Newspaper Page Text
Piftsea Pair of Bradley's Blankets, at $4.
Fire Fine Plush Dolmans, at $15.00, were S3O 00
Three Plash OJAIS, at S2O 00. former prices, 'J4.UOU
Two Plush Coats. at sl7 50, former prices. $-i.>.00
20 Good Newmarkets, at $5.
16 Children*' Wraps from One Dollar to Four Dollars,
REMNANTS IN SILK,
WOOLEN and COTTON (TOODS
OF ALL KINDS.
A Full Line of Spring Buttons and Trimmings
New Spring Goods Ai riving.
CALL IN AND SEE THE GKEAT BARGAINS
BITTER a 1
a large line of
Spring and Summer Goods,
eoaaisting of Fine Woolens and Suitings which I am ready to make up in
Garments at as reasonable prices as you will find anywhere and
Alio a full line of MENS', BOYS'and CHILDRENS' ready made
ROCK BOTTOM PRICES.
AH the late6t novelties fcr Spring and Summer in
Gents' Furnishings, Goods,
Hats, Caps, Trunks, Valises; latest patterns in
Shirts and Neckwear.
KY MERCHANT TAILORING
Department is Booming. Call and make your selection for your Spring
Soit from those handsome patterns I have just got in. Prices
reasonable and fit guaranteed.
Thanking my patrons for past favors, I solicit a continuance
of the same.
61 Sooth Main street, opposite the Postcffice, Butler, Pa.
SUCCEEDS LIKE SUCCESS"
BECAUSE LOOK at our SUCCESS in BUTLER
THEN LOOK BACK 30 YEARS AGO
WHEN WE COMMENCED.
Now Look at the Way We Do
THEM REASON HOW CAN it be OTHER WISE ?
WHEN" WE CARRY THE STOCK WE DO
And Most Complete in Fuller roiiL'iiifr in and price
from the Clieapewt to the Unest, all Reliable, Well Made
Goudf, beeides we Guarantee all we tell
Call and be Convinced.
jr©. 4, St. OLD BELIABLE CLOTHIER
CHOICE FRUIT. |
Ra>lii( lor lb" <ln»lf*
Beautiful Shrubbery, .
Ornamental Trees, j
An* evetvtblne el*? In the \urtery line, of Hip
New Kncland Nanenr*. rhim Urns, t i'o.. \. I
V_ I «:l! coll upon >on In the iu-ar future and l
•niiai yaw order* for "prlnc <l«-Ii*i-ry. )
A. H, FALLER, Agent,
Batter - I*JI -
MR. B J. LAMB
Organist and Choir Master,
SL Peters (fc-rtnan f 'birch. Butler. and conduc
tor of r.'ul- r Choral I'nl'in
OMil, Pl**oeOKTt. VIOMS. Kl!»-INV AWh lUK- f
PUaaforre* and Organs Tuned and l:<-irulat- j
•d. T inn* on application, MJ Went J. IT •".rim i
Pittsburgh Nurseries, j
W« ajraln rtfor eierytJilnjf cholc* In reliable
Fruit Tfßr*. small Krult*. t;ratH- Vln *. l>it
VefetaMr and Flower Seeds Hardy K>wv
<Jk-m»th». Flowed m; Plant*. NV«r Cher- i
rW New Appl'-* New Pears. New or- I
kaianiUb. New (Lest nut*. Nlev.
iQolnce*. Murdoch h Superior;
Lawn Cirai SH. sr..
Bead three ceou poMajf- for our New Illuatrat
«d Catalogue tor iwi
Ott of town order* tor Dower* ami floral cm-
Mems promptly executed.
JOHN R. &A. MURDOCH, I
506 Smith field St, Pittsburf, Pa *
THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
| Paul Crsncnwott k Co,
' I'.rerders an'l Dealers In lllifh-clnN-* Poultry: |
mown U-pior:.< I:, .v s. C. Willi'' 1-cKhorri*.
•Mymouth J.'ix'kx, Totilouw? IVklii aiul
i 'rushcJ oyatrr shells Tor poultry lor sale at
I W. H. & F. MORRIS,
1 ' V
• EBKS 32 per i:j; 83 for 26.
f For Sale.
7% 1 UIHI'TMK™-'! Adml.ilmratr.r of Kbenezcr
I <Sirt«ty. (IW'I. law- of lurk'-r tup.. otlcr* ai
privat" villi- ,1 farm of 117 acre >ltln Wash
ington twp.. near 11111 in lU's si m 1 in Ills all
•leared uiiil In tfood stale of cultivation. well
watered. :.nd has a Iwo-Ktoiy frame lion: c. ami
log rmm. Jarife orchard. auil cood oil' hulldlngH
Al-S'i. it acre piece 111 Washington tup.,
U'-arthe Aflwbeiiy rilo|ie coal mine. Willi rail.
I road rnnnn if through It. two-Mtor.v frotne bouse,
' partly clean*! ami balance good timber.
! AIjKO. a farm or «*i iirrt-s In Parker twp., he-
I I,ween AnniHVllle and Kldorado, one-Half eleired
' wild other liaJf well timbered with chestnut
timber, good land, but no bulldlniTH.
All I In- above nleceH are underLtl •! with coal,
i and will tie Mild eltUur lor dull i>r on time.
I Kor further parilc'ilani enquire 01
(i. W. <IIIIISTY, •
!' 3_'--am North Hope I'. 0., liutlcr Co., I'a
J Adreriihe in tb« CITIZEN.
Rule to Show Cause. !
la tho matter of the petition ot \V. K. Thnmp
4<>i:. F.vcut ir i»! Ywn. Thompson. late «>f M 'I- .
db-se\ iwp.. Butler county. dec'U, for discharge j
lrom -..« i I iru-t
»». < . No. T5. March Term l**x.
Ami now. April 4. l*s-. the Court irrints a rile I
on lis.- heir*. de\:see*. legatee-. .'iitl auditor- of j
-••tidd cedent in show cause \vh\ the petitioner I
oho.iid !i t di~<-liarged as preyed lor. returii
atle'O May 7. fs»*.
