Carlisle herald and expositor. (Carlisle, Pa.) 1837-1845, January 16, 1838, Image 2

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    4 oireriuitioB . lllleisageo
• • -At Senate and Howe o,
the Meni
' .
GENTLEMEN, .' . -- .
.• Late on • the 19rh of last •month, I re:
eeiyed the bill,' erititled,“An . peA to provide,
----for:tbe-repairs,and ...ezpetises. of . t he State.,"
Canals.and RaH Roads, 835 continuing the
work on the • Erie ex , ension and North
/iranch Divisions of the penn,y,ivania Ca.
. pal,. and for o'cherptirPoses.'!:" . .°..
•„ : „,..,,,,,,,..•bill having hecome a la W. wit lout ,
the EXecittlie signature,. by the :lap of
time r -- agreeably with the 22c1 section of
.the fqst.article oeNtle . State Constitution,
is now .rcitirned: flint. the...necessury,.C - er•
. iificate , may be afiixt.:AtO it. by the proper
. officers.' Permit me, at The same-time to
Offer the folloming .`reldtion'tO .
. , .:• 4
its • .. .
_ .
...When the bill,waslirst7presen'ed tome,
I'deemed it iny.duiy,'on full examination
of its - piOiskons, to withhold my approval
from it, and= return it with;:ohjectiOna to
:the Senatc,. in which it originated; The
performance' P this grave. task required
some time, that - the reasons --miglty be
fully 'explained to the Legislature and the
people. The message on the subject
--7.sta 544 of *ere fo re - eezi - dy - for - dv)iye ry - t ill
--- a-few 'nut:penis after the adjournment of,
the Senate for t t he day, at noon on thetday
after the bill was presented to n.e. When ,
that, body met, on the motning of the
.21st, to adjourn-over -the Christmas'hold:.. \
daYs, there. ,was not .a quorum of mem
hers present; so that I was again pre
v_ented ' was
anxious to do, without loss of time.. ,
4n this manner without my instrump,m.
tality, the frstof Anuary passed liefore
the hill could be .rettirned. I, allude-to
these circumstances now for a 'reason
which - will:presently be explained. _
The-general objections - to the:bill were.:
.Either, That-it was the - only prciiision
for the matters embraced in it, intended'
to be. nvida by. 'the present Legislature,
4 7 *artherefore-wholly---inadequate to.
.e-pressing_wants ,the public works:.
Cfr, That the 'bill involved a - breach of
the public faith,:by- ordering - the - suspery.
Sion of operations on inthlic'work; - with
..out-making full provision.for the payment
of all the - debts - -actually-clue-upon-it .to
.contractors and
._laborers; by the State,
for work done, and to fariners and other
owners of real-, estate, for the Whole
amount of damage caused 'by. its incom
plete-cons`rection '
"I'dohotclaim infallibility •
mates - of public officer's, _nor_ expect_ imp
plicit compliance with executive- recom-
Imendations. - But when legislation ex
:pressly grounded o'n - those estimates and
recommendations, differs materially - from
• them, either -they must have been erro
neous, or the'legislatiOnis 'insufficient.
it - impelled to believe, that the latteri_s•
the case in the presentinstance: - - -
— .On examining the bill-tho consiusion
was almostirresistible; that it was intend.-_
eff , as =the final - prcivisiOn - OTIEZ - fiCieni
. session,. so far as it relates to the repairs
of the public works. If further provision
were contemplated, an equatand • pt °pot.-
', tionate reduction of all the indispensable
items would have been made, and such as
were not-of urgent necessity, postponed..
But this was not done. The ordinary re
_ pair fund, whose early and certain appro
_priation is a matter of the most vital im
portance to the use of the finished works;
and to the revenue or the State, is red
--duced-to-e- sum insufficient pay -the--
-debts which are due on the first instant.
The appropriation to the line of. Railroad,
to avoid the Columbia Inclined Plane; a
--work which should be pushed on With all
possible despatch, so as to be - u - sed-early
- next summer, is decreased to an i amount
entirely inadequate to its vigorous prose
cution, after paying the debts now due.
Thp appropriation tb put the feeder dams
such - order% to ensure a full supply of
ater, the want of ,which has been an
nualli,:suelt a source cif delay, 'expense
'and loss,, is so small asto defeat that ob
ject. The deepening of that portion of
the Canal south of Dun Can's IslaMfdam,
' and the construction of additional locks,
is estimated_at This_work,
far as it relates to the deepening ,of the
Canal, and,the correspondent_alteration of
the present locks r which are so nettasary
. to the profitable use of the whole main .
. line,
,can only be accomplished in the
_winter, so as to be ready for the spring
business,• - and yet only five thousand. are
given to it by the bill. --- On the - Gettys.
burg Railroad there were $60,000 ,due on
the Ist instant, or, if the retained per
tentage be included, $lOO,OOO. -Yet, the
present appropriation is
,only $45,000.
On the other hand, works and object
whose necessities-are-by no means-sour--
;gent,, received the full estimated amount.
The whole sum required towards renew-.
