Newspaper Page Text
'"ViD7AIITZIR ZillaILIN"IiIVO QS%
firocetiOA !. GroceripS ! !
•A fresh, lot of Brown and Loaf Sugar; prime Cof
fee, Molases;.Cheese, Chocolate; also all kind of
- -- . - : — Spiceailte,ite. - . -- Just received and for sale by
• - ' CHAS. OGILBY.
Carlisle, Dec. 1. 1841
Glllll. 141100 S.
just . receiv .
ed - 150:pair .of Gum Shoes,and
sale . obOap by
I DarDsle, Deo. 1, 18'41
Indian.- Vegetable Pills. . - •?
Just received a fresh lot of the genuine ' lndian
Pills. ' ::: -, .. -• CHAS. OGILBY.
- Carlisle, Pe0..1,1841. .
.' Caps Caps
• Clotli,Silk Velvet. Tabby Velvet, Celctt, Hair
Seal, and Fur C,91)8 ofall sizes and shapes, just Open
ed and selling taut reduced prices.
Dec._ 41841.. - •
Call antl i , sne.the.large lot of--Boats-and Shoes.l
bought at auction, which I intend to sell by the case
"or - dcitibii, cheaper than eve. . • -
CE AS. 11ARNITZ.
Carlisle, NoA4, 1841. '
ann.& ry fo r it e n
The subscriber:offers for rent the superior Tan
: ning establishment, reeently the property of David
S. Forney, dec't r situated on the cornrr
. of East and
drouthct snreets, 'thitliorongli . of Carlisle Pa..
It is.the , tritast cOmplete.propertv-of the kind in the
;place or 'its lodationt9nivi
• I‘ll 7 ll . 11 , 1 .9 tory .
7.1 ft' S-t one D n.g
-4 E I •
• • 1. IT sip • •
- fine_miLden_ anti I rather: lafildintsatitev-nitcesarTio
'carry on the tanning htisiness: _ _ .
Possession given on the st of April 1841. Terms
made known on application to
Opposite the Carlisle Batik
November, 24, 1841. . .
'IP, T,E23....., 00 CZ .0.
• I have just returned from the city with n .seapnd
supply of Winter goods; such -aerCloths, Casimetes,
Sattinetts, Flannels, Blankets, Slat w Is, Sec. Ste., Which
• have been selectee' with care, and which will be sold
as cheap if not cheaper, than at auf other establish
:. ment in the borough
_ . • ._
,•Caldlske, Nov. 24.'1841
'Boots and Shoes..
59 Caiseis or, hums aml shoei receivetrfrem..aut
wltielt I have purchased at prices that will east
'ble_me to sell cheaper thaii any other establishment
in the county. -• _ _
01 PERSIAN EXECUTION.
When we'finked, found' myself en
closed in a dense ring.of spectators, in the
midst-of which stood a-great ,brass mortar,
raised on• a mound of earth,•andteside it,
stuck in the ground, was a linstock with a
lighted match. The mussukehees ranged
themselves on each side of this engine, and
it was not without some difficulty that I
succeeded in•• - gaining a 'favorable position.
Having taken my station, I began to, look
around me, and saw the efficerS of justice
still, pouring into .the circle, which was
widened for their reception by dint of blows.:
-After them;or - Tatherbettveen --- them cam&
the prisoner.: She was enveloped from
head • to foot in a black robe, which also
covered' her face; her step was firm and
her.carriage stately; she .frequently spoke
a few words to an eunuch that accompanied
her, but the noise was so great that I could
hear nothing of their discourse. As she
approached, the. spectators beeaMe more
quiet, and when she lied reached the mor-;
tar not a sound was to be heard. They
led her in front of the mortar, and yet • her
step never faltered; neither. did She efetik
or implore, as is common for even men to
do in her situation; neitherdid . she curse as
some do; -neither did she weep: they told__
her to kneel down, with her breast against
its muzzle, and she did so. • They put
cords around her wrists and bound them to
stakes; which had been driven for the pur
. posei, Atel;howed nn signs of emotion.
Pi:met:Am ATION. . She taiiPher head upon the mortar, and
WHEREAS, the Hen. SAMUKL iiErBURN.Pre.• waited .her fate with a composure thiit a
sident Judge of the Court Conimon Pleati soldier mig g
ht • have' envied . . • -At length the
in the 9th District:, composed oldie couutieeol Cum- ,
was given, the match teas , raised, it
berland, Perry' and Juniata; sand the Hon. John signal
'Stuart and John LefeOre, Judges ef ihe said Court of descended slowly,
and at that m oment it
Common Pleas of the county of Cumberland; hire was about to touch the powder, an audible
limited their precept, bearing date the 19111 day of
November,lB4l; mid. to me directed; for' holding a shudder ran through; ,the crowd. The
Court of Oyer and Terminer and General-Jbil De- priming caught fire—k sickening suspense
livery, and General Quarter Sessions of the Peacei, followed—a groan burst from .the.specia
at'Carlisle, on the • " tors—the smoke passed away—no qecimd Monday of t fanuary, 1842,' Sion followed =- and the tinfortunate 'wretch
(heing s the 10th day) at ten o'4loelt in the forenoon: raised her head to.sek what had happened.
