Carlisle herald and expositor. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1837-1845, January 13, 1841, Image 3

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    CIEOrti§TC 0E11'48I:4 Editor',
OA lati“ E.
01:7•The Whig Central State Coinmittee
have :,.appointed Wednesday. the 10th of
March, for the Oonvention.of Delegates to
nominate a candidate for. Governor.
Oar friends throUghout the• county should
takiimMediate -action on this subject, and
elect good men and true; to represent them
in that-Convention. ' •
'We are indebted to 'the - " Daily
Chronicle" and " Daily. Intelligencer," of
Harrisburg,- for_ our report of Legislative
proceedings. •
• Friday ths_lsth, is the day designated by
the Legislature for the Banks to resume
specie payments. -Scottie of the Locofoco
papers in view of this subject, have resort
ed to a new system of tactics ; those who
a few months a back Were the most noisy
advocates of a specie 'currency, sm. - now
edteavoring to prevent a 'resumption, by
tlestroying l the confidence of the people in
the ability of the banks to resume. -
The -New-York -Journal 'of: Commerce
ini.nn article - dp.on the eredit 9f the United
.States Bank; says " The effort en the part
ofthe Bank , to .resume specie' payments,
and on the:Part of- the, other Philadelphia
banks-to pssist so,-is preposterous.
The• Bank cannot ,continue- to pay specie
nor to spay at all, and it is a shame_that the
--currency- and business pitile-country should
be .again agitated and put in jeop ardy for its
--sake." The Evening Post, and Washing
ton Globe . have been-following,suit in arti
cles ofeimilar:impotVlb create if posiiible
a third suspension, to embarrass and ran
- der unpopular the administration of -Gen.
- •
The Banks-Of Philadelphia, after eFam
ining the:condition, of the, Milted States
- Bank, were satisfied of its ability' to re::
some, and determined to extend their aid
for that-purpose, as far as necessary. - , . We
have no doubt, therefore, of a general re.,
, • sumption, and trust,lhat the Teeple will not
Buller themselves to be deceived by the in'-
cendiary attacki3 - of - the Locoffto Press;----'
The Franklin Bank of Baltimore
has closed its :doors, for the . purpose •of
putting the affairs of the Bank in a state of
liquidation. • • ' • • ••
In the notice'lpublished . by the directors
it Is stated that they have been compelled
to 'this course in consequence of the stic
cessful efforti of the Mechanies Bank 'of
that city; to discredit ..the issue of the
Franklin. In the meantime•the President_'
and Directors pledge themselves, 'that' the
assets of the Bank, are amply adequate to
redeem alhbeir.outstiuding debts.
. .
o:7•The accompliihed editor of the Bos
ton Atlas has commenced the,.New Year
by enlarging has
continued success:
{Cy - -ThePhiladelphia"EvErallo-STAR7
formerly semi-weekly, will.,herealter_be
issued weekly as " Mr s rc4.}Vi STAR &
DEmorroxr;" — Thc - Pa - p6r — is — im — prove - d — in
style and the subscription price reduced ,to
two dollars per annum; it is,a useful fami
,ly paper. ' .
liCP•The editor of the ‘.'lLtet.nsTowii
TORCH. - lias associated his :son
EDWIN. BELL, in businees.with him; The
paper bill be -conditeied hereafter under
the firm of . Wrz. D. BELL & SON.
lcj7.The Guard'."of Lancaster
/Pitmen *fed with the-Colutratia;"Cour
ant," and. will in future , be conducted by
James in Lapeaster, as the "Old
'Pitaid and Pennsylvania- Courant."
,• ~ .For:thellerisld & Expodtor.
• .lifr. observe in your paper
or the 6th instant a beautiful Italian extract,
which . Dickinson ... to translate.
I send you a tianslation...:
- 11,paseato non' 'e, Ma se la finge .
.14i rattan rimembtatin ;
II later° 'Bowie, inaaelo Oleg°,
lo",:lsredislkiperanin .
Il prelente"i6l e, cite iti ph Niko°
• • 74issa del nulls in sen 9;:
' SieWe la Ota,'.e tit pt
• Thatinenrisoria,tinalspersofrat,:ue petal°,
RA N. 8-IaA..T: I 0 . N , ..' • • .
, •
The'post,lio.not, but our rempnibneeLfehpitii4
the future is' not, but' iredulouo% hope pu!nio• it t'the
,Pr esn "%ll°l . fe'Ci4tai *PO 41 moment Pils-ra info
the hooOrU,'Of th a t tire a ram
niory, .tiopo, , pieurngoNS.
The Legislature of this State met
on the . sth - inst. In ----- the Senate:We 'Hon.
Charles B.'Penrose, was elected Speaker
, on the first ballot; having received the]
unanimous ` Whig vote. •
In speaking of his election, the editor
the . 44 .1.1arrieburg Telegrapr says:
—We cannot refrain from expressing our
iongratulations to the Hon. C. B. Penrose
on his election; as presiding officer- of the
Senate. It is •a triumph of no, ordinary na--
ture--it is an evidenCe that the people's
Sober second - thought is ,always - correct,
and that though 'prejudice and mistaken
policrmay awhile darken the political ho
rizon, truth will arise and dissipate error.
The people have never; through the ballot
box, willed that Mr. Penrose should leave
the chair,--- 7 had the true wishes of the state
been recogniiek locofocoism would never
haie attained, even a 'temporary ascenden
cy in our &nate Hall; but we - see in, his
triumphant re-election, the hand of retribu
tive justice pointing to the fraud - and viola
tion of 1838, as a warning, to demagog-pep
and radical disorganizers. Throughout
'the state, Mr. Penrose's re , eleetion will be
hailed with sincere gratification ; and the
people will confidently repose in the cer
tainty of having a vigilant, indefatigable
and impartial public servant to attend to
their interests, and maintain the dignity, of
the laws.
