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out tdvor. at feast ., 49op l l(l to 41+400,90U;'-
o o lu n n '2 ll4ltend , 6 lzik has been the ,estsg for:
i " d•:L% intilt ; is, , in fact tlio' kecil
• v :and
fr o m whenne,rall our .pecuniary
.eminkrrastnents have germinated. _
I'o' ellen this, nte.indst adapt ovnrse lyes
meat tither nations on their. own groom
%ir s e'inast meet prohibitary - laws,.With pro
hpitUry laws; heavy', duties with heavy
ilutieslfee'trade th-- - Ffre e--tr ad e ;
must always remain as.we tiow are, 'a.debt-,
or - to oVerbearinetngrand, or
other BurOpeaa nations. .
Where ,iB.-no'"reeifirocity of • trade" or I
"'free trade" betwein two' nations - , so tong .
• as one pays -a duty on its piciditas of 7s:'
-per cent and the , other but 20 per cent..
,One•class 'of 'politicians in this , cormtry
advocate.a metalic currency as . a , cure•for
:n11: our- evils, while another believes.a Na•-
tionol Bank - will have' the de - S - 11'nd effect.
I Would-say-with all_diuttliiferenee to the
respective friendi of these antagrinistic.al
-measures of policy, that neither . zvilf . regu
. late m the curreficy, until ,yon remove 'the
caussi of-its-deraugeMent. . The -revulsion
of,-18,37; , the suspension cif the • 113aAs, and,
'the ihimssion of all 4i,inds'of 'propery which
fol4.tw.eil; has ,been riiiionely attributed to
the "specie circular," the want •rifit; NatiOn
, the-fact of Our having for years pureha
,sed more from other nations ,than we hail
'sold; the - eVil conseqUefices of which, we
• had staved off, up . to that time by substitu
. tingstocks for'specie, But our debt be-,
coming so enormously larg.c._wd ,still
-creasing, thecaPitalists of Euroffe•heeame
• alarmed, distrust in our . . Stocks , followed,
theii•sale was checked, specie for balances
.entas ,required, heavy shiprhents' of
iprodtzd a .drain frau! , ttie .vaults of our
' Bank.. want of cotititlittice in their ability to
. the a--
.! , ,,.q:V.'ffife,lF,i/i fif4iiiirif, - ilvttit - 7:i . it.:. - oTimrs(4fi ;3.00,05i
',.re' • • vr-41... or ; it
• vie been free fro a - fOre g!'3
,entrifacy: nstt ad ofheitig. in Its
sftell receitti . gr, - cOnStant-acttoor:Orrr
• , frkcess of- exports, we 'should nvver.—lta've
- esperienctul a SeaSall stylis:ogrous . to the'
. prosperity Of our country, or the tkrattge
- 7 Amen tjtk- otit-currency - . 0:3 eNistet! ever
• • The stability; steadiness aunt souminess'
of our currency' being mainly emitinger.t
• al pion-the--sLitc-ct-our•
• ulate• - it, we must first regulate trade, so as
to prevent a demand on us for specie - Un-•
. id this is done,; die advocates of a •inetalic
currency, end friends of a National Bank,
or any, ether .sl i stent of banking, may-phi-1
losophise eloquently, and - carry conviction
'o the minds of the people in behalf of their
financial schemes; but let-me assure them,
that if Tarried into practice nailer our one
• • .sided c - onmtercial relations .with foreign
,powers, tkey euill inevilablg fail. . .
" • a s_um.
We require in the United Slats A
'twist $:300 000,-
rgl'ii i iklgt • ii r w r lM-Yiigi*-Pe t voiis . - rs - i3oi I N
quenees to a healthy state of trade. On
the contrary, if it faits materially 'below
'that amount, the regular channels of trade
are. obstructed, property of every descrip
tion depreciates and-all classes•sulfer by it,
except the rich, who are enabled to invest
' their nuiney at prices far,-
value. It is indispensable theref;''.
general 'prosperity to prevent tit., Jl.lt
of circulating medium from being snit enly
.To carry out their wishes
cessfully, the y advocates of a inetatic - ,e'•
• cy must first obtain three hundred to
of dollars in specie, and then-L.-to •ke ,
It would - require a balance•of trade in'
favor of 300,00%000 a• year for' 10 years
to Obtain,it, (say nothing. about the payment
.of what we now owe) and a continued ex
-. - cess-of exports thereafter to retain if. If
• they are really anxious-for such a citireney, l
• they,must first advocate . .. s (Jell a system of
countervailinauties as will lead to -an ex-
• cessi , ol'eip,cirts'-above imports, but if it is
attemptettilhour'present condition, we shall
soon he'dcitifute of any currency whatever,
-as it will be drained from us by foreign
eationS, in payment of Sai excessive pur
chases. . •
• if Bank Notes, based upon specie, are
'to constitute our circulation, , to•mak e thou'
• safe to the amonnt of $300,000,000, there
ehould be .$100,000,009 of specie in the
. '" - ••••coimi.ty. With that amount,, and a Gal-.
awe of trode•in our favor, well regulated
banks can furnish us a sound, safe, and con
venient currency; but to establish a Nation
al Bank, or other Banks, , based upon spe
cie, when_ we are 'importing $30,0000000
per annum more than we export,•which
amount must be paid in specie,:it seems to
toe at least a somewhat dangerous' experi
merit. Whenever large shipments of spit.'
cie are made, confidence in Banks i7.,shalten,
as it- is from their vaults that it is obtained,
•a panic follows and suspension is-inevita
'ble. Utile friends of 'a
National Bank (of
whom the writer claims to be one) *mild,
• avoid the' mortifteation of a failure in. - the
success of • their project, they iiiiffeti- - 10 - •
` lend their support to suelt measures as will.
