a very errnneou
less some folks entertain
get along . very well with.
"these hard times:"
The admirable Washii on correspon
dent of the, United States • t ,zette, some of
whose letters otereaders !ll inive seen, in a
recent communication. sp4ks of the men
and times, that have
- been," tid that are; as
follows: . - - -
"Being one of the OLD ' nom,, it will,
perhaps, be said by • those ho feel them
selves obmitious lo the . renarks -I have
made, that- it is to be expeetell should hunk
upon nothing as rightand prefer that istlot
, ancienn—that, like most met have got
upon the shady side of io 4y, I can sue
.nothing in such bright color 4 now as I did
when young.. Perhaps it ig, so : for one
thing is certain; that when l call to mind
,the Hriuse of Representativerras it. was un
der the 'ghirious administratik of HENny
CLAY, when his• eloquence, and the elo
gamier, of a Calhoun, a Lowieles, a Web
ster, a Rodney, a Harper, a \Randolph, a
Pinckney, a Sirius, and other, kindred spi
rits, rang through its Hall, whn.e, enter and
decorum reigned, and high bisd - iiourtesy
characterized the - members, ,L, cannel but
draw a comparison between the bo\ly as it
. then -was, end as ii NOW iB, eomenhat fa
vorable to "the laldp,u time." Appe4s from
the. decision of the,. Speaker (Mr. Clay,)
were then rarely made, and his de isions '
serer reversed. The House was nt t then
kept in confusion and disorder by the eon -.J
stunt raising of points of order for thittptir
pose. The public opinion of the -body
would not Man ha, e tolerated l suchimpro.'
, per practices. • . • • . •1 1,
I Mr. Clays able speec iin support Of his
' propoaitiOn to restrict the Ryecutive.Pow
er, I observe, is, published and commended
by the leading Whig papers, Mr. f.ij has
in that speech shewn himself a sound ()eh
iicallphilosopher, and Me advocate of lther.:
al,, democratic do trines. The trtititis,
and i(cannot be denied, thaylie WhWare
in- . foirorof the
°FAA, people: !they
are the iVoint party, and the Journale , pf
tbe_tivci houses of Congress, whicl, give.,
the yeas •and nays on various important
question,%, will Blom It. Who in.fay,or.
of a fair and reasonable protection and en
courageinent of American 1a1i64 llieWhigs.,
Who were -the advocates of that benignant
measure Whieli - isrtThßeve the oppiesired
and set the prisMier free zhe,'Whigs.: - .
.- e.
' •
Whir oppose both.- these -meastirerit '.t,he
Locrifiros . ..: 'Whe hare been in ,fairof of
making those iniprovements• of rivers,, liar ,
bors,'&c - ,, which
. enhence the iretne.ille
property, facilitate the 'intercourse" tietWeen:
different perti of the - . Conittry, and •pronrioie
commerce? the-Whige. And it is the wigs
who are endeav'Oing to reducer tlie.exPen-.
, .
Ses of the GOvernment, so'be to relieve-the,
people of a pertioc e.Ctheir'bur`denis- 7 - --
'Mho, tom are -for - Maintaining the feith of
the rtates unbroken and Unternialted,•.sacred
. .
_at Carlisle, Caosberland County;
It intaMellilfas aa4.194
notion, nevertite
I , 6;4 printer's ran
t mongy (luring
011.11 TI
. . .
• .
as our - country ' s honor, anti bright 'as heel , ,4...Resoleed, That. in the adhistritent of
glory 1 the Whigs . while . the Locofoces, ! a tariff to raise an amount, of •twenty- six
wherevel' that faith•hae been broken and! midland nf 'reirenue,. the , princiPle, of the
the State dishonored, have been, the au-lentipromise act:generally shOuld'he adhe
thors.of the crime,. aad the instrumente of, red.totand that especially a maximum rate
the infamy. Who 'are the ahetutrs. Of re:, of ad valorem duties should be eatawlishetl,
pudiatien in PeansYlvitnial—thartit God.* from which-there ought to be as little de
soil is disgraced by the foot - of but a feW•a-,parture as possible. .. .