NOTICE is hereby gsven to the Coroner, Justicea of
the Peace, and Constables °fate said county ofCum- A faint hope glimmered in. my'ow h t
berland, that they be then and there in:their proper that perhaps this was a • deviee to save. her
tpersonsovith their records, inquiiitions, exarnina- life, but ihe'irras not permitted to•live 1 00
lions and other, ermembrancen,to do those, thingsg
' , which to their offices respectfully appertain. And It had scarcely tegen to . rise within me,
those.whiittre bound by recognizance to , prosecute ,when I'saw the. priming renewed, and the
against the prisoners that are, or then may be, in the match raised again. The condemned wretch
'Jail of Cumberland county, to be then and there to laid her head once more on fie: pilloW,
liroseente against them as shall be just. • •
Dated at Carlisle, the 20 day of December, fs4l, ,uttered a' low groan, es. ifher •
spirt t and
and the siaty=siath year of ,AmoriCilli Independenc.e: rted, iehadseareely been utte - 9d witie
• • PA.UL , MARTIN,' Bherifr. , -
Carlisle, Nov. 24,-1841
Kayo az GAPS.
I have jun returnedirorn the city with the latest
style of F ur ,. Cloth and Glazed Men's and Boys'
Caps. Also,Brnsh Hats, for sale eheap;bv
Carlisle. Nov: 24, MI
Gum ,Shoes! .
, A lot of3len's Gwn Shoes for sale at cost by the
G. W. HITNER.
CHEAP - . READING
Pet ons,wvhing to purchase cheap reading, are
requea ed to e. 411 on the subscriber in Carlisle, where
cosolie had MagAzifies of all descriptions; and sold
at the publishers prices tree of postage. • •
Fur bale as above: •
Graham's Magazines, Lady's Book, •
Ladies' Com pa ion; Doll ir Nlagatzine,
People's Library, Young People's Rook;
Ladies' A maratith; Knickerbocker,
New York Visitim, Fowler on Matrimony - ,
Bicknell's Coemterfeit - Brother Jonathan,
De.ectot:,; N. World;
Boston Nce,Ton, Universal Yankee Nation,
Weekly Herald, . Public Ledger,
Daily Chronicle, Spirit of - the Times,
Nt*.i , York Daily Herald •
Tragedv of the Seas, Life iii• R.-Whale Ship, and 'a
variety 'oT Comic AI manacks for 1842. •
• Subseriptions received, for this principal
publications of the day. „
N. B. The Mammoth Brother Jonathan and New
World,-will be received and for sale on the first of-
January, 1842. • •
JOHN GRAY, Ag't..
SILKS & RIBBONS,,
'polio fury lateSt,style,, just received at the stori:of.
CIAPPINGER. & 'CAREY.
z . :Shippenstitirebeo; 32,1841. . •
• 071 ICE -
Estale- *John Sanders . Qn,
11,E'rrf.RS of Administration tie bonis
49 1 1 '1 cum Aestamento annexo, On the will Of Jahn ,
Sanderson, late of.Nortli Middleton townabip, deed, '
have' been isitted.in due forni'af law to the culocii
bee reaidink 1n the•hormigh of , Carlisle, NOTICE
—hereby givOijitall, , versontilutylin"p„,,Olaima against Celli
est4te,topreseofthem properly authenticated for Let
't.lement, and 'all "persona indebted' ire .retreated to
'make payiiieht•to•tliti aubaeriber:'' • '
• ..,.••••••JOI•IN,H; 'WEAVE
, • , • • •
• AsilgoicOship ;Acc9uitt.
Infthe COurt . qf Common PleaB o Cum-,
li'erliend :County DOrember. I,;',`
The Acton* of ' Mote! Fiby and hielchorltitinnt
mati,'AtitigliCe s of Maj. John Craighead, has been
presented, the Court by Melohoir Brenrieman, and
the '2(lllrontlav of January CoUrt (being the 17th
day)' appoliiiod.for' he confirmation end allowanee,
if no objectiont be .tnado--of which, all concerned
will; take- notice: ' •
• • , GEO. - iiii,NIIFoRSON PiettOy ,
" Carlisle, Dec. 02, - 1841.=-4t ' •
. . •
. • -,'• • -, , '
_ ...• 'Tr . ' . •• • , ,
d Uttercr len
the explosion took place,, and .the smoke
covered every thing front my view.
gradtiatly 'cleared away it drew - a veil from
over a horrid and revolting spectacle. 'The
two. bediless 'arrna hung witirtheirmangled
and bleekened from .the- - 'Stakes
Whieli; they , hatl o 'been, bound, and a .few
yard distant - lay
. a scorched and shattered
feet and leg.' No trace ot .. body nor,beed,
rremairied,' rind a feaLtjtietbd remnants 'of ,
clothes were all besides 'that, Were'loft.''