• • successfully 'pre vent . tim country from being
drained Gib foreigne r s 6f its g.pecie,. in 'other
-words, to adopt a • .eourseApolicy that will!
- enable us to, selho these foreigners more
Map we buy-from them,'bringing home the
balance . specie. A National Bank tan '
then be established on a sure foundation,
.'anti - •triumphantly• sustained; .but until this
object is accomplished it cannot be. Spe
•cie.jvaYinentivannot be maintained, so long
as there is an inadeqoatp supply of specie
;in the :country, which -must always be, the
case'until we force by.a retaliative pivi
.:Preciptocity of trade'. . ••• .
What would be the condition of England,
She .were to iniport $ . 50,000.,909 a year
` . .for;2 years; More than she exported?. .1 . 66
. • Battleof. England with the Government at
—its':backi: would - -,be - forced - to - - enspend; - a
panic site!) as has not been hnoWn for years
would reablt,. unparallelled commercial em-
,' and diStress 'we'tild he hievi
,table; every channel of trade. Would be' ob.
IiFATtI - , -- tinfile4tatwaticin - Avnuidho the: flite
of ilionsands of the pother classes.
3. What was .the consequence. in 1830,
when from a short harvest she was compel
led to , purclisse a few Millions of Ahillars
worth . of: coin? ExchangeSk.being against
her, ' , specie was :expated in payment, a
trenchl alarm - pretrilledin: the Prrionied•cir-
cles, .tie rate orgure-st7yiral—rat—
notw ithsondiiig,the most stringent measure
were adopted by. the Bank of, England, she
iuma _Von the eve . suspensio'n. A heavy
loan from Trance• saved her, , gvery.spe
cies of property declined, the spinner sold
Itis yarns at a loss, reduced the operation of
his Mills to short .time, atithhe 'laborer
ferettforthe - necesSariet4Tif—tife. ,
Lei us 'glance itt - ithe Isrand , of.
which'trairsacti alailgosannitint or business
with a purely itietatic%currency, which she
is enaltled=to do on a much less amo - unt in
- proportion-than-the 'United „)Statieswwould
require , .6s. gently. all her products are
shi ed Irinn and
. 1111 Cit'fs - received ai -a
single point; vht - eli-:.•enimentratos ,
alb.heraclivecurrency at that phice.
.has OM beeni,able •retBin a
amount, of specie to answer her
business puirMses? by selling. an
nuarl3s. more tban'she buys, thus producing
a steady influx of
. the precious metal.S.,A'-
ding not only the amount of this excess of
trade in her favorto the circulation, but in
Sitppose, however, a:disastrous hurri
cane were - a) deStrOy all the Cane andtlef
fee.Trees upon the Island forthree years,
what would then become of .their currency?,
It would be necessaryto exporrit
.purelips.c or ; provisions, 80(1 they would
soon be left without any' currency- What:-
ever: : • - •
. It seems to me 'a . self-evitimiCtrtith, that
no nation can sustain a sound and unifo.rin
eurre»ey, so-tong as it is a rater consum",
er of foreign pros notions, than seller of its
own-preilnetki.,• and-If ; we-:•won1(1-,Fegulate
Ours, we must strike ,at,the root:• of the evil,
.t)y., -, ; ,(4,1i,i) . i ~.if._.:ijOiefstts..y.;.-, i it 0 . . - -dolition,.
iliciitigli,ki - tW'AV4lftl! o :lo:o(e ( it . ' ,-11 4#t
aittl'etplitable - "'recißrocity of - tra11'e: 4 .!'...., - , .:
Pew ext iv c DitT tri.-- , Tiiis . subject of
,years _has beep
. Made' as corripicte a
1,00-b - citV;; as possibly Can-be, .and. one- can
not gropose - a - moderate duty-of-protection;
but the • c;l3 ' Of' - the"•:accorserl-41 - •-arignt is
rung . ;through all iis changes. It becomes,
the people of the South to.-examine this
mottcr for,themselves, and not import opi
ni tis on a. subjeet of - vitafTmportanee toy
die) t, and - which they shnuldAveigh-in-the
Ise.ale of their own‘ interests, regittdless of
prejti lice. That - it•is the interetst‘f Eng- ,
!H.& ntl-Fiance,--flood r us with_their
Maim names and.hixuriesy and drain us Of
nor specie, there is' little doubt, and we
if iii order to keep up.this
advantage, they do not tiilic more abotit free
trade than they practice. Let us see what
articles of American produce are admitted
into those countries fur .a less duty thafl 60
' - and upwards. Is it Rice, Grain,
ITT cent. - ... _1...-
motion - .
But they have measures already-in- pro.
gross, .which promise to be successful, to
superSede the necessity of dependirig upon
uslor Cotton. Their experiments in In
dia have proved successful, and' they find
they can obtain from there just as good fin
article as. any of ours. As soon, therefore,
as they make some furthy progress, we
Anil see a heavy duty laid n our cotton,
to the-protection of theirs. - urWoreign
kemand will be lessened, anti o planters
1-not find sate for all they can produce.
ey must tarn,their attention to other oh
is of industry, and that will doubtless be
mantalictures or the culture of Silk. It is
tli - e - o, that . they will BCC the advantage of
checking, by moderate duties, the, !levy,
influx off the surplus_of_ goods-of- over-
Ittocked Europe—and preventing a balance
of trade, which can be no longer paid in
produce, but must certainly be_ paid. in
specie. This is the case ar this time, for
notwithstanding our large crops, both north
end south, and our increased exports, srs
cm is carried from N. York by almost eve
ry packet. Particularly so to 'France, to .
whom no State debts are due; shou)ing the
great drain to be - created bythe,alolost free
ingress of French. %Vines and Silks.
