Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, October 15, 1903, Image 1

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    VOL. XXXX.
m Stylish Millinery at Moderate Cost. 3
g TThie Moderq Store ?
fl| Ladiee' Robes—Good quality flannelette fall size 30c; better quality. fK
& he ivier weight 75c; very best, extra fall and long, plain pink, white ami jJh
•J bine. also fancy patterns, nicely trimmed $1 each. Ladies' Flannelette jR
Petticoats, 25c and 50c each. C> ildren's Flanuelette Gowns all sizes ?• to
W 14, 50c each: Flannel Pe it; coats 2oc each. Men's Flannelette Robes, good jO
U quality, good length 50o; better oues, heavier weights. 75c and sl. Fifty jgt
JR different patterns fianneletUs of the best qnality Teazledown 10c per
■ yard All plaiu colors b*at quality Daisy cloth, 10c a >ard Nice line
S cheaper qqatitv 8c a yard V
jp) FANCY MILLINERY AT REASONABLE RATES-We have struck the popular M
idea iu this department to give yon such value for your money that yon
jP will bring yonr friends uext tiuie. Oar Stylish Fall Hats will appeal to
S yon not only in appearance bat also in price, and these t*o essentials go
fl together. We want you to note the millinery from this store, how it does W
S not have that stiff, hand-me-down look so often seen in other headwear Ck
Kfa for this reason that onr millinery is daily growing in popularity. JR
Vlarclorf Co.,
mm Mini STSHT I F\F\H
™I Send in Your Mail Orders, g
1 \ New Fall Goods. §
*? &
!? We are showing an extensive line of advance
!" Styles of Fall Hats, Tailor- fll ATO iT
: : Made, Ready-to-Wear, M|l I :j?
]| Dress and Street Tj;
If Always First to Show ibe New Ideas. $
:? !|t
0 Rockenstein's I
i ;
| » #3B Sonth Main Street, - - Butler, Pa. •••
A Magnificent
October Showing at
Every Furniture Fancy
Is favored in our grand showing. |
Th§r<s marked absence of the uncouth and trashy. I
Everything for the Home—Stock Large,
Qualities Right, You Buy for Less.
Make your Home Beautiful.
You can do It right here at little cost. We
anticipate by far the largest October trade we
hayg §ver experienced.
As our store is full to overflowing, with a I
LARGE STOCK still to arrive, we are offer
room. \
90. wy. mmp at (Sell Phone iQ6) BUTLER. PA. 8
1 J? Merchant Tailor, p B
I Fall and Winter Suitings I
■ V, 142 North Main St. H
Cohn's Bargain Store,
150 Main and Cunningham St.
W§ an nady f@r fall feugißtsg with a wonderful
showing of ladies' tailor-made suits, xoats, skirts,
waists and furs. Ladies' men's and children's under
wear and hosiery, hats, caps and children's clothing.
Girl's dresses and coats. We are not only ready with
WW* styliSi feyt wjth ißt#f#§ting'priges, which RQ §t©re
can meet.
Ladies' flannelette Aoh Children's under- J fc.
wrappen worth $1.50 at wear from\ QQ JR
ladies' flannelette dressing IQ. Ladies' heavy ribbed vests A£ a
Mcqoes worth 78c at and pants worth 35c at
Men's heavy ribbed t IQ. Ladies'all wool vests and AOr
" W ~^ouJ n worsTfcat , pen to worth »l. 50 at J)© 0
Cohn's Store,
Not the handsomest looking stare
in town but fcy 1 far trie Cheapest
and best to TRADE AT.
Reed's Wine of
Cod fciver Oil
will build you up and make
you strong, will give you
an appetite and new life.
If you feel tired and
worn out try our Wine of
Cod Liver Oil and find
It is stronger and better
than pure Cod Liver Oil.
Pleasant to take and is
inoffensive to delicate
Indorsed and recom
mended by physicians
every where. The best
Spring tonic to give you
Health and strength.
For sale only at
Reed's Pharmacy
Transfer Corner
Mais and Jefferson Sts., a tier. Pa
Do You Buy Medicines?
Certainly You Do.
Then you want the best for the
least money. That is our motto.
Come and see us when in need of
anything in the Drug Line and
we are sure you will call again.
We carry a full line of Drugs,
Chemicals, Toilet Articles, etc.
Purvis' Pharmacy
Tilth Phones.
218 S. Main St RntW Pa
j {'SHIRTS || Host If" TTeT
— SHIRTS H nes
i Men's Furnishings $
J Come in and let ns show yon ?
