Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, January 23, 1902, Image 1

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Great After-Holidays I
Clearance Sale j
Wi jus: finished up to the Holidays by far the larg- fj
e.-t bti-i.-iw. have tv»y had. Now for the after part of the fj
seas u —«. «•; nf ir to equal or, if possible, surpass the fere- ji
■an. W« «r; a•-*'■*rr niT>t 5-lmes for w inter are sold before the M
H'»lid i". -. • ■? w ;;r«: -.joino ro offer inducement* which anyone jj
wlv.i-. fi ljr • f b-yine footwear the next two or three
t i •'t fiord to mi»s We are df teimined to turn ||i
everv p; r ■ t b It and slioc S ill this store into -none} betwci.il F
no*, u>d -pinj.
Greatest Bargains Ever Offered in Butler, j
| i'"jarv 10 we commence to take stock. We want to re- ■
duce or tock :> toic that tim •, and fro in n v till then -.ve L
a;e ii j! •> 11 :o f- regardless of cos*. ( -ur immense trade |
necosiiaud us c rijing a very large si< ck, uhich must now S
» r ui*» <1 i to 11 »ney. These are all clean, in a- g .irs bought p
t!:j-• < if r -p. t cash and made by the very bot in n i - R
:u us !»• ■ •uiiir> ; the) came in all the difVri nt inattn fe
Sand i<• fir ihe very latest and prettiest new (!• sig s.
ft B
, • i i» a genuine after lul.tys cle trance s le, -i i' fj
ml* : *i i |>air of boots a'.d >1; es i • this store ;s ' J r,, ed b
H i-itu > • . . It includ sev r* thi.nrj in :h" 1-ne of fo . .vear r|
h w.in i i c ui-! every day footwear, men's fine an<: every I
.1. i.. I'.m ir, boy's, girls' and infai.t.' tine ;nd tv.r day pi
s- .. , Ab 'ir.'.-t go; do not wait till you a»c ne--t3ing them. Ej
b come at ome, as the are always picked out first.
2 Two Large Bargain Counters. 2.
•A •• h >ve put up two bargain c .uiiters; have gone t
lu - i-totk, picked out a'l lines .vhicli were short some R
•-iz - a >•: have put them on these counter* at a fracta l "f what f
ii O'St 10 make them
Which are only a few of the many great bargains we j|
are offering.
One lot of the well known Herrick 13.00 shoes for ladies—s3 00
stamped on sole —go at £2 21 j
fine lot (sizes slightly broken) of the $3 50 Delsaite shoes for ladies -
♦3 50 s'.ami>e<l on so>—go at 169
The above two well known makes come in enamel, box calf, p.tent j
l '-ther and vici kid; light or heavy soles and button or lace.
A lot of Men's l>ox toe shoes, made for drillers and tool dressers, go at 2.J £
A lot of Men's good tolid every day shoes, tap sole, pegged, buckle
or lace, go fet ,9^ r [
A htof Mm s fine shoes in vici kid or calf, were $1 50 and $1 75,
now go at 1 15
.V lot of Men'* fine shoe in call skin, lace or Congress, were $1 25
a and $1 50, now go at 95c
A lot of Women's every day calf skin shoes, were ft 00 and *1 25,
n«.w go at 65c
A lot of Misses' calf skin shoes, wfere $ 00, now go at 50c
The weather man telU us the hardest of the winter is yet to coine, and
for cold vvestlier nothing is so seiviceable as a pair of good felt boots. We
have had a very inrge trade on thes» goods, but on account of the immense
amount of felts an'' rubbers we bought last fall w* ire still over-loaded, so
we ba\e decided to lose money on every pair of rubbers and felt boots sold
from now until every pair is gone. Following are a few of the prices they i
will go at:
Men's fell boots fit with good overs—whole outfit go at 35 >
Mrn's felt boots fit with good snagproof overs—whole outfit go at 175 ■
Boy's felt boots fif with good overs go at $1 15 and I 35 !
Men's first quality gum boats, kind with rough tip on tof~, go at 2to j
Men's storm king high top gum boots, first quality, go at 2 40 5,
Hoys' goal first quality gum boots, rough tip on toe, go at 1 50 y
Women's gtnn boots, first quality, go at , 1 00 ■
* C. E. MILLER'S *
a i..,r
i! 18th Semi-Annual f
i | Sacrifice Sale, j
; ;our Semi-Annual Sacrifice Sale Takes Place as Usualv
;; Beginning Wednesday, Jan. Bth, and continuing |
< y The many inquires wc arc receiving daily asking if we in-ij
to hive our sale testifies to the popularity of these Sacri-3j
11 Sales among our many patrons who have been benefited byjj
. .attending them in the pa't. We are anxious to make this sale*
! the biggeat success of all previous sales, and shall do so byV
I oflering our at prices you connot resist. We cannotV
I quote all price*—only a few—consequently it will pay you
I 'make us a personal visit. €j
; ; / j
1 mi / All Wraps, Suits and Fur» /
( > P|T| OA I All Waists, Wrapper; and Dressing Sacques.^J
< fVUVI ■IIW \ All Millinery—trimmed and untrimmed. fl
. I . ' All Mtialins, Calicoes and Ginghams. jft
I > • j Underwear, Hosiery and Gloves. X
/vm / Ail I,aces, Knibioideiies«S: Dress Trimmings
{ I Ivvw wllj All Blankets-woolen and cotton. fj
\ All Lace Curtains and Portiers. t#
:: ... 1 i
. . Sacrifice prices for cash only. Come early to secure first choice X
'Sale begins WEDNESDAY, JANUARY Bth, 1902
l[Mrs. J. E. Zimmerman!
subscribe for the CITIZEN
ahe Cure thai Saras J
p Ge &£?&&, 4]
\ GoiiiSf j
k) Grippe, §,
V, Whooping r.-sufjh, As'hna, /
Bronchitis and Incipient /.
