Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, February 19, 1892, Image 1

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    VOL. XXIX.
Physician and Surgeon,
Office and residence ui ;cw a. Main St, Butler,
IST E. Wayne St., office hours. 10 to 12 M. and
I ro J P. M.
Office and residence at 12: E. C St,
New TroutniHii Hnllditif?, Butler, l'a.
F-. N. UEAKK. M. 1). J- F - »ANN. M. I).
Specialties: Specialties:
Gynaecology and Sur- Eje. Ear Nose and
Butler, Pa.
Office a: No. *r>, S. Main street, over Frank ft
do's Uiuw store. Butler. P ; .
Physician and Surgeon.
&o. 22 E«M .Itfli rson St., tier, Pa.
Is now permai.ently located at l! 0 Soutli Main
Street Butier. Pa., in ruoum tornierly occupied
by Dr. Waldrou.
cold Killing Painless Extraction of Teeth
«d Artui.-.*! reeth *it bout Hates a
Nitrous Oxide or Sluulzetl Air or Local
A om n ce t "eV'MiUt'rs Grocery east of Lowry
H o U mc'e closed Wednesdays and Tliursdtys.
J. J. DONALDSON, Dentist.
Butler, Penn'a.
i ttMiMiii Teetl» Inserted ( u the latest I®*
pruved ptan. GoW PlUluK a specialty. Office
i m r Krbaul'sClotbinK Store.
Att'y at Law and Notary Public —Office on B.
Diamond M —opposite the Court House—sec
ond floor.
Attorney-at-Law-Office in Diamond Block.
Butler, Pa.
Attoi ney-at-Law.
Office—l3etw ten Postofflce and Diamond. But
ler. Pa.
Office at >'o. *>, South Inawoud. Butler. Pa.
Office second floor. Anderson B1 k, Main St.,
near Court House, duller. Pa.
on ce on i-efoi.d Hot.r of tlie Huselton block,
DtanH'iid, Butler, l'a.. ICoom No. I.
Attorney at I .aw, Office at No. 17. East .letler
son St . Butler. Pa..
Attorney at I and Pea! Estate A|<ent. Of
flee rear of L. Z. Mitchell s office on north side
of Diamond, Butler. P<».
Attorney -at -law. Office on second floor of
Anderson building, near Court House. Butl«r.
Att'y at Law—Offlce.on South side .of Diamond
Butler. Pa.
Insurance and Real Estate Ag't
FT 1) EP eonNTY
gtutuai Tire insurance Co
O'iico Cor, Main & O-tnrtinehamflu.
Alfred Wick. Henderson Oliver.
Dr. W. Irvln .lames Stephenson,
W. W. Blackmore, N. Weitzel.
F. Bowman. D T Norris.
Oeo Kftterer. ' IIMS. T(<hhun,
John firohinan. .!< hn Keen inc.
LOYAL S, Agent.
airrLßiH-, T-->a.
Veterinary Surgeon.
Graduate of the Ontario Veterinary
College. Toronto, Canada,
Dr. Gable treats nil diseunefl of tht
domesticated animals, and nv.>kfs
ridtrliatr, castration >*nd borpe den
tistry a specialty. Castration per
formed wi'hout clams, stu! all other
surgical operations performed in tbe
scientific manner.
Culls to MIIV pnr of the country
promptly responded to.
Office and Infirmary ip Crawford's
Liv<ry, 132 West .Jefferson Street,
Bntler Pa.
I flfcT £ nnn Cnless yon write us qulck-
UvlO I viUUU ly. We want more sales
mou. and will guarantee permanent position*
with salary and expenses paid weekly. Full
or part time. Experience rioi required. Stock
complete. Including nmny i.'.st selling special
ties. Klegant ouitlt free Address
t . 11 HAWKS & CO..
INurserj man. Kochester, N. Y.
Established 1875.
Farm For Sale.
A tarm. improved, and In a high state of
cultivation, situate In Adam.H twp..Butler coun
ty, l'a.. on the Three Decree road, two miles
from plank road, and two miles from Mars
station on P a W. railroad. Sufficient timber
thereon to fence same; good spring of water at
door; In oil locality, unleased. and containing
63 acres. A two-story fra . e dwelling House
with live rooms aid hull. ai,d bank barn 36x58
bulb in excellent order,
' XIJSO another farm convenient to above
iame twp., containing acres, with small
dwelling house and barn. Owi er, on account
of age, desires to sell and quit farming. Terms
will be made convenient to purchaser. Call on
OJ address
Postollti" Valencia, Ta.
(Mi t'H !J 'fcf ( i 712 J*,
A Handsome Three-quarter Life-size
Crav on Portrait Free.
.ia.' i.'. '.o onr many patrons, and the public
£>.< illy, for » short time we are going 10 & ive 10 every
pu rcfcart r of Tec dollar- worth of goods a
There is not a family bat possesses some picture of
Father Mother. Brother or Sister which they would like to
have reproduced iD a life like and durable oianuer Call at
once and see specimen at our store
Wb»t more suitable for a present? And ae our liberal
offer will insure immediate orders in large numbers, your early
vis't is desired.
