Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, April 20, 1894, Image 1

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Don't buy a vehicle'or harness of any kind from a dealer who
don't care what he tells you. Don't buy from a dealer who don't
know the quality of the article he is selling you.
"Never misrepresent nor try to get rich off one customer" has
been our motto for 12 years and in that time you have never heard
of us having .viy trouble with any person who has dealt with us. Our
experience in the business enables us to assist you in making selec
tions of what will suit your purpose and we tell you just the kind of
material it is made of. We guarantee what we tell }ou to be true and
stand right over it. We buy evervthing for cash. We pay no rent.
We have more stock than any house in the State in the same line and
There is no doubt about this. Come and see. No difference what
you want about a team, buggy or horse tome to us and get a dollar's
worth for a dollar. Top Buggies $44.50; Buckwagons $33; Horse
Collars, either buggy or team, si.oo; Buggy Whips 10c; Rawhide
Buggy Whips 50c; Whalebone Whips, one-half length, 50c. Two
seat Spring Wagons S3B; Buggy Tops, good rubber, $9.50; Single
trees, Shafts, Wheels, Sweat Pads, Check Lines and everything be
longing to harness.
Our Own Make Team Harness $22
complete, with breeching and collars. All kinds of harness and parts
of harness made to order. We employ the best workmen and use
the best leather.
Come and see us. We never advertised a lie in our life and arc
not doing it now.
S. B. Martincourt & Co.
128 East Jefferson Street,
BUTLER, - - - PA.
P. S. Price reduced on Kramer Wagons, the best wagon on
earth and everybody knows it.
Grand Spring Opening,
Of Dress Goods, Millinery, Wraps, Silk Waists, Underwear, Hosiery,
Laces, Trimmings, Notions, and a complete line of Domestic j.
We quote below prices of a few of the many wonderful
bargains to be found here. § § § § §
Prices given below good until change of advertisement.
900 Black Henrietta 750
85 " 46-inch Serge ..... 00
50 " Henrietta 40
25 Col. " 20
20 " " 12
36 Jamestown 10
50 " 35
50 India Silk* 2fl
85 Black Sorrah Silks GO
75 India Silks 50
100 " " <5
1 25 " " 1 00
I 00 Changable Silks *s">
25 Sailor Hats 10
15 French Flowers 5
50 Milan Hats 25
10 Ladies' Vests 5
15 " '* 10
Call and see us and we will convince you that the place to get lat*
eat styles, best qualities and lowest prices, is at the Leading Dry-
Goods, Millinery and Wrap House of Butler.
(Successor to Ritter & Ralston.)
We are located now at lio South Main Street, adjoining
the Butler Savings Bank. Our rooms are large, fine and
commodious. Photographic enlargements and Life Size,
Hand Made Finished Portraits by the finest French artists
obtainable. In photographs we give you results and effects
that cannot be produced outside of our Studio. We use
only Standard Brand Collodion Paper and not Gelatine, a
cheep and inferior paper used by many. Picture and Por
trait frames; special prices to jobbers. Compare our work
with any Standard Work made or sold in the state. Our
victorious motto, "We harmonize the finest work with the
promptest service and the lowest j rices for the quality of
work." Beware ot tramp artists and irresponsible parties
and strangers. Have your work done by reliable and re
sponsible parties that guarantee all work satislactory. Call
and examine our work and samples and read our many tes
Have opened at S. E. corner of Main and Diamond Streets, Butler,
with all the latest styles in Spring Suitings. Fit and
Workmanship Guaranted. Prices as low as
the lowest. TRY US.
IV) a* *T* f* C t GENTS'OOf.D. I.AD'H '
ft 1 V - ** ( liKNIS' s[|,VBR. LADIES' ('IIATLAIN.
T lE* m T XT ' Gold Plus K\f Kin HI.. :
lib Wciun X j <'tinlns, ltrarebts. Ktc.
If* TWT a *>tTea Sets. < iistors. Butter Dishes and Everything
91 RJi V w¥ F%. 8L» *?.» ( tint can ts- found tn a llrst cla-s store.
RODGER BROS. 1874 ) KNl\ ES, t (IKK SP ' M)^ u ß u , lk Ft(ATE
. vJtrvlCvD, jeweler.
No 138, North Mam St., BUTL£B, PA.,
10c Ladies' Black Hi>se 5c
15 Misses' " " 10
10 Embroideries 5
8 Ginghams 5
10 6
12 Dress Ginghams 8
15 " '• 10
8 Rluo Calico 5
8 Now Spring Calico Gi
10 Lonsdale Muslin 8
8 P.le«chfd •' 5
5 Unb!each«d " 4
7 " " 5
8 Red and B'ack Calico 5
35 'i♦: < 1 Dauoi.sk 25
35 Unbleached Damask 25
25 9-4 Sheeting 18
20 8 4 " 10
A Scientist claims the
Root of Diseases to be
ia the Ciotbes we Wear.
The bf\st SpriDg
remedy for the* 1 >lues,
etc, is to discard
your uncomfortable
old duds which irri
tate the body:-leavc
I your measure at
j ALAND'S for a
suit which will
fit well, imj)rove tin*
appearance bv re
lieving you instant
lv of that tired feel
inir, and making; yon
t 7 ~ .
cheerful and active.
