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From sfias Moi•Ctiet,it's P1::y'i,110%1
41. 'PAIR OP ROYAL PORTRAITS..
LOUIS THE SIXTEENTH. . V
The Kiiig would, probably, have been' a
Auld man in any situation in life. Ilia.
Mind was :dull, burhis tastes showed that
he might have been better .and happier in
itiany places thin in his own palace: Fill
e-fall-into-tVitfurt , lone& . sot
what phuent and Noll v i n ,r. tem pr j r, he seems,
not to have attached^anyhaly to him. - lie
was very silent, thougitim w and then
tug way to Stranae . bu i -Sta ofradenes`s, 'which
made. - his ehild%u and servants' afraid of
him. For years utter he married;his wife
was not, sure whether . he cared at all about
,There must alweys he__eome doubt
------7 , -of - thityfrir'ain the case of royal mar
xr-rriages, which take place, as his did, with
: Ma the parties ever• having met, or being
-"„ablc to tell whether theyshall like one
ther. The King's Manners were soldrthat
r , •it" was-diflicult to say whether he cared
. about an body, except, indeed, iot,rt per
son, and that person- was not •Ote - Queeo,
inorlds aunts, nor his children',
.hut a lock 7
-smith of - the name of Gamin.' There were
three'.eniployments • that. the King was so
- fond of•that he seemeilito haven- -interest
left for any thing else.; firsiti of
irig; _secondly i —el — huvihirdly,, of
studying geography.' As long as he .could
spend hours with his huntsmen, with Ga-'
min, or.making Iris , copper globe, or-color
ing maps, ho seemed•to-care little how his
• ministers managed his liogdom,' or how
his Wife spent her. time, and fornied her
friendships. . .
Y. person Who had the •opportimity of.
• 'examining his aridronentsgiye6.: are areount
• of them, Which shims howlittle . the
•, liked the common Course or royal life, and
.how diff•rently he employed his, hours in
private from What his people supposed,-
' 'One.the staircase-which led Irmo' one, to
:mother, of his - small private, apartmentS,
h'unrrsik picttire's:of the King's hunts. with
exact tehles•ortliC - gainS he - had killed.' the
quantity, the. kind of ganw, the . dates:
of ..the,eeeasioos, divided into the. -
. 'designs. of 'cithals and •0010 Kohler
tvorhs !rile -room iiboye . e!Oo1.3io•p!I
• • • -the King's collection maps,,spheres; and
; globes: Here weiwfbund,feilintierS - s}e - friTifo
il'rdtivn and" eOlored V: the- King, smite
-.--7-HfrOished - , -- e - mllll - an - ronlidif. done. A linve
ahls.was a• workshop "Nvith a tortinj lathe,
end all necessary instruments, l'or,wor,k,i,_
in wood: Here, while no, one , knew %diem
•the'hing Was, did he- ?rod hoors with.
:ifOritin - ari, -- Tairietlgiff'eti, in .cli• item , , anti
tifshing his toOls,.- ilpier up was a 11 - briry - ,
con,taining the books the king valued most,
..and stone private papers relating tit the his
. tory of the royalfamilies of Hanover,- Ifm;,•••• - ' 1
: Austrie, and Russia.
' In ate`room over this, however, did' his
SMajeity most delight • - •to '%lieuil leis morn-
rings. turn anvils;, and
. ~every tool uSell here he
--- took' lessoos - of Gitititi,Avlnt was St-toggled
up th.: back stairs by .Dureti and here tlov
King and' the locksmith 'hammered away
.. __ „.....futhours together, while ;di about the rooin
might be seen c Ironton hicks finished
the most perfect mangier, secret locks,. .and
looks cif copper splendidly gilt. • •Ganiin
:was a vulgar-minded Matt, und,e - treated
rthe. King ill both at this time anti allerAtnl
- versity-4adOvertaltee the royal family. lu
these early days, lie felt that the King was
in his, powerroso afraid was his Majesty of
• (Abe . Q,been and court knowing about this
'lock-making, and , having it in his
power to tell any day. - .lle spoke gruffly
. to the. King., and ordered him • ahrtut as if
he had been an apprentice, to
fKing always submitted. lie not otily en
:Attired this treatment, but intrusted Garmin
with various 'secret commissions, ittihich
-were sometimes of greattimportance. 'The
'itccount Which Gamin gave (textile ¶King
was, that he Was kind anti 'forbearing, ti
mid, inquisitive, and very apt to go to
,sleep. . .
."(rhere was one more apartment, a-sort
-----r - -A".Orobsetwatory on theleads, in which was
an •iinmenseAtilescope. Durel was always
, at hand, iither•shaipenitig tools or cleaning
'the anvil,-or pasting maps:; and the King
employed :him .to:fi'x•:the lens of the tele
.seope-so-at to - suit his 'Majesty's eye; and•
vtitere,:in •en • arm chair at the end of the
- 'telescope, sat the 'King for hours together,
. -spying at the people who thronged the-pa
lace courts,,or who went to and fro in the
• While hie 'Majesty was thus pursuing all
, this child's play in private, his people were
starving by thousands, and preparing by
millions to rebel; the gOverhment Was deep
ain debt, the ministers . perplexed, and the
'wisest of theth in despair;because they ne-
Wercould'get'his 'Majesty to speak or act,
• even so far as to say in ,conneil which of
two different opinions lie lilied , the best.—
Be -would •sit by, hearing .Consultatiolis on
•'• She-most !important and pressing alairs,
and,-after all, deaVe.his ministers
-act: because he wotild not utter-so 'much as
•"Yes" or "NO." He bad no will, .and
. nothing could be done without it. What
__pity_for_Suffering,,Fiance, , _and.for_tbe_mild
Louis .himself, and all his family, that he
• was .not a huntsman ur inechanie, instead
11AIHE,VIISUOINETTE , HIS QUEEN.