The views of Southern people-have been
much changed of late - years, and they do
not view• protective .duties with - quit -so
distempered an eye,--for their own acto
ries are already gro.wing.up. In- G orgia,
there are cotton factories at Eaten n, A
thens and elsewhere, in . North and- utH
!Carolina.-and Virginia, there are seve al, !
and they will continue to increase. It is
only. within a month that 110 bales of cot
ton Yqrns have., been shipped from this
state to other markets. This is--a food,omen, for the time is not distant, when - We
shall find our he i st, market for cotton at
home,. and We shall then be, a self-indepen
dent:people. A war with England would
show us the value and necessity, of - this,
and for this we should he preparing-Sa.
mama (Georgia) Republican.
TAX . .ON TEA AND OOPPEE:
The Revenue Bill passed' the House. by
:a majority of 10. It was not free froth ob
jections. But as it was deemedindispen-
Sable for the purpose of revenue to meet the
wants of - the Government, it.' was thought
advisable . to adopt it, although the prepoth
derating good was not limited with. evil.
A 'correspondent. of the Richmond Whig ,
explains, in the following letter, very fairly,
We believe,: the manner in 4 which 'tea and
cotlee were subjected to duty:
"There is one .feature: in . which the bill
was Particularly objectionable 30 most _ol
the - Waigs, vat the tax on' tea acid coffee.
The Whig 'members - held a caucus,' on. this
subject, at 'Which a large majority deter
mined that tea, and eoffee.should be exempt
froth taxation; .. ApeordinglY, when the bill
Was under,colisideration the.CommiCters.
of the , Whole, Mr. Lawrence, of'Peinisyl,
vania, a prominentl.whig, meinber, 6)61 , 0
,the,.bill ' by adding tea . amid - coffee
to the list 'of free" articlei.j •Before• the
question dould be:taken on tho.proposition,
COM-M gRC F
• •The Columbia had much he'avy . wenther
and hand_ Winds - nelirly the Miele •way,---='.
Qn Munday'itigliG the Othliiiiirif, she en
countered a severe gale, &Wring whieticthd
Po.wer of the boat and the skill of the Cap
min were fully tested, and both proved to
1.51 - roCa - higlrorder.-=---------------i—s. '
The steamship Britannia arrived at Liv-
!Frpol at 7 :P. ALA', the 16th ult., having I
!per rated her passage in 'l2 days and Sov-1
en h urs from Boston, iticludin: the, time
of detention at Halifax,
The accounts received by the Acadia, (4r
They . have been every
the conaplete success of the , ,,Conservatives
where triumphant. Lord John Russell has
addressed the electors, in which he. vindi
• 'Forded. Sir R.
had opportunity been ,
(nes the course he would have pursued
should pursue, stating that it, would be time
enough to do so when called . te the admin
istration of affairs:
The Liverpool Mercury publishes a tab
ular statement of the relative strength of
parties in the Holm of Commons, at vari
ous, times, from 1832 to the close of the
general election in July, 1841. kstates
that. 'at the dissolution of Parliament,, last
June, there was 320 RefortnerS, 320 Tories,
and- 0 doubtful. The whole - number — of
members. of — tliellotiSe ie - 058 . ," Of 505
ascertained to have been elected when the
statement was made, 251 are Reformers
,and 344 'furies, giving a Tory itiajoritY of
03, The-Irish counties, however,.are not
given, which will probably dithinish that
The London Spectator lids thefollowing
remarks, on the government of the country:
The election has given to Sir R. Peel a
majority of from seventy to eighty votes.
For Conservative objects, or for 'practical
measures of general good, lte._can form a
strong government; but for.evil, opposed
to opinion, he is powerless. We do, not
say that bad measures cannot be car ried;.
Tor bad measures are often not unpopular:
but no measure adverse to pi blic opinion
can be passed in the teeth of an oppositio e
two hundred and ninety strong, exasperate
ed by . defeat„ active, unscrupulous, an
backed by the returning spirit of the coup-.
try. The. attempt, indeed, would be .des- to his pottier. , It would deprive
him of, the. prestige Of success; it would
ohuse misgivings in his own party, and 'raise
the. hopes, of his opponents; and though
it might not lead to his early expulsionfrotri'
office, unless'unpopular enough, to encour..
age the Queen to dismiss him, it would - r&
duce him to the state of the Whig ministry
during the last .five years. The fears of
those, honest, perhaps, - but certainly moat
misehevious . ReformerS, who have ever
, shaped their conductin order." to keep out
the Tories," and concluded. by "letting
thin . in" -in strength, may therefore be
blown aside. Active evil we are not likely
toyeeeive from Sir tobert , Peel. Are we
likely to get any good ? Yes, if he under
stands his own: position. . •
In looking to Sir Robert.Ppers:position,
the compOsition of his. adversaries' force
must not be forgotten; and,in 'tliftt'the ele
ments of disunion areas rife es in his own.
