Newspaper Page Text
THURSDAY. OCTOBER 11. 1894.
Katar*4 » at B«U« a. M c, «" - ,tU *
WILLUI C..KULKI. - raklUkW
REPUBLICAN STATE TICKET.
Governor—Dahiel H. Hastisos.
L eutenant Governor—Walter LTOW.
Secretary of Internal Affairs—Jambs W.
CongiraMmen- < Galcsha A. Grow.
ar-Large. \ Grorgb P. Hcfp.
REPUBLICAN COUNTY TICKET.
Coneresa— Thomas W Phii.lips.
" 4 David B. Domhrtt,
Assembly < K. Moore.
Jury Commissioner — Hbwrt W. Nicho-
China and the Powers.
The war scare in England has subsided
as quickly as it arose. It served while it
lasted, however, to show on what a volcan
ic basis the peace oi the world rests. Ann
yet the news from Paris to the effect that
the Cabinet councils of France aud hng
land were really called to discuss, not the
Madagascar, but the Chinese question, is
pregnant with the possibilities of war.
Intrigues are now going on among the
European Powers in relation to China.
Japan's plan, which was first revealed by
the way of Prankfort-on the-Maiu, is for
a tripartite division of China, in which
primarily Russia, France and the present
invading Power would undoubtedly receive
considerable additions of territory, and the
Chinese Empire, or what remains of it,
would either be compressed into a limited
realm or divided into three empires or
The other plan, is to remove the present
boy Emperor and put in his place the son
of Prince Kung, and so to preserve the
Empire as it exists to-day. This latter
plan is that supported by England and
Germany, who, it may here be remarked,
have pretty nearly all the commerce and
concessions in the Celestial Empire, and
wish to preserve them. The former plan
is the one which will probably be carried
out in case Japan occupies Pekin.
At present, according to a special des
patch from Shanghai, palace intrigue at
Pekin favors the abdication of the present
Emperor. If this were accomplished Eng
land would undoubtedly endeavor to have
a halt called to the war and thus deprive
Japan of the opportunity to complete her
A NBW YO«K physician has discovered
an effective preventative for the brilliant
carmine bne which whiskey gives to the
nose. His remedy is a* follows, to wit
viz: "Do not drink whiskey.'
Principles of Taxation.
After months of discussion and labor the
ohances are decidedly in favor ol the
Pennsylvania state tax conference agree
ing on a tax bill satisfactory to the six
great interests of the commonwealth repre
sented in that body. The committee on
the principles of taxation of the conference
met in Harrisburg, Tuesday, to draft a tax
bill to be submitted to the conference at its
meeting in December. After much dis
cussion a sub-committee consisting of
Joseph D. Weeks, of Pittsburg; Leonard
H. Rhone, worthy master of the state
grange, and C. Stuart Patterson, dean of
the law school of the University ol Penn
sylvania, was appointed to draft a meas
ure, following the lines of these resolutions
which were unanimously adopted:
Whereas, it is necessary, as a prelimin
ary to drafting a revenue bill, that the
general principles on which the subjects
of taxation shall be distributed between
the state, county and local bodies, should
be laid down; therefore, be it.
Resolved. That tho state should derive
its revenue from its own creatures, or
from those businesses or things which ex
ist by virtue of state law or whose right
to do business is derived from tho Btate,
and regulated or supervised by it. In ap
plying this principle, chiefly those corpor
ations or businesses should be taxed by
the state whose sphere of operations is
broader than a county.
That the county should derive its rev
enue from those businesses or corpora
tions whose sphere ol operations is wider
than the minor civil division, and not more
extended than the county, and from such
other property and things in the county as
may be necessary.
That the minor civil divisions should
derive their revenue from sucn businesses
as are purely local and from real estate
and personal property.
That in levying taxes 10 far as practic
able, the levy should be a millago rate on
the actual value of the property taxed.
Giles D. Prioe, of Erie, a member of the
committee, said Tuesday all the difference
between fie interests represented in con
ference had been harmonized and that
there is a general disposition to give and
take on all sides. He is confident the sub
committee will agree on a bill satisfac
tory to the general committee and the
conference. Weeks and other mem
bers of the committee expressed tho same
TRK result of the State election in
Georgia, last week, must convince the most
prejudiced Southern Democrat that the
days of the solid Democratic South are
numbered. When a rock-iibbed Democrat
ic State like Georgia that had no difficulty
in rolling up Democratic majorities of 70, _
000 to 80,000 can only return 10,000 major,
ity for a Democratic candidate for Gov
ernor, and the public has to be kept wait
ing two or three days to know whethor he
has even that majority, it is no longer pos
sible to deny that there is a good sized
breach in the political camparts that have
guarded the solidity of the Sonth for seven
Secretary Edge, of the State Board of
Agriculture, has collected much interest
ing data ou the subject of assessments and
taxation ol the farms ol Pennsylvania for
the guidance of the next legislature in
formulating a measure for the more equit
able distribution of state taxation The
figures are taken from the assessor's re
turns for 1894 to the commissioners of the
several counties and show gross inequali
ties in the present system of assessing val
ues, varying in many instances very materi
ally in the same townships.
Butler county, with an assessment that
represents on an average one-half of the
actual value, shows an average millage
upon farms of 788 mills. The returns
from this county to Seireta-y Edgo include
the assessed and actual values of 230 farms
located in twenty-three townships. Their
total assessed value is given at $540,711
and the real value at $1,080,050. The taxes
levied in the comity this year amounted to
Mercer county presents the following
figures: "Number of acres in 330 (aruis,
36,701; .assessed value, $1,299,120; estimat
ed actual value, $1,469,750; couuty tax, $5,-
837.50; soh-ml tax, $2,680 50; road tax, $3,-
401 10; total on assessed value, $11,919.10.
