Newspaper Page Text
-# PATTERSON'S #-
WiJ] entitle you to a discount of lo per
cent on all
0/ercoats, Heavy Suits and Underwear,
For sixty days from this date, Jan. 22.
W BLTLCR, PA.
THE ONLY SPkICTLY ONE PRICE CLOTHING HOUSE
IN BUTLER COUNTY.
J. S. YOUNG. WM. COOPEK
YOUNG & COOPER,
I MERCHANT TAILORS I
Have opened at 5. E. corner of Main and Diamond Streets, Butler,
with all the latest styles in Spring Suitings. Fit and
Workmanship Guaranted. Prices as low as
the lowest. TRY US.
Read This Or\ce.
LOOK CAREFULLY AT THE PRICES AND YOU WILL
THINK, BE CONVIN I D THAT
la tiic place you will bey It ctwear.
Ladies fine button shoes, patent tip, opera toe $
" " " square toe 9^
" grain " 75
" fine slippers 45
" warm, flannel-lined, shoes 7:
" " " slippers V
" slippers 2-.
" good, heavy, peged shoes 7:
" " standard shoes 8c
" rubbers 25
Misses' fine shoes, button 7 (
Men's good heavy boots 1 4 r
" B& A, calf, congs. and bals tip 9^
" extra fine shoes $1 25 and 1 5<
Boys' good heavy boots, sizes 1-5 I O
Youths' " " 11-13 7'
Men's " brogans 70
•' " calf bouU 1 QO
Rubber boots and shoes, wool-lined arctics, felt boots for boys and
men, wool stockings at the lowest prices.
Men's slippers, nicely embroidered, at 50c. 75c, and $1; Women':,
Misses' and Children's slippers at 20c, 50c, 75c and sl.
Art you one »f the few that docs nut bit} of us, J so we arc lookiv.f
for you, cotre in soon and see us.
B. C. HUSKLTON.
OPPOSITE HOTEL LOWRV.
Wo. 102 (forth - Butler. PP.
WILE YOU BE ONE
TO READ THIS AD.
AND ACT PROMPTLY.
EVERY ITEM IS A LEADER.
UeoVfelt Inn.!. #T><l i<fnri #1 85. 11.*«» f -olid b""t» - z « 1 • ■ 5 S>.>
Jlhu'* I(in>d li'icknl nr.'iji-. 93 j .if.ir* tor t»l! umm |1 15 "II I 11.25,
. Ueu'x jtixhl wdid l»»'>«* $1 50. I if••n'* |fi*.d «>lid working hli-h-h 95.
Mi-uV fine druf* HtiucH loco or Coi.k l $1 25
THE NEW SHOE STORE LEADING THEM ALL.
ImAitio' kin iniiion «hi»M lip i«r pi »i*- 95 it-> >d nil hu".,„ no.
Lulls*' grain liait.Mi Kh<«*» h«->-l «.r pi. .95 I kip «n<- 95
ALL RUBBER GOODS REDUCED
THE NEW SHOE STORE.
215 S. lain SLeet, fi MIT ICD
Opposite Arlington Hotel, vl. £i. ULILLETLL.
Sleeping Reductions have been Made on all
Winter Clothing, Overcoats, Underwear, Cap, etc.
Our business has been very successful since our opening nine
months ago, leaving us a lot of odds and ends, which are ALL
NEW and which we are willing to sell at a sacrific rather than
carry them over.
Be sure and see us before y >\i buy if you want to save money.
Wishing you all a Happy New Year.
We are Youis Respectfully,
DWTTHETT & GRAHAM.
Cor. Wa : n &: Cunningham Sts.
Job Work oi all kinds done
at the "Citizen Office.'
THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
+ AHD ALL h
THE RACKET STORE.
120 South Main Street, Butler, Pa.,
FOR 45 CENTS.
Your choice of
any oil cloth window
shade in the house
Former prices 50
to 90c each. This
rjffer good only until
P. O - - 241 8. MS •
I_. <J- WICK
luiijh anO Worked Lunibt.
OP ALL KISi)S
•••is, Sash, blinds,
Shingles and Laih
Always in Slock.
ivi t, H AIH AND PLASI »•
opposite P. <t W. Depot.
• "TljKh f *
VE WANT TO KEEP
OUR FACTORY RUNNING
>URING THE WINTER.
In order to do this wc offer t
• ake outside window blinds at one
ollar and upwards per window and
aside window bliodn at two dollak*-
nd upwards per window.
These are the lowest prices ever
ffered on window blinds and now i
l.e time to take advantage of them.
3. G Purvsi & Co.
W. H. O'BRIEN & SON.
[Successor r.i Schntte <fc O'Brien. 1
Sanitary P umbers
*<*wer Pipe, i
Globes ai 6
Natural Gas Applia
etferson St..opp. Lowry Hou
And everything in
torse and buggy fur
bishing goods—HE ar -
less, Collars, "Whips.