The cost of this
sure cure is very
C.'-, D.
A business that kcc[ s grow
ing through a season of de
pression, such as the country
has experienced, is an evi
dence that people realize they
save money by trading with
us. We know, and always
have known, the days of large
profits are past. Without
question we are giving more
for the money than last year.
Our stock is larger to select
from than last year.
Colbert & Dale.
Ifj.UO I'HOt* for $5 00.
$5 50 Pants for $4 f>o.
$5 00 Pants fo $4.00.
?4.50 Pa tits for $.'J 50.
S4.HO Pan is tor $3 00.
#3.00 Pants for $2.50.
52.5U P*nts for $1.75.
$2.00 Punts for $1.25.
W iir auifri Ji-un Pants sold ty
nd» for Inns thin $1 00,
%* for 89c. : : %*
120 South Main Street, Butler, Pa.,
Retail price lower
than ever.
Window Shades,etc.
Near P. 0. - - 241 S. J/ain Si*
11 I/\ i/l <4- rt !known Artist
lly 111 ■ I Y a '" l Ph«to.
■ S fi ! i Mi irraphor;formerlj
XX \J X \j Lt I'he head of the
J Wertz-Hanlni a n
Art Co., will open a Studio and Photo Par
lors opposite the Hotel Lowry, Cor, Main
and Jefferson Sts , Butler, Pa. Thin will
be the best liehted and equipped Studio
and galleries in the the county. The work
will be strictly first class and made under
new formulas by the artist himself, who
has bud 15 years practical experience in
large cities Portraits in Oil, Crayon
Sepia, Pastel, Ac. In this lino we h»fe
no competition, Our portraits are made
by hand in our own Studio, from sitting*
or from photos. Our work has reached
the highest standard of excellence a. d
is not to be compared with tho cheap ma
chine made pictures furnished by others
Wait for «s; get your pictures from us ainl
be happv.
Hotel Butler,
J. H. FAUBEL, Prop'r.
This house has been thorough
ly renovated, temodeled, and re
fitted with new furniture and
carpets; has electric bells and all
other modern conveniences for
guests, and is as convenient, and
desirable a home for strangers as
can be found in Butler, Pa.
Elegant sample room for use ot
ommercial men
<§oo M
/ " &L v•* a&wlf T isten x ears *fir°
lj to-night since
II[J \ NM I the occurrence
X". ''h. ' rWV. °' that awful
JssfZjffjsi event which
ch a n (re d the
Ti ' ' whole conrse of
\ \ my career.
My par.' had spared no expense in
giving mo a first-class musical educa
tion, and the tutors had teen very lav
ish in their endeavors to develop me
into what I thenwwans —*n instrumen
talist of no mean skill or promise.
For three years I toured around and
about the provinces as a soloist; but I
soon began to tire of traveling and
longed to settle down in such an en
gagement as would permit of my resid
ing' at home.
At the age of eighteen I succeeded in
securing a leadership in an orchestra—
in which I was the only lady member —
of .. London theater. Possibly some of
my readers will say that this v/ns not
"comrae il faut'' for a girl of tender
years. But I was perfectly happy and
would not for the whole world have
gone back to the excitement of the con
cert stage.
I had been there some time when our
conductor vacated his post to a for
eigner of some five or six and thirty
It was soon apparent that he was as
undeniably clever a 6 he was handsome;
yet. in spite of his talent and attrac
tions, 1 fancy he was aware of the fact
that he was no favorite with any one
of us.
About him there was that cold di»>
tance and peculiar reserve which at
once checked all kindly feeling and
friendly advances. Somehow, instinct
seemed to tell me that it was I whom
he disliked and avoided most. He was
wont to become unpleasantly ab
rupt to mr and often very rude in com
ing and f ng without even passing the
eomplimi ts of the day.
I would sometimes sit and muse upon
hln behavior; for It seemed so strange
that I should meet with nothing buk
slights and rebuffs. I was always at
tentive to business, and ever trying to
the utmost to please and make friends
instead of enemiea
When Otto Zetch had been with us
about six months I noticed a great
change in his manner towards me. I
did not like the looks which he fre
quently cast in ray direction, and I felt
a peculiar sense of fear and mistrust
whenever I met the gleam of his dark
fiery eyes, which were so powerfully
mesmeric iu their influence.
Being a girl of quick perceptions, it
was not long ere I discovered bis secret.
Otto Zetch loved me! Yes; in spite of
his former indifference it was now
quite evident that he had conceived a
passion for the little violinist whose
talent had been the means of bringing
us together.
As I gazed back upon those years I
feel that I can speak unreservedly of
my pretty face and recognized accom
plishments; for now that ray features
alas! have lost their charm aud beauty,
any vanity for the past would avail
me nothing.
Night after night. Otto would follow
me home, and persisted in dogging my
footsteps wherever I went.
To make matters worse, his passion
was no longer unknown amongst the
members of the orchestra, whose talk
at joke it was.