In she House, William A. Crabb, Esq.,
(Whig) of Philadelphia, was elected Speak
er on the 3d
- It is believed 'that the present i.egisla-
Jure presents Jreaterirray of. talent.than
usual. if so, it is to he - hope d,
that being 'wise e nough to know the real
wants of the community, they may be lion
es 4 enough to forget„party feuds; and re
member only that they have been sent
there to subserve the interest of the, whole
people and aeticeprdifigly,
ICPWO - have no room this week for the
Governor's Message, andirrliev of it, pub
lish the following abstract froth the .Phila
deliihia Inquirer,: . ,• •
one decided merit ; in its lireiity.: tie com
mences by.referring . the attention of the le'his annual message of laskytar.
The opinionsthere. expressed have been
_strengthened and-confirmed,-especially-his=
' recOmmendations - With,_regard for a..reforin
fin 'the Banking system: Tlfe Banks wil}
resume - specie - payments on the Toth; and
the opinion is .expressed that they
strictly adhere to the law,- and regain the
confidence which they have hitherto lost:
One saintary result-from the anticipated re
sumption, will, he Executive says, be the_
entire expulsion of the small notes that
have been - ;poured in 'upon from the
- neighboring state's.
An increase of banliiing . copital is earn
estly protested against,. and it is' recom
mended that should any bank suspend spe
cie_ payments ScisJlKLfutitre,_its charter
— forfeited:
• The public works are in excellent cow
-1 dition. The business 'done on the main
line-has -been-less - draw - last year. •
It is recommended that as soon as the
unfinished lines now, in progress are coin,
pleted, that Pennsylvania pause for a ty
in her work of internaitnprovement.
A further appropriatiOn ie .urged tn/eom
plete the main lines, and,,for repairs,/
---- The - State'Pebt :(amount - due-tt
States for; surplus - revenue luau/
.ven a 5136,775,049.
The public property is estiofated at $36.-
496,370 '96. - . /
— There will be a 'deficiency in the fund
for the liayinenx of interest on the Ist of,
February, of $700,000! The prompt
tion of the Legislaturp is urged.
It is estimated that the sum raised,-or to
be raised by the tax_ bill_ of last session,
amount'to $600,000;' which, together
'With 'the otherziesources of the common-
Wealth,will, it is_thought, liquidate the in
terest account for .the future; without
. re ,
sort to further --- loaue for that purpose.—
Taxation/is said . to , :be an unpleasant busi
ness, but . the conduct of the people in pay
ing promptly and thus 'vindieeting the ho
nor an d - 114141 Tort lie;c - omnionw eel
warmly approved by the Govern Or....•
/ Tli - e - jaitli Of the state can never be .vio
lated 13,) , word or deed ; WWl' the co_ns.entof
the Executive. " . -
The sale of the Bank stocks.held by the,
state is recommended to pay the interest .
of the state debt falling due • in 'February.
now_ in progress will'be completed in a
nother year, arid immediate proyision/for
such completionis suggested.
. A:suitable sum for repairs is also trged.
. A connexion of such of our Into nal Im-
provements with those of New/York, as
witlibest promote the interest . of the . two
states, is reeommendeft. / •
• A - , law to sell water pow,Cr,'Created by
.our internal••improfetnents i lis, urged.
A subscription ie4t - Contatended for_ the
tiald`Eagle and Spring, Creek Navigation
— TheTWillialatiViVag
is allitded to as a work of much Merit.
The -
more general publication of 'all im
portant lawsis advised.
large extent of the state was surveyed
by _the State_qeologist, during the lest year.
The crops of . -the state
. have been rattan
dant,;and:the prices (air. ,
Retrenchment and* eeonomycss - =well in
private as, public airairs," fire. alluded to as
bocominevklies. •
_ _
A: , hope is expressedthatt to resumption,
will improye'businesa and create donfidence•
The agricultut . p)i!Mnollieturin . g ad
'yantages of the ' state , are adverted ;t o in be
coming terms;' also 'the :mineral resources
of the commonwealth. .. The,manufacture,
of, iron With anthracite. coal, is referred - to
as an importaiitAiscovery.
The.GotterOor 'expresses a u opinion that
io" oer,lPlPdefoloPolOOk of
our resourcpsi :may 'be found ithAndallt
moons , to public' 0410 aiitl
It ii; recomnt,decl - tborproper
' , •,—, ~, . s.-- , . :,.. '''..., '-' . .•,... •.-- • ~_ ,' ,—*
. ~; .-- , ••
'-'- -• .. I
•'' ' . -•
, .
x ended to einktrelt4n—factoriesi-a d
that - full - fiee - trom of political opinion,' be
gUaranteed to opeOtives...
Short sessions , are tirged, and `rigid eco.-
notny in the dischirge of public trusts.,
Scenes, of violence in Legislatiie bodies,
are justly deprecated—___,
In conclusion,,, 'the gessage of liSt year..
is.again••referred to, as alluding in detail to
several important queitions,
vernor has not thought proper - to, re-discuss
at length in the. document : of the present
year. -
On the whole, the rnessagels moderate
and creditable,-.although we regret' the ap
pearance "of that passage in which small,
notes are denounced. '
The.. proceedings of Congress afford but
little interest; On Of last Week
.the PresidentAransmitted to the House the
following correspondence between Mr. Fox
the British minister, and Mr. Folsj.rth, ,
Secretary of State, relative to the burning
9f the "Caroline," which, after some dis
cussion, was referred to the committee on
'Foreign Affairs.
