Newspaper Page Text
NEW GOODS, NEW PRICES.
150, E. JEFMSN ST.,
Where you will find a full line of Fine Drugs, Chemicals, Per
fumes aud Toilet Articles. Agents for
Montros s Healer.
Best 5 and 10 cent Cigars in town.
Prescriptions carefully compounded by an experienced
iour patronage respectfully solicited.
DR. D. E. WILES, Prop'r.
ill HSCIIiI UiIORIKG ISMIiIM.
has opened his New Store with a lull line ol
Clothing, Gents' Furnishings,
HATS and CAPS. TRUNKS and VALISEs
I call particular attention to my full and compete line of
Foreign and Domestic
For making up suits to order. I employ the best ol work
men and all garments made by me are war
ranted. and guarante ed to fit. Our
terms are strictly cash and
ONE PRICE TO EVERYBODY.
Give me a call before purchasing,
In I. J. McCandlet*' New Building, on Main Street, op
posite the Post Office, Butler, Pa.
FIRS T Gr U IS".
Great 60 Day Clearing Out Sale
OF OOR DRY GOODS, ClMffl.
FUBHI3HIN2 GOODS, TRIHMINQS, WRAPS,
For the next sixty da)s, that is, until March Ist, the
time we take our inventory, during all that time we
will offer our stock at way-down prices. If you
need dre.«s goods, if you need domestic
goods, if you neet? carpets, it you need
furnishing goods, if you need
wraps, call in and we will
give you surprising
have a very large lfne of Plush Sacques and Dolmans, Ladies'
Newmarkets and Jackets. Misses' and Children's Wraps,
all in new goods, and no reasonable offer will be
BTTH | liLSTI'S.
A. Troutman & Son.
Leading Dry Goods Bouse,
BUTLEU - USI"'A.-
A Trout man & Son.
The kadin* Dry Goods and Car
pet Hou*. B a tier, Pa.
New Fall Drew Goods at prices
which will make them move very 1
We hare the largest stock ever
shown in Butler county, comprising: j
all the new goods in Checks, Stripes
and Plain Weaves in Voreign and
Black and Colored Silks,
we have never bad such a nice as- ,
sortment and so many of them.
la Flannels. Blankets, Tickings, j
Ginghams, White Quilta, Shawls j
Table Linens, Lace Curtains, '
in fact everything which can be
found in a ,
fiist-lfe Dry Ms Store,
A. TEOI>TMAN & SQN'S,
TIIE BUTLER CITIZEN.
Cloaks and WraPs.
for Children and Ladies.
We carry the greatest variety of
styles, our stock never was as large,
prices never so low, goods never so
If you want to see the nice goods,
please call and examine our stock.
Ladies', Gents', and Children' 3
Underwear, every grade, all sizes,
Gloves, Corsets, Hosiery, Velvets,
Plushes, Yarns, etc.
Carpets and Oil Cloths,
never had so many—never were car
pets so cheap.
Our stock is complete Don't buy
a Carpet until you have seen our
stock. Body Brussels, Velvets, Tap-
I ei-try, 3-Ply Extra Super, Hemp, Cot
ton and Rag Rngs.
! Window Shades, largest as>eort
-1 meet, lowest prices.
You will find on examination our
t-iock ot goods to be the Lowest
Priced in Butler county.
Tlie ir'eonle's Great
4, GREAT SHOVSII ONE. 4,
We suicouucc to tite people far nnrt wide that
we will exhibit our coilossiU of
startling wonders, to secure wiileu all parts of
the earth—KuropcJAsia. and portions of the I"*
5. have been searched, and sue'.i an aggregation
as has never been teen since the day Noah enter
ed t!:-; A: The mighty Elephant.tUe >jreat lilil
noccros, the liippopcttomas.ll le Ciilnipanzie,the
Ou-racg-outaug or run out-unJ-sUcic-out-your
toiume-out. the greatest iiving wonders of the
age will excite no wonder wnen compared with
the multitude of inoasf -r attractions on exhibi
tion at our great moral circus and Menagerie.
Tile roars nuil howls oi the would-be eoiupetl
torwho Apes the Methods, but,cries down the
attractions of our own and only Greatest Show
on earth will be drowned la the joyful acclam
ations or a delighted populace. Kemnnber this
great show possesses no objectionable features
and is the delight of the cultured and rellned.
We show under one canopy four great shows,
the Largest Stock—Greatest, variety—Best
i Joods and styles— Lowest prices. We have se
cured a magnificent Brass Band which will be
a prominent feature of our great show, a rings
with a seperate and coutinuous performance
being enacted in each ring.