As my heart had long since been
given to another man, his attentions
were repupnant to mo, and I avoided
him in consequence.
As a fueling of coming trouble grew
upon rue, I bejran to loathe him, and I
would willingly have left the theater
had another engagement offered itself.
One night he asked me to allow him
to accompany me as far as my resi
dence. Of course I did not wish to of
fend or to make an enemy of him, as
iny dismissal lay in hfs hands; thus it
was that I reluctantly consented to his
walking with me, which he did for
»ome weeks.
liow I longed for the time to come
when Fred Hamilton would again be
back at the theater; for then, I
thought, he would protect me from this
man's annoyances.
My lover had been ordered away for
the benefit of his health; but he was
•xpected to resume bis post as stage
manager iu the course of a fortnight
The night before Fred was to return
to the theater. Otto Zetch came to my
room and usked me to be his wife. I
think my refusal almost maddened
Catching me roughly in his arras he
rowed that nothing should prevent me
being his.
1 struggled from him and rushed
pantingly to the door, but alas! he
barred tho way. Now that it was too
late, I became aware of my terrible
With a mocking smile, he laid his
(land upon my arm.
"My darling!" he said, drawing me
passionately to his breast; "mydarlingl
*vhich shall it be—life or death with
Us? S .'. ear that you will bo my wife%
or this very hour we die together.
There i. no help for you now; wo are
nlono in this building, and you are at
my mercy, the limit of which depends
upon your answer. If you will be
iniue I will spare no pains in endeavor
ing to make you happy. Oh! my dar
ling, without you, existence would
hold no charm for mo. No other man
shall ever call you wife—shall ever rob
me of that affection for which my
heart pleads and pleads In vain. Now,
Stella St. Clair, my life, my soul, my
all! which shall it be? The workmen
will bo here at five o'clock; as I have
much to do before the dawn of that
hour, you must decide at once. Comet
sweetheart, tell me."
As I felt his hot breath fan my burn
ing cheek, I shuddered.
Choking back my tears, I spoke with
all tho hauteur that I could muster.
No! even were I free to do so, I would
never become the wife of one who had
taUcu such un iniquitous advantage o!
a woman's helplessness.
] told him this, adding:
"I had rather face a thousand deaths,
were it possible, than be your wife."
Producing a revolver, ho leveled it at
my hen 1.
"Stella,reflect!" he cried, in the
voice of a maniac.
_ As iny cygs fell before hig, i fplt that
I was completely in the power of a god
less scoundrel, and I offered a prayer
for deliverance from the cruelty of this
Like a flash of lightning a bright
thought presented itself. I would turn
over the lamp which stood on a table
close by.
With one bound I had grasped and
hurled it to the door.
Great Heaven! shall I ever forget the
agony of that moment when, with but
tittle hope of escape, I rushed to the
floor and ran down a passage which led
to the property room?
In my terror and excitement I de
scended the wrong staircase; the one
which 1 should have taken terminated
it the stage door, where I should prob
ibly have made a successful egress.
My utter exhaustion was my only ex
juse for making such an error.
In the distance I heard the sound of
footsteps. Otto Zetch was following
I think the terrible idea of once again
encountering him must have invigor
ated me.
It was the work of a moment to dash
slong the corridor at the end of which
I came to au cfißce, in which I gladly
took refuge.
Locking the door behind mo, I ran to
the window. Alas! there was no hope
for escape. I could not possibly jump
from such a height.
I stood considering what I should do.
Presently I detected a stifling odor of
sre and a deafening crackle of burning
Oh, what a dreadful night that wa3-
My only gratification was in the knowl
edge that I had managed to avoid
the villain whose folly was tho cause of
ill that misery which I had experi
mced in those early morning hours,
when I was shut out from the world
snd locked up in a building which was
aow a mass of angry flames.
Through the crevices of the door 1
jaw the ghastly reflection of that dead*
ly fiend which wrecks so many happy
homes —the destroyer of brave and val
uable lives.
Only those who have been grasped
from out of the jaws of death will un
derstand the awful feelings of being
brought face to face with a cruel end
and ruthlessly flung to a grave for
which so many are unprepared.
As a last resource I opened the win
dow, out of which i screamed for help.
Good heavens! would no one come to
save me? Was 1 destined to die there
was my life to be sacrificed and to meet
the same fate as that of the man who was
a v -uiir.-be assassin? Hark! What was
tli...y The door was giving way —the
flauies were rushing in upon me and
F -orching the walls which seemed to
whirl round me. Another moment and
I should be an unrecognizable heap of
Should 1 risk it and jump from the
window, or should I face the suffocat
ing conflagration and endeavor if pos
sible to retrace my steps?
I could not think) my brain waa
burning and aching with excitement,
and seemed to be losing its sense of un
With ono bitter scream I fell to the
floor, where I lay in a state of semi
In my delirium I thought I felt a
hand grasp my waist, and above the
roar of splitting rafters I fancied that
I heard a well-known voice cryi
"Stellal found! thank heaven!"
Then I fainted.
Yes! it was no weak wandering of
the mind. God had heard my prayer
for mercy, and at a moment when I
least expected rescue He had saved me
from a fate terrible beyond conception.