„ease 41,4 e Caroline
The'following message from the Presi:
dent of thesUMted States was then read:
.. .
To the. Rouse of .Representatives of the
United States : .
j . think prcper :to communicate to the
House of •Representatives,' in further an-.
ewer to their resolution of-.the 21st ultl,- the
correspondence which : has sinee:;occurred.
• 'i. - Ween the Secretary' of - State - ,apil - the
British Minister on the same subject. .. •
~ • .Wiiihirigton,..Tan. 2,,1841.
: . Washington, - Dee. 29; 1846..
,have the-- honor to acknowledge
the. receipt .of your-letter-of the-26th -inst.,
in which, in reply to a-letter which .1 had
addressed' to you on the 13th, you acquaint
me-that -the_r_Presideht- ionot. prepared _to
comply - With my demand for the liberation
of Alexander McLeod, of. Upper Canada,
now iroprisoneftat Lotkport,in...the....state
ot New 'York, on a. pretended . charge ,of
murd . er and. ,
arson, as having been - engaged
in the' destruction of the piratical .steam=
boat -4 .oaroline,' - on - the 29th Dec. 1,637,
I,learn with deep:regref-that snA is the.
decision' of the "Prei3ident—orthe United
StatoU r fOO : cannot - but-foreSee'llre very
grave -and-serious- consequepees'thal - Must
ensue if,. besides the injury/already inflict
ed upcin . McLeod, of a Vexatious and un
kiiitimprisonment, any ',farther harm 'should.
be 'done to him in thefprogress . .of thii ex
traordinary proceeding.. _: •. -. -'.- • .
I have lost no_fijne in forwarding to her
majesty's government in 4ngland the cor
respofidence thni -has taken place, and 1
hall await the' further orders of her 'ma
jeity's Go s yr rnment with respect to, the im
portant ou don which that correspondence
involves,/ .. . . . •
. But y feel it my, duty .not to close -this
communication ,without likewise_ testifying
noy;vast regret, and surprise at the expres
sion's which I find repeated in' your letter
with- reference -- to - the — destruction — of - 1H
stcambolit Caroline. - I had confidently
hoped-that the first erroneous impression
of the character of thlt event, imposed upon
the mind of. the United States Government
by partial and exaggerated represebtations
would long since . have, heen:elraced . by .
more.striet and accurate.examinatioU of f e
facts.-. Such an investigation must- ven
yet, I am willing to" believe, lead i t ie•U.
i t
States Government to the same conviction
with,which____her_majesty's •ainhorities—on
the spot were impressed, that ,the act was
one in the strictest sense Of /Self-defence,
renilered absolutely necessary 'by the cir
cumstances of the occasion, for. the safety
and :protection of - her majesty's subjects,
and justified bythe Sarno motives and On
eiples which, lanand well-known
occasicins,'hc . :. led the conduct_ of
illustrious Offi• I.United States. .
The stea m dine was-a hostile
vessel, eniagi ;al
.war against her
majesty!s pec , from . her owners
for that'expriss purpose, and known to be
• The place where -- tlie'. Vessel
.Was de•
-stroyed?Was-nominally, it 'true, withi
the le7ritory of a friendly Powei, but the ,
- friedlly — Pi --- )WhYhd - d - balfilerd, through
overbearing piratical violence,- of thle use
of/its proper authority over that , portion of
,territory. The euthorities,of -New' York'
had not even been able to prevnt the ar
tillery of the state -fiom -being' Carried - off
publicly, at micf-day,.to be used as inetrii
ments of war against' her
.niajeety.'s stili
jects. It. was, under, such circumstances;
which it is to. be hoped will 'never recur,.
that the vessel was attacked by a party of
her majesty's people. '
~, i
. A remonstraticeekainst. the het n ones
lion has been addressed . by' the U. States
to her majesty's governinent in England,
I'am not authorized to - pron'ounCe the de
cision of her majesty's governnient • UP - on
that remonstrance, &it'll have felt myself
bound - torecordin -,-- the — Mein` tim e; -. thif
above opinion, in order- to ffoteSts'in. the
,most- solemn . f rok 0 t!e r ' 'agninst the-14) irited
and loyal conduct of a party' Of. her "nria-
Jefity's officers and people beingAtialifietl;
through• an unf,ortunate:-ritisapprehetisiot4
as I believe, of. the-facts, with the'iliiclW
tion ofoutrage or of murder.: ' - - .;:: •
'1 avail Myself . orthis 'occasion 10 .
'- renewo, you
. the assgraod•or niY di stinguished
consideration.• ''..',' • ' ' - .11:11.. - :,: FOX.
ed) is gi;
DE '
PAR Tr 4 EN T . OF,. STATE, - •
• Waihington, Decti . ither i840.`
`"." Sir=4 have :the: honor ,to acknowledge
the receipt of your note 'of the„29th inst.,
in reply mine of'Alte26lll, on 'the 130-
ject of the arreet and detention of 41exan
dir McLeod. as one.of'the,perpeiratars of
ithtmitrage..contloilled - in NeWYerk when
,:steamboat: -:Caroline. War iiized; and
VOnt. Full eitidetide‘of:thet outrage haft .
I ;etOn''PrqgPiltatl *ober ' govern
nietit with - li.'cleinand. for - tedreSt:ii-nd—of
, ,
totilselicoTdiscussion 'of• the,,ciounistances
here can.,he eithei.useful•or,proper, nor can
"suppose it to be your desire to invite it.