Dusters, (Saddles, etc.
Also trunks and va
Repairing done on
The largest assort
ment of 5-A Horse
blankets in town will
be tound at Kernner's
H. H. JACKSON
Who has bad a years experience
with one of the leading fnrnitU'e
irn>B of Pittsburg is now prepared n.
tttend to all furuiture repairing lei
n bis charge, and will guarant e
?ood work and satisfaction at
249 8. Mi'Kean St , - Butler, PH.
EUROPEAN * HOTEL.
315 8. Main St., - - Butlor, Pa.
ALEX WILLIAMS, Prop'r.
Everything new—Electric ligh
J* Lodging 35, 50 and SI.OO.
*,* Regular meals at 25 cts.
Boarding at $1 00 u day. %*
.: Lunch CouDter open all night.
anr -a.. oowaw dotiaxs.
Tfir. LA'JItLsION GARDENS MTSTEBT.
I confess that I was considerably
startled by this fresh proof of the
practical nature of my companion's
theories. My respect for his powers ol
analysis increased wondrously. There
still remained some lurking suspicion
in my mind, however, that the whole
thing was a prearranged episode, in
tended to dazzle me, though what
earthly object he could have in taking
ine in was past my comprehension.
When I looked at him he had finished
reading the note and his eyes had as
sumed the vacant, lack-luster expres
sion which showed mental abstraction.
"How in the world did you deduce
that?" I asked.
"Deduce what?" said he, petulantly.
"Why, that he was a retired ser
geant of marines."
"I have no time for trifles," he re
plied, brusquely. Then, with a smile:
"Excuse my rudeness. You broke the
thread of my thoughts; but perhaps it
is as well. So you actually were not
able to see that that man was a ser
geant of marines?"
"It was easier to know it than to ex
plain why I know it. If you were
asked to prove that two and two made
four, you might find some difficulty,
and yet you are quite sure of the fact.
Even across the street I could see a
great blue anchor tattooed on the back
of the fellow's hand. That smacked of
the sea. lie had a military carriage,
however, and regulation side-whiskers.
There we have the marine. He was a
man with some amount of self-impor
tance and a certain air of command.
You must have observed the way in
which he held his head and swung hia
cane. A steady, respectable, middle
aged man. too, on the face of him —all
facts which led me to believe that he
had been a sergeant."
"Wonderful!" I ejaculated.
"Commonplace," said Holmes,
though I thought from his expression
that he was pleased at my evident sur
prise and admiration. "I said just
now that there were no criminals. It
appears that I am wrong—look at
this!" He threw mo over the note
which the commissionaire had brought.
"Why," I cried, as I cast my eye
over it, "this is terrible!"
"It does seem to be a little out of
the common," he remarked, calmly.
"Would you mind reading it to mo
This is the letter which I read to
"MY DEAII MB. SHERLOCK HOLMES: Thera
has been a bad business during vuc night at 3
Lauriston gardens, off the Brixton road. Out
man on the best saw a light Users about two In
the morning, and, as the bouse was an
empty one, suspected that something wa9
amiss. HE found the door open, and
In the front room. wh!?h is bare of
furniture, discovered the body of a gentleman,
well dressed, and having cards in hti pocket
bearing the name of "Enoch J. Drebber, Cleve
land, 0., U. S A.' There had been no rob
bery, nor Is there any evidence as to how the
man met his death. There are marks of Mood
In the room, but there Is no wound upon bis
person. Wo are at a loss as to how he camo
Into the empty house; Indeed, the whole affair
Is a puzzler. If you can come round to the
house any time before twelve, you will And me
there. I have left everything in statu quo until
I bear from you. If you arc unable to come I
shall give you fuller details, and would esteem
It a great kindness If you would favor me with
"Yours faithfully, TOBIAS ÜBEOSON."
"Gregson is the smartest of the Scot
land Yarders," my friend remarked;
"he and Lestrade are the pick of a bad
lot. They are both quick and ener
getic, but conventional —shockingly so.
They have their knives into one
another, too. They are as jealous as a
pair of professional beauties. There
will be some fun over this case if they
are both put upon the scent."
I was amazed at the calm way in
which he rippled on. "Surely there is
not a moment to be lost," I cried.
"Shall I go and order you a cab?"
"I am not sure about whether I shall
go. I am the most incurably lazy
devil that ever stood in shoe leather —
that is, when the fit is on me, for I can
be spry enough at times."
"Why, it is just such a chance as you
have been longing for."
"My dear fellow, what does It mat
ter to me? Supposing I unravel the
whole matter, you may be sure that
Gregson, Lestrade & Co. will pocket
all the credit. That comes of being an
"But he begs you to help him."
