Newspaper Page Text
Tbe onlv brand of Laundry Soap
jnvax Jed a first class medal at the
New Orleans Exposition. Guaran
teed absolutely pare, and for general
household purposes is the very best
ni tiiiPisi GMCim
BTORE in Betler, three doors west
of West Penn Depot
Hart or opr-ed a fresh stock of GROCERIES
Icons :stin« of Coffee. Teas. Suiesr. Syrup, Spices,
Caiuued Goods of all kinds. Hams,
Bacon. I.ard, &c., & c„
Tobacco and Cigai*s,
FLOUR o' be*t brands and iow prices ; also,
(all line of kittißler's popular brands of fanui)
Bunr cnnsiantlv on hands. ,
HAY. OATS. CORN and FE£l» of all kinds at
l.Nalt.l owrr any ether
Iloawe !■ Butler.
Count rv Produce wanted for which the highest
urice will Le paid. Call aud examine our stock
Goods delivered free to all parts of town.
J.J. KSARNS& CO.,
7G East JeffersoD St., - - Butler Pa
ThU hotel, just across the street from the de
put. has been refitted in tbe new. and I an
ajgaiu prepared to accommodate the travelling
iiuDiiG 11 iii mi,
DAY OR WEEK.
Good Booms, good attention, good stablint
Tot further information enquire on U
R. B. GILCHRIST, Proprietor
4 GREAT SHOWS IN ORE. 4,
We annouuee to tlie people tar and wide that
we wUI exhibit our collossal aggregation of
elarUlng v. anders. to secure which all parts of
tbe earth—Europe, Asia, and portions or tbe U
s. bare been searched, and such an aggregation
as has never been seen since the day Noah enter
ed tbe Ark. Tbe mighty Elephant.the great Rhi
noceros. the Hlppopottomas.the Chlmpanzle.the
00-rang-outang or run-out-and-stlck-ont-your
tongne-out. the greatest living wonders of the
age will excite no wonder wnen compared with
tbe multitude of monster attractions on exhibi
tion at our £raat moral Circus and Menagerie.
Tbe roars and uowls ol the would-be competi
tor who Apw the methods, but cries down the
attractions ol our own and ouly Greatest Show
on earth will be drowned in the Joyful acclam
ations- of a delighted populace. Remember this
great show possesses no objectionable features
aad la the diilght of the cultured and retlned.
We show under one canopy four great shows,
tbe Largest stork—Greatest variety—Ue3t
Goods and styles—Lowest Prices. We have se
cured a magnificent brass Band which will be
a prominent feature of our great show. 3 rings
with a &>-perate and continuous performance
being enacted in each ring.
NEW AND NOVEL
attraction!-.. 3 Jolly Clowns. The greatest liv
ing. walkli. •. breathing, talking curiosities of
the ate. Tiiunny Phellows—sure to sell you
and ail the people laugh when they see the bar
gains, they atier. other and greater attractions
greet the delimited eye on every side—the Pro
prietor st:d Managers swinging iu the flving
trapeze att u-hed to the highest pinacle of suc
eem, give s.ich exhibitions of nerve and daring
In sweeping reductions gorgeous displays and
troodrriul iiait-ains as to call forth the plaudits
ol tbe most pr.i'!>-ut ana economical. The man
agement h»*K leave to annoence that in their un
nrtnc zeal in tbe w-attli for the rare and curious.
astotUshiiig results have alwap followed and
we open for your inspection a collos
sal collection of bright and new Kali
Styles in Mens" I toys' and Cblldrens'
Clothing. Hats, Caps I'nderwear. Shirt*,
Collars. « nils. Ties, Hosiery. Ilandker
ehirf*.Mufflers. Uloves. Mittens, Umbrel
la*. Trtinks. Valises, Satchels, straps.
Brushes, Combs. Jewelry. Corsets. Jer
atys. Stockings with a fiiil line of Notions, &c,
Kmc bargains all thiough the show, .
fkmgUy the Clowu : -
Men aud youth and boys and;all.