Marie -Antoinette 'bean 'married; as
we kpovicatlifteen, when-she was not only
inexperienced,:; but very ignorant. Her
mother ; the 'Empress of Austria,• , was, so
bitsy governing her empire that she could
,•.pay little attention to the education of her
/children. "She gave them governesses; but
these governesses indulged their pupils,
-doing their lessons Jot .themoracing their
writing in pencil, casting alp 'their sums,
,sslittpering to them how to.spell, doing the
outline,oniteir drawings first, and-touching
them - up aolasf. The
. thatovhen.:this:yOung girl entered France
s.a bride, at fifteen years , of age, she kneW
' , ..2ext to nothing; and, though' she took some
ins, she , never leareed.'to' Spell well in
I.:French, or 'to write grammatically, oven af.
ter she hid declared she had forgotten , her
nauve language, German. She very
' o elover., notwithstanding. She had a strong,
firia, aniilledided'4;ind: Iler,:.foorariee,"! These gifis'Avere - tOO often licensee fordthe
.iwas un irreparble:eV!), especial- . .exclusiye sale of! articles 'which all shOuld ,
lv her igneritnee or: inekand common life. :,haire been left free 2 to . sell. The secretary
S ; he:lnid no means of 'repairing this igne= Ofth.e•Queen preS6ted•the lien: to Ma-:
ranee. Every body flattered her ; every 'jesty, and, at theie hours, she sign'ed away,
orie . yielded to her in the daye:of her pros"- the good-will!of thousands of well-disposed
Verity, so that she knew ,no,will but her ; subjects. , x ...
own; till some mistake, u:ilich it was toi;1 • At the. hour of the toilstte„on the first
• te_to-s-04411,4ttilsktrtieii - fre - r — how shirtniii
been deceived. .• -
Of :her 7nAny . mistakes, however, none,
,N.vos'so fatal as thtt: or condoning that . all',
was well because no one 'told her to ,the
contrary; of - passing,her days in splendor
and plcdsitre,. giving her Whole mind to
acting I plays, .masgtieraditig,. and inventing
new. amusementsi-now . and 'then pro'viding
for dependants by giving a license to sell
some necessary article dear to the poor,
w !tile ,the poor. was growing desperate mith
famine. was careless and selfislt,but
she Was flirt hard-hearted; 'for,"Whenever
she witnessed misery, site haiteried to re
lieve it, often sacrificing herown ,pleasure!
Ira' that purpose; but thepeople,'hunger , H
bitien - and.in rags,-seeing her splendor;-and
hearing reports._ of farntore than was ac
wally. true, believed" her hard-hearted; and
r iming proud of her, and' devoted to
her, whi , n she:
i(Tffearried a,t last. m hate Bur
There wouldshe do end-to the story %of •
how many attendants the Queen had, and -
what were the formalities observed among
them. We• will only briefly go over the
history . of a • day, in order fully to under
stand how greaLwas the reverse when she
IWcarne a prisoner.
'Phe Queen wits - awakened iegtarly at
-ehrht o'Clock, at -which hour herfirstqady
of the bed chamher entered 'the room, and
Cartie ivithin, t h e gilt ':railing which stir- -
rounded the red; 'bringing : in- one hand' a
pin -cushion, andin e tlie the„hookcon 7
tabling patterns of the,,Qui , en's.tlresseS, of
which she had usually thirty-'six for each
season, besides muslin and other common
'Ate Queen Marked with pins the
three she i, , itose to wear the course' of .
.thatday;‘, oneAutiw ilup• ying, another .
vafr01T.:717=71M411,7,501714,31;661, , '
adds thpn k rei:i3q , red to ,a ..fOottnan, whocar-.,
tied i 1 tu' thii -lady , of
_the Wardrobe: Shp:,
yid!: diiwo from the shelves and drawers
_these -,dresse.s. and their 'trim Mings,:while
,tith:d a .basket.-with the
t,-- - -41-7;: - Whicitite'r aFSty %rota want
that dap: ' Great -Wrappers of grepn-taffe:
ty . were' : thrown ' , over. these things,. mid
foortl . fell (nulled . 0106 to atom Queen's - dre's=
sine -romp. Sometimes the'Queen took her
breakfast 'inlied," - :l4: . 'Soinetitrni - s - Itili•er
bath,- Her:lined - dress Was tripThed with
the richest lace.; lier,dressing-gown was of
white taffety, and .the slippers in which , she
stepped to. the bath were of- White dimity
trimmed with lace. '
Two women were keilt for t he sole, pun
.pose of . attimiling to the bath, which 'Was
usually rolled into the Vdmit,upon castors.
The bathing g o-wn was of fine flannel, - with
collar anti cuffs; and lining drrnaglimit ofl
tine linen. The breakfast, of :coffee or
chocolate, was-served on a tray which stood
on the corner of the bath. Meantime, one
of the ladies warmed the bed With a Silver
warming pan,•and the Queen returned to it;
slink up :in her while..taffetY dressing
gown and reading; or, if any, one who had.
permission to visit her at that hour wished
to see her, she took up her embroidery..—
. Phis kind of a visit at a person's rising is
customary r broad; • and it has been so long
so at the court of France,.that certain clas
ses of peFsMis were understOod to have al
right to visit the Queen at AM hour of her
levee, as it was mil, d.' These' persons
were .the pliOicians and surgeons. of the'
court, any. messengerS from the King, the •
(liteetit• Seeretary, and other's.; so that
there were often, besides the ladies in -wait
ing,.ten or a dozen .persons visiting the
Queen as -she sat up 'bed at work, 'or
.taking lter•break fast. • ° • '
The great visiting :hour, , however, was
noon, when.the -Queen went into -another
room to have her hair dressed. Me* see
in prints how the hair was dressed at -that.
time—frizzled and.powdered, and piled up
with- silk, cushions, and ribbons, • and flow
ers, till- the Wonder was how any 'head
could carry such a Weight.. It took- a long
time.to,.dress a lady's head in, those days.
