Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, March 11, 1892, Oildom., Image 8
&.«■ ia $ BotleP t?oui]tij'o Court Hou^e. Butler's beautiful Court House, dis cernible from any part of the town, - is comparatively a new building. The old structure was totally destroyed by fire in 1883 and for two and a half years Wit hers poo n Institute was ; utilized as a Court House. The present edifice cost $150,000 and i is an ornament to the county, as well as a monument to the enterprise and thrift of the inhabitants. Work was begun on the present building in the spring of 1886, and completed Septem ber, 1886. The bnilding has a frontage ; of 80 feet, 90 feet wide at the back, 120 feet deep, and 165 feet high. It is built of Butler county stone, with Berea stone trimmings. The Register and Recorder, Sheriff, Clerk of Courts, Treasurer, Prothono tary and County Commissioners, alt 1 have their offices on the first floor, i each department comprising a public and private office and a fireproof vault, with a general vault in the hall for val uable papers. On the second floor are the jury and witness rooms, arbitration and ladies' room, and a commodious court room. The County Superintendent and the en gineer have offices on the floor above. The tower surmounting the building is the finest point of observation, to view the town. It contains a large clock and a bell which strikes the hour of day as time recedes and man knows it no more. Facing the Court House is a plot of ground called the Diamond, which is a part of the orignal five acres set aside by the county for this purpose. Owing to the large amount of business trans acted in oil leases, etc., the county officers are kept very busy and court week always bringe a large concourse of people to town. The enabling act, passed by the Leg islature March 12, 1800, authorized the erection of a county from a portion of Allegheny county, which then com prised all the territory lying north east of the Ohio and Allegheny rivers The act under which the county was organised for judicial purposes was not passed until April 2, 1803. It then became a part oi the Sixth Judi cial district, which included Beaver, Crawford, Mercer and Erie. The present site was selected as a county seat, a rude log court house was erected, which served the purpose until 1807, when a stone structure was erected, of which the people were very proud. In 1855 a larger house was built at a cost of $40,000. The first court In Butler county wrs held in a log cabin, void of windows, doors or fbrniture, on the Diamond, near where the office of Clarence Walker is now located. A few chairs and benches were supplied by the pop ulace, and a carpenter's bench served as a desk for the jndge and attorneys. This was quite a notable event, and was attended by all the great lights of the Pittsburg Bar. The Circuit' Court, which existed until 1833, was entirely separate from the Court of Common Pleas. The first case was entered in this court Septem ber 17, 1804, bnt was not tried until September, 1806. The first grand and traverse jurors were called at this term. The first business transacted in the Orphans' Court was on May 14, 1804. Jesse Moore, Esq., the first President Jadge, was appointed in 1804. His soooessors were : Samuel B. Roberts, in 1818; William Wilkison, in 1821; Charles Shaler, in 1824; John Bredin, 1831. In 1861 Daniel Agnew was ap pointed to a vacancy, and succeeded himself by election for two terms. In 1863 he was elected a Judge of the Supreme Court. Judge McGuffen was appointed to succeed him as President Judge, and was elected in 1864 In 1874 Charles McCandless was appointed Assistant Law Judge. In the fall of that year E. McJunkin and James Bredin were elected; the former as President Judge and the latter as asso ciate, of the Seventeenth Judicial Dis trict, composed of Butler and Law rence counties. In 1884, Aaron L. Hazen and John McMicbael, both of Lawrence county, were elected to the bench, and the lot of President Judge fell to Judge Hazen. EARLY 11HMBERS OF THE BAR Gen. Ayres, who came West with Washington's army in 1704, in the capacity of a tailor, read law with Judge Breckenrldge in Pittsburg and came to Butler in 1804 as Prothono tory. John Gilmore, born in Bradford county, educated at Washington, I'a., read law with the afterwards exiled David Bradford, came to Butler in 1803, to the Legislature and made Speaker of the House. He was after wards a member of Congress and State Treasurer. He died in 1846. John Purviance was one of the first attorneys in the county, and was ad mitted to the first court held in Butler. He served as a Golonel in the war of 1812. He was for a long time attorney for the Rapp Society at Harmony. John Bred in, for twenty years I'resi dent Judge, was among the ablest members of this Bar. He was born in Donegal county, Ireland, in 1794, and died in 1867. James Thompson, a native of Butler county, was at one time a printer's devil, and became a leader in his pro fession and in politics. He went to Erie, was sent to the Legislature, was made Speaker of the House, was elect ed to Congress, and finally became Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the State. S'lon after the expiration of his term on the Bench, while making an argument before the Court, he sank to the floor exhausted and never re covered. Samuel Purviance, George W. Smith, Charles C. Sullivan, SamuelA.Gilmore, practicing in the thirties, were all men of mark and ability. John Graham, who died Just before the war, was among the ablest, most reliable and