_,,ingthe eastern _por.tion_ot.the.noet
of the Philadelphia & Columbia Railroad
is.giienohough it is well. known that
that amount cannot -all- be Immediately
• expended. The amount , reqUired for
ropes, Ike., the whole of
-which-is given,
willltot be needed till next spring, be
. fohich,tirhe those articles cannot be
More which
on ;-* here
most of them are to be used. means
- • to pay - Canal Commissioners,Appraiit:
ers,'Engineers, c. are. Proviedi-while
thelund to compensate for 'damage to
privatc property by the State' works;
..__T__Wholly-ornitterk-- And finally, an . appro,
pdationis made to the extension,
upon - which no additional funds will be
required till February, while the_ same ,
• amount is only appropriated to the much'
' More urgent . wants of the North Branch,
:on which there was $55,000 of debt due
on the fat instant.' „
.:;.This,dif f erence in apportioning' . the
-., sums, ,could not, have proceeded front
any rant of money; fopthe Treasury is
full; It didnot arise-Fiona the desire to
•interest, for though the fluids A .
the State, ourof isthich the appropriap..
AiOns Must cOmeyare at interest ; yet the
mere appropriation of the sums now
will cause no loss. The greater part"of
..:the'ilitoney will not be' drawn from the*
• present'• depositories till- after - the time
.•-• when:the' Winces 'refttsed :by. this ',bill
Arnim if given Act:tit; . by The
_-prese,nt. Legislature:. , • L
I . 4ing the bill ; thutti'as,the final mea
- ie . " - pf. the' Legislature •on• the subject
repiiri t I could ,root banttioti it, nor,
• .
. , . ..
Allow the occ i viott to ~pasw, w ithout vat
'tempg, tin to aikest a step sofraught with
~ the, pith4c i , session.
— i
'lte - tisititt--of- the- 4_,eghiattive,-without.
. , ~
,another 'remit'. bill, would set Overy iiiile
of-Canal .i:id Railroad. iiHe.befure. , mitfl
summer.. . -'.. - • ' .. -
there 'conk! be citify one other mode
of , acco.unting_for..this' reduction ap
prop! iations, wkicit •raust,be given sooner
or later, if the public interest is
I;(l...kappeared . baretyspossibi?. that 'the
intention might be to make the fate of the
bilante .of them depend an that of other
doubtful projects anti. confliCting claims.
.lu . such a deterinination I c:ould'not parti
pittp, and tame•to the conclusion at oncei
and'at. the cominencement.orthe session . .
when there was sufficietittime to disctiss
thtepatier fully, to put the 9ttestion .to
the,;,Legi - slattit e and Co the .people the
State, whethei. - thp soundest.;jiol'tty and
economy - do not render it - incumbient]
' trpon . the agents, first, fully, ;anti.
totcorqUionally,' to previde'for the
prnsihle'wants, of the finished portions
a'lli - eiliC — Wwks; and ,aflenpards .to
aiipropriate the - :batance - of the—public
means lo other proper purposes?
These impressions, vie: Either-thatit
was to be the,ottly repair bill-of the sea
son; or, that - the balences of the various
rtetne were to be involved - in 7 ilie ate cif
otiait' matters, I am happy to avow have
been'materiallY weakened:llv alfulLand,_
. .
free interchange of sentiments with
roaor_memliers - since the adjournment.
!• I have been assured that every der.
.sire is jntertained -to promote,
proper means; : - the early preparation of
the public works for the trade of the itp•
proaching season,_andfeeLconfulentihat
-the-netesSary measure.Will-be.adopted.
The adjournMent has - also ..'removed
, the . the bill. One of-its
--proviiionsapp_r_optiates 4towards. the__
_G_eAtysburg_.,Railriaad, to be applied in
payment of. work 'aCtuallfiliMelirio - r - t - o
- thifirst Ocihuaky next, forty five nib - 6=
• sand tjollarst and the Canal,' Commis.
sioners - f:re directed lo•give-notice'o the
c - oniractorw:to - suspend - their - wOrk - up - on .
the said . Railroad;, - from and after the
first of January mil." _ Had the bill be
.coMo a. law either With,the Executive'
•signature . or the votes of ..two:thirds/Of
:both - branches pf-the-begislature, in" De
- the intention of the - Legislature - .
in-Order-ing-the.istuipension . ..of_operations
on the - first:of the present January. . would
have taken .effect. i s,_suchiv ill
notbe—thereauli...Lln cMisequence of the .
fact' that an-opportunity was not atiOrded
to_returrilthe bill to the Senate, - previous
Ca, its ticljourthitem - December, 'and
that the bill becomes a law-after the first
Of Jan - nary; 1838; the result is inevitable
that tiia "firat_ollantiary,nekt," men
tioned in ittvill mean the first
and carried into. OpiratiOn. accordingly.
H. This accidental: circumstance over
%I'M - eh I. had no control, and to, prevent
which I used'smy utmost diligence, is, on
the whole, fortunate, as it enables the.Ca
nal:Commissioners to app_ly, the su‘rns
given by the bill to the payment of debt
on the_ works so.fai as they,will extend
and will afford the Legislature a full op..
portunity review their division rela•
tive to the suspension of the operations
'Mr the:rbad-in-question.- 7 •
For these reasons I have been induced
allow the bill to become a law by the lapse
of_time., And I cap assure the Legis•
lature that it is very plesant to take this
course instead of opposing their „deei-
In connection with the abandonment
of a public work, many important con
siderations present themselves. The
actual breach of faith which it involves,
should not, for a moment, - be, tolerated,
-unless in the contingency that the state
is actually•unable - to complete the-im--
provement, or• that the citizens of the
1 counties concerned and - the public inter-;
est do_not require its completion. While
,ptiblic-lionor r _end_faith mean any thing,
the:question of the original necessity and
expediencybf the work must,be conceded
to have been sittleilliy_thelegrstature that
commenced it. Abandonment can only be
the offspring of unavoidable-.public .ne••
cessity, or of the wishes of all the par
-ties interested. It should also be borne
in niipd,, 92at . while the — dainage to pri
vate property caused by the construc
tion of a completed and useful improve
ment, is trifling, that of one half finished
and abandoned,- must be very• great.