Queen sat before a most splendidioi
let-table in the middle of the room. The
ladies who had been .in waiting for twenty-.
four .hours now went Out, and gave place
to others; in full dress, with rose-colored
brocade -petticoats, , wide hoops, and high
.head-dre.sses, with lap Pets, and all the fine
ry of ti court,. The. usherlook his place
beforeAhe 'folding doors; great chairs 'and
stools were set in 'a ,eircle for such visiters
as had a right to sit down in the , presence
of royalty.. ',;Chen entered the ladies of the
palace,-the governess . of the-royal children,
the royal family, the secretaries of state,
the captains 'of the guard, and, on Tues
days,. the foreign , Ambassadors,: AccOrd
, mg to their rank, the-Queen either nodded
to .theln as ,they .entered, or 'bowed her
head, or leaned with her arm upon her toi-;
let-table, as if about to rise. This ,last
lu tadon .was.OnlY to the royal princes. .Sha
- never. :actually - 'roam - ffor 'her hair-dresser
I was poWderiogiher hair. ..
Jr was coirsidered presumptiOusand daft,
gerous.to alter any.customs.ofthe..court • -of
France; but •thtsQ,ueen ihoughtl fi cto - alter
one, among others. It had always, before
her time, been the etiquette for thplady,of
,highest rank who appe . aryd to readi
ness in the, Queenls,Chamber 'to lip'' her
' M esty's :pe t co tits ever'llei eadl dreEr.
'sing; but, when her :Majesty. was pleased
'..to'have.her head• dressed. so high that no,
4 ,petticoat would go over it.; but must be
.41ipped.up:from jietr• feet,:she 'used to step
into het' closet; 46? diTiised by' her TA*
'.'rite milliner, and one of herwomen. „This
;eharige gave great, offence' to: the ladies,
wha thought they .hati . n. right 'to -the • honor
of diessing the Queen " •
•, Her MajeStpcsme ;forth (TOM ber.eloset
,ready .to go -to Mais-On'Aiertain days,,antl,
by. Mil time, -her • eltapteins were in ,vrait ! ;
big among hersitite. The royal prineesties
and their trains stood-waiting toloiloo the
„ Queerilo, the chapekbni;'etritogely 'enotigh,
:thie tbi(hour..oppoitited .for Meting'
,4.008 : of - gift on .:the part of, the queen,
t:.,r 10 t:....:0;,_4474,'..1:n1 I.H*.it i . - 41,',1 - *.:: 0:14:0:14... i 1k,7 aio 10-“ 411'.:r4
is o te•mont tto I neon - , •• r•set t
ed with her pocket-money 'for the month,
the sum with which she mightdo what she
liked, and out of which.she made - presents.
_This such .was alwa-ys' in gold, and was
presentetrin aTurse of white kid, embroider
ereddn silver, and 'lined with-White',:silk.
Its amount was 4 on an average for the..Vear
round, 412,500.". It was' by•saving out:Of
this allowance that•she paid 'for the pair:of
'ilianietikear-rings which she bought seen
after her marriage; but it
. took six yeate.
'savings to pay for the Nroament. . She was
_young and ,giddy. when she bought theie
jewels, and .she paid for them- out of her
own pocketc but", as it has been seen, the.
purchaseAhrtiet-sound --weft ift - the ears•of.
peasants who boiled" nettles for 'food when
-they• Could not get bread, (root the' pressure
of the, taxes. "'Whether the discented knew_
jt._tir not, a : good. deal_t.)f g .,41
- Vve - eharity, however, 'which did_not
do half the, good :that :Self-denial would
have done._ .
s lier AtaleSty was wliitertin at dinner,by.
bei Ladies. .She dined - wirlYT - TOitFrallr,
eating .chicken, and drinking water only.;
She, supped nit broth, on the wing of a
fowL, and biscuits, which she steeped in
. spent the afternoon - among her
ladi'es4,or. : with her two • most intimate_
friends, the,Thiehess dc•Polignae, (or some,
tide_goyerness to. the royal . children, and:
the, Prineus, de Lamballe, superintendent
of the holtschold." After a time. the friend
ship-With both IlieSP -ladies. cooled ; but,
while' it lasted, the pleasantest hours' tli;e .
Queen" .passed••were • when working antt,
'conversing 'with 'thesci Alter the
private theatre,: s was given up, the:evenings
tvere.eomenmly•spent dull card
'parties,' but some.titneS in 'more agreeahie,
pt:kwA 44-41.10100a0ts ,;«Lone.l?r,..»thec
Livicieli.the:.captains of .theguird'and %whim'
other 'persons, were, admitted 'as
spectators.; but,. though' 'her 'beSt friends
,been gip (Mt!' ,§ giVe
-abStainetl- from gnat-performances; tt:is uoi
surprising that; she inelined• to an. amuse
tnetd-that gave , ,her Something 'to thimk cif
and to.do, and front which she really Loom
ed more of literature than, 'she could other•
havc,„done..;...A midst plumbic
dul.l.tiislof such a life as, hers, we, cannot
'wonder that studying some oLthe best
.FreueliArainatic poetry,',,and feeling,'for
the hour, that , she was, the companion, and
not the Queen, should - have been a pleasure
which she was'sorry to forego. Site sore
ly lamented afterwards that' she had ever
indulged in it.
ENGLAND AND - 111E' U. STATE'S
• . •
In the Brinsh Ilouse of Commons, Sep
tember- 17th, 'on the- motion., for going into
committee .61 supply, Lur John Russell,
,(one of the Ex-Ministers,)' . addressed the
House, and, itt the course of his remarks,
the•pentling differences between
England•and the - United States. Lie said:
• "The 'question , in dispute•betwedn this .
