Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, June 29, 1899, Image 1

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    VOI-.- xxxvi
S Do you Want a New H
; Tailor Made Suit? H
► We are making them in the new style S
{ / for $13.50, $15.00, $lB.OO and $20.00. N mj
► / If they do not fit or please you, we will \ Te
) not ask you to take them. x
J Come in and see our new line of Men's, K 7^
\ Boys', and Children's Clothing at our C
. r new pi ice. t VA
A V Warm weather has come, and we are r
» showing a complete line of Straw Hats / WA
Vin Men's, Boys' and Children's shapes. ✓
m C Come in before vou buy, and see WA
up-to-date stufl.
rffcTA 4* 4* J
;: :f
( > That the dread house cleaning is over the next ( »
< \ and more important work is picking a new carpet. { >
I ( To pick a carpet in our well stocked carpet room, 4 >
I , is a pleasure, so say the many who have done so. >
, ) We have the famous Hartford Axminister, Wilton
. . Velvets, Body and Tapestry Brussels and Ingrains .
in all the up-to-date patterns, only, and prices
that will astonish you. Then our China Mattings,
' Floor and Table Oil Cloths, Linoleums, Rugs and
Art Squares, deserve a passing notice. Ask to '|'
* see our * I
► $l.OO Axminister Rugs, ■ |
' Neatest thing for the money ever shown in Butler at
* —i Won't buy clothing for the purpose of spend
/Ty/ ingmoney. They desire to get the best
/ possible results for the money expended.
I L V f/v \J i ■^ ot heap goods but goods as cheap as can
\< \.l \ | v . be sold and made up properly. Call and
\\ V / / I'' * examine mv large stock of
• U4r\'e
\ 111/ iv Y n up to date, the latest styles, shades
/VJI j - 1 d colors that could be bought. Call and
11/ A \fr'' ' am ' ne '■kem.
// r\ \ I Fits and Workmanship
// 11' Guaranteed.
142 North Main Street, Butler, Pa.
Diamonds, watches. Clocks, Jewelery,
Silverware, Spectacles etc.
We have a large and well selected stock.
We Repair all Kinds of Watches.
If you'have broken jewelery that you think leyond repaiis
bring it to'us and we will make it ns good as new
We take old gold and silver the same as cash allowing the
highest market price.
122 S. Mair. St., Buller, Pa
~zy;. ' Paints
" v *" For
MV>E T" PAINT Decorative
109 N. Main St., - - - - - Butler, Pa.
Openin'g~of Spring and Summer Millinery.
We call vour attention to our large and well selected stock of Choice Millinery.
We have endeavored to make our stock surpass all previous years in style, desir
ability, quality and prices. We feel sure we have more than maintained our
reputation in the selection of CHOICE MILLINERY GOODS. We can show ycu
an immense variety of Hats, Flowers, Ribl>ons, Braids and Chiffons and all tl at
goes to make up an UP-TO-DATE MILLINERY STOCiC, and at prices "iat will
surprise you. We would call especial attention to our Ladies', Misses' and Chil
dren's TRIM MED HATS, in which we have always excelled. You can always
get the right goods at the right prices at
32b South Main St., _____ _ _ Butler, Pa.
vfUU ;««i ull»* uf (blrir*. w# w.il Mad you UU TOP BURST Fir frKKHiIIT C. 0. I>. \ \ 00
St'BJEIT TO KXjllll.f ATION, )ou can muniae il al )««r rrcitflil dt-poi if found \ \ A "
Mr . t ..i OUR SPECIAL PRICES3B.9O* mm -
and freight charge*. leas tlie It.Ou sent with order, mmm—mm—m ST \
WE MAKE THIS TOP BUGGY >" ow* factort is CHICAGO, r \ A/ ?\
IWI ° material than most / \
maker* put In Slt.oo bu«rjrlea. Latest Style For 1899. Body. I—-£SaK3ipjWPPPIgP» \
t«*M tr omtk* Best Seasoned Wood, fear, Beat That Money Can I ✓•{ •- f f "IT li jjf 1
Build. Em 4 Wrtafs, a* Illustrated, or Brewster Side Bar. wkeels, \ \ A \fA i \ I
Hl(?h Grade Screwed Rim Barren's Patent. T*p, 24 ounce. Daily ITLA/Jr\ V / \-^/J\\ /
Rubber Heaeily Lined, full aide and back curtains. Pslat«af,Guaran* X\ \/v ,\ v \ A
teed equal to any 11.VJ.00 buarffy work. Body black. Gear dork jrn en xT, \ \
Or Red. l'yh<Uti Ilf. btin mr+tm rraul M; iI»U «r Iru'i Leather. " I *
Addr«s«, BEARS, ROEBUCK «t CO. (Inc.), CHICACO, ILL.
Headache, Biliousness,
Indigestion, Dizziness,
Indicate that your liver
Is out of order. The
best medicine to rouse
the liver and cure all
these ills, is found in
Hood's Pills
25 cents. Sold by all medicine dealers.
By means of the Kodak
has reached the perfect
So simple that a child
can operate it- and the
prices within the reach
of everyone.
We keep the largest and most
complete line in town of Photo
Supplies and the only genuine
Kastnian Kodak, Dry
Plates, Films, Develop
ing Powders, Chemicals,
Trays, Mounts, Printing
Frames, Printing Pa
pers, Flash Pcwders,
Albums, and all kinds
of supplies at
Near P O
Peoples Phone 162,
You a cracked °r broken bicycle
Don't risk life and liuib upon it any
longer but bring it to 11s and have a new
tube brazed in, making it as good as
new. We make cups, cones, axles,
sprockets or in fact any part you need to
fit any wheel that is made.
Cor. Wayne and McKean,
Butler Savings Bank
l J »Litler, Pa.
Cupi lal - - $60,000.00
Surplus and Profits - - $170,000.00
JOS. L PURVIS President
J. lIENRY TROUT MAN Vice-President
WM CAMPBELL, .!r ('a/hirr
LOUIS 11. 1 eller
DIKEiTORS-Joseph 1.. Purvis, .1. Henry
Tro'-.tman, W. I). Brandon, W. A. Stein. J s.
The Butler Savings Bank is the Oldest
Bunking Institution! n Butler County.
General banking business transacted.
We solicit accounts of ..II producers, Mer
chants, farmers and others.
