Carlisle herald and expositor. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1837-1845, September 29, 1841, Image 2

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    veto IlleSSar' denririk'S . -with approbation,.
and wbielt trßof papyrspeedi,:ally s
- by rcti;rnce to the dealings in the ex
changes '.,of the Baok.or tl‘e United States
in 1333, which the iPresident . affirms "a;
mounted to upwards Of one hundred mil;.
• lions of dollars'" Yet this plan, wheta it
, was sUbmitteU to hifit,7. 7 :ANobjecte(l to on
a new.groond.-. Th.; last veto had 'narrow
ed -the question of aDank doWn to the ba
.• • • •sis lir , the Sub-Treasury Isclieifie, awl it, is
• obViUtig from then,inl oos - that ine.:Nage,
'that' the country . is not to'expeet any thing..
belterthan the exploded. Sob-'Treasury', ur
some measure of the same.character,-from
Mr. Tyler: - , • • .
• !In the midst of all. these' Varieties of opi.
'Man, an impenetrable mystery "seemed to
. 'hang overthe whole question, There was
ito-sUch frank ;interchange" of sentiment es
. ought to:characterize the iuterco rse of a
'President and'his'friends, and the - last Per
ironSlin,the GovernMent adio oultdseem`;
to have been entrusted wi h 1 's cant - lance t
"-on those ,etobarraSsing 1( es,' were the
.constitutional advisers wi the la irs had
provided-for him. • - • -
In this
review 'oft position'-into which
. .
the late- events hayet trowirtlie Whig party,l
'it is withprofotpul sorrow- we look-to -thel
. • (Murree pursued by the 'President. Ile has . ;
-wrested from: us one of the best fruits, of
. it
long and • painful struggle and the consent- t
• • .mation of -a gloriOurr. victor.* ;he has 61 , 00
-perhaps 'thrown . us once more upon., the
field of political st.rife; not weakenCtl. in
• •numbers, nor_suorn_nt the support, or_tne._
country;but snipped of tire arms which
success had placed in of hamls, and left
again to rely upon that high potrimisin
which ., for twelve years sustained us in a
- conflict of Unequalled asperity, aml which
finally brought Us•to the futtilmvntorthose
brilliant hopes Whichi he Ltas bone so Much
• • to destroy.-,.
In this •state of things, the Whigs will
. naturally look With 'anxiety to'ilie . futitr,-
and inquire what are the actual relatto
between the
ad h
n those wo.
.____......brought-him into power; at,ul what, in the
opinion of theirfriends in Qougress, should
-• • be their . coarse _ Of
these questions ttieleel it •to be our dniy to
a roa9 you 'I L : 11(T , (d.
•-saulo,. AI
, - • liVie(racTio-dte-first ice-arc-coast, ainvW
=u:r:'lcl gay - that, thei-P - residetti •liv, the •cOurse lie
~.has adoptell in - reSpeet•to•the aptai,,,niin, or
the .veto.. poWer •to two - S I/ ceeFsi ye bank ,-
• . - ; charters each,iirwhieVilie - re (vas just•rea
• , son lb believe _would. M'ect-leis-approbation;
• .by hisLwitbdrairal cotidonce-from-Atis•
~ real friends in Congress - and from themeni--
.bers "of his Cabinet; by Jii:sbe , towal of it
• upon others eowitiistanding Lt oir te4orious
opppytion of - t is ad
. ministration, has.voltonarily seporiqed,bint
• self from
,those- - by
he was elevate,: to that - office
-through which he-reached his
• , alted station. The..existen . ce rif this•
imaL. - relatn is as extraordinary as the-an
. -nunciation of it is painful and mortifying,
Whatorethe consequences:m(l ((mks wttich
.grow out of it.? •
The first consequence:is thnt those :who
'brought the President into,.oower ,enp- Iv
or matneo tee atonnus
tration or the ExecutiVelw.ineh of the Coy;
eminent ; and 'that the President and , •his.
advisees should be exclusively- hereafter
deemed accountable. But, as by, the joint
acts of Providence and:the- people ,he 6-
constitutionally -invested with the powers
,of Chief Magistrate, whilst he. remains in
office he should be -treated• with perfect re
. spect 'by all. And it will be . the duty of
the Whigs, in and out of Congress, to give
to his official acts and measures - fair and full
..consideration, approving them and co-•oper- -
ating in tat - 64 support where they can, and
dilTering from-and opposing any of diem
only from a high' sense of public duty.
The mere iMportant•question remains to .
t 'be touched. • What ought tO-tre the .future
!line, of condne(of the :Whig -party - in the
extraordinary emergency 'Which now ex
ists ?
They came into accomplish
great and patriotic objects. By the zeal
-and perseveraftee of -the majorities in Con
gress, some-of the most important of these
, objects have been carried at the extra ses
-• e'ion. Others yet remain to be .effected;
.• The conduct of the President has OecaSion
• • ed bitter mortification and deep reg ret.—
Shall the party therefore, yielding to 'senti
• ments of despair abandon - its duty, and sub-
10 to defeat and disgrace.? ' • •
Ear from sn (Tering such dishoneiable con
-2.,•,:----tettiien6es, the very disappointment which
it has unfortunately experienced should
• serve Only to redouble its exertion, and to
inspire:lt - with fresh courage to persevere
with a spirit uithubdued and a 'resolution un
•shaken, until flip prosperity of the country
re,established, and its liberties firm
. dy-secured against all danger 'frogs the abu
- tses, encroachment / or usurpations of. the
Executive departMent of the Covernment.l
.At the-bend of the duties which- remail
tor the Whigs to perform - to•wards . , their
country stands conspicuously and pre - cm - ;
inently above all others.
First. A`-;deduction of the Executive
power, by : a
-farther limitation Of-the Veto,
so as ; to secure obedience to the public will,
'. - as that shell be expressed by the•immcdiate
Representatives of the People•and the States,
with no other control than that wiri6 is in
,4ispensihleto avert hasty or unconstitution--
legislation. ••
By the adoption ff a single term +for the
• incumbent of the Presidential.ofEee
_ By a separation of the Purse . from: the
Sword, and with-that view to place the'ap
pointment of the ['lead , of the Treasury in
'3ongress.; and
:By subjecting the -power •ortlismissal
from office to just restrictions, so os to rett7.
the 'Presideneptenahle for its 'exerpiee.
