Newspaper Page Text
\ V \LL PAPER!
Kelievi nx that it ia b°st to cloao
out each Moon's etjles h« fora the
eo?aing season begin*, even at
• great sacrifice, I bare marked over
two-thirds of mj entire stock of pa
per hanging*, the largest and best
•eelected Hoe in Botler,
AT HALF PRICE
The balance of the paper was mark
ad so low before that half price would
be firing them away. These joa
will get below cost notwithstanding
their former cheapness. Jost imagine
Browns at 8c a double bolt, Whites
at 10 atd 12c, Gilts 15 and upward.
Buy now for yoar fall papering, you
will not get such bargain? then.
M y Wall Paper, Stationery and
Art Store is eaej to find.
W. A. OSBORNE,
E. Jefferson St., next to Lowry
House, Butler, Pa.
Wir spreihen such DtoUch.
AT LOWEST PRICES
AT THE NEW STORE OF
D. E. JACKSON.
We are new corner*, bat bare come
to stay. We bay oar goods at lowewt
cash prices and as we sell Tor ca?h
on\j. We are enabled to sell goods
At the smallest possible margius. We
eoald qaote prices on clean, new
goode, no troth., from all parts of oar
•tore, especially on tbe following
goods. Drefs Goods, White Goods,
Prints, Ginghams, Shirtings, Mus
lins, Lace Curtains and Curtain
Poles, Corsets aod Corset Waists,
Ladies', Children's aod Gents' Under
vr<*r, Hosiery, Gloves and Mits, Kid
Glove*, Ribbons, Bilk and Velvet,
Black and Colored Bilks, Cloth Capes,
Bead Wraps, Jerseys aod Jersey
Jackets, Table Linens, Napkins.
Towels, Ac., kc , bat as new goods
are arriviog all tbe time, we would
not likely 'have tbe goods now
quoted, but possibly have them at
•till lower prices as tbe season ad
vance*. We are proud to say that
*in this city and connty oar goods
and prices have met with approval
sod commendation, although subject
ad to close scrutiny and comparison
with* the goods offered by others.
We solicit your patronage, and will
do all in our power to make our tusi
oexs transactions pleasant and profit
D. E. JACKSON, Butler, Pa.
Next door to Ueineman's.
All our summer goods must
be closed out to make room for
*ll stock, and if you want
real, genuine bargains come
and cee us, for wo are offering
them on all summer goods,
clothing, ttra.v hats, under
wear, furnishing goods. Every
thing must go.
H. Mam St.,
Saved are a-s gi>»;d as dollars
earned, and the wise will take
advantage of our closing out
We dont want to carry over
one piece, and if low prices
will sell them, we sha'n't.
Light Colored Stiff Hats,
Summer Underwear, .Stra«v
Plats and Light Colored Neck
wear are all to go.
Look alive now and don't
COLBERT & DALE,
70 S. Main street,
J. E. Kastor,
Practical Statu Hoofer.
Ornamental and Plain Slating
Ot all kimlti done on xhort notice.
Office with W. 11. Morris > No.
7, N. Main St„ Residence
North Elm street.
; ,'} Af-'-y <* Mr r»
•J • tn • our »'■ 'UI/I IIMJ I^OUTA
THE BUTL&R CITIZEN.
rHTsici»K ixr Ft mores.
No. XA. N. Main A..-Butler. Pa
Dr. A. A. Kelly,
j Office al lii*e : utni, lairinn county. Fa.
R. .V. I.EAKK. Ji. D. J. K. MANN. M^l>.
ayiircokxry anil .-tor- Kye. Kar. Now aad
ORS. LEAKE & MAUN,
G. M. ZIMMERMAN,
ruvsicu* AM scaoao*.
Office at No. is. a Main street, orer jPraak a
Co'a Ding Store. Butler. Pa.
SAMUEL M. BIPPUS.
Physician and Surgeon.
A'«. 22 East Jtffersoa St., Butler, Pa.
W. R. TITZEL.
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON.
8. W. Corner Main and North BU., Batler. P*.
J. J. DONALDSON, DenUsL
Artificial Teeth Inserted (n the latest im
proved plan, '.old Killing a specialty. Offioe—
over Hrbaul's Cloihlnic Store.
DR. S. A. JOHNSTON.
DENTIST, - - BUTLER, PA.
All work pertaining to tbe profession execut
ed in the neatest manner.
Specialties :—Gold Killings, and Painless Kx
tr.x'.icn ot Teeth, Vitalized Air administered,
ucirr ietttntm Street, Ola deor Bast ef Lewiy
How. I> Stain.
Office open daily, except Wednesday* and
Thursday*. f.'onimun I cations by mall receive
». a-The only Dentist to Datier mlasttbe
beat makes of teeth.
J. W. MILLER,
Architect, C. E. and Surveyor.
Contractor, Carpenter and Builder.
Map*, plan#, specifications and esti
mates; all kinds of architectural and en
gineering work. No charge for drawing if
1 contract the work. Consult your best In
terests; plan before you build. In forma
tion cheerfully given. A share of pablie
patronage is solicited.
P. 0. Box 1007. Office 8. W. of Court
House, Butler, Pa
C. F. L. McQUISTION,
K&tiIXEEK AMD SI'BVKVOB,
tunc* MIL DIAMOND. Bonn. PA.
