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THE MODERN STORE-
Remnant and Odd and End Sale
Begins Monday, January 22nd
We are up to stock-taking, so we want to close out
everything we can. Hence we are making prices that S
will accomplish this object, and do it this week.
Remnants of Silks, Dress Goods, Waistings, Flannel
ettes, Ginghams, Calicoes, Table Linens, Embroideries,
Laces, Ribbons, etc. All at about 1-2 original price.
ODD LOTS AND SIZES
Hosiery, underwear, gloves, jewelry, etc., placed on
counters at sc, 10c, 15c and 25c.
Choice of any hat in stock this week SI.OO. Others at 10c, 25e an<l 30c.
Some rare bargains in furs, to close them out
A whole week of bargains. Come daily. , Ar , , ...
Wait for onr andermaslin and white goods sale, Monday, Feb jth
SOUTH MAUI STMZT J 001 '
nom <nohzs ' ( ££| Samples sent on request.
POSTO S?£O£?E HOTEL ARLINGTON. BUTLER. PA
k Brown &. Cos, Remodeling Sale W
y of Fine Furniture and M
k Carpets f Continued# M
W ft<lA AAA Worth of Reliable Furniture and k*
L< ®/£UiUUU Carpets at Almost Factory Prices! ri
i) WE MUST HAVE ROOM, <
1 it's the Entire Stock-Mot a Few Pieces.
iCarpets, Rugs, Mattings,
J Linoleums at Cost
Every yard of Ingrain Carpets must be sold at loom prices. A
►J Now is yonr opportunity to make a great saving on your Spring
A carpets. Every piece fresh and new and best as to quality. 'A
i Furniture Stock Complete i
A Hundreds of people have taken advantage of the sacriflce prices ►
Jl offered them during this sale. We are etill crowded with the <
A choicest selections we have ever shown. >
The sale will be continued only for a short time. If yon wish <
to make a great saving, COME NOW!
Limited space forbids our quoting prices and discounts which
A would count for nothing without seeing the goods so you can M
r judge. Come take your choice of the entire stock. V
[ BROWN &• CO. f;
No. 136 North Main St., Butler.
I Duffy's Store 1
I Not one bit too early to think of that new Carpet, orH
I perhaps you would rather have a pretty Rug—carpet ■
I size. Well, In either case, we can suit you as our Car-B
fl pet stock is one of the largest and best assorted in But-
I ler county. Among which will be found the following:
■ EXTRA SUPER ALL WOOL INGRAIN CARPETS,
H Heavy two and three ply per yd and up
■ HALF WOOL INGRAIN CARPETS. , ,
Best cotton chain P® r n P
■ BODY BRUSSELS. , (R
H Simply no wear out to theHe fl.oo yd
I TAPESTRY BRUSSELS,
H Light made, but very Good G.»c P« r >' d U l>
I STAIR CARPETS
■ Body and Tapestry Brussels, Half and All Wool Ingrains.
■ HARTFORD AXMINSTERS,
H Prettiest Carpet made, as durable too 1 1 - 85
| RAG CARPETS, Genuine old-fashioned weave.
8 MATTING, Hemp and Straw.
■ RUGS-CARPET SIZES.
Azminster Bugs, Beauties too 122 each and up
Brussels Rugs, Tapestry and Body |l2 each ana up
I Ingrain Druggets, All and Half Wool r' each and up
H Linoleums, Inlaid and Common, all widths and grades.
■ Oil Cloths, Floor, Table, Shelf and Stair.
■ Lace Curtains, Portiers, Window Shades, Curtain Poles; Small Hearth
H Rugs, all sfyles and sizes.
I Duffy's Store.
I MAIN STREET, BUTLER.
You can save money by purchasing your piano of
W. . NEWTON, "The Piano Man."
The expense of running a Music Store is as follows:
Rent, per annum $780.00
Clerk, per annum $312.00
Lights,' Heat and incidentals . . . $194.00
I have no store and can save you this expense when you buy of me.
I sell pianos for cash or easy monthly payments. 1 take pianos or organs in
exchange and allow you what they are worth to apply on the new instrument
All pianos fully warranted as represented.
MY PATRONS ARE MY REFERENCE.
A few of the people I have sold pianos in Butler. Ask them.
