Newspaper Page Text
Orphans' Court Sale
• (N pursuance of ,an order , of the Orphans' Court of
',Cumberland county, will be exposed Ito public
'sale, on, the 'premises; on Wednesday the 20th ql l
-Junta y, 1841ot It A. M.; the following_i
. • !described real estateoate the .profierty. of John..l2la
Sidson, Esq. deceased, viz':
A Tract of Limestone-I , and
• in Westpennsborouglitownship,about two miles cast
vf Newville, bounded by landsofSanauel McKeehan,.
Sites, Jacob Lehman and John Myers, contain
r • NIFTY-SIX ACRES, .
more or less. About forty' acres are cleared,theresi,
duoiti - thriving - lienber=zalroutTtwentriceTretriliiva
- clover seed last speing. There is a 'well on the
• ' premises, which with a little repair, would afford a
constant supply of water. The soil is gpod and pro
• duces equal to any in the neigl.tharl2odd. ,
Also, on the same day, at 3 o'clock, P. M. on the
premises, • - . .
• • .•' • .4' Lot of First rate . .
containin& 5 Acres . and 132 perche4 on the Mount
Rock Spring, bounded by lands of . William David
son, Samuel and Robert M'Keeltan, and the Mansion
• -- Farm - Of deceased, - • : '
• , • Alma - ' on Tlittrsda,y the 21st JanitaiwoB4l, at 11
o'clock, A. M.; at the house'ol Col. Wm. H. Wood
• burn, in Newville, Will be - offered nt public pale, a •
Lot of Meadow Ground,
.about three-fourths of a mile north-westoiNewrille,
bounded by hinds of 'Woodburn, Walker, and the
Connodoguittet'creek, containing 8 acres. and
cr - a - ei; VvVlr - 6Weliiiiii!iia - 660i1 , grass land.
. Persons wishing to purchase are invited to view
the above peoperty.previous to the day of sale.
Terms of sale prescribed by the Couli. One half
the purchase money tO be paid on the confirmation of
the sale; the balance in two• entail yent•lY payments ;
without interest, tobe secured by a lien on. the pro
perty.-.-The he made and possession deliv
ered on the Ist orApril,lB4.l. •
By order of, the.Orphans' Court, •
ROBERT LAIRD, ,
becembec 16,11 MO.—Ads
ic -7- 8 - iit
- 13 - Y - an - ortler. of the Orphans' Conf.! of. Cumber
‘lUll land County, to nletlireatt.d. I will expose to
puhlie sale, on the premises, otb.Wednestlay the 20th
dalof January, 1841, at 11 o'elock..A-.. M.,
ALAidirke DDubJe two .
I I Story .
AND LOT OF - GROUND,- situate
in the' borough of _ Mechanicsburg, Cumberland
county, on the Min street, adjoining the Union
-Churcb Lot and a Lot of Valentine Shod ;being
..the late Mansion House of John Close, dec'd. Also,
one other'. •
• - •
Double two - Story --
"; 1 Brick .House
And lot of ground in the same .borough, situate on
the Main street, bounded by - Istmc—Kinsey and Wil
liam Bigley. Also,. • • .
' .1 small Lot of Gi•aund ;
containing about 25 feet front on the rail road, and
80 feet in depth, bounded by the rail road--by the
first described lot and by Valentine Shock. This
~ lot will be sold "together with the :11ansion House
-== propertyabbvc ilesee4beil litith propertics'are very
advantageously situated for any kind of business.
The terms of sale are---one half the purchase
. to be paid on the- Ist of April. 184-1, when
possession will bedelivered---subject to the present
leases--and the residue in one year, lo be secured
- on the property.° _ .
Boa PennaboroitAi h---Butijamin.Erb.
'Thipewell—John . Laughlin.
• , .41echaniraburg—.1ohn -Hoover.
, North Middleton-301m Blosscr, •
We - Won—lsaac -Kuntz, Hugh .McCune;
South Aliddleton--Jacob Goodyear, jr. Jacob Span:
g .. gler.
- Southampton-:-Conrocl Clever, Abraham Mooney.
Bhippens.surg B.—William B. Cochran, Adam Co
• , '
_baugh. . . •
. • -
THAN - ERSE JURY,
.4llen- ! 4oseph grownii well, Daniel-Shelly.-
Carlisle--Jos. Hershy, Lewis Harlan,Ross Lattiticir=
ton, William Leonard; Saniuel Sipe. '•
Dieksnaon-;-John Coover, Jacob Hemminger, Hen
, ry Hupley,Sainuel Holmes, • • •
„Bast ,Pennsboeough—George Bowman, Jacob Elk
', berge,. George Glime,_.LSamuel ..George-, Jacob
Hoover. v • •
—„a7ankfordSumnel - nyder.
flopewell , == - Adam - Angliiithatrgli.
Ofonroe—Mtirtin Brandt; Joseph Brandt.
Merhanicsburgw--Williiim Beney; • •
Jacobs. : • -
North Jiliddlet6n—Almor .Crsin, Philip Kiehl; Ja
.Trearville--Abraham Erb, Jacob kagel,
Aretotott=4 ado h'ICTA - -
. South, Middleton---Adam Lehman, Jacob Ritner,
Southampton—Rebert Allen, John Bay, John EL 7 I
Creesler.; -/ •
...ShiPPetishury.ll.--David Crisswelli David - Beal.
Silver Spring---Abraham Bossier John Eshelman;
Saxton, John Swarti t John William Trimble,
John:ClOndenin, jr. . •
.West, 'Plissasborough--Wiliiani Carothers,'James
Davidson,.Dav,idsoti, James Lindsey,
-',Estate.gf.LYi •Jolin Ge . deceased..
ETHERS .TESTAMENTARY on the efitate .
