Newspaper Page Text
7.01i7_4111 Z201174-7••lffe 24
.•,- -, .Sherif's • Salts ~,
•. -,,1 0 ,....0f an ' Alias • writ of :Vendii.loni 'Ex-"
•pimas,lo me directed, issued out of , thei.Codri
- .. CIIIIi4OII Pleas of CtmiberlanCpOlinty,wiltheei
: posed to 'public sale, on the premises, in' Mifflin
1 ' township, on Monday the Sd day of January, 1842,
• :- ' ut kl 'o'clock,. A. M., the following described real
• -• leitiiie, viz:
.. tract of • Land situate in
....',....liffli m lownship, qqmberland county', containing'
:', • - 1`33 Acres, .... 1
more or less, (called the Dublin Gap Springs,) about
twentj , acres of cleared land, and the balance good
timber land edioining lauds of ,lohn Bleeper, An
firovrilikeiirilaind'ate heirs .of James Wood
burn, dec'd., having thereon erected a large Log.
and -Frame -figuse,-tWo _stories high,_ - and, a -bog
'Seized and taken in execution as the,property of
William Blears.' And to be sold by me,
PAUL 3 , lAftTlisr; Sheriff.
Aparlisle, Nov. 29,180.-3 t- . •
(:).• The property -above stated is. susceptible of
being made one' of the best properties in the State,
the water is pure white Sulphur', considered by all
persons visiting the springs to be- the best in the U.'
. an extensive tannery might be erected on the
above property, there is an tnexhamitible supply of
chesnut oak bark, black oak, white oak and 'red oak
bark, &o: There is also an eicellent stream of wa
ter running through the same, sufficient to propel a
saw mill or other machinery of like power. The
State road &Ono Gettysburg to Lewistown runs past
the door. There is also several thousand white
4 Mulberry trees on the premises, some of which are
bearing fruit, and the. present ,building • with some
~,repalrhyrould be well calculated for-,most any.busi-
W_HEftgAS George- Logue, by his last will and
testament, dated the - 7th March, 1811, did'
devise to three trustees, to be appointed by the' will
7 •of his widow Jane Logue, to be. sold upon .I.IM -- death
of his said wife, and the proceeds thereof, after the
payment of- certain.apecific legacies ' to be - divided
• amoit his brotlikrs and, stSrers' ..iiiluren..roi''tenants
. in .common shaTe and share alike,” and the said
Jane Logue 14,her will dated the 91st Augnat, 1822,
appointed John Proctor,Willima Irvine-and Andrew!
Blair, who sold the said real estate and-settled their
.•account of the trust which _was contrmed by the
Court of Common Pleas of Cuniberland county on
: the 9th August, 1841,.and the said Court did decree
that the balance in their handsahotild be distributed
according to the - will of 'the said George Logue, de
ceased. -- -•- - - •
. . Now 20th Nov. 1841, on minion of Fred'k. Watts,
Esq., the Court doliefeby order and decreethat the
said Trustees do give public notice in =the Cuilitire - .
Herald and American Volunteer until the Ist Januti- !
ry next, to all persons interested in' the diatribidion
of the said fund, that they appear _on the second
' Monday of January next, at a Court of Common.
Pleas to be held at Carlisle, and make their claims
- to their portion of the said fundgand skew cause why
the said Court should not then make a distribution
. thereof according to the will of the said George
. Logue, duc'd.
Call and see tlic large Ipt of Itootti and Shoe; I
bought at auction, which I intend to sell by the case
or dozen, cheaper than ever. •
Cailisle, Nov. 24, 1841
Tannery for Rent.
The subscriber offers for rent the superior Tan
, ning establishment, recently. the' property of David
' ' S. Forney, deed, situated on the corner of East and
Louther streets, in the borough of Carlisle Pa.
It is the most complete property of the kind in the
place of its location—having a
To . * --, aStOne k .Dwelling
:. ' .HOUSE,
• fine garden and all other buildings Ice, necessary to
C.rry on the tanning business. . .
'Possession given on the Ist of April 1841; Terms
made known on application to
• P. F. EGE.
' . Opposite.the Carlislejok.
• November, 24, 1841. .
WI TER GOOZS..
have just returned froin'the city with a scoond
-supply, of winte r geods;.such is Cloths, Casinneres,
Sattinetts, Flannels, 13Iankets, Shawls, &c. &c., which
Lave been sclected=witia care ; and which will be sole'
us cheap if-not cheaper, than at any other establish
ment in the borough.
Carliile, Nov. 24, 1841
(61 .4bruhant- Keckler, deed.
.;RS" of Administiation on the
of Abraluitn Keckler, late of Dickinson
dec'd, have been issued in due form of
,te subscriber 'residing 'in said township:
; us here by given, to all persons having' claims
. said estate, to present them properly authen-
Al for settlement, and all persons indebted are
leeted to make payment to the subscriber. •
• . • JOHN KKCKLER,Adro'r.
November 10, ta4l.-4.a.• ''• .__, • •.
