Newspaper Page Text
THE LARGEST AND MOST COMPLETE
STOCK WE HAVE EVER HAD.
\f „ OL aa „ All the latest styles in Men's Shoes.
XTAVJII fe UllUrb full line of Men's Patent Calf Shoes —the
very latest stjies, $3.00, $3.50, $5.00 and S6OO. \ ici-kid and Box-
Calf Shoes $1.50 to $5 00 Also a complete stock of Men's Patent
Leather and Vici-kid Oxfords in the latest styles.
Boy's and Youth's Shoes,
the 1; test styles. Spring la<ts, are very attractive. We have a full stock i
of Hoy's and Li;tie Gents' Shoes in Patent Calf, Box Calf, \ ici-Kid. |
Ladies Fine Shoes—SoUoSlS—The
New Shoe for Women »£ £ * £L"VK|
com fori ab : . aul All styles. "AAA to E.' We have a
large a.-.-ortuient •• f the Celebrated Carter Comfort Shoes and especi- j
all> recommeud them for their comfort giving qualities.
Misses' and Children's Shoes. the^ru
The most complete stock of Misses'and Chiidrtri's Shoes tve have
ever had. Ail the new styles in fine Dongola Tan, Red and Patent
Leather. All sizes, "A to EE," ranging in price from SI.OO to $3.00.
All Winter Goods to be closed out regardless of cost.
Special bargains in Felt Boots and Rubber Goods of all kinds.
HIGH IRON STANDS with four lasts at 50c.
Sole % Leather cut to any amount you wish to purchase.
128 SOUTH MAIN STREET. - - BUTLER, PA j
20thCentury UNCd TftW'Q 20th Century
Shoe Sale nUOCL I Uli O Sboe Sale
Greatest of all Shoe Sales!
Begins January 17, at 9:30
After stock taking we find broken sizes and odd lots all through
this immense stock which must be sold.
Great Price Concessions Counteract
January lull in trade and made it one of our busy months. Just
think of it. Strictly high grade Footwear marked to se'l at a Fourth,
a Third and a Half less than our regular prices. For instance. Shoes
that we set I regularly for SI.OO and fi.25 now selling for 50c Those
at S2.ooJJ ai d $2.50, now $1.45 and $1.85. Others at i.2£ and
$1.50 now 75c and 95c.
Iriesistible Values Compel Prudent People to Purchase
This price cutting reaches every line and these values are not
equaled in any shoe.house in Butler.
Come before the lots are broken. Sale begins THURSDAY,
JANUARY 17, at 9:30 These goods sold only for cash.
B. C. HUSELTON'S.
Uat Uir's Leading PhoeHouitw. Opposite Hotel Lowry
in I I Men don't buy clothing for the
jj] j Iw/J/ I II TJI auipofe of spending money. They -JT
liKr L J/) Pj desire to get the best possible re- Jjj
jLJIN fx* .if A T tulls lor the money expended. Not
X4lr WWSTmSto\ cheap goods but goods as cheap as
they can be sold for ind made up
properly. If you want the correct
* . thing at the correct price, call and .
\ lliliU I I ' examine our large stack of FALL I ,
' .1 1 - A , TEST STYLES, SHADES
Fit and WorkmanshiD Guaranteed.
G. F. KECK, Merchant Tailor,
142 North(Main Street Butler, Pa
Important - Announcement!
We Have Sold Our Store Property.
In consequence thereof will offer our
entire stock of Diamonds, Watches,
Clocks, Jewelry, <fcc., at Auction. Com
mencing, Saturday, February 23rd, at
2:30 p. m Sales every day at 2:30
and 7:30 p. m. until stock is sold out.
112 South Main St., - Butler Pa
.T fared an d Nervous
It is easy to tell when your nerve-force "Overwork and business cares run ma
and vital power are slipping away from down in health until I was so nervous and
you. When your day's work loaves you sleepless that I could not rest at night,
weary and exhausted; when you are so I have taken a number of advertised remo
nervous, irritable and sleepless that your dies, but never found anything that would
nights are passed in restless tossing; when quiet and sootho the overtaxed nerves as
you get up in the morning with no appe- quickly as Dr. Miles' Nervine. One dose
tite for breakfast, and go around all day before retiring, after a hard day's work at
with a headache; you may be sure your tho store, makes mo sloop as peacefully
nervous strength is being used up faster as a babo." S. E. WILLOUGHBY,
than it is being renewed. Clydo N Y.
DJ*. Miles 9 Nervine
Gives the tortured nerves a rest, helps them regain their tone and steadiness, and is a
speedy romedy for nervous troubles of every kind.
Soli fcy all droggists on a guarantee, Dr. Miles Medical Co., Elkhart, lad.
THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
I H u plLLS\
Roused the tcr | pid liver, and cure
biliousness, sick M headache, jaundice,
nausea, tion, etc. They are in
valuable to prevent a cold or break up a
fever. Mild, jrentle, certain, they are worthy
your confidence. Purely vegetable, they
can be taken by children or delicate women.