Br.Mer Countv, SS : Certified from the Record
April t. |s*s; i£;:t r.K.v ;,I. ICLVAI?;. Clerk.
Estate of Frederick Siebert,
I. »TR OK lU'TI.EK UOKOt'UH, DEf'D.
Whereas letters of Administration on the es-
T'tte of Frederick Mebert. late of the I". i omrh of
liiuler. Busier Co.. l'a.. deed, haveb°en granted
to IH<- mdenlgiied. ttwulw JII Wuom kaow
themselves indebted to said estate wll
please make Immediate payment, and those
l.aMii,' claims ajrtlnst the same will present
tl.cin properlv authenticated for paymeui.
Me.luiikin ic (ialbr.-ath. Attorneys.
1!. \ir!iie of a writ of l'i. l a. issued out of the
Court of Common I'leas of Butler Co.. Pa., and
to me directed, there will l e exposal to public
salt. a; the Court House in the borough ot r.ut
k-r l a., on Monday. Hie 22<1 day ot April. A.l>.
;sss. at 1 o'clock P.M., the following' described
K. U. No. ?:>, March T.. ls-«. Tliompson & Son.
All the right, title, interest and claim of
Nicholas Kramer, ot. In and to ~A acres of land,
mote "r >ss.in Copßuquwicwinr twp..
•Hitler I o . l'a.. bounded as follow-, to-wit : On
the north b> Bebicca Mag-nii. east Lj l.eonard
AVlck. squill bv FolkniiUi .v <>iah:tm. west by A.
s;ev.ait. niestiV cleand, a 1< ii bouse, log bam.
• ut-buildings iii.d orchard ■ hereon, tel/eil and
t.iken :n i xecutiou ;:Sth<- property of Nicholas
Kramer at -uit of A. L. Oyer for tne use of
Hemv K. White.
OLIVER C. BEDIC. sheriff.
Slier:lTs office, JUttler, l'a.. April J, I**B.
Executor's Sale of Real Estate.
In re petition c;f Zenxs McMlch-i Orphans' Court
ael, l-.xfccu: )i' ol ol Butler Co.,
'llmb!!n, dt -'d, tosell real es--( l'a., No. 71.
late lorthupaymcntofdeblii.l Dec. T., ltf".
Wher is /ea:-.s McMieliael, fc r.. aforesaid
did I'ieseiit i.ts i.etifion to suld orphans' Court
Feb. 20, if-:?. i>r i.\ the court to authorli.e hun
to -ell -tlx; hereinafter described real estate of
!d de- edent for c. e payment or debts. A;C.,
win re upon the suid Court did refer the applica
tion of said Execut'ir to A. T. Black, E>'| • as an
auditor to lir.e and make report thereon,
v. ho pursuant to said reference did report recom
mencing thai the prayer or the petitioners
should be granted, which sa;d report the Court
did on the :l: t of March. ISSH conflim abso
lutely and decree thereon as follows:
DKCUEK OK COt'KT.
Vnd nov.', March 2Ht U3B the Report qflhe
Auditorappolnied by the Court io Investigaf*'
lhe lacts set lorth In the petition of Zeuas Mc
Michael. Ex'i or Margaret 'J uiiblln, dee'd, for
leave to sell the real ' >laie of said decedent tor
the payment of debts and for the maintenance
oi Isaiah U. itlftblln i.nd made ri port i hereon,
having been tiled and coniirmed recommending
that the prayer or the petitioner be '.'ranted,
upon due consideration, ihe sale of the ,v» acres
more or lessol land,
Is authorized as prayed for. Terms ot sale, to lie
one-third In hand and the
balance in two equal payments lu one and
two vears in'in -aid date respectively wll h Inter
est irim s Id date to be secured by bond and
ne r'gage on ihe premises. sa!d-petltloner to lile
a bond in double the amount ol said sale condi
tioned according to law, and with a surety io lie
approvedby l!t<* Court. Itefore confirmation of
sale returnable to next. Term.
By the C'ovrt
Notice Is hereby given that pursuant to said
decree of Court the undersigned executor will
oIT-t at public sale or vendue, on the premise*
In c'.uv Twp , Butler Co. Pa., on TI'KSDAY
THii sTH I>AV Oi MAY, Isss. at 1 o'cl<s:k. e. H.
the loiiov. lug described trif't or messaffe of land
to-wlr: rifty tour acres of land more or leu*
Minnie tnClaj t p.. Butler Co.. i'a., bounded and
dc- crlbcd as tollmvs: Adjoining lands of John
Webb on the norm. lands ol Mrs. smith on the
east. lands i 1 (icorge llmbltn on the south and
lands of T. J, and William Thompson on the
west, mostly cleared, with small ward house
and log barn and orchard thereon.
Executor of Margaret Tlmblin, dec d.
Kuclld r. o. Butler Ca Pa.
S. F. Bowhek, Att'y.
Estate of George Beam,
1.AT15 Or IIAKMON V BOKO. BEC'D.
J.etters of adinlidHtrtttli.il on the estate of
lieorge Beam, dcnl' late of Harmony bow. But
ler county, I'a. having tieen (framed to I lie un
derslgmsl. ;ll petrous Knowing themselves
indebted to siud e fate are requested to make
immediate paviuent, ami auy having claims
against said estate will present them duly au
thenticated for settlement.
bJfsLKN BIJAM > V(lmr ß
SAMI'KI, BKA.M |
Harmony, Butler count), I'a.
I.ev McQrisTius. Att'y.
Estate of William Gallagher,
(LATE OK HI ANKI.I.N' TWP., DEC'D).
letters of administration 'in 'lie estate of Wm
flallaghei - , dee'd. late of Franklin twp., Butler
count v. I'a , having been granted to the under-
S'glied. all persons Knowing thelnstlves Indebt
ed to said estate will plea <■ mal:e Immediate
paMucn! and any having claims against Said
(•state will present them uuly authenticated for
WI M.I A M I." A t-bTOS, Adin r.