The arms. Were - unbound 'Trent - the stakes;
' wernen,''`Who . had isiped , :_fitrni the
ark at the sound :cif the •,eicplosibn, - rtished:
to the•Spot;‘ - seiied them, up; and concealing
thane:ender', their veils,' hurried' to . ther.ha-:
rein% with. these proofs 'that the.deManda - Of
itistirebed bean Alfilled. • '
• A young lady recently.event into It_ dry
goods ....store; and, asked - to 'see 'some -silk
'stockings. On looking 'at Ahem' she, in
quired 'how high they came, (meaning:the
pricelto w iich
..theelerk-r-O lad juetfrem
the . country- , ,replied, "Idir!t exactly
. know, --- but I guess. they conic up to the
A FAMILY NEWSPAPER:-DEVOTEp. TO NEWS POLITICS LITERATURE,:THEARTS AN'IrSCIENCES AGRICULTURE AMUSEMENT, &C. &C.
Edited_snd-- Publishedfor ihe .Propriam's, at Carlisle Cumberland County, Pa.
• • , "
wmummoupa' arcul Levande aalawia.ualr ae.,asas.
. , I
Fanny Elsslei has instituted a suit for Ii - I The state °typo Tempt e
1)01 against Park Benjamin, the editor of and Bridge stock
)the New World, and laid the damages at The State owns Canal and
get The State owns Railroad stock,
I $20,000.' The. Hariisbtirg . Reporter Pre. Navigation stock„, ' 831,778 66
Idiots that the great daunsee will never 350,546 96
rich by suing poor editors, and advises 'her Money due on unpatented lands '
to "lake to her heels." • . estimated at, ', ' ' r 000 000 00
!Pa, has' the got. a mouqt?'.'
"No, my dear." , . „
-"But, Pa, did'nt I hear, you say It whin
iledr4ind how could it whistle without a
"Sally, put that child to bed." •
A neighbor of ours informs us that wood
goes further, whgn left, out of doors than
well housed; some of his having gone up
wards of a quarter ora mile in one night.
live in - Julia's eyes," said an affected
r dandy in Colman's hearing. • " do'not
wonder at it," replied George, -"'s,inceJ
oblerved she had a sty in - them when 'saw
My dear Laura .how can you conde
scend to' marry that 'odious Mr. Snuff?"
asked one younglady of another, "Why,
Jane, L think I can take him at a:pinc/t,"
was ,the witty rejoinder;. .
. , .
'<.:Wily:aire,opil...sitie-walks.l . ,li4e- music
; Because if-you - doo. c'ehrirOyeikt #fla
Thick booli, double-breasted coats and
getting marrieil o .we - 'recommend before the
weatifec:geis any colder. - •
"To be shaken. when. taken," mattered
a man while chasing a boy for stealing:hie
To the.Senale and House of Repreeenta
- siva of the Commonwealth .of Penn
Sylvania. - -
7 - Fkil.o* CITIZENS r :-.T;-111 performance of
the duty enjoined on me 'by. the Constitu
tion, I proceed to give you "web informs
, lion of the state of the Commonwealth,
and io recommend -to your • consideration
such measures, as I think expedient, at the
present time. The discharge of this duty
is in many. respects, beset with difficulty,
but this does not absolve me from the obli
gation'eieated bymy - official'station.'' In a
spirit of perfect frankness, -shall .submit
to you the best dictates of my judgment,
and shall beltappy if, in•your wisdom and
experience, you can so modify and improve
them as to protnote a greater degree, the
welfare of our common constituents, the
people of this. Commonwealth. • -
Thesubject of deepest interst, and great
est perplexity, that calls for our attention
is the financial condition of the 'State.—
Altheugh L•have on several former OCCe
slims, entered into a full end minute expo
sition of this matter; I cannot refrain, from
again. presenting your•eonsideration,
- in--a manner so. distinct - - and - plain;' as to
preclude, I trust, the possibility of . miscon
ception on the part of those who feel an
honest deSire to understand - it. I am:per
suaded that however entharrassed may be
the pecuniary affairs of tile Commonwealth,
nothing is • needed to induce the people to
proVide means to extricate tliem4bnta clear
and candid exposition of the nature. and
extent of, the liabilities to which they are.