"Yes. He knows that I am his su
perior, and acknowledges it to me;
but he would cut his tongue out before
he would own it to any third person.
However, we may as well go aud have
a look. I shall work it out on my own
hook. I may have a laugh at them, if
I have nothing else. Come on!"
He hustled on his overcoat, and
bustled about In a way that showed
that an energetic fit had superseded
the apathetic ono.
"Get your hat," he said.
"You wish me to come?"
"Yes, if you have nothing better to
do." A minute later we were both in
a hansom, driving furiously for the
It was a very foggy, cloudy morning,
and a dun-colored veil hung over tho
house tops, looking like the reflection
of the mud-colored streets beneath.
My companion was In the best of spir
its, and prattled away about Cremona
fiddles, and the difference between a
Stradivarius and an Amati. As for
myself, 1 was silent, for the dull
weather and the melancholy business
upon which wo were engaged depressed
"You don't seem to give much
thought to the matter in hand," I said
at last, interrupting Holmes' musical
"No data yet," he answered. "It is
a capital mistake to theorize before
you have all the evidence. It biases
"You will have your data soon," I
remarked, pointing with my finger;
"this is the Brixton road, and that is
the house, if I am not very much mis
"So it is. Stop, driver, stop!" We
were still a hundred yards or so from
it, but lie insisted upon our alighting,
and we finished our journey upon foot.
No. 3 Lauriston gardens wore an ill
omened and minatory loolc. It waa
one of four which stood back some lit
tle way from the street, two being oc
cupied and two empty. Thq_ latter
looked out with three tiers of vacant,
melancholy windows, which were
blank and dreary, save that here and
there a "To Let" card had developed
like a cataract upon the bleared panes.
A small garden sprinkled over with a
scattered eruption of sickly plants sep
arated each of these houses from the
street, and was traversed by a narrow
pathway, yellowish In color, and con
sisting apparently of a mixture of clay
and of gravel. The whole place was
very sloppy from the rain which had
fallen through the night. The garden
was bounded. by a ~w 2a
1U T TLER. PA., FRIDAY. FEBRU AR V J>.
witn a fringe of wood rails upon the top,
r>~-' ■"'pit!"' this wn!l was leaning a
stalwart police constable, surrounded
by a final 1 knot of loafers, who craned
their necks and strained their eyes in
the vain hope of catching some glimpse
of the proceedings within.
I had imagined that Sherlock Holmes
would at once have hurried into the
house and plunged into a study of the
mystery. Nothing appeared to be far
ther from his intention. With an air
of nonchalance which, under the cir
cumstances, seemed to me to border
upon affectation, he lounged up and
down the pavement, and gazed va
cantly at the ground, the sky, the op
posite houses, and the line of railings.
Having finished his scrutiny, he pro
ceeded slowly down the path, or rather
down the fringe of grass which flanked
the path, keeping his eyes riveted upon
the ground. Twice he stopped, and
once I saw him smile and heard him
utter an exclamation of satisfaction.
There were many marks of footsteps
upon the wet, clayey soil, but since the
police had been coming and going over
it, I was unable to see how my com
panion could hope to learn anything
from it. Still, I had such extraordi
nary evidence of the quickness of his
perceptive faculties that I had no doubt
that he could see a great deal which
was hidden from me.
At the door of the house we were
met by a tall, white-faced, flaxen
haired man, with a note-book in his
hand, who rushed forward and wrung
my companion's hand with effusion.
"It is indeed kind of you to come," he
said; "I have had everything left un
"Except that!" my friend answered,
pointing to the pathway. "If a herd
of buffaloes bad passed along there
could not be a greater mess. No
doubt, however, you had drawn your
own conclusions, Gregson, before you
"I have had 60 much to do inside
the house," the detective said, evasive
ly. "My colleague, Mr. Lestrade, is
here. I had relied upon him to look
Holmes glanced at me, and raised
his eyes sardonically. "With two such
men as yourself and Lestrade upon the
ground, there will not be much for a
third party ta find out," he said.
Gregson rubbed his hands in a self
satisfied way. "1 think we have done
all that can bo done," he answered;
"It's a queer case, though, and I knew
your taste for such things."
"You did not come here in a cab?"
asked Sherlock Holmes.
"Then let us go and look at the
room." With which inconsequent re
n ark he strode on into the house, fol
lowed by Gregson, whose features ex
pressed his astonishment.
A short passage, bare planked and
dusty, led to the kitchen and offices.
Two doors opened out of it to the left
and to the right. One of these had ob
viously been closed for uiany weeks.
The other belonged to the dining-room,
which was the apartment In which the
mysterious alt'air had occurred. Holmes
walked In, and I followed him with
that subdued feeling at my heart which
the presence of death Inspires.
GAZED VACANTLY AT THE OROtTST).