„, • Second. The eStablishinpittity '
gross of a fiscal agent,, , coinpetentiOrtirtteT;
safely keep - ; and disburse. the public mon- .
ftw;• to 'restore thettirrefiOy pi:1810 equalize
ihe,exchanges of the country ; and •
The introduction of econotiiiin
• idniinistration'efAhp - GOverninent and
the discontinuance 'of all sinecures anti titte
leas WHOA.
_ . .
''icethe - effictuation-of theses objects ought
, . . . .
the exQrtionsof. the Whigs heretiftsr to be
, directed. Whose. only should be ~c lin.sen
, members of Uo gress who are willing cor
, tlially to co ate in the litnent
of them. Insteo4 of. striking our flag, let
it be reared still higher, with a firmer hand
bearinguitow•its 'fithis:in conspicuous Jo
tters: •
'• The Will of ,the Nation! uncontrolled
by 'the 11.13 N; one PrPsiden
term„ a frugal Government, and no
Sub "Treasury ; open or covert, in sub-;
-stance or , iiifact, no . Gonernment Bank,
obut ara instiiution.cupable Qf guarding,the
People's Treasury andadMinisteiing to•
:Wm people's wants." '• • • •
around that banner,:let apz .
peal Co that : People whose patriotic r'exer
,, dons led' to victory in the late glOriOus
I•struggle. • Let us invoke :the actionlifthe
Logitilati,rovonnells of the SovJteign States
of , this;UMOM justructed hy - their itrne•-
(hate . constituents,. let them ascertain and
express the•Ohlic will in relation to these
great •questions; and especially let them,
within their res pective constitutional sphere
exert. theta telves .to give effect. .
Anim; t4tse•..principles, and guided
by ProVidenste,itefeailis:ittipossible,and-tri-,-
nmphant. 4t.tess inevitable. We ma
con fi dentially' hope thafvost Un bers'of en r
,eiti7,enS, who' have been hitherto
separated from us, will unite with us tfmkr
.such a glorious standard, antl•that major
ities in both Houses oteongress sufficient
ly larre may be .seettreiLto4tarry_tmY-in ea
ure demanded by the welfare of the nation,
in•spite of the interposition .of.•the power
with which any one Man may hare been
accidedially inx.esied. Disappointed in
that, if-such hope•shouhl be our lot, there
will remain the hope of an amendment of
the Constitution, curtailing the EXecutive
power,. And...irtht-afshottlii fail, we have
only to :Tent: to the, noble example tifour
ancestors, to_recolleet the duty we olive to
ourselves. and posterity, and to betty . With
- manly fortiMde shires: years - longer' the sec
erings i m tote: ctiring,the lastAAiPelve years .
liy thl tmd-aditiiitistrati(m of the Exe'etitiye
:deP"illtNtit (Ole _UuKertinte.nt.:-...1V.e-sh:'tll
Toye !tie - I , onsolation 'of teflee.ting, .
41 ?...41.1P0i.) tiiie.ifl.Ao44;sitletrt-44*.prpr.emt:
of"irthWt,iralrii , fitt;ll•:o-011-.
4 rfs - s - rs - ,.(7 . rzypf't -iies . l:7s7iTiTll4::.qorigress
t ('f'• .1 te ' f mojoy ues-
the might have the ,poiver 16 :
tn)pose. •
I'. TAI - LiVIA , Dic-;r; - •
1.1-.-S.VTII I II-,. • - .
• • Voinniitte of the- smite. 1
•.„ - KE&NEDS7,
S..MNSON; .• "
" U. CLARK, • - -
Committee of - the Homey' Ihresentptires.
WASHING-I'i*, Sein. 41,_1841.
Sin :---,,airtittinstances• have' occurred i-n
the course of . yonr Administration, and
chiefly in flip exercise by you of-the veto
as a mem
of your cabinet be neither agreea
ble to you, useful 'to the country, nor ho
norable to myself.
Do me the Justice, Mr. President, to lie
lieVe that this conclusion has been adopted
neither , capriciously, nor- in any spirit of
party fuelling or personal hostility, but from
a 'sense of duty, which, Mistaken thoogif it
may he, is
. yet so sincerely entertained,
that I cheerfully .sacrifice to it the adran
tmies and distinctions' of 'office.
Be .pleased, therefore, to accept this -as
my resignation of the - . Wilco of .Atturney
General : iti :the 'United*States.
Wry respectfully., yours, &e., •
'J'ne NESIDENT. : •
Svoternbrr 11, 1841.
SIR ':—After•the most calm and careful
consideration., and viewing the subjectin all
the aspects 11 if presents itself to my
mind, I have come to , the•conclusion that I,
ought no longer to-remain a member a your
eabinet. I
therefore rtsign the, : office of
Secretary if the Treasury,,and egilm,t o
accept this as my letter ofTesignation." •
To a-void misunderstanding, I distinctly
declare, that I do not consider a difference
of opinion - a)§ to the charter of a National
Bank, a supicieut reason for „dissolving the
ties whiclohave existed between us. TIM'
I look' upon that 'measure as one of vast im
portance to the prosperity , of the country,
and though I should have deeply depl'ored
your inability or unwillinumesi to accord
it to the Wishes of the peel& and the states,
so unequivocally expressed through 'their
Representatives, still, upon this and this
alone, unconnected with other controlling
circumstance's, I should mot 'havelfelt bound
to resign , the place l urlach I hold in your
Atlmliustration. - tot those 'controlling cir=
cumstancea do exist, and I will, in mpown
justification, place them in connexion be
fore You.
It' is but just to you to say, that•the:bill
which first passed the two Houses of Con:
gress, and which was returned ivith, your
objections on the 16th of August,- did ne*
ver; in its progress, as far as 1-knoti or be
lieve, receive at any time either your ex
press or implied assent. 'So far as that bill
Was linown-to'me, or as-I was Consulted
upon it, I endeavored to bring its provisions
as nearly. as possible in' accordance with
what I understood to be your views, and
rather hoped than. expected your approval.
