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MIgeELLA - N - EOUSiI- -
. -Own 'the. National lutelltgencer.
The Case. ,•
The .Supreme COurt of the Viiiied
Stittes on'lVloncla.ir brought its et.null ics•
sion to a clobe. ,• •
Next' in importance to , the decision in
- tavpr of its own jurkdiction, in the case
• betiveen the StpoeS up° , l4litsstichusetts and
cipleei . decided bx - the Court at, this'terrn
• • are Supposed
. tb bef thOse,itlyolved.in the
cass,ot'9mos Kendall, PostWistr
,United States' ex relatione
• ton, Stokes, 'and Other's. •• . -
In this,great - case, Mr. Justize Tttomr,..
sitir,:rtieliV - ered fhe Opinion of - th - e 7 -.
the' foilativin; abilract of whicive*.
are indebiedAo iie rn ness o -a 'rico('
more familiar' 'with law, terms than ;We
-SUPREME CIAIRT; 140iIDAirip MARCH 12..
amps. Kendall, Postmaster 'General,
Mita Sailed ex relatiOne,_S'iocititon, Stokes'
• WV! otArB, - .
• A HiTRAET 0F THE OPINIO . N OF THE. COVET.
T..he_questiotts are, first, Dees the fe",.
- cord present a prow - case for a
musi `2d. Does tre Court
the Distriet 008E63 jurisdiction in .the
case. . . ,
Thetotirt r think that the-act required.
' to be performed by the Postnaster-Gen.
oral is a mere ministertalact,inwhich the
7 1" resident has no au►iio 1i to7nterferer
...It_Would_be an alarming doctrine to main
. taiti - •thati h r the performance or such
duties as are_ enjoined:_by, 1aw....1NP9n. any
public officer the President.haS anfright
- to interfere. In this case'there - is no con
- flict.betweep . the Judicial'and EeCutive
• authotity. , •
The claims originally were against 'the
.United Stales throughthe United States.
The- , United__States could not be sued
without their consent.— Tbey'aubmitied
• the claims. to the ,SolicifiatTor his eitatn.
7 - 1 - nattoo and award, and the
. ~..:Getteral Was directed ,to 'credit the' arrrount
.the . award.• The decision of the So.,
licifor,,under the aet,,ties final; no appeal
- was.allowedno . stiperitishrg power given.
.to the Postmaster. General:or_to_any_orher
parties,. under the act_of 'Congress, did
, I,egislatu re-could have -re
vised t his:clecrsion , or trot, it has nof clone.'
-,§o far as concerirs_prielirauch_of_the_
- Legislature, -Abe "acti o n o f -the senate .
. .--amounts to d - recogni!ion of Abe binding
siuthority - rafthe - nward."__Tire_troanimotts
opirtion . :artheSenate'prechrifed : Klie
: . icessity of- goitig to 'the other
' The right thus_ascerfained; - the means
of enforcing it by the -judicial authority.
The-nAttiority.of the Preildent to for=
bid or'conttol the execution of .the law,
is at riance every
- principle of the
Governmenr.., - '
In fact, the - President has-not acted ih
the case, so to bring these departments
Into t (milieu He has refused to-interfere
to prevent the execution of the law.
The right of the relators,„under the
act of . Congress for their relief, -. is now
.. absolute and irreversible.
'Ho* is into be enforced?' -The act to.
bP done is purely Ministerial-The officer
directed to peiforni it has.no. discretion.
The common law of. Maryland is the
'law .of this I istrict. The common law
provides this writ as the peculiar remedy
in such cases. The remedies, suggested
at the bar, were, an application to the
President ; or to Congress ; or ti civil
suit. These are',not nth • remedies as I
_ the_law requires.l.
. qualities 9f such,a case.
2: Has the Circuit Court of the Dis
trict jurisdiction of this case? It has
• been decided th4the Circuit Ceti - ft - if — a
-- the United States - havenot jurisdiction.
* 7- Has thp'Circuit Court or this bistriet
larger powers in this particular..
The terms-nl the Constitution are
broad' enough to warrant , 'Congress in
vesting such a jurisdiction in the Circuit
or other inferior - courts of the United
No objection can prevail derived ftom
the, official character of the party_to.
whom the Writ is directed; or the Charae
v.--tei-or.th-i act which he is called upon . to
perform. *. '
Thecaset decided in this Court have
settled that the priwer to issue such a writ
is within the judicial power as conferred
by' the Constitution; and that those courts
coul t d--not-exercise-the .: power,. because
Congress - hadnot - conferredupptn
tel?the power which it constitutionally
the-Constitution and acts of. tea- ,
sion o Congress possesses exclusive legit'.
lati`Ve'atitltorithiirdilite Re - Sic
far-as regards cases_ iti.vVhich individual
rights are concerned, the judicial att
thorily should,. be co•eXtensiVe with the
' • •
In Maryland, prior to the cession of ,
1, this itistrict, the writ of Mandamus was
recognized as in app priat . # remedy in
resea.where, upon the principles - 6T the
common litw,,it,,would lie.' • , - •
' The Circuit Court is the
District ottl t court int
this which possesses. t at origi
nal jurisdiction which can'tbe ihus ex
ercised. ' • ' •
Under the . ist .of• the act of 27th
Feb,'lBol; confirming the / laws of Mary-
Fand:it . would-agem 4haf this. remedy is
exintinued. the •5d and sth sections* :of
Ole same la*. confirm the same
The,Court Offirtits the 'decision of the,
Circuit Couri for the District of COlum
,:i)ia, iitire.osts, and remands the case to
that Court foe - further proceeflings.