Short aad So'id. ieati anrt tall.
Who need a suit of clothes this fall,
We do invite you now to call
For we are rolling on Hie ball.
And you are sure to make a haul.
Whatever you purchase, great or small.
Song2 :— '-What are the wild waves saving."
Buy your Clothing and I-'urnishing goods of
11. A. HECK.
Sonet I—-"Her bright smile haunts me still,"
Tbe tomli of Hattsfuction that beamed from
the facet* Hie lft«iv who dressed her little
boy In one ot Heck s irresistable suits.
If yon wa:,t to save money and increase your
pile dropptn and C HECK, aud be'U make you
He powtaies tbe power to spread happiness
And bis store is the place where bargains are
Door* open at • A. M. Close at * v. M. Ad
mittance. <Wot« Free. Ladies and Children half
prtoe. Kerneaa ber the place.
D. A.. HECK'S,
He. 11, lerth Hala St., Block,
BPTLER, - PA,
A J FRANK & CO,
FANCY AND TOILET ABTICES,
SPONGES, BRUSHES, PERFUMERY, Ac.
C tw^liyateians - Pres.-rlpt tons carefully
pounded, snd orders aaswemi with care ana
dispatch.. c<jr stocic of medicines Is complete
warranted , ;nnlne. aud ot the bett tuallty.
45 S ut 1 Main Street,
JE3TJT Lifi] c?,. • PA
An A proved rem-dy for Consumption and dis
earn of Throat and I-miss
Sew Life and Viaor follows ita use.
Ask for Baker's Oil and Malt , or write to
JNO G. BAKER &. CO.,
lIiTPTiOCDC or cthen,who wish to wamin*
nVWUI I IwCuO ttut papor, or obtain
w advwleng«PL- wfean in Ctucago. t'"d '• on f l« »«
7" . . : 1 " - T~
THE BUTLER CITIZEN.
I n U WAI.DRON. Graduate of the Pbila-
U. IV. delpliia Dental College. Is prepared
1 to do anything Iu the line ol his prolession in a
1 satlsfaetorv manner. . . ... ,
! Office on Main street, Butler, I nion lllock
J. S. LDSK, W.D-,
nas removed from Harmony to r.utler and has
his office at No. 9. Main St., three doors below
Lowry House. apr-30-tf.
Dr. S. A. JOHNSTON,
DENTIST, - - BUTLER, PA.
All woik pertaining to the profession execut
ed in the neates; manner.
Specialties Gold Finings, and Painless Ex
traction of Teeth. Vitalized Air administered.
OfHre on Jefferson Street, one door Fast of Lowry
House, I'p Stairs.
Office open daily, except Wednesdays and
Tliuniavs. Communications by mail receive
X. B.—The only Dentist in Bnller using the
best makes of teeth.
JOHN E. BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AXD SURGEON
Oflice No. 65 South-Main Street,
BUTLKR, - PA.
SAMUEL M. BIPPUS,
Physician and Surgeon,
No. 10 West Cunningham St.,
DH. K. C. ETcCURDY,
PbyKiclaii «u<l Surgroii,
omccon M in St., over Kemper's store.
Butler, - JPenn'a.
No. 88 and 90, S. Main St.,
BXJTLER, - - 3?^.
Near New Court House—formerly Donaldson
•iouse-good aceomntodations for travelers.
Good stabling connected.
[4-9->BO-ly] h EITENMULLEIt. Prop'r.
FARM FOR SALE
In Sugarcreek township, Armstrong county,
near Adams P. 0., one and one-fourth mile east
of the new oil development In Sugarcreek t\\ p.
with bank barn, itixGO feet;
18x30 feet, 2 stories, with ceflflr, frame kitchen.