To hPcure one of these portraits, you first trade len
Dollars worth with us, nnd then give us any pirture of your
self or friends that YOU wish to have enlarged The frame
(samples of which you wi 1 see in our store) together with the
giass nod mounting will only cost you $2 75
These portraits are made by the celebrated Acme Copy
in? Companv. 302 and 304 West Tan Buren Street. Cbieatfo,
111.. wLicti (a a guarantee of quality of work we intend to give
A Worth Looking
Oar Boots and Shoes are making
an impression "on the sands of time."
We help our customers to make tbeir
walk in life easy by fitting them with
Shoes that fit their feet comfortably.
We pay special attention to this, as no
Boot or Shoe will wear well that doe*
not fit properly. There is enough trouble and pain in this life without
increasing it by wearing til fittiog shoes
All our footwear is selected caretuily from the most improved lasts as
well as quality of stock etc
We keep the kind that will fit comfortably and wear, we keep the
best at the lowest prices.
We don't keep a Ladies Shoes at SI.OO and say it is worth $2 00 that i*
an old, old chestnut, but we do say we have a Ladies fine Shoe at $1 00
tb»t cannot be matched either for Styl* or wear, wo sav the same of our
Ladies entire line frotu $1.25, $1 50. $2.00 $2 50, and $3 00 and up to $4 00
and $4 50 r
Don't you get tired of reading gome fellows advertisements when
they saj goods are being Sliiugbtered at any price to clean up. etc, thai
this or that Boys Boot is selling at $1 00 worth $2 00. Now there is just
one of two things, either they made a big profit before or not telling the
truth, recollect these liberal fellows don't lose any money, goods are per
haps dear at the low p'ices named after you 6ee them and more especially
after you wear theta
It seems useless to quote a long list of prices as you cannot judge unlest
you see the goods, but it you want the best Boys Boots at $1 00 sizes 1 to
5y ou ever ssw y on ( ttD j t bere, a Man's Boot at $1 50.Cbildren's Shoe*
at 25, 50 and 75 cts , Boy V fine Shoes at 85 eta., these are straight prices ui
humbug to pull you in. neither are tbey sold at
Have a lot Mif-Fes Rulbers at 10 cts a pair and tbev are not worth 30
cts. either, recollect we b»ve the large-t sto.-k to select from, best goods aad
lowest prices, don't ti»rjdl>* «uy old j )bs. sold ch»ap on account of some
imperft etions, but tolid, new and desirable liuetet ihe lowest price
The Price Broken
Rubber Goods Forced to go!
The greatest rubber sale ever known
In Progress at Bickel's!
Men's Rubber Boots $2 00.
Bo>s' Rubber Boots SI 40.
Youths' Kubber Boots $1 00
Child's Rubber Boot 90 cts.
Read and Wonder! Come and Buy!
Men's Rubbers 40 and 50 cts
Ladies' Hubtiers 25 cts.
Misses' Rubbers 15 cts.
Child's Rubbers 10 eta.
Customers Delighted!
Competitors Depressed!
Ladies' Buckle arctics 65 cts.
Ladie-' ( loth alaskas 40 cts.
Men's Cloth alaskas 50 cts.
Perfection overs lor felt Boats 60 cts
Rich and Poor Alike are Benefited.
Men's Kij) Boots Si 35.
Kip Hoots $1.«0,
( hi d's Kip Boots 50 cts.
Working Shvws 85 cts.
F°, s High Cut Button (Shoes 75 cts.
No Cobwebs on my Goods. I Sell
Ladies' Button Shoe* 90. Si 00 and $1 20
Misses' Shoes fine 75 and §l-00
Child's Mioes pat-tip 50 cts.
Bady's hoes 10. 25 and 50 cts.
Remember the old say ng "The ear'y bird catches the worm."
Con eto this Sale Quickly. It can't last long.
Boots and Shoes Made to Order.
BUTLER, ------ - _ _ PEN IV A
All Kinds of Job Work done
at the "Citizen" Office.
Ooaao here, my J ear, I want ter say a word «
two ter you
Bout what I thlnk's the proper thing for me - n
you ter da
YeTe gave mo mighty good advice seace we wii
wed that day
"Way back In sixty-one, 'n' now I'd like to hare
ye say
Ef you don't think I've got a right to do as oth
ers does,
Tf sell the crops before they grows, Jest like
them easterners.
Why. Meg. a man out in Noo York hex sold •
lot o' corn
That's several thousand bushels more then what
the oo un try's borne—
"N" got his money, too, I'm told, 'c' didn't have
a peck
Of grain of any kind In hand to back his little
He cleared a hundred thousand cash! If, Meg,
that's more'n.we
Have cleared at farmln' all our days, or cvei
will, by gee!
"N* I can't say I sees the uao o' workln' day by
'V only sellln' what we raise for mighty little
When them as haen't any grain can sell up
there In town
A million pecks of wheat 'n' corn, 'n' git their
money down.
The modern plan's a dandy, Meg, 'n' ef we
makes it go,
I'll get you that planner, 'a* the trotting horse
for Joe.
Well raise tho mortgage oil the roof, 'n' paint
the old barn red,
"V send the gals to Paris, France, and buy a
rosewood bed.