I hnew the extent to which you weresom:-
milted on the
.qtrsgtion... I knew, the. per
tinacity with; which you adhered to' yOUr
expressed opinions, and-I dreaded from the
first the most, disastrous conaeguences,
w the project' Of - compromise, which I
presented - A an early 63:7, was rejected:
=lt-is equally a;matter - ofjOstieb - te you and
te.mYself, -to say that the bill which I re
ported to the two lipllses' of 'Congress at
the commencement of the session, in oho
-disnce to their sill, Was'inedified So' as to
meet yqur approbation:. you 'may not, it
,is true; have read the bill throughout, and
exarefited ~ .ever:y, part of- it; but,, Abe 16th
fundamental article,Whickbeeame the.con
tested question of Principle, was freely dis
cussed between us, and it was understood
and unequivocally sanctioned by yourself.
The last clause in The bill, also, which con
tained a reservation of power in`Vongress,
was ihsertedon .the'Oth June, in your Pre
sence, and with.,your
_approbation; 'though
you at one time told me that, i,n :giving
your sanction tollrs.till, you would accom
pany it with an explanation of ycititunder
-standing of that first clause.
tln this condition of things, though -I
greatly regretted your veto:on the bill
passed the two Houses Of Congress,-anti
though•l foresaw the excitement nod aglia : .
thin which •it would produce•amongilie
people, yet, considering the changes which
the bill had undergone in its passage,. and
its variance fromthe one you hail agreed .
to -sanction; - I could not find in• that act .e
-nough to disturb the*cenfidential relations
,which'existed between us. I was disposed
to attribtite . This act,lratighi, with infseltiof
as it •was,•to pure and 'honorable motive S,•
and to conscientious eonOction on- your,
part that the bill, in's:dine - of:its provisions,
conflicted with the constitution. .•-11.ut that
opinion of yourcotirse on the flit wldefr
iris just been 'returned to C (Ingress with
your-sccond veto,,i Aid not !ind.cannot en
tertain. Recur to What has- possM between
us-with respect to it - ,'atid you Will at once
perceive that such 1,0 opibioo is iinpossiblo.
. Owthes morning . .of• the I eith i of,,A uguSt,
I. galied_atjour..ellamlier,_and:roumi—you:-
preparing the first vetntriesstur ' e; to he des
patched] to , the &Mate - . ' IheSycretary 'of
War came , in alsh,, and yuu read a portion
of the message .to us. lie observed - that„
though the veto would create a krea t sen
sation in° Gongre.?s,...yet 'lie thought the
!minds of our . friends Were, better repared,
i for it than they were some
_days ago, and
he hoped it would be calmly received, es
pecially'as it did not shut out all•hope.a it
i bank. iTo ,thiS'yon. replies', tivit_y_an_really
_thought there ought to ije; no iliactilly a
! litfutit-r- that - yowliad'siffiteiruntylitilifftr*
in your veto /pus Ige what kind ot'a-Aptk 1
1 you
. would- apprOve, anfLtbat' C.:imes
grs ;
isiiiiVi'lf-if iffey:saw -fit; pass• such a one In.
l Once 4:ivs. —,--- , t---
Trlre r irWrTr) stireir --- r - :
~ u ar
i4ileitWlinteetinfri. , ;!Wern - rmbtrit,7lot)gea t i4
1- tal:a:ik,ii2iVil, l :]ifid- ; hod *.a keg. CC)I1 Cie usA:.
Cfliii:-.N . Otk ; Mt:. Berrien mid. A r. Scr,t-ant,
who, professed to.,eoute on behalf
. of the
Whigs of, the _two - Rouses, to ende avor Jo'
Strike_out , —some—Moasaie—Whieli would ire
genera 4 aep_ptable._l_Thn.t__you_had__your
:4o'oiqsaboot the propriety of eimitersing_
•wit h them yoursCe and thought:it more
proper that yolfshould commune with. them
through your constiltaional advisers. You
`expressed a wish that tire -whale stibjeet
should be postponed_ till , the next session .of
xleloy / in the.
Senate of. the consideration ol your vetir
-thessagn,...a nt.l 7 -expressedutrsiety — ashe
tone and temper which. - the debate would
assume.• •
Mr2Badger said dun on , itiquirrhe was.
'happy to find that the best temper prevailed
in the two'houses. Ile believedhey were
mes ce e d s 7 rn./f1y,:i4n.../ 4.1-.. -.los els - tit • Vlllll.l 1)10
it at once. You replied, , '"J'al z not to me
of Mr. Ewing's bill; it contains that odious
feature of local discounts which I have re
pudiated in my message." I then said to
.you, •" I have no doubt, sir, that the llouse,
having ascertained your views, .will pass a .
bill in conformity-10 them, provided' they
can be •satisfied.that it would answer the
purposes of , the treasury, and relieve the
country." You : then said, "Cannot my
cabinet.sec that this is brought about? You
,must stand by me in this emergency. Can that a bill passes Congress,
such as I can approve without inconsisten-,
,cy?" • I declared again my belief that such
a bill might be passed.. And youtt then paid
to ine,:: What do you tinderskiiid to be I
my opinions?' State them, so that I may
_see that there is no misapprehension - abent
them." .
I then said that I ninterstood you to
of opinion that Congress 'might charter'
bank in the District of Columbia,' giving it
its location here. To thin volt "assented.
That they might authorize such' a bank to
ofliee,4 of discount and deposit in
the several states, with the Assent of the
states.- To this you reviled, "Don't name
discounts: they have been the source of
the-most abominable • corruptions, and are
Obolly"unnecessary to enabl,e the bank to
'discharge its•duties 'to the country and the
•Government." '
1 observed' in reply. that lA%las proposing
•nothing,' !pt simply, endeavoring 'to state
what 1 bad understood tolie your opinion
as to the powers which Congress might
constitutionally confer on .a hank; that on
that point stood corrected. I then pro
ceeded to stly,lhat I understood you to be
of opinion that Congress might authorize
such bank establish agencies in the se-,
Toral states, With power to deal in bills of
exchange, without the asseht•of the states,
to which you replied, Yes, if they be
foreign bills, or bills &aim !in one state
and payable 'in another. This is all th e
power necessary fortransmitting the.public
funds and regulating exchanges and the
Mr. Webster then expressed, id 'strong
terms, his 'opinion that such a charter wotild
•answer all just purposes of goVernment
and he, satisfactory to the people;, and de
clared his preference for it over any which
had been propoied, especially as it. dis
pensed with the
.assent•of de• states tO—C-r&
, ..
ate an institution necessary 'for carrying-rin
the • fiscal operations of government. He
examinediit at . Sortie length,Thoth as to its
, constitutionality and its influence on the
currency.antl exchanges, in all which views
you .expressed your - concurrence, desired
that,such a . bill should he inficiduced, and
espeettilly.that it should go into the hands
of some of your friends. To my inquiry
whether Mr. Sergeant would be agreeable
to you; you:replied that he would. You
especially requested 11 1 1 r. Webster and
self to comniodi ate With Messrs, Berrien
an Sergeant.on 1 the subject, to whom yeti
said you had' pro . hied to • address a , note,
~butyou doubted no that this persotiiii corn:.
min/cation would, be equally ,satisfactory.