All b.isluess entrusted to us will receive
prompt attention.
Interest r-akl on time deposits.
Butler County National Bank,
Butler Penn,
Capital paid in - fi x>,000.00
Surplus and Profits - f 130,703.95
,Tos. Hartman, President; J. V. Ritts,
Vice President; C. A. Bailey. Cashier;
John G. McMarlin, Ass't Cashier.
/ general banking business transacted.
Interest paid on time deposits.
Money loaned on approved security.
We, invite you to open an account with this
DIRECTORS— Hon. Joseph Hartman, Hon.
W. S. Waldron, Dr. i>. M. Hoover. H. Mc-
Sweeney. E. E. Abrams, C. I'. Collins I. O
Smith, Leslie I'. Ilazlett. M. Fineg.in,
W. H. Larkin, Harry Heasley, Dr. W. c.
McCandless, Ben Masseth. .1 V. iCitts
Braun's Pharmacy :
Cor. 6th St. and Duquesne Way,
Pittsburg, Pa,, L, D. Telephone 2542.
Wholesale and Retail.
Importer and Jobber of Drugs,
Chemicals, Perfumes, Soaps,
Brushes, Etc
The only house west of New
York carrying a full line 01
Meyers' Grease, Paints and
theatrical goods.
Physicians' Prescriptions
Compounded Day or Night by
"Registered Pharmacists" only.
Wholesale and retail
dealer in Lubricating and
lllumniating Oils, Capital
Cylinder, Dynamo, Water
White and Standard Gas
Engine Oils, Gasolein, Ben
zine, Paraffine Wax and
Address all mail orders to
W. F. Braun.
Rare Bargains!
We want to dispose of our present
stock of 'Q9 models, and in order to do it
quickly lnvve cut the prices from $3O,
$35 and $4O to $22.50 and .$25. These
are strictly high grade and up-to-date
bicycles, and cau'l be matched for price
and quality. Don't miss this opportuni
ty co procure a good wheel tor little
money. We sell sundries cheaper than
and other house iu town.
303 S. Main Street.
Artistic Posing and Lighting
Findley's Photos Winners
Frames Made to Order.
Copying and Enlarging. Satis
faction guaranteed.
New Accessories
Being Added Continually.
P. O. Building, Butler, Pa.
Flay <if n th; battles,
Bcnu#fr.) 11 of the free,
Waving from Inkt* to ocean.
Waving from tea to sea.
Outward and seaward ever*
Daring the restless wave;
Upward and skyward e\er.
Pride of the true and brava.
Flag of a thousand battle*.
Cresting the billows of lire,
W)n lniing established eviLs,
Raising the lowly higher.
Challenging ancient error,
Bilencing tyranny dumb.
Gladdening and inspiring
Hope for the years to come!
Old Glory, Old tilory, the world awaits thy
Float on, float ever on o'er land and sea.
Old Glory, Old Glory, the world awaits thy
Float on, float on, thou emblem of tho free.
—St. Louis Globe-Demoorat.
j Dutch Gap's j
1 Celebration, f
I . _ Jj
"It's nil off, boys—the game's u, said
Kasy Bill as he drew up in front of the
only public house in Pot Luck, the store,
hotel, saloon and miners' general rendez
vous, kept by 'Optin Johnson.
"How's that. Bill?" chorused the group
gathered 011 the long front porch awaiting
Bill's arrival and that of the evening stage.
"Oh, the Gap's done us up too brown
this time," replied Bill, throwing himself
sidewise in the saddle that its pommel
might afford support to his elbow, "sewed
us tip tighter'n a pocket!"
"You don't mean they've got that big
steer?" gasped Johnson. "Anything 'eept
in that!"
"That's what they have," said Bill.
"Offered $lO moron we did and hired
Jose Pacheco, the only man fer 40 miles
that knows how to do the trick, to bar
becue it fer 'em, and the band"—
'•Don't sSsy they've got the valley band,
Bill," pleaded Johnson. "'Ceptin we
have the band our Fourth's busted high
er'n a kite. I couldn't stand that."
"You'll have to stand worse things than
that, old man. Why, the valley bovs ain't
good enough fer the Gap. They're goin
to havo a band from Frisco, 20 pieces at
$l5O fer the day. Talk about the valley
band! Why, it wouldn't draw a handful
of picnickers if the woods was full of
'em this Fourth!"
"That's the worst deal they've give us,
'ceptin the; picnic May day two year ago,"
groaned Johnson, as the stage rattled away
and he went inside to sort the mail.
"Let's go down and 'shoot tip the
town,' " said Ike Bledsoe, suddenly arous
ed by tho clatter of the stagecoach from
his nap on one of Johnson's benches.
"I'm a peaceable man, but there's some
offenses that calls fer a gun play exclusive,
and if I'm any jedge, feller citizens, this
here's one of 'cm; to be done up right and
left by nil upstart of a town that every
body knows wasn't nothin better'n a sub
urb to l'ot Luck a few year ago"—
"Wait till I read you this, boys," broke
in Johnson, bouncing out of his office
with a letter in his hand. "Bein chairman
of the Fourth of July committee, 1 took
the liberty to open it. Now listen:
"To the Honorable Chairman and Members
of the Fourth of July Committee and Feller
Citizens of Pot Luck in General, Greeting:
"Surmisin that you don't intend to celebrate
this year and knowin the patriotic sentiments
of your citizens, we extend you a cordial invi
tation to come down and picnic with us.
811-I.'S GAP.
"P. S.—Don't trouble yourselves to bring
lunch boskets; we'll have good music and
plenty to eat and drink, and it won't cost you
a cent.
"Now then, that's a polite invitation
enough," said Johnson, with a wink at
Easy Bill. "What's the matter with 'cept
in it?"
" 'Ceptin it!" roared Ike. '"I never felt
more like shootin a friend than I do liko
pluggin you this minute, Johnson, fer
swallow in an insult liko that. Como on,
fellers. I'm a peaceablo citizen, but I'm
goin down to Interview that Fourth of
July committee at the Gap, and if there's
a man in Pot Luck that packs a nun and
won't foller me he's a coward, and I can
lick him."