We'll get new carpets for the floors, "n" keep a
hired man,
Ef only 1 can go to town 'n' learn to work the
•JT mebbe. Meg, I'd make enough ter run for
Or get sent down to Washington a full-fledged
I tell yer, gal, this is an ago that beats creation.
What would yer father've said, d'ye think, if
ho wuz here to-day,
Ter see folks sellin' wheat and .corn, and hull
ears full o' rye,
•V 'leven-twelfths of all they sold nowhere but
in their eye?
How he would yell ter think of us a-makin' of a
O' gold at sellin' fellers things we haven't really
got i
What's that ye say? It Isn't straight to sell
what ye don't own?
TT if 1 goes into the spec, I goes it all alone?
The music on the piannay ye think would.drive
yer mad,
If it was bought from sellin' things ye never
rightly had?
Waal, have yer way: I'll let It go; I didn't
mean no harm;
But what is straight in cities can't be crooked
on % farm.
—John K-ndricks Bangs, In Harper's Magazine.
The Trick That Cost Capt. Logan
His GirL
jm l/lli:1\W DRICK had
MM'"''Ml''iM&k brought in an
Mn Willi!r wWSSSI armful of snow-
HI cve ° re d loff9
li!ill! from the wood-
Pl!®PM(lll' pil® at the north
" end of the house,
throwing them
m 1" down on the
•"** stone hearth
with noise
Hr like a small
I, earthquake,
Wf C&, when Carrie
H Brown started
wL "Five o'clock!
-c Oh, I had no
idea it was so
late. I must be
going home."
"Allow me to accompany you, Miss
"You will let me see you home, Car
Capt Logan and Fred Jones both
spoke at once, but Carrie shook her
"I prefer to walk alone," she said,
"About the sleighing party to-mor
row night?" said Fred, anxiously.
"I—l half promised Capt. Logan,"
said the village beauty, a rosy tint suf
fusing her cheek.
"But Carrie, I thought it was settled
between you and me two weeks ago!"
exclaimed Fred, with a frown.
"Was it? I'm sure I had forgotten
Fred was silent Capt Logan's
smooth, soft-toned voice broke the
"I exact no promises," he said, gal
lantly; "but if 1 am not punctual to the
hour and the spot Miss Brown may
draw her own conclusions."
And Carrie went home.
She was very pretty, this bright
eyed, New England damsel. Fred
Jones had loved her ever since they
were children together, and Capt Lo
gan, who had come down to spend the
Christmas holidays with his cousins,
the Kendricks, had become so fond of
those bright blue eyes and golden hair
that he had prolonged his visit into
" 'Pon my word, she's a regular
beauty," said the captain, staring
through the tiny window panes at the
retreating figure of Miss Brown.
Fred Jones looked quickly up at him,
as if he wouid have liked to knock him
over into the fireplace, but he refrained
from any such demonstration.
"A beauty," went on the captain,
"and it's a thousand pities she should
be wasted on any of the country bump
kins who vegetate among these wilder
nesses. Sam, you young villain, are
those boots of mine blacked yet?"
Farmer Kendrick's hired boy, who
had just come in to warm his purple
hauds at the merry red blaze, looked
"No, they ain't" said Sam, crossly.
"Well, what's the reason?"
"'Cause I ain't'ad time."
"See you find time, then, and that
quick, too," said the captain. And
Sam glowered after him as he went
gayly up the stairs.
"Just wish 1 had the firin' of him out,"
said the boy, gloomily "It's 'Sam do
this," and "Sam do that,' and 'Sam,
where's the warm water?' and 'Sam,
what do you meiin by lettin' my fire go
out?' and not a red cent has he guv me
yet—no, nor as much as a pleasant
word. I wonder if he means to stay
here always?"
"You and I are about aqual in out
love of him, Sam," said Fred Jones,
"I hecrd him talkin' with Miss Car
rie about goin' sleigh-ridin' to-mcrrow
night," said Sam, shrewdly. "I'd jes'
like to put 'Kicking Tom' in the shafts;
I would if it weren't for Miss Carrie.
He don't know nothin' about horses,
that there militia cap'n don't" And
Sam chuckled.
"I say. Mr. Jones," be resumed,
"why don't you get beforehand with
him? Miss Carrie don't really care for
him; she's only dazzled like."
Fred Jones frowned slightly; honest
Sam was not exactly the kind of Gany
mede he eared to have meddle with his
love affairs.
"Miss Brown must eboose for her
self, bam," he said, and Sam went
back to his work, secretly wondering
how a young lady gifted with ordinary
sense could hesitate for a moment be
tween the captain and Fred Jones.
The next night came—a perfect night
for sleighing expeditions and rustic
lovemaking, the roads bard and well
packed and a glorious moon shining
down whitely, as if a rain of silver
were deluging the whole world.
"Couldn't be better weather," said
the captain. "Sam, where are the
sleigh bells?"
"Dunno," said Sam. "There's them
old jinglers in the garret that used to
beloDg to Deacon Joe Kendrick that
was in the revolutionary war, and
XUfire'3 the twoJJQW hells. that Mary
Jane might scour up with ashes—"
"Pshaw-:" said the captain. "Do you
take me for Rip Van Winkle? There's
a pretty little string somewhere, for I
saw them when Mrs. Kendrick went
out day before yesterday."