• • - ol%to/k*Gerldiiiinte of Newville, Cilmberhind'
tanty, deeeased, having "tined to the subscribers
- Alf dim; faint ... of law s -NoTteerip, he r eby given- to:
.eltilin's'agt l inat the 'estate of Said
-ceased to:.present foti settlement Without ° delay—Mid
. , 10 !base indebted to make immediate , payment,.
WITLIANI 1 3 1 2ATTON,Nowville ,
RollElt.r f. 4
I,Regeitil?Pr / 6 * 1 .0 (1, 77 1 4.., . •
lo our fircditO rs.'
'Take notice tile3l:l(l4e:e of
the Court of Cointison Pleus 'of Cult - Iberian& county,
for.the beeefitel theljruplveutlAwl of thifi Com nion',
'wealthtuj they, li.aye;stilliujjApdgllimqv the ,ttch Jan or•J'attary,
,next;:for . the. heurbig of us fultl 'our
crediters; . att the Court liouse; , iti the borough of Ctir
Pe! 3 per- • • ' • ' •
• 'V"Cfq.4,.*•:' •
4 1/• 11 ;'. P , • l' ' ~0 114.1110Pf.;.0-REENp i : ..
i rt , , ,,,,, ,: ,... , ~ ...., MKatAva. p...-iIGE,', --; ~:,,,
. . ' 7 • ~
~., ...'. CHRISIIAN',SIIOIIT,
4. :;4 . .ii w 'p • ,- - . -.- 2ABgAftiV 4 M 11, 1 1:1111 UPON'
,-.,..,. r;, ; ,,, , , , i 414ARAFt./13,4 , W;;GRA1rp...
~.!'-'l!'-'.9.0,P.P491.1100,---•St::, . , ._ , ,
TILMR - 4NIY. DE
LAlNSiofrited (91 s o e ,by f f ,
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JOHN RUPP, ailm'r
....••mp mmmugimium .. l
A FAMILYNEWSOAPER:-IfiEVOTEfi TO NEWS, I"OIIITICS,'LItERAIrvAi, THE ARTS Nil SCIENCES, AGRICULTURE, AMUSEMENT, &C.- &C.'
• • . PROCLAMATION.
HEREAS, the Hon. SA3i - trzr. mi
sident Judge of the Court-of Common Pleas
in the 9th District, composed ofthe counties of Cum
berland, Perry and , Juniata; - and the Hon. John
Stuart and John lefevre, Judges of the said Court of
Common Pleak.of_the_county_cif Cuinberland;, have
issued their precept, hearing date the 10th - day of
November, 1840, and to ins directed, for holding a
Court of Oyer niaTerminer.and General Da
livery, and Gsneral Quarter Sthisions of the Peace,.
at Carlisle, on the . . •
SepondWonday of January, 1841,
((being thellth day) at ten o'clock in the forenoon.;'
Noires is hereby given to the Coroner, Justices of
thelfeace r and Constables-of the-said - Bounty' Of'Cititi 7
beldam% that they:be-then and -therein their proyer
persons, with their records, inquisitions,- exarnina
tions and -Other - remembrances '
' to 'do those things
which to' their office'soffice'srespectftilly. appertain. • And
those who are bound by recognizaece to prosecute
against the prisoners that are, or then matbe, in the
Jail of Cumberland county, to be theii.and there to
prosecute againstthern as shall be just.
Dated at Carlisle, the 10th day of Decetnber; 1840,
and the sixty 7 fifihyear,of American Independence.
:• , PA UL • MARTIN, Sheriff.
A' IT CAC I ON
L be i rldaPtblie Auction, ; üb
over street, Carlisle, opposite. the Carlisle Bank,
their entirostock of
consisting of Blue,•1310 do, invisible .Groen,
and Brown .
Cassinctis and Cassitnercs of all Colones & qualities;
Flannels, Blankets, .Merinnes, Mouseline de Laines,
Chitlleys, TickingS, Pleas, bleach
ed and unbleached .
,siik,filtd_Cotioniliandkecelik(s r livochn i lilatiketatid
Chenille Shawle, Stockings, Gloves, Stocks, Collars,
and Shirt-Bosoms &c. &c. . •
sold without reserve to the highest bidder;:bying
determined to disposeof the - stockaa` soonaspossihle.
, Sale tOcomMence on. Alonday the 11th day of
vary, Is4l, at 9 o'clock, A. M. (beingthe first day
Court) & to continue from day to day-until all is sold:
'ARNOLD & Co. .
• Carlisle, pee. 16, 1840.--,ts - '
• ..._ • - _llfiste.eftiV:tfirth.
ASTEIUNG .LATII to
200 - 000 - sale on the Ca r
nnl,nt. the Lum
GILBERT S. PARKER
• . C heap Goods fogy.- Cask.
The Subscribers, desirodi of reducing their stock
of Merehandize, offer it at-reduced prices for Cash.
Their entire stock of
eassimeres, Satineils, Merinoes,
will be sold at a very imafi advance. Stich persons
as are desirous of obtaining good bargains will please
call at the store of .. •
• iirrxrat & MDIVANY.
N. B. The 'entire stock of..llel•thandize will be
661(1A bargain to. any one wishing to engage in the
business, if application be made immediately.
The Subscribers have on 'mid a large assortment;
of Cashmere, Thibet, Merino, tirocha, Chenille, and
other kinds of Shawls ' •
which they will sell at'a
small advance for Cash. • •
Few VCloth Caps.
A good assortment of Par and Cloth Caps will be
sold cheap at the store of
"- . . t.
- .A' lintrifisliailiencei'li.elidta - driiiid - Eiltiiigil
Cambric and Swiss Edging s' and Insertings, ter sale
at reduced prices at the sure or
lIITJVER & dIIULVANI'.
— lt/ST RECEIVED at the New Store
io shippensburg, English, German and French
MERLNDES, and for sale by ; • '
ARNOLD & ARRAMS.-
A LL' COLOURS OF CA. foi
Nevm Store - iifShippensburk,
loroLD & ABRAMS. .