€ the new fall shirts. \
# We have shirts at «11 prices. ¥
9 Our leader of cour-e, IB the #
i Manhatten Shirt. $
5 The best in the World. 5
jj In Underwear j
|| we have all the different weights d
II and grades. 4
\ We can surely suit you if yon
J need underwear. Z
J Haven't the space to call atten- J
5 tion to bll the good things we £
# have. £
# Jnst come in and see for your- #
# self. #
j Strict attention paid to uinil d 1
i orders.
jJno.S. Wick j
i HATTER and i
5 People's 'Phone. 615 r
You must trust somebody in
making a Piano purchase. In
asking for your patrcpagp w£
fgfpr you to tfi£ 'mafiy users of
as to our reliability and fair
dealing. Every Piano is fully
guaranteed. Come in and look
at it, try it, hear it
Columbia Phonographs.
Bran's Guitars and Mauditlins.
25 cent records. " "
§hee\ Musifc'.
Pittsburg Organ & Piano Co.,
Butler Branch, Old P. 0. B'd'g.,
See the sign direct
opposite the
Old Posloffice, *
Theodore yogeley,
Real Estate and
EEY I nsnrame Agency,
238 S. Mata St.
* Butler, Pa.
if you have property
to sell, trade, or rent
or, want to buy or
rent can. write or
uhoup me
List Mailed Uppp Application
TiaTIOK Clara M. Tlrablin, hav
ing left my bed and board without cauiie,
any one harboring or furnishing her goodx.
board or maintenance will do .so at their own
perllas I will not be responsible therefor
or payany bills conntractud by h<*r.
Kept. Bth. I'.KQ.. Petrolla.Pa.
That's v/hat you need: some
thing to cure your bilious
ness. You need Ayer's Pills.
j Want your moustache or beard a j
beautiful brown cr rich tlack ? Use j
sOct* of dhjfcguttorß P HeU&Co.,Nashua.H r |
eleuueg, soothes and heals M
the diseased membrane.
It CUR'S catarrh and drives M--
away a cold in the head
Cream Balm ia placed into the noatrilß. spread*
over the membrane and ia absorbed. Relief is im
mediate and a cure followa. Itianot drying—doe*
nut produce sneezing. Large Size, 50 cents at Drug
gists or by mail; Trial Size, 10 cents.
ELY BROTHERS, 66 Warren Street, New York
Ffadicl< &.
109 N. y\a\n Street,
Prompt and Careful
Four Registered
Prescription Worl< a
fcllTlif OWNER
nIrVW drugs
I have purchased the C. J.
Harvey Pharmacy, in the Stein
building, at 345 S. Main St., am
remodeling and restocking the
store. I have twenty-two years
experience as a pharmacist, and
compounding of prescriptions
will be under my personal at
Pure drugs and honest treat
ment guaranteed.
When in town shopping, stop
and leave your packages.
i L McKee, Pharmacist,
-tein Block. S. Main St., Butler. Pa.
Summer Cordial,
Diarrhoea, Dysentery,
Sick Headache,
Summer Complaint.
Vomiting, Sour Stomach, ,
-j Indigestion
y • and for Children Teething,
a Prepared t>J B. A. FAHNESIOCK CO. !
I J*ittsburg, Pa.
B. AB.
dry goods
priced in your favor
For years we've been selling Dry
| Goods by mail —over all the United
; States—and in most eveiy country in.
| the world.
Stands to reason mqgt be gome extra
' qrdipary pft\yerfnl inducement to impel
\ people to send hundreds and thousands
| of miles for Dry Goods.
; -Send for samples of anj thing you
j wa it —note superior qnality for m mey ;
i —and the abundant variety we send—
i You'll see it's—"selling for a Small.
Profit with large assortment of careful- '
ly selected good 1! to choise from."
! Built the business on hasis—and j
yf -'.ce gojiig ta wyll enough alone. |
*1.50, rich black, Cashmere de L'lnde,
75c _ 44 inches wide,
50c double width Clan Tartan Plaids '
—dark colorings, 25 c.
7e know our line of Tweeds at SI.OO j
presents money's-worth you won't often t
j g- 1 a chance at—s2 to 56 inches wide— :
> Gr*-ys, Tans, Browns, Blues, Greeria ~ !
1 « ii irtest and wanted goods shown
i V- i Pall, I
j ..ibelines—all colors—7sc to $3.50 a 1
1 'mr 200 page Catalogue, just out, tells
m -re explicitly and copiously just how ,
t n-se 65 large and energetic depart
; m its are doing this mail order business
so nnch to the advantage of the people
—pent free if yon send name and addres *.
When sending samples mark your
B. 0. 4U, to give ub an intimation (
of what you want—also give us an iJta
01 price and colors.
Boggs & Buhl
139 Soatb Main St, !
By M&rtha.