NEW AND NOVEL
attractions. 3 Jolly Clowns. The greatest, liv
ing walking, breathing, talking curiosities of
the ■ ■ i'hunny Piieilows—sure to sell you
iiiid a!! the peepie laußii when they see the bar
tin . dUcr. Other and 1;! eater attractions 1
greet the eye 011 even niiie—the l*r<>-
1 rletor ;i:d swinging :n tile living
trape-/,': atl.vehed i-t the highest pinacle ol suc
-1 ess, j;ivu such exhibitions of nerve and (Sarin;;
in sw, i.-pins reductions, «.>r/eous displays and
v i.lKlirfUl l.ar:;aius as i.> eall loilli the p!ai:d:ls
ol the >': i.;:»•!;( ana eeuuonite.-il. The iiuh
asenseiit i i-t, leavij to sirniouiivr that in their 1111-
tirii.-'- zeal i.i the -.-reh f<r the rare and curious.
astonlMiiug results nave always foilowtd and
w;• ci'.uu for your inspection a colli
sal collection 01 uri.sti-l an-i new Fail
Styles in Mens' Bays' and Ch'.ldiens'
I'lothii!;;, iials, Caps I'nderwcar, Shirts,
(.■mi-. < nils. 'lns. jiosiery. HiUidKer
clne; ■Mnificts. vilove*. Amteus, I'mbiel
i:.s. Trunks, Valises, satchels, straps,
i.ra-l: '.'uinli--. .lev.. liy, Corsets, Jer
seys, UtociwiiiL's with a foil line of Notions, &c,
Big bargains all the show.
Sons bv the Clown : -
Men and jonili and boys and all,
Short andV :>'td, lean and tall.
V. l;o need a suit of cloile s this fall,
We do invite you now to call
For we are rolling on the hall.
And >ou are sure to make a haul.
V» liatever >ou purchase, great or small.
Song 2 "What are the wild waves saying."
Buy your Clothing and Furnishing goods of
l). a: heck.
Song 3"Her bright smile haunts me still,"
The smile of sa: lsfaetion that beamed from
the face of the lariv who dressed her little
boy in one ol Heck's irresistable suits.
If you-want to save money and increase your
pile aroppin aud (' IJLCK, and he'll make you
He possesses the power to spread happiness
And his store is tlie place where bargains are
Doers open at " a. m. Close at s p. at. Ad
mittance. dents Free, Ladies and Children half
price. Kemeniher the place.
13. A.. HECK'S,
Xo. 11, Xorll! Main St., Duirj's Block,
BOTLER, - FA.
J. L. PURVIS. I*. O. POKVIB
S.G. Purvis & Co.
SfAKUFACTL"REUS AND DEALERS IX
Rough and Planed Lumber
CF EVJ RY HES'-.KIPTION.
SHINGLES & LATH
PLANING MILL AND YARD
>«?■*■> us»tat C!»iIjoIJ«"fl-Sswr<^!<
O. M. ZIMMERMAN.
rnVSICIAN AND KI'KGKON.
Offirp at No. S."Mulii street, over Frank &
Co s Ding Store. Butler, Pa.
J. F. BRITTAIN,
Att'y at Law—Office at S. E. Cor. Main St, and
Diamond, llutler, I'a.
Att'y at Law—Office on South side of Diamond,
11l A McJUNKIK,
Attorney at I„a w. Office at No. IT, East Jeffer
son St., Butler, I'a,
Dr. S. A. JOHNSTON,
DENTIST, - - BUTLER, PA.
All work pertaining to the profession execut
ed in the neatest manner.
Specialties :—tJoid Fillings, and Painless Ex
traction of Teeth, Vitalized Air administered.
Olllce on Jefferson Street, one door Kast of Lowrjr
House, l T p Stain.
Office open daily, except Wednesdays and
Thursdays. Communications by mail receive
N. B.—The on'y Dentist In Butler using the
best makes of teeth.
JOHN E. BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON
Ofilce No. cr> South Main Street,
BUTLER, - PA.
SAMUEL M. BIPPUS,
Physician and Surgeon,
No. 10 West CunniDgham St.,
£EI<TTISTE Y .
0 1/ \VA lTlRON", (iraduate of the Phila
• I*, delpliia Dental Coiles", Is prepared
to do anything ):■ the line of his profession in a
Office oh Main street, Butler, Union Block
J. S. LUSK, H,D7 f
nas removed from Harmony to Butler and ha*
his office at No. 9, Main St., three doors below
Lowry House. apr-30-tf.
ME- K. J. LAIVEB.
Organist and Choir Master,
St. Peter's German Clrorch, Butler.
Oroan. Pianoforte. Violin, Singij?a and Har
l'lanofr rter- and Organs Timed and Regulat
ed. Tirmson application, 50 West Jefferson
I Si £EO3.
I v.iiu win contract lor advertising at luv.-a.t lalv-J.
OH! MY HEAD.
The pain from Neuralgia and its
companion disease Rheumatism is
excruciating. Thousands who could
be (juickly cured are needlessly suf
fering. Ath-10-pho-roe will <lO for
others what it did for the following
Having been milicted with neuralgia for
tbe past tour years, and tryin*almoHt every
thing, but in vain. I tinaily heard of Atiiio
phnros. Alter taking one bottle I found it
to be helpirur me, and after takinp four lx>t
tle« of Athlophorr.s arid one of Pills, I found
that I was entirely well. 1 think the medi
cino is positively a sure cure
Chauncey B. Rtpdick.
Mt. Oarmel. 111.. Doc 26. 1887.
I hare Athlophoros in my family and
find it to b»» the frr*.ite«fc medicine for neu
ralgia in existence and having had it« fangs
fastened upor. me for t he past 30 yeai'S I know
whereof I speak. Mes. Julja CHILTON.
£3-Send t) cent* for :1k- beautiful polorhl pic
ture, 14 Moorish Maiden."
THEATHLOPHCR6S CO. 112 Wall St. N. Y.