'country and•Amerie& does hear in some'of
its aspects a character whic'h I should glad
ly sexchanged. When my - noble friend,
i of State fur Foreign AT
fairs,,offered'his opinion. on the subject to
the American Secretary of State, commu- -
nientions ,arose between them which left
it clear that the Executive tioVernment of
the United States were agreed • as to the
Character_and extent of the difference sub
sisting between them,•and -sore I am , that'
no impartial and intelligent person, looking
at the circumstances of the case, can do
, otherwise,than come to the conclus ion that
the matter in question must be regarded in.
thellight of a difference between nations and . ,
in no respect, 'of private. wrong.. It, how
ever, happened that the tribunals of thl.,
state of New York viewed :the question in' -
? different light, and such, a view, if, perse
4ertol-,in, could...not fail, in my opinion, to
prove destructive:of all amicable relations ,
between independent countries.' If ques
tions of that nature are , to be left the.or
dinary tribunals n hich sulthihister justice'
i mekna ll y among. the sabjects or citizens of
a . state—if•the two goverhinentil/fllie
.countries where such unhappy occurrences
arise are not to, settle the matter according
to .the received 'principles of ikternational .
law, •then, 41 conceive, thereinuso - 6 an end
to that understanding •upon amica-_
ble relations can, alone be founded . .
have no hesitation in dayipg.t s hat 4f
any cob rt of law assumes to itself the power
or the right of - determining'such:questions,
a proCeeding of that nature must have, the
effect, of placing the amicable relations pre-
iiously subsisting between the two coun
tries, in the Utmost peril. Considering then
that the, question is one which ought tb be
settled:by.the two executive governments,
and by them alone, I hold it to be highly
_improper that any thing,of_this_sortehould-,
be brought under the decision or considera
:lion, of. any of the ordinary tribtaals of
either , cotintry. If at the •commencentent
of.,the,Spanish„wlr,.Sir Graham Moore'-
preriotis to.the formal declarations of hos
ttilitieft—ltiad•captured, suppose, a Spanish
frigate, , and.that lie was .arreved,•it would
, be equally as 'competent - to AlreSpanish
bunals te•consider him 'amenable , to their
audierity:and 'try him forliiraok, as it was
to the"•Neiv , Yorle tribunaktoliold a British
Subject ansivemble.tolthem for the-conduce
pursued with reference to •the Caroline
„Olean", v.esseli. Between, my neble•-frien4
'the:late:Seer - My-of State for Foreign:hf
`fairs and Mr. Webster, there ;happily
isted an entire;-accOrdanCe of Opinion
the capture of the Caroline, and l ani•eure
that the President of the' United•Statee will
see he necessity of preyenting.thk-oceur
:•rence (*similar, events-in futtirif the're
be tkityintention',:.of maintainitOrnicable'
'relations with this :etnintry, : taM. sure. it
willbe felt: 08'1'1111y: by fite:!.:Atnerican
veinnient as it, hoe been;',hy the' . Goverti:•,
• intuit of 'England; .that, proceedings., of ility
nattird•of that to whichl. have'::been just
,fill.iding , ,qhliot be repeteiland , plughi not:
to tie ! ' persevered in: The Oevernments'or
Both .countries being . thin:, agreed, 'there:
cainot, II imagine,' arise between' theni . any.::
cause, of w,ar. There cannot, I should
hope,. be any cause , of 'difference between
two countries where there so evidently ex
ists a stron r" to.rodintaiu Feaee.
AD:DR S t SIJID TO TEACHERS.
tins. L. n. SIGOURNEIY.
There Woo country where the system
af-populpr education is of so much impor
tance as in Out awn; for.under it, the great
mass of .citizentklecieve the rudiments .01
their intellectual and moral culture. it has
weirliaid, that the common 'school
is not so called because it inferior,
the-same'sense as the light•and air are com 7 ;' ,
•mon. It ought to he -the best schaol.-•-- . 1
Who does' not know' the value to die cam 4
munity of a plentiful supply:of the pure el- t
ementof water? • Infinitely more than this
is th e commonschool, for if is the fountain
at which- the mind drinks, and is refreebed,
tor its career of usefulness and glorv. •AI
true odersta o n7i n tyres tti-±
Would -incite a more munificent patronage
.of. district schools. That yeanothy
placed, which 'prefers- a cheap teacher to a
good. one: Instructors of high .qualifies- 1
trios - shinildim selected;-fintl - theireeropen;i
.satitin he:made-0 to give -'some
degree Of permanence to their profession.
Though they otigk-t-to-love their wojit, it is
hardly to be expected that they should de-1
' vote their .years hi-the work, solely-•for-the . i
love of "Phershou'd find in it the means
of . comfortable •subsikence, and something
'loom or itis -unreasonable to 'ask that they
should give to it any cOnsiderableportion of
their uwst valuable season•oflife. Yetthe',
permanent continuance in one plaCe of dios.e
who.excelasteacherS is-felt to be desirable.
The semi-annual ehange which IS
in many of our i,.illages, 2 subjects.the chil
dren 'to a continual -fluctuation of system,
so,that ivlll4„ii.beEtipOyons! teacher; is de-.
`str, ek.by::'„untaifier., , ,_ S.L;WaS:e.,,,I*P.- :; •11:iii*,
alijilia Pre ssi o with all flit, dis
advantages ' , conneceeV with our district-.
eel:4)111s, - uthi , witty • all . the improvements
which ;we deem • it necessary
m ad e-irra la for - the in ov h atilhistrjo us char
peters haVe tl.eraided in forming. Among
,their disciples;.'samewhat more than a cen
, ttiry and a•quartersince,--was the.son of a
pear tallow-chandler, w be, after a brief pe
i rind of his school :enturition ended, "was
found sitlinh read-the book'
; which an apprentice lent him, lest the,.eye
of the toaster should.miss it irrthe meriting,
yel he was _to- hindthe-lightning with — a
hempen. cord, pod firing' it harmless
• "Many years lage," says an leioqueut
writer, "ir an obscure country r schWol in
Massachusetts, •an holt/1)1e, conscientious,
but industriolls.boy; was to be seen; and it
was obvious to all, that his soul was begin
ning tit act and thirst, for some intellectual.