It was a large, square room, looking
all the larger for the absence of all
furniture. A vulgar, flaring paper
adorned the walls, but it was blotched
in places with mildew, and here and
there great strips hud become detached
and hung down, exposing the yellow
plaster beneath. Opposite the door
was a showy fireplace, surmounted by
a mantle-piece of imitation white mar
ble. On one corner of this was stuck
the stump of a red wax candle. Tho
solitary window was so dirty that the
light was hazy and uncertain, giving a
dull gray tinge to everything, which
was intensified by the thick layer of
dust which coated the whole apart
All these details I observed after
ward. At present my attention was
centered upon the single grim, motion
less figure which lay stretched upon
the boards with vacant, sightless eyes
staring up at the discolored ceiling.
It was that of a man about forty-three
or forty-four years of age, middle
sized, broad-shouldered, with crisp,
curling black hair and a shorty stub
bly beard, lie was dressed in a heavy
broadcloth frock coat and waistcoat,
vi ith light colored trousers and im
maculate collar and cuffs. A top hat,
well brushed and trim, was placed
upon the floor beside him. His hands
were clinched and his arms thrown
abroad, while his lower limbs were in
terlocked as though his death-struggle
had been a grievous one. On his rigid
face there stood an expression of hor
ror and. as it seemed to me, of hatred,
such as I have never seen upon human
features. This malignant and terrible
contortion, combined with the low
forehead, blunt nose and prognathous
jaw, gave the dead mun a singularly
bimiousand ape-like appearance, which
was Increased by his writhing, unnat
ural posture. I have seen death in
many forms, but never has it appeared
to me in a more fearsome aspect than
in that dark, grimy apartment, which
looked out upon one of the main arte
ries of suburban London.
Lestrade, lean and ferret-like as
ever, was standing by the doorway,
and greeted my companion and myself.
"This caso will make a stir, sir," he
remarked. "It beats anything I have
seen, and I am no chicken."
"There is no clew," said (Iregson.
"None at all," chimed in Lestrade.
Sherlock Holmes approached the
body, and, kneeling down, examined
it intently. "You arc sure that there
is no wound?" he asked, pointing to
numerous gouts and splashes of blood
which lay all round.
"Positive!" cried both detectives.
"Then, of course, this blood belongs
to a second individual—presumably
the murderer, if murder has been com
-1 mitted. It reminds me of the clrcum
i stances attendant ou the death of Van
Do you remember the case. Gregi»on?"
"Read it up—you really should.
There is nothing new under the sun.
It has all been done before."
As he spoke, his nimble lingers were
flying here, there and everywhere,
feeling, pressing 1 , unbuttoning, exam
ining 1 , while his eyes wore the same
far-away expression which I hare al
ready remarked upon. So swiftly was
the examination made that one would
hardly have guessed the minuteness
with which it was conducted. Finally,
he sniffed the dead man's and then
glanced at the soles of his patent
"He has not been moved at all?" ho
"No more than was necessary for the
purpose of our examination.''
"You can take him to the mortuary
now," he said. "There is nothing more
to be learned."
Gregson had a stretcher and four
men at hand. At his call they entered
the room, and the stranger was lifted
and carried out. As they raised him,
SHERLOCK HOLMES API'ROACUED THE
a ring tinkled down ijnd roll'-'l across
the floor. Lestrade grabbed it up and
stared at it with mystified eyes.
"There's been a woman here," he
cried. "It's a woman's wedding-ring."
He held it out, as he spoke, upon the
palm of his hand. We all gathered
round him and trazed at it. There could
be no doubt that that circle of plain
gold had once adorned the finger of a
"This complicates matters," said
Gregson. "Heaven knows, they were
complicated enough before!"
"You're sure it doesn't simplify
them?" observed Holmes. "There's
nothing to be learned by staring at it.
What did you find in his pockets?"
"We have it all here," said Gregson,
pointing to a litter of objects upon ono
of the bottom steps of the stairs. "A
gold watch, No. 97,103, by Barraud, of
London. Gold Albert chain, very
heavy and solid. Gold ring, with ma
sonic device. Gold pin—bulldog's
head, with rubies as eyes. Russian
leather card-case, with cards of Enoch
J. Drebber, of Cleveland, correspond
ing with the E. J. D. upon the linen.
No purse, but loose money to the ex
tent of seven pounds thirteen. Pocket
edition of Boccaccio's ' Decameron.'with
name of Joseph Stangerson upon the
fly-leaf. Two letters—one addressed
to E. J. Drebber and one to Joseph
"At what address?"
"American Exchange, Strand—to be
Wt till called for. They are both from
the Guion Steamship company, and re
fer to the sailing of their boats from
Liverpool. It is clear that this unfor
tunate man was about to return toNew
"Have you made any inquiries as to
this man Stangerson?"
"I did it at once, sir," said Gregson.