. eJ Consumotion, Is {Z
r" TIT TIT '^l
ift 11 a i : $h Q u
-f'<T W
t CV ** & If* J
! g The German remedy"
t\iv4S tWiA uti-i o ,c —" v J
| 25 lis
preserves aud pickles, sj read
a thin coating o(
5" Will keep at.?• lut'*ly moisture* and I
' Kj is H
boose. Fail «lirecilon» hi each package. ■
Dru A "* lßt [™«g
Ely's Cream Balm |Fy
Gives Relief at once.
It cleanse*, snntheq and
h' tiic difeea-ed mem
brane. It cur-•„ Catarrh % «'
a'.'l drivee away ft Cold U£i V |» S~ If !p K
in tlie Head quickly- It "MI 8 *» W oil
in clworfoed. ll<-al« and Protects the Membrane.
!(■ utore* the Seizes of 'I a-to and Smell. KuJl eiy-o
50c.: Trial Size I<'<\: at Druggists or by mail.
ELY BKOTUEKB, 60 Warren Street, -New York.
El B n
li U
kl Johnston's pj
Beef, Iron and Wine
r|| Best Tonic B j
M and Fb
Blood Purifier. B1
Price, 50c pint. F«
LI Prepared and WA
& i sold
4 Johnston's M
fl M
?y Crystal [«
ii Pi
N It. M. LOO AN. Ph. a . t T
VA ,o,i N. Main ft., Butler, Pa
I loth 'Phon» h Vr A
N Everything in the M
drug line.
r 4rv "%.>'
flk^i +* LIT. ..• l^dfl
Hew Liver" Barn
W. J. Black
Is doing business in his new barn
which Clarence Walker has erected
for him. All boarders and team
ster-. guarranteed gooti attention
Barn just acrc.ss the street frcm
Hotel Butler,
lie h is room for fifty horses.
People's Phone. No. 250.
Karl Schluchter,
, Practical Tailor and Cutter
125 W. Jefferson, Br.tler, Pa
Bushelina, Cleaninq arid
Q The c ilory of a Poor Tonn; Man's
Visit to (lie Country Seat Q
Q of b Rich I'riend. 5
The lace curtain was limp with rain,
the wind \vs of tlio house opposite re
flected tl:o clouds, and Little Cupe'a
own window si!! was blistered with lit
tle backs of rain on which floated to
bacco atoms. Little Cupe felt much as
tho day looked. "Go anyway." en
couraged the medical students.
The day before Little Cupe had seen
Eb (all the medical students knew Eb,
for he had been one of the more dis
tinguished men in college), and Cupe
h::d told his medical mates that Eb
had invited him to spend Sunday at
his home in the country. The medical
6tudi nt knew that Eb had colored car
riage!* and when at col!e-p had dined
with the most exclusive families.
They saiJ he was "a darned bright
man" and always talked earnestly and
bravely when they met him.
E'» was now a lawyer In his tirst
year's practice "and doing darned
well," they had wisely agreed.
Little Cape had begun the recital of
his invitation as if "it was nothin',"
but had grinned with delight before he
had ended it. and had dilated that a
lot of girls from the neighboring
houses would be there with a young
The fact that E'> ha-1 once given a
theater party was the bar's of Cupe's
belief that he always entertained.
But now T.ittle Cupe wasn't sure if
he had 1 <?o:i invited. Possibly Eb had
said. "Drop in some time, and we'll go
out for Sunday." or. "Let me know
how yo"' doing. Drop in some Sat
urday, and we'll ko out Sunday."
"Go on. Cupe!" the medical students
yelled again. They were doubtless sin
Suddenly a puff of determination car
ried him to the closet. He had decided
nothing consciously. From its drawers
he pulled two white shirts, seven single
cuffs, six collars and two changes of
other clothes (only 15 per cent, diluted,
of tls se things bore Little Cupe's own
red stamped mark) and was shaking
the creases out of a dress suit-
"Drop it!" yelled one medical stu
dent. "I've got to wear it this even
ing." All the rest had to wear theirs
too. "Lord, we're sorry." Cupe's own
was torn and hadn't been mended. "I
can't go." said he. depressed and look
ing frightened.