good.- Next, %re see him an apprentieebn
the ihdemalter's bench, with a book :,Bread
open before him.' Next, - we see him put
on. foot to settle:in a remote• town 'in this
state,,and pursue hisfortunes as a shoe-tna
ker, taking care to have his tools sent on,
their may before . him. In a -short time;
lie is:busied the .post of county survey-;,
or, 'wing found the . most accomplished
mathematician in that section oldie cooly-,
try.' ilefore he is twenty-five, years 'old,
we find, him supplying the astronomical
ffl atter of an almanac,. published - in New
York. Next, he is admitted tor to the bar,
a self-qualified lawyer. Next, lie is seated
on the' bench of thit euperiorrourt.
he becomes a Member of the Continental',
Congress.- !There:-Ite is madp--.one of the
committee of six to prepare the Declaration,
of.lndependence. He continues. in qop
gress for. 'nearly twenty—years; and is ac
knowledged-to be one of the most useful
and wisest cowncellors in • the . land. At
'length, hiving discharged every . plEce with
perfect - ability., and honnitred w in every
,the name of a . Christian, he dies, re
gretted and loved by his state and Mition.-;—,
Tills was Rope Sherman. Do you ask .
-for other examples? name. Franklin, Rh
tetthouseoYest, Fulap, • liowditch; all corn
tnon school men, and sonic of them scarce
ly-that, yet all educated men.: 'Besides
these,-I. know not any other seven names
of our country men that can weigir against
them." Surely the teachers' of district.
19chools have mach to . encourage them -in
recollections Ilkw.these.• Their station is
indeed arduous, and its ditties, laborious;
and permit me to ask those of you who are,
about-to enter it; iT you are thoroughly gir-.
-ded with the armour of . ; patience? Allow
me to inquire if ytin are.eas44coura'ked
by difficulties?. .1 hope-nof.i - Allte study
au new language, we com mit,repeat, trans
and transcribe ptirsevere urtitd /
its irregularities and idioms until -they are
conquered. We do not suffer ourselves to!
be'daunted by obstaeles,.'nor• expect to he-I
come adepts immediately. Should we not-•
be- willing, to take equal pains, to read, un
derstand, and rule the mind? Are any of '
infirmity by fretful words, or, a, distorted I
countenance? Set yourselves to` remedy'
this,:as a serious evil, whicli will greatly
impair your; usefulness. Aral yourselves
with,new patience. How unreasonable t'o'
expect to see at once the fruits Of your la.;
- bour. Look at, the husbandman. Does
nothie seed sown, seem to ~be lost? It is
buried_deepSrom WS inds sweep
.the -surface, and snows - cover the sprit:
where-it slumbers. .At lengthlit appears,,
but so : feeble, that the slightest footstep
might,crushlt. The 'birds 61 . 4110 , air would
waste:it, - ot the weeds , spring:up and choke
it, were'not his patient,: cheerful industry:
.protection. ,There may be . . dreught; ,
- theie Mar , be destructive insects; there may .
'be storms 'in harvest, under the:most:
: , adverse . eireumstanCesi r hOW seld does
he fail te lather a partlnto his tamer:—
took at Ithe florist. • With' what, tender,.
enduring, care does hiapp - Ortion the water
drop and the'sun-beam to NS Mere delicate,
pante:, And the weed tmplanted in tli*
tiriMertai *Moe; Olees
. M3,7°11011 than the.hernel-t:ofmatie; Or 'the
ataityllts: balbt,tietitipe,yoti say, :
there: are more, wrong things to reform
than 'we had anticipated. 'lt maybe riie.• •
We have not ,the gift of oversightanil the
variations bf the character irrife forming
state are lirriitless. :It is always more dif
deidt to make the•cretiked..straight, 'and
the rough plain;"; than to, uphold 'the good:
• • • tiful YPt aunt;
may be more laborious to teflti.r than
construct, (hies 'he Who.has determined to
restore an edifice; ;despair because of the
rubbish or the ruinotiiiwalls? .He expec
ted to encounter sucl4bstructions: They
give impulse to' hieehergies. Is the.tem,,
ple which "God bath .builded in. the soul as
an babiiatiori for the Holy Spirit," uOwor
thy-aeon:II ^tont - "Oh, but you, say,"'
some children are.so.refractory, so ungrate
ful." . Have we- not around us and. within
its, continual *ors 'of the kitidneSs and
sforbeartinee of our :Heavenly Father, to the
evil and it n Monk .Who rescued a• way
ward rare, from the hotise.d. bondage, led
them, murmuring' ;through the -wilderness,'
sustained them with bread from heaven,
with Water - from the Jock, and brought
"them tO the land? - :Studied theif
to keels the'law-of their Almighty Benefa'c 7
. tor, aiiitito_m - ilie their as a
hymn of praise? 'Remember their idol
ture.of-their penitence, their. goodness like
the "morning cloud and the early deiv that
vanisheat away," ---- How.. - often -did—they'
"teMptGod in the wilderuesi.4, and grieve;
him in the desert;" and disobey him in the.
land of promise:` . Yet did he not continue
to send -championg to- deliVer them from
- enentiestigliteofiS judges to rule
' them? holyseers to admonish and instruct
them? Now, alhittesc thingsluip petted un
t() them - for ensatoples,- and they are writ
te'n for, our benefit. Let -us - try. to imitate
ithelongSuffering; which the ourselves re
ceive from - Ilitn;":_whomultiPlieth to' par
don." is a . mistake, to SuppoSe that we
ore to' take comfort in _every object with
which 'we are. associated., 'Some , are..-fnr
the.-trial' , of oar patience, some iiir• the disT
taNkIXMOV-00#0.040,rctAt i ' in0 4 . *!
strength - is - Weak our ,tvisdoin van- .
by. TheT ministries of life are varione.,
11'allt. among thein with.ll ei•etie brow;
with ‘ a heart of resolVed virtue; -With'.a
-- g - do -- (1 - iv Ma lies
in evil things.. .13elieve.dial GOd is able to
bring it.forth,..whelher'you see it' or not.-
-Let every trial with whielt ytiu 'meet, lust s
stimulate you to new exertions. 'RI-Mem
ber the oriebtal proverb, "whit time and
:patience, the mulberry-leafheeomes satin."