Price, 25c. at ail medicine dealers or by mail
of C. I. HOOD I Co., Lowell, Mass.
and is the result of r.nd mga CCIDI
sudden climatic changes, mm ts *c in
For your Protection FEVEr «y JM
we positively state tu.it this
remedy does not contain hm - JKa|
mercury or any other injur- N
Ely's Cream Balm^iS3
is acknowledged to be the most thoronph cure for
NSSAI Catarrh, Cold in Head and Ilay Fever of all
remedies. It opens and cleanses the nasal passa _*e&,
allays pain and inflammation, hc-als the % pro
tects tne membrar e from cold*, restores Uie «•< «es
of taste and smell. Price 6«) c. at Dniggi-taor t»y mail.
ELY BROTH EK3 % 6$ Warren Street, New York.
i Ytia Sure iil&l OS7BS i
ft Coughs, fe,
«b Grapsse 9 \k
W, Whooplngr Cough,
j£j Bronchitis and Incipient
Consumoticn, Is Q
H TT\C GERMAN REMEDY" G
\T Cvir« ivs.t'ases. /
£,T\& A\\ ARUQJ^SVI. 2 5 -J -
H TRUE [4
® Aids digestion, stimulates 9 2
ant enriches the blood,
f A foitifies the system k 1
►fl against disuse and iin- Wl
parts the glow of health S M
A to sallow faces.
TRY JOHNSTON'S FA
PJ Beef, Iron and Wine
Li and you will get results W\
S 1 at once.
FD Price 50c a pint. P
Si Prepared and sold only at
rii JOHNSTON'S M
•1 Crystal Pharmacy,
WA IOC N. Main St., Butler, Pa. kl
PROPERLY FITTED GLASSES ar
almost as essential a?, properly fitted
Lenses. Lenses shonld lie so mounted
that the centers will he exactly opjx)!-iie
the pupils of tbe eyes. In any other
position they cause strain and have a
tendancy to produce double sight Tin
bridge or nose piece should fit so well
that wabbling would be impossible and
should bear equally at all points. Tbe
right way is just as easy au the wrong.
If your glasses are crooked call in and 1
will straight*, n them for you—no charge
CAKk H. kfcIGHNGR,
JEWFXEB AMI OPTICIAN,
209 S. Main St. BUTLER PA
(Successor to H. Bickel)
Sale and Boarding Stable
\V. Jefferson St., Butler, Pa.
Firat class equipment—eighteen
good drivers—rigs of all kinds—
cool, roomy and clean slables.
People's Phone 125.
J. V. STEWART.
Excursion to Allegheny.
Commencing Sunday, May Gth. the
Sunday excursion fare from Butler to
Allegheny will be one dollar for tickets
good going on train leaving Butler at
b.0"» a. m., City time, returning on train
aving Allegheny at 5.30 p. m. city
BUTLER, P.A., THURSDAY, MARCH 7, IQOI
Ia the old home alone it twiliaht gray,
Aa night f.lds her robes o'er Thanksgiving day,
I am agiun by the firelight's glow
TLe beautiful dream, of the long ago-
Long ago, when my wayward feet
Wandered mid flowers wild and sweet,
When hearts were golden and skies were blue
And life reflected each glorious hue.
When the dearest joy of the gladsome firth
Was the blush of arbutus, the violet's birth.
And the deepest of all my childish woes
Was wa'.< Ling the petals fail from tha
Pale is the bios? in 1 blushing knew
And its leaf overflc wins with tears of dew.
Tl.e violet sol* as she droops her head.
"You loved me not as yoj loved the dead."
Bamb'.ing o'er m- sv ruins grai
ls the egtar. ine of th? years, and today
Its bright ti rns gleam in the autumn sun.
But its blof»so:ns have fallen one by one.
Ah. I In * full well, for my though.s will stray
As I sit alo!<e in the shadows gray.
Though the arbutus l»h - urns and sweetbrier
That ever;. ; tal is gone from the ros'.
—llose VJ-.18. Speece in Scranton Tribune.
• A A
11.® miii! a $
•~7VT7 . 'Vf?V'V >Vv v V 7VYTT? *
The red ;;<-irtl "uiar. with tin- !' .liters
in his i. I and the , wire
bracelet- It anie t■ J i....->l' .Jte In
his den::iii Is for cigarel, e - . : s he
had ! een detected in the act impro
priating a woe lea itan .ied s.nuiug
knife. rallied *l."d. I:u» niiuistes l>e
fore the post trader wail;. i«» tud the
counter and kicked h. i ea.-, • ticaily
out of tlie tore aaJ half w:.y around
the hay ce: ,iL it spoke t In me* for
the post 1.. ier's act t ity tit he was
able to do this, for ii is no easy matter
to keep within kicking range oi' a prop
erly scared Crow Indian for the dis
tance that lie covered, to say nothing
of performing the act itself. There
fore the p 1 trader was breathless
when he returned and had to lie on the
counter wP'i his bead on a bolt of pink
striped eal.eo to recover himself. Th?
old bullwhacker. who had been watch
ing the race from I'is seat on a nail
keg. with a grin on his wrinkled ma
hogany visage, complimented tHe ad
vance agent of commerce on his
"I wuz suihcri of a foot racer myself
when I wuz younger an limberer than
what I am now," he said, "but 1 dunno
that I ever seen the time that 1 could
have done better than that. I'm re
gardin it purely as a physical feat,
however. I'm not savin that you
showed a strikin amount of jedginent.
When Young Man Afraid of His
Breeehclov.t has got you knotted up
with green rawhide an the squaws arc
fixing the fire fer the grand barbecue,
mebbe you will regret your pernishus
activity an cuss the day that you hum
bled the proud spirit of the noble In
jun warrior. Is this shebang insured?"