J. W HUTCHISON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
office t'ti ci.d Door of tbe Huaeitoa block.
Diamond, ktiller, I'a, itoom Mo. i.
A. t. SCOTT. j. r. witaasL
SCOTT & WILSON,
ATTOIIX KYB-AT-LA W.
Collection* a specialty. Office at No. a. Santa
Diamond, Duller, pa.
JAMES N. MOORE,
ATTOBMSr-AT-lAW AMD NOTABT PTBUC.
Ofllce In Uoom No. 1. second Hoar of Uasetton
Block, entrance on Diamond.
A. E. RUSSELL,
ATfOUNKY AT LAW.
Office on second floor ot New Anderson Block
Main St..—near Diamond.
Attorney at law. Office at No. IT, Kaat JeSer
son bt . Duller. Pa.
W. C. FINDLEY,
Ailoii,<y at IJIW and Desl Eatale Agent, or
lice rrar ot I* Mitchell's office on north side
ot Diamond, Hurler, IV
H. H. GOUCHER.
Attorney-»i-law. office on second floor o!
Anderson liullaliiif, near Court House. Duller,
J. H. BKITTAIN.
Atl.'y at Law—lMtlue at «. I*. Cor. Main at, wel
Diamond, Duller, I'a.
Ait'y at IJlW— Office on Houlh able of Diamond
L. & McJUNKItf,
Insurance and Real Estate Ag*t
17 EAST JEFFERSON ST.
BUTLER, - PA.
E E. A B RAMS &CO
Fire and Life
Insurance Co.of North America, laeer*
porated 179*, capital 13,000,000 aad other
strong companies represented. New Yerk
Life loAorauoe Co., assets tb0,000,000. Ofltec
New Huseltoo building near Ceurt House.
BIiTLEK GO UN TV
mutual Fire insurance Ge.
Office Cor. Main & Cunningham 8t».
<i. C. KOEBBINQ, Piuiomt.
H. O. H KIN KM AN, B«J»*ta*T.
U. C. Uoemlo*. lleodvnua Oliver,
J. L Purr In, June* Ht«ph«CMOu,
A. Trout in an, H. C. "in nun.
Alfred Wick. N. Wetuel,
in. W. Inrln, Dr. Kle ken bach.
J. W. Hurkliurt, D. T. Norm.
LOYAL M'JUNKM, Gen. 4«'»
urn sioi! nits.
All iiUK-k frtiarHtitcml to la 6 in good con
dition when dulivored.
Wo rnplace *ll tree* that fail to grow.
HKFEREXCKB IX BITTLKR:
J. K. Lowry, W. T. Mediliug, Jams
tShanor, Jr., J. K. Fonyrthe, G«o. ttbaffner
U. Walk«r, Kaq., Ferd Koilmr, K*q. and I>
G. F. KING, AGT.
KirumtiUi Hochk, Ui TLKt, PA.
i . \
When in need of
Don't forget the old stand.
All first claw goods at rock bottom pricea.
One price and square dealing with all.
JE. S. D R E W,
Successor to Miller Bro's k Co.
128 E. Jefferson fet., - - Butler* Pa.
14 NORTH MAIN STREET,
Hardware and House Furnishing Goods.
IIUAjA (2600 Stitches Per Minute.)
Buggies, Carts, Wheel Barrows, Brammer Washing Machines,
New Sunshine and Howard Ranges, Stoves, Table
and pocket Cutlery, Hanging Lam pa. Man
ufacturer of Tinware, Tin
Roofing end Spouting A Specialty.
WHERE A CHILD CAN BUY A 8 CHEAP AS A MAN.
J. R. GRIEB. PROF. R. J. LAMB.
GRIEB & LAMB'S MUSIC STORE
; 10. 16 SOUTH MAIN 8T , BUTLEB, PA.
«Sole Agents for Butler, Mercer and Clar
ion countiea for Behr Bros, k Co'a Magnificent
Piano*, fehouinger, and Newby k Evans
FianoH, Packard, Crown, Carpenter and
New England Organs. Dealers in Violins,
Strings, Bruno Guitars, and
All Kinds of Musical Instruments.
SHEET MUSIC A SPECIALTY
Pianos and Organs sold on installments. Old Instruments
taken in exchange. i ome and see ua, aa we
can save you money.
Tuning and Repairing of *ll kinds of Musical Instruments
Promptly Attended to.
"fir WATERPROOF "
——l THAT CAN BB RBLIBO ON
" to u ' 23S* 23.
THa aiAaa j JCot to PUooIo»l
MSKOt BO LAIMMIIM. CAB BB W OCKAB IB A MIIH.
THE ONLY LINEN-LINBD WATEPPROOF
COLLAR IN THB MAR KIT. .
IMLLLU ' i s—— 1
the more wotitiW9Pfne>biWffißft
Busy.wivea who use S APOLtQ
never aeem tofirow old.Try*ca&t»
badly washed Ushss, tnm an nslssn Irßskin, as Onm MAss wkkh
aeeaod lifht aa air. Bat Sy tiuw tfctafS a SMfa 90km JntfSS Sf BIS
wifc'a devotion to kar Amity, aad ihaqw Bar wBB flisinl aoglost
whan ha find* bar rinim im theae ywttoalasai BMy a Imm ewa
a larga part of its thrifty aoataaoa aa* Ms MMlpaS hafytawss la
Fa* wtwiitft " 1I "" *"* "***
BUTUK FA... FRIDAY, AUGUST 15.1890
MICK TAXWS REVENGE.
