Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, March 11, 1892, Oildom., Image 9

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    Bute B#i.
Until- county's inhabitant have
nuny blessings .to* be thankful for.
The J toil is productive, minerals
abound, limestone and building stone
can be had for the quarrying, and
lastly, natural gas and oil, has tended
toward making it one of the richest
counties in Western Pennsylvania.
It is not the editor's intention to
give a detailed history of the county
the settlement of the whites,
although the most interesting events
will find a place in this sketch. Our
object is to show op the advantages to
be gained by manufacturers, by locat
ing in Bntler. Hence this large edi
tion is to advertise the advantages of
the place, morejthan to give a history
of the past.
Bntler county coven an area of 814
square miles, or 520,960 acres. The
population has increased in less than a
century from a few souls to 56,339, ac
cording to the census of 1890, and
there is every reason to believe that
>JM nineteenth century will close with
a showing of over 60,000 inhabitants.
Butler county is bounded on the
north by Mercer and Venango coun-,
ties, east by Clarion and Armstrong,
on the south by Allegheny, and the
west by Beaver, Lawrence and Mercer
counties. The Delaware Indians lived
unmolested in Butler county until the
close of the eighteenth century.
The Indians and the first white set
tiers as a rule songht homes along the
IMIIIH of navigable streams, hence this
county was not settled as early as
neighboring counties. Several noted
Indian trails lay through Bntler coun
ty, which proved that the territory
waa well traveled by Indians as well
as by hunters and trappers.
The English and French war, which
was>uch an important factor in shap
ing the destiny of the country, did not
disturb the stillness of Butler county.
George Washington, in company.
with a surveyor and trapper, Christo-.
pher Gist; passed through the county
in the year 1763. Major Washington
was only 22 years old
It waa on the Connoqueneasing, in
Forward township, that an Indian
lying in ambush, fired at Washington,
but luckily missed fire. Had the shot
fired in the Butler county wilds
reached its mark, the history of this
nation might have been entirely
Hie intrepid Captain Brady also had
several adventures with redskins in
the county.
The county and the town were
named after Major General Richard
Butler, who fell at St. Clair's defeat in
Western Ohio, November 4, 1791. It
was not until 1796 that the first white
man, James Glover, a man of Holland
Dntch descent, settled in Adams town
ship. It is said, however, that two
young trappers, David Studebaker and
aiir«i«im Schneider, took up squat
ter's claims in Worth township in
1783, and Peter McKinney in Forward
township, on Connoqunnessing creek
in 1792.
In the year 1810 there were 7,346
people in the county. The pioneers
were principally of Scotch, Irish or
German descent, who had come from
the eastern part of the State, or direct
from Europe. Defects in the land
titles caused considerable trouble for
yean, and kept many from locating
in the county. The trouble ended in
• man being shot in 1816, and a halt
was called on the ejectments of the
landowners, which caused such din
ruptures. It is said that one of the
oldest citizens of Bntler borough was
a witness to the affair.
The hardy pioneers, who endured so
much to gain liberty and homes, were
a* ftally contented as we and lived to
ripe old ages.
The formers at first bad to construct
their own roads.
In 1804 a petition for the appoint
ment of viewers to build a road from
Bntler to Freeport was granted, and
the same road is traversed to-day.
Bridget and roadswere soon extending
in all directions, followed by turn
pikes upon which the first coach and
four traveled in 1822.
The first mail was carried in 1825 by
W. W. Bell, between Ebensburg and
Bntler, by way of Indiana and Kittan
The first plank road, completed in
1868, between Butler and Pittsburg,
oost 9110,000.
In 1836 a survey was made from
Freeport to New Castle via Butler,
With the intention of constructing a
railroad. This was not realized until
1871, January 12, when the rood was
completed by the Pennsylvania Com
pany. The opening of the road was a
day of great rejoicing long to be re
membered in Butler. Excursions were
organized from Butkr to Pittsburg
and back again, with banquets, speech
iwVitiff and fireworks.
A telegraph line extended through
the county Just ton years before from
Pittsburg to Franklin and was called
the Oil Valley Telegraph line. In 1862
an office was opened at the Lowry
House, presided over by David Potts,
of Butler borough. To-day we enjoy
all the comforts our forefathers
worked so hard to obtain, and the
question arises, are we any happier ?
Robert Morris, the revolutionary
patriot, was the original owner of the
groand upon which the borough has
been built.
When Bntler county was erected
March 12, 1800, it was provided that a
place for holding courts should be
fixed at any place distant four miles
from the center of the county.
John, Samuel and James Cunning
baas, who were agents for Robert
Morris, were instrumental in having
Mih beantiftil site selected. One of the
commissioners appointed to examine
the proposed site writes of Butler, in
1802: 'The situation is beautiful, be
ing on an eminence, which descends
In all directions; the land is scarcely
tfanbered, but sufficiently dry and
large bodies of meadow ground near
the seat This site will have the ad
vantage of the creek, with sundry
goods springs of water and coal banks
near, limestone and freestone quar
ries partly adjoining the site. The
ridges all pointing into the little val-
ley, will be convenient for roads from
every direction."
The site was'selected March 8, 1803.
In Augnst the village was laid out in
300 acres, with five acres for public ,
buildings. The first lot was sold to
David Doug&l, on the northwest cor
ner of Main street, for which he paid
SIOO, the highest price paid for any
lot, the lowest selling at f 10.