JUST RECEIVED and: now offereefor sale at
the New Store in Shiplinsbnrg, a .linialtome
and splendid assortment of Plain, White and Braid:
ered Merino' Shawls. •
of a new style, for, sale at the New Store in
hippensburg, by • ARNOLDO & ABRAMS.
MANTILLAS of a new style t jyst received at the
New Store in Shippeasburg, and for sale by
Filc•ST-.RATF. QUALITY OF BEAVER
cLoTif, just received at the New Store iu
idiipeoburo, by -
„I .. 9rety's . 7 .Liniment.
This extraordinary chemical compoaitiOn . ,:the re-
suit of science and the invention of a celebrated med,
ical man, the introduction of wlttelt to tile tontine
Wes invested with the solemnity. Or a death-bed. be
quest, luta since, gained tu'reputation unparalleled;
fully sustaining the correctness of: the lamented Dr.
Grililley's last - confession, that he dared in:l - Lille
without giving to posterity the beinefit.of his knowl
edge on this subject". and he .therefore. bequeathed
to hie friend and atte n dant, Solomoullaps ; the secret
of his discovery.'
'used in tlie , Prinoipal'lloapitalS, and 'the
private practice . in-Our.countsv,first .and most . ce*
tatnly for the cure of,the PlLuSoful FIND extensive,"
fiend effectually es totallle Credulity; unless where
ittreffeets are witnessed.
...Ei•terrially in 'tAe follow
h complaints: , - 7 -, • : '
nor Dropsy..-Creatini , eshaordinary alisorption
Swellings--Iteticing them in a few li - ours.
or chronic; :giving ijuirk
Sore Tiardai.;-.1.1y caneeC'
5. ulcer!, or cOlsli.
- and -,, Whool . iing.CoughL - -a-Externally2 aha
.aveithe chest:.: .• ' = :
..• , „
All Bruhwa, pritins, and , tliwita—Corekio a.fett
ltritira:. • '' '•
3 orenaud:Ulmer%.»Whether;`f'resli of Iting*iid,l
fnver mores.. • . . 4 :71; • .
operation uponndolta and ehildien iq rOducing,
lookeokik "One's and tight-,
nese' relaxation of the parttl, It
coneeption. l- ;;Thti;lsomirtr:re.' ,
tn ark tlionelrbb, have Used ,kt the' .., :k!i'/00, , hk. , ,gt
note like a *Willi." ,
CIIE PILES;: —The video, s.l;is ',refunded 'to stiis ,
person . , who* tad I ose a'boide of flaya':'Liniiitentefor
Edited and .Published for the proprietor, by Geoi•gelllP . Ciabb, in Carliile, Cumberland Countil, Pa.
.414.)1 isametep t: attemm $36,0 aodeo
the Piles; and return the - empty bottle without being
cured. These are the positive orders of the proprie
torth the agents, and out of many thousands sold, not
one has been unsuccessful. ,
We might insert certificates to any length, but
prefer that those who sell - the article, should exhibit s
the originaL to purchasers. "
To Physicianeanci Patients.
The Blind 'Piles, said to be_ ncurable by external
I applications:—Solomon Hays Warrants the contrary.
His Liniment will cuielilind Piles. Facts areniore
stubborn•than theories. He solicits all respectable
physicians to try it 'up . on their, patients. It will do,
theist no harm, and it IS known that every physician
who.-has-had the licinesty- to - make - the trialitias-can. 7 -
didly admitted that it" has succeeded in every case
they have known. Then . why not use it? 'lt lathe
recipe of one of theirmost respectable members, now
deceased. Why refuse to use it ? Becauseit is sold
as a proprietary medicine . Is this a sufficient ex. ,
case for suffering their-honest. patients to lingecin
distress? We think not. physicians, shall be con
vinced that there is no. humbug or quackery about
this article.--Why then not alleidate human suffer
ing ?, If they.won't try it before, let -them after all
other prederiptions fai clans are respectfully
requested tollothennielves and patients the Justice to
use this article. It_ shrill be_ laken...from ,the_bottles
and done up as their prescription ikliey desire.
• , SOLOMON HAYS.
Sold by Comstock & Co. Wholesale Druggists,
No: . 2, Fletcher street, New York. „; • •
For sale also by STEVENSON &
There is not one case,of Fever in A thonsAnd, but
may be effectually broken - up and removed by the
use of this. disir. It removes all acidity indigestion,
.hilicili - niatter _and emistipation, from- the stomach
and bowel's. ;It operittei gently.and effectually on
the boWels, and powerfully ou the kidneys find skin.
It removes all Unpleasant feelingsafter a hearty meal,
and,,PromOtes good_appetite. -It-needs only a trial
o - g i
tfo = peiketsatisfaction; ' kits beconie - ii - g'etiekitt
practice with many to use this article in all cases of
colds, pains-in the bones, or heavy disagreeable feel-
g,tendering.toendaclie - or. chilliness.,Yer_latarae,
ness, if taken . through the day, it-completely restores
the voice 'without producing sickness. Whooping
cough, and all-coughs of children are cured by it.—
The stomach is kept.in perfect order bY•it, and it is
quite impossible that any disease should commence
while a pei.son, is-using this Syrup: .