best equipped members in his day, while John -Nelson Purviance and Edward Bracken, both of whom died a number of years ago, ranked high in their profession. It has been asserted that the Butler County Bar, was, and has been the strongest in- t\e State, in point of the numerous intellectual giants who nave, and are practicing here. Judges, senators, congressmen, legis lators, soldiers and politicians, who have gained national renown and fame, have graduated by the scores from Butler county's law offices, and have assisted in the mighty work of up building and strengthening this grand republic. Nor is there any diminution in the members who swell the ranks of the profession here. Tho growing west has been an exten sive field for Butler county boys, who battled with adversity, and now hold responsible positions and offices and enjoy lucrative practices, which the prowded condition of the bar of their native county would not permit. AARON L. HAZEN. I A History of the President Judge of L&w --1 rence and Butler Counties. His honor, Judge Aaron Lyle Hazen. jis a descendant of the sturdy ! pioneers who quitted merry England and made the American wilderness I a garden. It is believed that Edward Hazen, the progenitor of the family, I emigrated from New Castle on the !< Tyne, England, and settled at Rowley Mass., in tho seventeenth century. I The town records give evidence that in 1649 he was a selectman, judge and an extensive property owner and a respected citizen, which is proven by j the fact that he was permitted to have j seven gates in the public park, tho largest number permitted by law. Nathaniel Hazen, a descendant of tho above and great grandfather of the judge, was born March 17, 1745, at Lyme, Conn. He married Mary Bell, Nov. 27, 1768, and moved to the beau tiful Wyoming Valley in Penn sylvania. The horrible massacre, by the In dians and English, of the white settlers, in 1778, forced those remaining to flee with their families to New Jersey. Hazen, though a Continental soldier, happened to be at home and rescued his family from a cruel fate. When peace was restored and England recognized the rights of the Colonist, he with his family, moved to Fort Pitt, now Pittsburg. Finding the place anything but a paradise, he selected a home on Peters Creek in Washington county, now traversed by the B. & O. Railway. The whisky insurrection disturbed the peace of the Bottlers and many went further west to seek a home. Hazon purchased a tract of 400 acres of land from the government in 1792 on Connoquenessing creek, in Beaver county, long known aa"Hazen's Delight." Here he erected his log cabin and brought his family. His wife died Dec. 20, 1834 and the old sol dier and pioneer was laid to rest Nov. 3, 1836. Nathan, born May 1, 1786, in Wash ington county, was the tenth of thir teen children, and the grandfather of the subject of our sketch. He married Levina Kirkendal May 28, 1805, who j died Aug. 6, 1816. Her husband out | lived her 20 years. Henry, the ! eldest of 12 children, of this union, first Baw light, March 4,1806, in Beaver ' county. He learned the carpenter's trade and taught school in winter. He deserted his trade and settled on a farm in Shenango township after mar rying Sarah Warnock (daughter of James Warnock, Esq , a native of J County Down, Ireland, and Mary Gas ton,a native of Washington county, Pa March 21, 1833. Five boys were born to them, of whom only two are alive; Eli W. and Judge Ilazen. Ilenry Hazen died Dec. 28, 1841, his wife died April 25, 1885. Judge Hazen was born Feb. 19, 1537, being the second eldest of five children. Shenango 1 township, in which he was born, was > then in Beaver county, buk wai in ado a part of Lawrence county, March 12: 1549. Lawrence county was formed of about equal parts of Beaver and Mer-1 cer counties by act of assembly of j March 12, 1849. It was at the district schools and Beaver Academy that the Jndge learned the golden rule. He graduated from the latter place in 195S and entered Jefferson College, at Can-1 onsburg, Pa., from which place he graduated in 1 SGI. The last year at school was devoted to the study of law. During vacation of that year tort Sumpter was fired on and Judge Hazen was among the first to enlist, the 19th of April, IS6I, in the Twelfth Infantry Vol. When his enlistment expired he was refused admission to the ranks, on account of a serious deafness which had overtaken him He was entered as paymaster's clerk and served in the pay district of Cum berland; however, the last year of the war he was appointed receiving and paying teller in the U. S. department at Louisville, Ky. In September, 1865, he was admitted to the bar in Law rence county and gained practice and favor. In 1870 and 1573 he was elected two terms|as District Attorney, which j office he filled with so much credit ! that he was nominated on the Repub lican ticket of the .