"Oh, hold on, Ike," said Johnson;
"don't bo goin off half cocked as you're
always doin. This hero invite's all a josh,
nothin but a bluff. They don't mean a
word of it any more'n they expect us to
'cept it. Hut look a-here, boys. Can't
you see they've dealt us the very cards we
need to beat 'em at their own game?
What's the matter with our 'ceptin this
invite and raisin the biggest crowd Pot
Luck ever seen and goin down there and
monopolizin that $l5O danco music and
wipin all their eatables and drinkables off
the face of the yearthf"
'Ceptin Johnson's dignity as postmaster
and justice of the peace of Pot Luck, never
known to be ruffled before, proved un
equal to the strain of so extraordinary an
occasion. He fairly screamed out the final
words, emphasizing them with a swipe of
his big felt hat across the top of a bench,
Illustrative of the clean sweep he proposed
making of tho viands of the luckless pic
nickers at the Gap. His masterly diplo
macy was at once recognized by shouts
and cheers of approval, in which the
voices of Ike Hledsoeand Easy Hill sound
ed loudest and longest. Pot Luck was
ready to act as one man. Johnson's
strategy, Bill's executive ability and Ike's
0.-atory had been the brilliant features of
many a victory In the bitter rivalry long
vagal between Pot Luck and the Gap,
and not a Pot Lucker.ever hesitated where
this trio led the way.
The committee went directly into ex
ecutive session and laid all necessary plans
to gather the largest crowd of men over
collected in Pot Luck and march in a body
down to the Gap on the morning of tho
Fourth, now ton days away.
The ditch and iluiue long contemplated
by the Pot Luck miners was suddenly
found to be an Immediate necessity, and
word was sent down to the valleys and to
neighboring camps that 200 extra men
were wanted to begin work upon it July 1.
Not a tramp came to town but was offer
ed a chalice to ilo light work for his Iniaril
until after the Fourth, a move which of
itself almost doubled the population of
the town, the news spreading with such
mysterious rapidity that every Weary
Watkins within its reach quickly turned
his face toward Pot Luck as the Mecca he
long had sought. Pot Luck knew the Gap
never figured upcr. entertaining moro
than 500 or '5OO people at the most and
determined to muster Ht least that number
in its invading host.
Less than a week before the Fourth,
that the Gapers might not have time to
discover the trap set for them, Pot Luck
sent this reply to their invitation, an epis
tle upon which 'Ceptin Johnson and tho
whole committee expended much timo
and ingenuity:
To tho Chairman and Members of the Fourth
of_July Committee of Dutch Bill's (iap:
ceptin the invitation -o cordially extended u*
to participate in the good time yon intend
havin on th«' Fourth, allow us >n Iwhalf of th«
citizens of Pot Luck, to thank the good people
of the Gap fer a courtesy which is doubly ap
preciated on account of our present boom
havin upset our own preparations fer eel#
brat in. We assure you that every Pot Lacker
who can ufforil to knock off work will be dow*.
to see yon on our nation's glorious birthday.
This reply had the precise effect intend
ed — namely, it assured the Gapers that
the Pot Luckcrs were its good as them
selves at bluffing, and big Jake Tohmer's
fat srd< s shook with laughter when an
their chairman be read it to the committee.
Some oi.e suggested that perhaps Pot
Luck had accepted the invitation in good
fall h.
Jake roared again. "GIXHI faith noth
in!" said he. "They want us to think so
and go ahead and prepare for 'em, and
then not a Pot I.ueker come near our cele
bration That's their game. We wasn't
l)orn yesterday; not all of us. The idee
of a boom at Pot Luck! That's too
And so things went on, the Gapers
making preparations for their usual
crowd only, while l'ot Luck strained it
self to add men enough to its population
to "eat the llap out of house and home,"
as Ike Bledsoe put it.
Two days before the Fourth Jake Toh
mer's IHJVS, Fritz and Jake junior, went
fishing far up the creek toward Pot Luck
and came home almost bursting with ex
"Dad," said the breathless Fritz, dash
ing into his father's grocery, "the Pot
lißckers are go in to bu'st our Fourth wido
"Go long, you young rascal," said his
father. 'What you tryin to play on your
old dad now? They ain't goin to cele
brate at all up there."
"That's just it, dad, and say, the
woods is plumb full of men up that way. j
I never saw such droves of 'em, an me an !
Jakey heard 'em talkin, an they're every
one of 'em goin to march down on us
Fourth of July mornin an eat an drink
tip everything In sight, run all the Gapers
off the iluncin floor an off the groun's an
just par'lyze us gen'rally. Them's the
very words they said, ain't they, Jakey?"
A great light suddenly flashed upon the
mind of Jake senior. Not waiting to hear
Fritz's news confirmed, he spread a big
sheet <.f wrapping paper on his counter,
hastily penciled a call for a meeting
night not only oi the Fourth of July com
mittee, but all good citizens of the Gap,
and tacked it up outside his door.
Jake's grocery store wouldn't begin to
hold the Gapers who answered tho call,
and the public pulse ran so high that it |
seemed nothing but bloodshed could result.
Some of the more impetuous Gapers were
for arming every man and going to meet
the Pot Luckers half way. This was given
up as too hazardous. Pot Luckers were
known to be fighters to a man and would
doubtless greatly outnumber the Gapers.
Others suggested moving to a grove a
dozen miles down the river early in the
day and thus escaping the ravaging horde
from Pot I.tick. But this smacked of
cowardice and could not be considered for
a moment.
Tho chagrined Gapers blamed their
committee for getting them into such a
dilemma, while accusations of bungling
and stupidity passed freely between the
committee members themselves. Big
Jake Tohmer was almost the only man
present who did not lose his temper, and
when the meeting seemed about to break
up in a free light he banged loudly upon
his grocery counter with a sugar scoop and
as chairman of the meeting commanded
What 'Ceptin Johnson was to Pot Luck
Jake Tohmer was to tho Gap, and tho
noisy crowd was hushed to silence when
ho rose to speak.