The Chief 'Justice. for hiniself and
Judge Barhoiir. and...Tudge' Catron, dis•
'.'rented .`front the opinion of the court.
• The,Ciiicf Justice zOnebried with the
inajatity_of-thi - Coutt in,the opteionlhat
power, as Ludicated , by the
COnstiturinn, • authoilz,ett CotVess'
- confer jtHisdietion upon any otithe.Cir.
cuit Cultrts.to fristte witts of Mandainus;
,and also that this was a fit ease for a Man
damus; as, in-his: jurignient, it was the
bounden daty•of the, / ost Master Gen•
`era' to. enter the credit for the full amount
awarded by the„sOlicitor-as ,soon.ris that
ref^-srt's^ iritrFed i
'ground: of,disseni wasi that he did not
eiicur , in'that,part of the Opinion which
considered' the Ciieuit . potirt, of-the D ! ,
. larger powers.in this
paiticular than the other „Circuit- Courts
of thectlititcd Slates.
,-•• • •
-- Most siricercly clo'we com.ffi,;:.,l:;:•.e our
',tsars opal . the aboYe decision. and.
above - jill, the spirit of independence, and
of resistance-to the insidious encroach
ments of despotism, which are emboditd
hilt, and to which we do not understand;
the three Judges to dissent, tho,,,gh they:
did dissent from :Au: other siuc on the
question Of law. This Opinion confirms
and fixes our tespett fcw the character of
. Supreme Court, .4n / ri our,reverence,
for the principle of jiulicial indepen
dence, so intimately blendes.l, in our mind,
with those of judicial integrity and •con
sistenc-T,. It. will stand as' a -beacon 'to
mark' to deniag9gnes in office, for all
future- time, the-point at Which - thelepre-,.,
sumption and tyrannous dispositicin, will
he rebuked-and effectiyely stayed. - The
force of this allusion cannot be well. un•
,derstoocl unless• by quotations from the
Opinion, , TY — ifia — vie — hlirelrtitit - lii — o - OT
.power to make. The substanCe of one
.passage," howeyer,_we venture to state'
the officer of'the Government in this iiiii
was responsible _to tlfe - President of the
United States alone for the 'discharge of
the duties imposed Upon him by law, is
entitled to no _weight:. to recognise its
validity' would „be _vesting in the Presi
dent a. dispensing powee.Which has i tio
warrant in any.part of the • Constitution:
ITTC , oaldTheinlifite to hiiiii,iil
power to, control the legislation of_ Con
-We: believe' Clay, a nuniber - or years
ag0',..1411.etl a tnaa_in, a_ tluel.Of-we are
wrong ere' willing to Stand eor
i•Anciination- to state that-which-is-not
'The: editor of the • Joirrna is in error.
It - Was" - General Jackson, and - not - Henry
will pablialt all-the particulars of Abe-af
fair,. if thc,editor'of 'the JournalifinijonS
to see_f!iem.' - 114 - relate to , eThl tied
murtlei-of HiclgOSon by nation in . 1806;
as given by : Dr. 1113 - y the surgeon oflack
sony in letters dated' Nashv,ille, -
and 17, . 1817. 'Tbay were to fire as soon
as the word was given.. When the , word
was giveni-f‘Dickinson fired instantly"
but Jackson, "after Dickinson had fired,
deliberately buttoned up his coat, took
deliberate aim and fired. HickinsOn fell
upon hisface7tittered a groan and expir
ed." In a letter to his friend soon after,.
he-said-" - I left=the rascal-we!.
tering ip, his b100d..--Portland Adv.
THE SttE.TREASURY SCHEME.
_Xlie.late,,vo . tes_in_ : Copgress_ananifest-a.
settled determination, on the part of the
supporters of our people loving rulers. to
force this odious and dangermiii expert
spirators against the nationla weal will be
foiled; but it is possible they May succeed.
It may not be amiss, therefore; to know
what foreigners, British subjects, think
of this Scheme. We copy, as strong
ly illustrative, the following.extract from
tios - Tormi[V(it - CYPatiTot, which we
fiii - ctirt - a - BiitraltiflifeW7ltlijfiff - W a
long phillippic against the United States,
in consequence of, our supposed encour
-agement of-the-patriot insurrection-Arit;
ish vengeance, the horrors of war, and in
ternal con vii I sioware threitened;
But•what will be said, when it appears
that the writer Was to the Sub-Treasury
Scheme nowbefore Congress. as the chief
instrument which is "to convulse and up
root society. to plunder and massacre the
tonality, and elevate lhe filth and dregs
of mankind." Mark - the prediction, read.
en-see how the _enemies nrthe - country
esult - in the propect of our national ruin!