14x16 feet; good spring of water, fin rn well wa
tered, good orchard of grafted fruit. Farm in a
gool state of cultivation. About
75 ACRES CLEARED,
balance In good timber. Will sell extremely
low lor cash. For particulars inquire of
J. K. WICK,
Clarion Co., I'a,
Why it is Superior to ai!
i D i ITS being enclosed it retains the high
: 101. temperature so necessary In removing
the dirt from the goods,
o nr | THERE being no Friction on the
£IIU. clothing to wear It.
Q r if THE peculiar action of the water In the
oru. Machine (which cannot be understood
unless one sees It) forcing a strong current of
water through the clothing at every vlrbratlon
of the Agitator, (which is caused by the peculiar
construction of the top or the Machine.
A it. AN D best of all Is that a child of four years
till, can do the work it being so light that
the operator sits down while doing It.
Machines and County and Tow nship ltlghis
throughout the State of Pennsylvania. Sold by
SHIRAS & HAYS,
• Eutler, Pa
SMILL FiBI FOR SUE.
In Franklin twp., half wav between Prospect
and Whltestown, 011 the Pittsburg and Franklin
road, contains fourteen-and a quarter acres, has
A New Frame House,
Good barn and all other necessary outbuildings.
Laud all level, and iu good state of cultivation,
good well water, both hard and soft, and good
orchard of all kinds of fruit. For price and
terms apply to me at iny furniture store in Pros
O. M. EDMUNDSON.
Wo want a few live men
i to take orders for a lull line
1 of choice nursery stock. Our
9tock is all selected and guar
an teed first class. We f'ur
■ nish a handsome Outfit FREE,
also fruit SAMPLES in SEASON.
A WORKER never fails with
us. Don't delay but write at
once for terms, &c. to
Edw. O. GRAHAM,
Rochester, N. Y.
; CHOICE FRUIT
Having taken the agency for the Choice Fruit
t Beautiful Shrubbery,
, Ornamental Trees,
« Ane eveiything else in the Nursery Hue, of the
New England Nurseries. Chase llros. & Co., N.
V.. I will call upon you in the near future and
solicit your orders for Spring delivery.
- A. H, FALLER, Agent,
Bntler, - - - Pa.
OF ALL KINDS,
Books and Periodicals,
f Eagle Building, Main St»,
BUTLER, - - 1
- Invite your inspection ot their
.stock of FALL and WINTER
» Receiving goods every week
[ I their stock is always
t j FRESH AND COMPLETE.
F, ' , ' S CATARRH
Cream Sa ' rTT BO^£TLY
Nasal Passag '«]
e S ,A.,ayf H^M
pain and In
flammati on fig* ,
Heals th t
the Senses ol 1
T a sle an
Try Itie cure Ely's Ceam Balm,
K particle is applied into each nostril and is
agreeable, Price SO cents at Druggists :by matj.
registered, Ct) cts. Circulars free, El.\ I'KOS,
2S Greenwich St. New York.
Mutual Fire insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main & Cunningham Sts,
a. c. ROESSING, PRESIDENT.
WM. CAMPBELL, Treasurer
H. C. HEINEMAM, Secretary.
.T I Purvis Samuel Anderson,
Wiiliam Campbell .1. W- Bnrkliart.
A. Ttontman, Henderson Oliver,
G C Roe«ing, James Stephenson,
I)r. W. Irvin, X- Weitzel,
.1 F Taylor. 11. C. Hememan,
LOTAL M'JUNKIN, Gee, A*' •
J. L. FUKVI3. - 1.. O. PURVIS,
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IX
Rough and Planed Lumber
OF KYEHY DJiSCKIiTION,
Grackeis,Guagsd Cornice Boards.
SHINGLES & LATH
PLANING MILL AND YARD
THE BEST OF THE
FARM CHOPS AND PROCESSES.
HORTICULTURE & FRUIT UIIOIVISO.
LIVE STOCK aad DAIRYING.