However you May at qiinee - Weried, do
not stiffer •.yourbelviis• to despond. That
"patience may have its perfect work," let
it.he founded on - true piety; , A friend once_
lasked Fraucke; (who built The famous
orphan house_ of Halle,) how it came to
pass that Itelmaintahied so, constant a peace
of mind. • Ile replied, "By stirring op my
mind a Inindreil_times a_ day.- , Wherever I
am, and -Whatetw4 do, I say, "Blessed Je
sus, have I truly a share in thy redemption?
Are my sins forgiven? • Am I guided by
thy, spOt? Thine I am. Wash me again
and again. - Strengthen me.'. It is-thus
have enjoyed serenity of mind, and a settled
I:peace .my soul."
Warning to Young ?filen!
ST. LOUIS CRIMINAL COURT
[Reported for the Planet.]
STATE vs. AUGUST US V. JONES
NDICTIVENT FOR VASSING COUNT.V.RFE
The defendant in this Case was probably
twenty-eight i ,years of age,Jmt wore the'ap
pearance-1 or at least. thirty-five. He had
evidently (knee been• - a - fine looking man;
in stature he was something over 'six feet,
aiul his strongly marked features and'pro
minent forehead gave evidence of more than
ordinary intellect. But you 'could clearly
discover that he had become a prey to the
monster, Intemperance—the mark- of the
beast was, stamped upon 'his Countenance;
which gave-it-a-vivid-amFunnattirat - g - mee;i
He w.tis -- -plaped in the box with others who
-were to be arraigned upon the indictMents
preferred against them.. .All the others had
plead not guilty; (as is usual) and a day
was•jet for their trial. The•defendant was
told to stand - up, and the clerk read to him
the indie(ment, which. charged him, with 1
havino, -- on the 10th day of August, passed ;
to One Patrick bneal.a , COUnterfeii bill pm...
pilling to be - issued by the 2d Municipality
of the city of New Orleans for the sum of
three dollars.; and -upon being 140 the
question guilty or not guilty ? he replied,
l '" -guilty, guilty!" Then, turning •to the
I court, he remarked that, as .this was the'
last time he ever :expected to fippear in
court, he would be glad if he could be al-,
loyed to make a few remarks.
told him -to proeeed. 'After a -pause, in
which he was evidently
• endeavoring to.
I calm his - feelings, he proceeded as follows:'
may it please the Court—in the remarks
4-s-holt-maks,,l milli - lot attempt to extenu-'
ate-my _crime or ask "at your hands any
sympathy in passing sentence upon me. I
ricuoy - that - I - have - violated the law - of - m - y
country, and justly 'deserve punishmeUt;
nor would I recall the past, or dwell upon
the hitter present; for my own 'Sidie. A
wish to do good for others is my only mo
I shall , with theindulgence.of the'court,
give a brief narrative of my life,` with a'
..hope that those young men around nte.niay.
take warning by it, and avoid the rocli'dpon
'which I haye:split. I was born of respec
table parents, in the stated , New , Jerfiey,
and during my - childhood.. received etiery
attention that fond parents could bestow
upon an only son. It was early discovered,
that •hadfondness • for books, and. my. fa
ther although:in limited oircitinstances,:de-
terrnitted to give tile.a jiberale.ducetion; I
• was sent to a high school in thelieighbor
hood, and such was:my progreas, that at
twelve years•of age; my preeeptor.deelared
ine- qualified far college, ned :I accordingly
entered o " ne'rif thwhl
oestliniver n sitiee.of the
Herel I a myself
co try... , so . Istingmete
that, at sixteen, gra4utite n d:ivith the 'second
'hOOors of the institution, and returned home,
flushed with the,.Jirikliant , proopect'of suc-
• con tha n i
lay befOrostite. Tooott iftOr corn.
mended the - etudyof laW, aiul'when only
in' nkr: twentieth year, I obtained license to
Acting upon the adviee l of friends, I-de
termined to try my fortunes in the west. I.
accordingly • arragged rn . t;'lifiliirs for depar
•ture early in tile frill .of 1833. 1 will not
tion, from thoseld Most dear—suffice it
to say, that I received the blessing's of my'
parents, and in rettrn promised - .faithfully
' and honestly to avoid all - bad company, as
well as their. vices.,-Ilad I kept my pro
-it-Ilse-I-should-have been saved this shame,
and' been ltiie from the load, of guilt that,
hangs around me continually, like a fiend
ish vulture, threatening to drag me tit jus
tice, for crimes as yet unrevealed... But, to.
return, I left my early home, where all 'had
been sunshine, and where my' pathway
had been strewed with flowers; to try , my
fortune .among strangers,. and to try my
strength-in buffetingthe stoom mut tempest
of the world. With light heart I looked .
fortvard to the future; and taking.the usual
note soon reached • Wheeling, where I
took passage en a haat for touisville..•,,. On
amiqement, and altlnnigh promised '
faithfulfy to avoid such things.,. still, I argil
•d-to-411-self, sere was no harm-in flaying'
a game fornmusetnent. ' • •",
ACChidiegly',4 pined the party, and, we
down. After we left. Giecineati. it , was
proposed to.betsa hit a i game, merely, as it
was said, to make it interesting. My first
impreSsion.was to leave the table, hut I_Was
told that . itl3.as . only. a . bit—that I.couldmor
lose nude than one or • twit dollars. • This
argument prevailed, -for - INakeil moral /
courage to di) -what - was right; I feared
toy companions, would stay . that I Was
stingy, of a little money. Influenced -by
these feelings. I played, and, as , the fates
would have,it, I :won. - Before tOT,,i - mielied
Louisville, - we had twice cloubled‘thstalte„!
