Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, April 06, 1894, Image 1

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    V OL XX XI
Spring Attractions in the Finest Styles of
now open. These styles are all new—the Cream of the Market.
No excuse for not wearing a nice, new pair of stylish, good-fit
ting Shoes at these prices. You will find all the New N arrow, Sq u are
and New Narrow Opera Las s. The New Congress and Cloth Top
with large Buttons and the Blucheretts and Dongola Tan and Patent,
Calf in this stock.
LADIES RINE PAT. TIP 8 IIOEA AT 88C. son. F 1 .00 and 1.25.
" »ery LINEAR $1.50 2.50
" BAUD TURNS. <2.25, 2.50 IND A UO.
_ _ " CLOTH TOPS tl 25 1 30. SOI AND 3.00.
Good H«aYT Shoes at 75C. Me and *IOO
CHILDREN S •• TO lex AT soc. 75C and SI.OO.
•' " to TAN AND KLAC» AT.10C.650 T6C »LD »L 00.
Leu "he?** * 8 Fine L/j*r cat Oxfords very lo** prtoe* 'n H>a?o?A« ail 11.
MEN S "X'.RA ONE • 'AW I*H«ES AT, u 0».2&u NRJ 3 I«J.
ALT 11-* TAN KTW *PRN<G -TYLEI „R. 75 2.00 AUD 2.50
This stock is carried in all widths, all toes and lasts. Words fail
to describe the extent of this stock. Come and see for yourself.
Repairing of all kinds done at reasonable prices.
Ho. 102 North rdaiti Street - Rutle ■, Pa.
Are You Interested
In Low Prices?
We offer a magnificent new stock lor Spring and Summer at
High Grades in all Departments. True merit in every Article. Hon
est Quality Everywhere.
An Immense Assortment.
Nothing Missing.
o o
Every thing the Best.
The Quality will tell it. The Price will sell it. And that is the
reason you should come early to get your bargains from our splendid
line of
Shoes, Slippers and Oxfords.
We show all the latest novelties in great profusion. We keep
the very finest selections in all standard styles. We make it a poinc
to have every article in stock the best of its kind.
Shoe Dealer. AL RUFF. s. Main St.
Grand Spring Opening,
Of Dress Goods, Millinery, Wraps, Silk Waists, Underwear, Hosiery,
Laces, Trimmings, Notions, and a complete line of Domestics.
We quote below prices of a few of the many wonderful
bargains to be found here. § § § § §
Prices given below good until change of advertisement.
85 " 46-IOCH SERGE 60 15 MIOSES' " " 10
25 COL. " 2'» 8 GINGHAMS 5
20 " •' 12 10 • 6
50 " 35 15 •• '• 10
100 " " 75 8 HLESCBED " 5
I 25 " " 1 00 5 UNBLEACHED " 4
1 00 CHANFFABLE BILKS 65 7 " '• 5
50 MILAN HATS.... 25 35 CNBL»NOBED DAMASK.... 25
15 •' •' 10 20 8 4 •' 16
Call and see us and we will convince you that the place to get lat
est styles, best qualities ind lowest prices, is at the Leading Dry
Goods, Millinery and Wrap House of Butler.
(Successor to Ritter &"Ralston.)
Marx, Woman and Child
In Butler county know that they have received their large and com
plete line of Fall and Winter Boots, Shoes and Slippers at prices
that will surprise them. We have the celebrated Jamestown
Boots and Shoes, made by hand and warranted, which have
proven their wearing quailitcs for years past. We want to eive
the trade &
H*Tbe Best Goods for Least Possible, Living Profit.#*
The best line of Ladies and Gents f"inc Shoes ever shown in the
Children's School Shoes in every shape and style.
Rubber Goods oi all kinds and shapes at all prices
Come and see the boys.
* Yogeley Bancroft
347 S. Main Street. - _ Butler, Pa
I Hood's Never Fails
A Business Man's Experience
J Cured of Rheumatism.
Mr. T. ir. Haun,
A well known business man In Pittsburgh, Pa.,
writes the letter given below. Mr. Haus Is gen
eral agent for the Maine granite quarries and
contractor for cemetery and building work, hav
ing an office at No. 708 Pcnn Avenue.
"C. I. Hood ft Co., Lowell, Mass.:
"Gentlemen—We have a very high opinion of
both Hood's Sarsaparllla and Hold's Pills at
our house and with good reason. 1 have taken al
most every remedy known for rheumatism, and
feel justified in saying that Hood's harsaparilla
Is the only one that docs ine any good. I must
admit I have not taken it steadily, but only
when the pains of rheumatism caiue on.
Hood'* Sarsaparilla has
Always Civen Me clief,
jLi.fi like many others, as soon a.> 1 am wall 1
never think of medicine again until the next at-
tack. We are never without Hood's Sarsapa
rllla and Hood's Pills In our house, and have
recommended both to dozens of friends. When
any of my family are taken sick, no matter with
what disease, the first thing we do is to give
A Dose of Hood's Piiis
and follow it up with Hood's Sarsaparilla. I
might write several pages in praise of this ex
cellent medicine, but think I have said enough
to convince." T. W. HAUS, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Hood's Pills &ro prompt and efficient, ye«
•My In action. Sold by all rtruggiai*. 28c.