"Aad why's Oar'aaoa jraH not be my
wife. Xataiief 1
OB* ha*M* I *aal. MfekT
"Ka, Biak. airer!"
"Give aw jrer r'aaoas fur Uiu' each a
fuel, KathUe," aaM »he young blacksmith.
"Beka*a ia aa r'aeua at all!"
"Don't be batharia' ate, Mick,'' aaid
Kathleen, ia a fleaHl>g twee, with tears
hanting aa the tamg laahea that triage*
"There's eaaM attar bay ia my way!" ba
exclaimed, aiaaeat Sercaly.
Kathleea mad** tesei slightly, aad a
little faahewf *• Bv ehaak.
"Is it a»t thai Mke that ails yeT
"Aad it ia"|sil Tfrankly.
"It's the Kaifo waitta' saaa—a white
faced feat that afcasns rather t* laiia
roaad aaithar M Wttr a brash ia his
bttda, thaa to da hiara, Mpi werk with
the two staatAitoJM faro War
"It's aavar o WlAiatT „
"Ia it tfca iaa frnfv't *aa, wha wears
the red flamsn' yia aad MakS half hie
lathers wMakyP V- -
"It saraly e«a aiver ha Teddy Laoaey.
that's eoatiat to m*d aha* art shear I
'ami The little spalfeea, with earls aad
piak cheeks ok* a «M. aad a cough like a
sick collie deft"
"Ifa iaat Mm, Mi*!"
Mick thre* baak bia haad aad laachad.
Bat it was abittaa, ssaifcl laagh. "Look
at thim twa heads tf miae, aa stfoag aa
iroa aad aa Maehaa eaal; haada that hod
shed two haadred hasaaa afsr* they aaa
tweaty-fiva yeasa aid! Aad my Sthst
with two hoodar aad fifty panada of aaoaaf
in the bank fcr ma! Leok aow at me with
a bandar aad aaxty paaada o' Seeh oa my
boaea, and tvo arma that can thrash any
three lads in Colaeoeyt Am I like himt"
"Tese not, iadade!"
"Am I aa poor as him wkoae tether has
ban aaongb laid by to bary bia family!"
"Thin will ye marry me in place o'
"And why uivesf"
"Bakaaa I lorea Ma aad ba'a so pretty,
Mick," said KalhUe, with amusing frank
neaa, and blushing deafly.
"Thin 111 bate him till I pnt out the
small Mt o' beanty aad the little life that's
in him!" cried lUek, fieroely.
"Yeee not mane eaongh to bate a lad
leea than yareel', Mickl Ta ware niver a
coward, afore! Don't ba one new! It ye
want ta fight, search far one that's yer
equal for siae aad beaaty, small chance for
"I'll da that, my jewel!" cried Miok,
greatly mollified by thia ahrewd compli
meat Ha dsav a heavy aigk, and aa ha
walked away ha aaid, paofaftilly, "God
bliaa ye, KathUe, whatever happens to yer
poor, wake-chisted, Uw-veiesd thing a" a
Caddy aad Kathlaaa hod long had eeeret
plana tar e art grating to America that ter
•aatrini heeven ef the Iriab. Aad aow
Kathleen, haiaf saisad with faor of the
powerful yenng blaekfnlth, >aatsnad the
wedding aad the dap ait aaa. Sa f eiatlj
aad faiakly was# their ptaas carried oat
fare their neighbors knew they warn mar
Many are the gay dreams ot wealth and
pleaanre that danae ia the brains of yoaag
emigrants, wbieh are redely broken *r
never MfiUadl Taddy aad Kathl*** were
earn par ativaly riek. for they landed with
goad atrvng cletftes aad ahaaa, twa blaa
woodea boxes, aad "twisty pounds a*
Perhaps the Innocent hoy expected to
find applicaats waiting ta engage him to
tend flacks and to shear them at Castle
Saidsil Parbaps Kathleen In her igaa
ranee, thought of stepping at oaca into a
bright little hnase at bar ewa, with a look
ing glaaa and a recking chair ready to re
float aad receive hart Bat there waa no
call far ahsph*rds,' aad Teddy was not
strong enongb for rough work oa a term or
a railroad, nav yet for enduing the eloae
air of n factory. t
They tried first one place ahfl the another;
one kind ef work and'than another, till
their "fortune" of one hundred dollars was
waegan*.- Than home, under
charge of seerSey; and"a fond grandfather
aent Kathlie ton pounds, with which they
went West.' Vexti Teddy fell 111, and they
wrote again, and tbe other grandfather
aent a hoarded five poaada, and with that
they come Kaat again!
In tbe meantime Mick grew moody nod
gloomy, and his parents feared for his
reason. They nrged him to go to con
fession—a ceremony he had seldom gone
through, ns bis sins had never troubled
him much. Bat be went to tbe prioet to
pleaee his mother.
Tbe well meaning old father naked all
sorts of questions to lean what tbe trouble
that was pressing an his heart.
"Have ye iver murdered anybody and
bid bim in tbe bogt" he asked.
'"Dead, 1 hain't, thin!" replied Mick.
"Have ye Iver stole money, or ita
"'Deed I hain't done that, ather!"