--Hear a British subject on the Sub-Trea
sury Schemil .- -
The fact clone or two Artemis Wring
beeen broken open in the night, by irre
iponsible individuals who deserve the
highest punishment our laws .can _intftict,
ae,rforthi , •
"lie, STATE 'ARMS lave beet) kb.
seIuteIy,THILITST EV THE.,_ STATE
AUTHCIRITIES into the hands of the
'..111m0 mu MECHANICS AND
STARVING THOUSANDS."_I_ „For
whatP4.--ay., for, what, -Why, tuplundee.
if they could, the Queen. of England of
the Canada... and her subjects of their
possessions.,, This would have deferred
the execution of the ultimate scheme for.
universal robbery.of the-RICH. Ent if
they cannot—and it is.viaible thef - CAN
NOT--:what then? Why. the eiii4rving
thousands" mast aid the TreaeuriScheme
and the Treasury Scheme must la the
starving thousands-to convulse and up
' root society, Nl:plunder and Massacre the,
wealthy, and elevate the filth
.of mankindon the reeking ruins of
that is good and estimable."--Pitaburg
Extensive Counterfeiting.—An . indi
vidatitivas arrested at Louisville on the
150 instant, haVing in, hia posiessiou
$O.OOO in counterfeit five dolfar bills up-
on the Canton Bank of Ohio. •
, Sentence of death wasprottouneed in
Bultimnre, on , Monday, on William
iicttq cif the 41 tgder. of John GilbertP
Irom the Naitonal Gaiette.
'Th. Sketches of Travel by Miss Mar
tineau, a second .work thi;„conntry
from' her pen, containias we perceive by
the London AVesfrnimiter review, por
traits of many leading men in this coup
try. Her desctiption of several political
-characters appears -.to beAttite faithful.
ICl'r iii en.is set orfft in to ler? s
tunable )(glint-, was often asked," says
_e 6 -whether I . did not
manners gentlemanly: There
is much friendliness in his manners, ; . for
he is a kind_ heartnd man: he is ali&rien
-it-..come - out -on
subjects tn, which
s he cannot contrive -to
see. any danger-in speaking.,, • llut his
manners want the: frankness' and con&
define which' are essential to good bi,teed
ing. He'qUestions cloiely without:giving
any, thing in return.' Moreover he flat
ters to a 'degree which so cautious a man
should long ago have found out to be
disakreeablet and . his:flatteringsi fa not
merely praise of'tlte person he is speak
ing to, but, a worse kind skepti
cism and ridicule of objects and persons
supposed to be distasteful to the one - he is
conversing with." We make-th is extract
simpty for the benefit of The Pennsylva-,
nian who deals in political pintmita._ Of
the , American Senate; Martineau
writes, ' •
"The Amerkan Senate is a most im.
posing aiserriblage. When I first entered
lt;17110 - a - glitimever - saw - a -- firt , er - iet - o
heeds than the forty six before my eyes:
—two only-being absent, and-the - Union'
then consisting :of • twenty four states.
244e - Calkoun's countenance-firstfixed_my
attention; the splendid,eye the straiet
forphead,..turmouniecF hyst _load _of _Stiff,
upright, .d4ik••haitT the stern bro w; the
inflexible- mouth; it is one: of th e most
.remarkable heads in the country. Next
to him sat his colleagbe, Mr Preston, in
a round, ruddy, good hunriored . faie, large
blue eyes, and a wig, orange eb day,'
brown yesterday and golden . to morrow.,
Rear. them.„sat ColnneLiteiiton; .a. tem pia ,
rary.People's man, remarkable Chielly'for •
his pomposity. He sat swellingamidst
hispiles papers;and boOks r looking like,
-a beinedesigned-by Rattire to be a - gootri
„humoured barber or inn - keeper, but
faced by fate to make jamsof.i l ito a )
toock.lierdie - Setiator. • Opposite- sat tfie •
transcendent Webiter, with his square
forehead and cavernous eyesi„ ankbehinal
himtha homily- Clay, wi h the face and .
figure of a firmer, bin something of the
air of a diiine,,from his hair being comb,
ed straight back fetid his temples. Near
-them Sat Southard and for
asture and rapid in countenance and
iceiturei . the latter strangely mingl;ng
boyish fun - and" lightnesS• of manner and
glance, with the 'Sobriety Suitable to the
judge and the senatoii_His keen _eyes
takes in every thing that passesv his ex
traordinary mouth, with its overhanging .
lip, has but to unfold into a smile to win
laughter front the sourest official or de.
magogue.. Then there was the bright
bonhommie of Ewing of Ohio, the most
primitive..looking of senators;- and -the
benign, religious "gravity of
sen; the genileinanly air of Buchanan,
the shrewdness of Pointlexter; the some.
what melancholy simplicity of,,SiMiee,-
11-thesecrind-many - others,-ivere
anstfor_nothing r tire -thaw-their-4 oral-sm-- 1
likeness to each other. English per-1
son who has not travelled over half the
ences among men forming one assembly
for the same purposes, and speaking,the
same language. Some were descended
from Dutch farmers, some from French
huguenots, some from Scotch-puritans;
some fibril' Eligljs_b,cavaliers, some from-,
triskelfie They were brought to. I
getfer out of law courts, _sugar_fields,_[
merchant's stores;-mountain farms, for. l
eats-and prairies. The stamp of origi.
nality was impressed _on every one, and
have seen no assembly
,tif chosen men,
ancLno_company_. tif thez_high_born,„ in-_
vested with the antiqui dignities of ,an
antique realm, half, so imposing to the
imagination as this collection of stout
souled, full7grown original men, brought
together on the ground of their supposed
sufficiency, to workout the will of their
aP ~ • -_.