The Bcliable J
Quickest remedy lenown for backache and |
all sudden, sharp or lone standing pains or weak-SI
noises of every kind. Virtues of fresh hops, hemlock §
and J inc balsam combined. It is wonderfully
Soothing, Pain-Killing and Strengthening. g
Ko failure possible. 25c; 5 for $1 Fold every I
where or mailed for price by the proprietors. jj
HOP PLASTER CO., Bofrtong_Mas«._g
Organs! Organs! Organs!
The Dyer & Hugh's lends,
them all, 35.000 in actual use.
The following are a few of
the many using thi*> organ in
Butler county: Wm. Sarver,
Sarversville; Jas. Dougherty,
Donegal; D Lardin. Baldridge;
I. Thorn. Thorn Creek; Jacob
Shoup, 'i horn Creek; Baptist
Church. Butler; Presbyterian
Church, iduudycreek; bt. John
Church. Haliston Station.
These all recommend the
Dyer & Hugh's Organ highly.
I have contracted to sell a
hundred ol these organs during
1888, and'will ofler them at
greatly reduced prices, organs
from $47 to S3OO. Come to
Butler and take one of them
home on trial.
A full line of violins,guitars,
banjoes, horns and all musical
instruments. Don't forget
the name and place
Next to Berg & Cypher's hard
ware store, Butler, Pa.
UM BR KLL AS, SHI RTS,
CAPS, SHOEs FOR MEN
# AND BOYS, &C„
All at most reasonable prices.
JOHN T. KELLY,
69 S,, Main St., (next, door to P. 0.)
All kinds of wood-turning done to ordor, also
Decorated and carved wood-work, such as
Casing, Corner blocks. Pane's and all kinds of
fancy wood-work tor inside decoration ol
CALL AND SEE SAMPLES.
Something new and attractive. Also
at io'.vest cash prices.
Store at No. to, N. Main street.
Factory at No. ."i9, N, Washington street.
THE ALLEN PATENT WASHER
Why it is Superior to all
lot 'TS being enclosed it retains the high
151. temperature so necessary In removing
the dirt from the goods,
Onri TiIERB being no Friction on tl»e
clothing to wear it.
q-H THE peculiar action of the water in the
OrU. Machine (which cannot be understood
unless one sees it) forcing a strong current of
water through the clothing at every vlrbratlon
of the Agitator, (which Is caused by the peculiar
construction of the top of the Machine.
Axu AND test of ail Is that a child of four years
fill, can do the work It being so light that
the operator sits down while doing it.
.Machines and Coumy and Township Klghts
throughout the State of Pennsylvania. Sold by
SHIHA.S & HAYS,
n] a tit U ltcvvnrrtpcl arc those who read this
U f |3 | Band then act; they will tlnd hon
(s s ft I lorable employment that will nor
II f W tS t- I take them from their homes and
families. The profits are large and sure for
every Industrious person, many have made and
are now making several hundred dollars a
mouth. It is easy for any one to make Jr. and
upwards per day, who is willing to work. Either
sex, young or old; capital cot needed; we start
you. Everything new. No speflal ability re
onlred; you, reader, ran do it as well as any one.
Write to tis at once for full particulars,which we
mail free. Address Stinson & Co., Portland, Me.
L. S. MCJULYIKLY,
Insurance and Real Estate Ag't.
17 EAST JEFFERSON ST.
BUTLER, - PA.
BUY YOUR HOMES
United Security I.lfs insurance and Trust Co..
Money to Buy Homes.
Mor tbly dues not more than a fair rent. Pay
ments decrease yearly. In event of death
prior to templet ion oi faj hients, balance of en
Money to Loan.
Real est ate bought, and sold on commission.
Wanted houses to rent and reuts collected.
L. G. LINN,
No. 38 Souih Main St.,
Over Linn's Druj Store.
fcCgPAdvw-titse in the Citizen.
BUTLER. PA., FRIDAY. AK V 24. l»ss.
An Interesting Description of a
Doctor Balph, the writer of the
following is a son of Mr. Jose ph
Balph of Butler and his letter will be
read with inlerest by bis old friends
in this county. We take the letter
from the New Castle Ntics of Febru
LATAKIA, SYRIA, Jan. 1888.
ED. NEWS:—Since coming to our
Oriental home, tbe News has been a
welcome visitor, and feeling that psr-
Laps some of your readers might be
interest din a few notes of travel
tfken by tbe way, or in knowing
s mething of our everyday life here,
1 write you briefly of some of the
tLings I have seen and heard since
Itaving our home iu "Little Law
rrnce." Sailing from New York on
the steamer Italy, Sept. 7, 1887. we
arived at Liverpool Sept. 20, after
a pleasant but somewhat tedious
voyage. Several days during tbe
passage were quite rough; the waves
rocking the ship like a cradle. We
experienced very littly sea sickness
during the voyage; just enough to
convince us that the sensation is any
thing but pleasant. The city of
Liverpool is a very busy place. It is
noted for its large shipping accom
modations and fine docks, of which it
has now over seven miles in length;
but there is not much of interest to
the sightseer. St George's Hall is
one of the finest public halls in the
kingdom. The dray horses in use
here are splendid animals, the finest
I had ever seen. They work
single one ahead of the other. They
draw immense loads. We remained
here three days, then took passage on
a Mediterranean steamer for Alexan
dria Sept. 25. While on the Bay of
Biscay we experienced some very
rough weather. It was while pass
ing over this route that Dr. Dodds.
of Latakia mission, lost bis life in the
wreck of the steamer Sidou, Oct. —,
1885, oil' the coast of Spain.