Copyright, 190t, by the
S. H. itcClure Comjxinu
;• •$
The joy of midsummer possessed
Elaine. Commonly she was pale,
with shadowed eyes and piteously
drooping mouth. Today the shadows,
the drooping, had vanished. She
smiled until dimples played hide and
seek through cheeks faintly pink as
the sweetbrier in the hedgerow. She
was picking the tirst ripe poaches in
the young orchard that was her moth
er's pride. It had but just come into
| bearing and was full three weeks
ahead of anything the neighborhood
had ever known. Elaine and her moth
ir were piously glad that the ripening
fell in with the date of the big meet
The peach basket would go to church
tomorrow along with other baskets
overflowing with good things. There
were to be three sermons, with dinner
nnd supper in between; much choice
gossip also, with, incidentally, lovemak
lng. Everybody within ten miles round
would be there. That meant to Elaine
mainly sight and speech of Allan May.
He would be sure to fetch his mother,
a lady of gracious speech, but coldly
calculating eyes. Klnine dreaded the
eyes, yet was glad Allan had a mother
to look out for. It saved her the tor
ture of seeing him gallanting other
girls ever so much prettier than her
own pale self.
Until he came she had never loved
anybody. She was sure that he loved
her. Had he not kissed her fingers
and called them "precious" after she
'had played for him a whole evening
through? He had said too: "I must
be free before I marry. My mother,
you know, holds everything in trust
until I am thirty." It was easy for
Elaine to persuade herself that he
did not speak out because he was too
honorable to ask any woman to wait
for him five years.
Gossip had it his mother was bent
on matching him with her niece. Madge
Clayton, who lived in the next county.
But the young pair were close and
friendly comrades, seeing through the
scheming of their elders and finding lu
It an excellent joke.
Madge came often to the May house,
but somehow Elaine had not seen her
since the era of pigtails and ruffled
pinafores. As she nestled the cream
and pink peaches amid the vine leaves
In her basket she seemed to see In them
hints of her rival's fairness. Just as
she crowded in the last a shiver ran
through her; then her heart beat like
mad. The orchard ran down to the
road. Two people came riding there,
and through the hoofbeats she caught
Allan's voice.
In a minute they would be upon her.
Instinctively Elaine swung herself
to an ambush of thick green leaves.
As 6he crouched, shaking all over, the
searing hoofbeats stopped. Clear
across the silence she heard Allan say:
"You'll have to marry me, Madge, un
less you can think of some other way
out. Oh, no! I am not committed, ex
cept morally. It was the music laid
hold on me. Elaine can make piano
keys say the most wonderful things.
I really forgot she was a woman
until— There are things one cannot
put in words!"
"Evidently," a rich voice answered.
"Put siuoe you have spoken so much
you must tell the whole truth. Did
you draw back the very minute you
found out your mistake? If you did,
you are not wholly despicable. Other
Elaine, gasping, felt the tentative
pause. A ruffling wind let her see
through the leaves. A lithe young god
dess, yellow haired, with straight
brows and unsmiling mouth, looked
full in Allan's face. Her bridle hand
lay easily on the reins, but the other,
banging at her side, was so tightly
clinched the whip within it bent. Love
may be blind; jealousy has eyes that
lee far and deep. By the tense clutch
Elaine understood. Madge loved her
Cousin, yet had strength to sit in judg
ment of him.
"You are silent. That Is answer
enough," Madge said after a long min
fcte; then, with the least hard breath:
'■"fl»e way out is the right and true one.
You hare taught a woman to love you;
now teach yourself to love her as she
"It is your fault after all, Madge,"
Allan said, sighing. "You ought to
have made me love —oh, I know you
could have done It—but chose instead
to laugh me out of sentiment, because,
forsooth, you wanted ypuf own way.
I don't love yon ft* matters stand, but,
9,u my soul, when I look at you I do
not understand how I ever kept from
I "Go to Blaine!" Madge command
»d, wheeling her horse.
! Allan kept doggtfly beside her. "To
morrow will be time enough." he said.
' "Poor Elaine! She is a million times
too good for me —so much too good \
tremble to think of taking Uer happt
j ness in my hands, "•
I they galloped off Elaine crept
from her covert and sank beside her
basket, a huddled, moaning heap. She
j lay there until sundown, love fighting
I hard with woman's pride. And love
won out. That night all her prayer
was, "Lord, Lord, let him love me or
I else let me die."
. Allan came \je<r next day ns she
j Vea»de the peach basket, lifting up
Iklnk flushed beauties from their nests
of cool green leaves. His whisper in
her ear made her cheeks outtlush the
pinkest peach, but she shook her head
when he made to raise her and lead her
away. "I will come presently," she
said. "Mother cannot get through din
ner without me." Yet when he left
her she got suddenly white, and her
hands trembled so she almost let fall
a laden dish.