Boots anti Shoes.
. 50 Caserta' boots and shoes' received from auc
tion, which I have, purchased at prices that will ena
ble Me to. sell cheaper than any other establishment
in - the county.
carlislei Nov. 24, 1841. •
L ET. ' "
HATS* CAPS. • •
I lutvejtist rarneirlrom the city with dm 'latest
style of Fur,Cloth and Glazed Men's ant! Boys'.
Cap a. Alioßrush Hats, for sale cheap, by
----7- CHAK - BARNII`Z.
Carlisle. Nov. 44, 1841.
•,• • Sheriff's Saks. -
-- - Y: viriife'o't sundry wits of Venditioni Expo.
nas to cae directed; issued out of the court of
‘ posed to public sale at the Court House, iii the .bo
- rough 0 1 Carlisleon Friday the 31st day of DeCem
bee, 41,.,D;;1841, at 10 o'clock of said, day, the fol
- lowintdescribed re al , eitate, rizt . _
• 1 All-Ilie interest of Jemitha San:.
• dersori in Tract of Land; situate in the township
• , Of North Middletim, Cumberland county, containing
1:160 Idea, more or. less, bounded by lands of :lamb
• .'Weary, William Henwood, fitaiiti Wolf and others,
Inteinglthefeati erected a two storY• Log House,•log
---- kitchen,and-a-frarne2Mid atone_ Harm Seized and
- taken in execution as the property 'of Jeminut Sam;
•derson: • • .
• Also, &Tract of -Land/ situate
• .14 Fraukford township. Cumberland county,
- eoittitittinr, 10 scree, more or lees, bounded by lands
of Henry Hooke, on the east, lands of George Kosht
and Leonard. Minich 'on the sauth, George Koslit on
the north; and LeOnartl Mihich and . George' road.
on the -west; having thereon erected a two story . Log
.House, and logatoble.• Seized and hiken in exoeu
' • don as the property OfJOsiali Williams...
ALIA to be sold by me.
• ••. • • • PAUL IIIARTIN
• Sheriff's ()M ,
Office -•- '
.CXrlisle, Nov. 29,18 , 11.-01. • -• •
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•• - •cf-,, -
'l , i
• The bold attempt to seize the young
Queen of Spain and her sister, is bile of the
most remarkable events i , in a small , way, of
these modern times. .It reminds one of the
ti-huntifoges - , - w - ht. trsteel - clad - bar
paid no more•respect 'to royalty than they
did to'mercy or humanity. The only par
allel to - it; tliat ()cots to us at the moment,
is the slaying of David - Rizzin in the apart- .
. uf Scots.
The diabolical attempt of carrying off the
Queen from the palace commenced last
niiht... The:execution of the plan, con
ducted by -Generals Concha,'Letin, Duke
Of San Cairlo r easa- Sian, and.others, pro
perly .-began .at seven o'clock in the. bar ,
racks of the Hussars of the princess, below
-the palace. This regiitient, which was.
most faithful, was made prisoners at the
moment they were proceeding to take or
ders.at the Duke's residence, by stratagem:
Concha, with three .companies of .the re
volted royal gbards, came upon all the sol
diers in the guard-room, and threatened to
hfire on them "if they offered to stir. His
attention -- being - called. to another quarter,
the officers succeeded in getting to their
men and horses, and'rentiered noble service
during the night: Meantime, Concha im
mediately went to the p,alace, with twelve
companies more of the revolted guards, and
at once obtained possession of the whole
lo(wer part of the ;palace and grand 'stair
The threerl nies of guards on actual,
duty at the palace, s to have been bribed,
and no doubt truly, o bred no resistance to
his entry, but. withdrew •to the arincityya
lung building in front of. the palace. • Time
relief guard of halberdiers, of about one
hundred men, had also unfortunately
arrived at the time; add the whole defence
of the palace and the Queen person, with
the Infanta, her sister, devolved upon nine
teen old halberdiers, commanded by Col.
.Dulce, a young -man of -and._nobly .
- did these veterans and their Mount com
mander perform their duty. Stationing two
men -at - door ' iu the series of rotitiis
leading to those oLcupied by the Queen,
and placing himself at the first, which he
actually left open, he and his brave 'com
panions defended themselves and their royal
charge from half past seven o'cloek to one,
when their 1500 assailants had to escape
by the i'eurta da Hairro, leading toward
.the Basque provindes.
BY TUE COVILT
GRAS. BA RNITZ
Such was the intensity of the firing kept
up by both parties, that the doors,
and furniture presented the appearance of,
so many targets, this morning. It would
be in vain, Mien had .1 time, to describe
the almost superhuman defence made by
these brave men to. whom Spain is today
indebted for a Queen. In the ilark and
confusion of the night, and
of the, palace by a large invading force, be
low in the court yards, assistance from
without. appears to have been very,diilieult..
Fortunately the'fate of the Queen did not
altogether depend upon it, .her safety behig
in the hands of few, but gallant defenders.