I take leave of the subject with ihksi ng j e
remark, that the opinion so stroly - ex-,
pressedby you on thelacis and pr nciples
involved in 'the. demand for repara ton on
her majesty ' s government - by - the tinted
States f would hardly have b - eeith zarded.
you -been youeen possessed of: the , c efully
collected, testimony which has,:be p pre
sented to Your government in.; 4lup ort of
that demand. -'"'
----.7 • ' , . . t
1 avail myself of the occasion. to renew
to you,the assurance of my distinguished
eonsineration. - JOHN FORSYTH. '-'• ,
A MERITED ..., ,-,
comPu . KENT.--A late num
ber of. the Harrisburg Chronicle, among
other important matters, has an.irticle :on'
ourselves, in . connection' with the ladies.
He gives us ;to : understand that we are a
'confoundedly handsome "fellow,' who;not
satisfied with making all the women fall
in love -with him, wishes to- reform the
'press in Harrisburg. ' The former were
entirely the most gratifying task of the
two, and,. to make, a frankavowal, infinite
.l3r more to our taste. We prefer the smile
Of a handsome, graceful, accomplished wo
Men, to the Most thundering, applaus e of
all the bores .vulgarly- called 'the lord of
creation.' But , we had no idea of Tfinno•
ind.the English press of .Harrisb7. We
had Merely reference to the Germ n, which
we think might be , suaceptibly , .of a little
elevation, without ittterferingAvithThe par
ticular intrigues justnow . ln / Progress. 'Tie
attack of the Harrisburg Gbronicre teaches
as a: good lesson---nevaeto- enter amend:
genie when the beasts re about to be fed,
and least of all to c titend for a` bone... -
Daily Standard. , -
•. We hope our friend of the • Sti2ndaril was
not scratcherl.l a Tiger. • It is said that
Harritiburg ialnfeated With. those animals,
during theAnter,.. •
•am. the . .. Daily IntelligenCer. •
lir. , PenrOsels : Addres . s.
/' . ..
. _ ,We give below the admirable - address of
the Hon. 01EA.8.'B: PuNnoisurea. resuming .
,'the Speaker's chair of 'the Senate; • Like
every - thing - WhiCli , emariates:Trorri (at - gad:
tleman,: it- is characterized - by a dignity 'of
sentiment Which is well calculated to excite
tbandiniraticin-of, Ida:friends; and-ought-to
command ; as wii_presuritie it. will, the re
speCt even ofl his - enemies.- Ine-spirit-of
fervid Patriotism which 1 - hreathes_in_avery
linP antl____sentenee, _will_cominenil -the-ad
-dress. to .. the honest_ and Candid'meit- . . a. all
Ipartiesto all, in short,
- who can appreciate
that elevation_ Ail_styul which 'Stamps the
character of the able statesman with a mark
of distinction beyond the reach of . Men of
lesser calibre—and_ we-feel- confident that
among the 'people the sentiments of the
Honorable Senator will Meet with a response
as hearty ds it will - he universal. -_-- -
The re-elevation of Mr. Penrose to the
Speakership of the Senate_ isnnother -sub
lime demonstration of the energy and' pow
.er- of the•pispular will. __Hurled as he Wai
by the force fif an ephemeral party triumph,,
frbtn the elniir, of the' Senate,. he 'stood tin
Moved aplidat the storm, and on the floor
of.The - I:}ddy:over-wilibh- he-had'sfanbly - pre; -
sided, / he breasted the "pitiless peltings"
_whieli-- were. visited --upon - him' by - those'
wi tSai an accidental majority had.rendered
a daciousi.and who. were, required by. the
attics of their party to cast every poisoned
arrow which political intolerance could in
-vent, at•-those-who-O - pposed -their-destruc
tive measures and principles. • Ever courte
ous to his opponents, even when assailed
by the rude tongue of slander, M r.' Penrose
pursued liii way in the teeth of all ohata
ties; and nowh,ehas the Prouil.satisfaction
of feeling thrt right and justice, in his own
person, have gained a most glorious and
gratifying • triumph. The emotions W hick
filled - his' boaom, • when he resumed- the
mallet which he was tauntingly.-told a
months ago .to "lay down,''Z'are beautifully
expressed in the address given' below.'
- One fact connected, with the re-elevation
of. Mr. Penrose is worthy of note ; as 'ex! . .
hibiting in a striking light the best evidence
which any mart could adduce to show that
his conduct has ever. been. exemplary..-- - -- .
There are in the, Senate of Pennsyliiania
- maily-gentleinen y iiii - o - 'tV.Oiiid- . niliirii the
'.S..peaker's_...ehair._as.._they _now,--ndorn-seats
•upon the_floOr; bat all the dSmocratie mern
_bers,Lwithout-a-dissenting--voiee;-itn-ited in
the eenferenCe to nominate Mr. Penrose.
Surely the 'testimony thus freely Offered,
of men who have been intimately associatr
oil with him for, years; denerVes to' have,
if-such-testimonyL•to-Mr.-. _Penrose's__virtues
and abilities were necessary ; unusual weight
With the public at large
G.FNTLEMEN , : .To be . elected by a .body
such us the Senate of Pennsylvania is now,
and has been_ fOr years,'.4s, a tkisiinction
which, under any circumstances, might
well incite all the'ederts of honorable 'pa- .
b4ion to:detierve it, and demand.-the warm
pet, acknpwledgernents to those by when)
it is conferred.' I trust,- however, that
maybe allawod to give emphasis -to the
feoling of gratitude -with which 1 - feturn
you my sincere thanks for yotir kindneie
in this mark of 'your confidence, by refer
ring, for pne moment, to the ciectunstanceii
which render; that-honor to Inc particularly . .
gratifying and . highly acceptable.- . We
'have just,einerged from - along, protracted;_
and exciting political_ contest. Inthat con . ;
test; it is.well.knoWh thet%,l
,engaged 'with'
an ardor, perhaps'inieperable 'from ..
turd,. and proportioned tof'the importance.