Time ambles withal in spite of heart
aches. Somehow dinner got itself over
and left Elaine free. She slipped away
toward the spring In the edge of the
Half way Madge overtook her and
said with no pretense of greeting. "You
must not mind about anything today,
only being happy."
For a miuute they walked In silence
down the sun flecked path. It bordered
the road by which teams were taken
to water. There was a sharp turn in
the road where the path crossed it to
reach the well head. As the two came
to It a thunder of hoofs bore down on
them, cut through with weak, terrified
screams. Wild Jaulc Lee had ventured
to drive the wickedest pair upon the
grounds. They had taken the bits in
their teeth and were running away.
Madge sprang back to let them pass,
tripped on a loose stone and fell for
ward almost under their feet. Elaine
darted, caught the leader's bit and
swerved him sharply aside. He reared,
striking out with both hoofs, but
she clung fast until stronger hands
stayed the maddened beasts, then slid
Into Allan's arms, with blood gusliiug
over her lips. Between the spurts she
whispered to him: "It has all come
right, I know. I had to save her—be
cause she gave you to me. You must
grieve for me—a little bit. But God
knew best. He heard my prayers."
Hl* Son Andj.
Dr. Andrew J. McCosh was in his
college days a famous athlete. He
could run faster, kick a football fur
ther and jump higher than any man ia
Princeton. Publicly his father, Presi
dent McCosh. took no notice of An
dy's achievements. That he privately
rejoiced la Ills son's prowess the stu
dents learned in this way:
Jimmy, ns the president was fa
miliarly called, though exceedingly
courteous, was given to fits of abstrac
tion in which he entirely forgot his
Once at a reception In his home, ap
parently forgetful of all the world, he
was pacing up and down the room
with head bent and hands interlocked
behind his back. Suddenly he walked
up before a young lady and asked:
"How tall are ye?"
In an embarrassed way she replied,
"Why, doctor, I'm—l'm 5 feet 2
"Me son Andy could jump over yer
head," said the doctor and immediate
ly resumed his walk.
Are Men Inqalaltlref
At Eaton Ilall in the days of the late
Duke of Westminster there stood on
the mantelpiece of the principal guest
chamber, dedicated to bachelor visitors,
a clock of remarkable design. Below
it was placed a card bearing the words,
"Please do not touch." A famous poli
tician who chanced to And himself an
occupant of the room ventured to ask
his noble lioat after dinner the reason
of this prohibitory notice. "I have
often contended with my daughters,"
replied the duke, "that women are
more curious than men. To satisfy me
of the contrary fact they have placed
the clock to which you refer in the
bachelors' room with the notice affixed
to it. The result has been that every
man, with one notable exception, who
has occupied that room has asked me
Kie reason of the notice." "And who,
may I ask," rejoined the interested
guest, "was the notable exception you
mention?" "The late Mr. Fawcett, one
time postmaster general," was the re
ply of the duke. "As you know, poor
man, lie was blind!"
The Stone Hnnnca of Eaater Island.
The remarkable stone houses of East
er Island are built against a terrace of
earth, or rock, which in some cases
forms the back wall of the dwelling.
They are built of small slabs of strati
fled basaltic rock, piled together with
out cement.
No regularity of plan is shown in the
construction of a majority of them.
The average measurement is as fol
lows: Height from floor to ceiling, 4
feet 0 inches; thickness of walls, 4 feet
to 10 inches: width of rooms, 4 feet 6
inches; length of rooms, 12 feet 9
Inches; average size of doorways,
height, 20 inches; width, 19 inches.
Phil May and Hi* Models.
Many of the figures in Phil May'B
book "Guttersnipes" were sketched
from memory while staying up the riv
"One day," he said, when speaking
on the subject, "I saw a delightful lit
tle model for my purpose, a dirty, rag
ged bit of girl humanity. I spoke to
her and wrote a message on my card
for her to give to her mother. Next
morning she came in charge of an older
sister, as tattered and unkempt ns her
self. When I had made my sketches
of the two of them I asked the elder
one If she had any more sisters like
herself. 'Oh, yes, four or five, worse
than I am.' 'Bring them round,' said
I. 'ls the little un to come again?' she
asked. 'No. I've done with her.' The
next day they came, the little un in
cluded. She had persisted in it, for
she said: 'He's my artist I found him
first.' " —London Tit-Bits.
Fireproof Wood.