and I found 1 - 4 hick enablO Mem pity my
passage out of,' ety_tyinitipa . s.:_it was th e
,first- t 44
i,.trty,Lsneeese,,y,nmetl- , :mg..:2,:y: - A gain ; :..toblye , ..(l, -
qiiiirivirtr.talii - .§IWCATOIr
cminflued to play : for amuSement,..until
had,acquired a thirst.forgaming.. I' settled .
in a -thriving ':village-in..TepneSsee, and
__e_onimened-,the-praeticelof -My _.profession
tinder flattering atignices;.and tny . .first ap-;
pearance iii t .criminal eourC.was . highly
thioughout the eir . cuit. : :.Things' went on'
Altus for more than a year, and I believed
myself fairly ott_the .road_to
.fitme and b - tr,
time, I occasionally'' pla3 ed cards; bit
Consoled myself with, the , idea that I only
, played with gentletrien for amusement. ,-
One night I _accompanied some young
then to a gaming-shop, ;iti•tl, for the first
tk n e in my life, saw a faro - Bank. 'My
companions commenced betting, and I w a s
-indoced to join them, although I did not
understand the ganie: - Again I played With
I Success; and .witen.ws left . the house, was
More thah two hundred dollars winner.—
Nooe,of my companions had been forma
pate, and I was insisted that I was the lucky
thanond that it must treat. We accordingly
repaired to my room, where I ordered
I wine, and before webroke tip we we're all
deeply intoxicated. With me it was the .
first time, and the next day I reSolved that
I would never play cards again. I adhered
to the determination for nearly 3 months,
when 1 again yielded to the .entreaties • of
1.. now 01.1yed with varied success, and
. cases.-fount an_ excuse for resorting
to the wine bottle. If. I lost; I drank, to
-drown sorrow;. if,l won 1 treated my gond
fortune.. Thus I . progressed upon my down
ward course, until drinking and gambling
_became. lily chief employMeOts. -All - my
friends who were worth preserving aban
doned me, until my linty associates were
drunkards and gamblers. When almost re
duced to want, (for I had left Off business,)o
I received a letter• informing me of the
deathilof my father—who loved me so ten
derly: And did I act, as an affectionate
child ? No.' Vice had, destroyed the hu
man te - aiii - g - S - Ormylieart„and left only the
animal passions and appetites. Asthe letter
contained a • Check for $5OO, a part of my
poor father's hard earnings, I drowned my
grief that night in al3aehanalian revel,-and
in a few days I _.was• again .penniless.. I
will mint dwell upon the every - day scenes
of my life, which •were such as may at all
times he witnessed at any of the two hum :
tired 'dram shops of your city, Where
wretched men squander the little pittance
that justly belong to their suffering wives
But to pass on. For nearly three years
I hare been a drunken; wandering outcast:
Six Months ago_ll received a letter .from 'my
dear mother,. enclosing 000, and inform
ing me that she was .fast sinking with dis
ease, and entreating me with all a Mother's
feeling, to come home and see her before
she'died._ For a time I felt the appeal, and
resolved to comply with her request; and
accerdipgly took, passage on a steam boat,
for that purpose. .For two days I refraine l d
....... My - thirst became insup',
portable—at le%th mY appetite overpOwr
erect my better feelings, and I approached
the bar and demanded the liquid fire. I
was soon intoxicated,. when I madly sought
the gaining table; and before the boat reach-
ed Louisville, I was stripped of every cent.
Thus, all hopes of seeing my dying mo 7
therein off, j regained at Louisville zeve.
reel week's, in Whißli s time I learned thatmy
mother had died; acid: - that her last brekli
was spent .in prayer for her wretched chi*
From Louisville I . shipped on board the
steamer Brazil ; as a deck hand, and came
'to this place, where was discharged for
drunkenness. Let every young man re? ,
fleet upon this, picture. 1, who had moved
in the first circles of society—had been the
gnept of distinguished putdie men, 'and a
favorites among the literati, of our country
—was.now turned nff ; as unfit for a. deult 7 '
hand on a steam hoatl yet intemperance'
had done-thie much: • • ,
I loitered.abniit • tliis city for 'several
weekti, and was sometimes
postingUp the lnioke - of some drean4hop,
fer which I. Was paid in the liquid fire, kept
for the acenmmodationiof Customers. , One
evening I fell in company'. Ufith a who'
has lately been. !edged: in :jail:: fer.paSsing
counterfeit money.. We,played cards, and, ,
"woo from hid the three dollar bill in
question. The next day I learned it was
a counterfeit, and did not offer to pass .it'
for some days, had no 'other money--
I meet no'one who would ask me to •
drink. My appetite was like . raging fife
rithfit-me:7-4-could-trot-M i d c,it.
a dram sbop...offered the was BC'
cepted;, and when found,.a few hours after,.
by the officers of justice, ` I was' beastly
The evidence or guilt was ennelusivet
and. liefore my brain was elearof the intox
icating-Nines, I was lodged in jail to . await
my. trial. - -I am now done. I - have, not
detained th e tkono, with any ,hope or wish
that clemency' would •be 'extended to my
case: but with a hope that .my example
may be a warning to othei 'Young men—
that those who . hear my may, when asked
to play a sorial gunge of cards, ar,drink 4
glassot, think of my fate and'refraiti:
They: may feel themselves secure,-they _
may believe they can stop when they please; ,
but let them remember .that I. argued
until I was :lost.. the defendant,
sank-w tr-and - aplreare/tro -- he - yery Ma ch
airect.eff; and for a • few • moments, silence
,reignedJhrong bout the Court House . ..