.. • . ''
are. they
,Whigs ? - no, no ; not re . Whig a- .7 rt. Resolved, 'rtlat the' provision's ofthe
mong them I will vouch. Once. more..•-6 1 ect-rOf the extra-neision for the .distribution
Who are the . friends-of. the Ilevalationaiil'of.the. proceeds of the, public lands,"requi
soltliers, and of those Who have been cries :ring the Operation of that act to be suspend-
pled in their country's service? the 'ayes ed in Aft. contingency of a higher rate_of
and noes by Congress will - answer, the duty than twenty per cent., ought to be, re-
Wiliffs. The Whigs, then, I repeat, are pealed. ••- '- -• • . • --, .
the true friends of the - people—the genu 7 I - ti,' Resolved, That his the. duty Of the
Inc democracy of the co u ntry; they go for Government, at all times, but , niore '&40;
the largest liberty, and- are for oustaining, eially its a nasal' such as now l'-eiists, of
the honor of the country, as well-as popu- general embarrassment and pecuniary'dis
lar rights."i tress, to abolish all useless institutions and
. .
offices to rurtait all unnecessary expenses,
and to practice rigid economy. • ....
From the - Richmond Whig,
Mr. Scott made the self-styled Demoera:
cy open their eyes; on Friday, when - he read
extracts from Mr. Jefferson's Messages, to
prove• Mat the "Father of Denuieracy'l tV_as_
not eitlys. in .favour of internal ImproVe
ments bk-Ae Federal • Government, but
woe warn) advocate of ti. Tariff.
Ow( Was . cOnclueive, .and produced quite
a sensation in the Hall.:
it is ,not generally known . that,Mr.
'Jefferson entertained these opinions, and
itilaci;•directly opposite ones •having been
attritnited to him we annex the extracts.-
It will be seen, that ihe,. in the spirit'Of an"
American, was net disposed te- give - For ! .
eignerSiin iitlyintageover our.own People,
and hie Democracy did not - illitulder at_the
i(1114 - 0E.ttropen n_du NB ries_fer_t he
sup_port Gpvernment and the encourage
ment of "Domestic Manufactures!" The
thity,•he says. falls upon the rieh, and he
puts ft to their"patrietism" to sziyiif they .
moult{ not prefer to pay- tles-tax, • iimti ap
pro•priate -the proceeds-to Roads:Pii?ers,
Canals, - We -*tilt, • Mr. •Jeffeisim
was Wrong in reecommendieg Internal Int
prgvements by the Federal Government—
ler we consider_that systent notszonly•uw
constitutional, but highly impolitic, and in
its tendetwies corrupting and consolidating.
Hut as to the policy in_taxing foreign luxu
nries for the maintenance of the National
Independence, and -fur the advantage trf our
own citizens over foreigners—we entirely
concur wiklt_binta.b.wa.t.tLzlo ie most:of his
pelitieal'vtews. • .
Here are the extracts—first -from
Nlessagein 1806, and.agam two years lat
er, from 'his Message in 1808,
• "The question, therefore; tiow,cenreafor-.
ward, to what other objects shall thevesor
plusses, he appropriated, and the whole sur
plus of impost, and during those intervals
when the ourpose of War shall not call for
diem ? Shall we suppress, he impost and
give that advantage to foreign over
'acetic Inarnfaciares? On a, few articles
of more general and necessary use, the sup-
pression, in due season, will, doubtleas he
right, but the great mass of articles im
which impost, is paid,•ure foreign luxuries,
purchased by those only, 'trim are rich e
nough to affml themselves the use of theM.
Their patriotism -would certainly prufer its
' continuance, and aMication• to the
purposes of public Education, Roads, RiV
ers,Canals and such - other objects of pub
improvement, As it may be thought proper
to add, to - the - Constitutional enumeration of
Federal, powers. By those operations
new channels of communication will be o
pened between the States; the lines of sep
aration will disappear, their ifiterests will
be identified, aqd their union cemented by
'new and indissoluble ties."—Jrgerson'a
Message 1860.
' , The probable accumulation Of the sur
plusses Of revenue beyond what call be. ap
, plied to the payment of the public debt.
whenever thefreedom and, safety ()lour
commerce shall be resterek Merits thevon
sideration •oftongress. Shallit be unpro
ductive in the public vaults ? Shall
revenue be.redueedi Or shall it not rather
he app*priated Oie improvements of
Roads, 'Canals, Rivera, Education, and
other great foundatioOs of protiperity aiid
union, under the power 'Congress
may already pOssess, or such amendment
of the Coniititution os,may be approvill by
the States 1 1 '...ltrerson s e .4feti,,vage, MB.