-eventeenth Judicial > District as candidate for Judge, to which office he was duly elected, al though his Republican consort of But ler county was defeated and Judge John McMichael, a Democrat of Law rence county, gained the goal. Judge Hazen moved to Butler j county, where he now occupies a beau tiful mansion on North Main street. Amelia J., daughter of Wm. Watson, of New Castle, and Judge Hazenwere mar ried in 1885. Three children were born to them, one daughter and two sons, but he who giveth and taketh, gather ed their offsprings unto him and left the kindly couple childless in advanc ing years. % -aS* I |S§j| ; , r SHERIFF WM. M. BROWN. A. Sturdy Yeoman Who Is a Terror to Evil. Doers la Butler County. The subject of our sketch is a sturdy j farmer, selected by the people of But- I ler county to act in the capacity of : Sheriff from 1890 till 1893. Mr. Brown is a descendant of the old j pioneer who settled at Brownsdale, after having served with distinction in the war of 1812. His son Joseph married Miss Mary Marshall, whose! family is one of tho most illustrious in the State, being a daughter of James and Jane Marshall, of this county. Wm. M. Brown, the Sheriff, was born June 12, 1832, in Forward town ship, and served hi:} apprenticeship on the farm at home, attending the dis trict schools daring the winters. Ar riving at maturity he took an active interest in his surroundings and served as Justice of the Peace four years, and 16 years as School Director in the township. 'Squire Brown was elected to the office of Sheriff on the Republican ticket, and has been a credit to the party since his acceptance of the trust. His home life is a peaceful one, where, surrounded by his wife and seven children, his house overlooks the most beautiful scenery in Butler county. He is a member of the U. P. Church, in which he takes an active intorest. ■A "*l% . - ,*) v M ; \ BUTLER COUNT?B PROTHONOTARY. A Highly Honored Gentleman, Who Serves His Second Term It ;office. John W. Brown, the ! Prothonotary, is the only officer in the Court House serving a second term. Though a . Democrat in politics, he is so popular with the masses that he was the only candidate on the Democratic ticket i electad. Harrisville, this county, is his native [ vil'age, where ho was born November 9, 1H43. Like a majority of the coun try boys he had to content himself with a common school education, which was not of the best at that time. He was a member of the Sixth Penn , sylvania Heavy Artillery during the [ war, and wai mustered out of service I in 1865. Having acquired the trade of , tanner and currier in Beaver Falls, > Pa., he followed this vocation until [ 1878. He acted as clerk in the Pro i thonotary's office three years, and was ( elected Justice of the Peace of Butler r borough in 18s5. In 1887 he was nom i inated an<! elected to his present office on the Democratic ticket. His wife, Emma, is tho daughter of W. S. Bing ham,of Centerville,and three daughters and one son bless their homo at 617 Brown avenue. The eldest daughter, Miss Jennie, is a teacher in the public schools. Mr. Brown is a member of the Presbyterian Church, and Presi dent of the Armory Opera House Com pany. The Prothonotary : s office has been in good hands since his advent into office, as the records will prove. CLERK OF COURTB CRISWELL. A Responsible Officer Honored by the People for Past Services. The people of Butler are not slow to recognize true merit, hence Joseph Criswell is attending to this import ant office in a highly satisfactory man ner. Tho old veteran first saw light in Clinton township, Butler county. Tho common schools of his boyhood he attended as long as premitted. When rebellion raised its standard in the south, he deserted tho comforts of home for tho horrors of battle and fatigue of campaigns. August 18, 1861, he enlisted in Company K. 102 nd Pa. Vol., and served faithfully until mus- j tered out of service at Pittsburg in ; ! 1864. Returning home he led a busy life as a farmer. Taking an active part in politics under the standard of the Republican party. His services were readily rec ognized and in 1890 he was sworn in office which has had his faithful and undivided attention since. Mr, Cris well is married and has a family of six children, who reside on a farm two and a half miles from Butler, in the township of the same name. Mr. Criswell is an active member of A. G. Reed Post 105, G. A. R , and has served as Dast Major of Encampment No. 45, LTV. L. He is also a member of Butler Lodge 272, F. and A.M., and a supporter of the M. E. Church. §\ 1 ■ TREASURER J A3. 8. WILSON. A Patriot and Staunch Republican, Who Fills an Important Office Butler oounty people have been fortunate in selecting an active expert accountant, and a genial gentleman, for the position of Treasurer. The subject of our sketch was born in Butler borough, July 31, 1841. His boyhood days were spent in acquiring a common school education. He had hardly outgrown his teens, ere war's alarms, and the dark danger of the disruption of our Union, called him to arms in its defense, in Co. H., 78th Pa. Vol, the 12th of October, 1861, where he remained until mustered out October 12, 1864, after having suffered many privations in the Fourteenth Army Corps, which did such effective work under Gen. Thomas, the '"Rock of Chickamauga." Mr. Wilson has bean a professional accountant all his life, and was employed by the Wm. N. Whitly Mfg. Co , of Pittsburg, for years. Politically he has taken an active part in the Republican ranks, and worked continually for its welfare. In the fall of 1891 he was elected by a large majority of the votes of the people, to the position of Treas urer. The accurate manner he has 1 bandied the accounts has given ' universal satisfaction throughout the ' county. His residence is located at 1 Centerville borough, Slippery Rock township, where he resides with his wife and eight children. He takes an active interest in the U. V. L., of ' which be is a member, and is an elder in the Presbyterian church. s REGISTER AMD RECORDER DALE. A Bright, Popular Young Man Who la Destined to Hake Hli Mark. David E. Dale, the Register and Re corder of Butler county, Is the young est office holder in the Court House. ! The