Prospect. Butler Co., I'a.
Notice in Divorce.
In tlie matter of the application of Benony
Patridge lor divorce from the bonds of mat
rimony with Frances Delight Patridge.
In the Court of Common Pleas of liutler
county, A. D. No. O'J, Dec. term, ls#7.
And now to-wit. Watch 7, IKSB, on motion
of J. D. McJunkin, K*q. Walte* L. Graham
was appointed by the Coust a Commissioner
to take testimony in the above ease and re
jiort to Court. I'Klt Cllt lA.M.
In pursuance of the above appointment I
will take the testimony of witnesses at the
office of J, It. McJunkin, Esq. in Butler, Pa.
on the Ist day of May, 18X8, between the
hi nrs of 10 a.m. and " o'clock p.m of said
Jay. WAI.TKR 1.. OItAHAM,
March 10, I*BB. Commissioner.
To /'mucin Del!'jl,t I'utvidye:
You ait hereby required to apoear on the
Ist Monday of June, 1888, at trie Court of
Ccmmnn Pleas, then and there to be holfleu
in snd for the county of liutler to make an
twer to the petition of paid complainant in
the above case, if any you have, according to
law. O. C. Rki>lC, Sheriff.
March 10, 188 S.
Estate of Henry Goehring,dee'd.
I.ATK OK BI!F» AtX» TWP.
Letters of administration, C. T. A. having
tieen granted to the undersigned on the estate
of Ilenrv (Joehrlng. dee d, late of Buffalo Twp.,
Butler Co.. Pa., all persons knowing themselves
Indebted to said estate will please uiak'' Imme
diate payment, and any having claims against
-mid cxt&le will present them duly a'ltlientleat
ed for puyment.
JOHN T. MARTIN. Adm'r.
Sarversvllle, p. ()., Butler Co., Pa.
McJi nkis \ Oaumkatii, Att'y.
Estate of Wm. Crookshanks,
I. ATK OK WIXHEI.II TWl\, DKC'I).
Kellers testamentary on the estate of Win.
Crookshanks, dee'd, late of Winfield twp.,
Butler comity, Pa., having been granted to
the undersigned, all persons knowing them
selves indebted to said estate are requested
to make immediate payment, and anv having
claims against said estate will present them
duly authenticated for settlement.
JOSEPH W. TODD, I'x'r,
Leasureville, Butler Co. Pa.
Mi Jt NKIX A liAMlliK.Vril,
lLillrlll>el• Y ai°cl
1. L. PUKVI3. L. O. BUKVIH,
S.G. Purvis & Co.
MANL'FACT!'HftIIti AND DEALRBB IN
Rough and Planed Lumber
T )Y EV F.UY DESCRIPTION.
SHINGLES & LATH
PLANING MILL ANI) YARD
I 9'llr ItT! nll has revolutionized ihe
I HUr H | 11| lluurlil during the last half
Il*C f II Mkl ll' eiiiury. Not least among
111 I Lit • I U lithe wonders of Inventive
1 progp-ss Is a method and system of work that
■ call be performed all over tie- country without
separating the workers from their homes, paj
■ lllieral; any one can do tin-work; either sex,
young or old; no special ability i mire, capl
■ ial not neeiied; you arc started ft v >\ something
f of great value and Importance to you. that tvl|j
- start you In business, which w ill bring you lo
more money right awav than auythlug ejsit in
■ the world. < '.rand out Br freo. Addre»M Titue tt
Co.. Augusta. Maine.
K. VJ. AVER U jON, our a>"'borlawl' stfi nta.
1 have enlarged mv stott'-iooui. in fact. made
It almost twin- a* large as it was before. ami
have also increased m.v stock. 1 have. t»y iar.
the largest awl best selected stock or
Fine Druss and Chemicals
In Butler count v. and ;im now lu position to
siippl;. the wants or tliepeopleot this county—
even better than in the past.
Vou w ill rto well to call on me when in the
nee . of anything In the line of
Fine Drugs and Medicines,
yi v stock is very complete and I'RK Ks VEKV
L<i V. It; medicine quality is or the rlrst Impor
tance, >o we give particular attention to Tilling
Our Dispensing Department is complete. « e
dispense only Pun- Drugs of the
Finest • Quality,
and our patrons mav bring 'is their prescrip
tions. reeling certain that they will be carefully
anil accurately filled.
Thanking the public for the very generous
patronage they nave accorded me In the past, I
hope to be able t<• serve ttietn more acceptably
in the future, at the old stand.
No. 5, North Main St,
J. C. BEEICK,
Wm. F. Miller.
Al! Kinds of wood turning done to otder, also
Mecoiatel and Carved wood-work, such as
Casing, t orner blocks, I'anels and all kinds of
fancy wood-work lor Inside decoration of
CAM. AM) SEE SAMPLES.
Something new and attractive. Also
at iowtst'casli prices.
Store at No. 40, N. Main street
"Factory at No. r.ft, X, Washington street.
Bl TI.EU, PENNA.
AND STRICTLY RELIABLE.
They act DIRECTLY and PROMPT
LY on the Liver and Stomach,
restoring the constipated organs
to healthy activity, and are a
positive and perfectly safe cure
for Constipation, Liver Com
plaint, Sick Headache, Bilious
ness, and all other diseases ari
sing from a disordered condi
tion of the Liver and Stomach.
They are the only reliable vege
table Liver Pill sold.
Thay are Perfectly HARMLESS.
They are PURELY VEGETABLE.
Tor SHIO by all Drugfriati- Price 25 ct«. per box;
S IHIX« fur fl.'J ct«.; or wnt l<y mall, DOMMKC Tri-a, on
receipt of price. i)r. J, U. Scheie It 4 Sou. Pliilad'a.