'Lord 'Jeohn Russell's address to his constif
'lents; breathes the sentiments of a meas
.ured 'and moderate ,opposition, whose strat
egy, is to be based on free .trachi.- But' on
thi - great point in quaation—the.eorn-laws,,
several Whigs will support Sir Robert Peel;
and will Mr. , Roebnek,' with' some — Other
oon their qUestionifrin'obedienee to the
L tactich'er one whoin they are not bound to
6ekn0w1idg6..,26 their leader Unless. the
Country be disappointed . by . his weakness,
or 'exasperatedht an. attempt , tit the old
TOry-:istiont-hadded ‘ - method - of - rnle, eo ire
to animate the-hopes of-the opposition, that
opposition is just :ailikely to break up into
sections as the Conservatives. : -Many
Whigs will' at first offer no "fitietious:Ori
position ". ,to Sir Robert, 'coming down
V'''X'*ll,42 ., 444' . **,*,*a I fit,:,-.:r4,,4tiU,,,, „X`'..V.Xi!,*;*-0x.":4;.-
kri-OifrOrd-or4Niainei.it leadioglibentoed, ,
and a 'reltdY. parliainhntart. tactician, (bay-.
itmbeen Speaker of, one branch - of the Le
gislature. of Maine)' immediately
'amend the. amendment of -Mr.-Piwrenpe by
addin4 to lea andeoree,!,‘isugiir, MolasObt3;
and salf:" .Thp whole Loeofneo . , ,party
the ittrited with Mr . :ollffor4in..voting for
ndment to tin . amendment, and: in
sTMT - zirtitei . titctr'and.aliti--
*ishpd : tea.,and; eeffae to be
lie amendment. The whip
Willett they, in :vain, at-
tempt ~.ricate‘theMsefves. • Mr.
throp,_ of 'Boston; celled. for . a - division:::6l
1-the iquestion.Owthe amendment as emend
„es Co present question 'sep - M'ately4 -
'hut the• chair very prominly•decided.:that
the vote of the committee having joined
them together , the chair could not put them
asunder. '"• The whig party were thus corn
pellet], either to vote for the entire preOisi-,
don,: 10-vote the whole' down. Under
jthese_circtimstanc - es they 'tumid' not hesitate
to reject it enti . rely.. - Mid - thus it comes - to
pass tnat of a ddxterouS ..mano3nvre or the
Locos, tea and coffee aro.to -be taxed
And yet•with these, facts staring their itr'
the face, should not be surprised if ,t4b
Lticofocos bad the hardihood to - attempt to
'raise an-outcry against the milligs for tag
ing>, articles which entered- into . the con
-en mptioit-oLthe 'Poor 'you - w
keep these 'facts ,prominently beTOFFIIi - c -
PUbli; and let the:people-see the meastiii:SJ
-which are to he resorted to, to make poli
tical capital !" •
AgiIIVAI.; OF THE
. FIFTEEN DAYS i f fiTEßFlY.Oplouncei7:
...Proin'the Boston ..Itlets.
'rho steamer ColuMbia . ,..Caist. Judkins,
left_LiverpOplmi Wednesday, August 4tH,
at 12 o!dlocki). M.;;;Maalti've6 -- at her wharf
iit Bosepn at a ',ratter past 6 Kester- .
11' Itftz;, of wfioiii 76,'werc
nave our re rular files
oT: o n tin Ipfidf . s io't►t't.3il; = an
to the . 4th
only npon,field-,hightS, and not idWays•then;
and at last, as they get diaguatedse "they
will '.say.L---with the . , insolent language of
-O'Gonnell and .his tail, and offended 1 .5 . y. the
" extreme 0 - pinions of Mr. Roebuck and
his folloWersopey, • Will .quictly lift - 101mo,
the,.Ccinservativei'ranks—with which, in.'
deed ,: their.4pirtione" now More: naturally
ally' them kis' quite as • much upon.the
his majority.frosAre'ditrere»cps amengAhe .
oPp6sitton, aspiat the opposition should .
break -.0 try. through_ Venni:va n
tinder attitige eircumstatte6l,2l,herefore,
Sir Robert MigliCe.aletilate upon a • certain
tenure' of 'officcilbrthe next Parliament; if,
he 7eb - iifbieThirrittlf 'little - more than ,-to
carry On the governinent; if be activelyap ,
plied hiinSelf,fivitature and carry out thoso.,l
. practicalMeastires - which have no relation-;
'to:party pnlitics‘. his tenure of power might
entlure for. his life. 13ut. he is, beset by.
ditlieultios,'&.:comPelleitto action, thrOngli
twO: eirendistaticesthe distress : of ..=the
- tiontitry; anktlia deficiencyLorthavrevenue
- In dealing *itir thesefoi . ancial qtiestions,
we believe the dbuntry-i—that-ii;the 'major
ity , •ofi all classes ; . apart from mere parti-i
,propure.il46 accept of a fair offer,
and do not expect impossibilitteii.. - . They
do not expet,..fitir Robert Peel . tocme for
ward 1 - a - liroposal..for a perfectly free
trade in:Cora, or that the revenue is to rise .
tneasitres_are propounded, Mere party ex
eitMnent, or - agitation fob pglitieal changes;
has been so prostituted: to factions uses, that
the - thing is worn' out. - What the Country
realy desires:is', a' gevrnrrient Mal
its business antkwill let about doing
government that *ill attend: to our econom
ical.condition, and. give free play to the in
dustryf they people: and-she enterprise. of,
the capitalist.. If Sir :Robert Peel 'shall
grapple thoroughly and fairly with the great 1
question of import thities,.the country will
imr - contend-for trillea; mnly,w,,,Ol_be perfectly.]
willing to'give hint. time to await the result
oy to be iil~aili isetl as to" meddle-frithi i
i_preduce n.measii rc wide!) fails 'to - Saaa fy by
the - brettd ts. den eral- - -plan, 4ittl-.-hy : the:
eonsiderate. •sk ill of its. details-.-/M : and his
party-are lost. , We do not say that
,he w ill
be: immecliatelYllriven frOrn office; his, num
bers-are..too. strong, and the leaders of the
p - artylip - plfsed - to - 11 rrn . - are too-much d
led' for-that; 114.1iis government will be... ,
come a weak government—theeopntry will:
-sittink-frero-bini_vittivallysappointment ; his
followers -will have no confidence in, him
whilst he, tlee.impthat lie .is lending himself
to• their purposeS; and Iris-opponents will
be emboldened to attack hint with pertina
city,-•anit louver - him - by - contempt.-
MlStisTnv,—;-The following is
given as a list of thbse *hO r it.is supposed
will constitute the new Ministry.