Taking the actual value for determining
the average upon the same for the county
places the figun sat 8.11 mill*. The aver
age tax per acre is slightly over 32 cents
The statistics from Beaver county em
brace 275 tarmswith an average assessed
Value of $1,562,561. As the assessments
yary, in some cases being high in one dis
trict and low in another, the figures
obtainable place the actual value at s],-
948.412. There was levied for taxiM in the
county $13,011.19, the average mill rate
EIGHT people were killed while they
slept, by the lall of a tenement in New
> ork, Tuesday night, during a storm.
TIIBKK hundred tons ot armor plates
made by Carnegie, passed inspection at
Indian Head, last Thursday.
Prof. Wilson has returned from Europe,
and he "fired his opening pin" at Charles
ton, W. Ya.. last Monday.
The election in Georgia was held last
Thursday, and the Democratic majority is
but 10,000, a slump of about 40,000. T1 •
Populists carried several ot heretofore
strongly Democratic counties, and in the
State elected 60 members of the House,
and 7 of the Senate.
Hastings had an ovation at oik, Thurs
day: spoke at Pottsville, Friday; Dußois,
Monday, and Punxsutawney, Tuesday. On
Wednesday he and his party amended
Curtin's funeral at Bellefonte.
Some of the leading Democrats of Brook
lyn. N. Y. have put up an independent
Democratic State Ticket, which is thought
to end all chances for Hill.
Over in Lawrence Co. nomination pa
pers were sent to Harrisburg for an inde
pendent Republican County Ticket, con
taiuing the names of all the Republican
nominees, excepting Wallace, whose naino
is supplied by Martin's
McKinley spoke at Ohama Thursday;
Des Moines, la., Friday : West Superior,
Wis , Monday; and Milwaukee Tuesday.
He also speaks from the car and one day
made fifteen addresses.
Judge Gaynor, the Brooklyn reformer,
declined the place given him on the Hill
ticket by the N. Y. Democrats, and the
State Committee named another man.
Hill has accepted his nomination.
(The following was handed to us last
Thursday, just before we went to press, too
late for that day's paper.)
Mr. Editor:—lt is with diffidence that
I ask space in your columns to enter my
protest at the course pursued, last week*
by "The Ministerial Association" of this
place in securing the use of three of the
leading pulpits of our town to be used on
the Sabbath by a traveling lecturer, who
talks for hire. I understand his charge for
'his one day was SIOO.
Some of us would like to know who this
"Ministerial Association" is composed ot t
I am especially at a loss to know how
the trustees of the M. E. Church were in
duced to surrender the pulpit of that con
gregation, on Sabbath morning, to a
"Stump Speaker," who. it is said, kept his
audience laughing at his "side-splitting
jokes," and this while the pulpit was yet
draped in mourning for one who had never,
in the pulpit or elsewhere, indulged in
repartee, as a means of entertainment or
How enjoyable it must have been to hear
that ancient chestnut reproduced about the
the boy twisting the mule's tail, and get
ting hurt as a consequence. And yet this
"Ministerial Association" would prosecute
a boy for furnishing the public with a paper
containing the news of the previous day.
The temperance people—and they con
stitnte a large majority of our people —got
along nicely last spring, surely this was a
very inoporlune time to invite division, to
Nor was he correct in his statements; he
discounted the result of our efforts in the
past; spoke discooragingly of the future —
said the law was against us. This is not
true. The law is with us and there is no
good reason why our county should not go
(try. Every time the people have had a
ohance to vote they have so declared.
"The Ministerial Association" that
seem to have charge of this prohibition
campaign—had better give the large col
lections they raised in the several churches
last Sunday to the poor than to the un
known orator. If we are to have their
party speeches let as have them from snch
well-known speakers as St. John, Miss
Williard, et al.
Then our local divines will not have to
take up so much time on Sunday morn
ings reading clippings from unknown
By the way, is it not about time that our
Butler pulpits were used lor something
more than third party "Bill boards," —for
the introduction of would-be orators—un
known to fame f
Not long ago "the Boy Orator" was pet
ted and fondled around here by our third par
ty friends-a few ol them cooled on him-but
still he secured a good Introduction from
here to the people ot Slipperyrook, who re
ceived him very cordially, but who were
awful tired of him before they got rid of
He and a young lad who accompanied
him as a musician left a room they occu
pied in the dormitory so highly scented
with tobacco that it took the management
several days to disinfect it.
Ot coarse oar "Ministerial Association"
is composed of honest, earnest gentlemen.
The commnnity will have no objection* to
them carrying on a third party campaign,
bnt let it be done openly not under dis
guises. The party has had an organiza
tion for more than a quarter of a century.
It has never elected a member to couKress,
nor a member ot any legislative body,
nor even an alderman, yet its educational
influences may have been usetul. We
wish it well, but—it must be honest.
En CITIZEN:— It was indeed a jolly
crowd that gathered on the banks of
Thorn Creek on Saturday morning, Sep!.
29tb, to celebrate the 48tb birthday of Al
fred Gibson, an employee of the Fetrine
Oil Co , who reside? with bis family on the
Burton farm in Penn township.
It had been previously arranged by Mrs.
Gibson and family as a surprise for Mr
Gibson, and accordingly bis friends aud
neighbors to the number of over 50 met at
the homo of Charles Gibson and, armed
with baskets filled with the good things ot
this life, inarched down the banks ot Thorn
Creek to the Gibson residence, and took
Alter an hour spent in social conversa
tion dinner was announced, a table having
been erected in the grove nearby and
spread with all the delicacies of the season.
James Benry, of Butler, the popular gang
er, was chosen master of ceremonies, and
wan at his best, being fully equal to the
occasion. After all had partaken of a
hearty repast, the young ladies and gentle
men amused themselves in various ways,
while the older ones recalled the events" of
At 3 o'clock the assemblage was called
to order by W. S. Dixon, who stated the
object of the meeting and spoko of the in
fluences these social meetings had upon
society. Joseph Carey was called to the
chair aud spoke at some length and con
trasted the past with tbe present. Miss
Jessie Giles rendered some beautiful selec
tions on the organ. Harry Shaffer was
called upon and responded in his usual
Mr. Gibson was tho recipient of many
substantial and valuable presents, for
Which he ttanked the donors very kindly.