"Sure >u can. Eb and the girls will
Eb sat In his own "box," his desk
topped by two rows of fresh leather
Jtooks and a black tin box, ■ Ito Moul
ton." The senior offices opened through
the sunny doorways back of him. With
business precision he was deciding that
lie would not stay In town that night,
but would go fo his home for a nine
hours' sleep and in the morning drive
to a friend's for the day. With a busi
ness chin rraphy that had made Little
Cupe whe :i he had seen it predict for
him a trust presidency he started to
write to his friend to said effect (see
above). But he noticed the door.
"Come I i," said Eb.
For till. ty seconds a shadow had
been hovering over Its gray glass. Lit
tie Cupe was outside trying to muster
courage to knock. At Eb's voice he
couldn't go down the elevator, so he
prctendt 1 he had not heard him and
made tl. glass shiver.
"Come in!" called Eb.
With a frightened little grin Cupe en
tered. Ilis h:.nds felt cold. He shut tho
door so that it would not disturb any
body. He held behind him bis birthday
dress suit case.
"flow are you, Cupe?" Eb was al
ways glad to sec his friends. "Sit
down. I'll be with you in a minute."
And be handed him a fragrant box of
cigars. "Have one."
C'npe took one and held his dress suit
case in his lap. but be didn't smoke, for
he had no matches. Those cigars had
always Impressed him, and he had
oflen told his medical students that
lie occasionally dropped into Eb's of
fice and smoked his cigars.
Eb continued writing to his friend
that lie would be there tomorrow and,
handing the note to a messenger who
came from the main office—Cupe was
greatly impressed—said, "Special de
livery," and then, leaning back, added:
"Well, Cupe, what can I do for you?"
as if surveying a client.
The stone faees through the window
grinned fiendishly.
"Nothin'," answered Cupe. "I was
bringin' this empty dress suit case
from a store"—he pointed indefinitely
out toward the street—"and Just stop
ped In. I'm goin' right along; got to
go now." He arose meekly and held
out his hand, which felt as If its veins
pulsed with mist. When he said "emp
ty" dress suit case, the two white
shirts, seven separate cuffs, six col
lars and two changes of other clothes
weighed heavy with guilt.
"Can't you come out to dinner?" Eb
thought Cupe would erijoy that more
than his boarding house.
"Haven't any dross suit." Eb assur
ed him it made no difference, not the
least. He believed all Little Cupe had
said. Cupe, after deliberating a prop
er while whether he could get away,
said he guessed he could go; he'd be
glad to.
Kb's house bkl In a park and was
dwelt In by two maidservants, one
manservant and a chatty housekeep
er. There was but little entertaining,
though Kb occasionally brought homo
some friend for the night.
The room In which Little C'upe now
stood w:>s pink with flowered wall
paper, flowered chairs and a flowered
quilt on the bed. He had bjen shown
Into this bower by a man with side
whiskers and a strange dress suit and
who had been very polite. When the
man had bent to lift Cupe's dress stilt
case, Cupe had said, "No, no, no,
thanks," and told him and Eb and the
chatty housekeeper, who were also In
the hall, that he would carry It up
stairs himself, for he needed the exer
Ills unfolded dresM suit caso surged
with his two white shirts, seven sepa
rate cuffs, six collars and the two
changes of other clothes. Then he
heard girlish voices In the hall; they
must be the dinner guests chaperoned
by some young wife from across the
hedges. They were really the two
"Knuckle, knuckle," deferentially on
the door.
"Come In," said Cui>e. In poked the
side whiskered head of the butler or
porter. "Will you have a cocktail,
Cape's own head was full of dress
suits, so he thought the butler said,
"Will you have a coattall?"
"Yes, please," answered Cupe, and
while waiting for the dress suit to come
began deciding between his two white
shirts in the case.
"Knuckle, knuckle," again on thei
door, Cupe hoped the suit *"■
But it was Eb who entered.
"Knuckle." The butler entered with
the cocktail.
"And the coat tail?" inquired Little
Cupe ll<- said this partly to Eb. lie
would let lih.. upbraid his own serv
ant. Eb f'.:ired:*«. le b'ftler stared; the
house seemed to sigh to Little Cupe.
There had been no relieving feature
to the situati n. Eb th ught Cupe
might have meant to say some indefi
nite jokes; the butler or porter proba
bly thought so too. Cupe was now at
the dining r oin table with his napkin
fallen to his feet, where he was un
able to pick it up. He had entered the
dining ro in very erect, for he had er
pectod to lind the invited girls there
and wanted them to be favorably im
pressed and whisper to each other, but
he learned he was to be alone with
Eb and his only conquest the courses.
'le didn't know how to take all of
them out of the platters, but that same
p rtcr rr butler was a valuable man
and did it for him
After the dinner Little Cupe felt
much relieved. He discussed the pai'it
for he had taken a conrs; in
"fine arts" once as a "snap" and ■ uok
cd many cigars, lie didn't kn when
to rtop smoking, and Eb in"' .led.
That's about all th I happened to
Little Cupe. Eb, who at last realized
that Cu;,_> had expected to stay over
Su.iday. if not a week, explained to
him that he himself, unfortunately,
had to be away for the day, but urged
Cupe to remain and have at his dis-
I osal the house and horses.
">."o. thanks; no," said Cupe. "I
promised the fellows I would be back
for church."
This latter tale was unfortunate, for
Cui e had to rise in the morning earlier
than he would have otherwise.