Sir Robert - PeeLfirst Lord- of the 'Pea- ,
sury and Chancellor ofthe Exchequer.
Earl of -Aberdeen, Principal Secretary of
d Eljgh CI
State sir for vv i F I
l e i
a re a :
} it a t
t i , :s t .
- t -
tan . .
" Lord Stanley, Secietary of State for the
Duke of. Wellington, President of Coun
Hon. C. Shaw Lefever, .Speaker o
House of Coaimons.
. Sir IL Flnrdinge, Secretary for 'lreland
Duke of Beaufort, Lord Chamberlain._
.._.Earl of--Liverpool;-Lord High Steward:
• Earl of, Jersey, Master..of Horse.„
tor& Lyndhurst. Ambassador et Paris.
.' The names of Sir James Graham, Mr,
W. E. Gladstone ; '-Sir Edward &Oen, Sir
Frearick - Pollocki-are also — mentioned as
likely to receive the offer of office:
THE WIIITE•WOOD 'OR TULIP
The tulip tratAelmige„to_the. same nat
ural order as the. Magnolias, and is not in;-
ferior to most of the latter in all that entitles
thent-to rank among our lihestforest trees.
Tlie taller Magnolias, as we Wave already
rernarhed, do not grow naturally within 100
or I 50. miles,of the sea -coast; and tn ' ulip
/tree may be considered as in some Men re
supplying. their places in the middle - A tl '-
tic States.' West of the Connecticut rive ,
and south of the sources of the Hudson, this
fine tree may be oftenseen reaching in warm
and deep alluvial soils, 80' or 90 feerin
height. But in the Western States, where
indeed .the growth of forest trees is aston
ishingly vigorous, this tree far exceeds that
altitude.. The elder MiChanx Mentions rev- -
oral. which he saw, in Kentucky, that were(
, fifteen', and sixteen feet in girth; and his son
Confirms the Measurement ofone three miles
and - a half fromlmuisville which at five,
feet from the ground' was found to be ttven
' ty-twe feet and six inches in circuinference,
with a correspondino elevation of,
The foliage is rich and glossy; s- a — iftl - has a
very peculiar form;.being,cut off, as it were,
at the . extremity. or slightly notehed-and di
vided; into two sided lobes, • The breadth
of the leaves is six ex i eight: inches. The
fiovrers, which are : shaped like, a tulip, are
composed of six,,thiek.;,yellow petals ) mot
tled on the inner surfaCe with . red and green.
.They are borne slightly -Am Abe Aefininni
shoots,' on 'ftfil-grown trees, have a pleasant,
slight perfume, and are very showy. , 'The
seed-vessel; ts , hiclt ripens in October, is
formed of a
the•central axis itt the of a Cone. It
is.remarkable :that the young . trees :under
30.0 r 35 feet high,. seldom or never perfect
Whoeve r - has — once - menTthe — Tuliplit e
in-a situation where thtt was favorable
to its free growth, can' never . forgetjt..
With a clean trunk, straight as a colutnu
for 40 or, 41 feet, surmounted by a fine am
ple summit of green foliage, it is,in our es
timation, decidedly themost stately tree in
North America. ..When standing alone,
and dneouragett in he lateral growth, it will,
indeed, Often produee a lower head, but its
teiuleacy•is to,rise, and it only exhibibrit
self in all its stateliness' and, majesty when
supported on such acolumpOrtink, it tow-f;
- ors far . above the heads4 - its' neighbors of
the park or forest, F l veri,when at it's lofti
est elevation, : apicioes blossoms,
which, from their form, one of our poets has
'lilted to. the'clialice: : ,
Throng,l) ilm.vertiant maze
• The :Fulip.tree,.
Its golden oft triompliaotly displays.
JU on • itid-the-tutted_eano
•Month of ,Itine, and gloviln -- richness an ~
: beauty. r While the tree is less : than:a foot
- in: dia rneter,--ttie*rri -isAlrem smooth,'_
but older it deco es , deeply furrowed,
and is quite' picturesque. For the laWn or
bark t •we Consider . the. tulip tree eminently •
adapted; its u piight stem : and -Itajulseme:
forms of most deciduous trees. It shetild
generally standalone, or near -theborder
a- mass 'of trees,- :where it may fully tliSplay
itself to. the eye, and. exhibit -all: its charm
-from _the root to itslVery summit; for no tree.
of the same:grandenr and magnitude is so
truly beautiful in every„-portiOn oats trunk
atul - ,branches-.---Where-there.is_,a4iSte.for_ ,
avenues, the tulip tree ought, by.all Means;
to be.cmployeil, as . it makes a look. mag
nificent overarching canopy of verdure, Su e
portedoii Trunks almost architectural in their
symmetry. Theleaves also, from their bit
of any insect. ' .
2114.14iie.:0was introduced intrrEnEnd .
1668; and is now, we are — ardinied - '
to be found in almost every gentleman's
park litrihe confine tof Europe,: so highl i
is it-esteemed as an rnamental tree of the
.first class— We hope that the fine native ;
specimens yet standing here and there, in
farm lands along our river banks, may be
sacredly-preserved fr m the barbarous hi
fiction of the axe tekformerly despoiled j
-without mercy,- many of the - majestic de
nizens orourtiaif e forests!