You desired' us, also,' in 'communicating
with fihose gentlemen; not to intent
personally, lest, ttlisbeiti g ognised as
youi;m s easure,:it'might . .be e; . a subject
of 'comparison to • your pr dice, IQ. the
course of discnssion.„
You d Mr: 'Web
ster then conversed 'about/ e particular
wording,of the 16th fundP.
emal article,
containing the giant of pot r to deal in
changes, and of the eciniPtion Whic h
that grant • shoulti,be intronced ;' you alsbl
spoke of tha•name of thebstitniinn , desini
Mg that that should be./ionged. To this,
objected,asjt•hould iobably be made a
subieet of i s uUtile, btOreli insisted t hat
there was much iii ' n 'imne, and'this insti7
intion , otight.not to b/ Called a"bank. Mr.
Webster tinderloOlt 1. adapt it in this par-.
•ticular to vour Mr. Bell then ob
served to, ilfr.McFter and myself 'that wel
had no time, to toe; That if Lill& were .not
iMmediately attopcd to; another bill; less
acceptable:might:le - got up and rdpOrteit
W replied thatwe would lose no . time.
Mr. Websieracprdinigealledon ibleSs s i'S!!.
• Berrien and . &team immediately, and" I '
muted on tkee by his appointment at 5
o'clock on the s'imo day, aid egreeil 'upon]
the principles of Ile iaill in accordance with'
yonr,e-x pressekk is hes -- -A nd • atn — ap=
prised c i f the foci though it dia.not occur
in *my Prese . net th'at .after . the bill was
drawn up, and before it was reported, it
was seen and, eappined by yontself; that,
your attention: vas speCially called to the
10th fundament) article ;'that in full ex;-1
'.*.,:*- IV** ai
anri - unturtrymi - cmcurred in its provisioni ;
thfd - 4 the santetime its mime was so mu to meeiyour approbation; and the
bill was reported .and passed, in all essen
tial 'particulars, SE
. 4 was. when. it 'came
throu2:h your hauls.
You asked Mr,Webster and myself each
to-prepare add
.present you an argument
touching. the .
,cotstitutionalify of the bill ;-
and-before those arguments could be "pre
pared and read by you, you declared ; as 1
h e rd - n d - be ill - Till:o — v.
of the :House, tha.' you would rut oil'
a hand
rig. ratheriban approve it. ---7 _ Nrie - r] .
this'oew reselkho was taken, you asked
--a n i ken rn es tly-n4v d Alte'rticAnirers,--or-tyotir
calti net , to Iles trinu the bill . ; bu t yeti 'Avonti),.
, __.. . itiMMo.L I ... I -9-:
'44l,.-.e"l-'l-9r4-st'l e ) .:1i. 7 9 1 1t - 0,0 1 4Z.7J1Y:' , 0: 146 ..,
aiirt - i - 4Z.:Ttict 3:-y - Set I' , ow 1 iiii. =6 frOrt:'*ii - s 7 '
niftiltoo. 4ratify• yeitv:Oshes; in the ontY
way . in which -it•iainld .be, donaswith pro,-
, priety:;' that is,',.ki• -'obtaining - tilie : . general
concurrence of the Whig.tnembers of_tbe_l
two - tr - ouses iii - flie postponement. It railed,'
-as 4.-Int Ve-rCasim- to - believe - luielimSc y tin
)volultl--6 - iive, - ni lissurance that the delay was.,
not swig!): as a me . pus and occasion fia hos
.fija,_nwiyetnents._ '. Duiing. this season of,
deep feeling Undprnest_exertiob upon our'
part, %rid& we wererealotaly 4evoting our
- talents and influence to serve and .to sostaht
,you, the very-secrets-sof our- c;ibinet- coon ,-
ells made their appearance infamous
paper. printed .ina neighboring. city, the
ciiltituns7nr Which-were daily chara with
flattery of yourself and (Mil ab 4 o your
cabinet. All this-I bore.; for I' It that my
services, so long as...they could avail, were
due to the naci on , - ...1.A Al I.a t. :mg L.poll. on nftx
your predecessor to the station ‘vhich - you
now fill,- and whilse united voices approved
his act when he'surnmoned'us around him,
to be his counsellors; and I felt that what
was due to his memory, to like injunctions
which he left us it, his last
'and to the people, whose servants we were,
had not all- been performed 'Until. every
means was tried, and every hope had failed
of carrying out the true principles upon.
which the miglity.inovemcnt was founded
that elevated him and you to power.
This'bill, framed and fashioned according
to your own suggestions, -in the initiation
of which . I and another Member of youi
cabinet Were - tmale by - you The agents and
the negotiators, was TasSed by large rit
jorities -through the
,tWoilotises of Con
gress, and sent to_you, and you rejected it;
Important as was the part which I had
taken, at your' request, in the origination
of this bill, and deeply as I was committed
for your action upon it, you never consult ,
?dine on dn.( subject of the veto message. '
You did not even refercto it in the conver
sation, and- the first notice I had of its con
tents was 'from rumor.