"You was never introduced to me,"
rejoined the post trader. "I've got. a
half inch of callous on the soles of my
feet, an I come info this country from
the headwaters of Bitter creek along
of J. W. Hancher an Ed I'bernetton an
the rest of them desperadoes. I've got
relatives by marriage among the Crows
and Ogallalas. an I've drunk more al
kali water an eat more dog an buffalo
berry than any white man this side of
the big Mlvszoura. I didn't bring my
outfit in here in the spring of 'OO. What
did you expect me to do give that
greasy, tin tagged coyote my stock of
cigarettes to keep him good tempered?"
"An if you had you wouldn't have
forfuted hi.- friendship," returned the
old bullwhaeker. "As it is I've got an
idee his in . rt is bad, an he won't come
an see you no more. An Injun has got
his feelin's the same as a white man
has, an I reckon you would git hostile
if any bombre booted you from blazes
to breakfa t because you ast liiui fer
the means of soothin your nerves. You
injered that Crow in a sensitive spot,
"I done my best to," said tire post
"lie may belong to the Badface band
an have hair in his tepee." continued
the old bullwhacker in the same grave
tone of reproof, "but at the same time
he's a hum.-n. an as a human it's your
play to extend the right hand of feller
ship to liiui instid of the Kole of your
number nice. Hain't they got no Sun
day school liberries out on Bitter
creek? Hain't you never read about
the settler who fouiid a poor, r.tarlu
redskin out in the snow plum exhaust
ed an took him inter his shack an fed
him up a whole lot an warmed him an
then turned him loose with a grub
stake, an when the Two Kettle outfit
exhoomed the tomahawk an raised
merry Cain sealpin an burnlu through
the paleface settlements an the good
hearted granger was raked in the In
jun that he bad saved sashays in an
rescoos him from a turr'ble death?"
"I've read them stories," said the
"But you don't believe 'em," said the
old bullwhacker. "You ain't, sanguine
concernin the good that there is in your
feller man. If you git a bad deal, you
decline to chip iu an lay down your
hand instid of callin fer cards an draw
in to the ace."
"I don't draw to no two spot in the
hope of complctin a flush."
"Well, my the'ry is that there ain't
no galoot so low down but if you treat
him with kindness an keep him close
herded he will show the good that's In
him. Did I ever tell you about old
man Haines an Gus Minnick? Well,
it goes to prove what I wuz a-sayin.
Old man Haines lived out on Blue
creek apiece above where it emptlea
into the Platte, opposite the mouth of
Ash Hollow, where llarn".v cleaned lip
the Sioux. He wuz je t about the most
benev'lent old duck that ever ripped
tip tough tod with a I alky team of
1 bulls. Long Kutferin wuzn't no name
fer him. He had two boys that wuz
jest like him, an his ole woman wuz
worse'n lie wuz.
"One fine, cloudy evenin Gus Minnick
an Todd Blakey conies along an rustles
ten head of old mm Haines' ponies
an wuz lilkin south with 'em when
they met up with a crowd of inquirin
strangers who were drift in back down
Prairie Dog into K.insas after an on
successful pur toot of soni" north bound
huss thieves. •The boys had too many
brands in their bunch, an one of the
stranglers reckerniz d Blakey, so they
tied their feet under their horses'
bellies an headed fer the nearest tim
ber. They give Blakey the first swing
in an wuz adjustiu the grass rope to
tJus' neck when old man Haines comes
up with his biggest boy, Arch. They
had been hot an close on the trail all
"As soon as they explained who they
wuz an identerfied their ponies, tlie
boss stranglcr allowed that there
wuzn't no reason why the ceremonies
shouldn't perceed, an he throwed tlie
other end of the rope over the limb.
" 'Why,' says the old man, 'you hain't
goin to hang that poor boy, air you?'
"'I reckon I am,' says the boss stran
gler, cheerful an gay.
"'1 don't believe It helps a man to
hang him,' says Haines. 'You jest give
him iip to me, an I'll take him back to
the ranch with me aa surround him
with moral influences an keep him out
of bad company. He's got pood in him,
an I'll bring it out of him an make a
useful clterzen of him.'
-"Well, the long an short of it wuz
that he bogged so loud that they let
Minnick go, an old mac Haines started
back with him. On the way he talked
to Gus like a father an told him how
wrong it wuz to rustle cayuses when
he could get 'em himself by workin
liontist fer 'cm. He made Gus a pres
ent of the t >c tbat he h..d stole as a
starter an ffered him good wages to
work on the ranch.
"Gus staid there fer two months, an
then lie got inter a argyirent vlth the
biggest hoy about breakin a colt an
slot him up an lit out. Old man Haines
wuz real provoked about it, but he
jumped on a horse an put out after
Minnick an overtook him at Bos El
der. As soon as Gus seen him he
throwed down on him with a Winches
ter. but the old man told him to behave
himself an quit monkeyin with fire
"'1 ;h'd think you'd seen the evil of
them sort of actions after kilJin Hen
ry.' l:e said.
" 'Did I kill him?' says Gus.