Butler was incorporated as a bor
ough by an act which was passed Feb
ruary 26, 1817. The charter was issued
by Governor Snyder May 2, of the
aame year.
The first Burgess was Wm. Ayres;
Assistant, John Gilmore; Council, Wm.
Campbell, Joshua Potts, Geo. Miller, j
Hugh McKee, David Dougal, James
Stephenson and Jacob Mecnling.
The first mill erected in the borough
was built by the Cunninghams, on the
preeent site of the Walter's flouring
mill. It was sold in 1306 to John Neg- j
ley, who also erected a cabinet shop in
the same year. Since then industries
have multiplied, and the manufacto
ries and shops afford work to hun- j
dreds of skilled artisans.
The many advantages which Butler
affords should cause others to locate
here, fuel, material, labor, etc., are so
cheap, and shipping facilities so abun
Messrs. Brown and Thompson, Proprietors
the Lowry House and a Short Sketch of
Their Lives.
The Hotel Lowry, which has
been identified with the history of
Butler for 40 years, could not have
passed into better hands. Through
their efforts this hostelry has been
remodeled completely, and every
accommodation and modern con
venience is offered the traveller.
J. D. Brown.
Mr. J. D. Brown, who has had vast
experience in the business for the past
13 years, understands it thoroughly,
knows the requirements of the travel
ling public, and spares neither money
nor time to accomodate the patrons
of the house.
Mr. Brown was born in Butler
county, in Buffalo township, October
7, 1858. He acquired a common school
education and spent a number of years
in a Drug store, where he studied the
Pharmacopia and mastered the in
tricacies of the profession. He
accepted a position as clerk at the
Willard House thirteen years ago,
and has made the rounds, from the
Vogeley thenJHotel Lowry, of which he
became part owner and manager two
years ago. It is safe to say that no
man in Butler county, has a larger
acquaintance among the traveling
men than Mr. Brown. His jovial
manner, accommodating ways; and
vast experience makes him the lead
ing man in his business today.
Howard Thomjiton.
His partner, Mr. Howard Thompson,
is a large muscular good-natured man,
who has followed the ups and downs
of the oil business, as a driller and
producer. He was born in Pictou
county, Nova Scotia, Canada, in 1852.
Early in the oil excitement he was on
the ground, and as one field gave way
to another he followed the masses
who sought a living from this source.
He came to Butler a number of years
ago, and settled down and became one
of its respected citizens, and leading
business men. With Mr. Brown he
purchased the Hotel Lowry, and he
has been instrumental in assisting to
make the place the popular resort It
has become since their partnership.
Citizens of the Bonthslde of Butler Throw
Off the Shackles and Secure Untold
Seventeen years ago the Town Coun
cil of Butler granted a corporation the
exclusive right to fUrnish water to
the citizens. Tho water furnished was
fit for nothing. Last year the citizens
of the soutbside of Butler, after dis
cussing some mode of relief, drilled a
well 400 feet deep, built a reservoir to
contain 60,000 gallons at a height of
252 feet from the main street, covered
it, erected a pumping station, with
hot air engines, and now have a pres
sure of 136 pounds.
The chemical analysis of the State
Board of Health proves this water to
be not only soft but among the purest
found in the United Htates, only one
other well, that at Dedham, Mass.,
equalling it in purity. The wonderftil
purity of this water be
comes evident by comparison, statis
tics of 114 wells show an average of
nine times as much mineral as this
water contains, and the Ave best out
of 114 wells average twice as much.
The plant has been constructed ac
cording to the best scientific rules of
the day, and instead of exceeding first
estimated cost, as predicted by its ene
mies, the works, by nkillful manage
ment, havo cost nearly 10 per cent,
The cost of the plant was SB,OOO, and
three miles of 6 and 4-inch pipe have
been laid. The water works are run
at an expense of |4OO a year. The
trustees who manage this enterprise
are Harvey H. Boyd, Fred Klingler
and L. C. Wick.
As soon as the extensions are built
and the houses connected, and the
sanitary facilities now in course of
construction are completed, the south
side will present attractions to home
seekero which will be evidenced in ad
vanced prices for real estate over any
other portions of Butler.
Shipping Facilities. Fuel Water, Low
Taxes, Property Reasonable, Excellent
Drainage. Cheap Living, Good Schools,
Churches. Healthy Climate, Beautiful
Scenery, and Natural Advantages, All
Tend to Slake Butler a Manufacturing
Recent wiles of the real estate boom
ers throughout the country to unload
farm land on the laboring classes at
city prices, has caused the manufac
turers, whom they have been using as
stool pigeons, to halt. Capitalists and
manufacturers who have undertaken
to build cities without the advantages
which are required, have in many in
stances failed. To keep up with the
procession in the nineteenth century
competition, a manufacturer must
possess himself of every advantage,
both to himself and employes.
Western Pennsylvania is a veritable
cemetery of boom towns, which flour
ished when the real estate
shark kept it booming, but died ofj
inanition when he sought new fields.
The manufacturer, in all cases, had to
stand the brunt of their actions, and j
keep moving or sink in the mud with
his people. We again repeat that the
manufacturer needs every available I
advantage, and Butler can give it to
them in any manner, shape or form
they need it.