"Have ye eoveted yoar aeigbbors'
" 'Deed, I've na node a' doia' that, for
I've gat more myeilf nor moat «' them
"Hate ye Med agin yer enemies!"
"'Deed I hain't! iSre a better way o>
settlin' them. I Jist ups wid my right flst
and knocka 'em down widont tke trouble
a* lyla' again 'ami"
The priest rebuked this spirit, aad asked
if there wee a grudge la his heart against
any fellow-creature. 1 '
"Plinty o' 'em, yar rlverenee."
"Go this hour and ax their pardon," was
the good advice ot the old man.
"Faith, the one agin whoa I am a vilest
is far away—beyont my power, yer river
Aad aa ha aaid this, the thought darted
iato hie mind that if he could jest gat over
the eea aad give Teddy a flae thraahiag he
would feel better. "11l take yer advice,
hooly fayther, aad bunt him ea the other
aide a* tbe e'a"
Aad at eaae the goesip about Mick's tow
eplrits waa tamed lata a new channel. It
waa now asid that be waa eaoaeieaoe
atreak about the ewvsee ha had prayed
lowa upon Teddy Umaey, aad waa going
la America to aek bia pavdaa sa a peaaoce.
When ashed by aa eld frteod If be had
really forgive* Teddy, ha replied:
"Tee, have I, till I gate within arm's
reaah «' him; aad thea he'll tad oat what
Miek Taady'a reviage is—wiU he!"
So Mick left hie forge, hia anvil and bis
leather aprea, aad sat sail, to the great
(rial of the maay who bad alwaye found a
friead ia the hot-beaded, warm-hearted
Theatre* lighU burned dimly ia a dingy
part of Ike city of Lowell, when a etalwart
fellow, with a atrong Iriah brogue en hia
tongee, atepped into a grocery and naked,
"Would yea b« teUfeT me, air, where Uvea
a rich giatlamaa in] theae parts by the
nam. of Loonej-T"
"I don't know of any genUeman in the
city o4 that name," wai the reply.
"Wd ye never bear the name in these
"ifo; except a party up D**h lane, in
oae of the factory tenements.'*
Than Kick, thinking these poor people
might direct him to their rich namesake,
followed the grocer's direction, and soon
found himself mounting a rickety stairway,
•fery board of which creaked beneath his
He tapped at the door to which be had
baen directed, and in a moment it was
opened and he saw dimly by the light of a
poor lamp a woman with one child in her
anna. Everything in the room waa very
poor bat very clean.
"la this Miathress Looneyt" asked.
"Tea, yar honor," replied the woman,
"I'm aav came from Coloony, Ireland,
methreea, and am a'archin' for old friends
by yoar name. They're people in fine cir
eometaneee, and I thought ve might direct
ma to 'am."
The woman caught her breath, for the
voice waa familiar, aad she roee np and
laid bar child down and stood in the door
while her vifitor atuod in the entry.
"Oeb, dear Oolooney?" she gasped. "I'm
from that aame, myself; but I never heard
another one ia this place blessed enough
to be bora there —dear, dear Coloony!"
"The wife's name, afore she married,
waa Kathleen Byrne, and she married a
fable sort o* yonng man, and some say they
got rich her*. If I heerd right he bad a
factory o' his own in this place."
Here the pale woman gave a groan, and
threw her apron over her bead.
"What aili ye, poor sowlT" cried Mick,
i >b»nsting his haad into bis pocket for his
| pane to laliave her suffering.
The light, which was behind the woman,
bad shown on Mick's face, and Kathleen
knew him and thought he bad come to
persecute her ia distress.
"What ails ye, woman, that ye howl
and wail this wayt" he asked.
"Oeh, Mick, ye never knew this pale,
overworked cr'atur' for Kathleen!"
"Niver! What has befell you!" he ask
ed, stepping into the room and taking her
two thin hands kindly in his own, and add
ing, "Where is Teddy!"
"He's in his grave this last six months,
I thank ye," was the meek reply.
"And who sees after ye and the chiider!"
for he now saw another child asleep in the
"Not a one! I waahes and scrubs—but,
0, Miok, I'm that aick and heavy I'd be
glad to go back and lie down in the dear
old churchyard at Coloony and rest!
"Thorn's rest this side o' the grave!"
cried Mick. "Ye needn't go there for it,
And Mick ttooped down and took np a
chubby sleeping boy of four years, remark
ing, not very delicately, as he stroked back
his golden cnrls, "There's no look of the
Cayther in him, thank heaven!"
Kathleen was too much overwhelmed to
aotice this remark: and when she removed
bar apron from her eyes little Teddy was
laaghiag and playing with the iron chain
that guarded the blacksmith's silver watch.
In another hour tbe whole party, Kath
leen carrying the yonnger boy and Miok
lead in* small Teddy, were gazing into tbe
Store-windows, resplendent with gay oolors
aad jets of gas. They were on a shopping
axanakm, and went home laden with
grocariea, dry goods and new shoes all
round, bee idee oranges and candy.
Before Miok left hia old friend he told
bar ahe shonld never want "while bis two
fists was spared him if—if—she wonld only
take him now in the end, and let him be a
fayther to poor dear Ted's little boys."
"Sham* on ye, Mick, to be sayin' tbe likes
o' that, aad Teddy only six months in his
grave!" sobbed Kathleen.