Such a course produces nothing but ins
kiry - withont any bedefit, and - must be
- .paidlor accordingly. '
Whatever may be the . conclusion of
.the...Legial at u,r.c_..on.....this,,..sir_any_o_t_lie
similiar question, I - can never roam
sent to any measnre having for its • ob.
ject the- suspension or abandonment of
a State work once comMenced,
full provision be made .for_ tkepay.ment
of every dollar of debt
,due,, and - for the ,
full -and instant Compensation of all da
-mageiLcaused:to,p riva*property..
Having thnine„, coursewhit
regard to the bill, permit Me to urge the
necessity of instant anti->Turtlferjegislai
tion many of the subjeCts. embraced
'in it.' Mest of thelollowittg_additicinal
appropriatiOns are-indispensably and itia•,
Mediately-necessary to, the Welfareof s the
public improvements,- and all or them
are such as must be •made before the
close of the session, if the, public works
are not to be abandtme,d.— • '
The balance of the ,ordinary '
repair 1t d, • $lBO,OO
Do. to repair the feeder dams 51;000
DO. for Railway to avoid the •
inclined plane at Coliiinbia,. ,50,000
Do.-'to construct additional '
locks-and deepen Canalte
tow Duncan's Island,
bo. 'Tor the Gettysburg Rail.
Annual appropriation forth
, 'n a ge% so,ooct
The balances Of the ":ordinary----repair
fund should be instantly placed at,the
disposal. of 'the Canal Commissioners,
,not 'them to make s the ar.,
rangements amkrepays necessam for. an
• -early commencement of the Sprißli trade,
.hutto Worm them'Of . the whole amount
to be relied on for tbe`seasons operations
in thisdePartm&nt,• From the best infor
mation I can., obtain, - the sum already'
ven.AN ilt- not . :pay. the _d ebt_u nay_oida bly_
incurred up to !the Ist • instant. - There
'has not• been. a *inter., since tile' coin 7
inenceMent of the SystNn, so favorable fur
making the usual repairs, as t•lte.piesent.
Web thonecegsarty wOrLhas ,afreatly_
been-dorte. .one Supervispr "alone has
had'39o men engaged, solinxiougare the
public officers to take advantage . ' orthe
.seascin. - ” . A.Bingie hand, can
now accomplish• 'as much work as two'
when frost .or ice are - to 'be .cc:nteridel/
with. If tht:balance orthefund be given
*ithout delay,..anci,- 3 ..,the'present favorable
lieather'''continue few weeks, . the Ca%
pals will h 3 'in: better order, •and .may
be - ,filleci for-,navigation than on
anY krmeroccasion. . 1•• • .
The remainder of the sum necessary. ,
to'repair the feeder darns, .whieli, have •great, a source of vexation: and
delo; should not be withheld a inoment,
Unnecessarily.—Tbe greater part of the
iipense •or•iepairing them consists in
the cost of the timber and stone - tiied. .11
is well known that_oditracts for furnish
ing these articles must'. be made• a con•-
aiderable time._ before they can he •deliV-_
ered. These contracts should be
and the materials on the .ground at the::
earliest 'poseible moment, so us to•ini-
first-opport If - I/ icy: or lbw water, j _
, em to their destined use'.
'Columbia is ne
cessarily Maintained at .a large,eXpenge„to.
the which'ivill be wholltdispensecl
with when the -iailway around it is in
use. This. will
.also . obviate the delay,
no_thatipart•of theritia - toa d= — is mow so
irep.tious to travellt7i-and transporters.'
The,work cm, the neW road is of a nature
that nearlfas p erformed
in,__Winte_r_aS in 'summer, , is said
that the - ylvile may • heConii;fe-farlsy
is now Wen.' The sum set apart for it
by the _bill - retarned• is • Itttle more than
sufficient fo pay the debts Ali; uj~ to' this
/So fully convinced are'tbA danal-Board
-Of the speedy necessity of measures to
increase the locks at Duncan'slslandithat '
Ithey have -issued instructions Co the - sti•
- Vervisor,--to—advertise- a,. letting .of-that
work,,3 be commVnced on condition that
the-necessary...-funds sb-all=be provided-
by the legislature.' '- All who are aware
of the delay's and confusion that occur
at - that - point, in tinie e of low water;
Of the fact that'•tlfe greater, part ortbe-I
work•requisite to obviate the difficulty,
Musfbe . perforthed in, the wittier season,
see the instant propriety - of
(a full and-immediate-appropriation.
In support of the - balance •of appropria
tiOn tb the . GettyshurK:44ilroad,, it nee - d.
onfflPW. siTrthal - A:great_ppri ion of
money is • alreadvdtte, and that the re
mainder will Varely carry on operations
till:the-main 'improvement, bill is pasSed.
The ,annual• appropriation for - damages
is included in the present - list, becapse-it
is:aotandingiterwofpndouhted propriety,
and one which. Should be provided for
- among the first, that the claimants for
this kind of compensation may be Assured
of satisfaction from the State. '
- On these grounds I would respectfully,
but-earnestly, urge upon tile Legislaitire,
the-Immediate passage of a bill making
the appropriations above specified... It is
rendered imperative by every considera
tion of prudence, economy and patriotism.