"I have had advertisements sent to all
the newspapers, and one of my men
has gone to the American Exciiange,
but he has uot returned yet."
"Have you sent to Cleveland?"
"We telegraphed this morning."
"How did you word your inquiries?"
"We simply detailed the circum
stances, and said that we should be
glad of any information which could
"You did not ask for particulars on
any point which appeared to you to be
"I asked about Stangerson."
"Nothing else? Is there no circum
stance on which this whole case ap
pears to hinge? Will you not tele
"I have said all I have to say," said
Gregson, in an offended voice.
Sherlock Holmes chuckled to him
self, and appeared to be about to make
some remark, when Lestrade. who had
been in the front room while we were
holding this conversation in the hall,
reappeared upon the scene, rubbing
his hands in a pompous and self-satis
"Mr. Gregson," he said, "I have just
made a discovery of the highest im
1/ ' 5
THEHE WAS BCBAWLED IS BLOOD-BED
I.ETTEBS A SINGLE WORD.
portance, and one which would have
been overlooked had I not made a care
ful examination of the walls."
The little man's eyes sparkled as he
spoke, and he was evidently in a state
of suppressed exultation at having
scored a point against his colleague.
"Come here," he said, bustling back
into the room, the atmosphere of
which felt cleaner since the removal of
its ghastly inmate. "Now stand there!"
He struck a match on his boot and
held it up against the wall.
"Look at that!" he said, triumphant
I have remarked that the paper had
fallen away in these parts. In this
particular corner of the room a large
piece had peeled off. leaving a yellow
square of coarse plastering. Across
this bare space there was scrawled in
blood-red letters a single word:
"What do you think of that?" cried
the detective, with the air of a show
man exhibiting his show. "This was
overlooked because it was in the dark
est corner of the room, and no one
thought of looking there. The mur
derer has written it with his or her
, own blood. See thiß smear where it
! has trickled down the wall! That dis
! poses of the idea of suicide, anyhow,
j Why was thai corner chosen to write
! it on? I will tell you. See that candle
on the mantel piece. It was lit at
the time, and if it was lit this corner
[ would be the brightest instead of the
darkest portion of the wall."
"And what does it mean, now that
you have found it?" asked Gregson, in
a deprecatory voice.
"Mean? Why, it means that the
writer was going to put the female
name Rachel, but was disturbed bo
fore he or she had time to finish. You
mark my words, when this comes
I ty be ohittrctl uj>_ yyu wiil fijjd tbut a
woman named Rachel lias something
to do with it. It's ail very well for
you to laugh. Mr. Sherlock Holmes.
You may be very smart ami clever, but
the old hound is best, when all is said
"I really beg your pardon"' said my
companion, who had rufiled the little
man's temper by bursting into an ex
plosion of laug-hter. "You certainly
have the credit of being the first of us
to find this out. and, as you say, it
bears every mark of having been
written by the other participant in
last night's mystery. I have not
had time to examine this room yet,
but with your permission 1 shall do so
As he spoke he whipped a tape
measure and a large, round magnify
ing class from his pocket. With these
two instruments he trotted noiselessly
about the room, sometimes stopping,
occasionally kneeling, and once lying
flat on his face. So engrossed was he
with his occupation that he appeared
to have forgotten our presence, for he
chattered away to himself under his
breath the whole time, keeping up a
running fire of exclamations, groans,
whistles, and little cries suggestive of
encouragement and hope As I
watched him I was irresistibly re
minded of a pure-blooded, well-trained
fox-hound as it dashes backward and
forward through the covert, whining
in its eagerness, until it comes across
the lost scent. For twenty minutes or
more he continued his researches,
measuring with the most exact care
the distance between marks which
were entirely invisible to me. and occa
sionally applying his tape to the walls
In an equally incomprehensible man
ner. In one place he gathered very
carefully a little pile of gray dust from
the floor and packed it away in an
envelope. Finally he examined with
his glass the words upon the wall, go
ing over every letter of it with the
Bost minute exactness. This done, he
appeared to be satisfied, for he re
placed the tape and glass in his pocket.
"They say that genius is an infinite
capacity for tafcing pains." he remarked
with a smile. "It's a very bad defini
tion, but it does apply to detective
Gregson and Lestrade had watched
the maneuvers of their amateur com
panion with considerable curiosity and
some contempt. They evidently failed
to appreciate the fact, which I had bo
gun to realize, that Sherlock Holmes'
smallest actions were all directed to
ward some definite and practical end.
"What do you think of it?" they
"It would be robbing you of the
credit of the case if 1 was to presume
to help you," remarked my friend.
"You are doing so well now that it
would be a pity for anyone to inter
fere." There was a world of sarcasm
in his voice, as he spoke. "If you will
let me know how your investigations
go," he continued. "1 shall lie happy
to give you any help I can. In the
meantime, 1 should like to speak to
the constable who found the body.