"Feller citizens," said big Jake, "lown
I'm as much to blame in this matter as
any one; perhaps more. I don't believe
any of you will cafl mo a coward, and you
nl*. know I ain't a man to set my judgment
up against the will of the majority. What
goes with the crowd goes with mo, but if
you'll allow me to say so, it's just struok
me all of a heap that we ain't been treatin
the I'ot Luckers just right fer some years
"Now, about this celebration. We
wasn't satisfied to lieat 'em so bad that
they didn't have the heart to try to cele
brate at all, knowin our attractions would
draw all the crowd from the country round
about. Not satisfied with this, as I say,
we must taunt them by sendin that sham
invitation. That of itself was a challenge,
and they're only takin it up as they have
a right to. Now, I'll tell you, friends, to
ftiy notion there's just one way fer us to
get out of this scrape like men. That is
fer us to pervide the best there is in the
land and enough of it fer every Pot Luck
er that comes and treat 'em so white that
every man of 'em'll go home a friend in
stead of i.u enemy. Why, what's all this
Fourth of July business fer anyway? It
ain't the lickin our great-granddads give
the Britishers, but the peace and happi
ness and prosperity they had to fight fer;
that's what we're celebratin. Now, gentle
men, I don't pertend to dictate what course
we ought to take, but if there's any ono
present with a better plan out of the diffi
culty I should be pleased to hear from
Bead silence prevailed for some mo
ments after Jake ceased speaking. Then
the leaven of brotherly love imparted by
his speech seemed all at once to leaven the
whole lump. His plan, put in the form of
a motion, was carried with applause that
shook cans of tomatoes and boxes of sar
dines off Jake's grocery shelves, while his
stock cf linterns and tinware suspended
from numerous hooks in the ceiling nod
ded and clanged in approval like so many
liberty liells.
Then the Gapers set to work In earnest.
The time was short, but what they lacked
in time they made up in energy. The hot
July sun had barely pushed its face above
the eastern mountains on the morning of
the Fourth before the picnic grove at the
Gap swarmed with people of both sexes
putting the finishing touches to the extra
preparations for entertaining the expected
horde from Pot Luck.
Two big fat steers ill stead of one, six
fat sheep instead of three and a dozen In
stead of six fat young porkers were al
ready smoking over the barbecue pits,
done to a juicy brown crisplnegs known
only to the art of Jose Pacheco, while long
rows of tables groaned under the weight
of other good things. Everything the
larders of thrifty Gapers could supply was
there, with such boxes and baskets of
fruit and such stacks of melons as only
the foothills of California could furnish.
A scene of equal bustle and activity,
though animated by a far different spirit,
was transpiring up among the pines at Pot
Luck that bright July morning where
their chosen leaders were marshaling the
invading hosts.
"Pack your gunsl' Of course; every
man of us," said Ike Bledsoe In answer
to a query as the column began to form!
'•l'm a peaceable citizen, and wo ain't
huntin fer trouble, but wo may want to
lire a salute, you know. Leastwise the
woods is full of liears, and we may be late
gettin home. I was treed by a grizzly
once just because I'd left my gun to
Bursts of laughter greeted Ike's Ironic
al ''declaration of peace," and as the an
vils at the Gap began to boom and echo
across the valley and up the canyon to
ward Pot Luck a motley army 500 strong
of almost every nice and color under the
sun and headed by the fifes and drums of
a strolling band of minstrels marched with
swinging stride down the winding road
between the solemn pines and redwoods
toward the Gap.
The Gapers heard their coming miles
away and, funning as many couples as
there were ladies on the grounds, went
out to meet them with waving banners of
welcome and a lively burst of music from
their own excellent band.
Tho I'ot Luckers heard the advancing
music Willi (|iuikiii(,- hearts. That their
raid was anticipated upset even their
leaders, and only by heroic effort on their
part was the column kept in motion as the
Gapers drew near.
"They're on to our name, Bill," said
Ike Hlodsoe, galloping up to his lieutenant
just as their own music wavered and camo
to a sudden stop. ' Hide ahead and start
that music again and keep it goin if you
have to shoot a couple of drummers. If j
that stops, halt this rahblo'll take to the |
woods in no time. Come on, lioys," be ,
shouted to the faltering ranks, 'they're \
I romin to meet us. No ilunkin now. I'm
a peaceable man and don't want to hurt
i nobody, but I'll plug the flrst man that
makes a break to run."
Without stopping their music or break
ing the step of their guests the Gap« re
"about faced" and escorted them to the
ground*, where the leaders were conduct
ed to chairs fin the speakers' stand with
their own committee, the rank and file to
desirable seats under h banner inscrltied.
i "These Seat - Reserved For Pot Luckere."
The embarrassment and chagrin of the
Pot Luckcrs, which, as Ike lllcdsoe after
word declared, "made every man of 'em
feel like wlltin down to his IMM it tops,"
disappeared quickly before the friendly
spirit manifest on all sides, the orator of
the day closing his address with these
"To our fellow citizens of Pot Luck,
who have honored us so proudly by their
presence in such numbers here tinlay, we
extend the glad hand of fellowship and
welcome. Pitch in, gentlemen of Pol
Luck, and enjoy yourselves. Kverything
m t'n grounds is yours, and you're ns
welcome to it as you arc to the water that
dashes down yonder mountain side or to
the balmy air that tloats up t<j us over the
tree t ips front the bosom of the broad
When the tables were spread, the ladies
devoted themselves to their guests, and
not a Gaper ate or drank until every Pot
Lucker had been well served. Then in
bumiiera of lemonade the Gap toasted Pot
Luck, and l'ot Luck toasted the Gap, and
Ike Hledsoe, in response to repeated calls,
made a speech in acknowledgment of the
royal welcomo of the Gnpers, or tried to
make one. The event will go down in
history as the greatest time ever enjoyed
nt the Gap and the one occasion upon
which Ike's rhetoric ever failed him.
" Ijulics and gentlemen and feller citi
zens of the Gap," ho licgan, "I—l—we
We — Oh. hang it all, I never in all my
life had the packin so everlastin'ly knock
ed out of me as I have today, and I'm go
ing to own up to it like a man. We came
down hero with malice in our hearts, ev
ery man of us, but from this day on Pot
Luck's the best friend tho Gap's got, and
don't you ferglt it. I'm a peaceable man
and don't want to harm nobody, but If
ever I hoar a Pot Lucker say a word ag'ln
the Gap I'll shoot him on the spot. Moro'n
that, wo want to celebrate with you every
year after this, and, on behalf of the citi
zens of Pot Luck, I Invites you, one and
all, to come up and picnic with us next
Fourth. I calls for three cheers for tho
people of Dutch Bill's Gap, and, as I said
before, I'm a peaceable citizen, but I can
lick the man that says tho Oapors ain't
the handsomest ladies and the )>est all
round good fellers in all this glorious land
of the free and home of the brave. Hip,
hip, hooray ! M —San Francisco Call.