snbject. The time for concealment, eva
sion and deception on this - point is: at an
end. The: contract has been Made.- ~, h o
faith-of the State is pledged, and every
consideration of duty - anti of honor re - quire
Of us to 'know our• tree • condition, and to
..provideradequate means to ineeteur -
i itStns, and to redeem our •pliglited faith. •
There ie due by this State, to the-United
States, lin account of deposite ,•of surplus
revenue' t the sun) of 82;867,51478. The
funded debt of the State, amounts to 0 - 36,‘
3.31,005 . 68. Tide debt it) reimbursable ae
$270,081 87 in the year 1841
62,500 00 " ' 4 1 844 ,
.3,5j 6 ,568 81 " 1840
50,000 00 " " 1047
1,000,000 00 " , 1850
2,000,000 00 " " 1853
3,000,000 00 " " 1854
2,783,161•.00,, " " 1856
1 ,070,661 00 " " 1858
1,250,000 00 1 ` " -1859
2,648,660 00 ' 1 1860
120,000 00 " " 1861
3,2 1 45,000 . 00 • " ' 4 1882
2 0 0 ,00.0.00, " " 1863
2,515,000 00 • " " 1864
1,707,910.00 " " 1865
2,524,000 00 " ' 1 1. 1868
1;957;30.p0 ".;,, 1870
-04,0ip8 - 1 - 007it.eipirstion of
twin banh charters.
Total - $36,331,005'68
TiOB debt has been contracted for tite.fol
For. Canaislutd Railways;.s3o,oss,ol3 68
To pay interest on the pub? •
lie debt, 3,304,503 00
rot' the use Of the Treasury 1' 571 689.00
Far Turn pileef. SLate,lloaoo
, Bridgei, ,',1:930,000 00
For 'the Union Canal, ,, .;, `200,000,00
For .the Eaeiern - PenetintiorS'y 120,000 00
For Abe, Fr 4004, Railroad. 1 001 800 :0 0
For theFimn'a and Ohio Canal,. 50,000 00
Tlio value of our euli'lieltU
provipipnto,' : 08 40 3 .ared , at' •
'.504,1 , 9id4 3a
Cost, is :.
The Siate:an'tne bank, eteqk , ,
: :which peat;, elsjiar; ' ' 2;168,70,000
.1.- $924,950 15
The sum in the- treasury, applicable to
'this object, on: the first day of- this month
independent of what:will-be received dur
ing the month, was .$1,029,936 38 more
than is necessary to pay the interest dice
on the first •of February next.
In relation assessment- and col
lection of the State lairs, under the act of
11th Jtine . 1849; the greatest delinquency
is found with thE:'•cotinty : Commissioners.
No •return or statement has been received,
from several of the counties, although're
quircd by the fiasectinn of the said act, to
be transmitted to the Auditor General on
or before the first Monday of September,
in each'year. 'lris therefore out of my,
power toinforin you . of
~ the amount asses
sed under said act. From the information,
however,' received, I feel warranted in say
ing-that it.wilt amount to.about half a'mil-
lion, or within a fraction of -it. Time
mount will he considerably increased by the
valuation and assessment provided, by • the
" act to establish a uniform ,moder for dig
valuation of property and assessment .of
taxes," passed ,15th May last; the . returns
of which are required to be made to the
auditor General Within. the present month,
and will be laid before you as soon as . re,
The duty of the county 'commissioner's
to make returns tifjhe assessments, dr,c.. to
the Auditor Oetieral, imposed • by law.
seems hot .to .be , ,desigoated and enforced
with sufficient precisitin and certainty:—
To secure its' faithful 'peeformance, I re
ecotumend a revision of the law..
During the-existing state of things; the
'continuanee' of taxes assessed, for the pay
ment of this interest, or at least of taxes of
-some kind , for-this-purposei—appears to be
indispensable,. If, the 'distribution of the
objects of taxation, or the mettle of levying
and Collectitig,'ihe tax be unfair, or 'oner
ous, undoubtedly the. evi,V should be
I have heretofore, declared my determi
nation •to do all that belongs to this depart
ment tlimeet faithfully the engagements of
the,state and to maintain unsullied; the cred
it Of our Coirimonwealth:, • My
sentimmita in relation to theie matters have
undergone ho change,iind I am 'pleased to
find' that ou this 'stihject; there: is no diver
aittof opinion amont,the. great mass• of
the citizens Of the state., All agree that,
whenever the constituted authorities of:the
ComMonwealth, have, entered into' iigage
tnents'conformably' to:the. constitution
law,s; `whether these engagements, have
been characterized . due:pi'lideitee and a
proper regartlM the' interests of the. Public,
or not,. the,-hener . or tho'otate;i46ropiiim
-I‘ence of, oh . republica n institutions and a
saered• regard to the'snoctity, public en
gagemeets, reqUire that the Tesourees of the,
Om — mmeewealth; -and, the
,energies, o er
citizens, lie,''put reptiaitine,:to,..Meef her
public' engagetnehts promptly,,,punctualiY,
and_unliesUatirgl}'. Ii ,is,
and , ,earneatlY__lrgOLl4vOh ‘ ..4Le_
Legislature, to take. the.