Can you give me his name and ad
Lestrade glanced at his note-book.
"John Ranee," he said. "He is off
duty now. You will find him at 46
Audley court, Kcnnington park gate."
Holmes took a note of the address.
"Come along, doctor," he said; "we
shall go and look him up. I'll tell you
one thing which may help you in the
case," he continued, turning to the
two detectives. "There has been
murder done, and the murderer was a
man. He was more than six feet high,
was in the prime of life, had small feet
for his height, wore coarse, square
toed boots and smoked a Trichinopoly
cigar. He came here with his victim
in a four-wheeled cab, which was
drawn by a horse with three old shoes
and one new one on his off fore-leg.
In all probability the murderer had a
florid face, nnd the finger-nails of his
right hand were remarkably long.
These are only a few indications, but
they may assist you."
Lestrade and Gregson glanced at
each other with an incredulous smile.
"If this man was murdered, how
was it done?" asked the former.
"Poison," said Sherlock Holmes, curt
ly, and strode off. "One other thing,
Lestrade," he adtlfcd. turning round at
the door; " 'Rache' is the German for
'revenge;' so don't lose your time look
ing for Miss Rachel."
With which I'arthian shot he walked
away, leaving the two rivals open
mouthed behind him.
(TO BE COSTISfED.)
LICORICE HARVEST IN SYRIA.
Gutbrreil 111 Sacks uud tarrleil oo Camels
to the Senbourd.
In a series of articles describing the
planting, cultivation, preparation for
market and transportation of licorice
root, appearing in the Pharmaceutical
Era. there is the following interesting
descriptive bit In digging licorice
root in Syria the usual way is to start
a trench ' the length of the place to be
dug over, about two feet in length, and
work from that, each man placing in a
pile the root he has dug. and at the
end of the day or longer time it is
taken to the scales, weighed and paid
for at a special rate per pound An
allowance is always made for the dirt
; that clings to the root The root is
then spread out for a few days to
I slightly dry and is piled in stacks
i about three feet wide and four or five
| feet high, rounded off at the top in or
j der to shed rain, and the piles are nar
row enough to prevent heating
At the end of the rainy season the
root is spread out to drv for about two
months, being turned over from time
! to time, during which process nil the
i adhering earth dries and falls off. leav
lug it clean and ready for transport to
the point of shipment- It is then put
into canvas sacks, each containing from
1 two hundred to two hundred and fifty
pounds, two sacks being a load for a
camel or a mule For the transporta
tion of the root from the place where
dug to the port of shipment, varying
from two to five days' journey, a con
i tract is usually made with some Arab
or Bedouin sheik for a certain amount
of cantars (of about five hundred
pounds each) at a certain price, he to
furnish camels and men and the owner
j to furnish and till the sacks.
About fifty camels go in one caravan
or drove, for which five men are suffi
cient. Sometimes, if one hundred
camels are used, the caravan goes in
sections; one tnau riding a donkey
leaf's the Urst camel and the rest fol
low the leader, while the other men
! walk, keeping any camel from straying
or lagging too far behind They usu
ally start early in the morning and go
ten or fifteen tniles. when a halt Is
made, the loads are taken off. and the
camels are allowed to browse on tha
thorn or other bushes for three or
four hours, then load'd again and
about the same distance traveled, when
tlicy are again unloaded and the night
is spent in the open air. and an early
! start made the next morning And so
on until the seal»oard is reached,
where they are unloaded, the root is
weighed, the sacks emptied, and re
turned to be again refilled in the fields
j for another trip. On the Euphrates
and Tigris tho root Is obtained near
the banks of the rivers and. after be
ing properly dried, is loa led in bulk
on native bouts called bugalows. car
rying from fifty to 100 tons, which
float down the river, or'ail if the wind
is favorable, or at time-, are towed by
men as far dowu as Ba .orah. where
the root is unloaded and pressed in
| fvr biuiw&V
GOOD HORSE BARN.
Gcnrrml I'lao. MfHurtmrau tn<l Eitl
mitt of Total Cost.
Our illustration Is of a horse barn for
the ordinary farm. It is made of good
lumber and the frame is of heavy, sub
stantial timbers. It Is 44 feet long by
9<! vriilr. The corner posts are IS feet
high and the roof Is well pitched.
The whole is well lighted with win
dows and proper Tentilation is provided.
Hay is tak;n into the mow by means of
a fork. In the ground plan. A is a
workshop 12x14 feet B B are double
horse stalls 14 feet from front to rear
A 0I 6 b B !
11 I 1
D t b b b!
\ IfJ I—/
A 0000 HORSK BA.RH.
aud 8 feet wide. Cis a feed aud drive
way running through the middle be
tween the stalls and is 6 feet wide.