Attend to the flams.
It is too late to sow seed just about
the time tho harvest is expected, and
the shepherd who neglects his rains at
this time is doing this very thing, says
The American Sheep Breeder. A ram
in vigorous, active condition is not so
made in a few days, nor in a few
weeks. We should think how a little
seed needs months to make its full
growth and to gather in the plant suffi
cient nutrition and substance to form
the new germ. A whole summer is
needed thus to mature a plant of corn
and prepare the seed for the nest year's
harvest. This applies with equal force,
but more conspicuously, as the sheep
excels the mere plant in worth to the
conduct of the flock. Many shepherds
wish to have all twin lambs. Two are
better than one—sometimes, but not al
ways. A strong, vigorous lamb is bet
ter than puny twins or even than fairly
good twins, if the dam is only able to
care fully for one of them, and if one
will have strong double births he must
attend to the ram first and begin now
to put him in proper condition for the
service expected from him by and by.
He does not want to be fattened exact
ly, but he must be in prime condition,
for we cannot get any animal in such
condition without putting some fat on
his carcass. The best of grain food in
the summer for the ram is linseed oil
meal, from which the oil has been sep
arated, and the residue of protein is
left in large excess. This part of the
food is especially useful in sustaining
all the vital organs, and thus gives that
essentially needed animal vigor to the
male animal, especially such a one ae
the father of a flock which has so large
a number of females demanding atten
tion. The time to begin re-enforcing
the rams is now at hand. The twin
breeding flock is greatly desired by
every shepherd. But it is made only by
years of work in building up the consti
tution of it by the highest possible feed
ing. For the scientific principle at the
bottom of it is that animals become
more prolific as their supply of food in
creases. This is one of the examples of
the balance of nature, and the econom
ical disposal of natural products for the
best interests of the universe, in which
naturally nothing shall go to waste.
Give Sheep Plenty of Room.
After souie years' experience in rais
ing sheep, I have concluded that it is
not best to keep them confined too
closely, writes Frank M. Beverly in
Land and a Living. Their confinement
in one place breeds disease and it may
be said is a drawback generally. Sheep
will not thrive alone on what you may
feed them, but they require something
that is indigenous to the woodlands.
The farmers in Virginia 25 years ago
raised large flocks of sheep, and they
were allowed to run in the woods both
winter and summer, except during deep
and continued snows, when they were
brought in to keep them from becoming
poisoned by eating ivy. They had to be
given salt, but required little in the
way of feeding. They were thrifty, and
always looked clean and healthful. Of
course this plan is not now practicable,
except in a few of the more isolated sec
tions of thecountry, but the plan should
be carried out so far as circumstances
will permit. Your flocks may have to
be kept within fenced inclosures, but
they should be shifted from one place to
another as often as possible. I knew a
man a few years ago who bought up
100 or more sheep during the fall and
winter, intending to go Into the busi
ness of sheep raising on a rather large
scale. He kept them in a field where
there was a large barn, in which h«
honied them every night. He fed them
all they would eat of corn, fodder, hay
anil oats, but when summer came about
one-half of them died, and the other
half looked as if they might as well die.
He then sold the flock at less than half
the price per head he had paid, andthu*
ended his dream of bherp raiding.
ImprfmUf Scene In the Continent*]
(onfrfßt-MaiilDK the Derlaralioi.
Spread I ntf the <«lud Tld I DK %— A pot h
eoal» of July 4.
I'p to a o'clock In the afternoon of that
Fourth of July, 1776, American Independ
ence hung In the balance.
How eyes and thoughts were turned
that summer day to the old stntehouse at
Philadelphia! Would the body of men
gathered there take the step* Would they
dare to do it?
For many months the colonist* had
been carrying on a brnve, unequal strug
(tie with the mother country Uut that
struggle h.-d been as loyal subjects of the
F.ngllsh king. In arms only as against cer
tain acts of Injustice.
Now that other conception, at first pair
ed in hushed whispers from man to man
and later set ringing through the colon leu
by the eloquence of I'utrirk Henry and the
logic of Tlioiuas Paine, that glorious con
ception of American independence was be
ing finally weighed In the halance again**
the claims of George 111.
Anil yet nil knew there were grave diffi
culties in the way of Independence. Many
would have known it better could they
have stood within the east room of tbe old
stutehouse through the long hour* of that
hot Jnly day. There sat the Continental
congress, now pale faced, grim and care
At the east side of the chamber on a
dais sat the presiding officer in his red
leather chair. Before him km a large
mahogany table, on which a massive ink
stand of silver held a bunch of fresh
quills. A document then under discus
sion lay beside it. The iuen who were to
use the quills that day in making that
document, "America's Magna Charta,"
were grouped about in a semicircle.
They were not men of the same nation
ality, for among them were two English
men, three Irishmen, two Scotchmen, on*
Welshman; the others were born in the
colonies. Xot of the same occupation,
either, for 24 lawyers, 14 farmers, t» mer
chants, 4 physicians, 1 gospel minister
and 1 manufacturer were there. Xot rep
resenting the interest of a single state, but
of 18 separate little governments, torn by
longings, fears and dissensions. On the
right of tho chairman sat Benjamin
Franklin, with his soft hair flowing down
his shoulders. Farther on was Thomas
Jefferson, the writer of the document on
the table, now busy taking notes of the
proceedings. Directly in front sat young
Hichard Lee, who had risen days before to
read to the hushed assembly the daring
resolution, "That these united colonies
are and of right ought to be free and in
dependent states, and that all political con
nection between us and tho state of Great
Britain is and ought to be totally dissolv
ed. "
Here, in their quaint attire, with pow
dered hair in "cues," knee breeches and
buckles, broad flapped coats and bright
hued waistcoats, sat the men who were to
bo known as the signers of the Declaration
of Independence.
Inch by inch the ground was gone over,
the chamber now ringing with applause,
now hushod in awo, as fiery words pic
tured the triumph of liberty or warning
voice foretold humiliation and defeat.