\ y TTI-I Instant
A peculiar and *»ucce*»ful combination of
Sootlil'.tic, NliH-iißtbenlMg l*«lii-KHl
ing agents —fresh hops, hemlock gum ana
plno balsam. Pain, sofenees or weakness
In the back, side, kidneys, chest, shoulder,
neck, limbs or muscles aro all iuniuutly re
lleve ! and cured. Warranted ___
tho hvni pln*»t«T »CATU
sweet, reliable, infallible. Sold DtA In
everywhere. 25c., five for^sl.. TO
Mailed for price. HOFPLAbIiH O A I M
CO., Proprietors, Boston. r M 1 11 •
Q, M. ZI.MMIiKMAN,
PHYSICIAN AND HflureON,
Office at No. 45, H. Main street, over Frank A
C'o'ri 1)1 ug St ere. llittler, Pa.
,1 K. KUITTAIX,
Ait'y nt I.aw- -Office lit S. K. Cor. Main St., and
Diamond, Butler. Pa.
Alt'v at Utw—Oillee on South Klileof Diamond,
1 It A MoJUNKIN,
Attorney at Law. Office at No. 17, East Jeffer
son HI. , Hutler, l'a.
W. R. TITZEL,
PHYSICIAN ANU SURGEON.
N. iCCorner Main and Wayne bis.
BUTLER IPEJN IST' A.
Dr. S. A. JOHNSTON,
DENTIST, - - BUTLER, PA.
All work pertaining to the profession execut
ed in the neatest manlier.
Specialties : Cold Killings, and Painless Kx
traction of Teeth. Vitalized Air administered,
onii-p on JelTerxon Street, one door Kast of I.owrjr
House, l'|> Slalri.
omoe open dally, exeept Wednesdays and
Thursdays, Comnmnleatlons by mail rfoelve
prompt til tent lon.
X. li. -The only IK-iitM in Kutler uslnjj the
lies! make* of teeth.
J6HN E. BYKRS,
PHYSICIAN AN " SURGEON
Odlee No. M South Main Street,
BUTLER, - I'A.
SAMUEL M. BIPPDS,
Physician and Surgeon,
No. 10 Went Cunningham St.,
IDIEItSJTISTR * .
0 1/ \VAM>ItON. Graduate of the I'hlla
. «• delplila tenia! < Is prepared
to do anything Hi the line o( lilh pro[e»slon In a
sal Witetory manner.
< mice nil Main street, Itutlcr, I iilon liloek
J. S. LUSK) M.D.,
removed from Harmony to Flutter and hart
lilrt ofl.i'c nt No. V, .Main St., three doors below
Lowry Hotwo. a;>r-30-tf.
L 8. McJUN IKIN,
Insurance an<l Real Estate Ay'l.
17 EAST JEFFERSON ST.
BUTLER, - I'A.
A J FRANK & CO.
VANCY AM> T< idJ. r AUTK KS,
SI'ONOEH, HKI SfIKM, I'KUI TMKIiY, Ac
lnThytlclaii!.' I'rei.. riptloim i-aniully cc.ji
45 S. Main Street, butler, Pa.
BUTLER, PA.. FRIDAY. APRTL 211. 188 S.
It's mighty eur'iis to see, so it is, how these
here poet* try
To bring the sympathetic tear to some poor
A-rlivmiu'an'l a-singin of a mother's love
An' touch in' cu her failed gown or stout, old
But none of'em, I've noticed, aa' I've won
dered o'er and o'er,
Has sung about the slipper that my good old
I recollect as well as if 'twas only yester
When it sfemtd a drefftil waste o' time to
Mndy 'Mea«t o' play
With other little youngsters who were hcok
in' off from school
An'going to the swimmin' hole, so shady,
deep and cool.
An' many a time I'd missed my chance
thro' learniu' heights to soar,
Ef 'twem't for the slipper that my good old
An' later when the female sex began to in
An' other fellars called on gals, all dressed up
in their best,
She knowed that though I couldn't keep my
self to save my life:
That like as not I'd undertake supportin' of
But I waited for maturer years, and her who
All owin' to the slipper that my good old
She's a-settin' in her arm chair now, a-smil
in' all benign,
A-talkin' to the neighbors 'bout that 'grown
up son 'o mine.'
'An she tells of all the times she felt obliged
myself to whale.
To keep me out of prison, or at leas t
An' she aliers makes mc own that I'd b^en
there long before,
If it was't for the sliipper that my gool old
Carpet Making in Philadelphia.
Carpet making is Philadelphia's
chief industry. Thousands of men,
women and children are employed,
and the output is estimated at 40,-
000,W00 yards a year. The largest
mills are at Kensington in the upper
part of the city, and a reporter of the
I'resx, after describing the homes of
the employees, which are almost
empty during the day on account of
all the family, excepting the smallest
children being in the mills, proceeds
But let us leave these empty homes
and visit the crowded mill and watch
the toilers at their work The pro
cess of carpet making is one of fascin
ating interest American ingenuity
bus quickened the manufacture by in
ventions of machinery that seem al
most human in its movements. As
everybody knows, carpets are made
out of wool. A bale of wool lies at
one end of the factory; at the other is
a roll of Brussels carpet of beautiful
color and design. The transforma
tion in the result of mauy steps.
The very first step in the process is
washing the wool. The bale is ripped
open, aud the wool, full of the dust
and dirt imported with it, is thrown
into one end of a washing-machine.
An endless, flexible platform, carries
it up and down in the water, where
it is beaten by iron arms, squeezed
between rollers and thrown out at
the other end comparatively clean,
Next it is taken to the drying-room
and thrown into huge boxes, through
which a current of dry hot air is
forced by a blower. The air comes
out of the boxes again still hot, but
loaded with dampness. Fans iu the
windows, driven with great speed,
pump this hot air out of the room aa
last as it escapes from the boxes of
wool, but in spite of every appliance
the temperature is almost unendura
ble. The thetnomcter in Summer
often reaches 140°, and the men
work stripped to the waist.