Jt is merited, I may be permitted_tosay,
in behalf .-- 0 - 1 the public - agents, by: the
Manner In which the different divisions
were managed and made to produce
revenue doting the past season. And it
is required; in order to make such pripara•
(ions as will maintain and increase the
high-character-which the. "Pennsylvania
route" has acquired.
The time has arrived when some sys
tematic course of legislation for the an
nual support and • progress Of. the' State
framed With. The - principles,on which
't-shoulkbe founded are simple and ob.:.
vinus. •
• We hive an incomplete systett of ca•
nals and railroads, constructed at the ek•
pense of a debt so wilt,- that its perat•
tient increase cannot - now be thought of.
Neither will it be just to perfect- it by a
general State tax,. because the benefits of
the systein are not and never- can be , as
general •as the ta.k. Some other re
source must be discovered. • __ _
-Though the system, as a whole, is in- -
complete, yet portions of it, especially a 1
chain of canal and - rail way from Philsdel•
phia to Pittsburg; arelfaThed alul in .ope.
-ration. - This mnst be ouroefiance._,L__.
L 411 the care and energies of the public
_agents_should .be _devoted_ to-t h e - keeping= , ~. . .
in the most perfect'rApsir, and to the Most.
economical and efficient management 'of
the finished portions br- the plibfic
~ works •
for the purpose Of making them yield en
income' equal, in' the first place, to the
interesVol-the-Statedebt,- and-to-the-an
s costof repairs; and in the second
I place,- tathe : gradual progress of the in-
I completed portions to a state of perfec,-
lion. That this is practicable,-the opera.
tions of the past Season, even under every
i 'diSadvantag'flo+ill show.
• The - same, or an i'mproved -system of
mariogement, (for I am' aware that it still
requires improvement) will produce won
derful reiults next season, if the rifiblic
agents 4 he notxrippledlor want of means;
and in two years the works will not only
clear themselves, but aid materially in the
completion of the whole great system.
Under - this impression permit. me to
offer fOr,consideration 'the following rules
for a' ropriation to Internal . ImprOvement
purpp ' with the remark,that so essential
do I deem them , to the good of the State..
that they shall liereafter be my principles
of- action on the subject, so far as the rff
.cosininentlatory powers - of the Executive
exterid, ,
lst. ,Thlit ample .provision l be made,
anilually, iUtd, early in each sem ,ifor the
repair and iinproyemen • the finished
portionspf the public . works, unconnected
with - ahy ether matter, SO as to insure the
.greatest . possib!e income floin them; and,
5,5,00 b.
!.11 - .ll l T.: . 'ttilt. , z•Tt„l' 4 ,Jtv.-M.41z,.*(4.4;:4,...±.44 . ttry , 75rp00kti6r.
• 2ntl . . • That the "the brilanceleifTthe public
means, applicable to the • purposes.
_Of in-.
ternal, imicrovementi be devoted
,to ~the
fore any fur they consider:able twdertakings
of alike ',kind be commenced.,
In ad herence. to these principles,.uniess
I - - am very much mistaken, the .gerieraf
intetest.s._of,lbe whole State will find heir
best support, and the unfinished branchei
and extentlons their - surest means .Of
speecly - Omp'etion. ,TOS. RITNER.
Eicecunvis CitArnazit,
. Harrisburg, •Jati.., 1838.
. .
Froni 110201270 .S'ictte.9 .
9th,, I§3B
The_MesSage acid --accompanying. doe,
daine before the Senate
Being read 'of Ky:;, rose
his place. and commenced severely
..t.h&eunductLiaLthose_w_bo_eoninti tddithe_
s. • • _
osttrage - upan u.beat4 L ite
Bahl; demanded_
ample redress. :The
Natienal dignity required that the out
rage slitti&bo.iipmeiiately- recognised.
'a an outrage against ,the nation.. and as,
such should •be, treated by the Gotrern,
nient . • . • • I
lii'.•C.alhoun was opposed to disetts!
sion, and wallnclined to. throry coy
'water on the recent outrage: on the
-Carpline. • He was anxious to check all .
undue excitement, and for Ti aruig.Jhee
other Side 'of-the cfuestion... In regard
-o f--'0 a clfic:
e-4ft icould
even find in hie-mind some apology for
the attack,' upon Alio : Caroline,, and - . in,
order io make the_ apology as:strong as
ing.l.- in .- the - attitude-of-Canada i .
and -- rn the. attitude of the. 0: S.
and asked if • we ha_ . .been...the aggress
condeMni the act.
.ine. , thOught - not. -
:Mr. Clay-followed in 'reply to. Mr..
The Senator, from S. C. he
-said, had a right to' his own .bpinion,
and .he
He was content to believe-that the evi r _ .
iderree,be fore hint :-Waa-etirreCif and. he
therefore lOoked upon the outrage as
full of atrocity-and- injuettee, and- T one ,
He thought no apology he offer,
-ed.-for-such an outrage.----=Phe--„.discue
sion conclitded, after-a_ Word:- or two
fron Mr,..-Bentoo, the'papers , were
cefet'red.jointly.,l2 the ..Cotunattee7on_
Foreign Affairslird.. the ~,deibmitte ou.