When we left Liverpool the weath
er was quite cold aud chilly, but it
rapidly became warmer as we ad
vanced, and by the time we reach
ed the Mediterranean we had the
most delightful weather. Friday
morning, Sept. 30, we arrived in
sight ot Gibraltar. As one looks
upon this huge rocky fortress he can
not tail to be impressed with its
strength and commanding position.
The fortress is about two miles long,
its great guns commanding the en
trance to the Mediterranean. The
African cost here is very abrupt and
mountainous; the Spanish not so
much so. We had quite a number
of passengers on board. There were
several other missionaries besides
ourselves; they going to Alexandria.
Seven days after leaving Liverpool
we arrived at Algiers Although
this is largely a French town, yet
are many Arabs here, and it is here
that we first heart Arabic spoken-
This is a very pretty place. It is
built on the hillside, tbe houses ris
ing in tiers one above the other; but
like all Eastern towns it has some
very narrow aud dirty streets, Fac
ing the city from the harbor there is
a town to be seen on three sides of
you, which, with its many gardens
and groves, forms a very pretty pic
ture. Leaving Algiers we did not
stop again until we arrived at Alex
andria, which we reached on the
thirteenth day of our voyage. The
entrance to the harbor is dangerous*
A pilot came on board to take us in.
A large number of Arabs were cm
ployed to prevent the ship from ruoy
ing into her usual place, but a few of
the ship's men with ropes aud axes
cut the ropes that had beeu run out,
aud the ship moved into her place.
But such shouting aud gesticulat
ing 1 never heard before. Indeed I
think the only thing the Arab throws
his whole soul into is talking, aud
this he does as if his life depended on
how fast aud how loud he could utter
hi.v words, throwing in an infiuite
! number of gestures by way of varia
tion. As we had but two days to
spend at Alexandria, we were not
able to see much of this land of the
Piiaroahs; but we took a carriage and
drove through tbe town to Pompey's
Pillar, the Nile, Khedive's palace
gardens, etc. A large part of the
place was destroyed during the bom
bardment a few years ago. Many
new buildings have been put up
since then, which gives it quite a
modern appearauce. Many of the
streets are a good width and are well
paved. There are many very fine
stores Nearly every language is
spoken here. The mission of the
United Presbyterian Church, under
the care of Rev. Ewing, which is lo
cated here, is in a very flourishing
condition. We took pissage on a
Russian steamer from Alexandria to
Latakia. Our first stop was at Port
Said, at the entrance to the Suez Ca
nal. Many vessels pass through this
canal. While here we saw an ele
gant new steamer, which was said to
be the largest that had ever passed
through Night came on, aud our
vessel having taken on her cargo, is
again on her way. Next morniug we
awoke just as we arrived at JafFa—
the ancient Jaffa. As we looked out
upon the town, the hill beyond, the
mountains in the far distance, we ex
perienced a peculiar feeliner of awe at
this, our first sight of the Holy Land.
We thought of Peter residing "in the
house of one Simon, a tanner;" of
Jonah as he sets forth from here on
that perilous voyage, aud we feel like
asking ourselves, can all this be real,
or are we only dreaming?
Another day finds us at Beyrout,
the principal commercial town ou the
Syrian coast. Here are banks, stores
aud business houses equal to many
found throughout Europe Almost
everything can be purchased here
that, is to be bad in European towns.
We also found many narrow,
crooked streets so common ia the
Arab portions of all these Eastern
towns. Next day wo called at Tripoli
and took on a large quantity of
lemons, to be shipped to Ilussia We
left here in the evening, feeling thank
ful that our journey is so nearly end
ed. About three o'clock next morn
ing we were awakened by the stew
ard just as our ship was about to cast
anchor at Latakia. Almost as soon
as our ship had stopped our friends
were on board bidding us a cordial
welcome to their midst. We soon
went on shore, and our journey
which bad occupied thirty-seven days
I all but five of which had been spent
jon the sea, was now over. Wo were
i so kindly welcomed to our new home
i that in spite of having left friends
I and native land far behind, we soon
j felt quite contented.
I J3ut the whole scene is widely dif
I ferent from that to which wo have |
I been accustomed. ()o the 15th of I
| October the heat wan intense and I
the summer so dry tLat everything
was parched and about tbe only green
thing to be seen was the leaves on
the trees. The sand and stones re- i
fleet the heat, making it very unpleas
ant; but we are uot in quest of pleas
ure, so we will try and make the best
: of th'ngs that are uot desirable.
This place has a papulation of j
! 15,000; two-thirds Moslems, the re- j
mainder Greeks, Americaus, etc. A j
number of the streets are of a reason
able width, but not many of them are !
J The greater part are, however, |
very narrow: perhaps tea to twelve |
feet wide. There are no carriages or j
wagons in us 9 here, merchandise of
; all kinds is transported on the backs
j camels or donkeys. Tbe donkey is a
i very patient animal, and is often very
' much abused. Horses are principal-
I ly used for riding, but many prefer
: donkeys as being surer footed,
especially for use iu the mountains.
There is much less business done here
now than there was some years ago.
The principal reason being that the
cultivation and sale of tobacco, which
was a source of much revenue to this
portion of the country, has been in
terfered with by excessive taxation.