First, Shipping Facilities. Three
railroads enter the town, feeders of the
largest roads in the country. The
Pittsburg and Western, a branch of
the Baltimore and Ohio now, being
double tracked its entire length. West
Penn, a feeder of the mighty Pennsyl
vania system, and the P., S. & L. E.,
which gives an outlet to the lakes and
through the whole oil field.
Second, Fuel.—We have it to spare;
so much so that thousands of tons of
coal are hauled to Youngstown, New
Castle, Erie and Buffalo, a considera
ble portion of which is burned into
coke. At home, natural gas is the
favorite, and pipe lines extending to
Pittsburg and Youngstown tap our
fields. The pressure on the wells re
maining the same to-day as it was ten
years ago. The county is noted for its
rich flow of oil. A manufacturer lo
cating here can drill his own gas well
in short order.
Third.—The water supply never 1
fails, as the Connoquenessing creek
never runs dry and the water works
have a pressure of 80 pounds.
Fourth, Tax Rates, —The assessment
is exceedingly low. The city and
county are practically free from debt.
Fifth.—Prices of property are ex
ceedingly reasonable, and we doubt
not that the citizens would go down in
their own pockets to purchase a tract
of land suitable for any purpose.
Sixth, Drainage. A town never
could have better, sloping, as it does,
in all directions toward a swiftly run
ning river.
Seventh.—Cost of living is remarka
bly cheap, as the town lies in the
center of an exceedingly fertile farm
ing country, which has the reputation
of growing the finest buckwheat in
the world.
Eighth, Schools. There are si*
large buildings, with an average at
tendance of 1,700 pupils.
Ninth.—Churches of almost every
Tenth.—There are many secret so
cieties and one of the finest opera
houses in Western Pennsylvania. The
town is always in good order.
Eleventh, Climate. Nowhere in
Western Pennsylvania can you find a
more healthy retreat than this conge
nial spot, nestled in Butler county
hills and surrounded by beautiful and
bewitching scenery—a fit place to live
and die. And where can be found a
more hospitable, generous and jolly
people than in Butler? We believe
they are not in existence. The City
Council is having the streets all paved
and Game well fire alarms placed
throughout the town. Four hose
companies are ever ready to respond
in case of fire, while the insurance
rates are very low. The people are
very progressive which the fine brick
and stone structures being erected
will attest. If you are in quest of a
site for a manufactory, come to Butler
and partake of its many advantages,
and health, wealth and prosperity will
ever be yours.
The President of the First National Bank
and A Sketch of His Eventful Career.
The above named gentleman, whose
silvery hair and kindly smile greets
you as you enter the Butler National
Bank, has risen to his present position
in life through the greatest ndversity.
His grandfather, Philip Hartman,
was a soldier of tho Revolutionary
war and left the ranks at the close, to
settle in Oakland, Butler county.
William, his son, and father ot the sub
ject of our sketch, was born July 4,
1796, and was undoubtedly the first
male child born in this county. When
a young man he traveled to Pittsburg,
became a blacksmith and married Miss
Mary Winters, after which ho moved |
to Armstrong county, where he en
gaged in farming and woiked at his
trade. In 1849 he moved with his j
family to Donegal township, Butler i
county. Joseph Hartman, their son j
and the subject of our sketch, wan i
born in Armstrong county, where he j
spent his boyhoods days and received !
a common school education. He
acquired habits of industry that have
remained his leading traits through
life, although he commenced under
very adverse circumstances. His
mother, a good and pious women died
September 10, 1864, in tho 61st year of
her life and his father Joined her in the
life beyond February 14, 1879, in tho
84th year of his age. Mr. Hartman
naturaly feels a pride in a certain peri
od of his life; during the wnr he was a
strong advocate of the Union and
served during tho term of his enlist
ment in Company E. one hundred six
ty ninth Pennsylvania Regiment,
where with tho boys in bluo ho fought
for the freedom of mankind, the cause
dear to his heart. After the strife, he
returned to his farm in Butler county
and worked and prospered.
Ho was school director of his towns
ship for years and served a term in the
Legislature from this county in 1885.
He was President of the Millerstown
Bank for 11 years and the institution
prospered under his management
Being prevailed upon to accept the
management of the Butler County
National Bank, he became a resident
of Butler borough.
Mr. Hartman takes
interest in religious matters and was
very active in securing the church at
Sugar Creek, this county. Ho was
one of the Building committeo chosen
to erect it. He gives largely of his
means and time to futher the cause of
Christ. His home is one of the best in
the county. He is looked up to with
respect and his life should be a guide
to young men who wish to succeed and
make a name for themselves.
Inventors and Patentees of Numerous Val
uable Appliances Used In 011 and Gas
Mr. B. Masseth, the senior member
;of this firm, is a gentleman who has
followed the fortunes of the oilfields
from Pithole, in '62, to Butler, and
1 took in Pleasantville, Shamburg, Par
ker, Modoc, Karns City and Butler.
| He was born in Rochester, New
York. Iu March, 18S9, Sherman &
; Black formed a company for manufac
j turing oil well supply tools. Mr. Mas
seth invented his valuable Packer and
Fishing Tools, which are now in uni
versal use. The present firm of Mas
seth & Black occupy a handsome 28x60
feet two-story building at 121 West
Wayne street, with their blacksmith,
forge and machine shops. They man
ufacture oil and gas well packers and
fishing tools, which they have con
stantly on hand for hire.