Of those principles which:l humbly con-.'itivelved in it; 'After , years of
pOieint and hhinEde'laber.l.o achieve a
.tory"for:principles:involved in it,, and which
1 ltave'eVer. Cherished, I sktitild be. Wanting
in'eandor net admit titari ; regsrd
the result witli - feeiiegis;ef unmingtectgrat6
'notion ; and, - Profeuty.l., , gratifude.T,
tiOt. expect • Mined lit 'the front. rank of
sitch..a'combat T andbepa,,te,eseape:the:able
and:ardent: irseitolll:OfPkilfid'opricioOki.,•: ,
iiiis.,"conte4.: is - ondW.,iiiid
. Ih64.llere. this, hratielva the'ZegiSlete re,
'tlie'dx - erbiaej)f ou r 06'1041140nd et.lqdthoiisi,
, .
; .
to receivept your hands this mark of - your,
confidence,- is- to" m e - peculiarly.•grad fy ing.
I trust I ' ar be-ipardonred - fl o the reference
to, ciroMnettfieds or : person I feeling.' It
is mit Made with the sliglites ' intention'- to
revive unkintrrecolter.tilmilli any quarter.
Although iti l s iiife mingled in all the,bus
tle, in all the'excitement . oCall the combatg
I can flay that I liPve hrought from it no
bitterness,. and I, shotild be unworthy of
the station to' which you have elevated me,'
if I carried such feelings to ,ibis chair. In
other nations,. rulers are -changed' by the
shedding of blood, and -after a stiuggle. in
which' not unfrequeptly the worst passions 1
of the hUman heart are oohed 'sometime&
!Most to madness. How, happy is our
. ,
t ndition ! ' '
• f a change be lade here,.it is .
\ accom
pl. hed by' Copitutional means.. ,It is 1
hronglit about y the noiselessoperation of
the{ , ballot bo , the silent providence• of the
- Co stitutio and the laws,
- rot e strife is a strife among brethren
t t o ame happy family—between fel
izens of the 'same glorious_country.
the revolutions in other nations,
sere blood is' shed,.and although .there
,May-bka victory and victors, by the benign
spirit ofi our Constitution., there are no van
; quishedl . The - , Jile,ssings and benefits are
f shared . y all; they shed their influence
- abroad, nd all are alike the objects of pro
, tection t good government. The work of
reform.,-- . vhish the people 'have willed, is
not for • aVparty, but - Tor - The nation, The
change is accomplished; agitation passes
away, and the patriot, no matter what his
'party connection, may refer with emotions
of -pride and satisfaction to the moral sub
liinity of the speetacle..
It is our iiride thative live under-a-Gov,
ol' u
ernment the principles of which are not the
ever-varying' and changing . will ef
who may be the rtileiti,of the nation: They
are Axed, established by written•Conittitu
tioniand laws.
Thesule - of - conduct is known. Impor•-
tant as this -may be to . the majority, it
still more so to the mittority: , •The former
is protected by itsown - force and nunbei.;
to the latter it is the only shield. . It pro
:wets-MC-weak against the - Ist - icing, and '6O l
sti.tutes the iritaf'spiricef our Government.•
My efforts alWays haie been and always.
sball - be - directed - to maintain kin nue
. .
It is-tint drily the • spirit Which animates .
-our„government,--as a-whole; - hut - it'prevails
in - e Very , department of it. - Here,.too,_ we
_fi l lip rules not,regulaterthe conduct
of the - majority; • and effect.,•to:_the po 7.
the: rights, of :the minority. -TO -- enforce
theie tules; will he the duty which you
.have imposed upon me, - and while trecog-_
nizeihe Legislature organized - this day . as
representing the largest and fullest expres
siotrof the popular . will ever, pronounced
in our ..CommonWealth, (and . I shall feel
bound to give it e ff ect,) I am prepared .cor- „
dially to admit the full force,ef those rules
which: guarantee respect and proteetion to
minorities here 'or elsewhere. -
It is true that the uses of adversit. are
salutary they are not more so than the
lessons of moderation, and - the value of - our
institutions, which are - taught and learnt by
the chanienvhich occur in a free.6ountry.
!those who .tiffnority have
learnt the value of the
• Gonstitution and
laws — which - gave - security - to — tlicir rights.
They will be - naturally jealous' of their
preservation. The value of such changes
is not lssened by. the. fresh infusion ~ of
popular strength which is thus imparted to
Jlie_yital_principles,,,of free Government.
It will be my dutyto enforce , these : rules,,
thus coinciding with the spirit of our gov
ernment ; andl take occasion to say that
tie are not more consistent with mycon
vietions of .propriety, than they• are . with
the relations Of iciersotial: khidness which
have subsisted between the meMbep of
this hotly and myself.: It has beet, my
picador° to.cultivate those relations, and it
will be'to coniinue them. .
/And htipe you will allow .me now to
'make my acknowledgements to.every mem
ber of the Senate with whom I have acted,.
for the.kindness-in-our-intercourse winch
been.eVinced on their part:
' . The nation may, and no doubt does, re
quire repose—a repose perfectly consietent
with vigilance in the care and preservation
of Orel freelo vent me n
_and,.benevolent-feelings u alike-accord with
the genius of that government and the
Christian a rity-enjni rm - -
thority. They are based on' that '.`rock of
ages'• upon ' . which alone individual and
national prosperity, can eittily. ren,ase.