The meeting was theu dismissed aud all
present felt that they had spent a day that
wonld long be remembered on account of
its pleasant relations.
Mr. Gibson is tbe oldest son of the late
David Gibson of Washington township,and
a brother of Eli and George Gibson of tbat
place, and Martin Gibson, of Bntler.
W. S. I).
Autumn Arbor Day.
The Superintendent of Public Instruc
t on has issued a proclamation designating
Friday, October 19, to be observed in tho
public schools as Autumn Arbor day
"Numerous and cogent aro the reasons for
the celebration of Arbor day in all public
schools," says the Superintendent. "And
since very many of the rural schools close
before the two days appointod as Arbor
days in the spring of the year, it is wise to
perpetuate thn custom of celebrating an
Arbor day in tbe fail. The Department, of
Public Instruction therefore, recommends
tli« observance of Friday, October 19, as
Aaiuinu Arbor day, and earnestly urges
teachers aud superintendents to adopt a
suitable programme of exercises, including
tbe planting oi one or more trees."
THE LOSS ON FREE WOOL
Before the inaguration of Grover Cleve
land in 1893 Ohio XX wool sold for
cents a pound: The same grade now sells
for 18 cents. The lower grades have de
clined more in proportion. The wool clip
for 1893 was 329,410,542 pounds, and ex
cepting for Democratic success would
have been much larger this year. The de
cline in wool represents an annual loss to
the wool growers of #41,176,310, taking
only the standard grade as the basis of
estimate. But including the others the
loss reaches over $45,000,000. The decline
in the price of sheep represents a loss of
#75,000,000. The loss on ranch property
and on the rough and poorer portions of
the 700,000 farms now used for grazing
sheep has been estimated by Senator
Dolph at $280,000,000. But leaving that
out, and including the depreciation in the
value of labor, and about $135,000,000 rep
resent the loss this year to the wool grow
ers as the result of the Democratic free
Can any living man point to any gain?
The one branch of the woolen industry
that was said to suffer most because of the
duty on wool was the production of car
pets. But we find in The Wool and Cot
ton Reporter and other trade journals of
recent date the statement that "the
mills are now running at about one
half capacity on small orders." That
is the way free wool helps the carpet
industry, although the tariff on the man
ufactured goods will not be reduced under
the new law until next year. The big
woolen mills at Centerville, N. J., have
closed because they cannot now pay pro
tection wages, even with free wool.
There has been a gain, however, to Can
adians and other foreigners. The Wool
and Cotton Reporter says that "manufac
turers have shown little disposition to buy
domestic stock, as they expect to get for
eign wool much lower." The same journal
reports that "interest on the part of the
buyers has been mainly in foreign wools,"
and that in Boston "the sales of Austra--
lian wool have surpassed any previous
record." Why? Because foreigners un
dersell the American wool growers even
at present low prices.
That trade newspaper also reports t hat
"some of our large Philadelphia wool
houses have sent their buyers into Canada
recently, and there has been some large
blocks of wool taken up and conservative
estimates are made that 1,000,000 pounds
of Canadian wool have come to Philadel
phia within the past two weeks." It ap
pears therefore that the Australians and
Canadians are receiving some benefit from
the free wool tariff. But there is nothing
except wailing and gnashing of teeth in
the United States. A few foreign wool
houses may increase their commissions,
but that is all the gain so far visible here
to compare with a direct yearly loss of
$135,000,000 and an indirect loss that
makes up another large sum.
A GOOD ENGLISH BILL.
There can be no doubt whatever that
owing to the relief that has been given in
the reduction or the total abolition of im
port duties will lie of great advantage to
many English manufacturers, and as a
consequence to those whom they employ.
Of course the advantage to England from
the new tariff will be felt principally in
the manufacturing centers, such as Brad
ford, Huddersfield aud the neighborhood,
where the Mclvinley tariff wrought so
much harm. We may expect in Hull to
gain something from increased shipment
of goods, and so far as we can judge we
ahall not have long to wait. Among the
free goods we find certain kinds of iron
and steel, mineral waters, agricultural
implements aud machinery of various
kinds, including threshing machines.
This is good for England, because provis
ion Is made that there shall be a duty of
50 per cent, on these things if they are im
ported from countries that impose a duty
on like articles ' from the United States.
There ought under this clause to be at
once an impetus in the manufacture of
agricultural implements. Halt and tal
low are also to be imported free. Woods
of various kinds are to be imported with
out charge, and while some wools are ex
empted from duty, there are other kinds
on which there is a great reduction, so
that Euglish manufacturers will be able
to compete, as they did before the passage
of the McKinley tariff, with their com
petitors in America. —Hull Daily News,
MORE CONFIDENCE I'ItOIJUCEKS.
Wherever the opportunity presents it
self the people continue to help in the
work of confidence producing so necessary
to revive the business destroyed by the
free traders. The latest confidence pro
ducing work was done in Connecticut last
week, when the town and city elections
were held, aud where the returns diso'osed
sweeping Republican victories iu almost
every election district. There was just
another such a Republican sweep as there
was in Vermont, Maine and elsewhere
where the people have secured a chance to
assert themselves and show what they re
gard as the best method of restoring con
In every case the method favored is th e
success of the candidates for office who
are members of the party of protection,
and it has made little difference to the
people how far the offices have been re
moved from power to exert any influence
in the work of drafting a national policy.
They have gone on the principle that Re
publican success even in local offices could
best indicate their opposition to the disas
trous policy of free trade, aud have voted
for the candidates of the Republican
party so near unanimously as to leave lit
tle of the free trade army iu sight. That is
exactly what they propose to do iu Penn
sylvania, and the signs are not wanting
that Pennsylvanians will do it so gene
rally as to attract as much attention
their way as have the people of Maine,
Vermont, Connecticut or elsewhere.
BASK clearings during August were
$1,000,000,000 less than in August, 1802.
Make a fresh start in November on the
road to prosperity and protection.
THE old soldiers' pensions were cut
down by almost 130,000,000 during tha last
session of the Democratic congress.