• A. Message Was- then - received from
the Secretary of the Treasury in re
-i'rard to the number of TreasUry notes
Issued; and the interest upon them
sinee the pas'sage of the Treasury note
bill: Mr.-Webster made some , remarke
upon the message, and said -that Treasti
ry notes had been issued hearing an in,
terests of one' mill, and-bearing the dis
parity 'of interest of five per-cent. Ite
- saw . - -- no•yeason- fer issuing notes with .
this-difference of Interest, The notes
were below specie several per cent.
and during the present ses ion he had
been solicited to presenta petition to
make up the losses to individuals by
being paid -- in - these notes. . •
M. 'Webster said when the subject
Of the FinanceS came before the Senate
he shouLl speak at length. The message
.:'as then laid,Upon the table, and order,.
ed to' be printed., • Several - reports and
memorials were-then-received-and-refer
red. -
• Af ter some unimportant remarks re
tatiw .
_o f .._certain_Stat
\Va ., 1)-
tween Messrs. Oster, anti
Young',.llll4 - WebSteri.said_he.--.had no
objection to the doctrines contained :n
the first part of the fourth resolution—
and seemed to be indifferent as to the
whole - re - solution.
M'r: Niles moved to Strikeout imor- .
al and religion's" at the end of the'reso
lotion. Mr Calhoun
.accepted the.
a in e ndin e n •
- Bayard-moved - an-amend:meat,.
Strilking out. cdistributiOn - of povver,! and
inserting !apportion 4 ment of power.'—.
.Mr. Calhoun aecepted.the amendment..
...Mr. Morris spolo in oppoSition to the'
ieSo - lutlipnis - inconsistent: - an - d - Troju - st v
•Mr..Mcitean,..callett for the reading
of the resoltition.:
Grundy said lie tv.a3 ilrdnring
the asloptiOn of the ether' three resOlu
- litelia - dlieen - in theT.Senite R.
• -
should have voted for each of them.
--t-T,lie:,4tTeiiiianihqnn the final
adoption of-the fourth.resolution,
I,was voteilloy as - 7 •
Yeas. Messrs. Allen; Bayard; Ben , :
ton, Brown; }hack;-Buehanan — ,
Clay, of Ky, - Clay, of Ala. Clayton,
Crittenden, Cditbert, Fpltolf, Grundy,
Hubbard, King; Lumpkin, Lyon, Nich
olas, Niles, .Norvell, Pearce; 'Preston,
Rives, Roane, Robison, Smith of Conn.,
Strange, Watiter, White, Willianis,
Wright, Young—;-34. • • ,
?ire'reani Morris,
Smith, of Sivift, Prentiss, oc. •
TheTifth ResUfUtion came up for
consideratibh.' IMr. Smith of Conn: who
hati-supported' the foUr resolutions_
posed ,the fifth. He considered*. the
four resolutions as a mere 00i:ignition
of constittitipnalprincipies, but,
fifth :altogether . different. • The
people had a right, to 'enter upon the
doctrines *of. the fifth.• They had, in. his
opinion .a right to abolkh Slavery ih the
tribtriet of 'Columbia; — I .- Tho' had the
right;:althotgh he believer lte.exeralse
of the right would be 'i,eoc -,'iind
unity; ; •
' M r ---- PC I 1: .- 41; -- folltivy-ed751,r;
b . tit faitor:"oflhe_R,esolution:—
'He defended thdfeurfirsi .reseintionS,
-and-said thepeontained - the - only - wea-=
pan which,-would Cauld.successfully be
Ibr_Ottght nstthe, A bol n ists.
They were. the . only.cxprossion'Of Opin
ion the-Senate , could . .Ove, and
hopetilt would -. .sliew a -vhArg - e - :
of public
.opinion•for the better. The
faktle,. ; lie said, was to
,be fonght, at the
North; ,The Abolitionists he said were,
t -l oppesed•there. Iho , ..Were to be
lON there that the • Conatitution was a
Varrier. - between them and' the - abolition'
"Or' slavt.ry. 1111'': , ;:, P. • said Ite, - should
'stand by'Alie South, and -
the South:lie• her . into no
_latie security. - There•Wait danger, and.
- he warned - the - wit..: - 41t..: 2' • . -
Mr. Crittendert..followed, and emm , .
mented' severely on the resOlution4..----
They placed the subject hr the air,-and
were but air,bubbles-mereabstraelioni,
meaning nothing • ,, -.nothing- 7 —nothitig. - .
'He examined the Omer remarks and
replied to thetntvithgreat*warmth . and
spirit. He bagged. Mr.' Calhoun to
. give him :some, idea of a State. Rights
Man. He thought he was .no • Aboli
tionist, but according to the. Senator's
definition oc . i State RightS. tnan, • he
be one: " . Mr;.C;•said - he-Ceuld.
not participate in the fears of some of
the•SNators from slaveholding-States-.--
• For-liis7o-wn-p'art-he-feli---str-fing--in4lte
laws-strong in'the Constitution—strong
- bout' - .oflnalting.the'§ - lavef y: tvestion
and this discussion a political qtiestion
?a nd a political, diScussiori,l•-and every
man according to his notionti was to be
dubbed atiAbblitienist, who- was-n'
=Stale- ig
:Mr-Calboun.said he was.nOt surf._
- eclatthe - Opposition of Mr. Crittenden.
