Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, November 03, 1893, Image 1

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There was never a time when people were looking for bargains so
much as at the present time and BICKEL'S bargains were
never so attractive as they are now. Our entire stock
of Eall and Winter goods have arrived and are open
and ready for your inspection Bargain seek
ers will have the grandest opportunity
the have ever had to select what
they may wish from an immense
stock of Boots, Shoes
and Rubber
* *
350 pair men's kip, D. S. and tap, box toe boots, hand made $3.,50
400 " " " pl a ' n toe " " 3 00
290 " oak kip, guaranteed waterproof - 2.50
300 " heavy kip, long leg boots - - 2.00
218 pair boys hand made kip boots
674 " kip boots
465 pair men's every day shoes - - 9° c to 1 -75
212 pair boys' " - - 75c to 1.40
118 pair women's oil grain lace shoes - 9O
690 " " button " - - 100
175 " veal kip lace shoes - B5
100 pair misses' " " - - 75
300 " oil grain shoes - - 90
1 50 pair ladie's fine dongola shoes, Rochester make, price 3.00 at 1.50
460 " hand turn " " 4.00 at 2.00
300 " kid button shoes - - 9°
190 pair misses' " _ - 85
500 " grain and calf school shoes - 75
300 pair infant shoes - - - 10
Gilt Edge and Atrose fine oil dressing, per bottle - 25
"Bickel" fine shoe polish - - lO
Russian cream dressing for tan shoes - - 1 5
-#9ar Prices n Rabbsr Golds Surprise Them All.if-
Men's first quality rubber boots, light weight - s2.^o
<> % •< heavy " - 2.50
Boy's " - '-75
Youth's " " - " 1,2 5
Ladie's " " - '- 2 5
Men's heavy overs, first quality - 5°
500 pair men's fine specialty rubbers -- 5°
Men's self-acting or imitation sandals 5O
Ladie's finest grade rubbers, eight styles -- 5°
" Croquets or imitation sandals -- 25
Misses' finest grade rubbers
" croquets or imitation sandals •• 25
Our stock of rubber goods is larger than ever before,all styles,
men's short, knee and hip boots. Same styles in boys' and youths'
boots. All styles of men's and ladies Arctics and Alaskas.and child
rens and misses storm rubbers.
When in need of footwear give me a call.
The New Shoe Store
Close cash buyers can save money 011
Goods bought at panic prices—customers get the benefit. Are you
open for a deal.
I have just returned from the Easten shoe market where I
bought for cash a large line of Boots, Shoes and Rubbers, and in
order to introduce myself I am going to make very low prices.
Profit no object— Your trade is all.
Dili t fail to call at
Remember the place, opposite Arlington Hotel, Butler, Pa.
Cheaper than ever at
We want your trade and will sell
you Boots and Shoes cheaper
than they can be bought else
See our line of Men and boys' Kip Boots.
Our line of Women's Calf and Oil Grain
Shoes. Our Children's Waterproof
School Shoes. We will save you your
car fare to Butler on a single pair of
The Fair is Coming.
60 pairs of Ladies' fine Oxfords Eddys & Webster's make were 2.75
now only 190 200 pairs of Ladies*' shoes Eddy & Webster's make band
turn*! atvl volt wore 4.50 and 5.00 n>* oaly 3 75. 1 lot of Ladies' shoes
hand turned were 2.25 and 2.50 now only 1.90. 1 lot of Oxford* ties only
CO cts All children's Red and tan shoes at 85 cts. were 1.00 and 1.25. 1
lot Men's Cordovan welt shoes Strong & Carrell make were 5.50 now only
4.65. 1 lot Men's French calf shoes Strong & Carrell make were 475 now
only 3.90 1 lot Men's Dongola were 225 now 1.65. 1 lot Men's double
so'e and tap were 2.00 now 1.45.
All Shoes Down to Rock Bottom Prices at
8. E. corner of Diamond - - Butler, Pa
j _ r? /
■ Mils. REV. A. J. DAY, . H|
No. Earton, N. Y.
I ■ _ £*
mm Mepsrh :—My wif<- «u bom of parents prcih*-==
■poted to tOAHI MPTIoV. S.x »f h.rß
and »i.«tor« died of M'\o DIS-=
H EAHEM. My wife'* health w«iunuaua'.ly g>»dj=j
Bfup to th«* age of about 40 year*; at that tinv-IM
■HC BOFf E.O I*S taint manifested it If inthe==
■form of ECZEM A on nearly all part* of tlieH
Bbodr; after a time it yielded to the remedies used.gg
Ss except on front of "npht ahoulder where it ha*=—
(■remained for 'iO y«*nra with almost <
gitunt Irritation and Itching;* SincensinplH
■ DANA'S 1
Hn V,T.\ on her hrad haa broken and dinchnrgedjjß
nnt;l almost entirely gone, Ila'.ittial CortlTentt«9
EKul«<• greatly relieved. ===
■ We have heretofore us J2. rarlrtr of remedi<>sH
i= , * ith but little result, but DANA 5 BARSAPA- ==
RILLA haa proved »o effectual in reliering mv==
wife of ECZEM A and M ROFI L.i|
in the blood that I must my it ia a grand combina-jES
tion of remedial affer.U, and that ray wife'* proata
improvement i* due to ita power ai;d the blewingßl
of a kind Providence upon ia use.
ts~- I have taken one bottle myself and find it
Alterative. *»
Respectfully, REV. A. J. DAY. =
== Pastor M. E. Church, No. Easton, N. Y. H
| . I
| Only one Sarsaparllla sold on the " No==
PAY " plan. Only one could!
gg stand the test, and that one Is OANA'S. jj|
& Dana Sarsaparllla Co., Belfast, Maine. |
Q. ?.I. i TJ TV: H. K M .
r iriici/.v «ND ST--.
