Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, January 29, 1892, Image 1

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    VOL. XXIX.
Physician and Surgeon,
Office and residence at 338 U. Main St. Batter,
187 E. Wayne Jit., office hours. 10 to 12 M. and
1 to 3 P. M. _
Physician and Scrgeon.
Office and residence at 12T E. CunnlngUam St,
New Troutman Building. Butler, Pa.
K. N. LKAKE, M. V. J. K- MANN. M. U.
Specialties: Specialties:
gynaecology and Sor- Eye, Ear, Nose and
gery. Tnroat.
Butler, Pa.
office at No. 46, S. Main street, over Frank *
Go's Ihug Store. Butler, Pa,
Physician and Surgeon.
no. 22 Eatt Jefferson St., Butler, Pa.
la now permanently located at ISO South Main
Street Butler. Pa., In rooms tormerly occupied
by Dr. Waldron.
Gold Killing Painless Extraction of Teeth
and Artificial Teeth without Plates a specialty
Nitrous Oxide or Vitalized Air or;
Anaesthetics used.
Office over Millers Grocery east of Lowrj
B umce closed Wednesdays and Thursdays.
J. J. DONALDSON, Dentist.
Butler, Penn'a.
Artttidal Teeth inserted i n the tafst Im
proved plan. Gold Filling a specialty. Office
over Schaurs Clothing Store.
Att'y at Law and Notary Public— Office on S.
Diamond Dt.—opposite tlie Court House—sec
ond door.
Attorney-at-Law-Office in Diamond Block,
Butler, Fa.
Office— Between Postofflce and Dlumond, But
ler, Pa.
Office at No. 8, South Diamond. Butler. Pa.
Office second Boor, Anderson B1 k. Main St.,
near Court Bouse, Butler, Pa,
Office ou second floor of the Uuselton block.
Diamond, Butler, Pa.. Room No. I.
Attorney at Law, Office at No. IT, East Jefler
•oii Bt., Butler. Pa..
Attorney at Law and Heal Estate Agent. Of
flee rear of L. Z. Mitchell's office on north Bide
of Diamond, Butler, Pa.
Attorney-at-law. Office on second floor ol
Anderson building, near Court llouse, Butler,
Att'y at Law—office.on South side;of Diamond
Butfer. Pa.
L is. McJUiNKLN,
Insurance and Real Estate Ag't
A. £. GABLE,
"V" eterinary Surgeon.
Graduate of the Ontario Veterinary
College. Toronto, Canada.
Dr. Qable treats all diseases of the
domesticated animals, and makes
ridgling, castration and horse den
tistry a specialty. Castration per
formed without clams, and all otber
surgical operations performed in the
most scientific manner.
Cails to any part of the country
promptly responded to.
Office and Infirmary in Crawford's
Livery, 132 West Jefferson Street,
Butler Pa.
A Wise Merchant
Is never content to stand
still. Stagnation is death
—ln Trade as in other
things. New Customers
should be sought after all
the time. There is only
one way to get them—use
the Advertising columns
Contractor and builder In brick work, grate
and mantel setting and all kinds of brick-laving
a specialty. Also dealer In barrel lime. Wam
pum loose lime, cements. National. Portland
aid all best grades In the market. Calcined
Ulißter, planter hair. King's cement, lire brick,
tie, white sand and river sand. Main office 315
If. Main street, and all orders left at ware house
will receive prompt delivery. Terms reasonable.
LoTS I will offer for sale a number of lots
situated on the high ground adjacent to H. 11.
Goucher. Esq.. and the Orphans' Home. The
land is laid out in squares of something less
than one acre, each square being surrounded
by a 50-foot street, and containing five lots 40
feet front by I*o feet back. These lots are offer
ed at very reasonable prices »nd on terms 10
kult purchasers. Those who wish an entire
square can be accommodated.
AU9O—I will sell my farm In Summit town
ship,situated within one-half mil* of the Butler
oorou gh line, adjoining lands or James Kearns
and others, on Uio MUlerstown road, and con
sisting of 112 acres. It will be sold either as a
whole ordlvlded to suit purchasers.
For further intormatlon In reg»rd to either of
the above properties, call on J. y. Sullivan. Ws
East NorUi blreet, Butlor. Pa.
__ — —waaPQQBQrM n.
Thanking yon for
last veai s patron
age, and wishing
you a prosperous
new year.
We intend trying
to increase our
trade tor 1892 by
greatly reducing
prices on many
money by buying
this month.
Yours Truly,
Campbell & Templeton,
136 N. Main St., - - Butler, Pa.
A Handsome Three-quarter Life-size
Crayon Portrait Free.