Then came the moment when the last
word had been spoken. Even the plea for
postponement because "the people are not
ripe for a declaration of Independence"
had been finally crushed by the answer in
the broad Scotch accent* of Dr. Wither
spoon: "Not ripe, sir! In my judgment
we are not only ripe, but rotting. Almost
every colony has dropped from its parent
stem, and your own province, sir, needs
no more sunshine to mature It."
It was 8 o'clock when the vote was tak
en. Secretary Thomas arose and announc
ed to tho assembled congress the final de
cision and sat down Suddenly the cham
ber, but now so full of words, of gestures,
of llashtng eyes and of Impassioned figures.
Is hushed, and those within It motionless;
almost the rapid heart beats can be heard.
Then, in geographical order, the mem
bers signed the paper. And in the relief
of a decision they made grim Jokes.
So big Ca. ter Braxton of Virginia said
to little Charles Carroll of Maryland as
the two walktd to the table, "Well, Mr.
Carroll, the British say they will hang us
as rebels If they catch us. If they do, I
will have greatly the advantage, for, as I
am heavy, my nock will be broken at once,
while I fear you will dangle In the air and
hang on for some time." Still smiling at
the jest, Mr. Carroll stepped forward and
signed his name. Then he added "of Car
rollton," saying, "There is my address If
any one wishes to find me."
John Hancock, the president of con
gress, must have taken a fresh quill to
make his big signature, remarking, as he
wrote, that be gucssod John Bull could
read that without spectacles. Then he
added gravely that there was groat neces
sity of their "all hanging together In this
matter "
"Yes, indeed,'' said Benjamin Frank
lin, "we must all hang together, gentle
men, or assuredly wo shall all hang sepa
rately. ''
The big bell that had been muffled to
toll on the passing of the stamp act (which
the jieople declared was the "death knell
of liberty") now rang the joyous procla
mation of "liberty throughout the world,
unto all the inhabitants thereof."
So plain July 4 came to be the great
Fourth of July. And though the event
took place a little late In the day for a full
celebration, yet good use was made uf the
hours tliat remained, and of several days
that followed, too, for joyful recognition
of Independence day. Philadelphia had
the start in all this and showed her rejolo
lng In illuminations, the ringing of bells
and flrlng of cannou.
But slowly the glad tidings crept over
the colonics. So slowly It seems to us in
this day of rapid communication. Copies
of the declaration had to be sent out by
riders—inon tearing madly through the
colonics upon loam bespattered steeds, yet
Unable to do In days for this great mi*
sage what n moment will accomplish for a
prlii- fight report today. But It was rapid
work for those times, and a rider stopping
on his wily to deliver one of those precious
copies would be, as an old rhronicler tells
us, "at once furnished with a fresh horse
and dispatched on his way." How the
discomforts of the body must have been
forgotten by such a news carrier [ Here
and then*, where the ''express" stopped, he
broke up grave assemblies, whose mem
bers, putting all else aside, gave them
selves up to the great document. Then
would follow great meetings in the square
where to the sound of fifes and drums all
the king's arms, his pictures ana *ll signs
of his tyrannical majesty would be hurled
Into the leaping flames amid cheers and
ringing of bells.—Chicago Inter Ooean.
A Dutiful Little OtrL
"Such n lot of people live In our
'ouse," she told we, "17 of us; two
Indies live in the cellars!" And her
mother always went once a week to call
on a lady who lived in the "workus. "
"Please 'in, father calls mother such
wicked names," she suddenly informed
me one day, and out cam* a string of
dreadful epithets. "Hush," I interrupt
»d, "you mustn't tell me those things. "
"Please "m, he does," she persisted.
' and we all want father to die, if
mother didn't 'ave to pay for the cof
fin"—so pathetic and doubtless so true.
- Mrs. Merrick's "With a Palette in
Kastern Palaces."
Hronoui y.
A west Philadelphia young woman,
on the ground of econouiy, induced her
Iwtrothcd to waive the formality of an
ongageuient ring and to give her the
money, f 100, instead. After they had
been married six months she informed
him that she had invested the money la
a life menbership in a woman's suffrage
"Ma, I'm at the head of my class."
"How's that. DickT"
"Teacher says I'm the worst of all
the bud boys in school."—Philadelphia
Raw (he PrIMMM llKcato Cele
brated la IMI.
The following <itract from an uM let
ter glv« an atmunt of the lint celebration
of the Fourth at Princeton col leg*
No. 1 ftm l oLLiot. |
PnwcßuM. July 10, 1841 j
l>taa J.—* * * OLad to lit-ar you all «p*-nf k
pleasant a «th of July Sumt Botuul of our
proceedings here may prove amu-lng S w««-k*
ago al a railed meeting of the utodent* 11 * >s
triumphantly decided that Ihm should be an
Illumination. etc., on tlx- evening of the lib
A rommlttf* «a) appointed to mark the de
▼lon on the window- and col Wet money for
the ft re lialls, flrew. rk#. etc.
The figure marked on all the first atory wta
down of East and Teat coltegea wu an hour
«!«". requiring flu . andlea for our 3 wind. ws.
The figure, for the 3d and 4th stories and alt
the bark windows of the old North ware mark
more Intricate and beautiful. In the third
atory of our college the upper sashe* [resented
"Oeo. r tPlusi Wa«hingtna." and of the Fast
college, "General + i Plua i Mercer" On th*
chapel window* were the dates ••ITTHS4I."
All day Sat j. and |«rt of Monday Olcott and
I w-ere both buay In preparing and placing the
candies, rutting them In abort ptam. turpen
tilling the wtrk.t and then lighting them to be
sure they would go. The penalty for l»avmg
this undone would certainly hare been the
smashing In of all our fenestras In-ertaa fira
ally the students have had a celebration of th*
4th out In town, but owing to a muum'.er
standing between the two aocletlm there waa
none thU year.