Mr. D. W. Black, the junior member
of the firm, is a young inventor who
will eventually make his mark, as his
patented oil well packer and casing
spear are now in great demand. Mr.
Black has sold his interests in these to
his partner, Mr. Masseth. Mr. Black
was born in Buffalo, N. Y., in 1869.
He came to Butler in 1889. He is a
practical machinist of wide experience
and bids lair to become a leader in his
L. C. WICK, Esq.
A Hustler Who Has the Welfare of Butler
at Heart
Opposite the P. & W. Railroad depot,
in the part of Butler known as Spring
dale, lies the lumber yard of L. C.
This gentleman is ever on the alert
to assist in building up the town of
Butler and making it a desirable place
to reside in. Stonertown, Lawrence
county, Pa., is the place of Mr. Wick's
birth, which occurred December 14,
1852. The gentleman has devoted the
working years of his life to mercantile
pursuits, and managed a wholesale
flour and feed business at Hilliary sta
tion for a number of years. Five
years ago he engaged in the lumber
business in Butler, which has proved a
profitable investment. Rough and
worked lumber, sash, mouldings and
lumber for oil rigs is the specialty
Politically Mr. Wick has been very
active in the Prohibition party, and
has been chairman of the County Com
When he became a resident of the
first ward, there were only two Pro
hibitionists in the ward, now they
number over one hundred and are the
strongest, numerically, in the ward.
Mr. Wick can point with pride to the
part he took in securing a suitable
water supply for the people in Spring
dale. He is at present a trustee of the
Water Association, which is described
elsewhere. Mr. Wick resides at 628
Fairview avenue, is married and has
one child. He is an active member of
the Reformed Church.
A Prominent Man in Military Circles, Who
Worked His Way from a Private Up
Lieutenant Colonel W. T. Mechling,
of the Fifteenth Regiment, Pa. N. G.,
is one of the most popular men in
town. His ancestors were among the
earliest settlers in tho county and held
important public offices and assisted
materially in advancing the interests
of Butler county.
The subject of our sketch was born
April 5, 1857, in Butler borough. He
started life as a printer in the Demo
cratic Herald office, under his uncle,
Jacob Ziegler. Nino years ago he en
tered the oil business, and five years
after entered tho employ of the Oil
Well Supply Company.
He married Miss Mary E., daughter
of Hon. H. T. McJunkin, which union
has been blessed with five children.
For 15 years Col. Mechling has been
a member of the Pennsylvania militia,
and has advanced to his present rank
step by step. Ills public life lias been
a busy one, as he has served six years
as a member of Council from the Fifth
ward, Hutler, and four years as presi
dent of the board. Politically he is a
staunch Democrat. He Is an active
member of tho Episcopal Church.
♦ ♦ ———>.
A Company Manufacturing Ball Engines for
Oil and Gad Well Drilling.
The rich flow ol pretroleum in But
ler county, caused the town to enjoy a
decided boom in the past few years.
Men of brain and capital flocked here
and the quiet village became a hust
ling city. In June, IHBB, a company
of men, with foresight, organized the
Butler Manufacturing Company, for
the construction of the Ball, Patented
engines, so much in demand
among oil and gas well drillers.
Tho capital stock was placed at
' $20,000 and a works composed of
Foundry, blacksmith, machine and
i pattern shops were built, covering
two acres of ground, on Lookout ave
nue, near tho I'. &W. railway tracks.
Tho stockholders and officers are;
President, J. W. McKee; Secretary
and Treasure, Harvey S. Gibson; R.
H. Furgtison, J. E. Russel and Dan
iel Yonkens. The ofllce is located at
, No. 228 South Main street Butler,
i It. 11. Furguson is general agent, an
i affable and respected business man.
Tho engines constructed are princi
pally 9x12, 10x12, 11x12, and 12x12 inch
• cylenders, although work of any do
i Bcription appertaining to the oil
supply trade, is given prompt atten
i tion. Betwen 30 and 40 skilled
i mechanics are employed hero and the
shop has a capacity for turning out
) two engines a day. The comuany has
■ i been kept very busy since its organi
sation and thousands of engines or
j their make are in UHO today in the oil
> territory. This firm is ro ;omended by
<'the largest oil pnduors for their
t superior workmanship, honest mate
) rial and promptness to fill orders,
i ! which has gained for them a name
i second to none in their lino. The
f j company is composed of men
interested in the wellfare of the
beautifull town of Butler and would
see it a manufacturing as well as an
oil center.
Mr. McKee, the President of the
company, is also an inventor and
patentee of several va.uable appli
ances. A small compact high-speed
upright engine, for use in hotels, the
atres, small electric plants etc., recent
ly invented, is a wonder iu its line.
Ita motion is so regular that It could
be suspended with a rope in midair
and run as smoolhly as though bolted
to a foundation. Patterns are being
made from one to twelve horse power
and are now in great demand.
Patterns have recently been con
structed for eight to twelve horse
power engines for farm work and
threshing machines. They are double
acting, high speed, compact, light, and
can be hauled by one horse. The
boiler and engine are mounted on
wheels and weigh only *2,500 pounds,
whereas similar machines of the same
horse power, weigh more than twice
the weight.
A Mechanic Who Has Established a Large
and Prosperous Business In Butler.