(o'_ If takerulaily it'produces rudy,litalthY, and
young appearance, by driving off • all the kitmors of
the system.__Sold genuine at 2 Fletcher street; one
:door below earllstreet,'N. - t - by ICOmsteck
and by all respectable
Forsale also by STEVENSON & DlN
KLE,'Carlisle; Pa:. _ " •"'
DR. WISTAR'S - -
THE CELEDRATEP REMEDY FOR
DISEASES OF THE LUNGS,
ILymyartotio remedies nave
. puffed into notice. for. diseases .of the Lungs,
Come nf_whichhas undoubtedls , been found . very use
ful, hut or all•that biltye_hitherto - been known, it must
be_universally-acknowledged there is none that has
ever proved as successful as the ." BALSOM OF
Such indeed are the astonishing restorative and
healing properties of this " Balsa m;" that even in the
worst forms of Consumption, when the patient has
Buffered with the, most distressing cough, 'violent
pains in the chest, difficulty of breathing, night Sweats,
bleeding of thelungs, &e. and when the most esteem
ed remedies of our' Phirmacopias had failed to afford,
any relief, and eveirm hen Botanic, Flommpathic, and
numerous other remedies, had been used fdr many
mouths in - vahrilhisinvalitable remedy liatr - Chtcked .
every symptom,and been productive of the most as.
tonishing relief. In the early stages of the disease,
prbeeeding from neglected colds, termbd-Catarrhal
Consumption, it has been used with undeviating suc
cess; and in many matinees, when thiidiaease mem.
eel to have Marked its victim for an early grave, the
use of this medicine,has arrested every symptom, and
restored the lungi to a stide of perfect health.
In t h at form of Consuniiition, so prevalent amongst
delicate young females, Commonly termed debilitb, or
"going into a decline," a complaint with which thou
sands are lingering; it has also been used with surpri
checking the progress of tins alarming disease,but
at the same time strengthen's and imigorides the
whole system more effectually thaii any remedy We
have ever possessed. L •
co' LIVER COMPLAINT.---In. diseases of; the
Liver, particularly when attedded with a cough,
gestion or wandering pinch' the side,. - it has also-pro
ved very efficacious, and cured many cases of this
kind - sifter the most powerful remedies had failed.
. . ,
_iry- AsTuNIA.---In this . complaint it has also been
• •used in numerous instances with. the--most • singular
success. It opens the cliestreildering thebreathing
perfectly free, arrests the cough, and will seldom fad
to give permanent relief."' . .
0 a r- BIIONCIIITISAs a remedy in all Broni
chinleYections of the throat, attended with a hoarse
-1100,.,tota,rh.or Sore_hitheAltroat,lit _will also be found
a veryLplfectual remedy, and will mostly afford' im r
Mediate relief if used at the - COMMeneetnent of its
idtheit.7 -- • - - -
O j COUGHS common coughs
and colds, that prevail so extensivelythrotighout the
winter, it_ will be much more effectual than any
remedy in use, and when colds settle u On the lungs,
causing an inflammation with** _ eityeast r dif
fieultror'Sliortness of breathing, &c., the use of this
Balsam will suppress such symptoms immediately,
and at the same time prevent the lungs from becom
ing more seriously diseased. • '
--- (D'rviIIROIIP L AN.D.WII9OPING-00t./GIL-411-
these complaints, so common to young children, this
Balsam will.be found much superior to the Parma
.Writtof sOillit;.and the various cough
mixtures in commen'use; as it IS entirely . free from
any thing the leait injurious, and may at alltimes be
given to children with perfect safety,and with the cer.%
minty of its alfording them Speedy
cb". AS A FAMILY MBIKIVE 'for manioth
er coniplaintsithii - Balsain will also . be fettnil..partic
ularly:useful. ~ /leSides hat :invaluable
remedy in all Pul military . affe,ctions, : it exerts a .pow.
erful - influenee oVeF.iiinti),Alfsesses 414 ending, on
depi . itved 'condition of the ststeM, and those :whelave
Suffered:frotulhe indiscrinitnate use - of , ..lstlercurY,-or
other .deleterious Oink are 'often compounded
iii'diifeiitit tmaele.nostruins,,will . Amp t remedy of
great' vatite k posielsing :the power . of strengthening,
and invigaratinolie_whohr.sysiem-,mpre , effeettially
CAUTION. TO PURCLIASERS.--..-Aa thia, mW,
161ne has alrenclitioquii6cl'great.6efetirity.iherd may.
pr.oblddy , some samatteinpta to iinitate jti• and deceive
Ibor.publip witli a spurious inixtore;to•pi•evtat, iNhich
I woolcl4iali"all,p . urchaae6s to obseti6A4eAdloiving:
'raarka ,tll6l:6uoi .Baliatti. •
,It is put; bodies
of -tvo':•*iica- enth,• liaviat th'6 o .•ivordte- WISTAR'S
BALSAM: wiLpf:CHEIIILY, • •rPIIILADEL:.;
;hp glass' and a /akelt 4/W.0164.01
:%; - Iflt6ll:llOtie•isienuine. ; •
, ':',Priparo for' ha'• proprietor WILLIAM k
Ccheridatti,tlsiO. 22:::Cominercesti , e61; Philatletz
p_bia t aad,,sold by : the taostreaptlotaldO prltg•gistp itud
appointed agents:lto pi:1'16111d ,tOWa!k
e gepowe Baloanyag ar
;Rile 'by SNMetvEI,I 4 IO:PT, -appoint ,
Di camber 16,18 :.'fly
A WINTER MORNING • ODE.'
Respectfully inscribed to the . author Rights of
Woman.' • .
_When breakfast bells peatout at seven, •
And sleepy clerks from bed are.driven . ,..
Tti re-commence their cora,—
When 'chambermaids in slipshod buitle,
'Their mops and brooms begin to rustle, .
• ' On alllhe,painted stairs,—
How sweet to lock your chandier door,
. And snug in.blnnkets calmly snore, ' •s' -
On a cold winter's morning.
You hear n female voieeitierhaps
LA:iidsiiindry-inauspieious raps ,•.
Weak in upon youi.
That i:ises•high, soil shriller grows .
These come to horrid kicks and blows,
'Like mad' the woman 'seems!
But oh! how safely. you are hid,
Your drooping eye ne'er lifts its lid,-
' • Nor heeds the lady's warning. .