Three weeks had passed since the de
struction of the theater.
During this time I had lain on a bed
of sickness and Insensibility. My life
had been well-nigh despaired of, and I
had had a very narrow escape of suc
cumbing to a severe attack of brain
But thank heaven, I was at last out
Of danger and well on the road to con
As X reclined upon a couch I bads
Fred tell me the story of my rescue.
It was this:
On tho night of the fire he went to
the theater to meet mo. After waiting
In vain for some time he concluded
that he had missed me. On his ar
rival at my home he learned that I had
not yet come; thus It was that, in the
hope of ascertaining the cause of my
absence, he returned to our usual
trysting place, which was at one of the
back entrances.
As he passed the office window he be
held, from the opposite side, the reflec
tion of flames, and was about to call
assistance when my screams reached
his ears.
With as little delay as possible he
procured a ladder and bravely saved me
at the risk of his own dear life.
"Ah, Fred, how can I ever repay
you?" I cried. pressing the hands
which lay locked in mine.
"By trying to get well as quick as
you can," ho gently replied, showering
kisses upon the Hps which had never
responded to the caresses of another
"Come, darling, when will you be my
"What, Fred, would you really marry
a woman whoso face is forever disfig
ured and rendered ugly?"
How well I knew what his answer
would bo. I think a negative would
have broken my heart
Folding me in his arms, he said:
"My little Stella! To me those scars
aro as proofs of virtue and love. When
ever 1 gazo at your dearfaco lfecl that
you suffered all for my sake; for had
you not tho option of leaving that
building as you entered it—a woman of
beauty and attractions? Though the
world may consider you somewhat dis
figured, I shall ever think that those
marks but tend to enhance the fascina
tions of those sweet cheeks whoso roses
I claim."
"Aud Zetch—what is become of him?"
f timidly inquired.
Fred averted his face and was silent.
After a pause 1 repeated my question.
Taking my hand kindly in his, he
fazed searchingly into my eyes and
"Stella, are you strong enough—
brave enough to learn the truth?"
"Yes," I gasped.
"You will never again be troubled
with his attentions, for he is dead."
There was a reverential compassion
in his voice, as ho spoke of tho mis
guided man who had tried so hard to
wreck our happiness.
"Deadl" I echoed, "Then he was
"Buried among the ruins of the
"Did no ono try to savo him?" I in
I could not help feeling a pity foroue
wuo had fluff eyed as [ I had done.
"Yes!"' Fred responded, somewhat
reproachfully I thought, "yes! the fire
ncn were a brave lot of fellows, but all
fflorts to rescue him proved useless.
But failing their assistance, did you
think that I would see a man die so
iwful a death without exerting every
endeavor to save him?"
"Dear Fred, I know that you are the
best, the bravest man in the whole
The real cause of that fire was never
tnown. But it is my opinion that in
ny hurry to overturn the lamp, it must
save ignited with something lnflam
aibble. 1 cannot bring myself to think
;hat Zetch was so utterly heartless as
to carry Into operation his cruel, un
manly threat. Vet this is the belief
of most people.
Sometimes, as my thoughts wander
back to that night, I cannot but feel
grateful for the miraculous deliver
ance from the hands of him from
whom I should have met with little
mercy. It seems, however, as though
the conflagration which at first so ter
rified me, had proved, in the end, to be
the work of a kind and watchful Provi
That page of life'* history has entire
ly changed my career; for after the
events which I have just recorded, a
peculiar dislike for performing in pub
lic grew upon me. and, I have long
since abandoned all idea of doing so.
Sometl mes my husband gently remon
strates with me for this, and says it is
a pity that a clever musician should
withhold her talent from the world;
but 1 laughingly tell him that inv
blemished features woulj be a pre
ventive to my seaurin? an engage
ment, an argument to which he play
fully gives way and conforms to my
superior •judgment.
it would, indeed, be untrue to say
that I mourn the alteration in my life,
for as the wife of the man whom I
love, I am happier now than I eould
ever have been otherwise, and the sweet
and peaceful solitude of our little home
is dearer to me than all the deafening
applauses to which I was once accus
In our quiet chats about the days of
our early courtship, Fred and I often
refer to the startling events of that
night when I was "Saved by Fire."
A Funeral Accident.
A funeral accident happened recently
not a thousand miles from Haverhill.
In preparation for attendance at the
funeral of one member of the family, a
second member purchased a new suit of
black clothes and laid them in a room
until the time of the funeral. Soon
after the undertaker called at the house
to prepare the body for burial, and,
finding the suit of clothes, innocently
robed tho corpse in them An hour or
so before the appointed time for the
fuueral the second member of the fam
ily prepared to don his new clothes,
only to find them missing. Inquiries
located them as told above, and a quick
change and slightly postponed funeral
made everything right —Haverhill Ga
—Pannard. a noted French poet, made
a reputation by writing drinking songs
in the shape of bottles, glasses and
other bacchanalian emblems. A num
ber of his books were printed in these
quaint shapes.