Dr. McCurdy Bricker Dr. W. P McElroy -
Fred Porter JJ Club
Fraternal Order Eagles D F. Reed
Epworth League Woodmen of the World
E. W. Bingham H. A. McPherson
Geo. D. High Miss Anna McC'andless
W. J. Mates E. A. Black
J. S. Thompson Samuel Woods
Joseph Woods Oliver Thompson
8. ML MoKee John Johnson
A. W. Root R- A. Long well
Miss Eleanor Burton J. Hillgard
Mrs. Mary L. Stroup J. E. Bowers
W. C Curry C. F Stepp
F. J. Hanck w J- Armstrong
Miss Emma Hughee Miles Milliard
A. W. Mates Mrs. S. J. Green
W. R. Williams J. R Douthett
Mrs. R. O. Rntnbaugh E. K. Richey
Chas. E. Herr L. S. Youch
PEOPLE'S PHONE 426
Subscribe for the CITIZEN
-THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
H BICKEL'S ||
0 Great Bargain Sale. U
An immense Stock of Seasonable Footwear to be i «
closed out in order to reduce our extremely p J
mj large stock f $
H Big Bargains in All Lines. 4
Ladies' Fur Trimmed Felt Slippers, price sl.2s—reduced to.. ?5c
I] Ladies' Warm Lined Shoes, price jl..so—reduced to SI.OO V
WA Ladies' Warm Lined Shoes, price $1 25—reduced to 85c
One lot Ladies' a. 50 Hand-turn and Hand-welt Shoe? reduced to 2.25 A
■ I One lot Ladies 3.00 Fine Patent Leather Shoes, button or lace, 3
f A reduced to 2.00
One lot Ladies' *2.50 Fine Dongola Patent tip Shoes reduced to 1.65 >A
Ij One lot Ladies'l.so Fine DoDgola Patent tip Shoes reduced to 1.10 «
r J One lot Children's Fine Shoes, sizes 4to 8, reduced to 45c * l
k <1 One lot Infanta's Fine Shoes, hizes oto 4, reduced to 10c A
VJ Men's Fine Box-calf, Yici-kid and Patent Leather Shoes. _ «
W A regular price f3.50 and $4.00 —reduced to 2.50 j
k « Men's Working Shoes, regular price $2.00 —reduced to. ....... 1.40 A
N One lot Boys' Fine Satin-calf Shoes, regular price I.so—red'dto 1.00 f
One lot Men's Fine Slippers reduced to 40c
WA Ladies' Lamb-wool Insoles, regular price 25c—reduced to 15c WA
t Misses' and Children's Lamb-wool Insoles, regular price 20c—at 8c I
Pi All Felt Boots and Overs, all Stockings and WJ
M Overs, Warm-lined Shoes and Slippers, also balance
4of our stock of Leggins and Over-Gaiters to be in- 1
Ij eluded in this GREAT BARGAIN SALE
A Sole Leather and Shoemakers' Supplies. g> j
Repairing Piomptly Done. [ «$
j JOHN BICKEL
4 128 S Main St., BUTLER. PA.
/C^ v .- BUTLER /7
New buildings, new rooms, elegant new equipment, excellent courses of
study, best of teachers, expenses moderate, terms VERY LIBERAL!
Over $2,000.00 worth of new typewriters in use (allowing advanced students
from 3 to 4 hours' practice per day), other equipment in proportion'
Winter Term, Jan. t£, lIKHi. Spring 1 Term, April 2, I'.HM».
Positions secured for our worthy graduates. Visitors always welcome!
When in Butler, pay us a visit. Catalogue and other literature mailed on ap
plication. MAY ENTER ANY TIME.
A. F. REGAL, Principal, Butler, Pa
1 Fall and Winter Millinery" §
*f; Everything in the line of Millinery can be found,
jg the right thing at the right time at the right price at
| ROCKENSTEIN'S I
W Phone 656. 148 S. Main St.
Preparatory to the ANNUAL STOCK-TAKING
we will offer remarkable values at our PRE
-INVENTORY SALE OF MEN'S AND BOY'S
CLOTHING. Owing to the extensive assort
ment it is impossible to give a detailed descrip
tion of all articles. We have planned to make
this sale of greater importance than ever, and
will place on sale thoroughly reliable and stylish
apparel at figures that are below all possible com
petition. There is something worth investigat
ing in every line of the magnetic bargains.
137 South Main Street. Butler, Pa.
if Jjpf MEN
,'f Won't buy clothing for the purpose of
41) i •'*/ r J' i I S spending money. They desire to get the
if I A,l/j l xife \ : l bestpoßsibleresultsofthemoneyexpendc.il.