• And to me, at least, you, have :done no
thing to wipe the personal indignity
arising out of the act. I gathered, it is true;
from your conversation, shortly after the . bill'
114, passed the House, that you had a strong
purpose to.reject it; but nothing was• said
like softening or apology to inci either in
reference to myself, or to those with whom
I had communicated at your 'request, and
who had acted themselves and included the
two Houses to act upon the fitith of tha
communication. And, strange as it may
seem, the Veto Message attacks in. an espe
dial manner the very provisions whieli were
inserted at your request; and even the name
of the corporation, which was not only agreed
to by you, but especially changed to meet
your expressed wishes, is made the subject
of your criticism. Different men might view
this transaction in different points of light,
but, under these circumstands, As a 'Mayer
of personal honor', it wotild be hard for me
to remain of your counsel, to seal my lip's,
and leave unexplained and undiSeloSed where
lies in this transaction the departure from
.straightforwardness and 'candor. - So far
.from admitting the. encouragement
which you gave to this bill in its inception,
and..explaining and excuSing"s , 44:_.Sudden
and violent hostility towards .it,.you., throw
into Jour Veto" Message an interrogatory
equivalent 'to an assertion that it was 'such
a bill as you liad'already declared 'could not
' receive yoursanction. Such is the obvious
'effect of the first interrogatory clause on the
second page. . It has 'all the force of an as
sertion without its open 'fairness:. I have
met and refuted , this,lhe necessary inference
.frona your language,s'in triy.preedding state
meat, the correctness.of..which you, I am
sure; ; will not call in question.. •
Your' veto to the first' bill you rested oh
constitutional ground and the..high convic
tiona' of conscience; and no - man, my
Opinion, had. a tight. to
,question your since.;
rity. so said, and I so acted-4or, through
all the contest and collision that 'arose out of
that act, you had my adherence and'support.
But how is . it with respect to this? The
.g.. a :U . V . )) tritiki - vi ' . 4 +
subject . ef'a• bank is not .new to you; it is
more than twenty Years that you have•ntadc
it an object of consideration and of study; its connexion with the etinsti
tutional•powers of the General Government.
You, therefore, could not be, and you • were
not, taken unprepared on this gpeAtion. The
bill which I reported to Congress, with your
approbation, .at the commencement of the
•session, had the clause relating to ages
ower—toAeal — in — ex
strotrly developed as the one you have now
rejected, had equally, without the assent of
the States: 'You referred specially and with
approbation to that clause, many days after,
in a conversation held:in the Department of
State.. You,sanetioned it in this' particular
bill as detailed above.. And no doubt was
thrown out. on the . suliject .by you in my.
hearing,_ or within my..krtowledge, until the
letter of Mr. Botts acme to your hands..
Soon after the reading Of 'that letter, you
threw gait strong intimations that you would
veto the bill if It Were not postponed. That
I letter I did and do most unequivocally con 7,
demn, but it did not affect the constitutien
ality of the bill, or jt(eficy yOlf iu rejecting
it on that 0)04 it could. afThet; only the
expediency of your action; autt„ whatever
von may now belief& ash) the seruples ex
isting in your, mind, iuthis and in a' kindred.
source there is strong ground to beher,C,they
have their origin.
If I be_ right in this, and I doubt not 1 am,
here is a great public measure' demanded by,
thr_ceohiitiWVii - s - Serl 'upon U a pp ro i'ed: by
the representatives of the-States and the peo
ple, rejected by you as President, on grounds
having no origin in 'conscience, and no re
ference to the public. good. The rejeetion
of this' measure r , too, continues the purse
with the sword rn tire hands of the Eseee-
Live - , front witi ire strove t - o, wrest it in
the' contest which elevated your precessor
and you to power. 7 I cannot concur in this
yetir course. of policy. In or out of Office
- rrry - npl - nlons — FrAttain n n ell angel]. cannot
ahanclott the principles for which, during
especially I cannot he one' of the instru- .
t9nthitic(l,. 'accjirnulayt),.,n4tl rP LIS
- take . .addl fiin it staina-
am, very respe:etftilly;, yours:,
• - 1 T. - Et:WING
' To-Tjij,,:.I.3REsIDEN:r
e:ss:lry to oiler -a public ..e.Nplanation 'of
sortie of my'reasons which lead to - my, res
ignation, on the 11th instant, of the office
of Secretary. of the Navy, and, for that Hr..
pose . ; ask a small Space intim National-In
telligeneer. -
• •
the:Caliiiiettileeting - held on Pm) Bth
of August last, - (the Attorney' General and
'the . Postmaster General being absent,) the
subject °fan Exchange Bank, or institution,
was brought frward by the President him
self, and was fully considered. into the
particulars of what passed, I do not pr0,APp2.7211%.
,APp2.7211%. ißPliftril in9'h(fc~jy stated and IPll=
derstvod tludsuch an institution met the ap
probation of the President, and was &Oil
ed by him free of Constitutional.objections;
that he desired (if Congress should deem it
necessary to actupon the subject during; the
session) that such an institution should be.
adcipted by that body, and that the mem
bers of his Cabp-u4 ShOuld aid in bringing
aboul that result; tt‘ul Messrs. Webster and
Ewing wore especially requested by the
President . to have a cointnuoication- upon
the 'subject with certain members of Con
gress. The institution then spoken of was
tO be located in the District of ColuMbia;
to be authorized to. establish - agencies in
the States and. Territories, with power to
deal in bills of exchange between the 'United
States and foreign countries, and in bills of
exchange drawn in one State or Territory,
and payable, in another State or Territory;
and the exercise tif this power was not to
depend on any assent,•expressed or impli
ed, of the States within which such agen
'cies might be established.
In conseqUenee of what passed at this
meeting, I saw such friends in'Congress as -
I deemed it proper to, approach, and urged
upon them tae passage of a bill to establish
such an , institution, assuring, them that I.
did not doubt it yould'reeeive•the approba
tion of the President.