Plenty of III; Game to B« n»d Close at
Quebec is at the edge of a great wil
derness of forests, rivers and lakes —a
wilderness reaching all the way to the
Dorth pole. Without doubt, says tho
New York Sun, it is the nearest to big
game of any city east of the Mississip
pi and north of Mexico. Moose and
caribou are so close at hand that men
are willing to try for them within a
few hours of the city, and to guarantee
the getting of them in a day's journey
or less. The moose roam all over the
country south of the St. Lawrence,
and are perhaps most plentiful east of
the Maine border. The caribou field
extends all the way into and across
Labrador, there being two varieties —
the wood caribou and the barren
ground caribou, tho latter being the
larger beast. Visitors to the recent
carnival at Quebec were surprised at
the great number of freshly slaugh
tered moose aud caribou then in the
city. They not only figured on the
floats in the grand procession bnt they
were to be found In the dwellings and
offices of tho sportsmen and in the
clubs. The trout that has been
caught by fishing through the Ice
were positively enormous. Some were
more than a foot in length, and
more thau an inch thick at the thick
est part. They were not only speckled
but their skins were suffused with a
brilliant reddish tinge. These fish
abound all around Quebec and are as
little trouble to get as any game fish
in the world. Two accompaniments of
the ordinary wilderness country were
very disappointing. They were the
Indians and the Indian curiosities.
The Indians were always in evidence,
but they were more white than red,
and more French than anything else.
Ordinarily they looked and dressed
like the rest of the habitants, but
when they put on their aboriginal
toggery for the great carnival parade
part of it proved to be a most extraor
dinary headdress of short feathers.
They were turkey feathers apparent
ly, although most of the American In
dians despise the turkey as a cowardly
bird unfit to eat and unworthy to be
dealt with at all. Whatever the feath
ers were, they were arranged like
a mop, and on the heads of the
Indians they looked like tho new
faugled paper lamp shades which the
women are making. These headdresses
were the only Indian curios worth
having. The beadwork sold as Huron
work is such as the Long Island farm
ers' wives sell at Fulton and Washing
ton markets. Flowers were the princi
pal designs, and flowers are things
that the true Indian never works into
a pattern in any tribe in any part of
Conversal lonnl.
Mrs. Brise (at the musical) —Oh, Mrs.
Nuit, I had so much to say to you, and
the pianist is through.
Mrs. Nuit—l'm just dying to hear it.
Let's encore him. —Puck.
A Hnpeleas Chase.
Painter —I have pursued art since my
Critic— Mm-m-m. How has she man
aged to elude you so long?— Town
Qnlte ft Difference.
The difference between a babe in
arms and a woman trying to do her
own housework is that one cries and
fusses while the other fries and cusses.
Better Still.
Bessie —We had a new cook come to
our house last week.
Lottie—That's nothing, we had two.
—Harper's Young People.
Even I'p.
Grocer—l can't take this dime; it's
got a hole in it
Customer—So lias the cheese I bought
with it.—.Hallo.
Mb«ral View*.*
Willie Wilt—Do yon believe in the
higher education of women?
Miss Perte—Oh. yes—and even of
men!— Truth.
VI nay*.
Wo cacti and all hare faulU, you know-
Man Is to error prone;
But other poop.e'» faults are so
Much greater than our own.
—Kuiuas City Juurasi.
fjjg DAIRY
Cantrlvanrc for C'arrjing: Milk from Kirn
to MUkhOiise.
Our illustration shows an apparatus
for conveying milk from the barn to
the rnilkhouse. It resembles the well
known hay curriers in principle, and
all know what labor savers they are.
This is "a sketch from life," made by
the dairy editor on a recent visit to the
milk-producingdlstrietof Illinois. The
carrier runs on a half-inch wire cable.
This cable is 270 feet long and is at
tached to the barn at one end und to
posts at the other as shown. Before
constructing this apparatus it was hard
work to tfet the milk front the barn to
the milkliouse; now the men can milk
tho entire herd and one of them leads
the cans of milk to the milk house as
he would lead a pet colt. The milk
house —not shown in the cut —Is close
beside tho taller post. By t|je way, it
is supplied with rnnning water from a
spring iRO rods distant. A hydraulic
ram forces the water over a hill 60 feet
high. The milk goes to Chicago, and
water tanks are necessary to cool It
and keep It sweet All creamery
patrons should use these cooling tanks.
They will also keep the milk from
freezing in winter. Ordinarily the tank
can be filled by a windmill or tread
power, running the water for stock
right through the milk lank. In this
way there is no waste either of water
or of labor. There are other cases in
which a carrier would be a (jreat con
venience. Such an apparatus could be
used for carrying swill for hogs as the
carrier can be placed high enough to
pass over fences, if necessary. Other
cases will suggest themselves. —Orange
Judd Farmer.
A Month Itefore Calving Time Hegln ft
Cooling Diet.
At least a month before the calving
time, says the American Cultivator, it
is well to begin the cooling diet, which
will keep the system open and un
clogged by heating material. Grain
aud other heating rations should be
gradually reduced in quantity, not sud
denly, so as to affect the animal's
health, but slowly, dropping off a lit
tle each day. Only a limited amount
of meal and rich, blood-making foods
should be given and the cows should
be encouraged to eat food that will be
cooling to tho blood. Slops, roots,
good hay and mashes of bran are in
clined to keep the bowels open. In
milk fever tho bowels are always very
constipated, and it is sometimes impos
sible to obtain a passage from them.