Jil J . UV.' 1 t] /,.'/ >) 11 Those who buy custom clothing have a
ilipl rfi 'V right to demand a fit, to have their clothes
A r.| < i.y i correct in style and to demand of the
/ j\v £' j seller to guarantee everything. Come to
A/ . 'te/ ll us and there will lie nathing lacking. I
■ ij have just received a large slock of Pall
*. jIP , auil Wintor uuitings in the latest styles,
\ni J rSSS'' V'lll I « shades and colors.
I \M'Vj G. R. keck,
' ll I WA ("EKCHfINT TAItOR,
L W $ y 143 N.Muii! St., Butl«fr,Pd
fl"? fj* fj-r
I J. G. &W. CAMPBELL, |
g BUTLE, PA.
BUTLEK, rA v THURSDAY, JANUARY 25, i9OG.
DR. L. R. HAZLETT.
106 W. Diamond St.. Butler.
North side of Court House.
Eye. Ear. Nose and Throat work, a
JA<\IES C. SCVbE, /VI. a
PRACTICE LIMITED TO
Eye, Ear Nose and Throat.
OFFICE Horits— 9 to 10 a. m., L to «
p. m., Ttoßp. m. .Sunday by appoint
121 E. Cunningham Street. Butler, Pa.
DR. JULIA E. FOSTER,
Consultation and examination free.
Office hours —9 to 12 A. M.. 2 to
M., daily except Sunday. Evening
Office—Stein Block, Rooms 9-10, But
ler. Pa. People's Phone 478.
DR. S. A. JOHNSTON,
Teeth extracted absolutely painless.
Take Vitalized Air or Nitrons Oxide.
All work satisfactory.
( 127 iS. Main St., BUTLER, PA.
TiR. FORD U. HAYES,
Graduate of Dental Department,
University of Pennsylvania.
Office—2ls S. Main Street, Butler, Pa.
DR J. WILBERT McKEE,
Office over Leighner's Jewelry store,
Peoples Telephone 505.
A specialty made of gold fillings, gold
crown and bridge work.
DR. H. A, MCCANDLESS,
Office in Butler County National Bank
Building, 2nd floor.
DR. M. D KOTTRABA,
Successor to Dr. Johnston.
Office at No 114 3. JeSerson St., over
G. W. Miller's jjrocerv
Office in Butler County National
• ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office at No. 8. West Diamond St. But
POULTER &. BAKER,
V ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Office in Butler County National
TOHN W. COULTER,
Office ou Diamond, Butler, Pa.
Special attention given to collections
mid business m»l if-M.
. ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office in Wise building.
T D. McJUNKIN,
Office in Reiber building, cornei Main
and E. Cunningham Sts, Entrance on
I B. BREDIN,
•) • ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office on Main St. near Court Hous>
TIT C. FINDLEV,
M • ATTORNEY-AT-LAW, AMD
Office on South side of Diamond,
|1 P. L. McQUISTION,
V. CIVIL ENGINEER AND SURVEYOR
Office near Court House
T: 11. NEGLEY
Li. ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Office in the Negley Building, West
WM. WALKER. CHAS. A. MCELVAJN
WALKER & McELVAIN,
307 Butler County National Bank Bld'g
We can save you money
on your fall suit and fit
you as well as the best and
highest-priced city tailors.
New Fall Goods Just Received.
C. P JOHNSTON & SON
Be on the safe side. Have a bottle of
«ood whiskey ready for emergencies.
We can honestly recommend for this
Guaranteed Vrs. (>l<l
It's a Hmooth, palatable whiskey—for
social and family use; a gallon. Your
choice of any whiskey in list below for
$1 a full quart; 0 <|ts., if">.
HMll. LA SOB, •VXMULT.
Ul Ckk.tHKIIKK, NT. TRURO.I HIOMrsOX.
UIIIKOS, ItIM.IH4.KU. ItUIIMJ KPOKT
We pay express charges on all mail
orders of s."> or over. Ooods shipped
Robt, Lewin & Co,,
IN WISES AlfD LIQUORS,
Ho 14 SmltMleld St„ PITTSBCUC, PA.
'Phone*: Bell 21T» t. k A. I4M.
\ TWO IN f
I THE CAR. f
< '.By Henry TicrlinghcJif /
S ' . . ' - '■■ I .Vf<'}t;iv. Jt Co. <
"If only we could win that reward."
eiid Jessie wistfully, "we would not
Lave to wait until you got your raise."