While if also Includes all minor departments of
Rural Interest, such as the Poultry Yard, Knto
inrlogy, Bee-Keeping Greenhouse and Grapery,
Velvriiary Replies, Farm (Questions and An
swers, Fireside Heading, Domestic Economy,
and a summary of tlie News of the Week. Its
Maukkt kk ports art' unusually complete, aud
much attention Is paid to the Prospects of the
Crops, as throwing light upon one of the most
important, of ail questions—When to Buy ami
When to Sell. It Is liberally illustrated, and by
RECENT ENLARGEMENT, contains more
reading matter than ever before. The Subscrip
tion Price is S2--">o per year, but we now offer
a SPECIAL REDUCTION in our
NEW CLUB HATES FOR 1888 !
TWO SUBCRIPTIOXB, in one remittance....s i
SIX SUBSCRIPTIONS, do. do 10
TWELVE SUBSCRIPTIONS, do IS
ffSTo all NEW Subscribers for 1888. paying in
advance now, wk wit.t. sk.n i> the i'am:i; \V EEK-
I,Y, from ocu kki'Eiit or the remittance, to Jan
uary Ist, 18S>, WITHOUT CHARGE.
J3»~SPECIMKN COPIES FItEK. AddfOSS,
LUTHER TUCKER fit. SON, Publishers,
ALBANY, X. Y.
TWO Q3OD FAP3R3
SI.OO A YEAR.
$1.50 A YEAK.
Both Papers $2 for one Hear,
The Weekly Chronicle Telegraph
is an 8-page, 56 column paper, and
contains choice Original Stories by
best American authors; Fashion notes
and suggestions for tbe Household,
by leading writers; Amusements for
the Family Circle, Agricultural notes,
Latest Financial and Market Reports,
General News aDd a choice selection
of interesting reading for everybody.
Send a postal card to the Weekly
Chronicle Telegraph, Pittsburg, Pa.,
for a sam pie copy.
We will send the CITIZEN and
the Weekly Chronicle Telegraph, to
any address in the United States or
Canada, tor one year for s2'oo
Jury List for November.
List of Jurors drawn to serve In a special term
of C ourt commencing the second Monday of
Nov. 1887, being tlie Htli day, Drawn Aug. 3d
Allison, John N. Center tp, farmer.
lirovfn II J, ( lay tp. carpenter.
Barnes G J. Falrvlew tp, laborer.
Barr Joseph. Jefferson tp, farmer.
Bortmass Win, Butler boro Ist precinct, gar-
llraiulou W S, Connoq' tp, fanner.
Burtner Wm, Penn tp farmer,
C rite blow T J. Prospect, merchant.
Croft A I* Lancaster tp, farmer.
Oonway Clinton, Washington tp. farmer,
Carson W 11. Buffalo tp. farmer.
Dlckcy J W, SUpperyroclf tp. farmer.
Daubeuspeck thi Ist Washington tp. farmer,
Elliott Thos W. Buffalo tp, farmer,
Kieeger W B, Concord tp, farmer.
Flinner Charles, Connoq* s. farmer.
Gordon James. Brady tp, farmer.
Graham wm, Cranberry tp, farmer.
Graham J G, Censre tp. farmer.
Gibba Samuel. Karns City, laborer.
Glona N G, Washington tp, farmer,
Grossman AW, SUpperyrock tp. farmer,
Glenn John A, Worth tp, farmer.
Gilmore Uug'a. Marrion tp, farmer.
Grant n S, Allegheny tp. farmer.
lloiinnd Wm. sr Washington tp. farmer.
Harmon Frank, Falrvlew tp, tarnier.
Iman Tlies, Concord tp, pumper.
jsruau Samuel, Jackson W tp, miller.
Irvin .Join). Cherry N, farmer.
Jameson W E. Allien}' tp, f.u'iper.
Moore W it. Worth tp, farmer.
Maliou Alex, Middlesex tp, farmer.
Miller C 00'ge. C lay tp. farmer.
McGowan David, Connoq' tp, farmer.
McLaughliu J B. Fall-view w. urmer.
Porter Kerr, Cherry S, farmer.
Pearce Horace. Butler tp, farmer.