On the retreat of Concha at °tie,' hostilities
for the Most part terrainated,Sod the palace
was kept possession - of-till daybreak this
morning by the halberdiers.
The conduct of Madame Mina was wor
thy of her name. I .llOstfortuttately, she,
too, was • in the palaee with her royal pu
pils. By conveying theta from room. to
may ba said to have, in a great degree,
contributed - to°,,their personal safety ;• bUt,
notivithstauding and firmness,.
the mark of a bag was visible on the well,
a few inchei above the bed of the infanta.
Not even to the gallant duke WOuld'she
.a door, when a- moment .permitted
him to inquire af ter
. the safety of his so
vereign and _her_ stster.• •
At daybreak, the .Buke- de la Victoria
,proceeded at the head flof. hie
. escort' to the
palace. • Ilia passage there was'among one
continued series 'of :the' loudest 'and most
heartfelt .viviata. Ile -vieited the Plena
Maygr in -his wity; : *and spoke r few. WordS
to .the 'people' and'• the troops. • lie, their
prc.ceeded to the palace, and here, a: Scene
etthe • most-
. interesting_ and . moiling` kind
took place, in the preeeittatioe'(if the royal
orphans:at tie. balcony Of ,::the
assure the people ofthe'safetyof their be
A FAMILY NEWS APER:7DEVOTED TdNEWS, PpLITICS,'LITEEAT
SING ME. AGAIN THAT TLE SONG.
BY 3 . 111411 CATHARINE 11.. W 4T.SIMAN. '
Sing me again that little song, -
Oh ! sing it once again ! - •
• A thousand buried memories ri•ei
Before its simple strain.
I heard it when a happy child -
, a merry throng, . ,
Front generous voices loag m• e busied:
Oh! sing that little song
I see again that bright green sward,
-Whereon we gladly playe'd, -'
I hear again the echoing sound
Their little - footsteps made. • • •
Their voices like a ringing shell,
•Are,ringing in mine ears,
And not a single eye is dim
With sorrow or with tears.
Oh! through the long, long lapse of years,
They greet me once again,
These young companions of my mirth,
Waked by that simple strain..
,Heed not the tears withil rnioe'eyes,
While the quick memories throng,
'Of other days upon my heart—
! sing that little song !
-;',:] - $07:1,1,c-,..00.1,1p7.0At0..,
' A , S.ceii(e , hi 'a - Palate.,
Etilte4' and ..Pubfished. :the- /Proprietii;•'
loved sovereign. Hundreds iiCre 'admitted
to thirilYal apartments,.to greet And- con
sole the "Queen and her sister s the latter
speaking with infantile simplicity of her,
hiding herself to. save herself from . the
balls. The Duke cordially,embraced Col.
Dulce, and instantly promotedtim to the
rank of a Brigadier.
He next addressed each of the halberd 7
era separately, and in like manner proniot
ed them, giving them at the •saritetime the
laurel_crOss of San Fernando. These' fine
oldfellows were' 2 Ot'their post when the
Duke entered, just as if nothing had hap
pened.: But the most touching scene was,
perhaps,._ that of _M adame _M ina_ publicly
apologizing to Colonel Dulce for her rude .
denial of admission to him when he ap
plied to see the Queen. The scene and
language which passed, brought' tears into
the eyes of all present.' I have thus en
deavored to give you a hurried sketch of
- thelnincipal events of • that night. The
defection of troops has not, after all, been
very considerable. Some compabies of
the Guards, and their - officers,. are- made
prisoners. The National Guard and the
people conducted themselves, with their
usual firmfiess_and Moderation.
A Lady with .a flushed fate ansl;earhunc
-led nose, consulting Dr. Cheyae,'eltelatio
ed, ''' , Whefe;. in thg name. of 'wonder.
toti:did'lget /filch a nose as *.‘Out
of the decanter, nidarn--out of the decan
ter," replied the doctor.
"What is the chief end of man?" asked
a_sehool_master, with the catechism in , his
hind. we - get ourlickeni
blubbered an urchin.e • •
A pretty girl was complaining to a young
Quaker, that she was dreadfully troubled
by chaps on her •lips. -" Friend Mary,"-
replied broad brim, " thou shouldst not
allow the chaps ta_corne so near thy lips."
_ At a _shop ‘ window -there appeared the•
following notice.---" Wanted, two appren
tices, who will be treated as one of the fa-
A Yankee has invented a plaster so strong
hat it draws prizes in lotteries; likewise
he most beautiful landscape, views.
says "pur,banks are as good as the Phila
It is now pretty generally admitted,,on/
all hands, that the more you eat the less. you
We know . a chap so darnel . temperate,,
hat he threatens to cut his toes off the next
inie they get corned—N. Y. ./Itlas.