"I'm more likely to meet the robbers
t>an the reward," laughed Ilalliday.
The girl's face went white.
"Jo;.'," she cried, grasping his arm,
"do you mean to say that they are like
ly to hold up your car?"
"I was only fooling." he laughed. "1
didn't mean to scare you. dear."
She turninl from the poster announc
ing £5,000 reward for the arrest of each
of the three men who had been holding
up the trains on the R. and <)., and
they went across the street from the
station to where the polished marble
of the soda fountain gleamed attrac
tively In the light.
Ilalliday did not commence his run
until nearly midnight, and there was
still an hour before the train should
roll in from the east
They said nothing more about the cir
cular, but Jessie's face was clouded,
and, fry as he would, Joe could not
coax a smile from her.
The Denver Red gang was operating
along a line some 300 miles to the
south, and Ilalliday had given no par
ticular thought to the poster. Even
now he did not realize that Jessie was
conjuring in her brain visions of an
express car shattered by dynamite and
an express messenger, with a face very
like his own, bleeding from a dozen
When the whistle of the limited
Bounded far down the valley they arose
and retraced their way to the station,
and in the rush of checking his lists
Ilalliday lost Right of Jessie. When at
last he stood in the doorway of the car
watching the loading of the baggage
car behind he did not see the eager face
upturned toward his. It was too late to
jump down and go in search of her, and
as he stood in the door of the car while
the train rattled through the yards ho
wondered what had become of her.
Usually hers was the last face he saw
as they pulled out on their long run
over the divide.
Then he turned to his invoices again
and soon was so busily occupied that
he never heard a footstep until a pair
of hands were clasped over his eyes.
With a cry he sprang to his feet and
reached for the shotgun In the rack by
the door. He was in the very act of
taking it down when a cry caused him
to turn again and he confronted Jessie.
"I know it's wrong and it's against
orders anil all that sort of thing," she
announced defiantly, "but I just know
that there Is trouble ahead for you to
night, and I wanted to be with you."
"There'll be trouble enough ahead If
the super finds out," he agree 1. "It's
dead against the rules for any one to be
permitted to ride in the express cars."
"You didn't permit rue," she argued
with fornrrmw t<>gtr. **l SToTe a r!<7<\ and
you can't very well put me off. That's
"I wisli it were," he said quietly ns ho
turned to his seat again,
"Joe," she cried penitently, "I'll be
very good and won't bother you at all."
Hlie crept back to the end of the car,
where, aided by the dim light, sh« bad
concealed herself aud snuggled down.
It was a long run, and there was much
work to be done. Suddenly Ilalliday
gave a low whistle, and she sprang to
"What is it, dear?" she asked anx
iously. lie pointed to an entry in the
"If Denver Ited and his gang knew
of that they'd be up lie re in a hurry,"
he declared. "There should be $ SO,OOO
worth of diamonds In that safe."
"You don't suppose they can find out,
do you?" she asked anxiously.
Joe shook his head. "I don't suppose
so," he said; "but, all the same, they
have been lucky in picking up only the
cars with rich loads. That's probably
why the shipment was made over this
For twenty minutes they talked of
the possibility of a holdup. Then Jes
sie crept off to her nook again, and
Ilalliday went on with his work. Sud
denly, with a screech and a Jar, the
engine came to a stop. Joe sprang to
the partly opened door to close it, but
he was half a minute too late, for two
burly forms sprang through the open
ing, and while one covered him with
a pistol the other floored him, securely
binding him with the bell rope.
Before he had concluded the engine
had started again, and Joe knew that
they were takiug the car down the road
to where they could work with greater
freedom. They were climbing a grade,
and while they were headed for the
top the other cars were probably slip
I'resently there was another Jerk as
the engine slowed down, aud the two
robbers turned to Joe. "Where's the
key to the safe?" they demanded.
"I haven't any," was the cool re
sponse. "That's the through safe. I'm
riot supposed to unlock It."
"lie must have the key somewhere,"
suggested the second man. "Lend a
They knelt beside him on the floor
and unceremoniously rolled him over
as they searched his pockets. So oc
cupied were they that they gave heed
to nothing else until a stern command
of "Drop that!" rang through the car,
and they sprang to their feet to con
front a short Uarreled shotgun In Jes
Instinctively they threw up their
hands while they commented upon the
situation with a vigor of language that
led Jessie to remark that he would
shoot anyway unless they kept silent.