Though there are a number of dif
ferent kinds of wood, ebony, lronwood,
etc., of such close, hard fiber that even
the fiercest fire has difficulty in "get
ting hold" of It, there Is only one sort,
so far as now known, that Is practical
ly fireproof. This Is a small, scraggy
tree, a native of South America, called
the sliopnla, with thick, tough, stringy
bark full of a sort of fire resisting sap.
This curious shrub grows largely on
the great, grassy savannas, which are
swept by flre almost every year dur
ing the heat of the summer. There It
thrives splendidly, for the annual
scourge only kills oft Its bigger and
hardier competitors and leaves the
ground free for the growth of this
vegetable asbestus.
Smart Saylnß*.
Lord Palmerston's reply to the illit
erate member who asked him, "Are
there two hens In 'Onlton?" is a speci
men of his rather boisterous chaff.
"No: only one. That's why heggs are
so scarce there."
Mr. Dlsrneli's comment upon a por
, trait of himself, "Is it not hideous —and
so like?" exhibited a discernment not
common with unflattered sitters.—
"Twenty Years In Parliament."
The Socin) Side.
Mrs. Waldo-Cecil—He has a barrel of
Edltli Waldo-Cecil—But is he all
right soclnl'y?
Mr Waldo-Cecil—Oh, yes; he hasn't
the least Idea how he got it!—ruck.
hlrn c T the ljin*;»r.ln
n .if -tfaralßß."
A I) • as aiuiKii - as it is rare Is In
the library of n \\ i>-alii kon student.
Tlie work is OHII.HI "O Nova (luia da
Conversacao." It is suppas.-d to In
struct the Portr.gucse in Knjdisli con
versation. nnd the following, a dia
logue beaded "i rto Hide a Horse." is
tli<* kind of English conversation it sup
"Here is a horse who have a b:ul
l.x>ks. Give mi another; 1 will not that.
He not sail know to march, he is pursy,
he is foundered. Don't you are ashatm <1
to give me a jade as like? He is ui:d
shoed, he is with nails up; it want to
lead to the furrier."
An anecdote in the book Is:
"A day came a man to consult this
philosopher for to know at o'clock it
was one to eat. 'lf thou art rich, told
him eat when you shall wish; if you
are poor, when you may do.' "
In tlie preface the most elegant par
agraph is the following:
"We expect then, who the little book
(for the care what we wrote him. and
for her typographical correction) that
may be worth the acceptation >f the
studious persons, and especially of the
youth, at which we dedicate him par
The authors of this strange volume
are Jose da Fonseca and Pedro C'aro
lino. It would be interesting to know
where Pedro and Jose "learned" Eng
lish.—Philadelphia Record.
Satisfied Hla Cariosity.
The curiosity of the natives of wild
countries as to everything belonging to
the traveler often leads to amusing sit
uations. Mr. J. W. Wells tells In "Three
Thousand Miles Through Rrazil" of his
visit to one settlement where the only
shopkeeper of the place proved very
inquisitive. He was a frequent visitor
and would carefully examine the few
belongings of the traveler. Ilis curios
ity was finally punished in a very fuu
ny manner.
On one of his visits, writes Mr. Wells,
he found my bottle of spirits of ammo
nia on the table, and, seeing It was
something he had uot hitherto inspect
ed. he naturally laid hold of it and
asked of me, "What is this?"
"Only a medicine," I replied, and
with a perhaps unworthy satisfaction
I watched hini hold it up to the light,
look at It all round and finally remove
the glass stopper and then take a good
I had to rush forward to save my
precious ammonia, as he staggered and
gasped for breath and ejaculated, "I
am dying!" By dint of much slapping
of his back and dousing of cold water
he quickly recovered, but nevermore
did he touch any of my things.
After Dinner Oratory.
The fake humorous speaker has an
easier career tliau even the fake elo
quent speaker. Yet at any given din
ner the orator who passes out mere elo
cution to his hearers has a success al
most as instant ami splendid as his
clowning brother. It is amazing what
tilings people will applaud when they
have the courage of each other's inepti
tude. They will listen after dinner to
anything but reason. They prefer also
the old speaker to new ones; they like
the familiar taps of humor, of elo
quence. IT tucy Dave tasted tlie brew
betore. they know what they are going
to get. Tlie note of tlnir uiooil is toler
ance, but tolerance of the accustomed,
the expected; not tolerance of the
novel, the surprising. They wish to be
at rest, and what taxes their minds mo
lests their Intellectual repose. They do
not wish to climb any great heights to
reach the level of the orator.— W. D.
Howells In Harper's.
A Queer Itellc.