As a'compliment to our many patrons, and the public
generally, for a short time we are ifoing to give to every
pu I chaser of Ten dollars worth of goods a
There is not. a family hut possesses some picture of
Father, Mother, Brother or Sister which they would like to
have reproduced in a life like and durable manner Call at
once and see specimen at our store
What more suitable for a present? And as our liberal
offer will insure immediate orders in larj;e numbers, your early
vis't is desired.
To secure one of these portraits, you first trade Ten
Dollars worth with us, and then give us any picture of your
self or friends that you wish to have enlarged The frame
(samples of which you wi 1 see iu our store) together with the
glass and mounting will only cost you $2 75
These portraits are made by the Celebrated Acme Copy
ing Company, 302 and 304 West Van Bureu Street, Chicago,
111., which is a guarantee of quality of work we intend to give
Diamonds feS'S.
t>STUD ,
tv (gents silver
J Gold Pins. Far-rings,
O C VVC;IJ Ri n g g Chains, Bracelets. Etc
{Tea sets, castors, butter dishe*
and everything that can b •
found in a first class sto r e
MM 1885.110 S| —
No 139, North Main St.. BUTLER, PA..
Purchasers can save from 25t0 50 per
cent by purchasing their watches, clocks
and spectacles of
J. R. GRIEB, The Jeweler,
No. 125 N. Main St., - Duffy Block.
Sign of Electric Bell and Clock.
All are Respectfully Invited
—"Remember our Repairing Department— 20 years Experience."
"E\vjs tcesKvfcsJcwv ..
m?rh pjg
Ely's Cream Balm is not a hqu<d, snuff or powder. Applied into the nostrils it ft
_f* quickly absorbed. It cleanses the head, allays inflammation, heal# _
Kiln the *>res. Sold by drugatits or sent by mail on rectipt of pric-e. El jfi
Peaco! peace! ere yet I fold my wings
Upward to clearer light;
Peace! peace • to all of mortal things
And Ml of mortal sight.
Peace: peace: O yon that were my foe
Come nearer, take my hand!
Life Is so short—why did wo Jangle sof—
Peace now, and closer stand.
Peacel peace! and have yon come, too, deart
This Is the one last grace,
That you should come! Come close and kiss
me, here—
Here in the old, sweet place.
Peace! peace! Oh sweet to he at rest
And the long silence keep;
To dio here thus, with hands still on my
To he at rest—and sleep!
Peace! peace! Oh you with whom X11"e my
Friends near me or afar,
Forgive the old and oft Ignoble strife —
The willful fret and jar.
Peace! peace! Come hither now and see
The last, be it foe or friend;
The rudest force like this at length must be—
This—this must be the end I
Peace! peace at last! Oh, so to soar and reach
Into this joyous balm!
If I might tell, in the old earth-time speech,
Of this white, tender calm!
Peace! peace! to have such peace, so sweet I
It might have been so, too,
O, parted friend! had we but chanced to meet.
Had I but turned to you!
Peace! Peace! such peace! and this I know,
Since resting time is here;
It is not dark, nor less of aught to go,
But light, calm, steady, clear.
Peace! peace! this life for mo Is done—
Forgive it all—forget I
I go to meet the uew, the rising sun—
The best life shall be yet 1
—Millie W. Carpenter, in Sprilgfleld (Mase.)
jEgr. DON'Tsuppose
it has got noised
around here
~ yet about Jim
Bonesett having 1 to shoot his trained
bear, Sassy Sam, has it?" asked
an innocent-looking man who had
coinc in on the night train and had
been listening to some reminiscences
and experiences of different members
of the Fairchild hon.se circle, which
■was sitting in informal session in Ham
"Not yet," replied Landlord Ross.
"We don't hear much news of that
kind any more siDce Stebbins got mar
ried and Jake Lapharn went to New
York. So Sassy Sain is dead, eh?
Well, where did he live when he was
"Down my way," said the stranger,
"Yes, Sassy Sam is dead. Jim had to
shoot him. He got the big head, Sam
did, and Jim had to put a bullet in it
lie was an ungrateful cub, that bear
was, but what a nice mother he had!
His mother's name was Peggy Ann.
She lived a number of years on Jim's
farm, and if ever a bear had a romantic
life Peggy Ann did. Ten years ago
nest spring a fine Berkshire sow be
longing to Jim gave birth to a litter of
nine coal black pigs. This interesting
pig family was kept in an inclosure out
near the barn, and early one morning,
when the pigs were about three weeks
old, Jim heard a great squealing among
them, and, hurrying out, he saw a bear
gettyig out of the pen with one of the
pigs under its arm. The mother of the
kidnaped pig had made the fur fly out
of the bear, and it seemed glad to get
away without tarrying to capture more
than one of the family. After
that Jim moved the old sow
and her pigs to a small building
that had been used as a smokehouse,
where he could shut them in and pre
vent further raids upon them by bears.