Still covering them with u gun, she
moved forward to where ilalliday lay
and with one hand cut the cords which
bound him. It was an easy after
that to bind and gag the two men, and
together she and Joe, who had armed
himself from the outlaws' belts, drop
ped from the car and got to the aid of
the fireman and engineer, who were
under the guard of the third member
of the party.
Here they were four against one, and
ten minutes later the engine aud ear
were backing down the grade to pick
up the train, while Jessie, now that the
danger had passed, sat in Joe's chair,
her girlish frame alternately shaken
with laughter aud tears.
"it was easy," she explained. "1 was
asleep until the train stopped. That
woke me up, and I was just going to
ask what was the matter when I heard
the two men.
"I thought It would be best to wait a
moment and see what was happening,
thun I remembered how you Jumped
for that shotgun In the rack.
"it was right over my head, and they
were so busy with you that they never
thought that there might be a second
person in the car."
ho aalwjl £jyi
'•Awfully," she confessed frankly.
'•You see, I was afraid I might have to
shoot them, and I never shot any one,
and I knew it would be horrid."
"It's a wonder they didn't take
chances of you missing and make a try
anyhow," suggested Halliday.
"Hull," cauie a voice froui out of the
darkness, "her hand shook so that Bill
and I couldn't tell what she was going
to :-hoot at. She was waving that gun
round so she'd have blown the whole
side of the car off if she had tired. If it
had been a man we'd plugged him, but
we haven't been used to feaiiuine soci
ety lately, and we were kinder taken
Sage, the superintendent, took much
the same view of It the next morning
when he had Halliday in the office.
"Of course," he said, "it was a dis
tinct violation of the rules to have the
girl aboard, and yet it was the fact that
a woman was holding them up that did
"I didn't let her come 011 the car,"
protested Halliday, to whom a violation
of the rules seemed more important
than the capture of the outlaws.
"Well," said the superintendent, with
just the suggestion of a smile, "the best
way to stop that is to get you a x>lace
as express agent and keep you in the
station. That ought to keep your wife
from breaking the rules about strangers
in the cars. With the larger salary and
the $15,000 reward you ought to make a
pretty fair start."
"Can't start any too quick for me,"
muttered Halliday, and he proved it the
next morning by getting married.
A Tithe Collector.
When any one, even the minister, at
tempted an argument with Miss Maria
Higgins, he was pretty sure to find
himself worsted in the end.
The minister objected at times to the
firm manner in which Miss Higgins
placed his duty before him at every
opportunity, although he had a great
respect for her character.
"I can't see my way to preaching a
sermon 011 tithes just yet," he said
meekly, one day, when Miss Higgins
had been making hli 1 a long call. "The
people haven't much money, you know,
Miss Higgins, and they can't divide up
other things very well. Even you
couldn't, always. Suppose, for in
stance, you should go home and find
your hens had laid fifteen eggs, how
would you manage to give a tentli of
them to the Lord?"
"I should come back and take you
and your wife home to tea with ine,"
said Miss Higgins, with a grim smile,
"and I guess when I'd made a scram
ble of six of those eggs and set you
two down to it the Lord would get his
tithe fast enough."
John Wesley, founder of the Metho
dist church, was born at Epworth, Eng
land, on June 17, 1703, and died in
London 011 March 2, 1791, aged eighty
eight years, lie was educated ut Ox
ford university and entered the min
istry of the Church of England, which
corresponds to the Episcopal church
in this country. Three years after
General Jame» Oglethorpe had founded
the colony of Georgia he came over at
Oglethorpe's request mainly to convert
tl»» lndi-ui*". Tliis was in iTits On
file voyage he met aud conversed with
some Moravians, and on hN return to
England lie studied that religion and
was converted to it. After further
study of the Moravian doctrines he
was moved by unconquerable zeal to
declare free salvation to all men
through simple faith in Jesus Christ.
On May 12, 1730, he laid at Bristol,
England, the cornerstone of the first
Methodist church building.
Morroweri J tint Ice.
A country justice of the peace called
upon a retired attorney and, after pre
senting a statement of facts, asked as
a matter of friendship for a legal opin
ion upon them. This the attorney gave.