Office ai-Ao. *6, 8. M iln wrrt. f'r.si-.
•Jo's IJiusf Sl. ire. U-JTLI-r. i' J.
Dr. N. M. HUoV£R,
13V K. '.VajncVsi., oilice hours, lo f-i 12 M. 11
I to 3 P. M.
Physician and Surgeon.
200 West Cunningham St.
New Treutman )!ull<!iusr. Hutler, T'».
K. N. I.EAKE, M. D. J. K. MA AN, M. >
Specialties: Specialties:
Ofuae OLOG)' AND Sur- Eye, Ljr. N,>se ARM
tftry. Throat,
Bulier, Pa.
J. J. DONALDSON, Dentist.
Butler, Penn'a.
Artiih-.iiil TeetL inserted co the latest ux.
proved plait. Gold Filling a specialty. Office—
over Scliaur» t'lotliiiii Store.
Is NOW LOCATED In t.evv AND ELEGANT rooms ;ad-
JOIUUIK tils. lorm-T. ones. All kinds or clasp
plates and moderea «okl work.
"Gas Administered."
Gold Filling Painless Kxir eiion OL Tee'Ll
and Artificial Teeth wit hout l'lates a special 1 >
Nitrous Oxide >r Vitalized Air or LEX UL
OUce Millers Gro'cry EA~' of LO'.vrj
OiTlce closed Wednesdays u,i 1 to ut sd i-i
Attorney at Law, ai No. TT, Eait .leHer
-.111 St., Butler. P:»,
Attorney AT 1.;.W and Be IL ('.state Agent. 01
A-I rear ot L. Z. Mitchell's oillce IN _l< .rfh side
of Diamond. Butler, IV..
Attorney-at-la»T. Ofllce ON 'COTID 1
Audeison building. 1 ••\r COURT LI AISE. l ul>
Oillce ON second Moor JL the il'iSelt 'N olocii
iMamond, Butler, Pa., No. 1.
Oftlceal No. 101 West Diamond St.
Room P., Armory Building-, Butler, Pa
Office In room 8.. Armory Building BMLT-r
Attorm-y-at-Uiw— Ofilce in Diamond Blocfc
15 ttler. Pa.
Omce— Between PoHtoffioe an ' Irtani ud,
ler. Pa.
A. T. ICO I T,
OtDc" at No. 8, Simtli lii'imon.!, Uut'.er. Pa.
Office second floor, Anderson B1 k, Ma!U St.
near Court House, Butler, Pa.
Att'y at Law— Offic«v>n SO".th alde;of; DIUM< nd
JVIIT I,'r. Pa.
Orrictt NF.AA DI UOND, BI'TL: it, Pi.
Funeral Directors and Embalmers
iam ond Blcclc, next door to
Post Office, Butler, Pa.,
prompt attention given
to orders, day or
LAfr : ' "
[Copy-rieht, IS9). by A. N. K'cllofj NewspapcrCo
I name hin: as 1-. ■ appeared to me in
the two hours that followed. He came
like the Benign spirit of some old fairy
tale, bearing to me brig-lit promise for
the future. Now, when long years
have passed, with all the fujl, strange
record with which this narrative deals,
I can think of the hour and the man in
no other way. It was my hour of
promise—he was my fairy prince.
"Bostock!" said my father, holding
out his hand, "Little Pierce Bostock?
Why, it don't seem possible."
"Yes, that reminds me, Amos, of
how we used to wrestle, side hold. You
used to throw me."'
"I don't think I could do it now,"
said my father.
"I reckon not, Amos. Well, my old
chum. I'm mighty glad to see j-ou. Will
you believe it. Amos? —being in Bos
ton for the very first time since I went
south, the thought struck me to come
up here, and hunt up old friends and
schoolmates. There's few of them left;
and I'm right glad I've found you."
"I feel flattered by your remem
brance and your kindness. Pierce. It's
but a poor hospitality I have to offer
you; but you're welcome to it. Come
to the house, and we'll sit down and
talk over old days."
"We'll have to talk fast, Amos. I've
mortgaged my time the north, and I
must leave Boston to-morrow. I can
give you two hours only. This is your
boy, eh?—fine manly fellow. What's
his name? —Dorr? Why, is it possi
ble you called him after my father?"
"Indeed I did, Pierce. You remem
ber how kind he was to me. The boy's
name is Dorr Bostock Jewett."
"Now I like that; I'll not forget it. j
Come along to the house as you said."
His beaming smile captivated me; as
we walked along, while he busily
talked with my father, he playfully
shouldered my hoe. and took hold of
my hand. Arrived at the house, my
mother was introduced.