The following are the resoltitiritte Of Kr.
introduced into-the Senate on Wed !
neaday: •
• 1.: Resoivid, That it ;a the duty of the
General Government', for conducting
ministratiOn, to provide an -adequate rave-,
nue Within the year, to meet the ,current
penSes:ol the year.; and that any caritriliek,
either . hy loan or•Treastiry 'notes, to,suprdy ,
in time of Ocoee, a . tlefleitiney'revenue,
especiiik - during •sutieessive „years, is un-,
wise, and must lead to perniefous Coniequeii=
, Resolved,• That such an idectuate fe
-venueriannot he
, ohtained by Oup , s,on,fih•-
eign• intitiirts • ts'lttlnintr . adnpting 'higher
rate . than SO per'eent.; ,ati.lprovitleil . Pr in
the emplininitise jet, 'w HA, at the time of its
p'assaga, tvas s,upposed,,aud aisunted Ati a
rate that would supply tititiNetit,.reyenife'
cur economical aclinitiiiitratiOn "of.. the .
•Vroverninent. - •••. - • • • .
3. Res°kid therefore, 'Vint the rate , of
duti'es on foreign imports ought: to , hefittg
mented beyond die'rate of,twentY,per cent.,
so as to prodnee n nett 'revenue of pvertky,
six miilione of dollars-4, for 'or
dinary .expenses "or,oovonmeris, two for
the payment Of die existing debt, and two
million, as' a reserved, fund for gontinguen-
I . 7.' Resolved, That the eontinguent
penses ,of 'the two Ifouais of Congress
ought to. be greatly reduced; and' the
sae of members of Congress ought to ho
;reg:Olateiland more Clearly clef ned.
8., Reitifur d, That the expenses of the
judicial department of Government have:
rnflate years, been greatly, increased, and . be diminished.. .
9. Resolved, 'That the diplomatic..rela
tions of the United States with -foreign.
Pottirs have Iceen unnecesiOry extended
during:the laet twenty,: - ea rs; an - d
Ge ledneed. •
1., 10. Resolved, That the (ranking
lege . beliwther restricted. abusive
uses of - it rts,-trained and 'punished, the post
age on letteriW4Uced, the mode
. of estimat.
file distances - miire clearly defined and pre
scribed, and a .small. additidn to
. postage
hooks, , pamphlets and packages
transmitted by the mail; he gratin:tied
and 'increased accortling4o_their respective
weights. : •
li—Remoked, That the Secretaries of
State, of the. Treasury,
.of War, and of the
Navy,l)epartments; and the Poinuaster
- GenrraLbe severally, directed, as soon as
practicable, to..repOrt what' offici , s can be
abolished, and'what retrenchments of pub.
lie expeinliture ran be made: tyithont pub;
lie detrintent,-in the respective hranches'of
the public service under their charge..
"In reply to a resolution of the Senate in
relation to the nomher and rule of appoini
ntents of the Cadets at West Potot, thie
- Bceretary of War states that the number
of Cadets tallteentiittihe Academy is 240,
and that they am apportiourd among the
several States and Territories as COHOWS ;
From Maine 8 lowa 1 •
New Hampshire 4•Distrfct of •
Massachusetts 9 Columbia .4
Rhode island . 1 Appointment' ' ' et
Connecticut - 5 large being generally
Vermont . 9 the Ilesendants oink
N,e.w York • 33 fi xers and soldiei's 'of
New Jersey 4 the Revolution and of
Pennsylvania .22 the last war, appoint
'Delaware 1 ed as follows :,
Maryland . . . 4 Sons ofliving and de-
Virginia 17 ceased officersoftlie
North Carolina 8 army & navy 2l
South .Cardlina .7 From Virginia ; • 4
4 Maine
12 P-
Kentucky , _ .'ennsylvania
Tenneoice 12 New York 1
Louisiana 3 Rhode Island -
Mississippi . 2 Maryland
Alabama 3 Ohio . • 2
7 South Catoliiiac I
2 Charged to no State 1
Itansna • i Total at largo 39
Michigan - 2 •
Flornia 1 Total now in the
Wisconsin 'l. * Academy
The , itrrangement . which .noW exists in
the; War Departinent respecting the.ap.
portionment Of Cadets, sp . tuit to apportion,
them among the several States, is stated - to
be this : • - .