By preventing any such clogging of the
bowels beforehand, the condition can
not be mado possible after the calving.
About ten days to two weeks before
the period of dropping the calf, a purge
pf epsom salts should be administered
In sufficient doses to cause a good
movement of the bowels. The bowels
must be kept free und in good working
order up to the time of delivering. If
the animal approaches the critical
period in this condition, the danger of
milk fever is very slight, and not one
case in a hundred will show any de
cided isymptoms of the disease. The
prevention invariably gives tho best
results without calling in a doctor,
while tho development of the disease
itself entails the expense of a doctor,
and very often endangers the loss of a
valuable animal. Tho writer has had
enough experience with the fatal dis
ease to warn dairymen to be on the
lookout for it before it has actually de
IF, by accident, you have a poor tub
of butter, don't put your brand upon it,
but send it off ami let it be sold on its
POOR help in the dairy is worse than
po help at all. Milkers or butter maker*
cannot be picked up at tho crossroads.
The business requires experience, fidel
ity and patience.
A GOOD reputation is a good help in
making butter, so when you get it
don't for the world blast it by sending
off a package of poor butter when
there Is a chance of a good customer
getting it
IT is not wise to take any cream from
milk that Is to bo made into cheese.
There may be a small per cent gain by
the operation, but it will be followed by
a damaged reputation that it will take
a long time to outgrow, so that in the
end it will be a losing business.—
Fanners' Voice.
Some Folnt* Worth Considering
In tho dairy a good animal is the one
that will profitably convert feed into
milk, butter or cheese. In this, quan
tity is not the only consideration,
neither is quality. Both are important,
but the cost is rather more Important
than all else. There must be a liberal
quantity and the quality must be good.
At the saiqo time both must be secured
lit a cost tl.at will leave a fair per cent
of profit If rightly managed. And
there is more certainty of doing this
with certain breeds than with others.—
Rural World.
A Sincere Apology*
Miss Clara—Don't hang back in that
awkward way, pet. Why don't yon
ki»s the gentleman?
Little I'et (apologetically)— Pease
'■use me, Mr. Nicefello. I'm not so
fond of tissingr gentlemens as sister
Clara is.—Oood News.
A Gentle Hint.
Charlie —I don't believe a fish diet is
good for the brain, as the papers used
to say, for I've eaten fish now for ths
past three mouths.
Alice—lt isn't, except where it has
brains to work upon.—Raymond's
No f'lagi»ri»t.
King—You may say what you like of
Mrs. Lease, but she has some decidedly
original ideas.
Wing—For instance?
King—She has alluded to Chicago a*
• "conservative town."—Puck.
Kraßonablf Ksplitimtlon.
Oedney—Do you know. I think Van
Guzzler must have been bitten by ft
mad dog in his early youth.
Marlboro—Why so?
Gedney—He has such a horror of
water. —N. Y. World.
fS<islne*« Improving.
Jim son—Any change for the better
in your line of business?
liilson —Y-e-s, it's been several weeks
siuce we've had a bill collector starve ,
.to dwUkwNYJ WeofcJy.
as Excellent and TnM Arru(*B*st
for Comfort and CloaallaoM.
The dairy world baa for ages been
experimenting upon hunJreda of de
vices which might in some manner add
comfort to the cow and at the same
time keep her absolutely clean tn her
■talL Just how succeasfnl dairymen
bave been in accomplishing thla diffi
cult feat is only proven by personal in
spection of their cattle. In few in
stances have they been able to get the
construction of their stables perfect so
that their cattle show it from their ap-
Garanco. It is exceedingly difficult,
deed, to strengthen one weak point
without destroying the perfection of
another, and the only way to get any
thing that will prove satisfactory ia by
No dairyman of experience will deny
that a cow allowed to besmirch herseif
with her own droppings can do justice
to her owner, through the pall. I have
Been stables where the owners were
using every plan and device that they
could practically get on to, to prevent
the cows from becoming unclean, yet
in spite of plenty of bedding, stan
chions, deep and shallow ditches,and all
manner of complicated mange ra, etc,
the cows were "sights," looking more
like compost heaps, from their rear,
than a herd of sleek, profitable kine.
By no means have I always been so
successful as to boast at getting de
sired results until more recent years.
At every opportunity afforded I hare
examined cow stables and as often got
Borne good ideas from such observa
tions, until I finally have, I think, ful
ly accomplished the feat of construct
ing a stable in which the oow is under
perfect control and is compelled to
stand so that her droppings must fall
directly into the ditch. She is mads to
occupy that particular position and
cannot move any further forward, but
can of course move backward into tfa«
ditch or even across it, if so desired, by
making the tie-chain aufßciently alack.
The device can be best explained by the
accompanying Illustration, which folly
demonstrates the plan of oouetrnfltlom
The ideas are not all my own, but a
combination of practical ideas procured
from others and so combined as to malm
a very satisfactory and complete ar
rangement My cows are, after months
of constant confinement, perfectly
•lean, and at no time have they been
otherwise, nor can they become any
thing else.