When the attorney had finished the
squire rose and said:
"Well, those are just the facts in a
case I am a-going to try next Saturday
in my court, and I knowed you would
give ine the ritfht kind of an opinion,
so I come to you. The costs in that
case will be just !?7.. r )0, and lam will
ing to divide with you. When I was
a candidate some of the folks In my
county 'lowed I didn't know enough to
run this office, and I intend to show
them that I do. The next case I have
I will come to you again, and we will
run that court right or bust a ham
string a trying."
With that the justice of the ppac*
dropped $3.75 on his astonished friend's
desk and took Ills departure.
A Mexican girl is courted by a
unique process. Her would be lover
walks up and down the street on the
opposite side and stares at her win
dow by the hour. If his appearance
is agreeable she appears at the window
after a few days of this performance.
When the acquaintance develops he is
introduced to her papa, and after the
necessary marriage arrangements have
been made ho is Introduced to her. The
preliminary tramping and staring are
called "doing the bear."
Goethe was pronounced "the hand
somest man of Europe." lie was a lit
tle over six feet In height, but so well
proportioned that he did not seem tall.
Ills features were of tho Roman type,
his lialr rather light than dark, his
whole appearance commanding. Even
to extreme old age he retained a large
share of the personal good looks that
earlier in life had insdo htm so at
Woiucu Muni Weep.
"You look discouraged."
"1 am," answered tho newly married
man. "I have done all in my power tO
make my wife happy. Sho can't f\nd
anything at home to cry about, so «hi
goes downtown and weeps over the
heroluo at the matinee."—-Washington
Even the lion has to defend hlmseli
against t'.les. -German Proverb.
Milton regarded tho "l'aradlse Ite
gnlued" as infinitely superior to the
"Paradise I,ost" and once expressed
great surprise that uny one should en
tertain a contrary opinion. He said
that of all his works the poem "On the
Morning of Christ's Nativity" was his
best. It was his earliest, being written
in Kill), when he was twenty-one years
Mabel But, papa, I know that he
must have money. He doesn't attempt
to conceal it. l'apa That settles it. He
The fellow who "borrows trouble''
always has ou hand enough to start a
gloom factory. Try lending It for
I'atlence is the support of wcakuoss;
Impatience Is the ruin of
DID WHEN TESTED
John T. Hyatt, Former American Vice
Consul at Santiago, Writes to
Health Commissioner Dixon
of Thrilling Experi
ences In Cuba.
VACCINE VIRUS VS. SMALL-POX
While Victims of the Horrible Disease
Fell All About Them, Mr. Hyatt and
His Family, With Vaccination As
Their Only Weapon, Lived Un
Commissioner of Health Samuel O.
Dixon has received the following letter
from John T. Hyatt, of Jersey-Shore,
Pa., former Vice-Consul at Santiago,
telling of Mr. Hyatt's personal expe
rience in fighting small-pox with vac
Jersey Shore, Pa., Jan. 4, 1906.
Hon. Samuel G. Dixon, Commissioner
of Health, Harrisburg, Pa.:
Dear Sir—As at Lock Haven and
other parts of the state there is so
much opposition to vaccination, as re
quired by the Act of June 18, 1895, I
feel constrained to write you some of
my own experiences and observations
with reference to that subject.
I was American Vice-Consul at Sant
iago De Cuba from 1893 to 1897 inclu
sive. The influx to Santiago from the
rural districts, where, on account of
tho revolution, it was very dangerous
to live, was very heavy, and particu
larly after the inhuman reconcentra
tlon order of General Weyler. In 1896
industry was stifled and poverty and
starvation were reigning supreme at
Santiago, meat selling as high as 75c.
and $1 a pound, eggs at 10c. apiece, and
other things at proportionate prices.
At this time yellow fever and small
pox broke out in the moet virulent
form. It was estimated at the time
that during that year there were 10,000
cases of yellow fever and 20.000 cases
of small-pox in the city of Santiago.
As I recollect It now, the death rate
from these two causes alone In that
city ascended to a level of from 60 to
100 deaths per day.
The Spanish government, unmindful
of the welfare of the people, took little
or no steps to stamp, out the scourges,
and although private enterprise im
ported a considerable amount of vac
cine virus, yet the Indifference of the
authorities and the opposition of the
illiterates, being perhaps about 75 per
cent, of the population, prevented any
considerable amount of vaccination.