"I hain't seen nothin' on 'em," said
Sam, stolidly.
"Come, come, Sam, don't make your
self out any stupider than you be by
nature," said the farmer, laugHing,
nevertheless, for the captain's airs
were fast wearing out his welcome,
and he secretly sympathized with the
much-abused Sain.
"I guess they're out in the bam
chamber. You better go with him,
captain, if you expect to find 'em—our
Sam's dreadful thick-headed when he
chooses to be."
"Come along, my fine fellow," said
the captain, collaring Sam and march
ing him off in the direction of the old
red barn. "We don't need any lantern
in this moonlight, that is one com
fort. "
"Where are the stairs?" demanded
the captain, as they entered the barn.
"Ain't none," said Sam. "It's a lad
"Dp with you, then," said Logan,
but Sam shrunk back
•'I wouldn't, not for fifty dollars,"
said Sam. "Old John Kendrick hanged
himself from the middle beam four
teen years ago, and folks say he stands
up there with a rope around his neck
every moonlight night."
"Stuff and nonsense!" cried the cap
tain, in accents of contempt. "You
cowardly lout, stay where you are,
then, and I'll go myself."
He sprang lightly up the rounds of
the ladder and disappeared through
the trap door.
"Where is it?" he called.
"The ghost? Right under the mid
dle beam by the windy was the place
where —"
"Blockhead! I mean the string of
"Look for 'em yourself," said Sam,
sulkily. "I don't know where they
be, and, what's more, I don't care."
"I'll settle with you, my fine fellow,
when I comedown," 6aid the captain,
threateningly, as he groped about in
the dim light which came throuxh a
cobweb-craped window at either end
of the barn chamber.
"Don't hurry yourself, cap'n," re
joined Sam, in a jeering tone.
As the captain plunged into a dark
corner there was a jingle, and the
string of bells, suspended from a nail,
hit him directly on the neck, so like
the grasp of death-cold fingers that h«
could not but start.
"Oh!" said the captain, nervously.
"Here they are. Catch 'em, Sam I
Hal-lo! Where's the trap door?"
And it took the worthy captain fully
sixty seconds or more to realize that
the trap door was closed and fastened
on the lower side. He rushed to the
window and threw it up only to see
Sam speeding up the bilL
"Hal-10-o-a!" yelled Capt. Logan.
"Come back, you scoundrel! You ill
conditioned lout! You imp of evil!"
Sam turned around and executed that
peculiar gyration of the fingers in con
nection with the nasal organ which is
supposed to express the extremity of
"You'll find the ladder on the barn
floor, cap'n," hooted this young rebel,
"an' don't be afraid o' the ghost; it's
very harmless if you let it alone."
"But, Sam—Sam. come back! I'm to
be at Mr. Brown's at half-past seven."
"Don't worry!" bawled Sam. "Miss
Carrie won't wait long afore Mr. Fred'll
be on hand."
The captain danced up and down on
the floor in an ecstasy of rage as Sam
disappeared over the crest of the hill.
He knew very well if ho possessed the
lungs of Boreas he could make no one
lie sat shivering down on the hay,
starting nervously at the sound of
horses' feet below, and thinking how
disagreeably a bar of moonlight, which
streamed down from a crack in the
roof, resembled a tall, white figure
standing under the center beam. He
could almost fancy the rope round its
neck. Pshaw! And the captain jumped
up again, with starting dew on his tem
ples, even in the freezing atmosphere
of the barn chamber.
"What is to be done?" he asked him
self. And echo, if echo had had any
common sense, would have answered:
"Just nothing at all!"
Sam had outwitted him. And pretty
Carrie, and Fred Jones, with his red
cutter anil great chestnut-colored horse!
The captain was wild at the thought;
surely lie was vanquished.
"1 won't wait another minute for
him," said Carrie Brown, coloring up.
with the tears in her blue eyes. "Go
on, girls, 1 shall spend the evening at
"There's plenty of room for you in
our sleigh, Carrie," coaxed her brother.
"Bessie Andrews will be giad to have
you along."
"Xo. she won't, either," pouted Car
rie. "As if I would spoil all her fun!
No; if I can't have an escoit of my
own I'll stay at home and mend stock
ing;; and I never, never will apeak to
Capt. Logan again."
Charlie Brown was on the point of
arguing the matter with his sister,
when the door opened and in walked
Fred Jones.
"Not gone y;t, Carrie? Where is the
"I don't know," said Carrie, tartly,
"and 1 don't care. Am I Capt. Logan's
"Will you go with me?"
"Yes, I will," said Carrie, her eyes
lighting and shy smiles dimpling her
"Of course," said Fred, "I can't ex
pect to make myself as agreeable as
the city captain, but —"
"The uratsio. captain'.'' «xl«d
Carrie, a little lrritatny. "J. m SICK UI
the sound of his name. I never want
to see him again. What a nice new
cutter this is, and how easy the wolf
robes are!"
"Carrie," whispered Fred, as he
touched up the horse and felt her nest
ling close to him, "is it for always?"