To the Senate and House of Representa
tives of the United Stales:
In .coming together, . fellow-citizens, to
enter again upon the discharge of the duties
With which the People have charged us,
severally, we. find great occasion to rejoice
in the generalprosperity of the country.—
We.are in the enjoyMent of all the bles
sings of civil and religious liberty„ with en
' exampled means of education, knowledge,
and improvement. Through the year which
.iettow drawing to,a_ criiltt, peace has been
in our borders, and . plenty in our habita
tions; and althoughtlisease has visited some
few * of the lanA with - distress and
mortality, yet in general the health of the
people has .been preserved, and we. are
called.upon, by the highest obligations of
duty,. to renew our thanks and our devo
tion to our Heavenly'Parent,.avho.haspon
tinned to vouchsafe to us the eminent bles
sings which ei lF roui i id us, and Who so
signally crowakl the year With his good
nesS; • If we find ourselves increasing be
yond exampl e,'in numbers, in strength, in
.wealth, in knowledge every thing which
promotes human and social• happiness, let
us remember our dependence,.. for all these,
on the protection and merciful, dispensatione :
of Divine Providence.
Since your last adjournment; Alexander
McLeod, a British subject, 'who was in
dicted for the murder of an American citi
zen, and whose case has 'been the subject .
of a correspondence heretofore, communi
cated to you, - has been acquitted by the
verdict of an impartial and intelligent jury, •
and has, under
-the judgment of the Court,
been regularly. discharged.
Great Britain hating ma d e knOwn to
this Government that the expedition which
was fitteirdut from - Pan - Oa for - the dea ruc
lion of the 'steamboat Caroline, in the win
ter of 1837, and which resulted in the de- ,
stritetion . Of said boat, and in 'the death Of,
an American citizen, was undertaken by
the British. Governinent, in ' Cantnla; and
denianding 'the diticharge . of - McLeod upon
_the groitutl.thatX enge,gedin.that-expedi
tionOte did but fulfil the Orders'Of his Go
vsigment,liati thus been answered . in 'the
on.) 'ay she could be answered by a Go
vernment. the powers of which are die- .
trihoted among hi several departments by
the. - fundamental, law, Happily: for_ the
.Grea(Britain,.as well .as those of
the United States, the only made by which
an individual,:arraigned for a erint Mai 'Of
fence, before the pining of 'either can• ob
tain•his di:mit:Vire,. is
~by tli&t independent
action of tite . liliCiitry,.• and by proceed=
inge equally familiar . to:thePourts of ltoth
countries: •• • .
Greetßritain a power - exietelti : the,
trown.te''',ernerele be entered
aequi,.which le not the:ease with the-Ei
ecutive ilower,.of the United States upon a
— pirOiioution pending ki a State Court;.yet
there, no more than: , : re, can the- chief
Eecutive power . r„ . y "e a prisoner i tiom
custodir witliciat an::?, der of the proper
tribunal, directing his,'' : selfarge„ The ',ra
cist) Stage of the proce . Inge at which such
order mat tie riistlo:4l platter of munici
pal. regulation exclUsi ely, and not to be
arty complained .of by a ther Government:
in. cases of this kiwi 'a government be.;
comes politically reap 'rteible only, when
its .tribunals , of last, , r sort" are, shoin to
have rendered unju st , and, injurious judg
ments in matters not doubtftil:' To the,,es
; tablishment and elucidation of this pritici
ple,_ no'. nation has lent its authority more
effleitinliy than - Greer Britain.; Alexander
Neteod having his option either to prose-,
cute a writ of error fret* the decision of the
Supreme Court of NO:York, which had;
been rendered_upon his application for a
discftvgb to the Suprepte - Court of the V.
States, or submit his'mase to the decision
of a jury, preferred the. latter, deeming it
the readiest mode of obtaining his libera
tion, and the result hiskTully sustained the
wisdom of his choice) The manner in
which the issue submitted was tried, will
satisfy the English GOvernment that the
principles of justice wig never rail to go
-van the enlightened detiision of an Ameri
can tribunak . I , - cannot , fail; ,ItOwevei;,te
suggest tti Congress • th - e, proprie ma king
',some degree, the neceisity, of such
provisions by law, , SO far as theymay con
stitutionally do so, for the removal at their
;Arty, of all such cases as may, hereafter.
arise, and which may involve the faithful
. fservance and erecTiTion of our ffitliiii- -
tiOnal obligations, from the State to the
Federal Judiciary:, This-Government, by
our institutions, is charged - wit' the main,
tenance of peace and :the pretiervation of
amicable relations with the nations of the
earth, and ought to possess, without ques
tion, all the reasonable and proper means
of maintaining the one and preserving the
other. - Whilst just confidence is felt in the
JudiCiary of the States, jet this Govern
ment ought to be, competent in , itself fel the
fulfilment of the high Allies which have
been devolved upon it tinder the 'Organic
law, by the States themselves.
• In the month of September, a party of
armed men from Upper, Canada ; invaded
- :•;territbry. of 'the. United States, and for
cibly seized upon the person of one Gio- .
gan,and under eircurnstinces•of great harsh
ness, • hurriedly carried ' , him beyond the
limits of the United States, and deliirered
him •up to the authorities of Upper Canada.