:In the.western states, wheie this tiee'a,
bounds' it is much used in. budding and ear
-1 rientify. The trey is light aa~d .y,ellesv,-aud.
ter and mor:e - dueable . dtanflhat-i)i . the
Wlienrikposed to dip Weathdr, the - wood,
is liable to . ' warp, but as it is fine grained;
light,,sitti easily Worked,. it as extensively
emplOyeil.. for the pannels - of coaches, dears,
cabinek work and wainscots. The Indians
wGo once . Inhabited IlieSe - tegions, - hollo wed'
ant.their trunks and made their :canoes of
their). -There are two sorts of timber,
e-Yellow , -and-witt te-po
or tulip tree. These, however, it is well
knOwn, arc the same species,.but the vari
ation is - brought about, by the soil, which; if
gravelly and elevated,' produces the
white, and if rich, ileepaifd rat_h_e_r meiSt,
hue yellow timber: .
It is rather difficult to transplant the tulip
i ti r i e e e r t ap yh t e s n h i a t v letasuant,ticarit4modnemiuncehpasrizaeti,ount;ile butss.
it is easily -propogated 'from seed, or ob
tained from the nurseries, and the growth
is ratrnn , at:a Eni ran
ac. - -
Yesterday the Directors of the United
• Statei Bank elected James Robinson, Esq,
President of that. institution in the place of
the Hon. William Drayton, rresined.g ned. Mr.
Robinson is extensively and .favorably
known in Our city as a skilful busineSs man,
of enlarged acquaintance with commeree and'
of a successful adaptation of talents to exten- . 1
sive financial pursuits. Mr. Robinson Was,
we think, the - President of the Branch of
the-United States- Bank in RielimoinkWhich
was d managed; and he hence brings
-to his Position-•a character aneStan
Most heartily do we wish Suess to the ef
forts of the . Directers of the gunk to. bring
into order its entangled affairs, and i)) ensure
to.its stockholders the greatest amount' to
be gathered from - its valuable assets.
AN 1-10NOIMBI;E OPPONENT. •
We`copy the following extract from a
letter in the Delphi (Ind.) Express, written
by Mr Samuel Malroy, late Indian Agent.
What a severe rebuke it is to those Who'are
:raisin the eryof '!proscription" and whin
ing over the loss of office. Mr. Milroy
talks like a man. We like to deal With
such opponents. After quoting extract
froth tholetter, informing him o his remo
val, he says--" Prom the above the public
will 'oe apprised . that I am no longer Indian
Agent; those having
„business with the
Agency wilt apply to Mr. Hamilton, Fort
• Wayne. ~As to the appointment I would
remark it is a judicious one, and will be.
satisfactory to the Indians. Ai to being
superseded; allow me to remark, that I net.'
ther,desired nor expected to be continued
in The agency, nor do Iconsider it injustice
to have to give, place to - the friends of the
administration.. It is but reasonable to ex
pect they would call on their friends to - aid
in carrying out the public.. service. I ticas
not one of thoseftiends, and had.no claims
to favor: Being
.stiperseded I deem . rather
a compliment than an injury, as it presup
poses that I was one who would not change
politidal opinions for the sake. of being'con
tinned in office ;• those who would are un
'worthy of favor froM:any administration."
--'A .DILEIVIVA.-- . :Mt. Payne, .a "Ved
hot /odofoco, member of COngress.from Ala
bama, during the dehatepn . the Bank Bill,
declaimed' an hour agaMst
Monster " , in . the'' most violent terms.—,
At the- cooclusoii of his harangue anothei
mernber• asked' him a member of the
Alabania . Legisiature, lie.Jind, not
,institiet the Speators of , that State to ge'for
a Bank of, tfie United : States with a.depital
of • one hunclyed.rnigionB
Payne's guilt mailellim ;dumb,
hearty laughter either side Of ; . him,
attested : the ludiFiious position in which he
had'got hiataelt, plaCed. • •
• • ,
Thr Tariff .--Neatel.eyw Porter pa
'per we take up - , has biOw' tirthe Tariff: ,
Fire away, gentlemen,-4veshall see hy
next Fail's•election;whether the manitfac
torers.anti.tneeltinics of Pennsylvania, are;
favour ° t ithe free importation of foreign
goods or not.
PLEDGE OF : THECUMBF,ItLAND COUNTY
WE; THE urbtritsidazin; fib A'GltEi ♦ / TFIAIIT WILL
NOT USE ANY. wrosacAmmi.raquiiits NOR TRAFFIC. ICI
THEM AS A. lIEIiERAGE; THAT WE WILL NOT, PROV IDE THEM Aq AN ARTICLE OF F.Nteuttirlit,r'r, OR FOR
CEILSONS,IN , OUR EMPLOYMENT;_ AND THAT," IN ALL
SUITABLE WAYS, Wll WILL DISCOUNTENANCE THEIR
USE TIINOIDHIOUT THE COMMUNITY.
• TEMPERANCY. NO'
-- peZrAir" - .pxperience-Meeting.,?.?„oLthe_.
Carlisle Union Temperance 'Soddy; will
be held in the Methodist Episcopal
on Thursday*ening next, the 26th inst.
_The friends and foes of the cause are re
spectfully invited to attend..
August 20, 1841,_ . •
• . For the Herald & Expositor.
TUE TEMPERANCE EXCITE
• iV.IENT .
No. reflecting person dOubts the necessity
there -is-Tor - the -.moderute .use of all the
ble.ssings• which Providence has bestowed . '
upon his creatures.. Tboir happißess.can
not continue it nder.ati,,opposite coursi : ;'" &tit
airekbitements are unbecoming co a Chris
tian nd_ref_ac Owls .._aro_idways_cortqiniand_
diSaiirinii. - Vice — se iliTilsing - dltToTenity;
read front' the Book ! of God.. . .