The only articles that are no.v ex
ported are wheat, barley, pease,
poultry, &c. A reasonable assort
ment of dry goods is to be found ia
the stores; but groceries cannot be
obtained, except of the more commoa
articles, such as coffee, sugar, rice,
&c. The stores here are odd looking
affairs, mostly small rooms 8 to 10
feet square, with goods piled up on
three sides, the front opening on to
the pavement, Many of them the
purchaser cannot enter at all, but
stauds on the outside aud makes his
purchases; others have barely room
for two or three persons inside. One
unaccustjmed to the ways of these
peoplo does uot stand much chauce,
as they have two prices, their asking
price and their taking price, aGd, un
fortunately, they have little regard
for the truth. There are representa
tives of all the different trades here,
but most of them are very clumsy
workmen, especially tbe workers in
wood. They do very nice stone
work, however, and also weave very
nice cloth. The stone of which the
bouses are built is a soft sandstone
which is easily worked. All the
houses and yards are enclosed with
walls ten to fifteen feet high These
are necessary to keep out robbers and
others who are not wanted The
tops of the walls are frequently cov
ered with broken pieces of glass, set
in the mortar in euih a way as to
make it impossible for any one to
cross them. Sometimes the house is
built in one corner of this enclosure,
the wall forming two sides of the
house. Most of the houses have flat
roofs composed of a kind of cement
made of ashes, lime and sand, but
quite a number are built in modern
style with tile roofs. The floors are
nearly all made o? cement, marble or
stone. Rugs are used instead of car
pets for covering the floors. Soaie of
them are very fine indeed. The bet
ter ones are very expensive.
can be had of all sizes. Straw mats
are also much used. The houses of
the wealthier classes are furnished in
good style. They are a polite and
friendly people. When calling upon
them in their houses you are ushered
into the best apartment, seated upon
a divan, aud arr/ilah, the native pipe,
or cigarettes are brought in for those
who smoke, as most of the natives do.
Then they pass sweetmeats of some
kind, followed by small cups of Turk
ish coffee, which is very strong and
very sweet. The Arabic language
abounds in extravagant expressions,
and one is compelled to listen to many
high sounding phrases, that after all
meau but very little. The mass of
the people are very indolent, and
many of tbein live iu a very filthy
condition. It is really wonderful
that there is not more sickness among
them than there is, as there is an en
tire absence of any sanitary regula
tions whatever, eveiyone being al
lowed to live pretty much as he
pleases. They do not seem, however,
to be much more liable to disease
than those who live under moro fav
cable circumstances. Medical prac
tice among this people is not tbe most
pleahant thing, in many respects, as
their ignorance and poverty is an un
surmountable barrier to having your
directions carriad out, but like many
more intelligent people, they expect
a physician to accomplish almost
everything except to actually perform
miranles Rut. however, the Ha-
cheem, or "wise roan," as they call
the physician, is held in great esteem
by them, and accorded the highest
honors. The principal diseases here
are those of the eye, skin diseases
and fevers. As yet I have been
working through an interpreter, which
I will have to do for some time to
como, as my Arabic vocabulary is yet
verv limited As this has gone be
yond my first intentions, I will close
hoping at some time in the future to
giye an account of a trip to the
mountains, and also one to Constanti
nople, the Capitol of the Turkish Em
pire. J M. BALPU.
At the Wrong Window.
A good utory is told at the expense
of the Amherst College Glee Club
About ten years ago the club made a
trip through New York State, and
sung in Rochester at the same time
that Kate Pennoyer, a pretty stage
singer, was there After the concert
it was proposed to serenade tho lady,
and the club proceeded to her home
and struck up the familiar college
hymn, "Dear Evelina," paraphrasing
Dear Kate Pennoyer,
Sweet Kate Pennoyer,
Our love for thee
Shall never.never die.
After singing the entire song the
boys waited a moment for a recogni
tion of their serenade. Slowly a win
dow in the third story was raised,
later a man clothed in robes of white
and with whiskers a foot long was
seen, and then a bass solo was wafted
down to the collegians:
Dear boys below there,
, Sweet boys below there,
Your Kate Pennoyer
Lives four doors below here.
j* As the last words of his song died
j on the frosty air, the Amherst College
r Glee Club gathered themselves up
~ like Arabs and as silently stole away.
t —Several syndicates are now lay
e ing their plans in Eastern cities to
3 stimulate immigration of a most de
s | eirable sort, none being wanted bat
□ ; thosi having money to buy and pay
I for land, and who will liye on it un
f-1 til it shall be productive.
Petroleum V. Nasby.
David Ross Lncke.better known to |
the American public under the nom
deplume of "Petroleum Y. Nasby,"
died at his home in Toledo. Ohio,last
Wednesday, in the fifty fifth of his
age. The immediate cause of his
death was consumption of the
For a period of over thirty years Mr.