From the drying-room tho wool is
carried to the picker-house or mixing
room. Here different kinds of wool
are thrown together in order to make
the particular quality desired. Then
it is "picked." This is a process to
separate into fluffy down the fibres
which are as yet twisted and knotted
irregularly together. The "picker"
is a mysterious looking machine, ull
boxed up After oiling tho wool a
man feeds it into one end of the
picker. It spouts out tho other in a
fleecy fountain, ligly as down. It
has been whirred through wheels
urmed with pointed bits of steel that
have torn the k'jots and masses of
wool ail to pieces, separating each
hair from its neighbor, and yet leav
ing them all clinging together, but in
a mass of uniform lightness.
The wool must next be "carded."
That re to say, the fleecy mass must
be arranged iu some way BO that it
will take the form of a sheet of uni
form thickness. The carding ma
chine is a structure too complicated
for untechnical description, but its
essential feature is a series of cylin
ders, armed with fine points of steel
wire. Through these cylinders the
wool passes and comes out a thin,tine
sheet, so delicate that it seems almost
impalpable. liy another series of
contrivances this sheet is folded upon
itself and multiplied in thickness un
til it is made to take the form of long
strips, which are "drawn" and
"robed" and reeled on bobbins. And
then all is ready for the spinning.
"Spinning" is simply making the
wool into yam. The spindles whirl
with amazing rapidity, the "mules"
roll back and forth over the lloor as
if alive and the girls trip nimbly here
and there behind the "tops," picking
up broken "ends" and fastening them
together again with a nimble twist of
the lingers. The yarn tbuß made is
next "twisted," that is, two threads
are twisted together and sometimes
four, in which case it is called "re
doubling." The yarn, which but a
short time ago was the rough wool
as clipped from the hide, is now a
stiong line. It is reeled from the
bobbins into banks and is then ready
for the dyer.
And now the process divides into
two distinct paths If Hrtissels car
pet is to be made tho yarn goes to
the dyeroom; but if it is to be made
into tapestry, then it goes to the
printer. When dyed, of course, uach
yarn is of one color throughout.
When printed every yarn is of one
color for a certain lengh, perhaps half
an inch,then of another for perhaps
a quarter of an iucb, then of another
for perhaps a quarter of an inch and
BO on. The dyebouse is a pictur
esque place. It is filled with clouds
ol steam that roll from the caldrons,
over which half nak< d men are stoop
' ing, lifting stout rods covered with
j hanks of yarn in and out of the boil*
[ ing dye. When the workman thinks
the yarn has acquired the right color :
he submits a skeiu of it to the chief '
dyer If he passes it the batch of j
yarn is steamed in order to "set" the
dye, and is then washed and dried in
another hot room, and then the yarn
is at last ready for the loom.
A Brussels carpet usually contains
five colors. This is accomplished by
tilling five "frames" with spools of i
yarn, each frame being filled with
yarn of one color. The threads are
carried from each spool through the
"heddle" to the loom. Above, the
"jacquard," a part of the machine of
intricate construction, determines just
which threads are raised at a partic
ular moment so as to appear in the
pattern. Thus Brussels is woven, |
the pattern growing like magic as the
shuttle flies back and forth, every
part of the complicated machinery of i
the loom moving at its appointed
time aud place as if inspired with in
The printing process is even more
wonderful. Imagine a huge drum,
on which the yarn is wound. Be
neath it runs a carriage carrying a
kind of brush loaded with color. The
color is charged as required by a
boy. The operator turns the drum
to a certain point, acd at a signal the
carriage rolls across under the drum,
painting a narrow strip ot color.
The drum moves a notch, and the
color brush flies back again, doubling
the width of the strip. The opera
tor follows the pattern before him, and
he must foliow it neatly. If he
makes the strip of color too wide, and
if the color be dark so that another
can not be printed over it, the whole
drnm of yarn is spoiled and the blun
derer is fined sl.
When tbe yarn baa all been print
ed it is steamed, washed and dried,
and then reeled. Now, it must be
"set" uncording to tbe pattern. This
is a process requiring much pa
tience and exactness, and tbe nimble
fingers of girls are employed to do it.
When a pattern is "set," it is rolled
on a cylinder and then each thread
must be fixed into its proper place in
the loom. Then the weaving begins
and the carpet begins to grow, every
dot of color corning exactly where it
should to bring out tbo pattern clear
ly and distinctly. The most wonder
ful thing about the loom is the
"wire" movement. The machinery
pulls out from the woven carpet a
wire, armed with a blade at its end.
This blade cuts the wool and thus
makes the "pile." Then the wire is
pushed back and again thrust into
the warp, the whole movement being
ucomplished with lightning like ra
The carpet must then be carefully
scruntinized by women, who sew up
any broken threads; its surface must
be sheared and brushed by machine
ry, so as to make it perfectly even aud
bright, and then it is ready for the
The carpet manufacturers of
Philadelphia, as a rule, have pleasant
relations with their employees, most
of whom belong to the ranks of or
ganized labor. The factories are pro
vided with fire-eecapes, driving-belts
are in some cases shut up in a separ
ate shaft by themselves so that cloth
ing can not be caught in them, and
various other precautions for the pro
tection of life and limb are taken.
For example, in one factory there is
a bell in the engine room connected
with a wire running to every floor.
The engineer's instructions are to
stop bis engine as quickly as possi
ble when that bell rings. It is to be
rung only in case of accident.
The Isles of Salute.
The following episode was related
to me recently by a United States
naval oflber, who was an eye-witness
to the scenes, and whose phraseology
I shall follow as closely ae possible:
"In the year 1860 I was aboard
the United States steamship Vander
bilt, Commodore John K. Kodgers
commanding, aud we were acting as
a consort to a double-turreted moui
tor on its way around Cape Horn to
a Pacific station lluuning short of
coal we put in at the Isles of Salute
to obtain our supply.
"To the uninformed I must here
state that the Isles of Salute aro off
the French Guiuea coast, and are to
France what Botany Hay is to Eng
luud. There all noted French crimi
nals are sent, and few, if any, ever
return to their native country. On
being convicted of a crime the crimi
nal is given a number, and by that
number only is he known; his name
becomes a thing of the past. If bo
has friendß it would bo an utter im
poaibility for tbem to trace him, a3
bis name and number appear but
once together, and that once upon the
criminal records which are kept per
fectly secret. From this it cau easi
ly IKS imagined bow easily ho drops
from the knowledge of the world
when he is forwarded to the Isles of
Salute to end his miserable and
crime-siained life; for end ho must in
one year, perhaps two years. Tbe
climate does it, and what a terrible
climate it must be.