"•Yes. you did.' says the old man as
siv re as he knowed how. 'An 1 slid
think you'd be ashamed of yourself. 1
don't wond<-r you felt as if you didn't
want to look me in the f;" -e after sech
actions. Ali the same. I don't want
you strag-l-n off wher*» you'll get inter
bad '• nip'r.;.. so you j"st come right
ha el; home « ith me. We've g'.t to have
tiier:; <■< dts ! oke. an we're short hand
"We!!. G'i i knowed how forglvin the
old i :• w: /.. an he went lak. an they
all avoided the subjec* of Henry, SO'H
not to hurt his fielin's He staid on a
luouth longer, an then because the
old woman burned his cakes fer him
he b.ainod her with the skillet. The
other boy toid him that that wuzn't DO
way to do. an Gus got mad an mas
sacreed hire with the butcher knife an
thea set fire to the house an lit out.
"When old man Haines got back an
found out what had happ ned. he said
that i! wuz enough tri make a u.an lose
patience, but he wuz sot in his ways,
an !::■ said tbat lie would utake a good
citizen of tins in spite of Lillian high
water. So lie we nt out after him again
an coaxed him back, an everybody
said that Gus was a changed man from
that time forward, as meek as Moses
an houust as the day."
"Are they livin there together yet?"
inquired the post trader, with some in
The old bullwhacker took a large
chew of tobacco before replying. Tliea
he said: "! wuz hopin you wouldn't
ast me that question, becuz it might
seem to milertate against my the'ry.
The truth is that the old man sent Gus
to town one day. an Gus come back
witb a jug of whisky fer himself, but
he forgot the old man's smokin ter
backer. The old man said that it show
ed selfishness an ingratitude on Gus'
part, an lie allowed that he must be
poor material anyway, an lie had done
the best that he could with him, but
that settled it. They wuz standin by
the woodpile at the time, an the old
man had the ax. I come along jest in
time to assist at the funeral.
"Still I never took the old man's
view. I reckon that Gus jest forgot."
Good Advicn llnril to Follow.
Kxtrcme worry comes trom trying to
bear ail the cares of a lifetime at once
instead of letting each day's evil be
sufficient unto itself. If we could live
our whole lift' in a few hours, it might
be consistent to think it all over in one
night. There is no past, there Is no
future, for doing or accomplishing.
The present time alone is for action,
and the order is and always will be one
thing at a time. This one thiag must
be done on the instant in whatever cir
cumstances we find ourselves.
Not that we should be forgetful of
the past or careless of the future. The
former has been our faithful school
master; the latter holds for us the Is
sues of life. That we may act intelli
gently iu the,-f>rcsent it is essential for
us to look forward an far as the future
can reason: l '.ily be pn dieted, but not to
A degree of anxiety may be founded
upon facts :hat point almost inevitably
lo future difficulties, but a large part
of the forecast of trouble is groundless,
as is provct: when tilings do not turn
out as expected. Overanxiety is al
ways crossing bridges before they are
reached, and it will stay awake all
night borrowing trouble from the re
So It Wu.
"Mamma, come quick! The eatsup
on the shelf."
"Drat that cat! I'll make fiddle
strings of her in no time if I lay my
hands on her! She's forever Into some
thing." and the enraged materfamiliaH
vigorously pounded her way into the
"Where Is she. Tommy? I don't see
"Why, you said the cat was on the
"I never said there was a cat on the
"Yes, you did. You said, 'The's cat's
up on the shelf.' "
"So I did. and I say it yet. The cat
sup on the slielf right before your eyes.
Don't you see it? There in that old
wine bottle," aud he quietly but very
swiftly dodged out into the kitchen,—
Side Truck In ut the Sleuth*.
First Burglar (in kitchen)— Wouldn't
I sail Into that grub if I wasn't under
treatment fer me dyspepsy!
Second Burglar —That's Just why
you'd orter do It, Bill. All the detect
ives knows about your dyspepsy. and if
We clean out the provisions they'll nev
er suspect you of bein in this job.—
With I't t:i pli n «IR.
"Say. Joe." remarked Strol.er, who
was anxious for i (aunt, 'what dc
you say to a tramp after dinner? '
"Generally." replied Joe Kose, ' I say,
'Get out, or I'll turn the dog on to
ycu.' "—Philadelphia lleeord.
If the poor peopb did but know how
little some millionaires enjoy their
wealth there would t? less envy in tlie
world.—Chi. aao News
When you seil ac article by we'cL*.
remember lha» other peep ? have
C'LMWO FOP Complnlnt.
"Yes, she wouldn't s[>eak to the ed
itor when she met liliu."
"Had he offended her?"
"I should say he had. Ilis society
reporter called her oil" of the last cen
tury's buds."—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
"Do you think bachelors ought to be
taxed?" asked Willie Washington.
"No." answered Miss Cayenne. "1
think the girls ought to make up purses
and pay them bounties for not making
homes unhanpy."— Washington Star.
Varieties I-nrprety Produced In Dif
fcrent Sections of the Country.