Two or three days afterward Jim fed
his pigs and started for his work and
forgot to close the door of the smoke
house. When he came home at night
his wife told him that early in the
afternoon she heard the pigs squealing
as if their little hearts were breaking
and going out found the mother gone
and the pigs huddled together in one
corner of the inclosure. The old sow
hadn't returned to her family when
Jim and his wife went to bed and they
were at a loss to understand her
strange disappearance. As soon as he
got up next morning Jim went out to
take a look at the pigs. Everything
was quiet and when he got to the
smokehouse he was rejoiced to see the
old sow lying in her place as comfort
able as ever, suckling her family But
what was Jim's astonishment to dis
cover that the place at her maternal
fount which had been made vacant by
the heartless kidnaping raid of the
bear was tilled and that a black
and furry baby bear occupied the
place. The thing was plain as day
to Jim. The sow, smarting for
revenge on the bear, had taken advan
tage of her firs*, opportunity to get
away, tracked the bear to its lair and
watching until the heartless marauder
went away on some similar expedition
had kidnaped the bear's cub and
brought it home with her.
"That cub thrived amazingly in
charge of its strange foster mother and
grew up and away beyond its foster
brothers and sisters. A feeling of un
dying affection seemed knit between
the bear and Old Blacky, as the sow
was called, and it grew stronger as one
by one the pigs were taken away and
fattened and killed. Jim named the
bear Peggy Ann, it being that kind of
a bear. At the age of two years she
was a whopping big animal and Jim
trained her to work the churning ma
chine, take the cows to pasture, turn
the cider mill, drag the harrow and
malce herself generally useful about
the farm. She was as kind and gentle
as a sheep :tnd when she wasn't at
work spent most of her time cheering
up her beloved foster mother, who was
getting old and feeble. The first thing
Peggy Ann would do when Jim ap
peared in the morning was \o hurry to
meet him and put up one of her great
big paws to shake hands with him.
She liked Jim next to her foster moth
er and she was a favorite with the
whole family.
"When Peggy Ann was six years old
something occurred that changed her
whole life. The old sow, her foster
mother, died. I have heard Jim tell
about the frantic way in which poor
Paggy Ann took on when she found
she wis an orphan. Jim said her griei
was enough to make an undertaker
weep. They buried Old Blacky under a
, tree in the orchard and for weeks Peg
gy Ann spent all -her spare time at the
grave mourning for her beloved foster
parent. While she did not neglect her
duties on the farm Peggy Ann became
listless and apparently discontented,
j It was noticed that she would stand fot
J minutes at a time and gaze mournfully
at the woods, and frequently was seen
| taking long walks along the edge o)
I the fields where the woods began.
" 'That b'ar's b'ar natur'scomin' back
to her sence Old Blacky die<V Jim said
to his wife one day, 'an' I'm fecrd she'll
go back to fust principles an' git to be
a bar ag'in one o' these days.'
"One evening that fall Peggy Ann
; went out to Old Blacky's grave without
1 eating her supper. When Jim went
•to bed that night she was mourning on
the grave yet He woke up in the
j inight some time and still heard Peggy
alajniive at Let
foster mother's -grave. When Jim got
up next morning Peggy Ann didn't
come to greet bim as usual and was no
where to be found about the premises.
•* "She's gone back to be a b'ar ag'in,
poor old gal!' said Jim.
"There was great sorrow at Jim's
farm over the going away of Peggy
Ann, for she was not only a valuable
piece of live stock, but she had en
deared herself to the family by her
cheerful and gentle ways. No effort
was made to trace her and fetch her
back, for, as Jim said, she had
reasoned the whole matter out and
knew what she thought was best for
her to do. The backbone of winter
was iust about getting ready to be
broken the next spring when Jim
Bonesett almost fainted away one
morning to see a big bear come run
ning toward him in theyartl. Jim was
about to turn and leg it for the house
when the bear stopped and lifted one
fore paw. Then Jim recognized
Peggy Ann, and they had a joyful
time in the family when Jim hurried in
with the news. And he had more news
than the arrival of Peggy Ann to re
port, for at her side waddled a fluffy ball
coal black fur in the shape of a two
weeks'-old cub. Peggy Ann and her
cub were given the best of quarters
and in a couple of weeks she fell into
the harness again and buckled into her
work just as of old. But she wasn't
the same. She was listless and discon
tented, frequented Old Blacky's grave
and seemed unhappy. But she kept
right on and when her cub was old
enough they broke him to do the work
his mother had done so long and he got
to be as apt as she was, but not so
willing nor cheerful. When the young
bear got so he could do the work well
Peg-gy Ann disappeared again.