It was the first exhibition of high
bred politeness I had ever seen, and it
impressed me. In the life that I had
been living, duty and labor went for
everything. courtesy was scant
enough. Mr. Bostock removed his hat,
gently took my mother's hand, and
bowed very low.
"Extremely glad to meet you,
madam. Your husband is my oldest
and dearest friend, though I've seen
nothing of him since we were mere
"Sit down, sir, and make yourself
comfortable," said my mother. "Will
you stay to tea?"
"Thank you—l shall not have time,"
he replied, looking at a massive-cased
gold watch. "The train leaves the
village at seven; it's almost five now."
"If you were raised in New Hamp
shire, perhaps you haven't forgotten
how to eat mush and milk."
"Why, bless me, madam, can you
give me a bowl of it? My old nigger
cooks get up corn bread, corn cake and
nil kinds of corn fixings, but they can't
make mush. I'd like it above all )
With a napkin under his fat chin,
our jolly guest sat at the table, partak
ing with evident relish of the simple
entertainment that was set before him.
lie was a keen observer, notwithstand
ing his easy, careless way. and I think
that nothing had escaped his notice.
Never had the house and its furnish
ings seemed as shabby to me as now.
"Beg pardon. Amos; but you know
everything is permitted between old
friends. You don't thrive well here."
"No," said my father, "and I fear I
never shall. You remember something
about this old place; twenty acres out
of the thirty no better than a stone
quarry. Had luck has followed me;
I've had bad seasons, slim crops, sick
ness and debt. It's a hard struggle,
almost a hopeless one."
"I'm sorry for you, Amos; from the
bottom of my soul I am. I don't know
of a fellow who deserved good fortune
ahead of you. If you'd struck out
when I did, you'd have succeeded any
where. New England is a good place
to rear men. but no place at all for
them to spread, you know. I don't
brag, but I've got a right to point with
some pride to what I've done since I
saw these hills last."
"You are at the south, I infer," said
my father.
"I've one thousand acres of the best
cotton land in Mississippi below Vicks
burg. I plant every acre of it; and I
raise sugar in Louisiana."
"I hope you're not a slaveholder,
sir," said my mother.
"O, I've a few niggers—hardly a
hundred. I've had to hire some the
last season."
At the horrified'looks of my mother
and the painful silence of my father
Mr. Bostock wiped his mouth and
"I'd like to have you come down and
see how some of those lazy cattle im
pose upon me. But, dash it all, Amos,
I haven't time to discuss the institu
tion, and it wouldn't do, either —we
should quarrel. Of course you're an
abolitionist. I remember you in the
old days; you were cut out for one.
Let's talk about something else."
"You have a family, of course,
"My wife died a few years ago. I've
one child, Coralie, a little witch o|
seven. I've a great house, which ia
run by the servants. I know all about
the plantation, but I haven't much
control inside. Everything is lavish,
and it's a wonder to me, sometimes,
that I'm not a poor man. But come
down, and you'll find hospitality
For more than an hour he talked, in
terrupted only by an occasional ques
tion or exclamation. I did not observe
then —long afterward I had occasion
to recall the fact —that he parried sev
eral attempts of my parents to draw
him out about his deceased wife and
his daughter. He talked interesting
ly, almost eloquently, about the culti
vation of cotton, the scenes in the im
mense fields when the picking time ar
rived, the ginning, the baling and the
"shooting" down the long incline to
steamboat. To me it was all a new
revelation; I listened with all my
He turned to me briskly with the
"Well, my lad, how would you like
to go down and see all this for your
"Above all things, sir."
"I say, Amos, why not send him
down to me, after a few years? I'll
put him in the way to be rich."
I sat with clasped hands, eagerly
looking from one to the other of my
parents. Their hearts were touched
by the thought of parting with me,
and by the generous interest of Mr.
"I I: an it, Amos. I've taken a no
tion tL> the boy, and I'd like to have
him with me. To be sure, I'm a slave
, hdJrtan. there's lots of more dan
gerous animals in the woods than the
unfortunate man who has to feed and
clotl.o a parcel of lazy niggers. You
needn't hurry: keep him a few years
yet; send him to school; and by and by
send him down to me. via Cincinnati,
Cairo and Yicksburg. 11l take care ol
him, and give him such a start in the
world as he'd never get up this way.
I won't forget what I'm saying, Amos,
neither. What do you say?"
"Your kindness quite overpowers
me. Pierce. I'll think seriously of it,
and talk it over with the boy and his
"All right, my old friend; the thing
is as good as done. Now my time is
about up. Don't get crazy over politics,
Amos, and don't take Don- to youi
abolition meetings. Let me have a
pen and Ink and I'll put down my ad
dress for you."
He took from his pocket a narrow
blank book, wrote rapidly upon a leaf
of it. tore out' the leaf, thrust it into
my father's hand, and had said his fare
well and was out of the house with a
celerity that was really bewildering.
My father looked at the paper. It
shook in his hand; he turned pale. He
could not speak, but held the paper
toward us. My mother took and read
it, while I looked over her shoulder.
The leaf was from a blank check book.
On the stub he had written his address;
the body was a check on a Boston
bank, payable to the order of Amos
Jewett for one thousand dollars!
"I can't take it—l really must not,"
said my father. "Dorr, go and tell him
I ran out of the house. Mr. Bostock
was already one hundred yards off lay
ing the lash on the horse. I shouted to
him: he looked back, waved his hat to
me, ..ad disappeared over the hill.