people have not misplaced their confidence, however, as his natural talents and years of training have well fitted him for the important position he occupies. His cheerful counte nance greets all who have business in ' his sanctum. He was born in Slippery Rock town ship, this county, April, 1862, where his father, Rev. Abner Dale, presided over the Reformed Church. Besides enjoying the limited advantage of schooling in Butler county, he spent a year at Thiel College, Greenville, l'a. M r. Dale is a member of the firm of Col bert and Dale, of Butler, who have the largest gent's furnishing store in the county. Five years of Mr. Dale's life has been spent us Deputy Register and Recorder, which opened the way for his election on the Republican ticket in the fall of 1890. His practical knowledge of the intri cacies of his office has proven to the public that he is a faithful and respon sible servant. Mr. Dale married Miss Mary, daughter of Albert Wick, of Butler, Oct. 7, 1891, their home being at 228 Fulton street. Being young, wideawake and enterprising, Mr. Dale has the interest of Butler always at heart. The County and City Surveyor. C. F. L. McQulstion, the county surveyor and city engineer, is a young man to hold so important a position, 1 yet he gives universal satisfaction, and planned all the grades for the sewerage and paving which was com pleted in Butler borough last year. . Brady township, this county, was his | birthplace, April 17, 1867. He attend ed Grove City College, and received instructions in engineering and con struction from R. F. Hunter, of I'itts j burg. Four years ago, he entered his chosen profession, and has made an unbounded success from the start. His office is located at 316 South Main street. Politically, he is a Republican, and takes an active interest in party work. He is married and has one son. Though young in years, he bids fair to make a name for himself In bis S native county. DEFRAUDING BANKS. RAVINGS BANK FORGERIES AND HOW THEY ARE DETECTED. • A Xew York Ireunwr Tall* About the Difficultly* In Keeping Track of People Who Try to Draw Monty from th« De poaltorle* of the Poor. Few people from the outside ever get closer to the business secrets of saving* banks than in the lines that file continu ally before the little windows behind which (Its the teller. If there are close mouthed people la the world they are the men who cpnduct the business of these depositories of the earnings of the poor. From the pres ident. back in some carpeted recess, to the watcher at the front doors DO information is ever volunteered by them, and answers to questions of bewildered Inquirers ars given right to the point and as short as proverbial pie crust. I Therefore, when a savings bank official talks of his business he generally says some thing the public knows nothing about. "I will tell you something that will sur prise you," said Treiisurer Quinlan, of the Greenwich Savings bank, to a reporter re cently, in a burst of confidence. "You wouldn't think that scarcely a day passes without attempts at forgery in a big city savings bank like this. It is no sinecure to b« paying teller in this or any other savings bank in this city." With that Mr. Quinlan tapped a bell and a boy responded. "Ask the women's teller to bring in some Of those attempted forgerl<ia," said the treasurer. The boy departed and pretty soon the women's teller brought in a lot of receipts and put them before Mr. Quinlan. They were stuck on a file and the lot was nearly a foot high. "All these were filled out within a few months," said Mr. Quinlan, "and this is •nly the showing in the women's depart ment. The difference in the signatures on these receipts from the genuine signatures kept by the bank is all that enables the teller to 'spot' them as forgeries. RJSOCEST FOBOERT, "Sometimes ths signatures are close enough to raise a doubt as to their genu ineness. In most cases the applicants an- i swer all the test questions, so you see a paying teller has got to exercise consider able judgment." "Do you pioeecnte all these cases?" "Oh my, no. Some of them are inno- j cent attempts at forgery and some are criminal." The reporter confessed his ignorance of : what was an "innocent" attempt at for gery- .. .. , "An innocent attempt," said Mr. Quinlan, "is where a person signs a receipt for, say, Mary Jones, Innocently. 'How is this?' the teller says. 'This Ls not the signature of Mary Jones.' 'Oh, Mary Jones is my sister,' is the reply. 'She sent me here to : draw the money for her.' "Then the teller tells the sister to go , back and get an order, or to tell Mary Jones to come and draw the money herself. If It is an innocent case the sister goes away and does as she is directed. If there is any crooked work the alleged sister storms and fumes and insists, and the teller quietly hands her over to the police and prosecutes. I "Sometimes the guilty ones go away without making any fuss. In every case, j however, guilty or innocent, we make a note of the circumstances in a book and look out sharply that the proper person gets the money on that acconnt thereafter. Of course we keep the receipt with forged j signature." SEVERAL ACCOUNTS. "Do you ever pay out to the wrong per- i •onf" "Seldom, indeed. Sometimes, however, the shrewdest teller will get caught. One young man went tip to Sing Sing yester day for Ave years for extracting a small mm from this bank on a forged signature. Another young man is just about to be let out of Elmira reformatory after serving a sentence for the same offense. "Nor is that the