$6 00|Psot8 for $5 00.
$5 50 Pants for $4 50.
$5 00 Punts,foi $4.00.
$4 50 Pauts for $3 50.
$4.<10 Pants for $3 00.
$3 00 Pants for $2.50
$2.50 Pant* for $1.75.
$2.00 Pants for $1 25.
Warranted Jran Pamß sold hy
D'>n»* for leas than $1 00,
%* for 89c. %*
120 South Main Street, Butler, I'r,,
+ Invited,
mi [T
IQn '
V' r- X
\ \
Shoes for the inspection of all,
holding down prices for the con
veniance of everybody, holding
out bargains within the reach 01
all and consequently holding on
to the people's patronage to the
consternation of all competitors.
All people go where they can get
the best for their money. J£Sec
our Infant's Shoes in Red and
Tan at i 5 cents. See our Boys'
Extra High Cut Shoes at $1.25.
See our Ladies' Fine Rubbers at
25 cents. See our Ladies' Storm
Rubbers at 35 cents. See us for
all kinds of footwear. Will save
you money. The New Shoe
So Dry
Yet BO forceful are "npiri'."
fpctp. They ''wlipt" op OP
sjMen., Htiniulme yon—not
too much, bnt jnst enontrh
10 make you better Fnifb'i?
Go'den Wedding-. GiHnoi V
and Old Dougherty Wbi*
keynj»re » few of the'Vpirit"
facto kept, by.
Fobt. Icwin,
136 Water St.
Opposite B. & 0 Depot, PittHburg, I a
Garfield Teas
GWTTSF <»n.4ti}i*t:nn. K< 1 *ron .• * -i\. .SAT«-h Hoctoo
| '4ila.
Cures Swk Headache
PA.,FRIDAY, APRIL 6, 1894.
Our prisoner's furious resistance did
not apparently indicate any ferocity
in his disposition toward ourselves, for
on finding himself powerless he smiled
in an affable manner, and expressed
his hopes that he had not hurt any of
us in the scuffle. "I guess you're go
ing to take me to the police station,"
he remarked to Sherlock Holmes. "My
cab's at the door. If you'll loose my
legs I'll walk down to it. I'm not so
light to lift as I used to be."
Gregson and Lestrade exchanged
glances as if they thought this propo
sition rather a bold one; but Holmes
at once took the prisoner at his word,
and loosened the towel which he had
bound round his ankles. He rose and
stretched his legs, as though to assure
himself that they were free once more.
I remember that I thought to myself,
as I eyed him, that I had seldom seen
a more powerfully built man: and his
dark, sunburned face bore an expres
sion of determination and energy
which was as formidable as his person
al strength
"lf there's a vacant place for a chief
ol the police, I reckon you are the man
for it," he said, gazing with undis
guised admiration at my fellow-lodger.
"The way you kept on my trail was a
"You had better come with me,"
said Holmes to the two detectives.
"I can drive you," said Lestrade.
"Good! and Gregson can come inside
with me. You too, doctor; you have
taken an interest in the case, and may
as well stick to us."
I assented gladly, and we all de
scended together. Our prisoner made
no attempt at escape, but stepped
calmly into the cab which had been
his, and we followed him. Lestrade
mounted the box, whipped up the
horse, and brought us in a very short
time to our destination. We were
ushered into a small chamber, where
a police inspector noted down our
prisoner's name and the names of
the men with whose murder he had
been charged. The official was a
white-faced, unemotional man, who
went through his duties in a dull, me
chanical way. "The prisoner will be
put before the magistrates in the
course of the week," he said: "in the
meantime, Mr. Jefferson Hope, have
you anything that you wish to say? I
must warn you that your words will be
taken down and may be used against
"I've got a good deal to say," our
prisoner said slowly. "I want to tell
you gentlemen all about it."
"Hadn't you better reserve that for
your trial?" asked the inspector.
"I may never be tried," he answered.
"You needn't look startled. It isn't
■uicide I am thinking of. Are you a
doctor?" He turned his fk roe, dark eyes
upon me as he asked this last question.
"Yes, I am," I answered.
"Then put your hand here," he said,
with a smile, motioning with his
manacled wrists toward his chest.
I did so, and became at once con
scious of an extraordinary throbbing
which was going on inside. The walls
of his chest seemed to thrill and quiver
as a frail building would do inside
which some powerful engine was at
work. In the silence of the room I
could hear a dull humming and buz
zing noise which proceeded from the
same source.