Patterson A J. Allegheny tp. farmer.
lteed 11 R. Sllpperyrock tp, tarnier.
Rivers John, sr \\ tiifleld tp. farmer.
Rosenberry Wm I>. Venango tp. farmer.
Shaffer Henry, JaeUson tp. farmer.
Shaffner George, Butler boro Ist precinct, con-
Smith G W Allegheny tp, farmer.
Snath V U. Falrvlew tp, producer.
smith ThoS. Parker tp. farmer,
Shelver G W, Butler boro lsf precinct, printer,
Thompson D A. Parker tp, farmer.
Thompson Robert, Clearfield tp, tarmer.
Walters w I). Clinton tp, farmer.
Wttzel Nicholas. Bradj tp, blacksmith.
Wasson W 11. Marlon tp, turner, •
West David. Franklin tp, tarmer.
The Serpent of the Still.
I Hy Will C'irlrtOii in ILtrpcr's HVf.'/y.
• The tewipier, as God'; legem!-* (eli —
| Allowed on > a-tii to roan—
| Crush-d that which Woioan loves so
Iltr sweat and sacred home.
From Eden, lost through his black att.
She wandered out forlorn.
She c irsed him in her gentle heart
With meek but deadly scorn.
And sin -e, in varied guise of .-in,
tie works his hatet'ai will.
And r-a;-p'ars *o-;!ay withia
The serpent of lite still.
He conies not now in subtle inood—
With smiles, as long ago—
Enticing her by honeyed food,
An 1 mysteries she may know;
He makes insulting; swii'i advance
luto her bright home-nest,
Admitted and embraced, perchance,
By these she loves the bast.
He brings the world where lie must dwell.
Her clays and nights to fill,
Transmuting Paradise to Hell—
This serpent of the stiil!
He twines about her trembling life,
And soils it with his s.'ime;
lie fills the hours with foolish strife,
He sows the seeds of crime.
And Poverty anJ fierce Disease.
And Death t>y death-en panged degrees,
Are in his cold embrace.
To grieve, to hurt, to rend, to saiite,
To hurt, and to kill.
Are leaden links of his delight—
The serpcut of the stiil!
ROUSP, Woman, in yoar quiet power,
Your heart's man-withering frown,
Your hand that rules the festal hour,
And crush the monster down!
You shape the humm form aad soul,
You mark the infant's way,
Youth's fancy you can oft control,
Man's acti on you cansway:
Bend every blessing of your life
To fight its deadliest ill!
Strike— daughter, maiden, widow, wife
This serpent of the still!
The Messenger's Ordeal,
When the Peninsular war was at
its height, Genera! Murat, who was
in command of tho French troops at
Madrid, desired to seod a dispatch of
the gravest importatce to General
Junot at Lisbon. The distance was
uot great, but the country through
which the messeuger would be oblig
ed to travel was infested by a band
of guerillas who carried on an irregu
lar warfare on their own account,
much to the annoyance and detri
ment of the French army. These
lawless volunteers fought from their
ambusAdes in the forests and moun
tain passes with unparalleled ferocity,
frequently surprising detachments of
the regular army aud capturing their
stores and ammunition. The heroic
deeds of Gen. Castanos, the guerilla
commauder-iu chief, wero echoed
throughout Europe, and it was well
known that be gave no quarter to
French prisoners. Therefore Gener
al Murat could find no soldier desir
ous of undertaking an errand so
fraught with danger.
In his dilemma he sought the ad
vice of Baron StrogauolT, the Russ
ian Ambassador, who was friendly
with tho French cause.