I went back into the house and re
'•lie wants you to have it, Amos,"
said my tearful mother.
"May God bless his great generoui
heart," said my father, with much emo
tion. "Dorr, my dear boy, you can go
to the academy now."
I thought, at first, to dismiss the
events of the two following' chapters
with a brief mention, as they do some
what depart from the course of the
narrative. But it has appeared better,
on second thoughts, to withhold noth
ing of the circumstances attending my
farewell to my northern home. And it
must not be said that the chr racter
of Deacon Halleck is presented here as
a type of the men of that section.
Keenly do I remember the kindness,
the patience, the neighborly good will
and good works of the people in a com
munity where poverty was the rule
and hard toil was the common lot.
Because the deacon happened to be
connected in a curious way with the
final severance of my home ties and old
associations his picture is presented
here just as he was. I suppose that
his kind is not yet extinct. This is au
tobiography; it should be complete.
The bounty of our generous southern
friend enabled me to have one precious
year at the academy, some years later,
and gave my father the means to re
plenish his poor stock and poorer farm
implements. But when he told Mr.
Bostock that bad luck had followed
him, he spoke in prophecy as well as
history. My poor father! He deserved
a better fate. Misfortune followed mis
fortune; they came
"—Not single spies,
But in battalions."
Each year the thin soil that overlaid
the rocks grew more grudging in its
yield; a murrain carried off the cattle;
hard work and anxiety prostrated my
mother, and death mercifully released
her. This stroke fell in my eighteenth
year. For awhile my father bore up
under his accumulating load of misfor
tune and sorrow; but when his creditor
commenced the foreclosure of the mort
gage, both hope and ambition left him.
He died the day after the place was
sold; and if ever a man perished of a
broken heart, it was he.
Twice, at his suggestion, at long in
tervals, I had written to Mr. Bostock
to repeat our thanks for his gift and
so to remind him of the poor New
Hampshire lad in whom he had prof
fered so warm an interest. Later de
velopments caused me to recall the
dates of this correspondence. My first
letter was written upon my sixteenth
birthday anniversary, January 1, 1858.
In the due and rather slow course of
the mails of that time an answercame,
postmarked at the address in Missis
sippi which Mr. Bostock had left with
us. I was at that time completing my
first quarter at the academy; was eager
and zealous in my studies, and it must
be confessed that I was rather taken
aback to discover that my correspond
ent was a very poor speller. But the
matter of the epistle I could not have
wished different. It was hearty, gen
erous, sympathetic. lie reiterated all
I had heard from him as to myself,
five years before, and he bade me come
down to him as soon as my parents
would consent. My second letter was
written in 1857, upon the death of my
father, and advised my correspondent
that both of my parents were no more.
To this no answer was ever returned.
I thought strangely of his silence.
It troubled me much, although I at
tributed it to miscarriage of the mails.
After the lapse of a few weeks, the de
sire and intention to write again grew
strong. It so happened that the difli
>ulties and annoyances of the situa
tion in which I was placed after the
death of my father caused me to defer
this design; so that, when I started on
my southern journey in the summer of
1858, the letter was still unwritten.
My father died soon after I became
, twenty years of age. For a year after
—a memorable year!—l was domiciled
in the family of my guardian, Deacon
Shall I attempt a pen-picture of this
1 man? It is not possible for me to do it
justice. He was something over fifty,
long, gaunt and Ballow, with a high
| pitched, squeaking Y9i? e tb »t disnmUy
rasped through all better sounds in the
church choir. His face was thin,
peaked and bloodless, his eyes restless,
his hands were always moving about
as if searching for more coin to add to
his store. He was reported to be worth
twenty thousand dollars —a large for
tune for that day and place. Behind
his back people called him a hard, pe
nurious man; in public he was referred
to as "our leading citizen," "a model of
piety," "a pillar of religion."
In common with this man's unhappy
family, I suffered all the severity of
patriarchal government, and all the
torments of religious fanaticism, du
ring my sojourn in his house. At sun
set of Saturday, the Sabbath was
deemed to have begun, and a disci
pline harsher than that of the peniten
tiary was enforced. The Scriptures
were read and expounded through
Deacon Ilalleek's nose. Morning and
afternoon the family was marshaled
forth to the meeting-house on the hill,
barren of shade, where the people
sweltered in summer and froze in win
ter, as stoves in the latter season
would have been deemed a suggestion
of the adversary, At all times in the j
week levity was frowned upon and
discouraged. The stray copies of tho
Boston papers that had been my de«
light were vigorously confiscated, as
the deacon had not the time to go !
over them with the scissors and clip i
out the sinful paragraphs. The few |
volumes of history and poetry which :
I had accumulated by long and patient
self-denial —my precious books!—were
seized and put under lock and key, ,
until this Cerberus could look them j
over and see if any of them were fit !
to escape the flames. Meantime, pend
ing this decision, I was recommended j
to peruse the volumes of the deacon's
small but select library, of which Bax- j
ter's "Perseverance and Rest of the
Saints," the lurid sermons of Rev.