I ocke had been prominen'lv beforo
the public as a writer, an editor and
a lecturer, and during all that t ma
there were but few journalists in this
country more widelv or favorab y
kuown. At tbe tim-3 of b s death
Mr, Locke was the editor and pro
prietor of the Toledo Blade, one of
the mo9t widely circulated and in;in
ential journals in the West
Mr. Locke was born in Vestal,
Broome county, New Yor*, on the
20th of September, 1833. Hi father
Nathaniel Reed Locke, yet livinur
near Toledo at the advanced of 94, '
was a soldier in the War of 1812.and '
among the very first in the whole
country to embrace anti-slaverv sen- j
timents, which he was always ready I
everywhere to maintain boldly. From j
him came naturally to the son his
strong love of liberty and his deter
mined opposition and hatred of the
institution of slavery, wh>ch made
him such a pow> r with his pea and
voice during the war. From his
father, too, came that decision of
character that rendered the son so ex
tremely steadfast iu all his eater
prises, no matter what the difficulties
might be iu the way
Young Locke was given only the
advantages of a village common
school education, which was the best
bis native town could furnish in those
days, and at the early age of tea
years he was apprenticed for seven
years to learn the trade of a printer
in the office of the Cortland Demo
crat. There he learned the trade of
printer, and he learned it, as he did
everything else, with complete thor
oughness. To those who knew him
only in later years his extensive fa
miliarity with books and the readi
ness with which he used his pea up
on all subjects seems wonderful, iu
view of the fact that all ol'tbe regular
schooling which he over had was ob
tained during the first tender years
of boyhood. In this case the preco
cious child became the man of intel
After be had mastered the art of
setting type he for several years led a
vagabondish life, at one tiuie as a
compositor and at, another time as a
During all this time he was in
reality finishing his education. His
wanderings for a time took him
through a good portiou of the South
ern States, and what he saw confirm
ed tbe stroug anti-slavery sentiments
which he had received from his father.
He iearned then aud there to hate
everything connected with the pecu
liar institution and his political bias
was determined for the., future
Finally he reached Pittsburg and
became there first a reporter and then
assistant editor of the Chronicle.
Grown weary at last with uot • being
bis own man, he joined fortunes with
a friend, James G. Robinson, and the
two, in 1852, went to Plymouth, 0.,
and started the Advertiser , which
paper is still in existence.
For two years these young men,
rich in notbiug but their brains and a
capacity for hard work, beginning
with but $42 between them, labored
night and day at an enterprise that
seemed about as hopeless as anything
that could be undertaken. They
bough* a second hand outfit; they ed
ited the paper; they set the type, did
the presswork and everything else,
and it is needless to say they gained
the confidence of the public and won
the success whieb they deserved.
When they sold out, at the end
of two years, they had SI,OOO to be
divided between them; a small sum
it seems now, but a mine of wealth
in those days. Afterward Mr. Locke
became connected with several West
ern papers and was successively edi
tor and publisher of the Mans Geld
Herald. Bucyrus Journal and Find
ley Jeffersonian.' He was editing
the last named paper when the war
broke ont, and in its columns appear
ed the famous "Nasby" letters, the
first one bearing the date of March
These letters were political satires
on tbe "Secession Movement," and
they sprang: at once into great popu
larity. They were copied into news
papers everywhere, quoted iD speech
es, read around earnp fires of Union
armies and excercised enormous influ
ence in moulding public opinion
North in favor of a vigorous prosecu
tion of the war. The first letter was
dated at Wigert's Corners, a small
settlement in Crawford county, full of
Southern sympathizers, and the the
Corners resolved to secede from fre
quent violation of its rights by the
tyrannical State A second letter
soon followed in the same vein, and
then others. They at once gained
wide popularity, were copied far and
wide and made for the author a high
reputation as a political humorist.
They have been written regularly for
twenty-five years and continued to
find eager readers. He obtained con
trol of the Bellefontaine Republican
about 1865. wherein he published
many of his cleverest articles, notably
the series about Andrew Johnson's
"swinging 'rouud the circle." Being
a practical printer he often went to
his case and set the articles up.
President Lincoln took a keen de
light in these satires, and, it was
said, always kept them in bis table
drawer, and when he was especially
weary would rest mind acd body by
their perusal It is also said that be
read one of these aloud to his Cabi
net just before discussing with them
his draft of the emancipation procla
George S. Boutwell, Secretary of
the Tretsury under President Lin
coln, declared in a speech at Cooper
Union, New York, at the close of the
war, that the success of the Union
army was due to three causes—"the
army, the uavy and the Nasby let
Charles Sumaer declared:—"Un
questionably they were among the
influences and agencies by which
disloyalty in all its forms was expos
ed and public opinion assured upon
the right side. It is impossible to
measure their value. Against the
devices of slavery and its supporters
each letter was like a speech, or one
of those songs which stir the people."
It was said of 'Petroleum V. Nasby'
that "lie spells very badly—in jeet,.
but he thinks rightly in earnest ."
To thoroughly understand his un
paralleled success as humorist during
j the gloomy days of the Civil War
one needs only to remember that he
was always hte cher .it i .yaitv and
honor, wbicb he never failed to in
culcate ia his grot«- qm inan ier
oce time early in th- war.rnUed a
company of volunteers and)applied to
Governor Broogh of Ohio, for a c <m
missiou as captain, which was refus
ed on the ground tb it ha c>ai i do
more good for th*> Uli on cnns with
his p->n than in the fle d.
The immense popularity of the
Nasbv letters led to the demand for
Mr Locke to eater the iecture G Id,
and he appeared ia a:l the priosij.il
cities of the North. Tt>ou *h. as he
himself acknowledged. n >t master of
oratory, he alwave hal crowded and
delighted audiences. Official posi
tions were otferel to him bv Presi
dent Lincoln, and also bv President
Grant, but Mr Locke steadily doclin
ed. as his only ambition was in the
In 1865 he assumed charge of the
Toledo Blade, first on a sa'ury, after
ward purchasing an interest, and rin
allv entire control.