• Visit:ins of smoking hot beerstakes,
And reeking piles of buckwheat cakes
• May_ tempt you oft to rise, ' -
And so you gently - lift the clothes,---
The airpops in and wrings your nose, __
• And off the tempter flies, -.
-,_ For breakfast you bad rather loose, ----
Than one more fine refreshing snooze,
While Sol the earth is warming.
WhO omthe pantry shelf will stow , -
- A plate of something niCd, . .
A.herxltig.Ltoiled- some bettexed_toast--6' •
Of venison saved from last night'i roast, •
• A most delicious slice,;--
. Oh! then sleep on, and bravely brook
" The angry tongue of Mary Cook," ' • •.-
And Madamelt.'S hard storming . •
From the . Philadelphia Public Ledger -
'-.Succinct--.Piew-of-the 7 ,state!-Polity-Unct
Governent - of the Roman Empirefrom
the commenconent of the I.lret, to the
middfe.of the Fifteenth Century.-
No. III.: •
The avarice of the Emperor; however,
was what the citizens had most to dread in
the reign of Constantine: ,Nor were these
fears without the •fullest, cause. - n8_1111003.0
freely admitted vrlibirthe source and mode
of-collecting:the-Z. pu bile revel - MC are. con
`sidereV7.llL-addition to — excise - and ctis
toms, a direct ..tax was levied upon -the
Jandjd,.i nip res t_o e m Ore— pury.eyora.
were senfinte all th e provinces, who ma;
shred the lnnds, reported their.quidity,.and
estimated-lit - 6r value from the average pro
duce of five years. They also returned
the number. of Caves and cattle, and the
proprietor was bound 'upon , oath to make a
full disclosure of his affairs ; elusion ;or
prevarication being punished with death..
A large proportion of, the tribute viaa,.paid
gold coin. The balance. was dis
dierged by..a delivery to.the Pomniission
ens-uf-thertlfeiine, articles, of produce:and
in such quantities as the annual indication.l
of the Emperor had pre-determined. That •
,ax which fell upon trade 'was collected by
a mode which, even allowing the claim of
Constantine • for having mitigated ancient
severities, in this respect, was-nevertheless
oppressive anfftyraimical. Without regard
to the ability of the debtor to pay, his per
son-was considerethas-tlie-representafive of ,
the. property, assessed, and Was -liable to
imprisonment, although deprived -of. his
possession, - after-the imposition was made,
I ;by. meane over' which: lie - hail Control.
_ Another source of royal income' was
from an exaction denominated "coronary
.gold:". Originally..this was a voluntary
offering made by the allies of the Repub
lic, ingratitude for protection or deliverance
-the-cities of to-grace-the- triumph 3 of
a victorious General. -. But tventually, it
.became a "debt of duty," and the exaction
was so- considerable as td amount,
Rome alone, to the sum of sixteen - hundred
•pounds, of g,ohl, which was nearly equal to
64,000 pounds sterling. The' occasions
upon-which it was- demanded now ceased
-to be that of triumph, and - arose whet*ver
the' Emperor antautiOd his accession,.
consulship, birth or a . soli,- the creation of
'a Unser, a victory over the batbariana, or
any other great or unimportant' event :eon- .
nected with . his reign. Thus effectually
did• royal authority secure. to
means of-enforcing those principles of ab
solute supreniacy, -:vhich the introduCtion
of Eastern usages and arrogant dames had
infused into the .minds of.-Bioelesinn and
.Withimt stopping to give the curious de
tails of the time or cause of .( . .lonstantipe's,
conversion; suffice ' it to say,,,that after- T his
tributed letters throughout the Empire,. in
which he. exhorted. hie_.„subjects to -parene
the example of their" severeign in embrac
ing.the-secred truths of Christianity. , The.
sincerity: of - thiti:/profession ..was father
evinced, in his subsequent-conduct. • .DVsi-
Coue . te - bring -the entire force of imperial
infinenee to . ,,bearupon the. object 'of his
adoption,, he eventually established- the.
Christian. Church . full enjOyment, of
rites,aeereModins, as, Weil ,as'in the
possession of .a competent saare of Proper,
tyheilevateEto4 h -tnoet .--
- gitiehedpeste ef,hOnOr and emolument her :
prefeeSed sons find '.dieCiples. ...The pros- .
Peet Of.futUre;seettlar acquinitiOn„Was.
secured ty.'ll:royal, : ,pertrtienion
of bequeat(iing, their fertynestta,the ; gol . lt
Ofitliturnily.itugenets an inqutry,into,ock
,thaphristintte: : ,.
"-Vine Founder`'thin' eyetern that his
loWere:yere pursued ,with Aheynoit •ertiel,
higthe .Sentiinettte. and -'1 110 01 3 ..9t. the 44'1
titer, Otid:ptOtipeti4,l — ieligioatt
tite .. latte,4 ; iiis:veii,diffiFttl . t to: i44ve,r, , 01
real ',thin . .0114 . : flptue • of
phipthiA up o n tkie.'olWintiann the 'gnat ;Of
having set (ire tOlt.i4p,jittinottiOed
~h':i~'a~'a !n`J;T . ~';~_l`s s £>w?~ . . r~r a y~try . cu;k~ ` f.~;t r:.,.~.
them the most severe pnnishmentS thatins
native cruelty could invent. This; how
ever, was confined to the 'capital., A. more
extensive selienie of operatioimas reserved
for- the' tiine Trajan, Who, 'hi his -- • - direc- : ,
tions, nicely graduates the •amount of evi
dence necessary to. fasten upon individuals
the•crime of Christianity, and : suggests the_
mode - Of bringing, them to punishment.- :A
similar policy„ was. pursued by Severus 'to-
I _ivard_ the_clOse:Of his . reign,- after the Chris=
- bans-hadzenjOyed.- much:peace - during his
Ilene 'and the life Of -his predecessor Com
modius. : •A 'Ong scene of prosperity :now .
ensued; and the church continued to pos
sess.the royal favor until-the accession of.