The' bill was passed, as. the public know,
and was met by the veto. Now, if, the
President, after the meeting of ilrelT3th Au
gust,' had changed, his mind as to the con
stitutional Power of Congress, and hail
come to doubt or deny what he had ad
mitted in that meeting, (which is the most
favorable interpretation that can be put
upon his conduct,) it was, in my opinion,
a plain duty onThis . part to have made
known to the gentlemen •concerned this
change - of sentiment—to have - offered' theM
an apelogyl4-the unpleasant situation in
Which they were placed by his age»ey---or,
at least;Ao,liave,:toftened, by a fulLaxple
nation of his motivea, his intended veto of
a measure in promoting the success of which
they, at his request, had . rendred, their as-
sistance. But this the President did nqt
.Never, from the moment of my leav-1
ing his house 'on - the 18th', did he open his
lips Iso ine •on the' subject It Was , only'
from the newspapers, from rumor, from
hearsay, I learned that - he'had denied the
constitutionality 'of the proposedinstitutiou
and had 'Made the most solemn asservatiOns
that.he would 'never. approve a measure
which ..1.46w was suggested by bithself,
and which had heen,.ur his own instance,
introduced into Congress. It . was still in
the President's power, by a proper stateE
ment in the message „containing hii objec
tions to the, bill, to have supplied these
omissions, and in some degree at least:to
have,, repaired
.former, neglect; • but
when that, phier came to .be read, it was
found that so fur from saying .frankly that'
he .once favored end had been to
sanction the 'bill, but had : _been led (if such
was the fact ). by subsequent 'reflection. to
adopt different.vieWs upon the subject; he
treatedlhe. measure as one. evidently hiCon . -
siitent with his - previouslY . expressed:opin--
ions, and Which it might net to have been
supposed for a moment he -could aperoim:
Whdther this tonduct the President
is susceptible - of . just defence 'or reasonable
excuse nbtAiecessary now to inquire.
I.hore not 'heard,- nor can I imagine any
gratin! for either.. Whether an explana
tion of it has been' . offered to any . one of
the gentlemen n
.concerned I know ot,.but
none was at any time offered to me and
while I - forbear to MAO the remarka, obvi
da the
victien that this conduct of 'the President,
standing without inown ..defence,; excuse
.or explanation,. constituted (if no oilker , .
: reasons had existed, ample • ground for a
withdre - Wal froth his cabinet without delay.{
It is scarcely necessary lo say that I have.
not supposed and do not now suppose,that
a difference merely betWeeti the President
and his eabinet,'either "as to the . ConStitu
timidity or the expediency ofa hank, neces
sarily interposes anynbstaeles to a full and
cordial cooperationbetween them in the'
general condnetfif 'his : Administration; and
therefore; deeply•as I-regretted the veto of
the firstdid not feel myself at liberty
. retire 'that account from my . situation.
But. the
,facts-attintiling- 7 1111Hiniti;itiewraml
diSapprorni : of the last bill 'made
totally diarimt fropilamt—one ii. is heliev
ed withotit a parallel in the, history of -Mir'
Cabindts3 presenting, to,say nothing Morel
a measure embraced and repudiated—el . - I
forts prompted and then,:disowned,--seryi
neglect.. • ; Sticli.•a'• case -required, in • My
judgment, Upon ronshlerations, private and
public; that the official relations .subsisting.
'between-the -President and
~ m yself Should
be immediately dissolved.
Gi;o. E. . BADGER '
_ Washington, Sept.-18;. 1841: . •
. .
C Li PPIN G E It ‘ S. - CAB L E.
TtitFSFiit received ad their old stand imir the rail
mind, and directly 'opposite JII•. It. Cochr
at. very full:mail rich tissai•tro(Jd or . •
Fit:lF& Winter Good's;
_.. .
duoirg i!olnynoo
tifue,7ftlaek, yotfle
citriet.y.Oe too; 'o I iTios. • : Ver' CI in ;65'011-
oii•iit Of merinoo...-c- saxonim
A vori• ho'gO o'ssio;lmont of hoyinels ahl 'osaiiineres.
lievo;o.,*liroclio, ',rag I i mot , Ma; vigoi t• I tono•si I
it - ottoo SjItINVIS, Stitt .. Worbted,
ioopioo, /and's-wool hi* 11(16:1;Y-41111;_bpa
liiiTliii, woolen atur.wrnisteil.litird niiil.Unliiied glove:.
Kid, luoliair, sincodienuLautLeunomglovra-tmihniliti,--
A rer v y large ntill sph•litkliassortinviit or
relit 4V:. CD"i):Cer. Ribfrons-, - •
of chi.:..L . . ry,,latest stile.. . Thrrail Lier'iiariq edglugs of
MI 'widths awl prices—Black, Italian, Lute-siring,
l'lro-dc-Ititiiie, (It o-i11..-NUI), flrii-ilii,.Swoi and dept
Silks-411,ne ritieil awl plaid. Pro,ile-Alrique C. , I .
1011110 S—A 414110111, 1 . 11/11.11Vit e .14Y:111,1 .:1114. Iltiglildi
lionuels; Seal, Fur and Selo. e x po:; ilulkawyliutial. M.
xxgr•R..l t) I) alit TIM .
'91110.4: ;!I
1 .AP :11 n
Chin, I,;goss, :hoed
1 Sv. j!1 , •
il virin,,r. , _ QuEENS Av A ILE,
Their ..assortment is tam very , full, comprising
rwaris ev(*l.). usually kept 1 l! 1 / 1 . .Y (; 00,1 §'
Stan:, and Itave.bcen bought on lite very best terms;
colt sequetitly,he , y re.prejnn'el• t offer g0.13,11W- 1 1;;;;la
Itniria(l7lllV'tisli those wishing to ptu•chast., fo gist
them ji call. They feel satisfied thly can mak e it
their interest to purvfiltst• from them. •
filtippviislmr g , Sept. IS, 1 8-it.—Co. • • •
The sttportority nil pr. I kimlich's pills over , any
other methciee Ihal has ever bee» offerrd to the pub
lie, ;stied they eleale.e purify and strengthen. !rhos,
1111: import:ur( itiius , and theirloll rrtanccshouldnot
I be overlooked. The system is liable, front impent
ileum: and neglect, to actuntilate bile, and at sanity
of diseased humors. mow: the system 01 the
impurities, should be early attended to. If it he
neglected, the-patient »1V he subit•etell to painful di a
case and,prottted stay - ring,. The. (lertnatt Aperi
ent pills:we ntletirably suited to this pnrpose--hut
m ore than this—a hile they cle:inse the 'sy !dein they
pitrifytho • blood, and assist owe kimny ililWe 0/W
-1'111:IOUS. The compound streogthening• pills give
tone to the - stomach, while they impart Signal' to, the
whole system • •Itence they are a desideratuni, and no
Hastily should remain w•itttollt them • lit fact the tine
:t sort of " Family Physician," hut unlike the 'school
nicti . "—forthesepills may be sandy consulted in all
cases---,they•may by taken withemt injury in any--
white they atrord
.positive relief in many. \\ r, only
ask for a fair trial. of their merits, and are willing to
abide, the issue. .
i. . . ,
1.7. 11 . 110.31 VN, Moiling-too, N. J.