• Mn. r. orront-lical7ove paragrapliloT- -
lovied by an extract from the 14th chapter
if .Deuteronomy appears in No. 42 of
your paper of August the 11th, .under the
caption of ".,
.It w,ould be_ totally Jmneeessary to notice it, i
but for the ffeccit might - have possiblyonH
some fetv of your . numerous leaders. For
While many of,the •benevolern, who: are , 1
ardMttly/erigage in the righteous. cause . 01
temperance, would smile at the production,
and. others regret that it hod a place in. your
columns, some who 'are not read in the
_Scriptures', nor—iireflecting persorieLmight
.11.Qatartletl I at this ttew. light oh,the.subjeCt..
1. ; ,1"Wki#0.14411000#.'; 1 #010451:0:fili .
'1)01 - 113illt itilliiaterifiiiitenaiWViOr HIV;
light of knowledge and. troth, anittiated . by .
the benign spirit of Christianity is_so tlif
fused -ihrou - gh:ilFehisieS — Orwipyjrom
''the loftiest dome td the bumblest • Cottage,"
when every enquiring Mind'and t'reflocting
imrsen - c r may see _ the truth,;= 7 . —did we . net
reflect:that then.love darkness rather than
ligli - Olialthe'lltiman , -heart--is-Lnaturally.
wicked and deceitful--=did we net:witness,
so often, the, perversion of the. best of
ruption of society, and ,to lead astray the , .
unwary. . ....
To exhibit the errors of the remarks,
and the' fallacy of the application of the
extract, we. need. ,not allude 10. the impro
priety and the injustice of partial ikuotations
'from . any work, to sustain a position; but
more especially from Holy writ; whereby
the• most' absurd,' declarations. may be set
forth under the apparent sanction of truth
and inspiration,. to misguide the incautious
.1,.....: 1.. t, r .....,1 - ..'11a,......rAnit,. 1.."--
. 1 . 0 :"Oky " "" ' '`
fleeting 'person" publishing- such texts,
without giving his own Illustration or ex
positioti with it., If lie has Biblical know
. ledge he• is .without an excu - se .---- If<he has
not, one can-readily imagine, that discretion
and candor should have dictated 'a different
As it regards the quoted verses of that
chapter, which is a portion of the recapitu
lation of the Law, concerning clean and
unclean animals published to tholsrael
ita; when about to enterllth promised land,
.well known to. all persons acquainted
with 'the 'Old Testament Scriptures, that
'there wore many laws,, customs and rites,
ordained tinder .the different dispensations
or the-world,- which totally-changed'
froth tune to lime: And at the advent of
'our. Savior the "visible. Author" and Me
' diator of the present glorious dispensation
all Were entirely abolished, excepting tom!
Moral Law, the foundation of the law .and
precepts of the Geapel. Your. correspon
dent will see in that same chapter, that
swine's flesh was forbidden, .because -it
" divideth the hoof, yet cheweth not the
cud;" yet does. he not cat of it, do not all
Christians anew the use.of it?
' Polygamy was practised by the Patri
archs, and was. "suffered by Moses" as
saith our Saviour, and the- custom is yet
continued by the Eastern nations and tribes,
not christians. But who would 'deny that
It is positively forbidden by'. the spirit-and
the law of the Gospel.- And in the same
dispensation a married man was permitted,-
' he being his own Judge, to repudiate his,
wife by merely giving her a bill of divoice . ;
was such a license allowed by our Saviour?
We need not stop fortreply. •
• It is no where' seen in the instructions
Christ to his disciples' that, he prohibited : ,
slavery—and the inspired apostle enjoins
and 'admonishes " Servants to be obedient')
to their maeters,according to the flesh— , not)
with eyeserViee as men pleasers, but as
the servants of Christ doing. the will of God,
from the heart." Atid yet it is aeknowledg-,
ed now to be at variance with Christian love,
if not the law, inculcated in the Gospel Of
the Redeemer. •
And so one could go on to Multiply cases
froth the tlible to illustrate :and enforce the.
truth-- , thiValthough "wine and
drink 4 ,'. Were allowed . ta.the Israelites, and
the great Apostle of. the. Gentiles,•did ad
vise his son in-the Gospel, td use a little
Wine , for his stomach sake" Yet-would all
Commentators now. admit,' as the ; great
body of the ministry unitelh - declaring that
fermented liquors, as
.well as ardent spirits,
as a beverage, are not. blessingebut *that.
it Would .be perfectly , :consistent With. the
Christian code, considering. the-incalculable
oeviL: which even„the:muiderate
tiss of theta :hash' led to,: for .our laws to
prohibit the ; traffic,-if-net the entire Use 'of
- Many an ankle in the..production .of
nature,. and of art maybevonsidered.a bles,
sing froikAiyine Providence, so long lie it
.is , ..approtiriately : used,. an 4 longer:,-:.:
When .itliecontes, destructive, and its:Waifs,
t a nnOt • Weireinnseribetb, it is ~ thert,..ecursis
tent with the ;;:447.1ne Lawkand..Migioi!i'Ot
- GOVernMettt. to intertlict , the . Om ;of the, - .arti-;
c.le. Hence, the., Opithit question, _Wltlith
has- foiyears, agitated the British art 4
nese Governments, the latter every unbias
ed christian commends, for their efforts to
protect the subjects against the effects. of
this poisonous drug, which was desolating
the Empire, and condemns . the former in
'their-unjust and cruel derriands to continue
the'trade. our country this drag is yet
confined' to the apothecaries, and only used
as' a Medicine, and as such, niilltidris *tit
testify, that it has been a blessing to then 4
when racked with pain, and prostrated by
disease. - --ButhbobldilvAse of it, ever ex
it no longer a blessing, but that society add
the laws ought to discourage ; if not prohic•
bit the sale of it. .-
The "Temperance .Excitement".
noble,, benevolent ; and "spirit.' istiring."
cause, which will progress. Otiward
inscribed upon its banners. Its march;
stimulated by • christian.philanthrophy,
waxing. warmer and .warmer; it will con=
tinue.to increase and spivad, until its ban:.
oars . are piddled side by - the start:-
dard - of the cross, throughout the • prorin:
ces;_liingdoms, and empires of the world--t
and in the Isle of die Ocean. The filen&
Of the cause apprehend, no re-action—,-bat
should it apparently would notim•
pair the 'character; nor the energy • of tho
xause - , - being - iderttified-- -- Av
the Gospel, it -would only rise higher and
.progress with a newinapetuit and an increase
ed-momentum. . T..