At one end are double doors and at
the other a single door. F is a pas
sage way lcadiag from the interior to
the outside. In this the stairway to
the mow is placed. In the mow above
the stalls and extending across the
feed way are two bins, D and E. one
for oats and the other for corn. These
are connected with a covered scoop box
on the first floor by means of a chute.
The grain is thus always handy, and as
the bottoms of the bins slope toward
the opening in the chute, the contents
all run out and are easily got at The
stalls, partitions, mangers, etc., are
made of hard wood. The stalls are
floored with '4-inch white oak lumber.
The bins, siding, flooring, etc., are of
ship-lap This barn will cost between
9000 and SI,OOO, and holds IS horses.
Feed is near the horses and every
thing quiio convenient—Orange Judd
Be Sara to K*«p tha Weak OHM Apart
frouj the Strong.
Much waste follows feeding animals
together. The stronger ones get too
much, while the weaker individuals ob
tain scarcely enough for maintenance.
Under these circumstances healthy, rig
orous animals kept for breeding pur
poses lay on superfluous flesh. This is
costly and detrimental, as it must be
removed before the breeding season
and often impairs fertility. The weaker
animals, thus robbed of their proper
food, yield no profit and produce un
desirable offspring. If, however, these
are kept apart and well cared for, they
will more than pay for their feed and
raising. In tin case of horses, the
quiet, inoffensive ones, if intelligent
aud obedient, are more and more called
lor. Most people prefer steady, faith
ful animals -to fast, spirited ones,
i-'eed farm stock separately, if possible,
using the halter for horses and stanch
ions for cattle. If this is not practic
able, separate into small groups, put
ting animals of like physical strength
and disposition together. Do this with
hogs and sheep as well as cattle and
horses. This will do much to greatly
increase profit in breeding and fatten
ing.—Orange Judd Farmer.
Field r«i for Pin-
No kind of grain is better for pigs, or
yet for fattening hogs, than field peas.
They require less labor than corn, and
for inducing thrifty growth they are
superior to any grain, excepting possi
bly wheat A patch of peas ought to
be sown expressly for the pigs, and us
soon as the peas are fully grown a
hurdle fence moved from place to place
will enable the pigs to harvest the crop
themselves. While the vines are green
they will eat pods and leaves, but as
soon as the peas begin to ripen the
pigs become expert shelters. It is an
excellent crop to grow in orchards, and
the rooting of the pigs in search of
scattered grains will keep the surface
mellow and cover the droppings which
they make. thus insuring against
waste. To grow peaa In orchards and
feed them down with hogs there be
comes a good way of keeping tho trees
in good condition. —Rural World.
liaislug horses on the farm, by the
average farmer, does not pay, although
they arc a necessity. In many of the
towns of this county, dozens of farm
ers with mortgaged farms are trying
to raise a trotting horse. It Is proba
ble a fancy price was paid for the
breeding mare and siring her cost*
from Sib to 150. Trotters require good
care. It will cost at least »75 annually
for keeping so that a 4-year-old has
cost about $350. If such a horse can
not go inside the 'J:80 class she can be
bought for less than SIOO. Where is
the profit? A cow that will make 800
pT)unds of butter per year can be bought
for less than »60. Butter at an aver
age of 35 cents will leave a profit of $26
per cow. One hundred pullets will cost
(50. Estimating fl.BOeach for keeping
and if propei ly fed and cared for you
can make SIOO from their keeping.— C.
E. Luddeu, in Tarm and Home.
IF the horse becomes restless do not
jerk tho lines; a strong, steady pull
v. ill be more effective and will not in
ure a tender mouth.
COMINU DOW* WITH THK DEBT.
Mamma—Will you have some squasli.
Ruby—l don't like squash that way,
How do you like it, then? _
Hub V—Only when It's made In » pum •
ltln pik— Harper s Young People.
Open to Offer*.
•'Von sketch with a free hand." r»
marked the professor, who hod be«n
critically vxatniaing her portfolio.
"Entirely free," said the lady, m sh«
; cast down .Her eyes in soft
i aud waited fcar the priif—'fir
THE WINTER SEABON.
Pleat/ of Work Cu IX Dona (ram KM
During the winter season all work
mat be done under shelter, except M
such times as the weather may be warm
enough to draw the frost out of th«
ground and permit of doing something
in Um field. Should such opportuni
(tea arise, the farmers will not make
any mistake by using the plow, as it
will be the proper time for destroying
Insacta, as well as permitting the frost
to get down into the soil and pulverize
it. FVoet power is a gnat boon to tha
farmer if he will utilise it, but many of
them do not do so. There is plenty of
work in winter If farmers will deter*
mine to lose no time, and especially on
stock farms. In fact, there is more
work to be done with stock in the win*
ter season than in summer, and the
moat successful stock raisers are those
who (rive their animals their whole at
tention in winter.