TOE TARIFF OF 1894
The objections to the Wilson-Gorman
tariff act as it finally passed are both nu
merous and cogent:
1. The first is that given by Mr. Cleve
land, that It is an act "of party perfidy
and dishonor." Hut that will not weigh
much with a party ao accustomed to
trampling its pledges under foot as is the
Democratic party. The men who de
nounced it for everything vile will.be
lauding it to the skies before the cam
paign is over.
2. The next is that it bears a willful lie
tn its title; because, instead of being "an
act to reduce taxation," it is an act to in
crease taxation. By their own showing
it adds 178,200,047 worth of foreign im
ports to the dutiable list more than it re
moves; puts sugar on the dutiable list to
the amount of $41,833,633 of duty, and in
creases the internal revenue "war taxes"
to the amount of $.">3,000,000. A little thing
like that, of course, does not hurt a Dem
8. The next is that its real object is to
reduce protective duties on all our domes
tic industries, and especially those of
which iron aud wool are the bases, with
the avowed purpose of establishing the
doctrine of "free trade" In place of that
of "protection." This issue is now openly
joined for the first time since the civil
4. The next objection is, that in carry
ing out this free trade program it is es
sential that we largely increase our im
portations of foreign products, otherwise
we shall fail of revenue, and is
named as the amount of necessary in
crease. Now, as "the balance of trade"
has already turned against us under this
Democratic administration, we shall have
to send abroad our gold to pay for the
goods, as they will not take our silver.
Already this policy has compelled the sale
of $50,000,000 of bouds to buy gold. And
since that sale the amount of the gold re
serve has fallen from $U0,000,000 to $&?,-
000.000. That means we have already lost
$103,000,000 of gold sect abroad in antici
pation of the law. Where shall we be in
three years at this rate?
5. The next objection is that it proposes
to admit free of duty "raw material," in
order ihat this material, wool, hemp, coal,
iron, etc., may be reduced in price, so that
manufacturers may be able to cheapen
their goods in order to compete with the
cheaper foreign importations. But this
means that our farmers must reduce the
price of their hemp and wool, and our
miners the price of their coal and iron, or
foreign "raw material" mußt take the
This means a reduction of wages all
along the line, because labor costs 80 per
cent, and capital 30 per cent, of the average
cost of production.
6. The next objection is that it is a com
bination of ignorance and sectionalism.
It strives to inflict the greatest injury on
northern interests and the least on south
ern, having been prepared almost entirely
by southern men; in the house, Wilson,
McMillin, Breckinridge and others; and
in the senate, Mills, Jones, Gorman and
others. Such blunders as taxing "steel
rods" of which barbed wire is made more
than the "barbed wire" itself, cleaned rice
more than rice flour; releasing from tax,
without restriction, all "alcohol" used in
the arts and medicines, and dozens of
others illustrate the ignorance displayed.
7. And finally, that its proposal has al
ready cost the country in business loss and
stagnation more than the entire cost of
the civil war; and as it is but a threat of
more to follow, and is accompanied by the
open avowal that the war on our manu
facturing industries is to be kept up un
til the tariff for revenue system is super
seded by an extension and permanent es
tablishment of internal revenue taxes, its
future injury is incalculable. A new issue
is thrust into our politics: "Shall our
necessary revenue be collected by a tariff
on foreign products, or by internal taxes
on our own people."
WAGES MUST GO DOWN.
A dispatch from Bay City, Mich., under
date of Sept. 25, says:
The results of the new tariff duties on
lumber were seen in this city today when
4,000,000 feet of lumber from the Spanish
River Lumber company on the Canadian
side was brought into this port. The lum
ber was brought over by the steam barge
Kathden, asd was consigned to E. T. Car
rington. The new law allows the for
eigners to lay their lumber down at the
Michigan ports at lower prices than the
Michigan lumbermen can get it to the
same ports via the railroads and rivers.
This is the first consignment ever made to
a Michigan port from Canada under the
new law. The Michigan lumbermen say
prices for logging must go down before
they can continue their business at any
DOWN GO THE WAGES.
Tin I*late Makers ID St. Louis Announce
A reduction of the wages in the rolling
department of the tin plate works of the
St. Louis Stamping company was an
nounced Oct. J. When asked what neces
sitated the cut Mr. Thomas Niedringhaus
stated that it was due to the reduced duty
on tin in the Wilson bill.
Said Mr. Xiedringhaus: "Under the
McKinley bill the duty afforded us a pro
tection estimated at 73 per cent. The Wil
son bill affords protection of only 35 per
cent. In order to meet this we were com
pelled to reduce the wages of the rollers,
catchers, doublers and heaters, in all
about 300 men."
It has been asserted by some of the best
informed public men that there will be a
deficit in the public revenues of over $50,-
000,000 for the current year closing June
30, 1895, while some of the tariff reformers
are proclaiming a surplus of at least $40,-
000,000. The first fifteen days under the
new law show but a small gain of receipts
above expenditures, while it is generally
known that millions of goods have been
released from bond, by which the public
revenues have been increased during these
fifteen days. If the revenues for the first
month are not very largely increased over
the expenditures, then it is a sure fact
that a large deficit must occur. The
Democratic party is earning for itself the
reputation of being unable to collect
money while posing as retrenching always
in the expenditure of money.
FKOM the Keystone Gazette of Belle
fonte it is learned that Tom Collins,Dem
ocratic candidate for congressman-at
large, two years ago said that if Cleve
land were elected he would "immediately
start up his furnace at Bellefonte and
run it as lons as Cleveland remained in
the chair," or words to that effect. Since
that time there hasn't been enough fire in
the furnace to singe a bat, aud the swal
lows are kept busy building nests aud
raising young among the rafters. Hence
he is a Democrat in spirit and truth—for
he is fond of "stuffing" the people.
VVe suppose Tom has delayed all the
good things promised the people of Belle
fonte until after he is elected congress
man-at-large on the Democratic ticket.