the earlieet4ipPsible tley, tC l :?unsPitkit.hio.iW
As the most efficient means that.have, Rot',
cerred tn. my, nintl, I. would soggesObo'
'fallowing, course.: Let the ..Legislutnie us
`certain• from the financial depOrtmenis,l
both,. the ordinary% revenue; and• the amount
meeeltstiry to be raised,' annually, for, the
Payneent of the interest , on, the,:state deht,•
and the ordinary experises-of taVertnent•
Let Orovision,.also;-ho made:":te , cover all'
poisible gontingeneies and4nsties ow collec-,
Lion, , Add, to this sum.'.,thcittAh'eter
Small, for a 'sink log „fiend, to be applied an.
tiufilly to the exiteguiehminit of tho , prinel.. 2
pal. of ^fee pumia : debt,:. and apportften;_it-'*',
p o .
nt the several Cordes oltheiCommon
- Total, • , 036,426,239 78
The iantriediete - diflieulty, of our situa- .
timi, arises.. mandy frOnt,the , payment o f
theAnterest annually. accruing on this debt.
This interest is 241001;800,000; and this
stim, it is:incumbbnitnrilie State, O pivyide
as it becomes dtie. The inconsiderable
portion of the funded debt, now redeems ! .
ble, can be doubilesi postponed until more
auspicious times, but the Interest admits of
no such postponement. This_ is in a great
measure payable to thOse who cannot af
ford to • procrastinate . its reception, and
'whose means of subsistence depend, on
the faithild adherence of the State, to its' .
solemn engagements with its loan holders.
The income especially appropriated to the
payment of this interest, is derived , from
the following sources,• to wit :—tolls on
canals and railways, auction duties, tax on
collateral' inheritances, dividends on turn
pike, bridge entl•navigation-stoelts, escheats
and dte . •tax :le,ried ort- real - and .perbonal•
, • -
amount received.froin..endl:Of these
several sources, during the last fiscal yew'.
ending 30 oflsloyeinher last, is as foll Owe:
. ways, • • - . • - 0762;360 44
• " Auction duties, . 77;022 18'
tolaterai inheritances, ' 21`,59.1 43
" Dividends on turnpike,
- bridge, and navigai.
14- Tax - on real and person.;
al property, &C.
Wealth; designating amount to be paid
by each, by an Uniform apportionment, ac
cording in the triennial, or last assessm ents,
with snail corrections and' equelization as
shall be' found
.necesiary,..aiid on : the same
objects. now taxable, or
,any other,that the
Legislatnre may thik preferable. Let ad- .
equate a.ndeertain,Penaltiee - be irripesed , on
each- county commissioner for - omitting to
have the duplicates issued in time, and on
each assessor for the nein-performanee - of his
dUties, und,alliv the county such a preini
umz as Shall . be thought right , - if its full
quota .be paid into the TreasUry. Otter be
fore the day required by law... It is believ 7
ed that a committee of • the Legislature
would - be as competent a board as could be
raised, to opportion the quotas of the seve
ral counties,.as above mentioned, aided, a s .
they will be, by the late . assessmentir end
census: • The establishment of this system
by law, would place_ the fund - to theettlie
interest on the public debt, on
foundation, and •silenee . forever all doebts
winch interested speculators might,seek to
raise On this subject. _ . .
• But it is not onlyto — tlielciaiflialders of
the Commonwealth, that she ought to
be just in meeting, • her ; . 'engagements: A
regard - to. economy, .;as as: justice, to'
the•men who labor open *die, repairs of our'
eannia,and.rail-'reeds; requiree -- that
should be ;laborer
is worth follais hire, enkl IS as meritorious
a creditor, as .ilte• Commonwealth has; and
it - ii - absolutely — disreputablethat - lie - slionld
he dependant on the borrowingel money
for his •pey, and be .unable •at 'times. for
months together, to proeure as much for
- his labor as will buy him a loaf of bread.
It iv relpectfulltisuggested, that --when-a
bun-dant meads from taxation are provided,
to meet the-interest of the state debt, that
the tolls on our public Works shall be -first
applied. to their repairs, so that • we,inay
knoW - , at a •glance, to what the nett-reve
nue; if any, arising from them respectively
• 'lt is not to be disguitied that we - are
deeply in debt; and that the times call for
an unquailing fearlcssness in, our public
' functionaries, to meet the emergency, and
to provide the means for our extrication.—
'The people are already burdened with tax
ation and ;hose burdens cannot be dimin
ifwe expectsto pay our debts. The
I conduct and motives of those wild make
ptovision to pay.tbem, may be misrepre
rsentesto, and''for a time misunderstood:—
Prejudice, Rom the sordid feelings of in- -
terest, may - be invoked, and demagogues
and. unprincipled politicians will, .doubt
' less; attempt to use it, to answer their own
,purposes. But the responsibility. -is, :one
which . every honest public functionary
must.meet fai:ly.and frankly, and in so do
ing he will be eventually sustained. by the,
people at large, who never deliberately err,.
aiid *ha:always will . rewartl, with') their
Confidence, an honeat and fearlest devoliou
to their true interests, even, though it may,
at iirat, have met with temporary disapro;
The means to pay oil the loan under the
act of 4th May,:1841,--:tO pay the forego
ing creditors of the state, and the interest
on the public debt, must he provided before
the Legislature adjOurns. Sound policy,
nay common honesty, demands this much
at yoer hands, apd I am persuaded no
-member of the. Legislature will shrink from
a duty . enjoined by such considerations
thesel - • .