"Good heavenp! never before had
I seen sucb au assemblage of care
worn, hopeless, fierce and desperate
countenances. I believe the only
employment that could be found for
them was coaling vessels As we'
lay in the harbor, one thing that
struck me as being singular was the
presence of such a large number of
ravenous, man-eating sharks, some
tremendous in size. The harbor was
literally swarming with them, and
their sharp fins could be seen cutting
the water in every direction. God
help the one who was so unfortunate
as to fall overboard there. I after
wards learned that none of the con
victs were ever buried upon the is
land; l>u t that the bodies of the dead
had simply a weight attached to
them, aud were then thrown into the
harbor. This custom, no doubt, ex
plained the presence of so many
"We had completed our coalingone
evening aud were to sail iu about
two days. The sun dropped below
the horizon, and as there is, practical
ly, no twilight in that region, night
Boon enveloped us her dark folds. It
being sultry, there were a number of
officer's on the quarter-deck, among
them Commodore Ilodgers and my-
Belf. Somewhere hear six bells(ll
o'clock) we were startled by hearing
several exclamations, followed by u
cautious call in French, from the port
side of the vessel, and apparently
from the water. Orders were imme
diately given to lower a lantern, and
when this was done, we beheld the
form of a tnan, emaciated, haggard
and wild eyed, clinging to the side of
the vessel. A rope was lowered; he
was Boon drawn aboard and brought
before the Commodore. He was at
tired in a flimsy shirt and pantaloons
One i;lanee was sufficient to inform
us that he was a convict. Speaking
in French ho made on appeal to our
commander for protection.
"But how did vcu get here, man?
cried the Commodore. "Good Hea
vens! you never could have swam
out to the vessel?"
"At this question our minds rever
ted to the harbor gwarming with
sharks, and I, for oue, conld not re
press a shudder at the mere thought.
"Death, no matter in what form,
has no terrors for me,' answered the
convict. 'Since coming here, have I
not suffered death a thousand times
over? Ami not already dead to my
relatives, friends and the world? The
slight hope held out to me by the
coming of your vessel was sufficient
The chances of beiug torn to pieces
by sharks did not make me shrink.'
"Our imaginations can scarcely
grasp the import of such hopelessness.
Further questions revealed to us that
this poor devil had been a French
soldier, and had committed the horri
ble crime of striking a superior officer.
For that, he had been numbered and
sent to the Isles of Salute to die a
lingering death Listening attentive
ly until the convict had finished, our
"My poor fellow, the laws of hu
manity cry out to me in your behalf,
but I am forced to treat them as sec
ondary considerations, no matter bow
unjust it may be. International laws
tire stronger io this caso, and 1 must
tell you that i=* my imperative duty
to return you '
"The Frenchman's reply staggered
the Commodore some what. Ssid he:
'You are the representative of a glor
ious republic, aud 1 came to you for
protection; instead, I liud that I have
come to hear my doom pronounced."
"He then informed us that all those
who attempted to escape, when
caught, were immediately ahot, But
knowing his duty, the Commodore
save gave the necessary orders, and
soon our boat was making its way
towards a spot where, we thought,
the convict would be able to pass the
cordon of sontries, uudi9coyered.
Our boat could not be seen, as the
night was too dark. Fully three
quarters of the distance had been
passed, when we heard a cry from the
laud, followed soon after by the long
roll of a drum, uud torches flashing
hither and thither as though in search
of somothing. The Frenchman was
landed, and our boat made us way
towards the ship. Loud shouts sud
denly arrested our attention, and we
saw the torches gather around a cer
tain poiut. and soon move off' together.
Before halt an hour bad passed all
was stillness and darkness again.
"I happened to be on deck the fol
lowing morning at r day
break, and had scarcely walked across
the deck once when I heard the
souud of a volley being fired. Taking
up the giass, I pointed it towards
shore. Soon a boat pulled out, man
ned by four oarsmen. A tall, cadav
erous individual, dressed in a black
gown, sat in the stern, and a dark ob
ject lay in the bottom. Drawing
nearer passed the bow of the Vander
bilt. A little beyond it stopped; the
cadaverous iudividal read a tew sen
tences from a book; the dark object
was lifted aud thrown overboard
with a plunge. A rush of those hell
ish mousters, a deep-red coloring of
tho water, and all was o'er."
Soap Versus Law.
A Alissiouri constable rode out to
a farm near St. .Joe armed with a
eubpoic.ia for a woman who was
wanted as a witness in a case in
court. He found her in the back
yard busily engaged in stirring a
boiling, bubbling mass in a large
brass kettle. He stated his business
and she said:
"1 can't go to-day."
"But you must " .
"What's the hurry?"
"Why, court's iu session and the
caso is now on trial. They want you
"Well, I aint going. You think
I'm going off and leave this hull kit
tle o' soft soap to spile, just to please
your old court? 2So, sirree!"
"Why, my dear madam, you must.
You really don't seem to urider
"I understand that I've got a big
kittle o' splendid soap grease on to
bile, aud it'll make thfn, sticky soap
if it ain't finished to day. You go
back and tell the jedge so."
"You'll be fined for—"
"I'ooh! I'd like to see the Missou
ry, jury that'd fine a woman for not
leavin' her soap bilin' when it was at
a critical p'int, as one might say.
Tell the jedge I'll come to-inorrow. if
we don't butcher our peegs then; an'
if we do, I'll come some day next
"But I tell you that won't do.
You must come now "
"Lookee, young man, you think
I'm a fool? I reckon you never made
any soap, did you? If you had,
you'd know that—"
"What does ihe jedge care about
"Well, what do I care 'bout tho
jedge, if it comes to that? Law's
law aud soap's soap. Let the jedge
'tend to his law, an' I'll 'tend to my
Boap. The good book says there's a
time for every thing, an' this is ir.y
time for a bar'l o' soft soap,"
"Well, madam, if you want to be
fined for contempt of court, all right.