He felt much like this story, which
star ed with graphic enthusiasm and
then wilted away like a bashful school
-loy But you should have heard the
reasons he rave the medical students
why he didn't stay over Sunday. Nice
Little Cupe! New York Commercial
The Oltl I'lkemen.
In the days when the musket was in
its infancy as a defense against charg
ing cavalry it was almost useless. It
was as much as could he hoped for If
the musketeer got off one shot, to a
certainty badly directed, owing to the
eccentricities of his weapon, before the
horsemen would be on him. Conse
quently we find that the pikeman was
a person of considerable importance,
and in a volume of 1059 the most elab
orate instructions are given to govern
the drill and tactics of the pikeinen,
who in action were, as a rule, placed
in bodies among the musketeers to
stand the brunt of the shock of the
cavalry attack.
And we learn from history that these
pikemen did valiant service on occa
sion; for instance, when the pikemen
of the London trained bands withstood
the repeated and desperate assaults of
Prince Rupert's cavaliers. But their
drill was no child's play. For example,
in the pages devoted to "The Postures
and Charges of the Pike" we And the
"And here. Fellow Souldier. whoever
thou art, thou maist perceive that there
are no more than «»i Postures of tho
rike and foure Charges, that is to say,
to the Front, Reer, and both Flanks."
—Contemporary Review.
Pppnllnrlllo of I.lclien*.
The lichen is remarkable for the great
ape to which it lives, there being good
grounds for believing that the plants
endure for KM) years. Their growth
is exceedinr'y slow, almost beyond be
lief, indicating that only a little nour
ishment is necessary to keep them
alive. In a dry time they have the
power to suspend growth altogether,
renewing it again at the fall of rain.
This peculiarity alone is enough to
make the lichen a vegetable wonder,
as it is a property possessed by no oth
er species of plant.
Another interesting fact about li
chens Is that they grow only where the
ait* is free from dust and smoke. They
ma.v be said to lie a sure indication of
tho purity of the air, as they are never
found growing in cities and towns,
where (lie atmosphere is Impregnated
With dust, soot, smoke and other im
In the IlnkONhop.
"Dear me," sighed the bread dough,
'I would like a raise."
"All right," said the yeast cake,
'wait a minute, and I'll set you to
#ork."—Philadelphia Bulletin.
Boys have no more business with tar
get guns and air rifles than men with
pistols.—Nashville Amerlc in.
There Wai Too Much Time Fintllnir
Out Jon) AVIio lie Wtin.
Thi're were eight of us smoking our
after supper cigars on the hotel veran
da when a small man with a great
deal of bustle and energy In Ills move
ments called out in a general way:
"Gentlomen, is there a general out
"I am a general, sir," replied one of
the group as he half rose and bowed.
"Yes? Ah! Glad to see you, general,"
continued the little man as ho advanc
ed and shook hands. "Now, then, have
we any colonels present?"
"I am a colonel," replied three men
In chorus as they followed the gen
eral's example.
"Ila! Glad to see you, colonels
very glad," said the little man as he
extended a band to each In succession.
"Let's see! Have we a Judge among
us here this evening?"
"We have," replied two of the four
"So glad to see you, Judges so glad!
Shake bands. Beautiful evening, this!
1 presume you two other gentlemen
bear tlio respective titles of major and
"We do," said the pair of us.
"Ah! Glad to know It awfully
glad! Major and professor, shake
hands. Might have a little more rain,
but we can't find much fault with this
"And who are you, tf you please?"
asked the general.
"I? Oh, I'm only an ex-governor, an
ex-cabinet officer, an ex-congressman
and at present raising six million dol
lars to put another railroad bridge
across the Missouri river. Keep your
seats, gentlemen. I wouldn't think of
intruding my company on such a dis
tinguished assembly!"
Next day, when we found out that
he was only a drummer for a Cincin
nati shoe factory, he had departed, and
we couldn't give him the licking he
deserved. M. QUAD.
"What are marsupials?" asked the
teacher, and Johnny was ready with
his answer.
"Animals that have pouches In their
stomachs," In- said glibly.
"And for what are these pouches
used?" asked the teacher. Ignoring the
slight inaccuracy of the answer. "I'm
sure that you know that too."
"Yes'm," said Johnny, with encour
aging promptness. "The pouches are
for them to crawl into and conceal
themselves when nursued."—Exchange. 1
The Sonthcrn Conpea ar.d Tall Corn
Fro:n (lie l'liilipplneM.
The following are among the notable
things of which mention is made in
Rural New Yorker:
The cut shows a single volunteer
plant of the Black Renovator cnwpea.
which grew in the garden cf a Penn
sylvania farm the past seas n. Tho
plaut completely covered a circle
twelve feet in diameter. The stem
was three-quarters of an inch in diam
e'er where it entered the ground and
wa still growing rapidly when taken
i:p Sept. '£\. This plant did not cowie
V' m 4%
. /fi
v ii M
to the blossoming sta«;e owing to the
abnormal season. Last year the Black
ltenovator matured seed on this same
ground. The grower says:
"Cowpeas have come to stay at this
farm, it was formerly claimed that
this plant was of doubtful value this
far north (latitude of Cleveland, 0.),
but our experience has proved the er
ror of such claims. We have grown
chiefly the Early Black, but have also
tried other varieties, notably Warren's
Early and Renovator. On the whole,
the Early Black gives as good growth
of vines as any. Besides, the seed is
much cheaper to buy and much easier
to shell if we save our own seed.