It will• be found on reference to the a
mount of taxes paid by
.the people, that
I comparatively a small portion - is levied to
I discharge the interest •on the public debt.
1 Although in klie aggregate the taxes are 6::
nerous, by far the greater amount . is absorb
ed in the ordinaiy - :ptirposee of township,
1 citrand - County affairs: - . I take great pleas
ure in stating the•fact,•that the increase of
the taxes for •the maintenance of the *faith
end honor of the state, has been regarded
in b*Spirit of patriotieduty by the public at
ilarge;.and• has been !Untie :without repining,
unless . ; indeed,- we except 'every, few 'per:
sons; "residing- in .portions of the skt__,lte Which
[ havreaped almost the mire - benefit of
'the - expenditure of the vast sums of money,
for the interest on •which theie taxes are
imposed. • I felt satisfied when, •I• - reccom
mended, early in my official career, the' re
'sort to taxation, instead of additienalloans,
to pay the
. interest atinually accruing, 'that
the enlightenedyeomanry of )Pennsylvania
would; glider 'the circumstances, 'sanction
the reccornmendation. ' I am 'now Tcotivin
eed-I did not mistake their trite 'charnel r;
nor can, the extraordinary' conduct - of so ti e
,person:!, pro , lessiog better principles, w,,to
first erged . the adopt* of the Ineasitre,`Und
afterWards , denounced 'those — who 'aCquies-
irti IT,. shake tor a momenf , my steadfast
conviction's'on this suhject. I always be
lieved the people would do' their duty, let
it coin whet it might; the first - instance is
...yekio_be_found AlLgur _history :when theY
ty h t; 'll% sl e - t i : ilitielied it,
,if rightly under
,The unprecedented increase, Of ourpop
:ntetion,and ileson,rees.„ canna fail, in a few
Years 'to, render odr imPrtivennenis se' &is-,
ireCiiie as. • to atiPereedo ' the,,necCsSity
taxation. The , ultimate value Of our stil
-1 'pentlousi sYstem of : . public '
ly,nab"be estinisted.,, They have alreadY
n(ldeltOn hicaleuhMe.arOgillal ni,value to,
the property of 'the citizens, pf the '9 ei
ipenFienkthi,, anftiven, earnest et , their
capacity for: future . usefulness.;'the travel :
and, transpoilatien npon them `Must increase
,in full' tirep(irtion,wtih the .. multipliestionnf
0 0 Itithaustlese re, l sp9roei.;.. NY-4. 0 !) it 1 P41,97
olteeted'oot 7 ille4qpi)rxitipn this Sl*
the'year 1800, was only 602,545; that in
I 1 . 820, - 4 was 1,049,313; and in'l64o, it was
-1,724,033; strewing an increase' within the
last: twerity years; exceeding the Whole
population -in - theyear.lBoo;: and when it
is-remembered that this imrineulte *reed'
ed and increasing population ha's imparted,'
and•is imparting , its intellect, - 'energy - and_
industry -to the improvements of the. - sgri-
Cultural,• mining, manufacturing and-com
mercid interests of the Commonwealth;
and that during- the past year, when trade
and business were
-greatly. depressed; when
the Delaware division was.not in use-Until,
about theist of August; and when the im
portant anthracite coal trade from the Wy
oming, Shamokin and Bear valleys, and
other intermediate points to tide; and the
bituminous coal•trade from the Allcgheny
Mountain, on the. West Branch, and. Juni
ataregionoo tide; have been barely corn
the:receipts Of amounted. to_
the sum - of' $762,260 difficult
to form a just "eatimate of the exent of
their future • usefulness and .extended re
- These - internar improvements, for the
construction of which the principal amount
of the State debt his_been incurred, consists,
of :68/ miles et - canal and' railways com -
Rioted, and --1651 -- ,Milea.. - of , - -canal Sin -frog
rase: Of,constrnetion and: O R !
The tiniAlted works are the followingt miles
The Delaware canal; kin Eas
ton totide at Bristol , - toln
Theinain-line7cif•canal . and rail- -
way from' Philadelphia to.,Pittsburg 390 .