It is earnestly to be hoped, however, that
the good people of Bellefonte will not have
such a long wait as that promises.
TIIE Englishmen have been busy lately
giving Mr. Wilson, of tariff bill fame,
dinners. It was while Mr. Wilson was
becoming famous enough to merit the
dinners from the Englishmen that the
people in this country who had a little
money ahead were forced to feed so many
willing workmen who were out of em
DURING the first sixteen months of Pres
ident Harrison's administration the re
ceipts of government were $110,505,414
more than during the first sixteen mouths
of the present administration. No won
der we have to borrow money aud increase
the national debt.
!Be sure to see that you buy American
made goods, thus lielpiug to give employ
ment to American wage earners. This is
better than sending our gold out of the
country to benefit foreign labor.
Striking against lower wages when
cheap foreign goods are glutting our
luaAets does not pay. But voting for
|rotectiou will pay.
The Supreme Court of South Carolina
has declared in favor of the Dispensary
law, and Gov. Tillman has begun a cam
paign against the "speak easies'' of the
state, which are there called ''Blind Ti
Be it known that:—
Johnston Burns, of Westmoreland Co.,
was back looking at his old homestead,
George Greishober built a neighboring
bridge across the Flick Run. which is a
good sample for our supervisors to take
E. 0. Thompson says that he has » no
tion to vote the Democratic ticket so as to
get rid ot so many township officers.
Joe Millison is putting in a rig on S A.
Leslie's, aud he has to commence opera
Robert Trimble, Esq., was very much
surprised to find a pheasant, in his chicken
coop a few days ago.
Wm Gallagher has quit working for the
Forest Oil Company and is now drilling at
One of oar society belles says she won't
marry a farmer, for she can't stand the
smell of cows while milking. No farmer
Jas. Mahan says he drilled sixteen acres
ot wheat for David Lefever in one day.
Who can beat that?
Wm.Hem;hill and mother, ofTarentum,
*pent last Saturday with J. B. Flick.
The Forest Oil Company has got the cas
ing pulled out of the G. W. Hays well and
soon will be ready to test it in the hun
Our readers will pleose excuse us for not
keeping up-to-date with our items. News
is scarce and times are bard; and tho boys
ain't sparking ranch under the Democratic
administration. X. X.
Plants tree on autumn arbor day.
FALSE TO EVERT PROMISE,
Michael J. Ryan, Esq , one of the auti-
Harrity Democrats of Philadelphia, who
was advertised as one of the gentlemen
who would accompany Candidate Sin
gerly on his campaigning tour.has written
a letter to Mr. Singerly declining to form
one of the party, in which he says as fol
"There is eft*or in the announcement of
my name as part of yourcompany of cam
paign tourists. 1 received the state chair
man's invitation and declined it. I re
ceived your personal request to accom
pany you and declined it. Upon your
urging me a> a personal favor to you to
help I assured you of my willingness to
aid you. This did not mean that I was to
form one of a party to travel through
Btate, ostensibly to secure your election,
but in reality to endeavor to revive the
dying political fortunes of a discredited
"It is responsible for the demoralization
that now exists in the Democratic party.
"It has been false to every promise made
to the people. It assumed place repre
senting an aggressive and united party
that promised to be a power for good
"It will surrender the reins with an un
broken record of increasing popular dis
approval with its methods and its mem
bers, and with the Democracy of the state
disheartened, disgusted and faction torn.
"You have been nominated simply to
preserve its political life and enable the
machine to hang together long enough to
control the state conventions of '95 and
'96, so that the delegates from Pennsyl
vania to the national convention may be
delivered from the auction block to ad
vance the fortunes of those whose trade
is politics and who think that the Demo
cratic party has no higher mission than
their personal enrichment."
This is a discussion of state issues un
locked for, and it i 3 safe to say that Mr.
Ryau will be urged to confine himself to
the tariff if he has anything more to say
in this campaign.
THE TRIE FRIEND OF LADOK.
Many deserved compliments have been
paid General Hastings during his life,
but none are of more importance than the
one that comes from Secretary Mcßryde,
of the United Mine Workers. It has been
printed here before, but it cannot be
placed before the reader too often. Here
is what Mr. Mcßryde said:
"It is not often that a candidate for
governor does as much honor to his party
as his party does to him, but this can
safely be said of General Hastings, the
Republican candidate for governor of
Pennsylvania. General Hastings is thor
oughly in accord with organized labor.
As a coal operator he always preferred to
do business with the officials of the union,
and many a difficulty 'Dan' has helped
the boys to smooth over. He has always
been an inveterate foe to the 'pluck me'
system, and would have none of it about
his works. He has always paid his men
semi-monthly in cash. Whoever in the
Republican party may be assailed, its
candidate for governor is above reproach
in the eyes of a coal miner."
Secretary worked in Pennsyl
vania mines for many years, and is closer
to the miners of that state than auy other
official of the national organization. A
determined effort has been made, by send
ing men into the coal regions to make
Populist speeches, to seduce Republican
votes away from the Republican ticket on
the mere ground that the head of the
ticket in Pennsylvania has been a coal
operator. Secretary Mcßryde does not
meddle with politics except when the in
terests of the coal miners are involved,
and it is doubtless the knowledge of this
Democratic scheme to win miners' votes
away from a man who has been their
staunch friend which has prompted him
to speak out so plainly.
Sproull & Stoops,our leading merchants,
report business very dull on account ol the
slow work done at the mines this fall.
James McKwerigan, better known as
"Red Jimmy," of this town, is still engag
ed in the horse business. Anyone desir
ing a trade can do so by calling on him,
and bring a little "boot money," a thing
all horse traders ask for when making a
Rush Iloekenberry is teaching the; fall
tearm of school at Branchton; his brother,
Mont, is teaching the school at I'ipo Stem,
and Mi-s Dora Giuver is teaching the
school here. She reports 41 scholars.
R M. Rnssi-ll aud S»m Russell rctu.med
from Beaver Falls, iast Saturday, where
they bad taken a horse to their brother
George who is engaged in the expri .-:s bus
Mr. Wui. Ferguson, superintendent of
the mines here, went up home 011 Saturday
and returned on Monday.