"'I see it all!' said Jim. 'The poor
ol' b'ar can't stand it to be around the
farm without Old Blacky and she didn't
have the heart to leave us short of help.
Soon as she got her son all broke into
the harness she left the farm an' has
gone back to the wilderness to die
am'rtigst her own folks.'
"That was Jim's theory of Peggy
Ann's disappearances and I'm not go
ing to say lie wasn't right. Well, no
body ever heard anything of the old
bear, and three years and more passed.
Last month Jim Bonesett thought he'd
go out and kill a few pheasatits. He
was sneaking along through the woods,
when he jumped a big bear out from
the roots of a fallen tree. The bear
went bang against another tree in hia
hurry to get away and evidently think
ing that Jim was responsible for this
bumping of his head, he turned and
made for Jim, as mad as a hornet. Jim
" illl*
himself had started to run, but seeing
that the bear would catch him from
behind and have him at a disadvantage,
he turned and gave bruin a charge of
bird shot The shot didn't stop the
bear and the next thing Jim knew the
bear was upon him and had him down
and was clawing and chawing away at
him at a fearful rate. Somehow, he
doesn't know how, Jim managed to
get out of the bear's grasp and to his
feet. He backed away and the bear
came tearing at him again. Jim gave
up then and would more than likely
have been a dead man within the next
five minutes, when swish, swash, ker
losh came something through the
brush and before the bear got to Jim
another big bear jumped on the scene.
" 'Go 'way! go 'way!' Jim shouted,
not knowing what he was at, he was
so scared. 'Go 'way! One o' you can
git away with me easy enough!"
"Bnt the second bear just gave one
look at Jim and then threw itself
against the other bear like a locomo
tive. Jim said that it thrashed the
first bear around so that as soon as it
could get a chance it went limping and
bleeding away as fast as its legs could
carry it. Then the second bear turned
toward Jim, and, taking a few steps,
raised its right fore paw.
" 'Peggy Ann, by the great cork
screw!' yelled Jim, and the next sec-
ond he aud the bear that had saved his
life were hugging one another, while
Jim jumped for joy.
"Sure enough, the rescuing bear was
old Peggy Ann, and Jim induced her to
go back to the farm with him. She
seemed glad to get back to the old
place, and when Satsy Sam, as they
called her son, came in from the back
orchard, where he had been turning
the cider mill, she rushed up to meet
him. And what do you suppose the
ungrateful youug rascal did? Lie
looked contemptuously at his old
mother for a moment and then struck
her alongside the head a blow that
knocked her prostrate at his feet
Then he marched on, not even conde
scending to look around. Peggy Ann
got up, looked sorrowfully after Sassy
Sam and then crept away to old
Blacky"s grave in the orchard. She
AM* 111
flr if T '''» SbS
lay down by the grave of her foster
mother and they didn't disturb her.
Next morning she was there yet, and
when Jim went out to fetch her in to
give her some breakfast she was dead.
" 'Her heart was jist broke!' said
"The knocking down of his mother
by Sassy Sam seemed to put it in his
head that he was the boss of things on
the farm and he went to running
them, and so Jim took him in hand the
other day and put a ball through him.
"I didn't hardly suppose the news
of it had got noised around up here
yet," the stranger added, "but it's all
the talk down my way."
"And where is that, stranger, if I
may ask?" Landlord Ross inquired.
"Pike county, Pa.," replied the inno
cent-looking man and he went up to bed,
while the Fairchild house circle went
into executive session and took it hot
—Ed North, in N. Y. Sun.
Semi-Annual Experience.
Wife (after house-cleaning)—lt takes
a woman to bring order out of chaos.
Husband (rushing wildly around after
his belongings)—lt takes a woman to
make a chaos that looks like order.—
N. Y. Weekly.
An Aoiujiinic autl Easy Experiment la
Two ordinary wooden framed slatea
are presented to the spectators, and ex
amined in succession bv them. A small
piece of chalk is introduced between
the two slates, which are then united
by a rubber band and held aloft in the
prestidigitator's right hand.
Then, in the general silence, says La
Nature, is heard the scratching of the
chalk, which is writing between the
two slates the answer to a question
asked by one of the spectators—the
name of a card thought of, or the num
ber of spots obtained by throwing two
dice. The rubber band having been re
moved and the slates separated, one of
them is seen to be covered with writing.