only dodge they try to work." continued Mr. Quinlan. "I re member when I was teller a good many years ago a woman came to have the inter est entered in her book. She handed up her pass book, and it Btruck me that I had entered interest in a pass book for the same woman not long before. " 'Madam,' I said, 'didn't I enter up in terest for you last week?' " 'No, sir,' she said. " '1 am certain, madam, I must have done so. Weren't you here a week agof " " 'No, sir, I wasn't. Look at the book. There is no interest entered there.' "That was true, but I was sure I had Been the woman only a short time before. Well, I investigated and found that it was the same woman, but another account. I found she bad thirteen different accounts with the bank. At that time one of the bank'* rules was to pay 7 per cent, interest on sums under $500; over that 6 per cent, was paid on the whole mm. To get that additional interest the woman had opened np twelve 'trust accounts' all under SSOO in addition to her own. I made her close up all those trust accounts before she left the bank."—New York Tribune. An Early Fire Engine. The earliest mention of fire extinguish ing apparatus of any kind is found in the building accounts of the city of Augs burg, Germany, for the year 1518. In these they are denominated "instruments for flres" and "water syringes useful at fires." ] Anthony Blatner, a goldsmith at Fried burg, is credited with being the inventor and manufacturer, he having at that time become a citizen of Augsburg. These syringes must have been of consid erable size, as they are described as being mounted on wheels and worked by levers. Caspar Schott, a noted Jesuit, gives an ac count of one built at Nuremberg, in 1657, the largest squirting engine of which there is any record. It was mounted on a sledge ten feet long, four feet in width and drawn by two horses. It had two working cylin ders placed horizontally In the cistern, whleh was eight feet long, four feet high and two feet wide. Twenty-eight men were required to work it, and it was capable of throwing a jet of water one inch in diam eter to a height of eighty feet.—Detroit Free Press. Negroes of Arkanwi Plantations. The negro women of Arkansas are very fond of their children and kind to them— unwisely kind perhaps, as we Americans are inclined to be. To all the other hard ships of a woman's life here is added her mourning for her little children, for the careless life bears hard on them, especially in overflow seasons. Sometimes we are reminded of this In a homely vet affecting way, as, when buying some chickens and asking for more, I was told by the little merchant: "They aint no more, only but one old roost er, and we don't aim to sell him, 'cause my little brother that died he always claimed hhn, and maw sayed she never would sell him!" —Octave Thanet In Atlantic lloetklf. Hungarian Women. In the Hungarian women we purposely overlook any foibles that may exist, for, without palaver, the Hungarian women are among the most beautiful in the world. They are not languishing, diaphanous crea tures, composed of cobwebs and the odor of musk, with- a sickly pallor or a hectic flush in their cheeks. No; erect and straight as a candle, hearty and vigorous to the core, the rare pictures of good health and abounding vitality. They are gifted with small feet, full arms, plump hands, with tapering fingers, and wear long braids. The sun has spread a reddish golden tint or a darker tone over the complexion. The Hungarian woman is not a lieauty of classical contour, nor does she perhaps frequently present a riddle to the psycholo gist, and ethereal poets will scarcely find a theme in her for hypersentimental reveries. She is rather the vigorous embodiment of primeval womanhood. —Wilhelm 9inger in Harper's. Death News In a New York Paper. Plain death excites but little attention. It must be presented in some novel form to claim particular notice in a community where there is an average of a death every ten minutes of each twenty-four hours. Even deaths of a violent nature must pre sent new phases or Involve people of im portance to \ms worth much apace in the New York newspapers. Suicides have become so common and uninteresting that it ls not unusual to see four or five attempts In that line occupy not more than as many Hues, each grouped under a general head. So small and utter ly Insignificant a thing is death in a great city.—New York Herald. A Curious Ta*. Among the curious taxes levied on trades people In Corea is one on sorceresses arriv ing at the capital, where they had to pay the board of revenue a certain number of logs or sticks of wood, for what purpose it Is not said, but certainly not to burn them with later on, for they are an influen tial claaa In the community. The tax Is no longer levied.—Philadelphia ledger. WORLDS FAIR TALK. MR. WELLMAN WRITES OF HIS VISIT TO CHICAGO. n»e Congressmen Who Krcrntli \ Uitrd the Metropolis of the Central West De lighted—Chicago's Rapid Growth—lts Business and Its Enthusiastic People. [Special Correspondence.] WASHINGTON, March 3.