Dacius, who, during.his short reign waged';
against it a war of extermination. Vale
rian followed in his footsteps. • But under
which continued for the space of 40 years,
during , which the church seems.to have had
a full share. of-royal - kindness; particularly
in tile - reign of Aurelian: - The scene, how
ever, - changed when Gallerius succeeded in
prevailing upon -,Bigelesian-40-issue
e,didt-against the piofeesiori-of Christianity.
Persecution now raged - with' unexampled
- se - verity - throngliOutilie_western-provinces;
Italy, Africa,-Blyricum, and the East: - It
.to _ascertain • with certainty
the ntrmber of Christians: whci
,during - these
_perilous-trines, but it doubt
less was - considerable ,
: oven . ' admitting the
_contradictory accounts of 'the,
ccitemporary_ historians. Convinced.at last,',
l'afteraitieffort of six' f6P - s T eentinuance, 7- Of
the folly-Of attempting to force men's con
sciences, Galleries published his - celebrated
c ediefoitoleration, which - yroughragaiii to
the church-ascetic. of peace -and prosperity.
'Another invasion -of it:was . shortly after- -
wards - projected by - Maximus; liut-theOdiClS
of the two WesternEriii)ercirs, , and his
war indtieed',liiiit to post
pone the execution' of his 0" and-during
this delay his defeat and death - freed - Abe
Christians, from the last and most deadly
,of their enemies
civiFimmunitiea and secular distinc
tions which Constantifie gave to the church,
soon involved : him in the double necessity
of protecting its onity, and of putting a pe
riod, to the existence of Paganism. It is
not surprising, therefore, that- he should
have rendered his character obnoxidtis to
the, somucharge which, in- the opinion of
the pious ; has *signed to infamy-the me
' Mory of Gales.--Blit --- sr - rellecting ob-,.
liaerver - ofevents will rejoice to discover, in
the fluctuating . policy of the Emperor in
regard to Arius and others, a strong natural
aversion to arbitrary measures in matters
of such great'd,elitacy as those connected
with the consciences of Men. Still the
founder of the Eastern Empire was-not on
ly fervent in his zeal -for orthodoxy, but
was resolved to enforde the undivided -as
-sthit ormankind to its injunctions: Accord
ingly, the, unqualified _reprobation -of---the
Emperor against the various sects which
distracted the' church was - expressed in his
edicts and eiecuted by his oflicers. Here
tics were, disfrauchised • and deprived of
'their posiessians; and the temerity Or hon
esty of cotemporaries has led them to assert
that the coffers of 'the church were Much .
Herm - 6d by
. the despoiling of their adver
reserved 'alone for the-untoward children-of
`Dissension. ;They-mho had norer been
stibjeeted to the jurisdiction, by entering
the communion or the faithful; were made
the objects of a bitter persecution, which
served only to eppfurritlim tin _their rancor.
agaihet Christianity: and' t attachment
to Paganism. • A polity by no means dis
similar-was purveil by the - son of Con . stan- :
who, evenitially - appropriated to his
use the entire _dominion of his father.
His religiaus purpose, however, was 'tx
:icily tire - reverse' of that, which actuatecithe
former reign. 'The great ailvocOte of or
-tliodoxy.now liteance the subject Of-ii periaT
vengeance, anic-thrice exiled from - his see,
:the bold, invincibla and incorruptible- Atha
nasius soughtand- obtained a home among
the hospitable the, west.;--
- B.,syouttraipoubt,AM&Arititi-ribetnaliveLLat, .
have shared a richer
gloryogiti enjoyed a nobler triumph,- - than
the repentinit-feelings of ColistaMine could
prolonged. His follc;wers, ho‘vever; felt
the influence of royarconversion, and were
soon in. possession of thoeu - elevated. sta
tion's but lately altogether occupied b'y their
eimmies. And now that 'they could add
the l nfluence,Of power to the arguments of
their . sect, 'they were just as desirous .to
bring, about a uniformity ,?f- religious belief
When in•the advaitiagtiinSPoSition.•
The a alersion of Constantine against po
ly,theismiwoold•-•appear to have been _much
, morUviUdiativelkiin Was'that.of hisTather.•
There is:still preserved'a royal, which
inflictod. upon,the - mis6tded -• rotaries of
this system -the filmishment-of death for .
their. -and the • edtiliseatiou:Of their
goods to the public use, after their excieu-,
If, the Einporoes"Object , ivia to "en
lighten the minds Of this. - portithi: , of his
deltidcd'...subjeals,:l the ,-!principleli;:92ll . - itruez
hito;thot soak a, course -was the bear caleti.
- Idled. to 'thwart his puriiose 'if his - -
lootlyeWaSto.giin.himself a tiatue'fOr -Oat
zeal,in-the,serviedof Aci true -Pod; he per=
hapi ','VeeeiVed his reWard",‘itt . -theArnes"
when he liYet-.lov!iihi*lneitioryliaS,:be-iiii
led f *sectarian, mit -.deTeative:, in Ali`i arts, - of
perse,clitiOn,,botli reiirthottlie• believing
The accession of . Julian' opened a new
scene to ;the Empire.. Though , educated
in, the principles of • the Christian faith,. he
had subsequently.adopted. the-- maximi of
Grecian philosophy. - The native enthesi'..;
asm of his, mind, the perilous circsimstinices.