Sunday was a busy day in Gomersal, or
at least it looked that way, to see the num
ber of white horses around. First came
Charley and stopped at the brick house lor
his girl, and next came Russell and took
the old man himself out lor a drive, the
writer can not say whether Timp was in
town that day or not. but he was OJ Fri
day of *ast week.
Mr. John Swain, of Hotitzdale, is here
with bis brother-in-law, Charles Beacbatn.
and is going to work in the mines. Mr
Swain is an old resident of this place hav
ing lived here 8 \ ears ego and moved from
here to UontzUaie where he has been em
ployed in the mines until his return here
Can anyone in Cbefry South, show us a
uian that will vote the Democratic ticket
thisfali? unless it is the man near the five
points, and there is u doubt about him too,
as he says 13 cents a pound is not enough
lor good wool this time of the year, and
under these good Democratic times.
Anyone wishing to purchase game, such
as is ni season, can do so by calling on
Ferguson & Mason of this plane. Tbe\
went out with their guns on Tuesday and
killed about all the game they could see,
viz: 1 ground hog, 1 squirrel and 1 crow
To see them coming down the road you
would think it was the head of Buffalo
Bill's show coming into town earning
There is a new mail route between Gom
ersal mine and Garfield mine. This route
is not operated under the management ot
Uncle Sam, but, nevertheless, letters,mes
sages or any other news matter left or hid
den under the lumber pile at yuinn's Cros .
sing will be sure to have prompt delivery
by our would-be newsboy, who is always
on the lookout for business Of this nature.
W"e are very sorry to learn that two of
our citizens had some difficulty and could
not come to a peaceful agreement, as a
third party was concerned in the atfair;
therefore they appeared before Squire
Mechling, of West Sunbury, who unravel
ed the unknown air ait and decided against
the plain tiff, for lack of evidence.
We notice the mines at Coaltowu aud
Gomersal are not w. rking very regular on
account of the scarcity of cars. Kailroad
cars on the P., S. it L. E. K. R. are very
scarce at present.
"We note that Mr. C. Beacham and Mr.
lames Brydoa have sickness iu their fami
lies; hope it will be of short duration and
all be restoied to perfect health again.
The election is drawing near and as usu
al we arc expecting Gomersal to give the
whole Republican ticket a handsome ma
jority although a great many miners have
left By the way. ttfie miners are generally
all Republicans They know which side
butters their bread, they have had very lit
tle buttered bread in the past year.
Onck and Awhilb.
Loyd Chesuey had his arm broken while
working on a well near Cooperstown on
Tuesday morning. It is just a j e-r to a
day, and almost to the hour, siuce he had
his other arm brirken at a well.
Messrs. J. W. McKee aud E. R Ken
nington were in Butier, Tuesday, on busi
Miss Ida Graham, of Evans City, is here
visiting her sisler, Mrs. E. B. Mershon.
Mr. Chas Hoffman is laid up with rheuma
Wnr. Hoffman, Jr., is on the sick list,
hut will soon be on dntj again.
Tho Tuttle family gave a show hero on
Robert Bauman, our enterprising poul
tryman, says that next year he will bo
ready to Bliip the eggs by the thousind.
He has a liuo selection of Black Breasted
Games for sale. Call and see him.
Now hunt your overcoats and if yon
haven't got one you can purchase one at
Mrs. Theo. Heltnbold it Son, on Main
street. <- Cor.
This Presbytery received Licentiate If
L. Alter, from Kittaaning Pre-byterj - . Oo:
2nd. aid. on the same Jay, ordained »n
--■ustalled him pastor of Concord Chua h
This Chnrch, over 90 years old, has bad
but four pastor*. The pastorates «■! tw >ot
these, Kev. John Coulter and ltev. J. H
Mar-!)tall, extended over more than 6.">
Mr. Alter was installed over N'orth
Washington anil New Salem Churches.
Oct. 3, by Her. J. M. Thompson, a lortnr
pastor: and K<-v. I. D. Decker. Mr Alt' r
is cordially welcomed by these three
churches as their pastor. May his p i.-t r
ate be long. pleasant and abundantly si:.--
J. K COfLTgB, S. C.
Mrs Henry Dofford, of Beaver Falls, is
visiting relatives in this vicinity.
J.J. McCundless, wife and son, were
visiting friends here la.-t Sabbath.
Mrs. W. H. McCandless. of Franklin
township, is visiting her brother, R J.
Turk, of this place.
H. A. Hoffman has moved back to But
0. W. Eagal, wife and son, i f this place,
visited the former's parents at L'nionville,
G. J. McC'andless, of Beaver Falls, form
erly of this place, was buried at Mt. Chest
nut on Sabbath.
Benton Stoughton and family will leave
in a tew days lor their new home in West
They have some oil in McClnng £ Co's
well on the M. Gallagher farm; but the
Stewart farm welt is sai 1 to be dry.
A. A. Goncher has greatly improved his
Esq McJunkiu is building a largo addi
tion to his store room, occupied by Arthurs
Mechling & Co's chop mill is doing a
James Christley has returned to his
J. L Seaton fun isbes mt*al.- at ail hours.
J. B. Arthurs is rigging up at the trestle.
Mr. Henry Schradiug, of South Side,
Pittsburg, and Miss Linnie Brell, <>i C'ou
noquene.-sing, Butler county, were united
in matrimony on Oct. Ist, st Butler IV
Tile}' lett immediately for a pleasure trip
to Philadelphia, New York aud otlu-r
Eastern cities Miss Linnie will make her
iuture homo with ilr. Sehrading in Now
York City, where ho is engaged in busi
The happy couple left Butler with the
congratulations ot their many friends.
GREGG—At his home in Freeport. Oct. 4,
1894, Robert Gregg, formerly ot Butlalo
twp , aged about 56 years.
McCANBLESS —At his home in Beaver
Fails, Oct. 4. 1894, George J. McCaud
less, formerly of Centre twp., aged
about 54 years.