—Having been out to Chicago to see the World's fair grounds and buildings I have some gos sip to tell you that is not particularly related to affairs at the national capital. Chicago is without question the most : interesting city in the world. It is a marvel in itself, a source of continual amazement to its visitors, but in ii s World's fair it has a different sort of marvel, a distinct and quick creation, typical of Chicago itself and yet as 1 broad and many sided as the world for whose use and entertainment it is in- ■ tended. I ft TO not going to describe to you the World's fair grounds as they are today, except to say that the progress made there amazed and delighted all the sen ators and representatives from Wash ington who recently traveled to Chicago to see them. Statesmen who went there suspicions, distrustful, fearful that the exposition was to be something local or provincial; that its art and architecture were to be Chicagoesque, or that things were to be cheap and undignified, cauie away full of enthusiastic admiration for what has been done and confidence in what remains to be performed. Chicago is essentially a city of superla tives. It is the city of "the greatest." It has had the greatest growth known among all the municipal communities of the world. It is greater than any other concrete city in area. It is greatest in parks and in boulevards. It is greatest in tributary railway mileage, one-fourth j of all the railway tracks of tho world meeting within its limits. It is greatest jin grain, in live stock, in lumber. It is greatest in number of vessels leaving and arriving at its port. It has the greatest hotels, the greatest auditorium, the tallest buildings. It has tho great i est newspapers in the world, is the great est subscription book publishing center. , and on the authority of Edwin Arnold has the most perfect newspaper building and plant on the globe. These are only a few of the greatest things which Chicago has, and while one stands aghast at the great yta onopolies and great fortunes which she is building i up, it is comforting to reflect that she | will also soon have two of the greatest ' libraries in America—the Newberry and ! the Crerar —and that in the Chicago ' university, which John D. Rockefeller has just endowed with another million dollars, she is building np with charac j teristic energy ono of the greatest insti | tutions of learning on this continent, j By long odds the best of her greatest things is Chicago's public spirit. For ! tunately indeed is she in possession of this superlative. Famed throughout the country is Chicago for her propensity to brag. Who has not heard of Chicago i "wind?" But when you go to that city [ and see what Chicago "wind" really is j you like it. It is genuine love for and | pride in his city which leads the typical 1 Chicagoan to boast, wherever and when ever he finds opportunity, of the great ness and the achievements of the munic ipality to which he owes allegiance sec ond only to that which he owes to the stars and stripes. In Chicago public spirit is the rule and not the exception. The men who have nothing but their day's work to depend upon join hands with the men who have made their tens of millions in working for Chicago. At Jackson park, when tho visiting statesmen and journalists were inspecting the World's fair prepa rations I saw H. N. Higinbotham, the financier of the firm of Marshall Field & Co., which does an annual business of $40,000,000 a year, and who is himself a millionaire, walking sido by side and arm in arm with Bob Nelson, the la bor leader, who probably doesn't own a thousand dollars in the world. At the Commercial club's banquet Philip D. Armour and Senator Peffer sat side by side—one the twenty million aire packer, the other the high priest of the Farmers' Alliance. Chicago, you see, is a city of contrasts as well as su perlatives. This public spirit brings men of all sorts and conditions together. Where is there another city whose millionaires, business and professional men would give up their own affairs month after month for the public good, as the men of Chicago have been doing since the World's fair work was started In earnest? While in Chicago I was much impressed by tho energy and !-elf sacrifice of prominent men in the cause which now lies near their hearts. A hundred of the most successful men of , tho city left their business to escort tho visitors about in Jackson park. The Commercial club, which is composed of forty millionaires, gave the city's-guests a magnificent banquet, and every one of the millionaires was there. These are the men who have built up Chicago. Their work of planning and scheming could not be laid asido altogether even for the pleasures of the table, and I no ticed many consultations going on in quiet corners. About 1 o'clock in tho morning, as the guests were dispersing, | Mr. Fred Peck, that Chicago man of matchless energy and public spirit who built the famous Auditorium, said to me: "You don't know how hard we are working out here. Tomorrow, for in stance, I have three World's fair com mittee meetings to attend. The first is 1 at 10 a.m. and will keep mo two hours. I The second is at Ip. m., and if 1 get , away at 3 I will be lucky. The third , meets at 3 and will fill out tho after noon. This is the way we are working i for the fair and have been working for [ a year and a half. Wo not only stib -1 scribe our money, but give our time,. without pay or hope of any other re \ ward than tho satisfaction of having I performed a public duty. Tho men of I Chicago feel that their city's reputation • is at stake in this matter, that tho honor of tlie American republic has been com muted to their rare, and they are strug gling manfully under the burden of re sponsibility. The men who are doing the bulk of tho work are men who do not expect to reap a dollar of benefit, directly or indirectly, from the expoai tion." What would you expect a World's ex position to bo in a city of such men a? thene? Another superlative, anoth'i "greatest