No efforts were made at quarantin
ing. Those suffering in various stages
of small-pox walked about the streets,
mingling with the people unmolested,
and many of them came into the con
sular on business. Small-pox broke
out in nearly all of He h mis as In the
vicinity of the consulate. One man, I
ren ember particularly, afflicted with
the dreadful disease In Its confluent
form, lay in my plain sight in the open
air under the eaves o' a house stand
ing back in the adjacent lot, not more
than 40 feet from where I worked at
my desk, with the breeze blowing from
him to me, and I saw this man die and
his corpse carried away.
My father and mother and wife were
with mo at this time, and as soon as
the small-pox broke out we were all
vaccinated, although we had each been
successfully vaccinated In previous
years. The vaccination took slightly
with each member of our family, and
we were all vaccinated regularly there
after every month or two, in order to
use every possible precaution, but the
vaccination did not tako in any case
practically after tho first application.
Whenever fresh virus came to the
consulate from the States wo distrib
uted the supply where it seemed to be
most advisable. Although constantly
exposed to confluent small-pox for
nearly two years, none of my family
took the disease. Neither did others at
Santiago during that eventful period
who were careful to bo successfully
vaccinated, as I recollect now from In
quiries then made, although the dead
wagons were carrying such a continu
ous freight to the cemetery that It was
a common thing for tho sexton and his
help when night fell to find 20 or 30
more corpses on their hands for inter
ment than they were able to biwy, and
which they had to leave out all night
in the cemetery and bury in the morn
If this letter can he of any help to
you In your magnificent work of en
lightening the peoplo of this Common
wealth on tho importance of vaccina
tion, you have my permission to use It.
Very respectfully yours,
JOHN T. HYATT.
THIS VALUABLE PLANT HAS GREAT
All Ita Carta, From Stalk to Beads,
Mar De Made a Source of Heveaue
to Cultivator*—lt la l.o*tcallr Oar
The sunflower might be a most ap
propriate choice for the national flower
of our country, since it originated here
In tho regions of the grout plains.
Specimens of It wore taken to Europe
by the early Spanish explorers, and It
was first cultivated in tho old world
In tho gardens of Madrid. The plant
was utilized by tho American Indians
long before the days of Columbus.
Chainplaln, when he visited Georgian
bay In 1010, found the aborigines there
growing It and using the oil made from
the seeds on their hulr. It was raised
chiefly for the sake of the food which
Its seeds supplied. To so high a point
had It been dovoloped by the natives on
this continent that during tho three and
a half centuries which have elapsed
since Its adoption by the whlto men It
has not boen Improved to any extent,
merely retaining the original size which
distinguished It from Its wild original.
In Russia the plant Is of great eco
nomic Importance, Its seeds being eaten
in Immense quantities, raw or roasted,
just as we eat poanuts. The oil ob
tained by prosalng tho seeds Is ulso
widely used as an article of diet. The
stalks and oil cakes make excellent fod
der, the leaves are employed as a sub
stitute for tobacco, and the fiber of the
stalks has a high value. The oil of the
sunflower is widely employed in Ilus
sla, where the frequent religious feasts
restrict the use of meat. There are
three principal varieties cultivated in
the czar's territory—one with large
whlto seeds, which nre said to yield the
most oil; one with smaller black seeds,
which are sweeter and considered the
best for eating, and an intermediate
| form with striped seeds, used both for
i eating uud the production of oil.
The sunflower has assumed a greater
economic vol tie in Russia than In any
other country. Even by the uppor
classes the seeds are much eaten, the
larger and finer ones being equal to
most nuts in palatability and whole
someness. While the poorer and less
perfect seeds furnish an oil -which is
somewhat turbid and bitter, the better
ones yield a superior quality that ft
said to compare favorably with the
olive oil of commerce. The stalks and
straw of the sunflower are highly priz
ed as fuel, being in some parts of the
empire the only available substitute
for wood to burn. Sunflower oil seems
to have more of the general properties
of olive oil than any other known sub
stitute. Of late years, when purified.
It has been used extensively to adulter
ate olive oil. It is of a pale yellowish
color and decidedly palatable. In a
crude state It is used by painters,* bat
to uo very great extent, being mixed
with cheap paints and prepared stains,
but it does not equal linseed oil for
varn'sh. The cake left after the ex
traction of the oil by pressure is ex
tremely rich, being equal in this re
spect to the maize cake or linseed cake.