With us all the varieties mentioned
matured seed in 1900.
"Our favorite method In tho future
will be to mow a portion of our mead
ow land, say, during the fore part of
June, Imniedia'olv fit the soil and seed
to cowpeas, using a small quantity of
chemicals. As soon as the vines are
frosted plow under and seed to rye,
using lime, the i ■'> be turned under
the i>ex f spring for potatoes. Soy beans
have promise with us. We shall try
sowing a mixture of cowpeas and soy
beans next season."
A Massachusetts man writes; "June
28, ISOfi, I sowed cowpeas in a worn
out pasture—light, sandy soil. In Octo
ber, after several severe frosts, I plow
ed the peas -n light crop— and sowed
rye. In the following .spring tho rye
was plowed in and eorn planted, with
no manure to sneak of. The result
was a crop of corn which was a sur-
I rise, considering the soil, due to the
peas. These were the Black. Since
then I have sown cowpeas every year
for green manuring and fodder with
good results, using the Whippoorwiii,
which Is smaller, earlier and makes a
better growth than the Black. This
variety readily matures a crop here in
central Massachusetts."
A northern Now York correspondent
considers cowpeas n grand thing in
light, sandy soil ami would as soon
hare a good growth of cow peas to turn
under as the general run of manure,
and they ore a great deal cheaper.
In New Hampshire, in latitude 4.'!,
they made a tine growth and opened
A Long Islander sends The Rural
New Yorker a picture of corn on his
place 10 feet <> Inches to 18 feet in
• ~ 'V
height. The seed cauie from Luzon,
Philippine Islands, but the corn is said
not to crow to that height there. It
was planted without any care or culti
vation and with an idea that it would
not grow on Long Island, not to speak
of its enormous height. The corn Is
red. round, beadlike and very easy to
I hell. The stalks are very hard and
'itrong. withstanding the winds bettor
than the domestic, regardless of its
height. The leaves are long, wide and
The quality of apples this season does
aot correspond with the high price.
lilllinu anil DroMliiK—Dry Plelilnj*
mid Sen id i nu;.
From the approach of Thanksgiving
on till after the winter holidays the
dressing of poultry takes on much im
portance. Tin iv are two methods of
dressing ducks for in ;rkct, by dry
picking and by I'aldiiit. and these
have been describe I by an authority on
the subject as follow,- I'.oth of these
methods are g I are being sue
ic -sflllly cmpln; •! I> tie- l.irge.t rals
era. Some have a preference for dry
picking ai.d oliit i fi !' ' -aiding, and it
only beeoni s a in. . r■ ft <te which
method is ii! d. When birds are dress
ed by scalding, they should be dipped
several t!jn< s or until the feathers
come cait easily. The back should be
dipped in the water Or I. Aff r scald
ing wipe I hem as drj as po ible with
a sponge and pick the breast feathers
first. A bird when dressed for market
has left on It the feathers on the wing,
tbe tail feathers and the feathers on
head and neck. Tbe I 's are left on,
tttul the birds nr not ;awn.
The | i • f <ii .v p • : consid
ered the fin:; ; i «.t i>. two methods,
and one who is aeoiisto'** ' •« •
work can readily dress three dozen
birds in a day. The picker's outfit con
sists of a chair, a box for the feathers
and a couple of knives, one knife Iteing
dull and the other being sharp pointed
and double edged for bleeding. The
bird is taken between the knees, the
bill held open with the left hand and a
cut made across the roof of the mouth
Just below the eyes. The bird is then
stunned by striking its head against a
post or some hard substance. The
picker seats himself in the chair, with
the bird in his lap. its head held firmly
between one knee and the box. The
feathers are carefully sorted while
picking, the pins are thrown away, and
the body feathers, with the down, are
thrown into the box. Care should lie
taken about this, as the feathers from
i acli bird wi'l weigh about two ounces
: Lid will quite pay for the picking.
The dull knife and the thumb are
list d to remove the long piufcathers.
nnd this should be done without tear
ing the rk\u. The dowu can usually
be rubbed off by slightly moistening
the hand and holding the skin tight.
Often some of the pins cannot be taken
ut without taring and disfiguring the
■'' ; j ■ jy
skin. When such Is the case, they
should be shaved off. Seven or eight
minutes i 3 all the time necessary to
dress a bird.
After the birds are picked they
should be carefully washed and plump
ed by placing in a tank or barrel of ice
water. They are hardened in this ice
water and given a rounded and full ap
The ducks are then packed In bar
rels or boxes and shipped to market.
The first or bottom layer Is packed
w'th backs down, a layer of ice is then
placed over them, and all other layers
are packed with the breasts down, a
layer of ice being between each layer
of ducks. The top of the box or bar
rel is then rounded off with ice and
covered with burlaps. A flour barrel
will bold about three dozen birds.