About SIXTY THOI:LSAND DOlO
- have been taken from • the State
Treasury to pay for printing. the Debates
of the Convention. which, it is , calculated;
will amount to fourteen, volumes. . , As
yet the third volume has, not appeared
from the Keystone oftice. notwithstanding
-the enormous sum it has received ; and
the great object intended : :when the De
bates were authorized to be printed,' will
be lost: 'they *lll not be published be
- vote ow the new Constitution. ill& they
will therefore be deprived of the oppor
tunity.Or reading the reasons urged by the
members of the Convention, for and a
gainstrthe amendinents of the old Coesti
It is new nearly a y‘tlr since the Con
vention first Met, and One `fifth of the
Debates are net yet pirblished. ,At ,jtbie
Mt* it will take the Keystone trio FIVE
YEARS to finish a job for Which they are
already more than amply . paith
'But this is of little consequence to them.
Their object was public,plunder from the
beginning ; ,
rand Oen they obtained 'that ;
zt,, was of little consequence .whether the
peolile were aerved:—..and they ' may ex-,
peat, that When the work is done, if done
it ever is, it will be milked, friared,
blurred, 'mocked; and what , not. The
patriots of that office go exclusively for
the plunder—Har. Ted. •
The/Kentucky Legitqaturn have offer•
ed a premium of two thousand ,"dollars
forJhe_discoverrof_the cnuie of- that fa.
tal4iseaso in amines, the milk sickness.
irbv, - ...CPwit4.o l iff Ntr,“.tt,.0111.0 I,4x4pioii.Situr.,'*
Fro in the Greensburg fittelligepter: ;.:
tV i e had 'for some time 'past cherished;
I otxrd: dielinctions of niastaitry and- anti
masonry had forever ceased to exist in
Pennsylvania.. ' We- believed that the
brethren of the..mystic ' tie bad formed.
„resolve of yielding':the secret,
-and-all-poavaefol,semadees44 the han d •
.41-h, in obedience to public opinion, and
•thatthey . hadzpiaced_thernselies, like
good 'republicans mpon an eqUality With
their fellow eitizens;;'adinitting6l ' 66
preference or' qualification - necessary_ to.
711 orro r-and - einial it riterit;:biit-Tiiiir - arivortli:
and fitnega."for office.• . -•••`• . .
" Recent events, hoverer;-have-blasted
these cherished hopes, and convincedus
that the liand.inaidis _yet jirthe political 1
fie,ltli.prodUciugpowerfulmffects by . Causes
unseen and mysterious. In making these
remarks 'We -have reference to the . late
proceedings at Harrisburg, in theinoMi; i
nation-of the Van :Buren candidate . for.
Governor, which nomination resulte d in
the choice of David 12;•Porter, ol'cliunt.:'
ingclon cOunty,ra woor,Arch - Masoti and
-Deputy.- Grand . Master-of the-lodge - lit
Pennaylvania...Jhis individual it 'seems,:
received : the•nominaticin in , prefetence. to
l.many -his etrals, and overaeveral.by far
1 his superiors in. point of qualilidation fur
theoffice; but all of whom.. lacked the
aid. of the lodge to intrigue for them.
We do not wish to be invidfous, 'but we
I -cannot ornifmentioning the names of the"
- tWo - lii - divi - ditils - Tfiroi.iffis .county'iiiiii
were in nomination at the filth of March
:conyention, viz:—Samuel 1., Carpenter,
the compeer of D. R. Porter in our State
,Senate, and- John Klingensmith, ourpres.'
cot membei - . "of - Ctingros,--Tlio_ former
son with David R. Porter, either in point .
of talent; Moral . ..Worth:or - fitness - 16r the
office ;• the -latter is well known to the
peolde' of Westmoreland . - contity,• who
Itay_theiemalifages-have-raieed-hi - . .
rjoul officeivotArnsOntilt9o . 73:7m4th
same remark is- applicable to - Itlfr-, Car
penter. - They are also both genuine -Van
:.Burendemocrats,- - somewhatottliCam --
- - servativm - cast: --- But what of all that?
INeither ot these. gentlemen • stood. any - .
chance, 'and-the .reaSon is ,evident — net,
ther - of - them - are''masoas—they lacked
I the secret. influen ce of the
„ lodge to in'.
!_trigue for them. The learned and tal-_
• eneed.Cali:in Blythe,Of Dauphin-county,
w hose . Claims to public favor were-of a
1-higher grade. than any cAidtelate in nom.
.: ination,. both-eisit-respects.liatinalifica.
; tioni for. the' Office, and the services he
I:the. Tate 'Wan:with Great ---.lfritain....,y.et
Calvin Blythe stoo_d no-ebance,antliviiyl.
~Because helacked life aid:orthertTelge-to
intrigue' for hitn:: , he is not a' mason.
I f 16 1 making these remaiksnur object is
1 not to find fault with -the party_ in the
Lchoicenf their candidate'; that is not our
1 business; for we are better content-to take
I the fi eld against David R. Porter than any
Other 'one of .the long 'list froin which
.they. made their selection. Our object
is to - demonstrate to tnepilblic, the when
1 a Royal - Arch Mason ii an applicant for
Lptiblic---favor,--the-claima - al - thentainitia.
;et' (no matter how meritorious they may
! he) are postponed, - and 'the member of
- the lodge.is raised to - office and etuola-.