"Why," I cried, "you have an aortic
"That's what they call it," he said,
placidly. "I went to a doctor last
week about it, and he told me that it
was bound to burst before many days
passed. It has been getting worse for
years. I got it from over-exposure
and under-feeding among the Salt lake
mountains. I've done my work now,
and I don'<*cure how soon I go, but I
should like to leave some account of
the business behind me. I don't want
to be remembered as a common cut
The inspector and the tivo detectives
had a hurried discussion as to the ad
visability of allowing him to tell his
"Do you consider, doctor, that there
is immediate danger?" the former
"Most certainly there is," I an
"In that case it is clearly our duty,
in the interests of justice, to take his
statement," said the inspector. "You
are at liberty, sir, to give your ac
count, which I again warn you will be
taken down."
"I'll sit down, with your leave," the
prisoner said, suiting the action to the
word. "This aneurism of mine makes
me easily tired, and the tussle we had
half an hour ago has not mended mat
ters. I'm on the brink of the grave,
and I am not likely to lie to you.
Every word I say is the absolute truth,
and how you use it is a matter of no
consequence to me."
With these words, Jefferson Hope
leaned back in his chair and began the
following remarkable statement. He
spoke in a calm and methodical man
ner, as though the events which he
narrated were commonplace enough.
I can vouch for the accuracy of the
subjoined account, for I have had ac
cess to Lestrade's note-book, in which
the prisoner's words were taken down
exactly as they were uttered.
"It don't much matter to you why I
hated these men," he said; "it's enough
that they were guilty of the death of
two human beings—a father and a
daughter—and that they had, there
fore, forfeited their own lives. After
the lapse of time that has passed since
their crime, it was imnossible for me
to secure a conviction against them in
any court. I knew of their guilt,
though, and I determined that I should
be judge, jury and executioner all
rolled into one. You'd have done the
bame, if you have any manhood in you,
if you had been in my place.
"That girl that I spoke of was to
have married me twenty years ago.
She was forced into marrying that
same Drebber, and broke her heart
over it. I took the marriage ring from
her dead finger and I vowed that his
dying eyes should rest upon that very
ring and that his last thoughts should
be of the crime for which he was pun
ished. I have carried it about with me
and have followed him and his ac
complice over two continents until I
caught them. They thought to tire
me out, but they could not do it. If 1
die to-morrow, as is likely enough, I
die knowing that my work in this
world is done, and well done. They
have perished, and by my hand. There
is nothing left for me to hope for or to
"They were rich and I was poor, so
that it was no easy matter for me to
follow them. When I got to London
my pocket was about empty and I
found that I must turn my hand to
something' for my living Driving and
riding are as natural to me as walk
lug, so I applied at cab owner's ofliue
soya goy J was
oring a certain sum a week to the
owner, and whatever was over that I
Tru'- V * keep for myself. Tnere was sel
dom much over, but I managed to
scrape along somehow. The hardest
job was to learn my way about, for I
reckon that of all the mazes that eve*
were contrived this city is the most
confusing. 1 had a map beside me,
though, and when once I had spotted
the principal hotels and stations I got
on pretty well.
"It was some time before I found out
where my two gentlemen were living,
but I inquired and inquired, until at
last I dropped across them. They were
at a boarding-house at Camberwell.
over on the other side of the river.
When once I found them out I knew
that I had them at my mercy. I had
grown my beard and there was nc
chance of their recognizing me. 1
would dog them and follow them until
I saw my opportunity. I was deter
mined that they should not escape ra«
"They were very near doing it, foi
all that. Go where they would about
London I was always at their heels.
Sometimes I followed them on my cat
and sometimes on foot, but the former
was the best, for then they could not
get away from me. It was only early
in the morning or late at night that I
could learn anything, so that I began
to get behindhand with my employer.
I did not mind that, however, as long
as I could lay my hand upon the men
I wanted.
"Thev were very cunning, though.
They must have thought that there was
some chance of their being followed,
for they would never go out alone,
and never after nightfall. During two
weeks I drove behind them every day,
and never once saw them separate.
Drebber himself was drunk half the
time, but Stangerson was not, to be
caught napping. I watched them late
and early, but never saw the ghost of a
chance; but I was not discouraged, for
something told me that the hour had
almost come. My only fear was that
this thing in my chest might burst a
little too soon and leave my work un
"At last, one evening I was driving
up and down Torquay terrace, as the
street was called in which they board
ed, when I saw a cab drive up to their
door. Presently some luggage was
brought out, and after a time Drebber
and Stangerson followed it and drove
off. I whipped up my horse and kept
within sight of them, feeling ill at
ease, for I feared that they were going
to shift their quarters. At Guston
station they got out. and I left a
boy to hold my horse and followed
the-i on to the platform. I heard them
asU for the Liverpool train, and the
guard answer that one had just gone
a'id that there would not be another
for some hours. Stangerson seemed to
be put out at that, but Drebber was
rather pleased than otherwise. I got
so close to them in the bustle that I
could hear every word that passed be
tween them. Drebber said that he had
a little business of his own to do, and
that if the other would wait for him he
would soon rejoin him. Uis companion
remonstrated with him, and reminded
him that they had resolved to stick to
gether. Drebber answered that the
matter was a delieate one, and that he
must go alone. I could not catch what
Stangerson said to that, but the other
burst out swearing, and reminded him
that he was nothing more than his
paid servant, and that he must not pre
sume to dictate to him. On that the
secretary gave it up as a bad job, and
simply bargained with him that if he
missed the last train he should rejoin
him at Ilalliday's private hotel; to
which Drebber answered that he would
be back on the platform before eleven,
and made his way out of the station.