This prodigy, which at first sight
seems to be so mysterious, is very easily
The writing was done in advance; but
upon the written side of the slate A
there bad been placed a thin sheet of
black cardboard which hid tho charac
ters written with chalk. The two sides
of this slat# thus appeared absolutely
The slate B is first given out for ex
amination, and, after it has been re
turned to him, the operator says: "Do
you want to examine the other one
also?" And then, without any haste,
he makes a pass analogous to that em
ployed in shuffling cards. The slate A
being held by the thumb and forefinger
of the left hand and the slate B be
fig. 1.
tween the fore and middle finger of tlie
right hand (Fig. 1), the two hands are
brought together. But at the moment
at which the slates are superposed, the
thumb and forefinger of the right hand
grasp the slate A, while at the same
time the fore and middle finger of the
left hand take the slate B. Then the
two hands separate anew, and the slate
that has already been examined, in
stead of the second one, is put into the
hands of the spectator. This shifting,
done with deliberation, is entirely in
During the second examination the
slate A is laid flat upon a table, the
written face turned upward and covered
with black cardboard. The slate hav
ing bean sufficiently examined, and
been returned to the operator, the lat
ter lays it upon the first, and both are
then surrounded by the rubber band.
It is then that the operator holds up
the slates with the left hand, of which
one sees but the thumb, while upon
the posterior face of the second slate
the nail of his middle finger makes a
sound, resembling that produced by
chalk when written with. When the
operator judges that this little comedy
has lasted quite long enough, he lays
the two slates horizontally upon his ta
ble, taking care, this time, that the
non-prepared slate shall be benefeth
(Fig. 2). It is upon it that then rests
>io. a.
the black cardboard, and the other
slate, on being raised, shows the char
acters that it bears, and that are stated
to have been written by an invisible
spirit that slipped in between the two
Our readers will not ask us how we
manage to know in advance what
should be written upon the slate. It is
useless to say that deceit is allowable
In prestidigitation; loaded dice always
turn up the same number, and nothing
is easier than to know the name of the
card that a spectator will draw from a
pack composed of thirty-two similar
cards, if one if not skillful enough to
cause him to take the forced card.
A Perpetual Motion Machine.
It is generally known among en
gineers that a novel motor is runritbg
at the patefit office in Washington and
has been for many years, and to some
minds seems to fulfill the conditions of
perpetual motion. The inventor made
this claim, but it is hardly correct.
Perpetual motion is said to exist in a
machine that "when once started will
continue to run until worn out." This
machine operates by the power given
out in the different expansion of metals
under varying conditions, and is so
small and carefully constructed that if
there was absolutely no change in
temperature of the room it would run
when once started thirty-eight days be
fore stopping. If it was possible to
put it in some place for this length of
time, as the center of the earth, where
the temperature would be constant, it
would stop, so does not fulfill the con
dition of perpetual motion; but that
cannot be done where the machine now
is, so it has run for a great many years
without stopping, and probably will
continue to run until it wears out.
Colorless Varnish.
Colorless varnish for use on fine labels
or other prints, as well as for white
wood ana other spotless articles, is
made as follows: Dissolve two and one
half ounces of bleached shellac in one
pint of rectified alcohol; to this add five
ounces of animal boneblack, which
should first be heated, and then boil the
mixture for about five minutes. Filter a
small quantity ®f this through filtering
paper, and, if not fully colorless, add
more boiw-blaek and boil again. When
this has been done, run the mixture
through silk and through filtering pa
per. When cool it is ready for use. It
should be applied with care and unifor
In Boston.
"Mamma, I do not like my new phon
ograph doll at all!"
"Why not, dear?"
"Oh, it speaks with such an offensive
New York accent." —Life.
She Wasn't Pretty.
Dora—All is fair in love.
Cora —I don't think so.
Dora —Why don't you?
Cora — Tou-'t in love. —Philadelphia
Blue-Grass Bred.
Boy (on the road) —Water your boss,
Rider—Go away, you young scamp!
this horse is from Kentucky.—Judge.
Only That.
She—There's one thing 1 like about
you, Jack.
He —And that is—
She—Yourself.—Philadelphia Press.
A Great Record.
Clara—How did you get on at the
church trimming?"
Maude—Very well. 1 got three en
gngpment ring's -Judge.
Mrs. Sidon —I've been shopping all
day. lam just ready to die, I am so
Mr. Sidon—So am I.
Mrs. Sidon —Goodness! what should
make you tired?
Mr Sidon—The bills that came to
the office. —Puyk.
Albert Victor, Popularly Known as
"Collars and CufTs."
The Young .Man Who Will Soon Wed
Princes* Victoria Mary of Teck —He
May at Some Time Be the
King of England.
All flunkeydom is aroused, and noth
ing else is talked about for the moment
but the royal wedding, writes the New
York World's London correspondent.
People are already beginning to plot
for invitations. It seems likely that,
by desire of the queen, the ceremony
will take place in St. George's chapel,
Windsor. This, of course, will limit in
vitations to a comparatively small num
ber of people. The prince of Wales is
said to have expressed a preference for .
Westminster abbey, but the queen
would not hear of it.