1 ment in. preference-to his more worthy
competitor-s-;----This-we-hiald arid= l-regitb l tca na nd-destruCt ire-of--t I lat-e-qua li
l• ty which.Our„laws and institutions,,guar
anteed to every citizen. This is the re -
' , son Wilayw-e-condem tt--masonry—the-rea-
I son -why we are, opposed to its midnight
' conclaveits• unseen and. all powerful
influence in.controlling public sentiment
to the exclusi4 advantage and ;subser
viency of its votaries. In making these
_..lemarks,--ive-wishalso-to-diselairre t ell -
I imputation of blame to the•great mass of
I the Via n_itu rem par ty, fa tme_ belio_e_tha t .
1 a large majority of that
. party. are sin:
•cerely and at heart -opposed to theinsti-•
tution of freemasonry. ^We believe that
tingly before they were aware of the poi.
son; Hut now that they have cliscovVred .
- itadeliferliiiireffeCia, - we iiiiiie.cili be-'
live that they will .cast it'off.
• We. then call uponthe friends or equill
rights and equal laws to awake from their
dream of safety and %tickle on their ar
mour, for although you .licay have fought
manfully and to all appearances success
fully, yet the battle is to be fought Over
again.. The I foe you' have-- to ..contend
with is crafty, energetic and. vigilant.-..-
The prize. you contend for is_ beyond all
priceo•-it is the very germ of republican.
ism.. LinkRTY AND ZWALiTY. I f these,
I be dear. to yoti, let your.-actions be the
1 proof of your sincerity. We shall keep
our. leaders duly advised .of, the move.
' iments of the_enemyduring.the-coming
campaign i and iii every respect endeavor
to perform our duty as a wakeful Watch
:Matt on the walls of the republic. ..
~. • -- .
• '' lia"tix-Gaiernor Woll,_ who haa'te
a call for a meeting:of the Lem) FoCos of
the city of Philadelphia, 'friendly to unit
ing the - Purse and-the .stiterd, in the hands
of the iixecutitre of this country. What
an exceedingly disinterested patriot.. this
man, Mr. •Wolfisl the prime moverin
support of a scheme Which is designed
to make him Ole d4Ositary-Of hundreds
of dollars, and that toe, in gold and silver,,
from which his 5a1ary.6144,50t7 is to be
abstracted.: • '• •• .. •.•.' .. -
• NW •
Willihad etarcelY got warm in
his office, 'until -he sallies. forth the lead
ing champion of a_ measure, ‘; which is de
signed alone to enrich the: office-holders
while it oppresses and robsthe people.--!
Pa: Intel." ,
The 14eir . York Star says.-"We un
'derstand a little girl, in }Valli, street , was
on . Sunday crushed. -or snio.Chered.: to
death by her -drunken,' father, Who 'had
'thrown himself uponher on the bed, and
tincoaseinitsly committed.: Murder
-4411,1001Wa. :child -fromwthe state"lif
to which he' was ; ,reduced
his beaitly passiOnlOr
Boats-are-busily—passing to and - freon
our State canals.
.. . .
. . . from ; the Pennsylvania Telegrqpli., - .:
; • • .., r * - Gen.ll)..ll.•;Fortee.•
"'Midst muiiket's flash arid cannon'. roar.
He brier drevi his: blade; ' , ' .- ' ,
' Nor trod he, ankle deep, in ;tore,
'Alongst rlying'and the dead;— -, • . * ‘
. Nor has he ever in a lent ~ '
.. '' -Slept—sherchecl,upoo the ground,, t
, Stealing y. fevered rust, while watch.. -
' And-sentrytresd•around?" ', ~- • •.- • ,
171ild - yOrra-darbr -t Wiragtri-MrrPriti
ter, some" things' about D. R. Porter,
Win:lmi stsk . d- Genera - Po iter; . aild.*4
- I - styled - )in) - btrieral Porter, yoU - Oill.
. : now hear. rue. was made a'Generat in'
- 1835 - of -- fitY.:,themory. does not, prove,
-IDivitian,. Petthsylvania Militia. S•He re•
ceived - the-honor 'in this viiay, -Mifflin
county had had the Brigadier General
i for one Brigade of -,ilte „pis Isioti4-his'
term was out, and Centre county gtice.e . -
tied-in electing-bet' man, Gen. Wm. W.
I Houston. . An election for Major Gen
eral coming on, it was agreed, tiii - i• - e - i.
occile the differeat. parties' in Centre and
,Maio ' ) that. their offieera siteulcl.gb for
a - Huntingdon man° for Major General:
The hiiice .„ feillipent D .11. - Portq, w ho
of .courstt_bad. picked :the electors 'from
the Huntingdon - Brigade.. 'So was he
-made a General.. , • • . , --
The handle of General is put to Mister
Porter's name to catch votes! But can
the people be,:thatle believe ,that,to be a
civil, General fi ts or entitles a man to be
Governor of.Penuqylvania?. I think not.
;•• -Wit en- d re s sed:i nit ityttillitiff --- iliit heti, -
;Pfister Porter (or General Porter I should
say,) cuts rather a' ludicrous'. ilguice,..
In Alle,spririgof 1836, he•..(with an eye
to . the• nomination to Conifers or State
Senate; as was afterwards prored)•si • at- 4
Itendct every_ battaliontraiping_ . itt---the
, DiVisiony armed to the teeth, with his -
Haid.s' one'on each side,:ittfull suit, eel/ d•
pie.. .... You cannot_
- imagine any thing
More • unique - than his appearance-wit
seethed more like_luttleique-than-seaious-'
action; . . and the...appearance of,:his aids
was itr.charecter. So_perfectlyAke a
, parody•on a .General did he- appear, that
_id.: L eNIP LS io* if a com pany - of fazitdeticale.