(30 - PIIINCIPAL OI'ERIE,No. 19 North Eighth
Street, Philadelphia, NI here testimonials may he
SeCII. ,
For sale by John .T. , Alyurs Go., Carlisle; nud
Wm. Peal, Sldps mnsbmg, Pa. .
1 41 - ROBINSON tip
• •
Have located in Carlisle for—the impose of manly'aduring < l nd - se ll ing
Hathaway's Patent "Hot Air Cookince Stoves." •
And lWiwr aware that the people in (Ids place and
vicinity, have Won much itaposcd ninny by the
(reduction 'of new and highly recommi•ndeil articles
which they have beet, Ituluetl. to purchase; and
which have been su slightly made, and of such bad •
material, that ie a short time thev have tidied and
become uselt•ss. 11 . 7 y, therefore, ti° not intend °Met.-
ing stoves for salemml they are fairly tried in this..
community„and pronounced Ill Ore durable in their--
• constenction; better adapted to the purPosea of boil.;
hug, - baking and all the varieties of cogklog than nny • •
other stove; also, that the.N are n great barn of fuel •
as well its labour.
We earnestly invite farmers as well nnresi
dents of this place and the neighboring villages, to
_can on us at S. Wonderlich's hotel, or notify us by •
letter (postage unpaid) that they are Willing . to try'
our stove—and the stove shall be placed in the
latclien of every person giving us such notice, and
taken away alter trial, without any expense to per
sons making the -
The stoves will be kept for sale nt the Tin Shops'
of Mr,:lacoliFridley,nall at the Voundry °Messrs. • ,
Lay and Stouffer, in Carlisle.
having •centracted for One llinnieed Parr oC
Castings, - we will, in a few days,'-supply store•ileal
ers with all the different sizes, on the Most Mend
ELBAZOR. ROBINSON, of Carlisle, isagent for. selling the right to make and vend the' ROT AIR •
STOW., and 'will dispose of Counties in this and the adjonung Stales.
We publish the following recommendations from some of those who are using 'the stove, to - eneoningo
others to try it. ,
, . .
• . • - Carlisle, Sept. 12, Hal.: but I urn convinced iron trial that it can be done'as
' •
'Well in your stove aB4ll a brick oven. . ~ .
Idiave in nie in my kitchen -one of Hathaways pat-
I believe that the general introduction of your
I entHot.Air Looking Stoves, and can recommend it
stove into use will be very beneficial to. the public, as a very seperiOr article. , The one I have is No. 3.
therefore I shall take:pleasure in recommending it
It has 5 boilers and am oven sufficiently , large to, bake
six loaves of breath. ',The baking; roahing and broil- to my friends. Yours resPectftdivi
ing can all be (format the mine time and with much WILCIAM AIOUDY.
Jess wood thafi required for any stovewhiChwe have. . • ~:-. . C a r l is l e, Sept; 10,180. ,
lused, . . . • . . d Messrs. E. Robinson Ed Ca--Gentlemen, I bare
.' This size appears to be peculiarly calculated
.for WOy tested the "Hot Air Stove" which you put up
{farmers, and for their benefit I invite theta. to call at my house,and can "recominend it fiS pOssessing
and see this store in use, as! shall take pleasure in principles of economy and convenience far surpas--
, showing the stove to all whom : - nterest .or. curiosity, ;singanyother:store 'which T have ever Seen. '
' may induce to examine it. • ,• , The boilers coming in immediate contact With the
SIMON IVUNDEIZLICR: fire gives it Oeilt fimilities for boiling; end the, ovin
Carlisle, Nept.ll,lB4l. is heated on such a prineiple that bread is bake4_lll,
, Alei..sre. E. Robinsbri eg Co,--Gisurtextriv, I have . 103. fine a manner as in a brick oven. I find it 'also a ,
during. the few days I have bad ,your Ilathawny's great Saving of fuel and labour, and,woold Arise:all '
Hot Sore in use, become convinced of its' ,to adopt it. . „ ' MITCHEL NIGLELLAN.
.. . „ . .
•great superiority over all other stovealihaye used-or' •-: . - Chambeabarg., Sept. 5,1541.
seen. I find by the trial that boiling, roasting;bak- Bdo certify that lam now using one OfkrathawaY's
ing and broiling may all he
: done at the same time, Patent Hot. Air cook:toVes, No. 3, and dd•reaora : -
in a most perfect ,wanner, and with less than one mendlt as Superior to any :stove :I ; have seen,lMia
fourth the fuel I have - ordinarily used for the 'smug great saving of fuel,.aad the variety that can by Cook.. -.
purposes. I have heretolbre been of the opinioit ing at the same time, makes ifruaohject to thdse who well a cooking:stove, ;wish tO facilitate die.operations'oftne kitchen.. : '
Carlisle, September 15, 1541,1 , ' • .
~.- . . ,
. .
• (
A,V E S • • .
fl se valitahle pills are verrgentle in (heir opera
lions. causing neither pain, griping nor any nauseoub
sickness.. They exzeedingly comfort and strengthen
the stomach and bowels, and.cleariog the sight !lean?'
ing and meinory of aged persons, by carrying of
phlegm, watery matter, putrid grosa and. thick hu
mors fronr the stomach bowels and blood, :which '
,makes them so 'celebrated for t Temoving coughs,
rheimiatisins rains fronr the.) ode-and-tim.bsTgravell—
pi es, sic - stomach, disordered liowele' and worms,
'this inedkine.lralso an hdlilible curb for fever and .
tCr A LSO,w__ --- A.
. 41);tvies Panacea - Blood
the cure of comsumption s diseased wind-pipe', •
ulcerated *sore threat, Itings and liver, complaint,
night sweats, flushes alicat,buriting in the stomach-, •
:tightness tier(lsS the chest, pains iu the breast and
sule i hrivArd cancers, piles,
sore cyes, sore legs, ulcers'
of every description, swellings,4heinnatisms; they
stop the 'spitting orlilooll' and heal the part affected.