The United States raises practically
nil its bean and most of its cabbage
seed, the best being grown on Long
Island, while the cheaper trade is sup
plied from abroad or from sections of
this country where the seed can bo
grown cheaply. Carrot seed is largely
grown, some of it in California, but
the best is imported or grown In New
England. The latter costs the most,
though many dealers claim there is no
difference In quality, but one authority
£.. V* -
WETHERS FIELD ONIONS IS CAI.IFORN'IA.
thinks otherwise. He says: "Tests
frequently made show Conclusively
that a larger yield of carrots can bo
obtained from Rhode Island and Con
necticut grown seed than from the
best imported." An investigator of the
seed growing industry reports that ail
corn, celery, lettuce, onion, melon, to
mato, pepper, squash and pumpkin
seeds used iu the I'nited States are
home grown. All the cucumber seed
except that of the French varieties is
produced here, as is nearly all the egg
plant and kale and a great deal of the
beet seed. Sugar beet seed is grown to
n limited extent. The best Brussels
sprouts M?ed is grown here, most of
the okra and a great deal of the pars
ley, mustard and spinach. Radish is
grown to some extent, especially about
Philadelphia, but many dealers do not
consider American seed, at least of the
small early sorts, equal to the best im
ported. Mirny other kinds are raised in
a small way, but growers cannot com
pete with the cheaper imported seed.
There Is unfortunately a great de
mand for cheap seeds, and low grades
of many sorts can be imported more
profitably than they can be produced
by the American grower. Garden seeds
are grown in most of the northern and
western states and a few in the south.
Many kinds are largely produced in
certain favorable sections, as beans in
New York state, cabbage on Long Is
land, peas in Canada, .Michigan and
Wisconsin; vine ieeds in Nebraska and
onion, lettuce and sweet peas in Cali
The value of a locality for seed xroiv
iug depends upon favorable soil and cli
matic conditions and upon the supply
of cheap labor at harvest time. Lack
of labor often prevents the profitable
culture of seed in places where condi
tions of soil and climate are favorable.
In general il is the practice of the
seed trade to grow plants for seed pur
poses where the product attains the
greatest degsee of perfection. Seeds
men know where to look for the best
seed n~ well as for the cheap grades,
and when they have a discriminating
trade they do not handle seed of ques
tionable pedigree." Certain localities
are specially adapted to certain varie
ties. Onion seed grown iu Southport,
Conn., tends to produce round bulbs,
while that grown st Wethersfleld, in
the same state, produces flat ones.
A source of loss to seed growers is
the destruction of plants not true to
type. When seeds are carefully grown,
the fields are "rogued" s:i that only
plants showing the characteristics of
the variety are left. The remainder,
no matter how good they may be other
wise, are discarded. This Is a source
of loss, and when seeds are grown
cheaply it is avoided by permitting ev
ery plant to produce seed. The poorest
plants, as they come nearest the wild
type, will usually yield the most seed,
but these seeds will in turn produce
plants that will disappoint the most
PRIZE HEAD LETTUCE.
[Upper plant from carelessly grown seed; lower
plant from properly grown peed.]
careless gardener. The second cut
shows in the upper figure a lettuce
plant raised from carelessly grown
peed and beneath it the same variety,
Prize Head, from properly grown seed.
Such illustrations could be shown for
bearly all vegetables, and the finer the
strain the greater the deterioration
when the seed is improperly grown.
Have you persimmon sprouts in your
fence rows? If so, graft them at the
ground In February just before sap
flow begins with Japanese scions and
convert them into fruit bearing trees of
highest quality, advises an exchange.
ANGOUMOIS GRAIN MOTH.
flow to Trent Wlicitt In ULN OP Stick
itn<l Stamp Out All Infeatntftoß.
The angoumois grain moth has done
so much injury to stacked, mowed and
Stored wheat in New Jersey that I>r.
John 15. Smith of the state station lias
recommended remedial and preventive
measures which are here enumerated.
The time for some of them Is past, oth
ers can yet be carried out, and all are
Worth knowing in view of their value
for future contingencies:
Thrash as soon after harvest as pos
fible and store in tight bins or good
sacks. If the grain Is dry when har
vested, it may lie thrashed at once and
sacked; if not. thrash as soon as it is
In good condition. If the sacked grain
is Infested, there will not he wormy
kernels sufficient to heat the grain. The
moths, when adult, cannot make their
way out and are stilled. Nothing can
come in from outside, and tin- grain re
mains safe thereafter. Besides, the
thrashing itself kills many of the In
sects and rubs off many of the egtfs. If
binned, the bins should bo tight, and
the grain • ! oiiM l>e tested fr mi time
to time to note any appreciable heating.
If it is only slightly Infested, it will
' heat little or not at all. If it heats per
ceptibly, it indicates a considerable per
centage of Infestation, and bisulphide
of carbon should be used at once at t'.ie
rate of otii drain p T cubic foot or one
1 pound for ' cubic feet of bin space,
j I'laee the liquid in shallow plates cn
| top of the grain, cover with boards,
i canvas or any other tiirlit material ar !
allow to remain covered at least -t
hours. If none of the grain 1- to !■••
us. d for seed, leave it covered 4S hours
or more. It will not harm the grain
i for food, but may destroy the genni
' nating power. After it is treated keep
' it covered to prevent access of moths.
Have all barns or storehouses eoni
j pletely freed from all exposed or scat
tered frrain by April 1. What is in
: stock should be in bags or iu tight
! bins, kept closed until put to actual
i use. Bring in chickens to pick tip all
' scattered grain, and make sure you
; have no stock from which moths can
' emerge to get into the new wheat. Es
! poeially let chickens work over places
t where giair. has been in shock.