on earth," of course. It is with this feeling yon go down to Jack son park to see what has been done there. Your expectations are already 1 high. But in a moment, after a rapid I survey of the scene, yon lift your hands ' in amazement while your brain in vain ! endeavors to evolve an adjective befitting j the occasion. At least that is tho way it was with me, who am naturally enthusiastic; but j it was so also with such cold blooded | men as Senators Peffer, Shonp and Gal ! linger, and Representatives Enloe, Cool idge, Jerry Simpson and scores of others, i Tongue cannot tell nor pen descril>e the F ! scene on the shores of Lako Michigan in 7 ! Jackson park. Even tho graphic art 1 ' fails, and pictures aro but suggestion? I of the magnitude and magnificence then u . I found. It out Chicagos Chicago—out ' superlatives the superlative. I i lam not going to attempt to describe e it, but I will hint at it. Imagine a y square mile or more of ground whicl ' less than two years ago was for the most part a swamp. Chicago passes over il i the wand of her magic energy, and now ! you behold a dozen palaces rearing theii j roofs toward the sky. The swamp it s converted into a park. Lagoons atnl wooded islands embellish tho landscaiie. y Hundreds of miles "of sewers, watei mains, gas pities, electric conduits an ' ! nut in—it is like creating a city in a II IL. night. A police forco with a hundred patrol j men is organized, a fire department with ! a half dozen fully equipped engine hous s provided. Ten thousand met work on gT ,i Is and buildings. Onl\ in. «.f the- ■ k : ' - lt palao.- is nearly com pleted. and it is a character! .-tic of tssen tially inodt ru. alert, adaptable Cliicag. that t'..:- one is a silent tribute to this woman'- . M a era—the Woman's build ing. Other palaces are half done, one quarter done or just begun. The flooi of one is so vast that a dozen United Stat-s Capitols could be set down upon it—"larger," says Senator Peffer, "thac the farm 1 used to till ia Indiana."' In another is a steel arch larger than any other erection of a similar kind ir tho world. Crowning still another is tc be a dome greater and grander tnan the dome of the Capitol or St. Peter's. One Ls to have a doorway of solid IH-caral gold and r. c. i.ipaxiion door of solid silver. At »v. ry step new wonders un fold till the visitor, stopping to kick , some mud off his lxH>t> and assure him ' self he is not in fairyland, asks if these stupendous plans can be carried out, il I the giant buildings can ever be finished ' in time for the opening day. In the Woman's building a map of the ' grout;.Ls is hung upon the wall. A big, j strong man. muffled in a greatcoat, | stands before it, pointer in hand, ex ' plaining to the visitors the landscape ' and architectural designs. He is Chief Constructor Burnham, and in thLs forest of palaces, this cluster of superlatives upon which 10,000 men aro working, there does not appear to be a stone, s brick, a truss, a spike, a timber which ho has not before liitu in his mind's eye. Instinctively the audience conclude# and whispers one to another, "There ia 1 a Chicago man; see how he grasps everything; he is master of the situa | tion.'' And when, a moment later, Mr. Bnniliaiu modestly says all these build ! iugs will be ready for dedication next October an<l for occupancy two or three : months later, there is not a doubting j Thomas within sound of his voice. There is universal agreement that il tliia masterful man, this typical Chi cagoan, says so, 'tis so. Best of all i> not the magnitude, noi the matchless speed with which work is driven, nor the gold door, uor the super lative steel arch and gilded dome—big things we exjiect of Chicago. The best is the art and the beauty of every detail, ' every effect. Not only is Chicago build ing on a va«t scale, but she is building with an artistic sense, in form and color, with dignity, with impressiveness, with every structure and every integral part thereof perfectly adaptable to the func tion required of it. Art is old and Chi cago is young; but Chicago was wise enough to trust not to herself, but to cull her architects from all parts of America and her artists from all the schools in the world. If Jack on park in midwinter, with buildings in embryo and mud, with the lagoons mere morasses, with no color yet applied and all decorative effects still lacking, with a hundred minor buildings not begun and an air of new ness and confusion about everything that i^—if tho World's fair of February, 1893, can capture the imaginations of skeptical visitors, what will the World's fair of l!r03 do, when tho palaces shine ; with color, with statues, with flags and ornamentation; when innumerable less i er structure picturesquely till out the i background, when a great pier and ca sino adorn the water's edge and steamers and pleasure boats fill the bay, when the ! banks of the lagoons present a mass of t green in vines and flowers and their : waters teem with gondolas, and when mankind gathers there to see what good, useful and beautiful things man hath , wrought in this world's workshop? My hope is that you and I and all of i us will be there to see. Walter Wki.i.