'aped: him and his staff so successfully,
that he- knew the_picture by thesuict re&
• s - emblance, - ead_eittaped7froiri - ,:tlia,--ccit•-
! te in 1 ) lat le trof - jet hrou gir . the - backdoor; of.
the stage . .office•! Idottlat knoW tirat this
little. incident is known to;the,SuppOrters
oflthis• -f greati - this - inviintibleGENl3RAL
- Port e - • - 1 Vepnilee if . the ..illaknua
witijzoto . lumself does not _frequently-think
over. it, Ife_must beetceSsivelyiaintised
tifth7Cat'iti-Ci.- iff - liii - Trieridi, as .nothing
can be more -.:absurd. than their I,)otv_i_n!_
To' "him:: as a - -General.
--in the following views of the-Fred - crick
Times we must fully concur. • indeed,
ive have heard home of the most strenuous
supporters of the Sub-Tretisury scheme
admit, that they believe, ;IVIr. Rives'
proppsition as a substitute for 114 - r.
Wright's bill should be adopted, the
banks would be enabled to resume
ments of specie in thirty days thereafter
to a very great extent..“.ll4ldisenion, •
-Tire - only - measti whi ch be - wit of
man can devise, suitable. to the present
emergency', and calculated to prevent a
recut rence of the late catastrophe, is the
bill of Mr. Rives. Let that bill„pass in
fhe sliap - E - he intrOducedlit, --- iii - d - the sig.
I a tur e-of-theresident-be-attatired-nri
r general rejoicing will be heard through
out the nation. Hope and , confidence
.and-ente rprise - vrau ltt springup - in the
place of dismay, consternationand gloom;
and before the first day of-June, there
would' be a general resumption of specie
payments by the banks.. Nothing but
the pawning jaws of the greedy, insatia
ble - S üb -,- Treastrriesovhic 11 -- a re - re y - To
suck in every dollar of the specie the
keep matterciwtheir present deplorable
condition. Until that abominable mea.
sure is forever abandoned in its height,
length and breadth, it will he as impossi
ble ft* the
resume, is it is for
_irate!. to flow hill,unless _they...calcu
late onwinding up their business imme•
contents will instantly flow intO the vaillts
of the Sub-Treasuries, and be as far from
the pockets of the people,as they are now.
unless the Government places their notes
on' an equal, footing with, the . precious
metal's in all its fiscal transactions. -But
there.is no hope for this, and no hope fOe
the country'. unless Congress shall speei.
dily 'pass Mr. Rives' bill, If, on . the
contrary, they shall defeat ..the _just ex.
pectations of the people, and this ruinous
hard. money_ humbuggery .be persisted
in, tite.country will continue to be flood
ed with shinplasters. or carried back to
the old_miserableaysterwor bartering''
'ARE YQU ASSESSED?
Freemen who wish Ao/exercite the rigid
of solfrage'at the next tictolier . gelection.
should rem( iher..thatthey.must,be-asses-
sed six months ,prcvious to thr election,
or . btfot the EIGHTH Or APRIL.--r
Let, every voter : ascertain of thrAssessor
of his ward, borough or.township, wheth
er be is'assesied; and if:not, have 'that
duty perfortued WITHOUT TWAY. Will
ow friends, editors And, others, through.
out We - State,' attend .to this suggts . '
The Tan Buren party have already sent
,out the. watch , word to their followers-:
and tat us ntit be caught • napping orimtc
tive.—Ba Tel. - ;
DEATH OF W51,-11'4 HARRISON, Jr
.The Cincinnati Whig says:—: .
We regret to learn that WM. I H.
HARRISON, Jr. '
- aged 36, died- at North
Bend, at the 'residence of his father. on
Tuesday evening last, the .6th,
He was the second son of Oen.
and hail long been mitering a most pain
ful illness. He was a_ lawyer by proles,
sion, and for several years practised at
the Bar with distinction and 'success., He '
was a 'gentleman of fine talents, agreea
ble, ma,nnersoind amiable - qualties, and a
great fayerite among' his acquaintances.
He has left an interesting - firiity to is
Mint his Joss;—/b -
Ihe.Nortvalle Gazelle. A
Mr. Editor—ln your .notice or. the
Duel, at . Washington, yoti forgot - to tell
your readers—ras some of the Loco Foco.
pressei have done--that it was a 'conspi
racy', goCup by the Whigs "to kill off the
Loco locos . There is.hovreiteri.no.donfit•
in my mind but that this-mas.tfie caSe:—
iftittm'alle7tre -Mitt lOtt-444 . 1404-fitilt- 1
I not get rid of the.charge.or conspiracy! I
.Trrawil: and Alterilert .A n d .th is
the only cnhspiracy In., which the - W.higi
ltive.bern engaged n--'as the •follow4tg•
questions and . :answers will . abundditlly .
• •.Who, I would cauwrd the cnrfibat
between Thomas H. 'Benton •and Gen.
Jacksonat 'Nashville, Tennessee; Ana.--
. i. The .
Who.caused the burnittg of the Royalßoyal'Tar, by which So': . filaßy,„h,te,,vvere
tis. The - • -; • .
Who tauseti tire,*reek of the steamer
floiile-ahil all other accidents by sea and
of - the -Van Buren Legislature of A rlr4li.