Branches and stalks of the plant are
used for fodder and are highly nu
One of the many ways of utilizing the
seeds Is practiced in the poorer dis
tricts of Europe, where n fair kind of
bread is made from them. Many cheap
cigars are made from the leaves of the
plant. When properly cured the leaves
make fair wrappers for cigars, and
they are employed to a greater extent
than is generally thought. Pulverized
and used with un equal quantity of to
bacco the combination is not so bad for
pipe smoking. The sunflower gives a
peculiar aroma to the tobacco which Is
much liked by some smokers. Cheap
cigarettes are often adulterated with
sunflower leaves. In China the fiber of
the stalks, which Is fine, silky and very
strong, Is woven into silk fabrics, and
It is believed with the proper machin
ery It might be utilized with much
profit in this country.
It Is an Interesting fact that the va
riety of sunflower most grown In this
country is culled the Russian. Farm
ers eay that nothing fattens chickens
so quickly as the seeds of this plant,
which seem to encourage hens to lay.
Paper has been made from the stalks,
but in the treeless region where the
suuflower is most extensively grown
their highest value is for fuel.
Though the economic value of the
sunflower has been but recently n sub
ject of discussion, Its aesthetic value
has long been recognized. In Kansas
the borders of wagon roads and rail
roads are frequently lined for miles
with the blossoms, which in August
and September, when the flowers are
In full bloom, are a feature of the
prairie landscape. Tliese are not tho
large flowers grown in our gardens
for ornamental purposes, but are a
smaller variety, which grows wild.—
New York Herald.
Xelaon'a Right Hand.
Nelson's attachment to his friends
was as ardent as his courage. When he
was presented to King George 111. at
his levee, his majesty congratulated
him on his great actions. After this
i culogium he condolea w lih him »n tire
loss of his arm. Nelson turned ground
to Captain Berry, who had oeen the
companion of many of his exploits, and
Introduced him to the king with this
remark: "My loss, I assure your maj
esty, Is not so great as you Imagine,
for hero Is my right hand."
There is a good story told of a Hert
fordshire farmer. A few nights ago he
went homo late and drank a pint of
yeast in mistake for buttermilk. He
rose three hours earlier the next morn
Eulns the Prciiare.
"Mr. Kiljordan," said the young man
with the bill, "would it bo convenient
for you to"—
"No, it wouldn't!" stormlly inter
rupted Kiljordan, looking up with
blood In his eye. "You addle patsd
idiot, don't you know enough not to In
terrupt a man when ho's at work?
The payment of this installment Isn't
due till tomorrow anyhow, you dad
dinged lunkhead! For half a cent I'd
throw you out of the window. Take
your gumdasted faco out of here or
The terrified youth waited to hear no
more. He darted out through the door
and made for tho Btairway, down
which ho went three steps at a time.
"What alls you, Kiljordan?" asked
the man at tho other desk. "Why did
you try to scaro that boy half to
"I've no grudge against the boy," ho
answered, turning to his work, "but I
couldn't swear at tho woman with the
gentle manner and the neighborhood
charity scheme who buzzed me for
half an hour before he came In, and I
had to let out on somebody."— Chicago
Ills Moral I pllltUi.
Many years ago Bill Smith waa a
well known charactor In a Missouri
town whose name need not be mention
ed here. Bill was a colored boy who
roamed the streets at will. One day
he found a pockctbook containing S4O,
and the owner's name was Btamped
on the book.
But Bill burned the pocketbook and
spent the S4O in riotous living. Of
course it was found out, and Bill was
urrested, tried, found guilty and sent
to the penitentiary for two years. Ho
served his time, and when he emerged
ho knew something about making shoes.
Tho day he returned to his home an
old acquaintance met him and asked:
"Well, what did they put you at In
the prison, Bill?"
"Dey started In to make an honest
boy out'u me, sah."
"That's good, BUI, and I hope they
"Dey did, sah."
"And how did they teach yon to be
"Dey done put me In de shoe shop,
sah, nullln' pasteboard outer shoes t&
Better Than Itrfrr«ae«i.
"Can you give me references from
your lust place?"
"No, ma'am. The last woman I
worked fur was Mrs. Llbby that use<l
to live next door to you. She an* I
couldn't get along at ull. You don't
know how mean she Is. I could tell
you ever so many"—
"You may come."— Chicago Tribune.
•'Uncle John, should I be Justified In
rrlting to a young man who has never
.Written to me?"
"Only on very important bflslneur,
"Well, this Is Important business. I
want him to marry me!"— lUastrattd
In some South American tribes the
woiuer, draw the front teeth, esteem
ing as un ornament the black gap tba*