"Bat ya'U not say 'niver' as ye once said
in Caloonyt" asked Miok.
"No, Mick, I'll not say that, but I'll ask
a respectable time to mourn in; aud mane-'
time 111 work bard to fade my darlin
"If I can do twice the work o' any black
amith in this country, ye nade not break
yet heart o'er anybody's waabtub!" and
with laviah pride Mick threw a handful of
gold coin at her feat.
"I wouldn't touch it," cried Kathleen,
"while I can work. 1 took the shoes and
eatables from sheer want!"
"Oob, well, I'll s'arch out yer priest and
give it to him for ye! It'll be booty if it
camea through bis hands," said Mick,
smiling. "How will it take ye to
mourn it out, Katblie!"
"Maybe a year, Mick," was the innoceut
"Couldn't ye get through sooner than
"I'll try," replied tho modest creature,
"and aee what bis riverence says about it.
But 111 only take yo on two conditions,
Mick—that ye mend yer temper, and that
ye put up a headstone to poor dear Teddy's
"I'll do that laat—half a doien of 'em if
ye aay so—and do it with a hearty good
will. Och, Kathlie, I've grown wonderful
hooly since I touched foot to American
shores. I came here as fierce aa a lion to
be revinged on Ted. and here's me, to-day,
eo hooly that I've forgiven him intirely,
and am supportin' up a headstone to his
Mick found profitable work in another
city, and Kathleen was well looked after
by the priest, who had a little fund to
draw on lor her wants. When the ' mourn
year waa out," Mick, who had conquered
bia spirit in a good degree, moved his
family, in a style that showed real pros
perity. to his home, and put up a "fufty
dollar headstone to Teddy's grave," on
Which was this inscription;
HACMD TO TMB MBMOBV
KDWABD LOOMT, Aucn 30 YIABS,
HIS tOTIBa ANP QBATBFCL KBIBND,
Aad thus ended Mick's revenge. Love
for bia old friend acd ber little ones had
aoftened his heart toward the whole world.
—An electrician says that just what
takes place in the human organism to
produce death from an electric current
seems to be an nnaolved problem. One of
tbe tbeoriee sometimes advanced concern
ing It ia that when a being -suffers death
from electric shock, it is a pure case of
internal rapture or explosion from the
generation ef gas or vapor. In support of
thie view, the way in which telegraph
poles are sometimes torn to pieces is
refcrred to. Tbe lighting follows the
moist portion of the pole, wbioh is the core
or heart; ia this case tbe moisture is
vaporised, and an explosion occurs. Tbe
high resistance produces heat, tbe beat in
turn steam, and tbe steam explosion.
—The tallett acbool girl in the world
livea DMR Kiednaud, Auatria. She it 11
yearn old and all feet high. A Vienna
ahowman tiled to add her to hia collection,
bat bar pereota declared that they would
not part with their maderl (little girl) for
aay amount of money.
The State Road Commission on
t s Travels.
The State Koad Cwnmimrion ariired in
Titusrille last Wedneitday night and held
a meeting there next day, which was at
tended by several farmers of that and
The meeting convened at 11:30, and,
with a recess of only half an hour for
lunch, lasted until nearly 5 p.m. The
farmers were not afraid to tell on them
selves. Said Mr. Alcorn: "After all our
farm work was done for the season we
nsed t.> take the thoes off the horses, fill
the animals with grass and then send them
out to work on the roads so that they conld
get a good rest."
Mr. Higbee said: "On a certain day the
farmers on a certain road in this county
were out working their road taxes. It was
very hot, and Sam Jones started off to fish.
Meeting Miller Smith by the wayside, he
remarked that they would not be able to
finish the road that day.
"That's bad," replied the miller, "for
people will not be able to reach the mill.
How many men are working ont their
taxes to-day, Samf"
"Well now I can't say right off," replied
Sam. "hnt if rm .»« How ;swy
fence comers there aro bet-een T*;tcle'
hiV,j JAckijon's and the V .juv Snyder's I
can tell you exactly the number of men at
James B. Powell, a well knowu horse
breeder of Sbadeland, who has made a
study of roads for many years 1 oth in this
country and Europe, addressed the; com
mission for nearly an hour. In substance
There is 50 per cejt outlay in roads of
my township over and above the expendi
tures lor schools. We should have a very
elastic law—no startling innovation. We
should have a National Commissioner of
Highways to have a bureau under the De
partment of Agriculture. Then you want
a State Commissioner of Highways. The
State constitution will not allow that now,
so about the most yon conld do wonld be
to have a bureau on country roads created
to be atUclied to the office of Secretary of
Internal Affairs. That would furnish a
home for all reoords and correspondence
about the condition of roads. After that
there shonld be County Commissioners for
roads. I say nothing about townships.
Poor roads are compelling farmers to give
up agriculture and go to the large cities and
towns. One-third of every year a farmer
in Pennsylvania is bound np at his home
with mud. If your commission recom
mends any radical change the farmeis will
be scared by the prospects of increased
taxation. I>o not think of making too
costly roads. Ohio has five pikes costing
only from $3,000 to $12,000. It has been
said your commission thinks of having
stone roads made. With your 70,000
miles of roads in Pennsylvania I consider
that an impracticable scheme. Kiie coun
ty, with its fine gravel and sand—what
need has she for stone! You should siudy
the demands of localities. Somo mads
that aro much traveled, like those in the
the neighborhood of a town, should bo im
proved at a cost of about $3,000 per mile.