"The moment for which I had waited
so long had at last come. I had my
enemies within my power. Together
they could protect each other, but
singly they were at my mercy. I did
not act, however, with undue precip
itation. My plans were already
formed. There is no satisfaction in
vengeance unless the offender has
time to realize who it is that strikes
him, and why retribution has come up
on him. I had my plans arranged by
which I should have the opportunity
of making the man who had wronged
me understand that his old sin had
found him out. It chanced that some
days before a gentleman who had been
engaged in looking over some houses
in the Brixton road had dropped the
key of one of them in my carriage. It
was claimed that same evening and re
turned; but in the interval I had taken
a moulding of it, and had a duplicate
constructed. By means of this I had
access to at least one spot in this great
city where I could rely upon being
free from interruption. How to get
Drebber to that house was the diffi
cult problem which I had now to solve.
"He walked down the road and went
into one or two liquor-shops, staying
for nearly half an hour in the last of
them. When he came out he staggered
in his walk, and was evidently pretty
well on. There was a hansom just in
front of me, and he hailed it. I fol
lowed it so close that the nose of my
horse was within a yard of his driver
the whole way. We rattled across Wa
terloo bridge and through miles of
streets, until, to my astonishment, we
found ourselves back in the terrace in
which he had boarded. I could not
imagine what his intention was in re
turning there; but I went on and
pulled up my cab a hundred yards or
so from the house. lie entered it and
his hansom drove away. Give me a
glass of water, if you please. My
mouth gets dry with the talk'ng."
I handed him the glass and he drank
it down.
"That's better." he said. "Well, I
waited for a quarter of an hour or
more, when suddenly there came a
noise like people struggling inside the
house. Next moment the door was
flung open and two men appeared, one
of whom was Drebber, arid the other
was a young chap whom I had never
seen before. This fellow had Drebber
by the collar, and when they came to
the head of the steps he gave him a
shove and a kick which sent him half
across the road. 'You hound!" he cried,
j shaking his stick at him: 'l'll teach yon
j to insult an honest girl!' He was so
' hot that I think he would have
i thrashed Drebber with his cudgel, only
i that the cur staggered away down the
j road as fast as his legs would carry
I him. He ran as far as the corner, and
| then, seeing my cab, he hailed me and
jumped in. 'Drive me to Halliday's
private hotel,' said he.
"When I had him fairly inside my
j eab my heart jumped so with joy that
I feared lest at this last moment my
I aneurism might go wrong. 1 drove
' along slowly, weighing in my own mind
what it was best to do. I might take
! him right out into the country, and
there in some (Inserted lane have my
last interview with him. I hail almost
! decided upon this, when he solved the
j jU' <4tc- >WMB. i<Jr vUw
had selze<l hi in again. and he ordered
me to pull up outside a (fin palace. He
went in, leaving 1 word that I should
for him. There he remained un
til closing-time, and when he came out
he was so far gone that I knew the
game was in my own hands.
"Don't imagine that I intended to
kill him in cold blood. It would only
have been rigid justice if I had done
so. but I could not bring myself to do
it. I had long determined that he
should have a show for his life if he
chose to take advantage of it. Among
the many billets which I have filled in
America during my wandering life, I
was once a janitor and sweep-out of
the laboratory at York college. One
day the professor was lecturing on
poisons, and he showed his students
some alkaloid, as he called it. which
he had extracted from some South
American arrow poison, and which
was so powerful that the least grain
meant instant death. I spotted the
bottle in which this preparation was
kept, and when they were all goue 1
helped myself to a little of it. 1 was a
fairly good dispenser, so I worked this
alkaloid into small, soluble pills, and
each pill I put in a box with a similar
pill made without poison. I deter
mined at the time that, when 1 had my
chance, my gentlemen should each
have a draw out of one of these boxes,
while I ate the pill that remained. It
would be quite as deadly, and a good
deal less noisy than tiring across a
•handkerchief. From that day I had
always my pill-boxes about with me,
and the time had now come when I
was to use them.
"It was nearer one than twelve, and
a wild. ' ' ak night, blowing hard and
rainin torrents. Dismal as it was
outside, i was glad within—so glad
that 1 could have shouted out from
pure exultation. If any of you gentle
men have ever pined for a tiling and
longed for it during twenty long years,
and then suddenly found it within
your reach, you would understand my
feelings. I lit a cigar and puffed at it
\ to steady my nerves, but my hands
i were trembling and my temples throb
bing with excitement. As 1 drove, I
could see old John I'errier and sweet
Lucy looking at me out of the dark
ness and smiling at me just as plain as
1 see you all in this root i. \ll the way
they were ahead of w«, one on each
side of the horse, until 1 pulled up at
the house in the Brixton r- ad.