His immediate discharge• Was ordered by
- those•authorities, upon the facts of the case
being brought to their knowledge—a course
of procedure which was to have been ex
pected from a nation with whom we. are at
peace, and which was not more - due td the
rights of the -United States, than to its own
regard for justice. The correspondence
.which passed between . . the Department of
State and the British Envoy, Mr. Fox, and
with► thenGoVertiorof Vermont, as soon as
the facts had been made known to this De
partment, are hetturtheamattinicated.
irtegret thralt is not. in my power to
make known to you , an equally satisfactory
conclusion in --tire case of .the Caroline
-steamer, with the circumstances connected
With the destruction of which, in Deem
ber, 1837, by an armed force fitted out
the province of Upper Canada, you - are al
ready_made acquainted t :lslo spelt atone
ment aswaiiliiejo — r the public wrong done
-to . the United States by this invasion of her
territory, so wholly irreconcilable' wit h her
rights as an independent Power, ha..s, yet
been made.. In the view taken by this Go
vernment, the inquiry. • whether the vessel
was in the employment of those who were
prosecuting••an,Vnauthorized war against
that Province, or'was engaged by the oivn
ei in the business of transporting passen
gers to. and from Navy Island, in hopes 'Of
private gain, 'which was most probably the
case, in no degree alters. the real question
at issue between the two Governments.,
This G o vernment can never concede to any
foreign Government the: power, except in
a case of the most urgent and extreme ne
cessity.,.of invading its territory,_ either to
arrest the persons or deiiioy the property
ni those who may,
s have violated the muni
cipal laws of kit foreign Governteent i -or
having disregarded 'their obligations arising
under the law of nations.
The territory . of the United States must
be regarded as sacredly secure against all
such invasions, until they thall,voluntarily:
,acknowledge their inability , to acquit them-
Tse tks7to — othersi - - - And-in
announcing this seittitnent,'l 'do but affirm,
a principle which no nation on :earth would
be more ready:to vindkate, at all haards,
than the people and Government or Great'
If, upon a full investigation' of all the
facts, it shall appear tltat, the owner, of the
_Caroline Was governed, by a hostile intent.
es had made common causewith those who
were in theoccup . ancy of Navy Island,
then,, so far as he is concerned, there Can
be no claim to 'lndemnity for the' definite
don of his boat, whiCh this Governnient
would feel itself, bound to proiee4le, since
he would have acted not'onlY;in derogdtion
of the rights of Great Britain, but in cleur
violation of the Jaws of the 'United States;
but thatis . a question which, however set
tled, in 'no manner , involves the.higher con
sideration of the , violaiion of territorial se
vereignty and' jeritidiction. , TO recognis e .
it as an ,admibsible
.practice that each gO
- its upon any autMen.ens!
unauthorized - out-bleak; , Wh l ichj a'fron
tier, the extent of renders it
slble for eitherie 11,dve.an efficient force on
, THE ARTS AND SCIENCES, A.GRICULTURE, AMUSEMENT, &C. &C.
At Carlisle, Camberlam! ,Co‘utat y I Pa,
a untelasamtuna as e 4attat)
every mile , of it, and , which out-break,
therefore, neither may be able to suppress
in a day, may take vengeance into its own
hands, and without even a remonstrance,
and in the absence of any pressing or over
ruling necessity, may invade the territory
of. the other, would Inevitably. lead to re
sults equally to be deplored by both. When
border collisions come tereceive the sanc
. or to be made on the mithority of
either Government, general, wsr must be
the inevitable result.. While is the ar
dent desire of the United States to cultivate
the relations of peace with all nations, and
to fulfil all. the duties of good neighbor
hood towards those who possess territories
adjoining their own,lhat very.desire would
lead them to deny the right of any foreign
Power to invade tkeir boundary wishan
armed force. The correspondence betwe%
the•two Gotiernments on this subject, will
at a future day - of your session, be submit
ted_to "your.consideration, and in the mean .
tune I cannot but indulge the hope that the
British Government will seethe propriety
of renouncing, as a rule of future action,
, the precedent , which has been set in the af
fair at Schlosser.
I herewith submit 'the correspondence
which has recently taken place - bet..veen
the •American Minister at the Court of St.
Jantes, NO;StOensati, ant .the .MiniEiter. or
Fefreign.Affaitii. otth G:oveiVineni,.en
right claimed by that . o"Ovirninhntio';`viiii
and detain vessels sailing undei . the Ameri
can flag; and engaged in prosecutinglawful-
inercial interests in that region have expe
rienced considerable incrcase,.atitLhave_be,_
- mate an objfatlif nine iliffiortaticii, - iiiir
_the duty of - this Government to protect
titem against all improper. and vexatious k.-
terruption: ',However desirous the United
States may be for the suppression of the
-slave 'trade,: they cannot consent . to inter-_
polations into the maritime code, at the mere
will and pleasure of other governmeists.—
deny_the..right of any such interlopa
lion to any one;'.or.,_all' the nations of. the
earth .without our consent. :We claim to
have a 'Voice in all amendments or elicits
tiolis 'of th - at eocl6=—and when we ire - given
ti) understand, as in this instance, by a tot?