. There is a general calm .in political af
fairs. There is a repose litre 'that of a
weary. bird on the lulled wave: Politicians
seem to think that thc . present moment has
no demands upon their attention—all are
good-huthOredly talking. over the past, or
calmly looking kntiolt6 future... True, now.
and:then the Globe lashes itself into "4 boot
less fury, about some weak imagining,. and
• - leughedl at' 'fiir its folly The newapa
ocesiiionally indulge in specUletions,
about the policy:Of the•.cotning
.adminie 7
tration. Mit:. the present trymrsty is 're
.gaided as. past end; gone--:•gone 'with the'
Old ',Feer, and'. with: its , powen'its policy,
and its.' elentetife *of cohesion. ' All are
:waiting the : new moiPements'-of ,thkwaters
the : new rising _ iif :the YWinds, and the
-birth: of .new. eventsa new year 'and the
edient Ohho new:frnits.of;--the political 're
generation: . . -
' ...It:is oilr,opinien,'. iteweve'r, thaC the. new
bark . about to enter:en the sea, is
,_,t9 have, merely.'; a r
eaSy...v:oyage. The new adminiStratiou if s
-DU ,Itereoleari task befinc.sit; 'and', this is i -
parting-. ne.'new. Itnowledie,'''..ititit •it wll
inikeykfrate- the present dynasty, an' emli T $i
Treeeirry;, err , r impracticable' finencial:sys.;
tern, : and a , heavy national nebt.': It will;
'beside,: find, _tirirund, it, einbarraobeo;,' if eat
puralized iontistryj,• eatinaal„ . .St E 4e . ma: . ift.
AivittnSl-:.:o.lredit-,.,greittly_ impairedi'_itirt:lii
Otoey. intAarices ' - tetallkftlestkoyed4- - the CUr!.
yeney dertingetiA: all the . reat - interests :or:
, the..dniawv:thiiiietiins Of an -e4erinteiitiiiB
. ,
. .
. . al
id ,
d temperizingzpolieyi' the offices in the
.possession cif.tnen, whQobtained-M• retain
co. their_ places -by - theft. hostility -to, the
opinion and policy which hastriumphed in
the Selection pf Gcn.„.liarrisoill all the
bOokS, Papersghlid...records of the 'tiatii:
'as . well' as . ,the Public. revenues .in-'-their
hands, and po'SiSsitiillie exclusive knowl
edge, of the secret. condition of affairs; :both
:the Senate..and . the . House of Representa
iv.S up to 'the:very moment when Gen.
arrison conies into-poiver, devoted to the
utgoing roSident,'and. deeply interested
i : n conceali
,g his false. steps, and-in pallia
ting every thing offerisiVe- to the people.
t 4..
This is tit l{condition of affairs.- -- What is olivieu 'policy to be pursued ?
ceordin; to our' judgment, the people
have left, for. the incoming. administration,
very -little - -to - . - 'decide"iipon for - iliem, but
very- I:finch• for . do. . ibmeurei THE.
WiLL:Or TIIE. Pp:MIX ; and the whole duty
is cernpreltendea. Repeal theSub-Trea
sury litobbe—restere to us a sound mixed
'Currency—cease the' war on the credit and
-enterprize pi' the country, and let private
and public confidence thus at once revive.
Settle the public land question—economise
the expenditures Of..the government-3nd,
above all, - get honest and capable men into
office. Let pailizans, who have; supplant
ed-good men for opinions sake, he in their
turn displaced' by respectable citizens.—. 7
Let the Republican prineible of rotation in
offlce" be. observed, and provided- good se--
lections of new men are...inade;the public
service Will be every where, and in all re
spects, improved. To those °Meets, tilio
have_used—the.--inllueneelrand—privilege Tel
their •station, -for
. electioneerling purposes;
let the Jeffersonian tnediciffe be applied.
-Elevate-A& standard of official
fuselife and energy into some -of -the dead
limbs of the - service=inaintain the indeped;
dence of the• three great branehes.of the
. government; and.all will 'bloom and prosper
again "like the greenbay tree.'.' 'To • the
great,- but glorious . task before it, we. have
no doubt -the new' adininistration: will -be
fully equal,--and die 4th Of Mardi; 1841,
will be the date_of-a-new and auspiciou'g era
in the history_of the Republic. ---
-- Fortlmilerald,4- - ,Eiziositor. •
I •
The TOmperaluce
resume the subject of
my - last article;=i'n .wliich''l allided'to two
or three objections -to the Taiperance
I plain; Among -these was this.;- 7 That
the pledge createe:aAesire-to.ilo- that -which
one binds him Self not tti do, or to neglect
that - whielf he has pledged himself to pef- -
form.—l- say there is no such principle
the hu.ntan:-constitotion,;" and will sustain
the - -positienif controverted: — But .if this
position-is correct, whence the-potion which
is so prevalent; that such a principle really
exists? It is often extremely difficult to
find the origin of sitch - errors t' but perhaps
we may come at it by exaTination.', Let
us suppose several . cases.
First, then :—ls it believed, that any
°man would feel an inclination to drink Cas
tor oil, or 'any other noxious drug, merely
heeaus he:bad pledged himself not to drink ,
it? . Nobody will answer in the affirmative.