of his life, and' the unbroken succession of
good= . fortunes which had crowned hiSPII,I
- career, previous to . his imperial eleva- '
tion, had infused intik:his-character' an Un
happy inclination to Zfisregard.thosn delicate
- properties - whichTeonstittite the sela s ce of
sociallife. ' Hence the Eriiperor; in per-
Tormancerwhich was not intended to be se-'
eluded front the public gaze,'congratulates
himself upon .the- length of - his . - nails, the
inky blackness'of hisiingers; and the popti ,
lous beard - by Whielt.his race - was epneeal
ed. . -Mr was. this 'the bold 'satire which
the - pride - ofn - tultors - thiyriiighl - el Min — of the'
extentof popular abdse justify;.-but,pn the
contrary; indicates a settled principle of his'
mind; ivitich led hitn,' - oti all occasions, to
consult; in matters, connected with his per
son and-appearalice; the maxims of Dioge
-netrether-thinrconfolln 1,0116 usages
ought:to_ guide the .conduct. cif the Pirst-
MagiStrate of the RoinanS. • Still the partinimlnalinalh'e an - IP - lest reason:for ap 7
- probation in conSidering the: wise system
of retrenchment, which J'ulian established
when. he came. into possession o'f the r0ra1,,,,
itousehblil of ids - . uncle.' -The numerous
and-Useless train, of doinestics, and - depen&
ents which had - accumulatedin the palace
at Constentineple, Tor no other ptiriinse
tiplying and-administering to imperial de
sires; Were at'olice,deprived of their igno :
minions ecetipa lions and immenserevenues.
-The-work- of re-formation - was - carried out
with,rather'a latitudinariadfreetiniliy - the
appointment of a commission, Composed of
six judges selected front the, Atmy_ . lnd
State,. to.try_the corrupt 'minisiers -- .of the
fOimer reign. To avoid the imputation bf
royal influence, the tribunal met at Chal
cedon. "In - the course of their determina
tions, guilt was fixed upon -several of the .
laffigi - FilTfii-re 'Of Vann -
- ces -- bran -- ignominions, death.' Popular
- feeling was gratified .by the disbanding ofl
that large army of informers which the am
bition'of Constantine had foisted upon the
nation. The Privilege's of the cities were
increased in the equal distribution of, the
public duties. The Senate was protected
and elevated in the discharge of its func
tions, while the kingdom.rraa again favored
-with--a-monarch who professed and_Bractis
ed ohediedce to the laws, and so faithfully
dispensed his.ltoners among the meritorious
alone, that the violence of faction was.com
pelled to acknowledgb-that`‘Julian was not
a traitor to his country, thotigli an apostate
front his God." .
The a t'owed - ;ettaeltment of Julian to the
Pagan superstition strongly inclined its vo
taries to suppose that he would pursue. tho
policy of Ggleritis in rel:ttion to the Christ
pans.. In this, hnwever; they.were
pothted: Either the;erart- , or-the humanit
oldie Emperor inclined hint . to the wiser
course-of —tolerating allkreligionsvwhether.
Pagan, Heretical or Orthodox. Never
theless, lie .weight of imperial influence
was felt only by the ancient superitition..
The temples of pelytheism ! were thrown
open, its. worshippers embohlened,lly, bon:
ors and rewards, and its altar's drenched
and its gardens--were-filled-with-the statues
of the gods, while the:Emperor manifested
his devotion by blowing the fire, bringing
the wood, and slaughtering the victim in
e prese.nce•of thejpriestsand , people
3AMA IC A .---1116- Kingploit : -Royal Ga
.zette has the_followillg notice of the, arrira
there of a party of colored emigrants iron
The SmeriewrEntio li yants.-- , Pourtten
of these persons arrived" at_ this port On
ritirsday last;. n the Isabella, froift - lial;-
*timore—tlib - firstuits of Mr. par,Chiv's
'mission thereto. From what we have seen
of them, they appear rather-a superior or
der of f illeople, and better calculated. for
domeStici' than field-purposes: Larger
shi itulents arehOwever expected immedi
'From the late . priod at which the Sub-
Age the District; Dr. Paul, received
iins r -altp_ointnaeut,-;nO.preparailon,--had-been
niatle,-for-theirlreeption ; 'but a salubriou
residence has A sine6, we understand, been
got in, order for.thein,•to vhieh they are
to be reoved the'coityse ot the day,
Nutneiniis - applicatiO4i4 -- 7rom the most
respectable parties have been ntade for their
services.; ,but the Agent generat, ,, Dr. EVv
artOtaitleferred entcriag,into anrerrange
• 'Cuntoust'Btur.p.—There is at ,presont
the po ssession , of lit Mrs. Parkes, - of
deo. Square, ,London, a..copy Macklin's •
Bible, in 45 largerfehii'iiiiiiiiiiiii-illtistrated
With nearly 7000 engrtivings„ front the age
of Angelo tothit4,7of Reynolds and
West: The, work', tilsO.:atititains shoot 200
original drawings dr:VignetiifitOty •touther
hoor Yhe•:.p,ri.nts and etchinga-' include
masters,` consisting 'repie4eutafiopi4
,faet p: ,
j6'dt'nfie4tiote i the •110j.§06,0010.4.-.7
and ltiSaks4 , :atte ‘ hi'hasidea'foSidlo',''aiti:linve-1
been' add need i ttrobf farOn ; ;tinil ; lit' Filer.
iota; TKO 'thosKsl.,ifthehtfe - sciipirrtik'tilifi?
sett ata bilged up w ith the roliimes ;' 'his
ef,':the'' , l4te
Boyer, tho'.Qublialier, who collected and'.
_ _num smut moo ite—vtua
• - -
'Ponic - BitsmEss .CINCINNATI.--A let
tt.r"_in, the Louisville Gazette, dated, .
Monad, D,cember 7; says:—Speaking of
sleighing puts me in - mind of the way hog
butchers are going it up town-89,000 hav
ing been `slay.cd' already during the very
c fr .tLeidaying_itantmeneed,_a—'
great Many of
-which came front Old Ken
-tuckr-rrearly,ooo-came over from-there--
on Friday last. From all lean - km-0, from
those whoseknoWlcqc of the business ep
titles them .to full credit, it is'thounlit the
nuinher`already arrived and those that are
to arrive, will out-non - titer the amount re
ceivedglaf:t year three-td-one.--The
hei. packed here last year - was nearly 50, 7 r
000—the number-this year has probably ,
reached 160;000. The price -of pork; so ,
far, has averaged - 41 per lb.