William Kesselman & Co., whose
shops occupy the ground at the foot of
South Main street, near the P. & W. R.
R. depot, do an extensive business in
manufacturing and repairing oil well
drilling tools,and their name is synony- j
mous with good work and the using of
the best material.
Mr. Kesselman was born in Prussia, '
Germany, October Ist, 1832, and served
his apprenticeship as a machinist and
engineer, in his native land. He im
megrated to America in 1856, and
worked at his trade. He was a mem
ber of the firm of Bauser & Kesselman, j
of Parker's Landing, Armstrong
county, finally buying his partner out. ,
He remained there ten years. He came
to Butler ten years ago and established ,
his present business. The old shops j
were burned down last year and new
iron-clad buildings were erected in:
their stead.
The blacksmith and forge shop is
31x87 feet. It contains two steam
hammers; the one a fifteen hundred
pound hammer, the other six hun
dred pounds. The machine shop
covers 28x18 feet of ground, and about
20 skilled mechanics are kept constantly
Mr. Kesselman is also an extensive
oil producer and is kept constantly
busy lo ''ing after his interests. He is
married and the father of five children.
Mr. Kesselman is a supporter of the
Lutheran Church. He is a respected
citizen of Butler and is anxious to see
it prosper.
The Lowry House.
The Lowry House ie one of the lead
ing hotels in Butler and is located on
the corner of Jefferson and Main
streets, in the center of town. The
house was built in 1852, by Alex.
Lowry, who presided over it for years.
He sold it at one time, but repurchased
it and remained its landlord until
April 8, 1890, when he sold it to Messrs
Brown and Thompson, who have
made it the popular resort for the
numerous traveling men anil oil pro
ducers, who find their way here.
Since the latter proprietors have taken
charge they have added thirteen rooms
and remodeled the whole interior,
placing in it now windows, furniture,
electric bells, natural gas for heating
purposes; fans in dinning rooms and
bar room and improved both cuisine
and bar. The house has a frontage on
Main of 60 feet and 110 feet on Jeffer
son streets. It contains 48 rooms,
which are furnished in tho latest
Busses and hacks from the hotel
meet every train, and commercial men
find ample space to display their wares
in the spacious sample rooms of the
house. Experienced and competent
clerks are always in attendance at the
office. The proprietors have on sale
nothing but the best liquors in their
bar room, which makes a very popular
1 remember, I remember,
Tho cot where I was born.
And where it wau o difficult
To get up in the morn.
Ami well do I recall how pa
Would come in with hia gad
And expedite my ritdng
By tlioHC wooing ways he had.
1 remember,! remember,
Tho hickory trees HO high
That I would climb with hope to bag
Some fihellharks on the aly.
Of course it wan a childish whim.
But, ah! 'twas little Joy
To find how Farmer Jones' dog
Could masticate a »*>y
- liostou Courier.
Thffjr Had Heard Him Before.
Mr. Iloste(in a terrified whisper)— Marie,
there isn't half enough luncheon for all
these people. What on earth am Ito do?
Mrs. Jloste I'll rid of some of thevn,
Mr. Jloste (ten rniuutcn a
trump, Marie I But how did you manage
to get so many to go?
Mrs. Jloste —1 just whispered to them
that you had consented to sing "Hocked in
the Cradle of the l)eep. M —Uoston News.
(Canity Adjusted.
Hank Teller This cheek, madame, isn't
filled in
Madarue— Isn't what?
Hank Teller—lt has your husband's
name signed to it, but it does not state
how much money yon want
Madame— Oh, is that all? Well, I'll take
all there is.- Harper's Bazar
A Noble Hall.
A noble hall was his, where strayed
Tho shadows as they softly played
Upon the |*>rtrai!fl of his race
That to the Conqueror could trace
The winning of the accolade.
All this he to the girl portrayed.
As for her hand he sued, and prayed
That with her beauty she would grace
A noble hall.
Her father had grown rich In trade.
And ho, in Eugllnh clothes arrayed.
Wan but a bogus lord, whone pace
Had been too fast. Such was tho case.
Ho married her, and thereby made
A noble haul!
N» Trouble.
Mrs. Flora— But, husband, won't the peo
plo who buy sueds of you Is: disappointed
when the .seeds they have planted come up
and look fo different from these gorgeous
pictures in your catalogue?
Mr. K. (Seed-man) Oh, there's no trouble
about that. The seeds will never come up
No IMJTrreiice in the < out.
She did not buy that sealskin cloak.
Hut took the eaoh for it instead,
racked up her fourteen trunks or so
Au<l to tho Continent she fled.
—Cloak Review.
How He Stood It.
Cobwigger—That little boy of yours
never seems to get tired. I'd be played out
if I were on my feet all day.
Brown—But he's standing on his head
most of the time. - New York Kvening Sun.
A Candid Tramp.
Gentleman Does work make you tired?
Tramp-No, sir.
Tramp—l never get so far as that. Hut
the thought of it makes me tired.—Kpoch.
Strange I'act.
She wore a brand new Paris gown
One evening at the dance.
And, strange as it may seem,they any
That it wus made in France.