L This i>oint is of supreme importance,
i because if Do moths are allowed to de
' vc-lop in the spring the fields cannot be
much infested before harvest and pro
ceeding then under the first recom
mendatiou will give practical exemp
tion from injury next year. If. on the
contrary, infested grain should be left
in burns, exi>osed or scattered about,
the chances are that the infestation
| v ill be as great or greater than this
year. Therefore use up or put under
cover every kernel of this year's crop
of wheat before April 1.
Infested grain may be fed to chick
ens and. If not too bad, to stock. If
very bad, horses and cattle will refuse
it and should not be urged to eat. Hogs
and fowls are used to dealing with
food of this kind.
Bisulphide of carbon is very inflam
mable and should be used with that
fact in mind. The vapor given off by
it is heavier than air; hence when
evaporated on the surface it sinks
through the grain to the bottom, killing
everything in its way. It will grad
ually work out through cracks or open
ings at or near the bottom or which
may be provided by boring just above
the bottom board auger holes that can
be closed with corks after the vapor is
Bee Feeder* and Feeding.
In localities where the surplus Is
gathered mostly from white clover the
practical beekeeper Duds stimulative
feeding early in the season of great ad
A NEAT MCE FEEDER.
vantage. Such feeding lias to be done
every dnv and in small doses, and the
feeder that admits this kind of feed
ing without opening hives and disturb
ing bees, it would seem, would at once
find favor among beekeepers. An
American Bee Journal correspondent
presents a drawing of a feeder design
ed ty. serve this purpose. It is a shal
low tin box about four inches iu diame
ter. The bottom is removable and per
forated. The loug spout Is to reach
clear to the outside of the hive. This
feeder Is tucked away under the cush
ion immediately over the cluster of
bees, the spout running to the outside,
either atr the rear or side of the hive.
The filling is done by the help of a lit
tle funnel with an elbow to it. As soon
as the feed is poured in the spcut must
be closed with a tight fitting cork.
The ComiiiK Beef Animal.
We arc becoming a nation of beef
aristocrats, and we are not willing to
put up with tlie quality of beef which
was provided ten years ago by our lo
cal butchers. This change of tastes
has been brought about largely through
the better methods of feeding cattle as
now practiced in the great grain grow
ing states. Not only is this true of our
jwn people, but also In the foreign
markets where our beef products are
sold. Likely there will always be a
limited demand for special purposes,
for canned beef, which will consume a
large part of the Inferior grades of beef
which fiuds its May to our principal
markets, but the general public, those
who are beef consumers of today and
those who buy small supplies from day
to day, are becoming a little more fas
tidious, aud there is a just discrimina
tion between the pood and the inferior
sorts aud the poorly fed and the well
fed animal. The ideal animal of the
future will not be one with a prepon
derance of fat. It must be one of
rather matured beef, nicely grained
and of sufficient solidity to give sub
stance to the carcass.—Prairie Farmer.
A BOY AND A RIFLE:
And the Trick tlie Fnther Played to
Make the Vounitnter Careful.
Exact statistics on the subject are
lacking, but it is certain that the man
who "didn't know it was loaded" kills
and maims annually a great many per
sons. The only safe rule with a gun
is never under any circumstances to
point it at anybody. One should al
ways act 011 the assumption that It Is
loaded. Unfortunately, though, an aver
age human being learns only by ex
perience, and where a gun Is coucerned
that often entails an awful price.
Bearing this In mind a veteran
sportsman of this city adopted a
unique method of Impressing this les
son on his son. This is how he told
"I want my son to be a sportsman,
so that when he gets to be as old as
his father he may have as many
pleasant memories to look back to.
Therefore, 011 his sixteenth birthday I
gave him a rifle. And instead of read
ing him a long lecture 011 the necessity
of handling the weapon carefully, 1 put
up a job on him that would be far more
effective. After he had spent a couple
of hours fondling it aud cleaning it
and examining tlie mechanism, after
the manner of healthy boys, 1 contriv
ed unknown to him to slip a blank
cartridge into the breach.
"Then 1 called him out Into the yard
and holding iny hat In front of me, ask
ed him to show me how he would take
aim at it. There was an explosion, and
he fell in a dead faint. You may think
it mean of me, but I allowed him to
think that only the badness of his aim
or some intervention of Providence
saved me from death. The lesson he
learned will last him through life, be
cause a terrible fright accompanied It.
Some day when he gets old enough to
have a boy of his own, 1 shall tell him
of the trick I played on him."—New
"Haven't you got through yet?" nsk
ed the Impatient customer.
I "Purty near," answered the boot
black, polishing away with all his
might "I kin see my finish."—Chicago
"Ever notice," asked the corn fed
philosopher, "that when a man wants
to make you think he is speaking from
the bottom of bis heart he upeaks at
the top of his voice?"—lndianapolis
.. ( _ >
THth little k:*es I shot your eyet;
1 w ; i not have th~ra ferine and vis#.
F r. couM I choose, 1 would have you b«
DlirJ ever, as now, when you look on me!
A wreath of kisses to trowa your bend,
That ihe whole world's crown should adorn In
To keep your thought of bp ever kind,
Aj now, when your darling 1 eyes are blind.
In each of your hands 1 shut a kiss.
Do you feel how soft and little it ia?
So hold it gently that it may live,
la-i your har.'l* a-»k more than my haodf can jite.
A kiss for an earring in each dear car.
And now when I speak you can only hear
The heart of r.-y heart's heart laugh and cry,
Not the foolish words it is stifled by.