The floor is made from good Inch oak
boards, doubled, with broken Joint*
making it absolutely wind and water
proof, with a dip of two Inches to the
ditch. The distance from point A to
ditch is 6feet
The ditch is liquid proof, being made
of two boards at the bottom, top on*
18 inches wide and bottom one 30, with
two 2xß plank resting on two loohes of
the 20- inch board, or two boards, mak
ing that width, and nailed firmly to
the plank. Tbe two inches of boards
on platform make the ditch V Inches
C Indicates H rod It laches long sailed to
post, with tie-chain sad ring on it, allowing U
to slide with the movement of tbe eow's bead.
deep This 1 would not alter for one
narrower on less depth, aa it allows the
use of considerable litter In It for at>
ttorbentA. The partitions are S feet 8
Inches apart 8 feet 6 inches from point
A horizontally, and 4 feet high. The
feed trough is 10 inches wide In clear
and raised from floor by two Bxß scant
ling with a 7-inch board fronting the
cow, which allows her to lie down and
get ap without discomfort Ths long
studding on partition are 2x4 oak, and
reach from platform to ceiling, while
tho front onas arc Bxß Inches and 4 fset
8 inches in height from bottom of feed
trough to top The top board is 10
Inches wide and surfaced, with each
cow's name plainly chalked on in front
while tho others arc only 3>f inches
and nailed just close enough to allow
the cow to get at her hay readily but
run down on the post within about 14
or 15 inches of bottom of feed trough.
This partition standing in front of the
cow is what compels her to live a de
cent cleanly existence. In two cases,
where two cows were some shorter
than the rest the partition was nailed
to the opposite side of tho post facing
the cow, which can be done to suit the
size and length of any cow at wIU.
The width of hay manger at B is 10
inches, and 8 feet deep, with no divi
sion except one foot from bottom of
feed trough.
lloth feed trough and manger were
bliapod for either hay In the rough or
cut, or for tho feeding of ensilage. I
am sure anyone who desires a success
ful plau for a cow stable cannot do bet
ter than to study the illustration and
put to practical use the main feature in
it, that of forcing the animal to stand
where wanted. It is par excellenoe
above the stanchion, both in comfort
and for absolute cleanlinesa —Oeorge
E. Scott, in Ohio Farmer.
Stopping tbfl Flow of UUk.
Don't dry off a milch cow too sud
denly. And when endeavoring to stop
the flow of milk feed as little wet and
milk-making food as you can get on
with. Ignorant or inhuman owners of
good milkers frequently leave them
without milkiug entirely until the bag
becomes so distended as to bo painful
A little milk is then drawn and the
condition of affairs allowed to repeat
itself The results are effectual as a
rule, but unquestionably damage the
cow materially in frequent instancea
Irregular, partial milking will dry even
a fresh cow, and naturally and painless
ly.— Farm Journal.
TRASII of all kinds in tho garden or
orchard furnishes a hiding place for In*
uect pests. Gather it up and burn It
-A soft An»wer," Eto.
Young Wife (pettishly)— You always
seemed to have plenty of money before
we were married.
Loving Husband —It was only seem
ing, my dear. I had very little.
"And you told me you expected to be
"So I am rich, darling; I've got you."
She could not help kissing him.—
London Ti<l-I l lta.
Expelling a Itefrmctory Scholar.
"Tou boys are very quiet out there
in that barn," called out Willie's
mother, suspiciously.
" Ycs'm." responded Willie, opening
the back door and gently urging out
Into the alley a large yellow dog with
a tin can tied to its tail. "We're play-
In' Sunday-scliooll" —Chicago Tribune.
He Knew Hl* Hunlnoss.
McFingle—Now that you're drawing
such good pictures for the magazines,
why don't you sign your name to yonr
Del Ineator—Not much! Mv credit
ors would know I was working, and
ewoop down on me!— Truth.
By tli« ."•loath.
Scrappio (meeting a friend) — Ilello,
Crappio (Indignant)— What do yoa
call me that for?
Scrapple —Oh. that's all right. It's
because you axe always ft Uttto ahwAr
—l> rtwr ' u - fron Prtm
NO 18
I Why IVa«n (an not ABmr* to TMI Bay
to Cow*.
M.wt of the hay substitutes in «tb>
atitiitr* in furnishing the nqctnd
bulk rather than in furnishing Mi
Mjuitalent in nutrition, and the
tical question is how to use then is
order to obtain increased Amity prod
ucts. Tho beat feed is the one which
accomplishes most economically the ob
ject in ricw, and the beet use of a feed
for dairy purj> «es ia that which m«-eta
the need of the animaL Coarse fodder,
hay and hay substitutes are daftoient to
the nutriments best calculated to pro.
dnce a large milk flow. To Insure iMt,
these fodders must be combined with
feeds richer in protein and fat to main
a well-balanced ration. There ia suob
an abundance of cornstalks and store*
produced on moat of our farina that
there is no necesaity for oar giving
much attention to the lean valuable
coarse products till these are better
Of the crops ordinarily grown, the
corn plant will doubleea furnish the
larger part of the hay substitutes. It
wonld be of advantage it our farmer*
(rot more into the way of growing oth
er crops for winter feeding. The
legumes (clover, peas, etc.) deserve to.