Thro the (lay. however, the roar of artillery
was kept up to incessantly and noisily a* in
Albany In both refectorlea a vary fine Fourth
of July dinner was served up In the P M In
the liark campus were raised seven or eight
large an " -oatly piece* of fl rework* procured
fr< MI Ne\ «ork for the occasion. And at dusk
the campus waa almost filled with the ladtaa
and gentlemen of Princeton and Merrer inm.
ty. AM noon as It waa dark, at the ringing of
the bell, every window fronting oa the hack
campus vu manned by the •tudeata
At the 2(1 toll the white froata cf the • col
leges, containing about JOU windows and full
&.UUU candle*. were inalantaneoualy lllumlnat
ed. The sight waa really magnificent: After
about ten minute*. when antne of the ahort
candles were burning low, Uke bell was again
tolled, and each student hurried to his win
dow again, and when the ball tolled for the
fourth time every light was as suddenly ex
tlnguUhed. The fireworks were then exhibit
ed, an fine a display aa I ever aaw. Haln bs«an
to fall eoon after s and put to flight the visit
or*. Home of the aludrnta. disappointed about
throwing their Are balls across the . srapua.
got them going In the long halls of the old r«l
lege, until the oflb-ers d leper aed I hem after
promising them the next evening for that
•port. A drenching rain finished the day.
Philadelphia I<edger
Il«" the Orlglaal Derlsrsllss af la
"ependeace la Preaerva4.
1)1(1 y>.a ever see the Dvclmttlon of In-
Je|wndrncc —the urlglnal manuscript? If
you have not, you probably never will, for
now It lies in the archive* of the (late de
partment, Incased In gtaas and looked in >
■tee! vault, t'nlcas you have aome ex -
traonllnary reason for viewing It, the caa
tod inn will not *how It to you To he
sure, u faithful reproduction of the famoui
document hangs in an upright glass ense
In the shownxim of the stale department
ThU room U a part of the library, and
many valuable historic relics are on view
Several years ago the original Derlara
;IOD hun« In the caw where the facsimile
appears today. A ithort time before It had
been proposed to take It to the World's
fair at Chicago. The manager* of the fair
wore extremely anxious to secure It. There
was even talk of shipping It la • special
car under guard of a squad of United
States regulars, but the secretary of state
would not consent. It was within his dis
cretion to let any of the state papers go to
Chicago, and he did send some very pre
cious manuscripts there, but the Declara
tion, he said, had too great a value to be
subjected to any risk
The discussion led to a careful examina
tion of the document. It la on parch
ment, which does nut deteriorate much
with the lapse of time, but the librarian
reported that the Ink, which had been ex
posed to bright light for many years,
showed signs of fading. Ho In February.
IHW4, the parrhment was taken from Its
frame, put between sheets of glass, sealed
In hermetically, stowed away In tits steel
vault, and there It lies beside the original
of the constitution of the United States
and the appeal of the colonists to King
George. The copy answers all ordinary
purpuses, and, as the text of the Declara
tion has been verified and reproduced
again and again, there la no longer any
real need to consult the original It la
taken out only at long Intervals to be
shown to some distinguished visitor
New York Herald.
Let the K>|l' lertsa.
Get the people sll together—ln kchool
housus and In churches and In God's
"first temples," the groves and parka
Let us hear the Declaration of Independ
ence read once more. Let the orator speak
I never sr. eloquently Let the boys recite
patriotic pieces Let everybody sing
I 'America" and "Rally Hound the Flag
and all the glorious old war songs. Includ
ing "Dixie"—which President Llnooln
said we all had a right to now—and the
'• Bonnie Blue Flag" Let the whistles
shriek and cannon roar. Let the eagle
scream!— Judge TuthUl
Prlsoaers Psr4*s*4.
In 177 M, at West Point, there was the
usual noisy outbreak, whloh this time
WHS given variety by an order of Washing
ton "to grant a general pardon to all prts
oners In this army under sentence nf
death." In 17H2 occurred the last cele
bration of the Revolutionary army as sooh
"The whole army was formed on the
banks of the Hudson, on each side uf the
river. The signal of IS cannon being glv
sn at West Point, the troops displayed and
formed lines, when a general fsu de Jfllo
took place throughout the army "
Tori Ladles HMksM.
In 177 a, on the Sd uf July, an carder was
sent out that the day would be "celefcrat
•d by firing 18 pieces of cannon and a feu
de jole of the whole line." In the south
some Whigs dressed up a lady with a mod
ttrous headdress three feet high, with a
great profusion of curls, etc , and marched
with her In pruoeaslon to ridicule the dress
of the Tory ladles "The figure was
droll." the writer naively explains, "and
occasioned much mirth. It has lessened
somo bends already. The Tory woman are
very much mortified. " —Selected.
Aa Appeal «» KHelUr.
The Fourth of July Is an appeal to each
man's fidelity, his manhood, nla honesty,
his right to honorable dtisenshlp, his
worth to the nation that shelters him It
challenges his faithfulness as a father If
he has rhlldren, his adherenoe to duty In
all the walks of life, his right to sppearlug
In the sight of God as a Christian, ss a
man whom God and his fellow man will
delight to honor —Christian Work.
Aa Opfortssltr Kegleeteg.
"Goodness! I wish I had goue to
"Why, Henry F*
"Well, here's Dewey going to get a
present of $250,000, and I have to
•crumble like mad for street car fare.'
—Detroit Free Press.
Ma r Proasata Htai.
First Pickpocket—How's Jimmy gel
ting on In de btx?
Second Pickpocket—Pretty fair. He's
been so successful In finding men's
pockets that the gnug la thinking of
letting bliu tackle women's pocketa.—
Chicago News.
Itvluataas tllwttt.
"I told him that be wasn't my Ideal
man. and he told me I wasn't bis Ideal
"And then?"
"Then we felt (perfectly safe to go
ahead and get married."—Chicago Rec
Where lie Krre4.
"Kunston." said Caesar, "has shown
me where I made my great mistake."
"Where was It?" asked Alexander.
"I should have swum the Itul>l«-on."
replied the shade of Jullua I'hiUulel
phla North American.
No. ae
Blare of tramp* ta. roll of drama.
Ftrewurks' golden shows*
CHory rinM, 10. die -n.
Patriotism's flower
Fair of face and calm J* ~iim (
Fit to be a Halloa's
Ball (o her. ail hall:
Queen Indeed, though all n amit
Have with ■•ur devoaioa.
Let our loyal praise i unailil
I'nto either oeeaa.
t»he shall be oar lnepiraltoa
Praising her. sre praise arnr iiatlna
80 to her ali hall
-C r Lasts*
Isgralaaa Hakeahlft Bssaers sf Ms
Farefsi hen.