•sas, to rush from his seat and ,hi tcher a I
brother. Van au renite
,for *ova Spoken,
in debate? • Ans.—The Whigs ,
Who: kidnapped and . m urdered
liarn ,11;lorgan for expoiing s'ecrets of Free
Masonry? Ans. The,Whige •
Who killect cock robin? Ants.—. The
% T V •theNOrth Riyeron fire? 'Ms
— , .The Whig*.
"... it teas uited •in favor of General liar-
Afton,. pending the last Presidential .caty
vasi, that lie
_aspired-to the Presidebcy,
but for a single ,term,. and if elected,
. 4 Or- oduce-ilw-tioie-sOte-tegulation •
hy.declining. a - ...re-electiOn. • This . .-cloc=-
rine of a•.single . , terth -should not now
be forgotten or abandoned: Were
pleased to observe by-the following, that.
General . Harriso n - has renewed his pledge
ih, reference to_a single term, ;file re—
_m.arks__WitiLviliicsit- the-Sr•- , Lottits--,editor
-int: °duces; Geberal'HirrisiM'S letter - are
judicious and convincing.,, Jdttrnalfind -
. _. ,
:-... "rom the St. L outs Sulletbf..
•GEN:. _':wiLit,A- -- m- - ---1-1.-16VRRIS ON:
- ... ...
p.y f ill
_he_ seenir omAlle_s:ai)jslined--le t
ler -- that — thieTtlidfingulatelilacildier - abd
statesman; has pledged himself toserve
a single lerii;,:if ..electedr-.Presliferit,
ShOutil " the - Whig party Mille
s'iheir carulitlate.2.this iltriaration—V4ll
a - AA - great& to his:populat ity,.and ii:•-will
conduce mud) to brio g bacititliern:.
Mem, to its prithiiiii . ecriiiiiMY-an.dPtiri
y. -.,. Public offices are too often disposed
of with :, an eye - to :re•electiou, - and iris
'me that a precedent should.bil establish
d which will_ effectually guard against
tis.evil. Exeetstl.ve patronage is a pow
rful instrument in the hands'of the Chief
Magistrate, atid he should haie no temp
, ti QV sjo._ab.us_eiti___Lel __hi nt- - -know-14 ha.
t the expiration of four years he must
etire, and having no inducement to play
to demagogue, his efforts , and energies
'ill be devoted to the good and' interest'
I a seemchplay the n . irt.of s_eryile_rtaeti A
zans, and it won bettig,abouttha t bids
-pendence of action-and freedom of opin-
' •14__Whichis-so-easential-to-the-7tteserva4 -
lion orour flee it:stip:4l9ns. The letter
is as follows: . : . • . .
IL. Y. Z;
• NORTH nano, Jan. M 1838. --
Sir—ln answer to the inquiry made in
your letter of the 29th uttimo,l.repeat
the_cleclaratio_n_Lhaye_often before made,
that if elected President, I would,, under
no circumstances, become a candidate
I am, very respectfully,
Your obedient servant.
WM. H. HARRISON:
James H. Birch Esq. Ed. ofthe-Missoll
. rian. .
TheNlan ilurenites held a meeting on
Fridayevening last, to endeavor to raise
a little breeze in favor 0' their Candidate
for 'Governor. It was a miserable fail
ure, a dull, spititless affair, notwithstand
ing a crowd of citizens from the country
were still in . town. There were about
thirty persons present, but of these eight
'or ten only were actors. viz: .four ofil
cers, one to make motions, another to
second them, and two or three others to
.resolutions from the Post
Office' Department., . were swallowed
wholesale They.oppose ,"Ritner's
reign of misrule and corruption," 11!!
and support the Sub-Treasury scheme.
The actoriOrthamed of Weir weakness,
hurried the Matter through, and 'adjourn
Cetwiected with this. affair, a circum
stanceoceurred on. Friday, that was a- 11ttle - sttnitisingldici: — lty the mail of
day wit received it,letter from Harris.
burg, giving , the n omintions, and as no
ether had the news, the Aurora editor
called to ascertain whom he hat io sup
port. When informed Porter was his_
man, he could not cinaceai his disippoint
ment,,and spoke decidedly against the
nomination, admitting that ,tbey must
now be beaten.' An hottr,O . two 'after ,
wards, we , noticed , his handbill posted up,
annotating the . reception ,4:4' the "gio•
dons news of Porter's nOminntiOnl-,
This is the principle of endeavoring to
make the best of a bad bargain..--Beaver
- Stood corresp ndent de%
scribes the excursion of a party of plea
sure from Holton through Lancaster and
Fitchburgh,, on some day last week, con
!listing• of one hundred and, twenty-five
gentlemen and ladies, in a single vehicre,
constructed for the purpose, drawn 'by
twenty4our beautiful horses.--It seems
the vehicle was built in the form of a pa-
Indio% and was surmounted" with flags
and other-decorations. The ;mit iiirTt
at Fitchburgh, and after 4 day .or are*:
ble feilivily _remitted without -fteeitleOt
to their own
- S . •
vertitcrA._ - -
A Loco Foco.,
A SIMILE. TE„,161.
RERALD AND EXPOSITOR.
BY giapottalr . 1~I: PHILLIPS.
r estiftwirit4ith e 7,: 1 . 83s;
- - • , • 'Folt rtt.p.sitiEN'r,
43' Ma . ./.11111.f.111111631)17 9
*.entricraliciantbaussonic-lean - -
.7 - ,lll4dte for . Governor,
roast t Meter
Tlie Young men of Ctimbertimil County; friend
ly to Hie .re=election or JOSEPH RITNER.