In 1871 Mr Locke removed to
New York and became toe managing
editor of the Evening Mail in that
city, but still maintained his connec
tion with tbe Blade.. He was a com
plete failure aua returned to Toledo,
where he continued to reside up to
the time of his death.
Mr. Locke, io addition to his regu
lar journalistic duties, did a vast
amount of work of a purely literary
character. He published during his
life many humorous books, among
which may be mentioned:—."Divers
Views, Opinions and Prophecies of
Yours Truly;" "Swinging 'Round
the Oircle;""Ekkoes from Kentucky,"
"The Moral History of America's
Life Struggle," "The Struggles of P.
Y. Nasby," "The Morals of Abou ben
Adhem. or Eastern Fruit in Western
Dishes," "A Paper City," "Hannah
Jane." a poem,and"Nasby in Exile."
Besides these he was also the author
of two or three plays* one of the most
successful of which was "Widow Be
dott," in which Neil Burgess scored
a hit a few yecrs ago. Mr. Locke
was also a poet of no mean order, and
several of his devotional poems can
be found in various church hymnals.
Mr. Locke, was possessed of a rug
ged constitution, wnich enabled him
Jto withstand the wear and tear of a
rather irregular life and at the same
time permitted him to do a vast
amotlnt o' work. By his letters aud
books alone Mr. Locke made over
He was rather robust in size, bri
gandish in appearance, free and easy
in social intercourse and constitution
ally opposed to corporeal exertion.
Mr. Locke leaves a wife and three
The Brakeman at Church.
The following article appeared in
the Burlington Hawkeye some years
ago, and was reproduced by many of
the papers of the country, but as
many of oar readers may not have
seen it, we reprint it.
Ou the road once more, with Leba
non fading away in the distance,the fat
passenger drumming idly ou the win
dow pane, the cross passenger sound
asleep, and the tall, thiu passenger
reading' Gen. Grant's Tour Around the
World" and wondering why '• Green's
August Flower" should be printed a
bove the doors of "A Buddhis' Temple
at Benares " To me comes the brake
man, and seating himself, on the arm
of the seat,says:
"I went to church yesterday."
"Yes?" I said, with that interested
inflection thats asks for more. "And
what church did you attend?"
"Which do you guess?" he asked.
"Some uuiou mission church?" I
"No," he said, "I don't like to run
on these branch roads very much. I
don't often go to church, and when I
do, I want to run on the main line,
where your run is regular and you
go on schedule time, and don't have
to wait on connections. I don't like
to run on a branch. Good enough, but
I doo't like it "
•"Episcopal?" I guessed.
"Limited express," he said, "all
palace cars, and two dollars extra for
a seat, fast time, and only stop at
the big statious. Nice line, but too
exhaustive for a brakeman, AH train
men in uniform, conductor's punch
and lantern silyer plated, and no
train boys allowed. Then the pass
engers are allowed to talk back to
the conductor, and it makes them too
frea and easy. No, I couldn't stand
the palace cars. Rich road, though.
Dont often hear of a receiver being
appointed for that line. Some mighty
nice people travel on it, too."
"Universalist?" I suggested.
"Broad gunge," said the brakeman,
"does too much complimentary busi
ness. Everybody travels on a pass
Conductor doesn't get a fare once in
fifty miles. Stops at all flag stations,
and wou't run into anythiug but a
uuion depot No smoking car on the
train Train orders are rather vague,
though, and the trainmen don't get
along well with the passengers. No,
I don't go to the Universalist, though
I know some awfully good men who
run on that road."
"Presbyterian?" I asked.
"Narrow guage, eh?" said the
brakeman, "pretty track, straight as
a rule; tunnel right through a moun
tain rather than go around it; spirit
level grade; passengers have to show
their tickets before they get on the
train. Mighty strict road, but the
cars are a little narrow; h ve to sit
oue in a seat and no room in the aisle
to dance. Then there is no stop-over
tickets allowed; got to go siraght
through to the station you're ticketed
for, or you can't get on at all. When
the car's full, no extra coaches; cars
are built at the shops to hold just so
many, and nobody else allowed on
But you don't often hear of an acci
dent on that road. It's run right up
to the rules."
"May be you joined the Free-
Thinkers?" I said.
"Scrub road," said the brakeman,
"dirt road bed and no balllast,
no time-card and DO train dispatcher.
All trains run wild, and every engi
neer makes his own time, just as he
pleases. Smoke if you want to; kind
of ago as you please road. Too
many side-tracks, and every switch
I wide open all the time, with the
switchman sound asleep and the tar
| get lump dead out. Got ou as you
| please and off when you want to.
| Don't have to show your tickets, and
t the conductor isn't expected to do
| anything but amuse the passengers,
i .No, sir. I was offered a pass, but I
j don't like the line. I dont like to
travel on a road that .has no termi
nus. Do you b«ow, sir, I asked a
division superintendent where that
I road runs to, apd he said he hoped
t" die if he kuew. I asked him if the
superintendent conld tell me,
d.'id he said he d'du't believe thev hud
a general -uperinteodent, and if they
bud, he di in't know anything more
about the road than the passengers.