take a more important plaoe in dairy
foods. Not one of sixteen rations ex
amined contained clover hay or har of,
ensilage of the legume*. Some of th«i
reasons why some of the legumea arv
especially valuable may be coociasly
stated as follows;
Their large percentages of protein
compounds—which serve to form blood,
muscle, bone and milk—and their con-'
sequent feeding value, which exceed*
that of the grasses, corn fodder, coil
stover, or straws. They may be used
to supplement these fodder* in plaoeof
the concentrated nitrogenous feeds,
such as bran, cottonseed, linseed and
gluten meals, etc. Ilay from the le
gumes is twice or more than twice aa
rich in protein as that from grasses.
Their power of fathering large quan
tities of plant food from natural
sources. Many, if not all of our com
mon legumes acquire considerable
quantities of nitrogen from the air.
Their roots penetrate deeply Into the
subsoil, and they thus obtain plant
food from depths beyond the reach of
plants with smaller root development.
Their manurial value. When the
crop is fed, most of the nitrogen, phos
phoric acid, potash and other fertilis
ing ingredients go into excrement,
liquid anJ solid, and if preserved make
s rich manure. The large amounts of
plant food left behind in roots and
stubble after removal of the crop fur
nish a cheap and valuable store of
plant food tbr following crop®.—Farm
and Home.
IF your dairy has no pedigree, start
one at once.
THE cow with a ruffled TEMPER will
yield poor milk.
Atx straw and no hsy will turn
a bright heifer Into a dull oow.
A GOOD way to choke a valuable cow
Is to feed her uncut vegetables.
A DIRTY strainer reflects as badly on
the milker as on her who washes it
Too MUCH carbonaceous food in the
dairy will make fat beef faster than
butter fat
A oow THAT begins to lose flesh be
fore the winter is gone will be "spring
poor" by the month of May.
Do HOT let the milk get oold before
U 1s carried from the milking stable to
the dairy house to be strained.
Uiv* the animal* plenty of room in
the stable in whloh to lie down, if yon
would make them comfortable.
SAWDCST In the manure heap repre
sents so much inert matter] land
plaster Is an absorbent that Is also a
To FBED economically, and yet suf
ficiently, give the cows only what they
wildest up dean. Trying to stuff them
beyond this limit will result In loss and
not gain.
Do HOT feed the hay down to the
bare boards la the mow over the
stable: for if yon do the Ingress of
oold air from this source will result la
a veritable exposure to your dairy.
THIKK twice before you go Into the
business of raising veal calves by let
ting them suokle their dams. Tbe
system will have a demoralising effect
on tbe dairy, offsetting the temporary
gain.— American Agriculturist
Flctars sad Description of a few x»k*
lUh Inveotlea.
At a recent dairy show in England a
milking machine was shown at work
of which the appended figure is aa
illustration. Tbe method of drawing
the milk from the cow by the machtnt
Is to place the India rubber tubes <M
tbe cow's teats, which oommunloati
with the milk bucket by meant of i
small hose. An air pump Is then at
tached and the milk drawn from the
cow as seen in tbe engraving. To stM*
oessfully use the machine U would
seem that a very quiet cow was a ne>
The best machine, so far aa we knew,
is the hands of an expert milker. 7i*t
or six minutes cleans a cow, and this
the essence. One does not know If the
milking machine so far milks clean,
and. If trial must be made with eadb
cow, why not milk by hand and done
with itt—Prairie Farmer.
IponaM Means Wests.
A want of understanding and system
has resulted In a nearly useless ex
penditure of enough labor and money
to have furnished the settled portion*
of our country with good, substantial
roada —Ex-PresidentHarrison.
The Poor MOM.
Staggs—l surely would hate to be
the moon. Takes it two weeks to get
J aggers—And that isn't the worst of
it, either. After it is full it needs two
more weeks to get over it—lndianapo
lis Journal. ___
Not Likely.
Mrs. Whaokburton—ls your mother
at home, Clifford?
Clifford—l don't think she la She
was looking out of the front window
when you came down the street-
Brooklyn Life.
Couldn't Look at It Tb»l Way.
Tramers—l regard my wife's piano
playing fad as a Joke. You ought to
do the same with your wife's.
Prames—Tramers, you have never
beard my wife play.—Chicago Record.
Tho Real Estate of ASalrs.
Hcbbs—That fellow Dalton seems to
be gaining ground in his affair with
Miss Clay.
Nobbe—Then be must have a mora
gage on her name.—Judga.
la tho Zoo.
•' I do not tbtak jrou beautiful,"
TDo bstKK>n rudely cried:
" The comrtl»rrnt, e!r. la roturned."
Tho courtly *j*> replied.
- H*rp»r•* Youn* People.
Mean, Hatrfnl Thins
"Fred is In an aful fix. He proposed
to ma last night you know, and—"
h9EI. —stia. T ■ iM