eign .Government, ' that its treaties with
other nations.. cannot be executed without
the establishment and. enforcement of new
principles-of , maritiarcrpolice, to'bo ulspli
ell without our consent, we must employ a
language neither of equivocal import, or.
susceptible of misconstruction. ,American
citizens, prosecuting a;• lawful commerce in
.the African 'seas, under the • flag of their
country; are not respoifsible for the 'abuse
or unlawful use of that flag-by-others; nor
can they rightfully on account of any such
alleged abuses, be interrupted, molested or
detained while on the ocean, and if :thus
molested and detained, while pursuing
honest vovages,"in the,nsnal 'way, and vio
lating no law themselves, they are unques
tionably entitled to indemnity., This Gov
ernment has manifested its •repugnance to
the slave mire, in a manner which can
not be misunderstood. By its fundamental
law, it prescribed limits in point of time to
its continuance. ' and - against its own citi
zens, who might so far forget the rights of
humanity as to engage in that wicked traf
fic, it has long since by its municipal laws
denounced the, most condign punishment.
Many of the StateS composing this Union,
had made appeals to the civilized world for
Of other nations had become shocked by the
iniquities of the traffic.
Whether this Government-slinuld now
enter into treaties' containing mutual stipu
lations upon this subject, is a_ question for
snatute deliberation. Certain it is, that if
the fight to detain American ships on the
high justified.on thei.ipleif of if
necessity for such detention, arising out of
,existance of treaties between other
nations4he same plea may be extended and
enlarged by 'the new stipulations of new
treaties, to which the United States may
not he a party. This Government will nut
cease, to urge upon' that of Great illitain,
full and ample remuneration for all losses,
whether arising from detention
wise, to which American citizens have
hitherto been, or may hereafter be subject
ed, by •the exercise of rights which this
Government cannot recognize as legitimate
and proper. Nor .will I indulge- a doubt
but that the sense of justice of
tain will eonstrain her to make retribution
for any 'wrong, Or
.loss, which any A men-
Can citizen, engaged ; in the - ,prosecution of
lawful commerce, may have experienced at'
authorities. This government at the same
time,will relax no
,effort to prevent its. citi
zens,, if there 'be any so disposed, ,from
prosecuting a traffic so revolting to,thefeel
than. to, protect the fair and honest trader
from molestatioriaMcinjary; but whilti,:the
_enterPriSing mariner, engaged in thefairsait
of an honorable trade, is entitled tett-ti.pre
teetioe, it,will visits4ith eotolign, punieh-
Mem, others of an opposite character.,
I. invite your attention to the . exis ting
lowa fur the suppression of the Africait
sloye.trade,,ind recommend ell soch.altera
tions:aeMay give to-them greater force_and •
effieuek. That an, American flag is grossly'
obated,,yy ; the.abandoned.and „profligate of
OtheFtiationsi is but too
,pittbable., J. 3 9 4 7.
gross has Mit lottraince, - had the:Subject
ti ;der consideration, and its iii/POOTOP.WeiI
.21 tifiej, renewed:and anxious anent*. ,
taleo' communicate herewith a ecipy,-,,,0f
aiorrespandeace between te'veoann
and, Lord Upon:.the *object so
intereeting.to several of the Southern States,
of the. rice -duties Which. resulted 'honorably .
re the worelElettee
~ nualralutarmooro. 4 , 44'41'0).4:4:0i
to the justice of Great Britain, and_ adyan
"tageously to the United'States.
At the operiingoof the last annual session
the President infermed ,Congress of the
progress which had been made in negotiat
ing a Convention between this Government
and that of, England, with a view to the
final settlement of the question of the
boundary between the terriarial limits of
the two countries. Irekret to say that lit
tle farther adva . ncernent , of the object has
been accomplished, since last year; but this
is owing to circumstances no ways indica
tive of any abatement of the Asir() of both
parties to hasten the negotiation to its eon-
Ousion, and to settle the question in dis
pute as early as possible. In the course
of the session it iemy hope to be—able to
announce some further degree of progress,
lowards the accomplithatent of this highly
The commission appointed - by this gov
ernment for the exploration and.survey of
thlin.e 'of, boundary separating the states
of Maine and. New Hampshire fromthe
conterminious British Provinces is, it' is
believed, about to close its field labors, and
is expected soon to report the result tkf its
examinations to the Department of State.