eloolcOd4u-pon-th e-fa ets- n-a-d Hie rent
light from him, and thereforelt tvas : in
vain to argue with hint; • :Mr.' Calhoun
•stated th,c number of *the Abolitionists,
theirextOnt, &c. 'and thought if' this 'did
_no t_a Ia r sti iti rn ot h k -- tv o
He argued that .if the -Abolitionist s
weritin . , - -liier - OTWOMIe. either ait end
of the Union tir'i cigil ruar.. -
Clay, after. seine- few--reinarks
from Messrs._ Crittenden_and* Fres tat;
tool: entered - into - a brief
:explan - ation„of the origin tit th,e . etinsti,
tutibn, its relationship between States
and: Goverinent - ; and_ its *ratification.
by the Gcivernrnent.
that the resorutions had - beep *designated
• thr dote;rimes-af--arrararprrty:zA-n-;
such -great principles, intended for-the
security of 'property . and tbepreser - va 7
tion of the*: Union, there should bend
appeal to one party bet 'to . all---tO the
- Democratic - party—to the Jackson party
the_old Republican party 7 -do_the_
Van Buren party---lo the *Loco Foco
party. •
Mr. Clay' here' read' an eloquent let
ter from Governor Pitman; of Rhode
Island, upon thei_progress_ol-the_Aboli,
tion question and the Causes of its in-.
crease. The letter gave an accurate and
_interesting - view of. th'e excitement
throughout the North.]
Mr. Clay spoke of the-right of peti
tion,,--and-'-said there were three views
of this.question; one was where ,pett
tions were- presented of a character
that • undoubtedly did not belong to
Congress to Oct 'upon; the second was
where the
_thing prayed for was a con ,
troverted question,-and -the. the third where :
it was undoubted. 'Mr. Clay said that
petitions for the Abolition..of Slavery
'n the District of Culumbia belonged
bre — posii,ton,. c and one. which he' begged
the. Senate to: consitlet , ll itsimpor
lance. If, said Mr. Clay, you receive,
refer, and report upon such petitions
and against such' prayers, it would sat-
Isfy — Chre rieTiliT;iii - e - rs, -- eaTth and tranquil
the public mind; and presdrve the
Union - ; Mr. Clay said' that'the fifth
resolution had_ a reference to some
question beyond the Abolition. of
_Texas,_ it might_ be seen,- was
thouglit . of :when the - resolution---was . ; -
drawn up. Mr. Clay ho hoped .
that this qitestion would be kept -free
- from-party polities . and front party feel
the .presentoion' of 'a:number:,pt
ltition.s of e-pacific. eltaratter=deOittied:
to harthonize and .I..i.anquilize the North=
eintind Soulhe.rn section of the emin-- try:Ther re'iolUtions.were nine in num
ber. and contain sentiments'. full of patri
otism and . statertanship, Mr. Clay
great- interestin .the. Senate.- chamber,.
-which s - vas, crowded to overflowing:
M - 17. - , - .Calliouti - foHoweTMKTC4'f,litid - '
examined the merits of his Resolutions.
. . .
• The Rouse aipent the tuorningin the
reception of reports.•
,This State has made a noble spt-otl
against Calhoun-ridd e n SOuth Carolini;
in the action of her 'Legislature upon
the Sub-Treasurrs.dbeine. 'Resoltltion
apprgiring' of - thief; system,,eame up. in
the Senate of that - State, op 'the 29 ult. - ,
arid were laid on the- r 4able for the ses-.
sion bra vote- - of 40 to 30 votes. The
next day a motion was. made to' consid
er the' vote.of the day before, and' was .
lost, : 3"t3 to 32 Votes.. What think ye
of thi s ye , apologists for King's resigna
tion and I..watpkin's election? • What
think Qt. this, who 'said, "the
,PeOple never desert a 'public - servant
honestly laboring for, their welfare?"
Chillicothe . .
1. --- LATEST - FROM - CANAD A.'
' - '• - • Front the A. Y. Euetz4o(ar
Late .-:
mid important from tpper 0-a d ......
P more:lllililia arrived at .Litgalo--ex,
pected . attack -on Navy is
.land. -
i • ?--
. The steal - it - boats of - yttterddr.etening
from Albany, hatie come •all.. 'the way ,
through, free , of ice, and. we -have the .
Journal of' last, evening.
' The news from-the- Frontier is to Jan-.
' Ch . . 'There are three regiments of A meri.
I at° militia (3000 men) - encamped at Ni;
agora Falls. - ,',
•.; s., ~ ' -
1 .....,
t n. names. of four. of the, principal
persons in the outrage at Schlosser, areas,
certaintd, siz-Paptaiti Nit:Abler, -deputy
itheriff'.McLepd,;4awyet MCDonald•and
Thomas McCormick.; • . :- - ,• •
,Cuv: Head is at Chippewa, and has.
brought over froin . Toronto more cannon
and . hortibs. Ahe royal torte is 5000.;- * " ,
dilly. , 78 regulars,- hut- 500 Indiat,s, 15
_pfeces of-, ordnanCe, 6 - Or 8 bombs or
mortars, Congreves, ftea.•.. At NaVylsland
the Patriots muster 2000 and_2s cannon._
- There ,was- an _important movement on
fo - otat7Buffalo - to bring about a. negocia
tion between Gov. Head arid Gen. Van
Renselluer to permit the latur - to come
over to life main land and fight the .battle .
out. G e n: V.R... refused.
.Gen. Arcti z '
larius had demanded' the'state cannon
at Navy Island, and been refused. An at
tack,,was txPected certainly on • Wednes.
day - night - . - --It--is-reported-the-abtv e
McLeod' with. 15 men, had •been-;driven
- -ina , boat_over_the-Falls_by-a-shot_fromili e .