You will be fined sure as—"
"Hah! I know all 'bout the law,
an' there aint any thing in it, nor in
tho Constitution of the United States,
nor in the Declaration of I impen
dence, nor in nothin' else, that savs a
woman's got to leave a kittle o' half
cooked soap, and go off to court when
she aiu't a mind to I guess I know d
little law myself."
The Grocer and the Flies.
A Chattanooga grocer being great
ly troubled by (lies, put twtmty-one
sheets of sticky fly paper about his
store. IQ the evening he gathered
them up, and noticed how much much
heavier they wore, being covered
with flies. He weighed the twenty
one sheets aud fouud they weighed
seveu pounds. Then he put twenty
one fresh sheets ou tho scales and
they weighed four pounds aud four
ounces. Thus tho (lies weighed two
pounds twelve ounces. He found
that tLore were twenty flies to each
square inch of the fly paper; each
sheet had 836 square inches and fi,-
720 flies, anil the tw.snty-one sheets
had 141,120 flies. Thus one may as
certain tho weight of a fly; for, if
141,120 llies weigh two pounds
twelve ounces, it's easy to calculate
what one weighs. •
A True Tale.
One October day, about one hun
dred and twenty-five years ago, two
small boys were returniug from a log
school house, in Bath county, Vir
ginia. A hundred and twenty five
yeart-! which meaus that what is now
Bath county was a wilderness with
here aDd there a eloaring, here and
there a hut, here and thtr« a stock ide
fort, for defense atrainht the Indians
These two little boys were Daniel
and Samuel Brown; their father bad
a small fort on Jackson's river to
which the neighbors. mei>, women
and children, were won't to gather
when reports came that dusky forms
had been sighted in the woods, and
tbe stoutest hearts quailed before the
enemy that could not be faced, since
he kept ever behind their backs, alert,
euunina; and relentless.
"Hi! Dan," whispered ihe younger
boy the blood suddenly leaving tbe
sua burnt cheek, "what's that anent
the big maple yonder?*'
Dan lifted his head with quick sus
picion and saw a shadow pass into
the denser woods on their right.
"Mebbe it's a buck, Sam" be said,
with a manly desire not to scare the
"A buck !" answered Sim, scorning
to be treated as if he were a coward;
"it's the kind o' buck that wears a
blade, I tell ye. Let's put out."
"You hie on, Sam, and get behind
the walls, quick as ever you can;
mammy and dad are working in the
three cornered field, and I'm bound
to go round that way and give them
It was with difficulty that Dan
could persuade S-im to go to the fort,
leaving bim to the perilous task of
warning tbe workers in the corn-field.
The forest born lads of those trying
times were trained to face danger,
and were often as cool and ns plucky
as the young Indian braves them
pcives. Dan succeeded in persuading
JSam to go to tbe fort, by reminding
him that tboso within the stockade
must be put on their guard. The
brothers separated, but before Sam
reached the fort, he saw the flames
going up from its woodeu walls, tell
ing the cruel Btgry of doath and de
Nor did Dau over reach the three
cornered field. Gleaming eyes, con
cealed by bush and tree, hau watched
tbe boys us tbev separated, and while
a dozen savages bad preceded Sam to
the fort, others made a short circuit,
and intercepting Dau. gagged and
He was a well-grown boy of eleven
years, stout of heart and limb, and
the men of tbo woods admired the
pluck and self-control with which he
mood his capture and imprisonment.
They kept him '.at first, in order to
torture him for their amusement, aud
compelled him to gather the wood
which they signed to .him was in
tended for his own death fire. They
showed him the plaited buckskin
with which he was to be bound, and
driven round and round a tree, until
the rope having coiled its whole
length upon the tree, he would bo
forced into the fire at its trunk, Evi
deutly they expected him to break
Bat Dan was clever as well as
brave and bis wits were at work to
save bis life. He boro himself with
the proud indillereuee so much ad
mired by the Indians, aud every lit
tle while he would lift, his head sud
denly, as if listening for and expect
Xow nothing escapes an Indian's
notice, and Han's captors did not
doubt that he had some reason to ex
pect a rescuing party; so they hasten
ed to rejoin their comrades near the
fort, and the poor boy was sickened,
soul and body, by the sight of drip
ping scalps iu the possession of those
who had gotten behind the stockade.
Tho Indians bad, in fact, managed to
take two scalps from each victim, aud
Dan, sure now that his parents were
dead, gave up all thought of escape,
and moved on passively with the
band, who. having obtained informa
tion that Captain Paul was on their
trail with twice their numbers, now
hied off to the northwest, taking with
them ttie scalps of their victims, their
weapons aud tho boy captive.
Fifty years after this raid there
came to Hath County a splendid
looking old chief in Indian dress, ac
companied by a grown son and
daughter and a few warriors. Tho
stranger inquired from house to house
for Mrs. Brown, and came finally.to
tho residenco of Colonel Samuel
Brown, who owned a fiue estate and
had a large family around him With
him his old widowed mother lived,
bent and feeble, broken in spirit, but
with a clear mind and memory. Col.
Brown, with the prompt hospital
ity of that day, invited the travelers
t.o become Lis guests, and his invita
tion was accepted. When the time
came for the evening meal, which
was served in the wide, clean kitch
en, the master of the house went to
an inner room and brought out ou his
arm his aged mother.
The instant she crossed the thres
hold the Indian chief uud his children
weni. forward and knelt be
fore hor; they were si
lent, after the Indian fashion,
but the chief showed strong emotion
in every lino of his rugged features.
The old woman trembled violently
as she gazed upon the kneeling fig
ures of father and son; something in
the younger face continued the wild
hope that swept through her soul,
and with a cry as of one who sees
the dead come back to life, she fell
upon the old warrior kneeling before
her—"O Dan, my boy, my boy !"