Secondly_. - 18 - If_befieved,that_the_mati
:w .
a taste far ntoxi
cating drinks, will have a .thirst .for them
awakened, by'signing it pledge not to use
them? There is no-evidence oir - record of
such a result. • ,
Thirdly,:—ls it believed, that the iue-
bridle would have his Thirst rot' intoxicating
drinks allaved; --- byiriledging:himSelf-to use..
them? Tills. none, I presume,,will
There is• then but a fourth supposition
remaining. And it is bcliered by some,
thettheinebriate_does_have. his- thirst- for
intoxicating. drinks -incieased, by pledging
himself not to use tlictn. Here then .is the
ground, and the sole ground on which this
notion rests of the existence in the human
constitution of the 'clrinciple in qucStion.!
flaving_it_thus. before .us,_let_us_look_ at:it
a moment.—The inebriate; or he who has
become accustomed to his drams, .when he
pledges himself not to drink, finds hints;cll
- rtrnly is all we
know about it; the theory, is however, that
the-inclination to drink-is stronger than be
fore... This we do not_kaata;. - A4is_there..
is no reason to - Stippose. truth is sina
fiffilfisithe - fledge'firniiries the only test
signs the pledge, he knows not illat.he hai
heavy the. chains:sre that bind him.- • In
the language of another, nflglit inceed
_have suspected at-4111 early period, that
chains were gathering -around-hint--What
thin had he to, be bound with links of-flow
ers; delightful while they lasted and easily
broken when necessary! But here• is the
Mistake. -in his 'case, link has been-added.
fo.linit; chain has been woven with chain;
till he, who 'boasted, of his strength, -is' at
last made sensible ofd his- weakness, and
ands .himself a- prisoner, a' captive; a fl e . -
formed, altered, anti degraded slaVe.".
While he gbps on-in his indalgende;
suspects not his real. case ;_.but-the
develops. it. When he attempts to..riso•
• from,hiS state of degradation, it is then he
feels that his "links of flowers!! have be:.
eomeea chain . that "pressei bint like a. coat
of iron, and gallshint like fetterS otsteel.s!.
Fortunate-is-he who applies the test, which
can be furs _ idled i my by total abstinence;
before - the chains have become so strong
that they cannot be broken.-
Jan. 8; 1841.
• •
-•:. Revised DECEMBER . 25; . 1840.
„ .
Society shalt, be.eal;:
The-Cuti6filand . Coiinty T,emperanei:
auxilisry. , the' Arnbriean Tem-,
perattee,Union. . '
: person , ..May•libe4tne
a member or this Scieiety, by • sigstpt, 'the,
itudersiiped; do: - agree;'.; that
; tie *Or not ustiqniihtieatiati.:Ligitotift nor
4 ;8166 ill' them as S..liorrerage;, that , itre •
'not - preside . them;•as, .a a, a r tiel 0' ets
mellt f or- for verso* , iti,our eipployqiciit ;:
- .
and that; in all suitable ways we... 'will .dis
'eountenance-their use throughout the eon).
inunity." . .
Anziopn 3.—Thk officers Of this society
:shall ben President, three Vice preftidents,
.Secretary and:Treasurer, to 'be. chosen at
each anntial - meeting,of the Society ;. trfft?
shall perform the duties customarily assign =
ed to their respective officeS'i . "
In'addition,to_these officers, there shall.
.be Chosen, at each .annual meeting, an 'Ex.
ccutive:Committee_,cOnSisting of .three' or
more, whose duty it Shbll be , to carry hito.
'effect all the Resolutions and orders of the
Society, and to act. in 'all matters pertaining,
to its general - designs . and 'objects;: in its
stead. This : Committee .shall.,thake
port annually to - the 'Society, - Which report.,
or Anal - part - of; , :tt. - as-may be of-geneyal
_inteiest—shall be forwarded to the 'Parent .
Society.. The officers, in all.casei to eery()
till others are chosen . .. •
AwripLE 4.—The Society shall mold. its
annual meetingsabout tho time of the'Vhrist-
Inas holydays,. of which notice shall be
en in the - several-papers of the.horough,,hy
the Executive tominittee ; who are also
,empowered to call. the society together; or
to call public meetings, at diejrdiscretion,
ARTICLE —Th is Constilu i ion is subject,
to amendMent at any annual meeting; pro!.
vided public notice shall have been previ
ously given. of intention to , aniritil. - • •
The following, are the officers elected
ugcler the preceding cunstittition, for
year -1841: •
- Rev . . President D.urr?in. President.
Thothas Trimble, , ..
...' - • Thomas Carothers, V.:Presits . . -
Rev. 2, Ulrich,- .- • . . • - .
S.. _Elliott,•Seeretary. •••--. .•
.: • .1. Setter ; Treasurer.
Prof..M. Caldwell,, • . .
. •
A ,L.dynoerton,
Rev. U. A•urand, , • '•
BrandeburS.',. Esq. i-.ExEx corn
11. Duffield,
•• - S. ELLIOTT, See'
--- . • -
Q. Whose was. the first Universal.led - lane?
A. BnAnn.RErets.l'jLLs. FiraCby Name, ang First
lei Fame.' b' •
'What is the occasion of pain?—of Sickness? 'lnca
pneity or_ natural.: outlets- of-tbe-body-to-disAtarge
the cotyupt phrticletror humors as fast as nature re—
_quilesitheir_ex.pulsion.-TheTood-we-eat-goesto sup- •
ply:the dakl,y decay of our frames. We Are each mo- •
meat of our ex-istene undergoing a change, and it is•
this very change and renewal that preSerres us from '
putrefaction and its natural consequeneL—ccath.
!low-shalt we give pow et' to the natural functions,
so that.healib dray be.recovcred and secured? • .
By assisting the principles ()fah with lirtirrh•eth's.
Pills--the most suet , tudi.gnrtlogainht.infirmity or un-
Itealtity . 'decay lh-BizAttancrit, IC;
j P411 , -.9l.tie in Crirlieleby CEO. \V.
and Cumberland.Counly by Agents published in
another part ofthis paper.