• In :the month of_Febrnary. - or March an
nually, the., appointments are made
Ilritoutthe.applicatits whose names nre on
the register: Care being taken to distribute
them as nearly ziefcircinOtanceit ill permit,
en as nigiie one Cadet to each entigreesion
.ll district, e2cepting iwthe Staler 3 of ba n .
Ware, Arkansas and Michigan, which in
consideratiin of the large
fraction in the first and the grotving pnpu-.
la tioa of the.ethere , . are allowed: two:cadets
it 'further stated that the law,s regulating'
-the number ,- ofeadite itithesewlnty . ,'have
been" so-construed ns to fis the greatest,
*ther of Ofideis•admissible into h at 260;
,thee.v.erag,e ..nuphei • in" the aysjen4
during' a, 'whole:year has:pot..exceedMso.
Fat,al Sffray.—The New Orleans Cres
cent City of Alto Bth,instant. says . :—,We
learn, from ,Ed.or. - Morton, of the steamer.
Reilk, that a fatal airr!ily occurred at Lewis.
horgOirkensati. .betneen Dr. Menifee'and
M ,r, P,hillips, whisk bothmertrkilled. ,
Bemotlitlferenre arose :Aleut a.nete in pos
sesliott of on them:They accidentally
,pietnis and fired. , Men ire°
thergreia,,and jn-theshoul.
der. They than' drenv.gowie Olives and
eleSe,d• on
,eselt "other. , . At: diefirst , cut,
Mange°. was.:pearly (savored in,. twis e -,and
sh.ool424bitiao /9 1 d - entirglY : op!, ll .
Both expiria, op the spot.
am* Diamaatze c?.- r ec, tfeti;
lowing. letter:from.
its editors now in the 64 of Mexico 1,• •
u• • • ALexitO,,TuNsaai EVENI:O4i.
Seven -o'cloclirlati-i, 7 :251842.` ;• •
Good news,! • Mr. klayei,-See:tetary og.'•
Legation to the AtoeticaOl Minister, pa 6, .•
jtud•called at 'my room idformed MO
that. young Combs is. li.bvrtetl!:' Santa
Ando this - morning ,sent fur hbri, eud: gave
brim'his liberty, quite unexpectedly to fvery;
body' here.. I.le•Waa - conducted to the Alin
liters apartments, and: placed under libp:
protection, by Santa A.nua.ts orders./ and iii .
hie own cacriage.: . . . •
Theother priooners are yet in chains,__._
and_ and are all mails to work - in the streets,:
I ain• greatly, in hope that, when Mr. ' .
Kendall arrives,,w4ipl must certainly be id
a few, days, he will soon be released.,
I look upon, the liberation of COtobs as .
favorable-omen. . -
A letter. of, an,eitlier date states that the.
following A meritans (being part, of those,attached to the Banta Fe epeddien)_Aiere
iti~liaios iii the oily of Mexico :. • •
F. T. Cdirilii,Tourist. S.' 13 • Sheldon, Miss.
P. Men•liaitt: .1. It idler, of Penna. -
'rhos W. Adurns, Ten. 11. Gbalabeelain,
Paine ' • " J.• A. Caniniings;
Jos. 11: Rogers, '" • -F. L. Walker, " •
Adms, of Ke'intieli, P. W.. Gilmore, _" •
E. MeClaualam • " F. 11oLlivs.1 :
It ' " Tl. AL:',lnstrie, N.
Sunel - Hinitei•, • "" (LW.- tinned.- I" • '
-- 3iii. - L - 71‘5171 7 y, • . 0
Hap: Coviligton, P. Scurhorinih,, "
P. WWI?. ,
foil% Mass. S. Bower, , • ' -
.C. White, Louisiana. Deo. Barbara, Co n t. .
D. White'," • F. Toe
Ceo. . Grove. Olito. .
Jos M. Eilp,ar,NS .1. M. D. uovif, S. C:
Lets. Bailve,.New York.; Deo a 'killer, VA.-
A !nay) Ytory ". . Whytti•S..C. .
1,. Thigaione _". N. G. Hudson,'Ala.
711% E. "• Jot.' Ward, Ca..., • . ;
John Lewis; " • • Wtu. Steger, Misd.•• " •
John Talk, ----- . • •
Non ey • :Tars in .1-)it
Pitislifirg•Gaiette of Monday t o t ys. : ..-.1v10 1 c,-
of our brokers dirline. purchasinz Ohio
111011(W, at all, except the - notes of (111: , ejle s! ,
c i a . p a 'y 1):)11 !is.