-- .1n 'lmportant -Temperance- Movement.
The,. Baltimore Sun says :—One of the
most extraort 'nary . inoraffeitifitiationS List!
has ever, teken place in this - coviriy, has. '
been in ...prog(ess, in our city for the last
nine months. : Its origin we will briefly .' .
state: Six - or seven, men - who•litid, for
;Tegrs - , - - - -fam - tfdoweirth - Ffifielvea - tot 13'• rutak
izing, effects orinlaication, fo;med a row--
. in a tavern, and surroundetl.
lite. 9, that henceforththey,; - Would,notorgaitt -
touch, taste nor handle strong drink; Act- . •
ing upon this resolution at • once,. , the y .
formed a ".Total Abstinence_. Seeiety," the.. ,
members of whieh,like T theenielve_s,_sliould---
he of, those who had once been:lab-hue',
drunkards. Thie_wes the first step; Thee
next. Was to' go, to their old boon . cote/ion.;
ions, and by argument and persttesicin,'eti-'.
deavor,to bring them into theifassocietion,i
.. ~. Their-sticOss was beyond. expect4tion.--..
Nert,who, hid for years reslsted,.!theAk! . '
treatiee,,of, friends, and ..14,...preyek-antt •
tears .oftheirsuffering fiimifles . ,;ecled•ttpoo , .: - --'
`by, some. -new- and. strange impell.l,4oA'
aside": ills cup 'of con s fusion ml„,tanged'.„/
theoesel.VeSs , uriciii the,seitlO . of - a
lititi', , h . yisteadY encl. - rapid accession - •
society grew ' into strength 'end firiortatiee,•-_ •
find•fitt ifs. limie r numbets :OV'et' .200•theat;: : . ' .-
. • . 1- • , 0,.. , ...:.., -
•:. • 4trest - fY a Selipi)seir - iiurderer;-;- . ow
Mondtty trie'•l4,th illlitt•'' , :' e • -yOung man who,
.. : •
had been. smolt weeks :otorging on -the'
Morris Carraf,,was arreetedia this city by .
am ofteey reeve' - 11rOultlyn; itit'a "Charge, of
hitvilig: beef concerned 'fiv,ifitti .riardeir - Of
th`e'llytyttal. murdered sOii4.
rel'itio',.the ititiiH'"if itCelr ri' the - . hitithei, • f
this person had beettxreviottslyappriti .--
ed . ott the el I'm 6 Attt4e,Ond thaCtheSriii
ally accuse' ears. other of the horrid crinie- '
arranged the engravings, etchings, - and
drawings, at great expense and labor; and
he i§ said to -have been engaged, nplards.
of- , 30--years -rendering-itverfect,'
.was insured in the 'Albjou Insurance Office
&orn die Springield (J 1 no' J Courieii .IV"is; '6..10: •
A yrigiithus ____TlMlNVEsT.—There:iS -
no - portion'olthe world-that ab'onndS.more •
.in Antiquitiee.tlian.the Western portiOn.of. : _:
the. 'United States; and litany iof • them-are
of a nature calculated to•awaken the most..
'Orions emijecturee. . •
On our praries are - mounds and small eminence's
.of various kinds, that seem to
have' been raised by the hand of. art ;, and .
many - remains have been - dug from.-the •
earth that shoW -that those who inhabited •
this eountrybefore us, of whose history we :
-have no adeount,"possessed, - to7scinte•extetit, -
a-knondedge of the arts, -
-In some instances, there has been .dug
ftom. the earth, regular .made and binned
brick; and in.one lustancahave been found
the remains ofe : walled city,--,walled
brick., which would not only indicate that
those whoonce. inhabited_tt,..tindierstoodi
the art omalting.brick, but were fear
aggressions.frem other tribes of nations,-.
'Cheri has been duk; up on the Illinois
whatappeared to be the re- -
mains of are ancient blacksmith
few days sincer, a friend of Ours handed 6'4_ •
in an account of some pieces of -ware - lhat
were AI tig_maisia rm n- dila:county, whiclr
bore the marks of great antiqUity. '
• - What reinainsititiden under -the
soil of Illinois, is yet tc, beinfind
ilie - nuritisityainl perseverance of the more.
entOrprising , _While:-POlumbus . was phi
lospphiling npon,,the existence of this con-'
.ti nen t--;w11 ife - was befti*Otit - itwdb - er - 7 -
vast :waters - beyond - which it was not knowiy,
that the foot of civilize& or.barbaious.mau
hail:ever trod -- - - --while
_be discovered this
continent- . -while the Pilgrim Fathers were
upon' the 'rack at Plymouth, and
‘ .l:9.TP,..A.Pdin.._..titeniselves homes, thinking
that beyond- them .was.naught but the Red
inait=--there Might have been in the Far ,
West.'a nation of people,. whose history .
has not been'handed:down to us, and who: •
possessed es we have before -Stated, a di
me of civilization. The appearance .of
the Roil and earth, from some distance be
low the surface, seems tot indicate that there
has been a great change in the external ap
pearance of this portion Ut
- In this eity_ivre-hoverified' sub=
stances, that have been dug up at:the depth
of 20 feet below. the surface. It will be
'borne in mind that Springfield-is not near
any large stream that would justify . the
conclusion that this ke earthy any •
Mare than any other part ol'enr,piairies;
and - from the appearance of the: whole
conntry, we, are led to believe that nearly
the whole surface of our prairie country,
has been formed-or changed
_by some migh
ty movement ierthe rimer-of the West—the