"Yes, always," she answered.
"Jerusalem!'* said Farmer Kendrick
It was past ten o'clock at night, and
the old gentleman had come out as
usual before retiring to rest, to see
that the dumb members of his family
were all safe and comfortable. "I do
believe that's old John Kendrick'L
ghost come to life again, poundin' like
all possessed on the barn chambei
"It's me-e! It's me-e!" bawled the
captain. "Unfasten tho trap-door and
let me out!'
Slowly the farmer lifted the ladder
to its place. With rheumatic awk
wardness he climbed the creaking
rounds and undid the hook from its
"How in all creation came you
here?" he demanded. "Why. I thought
you was out a-sleigliridin' with tke
"It was all the doing of that villain,
Sam!" gasped the infuriated captain,
his teeth chattering with mingled rage
and cold. "I won't stand this sort of
thiug. I'll leave the place to-morrow."
"As you please," said the farmer, to
whom the prospect of losing his guest
was not unpleasant. "I'm dreadful
sorry this should have happened,
though, and I'll tails seriously to Sam."
"So will I," gnashed the captain.
"I'll break every bone in his body."
But -Sam had taken particular care
to go over to his grandmother's, six
miles across the snowy fields, to spend
the night, and the only person the
captain saw was old Mrs. Kendrick
sitting by the kitchen fire.
"You've lost your chance, captain,"
said she, good-humoredly. "Dorcas
Smith has just gone by on her way
home from the sleighing party, and
she says Fred Jones brought Carrie
Brown in his new cutter, and they're
The captain left next day, and Mrs.
Fred Jones has never seen him since.
And when the affair came off Sam got
a piece of wedding cake big enough'to
give him the dyspepsia for a week.—
Boston Neivs.
Equ il to tho Occasion.
A family of new wealth in Washing
ton have * just up a butler. The
head of the family formerly lived in
Michigan and some friends from this
state have recently been visiting them.
Among them was a lady who had
known them for many years. One day
at dinner she wanted some bread. The
bread basket was within easy reach ol
the host and the guest asked him tc
pass it to her, but he shook his head.
"Darsn't/'be said, grimly; ' Maria's
got her eye on me, and if I didn't wait
for the butler she'd give me jessie a*
soon as she got me alone. "—Detroit
Free Press.
—Hamlet Jones—"So you have lett
the Tin Monkey Company?" Buffo
Booth—"Yes, I didn't like the way
they cast me." Hamlet Jones —"In-
deed! How did they cast you?" Buffo
Booth—"Out"—Kate Field's Washing"
Only Animals That Have Uniformly Good
Health Produce It.
Even during an excessive demand for
wool the finer grades generally in
crease in value more than the com
moner grades, and in times of depres
sion the finer grades are always the
most profitable. The commoner grades
can easily be made by many inexperi
enced sheep growers, and as the de
mand for wool increases thousands will
go into the business of supplying the
busy looms with this product, and, in
stead of being pushed out of their busi
ness by the newcomers in it, the old
veterans at wool growing should de
vote their experience and skill in pro
ducing the very finest grade of the raw
product. This is the legitimate gain
and profit which must be due them for
their study and labor.
The finer grades of raw wool should
have a fine staple, with a fiber that is
fine, but not silky. If this fiber is
evenly developed, so that it cau stand
equal tension all over, it can be classed
as finest grade. Very few of our sheep
have such fine wool, not even among
the very best breeds. The secret of it
is in the care of the animals more than
in the blood or breed.
Such wool is only found on animals
that have uniformly good health, and
which are not suffering from any skin
diseases. If the health is poor the
wool will be unevenly developed A
weakened growth of fleece will follow
where neglect of proper feed is shown;
where lack of water or exposure to in
clement weather is allowed. Animals
that have to use up animal heat to re
sist the cold which strikes in from wet,
frozen fleece, or very cold weather, can
not give the same amount of growth to
the wooL The wool has to suffer to
keep the internal organs in condition.
Good stock and health count to begin
with, but these alone cannot be de
pended upon to produce high-grade
wool. Sheep that are not adapted to
the climate and country may also fail
to produce high-grade wool for this
reason alone, and it is Important that
the proper breed should be selected.
It is well to remembar that the wool
depends upon the good health of the
animal for its growth, the same as the
plants depend upon good soil for the
development and maturity.—American
Implements Nece»»ary for Making Cheat*
on a Small Scale.
For the manufacture of cheese on a
small scale are required a cheese hoop,
about ten inches in diameter with a
follower, a new washtub and a press.
The milk should be taken perfectly
fresh from the cow, and strained
through a cloth into the cheese tub.