The funniest tiling about the whole
business is that everybody assumed to
be profoundly surprised when the news ,
of the betrothal was made public.
This was managed in truly royal
fashion. The duke was given to under
stand that the queen's objections to his
marrying the Princess May would be
waived, and that it would please his
royal very much if he
would settle the matter at once and ar
range for an early wedding. Accord
ingly the duke hurried off to Luton
Hoo, where Mme. de Falbe was giving
a ball at which the Princess May was
present. Securing Mme. de Falbe'sper
mission to take the princess into her
boudoir, the duke told his lady love that
the objections of the queen had at last
been removed and that he was free to
marry her. The next morning tiie
news was telegraphed to the severe'. ,>na
of Europe, who immediately replied
with a shower of congratulations.
The young duke has won his bride by
sheer obstinacy.
It has been known for a long time
that the duke declined to marry unless
he had his own way. He took no in
terest in the apartments fitted up for
him In St. James' palace. He acted
discreetly, but with more decision of
character than most people gave him
credit foT. He did not fret. He simply
waited. He showed that nobody else
attracted him. He is now twenty-seven,
and might have waited for a few yeara
longer without becoming an aged
bachelor. The princess is twenty-four,
and had no fear of old-maidenhood for
many a year to come. At last the
Duke of Clarence's evident calculation
justified itself. Called upon suddenly
to settle in life, he has obtained the
settlement he desired. It is interest
ing to know that the princess oi
Wales and her daughter have all along
been in favor of allowing the duke to
marry the girl of his choice. They gave
all the encouragement in their power,
but could avail nothing against the
obdurate opposition of the queen.
The Duke of Clarence and Princess
Victoria Mary of Teck are "second
cousins once removed," and are both
descendants on the side of the mothers
from George 111., thus:
Duke of Kent. Prince Adolphus Frederick.
Queen Victoria. Princess Mary of Teck.
Prince of Wales. Princess Victoria Mary.
Duke of Clarence.
The Teck family have not bees
blessed with riches at any time. The
princess, who is possessed of considera
ble artistic taste, is a very competent
pianist, and she has always been ready
to give her services in that capacity to
amateur entertainments about Rich
mond where any charitable or deserv
ing object was to be served The cir
cumstances in which she had been
placed will have been a valuable train
ing for the relatively modest income on
which she and her husband must, in
the ordinary course of things, expect
to live for some years to come.
The duke of Clarence is a namby
pamby sort of a fellow, who has made
very little impression and who certain
ly has not taken any pains to be popu
lar. Dntil the papers began to chronicle
his movements as colonel of the Tenth
Hussars people knew very little about
him. He does not show any interest at
all in the forms of usefulness which
are suggested to him. The people in
Paris speak of him as nothing but
starch. His less complimentary nick
name in London is "Collars and Cuffs."
He lias been as unfavorably compared
with Prince George as was the prince of
Wales in his younger days with the
duke of Edinburgh.
The duke of Clarence is not much of
a sportsman, though he rides to hounds
occasionally. It is said of him that
once when visiting a country house in
Scotland he spent most of his spare
time in the cellar chasing rats with a
sharp stick.
A few years ago he manifested an in
ordinate fondness for American girls—
so much so that parental authority was
called in to prevent too frequent visits
to the Metropole. Still, now that he
has won the girl of his heart and will
soon have an establishment of his own,
the duke may broaden into a useful man
—so far as his limited opportunities will
Hibernating In the Rockies.
Mr. Bruin—Wow-Row! Roll over
Mrs. Bruin —Wow! What's the mat
Mr. Bruin—How do you suppose I am
going to sleep for six months with your
cold feet in the ignall of my back? —
Brooklyn Life.
A Scientific Formula.
Jack—lt's pretty hard to guess a
girl's age correctly.
Tom —I can tell you a good way to
find it out.
Jack —How?
Tom—Ask her, and then add one
third.—Harper's Bazar.
A Dull Maiicet.
Mrs. Stone (before the milliner's win
dow) —Oh, look, dear, what a lovo of a
Kirby Stone (pulling her away)— But
in your case, dear, it is going to be a
case of unrequited affection. —Puck.
Gone to Their Destination.
Printer's Boy (to farmer) —Say! Th«
end gate o' yer wagon's dropped out!
Printer's Boy—Yes, an' you've pied
all yer punkins!—Chicago Tribune.
A Conscientious Tippler.
Primus —You drink too imich. Aren't
you afraid you may transmit a craving
for liquor to your children?