The report, when received, will be laid he
fore Congress. ' - . -
I'he failure on tbel)art' Of :Spoilt to PAY'
Witbrptioctualitko.b . cintemsfAjuo'uijOer:thc .
eunvention..Of :183 , 4 fur': thvseftleptint Of
Claims between the twO.Ouotriess, has made
it the duty of thOEiecuriye;to call the par
subject. A disposition- has been manifest•
ed--brit, which is- believed to be -ntirr'
sincere; to fulfil its obligations in this re ,
speck - so soon as its. internal condition and
..the state' of its finances will permit. • An
arrangement is in progress, from the result
of. which; i t is trusted that thoSe of our
-citizens, who- have - - elitimii-Onder "the---Con
vention, will, at.no distant day, receive the
'stipulated payments. '
A-Treaty-of Commerce and Navigation
with Belgium•wasconeluded And signed at
Washington on the 29th_.of March;lB-10,
and was duly sanctioned by-,the Senate of
the United States; The-treaty-Was-ratified
by- his' Belgiati Majesty, but did not receive
the approbation of the Relgian_Clulmbers
within thelime • limited by its terms, and
has, therefore, beeome.void. •
This occurrence assumes the graver as
peCt from the eonsideration that in 1833, a
Treaty negotiated between. the -two Gov
on the part of the
United States, failed to be ratified on the
part •of Belgium.. 'the. 'representative of
that Governmeitat 4- 04111iiigton, informs
the Departmetit of State that he has been
instructed to give explanations of the caus
es which occasioned delay in the approval
of- the late Treaty by the Legislature, and
to expreis the regret; of the King at the oc
The joint mimmission under Cont
vention with Texas, to ascertain the true
boundary between the two countries, has
concluded its labors; but the final report of
the commissioner of the United States has
not beeri received. It is understood, how
ever, that thomeridian line, as traced by the
commission, lies somewhat further East
than the.position hitherto generally assign
ed to it, and . consequently,. includes 'in
Texas some part of the territory which hail
been considered as belonging to the States
of Louisiana and Arkansas. . .
The United States cannot but take a deep
interest in , whatever relates to this young
but growing Republic. Settled principal
ly -by emigrants from the'United States, we
haVe the happiness to know, that the great
principles of civil liberty are there destined
to .flourish, " under wise institutions - tal
wholesome laws; and that through its-ex
ample, another evidence is to be afforded of
the capacity of popular institutions, to ad
vance the prosperity, happiness, and- per
manent glory of the_ human race. The
great truth, that government was made for
the .peopfe,.and not the people for.govern
ment, has already
. been. established in the
.practiee:and jiy . the example of these Unit
ed States; . and we .can,do no:other 'than
contemplate its farther exemplification by a
sister Republic with the deepest interest.
• Our relations with the independent States
of this hemisphere, formerly under the do
minion of Spain, :have not undergone any
'material change within the' past year. . .The
incessant sanguinary conflicts in, or 'be-,
.tween thrum . countries, are to be greatly de
plored, es necessarily tending to disable
them from performing their duties as mem
bers of the community dilations, and Pais
mg to the detninf - which the- poeittorC:and
natural resources , of many of them might
liad them justly'to anticipate, as .amiatant
ly,giving.occasion, also, directly or intli-
Wegy — . our
citizens who resort thither : for, purposes of
rOitnercial intercourse. - .and as retarding
-reparation': for wrongs already committed,
some of - 4ieli. are by no means-of-recent
'!'he , failure of the Congress. of Ecuador
lo•hold`a Simian, at the time appointed for
that porp9sth in January last, will probably
render aboitive a treaty_
. of cornmerCe: with
that Republic. which ;was signed at Quito
'on the. nth nrJune, 1830; And .had been
duly ratified-on our , pari, but:which requi
red the approbation of that, bOttY , 'Prior to
its ratikation by the. Ecuadorian gxecu,
.1% Convention winch has bsen concluded
with tha " - Republic, a Peru, providing for
the eettlententoteertain claims of citizens
a the United States, upon the . Government
RePiablib,Willbe,duly submitted to
The-Senate, • ,
6 ' • -•.
The .cla of: • our. citizens against, the
Biaillian government, originating frOtir ,
tureS, and Other causes, are still unsatisfied.
The United States, have, .hoWCiier, tini
•formly shown a disposition iti..Cultivate re.
lations of amity with that Empire, that it
is hoped, the unequivocal tokens - of_lhe
same spirit towards us, which an adjust
ment of the.afleirs 'referred to would AIM,
will be given without further avoidable de.
. . , .
The war with the Indian tallies .dtt thie
peninsula of-Florida has, during the last
suminer and fall, .been prosecuted with tin=
tiring activity and zeal.• A•summer._,
paign was resolved upon, as the befitmode
of bringing it to a close.- Our • brave offs
. cers and men.-icho have been engaM in
that Service, have'suffereil toils and-priva. !
lions, and exhibited. an- energy, which, in,
any other war, would hare won' for thelii
unfailitigiaurels.:: In ; despite Of the sick
ness incident to the cliinate,therhave pen
etrated the fastnesses of the 'lndians, broken.
up their encampments and harrassed them)
unceasingly. Numbers have beertcaptur- .
ed,• and still greater numbers have surren
dered, and have beenAransported to join
their brethren •on the lands elseWhererallot
! ted to -them •by the ,Govermisenti'id 'a-.
strong hone :is entertained that; tinder the - ,
conduct - ofthe gallant:officerat the head•of.. : ,
:the i triiiips in Florida - ,
eXpeinsive War' is. - ilestined : lo. Speedyier
.'lVitlf alkhe other Indian tribes
we are enjoying the blessings of pe ace.-- .