H«m t>» Fartrall Wiw r,int«-<t I. Told
in ■ Letter by the Artl.t.
the ! railing lawyer* of New J»-r*ey
was Mime tiow in th, tdnun
i«tratiun of au rotate that involved, amuog
other things, the ownership of a copy by
Kembrandt IVale of hi* original portrait
of WAAhinjfton ami also a copy of IVale'*
father's portrait of Mr* Washington. The
executor of the Peale estate waa ap[>ea2«l
to. ami he furnishi-d a bundle of old letters
from the artist himself, which not only
aettlcd the questiou in litigation, but
brought to lmht interesting information
concerning thorn famous portrait*.
These letters have never Iwen published.
Peale dit <l in Philadelphia in 1860, and the
letters to the executor were written in
1854. Pcale, it will lie recalled, was only
eighteen years old when he painted Wash
ington's portrait.
The following letter tells ita own story
of the way in which the artist painted the
portrait of the Father of his Country. It
is dated Philadelphia. March, 1534:
"By express I send you a copy of my
Washington, and shall with pleasure im
mediately finish for you a portrait of Mrs.
Washington which I had begun for an
other destination some weeks ago.
"When Washington sat to me in 17%,
the latter part of September, he came to
my room at 7 o'clock, each time as he en
tered iu the act of putting his watch in his
fob, thus giving me an example of punc
tuality which I hare since enforced on all
my sitters. My father, an old acquaint
ance, kept him in conversation, which en
abled me to study his countenance. It was
a period of some anxiety with him. as he
was hesitating whether or not to sign Jay'*
treaty with England: and further, he wa»
doubtless disturl>ed4>y the publication of
forged letters, which it was asserted were
taken on the person of a runaway servant.
Xo one ventured to sjieak with him on the
subject, and he would not condescend un
asked to deny them. My uncle, James
Peale, a zealous politician, at the second
sitting he cave me, bluntly addressed him.
'General, did you write those letters*' To
which he replied, 'I never lost any letters.
No servant of mine ever ran away from
me.' lie talked at ease on other subjects,
but my uncle went out, telling his (Wash
ington's) answer to everybody he knew,
and in two hours all Philadelphia was re
lieved of the scandal.
"Before the invention of porcelain teeth
on gold plates it was the practice of the
dentists to fashion them from blocks of
seahorse ivory. One of these sets was made
by the elder Gardette for General Wash
ington, but it was fortunate for me that
he sat to me without them, as they were
just linishttl and were clumsy and uncom
fortable and distended his month so that
he finally rejected thein, and it was equally
unfortunate for Stuart that his portrait
represents him as he ap|>eared for a short
time with them, looking, as Judge Wash
ington informed me, as though rinsing his
mouth with water, and, as Stuart himself
Informed me. preventing him from holding
any conversation (though ignorant of the
cause) so essential to the production of
an animated likeness. By sitting so early
as 7 in the morning I had his hair before it
was curled and powdered by the barber,
after which hour Mr. Stuart's portrait was
"I painted this portrait with but little
reference to any pecuniary compensation,
but for my own heart's satisfaction, to take
with me to Europe, proudly to be valued
as the portrait of the Father of my Coun
try anil the revered of all nations. I never
offered it to congress, but the senate Hat
tered me into their acquisition of it by a
unanimous vote, supported by Henry Clay,
who declared that if he could have his will
'not only every room in the Capitol, but
every house in the t'nited States, should
have this portrait of Washington.'
"It is now the reward of my enthusiastic
excitement In producing it, and il is my
devotional duty in reproducing them to
gratify the taste and patriotism of those
who think with Chateaubriand that 'there
is a virtue in the looks of a great man.' "
It is right that a paragraph should be
added showing the turmoil that sirrround
ed Washington at the time he sat for the
picture to 1 Vale in 1795. He had just been
summoned from Mount Vernon because of
the excitement over Jay's treaty. While
he was sitting to the young artist Jay was
being burned in effigy in IJostou, and the
intercepted dispatches of the French min
ister had but just led to a rupture between
President Washington nnd Secretary of
State Kdmund Randolph that led to the
latter's retirement in everlasting disgrace.
This old letter of Peale's throws a strong
light on Washington's demeanor at that
critical period.—New York Herald.
Who They Were.
Not long ago two young girls were trav
eling "out west." As the train stopi>ed at
a station two ladies entered and took seats
directly in front of them. Just as they
were seated a stout lady came forward,
greeted them effusively, and the trio kept
up a lively conversation until the train
started. Then one of them said, "Sit down
here near us," and, in a little lower tone.
"Tell those girls to sit somewhere else."
So the stout lady turned and said in the
most freezing of tones: "I wish to converse
with my friends and would like that seat.
1 am Mrs. President R . of this road."
The girls stared at her an instant, and
then one of them drawled: "Pleased to
meet you, I'm sure. I suppose you know 1
am Mrs. President Harrison, of Washing
ton," and the other girl, settling herself
comfortably in her seat, said, "And I am
Mrs. Queen Victoria." There was an au
dible smile from the other passengers, and
the stout l;i<ly went to her own seat in the
rear. —Cor. New York World.
Teas for Thl» Country.
The teas imj>orted into the United States
embrace some of the choicest varieties
grown. We get all of the Formosa teas.
the best black teas grown in China, as well
as all of the Fuchan teas, which are the
next best oolong teas to the Formosan.
The Importation of Amoy teas, the lowest
grade of oolongs, Is steadily decreasing.