Governor of Pennltyviittifi; pnd the election of
'GEN.. WILLI 4 111 HENRY .HARRISON to the
nest Presidency, are. requested - to meet ,in the -
Court 11ouse - th the liiithugh - oftartisle, on MG/t•
DAY EVF.I.OII 'lilt - NINTH OF APRIL
NEXT, at early canitle light,-in Order appnint -
delegates , to the young menli State Conventions.
to . be . held 'at ItEMOINO . and PITISIMIFI G.
agreeably tolhe recommendations - or ttia
°ratio Anti•masortic ConventiOn. _
31.4. NY 1t01.7141 MtN.
March 13, 1838 -
aovziorimENT. SHIN.PL A
Mr.-Carribreleng,Mlaairman of-. the Cony ,
mittee of V.VaySatid ;Means, has rep:orted . ii•i:
bill itu : Congressi aiithorizing the Milted
States. Government •to issue .TEN
LlONSlriore - of , Treasury Notes alias „Shin
- Plasfera. y This, with the TEN:MILLION,SL: _
will make quite . a . 'bundle •of paper
ten menths'frottrthis.One, gold and
ver Wiltshine through the ititerstieei of eirry .
hoheSt man's fnirse!'-=so said - thiplolie some .
two years . ago. It zippearS that the , p_rophe. ,_ _ _
coy is-about belaglalfilleiV - Vith a venkeanCi...
We Wiwi - morn d gentleman from Washington;
tirat.the Slih : Treisdry iii_ll._skiih_sll.Culithert!*----
amendrneiir; passed to-k third reading in the San- -
ate by a vole of 27 to 2.l:—Mr; Calhoun voting
against the amendment -Vote taken , titit o'clock
The Hon. TiMothy J. Carter, •a repreiMltative
impingreiis, from the State of Afaine, detiartea
this life, in Washington City, on Wednesday last,
oomprousise: . • 4
' A late numSer of the New. York Star says that
tittctly aseeriaihed that he cannot Carry his Sob .
'reasury liank,is willing to compromise by tatting
the notes of specie paying flanks, prMt - itled a lie• 4
ceiver Generql is appointed. This pest
had two objects to achieve—one was toithr
tixecuttian.entire control over the putthC•mo
ney, the other was the appointment of a,batch of
lteceivers-and-Government - stiTendtaries.
whole "experiment' ought to be abandoned it •
Once; .• . . . • - • .
The ftletkr tork Courier and - Enquirer saysi—
"We have been favored with the follpWing ex
tract-of a-letter-frnm a - gentleman in Loridiiiii to
a friend in this city:
”It is in contem,
cation• to form in En
joint atodk askieiation, at the.head of which
preside Mr. Jarmo:tr, agent for the United States
Dank, with which it will be in close Connection.
_The_objeCts of this association will be the agency.
'on foreign loans, the collection of dividends on.
stocki in the United States, advances on produce.
and dealing in esthangeS. , : The capital-will be
2,006 000! tithe held in shares similar to the joint :
stock banklnjacsociations at present in 'operation
in Eintlinul.". • ,
Major Noah says that the Seminoles appear to .
have reached . the extremest tiOuthern verge of
Florida; so our army must follow them • into
West Inaia likiitude. They are:hovering abodt
Cape Sable and Indian Key. and numbers of them _
are now reported on the keys near Tortugas.
Our piasake ships to Is 4 w, Orleans can ,hike a .
peep at therti. . .•
. otfaion•llas*any and Conceasion.”
'The Haven nr - a - 11); - sayis that at meeting'
held inthat city, by the yozafocos . .on the 3d inat..
""blood and buttermilk raged alternately." A
funeral eulogy was pronounced -upon slate un
fortuellialcin such pathetic strains that the
Htiocracy almost cried. Here was union • and
harmony i but-eoneeasion another thing.
One of their late leidera—none of, the ions/rya.
tive'achool, heing - 'preaent, wai threatened with
being turned out. An altercation ensued, which
ended in- pistols for one. He stood upon his
"reserved .rightsi" , and refusedlo quit: What
s i t rath;lcinplacent and honorable men these
T.:oco.foccs Are! So tolerant, their discoid is
only "harmony not understood."
The letter of :Cr. Chinning to Henry Clay, on
the annexation of Texas, has been' republished;
Mu pamphlet in MeXico - . The Diario=the.gov; •
erninent paper—call; it a precious doeurtient„ and
extols it in the inoit enthusiaktic
likan Diawtwa.--A,draft On the flosfon Post"
Office for Tie thousand 'dollars, .wag moAested 1314
week for,non-payment. I 4 Seetusi that Mr. Ken
dall had already overdrawalo the areattol ereight
htindred dollar& t'Zio•legislatiga p.;ql(l , gor rn4
A virmativr:r-',l-agFgri? nick." 4.4t!:okeelonginK
to the estate orthe late Doctor Alexaa4er Straith i
BalAtnere cititlnty, closed ! , a f‘ar.' - clayasincei
o,eigth),Ti4eer of 10a years.:_dupktiee.:— aving
eamineneear Itifipitgrimakellt" • - kweje?.Ts be%
'etc-the: hiith u 1 "Wasliiegtea.