Jonathan Edwards, and "Fox's Book
of Martyrs," may be cited as speci
My existence heretofore had been
one of toil and poverty; but love ancj
kindness had lighted it. To say that I
hated this new existence and its condi
tions, is very feebly to express my feel
In the December before my majority
the deacon's barn, situated some dis
tance from the house, caught fire, and
was burned to the ground. It was
filled with hay, part of the crop from
the owner's farm, and disused
implements, all of which were con
sumed. The deacon promptly collect
ed the insurance, and it was cautiously
whispered about that he had succeeded
in getting his loss appraised at about
double the actual amount. But people
were very careful about repeating this
The restraint and discipline to which
I was subjected brought on an explo
sion that winter. It was soon after
my twenty-first birthday. I had been
waiting a little for my austere guardian
to inform me that I was no longer un
der his direction, when I was resolved
by hook or crook to make my way to
Mississippi. In the meantine I resolved
upon a little unwonted personal lib
erty. A young people's sleighride to a
tavern up in a gap of the mountains,
with a supper and a dance, had been
projected. I well knew it would ba
fruitless to ask permission; so I re
solved to attend by means of that ex
pedient which the sailors call "taking
French." In other words, I climbed
out of my chamber window at nine
o'clock, when the family were asleep.
Disaster attended our homeward
way in the early hours of the morning.
The harness broke; delay attended its
repair; it was long after daylight when
we reached the village. I know that
my clandestine absence must have
been discovered, and I resolved to put
a bold face on the matter. The deacon's
family were at breakfast when I
walked in.
The tyrant at the head of the table
glared wrathfully'upon me.
"Where have you been, sir?"
"Up at Snediker's, with the sleigh
ing party."
"Wretched youth! Your depravity
is astounding 1 . I will see you in the
woodshed after breakfast."
I made no reply, but ate with consid
erable composure, while the commis
erating glances of the deacon's big
boys sought my face. Sad experience
told them what was coming.
The meal over, the deacon indulged
In a long addendum of thanks for what
we had received, mingled with pioua
denunciations of the depraved conduct
of one of the family. He rose from the
table and, with a motion to me,
marched out into the woodshed. I fol
lowed promptly.
He reached down a great hickory
limb from the shelf and, bending and
trying it in his hand, he addressed mo
with a sternness that was seasoned
with a savage kind of glee as ho antici
pated the diversion ho was about to
provide for himself.
"Dorr Jewett, take off your coat. 1
have too long neglected my duty. Tho
devil is clamoring for your immortal
soul. I will chastise the adversary out
of you. Take off your coat."
I snatched up a heavy oak stool that
stood by and put myself on the defen
"If you lay a hand on me I'll knock
your brains out!" I cried.
II<? fell back aghast. X suppose tha
idea of resistance to his authority nev
er entered his head. ,
"What do you mean, you young imp?"
he stammered.
"I mean what I say. I've done noth
ing to be punished for; if I had, your
authority over me was at an end some
weeks ago. You old canting hypocrite,
I defy you to touch me!"
My blood was up, and I said more
than I had at first intended to. He
saw that I would surely break his
head if he should advance on me, and
he did not attempt it. Hut never waa
man in a greater rage I His leathery
face almost turned green.
"Out of my house, you young repro
bate—you spawn of Belial!" hei
squeaked, in a voice shaking with
"I will go with pleasure. Will you
send my trunk over to the tavern?"
"Yes. Clear out!"
"I want those books you took away
from me."
"Take all your traps and leave!"
I turned on my heel and went into
the dining-room. Ridding the family
good-by, I put on my cap and went
over to the tavern. I had not a cent
in my pocket.
As Italian!.
Leeds (at un ascension)--! should
think it would require a great deal ol
courage to go up in a balloon.
Mansfield—Yes, it ia necessary t<
have cousMsxftVlv
ENGLISHMEN »re experimenting with
oow-milking machines.
A NEGRO at Madison, Wia, owns a
bullfrog with three eyes, one in the
center of the head.
TIIKBE are associations in Great Brit
ain which insure against elopement,
matrimony and twins.
A BOBDEHS' cave containing human
bones has been discovered by boys in .
Winston county. Miss.
Ax English mechanical genius haf
devised a method of indicating and
stopping a leak by the use of com
pressed air.
SAX FRAXCISCO thieves were meat
enough to steal the corner stone from
beneath a church for the sake of the
coin deposited therein.
THE chamber of commerce of Rouen
have erected a clock tower which
gives the time on three sides and the
height of the tide on the fourth.
IT ia reported that in taking down
the walla of an old cellar in Albany,
Mo., recently a brick which bore the
impress of a baby's foot was found.
THE Chilkat nation in Alaska is di- i
vided into sections, ?ach named after
some living thing. There are the Ra
vens, Wolvea, Eagles, Snails, Bears, etc.
TUE agitation over wire-wound guns
for naval use has never, it is said,
found much favor in British and Amer
ican ordnance circles because of the
lightness of the wire-wound guns.
CANET, the French ordnance maker,
has obtained with an eighty-caliber
quick-firing Canet gun of ten-centi
meter caliber a muzzle velocity of 3,306
foot seconds. The ten-centimeter gun
is a trifle under four inches caliber.