His ceath was caused by typhoid fever.
DONALDSON —At his home in Evans
City, Oct, 6, 1894. Thomas Donaldson,in
his 78tb year.
ANDERSON—At her home in Prospect,
Oct. 6, 1894. Mrs. Rebecca Anderson, in
her 72ud 3"ear.
Oliver Wendell ILlmes, the poet and
author, died at his evidence at Beverly
farm, Mass., last Sunday afternoon. He
was born in August of 1809. At the age
of 1C he began writing, and his first poem
to attract general attention was the famous
one on the Constitution, beginning:
Ay, tear her tattered ensign down!
Bong has it waved on high,
And many an eye has danced to see
That banner in the sky;
Beneath it rang the battle shont
And burst the cannon's roar;
The meteor of the ocean air
Shall sweep the clouds no more.
Ho read law, while a young man, and
afterwards read medicine
In 1839 be was chosen yrofessor of anat
omy and physiology at Dartmouth. In
1882 he was made a member ol the supreme
court of Massachusetts, having previously
published various law works.
In 1847 Dr. Holmes succeeded Dr John
G'. Warren as professor < f anatomy aud
physiology in the uierlical school a! Har
vard aud soon alter became prominent is ••
1;. cuini iictnrer. Thence, till 1860, his
larger works appeared in rapid sucae«>io'i.
works on liter»tui« aud mediciii" alr.rnat
tig. lor i'l-nor the least ol the curi-u>
facts abou r this many-sided mau that if he
tiad not been a poet, a humoiists. a novel
ist and a geniat essayist he would have
ranked high as a medical writer. As it is,
lew people even know tha'. lie is the author
of six valuable treatises on medicine and
took three prizes for minor medicine es
The zenith of his power was attained in
his contributions to the Atlantic Monthly
for the first three or four years of its exis
tence—lßs7 to 1861. The most popular ot
all his productions, the one which secured
him the title by which he is best known,
"The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,"
appeared as a serial in the first numbers of
the Atlantic, and its advent was an era in
literature. Enthusiastic editors declared
i hat Dr. Holmes had created a new species
of literature and opened an inexhaustible
AKDBEW G. CCRTI.V.
Andrew G. Curtin, the famous war-Gov
ernor of this State, died at his home in
Bellefonte, early last Sunday morning, in
his 80th year.
He passed away peacefully, surrounded
by his family and Iriends, and was buried
Gox. Curtin was among the most distin
guished of the State Executives who ser
ved during the trying times of the Civil
War, and who ro-e to omiuonce for their
aggressive devotion to the Union.
"e was self reliant, resourceful and pos
sessed of all the energy of a sturdy young
manhoad. With a rugged character, a
brilliant intellect and a sincere patriot
ism, he met the great emergency in a
way to reflect the ntmost glory upuu the
State in which he was bom, and to com
mand the applause of the country. He
was ceaseless in his patriotic energy, for
patriotism with him was inherent and de
veloped to vigorous proportions in the
wholesome mountains in the midst of
which he had his home.
! lie was the first Republican Governor
of the State, being chosen fur the first
time tu the memorable campaign of 18(50,
which resulted iu the election of Lincoln
to the Presidency. It was the success of
Curtin in the October election that foretold
the triumph of Lincoln and the Republican
party it) the succeeding November. Penn
sylvania then, as for some years later,
with her early State elections was an un
erring indicator of the drift of popular
sentiment; and it was known to all that if
Curtin had been defeated in October the
election of Lincoln would have boon im
probable. Lincoln hiuiself never failed to
recognize the service which Pennsylvania
then rendered him and the country by the
confidence which ho extended the .State
Administration—a confidence that Curtin
justified in every particular.
Throughout all this period Governor
Curtin was an uncompromising Republi
can, and was justly recognized as one of
the foremost men of the party iu the coun
try. Not so many years later, however,
in the Presidental campaigu of 1572, he
resigned the Russian mission which ho
held by appointment of a Republican Pres
ident aud came home to espouse the cause
of the Democratic party. This action was
largely due to disappointment in State
conflicts, aud can t>e in some degree, at
least, traced to hi-» deft at by Simon mi
croti for United States Senator several
years before. Cameron and Curtin w re j
never in harmony.
Governor Curtin continued thereafter to
act with the Democratic party, receiving
the petty consideration of an election to
Congress for 2 or 3 terms from his district. I
and falling at last a victim to Democratic j
jealousy aud resentmeut. lie was no les a
badlv treated by the Democratic authori
ties in the Uou>e itself, where he was inex
cusably supplanted on an important com
mittee by a young member who had noth
ing but;his wealth to distinguish him.
From that time Governor Curtin had no
inclination to return to Congress. What
ever may have been bis real feeling for the
Democratic party it is certain that party
never gave bnn its entire confidence and
he was strangly out of place in acting with
1 AH Pennsylvania will mourn the death
of'one of the State's most eminent sons;
he was brave, patriotic and earnest in
all his undertakings; a true and devoted
A cream of tartar baking powder. High
est ol all in le.ivenintr strength — Latest
f niteil Slates Government Food
Royal Eakinn Powder Co.,
106 Wall St.. N. Y.
BERKiMEK & lAKLOB
151 S. Main St., - Butler: Pa.
LEGAL ADVERTISE MEN TS.
Letters testamentary ou the estate of
John Klicger, Ute of Peliu twp., (lee'd.
having been granted to the undersigned,
all persons knowing themselves indebted
to said e.-tnte will please make immediate
ua> nieht, a..d any havu.g claims against
said estate will present them duly authen
D. B. Dot'TtiHTT, Ex'r.,
Letters testamentary 011 the estate of
John Sheui, late of liuiler, i'a . having
been granted the undersigned, all persons
indebted to said estate will please make
immediate payment and those having
claims will present them duly auihenticat
ed lor settlement to
HANNAH L. SHKM, Lx'r..
W D. Brandon, Butler Pa.