The Pattactstlllood pills are prepared expressly for '
ti, strengtlieniog Of every part of the system and
healing all tile.'rs and sores, purifying ittal
till had humors from I lw.hiood, otte : o 1,114104
on iron's too notch sitting Or Sttilldillg, 01.• by expo,
sure front sudden heat to cold. Weakly'debilitateP
personS ate partitadary advised to' use tluem, asidlex
strengthen the hfuly in . a sriDerior manner; they:4l..o
tki3tll4:eiuled to operate 'on the :bowels So mock its.pik •
the blow I„ as too tllt/ChVirgiug_willtlest pora flyweak—
ly - emmittition, and .has rarried, onts;thonsanild to a-'-
world unknown to us. Take the :airiera• of onewho
studies to sevedile liell'oot to kill ;:ireakly and debili
tted persons should not purge woreAluto once a year
as it cpften'times brings On reness:
• • •Sto,ford county, ru. Sept. 7, 1840. ,
Dear Sir:—l write to let you know •that the_Loril_\
71tas - tloni - grtratillitigniir tne,whi.l` . l am glail.—
'hen I saw you in Vredericksbint, I think I said '.
I liail . heen .allicted with a very acid (sonr) stomach,
and subject to .a violent pain in my head for more than
tacitly years, for whi chi tOok rlitiliarb and soda three .
or four times every day . fot . this many yekrs, with
litile or no relict; amt. my legs and anklet were so
much'swelled that I was unniiltioit times, to attend to
my business. 1311.1, since you lintile me a present of. •
a box of your Finnily„ . Villa I have taken one or two ,
of them at night, in going to lied, and now my acid'
stomach is reli6vtid, ille filvelliiq; in my legs haS ne•it ,
ly disappeared, and I do not think-that I have 'been -
hindered one day with the pain in • niy head since I
Levi to take vim. vaJuable-meilicine,—lithinkt-the --- -
Lord directed you to Fredericksburg', to. administer
to my relief. ( his holy inone;l am exe tly
relievell.) there. is living in. my neigliyalie d a
OM' io tir ‘ , O-,l,:isti-icri-o.liiiitl i een sick - ii - intigitini6 - iii-a-- .
could get no relief, at'length I purchased:a Ith.___,of _._•ii
:vour Trills•antrgitcirtliCini liiiii_i;;r4ir.. --
iiileont nuil_about lierhusinesE T ,onl
l'-tffifirkiitrialk — iii4ei‘Siiiiiii.4.l.l . l!
14101,1110itaitrc.;.'WOla0.!,,',fir' latti,
- 111rivriffirtiiWritt_ibrim - ',93:,44
1 ,
:4eliViiiLi ! Olp atpt . ::- iffiriii: M.p.
' II V 4*:IO . .Sei.V4ZTIA....SO., II : 01 i,:9k. , 17 7 .
s:l'' to illi . 01;',' IVlll ' it:ii"'Vcill fill!,Se'
.. .
time ago I met ' Mlii atilt: Davies in
m'e alum (it* pills Mid' they hate it
You now . see.ine.! Amil ,now, niyll
the toil will'colitinne to be withy .
useful . to 'your fellow-creaturcs,m
dusts --- "rn.einaiii Ai ith'res,pect,
4%4-nth: maiflaver. ------ ;
Several Pt•inalos have been cured•of the Piing of
the tvonth, by taking very small doses at intervals..
Miiper't• ,Peri Atigitst 13, 840. .
Sir:--I, ruin hapm to
thrin von a n d the pullie,that 1 _have been cored of
that dreadful ilisetist the lthiattnatism, by takingyour.
Vamilv Rills .1 have - been laboring under that dia.
'rase tot' nore.than a year_duritlg Which ft Meitried
of the best physiniari tvilhotn clli ct; at length ,
Was induced to try your medicine; I found relief •
:Ifter taking half p bth, I continued to take them
I had taken live bows; to age is it y ears, and Icon
„sbler that none but the old'and rheumatic persons
knowliow grateful I feel to- the medicine that has
restore l me to lietlth:
Yours, respcetfully, Dyr..
( AVE, the undersigned,ate agents at larper's Ferry
for the sale of Dr. 1/•l'vies! Purmibr ..1):1L7c wt. k now
t-tt.-tgitinotr t MT. lip:, sold him the pills of which
he speaks so highly, and believe his statement to he
sulistanitally tree, •
Respectfully, • - St - S. B. AN•mittitotc.
Mrs. C.• Burton, near Locust street,. was diseased years with a lump in, the left side, humpi •
all over her skin Nina:trout:a the small of lice back •
running' into her stomach, which prevented her (ta •
use her own words,) front eatingcine particle or meat;
the fir 4 dose removed the lump, and two I .IXeS set
her atlibertr. \ •
I was se%erely diseased with We Wind piles for
t wenty nionihs, and prostrated from We loss of Wood;
and one and a hall boxes of Davies Fatally Pills has
made an entire core of me. Jonkor.r.
Washington, D. C.; illay 7, I 01. •
i r ktantarlured and. mild N‘liolesale and retail, at
No. 12155 South third street Philadelphia, and by Mr.
3013 N Gn aw, Cal lisle, general agent for.Cutohei.lanti
comity Penna.
Also, We sale by W. St' T. Loudon, Kingstown ;
Eckels Fireovid,llognestown;M. G. Hopp, Shire
rwurstown,.l. I.cingneeker, Worwleyshorg ; H. Drew.
enian, New Cumberlanil.
• irrPersons wishing to breome agents in.the villa
ges in Which the pills are not sold in •Ctitnberland
county, Oil! he supplied with them by.calling on Mr
John - Cray Carlisle, Pa., who is empowered to 9p
point agents. Family pills to those who purchase
(Cl Sell 0,011-liVill he • Cliat7,ell !•,;!! per dozen C.lOll, or
$2,‘25 to sell on commission; and the Panacea Blood
pills at $l. COSI), or 4.4,50 connoksion. Retail
price for family pill's 23 - its. 'pry box ; Panacea.
Mood :pills 50 cents per box. Pull d' •ections for
using them accompany each box.
Carlisle, Sept, 15; i