"There was not a 'oul to be seen, nor
a sound to be heard except the drip
ping of the rain. When I looked in at
the window I found Drebber all hud
dled together in a drunken sleep, i
6hook him by the arm. 'lt's time to go
out.' I said.
" "All right, cabby.' said he.
"I suppose he thought ve had come
to the hotel that he had mentioned, for
he got out without another word and
followed me down the garden. I had
to walk beside him to keep him steady,
for he was still a little top-heavy.
When we came to the door I opened it
and led him into the front room. I
give you my word thafpull the way,
the father and daughter were walking
in front of us.
" 'lt's infernally dark,' said he,
stamping about.
" 'We'll soon have a light.' I said,
striking a match and putting it to a
wax candle which I had brought with
me. 'Now, Enoch Drebber,' I con
tinued, turning to him, and holding
the light to my own face: 'Who am I?'
"He gazed at me with bleared,
drunken eyes for & moment, and then
I saw a horror spring up in them and
convulse his whole features, which
showed me that he knew me. He
staggered back with a livid face, and
I saw the perspiration break out upon
his brow, while his teeth chattered.
At the sight I leaned my back against
the door and laughed loud and long. I
had always known that vengeance
would be sweet, but had never hoped
for the contentment of soul which now
possessed me.
" 'You dog!' I said; 'I have hunted
you from Salt Lake City to St. Peters
burg, and you have always escaped
me. Now at last your wanderings
have come to an end, for either you or
I shall never see to-morrow's sun rise.'
He shrank still farther away as I
spoke, and I could see on his face that
he thought I was mad. So I was for
the time. The pulses in my temples
beat like sledge-hammers, and I be
lieve I would have had a fit of some
sort if the blood had not gushed from
my nose and relieved me.
" 'What do you think of Lucy Fer
rier now?' I cried, locking the door
and shaking the key in his face. 'Pun
ishment has been slow in coming, but
it has overtaken you at last.' I saw
his coward lips tremble as I spoke.
He would have begged for his life, but
he knew well it was useless.
" 'Would you murder me?' he stam
" 'There is no murder.' I answered.
'Who talks of murdering a mad dog?
What mercy had you upon my poor
darling when you dragged her from
her slaughtered father and bore her
away to your accursed and shameless
" 'lt was not I who killed her father,*
he cried.
" 'But it was you who broke her in
nocent heart,' I shrieked, thrusting
the box before him. 'Let the high
God judge between us. Choose and
eat. There is death in one and life in
the other. I shall take what you
leave. Let us see if there is justice
upon the earth, or if we are ruled by
"He cowered away with wild cries
and prayers for mercy, but I drew my
knife and held it to his throat until ho
had obeyed me. Then I swallowed
the other, and we stood facing each
other in silence for a minute or more,
waiting to see which was to live and
which was to die. Shall I ever forget
the look which came over Ills face when
the first warning pangs told him that
the poison was in his system? I
laughed as I saw it, and held Lucy's
marriage ring in front of his eyes. It
was but for a moment, for the action
of the alkaloid is rapid. A spasm of
pain contorted his features: he threw
his hands out in front of him. stag
gered. and then, with a hoarse cry, fell
heavily upon the floor. 1 turned him
over with my foot and placed my hand
upon his heart. There was no move
ment. He was dead!
"The blood had been streaming from
my nose, but 1 had taken no notice of
it. I don't know what it was that put
it into my h.-scl to • is; on the wall
with it. Ivrhap. it some mis
chic voii. idea of setti" thi police upon
a wrong track, for I I: 'ht-hearted
and cheerful. I rt u ... i\ d a Ger
man being found in New York with
'raclie' written up above him. and it
was argued at the time in the newspa
pers that the secret societies must have
done it. I guessed that what puzzled
the New Yorkers would puzzle the
Londoners, so I dipped my finger in
my own blood and printed it on a con
venient place on the wall. Then I
walked down to my cab and found
that there was nob»«ly ai>out, and that
the night was still very wild. I had
driven some distance, when I put my
hand into the pocket in which I usual
ly kept Lucy's ring and found that it
was not there. I was thunderstruck
at this, for it was the only memento
that I had of her. Thinking that I
might have dropped it when I stooped
over Drebber's body, I drove back, and,
leaving my cab in a side street. 1 went
boldly up to the house—fori was ready
to dare anything rather than lose the
ring! When I arrived there I walked
right into the arms of a police officer
who was coming out, and only man
aged to disarm his suspicions by pre- .
tending to be hopelessly drunk.