`• At length the Judge, w.ho is as much
clikonguislittdifor_thc A ualities* his heart
as he is for learning as a Judge,' proceeded
in -a.-brief--but-appropriate--manner to pass -
sentence upon the defendant, putting 'his
punishment in the Penitentiary down to . the
shortest time allowed by
Military 'liiicainp.inent . . -
The ist 'Battalion Cumberland Vol:1114T' s having. ,
resolved to hold a three days encampment, viz: ou
Jimr.silay-the Fhb, Friday the 15th ancl_,Saturday
flat! thtla .days in October, mext t at :he. 'f Citi lisle
'priiKs'..! about live miles north of this place, iind
having-appointed the • untlercdgoed. tt 'committee to' .
nviiation a I:, others to attend _ said ei.rainpnicat.,_:.
Tile gildorsigne ikt lietWfore rtniistyesp!pattlilly
10:511:04,11 - 7
lifdridtoatt abottlif 4 4? - incii poisi hie' .
for them to attend all ate time ,
requested•to attend On Friday the '2d day, of •the,
eat:11)11mm, from 3 in the lOrendovii t 0.3 in the after
noinoliat being:oli! time. appointed for (;rand lte-
Niew,'-to-Oich.tinreOmmaittli.Firriyiieltierii. R. Por'•
tee, and uses other iiistiitguislled individuals have
been invited and areLexpeeted•will attend.- iiii
l.dersigtietl deem it only necessary tn. Say that the spot
"selectedlor,:t.lu.: encampment is a delightful one, in---
-the lull'sL.7i au abutitlont' settleinent where every
thilig,iieeessar`y for ti c:11111)'CIIII bcluail; and it is only, '
necessary tor )any Compiniy.diderinined to attend, to
. give a few d:tys tinelee
AIM); canrhe abitailantly•suPPlied. The rail road will
afford a spee4 Ira nspoetatioti to this : place Iretn - th,6 -
East - and %Vest And the'roAil to the,Springsls one of
the•bes't - - we have only to add that all NOM may al
lend sindl ..,eiye it soldier's hearty.welcome, and we
'firmly believe mine will go awn dissatisfied.
\VI POULEI , .. l.t Col.
A. - LA N 1 flEirroN, Capt.
m. wtH.F., •
S: cloy, do. ). Com.:.
Nr.. PORTER, 'do.
.1. GOODYEAR do.
.1., It CURE R; do .'• • . -J
Carlisle, Climb. co.?
Sept. '22. 1841. S
P. S. Tents. wood and straw. will be furnished
in abundance, nod the be conit oiled on
the strictest military principles by on exTierienced
Carlisle Light !
You are ordered to parade at the Armory
on Satarday the 16th instant, at 0 o'clofk,
in summer uniform; • -
.By order of the Captain.
J. R. KERNAN, 0. 'S.
October 5, 1841.
BIG SYR AVG .4 G 11:3 R BS,
you are ordered to parade in the I:n.060.01' Ship
pensbum rriday•the let any of Octobil.,
Springfield on Tuesday the 19th of October, pririise r
ly at 10 o'clock inch day, completely equipikli fir
.JOIIN LAUGHLIN,V Sei
. • •
• UtPlailat ekTtafx.aua4
?TOM subseriber-respectlnily informs the citizens
of Dauphin, Cumberland, Franklin .and other
neighboring counties . „:that he 'lras now on florid a
large stock of -tintfitlit.cifhlre very best quality, both
oak and pine; and is prepared to furnish any quanti
ty of lumber for buildings . and -inachinery,•ln the
The' following is the price for stuff of ordinary
At the mill, per thousand feet • . .$ll 00
The lumber will be delivered, is revealed, at the
canal and rail road depots, so thatit oat) be transport.*
ed in any direction with great convenience. •
W. 111.. H. KEPNER:.
Harri Sburg S team \fill, . •
' • EDGE TOOL - •
The subscriber hereby informs the citizens of Car* ,
lislef and the public generally, that he has taken.the
shop nearly oppbsite the Jail, where he will be pre
, pared to manutimture to order, on the most reasons-.
lb e terms, any article iin'his line of business,such as
Axes, Mill Picks, Am.. •
-He will also attend to Steeling and Grinding Axes.
He solicits a share of public patronage. • , .
. -JOHN HARRIS..
Carlisle, Nov. 5,1840. , '
Consumption and Bleeding at the Lungs Cured, by, .
the use of Dialcun'e - Expectorant Remedy:
MISS lINIELINE YEAGER, aged 's&euteen,.
yintS, was taken when at the age of sixteen with a,
slight ,cold, which she neglected until the LUNGS:
fell a prey to that seeking destroyer,:CONSUMP—•
TION, .when application to a physician was Made,
but to no effect. De considered her case , hopeless.
one, and veseribeil but: little medicine for, her. In
themeantinie she (I ischarged great quantities of blood
with much expectoration of thick phlegm and cough.
Her boilily•frame-at length became reduced to.a
ing skeleton. _Her last was :infirmly looked
erfriends.:that her sufferings might end by the pangs'
of death. During the time her Physician frequently
celled; and as thelawrecourse, determined to test the.
virtues of" Dr. I)UNCAN'S, EXPECTOItANT
RENIEDV,." having noticed some extratirdinarii cure
performed by,,the medicine in. similar cases..., lie at
once obtained . twohottlei and administered it to her.
The fourth day lie: found some change, which,.gave '
hopes. Ife continued giving theMedieine • foreigh.
teen days; at thattime she was rendered' able to be
welking . in her bed:chamber, to the-,astonishment of
her friends mai relativeS:' ; She Continued - using the
medicine for eight weeks, When she declaredherself
entirely. free from disease 'mut paimand now pursues ;
her daily nomination in perfect health. , „
Ofilee, N - o. 10 Nerds 'Eighth titrtet
For BO& at the,Drug Store 044. AlYeraelt..Co
Carlisle and Wm: Peal Sliiippenshurg: aug.,25
W 0 0 Dip