Other roads ought not to be at moro than
$250 per mile.
Every road in a county ought to be
named or numbered so that a stranger may
know where he is. As soon as piactical
all road taxes should be paid in cash.
Educate tho people up to this. Show them
poor roads depress the value of their farms
and that as long as men work ont their
taxes it is impossible to have good roads.
I favor State aid for road impiovement
because towns are increasing in population
and they would pay much of the tax. It
is a fact that many of your fashionable
carriages will go five miles ont of town to
get a ride on a smooth country road—a
dirt road. Make that a solid stone road
and people will call it rough. Yet I must
admit that a dirt road is a very bad one.
There is so much of a dissimilarity of soils
in this country. The best roads in this
State may be found in Erie connty, where
there are simply of the virgin soil—never
poor in 50 years. Yet in the Pacific States
tho soil is sticky and impassable. Water
makes roads bad. and road machines do
not go down deep enongb. Dnep ditches
are needed on both sides of the road to
carry off the water wherever the wealth of
the land will justify it, and one-half of the
road only is macadamized and tho other
half left as a smooth dirt road. I would
like to see roads stoned.
But it is all nonsense to think of makiug
the principal roads all through the State of
stone. The land is too poor to p.iy for it.
We, of this generation, will not live long
enongb to see one fiftieth of the Pennsyl
vania roadways stoned. The use ot broad
tires on wagons should be encouraged. Hy
loading 3,000 pounds of lumber on narrow
ties, I know of one lumber teamster who
uined SI,OOO worth of road, while he did not
ealtee more than $25 profit on tho whole
Colonel J. J. Carter, Chairman of the
Citizens' Committee, submitted a proposi
tion to the State Koad Commission answer
ing the interrogations seriatim and discuss
ing the subject rather elaborately from a
legal and engineering standpoint, as well
as from tho public utHity poin of view.
Colonel Carter favors the establishment
of a Bureau of Ktate Itoads, to bo connect
ed with the executive department of the
State government and presided over by a
Ktate Engineer or Surveyor General, to be
appointed by the Governor, after tho plan
of a bill presented to the Legislature of
188T>. He also favors a road supervisor for
each county, to be elected by tbe people
at tbe same time and for the same period
as members of tho Assembly are elected—
no one to be elegible unless an educated
and professional engineer. Also a board
of road overseers for each township,
borough or city, not ley than three nor
more than five, to be elected by popular
vote on the plan of minority representa
tion, in each district; the supervisors to ap
point a road master, who shall be an engi
neer by practice, for each district.
He also favors an appropriation made by
the supervisors of tbe district and recom
mends the State to make an eqnal appro
As to State aid for improving or manu
facturing public roads he unqualifiedly
favors the proposition. So long as the
State tax ia collected as now, largely from
corporations, bo would havo the surplus
not required for State pnrpoaes redistribut
ed to the people for roads and schools.
! Colonel Carter enlarged at aome length
upon the practical conatruction and main
tenance of public roada. giving diagram*,
coat, and valuable *tatiatlc» iu connection
therewith. He oppoaei the employment
of convict labor on the pnblic roadk, a* a
relic of barbariiim and apeotacle of demoral
The reat of hir paper relate* particularly
to the reaource* found in thin aoction of
the Htate for road maintenance. llu con
eluded aa follow*: "Good road* make
cheap traniiportation and nave money to
all. Why, then, not have good roadxt"
Colonel Carter baa been a practical rail
road builder and manager, arid bin re
mark* carried double weight on tbut ac
Mr. Itichcy of Forcit county, Maid it wan
generally admitted that the road Jaws '
should be amended. How to amend them
so as to get the best system of road-mak
ing for the least money is the que*lion now
being considered by the State Commission,
he took it. lie explaii ed that Forest
county is still larely composed of anseated
land, great forests, which pay bat little
The county is hilly and the roajs hard
to maintain. The townships in the coun
ty are heavily in debt. lie then said:
A majority of the tax payers in Forest
county are opposed to abolishing the work
ing out of road tax because they cannot
af?<>rd to pay the tax in money. We are
generally in favor of State appropriation
for road building. It should be distribut
ed according to the road mileage in each
coanty or township. Roads should then
be controlled by the townships, with per
haps a general overseer for the whole
county. I think there is enough good
stone in Forest coanty for road making.
I am not in favor of convict labor on the
Edward Clapp, of Venango county, also
spoke. He said:
"I want to see the roads improved. You
can't educate some people, and life's to
short to wait for them. People who op
ttits Bcbciflo uro apoHles uf | it,ai
age. We nu>st do as Horace Oreeley said:
'The way to resume specie payment is to
resume.' We must build a few miles of
good roads without paying any attention
to cioakers. In bailding new roads we
must pay attention to grades of toads.
Locking wheels of a wagon going down
hill cuts up a road frightfully. The law,
your commission frames, should allow no
road to be over three degrees elevation,
distance should be sacrificed to grade.
State appropriations for roads should be
disbursed accoiding to the mileage of
roads. Around the village of Tionesta the
roads are destroyed largely by teamsters
hauling lumlier over them from other
townships miles and miles away and yet
they did not pay for fixing them. The
people 01 Tionesta had to do that. Heie
is where State aid would bring about
equity. Koad tax should be paid iu money
instead of labor.