In University college, London, is a
singular object that is preserved care
fully In a remote gallery inside a glass
case, which again is contained in a
huge wooden cupboard, the doors of
which are locked and the keys in safe
custody. The relic which Is thus so
zealously guarded is described iu some
notes on the history of the college as
the "skeleton" of Jeremy Bei:»ham,
"clad in the garments in which he
lived," while his head only Is stated to
have been '•mummified." it has always
been understood that Bentham's body
was embalmed", and in that case it can
not be his mere skeleton which Is re
posing there under lock and key.
Ilow the Initial "M" Panctnmted tks
Ureat Conqueror'* Career.
From Marengo to Moscow was the
long swing in the pendulum of Napo
leon's life, the -one the greatest battle
DUt of which he came with his life, the
other the abyss which engulfed him.
Mr. J. M. Buckley, who Is a literary
expert on coincidences, points out how
3trangely the letter M played a-part in
the life of tlie great conqueror.
Marboe was the first to recognize the
genius of Napoleon at the Ecole Mill
taire. Melas opened to him the way to
Italy. Mortier was one of his first gen
erals. Moreau betrayed him, and Mu
rat was the first martyr to his cause.
Marie Louise partook of his highest
destinies. Metternich conquered him
on the field of diplomacy.
Six marshals—Massena. Mortier, Mar
mont, Macdonald, Murat and Money—
and twenty-six of his generals of divi
sions had names beginning with the
letter M.
Murat. duke of Bassano, wns the
counselor in whom he placed the great
est confidence. Ilis first great bat
tle was that of Montenotte; his last
was that of Mount St. Jean. He gained
the battles of Moscow, Montmirall and
Montereau. Then came the assault of
Montmartre. Milan was the first ene
mies' capital and Moscow the last In
which he entered.
He lost Egypt through the blunders
of Menoa and employed Mlollls to
make Pius VII. prisoner. Malet con
spired against him, afterward Mar
rnont. His ministers were Maret, Mon
talivet and Molllen. Ills first cham
berlain was Montesquieu.
Woril»worth'» Secret.
And Wordsworth's secret? Any poet's
secret? Well, for aught we can see. It
remains a secret, a something as far
beyond human subtlety to explain as it
is beyond human Ingenuity to produce.
"The wind bloweth where It listeth."
"Genius," "inspiration"—it is hard to
get on without the old words, vague
though they be. Nay, it is precisely
because they are vague that they serve
so useful a purpose. Even Professor
Raleigh, after speaking almost con
temptuously of "impatient critics" who
seek to account for Wordsworth's
"amazing inequality" by assuming that
sometimes be was inspired, at other
times not, is heard a little afterward
lamenting that in Wordsworth's case,
as In Coleridge's, "the high tide of In
spiration was followed by a long and
wandering ebb."
One feels like quoting Lowell, whose
arrow in such competitions is apt to
hit the white. Wordsworth, he says,
"wns not an artist In the strictest sense
of the word; neither was Isaluli, l>ut Ue
bail a rarer jjift, the capability of being
greatly inspired."—Bradford Torrey In
• ®msigts
Common Way of Building Them In
(■rent Potato Gronlnx Begiona.
A common and practical way of
building root cellars is shown in the
illustration, concerning which Country
Gentleman says: This method of con
struction is commonly used in the great
potato growing sections of the country:
Excavate by means of a scraper and
then set up the retaining walls. The
upright pieces at the sides should be
2 by 4 studding, placed not more than
four feet apart. The floor may be of
plank or may be simply of earth. If
no planks are used the studding should
have the low er end imbedded In the
earth to prevent it from slipping.
The siding may be of inch boards
and should be nailed to the studding
before they are raised into position.
The joists B D C should be of 2 by 4,
and the supports for the roof should be
of the same material. The space above
the Joists may be filled with straw or
leaves or hay, to prevent freezing In
the cellar. The plates, which are se
cured at the top of the studding, may
be placed somewhat above the level of
the surface of the ground. Fart of the
earth which is removed In excavating
should be banked up against the walls
under the roof, so that the slope of the
ground will be away from the cellar.
I)oors may be placed at intervals iu
the roof, so that roots can be shoveled
from a wagon directly into the cellar.
At one end of the pit there should be
solid double doors, so that entrance
may be had to the cellar in cold weath
er without permitting the cold to enter.
The upright centerpiece A E should
not be more than five to aix feet high,
and the length of the cellar may be
made as great as desired. Tho width
may be from eight to ten feet. If this
can be constructed on a slight slope of
land it will be all the better.
Seed Growing Profitable—»ee«*lty
of Inoculation on Some l.anda.
The following information relating to
the growing of the hairy vetch for seed
Js furnished by the bureau of plant in
dustry of the United States department
of agriculture, through its seed labora
tory, in response to numerous Inquiries
on the subject:
The cultivation of hairy vetch has in
creased rapidly in the last few years
and would be much more common if
the seed was raised iu this country, and
especially on the farms where it is to
be sown.