In days when at the mullet ooeaatna
for patriotic display myriad* of starry
flag* All the air. from the hnwUM brad
striped silken !sinner to the Assets wav
ing tn tiny we scarcely laafla thai
there waa a time when to paaasaa aa
American flag often required the «Hda
of Ingenuity and sarrtfloa
In an orderly hook at the IssaiMliMi)
army, dated a short ttme MM the stM*
were placed upon our iti lysd " aanit the
following entry la hand: "Tls ssioaA
ate desired to provide thstnaafea* with
some colors if they are to be praani II
doth nut signify of what sort thsg saw "
The very first starry flag that wwesd
over a military action waa hastily ooa
■tructed at Fort Schuyler The tot ana
Without a flag when the enemy appeared,
and there was much hurrying to sad (N
wtthln the walla in search of the sweatad
red. white and blue Soldiers .iffwadlhaft
ammunition shirts at white Haao to ha
cut In stripes. There was to MktMy
about the red, for a fine scarlet desk ul
that color that had been taken fill tht
enemy waa. with much delight, itauted to
stripes for the new flag. For Mto bias
there was mtieh warehtog and tttohlag
together of small pieces, hot the lata after
noon sunlight glided the which,
completed In atwordaaca with the yea
scribed |attern. floated from the baation
In leas than a weak Ave af the assay'!
colors were displayed beneath K, all takes
In a suocemiful sally from the hit
The first Star strewn banner shown to
California waa also constructed fxm the
clothing of the perm ma who rmiaad It,
however, In token of poaesastoa Mr tm
warlike Intent. Seat sslnas at Sa Dlago
for the curing of hide*, they sartiil af
the lonely life, barren of eoatots and
social joy. Two gentlemen to charge sf
the party seised upon the Maa of eaaatnaet
Ing and mounting the imtional tton larf.
In hope of calling the attention sf aosna af
the distant ships, of which, at kaag later
vala, they caught a gt! rupee la qttieh
response to their signal cam* A* goad
■hip Washington, from the :lsnfsld la
lands, sailing under the American Mint.
Sympathy. g<»«l cheer and nniFanlnnahtf
were obtained through the batfabt
leas none of the party dreamed of the time
when In right of pnsaaaatoa th* Unfaa
flag should gracefully wave ovw th* OoM
en Oate of California.
I'ndeterred by the fa*t that HambofaH
had tried It and pmootumd it teyoalHk
• daring party of army and navy uA mm.
•oldlera and ullnn, attempted Ik* mmmt
of Mount Oriiaha. Three only at Ma 41
who started ravM the nmmtt to tafeoU
the wonderful panorama spread OWt lot
iMr enjoyment A Oa*. mMrMM MM
aren in* before from the Milan* ahlrta,
Mtdihlpnuui Hn|(n ounlrlhgtiaf (wWll
i«m to cumplrto It, ww tilaniart bp Ika
And loft floating from tba kelghta IkM had
bam uotmldMi before by the toot at maa.
To bimr our atar ijiufM I in— tMc
unbrokrn wllda, to mark with It conqaaat
and ■rhlcvrinut, to grace wtth Mi mrll|
fold* each hard woo mail ha*
bnn the JO7 of lk« ktraa of ovr past. Tc
lho« who XV now gadnln* ednoattan b>
Death Ita protection bulonfi th* fatal*
KV they deruM tkiamlaM to Ikt fU«
and plant It mar hlfbtr —Forward.
u4 Jagaaaen.
The death of John Adama and of Tkonaea
Mannn. twin > alaintttaa. ba|fMa< am
the Mk at July. IW, exactly M yeara
after they atgned the ImmMl IWm»
tton John Adama waa a law fm. a mum
bar at the Continental mn|iiM aad afcafar
man at the committee am war aad «4-
aamr Ma waa elected at the
United rttataa In 17V7. Tha day ef kto
death ha waa awakened by tha rta«ta| at
balla and firing of cannon Ha waa aM
If ha knaw wha* It waa oh, m" ka
replied; "It la tkegloatoaM Fourtho/ lajy
Qod bleaa It!" In the oonne at Ike
ha eald, "It la a dlorlooa day." Hto-laat
Word* wan, '' Jetfereon atlll Mara " Bet
at that moment Jefferaun. too, waa baantt
ln« hla laat Jamw Monroe. flftk faeat
dent <4 the I'nlted Mtatn. died Jwtf i,
l)M Tier Cetefceaateae.
Alwaft, even from tha oarttaat yaate.
then- were the uolae at «une and the aatoto
of 13 by the cannon. If the aleae at tha
officer* were preeent In tha OoaMaaartal
oampa, an elaborate party at 4anne waa
uauelly arranged In many at thaae aab
bratlona the wlvee at iJonank Knot ami
Otww were leader*, and ancueatanaa tkiy
•een prevailed upon the glual WadNMoa
hlmaalf to open tha ball -Slaw Tort
UUrtfr tha ria«.
Let the flag ba flortfiad. the Mia
hymn* of the republic ranf uxf lha aiai
orlea of the atruKglea and the t/ftafka ot
the nation be fittingly Panelled cm Mm
coming Fourth
Trae l> Mia Battel.
win -1 mw that ymag Macstna
who waa always talk tog agalaat won*
•n't suffrage. baa married a widow
who la 27 year* older than hlmaalf
Wan—Ves; ba alwaya Mid ba woatd
nerrr hare anything to do wtth tha
new woman -Cleveland Leader.
a I aaaeteatteaa leala>.
Washington. bearing that IhMßfafrf
aeatineia coald ■•>( ba hualad. wand oat
one night to ascertain If tha Nfort mm
correct The tountoralgn waa "Can
bridge. ' aad the general. 11 fill an 1
aa he thought, by a large oeencoat. ap
proached a colored aentry
"Wh<> gnea there!" cried tke aaMU
"A friend. " replied WaakM|loa
"Friend, advance, tnigiwad. and gJ*e
the countersign,'' mid tta 1 lnaa<»aa
Waahlngton raxneap aad aald. "Boa
bury "
"Wo. aah I" was the igepoeea
•Me.if.rd. aald Waaklngtoa.
"No. aah t" returned the 1 nluaad aoi-
"Charleefna. " aald WtMkHtga
The colored man a}« 7 ea
cUluied. "I tell yoo. «WM Wl*ng
tga. no man gu lj»l—*ua* Wa aay
'Cambridge ' "