The mystery of the government's ability
to carry a letter from Maine to California
for the price of a two cent stamp is not a
perfectly easy one to explain; but most
people are by tbis time so thoroughly ac
customed to cheap postage that they ac
cept the low rate quite as a matter of
conrse. This, however, was not the case
with an inhabitant of the Kicknpoo Valley
who, for the first time in his life, not long
ago had occasion to use the United States
Ue approached the postmaster with the
air of one who intends to make as good a
bargain as possible.
"Look a'here, mister!" he said; gimme
a—a letter saimp, will yef How much 'll
"Tew cents! Cheap enough."
The man laid down two coppers in the
postmaster's little window,took the stamp,
looked at it curiously for a moment, and
then put it away carefully in an old leath
er pocket-book. Evidently he regarded it
as a sort of preliminary license. Then he
thrust his hand into his overalls pocket
and bronght out a large yellow envel
"Now," said he, thrusting the envelope
before the postmaster's face, "I want ye
tell mo how much ii the least it'll oont to
Kerry that ere letter to Codgerville, about
twenty uiilo down the piket"
"Two cent*," said the postmaster, bal
ancing the letter on bis finger.
"Tew cent*! Well, I'll be licked ef I
aint got into a reg*lar tew-ce it shanty!
Tew cent*! Te don't mean ltt"
"That's all," said the postmaster.
"Well, I will be licked. When my
Sairy Ann thought she must write to that
ere yonng man down 't Codgerville, I
reckoned first off, I'd mount old Bill and
kerry the letter over to save th' expense.
I hadn't no idee you would do it for
tew cents. Tew cents! Well, there they
Ho had picked out two more coppers,
«nd offered them to the postmaster, who
of course had to enter into an explana
tion of tho use of the stamp be bad just
"All I got for to dow," the man askod in
further astonishment, "is fer to stick this
ere stamp on the corner o' that ore letter,
an' you take keer o' the restt"
"Well, I will be licked! 'Tain't rightly
none o' my business if ye want to work fur
nothing but it's my'pinion ye're doing it
tew cheap, young man—yo're doiug it tow
An Axe to Grind.
Whou Benjsmin Franklin was a litlle
boy at school bo was accosted at bis
father's gate by a very po.ite stranger, who
complimented bim on bis appearance and
manners, and presently asked:
"Has your father a grindstone!"
"Yes," said Ben.
"Well, I declare," said the stranger,
"this is one of the nicest little boys I ever
met. Son. do you reckon your father
would let mo grind my ax an his grind
"Certainly," said Ben, greatly pleased
with the oomplimout.
"Well, now," i.ald the stranger, "this is
a very polite little boy. Son, do you
reckon you could tnrn a little for mot"
"I suppose so," aaid Ben.
"I turned and turned," said Benjamin
Franklin, who told the story on himself,
till my bands were blistered and my back
was sore. The stranger continued to
praise me for my politeness ti'l his ax was
sharp, when be turdod upon me grimly,
and said: "Go along to school, you little
rascal, or I will report you for playing
"From that day to this," whenever I
have met a man more polite and com
plimentary than the occasion demanded, 1
have said to myself, may lx> he has an ax
The Col Tee We Drink.
Two-thirds of It comes from Braill
which produces considerably more than
one-half of the world's supply. There are
other coffee countries, Brasiliau coffee
stands in value much below even the
native Ceylon and East India coffees be
cause of the fact of lieiug carelessly grown,
gathered, and cured. The import* of
coffee in the United States in 1821 were
19,180,180 pounds; in 1824, 30,301,172
pounds; in 1827, 47,727,202 pounds; from
1831 to 1837, 070,000,000 pounds. The
receipt* of cotfee at all port* in the United
State* in 1887 were nearly M 0,000,000
pounds; considerably more in one year
than one-half of the Import* of tho 10
years between 1821 and 1837.
—lt IIM Ixjon reported every year for the
IttHt quarter of a century that the Delaware
peach crop wa* a failure, and it han alway*
materialiied at the proper time. Thi*
voar thero were no alarmUt report*, anil
ihere IN hardly a peach iu Delaware. Thi*
14 the flrat real crop failure in the atate, hut
the reputation for mendacity no well earn
i d in not allotted.
She Won the Bet.
Pretty Fanny Bea'e, a lively Ciflctftflitt
bod, is visiting her cousin XellU In Pi qua .
Young Mr. rilley, of St. Louis, and his
sister Vina are also visiting at the same
house. Itanium's circus was in Piqna and
young Mr. Filley took the girls to see tha
show. In discussing the show afterward
the young man expressed his particular
wonderment at the feats of a female con
tortionist. lie was especially amaxed at
the highly accomplished manner in whioh
she twisted her foot around the back of her
neck and made a cushion rest for her head
out of her heel. The warmth with whioh
Mr. Filley expressed his admiration of this
act ot the contortionist seemed to nettle
Miss Bealo a trifle, and she turned np her
nose and said:
.'•Pshaw! That isn't anything to brag
about. I can do it myself
Cousin Nellie and Miss Filley screamed,
and assured Miss Fanny that she was aw
ful, and young Mr. Filley laughed at her
and pooh poohed. But the spoiled beauty's
Cincinnati sporting blood was np, and she
turned to Mr. Filley and said in decided
"I'll juat bet you the price of ft box of
Lid 1 u*a*' _
Young Mr. Filley promptly took the bet.