.bond currency, Such as liiiti4l4,iiio,irtito4,l
an d Wilecliiiii,paper, and soloe , .tititke h . esi .
of the Ohio 'banks. and Nileir diej)l3bOn.., -
Ocanan. Franklin hank Colniohia,
tnotah, Zanesville, Mmtietta, St Clairsville,
N1'.e5t"rn.,14...1.rxe.....V, 10-per
c-enidiscount. 13:10s of Hamilton. AVoolk •
for, IJrbnua mu) (3rsov,;ll I)lllTh:tined
flank of Cleveland and CornuPrelai •
of hike ) rie . are . rated 2d• per .cent.
below currency. or :30 per cent. below par.' ,
The banks of Chillicothe, • Lancaster and
Clinton Ituit' of Colo,rokEs.pre rated 10 er
'tent. beloweurreni , y, --- nr - 407-pei"ciTni: be•
low par. , The Bank of Pittsburg we un
derstand refuses to reeeive'aiiy hank notes
whatever, exeept her own s either in pay..
rneni, or on deposit.
...Better...toking',the benefit if the
Bankruptdct.;—A gentleman. of a neigh.,
boring, town called on a friend . a
.feW Hayti. '
since, and asked the loan Olfa 4tundred -
!ars to enable him to take the benefit pram. -
Bankrupt. Act. I 1 is friend inquired the a-. .
mount of his indebtedness. '7Two.theits
and dollars," was the reTdr. --- liere . ,-,-saitt•
his friend. is the hinulred, dollars, but in.:.
stead of using in she Way!you propose, call .
on your eredjtars, pay them five per cent.
of their claims and get discharged by them
from your . obli!zations. The • man .did as
-advised, and the . .f., , llowing day
made n aettlement .of aft the claiMs ndiiingt
himHarifard COurapt.
Rank :Enjoin ed.-1 ho N. -NV 'York:
Eipress of—Saturday says:—The 132uvIcH
Commissioners praced an injunction on the,
,Fayette Bank of NeW ,York,tbittAsy at
12 o'clock. The institutionArap been quite
a feeble one for slime time, much embarras
i,ed and not in good credit. Tint amount
of Bills in Circulation: is nut largo and '.ther
ileposites moderate., Bath, wi,H.,be paid.
and there. will. be someihini left for the,
stockholder , much Oisappointment.
will beffelt-by the creditors._ 'nye closing,.
of.the Bank excites no forattention, t War
not unexpected.
. , •
Prositleo—deote N:l3rigge, of Mas.
sorliosptior • . ."
rice Prctidents-..Thortins W. Gilmer,
of Virginia; Thomas penry, of Pennsyl.
twilit Samuel S. orki
Thomas ,Maisfnill..of..Kenturky.;::Ed•
mon& Deberry.. of North Curolitia;, Harvey
WattersonEof'rennessee;Jcifiril7hornp. •
son .Moson. of Marylon:4; ; Ctritrarf.Morris.'-
nf Mai; .I•ohiTlUttaeltS; :of Vermont.
• Secretary-301in :M:1)601trt1;,.0(..
p rcas pr fr H,sCol- ' ol . .; Pli.tek, Ni.Npy . k.
4x.ciulipe ConuriOic•-4Liiil';:(3 l .Men. •
of Georgia; Williams, of:Voimeeti
cut; James, rvin t of -
of . ; 4ewist
Arggs.of.'New York: . r. :
. . _
• ; Important Case.--The case of 2clward ,
Prigg, in. Error, against Alta Corn
Ilion wealth of, l'e,ntiev;v,a,liia, is pendintbe
fore the .Soprerne.:.:Qeort or the :,United •
:tunes: ° - Mr. Joiison; , ttorneyAilefierOrof_
Per.ossylvania.:;''ilOssll , rgliiilerit . , on
Thursday.. ease. :out or •
tilos seiz.brilar: , oigio‘iii'die Slitle:, 'Pinn.. •
lake;:.,s'ild." -earl ',111411: info
witlicnif no Order of ,rodge,or Dilkw,iii.rute.. •
It:ltas lotto rending for e ome years.
fEX A N SANTA FE EX E j'l'l (YN;