"That was how Enoch Drebber came
to his end. All I had to do then was
to do as much for Stangerson. and so
pay off John Terrier's debt. I knew
that he was staying at Ilalliday's pri- ,
vate hotel, and I hung about all day, j
but he never came out. I fancy that
he suspected something when Drebber
failed to put in an appearance. He ;
was cunning, was Stangerson. and al- ,
ways on his guard. If he thought he |
could keep me off by staying indoors ■
he was very much mistaken. I soon
found out which was the window of
his bedroom, and early next morning
I took advantage of some ladders
which were lying in the lane behind
the hotel and so made my way into his
room in the gray of the dawn. I woke
him up and told him that the hour had
come when he was to answer for the
life he had taken so long before. I de
scribed Drebber's death to him, and 1
gave him the same choice of the
poisoned pills. Instead of grasping at
the chance of safety which that offered
him, he sprang from his bed and flew
at my throat. In self-defense I stabbed
him to the heart. It would have been
the same in any case, for Providence
would never have allowed his guilty
hand to pick out anything but the
"I have little more to say, and it's as
well, for lam about done up. I went
on cabbing it for a day or so, intend
ing to keep at it until I could save
enough to take me back to America. I
was standing in the yard when a
ragged youngster asked if there was a
cabby there called Jefferson Hope, and
said that his cab was wanted by a gen
tleman at 22111 Baker street. I went
round, suspecting no harm, and the
next thing I knew, this young man
here had the bracelets on my wrists,
and as neatly shackled as ever I was
in my life. That's the whole story,
gentlemen. You may consider me to
be a murderer; but I hold that I am
Just as much an officer of justice as
you are."
So thrilling had the man's narrative
been, and his manner was so impres
sive, that we had sat silent and ab
sorbed. Even the professional detec
tives, blase as they were in every de
tail of crime, appeared to be keenly in
terested in the man's story. When he
finished we sat for some minutes in a
stillness which was only broken by
the scratching of Lestrade's pencil as
he gave the finishing touches to his
shorthand account.
"There is only one point on which I
.should like a little more information,"
i Sherlock Holmes said at last. "Wh4
was your accomplice who came for thq
i ring which I advertised?"
The prisoner winked at my friend
jocosely. "I can tell my own secrets,"
i he said, "but I don't pet other people
into trouble. 1 saw your advertise
! ment, and I thought it might be a
plant, or St might be the ring I wanted.
My friend volunteered to go and see. I
think you'll own he did it smartly."
"Not a doubt of that," said Holmes,
"Now, gentlemen," the inspector re
marked gravely, "the forms of the law
must be complied with. On Thursday
the prisoner will be brought before the
magistrates, and your attendance will
be required. Until then I will be re
sponsible for him." He rang the bell
as he spoke, and Jefferson Hope was
led off by a couple of warders, while
my friend and I made our way out of
the station and took a cab back to
Baker street.
Studying Hl» l'art.
Father—Here I'm giving you an ex
pensive education so that you shall be
come a lawyer, hoping that you may
eventually occupy a position on th«
bench, and you spend your time going
to prize fights and the races.
Son—lt's a necessary part of my
studies, father. I want to become •
police-justice some day. Brooklyn
She— You say he is unpopular?
He—Unpopular? He is so unpopular
th&t when lie hits a cold nobody ot- ,
isa tfsi » rviawiy II -ntfryiflrir 1
Hup Bowlder* Carrie* All the War front
Canada to KutMkj.
Prof A. H. Wallace states in tho
Fortnightly Review that an immense
area of the northeastern states extend
ing south to New York and then west*
ward in an irregular line to Cincinnati
and St. Louis is almost wholly covered
with a deposit of drift material, in
which rocks of various sizes are im
bedded, while other rocks, often of
enormous sire, lie upon the surface.
These blocks have been carefully stud
ied by the American geologists, and
they present us with some very in
teresting' facts. Not only are the dis
tances from which they have been
transported very great, but in very
many they are found at greater
elevation than the place from which
they must have come. Prof. O. F.
Wright found an enormous accumula
tion of bowlders on a sandstone pla
teau in Monroe county. Pa. Many of
these bowlders were granite, and
must have come either from tho
Adirondack mountains, two hundred
miles north, or from the Canadian
highlands, still further away. This
accumulation of bowlders was seventy
or eighty feet high, and it extended
many miles, descending into a deep
▼alley one thousand feet below the
plateau in a nearly continuous line,
forming part of the southern moraine
of the great American ice sheet.
On the Kentucky hills, ahont twelve
milessouth of Cincinnati, conglomerate
bowlders containing pebbles of red
jasper can be traced to a limited out
crop of the same rock in Canada to the
north of Lake fluron, more than six
hundred miles distant, and similar
bowlders have been found at intervals
over the whole intervening country.