Canal from Beiver on the Ohio
river. to Greenville, in the di
rection of Erie
gheny river to Conneaut lake
Canal, Susquehanna and NOY*
43ranch ftOm Duncan's Islatid - '
to Lackawanna •
Canal,'W.est Branch from North.:
timberland to Farrandsville
Several •side cots and navigable
Total canal 4 and railways coml peteci 7 . 684
Canals kn progress and nearly [completed;
North `Branch extension, from
Lackawanna to New,, York line •90
Erie extension, finial Greenville
to Erie harbor • • 03&
Wiconisco canal; from Duncares
Island to Wiconisco creek 12/
To,tal.canals in progress ..r; . 166;
The report of the canal commissioners'
with "the. accompanyiri,g documents. which
will shortly be laid before yoii, will slM'w
in detail,, the state and condition of our
public improvements. Having in former
communications to the Legislature, stated
my views in relation, to our system of im
provements, beg leave, respectfully, to
refer you to_ them, • as being• unchanged,
without wishing, unnecessarily—to extend
this communication, by. embodying Oem
in it. .
When I first entered upon the duties of
the executive- department, the question of
completing the North ' BianCh and Erie
Extensions was submitted to the action . of
the legislature. The representatives of the
people decided in . favor of completing both,
and have by three subsequent acts, appro
rioted• considerable sums 'of motley • for
that purpose. • The North Branch 'canal
has already cost $2,348,279 38, of which
the sum of $989,076 42 remains due to .
contractors. The• Erie Extension has 'al
ready cost. about $2,919,507, of which. the
. 0 - $574,4 0 6 - 23, is. yet • tlue-to con-.
tractors. The grave question is now pre
sented to your sultans consideration, wile
ther,:uuder all the circumstances, those two
lines:ire to be forthwith finished, or aban
doned for all time_ to come. and the entire
amount of labor and money expended upon
em thrown away. Contractors who have
gone onto. the veorki'and perhaps executed
the.leait profitable-part of it. will have fair
claims on . the justice- of the. legislature
for remuneration foVAlieTlessea.' they have
sustained,by an abandonment:of:the .work
by thecommonwealth. Judging from .the
success which usually erowns perseveran ce
in similar applications before the , legisla
ture; there can be little doubt that this class
df claimants: will not 'go away unanswered
and unsatisfied.. • The farmer,' *hose lands
have'been cut up. and destroyed; will also
be a juskelaimant for compensation for, the
injury he, has sustained, for which the ad.
vantages from . the proposed Canal dill :not
be an available set off; „and it may be well
to 'enquire, whether' theemount of„thoee
claims would not 'ge far -lotvartlis ;the ceiti
pletion - of time - branalre. o r, improve
ments. .The only velid•Objection to.a - prO7
.secution of these. wOrks',:to - ,completion;oB,
the difficulty to' be, apprehended, in: 141140g'
the necessary funds for the - ptirpoise;oThe
estimated:cost •to :cirtplete the - Erittexten-'
sion: is . $536, in .40, and , the North :Branch'
sl,9B;4l6,.:independent • of the , arrearages'
du e contritetersi , is before ..etated, ; which"
inust,be paid.tit.all events. blura : icopfi
thince ..can: be played iit the liccura 4
these.eitinnateb of - the *cost Ot4nomplittior
These t•: . works;-, than: tumid beyextettilSili in,
those:made:in the earlieustagel of.ourph
he Improvements,: fronf.thtt,inereamittrprac
tical experience. of those intruidtd.Witit the'
ditty. of making them.
remaintt,iindliangetl; that it , is.otirtritisfell-1
cy to. go oh and: cent pletir.both these works
:wilt little.: , :delar as posisiblia..!:.Thiti;
lieWevet, iisiquestien,exclusively for your
151 . ,074',G)ItiV4aUgEto Nrptti ? cto=v,(o4,: afro
these as Well the
other lineti, tendered ilidiepentiable,lajtC
without Which litany portions efOtir banalo'
.wOuld have geen. unavailable alitrusilial • .
~throughout did 'sea* .
That Smile ptoiript and p .
be'made...Many' of th'b.'ContractOra'hai4
lald'outlif their meneyfor
have suffered serious injuries by ,
If no better 'expedient 'tali b'e•Alevisetl,-4:
would' recommend the immediate
,a six. per cent. stank, to all such credi
tors; redeemable at such time as shall be
thought Most expedient. • .