Secundu?—Yvs—and you see I d«n't
CTABt to transmit 11 unsatiaflettrLifO. c
TMfal Knots flitches and Rtodi *nd
How to Mnko Them.
llow many know how to tie a knot
that will stay tied? Not many lands
men, according to ou« observation,
though all feel the need of such knowl
edge. The pictures of knots, shown at
Fig. 3, are taken from a little pamph
let called "Manilla Rope." In this
book we are told that these knots are
known by the following names: A,
bight of a rope; B, simple or overhand
knot; C, figure-8 knot; D, double lcnotj
E, boat knot; F, bowline, first step; O,
bowline, second step; H, bowline, com
pleted: I, square of reef knot; J, sheet
bend, or weaver's knot; K, sheet bend
with a toggle; L, carrick bend; M,
stevedore knot completed; N, steve
dore knot commenced; 0, slip
knot; P, Flemish loop; Q,
chain knot with toggle; R. half
hitch; 8, timber-hitch; T, clove-hitch;
-4*-' |
i'l j Afrfit
U, rolling-hitch; V, timber-hitch and
half-hitch; W, Black wall-hitch; X,
fisherman's bend; Y, round turn Mid
half-hitch; R, wall knot commenced;
A A, wall knot completed; B B, wall
knot crown commenced; 0 0, wall
knot crown completed.
The principle of a knot is that no
two parts, which would move In the
same direction if the rope were to
slip, should lie alongside of and touch
ing each other. The bowline is one of
the most useful knots; it will not Blip,
and, after being strained, is easily un
tied. It should be tied with
facility by every one who handles
rope. Commence by making a bight
In the rope, then put the end through
the bight and under the ctanding part,
as shown In U; then pass the end again
through the bight and haul tight The
square or reef knot must not be mis
taken for the "granny" knot that slips
under a strain. Knots U, E and M are
easily untied after being under strain.
The knot M is useful when the rope
passes through an eye and is held by
the knot, as It will not slip and is eas
ily untied after being strained. The
timber-hitch S looks as though it
would give way but it will not; the
greater the strain the tighter it will
hold. The wall knot looks complica
ted, but is easily made by proceeding
as follows: Form a bight with strand
], and pass the strand 3 around the
end of it, and the strand 3 around the
end of 2. and then through the bight of
1 as shown in the engraving Z; haul
the ends taut, when the appearance is
as shown in the engraving AA. The
end of the strand 1 is now laid over
the center of the knot, strand 8 laid
over 1, and 3 over 2, when the end of 3
is passed through the bight of 1, as
shown in the engraving B B; haul all
the strands taut as shown In the en
graving C C.
TnE sooner old sheep are fattened for
market and sold the better.
IT pays to feed meal to cows giving
milk, and if a cow insists on having it
every time she does a good turn by
forcing us to be regular. Of all losses
incurred by American farmers scarcely
any one is greater than that which
comes from allowing cows to fail in
their milk for want of sufficient food
of a kind that answers their require
One of the very best places to keep
sweet potatoes during the winter is a
tight loft or room over the kitchen, so
constructed that the heat from below
can readily be utilized in warming the
the loft or upper room. The two im
portant things about keeping sweet
potatoes in winter are to keep them
drv and warm en ough to prevent their
THE coming farmer will have better
implements and machinery with which
to cultivate his farm. He will employ
his mind to rest his hands. He will do
more headwork on the farm. He will
a ; d in uniting the agricultural inter
ests of his neighborhood into a union
of strength, a power that will be avail
able at all times in the maintenance
and protection of honest labor and
American production.
MILK is a very oily substance, and
greases the clothing with which it
comes in contact. It is a point of both
neatness and economy In milkers to
use cloth aprons when drawing the
lacteal fluid from the cow. If the
apron is slit half way up, and each flap
"tied around the milker's knees, free
dom of movement is secured and pro
tection to clothing from all spatters
vouchsafed.—American Cultivator.
EXPERIENCE has proven that while
trees on which stable manure was used
were healthy and vigorous, yet they
were short-lived, while such as were
fertilized by ashes were equally vigor
ous and far more durable. The contu
sions thus forced upon us were that
heavy applications of potash and bone
made healthy trees, while any large
amount of nitrogen led to the yellows
and other diseases.—J. H. Hale.
••Ah, by the way, Mr. Brown, youi
home is in Cincinnati, I understand.
Do you know Mr. Do Smythe of that
pla«e—Mr Algernon De Smythe? I had
such a delightful time with him a few
days last summer at Long Branch. Met
him on the train and somehow wo man
aged to scrape an acquaintance. What
Is the dear fellow doing now?"
.."Well, he's still at It. I believe."
""What! Still ftirting?"