«an. A Pell Sketch of Governor Jiorthen. W. J. Northen, present governor of Georgia, is ono of the most widely known and popular men in the south. He is a farmer by occupation, and takes great ! pride in rearing line cattle and raising fine crops. For some years he contested i with tho late Hon. Primus Jones the I honor of "getting the first bale of cotton !to market." Ho is in the prime of life, . hale, vigorous and full of ideas. His ' pet hobby i'l the future of the new j south, and lio believes in encouraging ; immigration. - ■——— ROMAN ARCHITECTURE. Domestic Betlgni Wlileh Preceded the Era of Public Grandeur. So great has been the destruction in Koine of many palaces and public monu ments, even within the first three centu ries of our era and of course much more so since, that it is very difficult even to trace the plans of some of the more im portant which were known to have ex isted, though it is impossible to make ex cavations anywhere in the sacred city without coming upon strata after strata of houses erected at various i>eriods. To . study her domestic architecture, there- I fore, we have to go to Pompeii, a second, i or even a third rate city, perhaps, but which, by a provision of nature, has been preserved in great part down to our own day. It is true that all the roofs and vaults are gone, and of the walls only from ten to twelve feet remain, but with these and the description of various authors it is possible torecoustru t in our imagination the gen eral appearance of the city before It was overwhelmed by the last fatal eruption of Vesuvius in the year A. 1). It, which buried the city in a shower of ashes, pumice and stone in a layer twelve to fourteen feet deep. Of the temple and other public building it is not worth speaking, as they are of far less importance than those in Rome and elsewhere, but of the private houses and villas of the upper and lower classes there exists an inexhaustible sup ply, from which the following general ar rangements can IK* summarized. The more important houses were divided into two parts, the public and the private portion. Of the former an entrance vesti bule led to the atrium, a large hall open in the center to the sky, the covered portion having a roof sometimes supported by columns surrounding the impluvium (a marble b.e.u under the compluvium, or open space in the roof.) Round the atrium, and lighted from it. were a series of cham • bers, sleeping rooms for the male guests, recesses lor conversation and the tablinum or sitting room. The private portion consisted of a peri style around an open court, in which there was a .small garden; the triclinium or din ing room; t he pinacotheca or picture room; the bibliotheca or library, and suites of small chambers used as bedrooms. Be side these there was generally a court sur : rounded by the offices, tho kitchen, bake > kouse and storerooms. All these rooms de , rived their light from the internal courts, the exterior of the block forming the house being invariably occupied by shops. In which sometimes the lord of the mansion kept retainer , who sold the produce of his farms and lands. 1 From the walls which still remain erect, we find thai they were all richly decorated , in color, painted in arabesque and occa * sionally with landscapes, figure subject* .' and wreath* of flowers; tho columns were i; of marble or painted in imitation, and the . 1 floors inlaid with mosaic or with small J pieces of marble set in cement. The roofs, being- all in wood have |>erinhed, but their ; coverings in tiles, with the various orna ments on the ridges of the roofs, are still ' found in the excavations. Such portions I of llerculaneuni—a town close by— as it has 1 been found pos- ible to excavate (the lava which overwhelmed it being of great hard ness) shows even liner work than at Pom peii, and those remains which occasionally are found in Rome show a far higher qual ity of work than that found in either of '! these cities.—Cassell's New Popular Edu ' j cator. • I When Woman'* Work Wan Valuable. In early Bible days richly embroidered raiment was enuii > rated with the gold, < | silver and other valuable property of a rich man. In that primitive age Dame Fashion j was not the fickle goddess she is at present. .' and the "raiment' so frequently mentioned i in the Holy Srriptures descended from fa 1 t ther to nun as a valuable part of tho inher -1 : itance. Raiment wits often sent, with gold 1 j and gems as a present to dignitaries. - It took, not months, but years to orna ii \ ment some of these garments, and the gold . i thread so lavishly used in embroidering , them was real gold. Moses describes the process of making the gold thread that was used in irnamenting the tabernacle. The habit of mak inn presents of rare needle work is still common among eastern na ' tions who changed their customs so slowly, fc —Woman's Work. I JOSEPH HARTMAN. Prk- J V. RITTS, Vici Pw C. A. BAILEY. CiMin. DIRECTORS. Hon. Jos. IlHrtman. J. V. Ritts. C. D. Greenlee, E. E. A drains, D. Osf>orne, Leslie H. Haxlett. Hon. \V. S. Waldron. O. M. Russell, M. Finegan, I. G. Smith. C. P. Collins, Henry McSweeney. When you desire to open either a business or interest account, or to transact any other hanking business, visit this hank and your intercut* will receive prompt and courteous attention, together with m great liberality as is consistent with safe hanking. THE BDTLER CODNTY NATIONAL BANK, OF BUTLER, PENN'A. BJIASSETB, Sole Owner and Manufacturer of the Gordon & Hasselh Oil mil Gas fell Packtn. ILL KINDS OF FISHING TOOLS FOB H TELEPHONE Na NO. 121 WEST WAYNE STREET. BUTLER. PENN'A. B. MABSETH. D * W * BLAOK. MiSSEIR 4 BLACK. Itpccnrnm ro ibkkhan * mashkth.) MANUFACTURERS OF Fishing Tools, Oil and Gas Well Packers, etc. Engines, Steam and Gas Pumps, and all Kinds of Machinery Repaired. Engines and Gas Pumps For Sale and To Let. Telephone No. 7. No. 121 West Wayne Street, BUTLER, PENN'A.