1 at-ked him who he reported to. and
he said, 'Nobody ' 1 asked him who
he trot his orders from, and ho said
he 'did't tike orders from any living
mau or detd ghost*' And when I
asked the engineer who he got his
oraers from, he said, 'he'd like to
anybody give him orders; he'd run
that train to suit himself, or he'd run
ber in the ditch.' Now you see, sir,
I'm a railroad man, and I don't care
to run on a road that has no time, or
makes no connections, runs nowhere,
and has no superintendent. It m,iy
be all right, but I've railroaded too
long to understand it."
' May be you went to the Congre
gational church?" I said.
"Popular the brakeman,
"an old load, too; one of the very
oldest in this country. Good road
bed and comfortable cars. Well man
aged road, too; directors don't inter
fere with division superintendents
and train orders. Road's mighty
popular, but it's pretty independent,
too. Yes, didn't one of the division
superintendents down East discontin
ue one of the oldest stations on this
road two or three years ago? But its
a mighty pleasant road to travel on.
Always has such a splendid class of
"Did you try the Methodist?" I
"Now you're shouting." he said
with some enthusiasm. "Nice road,
eh? Fast time and plenty of pasaen
! gers. Engines carry a power of
j steam, and don't you forget it; steam
I guage shows a hundred and enough
all the time. Lively road; when the
conductor shouts 'all aboard,' you
can hear him to the next station.
Every train-light shines like a head
light. Stopover checks are given
on all through tickets; passengers
can drop off the train as often as he
likes, do the station two or three
times and bop on the revival train
that comes thundering along. Good,
whole-souled, companionable conduc
tors; ain't a road in the country
where tbe passengers feel more -at
home. No passes; every passenger
pays full traffic rates for his ticket.
Wesleyan air-brakes on all trains, too;
pretty safe road, but I didn't ride
"Pernap3 you tried the Baptist?"
I guessed once more.
"Ah, ah!" said tbe brakeman, she's
a daisy, ain't she? River road, beau
tiful curves; sweeps around anything
to keep close to the river, but it's all
steel rail and rock ballast, single
track all the way and not a side track
from tbe roundhouse to the terminus.
It takes a heap of water to ran it
through; double tanks at every sta
tion, and there isn't an engine in the
shops that can pull a pound or run a
mile with less than two guages. But
it runs through a lovely country;
these river roads always do; river on
one side rand hills on the other, and
it's a steady climb up the grade all
the way till the run ends where the
fountaiahead of the river begins.
Yes, sir, I'll take the river road ev
ery time for a lovely trip, sure con
nfctions and good time, and no prai
rie dust blowing in at the windows.
And yesterday, when the conductor
came around for the tickets with a
little basket pnnch, I didn't ask him
to pass me, but I paid my fare like a
little man; twenty-five cents for an
hour's run and a little concert by the
passengers assembled. I tell you
Pilgrim, you take the river and when
But just here the loud whistle from
the engine announced a station and
the brakeman hurried to the door
"Zionsville! This train makes no
stops between here and Indianapolis!'
ROBERT T. BURDETTE
The Deadly Car Stove.
A gentleman, who has just return
ed from an Eastern trip embracing
all the New England States, wiih
New York and New Jersey, reports
that upon only one of the trains in
which he found himself daring a
week's journeying was the heat sup
plied by steam from the boiler of the
locomotive. In every other instance
the heat was supplied by the deadly
car stove, in one case red hot.
This statement will go far to neutral
ize a prevailing impression that the
deadly car stove has gone. It has
not gone. Here and there its place
has been supplied by steam heat, but
the traveller on any one of the through
lines stands five chances of being
wrecked in a stove-heated car to one
of finding himself, when his train is
ditched or teloscoped, in a car warm
ed by steam.
The truth is the railroad companies
were 'let up on' too soon. While the
popular clamor against the stoves
was hot last winter a few of the com
panies discarded them. Bat as soon
as the alamor subsided railroad inter
est in the subject of steam heat fell
off, and today there is very little left
The roasting of a few more passen
gers by an overturned stove will pro
bably revive the interest as it certain
ly will the outcry; and the chances
are that the very next railroad acci
dent will furnish all the elements
necessary for such a revival. It is a
pity, however, that it should be nec
essary to offer any more burnt sacri
fices at the altar of this railroad ' Mo
loch. There should be no let up on
tha railroads, even though there is a
temporary lull in the roasting until
the deadly stove has been abolished
from every train that carries passen
—Do not waik the floor all night
to the ceaseless music of a colic-suffer
ing baby. Dr. Bull's Baby Syrup
will relieve the little sufferer at once.
Every one who has expressed his
opinion, praises the virtues of Laxa-
Uor, the golden specific for all livor
aud stomach disorders. Price 2f»
—Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe, in
spite of her advanced age, is fond of
outdoor exercise and walks from Gye
to seven miles daily.
—Some British steel-rail makers
closed a contract the other day for
20,000 tons for the Argentine Repub
lic at & little under S2O. -
—A restricted corn crop of 227,000-
000 bushels has caused an advance in
corn from cents to 66-i. This has
checked the export movement.
—An Illinois manufacturer recent
ly shipped nine carloads of corn-shell
j ers to Sonth America, and several
! to South Africa, New Zealand aud the
! Sandwich Isfoqfds. *