LAWRENCE V. BENET, artillery engi
neer of the Ilotchkiss Ordnance com
pany, holds that extreme length in a
gun is more profitable with black and
brown powder than with smokeless,
which, owing to the absence of liquid
products of combustion, loses its heat
THE friends of Capt. F. J. Higginson,
United States navy, the officer who
was recently relieved from the com
mand of the United States cruiser Afc
lanta, declare that the telegram which
Secretary of the Navy Herbert sent to
Admiral Gherardi directing Higginson
to sail at once was never shown tc
Capt. Higgiaßon.
is godmother to 3,834 children who
were born March 10, 1850, the day ol
the birth of her son, the prince im
REV. SAMUEL P. JOXES, grandfather
of Sam P. Jones, the Georgia evange
list, is still living and has just cele
brated his 88th birthday in Carters
president of the Woman's aid society
of Maine, is only 31 years old. She is
also the business editor of the Bridge
ton News, published by her father.
lately added a codicil to her will,
choosing Corfu as her last resttng
place. The codicil says: "I wish to
be interred in Corfu, near the sea
shore, so that the sound of the break
ing waves may ever be heard at my
A WESTERN geologist says that Kan
sas can raise wheat for another thou
sand years before exhausting the nec
essary properties of the soil.
THE crops in Bulgaria are reported
to be in very bad condition. Too much
rain has been the trouble, and in some
parts of the country the seed has
AGRICULTURE has been about the sole
industry of Paraguay ever since the
establishment of the Jesuit missions in
1557. All the field work is done by
Ox French farms from thirteen to fif
teen acres is the smallest territory on
which a man can live without some
other work. Those who have less eke
out their income with job work. So
soon as a laborer saves some money he
buys land at about two hundred dol
lars per acre.
NEARLY a dozen churches in New
York have been converted into thea
AN Italian railroad laborer's board
bill, amounting to thirty dollars, was
paid in a Maine town recently entirely
in cents.
MR. JORDAN, of Salem, Mass., may
thank a silver dollar, which diverted
the course of a bullet, that he isn't
on the other side of his own name.
THE annual report of the Boston fire
! department attributes the cause of a
number of fires in that city last year
to "smoking in bed," and it has a sub
division in which the origin of the fire
is set down to "careless smoking in
A PREACHER at Lafayette, Ind., is re
ported to have about broken up his
church the other day by saying in a
sermon that "God made the earth in
, six days and then rested; then he made
man and rested again; then he made
woman and since that time neither
God nor man has had a rest."
SOMEBODY has given something to
Pennsylvania and has succeeded in
arousing curiosity. At least he has
filed in the state treasury a notice that
a certain unspecified sum has been de
posited by him with the Girard Trust
company of Philadelphia to the credtit
of the state, with the stipulation thait
the latter shall not be opened until tho
year 2000.
A MOVEMENT is on foot asnong politi
cians in western Kansas to have the
capital removed from Topeka to their
i section.
A PROPOSITION has been mad£ to al
low the world's fair buildings to stand
and crumble into ruins in order that
the "White City" may be a veritable
ancient Athens modernized.
ONE feature of the financial strin
| gency is that coins and bills are being
| bought and sold at a premium just
i like commodities. In New York gold
and bills of small denomination were
sold as high as two per cent, premium.
SOME people will do anything for
money. Recently two physicians ad
v Drtised in New York for a man who
would submit to a surgical operation,
which might possibly be fatal, in con
sideration of five thousand dollars.
They received one hundred and forty
two replies, the greater number of
which were bona fide.
COINAGE reauthorized, act of Febru
ary 28, 1878.
COINAGE discontinued, act of Febru
ary 12, 1878.
FIXEXISS changed, act of January 18,
| 1837, to 900.
THE first silver dollar was put in cir
culation in 1794.
TOTAL amount coined to February
| 12, 1837, 88,031,238.
WEIGHT changed, act of January 18,
! 1837, to 412# grains.
TOTAL amount coined to December
31. 18S9, $557,969,289.
AUTHORIZED to be coineds act of
April 2, 1792; weight, 410 grains; fine
ness, 892.4.
AMOUNT coined from March 1,1878, to
December 31, 1887, $283,295,357 -(inolud
j ing 81,637 recoined). s
Ir is said that the wif» of a Sew
York millionaire has for the lar.t thru©
Tears been traveling ail over Europe
trying to match a pearl.
THE queen of Greece is the president
of a sisterhood devoted to the reforma
tion of criminals. The queen herself
personally visits the prisoners.
Queen \ ictoßiA i- superstitious
about precious stone She invariably
wears a chrysophruse in one form or
another and thinks it brings her pood
luck. _
MRS. MARY T. LATintor. of Michigan, ;
is to preach the annual sermon at *Jie 1
meeting of the World's aud National '
Woman's Christian Temperance union '
at Chicago in October next.
Miss LILLIAN MORRITT, an English i
phenomenon, has the power of retain
ing in memory hundreds of complex
figures and of multiplying, deducting
and addingat the same time any of the
cross figures.