The amount required to pay tlebts, due
for repairs on the several lines of Canal and
rail toad; it will'be observed by the.repOri
of-the canal commissioners, Is unusually
large: This is to be ascribed to the.im:. .
precedented breach which occurred in'. the
.Delaitare Division,-in January laSt;,,,,Whielt
cost about $150,000 ; to the-redetiral of dui _
North track of. the rail road; to'
the rebuilding, in aferetianent . matiner, the
locks, bridges and - aquediiels bh•Sesieral of
divisions, and particularly On the 'North'
!Branch, where the original superstruCtures;
composed entirely of -wood, had so far dez
cayed as to leave no other dlteiitativia; anon
either to renew them. throtighont', ;. bi abaft . ;
den-the navigation *anti - rely. Its also nit
part,'.to : ,beicsetibcdt4tite faet,.,trltit only 'a
portion .of the -funds - 'appro . priated-.1.-
aet.of the .4th of May laSC, a for repairs, and
to pay debts then due, ;became 'available
leaving - a - la - rge - falance. of. We ,ap.proPriat .
tions!to these Objects,..thereitt authorized;
atilidue toihe public creditors.
-There is always, even under the moat
incurred in -
and keeping in repair great public
mentk for the Cminnon wealth; tha,
rest if they were in
. the hands of individ-
It is, therefore, respectfully suggetti
ed for the consideration of the . Legislature;;
whether the public interest. woold....not_hd,,-s
-promoteci,-17and the amount_ of the Staid
debt considerably lessened, by a sale of the
canals and, rail roada.belon,ging to the. Corn;
irionwealth, or at least a portion of thenit
or such other disposition as would diininisli
'their annuli expenses to the commonwealth;
and increase the amount -of revenue (rind
We're the Commonivealth free from debt;
.1 should hesitate to recommend the sale of
any of her public improvements. But 4-
,pressed as she is, the coil which the. re
,require, and the necessity of relieving
• ourselves, as faras possib!e, Witte me to
urge action on this subject, at least so far
as regards the Columbia rail road, and the
Delaware division of the Pennsylvania cs:
nal: It , will matter but little to those
terebted in the use of the itnprovementsi
whether they are in the hands of -the pub
lic of_individuals, provided preper safe
guards are enacted to protect the .publie
the free-use and enjoyment' of them, and
to guard against•abuses and exactions:
If it be objected that sales .cannot beef
'fected in the present state of onr pecuniary
embarrassments, that Will be no reason ivhy
a law should not now be enacted`authorit
ing the sale of" suchportions of them an
shall be deemed proper, subject to the ap
probations:of the Legislature oh the sale be
ing reported. If sold, even On.afi extrnded
credit, if .the principal be Bemired ; andlho
interest punctually paid, it will 86 far re-;
neve the Commonwealth. If it were made
a condition that state stock should be re
ceived in payment, it would probably make
the sale more advantageous to' the Com=
Incme:llth. The dispositions of capita;
lists would thus be made known, and it can.
at- least, be ascertained wither- a-salerat an --
adequate price . ean be effected. The polity
of leasing.for a term of years, one or both
of these improvements, has been more,than•
once suggested. Of the propriety
7 of so
doing, lam not prepared .to express ' a cle;
Bided opinion, hut have thought it worthy
of a !suggestion for yOur consideration.' '
That the public - works should ; be nom.
ductive, is owing. in a great measure, to a
want of, proper, legislation on the subjitt.i,
and unless this be remedied. it must:imp:di'
public confidence in . their ultiniatelitility:
The Canal Cominieiinners . have ropeateillt
urged. upon..the legislature the propriety of
allowing 'the Commonwealth,. to car.'
ry the passengers on the'Columbra
No railroad in the United States could tug:
rain itself if it ware to ;relinquish:the:ear.
rying of the passengers; yet, on tlutt road,
tbis - sutatige.COndition thingi is eihihitz
ed. 'The State has. ekpended. in
stinetioW over :four 'millions Of thillere;
while the capital employed by 'those curry
ing the.puSsengers.. perhaps , thirty thou •
sand dellitri:: The,state,.on•..her.loitnente
on ay, is 'reap ng a •ott • per s eent m * ila
the individual carrieri.:owtheirNhirty, thew;
sand thnhire; . are clearing- nearly .290' pee
cent. SO4‘it ie. alsO4.t.with , record to. the
transportation - between , Philadelphia '.pnil
Pittalturgh: That littiof ourimprovehient;
between those cities, was constrocted, , ,at a •
cost - 6T a fraction. over. foutton Millions of
dollars. ~ T he transportatiOn'olf - it 7itrinik; --
'nopolizecl by'some .seven of eight catriPa.
tiles; employing rt eapital•of lead then foUr
hundred, thousand 'dollars cjet. While the
state is receiving little'more,thatkivill cep
it in ::repair. - tiii6r, trans porters t are realizing
immense `protits,:lind that, , too, on ; t vorn
FutrativelY , 36121114 day.;
ihOciikint commissi9liers' with 'Ain atid
re-aiitlinriw-to adoilt'suittf inentinfnii,,ath
theii Inittinent%•wih he" best 'en lenrnteif to
enlistindividual enterprize, and invite t'.otn.
petiticont' tired.'lW eeiinteinet" the eff:4eti" - .for
the'seintif±totid-Itiorioppliiitl g ' *iitifft