As a gallon of milk will make one
pound of cheese, the precise quantity
used at a time should be noted. Part
of it should be warmed so that the
temperature of the whole, when in the
tub, shall be raised to eighty-three
degrees Fahrenheit. The rennet,
thoroughly cleaned and prepared,
should be then added, enough being
used to produce curdling in about
forty minutes. As soon as the curd
will break smoothly, it should be cut
with curd-knives into squares, and
then allowed to stand until all the
ivhey runs off. Part of this whey is
then heated, the mass of curd is lifted
and broken into minute pieces, and
warm whey is added until the tempera
ture of the whole is raised to ninety
eight degrees Fahrenheit. Wlieu cool
this operation is repeated until the
curd becomes crumbly, easily falling
to pieces when pressed in the hand-
The whey is then all drained off, and
the curd put into the cooler and cut up
with curd ltnives. When the tempera
ture has fallen somewhat, it is turned
aver and left until it assumes a flaky
condition. When nearly dry, salt is
added, and the whole is mixed thor
oughly with a curd mill- It is then put
into the bandage inside of the hoop, and
la put on the press. After remaining
there from two to four hours it should
be taken out and turned. The next day
it may be taken out from the press and
put on a shelf to cure. While curing it
should be watched closely to keep all
flies from It; should bo rubbed over
daily with warm melted butter and
daily turned. It is fit for uss from six
to eight weeks after it is pressed.—ln
diana Farmer.
A Number or Illnttrstlona from Experi
ence and Observation.
Xo other practical knowledge Is of
greater value than that of the balanc
ing of rations, and utilizing the coarse
provenders of the farm. I know farm
ers by the hundred who save no fodder
from their corn fields, even though the
hay crop be short and their stock nu
merous. Often I have seen forty or
fifty acres of cornstalks left in the
field, and the straw of several hundred
bushels of wheat dumped in a pile in
a corner of the wood lot and their
owners buying hay by March 1 for
their stock, and like "Pharaoh's lean
kine," the herd would devour one of
their number—or its value—each week.
After an experience of over thirty
years during which I have given per
sonal attention to my stock, and noted
carefully the effect of different foods,
1 pronounce good, bright corn fodder
the most palatable, wholesome and
economical of all provenders for cattle,
horses and sheep This winter I am
feeding eleven head of horses and cows
—three of the horses of large draft
breeds —and, with only the fodder
from twelve acres of corn, 1 have not
fed a pound of hay since September,
and shall not until April. This corn
fodder cost me as follows: For cutting
up the corn, $18; cost of husking 1 of 250
shocks, 120 hills each, and binding the
fodder, at 8 cents per shock, 520; two
days with two hands and a team draw
ing the fodder to the barn, SO; total,
$44. Deducting 3 cents per bushe! for
husking 500 bushels of corn, it leaves
the net cost of the fodder in the barn
829. Counting that this fodder will
last the eleven head six months, the
cost for rough feed for them is *0 cents
per head per month; and 1 shall be
able to sell at least ten tons of hay,
which would, without the fodder, all
have been fed out on the farm. Good
bright straw can be used to winter
horses and cattle; they will eat it well
and thrive on it, but it is best that, in
stead of corn, the grain ration be bran
and oil meal; these balance the ration
and enable the animal t> digest the
straw much better than if it is fed
with corn, for the straw is deficient in
albuminoids, and the bran. and oil
meal are both rich in this essential ele
ment. The greatest waste of the farm
is in the use of feed, and little study
and investigation is needed to enable
us to overcome this waste. If, with
the sharp competition they must meet,
our manufacturers showed as little in
telligence as we farmers do, they would
every one be bankrupt in a single year.
Make a study of this matter,
put in practical use all the information
you fan gain, and you will be sur
prised to see what a saving can be
effected.—Waldo F. Brown, in N. Y.
It Kills Hundred ol Valuable Animal*
Every Ve.ir.
The "new and comparatively strange
disease" fatally prevalent in parts of
the west last fall and winter, and vari
ously known as "staggers," "blind
staggers," "mad staggers," etc., ac
cording to the symptoms presented in
different cases and the degrees of im
agination of the reporters, is believed
to have been caused by feeding horses
com which has beeu infected by As
pergillus glaucus. To this visitation
and similar ones •lsewhere at other
times, recent bulletin 24 of the Kansas
experiment station, at Manhattan, is
entirely devoted. We excerpt a para
graph or two of information and advice
for general use:
"The spores of this mold gain en
trance to the circulation, and find
lodgment In the kidneys and liver.
The latter is more affected than th c
kidneys (probably on account of the
lower pressure of the circulation.) The
spores germinate here and cause in
flammation of these organs. The cere
bral symptoms are the result of the
formation of an abscess in the cere
brum. This abscess is caused by an
interference with the blood supply,
probably from spores or inycelia of the
mold in the circulation. The spores
seemed to retain their infectious prop
erties for about sis months, from Oc
tober, 1890, to March, 1891. Mules,
cattle and pigs do not contract the dis
ease. An ounce of prevention is worth
many pounds of cure. Do not feed
moldy corn, or turn horses into fields
where it can be had. In feeding ear
corn from the crib, care should be ex
ercised to pick out the moldy ears, or
break off the moldy tip If the corn
has been shelled, it can be poured into
water and the moldy kernels floating
can be skimmed off."
A New French Device for Delivering XxilM
at Ketall.
A hole shaped like a speaking tube.