M us. FRANCES HODOSON Ucjinett, (
author of "Little Lord Fauntleroy."
has established herself in a picturesque j
home called the Glade, where she is at
work on a play which she hopes to
complete before Christmas. (
Mas. GRAFTON Ross, of England, has ,
invented a tool for killing obnoxious j
weeds in gardens. It is in the form of ,
a hollow piercer, through which poison ;
is conveyed to the very heart of the ]
root of the stubborn weed, causing it ,
to shrivel up in a very short time. ,
Miss LAURA M. ULDES, of Virginia
City, has been admitted to practice be
fore the courts of Nevada by the sti- i
preme court. She passed a very cred
itable examination and «vas highly ,
complimented by the judge, who has
never admitted a woman before to the i
Nevada bar.
THE Greek cooks could serve up a
pig basted on one side and roasted on
another. _ I
IN the East Indies there are spiders '
so large that small birds are their fa
vorite prey.
THE distance from the farthest point
of polar discovery to the pole itself is
460 miles.
FRANCE has more persons over sixty
years of age than any other country.
Ireland comes next.
ON lower Broadway in New York in
corner plats land is worth from 515.000
to S-0,000 per front foot.
A GENTLEMAN must kiss every lady
he is introduced to in Paraguay. It is
the custom of the country.
CAKES of tea in India, pieces of silk
in China, salt in Abyssinia and codfish
in Iceland have all been used as money.
In the past fiscal year the number of
Chinese who entered Canada was 2,258.
The poll tax collected amounted to
IN Roumania a duty of Is. a bottle
has to be paid on foreign wine. There
is a tax on female servants, on door
plates and on doctors.
NEABLT 2,500 bottles of beer were
broken and their contents poured into
a ravine by a crowd of prohibitionists
atOsborne, Kan., the other day.
IN many parts of England rents have
quadrupled in 120 years.
EUROPE has 5,3-55.000 acres in beets,
producing 40,400.000 tons.
IN 1888 the hay crop of the United
States was 41.454.45S tons.
IN 1592 *20,912,003 hogs were killed
and packed in this country.
EGYPT has 3,450,003 date palms, pro
ducing 300,000 tons of fruit.
ELLISON estimates the world's cotton
crop at 5,330,000,000 pounds.
FRANCE has 6,455,000,000 farm owners,
who hire 11,794.000 laborers.
THE agricultural capital of Australia
is estimated at £373.000.000.
OF 9,390,000 acres in Switzerland 1,-
520,000 are under cultivation.
ONLY about 1.000.000 persons are en
gaged in agriculture in Brazil.
POTATOES were introduced into Mas
sachusetts from England in 1629.
IN ordinary years the cost of irriga
tion in Egypt is one dollar an acre.
RUSSIA has the greatest amount of
live stock of any country in Europe.
GROUND oats is an excellent feed for
THE best of cottage cheese can be
made from buttermilk.
KEEP only those that will pay a
profit all the year around.
N6w is the time to fatten the animals
that you wish to turn off.
KEEP the stables darkened to keep
out the flies, but be sure the ventila
tion is good.
IT is a great pleasure to make butter
from a beautiful thoroughbred herd of
butter cows, and what is better it pays.
IT cannot be repeated too often that
the same amount of feed will make
twice the growth in warm weather It
will in cold.
THE keeping and feeding 1 of scrub
cattle is a waist of feed and care in a
way, and it will not keep the boys and
girls on the farm.
THE first appearance of peanuts in
mercantile history was a con signment
of ten bags sent from Yirginia to New
York for sale in 1794. In 1592 the prod
uct was 2,000,000 bushels.
THE first Ameriaan savings bank was
opened in 177S at Philadelphia. In
1892 there were depositors ia
the savings banks of this country, who
had deposited 51,712,769,026.
VULCANIZE [) rubber was first made in
1899 by a process invented by Good
year. It is now so plentiful and cheap
as to be employed in hundreds of ways
never drean'cd of until the 1 ast few
THEkE has been considerable discus
sion as to who invented spectacles and
who had the pleasure of wearing th«
first pair. The honor is generally
awarded to an Italian named
Armati, who died in 1317
Pike —What is the meaning of that
saying: "He gives twice who gives
Dyke—lt means that he generally
gives twice much as the fellow who
doesn't give quickly.—Puck.
.Jua* Found Oat.
1 cannot Blng* the old sonps.
And Just 't»'lxt me and you,
I'm told by mffly persona that
1 cannot sine 4be new
—Buffalo Courier.
Better Thau Nothing.
Old Scatls —I hope, Voung man, you
are putting hy s«raetV. ; ng for a rainy
Lightheart—O, yes, sir. I have two
mackintoshes (ind lialf a dozen pood
umbrellas already.—Town Topics.
Snn<l*v Maale.
Mother —llorTor.s! What in the
world are you singing- and on Sunday,
too? . ~ . , .
Little Boy—Oi V this song is ail right.
It's about the prodigal son-r-Good
»ver Too to Lfara.
Snickson—Do ytu think you could
ever learu to love . 7»e?
Ethel—l might «*>mc time. I sec
Queen Victoria is le orning Hindustani
I at the age of sevent. f.—Town lopies.
—. i
A Perfect* Saint.
He—lfmakes me a better man every
I ttme I kias you, darli Og
) She—CXh, my, Charl.k! How goodyor
must bcynow. —Brook y£n Life*
I m lt.
Bon to Take Care of Thrui During th«
rirmt Sumner.