How many farmers go to the expense
of overhauling the manure heap, yet it
is a necessity; for down in the centei
of the heap, and near the bottom, is
heat sufficient to permit of fermenta
tion of the materials, while near th«
top the heap is cold and solid. When
the time comes for spreading this
manure, one portion will be coarse and
useless, while the other will be fine
and well rotted. To properly manage
the heap it must be overhauled several
times, the coarser material placed be
low and mixed with fresh manure and
liquids, in order to reduce it. Every
hour's work on the manure heap
well bestowed, as the farmer can
bring the materials to a condition
ready for the immediate use of the
crop, thus saving time in the spring,
as the manure not rotted now must
first rot in the field before the plants
can utilize it. Not once or twice, but
a dozen times, if necessary, should the
manure heap be handled during the
■muter, so as to make as much prepara
tion for spring as possible.
An Entirely N«* Way to Provlda Plants
A dead animal of any kind, fish,
fowl or beast, buried near the roots of
a fruit or other tree, will cause a won
derful growth The animal substance
doeii not pass into tho vegetable, but,
being a natural and a powerful gen
erator of electricity, increases the cur
rent that passes from the atmosphere
to the earth, and thereby a large quan
tity of support is drawn from the at
mosphere, says Foster's Weather Bu
reau. You can grow a good crop of
potatoes on a brick pavement if mois
ture is retained and the potato vines
are connected with moist earth by cop
Commercial fertilizers do not enrich
the soil, do not add anything to it that is
of value. The object sought in these
fertilizers is to p*t the soil into a con
dition that will enablo it to conduct
electricity. The electrical -Jirrent
passes into the vegetable through its
leaves, carryinff with it the srross mat
ter that goes to build up the vegetable
cells, and after that matter ,ia depos
ited in the vegetablo the e! vtrlc cur
rent must have a conduct* through
which to pass to the earth.
Worn out soils are poor conductors,
and the acids used in the commercial
fertilizers, which are little more than
acids and sand, pulverize the dead
toil and enliven it for a short time.
Those acid fertilizers are largely used
in the New England states and the cot
ton countries of the Mississippi
Hut few people in the upper Missis
sippi and the Missouri valleys ever saw
s commercial fertilizer. If science can
End something that will render worn
out soil a (food conductor it will Bavo
millions of dollars annually that is now
paid out for commercial fertilizers.
FOR HULLING WALNUTS.
A Devtco Shared with the Public by Ita
It is getting pretty late for the in
vention here described to be used this
year; but there is nothing in the con
stitution of the United States to pre
vent country boys from cutting out
this article for future reference. J. G
Kennedy, of Crawsfordsville. Ind.. un
selfishly shares with the public an Idea
about "shucking" walnuts which re
cently occurred to him. He proposed
a device resembling a grindstone In
form, but provided with a two-inch
oaken whoeL He says that the hori
zontal supports should be made of
rather thick stuff, in order to secure
the best results. On one of the side
pieces a hopper is placed to hold the
nuts. These fall down between the
support and wheel, where tho distance
should be such as to give the right
amount of preaaum The inventor ad
vises roughening tho surface wheel,
either by digging gutters in it with a
chisel or nailing on thin cleats. 1 hero
Isn't much fun In attempting to do
either of these two things with an oak
plank, but the former is probably the
most efficacious. —N. Y. Tribune.
Crop* Khonld »• Diversified.
The low price of wheat is due largely
to the ease with which It is produced
oompared with a quarter of a century
ago. A boy ean row sit on a seat and
do the work which formerly required a
dozen men to perform. Improved ma
chinery has made It possible to produce
more wheat than formerly and at less
cost. Farmers should diversify their
crops whenever possible and endeavor
to grow something that will give a
greater return than wheat. \\ e have
many climates and soils, and there arc
greater opportunities for the future
than may be apparent.
It-k<lln? a Woman'* Rtlnd.
••Wonder If Miss Stubbs would have
me if I'd propose?"
"Well, I guess there's a fair chance.
I heard her say last night that she
nioant never, never to marry."—Chica
"Mamma." said Willie, looking up
from the letter upon which he has been
industriously at work for some time,
"how do yon make an X? I want to
write the word vaccinate." —Chicago
Tor the Time Heine.
"There is a period in n woman's life
when she thinks of nothing but dress."
"What period is that?"
"From tho cradle to tho grave."—
"It's a 'love' of a bonnet,"
The guy poet »ln«»
la » spirited sonnet,
•• Urrautc It has wings."
Sura to Win.
Subeditor—l think I bavo a great
idea for the improvement of the paper.
I believe it would be a good Idea
start a "woman's page. '
Boss Editor—l m nothing now In
Subeditor—But I shall
page one that the women «ill road,
nfuil It up with
men do at Uw ,
\JU*4saa»gaf' • *