"Oh, no; still scraping acquaint
-IL'likagy M*LL
Uwd Air Space* Preferable to th( nil
Snwdmt or ChareooL
The method of building icehouse*
without requiring packing of sawdust,
charcoal or other substances, merely
by leaving dead air • paces, is to-day
considered fnlly equal, if not superior,
to the old-time way. Dead air spaces
appear to hare fully as much power as
non-conductors as do solid packings,
and the method is a cheaper one. The
system, however, must be carefully fol
lowed out for the best results. Tne air
chambers must be distinct and must
not admit a draft up or down or around
the ice. The air spaces mast open into
the upper portion of the house abeve
the plate, that the cold air of evening
may descend into them. This also al
lows air which may have become
slightly heated to rise above the ice
without reaching it. Partitions must
be tight To receive the full benefit of
tba system, pains should be taken
when the fi»l layer of ice Is packed
and the covering' with sawdust is in
process not to clog these air chambers.
At least two feet of space shonld be
left for sawdust over the packed ice.
Still higher in the side of the building,
one-or two windows should be placed,
which should be left open in warm
weather to allow free ventilation above
the ice, allowing the escape of heated
air and ingress for any cool air which
nights aflfl storms may bring. With
small quantities office, it is desirable,
even with these air spaces, to leave a
space of at least six inches between the
Inner icehgjise wall and the ice, which
must be filled with tamped sawdust
Six-inch studding will do for the out
sMe chamber and four-inch for the
iner chamber is certainly heavy
caough, and even four or three-inch
lumber will do; it need not be more
than two inches thick. To secure good
drainage is easy in a side hill or on a
very slight slope. If only a dead level
Is obtainable, the house should be well
underpinned and perhaps one or two
courses of tiles laid in the ground a rod
or two from the house, if possible into
gravel soil.
If the character of your land be
sandy or gravelly, yon need have no
anxiety a boot drainage, as the melting
ice will take care of itself. The main
point is securing good drainage so as
to prevent a draft of air under the ice
chamber. It is well to have a stone
underpinning well pointed with mor
tar. A current of lir will melt many
tons of ice in a week. An excellent
plan in use under many ice houses is a
oold stor.xge room. A bank is most
convenient for this arrangement,
though by elevating the floor for ice
four to six feet a moderately good stor
age room can be secured with little
extra cost The one objection to this
convenience under the chamber is that
it is likely to allow drafts of air up
through the ice house unless great care
in exercised. A tight, or nearly tight,
and sloping floor should be made and
the drainage carried into a trough and
away fiom the building in a pipe. Of
course the floor, which also forms the
ceiling of the cold storage room, must
be heavily propped or underpinned to
support ice so the great weight above
will not crush it in. Many find such •
storage room extremely useful in hold
ing f%r a few days small fruits, vegetar
bles, meato, etc., for market, and for
preserving the family supplies For
foundation walls probably nothing is
cheaper or superior to concrete well
laid below frost The walls if of wood
must be double or treble the same as
for the ice house proper. Double doors
and windows must also be provided.
Never overlook the rule that the
smaller the amount of ice stored the
greater is its proportionate waste. —
Farm and Home.
EGOS cannot be produced without
lime for the Bhells.
THE beginning of the year is a good
time to begin keeping accounts.
THE earlier the pulleta are hatched
the sooner they will begin laying.
Is small yards two cocks are w or»e
than none on account of fighting.
EXTBA care is needed with the chick"
ens that are hatched early, but it will
SUCCESS with young chicks demands
warmth, dryness, liberal feeding and
pure air.
A FEW days in the spring will make
• considerable difference in the prices
try to be early.
FOB setting pick out smooth, medi
um-sized, well-shaped eggs from hens
that are over a year old or pulleta that
are well matured.
IT takes less time to look after an IN*
cubator that will hatch 800 egga than
to look after one or two old hens that
will not hatch over thirty.—St LouiA
She Bad K«»* th» Tmpen.
"Papa," said young Mra. Honker,'
"won't you please (five George and me
•'■What do yon want that mnch money,
"We want to build a $5,000 house. ■■
It Probably Skipped Oat.
Customer (to waiter) —Some cheese,
Waiter —Bpg pardon, sir. Sony, sir.
Cheese out, sir.
Customer—That so? When do ytftt
expect it back?— Texas Sittings.
And Sba Winked the Other Bra.
Henrietta (who had been sitting on
the sofa with Algernon)— You might
Shut the window, Algernon. It would
be better if it were warmer here.
Algernon—Yes, and cloeer too—dont
yon think so?— Harvard Lampoon.
Nothing French A bant Him.
Mrs. Callahan—l want to get a pal*
of shoes for the little bye.
Clerk—French kid?
Mrs. C. (indignantly)— lndade not
He's me own son— bom sad bred in
Amerlky.— Life.
Kitty Winslow— They say you can tell
a girl's character by the way she holds
her hnnda.
torn De WUt—H'm; I can tell more
about It by the way I hold her hao**—
Puck. !i