ASSIQNS 3'S SALE 7
In re assigned estate of Alex McCrum
by virtue of an order of Court issued out
of the Court ol Common Pleas of Butler
county, there will be exposed to public
sale on the premises at Valencia, Adams
Township, Hutler county, Pa. on Satur
day October 20tb 1894 at 1 o'clock, P. M.
the following described real estate, assign
ed to tne for the benefit f creditors; all
that certain lot of ground situate in Va
leneia. Adams township, Butler Co. Pa.,
bounded on the north by lot of Maria
Miller, on the ea-t by lot of Dr. S. O
Stirrett, on the south by P. it W. It. R
and tin the west by Stirrett Ave., contain
ing one acre, more or less, and having a
two story frame dwelling house and other
Terms cash ou confirmation of the sale
bv th • Court and delivery of deed.
W. J MARKS,
Assignee Alex McCrum
M A Specialty.
At Redick's Drug Store.
We do not handle anything 1 but
pure drugs, next time you lire in
need of medicine please give us a
call. We are headquarters lor pure
aa we use only pure fruit juices, we
also haudle Paris Green, hellebore,
powder, London purple ..and
~ J. C.* REDICK,
V ;:it, M 11 >. it'll t« i Lowty
: ■ TJTL. KHi PiV.
Jon v W. BROWN. C. A. ABRAMS.
ABRAMS & BROWN,
Real Estate, Fire and Life Insurance,
XBAR COURT HOUSE. BUTLER, Pa.
Insurance Company of N'ortli America,
102.1 year, Assets $9,278,000; Home of New
York, Assets $9,000,000; Hartford of Hart
ford, As.-uts $7,378,000; Phumix of Brook
lyn, Assets $5,000,000.
L. S. McJUNKlN
l.isuranca anil sieal Estate
17 EAST JKFFF.IWON ST.
liUTI.KR. - FA.
Kit lbtl-' iby regular physic! «ns for the cure
of "1 -i >1 it.- ill- • t'allinr Kits >i-rr»«»n»K».
And r\l:.-iustioH. srrofHlii. (;lri ration* tit the
Throat tiland* and alt disoasoit discharge*
xyeoiMy cared; Cancers. Tumor*. Goitre and
morbid irrowths removed without the knife and
without pain. Consultation tree. ( ail or ad
dress IIR TATLVK, "20 Libert) St., I'ittsburtr,
BUTLErI LUMBER COMPANY
Shippers and.deaiers in
Elough and dressed Lumber of all
kiuds. Doors and Windows, and
Mouldings of all kinds.'
H WICK Manager
Office and Yards,
Kast i'unninicijaui anil Monroeslreets.
TO GPEHATE oUCCE3Si-UL=
LY IS WALL 3Tt<EE7.
Be t/uiilccl by our Marie
Book on Speculation and. Letter Mailed
fret! on application. Highest reference.
WKINHAN A Co, Storks, (irain aud Piotiiion,
ii Ilri art way. N.l|
iif y /// r/'J COLLEGE#
mlf / <////America for
\ i—S • r '/> taining a bread-\
f V x / /If/ winning educa-#
▼ 1/ turn For circulars^
V. iVIc ALPINE,
Is now I cite ! in new and elegant rooms ad
joining tits former onrs. All kin Is of clasp
plates uud modern gold work.
A. T. BLACK.
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Koom F., Armory Building. Butler.; Pa
>f\T IKJiIR TO BI'TI.EB hATIStJS BASK.
SERVICE. + GUARANTEED PRICES. + FAIR DEALING.**-
WE ARE WILLING TO SHAKE.
We havr l>.>en fr. . i.•:;tly complimented on the eWant variety of irood> we dis
play* well as th.- -vi-temsiii, and tidy arrangement of our stock. We thoroughly ap
preciate snch ex pre- .ions ..f your flood will: we leel. however, that a measure ot jiiai-e
Hr.d credit i. . ;r »klc-peop <•, without whose heartv Co-opera'ion our store ■xouUl
l.ot present the pleasing »p;„ irauce it now does We tike just pride in introducing to
you our salespeople h> well n» the departments they superintend:
MISS ELLA MARTIN, Dress goods. Silks, etc.
" MA\ W. CAMPBELL, I'nderwear and flpskr).
•• FLORA STEIILL". Blankets. Flannels and domestics.
AMANIHJ. SMITH. Corsets. Glotes. tlaadkcrihiefs. Ribbons, Lace, Notions, etc.
MR. AL. X. il \R\ E\. tient's Furnishings and Lmbreltas.
MISS R. V. SHLLTZ, milliners.
•' OR A ECKELBERtiER. .
•' MINNIE EISLER. |
•• B HENNINUER. Millinery department.
" LIDA BVERLY, I
'• R MARTI*?, accountant.
MR. J. KAUFFMAN, Claaks and Furs.
Always at your Service.
KAUFMAXN S, BUTLER P ' A .
Loaders in low prices and reliable goods.
Always a«k for goods advertised.
HORSE BLANKETS AND
Retailed at wholesale prices. We
have not onlv the largest stock in
Butler com it j but the largest
in \\ estern Pennsylvania.
Come and see for yourself.
A\ e pay no rent therefore don't
need to add it on.
S. B. MARTINCOURT & CO.
IF YOU INTEND
our prices and styles will
SriMaHMßb - 1| Suits.
Tliis Lounge $7.50
is as well made as any one you can
buy at SIO.OO
J |"/| |J|j
Solid Oak Wardrobes.
Butler, - - - Penn'a
L C- WIC K
Rough and Worked Luoiber
OF ALL XINDB
Dours, Sash, Blinds, Mouldings,
Shingles and Lath
Always in Stock.
LIME. HAIR AND PLASTKR.
Office oppoßitelP. A W. Depot,
J. H. FAUBEL, Prop'r.
This house has been thorough
ly renovated, remodeled, and re
fitted with new furniture and
carpets; has electric bells and all
other modern conveniences for
guests, and is as convenient, and
desirable a home for strangers as
can be found in Butler, Pa.
Elegant sample room for use oi