A on your mouth, and it bears no charm
To bring you to good, to keep you from barm;
It has no mission, yet let it be;
The rest were for you, tut this is for me!
—Pall Mall Gazette.
UNCLE SAM'S SPOTTERS.
rsprrlally the Man In Enrope Who
Looks Oat Fop Smiisßlers.
"Uncle Sam's Large and well organ
ized secret service," says S. IT. Adams
in Aiuslce's, "is made up mostly of
men who come properly under the
lu ad of detectives with police powers,
but it lias its class of bona fide spot
ters. whose entire duty It is to ingrati
ate themselves with persons suspected
of having desigus to evade the custom
house duties and to warn the baggage
inspectors at this end of the impend
"In cleverness, address and adapta
bility the secret service spotter Is easi
ly at the head of his profession and
even ranks with the trained experts of
the European diplomatic corps. It is
essential that he should be a man of
the world, for he must associate with
all kinds of people on equal terms. He
has no fixed abode, but lives in va
rious European capitals when he is
not on shipboard, where he is much of
the time. He must never let himself
be in the slightest degree suspected.
"There is always a number of these
agents in I'aris, because of the great
American trade there. They live at
the fashionable hotels and live the life
apparently of flaneurs and boulevar
diers. In all lines of trade that concern
dutiable goods they are experts, and
no large purchase by an American in
r.aris is unknown to them. Their cir
cle of acquaintance is enormous, but
nobody knows them for what they are.
j Iu one way or another they contrive
to make the acquaintance of any per
son whom they suspect and unostenta
tiously but unremittingly trail him.
"Many % time some man who has
made a heavy purchase of diamonds
or laces and so disposed them that
he felt sure of being able to get them
through the port undiscovered has
been passed on the dock by a chance
acquaintance of the voyage over who.
unseen, presses a little note into the
hand of the customs inspector. That
note tells all that the wily smuggler
would wish to keep secret, and his
baggage is mercilessly ransacked until
the hidden articles are brought to
light. He has been followed over by
the spotter. -Men employed iu this line
get good pay—as high as ?10 a day—
but it costs them much to live in the
manner in which they must main
Allonrd Plenty of Time.
Speaking of the late William Travers
leads me to remark that, so far as I
am personally aware, only one of the
classic stuttering stories about him is
actually true. I had the honor and
happiness to reside at Newport for a
year or so once, and at the time Sir.
Travers was a summer resident there,
ne certainly stuttered a good deal, but
he did not go around habitually dis
charging staccato witticisms at the
world, as you might suppose he did
from all the stories you hear. But the
one story that I know about Is this
Travers was at a garden party one
afternoon when a young lady said to
him, "What time Is it, please, Mr.
Travers took out his watch, wabbled
his mouth awhile, blinked and finally
said, "It'll be s-s-s-s-six o'c-c-c-c-clock
by the time 1 can say It!"
It really lacked five minutes of C
when he began.—Boston Transcript
It is said to be true that In all hospi
tals those rooms facing the sun have
fewer deaths, other things being equal,
than those which are on the shady side
of the liousb. Likewise statistics, where
they have been kept, prove that the av
erage time for a recovery is much less
in a sunny room than in a shady one.
From these facts and from the fact
that the tendency toward illness has
proved greater on the shady side of
buildings, like prisons and asylums, it
follows that light is second only In im
portance to fresh air. A dark room Is
nearly but not quite so bad as a close
room. In the case of sickness the sick
room should be the sunniest one the
"Isn't there a great deal of egotism
Dmong actors?" asked the young wom
"I am sorry to say there Is," answer
ed Stormington Barnes. "Why, I have
met no less than three actor 9 who
thought they could play Hamlet as
well as I do!" Washington Star.
How She Did It.
"So she refused you?"
"That's the impression I received."
"DidiVt aha actually say no?"
"No, she didn't. All she said wa3
•Ha, ha, ha!' "—Cleveland Plain Dealer.
At Whakareirarewa, New Zealand,
there are geysers, hot springs, boiling
pools, mud volcanoes and hot water
Santa Clatis Is unknown In Spain.
The three Magi are supposed to be the
children's gift bringers.
(low ne Spends Ills flours of Dallr
The much abused suburbanites,
whom the cartoonists picture as com
ing to the city every morning from
"Lonesomehurst," "Lost Man's Lane,"
"I'runt hurst-by-the-Trolley" and other
places with equally suggestive names,
are an Interesting class of individ
uals. The transient element of the
city's population spends several hours
every day whirling over the railroads.
When the novelty of these dally bits
of railroading has passed Into the
monotony of years of travel through
the same country the commuter lias
I learned to make the best of the time
he spends on the train.
The "card fiend" Is a prominent fig-
I tire In this class. Both morning and
evening four or five games of cards
are going on iu every smoking ear, and
j it is safe to say that thousands of dol
| lars change bands in this "innocent
' amusement" while the players are hur
rying to or from business.
Next to the "card sharp" Is the man
who only enjoys his cigar and paper.
He is oblivious to all his surround
ings and only shows animation when
1 he is at his Journey's end.
Many of the policies and plans of
some of this city's most successful
busiuess inen have been born or de
veloped on these trains. The short
respite l>etween the bustle of the city
and the cares of homo life is to this
type of man a season for meditation.