It was indeed the boy she hud lost
half a century before. Fifty years
had change him from a ruddy strip
ling into a bronzed and white headed
old man; had piven a new generation
to take the place of the old, had
brought the old mother herself to tho
brink of eternity, yet it could not
make her forget her first born. Under
his change of name and nature and
garb and guise she recognized tho
child of her love, and for weeks her
youth and strength aeemed renewed.
The kinsfolk gathered from near
and far to hear tho old man's story,
ile had 1 >oeu carried oir to the shores
of Luke Huron, and adopted into the
tribe of his captors. They told him
that eyery member of his family had
been slain, and the bloody scalp* nt
their belts seemed to prove the truth
of their words. Pan turned from
them with deep aversion at first, hut
was bought by a Frenchman, who
bad married a squaw, ami the lad
soon became in nil respects r. Hon ol
His fine physique, his quick mind,
his ability to read and write, und his
valuable service# iu thr-ir treaties
| with the whites, gave him a decided
1 j rominence in the tribe. He married
a woman of their nation and his son
und daughter had inherited many of
the (IneHt qualities of both races.
"Way did you not come back to UP
i during ail these years?" cried the old
• mother with passionate reproach.
i I'rowu (for he had kept his old name)
I told her that he had never doubted
the tale told him fifty years before of
the destruction of his whole family.
Why should he care to visit the
I scene of such desolation?
II "And what started yoa at la§t?"
queried Col. Brown, bluntly.
There had been a treaty on foot
i j between the Indiaus and whites,
Brown said, and one of the whites
had lived in Virginia as a boy bad
'' on the same bench at school with
| the Brown brothers, and this man
! told the chief that his mother was
1 still living, bnt warned him that if
he would see her alive he must make
; uo tarrying.
A few weeks later, and the stal
wart sons, strong even in &d7anced
years, laid the old mother to rest in
the family burying groand, under the
great oaks which had witnessed so
many tragedies since the white man's
; axe first sounded in their midst.
And now it appears that by tha
law of primogeniture (then in force in
, Virginia) the old chief is the legal
owner of all the broad acres which
: Col. Brown and his children have
looked upon as theirs. He may go
back to his forest home without
knowing his rights. Nay: but Col.
Brown is the soul of honor. He may
go back richer than his whole tribe;
nay; but old chief is the soul of
generosity. When he does return to
his long brush-covered cabin, he is
not richer than when he left it months
before, except in the lovo and grati
tude, aod admiration of old kinsfolks
and acquaintances*, for he has formal
ly made over his rights in the prop- .
• erty to his brother.
There was a tall, Saxon-looking lad
' of Col. Samuel Brown's who would
i fain have kept the beautiful Indian
maiden by a tenderer bond than the
i cousinly one; but the girl was in love
with a brave, and was to be made his
wife on her return; and how could a
pale face hope to keep her from going
back to her painted lover and his
wigwam in the forest?
Buy at Home.
When will people learn to do their
trading in a legitimate manner and
avoid all "fakes?" The answer is,
just as soon as they learn that no
man will sell a gold dollar for fifty
cents. A point in instance comes
from Trumbull county, Ohio, where
a number of farmers were victimized
by a party of canvassers who sold
groceries. The methods adopted
were as follows: A party of sleek
canvassers went through the conntry
selling groceries to the farmers, by
sample, and agreeing to deliver on a
certain day. The prices were away
down below market price and tho
farmers fell easy victims. When the
goods came to be delivered they were
found ot the most inferior quality and
short in weight. The leader of the
gang has been arrested, charged with
obtaining money under false preten
ses. Very little sympathy can be
shown to the men who were so
greedy to take the bait thrown oat to
them, for with all the experiences
which farmers have had in the past
few years with swindlers, they do
not seem to profit, but are ready to
be taken in again.
I)r. Feltz, in IS Art Medical, re
lates the following as a possible ex
planation of the occurence of left-hau
d(;ilneßs. In a family composed of
five persons, the father and mother
were right-handed, as was also the
eldest son, who bad been cared for in
his infancy by a nurse. The second
child had been nursed by his mother
and was left-handed. The third
child, also nursed bv bis mother, was
at the ago of one year evidently left
handed, never grasping any object
with right-hand. Dr. Feltz noticed
that the mother carried the child on
her left arm, and, upon being ques
tioned, said it had always been her
custom to carry her cbilren on this
arm. The doctor advised her her to
hold tbo child on her right arm.
She did so; the child soon began to
use his right hand iu seizing objects,
and iB now, at tho age of lea years,
normal as regards the preference of
the right over the left hand. Tho
doctor explained that when tho nnrso
carries the child on her left arm, the
left arm of the infant is the one that
is free, and which consequently he
learns to use, to the neglect of the
Protect the Baby's Eyes.
Lot the transitions—in early age, at
least—from darkness to light, from
objects near at hand to those at a dis
tance, or vice versa, be gradual, and
screen the tender orbs whenever it ia
possible, from the direct rays of any
brightly illumined body.
Useful but Unfashionable.
"The washtub is an excellent gym
nasium," suggests a practical genius.
"Were it only a craze, every girl in
the land would be taking lessonß on
Laugh and Enjoy Good Diges
"Laughter," sayß Hufeland, "is one
of the greatest aids to digestion. En
deavor to have cheerful, merry com
panions at your meals. What nour
ishment one receives amid mirth and
jollity will certainly produce good
and light blood."
—Two Pennsylvania miners play
ed toss and catch with a dynamite
torpedo. It was a rare display of
nerve, but the compliment didn't do
'em any good. They wouldn't l>e
—A Oeoriria man put up 5,0(10
acres of land at auction, and it was
kuoeked down to the highest bidder
at s."><). He didn't care much about
land, but he did want monev mighty
—Certain creameries in New Eng
land haye discovered that buttermilk
and soda make a substitute for cream,
and that consumers will use it about
three months before beginning to
—An Illinois woman attempted su
icide because her husband sold a calf
for sii less than she though the ani
mal worth. She was probably de
pending on that $2 for her Sunday