In both these cases the blocks must
have passed over intervening valleys
and hills, the latter as high or nearly
as high as the source whence the rocks
were derived. Even more remarkable
are numerous bowlders of llelderberg
limestone on the summit of the Blue
Ridge in Pennsylvania, which must
have been brought from !-«1gos at least
five hundred feet lower than the places
upon which they now lie. The Blue
Ridge itself shows remarkable signs of
glacial abrasion in a well-defined
shoulder marking the southern limit
of the ice (as Indicated also by heaps
of drift and erratics), so that Mr.
Wright concludes that several hun
dred feet of the ridge have been worn
away by the ice. The crowning exam
ple of bowlder transportation is, how
ever, afforded by the blocks of light
gray gneiss discovered by Prof. Hitch
cock on the summit of Mount Washing
ton, over six thousand feet above sea
level, and identified with Bethlehem
gneiss, whose nearest crop is in Jeffer
son, several miles to the northwest,
and three thousand or four thousand
feet lower than Mount Washington.
If the Pnu Gallery Is Crowded Be tare
Something: Interest!** la on Foot.
The movements of the press gallery
overlooking the senate chamber at
Washington are doubtless the safest
barometer of the importance of the do
ings on the floor below says the Poet.
If the gallery seats are well taken up
something is surely transpiring in the
chamber that is worth watching. If
they are empty the proceedings are apt
to possess no interest. The public may
be mistaken and the visitors' galleries
may be overflowing, but the curiosity
seekers do not possess the delicate In
stinct of foretelling Impending crises,
and if the press gallery be empty,
though expectancy be written on every
face that peers down from the crowded
balconies, no gladiatorial feats of com
peting oratory need be looked for, and
disappointment will overtake him who
disregards the signs. This was well
illustrated the other day. When Mr.
Oorman arose to reply to Senator Sher
man not more than two or three heads
appeared above the row of seats in the
press gallery Once or twice Mr. Gor
man's eye wandered carelessly In that
direction and encountered a tier of
vacant seats, but he had not got far
into his subject before head after head
appeared over the row of desks, and,
as if some subtle magic, forty or
fifty men were in their seats following
the debate with close attention and
mentally registering their comments
on the proceedings. Each man had
come from a different direction and
from every conceivable corner of the
vast block of corridors and committee
rooms. No one had told them what
was on. It was the indefinable instinct
of impending news developments.
(treat Fighters.
K i rig Lobengula. of the Matabele, a
greater man than his people, had the
satisfaction of knowing that his men
were no mean warriors and that he had
trained them to go against, and
stand it, too, almost anything but m»-
i chine guns and repeating rifles con
i stantly emptied. British defenses In
South African warfare are the laager,
a fortification formed by throwing
wagons into a circle. In one battle
some of the Matabele gallantly pressed
1 up to within fifty yards of the British
1 position, but having poor arms and be
ing poor marksmen, they were no
[ match for the well-armed whites.
Within two hours and a half the Mata
' bele attacked the British laager three
times. In retreat the Matabele bung
1 some of their wounded to trees and
drowned others, it being their princl
-1 pie, apparently, that the only good
Matabele is a sound one.
A Moun for ■ Companion.
One of the quaint remembrances of
' Robert Lottis Stevenson's south sea
' life is that of his Honolulu monse. A
! small shelf hung over the couch
' whereon ha used to lie when ill and
trying to forget his pain in "tooting"
L jon his flageolet. Out on this shelf the
1 ■ little mouse would venture, and soon
s became so tame as to delight in the
' novelist's caresses. If It got no im
» mediate attention it would scratch on
the shelf and make a little whine or
song to attract its friend, and after a
time it actually persuaded its spouse
to pay a daily visit to the musician in
its company.
A Practical Token.
Traveler—Might I ask you to write
something In my album?
Merchant With pleasure; but I
ean't think of anything just now.
What should I put down, do you think?
j Traveler—Write: Please send by re
- turn one hundred yards of cheviot. In
: token of remembrance. Pip & Co.—
Fliegende Blatter.
A Fatal Objection.
"I can't understand why you engaged
yourself to Arthur Bally, who possesses
neither good looks nor fortune, when
you had your pick of half a dozen rich
and handsome fellows."
"The others made me tired, Laura.
Arthur was the only one of them who
hadn't been to the fair." —Judge.
Found at l.a«t.
Employment Agent—How does your
wife like that girl I sent her?
Mr Upton—That girl must be an
angel straight from Heaven. She's
been with us a week and my wffe
I hasn't made a complaint. —N. Y.
j Weekly.
An l'Dexp«ctfd Plewore.
Neighbor (rushing In) —Quick, man!
Your house is on fire,—but you may be
able to save it yet.
Suburban Resident —Let her burnt — 1
it'll be the firut time this house has
i been wiwu buicc I've lived in lL—
NO 14
nfnlopmrat of the Public Highway Bye-
I'm In tlie l ulled States.
The notice: "Keep off the gnat,"
posted in public squares or on unfenood
swards, are not so much a forbidding
to children who would play upon them
as to older persons who, in the hurry
of life, would make crossing-pa tha bo*
envse of the instinctive impulse of pe
destrians to cut off corners In seeking
the shortest distance to points of desti
Paths are the beginnings of road*.