Then the delicate question as to how Miss
Beale s ability to perform the acrobatic
feat could be proved to the satisfaction of
the young gentleman arose, and it was
finally settled that Cousin Nellie shonld be
present while the act was on as referee for
I Miss Beale, and that young Mr. Filley's
sister should also be there in the interest of
The three girls retired to Mis* Bsale's
room, aud young Mr. Filley waited on the
piazza for an official report of the result of
the feat. Spasmodic bursts of mirth from
Miss Beale's room reached his ears for *
time, and then there was a painful silence
for a few seconds. This was finally broken
by screams of laughter, an exclamation of
wonder and loud clapping of hands in the
"Blinked if I dont believe the little tar
tar has won it!" said young Mr. Piliey to
Another period of painful silence follow
ed the outburst of wonder and applause.
This was followed by a scream or two not
prompted by mirtbfulness or wonderment.
Suddenly Cousin Nellie burst from the •
room and ran out shouting in alarmed
tones for her mother. Young Mr. Filley
"lias she done it, Xellie!" ho asked.
"Oh, Mr. Filley!" Miss Nellie sobbed,
"she has done it, but she can't undo it!
Please run for a doctor!"
Fortunately a physician of forty years'
practice in the town lived only two iguares
away. Young Mr. Filley called him in a
hurry. lie was a good while in Miss
Beale's room, but when he left it he was
smiling. When Miss Beale came out an
hour or so later she was a trifle lame, but
she announced triumphantly to young Mr.
Filley that she had won the bet. The
official report of the referees unanimously
sustained the claim, and it was promptly
"I used to do it easy when I was at
school," said Miss JJeale reflectively. '"All
the girls did. My heel never once stuck
before. I guess I must be growing old,"
said the Cincinnati bud with a sigh.—Co
lumbus (O.) letter.
A Remarkable Natural Curios
Near the little village of Palmyra, Jeffer
son county, Wisconsin, is a remarkable
natural curiosity in a spring. It is ic the
midst of a most unattractive marsh, not
however, difficult of access, because of th*
improvements of man. It wells up sud
denly at your very feet, » VMt pool of liv
ing water, varying from 10 to 25 feet in
depth, clear a* crystal, confined within a
natural wall of rock, from whioh long
sprays of mossy trailing vines, of a variety
not found elsewhere, float in its pearly
waters. Through this depth of 25 feet of
water'is visible the bottom as clearly as if
b it a few inches intervened.
Below the water is a depth of six feet of
bubbling, boiling quicksand,evidently gov
erned by tidr.l laws of its own, with an ebb
and flow and power quite capable of for
ever engulfing tbo unwary in its depths,
while at the bottom of thU quicksand is an
unseen rock of unknown thickness and
crystal color, from which detached por
tions, worn off by the constant action of
the quicksands, have been recovered. The
shifting colors of these quicksands is the
most wondrou* marvel of all, caused by
the reflected rays of the sunlight through
this depth of clear water. They vary from
the delicate shifting color of the opal to
the palest blue or green, seeming at times
to iefleet every tint of the rainbow In one
rapid changing shimmor of color, varying
their tinge with the mn's altitude.
Drop a pin into this spring, so clear is
the water, you can seo its descent until it
is lost in the boiling sands beneath, where
its light weight gives a sufficient impetus
to set them boiling and soothing Id * n °w
form and direction; drop a marble, button
or penny into the spring, aud the effect on
entering the quicksand is beyond descrip
tion. It requires but little stretch of im
agination to concoive the whole a vast
witches' cauldron, with the genii of the
place ready to emorge at any moment
from the cave within the rocky side of the
spring, reody to plungo the unwary to
remotest depths below, or to believe the
tradition that the Indians worshiped the
spring as the home of the Great Spirit him
Applying the Rule the Other
A Chinaman, says the Ckritto* -Ad
vocate, applied for the position of cook in a
family in one of our Western cities. The
lady of the bouse and most of the family
were members of a fashionable church, and
they wore determined to look well after
the character of the servants. So, when
Johe Chinaman, appeared at the door he
was asked: "Do yon drink whiskyt" "No"
said he.—"l Clistian man." "Do you play
cards?" "Xo, I Clistiau man." lie was
employed and gave great satisfaction. He
did his work well, was honest, upright,
correct and respectful. After some weeks
the laJy g* vo a progressive euchre" party
and bad wines at the table. John China
man was called upon to serve the party,
and did so with grace and acceptability.
Hat next morning he waited on the lady
and said be wished to quit work. "Why,
what is the matterT" she inquired. John
answered: "I Clistian man; I tole you so
bofore, no hoathon! No workee for Melioaa
—Nineteen years ago a Gratiot county,
Mich., tartner refused to let hit daughter
go to a candy pull. She went though and
remained away. Last week she drove np
to her father's door, lifted out her 11 child
ren, coolly took off bor * raps and astonish*
cd her father by declaring that she had
concluded to return and stay horn®, and
hereafter be an obedient daughter
—A Tennecnoe man last week attempted
to xhoot hi' wife aud tlio ballet killed bi«
r<>on dog, which wit, the champion of lotu
, (.unties. Uo l» thoroughly penitent.