We get all of the Chinese fancy green teas,
which are grown especially, year after
year, for the United States, and in addi
tion almost all the entire crop of tea ex
ported from Japan. Indian teas of the
finest quality can l»c procured here, but
there is little demand for them. They
constitute the teas so much admired by
the English, and, as they come largely
from Knglish plantations, whose owners
anil all interested have praised them at
the expense of the Chinese product, it is
not dillicult to discover a reason for their
popularity in England and Knglish col
onics. Chinese teas are much preferred
here.—Philadelphia Ijedger.
Derivation of I>og»' Name*.
Harrier* arc chiefly used in hunting
hares in England, while the title bcugle,
applied to A breed which!* an inveterate
enemy <>f rabbits, is probably derived from
the < Vlt ic lien ; or bige, or the Welsh back,
signifying little, they U-iiitf in reality a
small »i»ecicH of hound.—Detroit 1« re*
1 o the ( lam
I muse upon an empty houne.
Built daintily and true;
An if great nature had hut thin
One work on hand to do.
It* nails of polhhed milk white pearl.
Curved, Jewel-clean and fair.
That any king might winh to own.
Arc desolate and hare.
Where the. tenant that once clasped
Thereto each rone pink loop.
And lived a lordllngat Its cane?
Ala;.! 'tin in the soup!
—New York Hun.
The Views of a Veteran Chaperon.
"Doesn't Mr*. Maxwell believe in co
education of the Hexea?" "Coeducation?
I should nay not! Why, she believe# that
a girl ought to tic rained MI carefully that
when she sec* a man *he will say, 'What
is that, mamma?' " Brooklyn Life.
Proficient In French.
Friend - So you've all learned French?
Lite Stracl He Ye . Indeed. BhkM II
in i'aree. We went to a French perform
ance and enjoyed it thoroughly
"Was it comedy?"
"No; pantomime,"—Good News.
Fate's Whaekn.
'Twos ever thus, a fate condign
I lath Joyed to get a whack at ine;
My girln are always five feet nine.
And I. alan. hut five feet three!
—New York Herald.
Helping It Out.
Judge Plaintiff nays you knocked out
one of bin teeth. What have you to say iu
"It was a hollow tooth; ho would have
had t«i have it pulled noon, anyhow."—
Fliegeiide Blatter.
A Ucmarkaliln Modern Lpimxlv.
Clara Have you heard theMurtliuj( news
about Kitty Van Twiller?
Maude Why.no. Do tell me quick.
Clara It in reported that she is going o
marry the man to whom she is engaged.—
Tb# Month.
The «80-:'h la the front Am< *• jrynr tmrm.
It is the aperture t > tn» ouU •* j ■. e r> ><n
ii jortr aaa'niy. ikm, c utl»* are the
»r .>« h aoi »r»nm ui i oth -»
loak kki a kola in a tniek wall tn
admit a new 4»t<r wu.-i.jw. The sr.-nth
U the hotbed <ji toothache and the place to
keep Tourtijtigue \! *» pers- a «r tarry
their tooguea in their ■ if. ■ I {uckets.
A Butlti ws» never mail* t.io ■mail, bat
tome are so large that their owner* pot
their feet ia then- It is th J.«. rway «,ut
of which lenir beautiful w< rvls at ' <f« and
courage, and through wb. h jk«» oohi
cu.tard and kraut and x»l iner «... ai»
people sleep with heir adjusted for
| kissing.
' The month la the baqghole of oratory
and a baby's crowning glory. It is the
crimson aisle to your liver and nature's ap
p&ratus for blowiug out the gas. It la
patriotism's futin'.uD leal and the
chest for pie. Without it the j» lit ia-.
woold be a wanderer np <:i the f... »• of ti.,
earth, and the corneti-t and chjrns »;;r'.-*
go down to unhonored graet-. It is th
grocer's friend, the orator's pride undth
dentist's hope.
It puts some men on the rostrum and
many on the rock p:le. It i> teuiptat. n's
lunch counter when attached to a malte,
and the tobacconist's friend when attached
to a man.
Without it the torchlight pr>»'i -- n
would tie a dumb and lifeless thir.c. and
when the political hero advai. . i t th
front of the platform the audit i: w uld
have to stand on their h>-»d.« to show tt. n
delight. Without it married life would l»
a perpetual summer dream and the dud-,
would lose half his attraction, and mn»t ot
all. and greatest of all, if there were ti
mouths there would be no g. sitiys or hap
py greetings, no wonts of comfort or of
hope, no laughter full of sunshine and
song full of praise, the hin d man could
not be called to dinner and no one would
a»k. "Where did you get thar hat •" Ar
kansaw Traveler. .
A Rail Pick 17p.
Mind your own busine-s .«! r;!" tc
follow always and everywhere, ami in it.-
strictest sense too. Look at me. for in
stance. I was rushing the a.'
a shopper. A woman in front of medn : pe*l
a newspaper which was done up in its wrap
per. Hurried as I was, I stopped, picked it
up and chased the woman.
"Pardou me, madam," said I, "yoa
dropped this."
She turned serenely upon me. "Yes," she
said, "I meant to," anil passed on. Thi,
left me in an angry state of mind. I paused.
exclaime<i crossly, "well, I don't care what
becomes of it." and dropped it. I hadn't
gone three yards when a voice at my eltx w
''Pardon me, miss, you dropped this."