Is made in the door or near it. Inside
there is a little shelf on which the can
or other receiving vessel can rest The
milkman comes with a little funnel,
Bhaped as shown in the picture, and
easily pours his milk through it into
the can, which is inside where it will
not be stolen. Many of the families
in the larger towns and cities have
bread, milk and other articles of food
left, in the early morning, on the steps
or in the halls. A good deal of it is
stolen by tramps and thieves, while
wandering dogs frequently make an
early breakfast at the expense of the
household. This arrangement would
certainly put an end to such loss, but
the milkman would lose one valued
privilege. It would be impossible for
him to "kiss the cook" with any satis
faction through his funnel or through
the hole in the wall! —Rural New York*
A Stove Pipe Ventilator Which Hal Many
We live in an old-style rented house
without an open fire-place or venti
lating flue. For heating we use the
largest size base-burner, which has a
ventiduct flue, causing a circulation of
air, but no ventilation. This fall I
bought a T stove pipe and ran a drop
, w, 111
fr \l \ U -U
pipe to within one inch of the floor. Tha
regular stove flue, being warm, cause!
an upward current of cold air from the
floor in my drop flue, and carrier il
outside with the smoke, etc In this
■way (see picture) I have secured, at
small cost, the effect of an open fire
place, while I still have all the benefit
from my base-burner. The T can b<
bought from auy dealer and every
American knows how to put stove pip«
together.—W. Douglas King, in Bur a!
CkMp, Eatiljr Ceoatracted, Warm. Boeair
and 9»i iln»tl«.
Farmers in a new country, while
often having a wealth of energy, are
usually not possessed of overabundant
means, and the necessary land im
provements make it imperative that aa
little capital as possible be invested in
the unproductive part of the farm
plant viz., the buildings, etc., which,
however necessary they may be, con
stantly deteriorate and retnrn no direct
interest on the investment Thna, if
the same warmth and the same protec
tion can be secured by using a cheap
material, costing say S3OO for a bam,
which if built of more expensive ma
terial would cost 81,000 and yet be no
better for the purpose for which it Is
needed, it is evident that the 8700 rep
resenting the excess of cost would be
at least dead capital, drawing no in
terest and not increasing in value.
To illustrate the principle we give a
drawing of a combination frame, sod
and thatched barn, which combines
utility with cheapness. The structure
is 00x48 feet and 27 feet high to the
ridge point but its size can of course
be varied to meet different require
ments. The sod walls are 7 feet high
and 28 Inches thick The doorway
figured in the engraving Is 14 feet high
and 12 feet wide, closed by two swing
ing doors. This allows a load of hay
to be driven into the barn and un
In building this barn a light timber
frame was first erected, supports 6xo
inches, 7 feet high being sell aloag the
Bides at intervals of 10 feet as shown
In the ground plan herewith. After
putting up the posts and nailing on a
PAS b |
pi —in
»i I {
!I • I
i! ii
1 i |
• 1 1
! 11
' ! i
X - L
rcco ; 6BAIN
plate of planks around the top, the
next thing to be done is to board up
the sides (inside) with rough boards
to the top of the posts In building the
windows, make window frames around
the size of glass required, and let the
boards forming the frame bo 38 inches
wide, so as to reach through the sod
ding. It has a hip roof with about a
three-fourths pitch, and a small gable
on one side for large barn doors. Raft
ers, and sheathing of 6-inch fencing
stuff placed about 5 inches apart are
used for the thatch the same aa for
The eaves of thatch project over the
sod walls to protect them from the
rains. The thatch is laid on thickly
and so as to completely shed the rain
and driving snowstorms. If placed on
carefully the thatching will last five to
I , 1 II > .
I ' I I 111
Ili' I ' I
eight years before needing renewal,
and will cost about #4O for this size
barn, a saving of some $l5O over shing
ling. After the thatch has settled for
one year, the danger from fire is quite
as small as if roofed with shingles, and
insurance companies will very readily
assume risks at just the same rates for
thatched as for the shingled buildings.
For so-ili ng, cut the sods to a uniform
size of 9x28 inches, and laying the first
layer crosswise, place the next above it
lengthwise, and continue the entire
wall in this manner. This binds the
wall firmly together. In building,
have plenty of fine dirt at hand, say a
couple of loads, to fill in the loose
spaces between the sods. The method
of placing the sods will be plainly un
derstood from the accompanying en
graving, which represents a section of
the sod wall in course of construction.
—Orange Judd Farmer.
Utuixlnr Dry Dltotaes.
A very useful thing 1 for a farmer to
know is how to utilize a dry ditch, and
In California they have an excellent
way of doing it After the water is
turned out in early summer, instead of
allowing the banks to become a swamp
of weeds, to his own detriment and the
undoiug of those below, the farmer
plows the banks and the bottom of the
ditch and plants pumpkins therein.
Supposing his ditch runs, say, for
three-quarters of a mile, he raises from
fifty to one hundred wagon-loads of
pumpkins of the largest kind. After
they are gathered in the fall and the
▼ines are dry he dumps them into the
ditch and sets fire to them. The result
is a ditch as clean as a garden-walk,
and no weed seed to be spread over
thousands of acres as soon as the water
is turned in, to say nothing of tho bal
ance to the good in the large and val
uable crop at a comparatively light ex
EVES with low prices for wool, with
the increase, sheep can be made profit
able on the average western farm
A Bad Hlffn-
Mrs. De Flatte —We must move away
from here at once. The janitor is des
perately in love with our daughter.