Some raisers use boxes for shipping
and have the empties returned free.
niiohnrb. Chicory, Tarrairon nnd
Otlier Herbs For Winter.
For :► continuous supply of rhubarb
for forcing it Is preferable to lift just
enough for a first batch, covering other
roots required In their growing quar
ters with a heavy coating of straw ma
nure or. In fact, anything that will re
sist a large amount of frost, so that
it can easily be dug Dec. 1 or Jan. 1
unless a good, cool, moist cellar Is
available for storage. Under those cir
cumstances it is bettor to leave it in
the ground as long as possible and on
approach of severe weather dig up
what is wanted and place in the cellar
to be brought out as wanted. If it is
preferred to grow in tubs, large roots
can be split with safety. Tubs and
boxes can be dispensed with In forcing,
if room in a warm cellar Is available,
by placing the roots on the floor and
packing between with soil.
Ithubarb Is very accommodating and
can be forced by any one having a
warm cellar. It may take a little longer
to come with some, where a surplus of
heat Is not available, but come it sure
ly will If given any chance at all, and
Is much more delicate In ttavor, and to
many, if not all, more palatable than
the outdoor grown.
Such things as tarragon, mint and
Chives, If not lifted, should be protect
ed with a covering, so that tlivy can be
got at any time before Jan. 1, or per
haps the better plan Is to lift and iilaut
In deep tlats, placing them in a cold
frame so that a flat at a time may be
brought in and placed In heat as re
linked for forcing.—American Garden
A Proud Record.
"As to the Filipinos being natural
liars," said the army officer who had
just put In two years in the islands,
"I had a servant whom I had to find
fault with for carelessness. I finally
got tired of reprimanding him and told
him to go, and he turned on me with
tears in his eyes and said:
'"Yes, I know I am careless, but I
think you might overlook It.'
" 'But why should I?' I asked.
" 'Because you will never get such
another liar a I nm. I have been with
you over four months and never told
the truth once!'"
Family I'rldr. Subtle lle
j" —————— Kate—l never
ki-'j liked iny broth
2*. U,-«/ \ cr-ln-law.
l.Wi fyC* [" A I.a nra Why
rvJ t' don't you knit
[for a Christina!
afcjH ' / ijl. \ 5 ervllle Journal.
■ I IMW( A Sllll Conn
it It , "These moon
* . shiners are very
If- -j*-- quiet while they
alarm about the
Girl-My sister's approach of the
revenue offl
got smallpox! cers."
Boy—Gam! That's "Sort of a
, still alarm, eh ?"
nuffin. My farver s olile a. k o
got six years! (News.
Curlona lln okl>ler.
"Will you get wings when you go to
heaven?" asked little Elsie of her fa
ther, who Is baldhcaded.
"Yes, dear," he replied.
"And will they put feathers on your
head, too, papa V" she persisted.—Uhlo
State Journal.
Pie ii For Enmltr.
"You should love your neighbor as
"Of course, but there are times when
n fellow Is considerably disgusted with
himself."—Chicago Post.
He'd Tnkr Ilia Chances.
"Would you go over Niagara In a
bar'l, Weary?"
-"If de liar'l wuz f, ill «' beer, I.linpy,
I reckon I'd take my chaices."—Cleve
land ['lain Dealer.
„ tr- " ~~ ,
Drlrellvra Helped by Trivial Dimio
truiftlainjf Slgrns Your Kye. Your
Klnnfr Naila, Yuur Clothe* or Your
Build May llevfal Yon.
Everybody carries about with him
many trivial distinguishing marks by
meaus of which a shrewd detective can
discover his identity. Take the matter
of clothes. -Most men get all their clotb
iug from the same tailor, but whether
one does or not and however careful he
may be to cut off every tag ami mark
the tailor who made the clothes can
identify them. Thread, stitching, but
tons, linings—all tell their own tale.
More especially do those extras which
the tailors «:'"1 "specials." These are the
extra pockets, fountain pen or pencil
l> <-U"ts, eyeglass i»ockets. watch pock
ets lined with wash leather, cigar, tick
et. Cask and inner waistcoat pockets.
It v. ill be remembered that !t was by
mear.s of a trousers button thr.t the
identity of Xorcross, the mau who tried
to blow up Kussell Sage, was discov
Ti en your finger nails are liable to
l> y A:; manicure will tell you
u.ai a laki - lu uvceu KC> and KJu days
for aii v. " r :er rail !o grow upon the
1; t.f a i ;u ordinary health, ac
«• - t" li age. the nail growing
<j': r <ui il.e ymiug aiul slower on the
oi.i. i .. ;• i or other i: ark re
ceive ;I • u :i.e *. .ite crescent at the base
of . i.«i; 1 take uearly four months
to t! . .
11 . wledge of this fact that
euaii.nl a «':i t > iive to arrest the forger
S | i i.i l'aris some time ago. He
lianud f. iii Simpson's landlord in
Bristol that a window lad fallen upon
the man's ami and bruised his thumb
so:.!" lime iu .he first week of March,
a IV\> > I: .' re he disappeared.