I lacked the aplomb of the tir-t lady and
I smiled sheepishly, saying. "t>h. deiir—
thank you," ami took it. A little further
along I dropped it again and bolted into a
store. While I was buying a hat an urt>a:»
salesman tendered the paper to me. with
"A lady left this just n iv. She said you
dropped it."
"Oh, thank yon so mnch," said I.
Then I Iff* It on the counter. They sent
it home with the hat. A little lain-! was
on it, "You k t this." I threw it in my
coal I*)X. Said John the nest mornintr, "I
found a brand new unopened paper in tht
coal box. :• i and 1 put it on your table."
There it was too. No one will blame me
for throw in • it out of the window then
and there in a moment the bell rang
Presently th. maid entered.
"A gentleman just left this." she said;
"it ju-t now fell cut of the second story
That paper is liefore me now. Tonight,
If it be moonless. I am going to bury the
thing deep in the cellar.—Uab's Ix-tter.
Brave Manxmen.
The little fishing port of Peel, on the
west coast of the Isle of Man, looks nut on
the Irish sea. A rocky headland, called
Contrary head, juts out south of the har
bor, while in front is a rugged island rock
on which stand the ruins of I'.s-l castle. It
is a perilous place for ships and a splendid
place for the display of the heroism of the
One afternoon in October. IsjO, a Norwe
gian ship in a fearful temj-est was drift
ing upon Contrary head. All Peel was
down at the beach watching her. The life
boat was got out. and there were so many
volunteers that the harbor master had lo
difficulty In selecting a crew.
The Norwegian had lost her masts and
the spars were floating ar - ind so that she
was da. 1/ rous to approach, but the lif»
boat reached her.
"How many of you f" cried the cockswain
to the Norwegian captain.
The cockswain counted them as they
hung on the ship's side and said:
"I only see twenty-one; not a man shall
leave the ship until you tiring the odd one
on deck."
The oclil one, a disabled man. had been
left below to his fate. He was brought up,
and all were taken aboard the lifeboat
and safely landed on the beach. The Nor
wegian government struck medals for the
lifeboat men and sent them to the govern- >c
of the island for distribution.—Exchange.
I>e*t rent lon of (iernoi In Hater.
The sterilizing of water is easily accom
plished by keeping it at or near the Uiiling
point for fifteen minutes. Five minutes'
heat is sufficient to destroy all harmful mi
cro organisms. Still lc-s timesufflcea to de
stroy the disease producing varieties which
are recognized as liable to occur in water.
Thus, merely raising to the boilitiK point
a clear water containing the micro-organ
isms of malarial disorders, typhoid, cholera,
diphtheria, or of suppurative pn i-s and
allowing it to gradually cool. Insures the
destruction of theue germs. They are aKo
destroyed by keeping the water for from
a quarter to half an hour at a temperature
of 170 degs. F„ though occasionally very
resistant but harmless bacteria may get
Into water. The brief heating, however,
render* them safe fur drinking purjs'-' s;
but when It is desired to destroy every
micro-organism that may Is* present iu a
contaminated water, it is to Is- heated for
one hour and allowed to cool slowly, when
It may lie used for cleansing wounds or for
alkaloldal solutions. New York Tribune.
nii«l XariufeHurrr «»f
Oil and (Jas WVII Packers.
The Best Malleable Iron Frnim audi
Superior Quality of Rubber.
Only Packar Easily Mimi from Well.
I make intty ofthr »'»«W r bttoiiM* ami
mn |fivi» jron Mitytliinic iu that li »#«*. A<hlrt *"
RRADFORI), Ml l\i:\s ('<>., Pa.
N<>. 15 Patbst A vim E.
£/ ■
Our Furniture for 1892
will reflect the most desira
ble productions of the coun
try's best designers.
N. B. - ('orrenponilence -olieited. i
Drilling and Fishing Tools,
Hotel Yogeley,
C. SNoLXiRASS. Prop.
Kates. - s - Per Day. Good Sample Boon
Waverly House
South McKean Street BUTLER, PA.
This house if n<>w nj»-n for the acroro modal ion of th# public ud
one of the U-t house-. in the town. It ha* all the modern improTCMMi
i-> lighted by electriritv and heated by «team. We ffttarantee p>od aeeoa
moiinti >ns :t! n derate |irici"«. All are invited to fcive o» A rtll.ud Mtid
thenwelvt*. CHEBB HTONER, Prop.
Patentees and Manufacturers of the
Mill - Gas - Generators
It has no equal for economy, pre
duces a fuel much cheaper thaj
coal, equal to and as easy control
ed as the natural gas, and requii
ing no more attention.
Steam limits FitW Out With (ieneratorson Short Notks
Kor Kurt her Information, Call or Address.
SHETTER & MULLEN, - Renfrew, Penn'
Fire, Life and Accident Insuranc
Agency of
■successor to .1. T. MrJuiikin A Son).
i 3() I.Cawt Jefferson Street,
nrmra,sVE|Ro H HOUjtTM BOITL
HilSi ll 12 BIEXICOj i'*« *««•• *«jU5?w5S
I.I ♦ It.niU*. " NTUi Imr rdo, tmgfc ' '* J- 1 '
«rx"<. *l'. *"- > liek»t» •< w K."*' **,—**.** * Vz2
W&lll'lfttf i',...•-T-Svtfiff
; -A »•»■«»■ U^uimwwi