Island. , Gen. Scott has left. - AlbanY . for
fiarjhe7:frontier. • The Islanders are in'
1 40 ii.PIOLL_I i± _
Troops continue to arrive at Buffalo.
- deli.. Itandilf'iWrig, de d
hacome in, and
parts'of .the three •egiments of ,General.
-Burt's brigade.. The militia of Niagara'
County were' all disbanded on' Monday;
-.onpardea•crf - riflemen: -
. the Schlosser -attack—anoth er ,
that'he is now reconciledfo McNab, :As
:soon as the .500_ regidars-from___LoWer_
Cartada came, Governor Head was 'to
make'the attack. ' - -
Gov. Head, arrived at Chippnva_on th.e
regtilars - -ancV".6---cartnori,
corresponireii.T — Orthe ROchester D'efito
crat states that he first heard of the Schlos•
.Ve - 17itliiik - WNI g irr7l77 y
incensed at Col. Nlals/abls for hav,hag„tx . •
ceedrd his duty.. ' •
The force - ate Itippewa ia said to
canaist:of: abour.E4.oo.o ri.)Wiia, a few regtir:
and" 3 or 400. Indans. "rhey are
Said .to have-also-45 pieces - of ordnance: The - papera • contain -various" reports,
evidently the fabrication s orekaggeratiOns
of_the Jrl a y._ •• -
. : .
--- - L - 1 --- r- -------- itßuirrALo Jai). 4 - 11138,....
,Mr: Mackenzie . Was arrested -by the
mashal.a' few minutes sinee, in.this shy, -
on a_writ issued by Judge
.C.onkling, the
;U:rB - A.Yistlict Judge.
Corre.yondence . ll I?ochealer Diii;ocral
- Wednesday, 9 o'clock; A.M.
;., An important movement now.on loot.
•A number of gentlemen residing on the
•frontier—are making 'an effort to either.
reconcile the belligerants. or to obtain an
=a greerne.M.-.:lturru:A.4 crv-.. ead o- - Termit
Vun Rensse laer
. to obtain a ' footbold, un•
molested, upon the Main land, where the
battle might be fairly fought. A willing
ness to do so has been expressed by many
of McNab's not - by -11 , 1eNab
Answprs to negotiations for the above
- Object are expected to-day. • .
Gen._Arcularius, commissary 'general
of New _Yolk, yesterday demanded the
surrender of the cannon belonging to the
state i .and non , on Navy Island. q•
- 1 1 , - s,----1-have—this: 7 -moment—heard = thut
Van Rensselaer reluses—to accept an un
molested landing. should it be proferred
him: and that he also respectfully begs
kiive to hold on io the arms now in his
Now look out for a battle.
From the Albtiny Evening Journal. •
Burrato;Jan. 5, 1858. ,
—Mon LOW ---
Dear Ifeivy - firing .having heel)
heard here for four hours past', great anx
iety has been felt in reference to' the ex-•
pected battle at Navy Island. The cars
have just, by which we learn
-that the royalists commenced a "tremen-
Atoutr;fir_e - upon =the %Island-fern*. the- main
shore, at 1 o'clock this',afternoOn. They
have 16 pieces of artillery and -several
Mortars, all of which are, in the most
activeOpensktiono,...The...for,ce—is—about :
.4,000 militia,2oo,regulars, and 250. In?
dians--?the- •atter :Mostlx .
' arrived last
: night in canoes; frOm above. With these,
assistance. or the . .. Steamboat
.Thomai MOL.tbeir schooners lying at
.Black Cheek, imi'milgsahove
it is expected they will attack the Pa%
triots to-night, and God knows - .what
rp A y, be thermit l _.&,t.toss pc
will ensile, at — any rate, as the-liatritift
are . Pretti.Well . prepared, and Island
itself is_almostimPregir e-Ilat riot s
force is . about 1,000 to 1200, as near, as
we catrlearn;aifilit more determined serof
_Men for good or evil, Were probably'nev
ei• congregated.', They haVe also 20 pieces
of artillery, and are well supplied
- with
small arms a i ld. other munitions of •war.
We are. of course - waiting with intense
anxiety. to hear from theni: •
- Elea- •
bffice of the N.Y. Courier 4r Enquirer,Z
Jan'. 11- . --13,-P-.M. 5
, . .
Late,st from the Frontier.
We have dates flom . Buffalo and Niag-:
era Falls to - the sth inst. The report of
MeKerzie's arrest is, confirmed. He
was takenAn Beiralo on the :evening of
the 4th;.bitt Was - liberated on giving bonds
to.tbe and-was perMit
ted to return- to Navy Island. Gen, Vast
'Rensselaer had peremptorily —declined to
deliver up the artillery 'and oitisketi be
longing to . this State; and it;is said that
Gen. Arcularius had made a Successful
application to Sir Francis Head, for pee
. _
missi i n to take them, it they .should, fall
into the hands of the British authoriti
This certainly indicates the most canipen: _
dable = -TOurtesyLin-the : -Lieul . .-Govertio r . 7 .
Iris' farther Staled that . Sir Fraocis:ll,mt .