Mr. De Flatte—My starsl How do you
Mrs. De Flatte—Ever since she grad
uated and came home to live be baa
been considerate and respectful. N. Y.
Weekly. __________
U« Wanted to Be Sure.
"I beg your pardon," remarked a man
on his way home at three a. m.; "are
you a policeman?"
"Yes, sir," responded the officer, con
'•Excuse me," continued the man, *
wasn't sure, seeing you were awake."
—Detroit Free Press.
How Ha Woa Her.
Mabel—Yes, I give you my hand with
my heart in it.
Jack —You cannot do that.
Mabel —Why not?
Jack— Your hand la too daintily amall
to hold such a large heart.
That made the engagement Irrevoca
la F«v» Act*.
Bilger—Which of the new plays did
you go to see last night—the three-act
farce or the five-act tragedy?
Roommate —Hem! Lemme think- Waa
I drunk when I came in?
"Yes, you were."
"It must 'a' been the five-acter. —N.
Y. Weekly.
NO. 16
■«w to Tak« Them Off Without fUdnetn*
Their Commilal Valua.
At this time of the year farmers kill
more or less beeves for home use or to
•ell in their nearest town or city as
dressed beef. Beef is low and It should
be the aim of each one to get out of
eacb animal all that is in it To do Jhis
we must be pin with the outside—the
If a hide is taken off and properly
cared for it will often bring a fifth or
fourth as much as the dressed carcass.
If taken off improperly and neglected
it will bring very little. A hide ought
to more than pay for talcing it off.
After the animal is dead turn it up
on iu back and run a sharp knife along
the carcass A Indicated by the dotted
liu£ tn Fig. L
TT> do this.thrust in the knife, point
foremost and. edge up, and rtin t.Kji ulit
the entire length of the carcass, from the
chin over the breast in the line of the
naval to the tail. Then slit the skin of
each leg from the cleft of the foot to
the central slit
If these lines are followed the hide
will be the right shape to care for
no. a
when removed. The horns do not go
with the hide—nor does the tail bone—
the tail and ears da
After the hide is removed spread it
out as in Fig. 2. Cut off all pieces of
fat and flesh (for if you are not an
adept you will probably either have
some such pieces on the hide or some
holes in it and it is better to have
meat than holes, as very slight cuts,
especially at or near the center makes
a badly "damaged hide" and it like
wise damages the price badly) and
fio. 3.
sprinkle the flesh side with salt Fold
the bide flesh side in and put. where it
will not freeze.
If the above is too much "bother" it
is very likely the hides you remove
will be in the shape of the one in Fig.
8, and prol-ably it will be "hung to
dry" in the same position, and the
price you will get—well it will be hard
to get any price that will pay. Take
care of the hides. —Farm, Field and
FOWLS have to be taught to eat sun
flower seed
ONE rooster and ten hens are enough
for breeding.
PULLETS that are just beginning to
lay are not good settei s.
EXTRA large or odd-shaped eggs
should not be used for hatching.
IF raw meat is given too often it will
cause bowel diseases; once a week is
FASTEN a small box to the side of the
house to hold oyster shells, ground
bone or grit
AT no time is it desirable to feed
poultry an exclusive grain diet; they
need more bulky food.
BI:OAD-BACKKD, full-breasted, large
boned turkeys are the best for breed
ing. Have the In well matured.
ON* advantage in feeding bran with
the corumeal is that it increases the
bulk and is less liable to cause indiges
ONE advantage with ducks about the
yard and garden is that they do not
scratch, although they are voracious
IF the hens pick at the whitewash on
the walls or fences it is a good indica
tion that they need lime; supply it in
some form.
WHEN the hens are well fed and com
fortably housed and yet do not lay, a
little cayenne pepper in the food as a
stimulant will often be of benefit.
WHILE any kind of grease is sure
death to lice, the odor of cedar oiL tur
pentine or kerosene will cause them
to vacate the premises if used liberally.
PUSH the yoilng chickens by giving
them all that they will eat A quick
growth is essential in making early
broilers most profitable —St Lotiis
Ix requires, on an average, ten
pounds of grain to feed incubator
chickens ten weeks. At first they will
need less than oae pound a week and
at the last more.
Waste of Food la Barns.
The food for animals should never
be given them in a manner to allow of
its being trampled or wasted. Racks
should hold the hay and troughs the
grain. The waste of food on farms
where it is placed before stock without
regard to how it will be treated by the
animals is very large. It requires but
a short time to make bulky feed dirty
and unacceptable to animals during
damp weather. It is not best to turn
the stock loose to help themselves to
straw, as is frequently done, for more
Is sometimes wasted than is eaten.
Boy—Say, young man, give me a
quarter and I'll boost yer up and carry
yer a bit, an' then yer young lady
won't have ter stoop every time she
wants ter hear what yer sayin'l—Life.
THE seed potatoes for next season re-
Suire some attention. Every potato
tat shows the slightest indication of
disease should be removed. The seed
Is the agency by which many diseases
are spread, and if the crop was attacked
last year it will be well to procure new
wed from elsewboro.