Man is a social animal, and, in his In
tercourse with his neighbors for either
pleasure or trade, wbl make the short*
ett practicable cut to get at them.
These cuts are soon worn into paths.
Undoubtedly the first paths and
trails in America were made by tho
Indians in their tribal communication,
in trips to their hunting grounds, ana
later in visits to the trading posts of
the white men. In hilly and mountain*
ous regions these trails were directed,
over the high grounds or the passes
through them, and thence to the ford
able places in streams, or else they fol
lowed the summits of mountain ranges
or the valleys iying between them.
The conversion of the foot trail into
a horse trail demanded more of air than
of earth work. The forests were many
and dense. Overhanging branches*
obstructive trees and swinging vines
had to be chopped away, or bumped
heads, skinned legs, and dismantling of
pack trains would have been
Occasionally fallen trees and roelts in
fords had to be removed; sometimes an
ascent too steep for horses had to bo
It was not until the necessity for tho
wheeled earricr arose that what Is now
called a public road came into exist
ence. Tho poles of the Indians' wig
wam dragged behind their ponies when
they carried their household effects,
and required no wider path than the
family loads upon their ponies' backs;
but the wagon, with its broad tread
and upsetting proclivites, had to be pro
vided for. It was not until then that
the hands, backs and Ingenuity of the
white settlers were much road-taxed.
The horse trail had to be broadened,
trees, stumps and rocks removed,
marshy lands and steep places avoided,
gullies and deep streams bridged. But
the trail indicated the general route;
the wagon road followed It.
With the wagon roads came the obli
gation upon tho people to keep tiiem
In repair, or at least passable. To ac
complish this the ruling bodies of com
munities made orders that each man
should do his allotment of work upon
the roads or pay his proper share.
One of the earliest of these "orders"—
1078—is found among the records of tho
court at Upland, Pa.: "Ordered, that
every person within the space of two
month*, as far as his land reaches,
make good and passable ways from
neighbor to neighbor, with bridges
where it needs, to the end that neigh
bors on occasion may come together;
those neglecting to forfeit twenty-five
The manner of making these roads Is
not prescribed in this order, but a few
months later the court in the near
town of Newcastle made the following
"The highways to be cleared as fol
loweth.viz.: the way to bee made cleare
of standing and lying trees, at least
ten feet broad; all stumps and shrubs
to bee cut close to ye ground. The trees
mark'd yearly on both sydes—sufficient
bridges to be made and kept ouer all
marshy, swampy, and difficult dirty
places, and whatever else may be
thought necessary about ye Highways
, In 1680 the Upland court record*:
( "Whereas, the court finds itt necessary
that some fitt person bee appointed
overseers of ye highways and roada"
j Very similar methods of making,
maintaining and overseeing roads pre
i vail to this day.
As pioneers and emigrants scattered
settlements In all directions from the
mother colonies on the Atlantic coast,
I roads were made and maintained to
them by taxing all the citizens residing
' in the townships, counties and states
, through which they passed. When a
public road was a much-used thor
oughfare, demanding extraordinary
solidity of road-bed and the best con
' dition of repair, a company was organ
' ized, capital was furnished, and the
road was handed over by the people to
the company, who lowered its grades,
bridged its streams, stoned and drained
its wheel-way, and, when finished,
charged each traveler on horse or
wheels a toll for each mile traveled
upon it. Thus the public road became
a turnpike; so called because at the
places where the toll was collected
there were poles armed with spikes set
across the road, which turned upon a
post —a prickly notice to the traveler
that he must pay or stop.
The first turnpike in America waa
chartered in 1792, by the Philadelphia
<fe Lancaster Turnpike company. It
was commenced In 1794, and soon com*
There Is no more Important economic
subject before the American people to
day than the best method of making
and maintaining the public roads.—
Charles Mcllvalne, In Lipplncott'a
CoogreM should Take Action*
That the subject of good roada la im«
portant enough to be considered by
congress, and In a broad and liberal
tv 'ay, there can be no doubt. Before
the advont of railroads It w»a a com
mon saying that a country's cirilUa
tion might be measured by Ita road*.
If such were the case now, tfe* United
States would be far down In the scale.
—Philadelphia Call.
A Dntjr of the Hoar.
What we want to do, aa citlzena of
to-day, Is to bring the publio into •
i keen realization of the need of new
road laws.—Good Roads.
I The Drat I'lnre to Land.
Friend—Suppose there should be an
earthquake here. Your new sky
scraping building would be the first to
Builder—Y-e-s; but we'd laud on top.
j —N. Y. Weekly.
You press the button, we do the
A Different Kind of Otnt.
"Did you hunt while you were In the
1 "Not much, except with a bellows
well charged with Persian powder."—
Brooklyn Life.
» Looking Ahead.
"I —I hardly—how many lodges are
you a member of, II train?"
1 "Not one, Katie; not one."
you w&wk