- disavows any participation ihe
ernme'ne - of - Cuniida - itrthe-atifiir-at-Schlos• -
. • •
*-• There-is-nti - positive information in re
gard to the movements of Dnncombei no,
reliance is- placed in the •yartous repute •
that - represeti:t him as in force in the Vikin-7
ity of Malden. * An attempt at mediation.
is said to have been nadde, on*the part of
'spine. of our citizens, between.the.Cana
dianantliorities ded.the,personi•on•Navy •
[sl tad.• *- • .
'Gtirierar Scurf Alba - ny
:Tuesday nrin"rning—and left there in.the
evening . for the• froiitier, in 6mpany with
Governor Manny, Colonel Wotan,"-of
the. United Stntea Army, and Adjutant
General -MACDONALD. -__ - -:• 40 • -
The Rochester 'Democrat• of a rite •
date, contains &letter from Buffalo, froM
which we make the following- eitratt..
ghould the .inl:ormation embodied iti it
tie'trde, no time should be lost in secur- -
ing the_arrest of the cold_-blooded wyeth
es, and bringing"-them to justice:
“Seieral of them whcr.werd engaged
outrage are known. Indeed, some
Of them make public boast of the act,
and triumphantly exhibited their wea-
_p o n ens& of their val or _Their
promotion is secure; and I doubt not
.that_anyidemand_foi tliejr,surrender will
be treated vitlrc - ontempt. The names of
four of the'prtnetple monsters; are, as
understand, Capt: Moshier, deputy she;.
riff . McLeod, Lawyer _ McDonald, and
Mceprmick: .-- The latter - I liave -
known .from boyhood, to ima Most des.
.perate_fellow; - • •"• • • • --
! , Depositions. - of two •or three, who
were on .the hoat. at Ole: time of - the-at."
tack .have - ,-been taken, a ste .cont-
me'nced AO - s — e - dtire - atAmicttnentliTf — n — ir.: *
der apipst those
Fro'm the National . .frqell4eneer.
• _
ed, a:few
jai IcJ
are already u.
An action has been fought - etween•a dte
tacliment of tlie7tße. , ulars and vlissouri
Voltinte'er's, udder t he coinrnanil of. fil.
-Toy/oi, - - - atid_the_Anditin:s,..,said- to, hare*
.beck',„Sam",/ontc,s.;.. which
appears to havefes.ulteirintisf disistrinsl•
IS , -too . otr troops, twenty-tighttiichittib__.
several valuable officers) haviog been,kil—
led,:antlione_hundred and - eleven . Wo'unil
.The tollowing•by the . -Express-Mail of
yesterday;, are all the p a rticulars that
have reached us, each account - h6wever,.
confihning tne_utlierin , all%essential par—
ticulars-: • ".. . .
SAVANNAH, Jan 6, 1838,
51. o'clock P. M.
'Frtom FLonfoA.-:—From Captain Mills, •
__ steauter__Camden, _front Garees_ . .
Ferry, 'arrived: this morniitg, thrti
that on the 28th ult. between Peas creek
and the Big Cypress swanip, a small Par
ty of Indians i was seen and pursued, and
.when the pursuing .party • reached the ...
liammock,_theimlians were discovered in -
great force, and a severe contest
ately ensued, in which twenty-eight. of
our gallant troops were killed, and one `!
hundred and eleven wqunded. Ainonr,
the killed are Col.. TuoMPsow, Captain •
VAN - SWEAMINGEN. Lieutenant BncrOti. .
and Lieuteount •
iny, and Colonel GENTRY, Captain AN
DREWS, and Lieutenani•Warttnn,volutt- -
toots; wounded., Colonel. GENTRY has •
since died. 7=-77
- The loss of the Indians not ascertained.
but presumed to be large. A few---- - --- -
previous, .General. Jessup. cAptured
Indians near Fort - Lanecl.
•Since the abov — e - TATIS
'been politely . furnished-with the following
extra,. wh,ich,painfully confirms the above
statement"; •
From Lie jacksonville Vourier.
- We hasten to_give the public the
_IV- /
iewing-inteliigence74 a bitiiiiiientljr7 '-
fought between our troops and the Ind'k
am. The place. as stated in the letter,
isr-not-known-to t us,-or—to-the-writer,.
Such accounts cannot but convice,..all
that_the foe we are pursuing and fighting
is not to be contemned. 7 ?
lh the Editor,of the :racksonville Courier.'
OtatEy'.s nem-, iart, , 1 4 3 8..
DEAR SIR: hasten to - intorm - yo.o that
a . battle was fought /a few days since, -
Iplce - not7known),between-e•the-Indians---
and Part -of the 6tli, Regiment oflnfintry.
_lost in killed and wounded,-139: loss •
of tile enemiiiiirkifißiti.-11e--tifficers—
killed are Lieutenant ColonetThompson, ,
Captain Van Sweringen, Lieutenant
Brooks and,Center, 'and Col:, Gentry of
the yolunteer.. Wounded -11-1,-x, killed
28. Yours in haste,. •
J USI' received from 'Philadelphia, a sup'.
ply of Black Russia - Hat's of the latest _
fashion, a superior article, For sale it the
store of • OGILBY & RIMER,
January 8. 1838. • . ' •
TAKE notice that I have applied to the •
Court of Common,Pleas of Cumberland coun
ty. for the benefit of the insolvent laws. and'
they hive .appointed TUESDAY the 'lothk
day of January, - for the- hearing id' tner and---
nay creditors; at the Court Houseln the bor- -
au of Carlisle; when. and where yotis may
at nd if you think proper.( ,
. • • .' SAMUEL HELL. •
January 8, 1838, -. , .. ' . , .
I 3