Four i:;r!i hs later, wlieu the detec
tive i.iet S ! ;isi'ii in Paris, the black
spot w as disappearing from the tip
ef tie thii;;.b nail. It was the ouly
means ei' identification, for riiupsou, by
sha\ in:, his head aud dressing like a
priest, hail absolutely changed his ap
Some-time ago a criminal was brought
to justice bv the testimony of his own
watch, one which lie had carried for
years, lie was charged with murder,
and his defense was an alibi, which lie
nearly proved. lie said that he had not
been near tin? sceue of the murder for
three mouths, aud no testimony could
be produced that he was uot telling the
truth until one of the detectives who at
one time liad been a jeweler's appren
tice happened to look at the mail's
Inside the watch case, wrltteu in
signs that only a watchmaker could
read, was the evidence that the time
piece had been iu the hands of a re
pairer of watches the day before tho
murder. With the watch in his hands
the detective visited'the town near
which the murder had been committed
and went around from one jeweler's
shop to another until he found a watch
maker who recognized the timepiece as
one In which he had put a new main
spring on the day preceding the mur
der. Thus the alibi was broken down,
and the prisoner finally made a full con
Again, ouly oue man iu 215 is not
lopsided and badly put together. Many
u man who is a fine athlete and in
splendid physical health woukl be
amazed to find how unevenly he is
made up if lie should undergo tlie test
of u measuring tape. Either one arm
or oue leg Is longer than the other, oue
shoulder higher tiiau the other, or, still
more frequently, tho eyes are not the
sauio or placed In the bead In exactly
the same way.
People have been identified by the
fact that the pupil of one eye was lar
ger tlian tlint of tho other. The nose is
very seldom exactly straight, but
swerves a little to tlu> right or left,
though the defect is not noticeable to
the ordinary observer. Above ail, a man
wl.j Is starting out on a criminal career
should never go to a ('eutlst. The filling
of the teeth is a sure record, and even
If the criminal has all his teeth pulled
his false teeth will bo as sure a means
of identification.
"Turn" nnd "Cof."
As 11 rule a performer wnits for his
"turn" in the wings, having already
been "called" from the dressing room.
The word is almost exclusively In this
sense used iu the music halls and on
the variety stage. On the stage proper,
the stage of the drama, the word "cue"
Is used. An actor waits at the wings
for his "cue," which Is last word
of the actor or actress speaking, which
gives him his entrance or which, sup
posing him, the performer, to be on the
stage, indicates to him that It Is his
turn to carry on the dialogue and the
action of the play. "Extra turn" al
ii est Invariably means that a new per
former is having his first public trial
at that particular house. If he goes
well, he is tolerably sure of securing
an engagement.—Notes nnd Queries.
Wnnhliiffton In Ilanlneaa.
The fame of George Wnsliington as
soldier and president has thrown Into
the shade the business end of his eu
reer, and we have almost forgotten
that hi* was Immensely clever at a
horse trade. Hut for the Revolution lie
would have made his mark In the
transportation business. Of course lie
never thought of a railroad, but he
suggested the Chesapeake and Ohid ca
nal and was the first president of the
company that undertook the project,
lie also had his eye on the Mohawk
valley and would have dug the Erie
canal if our ancestors had not required
his services in tho matter of casting off
the British yoke. I believe It is histor
ic that General Washington examined
the ground in the course of the war -
New York Press.
South American Hor»e».
A great many of the horses of the
South American pampas are piebald.
When caught, at first they always kick
freely, aud it is often difficult to get
ladi'i.c and bridle on to them. When
properly broken, however, these liorsi s
lire curiously docile and will allow chil
drcn to mount them by' climbing up
their tails. When the gaucbos lasso a
wild horse on the plains, before tl.e
captive Is allowed to get on ills f« t
they cut the mane and tail close as
mark that the horse lias been mount
ed; this In case he should get awn
while being tamed, which, however, i>
an accident that does not often hap
"I*l n Money."
In days long ago pins were so ex
pensive that husbands gave »In i«•
wives certain allowances Just for
purpose of the costly luxury.
Hence we call the money given to .-t
woman for her own special use "| i t
money." Five centuries nfter <
wen invented the peddlers sun-- the
following rhymes as they went through
the stri-Hs In London:
Ten row* ■ penny, 01
tint ■ i; »P>-, OT
Hilti r lirsih. iroMi n | oi In,
T«u rowi a 01
1 DtQcult I'roppni, Requiring Tint*
n:>il Constant Care.
"It should be remembered," sai l the
live man, "that the constitution of an
olive is as dilit .«■ as that of a tender
child. From the time the crop Is
«red until it is tinally packed i!i '., ie
l<ott!.'s tht :v is not a moment which is
not fraught with the intensest an .icty
on the part of nil who handle the fruit.
No other pioduct requires such ion
(•taut application of the old maxim o?
'eternal vigilance' us olives.
"The ball i.egint» with the gathering
of the fruit. This is done in the late
summer or tally autumn, while the
t'ruit is still green and hard and alto
g ilier unsavory oil account of its in
tense i>itt< mesa. The olives are picked
by hand to prevent scratching and
bruising and then conveyed in carts or
on pack mules to the curing establish
ment. Olive ctiriug is a very delicate
and Intricate process, for which no
fixed nil; i can be laid down. A course
of treatment that in one instance
would prove successful might be abso
lutely ruinous in another. The business
of curing therefore calls for expert tal
ent and is always intrusted to a pro
fessional who brings to his task his
own skill and knowledge, supplement
ed by the xperience of generations of
.-insfeik who were curers In that par
ticular variety before him.