IVaciicaliy all of the j«td used
In the United States 1" 1 shorter!
Europe. During the fiscal year ended
June 30, 1003, over 80,000 pounds of
this seed was brought in.
Experiments have been carried on by
the seed laboratory of the bureau for
two years In St. Mary's county, Md.,
and the past year in Wayne county, 0.,
to determine the practicability of grow
ing the seed in this country. From the
results of these trials it is evident that
the seed can be produced at a profit
over a wide area of the United States.
Great difficulty has been experienced
In harvesting the seed when grown
alone. It ripens very unevenly and if
left until most of the seed is mature it
becomes matted on the ground and
shells and molds badly. It was found
that by sowing with rye a sufficient
support was furnished to keep it off the
ground and allow it to be cut easily
with a mowing machine. Rye seems
best adapted as a supporting crop on
account of the time of ripening and the
stiff straw.
The best results were obtained with
seeding from one-half to three-fourths
bushels of vetch ami one-half bushel of
rye to the acre, sowing from the middle
to the last of September.
The crop should be cut about the
time the last pods are formed and ttie
vines are getting dry. The cutting is
done with an ordinary mowing ma
chine, after which the vines and straw
should be put in piles and allowed to
dry. The thrashing fan be done with
un ordinary grain thrashing machine.
The four acres in Ohio yielded 13
bushels of vetch and 01 bushels of rye.
In Maryland the storms knocked the
>ye down so it did not till well, but the
four acres yielded 18 bushels of vetch
and 8 bushels of rye. Reports *rom
Mississippi show a yield of from 5 to
7 bushels per acre In that sti*te.
In many instances hairy vetch has
been sown and proved a fitilure under
ordinary cultivation. As it is adapted
to a considerable variety of soils and
a wide area It is certain that the failure
in most instances is due to the absence
of the organism which produces the
root tubercles and has the property of
fixing the free nitrogen in the air, mak
ing it available for plant food.
Unless hairy vetch has already been
grown successfully on a piece of
ground it should be inoculated to in
sure success. Inoculating material will
be furnished by, and all inquiries con
cerning it should be addressed to, the
bureau of plant industry. United States
department of agriculture, Washington.
The department lias no seed of hairy
vetch for distribution.
Hen Mnanre—G. M. Clark's Fertiliser
Korunlo—(irnaii After Millet.
"What would be a good fertilizing
mixture with hen manure for wheat
and grass? I can make the hen ma
nure fine so that there will be no dilli
culty in sowing."
For fall use in seeding you can mix
900 pounds tine hen manure, t>oo
|K)iinds acid phosphate, 200 pounds
dried blood or tankage and IJOO pouuds
muriate of potash. On the grass we
would use nitrate of soda in the spring.
Any mixture of chemicals will depend
oh the price at which different forms
of nitrogen and phosphoric acid can be
bought. In some cases fine ground
bone could take the place of the blood
and acid phosphate.
"(Jive analysis of fertilizer used by
O. M. Clark, amount per acre and bow
applied, whether broadcast or In drilL
How much and what seed does he use
per acre?"
The fertilizer used l>y Mr. Clark is
about the following mixture: Four
hundred pounds of nitrate of soda,
1.200 pounds of line ground bone, 400
pounds of muriate of potash. Mr.
Clark uses fourteen quarts each of
timothy mid redtop per acre with four
to sis quarts of red clover mr acre.
No. 41;
tic oroancasts this seed with groat
care, going several times over, so as
to have au even stand. He uses from
000 to Sl*) pounds per acre each year.
If we used the mixture of nitrate, bone
and muriate here mentioned we would
use all the bone and potash In flip fall
or early September and all the nitrate
in spring. This fertilizer Is all broad
cast by hand.
"I have five acres sown to millet
which when cut I want to seed down
to hay. riease let me know how tai
proceed and what mixture to sow.
Cround has not had anything done to
it for many years and was completely;
run out. the last crop being mostly,
daisies: soil sandy gravel. I have
plenty of horse manure at my dispos
We should not try to seed such a
field after millet. It is not fit to put
in permanent meadow. We would cut
the millet, give it a good manuring
and sow rye-Next year after the rye
is cut we would work the soil thorough
ly after the Clark method, manure it
again and sow grass seed alone early
in September. Mr. Clark advises four
teen quarts each of timothy and red
top. but on lighter and poorer soil you
will l>e likely to do better with eight
or ten quarts each. We would use at
l*»ast 300 pounds of good fertilizer per
acre hi addition to the manure. We
would delaj the grass seeding for a
year because we do not think you can
tit the soil as it should be fitted in the
short time after cutting millet. That
weedy anil wornout soil needs a thor
ough shaking up before trying to put
It into permanent meadow. July and
August are far better for this work
than September, and after the rye is
harvested you can fit it properly. Of
course you can cut the millet, spread
manure, plow it under and seed with
grass this fall, but we think you will
be better satisfied to sow the rye and
wait a year before seeding.—Rural New
Making IllKh Grade Cider VU«(u.