0 u rty;_tisLivell_soifr,....bes Linters - at,
prompt us to observe - . in all o ur intercourse -
_with theni, fidelity in ftilfillincr onr„engager,
Tnents, pr — ac - tic - e of strict justice, as well
as the constant• exercise or acts of benevo
lence-and- kindness. 'These; are the great .
instruments of civilization, and through the.
use of them alone. can the•untutored child .
Of the forest be induced to listen its its :teeth-1 ,
The_ Secretary of State, "on whom the
• acts of Congress have devolved the duty of •
directing the proceedings for the takitig,of. '
the-Sit/alt. Census ; or eiirancriiiipn of the '
inhabitants orthe United. States, will report,
to the two llonses the pregreSs' of the
work. - Tliii - einfineradiii - i - itfliersiiifirhair
been completed, and exhibits a grand total •
of 17,069,453; nittkin" , an increase over the •
Census of 1830, of '4,202,646 . inhabitante, •
and showing a gain in •a' ratio exceeding .
324 per cent. fur the last ten years.
From the report of the Secretary of the
Treasury, yon wilt be Worried of the con. '
dition of the. finances. The barartee_of the
Treasury, on the Ist of January last, Wats."
ted in the. repert of the Secretaty of the •
Treasury, submitted to Congress at the • .
Extra Session, was $987,345,03. The
receipts into the Treasury, during the first
three quarters of this Sear, from all sources,
amount to. $23,467,952,52. •The estima
receipts for the. fourth quarter amount
.amounting to $36;410,
167 77; and making; with the balance in
the Treasury. en the first of January last,
$31,397,512 80.. The expenditures for the
first•three quarters• of this year, amount to
$24,734.346 07. The expenditures. for
the fourth quarter; es estimated, will amount
to 4117,290,723 73;--thus making a total of -
$32,025,070.1'0rand leaving a deficit to be
provided for, ca . the first of January next p .. , •
of about $627,557 90.
Of the loan of $12,000,090, which watt
authorized by at its tate session,.
rad? $5,432.726 88 have been negotiated,"
The ilinriness of time which it had-to run,.
has presented no inconSiderable . impedi- '
ment in the way of its being taken by cap
at home, while 'the same cause
: would. have operated with much : , gmate'r -
force in the, foreign market. For that ma- ,
son the. foreign market has not been' resort
ted to; and it is now. submitted;-*hether it. -
would not be advisable to amend the law
making what remains. u nil isposed of; paya
ble at a More distant day, • • -
Shook! it be necessary, ; in any v* w hat ,
Congress may take of the stblee , to revise
the existing tariff' of duties , Ibe • leave to,
say, that, in the performance o that deli
cote • operation, moderate counsels . would •
;Seem to be the wisest, The Government
under which it is our happiness to, live,
owealis existence to the spirit of 'compro.
mis which - prevailed among its framers-. .
jarring and discordant opinions could only
have been reconciled by chat noble aphis •
•of patriotism Which prompted reeenerha- .
tion and resulted. in harmony.' Its the came
spirit the compromise bill, us it is common
ly called,. was adopted at the seasien of '
/832. While''-the people of Ad portion
of. th'e ••UnintOvill:.'ever hesitate to 'pay
Hall, ratteestiary, :Mies for the , support of • ,
Government,' yet any innate..4eptignartee-- : -
exists, to • the imposition of bnrthens not:
really itcessaly fur *list object. ln im4g : .
iiiiiiiTiitreiiniovieVor7Wr: the purpose; of
revenue •a right as to•Sliserintinate•tie"-to
the articles on' which tlie•clatyshall'bejiiid •
as Well as 'the, amouttiS ilieceisiti4"."sind -
mostproperly-exists:-4 , •Otlitirsviiethe•GO.----- : '
entinent would be placed in' the condition : •
of :having to levy the .eratie'dtitiee . iitiotf. all ,
articles, the productive tie Well . iti•the 0p..: "
iliothietive. • The .
. slightest ' iluty.: upon
some, might -have the.efrebt iikitusing the' it -• •
importation to Cootie,. whereas.rahere'u n ter.• •.•
ing . extensively . , 'into Abe 'consumiitiOn l' of
the country, nigh:lMar:theheaviest;'2With.
au any setisibletlimrailtiOn4ii the Amount.
impoiro4l.•. So, also': tb GOkrottietit: :mar . •
heiustified in so:distiriatiroitiv, by - tafer. , ..". .
anon ~to • 'other ;,etmaiderations ofthitnestiti •-..:.'1.
poliey tronneeted; withnor tuaitufs'ettiree..•%
80, long as the, duties falai' be laicLWithlllet
tinet o referenee to the wants of the, irreis-t
pry, no ,well fotingeq ,objectibn can eifat
optima Otani.- 1 tb3;:desirable thikt