- -
- Why Dr. lIARLICIVS Compound Steengthenink
nqd Germait Aperient Pills are used by all clataits of
Iwo*, in prel'erebe•to other Meditim s,betiausr they
are prepared from a pure extract ojr he, bz!,
some. ntedieilw, mild 'nits operation untiplrasant in
its efFeet—the most certain pees, ever c f ahls, tafe
and'effeettial 'cure ofand:.
all Stomach Complahits, presii,evtir 21;71 purifier of
the whole SVSICIII.
Because they soothe nerves of sensibility and for
tify the nerves of motion, imparting to their most sub-'
tilt. fluid its pristine tot.e, thus giving strength unit
clearness of mind.'
Because they never destroy the coats of the stoma*
and bowels, mull strong 'purgatives dO.
~_.lause-scienee and exiierilmee teach, us that no
- Mere purgative wiliettreThe d l.Seat , e.of the,Sto,:,
is primary , cause tif
Ghost of diSeases,and, by combat!y resorting to Dras
tic . purgatives, you make the diseases mud' worse,
instead of better. '
Becaue Dr.l.laclich's . .,Nleclicinesnre.put up upon the
common sense principle, to'relcanse and strengthen,"
which is the May course to c,ffeit a cure.—
BeCUIISC these bicdicinrs N ally cure. the disease-
for which they are recommended. Principal Offiee for'
tholhiited States, atNo. - 1.9 North Eighth - streeri - Phit- ---
adel Akio;
A so, for sale by J. J. Myers S.: Co., Carlisle; and
Sliippensburg; l"a. Elan. 13, 1841-•91
iline many thousands of Little Children die annually
from the Teets of Protracted Dentition:
.It requires no argument to convince y ou that all - .
, nLittle•Children" sutfec j ajw• or.later from the ttf- _
fetus of Teething, 0 hick - IffNe kind protectors may .
easily perceive from the following symptoms - Rest
lessness, sudden fits Of erring, fretful, feverish, and
sleepti but little, ll u uata its "fingers into its motitli,and
bites, thereby seeming to obtain relief, frequently at
tended. with rough,. qiflieully •of breathing, bowel
coniplaint, inflammation of the eves, and sores, be- •
care of these;' little ones" 'revel. he 'without
"Dr. Patio' Celebrated American Soothing Syrup," • .
foe' Childreii.Cutting•Teeth, brit hich they can pre
sent many alarming symptom's which often time fi-• •
• Tliomands oftriethers and-nutses enn.testifv-to the
• '4mo - can elfeeta. - orthial !IVAN - Me - Sy rup,
to_the'.... - gunis.,_ll-e - kilci-itakt. , -s-williyitin-istits---•.- -
gtuns, .the'Syriip w hen applied, gives
cosc,•by "opening the pores" and heatting/the'gutris,
emtvnlsimiai-l;e-to - -the-happiness--
nud mete ()f itch%kind protectors:
Itemeinter, all the genuine Medicine expresies
this on the label- 7 only place-hi Philadelphin•wheee
this Medichie can he obtained, is at the Medical •Of
fice, No. Ifl North Eighth strea, and advertise.A.A.-
gehtii inthie ccui try - . •
eo sale b 7- v - DF - T - T'irVe — •rs. 1
Wm. Peal; Shippe
itsburo-,Pa.,. , •
_ . .
• NI A 1/ MED,
.0 On Thurstiby the 24th ult.. by the Rev. Robett
NlNCsebren ' M. SANi L. .M'OULLOECH t to Miss.'.
MARY JA NE M'KEEHAN,. all of West Pen
borough tawnship. • '
On ThurilTuftheith i'nSt,lir the come;Mr. JOHN
both of Vilesoßeensborough to wnship. •
On the' ginek 14 , sr* m 6, ME _STROEL.tti
Misa CAI'H4I INE ALBERT, both of Witt
Penitsbarough township. •
. .
•.. . •
'll3 lETN . - 's . ; •
On the 7 - 111 inst., Mrs. MARGARET Lr,c o iii
of Mr. George W. Lie, and daughter of !John a
Elizabeth Solider of Philadelphia; aged SO years. .
I it I
; ; thtldiuUs 1/13i)SU r t,
' joining the °nein ythich the - pelitct•
er now resides, to whoift-applicatniti.:
2 -- •
is io be nude
.7t;tl. I jai
The Officers ofthe Library•fteticeiniion;,and
witoat any time hove. cowl ibtrts:cl towards it, as wen:
as titi!fileds of thelostitntion generallY,.arereqnest; T '
eat 10' meet in :be •Toit , n flail, Tithi•sqny..,the 14th
inst. nt'4,i7O'Cl Oi k;iiirliniiiiic . iirr,i*liir*Ttbii,"tfiniskt.
of the I.ibrury to the 'Corproon skuitoty i k..,••
• .. By order, WNL•S. 7 ii
• , . •,• •
Stet ?e{ RWt t Zetio:l 42 l.!iir,tfise ll7 sOCte : , al:bseri .
in.; in South .'Middletontownship, about, the 14t4 41r
Noveniher limb a,
.. ,
. , .
. .
, .
. .
•.' ,'.• .-;' Red' 'Coit,, - ::
.:. , .i , . • •
.of. piiiltilp uize.. 'Any „person returning . iie,.,.. , ~„
will tie liberally: renzirilel
f ti ly
: j i trr
ri i v
January „,
m00rtx...;. .,
- , ' la, I i 41.., " .r , • „ ~. :
• .
• At. '
. .
• For the ceeeprtr.ey o£ `n aim. 1 fiani.
ly onlv, the neat, cottvei‘ieet +ud corn.