The Baron, being well aware of the
gravity of the siruation, deliberated
for severul minutes; the result was
the following suggestion: "Send one
of your most reliable Polish lancers
in Russian uniform," he said, with a
verbal message to our Admiral, now
in Lisbon harbor, lie, iu turn, will
communicate with Junot without
arousing the slightest suspicion on
the part ot the English. Nu doubt
your courier will be arrested a score
of times en route, but as my country
has maintained neutral ground thus
far, it is not probable that tha result
will b3 fatal. Castanos is too much
of a diplomat to risk the displeasure
of Russia, an i by observing tha pro
per caution, it will not be difficult to
deceive him "
General Murat was charmed with
this clever proposition, and at once
ordered the Captain of the Warsaw
Laacers to select from his company
a brave, reliable fellow who could be
trusted to undertake the important
Early on the following day. Lieu
tenant Lackiusky, a young Pole,
eighteen years of age, sought audi
ence of the French General, who ex
plained the nature of the service he
required of the youth, without con
cealing the perils it would entail.
Lackinsky, nothiug daunted, declar
ed with a contemptuous smile that
he eagerly awaited an opportunity to
prove how little he feared the guer
illas, and he was prepared to set out
at once on his journey.
Pleased with the young Pole's en
thusiasm, as well as with his evident
desire to distinguish himself, the
General repeated with precision the
message to be carried to Junot.
Baron Stroganoff's Russian dis
patches having been duly secured,
the courier started for the coast, com
pletely armed aud disguised in the
uniform ot an officer of the Czar's
Nothing of importance occured un
til the afternoon of the second day,
when our hero entered a defile iu the
mountains near Talavera, lie had
not advanced more than a quarter of
a mile when he was met by a half a
dozen guerillas, who, without wait
ing to parley, roughly dragged him
from his horse, seized his weapons,
and led him to a chapel in a
cave hard by, where he found
himself face to face with the tenible
"Who are you?" asked the guerril
la chief, in French, while he angrily
scrutinized the prisoner.
Alive to the danger of his position,
Lackinsky's heart failed him for an
instant, but quickly recovering his
preseuce of mind, he fixed his eyes
on his interlocutor's face with a
meaningless stare. Presently he an
swered in German. "I do not under
Castinos called one of his officers,
aud requested him to continue tho
examination in the prisoner's tongue
Observing the utmost caution lest by
an inadvertant expression he might
betray his knowledge of French, the
Pole replied to all the officer's ques
tions either in Russian or German
During the examination the chap
el had become crowded with gueril
las, attracted there by curiosity and
a desire for excitement. Each hung
upon the prisoner's words, eager to
detect the slightest evidence of de
ception on bis part.
Suddenl} there was an interrupt
ion caused by the appearance of Cas
tanos leading by the arm a peasant
whom he placed before the Polo, say
ing: "Look carefully at this man,
and tell us whether b-* he Russian,
German, or, as I strongly suspect,
a cursed French spy."
BUTL'-'R. PA.. FRIDAY, NOVUMH IM. IM
The peasant obeyed, and present- 1
Ily replied, in a loud decided tone: j
"He is a disguised Frenchmen. A ;
; few weeks ajo, whpn I took a load of
hay to Madrid, this was the very of
! ficer, who signed my receipt."
Lackiusky betrayed no sgn of
f< ar, and the expression of his coun
tenace did not vary, as he looked
Irom one to tbe other of the excited
' soldiers who surrounded him. They
w ;uld haye t< rn him to pieces had
not their general, discouraged by
: the failure of h:s t»'St, inteifered.
"My friends," he loudly exclaim
| ed, "nothing is yet proved against
j our prisoner, and he has certaiuly
i shown beyond a doubt that he does
not understand French, This peas
! ant might easily make a mistake, for
it would be difficult to recognize a
j man whom he saw only once and
' then in a different uniform from the
! one he now wears. Tho prisoner
looks like a Russian, his papers are
addressed to the Czar's Admiral and
I think we had better allow him to
I proceed "
"No, no," was the cry that arose
1 from a hundred voices at once, "we
j tire not \et satisfied, and he shall not
! go until we are."
"But are we to take the risk of of
fending the Russians by interfering
with one of their dispatch-bearers?"