Sec Dr. Adam Clark's Commentary
-Estate of --Henry Pilgrim, dec'4:
, its OF ADMINISTRATION' -
• on the 'estate of Henry.. Pilgrim, late of
.Southampton. township, Cumberland .
have-been granted tiithe.subscriber'
•residint* townshi p in . Hopewell toriship:. NOTICE
is hereby given to all persons imiebted to .
said, estate to make immediate payment,
anil those..haying. claimi to present them •
. I. cldm c,nl. - '• ---- -
Take notice - that we have applied to : the Judges-of
tlie.Coort of Common Plette.of :Cumberland county;'
for. the hcpicftof hjelnsolgeiittaws-ofthisCommon
wealth, and they have appointed Tuesday the Slet day
of August next, for the -heaving ,Of us and our
creditors, at the Court House, in the borough of Car
lisle, when and Where you. may 'attend, ;if you think
7.3,1 — C0T1
August 10, 1.841.-3 L.
- ATTORNEY AT LA.W
BAL ; r131011E; MD,
Office Fayette Street, second door. South-west of
St. Paul 'ttrixt.- • • .
nE ) FIMENCEg.
Bartimore,..3l/1...--Messrs. Emory- Br. Stevens; Jas.
. A. Et Ce - 5; E. SangSton, & co. and Armstrong'llarris
CtOis/e;„Pa.--Col, Theornai F Suiller, Prcifessor
of Mathematics and- Civil Engineering,
August 4,1541.-....41:, •
• . em__
09.6 !. •
ATZNoLD & ABRAMS have just received et
great variety of Cloths, Cassimeres,Sattinets,&c. &c,
which they are 'determined to sell cheaper than ever
before offered in this place orsisewhere.
The public are invited to tall and examine for
Sitippensburg, August 4, 1741..
I To all . claineants and persons interested.
Notice is hereby gi Oen that a writ ofScire Facias;
to Attgest Term, 1S:1:1;to. me directed, has been is
sued out of the Court or Comnagin Pleas of Common
Pleas of Cumberland coon' v, on the following "Ale=
ebonies Lien," 'entered and recorded in . the COurt of
'Common Pleas aforesahl, %iv
John Sh'erick vs. Casper Sbericti, with notice to
Sid. Fa. sur. Mechanie7Lien. No 65,'August
Siteriff's Office, ?
Carlisle, Aug. 4,1841. S
4 prizes of $25,000 amounting to $lOO,OOO .
FOR 25Tii SEPTEMBER ; arm •
$504106 "4 30 , 0 00•"4.25,000 2
FOR 23D OCTOBER.
- TJoion Lottery.
Class 8. •
To be drawn at. Alexandria, D. C, on Sat
-- urday, Sept. 25,1641. . •
FOUR PRIZES. OF
• 25,000. Dollars, • .
. 1 prize of •
.„ 10,000 Doll.
Ido ' • . •.° 8,000 do
' • 1 do .
1 dr, • • •
5,153 do 6,000 do
' ' , • '
, , 2 prizps,of • '
. 2,000 dai
50 do • f,OOO .du
100 • der 250 do \ . 200, Bz.c. •
~ 1441rimii numbers out of 78.
Ticketisls—Halves s 7 ' so— Quarters $3 76
, Eighths $1 87.
Certificate of packages of 26 whole tick* $2OO
do ` do 26 half do .100
do ' do 26 quarter do 50
do .do 26 eighth do 25
• The Grand Union'Lottery,
Class 0. To be drawn at Alexandria, D. on Sat.
urday, Oct. 23, 1841.
16 drawn . .
• 1 Grand Capital
_prize of . 4-50,000 Dolt
I Splendid prize, 30,000 do
• 1 do do 25,000 do
• 1 ,do • do 10,000 do
1 prize of
• 7,000 do .
1 dcv. '
I do 2,500 . do .
• 9,311 , do
4 do' • 2,000 do 4"
10 do, 1,750 .do
'. • 1,500 do
10. do , 1,250 -,do
do do , • 1,000 do
50 do •
' 500 do
100 do -
170 do .250. do
' ' 260, do
•l6.drawn numbers out 0f , 78: • ''," r • .
Ticketas2o;" Halves $10; Qoarterssls; Elghtis2. 561,
Certificates of pacicatei! of 20 whole tioltets4.26o.••
do ' do: - 26.Iudt' ; t3O •
do -•-. Oa:, ,•• 26 quarter do . •
do , • do ( 26 cighth'
• • ,
. • ,
• iltrOrder,a for, hake and chores Rad certifiCate a • •
of package* in
,the obeli • cldendid schemes :will
coke mostltirompt c•tion) and, the drawing cof
( •., 46 h ) ( m ay wifi l ie sent, lineanitely . after it is over, .
Sa all who order from m.:: Itildross •
•• • GREGi & mo s i,& rs.
'‘. 'Washington, D. C.