Another interesting commuter is the
individual who is on good terms with
all his fellows. He travels up and
down through the car exercising his
repertory of latest Jokes or sympa
thizing with some gloomy looking
friend who thinks that all the world /
Is against him. He seems to never
grow weary in his well doing.
The train life of the commuter is now
and then enlivened by wrecks. Though
tossed about and sometimes cut aud
bruised, he generally escapes serious
injury. Such experiences as these he
considers the spice and coloring of his
existence.—New York Mail and Ex
COLOR OF GOLD COINS.
Reasons For Differences In Tint ml
Coins of French Hftntage.
Some time ago a Frenchman placed
together a number of gold coins of
French mintage of the beginning, mid
dle and end of the last century. He
wrs much surprised to see that they
differed in color. He set about finding
out the reasons for this difference, and
the results of his Investigations have
been published In La Nature.
There Is a paleness about the yellow
of the 10 and 20 franc pieces which
bear the effigies of Napoleon I and
Louis XVIII that Is not observed In
the goldpleces of later mintage. One
admirer of these coins speaks of their
color as a "beautiful paleness" and ex
presses regret that It Is lacking In later
coins. The explanation of It Is very
simple. The alloy that entered into the
French gold coins of those days con
tained as much silver as copper, and It
was the silver that gave the coins their
The coins of the era of Napoleon 111
were more golden In hue. The silver
had been taken out o? the alloy.
The gold coins of today have a still
warmer and deeper tinge of yellow.
This is because tbe Paris mint, as well
as that In London, melts the gold and
the copper alloy In hermetically scaled
boxes, which prevents the copper from
being somewhat bleached, as It always
Is when It is attacked by hot air. So
the present coins have tbe full warm
ness of tint that a copper alloy can
If the coins of today are not so Wind
some in the opinion of amateur collect
ors as those issued by the first Napo
leon, they are superior to those of ei
ther of the Napoleons in the fact that
It costs less to make them. The double
operation of the oxidation of the copper
and cleaning it off the surface of the
coin with acids Is no longer employed,
and tbe large elimination of copper
from the surface of the coins, formerly
practiced, made them less resistant un
der wear and tear than are the coins
now In circulation.
No Ken to White House.
In these modern days the front door
of the White House Is not locked at
night Practically no doors are locked,
and If tbe steward should look around
for keys he would probably not find
half of those formerly In use. Big po
licemen are about the only doors at the
executive mansion. They guard the
main doors at ail hours of day and
nlpbt, and thorp Is no need to cioso and
lock the Inner doors. Before President
Lincoln's time policemen were rare at
the president's home, and when all the
clerks aud servants had gone home at
night the housekeeper went around
and carefully locked all the doors In
side and outside except to rooms occu
pied by those going In and coming out.
Don't Be Spnrlnsc-of Tour Love.
The power of love Is one of the great
est gifts to humanity. It generates the
suushlne of tbe moral universe, with
fiut which life would be a desert waste.
Use this divine power without stint
Be prodigal of your love. Let It radi
ate freely. It will brighten the dark
places. It will gladden the sorrowing.
It will lift you above the petty, grind
lug cares that so soon corrode the mind
and sap the energies. It Is the golden
key that will admit you to the palace
of the true life.—Success.
"Dldn'fc I tell you to let well enough
alone?" said the doctor to the convales
cent who had disobeyed and was suf
fering u relapse.
"Yes. doctor," whined the patient,
"but I wasn't well enough."—Detroit
Application of the Sayln*.
"What," said the ordinary person,
"SBOO for that little bit of porcelain!
Why, It Isn't as big as a man's hand."
"It commands that price," said the
dealer, "on account of Its history. It
has a story that covers four sheets of
parchment and every word the truth."
"Well," said the ordinary person, "all
I have to say is that there seems to be
more truth than pottery."—lndianapo
' THE CENSUS OF 1790.
Totted States Population Then Was
Less Than 4,000,000.
When the first census of the United
States was taken in 1700, there were 10
states and the southwest and north
west territories. The returns fixed the
population at 3,920,214, while those of
1900 give over 7(5,000,000, a fourteen
fold growth in 110 years.
In the first census nothing was
sought but the number of Inhabitants,
and the task was assigned to United
States marshals, who performed the
work for several censuses. In the cen
sus library is a record of tbe first cen
sus, which shows that the census of
1790 was ordered In March and com
pleted by October, 1701, a very credita
ble showing when the difficulty of com
munication is considered. The popular
tion was divided Into five classes—free
white males of 10 years and upward,
including heads of families; free wbito
females, Including heads of families;
free white males under 10 years, other
persons, slaves. Fourteen enumeration
districts were mapped out of the 16
states and the population of the towns,
counties and states given. All of the
states except Maine aud Massachusetts
had slaves. Virginia led with a popu
lation of 747,010 whites and 292,000
slaves. North Carolina was second,
with 893,751 whites and 100,000 slaves.
Maryland had a population of 422,750,
of which 103,030 were slaves. The slave
population of the northern states Is
given as follows:
New Hampshire, IPS; Rhode Island,
1)48; Cpnnectlcut, 2,704; New York, 21,-
324; New Jersey, 11,423; Pennsylvania,
3,237; Delaware, 8,887; Vermont, 10.
The population of the southwest ter
ritory was 35,091 whites and 3,417
The record is full of errors In calcula
tion and addition, but Is interesting in
showing how the population has In
creased and how the art of census tak
ing has developed with the population.