In making cider for vinegar it is my
plan to use all varieties of apples, those
ripening in October being preferable,
as they contain more sugar, conse
quently the resulting cider and vinegar
will be of a higher grade than when
made from early ripening kinds. If
you have-plenty of room, put the cider
away in barrels in some airy building,
leaving the bung out. Keep the build
ing moderately warm during the win
ter, using a little fire during the cold
est days. This heat will retain the
vinegar making process. In a year and
a half from the time the cider was put
In the barrels you should have excel
lent vinegar. When the vinegar is as
strong as you want it, rack out into
other vessels, then rinse the barrels,
and tliey can lie used again. The de
mand for cider vinegar is good now,
as a number of states have pure food
laws regulating the sale of vinegar as
well as other food products.—Cor. New
England Homestead.
Deat Way to Start Poultry Raising;.
The cheapest mode to begin with
pure breeds is to buy a few fowls in
the fall, as prices are then usually very
low, and have them on hand ready for
operations in the spring, as a trio of
fowls will lay three or four hundred
eggs, and a year's time will be gained
as compared with buying eggs In the
spring. The yards of breeder* are
surplus" cheap. It will be a good In-
V' rnent to buy now.— P. H. Jacobs in
i\ ■'i its Fiii^or.
Sheep at the Bin Show.
Sheep have fifteen classes and goats
three, with a total class allotment of
$42,800, at the Louisiana Purchase ex
position. The Merino types are placed
iu three classes, being separated into
the wrinkly and delaine and an inter
mediate class.
News and Notea.
Agricultural colleges are now open
ing. Special education for farming is
becoming an established thing.
Orange J add Farmer reports the
broom corn crop doing well.
"Foreigners want our apples," says
American Agriculturist.
Earthing up the celery is now in or
The literal policy adopted by the live
stock department of the St. Louis ex
position abolishes all entrance fees and
pen or stall charges and offers generous
prizes along both old and new lines.
The actual advance this year in the
price of harvesting machinery Is stated
by American Cultivator as from $5 to
$lO on a machine.
Now for the fairs! Don't fail to do
your part.
A Mortified Wife.
The Rev. John Mathews, who was a
pioneer. Methodist preacher of Ala
bama, has been remembered for his
strict views and many peculiarities, ac
cording to Lippincott's. His wife, who
was more liberal in her ideas, was fond
pt dress and once sold a bureau and
with the money bought a new hat. The
following Sunday Brother Mathews,
being disturbed at the beginning of his
discourse by several of the congrega
tion turning to see the late arrivals,
said: "Brethren and sisters, don't
bother to look around any more; I'll
tell you who comes In." This he did,
calling each one by name, much to the
mortification of the tardy members.
His wife was among the last, and
when she walked down the aisle he
said: "Make way there for Sister
Mathews. She is coming with a bureau
on her head."
Philadelphia'* first Daok.
The first book of any kind published
in Philadelphia was Atkin's Almanack
for the year ICBO. It was an unpaged
pamphlet of ten leaves, only two copies
of which are now known to be in ex
istence. The first copy of the Al
manack printed was sent to Colonel
Markham, Penn's deputy, who report
ed to the council that the book had
erroneously declared Pennsylvania to
have been founded by "Lord Penn."
The council disapproved such a high
pounding title and directed the author
and printer (William Bradford) to
"■"forthwith and effectually blott out ye
words 'Lord Penn.'" This had the ef
fect of recalling the whole edition and
the abolition of the obnoxious words.
ThrniTluc tl»e Slipper at a Wedding.
The throwing of the slipper after the
bride comes apparently from barbarous
times, when the relations of man and
wife were really very much akin to
those of master and slave, for it seems
tliat the shoe was an emblem of author
ity. and at an Anglo-Saxon marriage a
shoe was given by the bride's father to
her husband In token of transference
of power over her, the groom usually
indicating his appreciation of that fact
by tapping his new wife lightly on the
head with it.
Coral From Italy.
Much of tlio costly red, white and
pink coral used for ornamental pur
poses Is obtained from the coast of
Italy. Men go out in boats and drag
the rocky bottom of streams with
wooden frames or nets, in which the
coral becomes eutaugied, but the del
icate branches are crushed in this way.
The finest coral is obtained by diving.