The first season after the young fruit
tree has been transplanted from the
nursery to its permanent home in the
orchard is a critical period in its exist
ence. and it is hardly too much to say
that on its growth during this period
depends in a great measure the future
value of the tree. If it receives a check
at this point ia its career its full possi
ble perfection will probably never be
realized. Of course much of the first
season's successor failure depends upon
the care or carelessness with which the
transplanting has been done in the
spring, but still the summer care will
have much to do in helping the tree
through the first season.
The greatest danger the tree will en
counter is the scaldinff effect of the
midsummer heat and the weakeniug of
its vitality by a drying of the earth
about the roots. The first difficulty will
be at least partially obviated, aud the
latter almost wholly, by taking care
that the earth is made firm about the
roots when the tree is transplanted and
kept thoroughly well mulched. The
mulching should be spread on thickly
and as far out from the trunk of the
tree as the roots ruu. and if carried
considerably farther it will be all the
better, as the moist condition of the
soil beyond the extremities of the roots
will induce good growth.
Another care of summer is to be ou
the lookout for the eggs of the apple
tree borer that may be deposited upon
the trunk, from which eggs, if not de
stroyed, will come a brcod of larraj
capable of inflicting irreparable damage
upon the tree. Another important
summer care is the cutting off at opce
of all branches that are not desirable
for the growing tree to possess, as in this
way much streugth can be saved to be
expended in growth, where growth is
desired. Care at all points throughout
the season is amply repaid by the
orchard in after years. —Webb Donnell,
in American Agriculturist.
Particularly Valuable In the Handiiuff of
Tender Vegetable*.
A peck crate, like the one illustrated,
is very useful in the retail market gar
den trade. Tlicy are particularly valu
able in handling tomatoes, preventing
bruising in carrying, and avoiding
handling. I have found them so much
more durable than baskets that 1 shall
attempt to use these and half-bushel
sizes in gathering from the field. I
will devise some kind of iron liardle for
carrying them.—S. H. Tyrer, in Ameri
can Gardening.
Don't Be Afraid to Spray.
The danger from the daily absorption
of small quantities of copper salts with
foods has been greatly exaggerated.
Grapes sprayed with the Bordeaux mix
ture according to the directions of the
department ->f agriculture cannot pos
sibly conta.n more than 35-1000 of a
graiu of copper per pound of grapes in
the bunch, which is less than one-tenth
as much as is contained in one pound of
beef liver and is absolutely inoffensive
to the human system. The insoluble
form in which the salt of copper occurs
upon the clusters, and the fact that the
stems and skins are not eaten, places
the Bordeaux mixture still further from
suspicion.—Farm and Home.
lllgh-Prlccd Tomatoes.
Most of the profit from the tomato
crop is from those sold very early,
which always bring high prices, and
those that come after the glut is over.
The tomato is a perishable fruit, and
usually about the time the vines are
nipped by the frost there is a brisk de
mand for it. The very early tomatoes
cost heavily, as they have to be started
in hothouses, and if planted out early
need extra protection and rich soil.
The late crop can be grown in the open
air, and if all the fruit does not ripen
there is always a good demand for it
green to use in making mixed pickles.
Diseases of riants.
Diseases of plants may be eradicated
bv omitting the crops that are subject
to diseases from the land for a series of
years. The potato rot of the sweet po
tato cannot be prevented except by
keeping sweet potatoes off the land
until the rot or its spores have been de
stroyed by growing some other crop on
the land that is not subject to the dis
ease. Onions, once a profitable crop in
Connecticut, became unprofitable, and
the growing of them for awhile had to
be abandoned. Now the land seems to
be adapted to onions again and they
are being grown with profit.
Peach Yellows Can't He Cured.
The agricultural department has just
issued a bulletin on the subject of
peach yellows, prepared by Special
Aprent Smith. It embodies the results
of four years' experiments with fertil
izers to determine their value as pre
ventives and cures of the disease. Iho
experiments were made in the middle
states, and Dr. Smith says he is sat is
fied that peach yellows cannot lx- cured
by fertilization of the soil, and he there
fore recommends that further experi
ments be abandoned.
What noad Improvement Meiin.
One of the best ways to improve the
farmer is to improve the roads. Im
provement of the roads means lmpvova
ment in traffic in which the townsman
is as much interested as the farmer.
Atlantic (la.) Telegraph.
PtANT the plum orchard where it can
be utilized as a chicken yard when in
bearing, for the chickens will k»ep
down the injects so destructive to
Had Somo Sho-ir.
Rounder—l lost a thousand dollars
i yesterday at the ra-ces Ilorsc broke
down at the post.
Sounder—That's nothi-ig. I had my
pocket picked this morning of twenty
i five hundred dollars and chased the
i : thief for half an hour without catch
! ing him
Rounder—Well, you are better off
; than I r.m. You got a run for your
! money.—Life.
(iave Himself Airay
First Waiter (at summer resort)—
j Can't stop to talk. I'm waitin'on a ten-
I dollar-a-week clerk at table 05.
Second Waiter—How did you get his
| salary down so fine?
3 First Waiter—lt ain't more than that,
or lie wouldn't a'given ine such a big
: tip.—Good News.
Her 1U nl Rights.
Mamie —I believe in woman's rights.
Gertie —Then you thinkevery womaa
> should have a vote.
Mam it.—No; but I think every wom
' as should have a voter. —Harper's Ba
i ax-