The guerrillas agreed that they did
not dare to act in opposition to the
Czar, at the same time they were not
yet convinced of the nationality of
the man; thsy suspected be might
be a French spy, in spite of appear
ances. Accordingly he was conduct
to a vault beneath tbe cnapel and
A bard ride of many hours over
rough roads, added to the agony of
mind which he had endured during
his examination, had so exhausted
poor Lackinsky, that he sank upjn a
heap of straw in one corner of his
prison, aud was soon asleep.
Two hours elapsed, when the door
was softly opened, and some one en
tered A gentle tap on the shoulder
aroused the young lieutenant;, and a
woman's gentle voice whispered:
" Voulez vous souper, MonsieurV'
Heavy with sleep, the prisoner
fancied himself, for a moment, with
his mess at Madrid. Tbe fearful or
deal lasted ouly a single moment, for,
looking up and rubbing his eyes,
Lackiusky's position was recalled to
bitu by the darkness of bis cell,
which served the double purpose of
concealing his doubt and surprise.
His presence of mind did not desert
him even then, and he inquired, in
German, what was wanted of him.
Without another word, the woman
When reporting this test to bis
comrades, Castanos added, with a
coarse laugh; "You see I was right
in believing him to be a Russian, for
were he French he would surely
have betrayed himself to a woman
Give him something to eat, saddle
his horse and send him ou his way,"
Unfortunately for the prisoner,
the general's autnority over his yol
unteer corps was not absolute; his
order was therefore obeyed only in
part Supper was served, but Lack
insky remained in his cell.
Tin following morning Castanos,
who had his own reasons for wishing
to be favorably reported to tbe Rus
sian Government, visited his prisoner
and told him uot to be discouraged,
adding an assurance that his deten
tion would soon end. At the same
time, takiug the youth by the hand,
he assured him, wth a smile, that
there was nothing further to fear
Though inwardly rejoicing, as he
listened to the encouraging words,
Lackinsky appeared to comprehend
nothing but the gentle tone and
friendly pressure of the baud.
Liter, be was led to a spot where
ten French prisoners had ju»t been
shot. There, in the presence of the
ghastly, bleeding corpses, he was for
ced to remain until night. Prison
was a relief compared with such a
cruel spectacle, yet, in spite of the
General's re-assuring remarks, ho
could not obtain the repose of which
he was by this time sorely iu need.
The fate ot his companions in arms,
which he fully expected to share,
haunted him continually, uutil sleep
overcame him after several hours of
weary watching and tossing on his
hard bed of straw.
As before, a woman gently aroused
him, and spoke in the tone in French:
"Come quickly; I will save you; your
, horse is saddled; everything i 3 ready;
follow me softly, softlj'."
The young lieutenant's senses were
immediately on the alert; bis suspic
ion was fully aroused, and be was
not to be tak«n unawares. "What
was it yon said V he quietly asked in
German. "I did not understand; cau
you not speak to me in my native
tongue?" Tho women immediately
On hearing of this incident, Casta
nos again spoke in behalf of his pris
: oner; but the assertion made so con
; fideutly by the peasant had worked
upon the minds of the guerrillas to
such a degree that they refused to be
conviuced until they bad made one
more trial. It was therefore agreed
that Lackinsky should remain iu cap
tivity another night.
Five guerillas entered the vault on
the following morning, uttering furi
ous threats against the French, ac
companied by maledictions on the
head of Napoleon. They spoke in
Spanish, of which Lackinsky under
stood quite enough to know what
they were saying, but he assumed an
. air of unconcern and looked from one
to another as though wondering what
could be the cause of their excitement.
After being informed that he was to
have another trial, he was led
i to the chapel where, ranged along
; the ste; sof the altar, he beheld a doz
en guerilla chiefs who had constitut
ed themselves a council of war
With a show of suddenly understand
ing that he was to undergo an exam
ination, the young lieutenaut demand
ed an interpreter.
A soldier who spoke German was
sent for and the trial proceeded
"What is the object of your jour
ney rota Madrid to Lisbon ?" was
tbe lirst question.