"The first step In the process of cur
ing is known us 'cooking.' When the
-.ait comes to the curing establish
ment, it is placed in large vats tilled
with n mixture of lime and water, in
which it undergoes a kind of fermen
tation. 'Cooking' Is merely a technical
name for this fermentation process.
"When tho fermentation has reached
a certain stage, a matter requiring any
where from a few hours to a few days,
the eurer gives the signal to withdraw
the plujrs. and the liquid is run off. Tho
olives are then thoroughly washed
with fresh water until they are bright
and clean and every trnce of lime is re--
moved. If you were to taste them now,
you would find that they had lost most
of their unpleasant bitterness.
"After washing the fruit is put In
casks filled with brine and the cask 9
exposed, bungs open, to the sun. This
induces a second fermentation, which
takes place more or less rapidly, ac
cording to the weathdr. However, as
Spain enjoys a fairly equable climate, a
period of from three to four weeks gen
erally suffices. Throughout this second
fermentation the olives keep throwing
off the brln-. so that the casks must be
Inspected daily and kept filled with
new brine of the required strength.
"Finally there comes a time when
they no longer throw off any brine.
They are then ready for 'sorting I —that
Is, for separation according to size and
quality. All that are perfect—of proper
color and free from scratches, spots
and other blemishes—are called 'select
ed;' the rest 'culls.' The various sixes
are known according to their weight,
80-90 meaning olives that count eighty;
to ninety to the kilo.
"After 'sorting,' the olives are then
put back into the casks, the bungs
driven in, and the whole is ready for
shipment to the American Importer."
"Do you begin to pack as soon as they
arrive in New York?" was the next
leading question.
"No, indeed! The long ocean voyage
affects olives as much as it does hu
man beings. They generally succumb
to 'seasickness' en route—that Is, we
find them in some stage of fermenta
tion on arrival, which requires our con
stant care until they recover."
"Doesn't this 'seasickness,' as you
call it, Impair the quality In any wayV
"Not at all. It only makes tho olive
man feel the burden of his responsi
bilities. In every stage of fermentation
there is a critical moment when he
must exercise the greatest care and
cautiou. If the olives recover, they are
really much Improved in quality. If
they don't, they are hopelessly ruined.
There is no intermediate condition."—
Arco Special.
The Anircr and (he Ensllith.
The late ameer of Afghanistan was
one of the shrewdest and strongest
men of his time. When the amount of
the Rrllish subsidy was being fixed
with him, it was explained that he
must do tills and that and the other.
"You remind me," said the ameer, "of
a Persian tiile. A certain man took a
piece of cloth to a tailor and said,
'Make me a morning dress out of It
and an evening dress and, while I
think of it. a working coat.' The tailor
did his best and brought them all as he
was told. I'.til they were of doll's size.
What more could he do with the cloth?"
The ameer was not a great admirer
of the Ifritisli system of government.
On one occasion a very high personage
was conferring with him and said In
relation to some matter, "That is a
very grave question, and I must refer
It to her majesty's government." The
iiuiccr. who did-not clearly distinguish
the parts of the Rrltish constitution,
replied: "When you ask me a question,
I am able to answer at once; when I
ask you one you say you must first
ask 7<X) other gentlemen. I prefer our
Afghan way of doing business."
New South Walen Sheep.
The first sheep Imported Into New
South Wales arrived In the year 1788,
when a flock of twenty-nine Indian
sheep were brought from Calcutta.
They were not a very promising lot,
"small and unsightly, having large
heads, Roman noses, drooping ears,
narrow chests and shoulders, with high
curved hacks and very long legs; hav
ing. moreover, coarse and frequently
black wool mixed with hair, the latter
preponderating." They throve mar
vclously. and, being judiciously crossed
with sheep of a better stamp Imported
from England, tlie hair gradually dis
appeared and gave place to a fleece.
The first consignment of wool from
Australia to England arrived In IbOC,
the shipment weighing 245 pounds.
Aaphnlt and Trees.
Experience In the east In regard to
the effect of asphalt pavement upon
trees by the roadside has taught ob
servers that the Influence of the Im
pervious pavement depends upon tho
character of the soil. Where there Is
a substratum of rock the trees will
suffer, because the pavement will pre
vent moisture from reaching the roots
from above, from which direction all
nourishment for the trees must come.
On the other hand, where there Is
deep soil the roots will flnd plenty of
nourishment under the pavement,
which serves to keep the moisture
from evaporating and holds It In sup
ply for the trees.
It will probably be found that where
trees have died as a result of asphalt
ing the roots were cut by the exca
vators for the concrete foundation.
Trees which are thus robbed of roots
must be deprived of branches sufficient
to offset the loss of nourishment The
builders of cement footpaths are also
responsible for the Injury of a good
many trees. They chop out all the
roots that Interfere with the laying of
a cinder foundation, nnd some trees
have their main roots very close to the
surface of the soil.—Exchange.