"Being an c fficer of the Czir's
gu 'rd," answered Lackinsky, 'I have
been entrusted with important dis
patches from Baron Stcogauoff to Ad
miral Siuiaiin "
"Ask him if he is a friend to Spaiu?"
said one of the judges to the interpre
"Indeed I am!" replied the Pole,
when the question was put to him in
German; "I he-ior and esteem the
Spanish nation, and would be delight
ed if they would consent to form an
alliance with my country."
J Turning towird tbe council the iu
i ttrpreter said in French. •' J' je prie-
oner decl-»re!« that he is a Rus.-<iaQ,
a-id he adis that Lis sivereiga is a'
Bi'iu friend and ally of Napoleon. He j
alf'o s iys that ho dc.-pise.a Spain, and
that h 1 consider.-; her soUier-i a band
of robbers and cut-throats who ought
to be wiped from t'nr- of tbe ear. h "
This was the most terriide ordeal
the voting man had yet u-idergone
bat he did not b trav, by the move
ment of a mu-e!e. that lie uu lersto 'd
what was said lie seemed merely to
be wondering whir c >u!d so suddenly
hive aroused the council, who watch
ed h in narrowly while vent to
augry thr; ats. They well lmew that
nothing would be so likely to put the
prisoner off bis guard as the apparent
treachery of the interpreter.
"Comrades," said Castanos, who
entered the chapel at the conclusion
of the interpreter's remarks, "are you
convinced at last and will you now
permit this dispatch bearer to pro
The guerillas answered with one
voice, and socager were they to make
amends for what they considered their
error, that within one hour Lackin
sky's horse, papers, aud weapons were
restored, and he was far on the road
to Lisbon, rejoicing at bis escape.
The Muhlenberg Family
Dr. Henry Melchoir Muhlenberg
was married to Auna Mary Weiser,
daughter of Conrad Weiser, and had
a large family. The most distin
guished of his sons were the follow
John Peter Gabriel, tbe eldest,
Frederick Augustus Conrad, the sec
ond, and Gotthilf Henry Ernest Muh
lenberg, the third sou, were ali sent
to lLlle, iu Germany, at the ages
respectively of IG, 14 and 10 years,
where two were prepared for the
ministry, aud returned to America,
The eldest served in a drug store for
two years at Luebeck, then became a
private secretary to a British Colo
nel, by whom he was restored to his
father, and studied for the ministry
under Provost Wrangle in America.
While pastor of tbe Lutheran church
at Woodstock, Ya , Peter Muhlen
berg, actuated by patriotic motives,
accepted a Colonel's commission in
the Eight Virginia Regiment, aud
entered the army of tbe Revolution,
became a Major General, and served
from tbe beginning to the close of the
war lie was elected Vice-President
of the Supreme Executive Council of
Pennsylvania, of which Benjamin
Franklin was President, Vice-Presi
deut of tbe Society of Cincinnati,
Uuited States Senator under the new
constitution, and was finally appoint
ed Collector of the Port of Philadel
phia by President Jefferson
Frederick Augustus Courad Muh
lenberg, after assisting his father iu
Philadelphia, and serving as pastor
of Christ's church. New York, under
the pressure of the times, and the po
litical exigencies of the Revolution,
yielded to the solicitations of his fel
low citizens to represent them in the
legislature of Pennsylvania, over
which he presided, w T as president of
the Board of Censors, chosen a dele
gate aud president of the convention
that ratified the Constitution ot the
United States, and subsequently el
ected to the House of Representati
ves, and presided of the First and
Third Congresses under the Consti
Gotthilf Henry Ernest Muhlen
berg after assisting his father and
serving congregations in Philadel
phia and New Jersey, was called to
Lancaster, and labored as pastor of
Trinity Lutheran church for thirty
five years, having also been the first
president of Franklin College. He
had a taste for tho natural sciences,
and became distinguished as a bota
nist, being called the Linnieas of
America. He had two sons, F. A.
Muhlenberg, D. I) , LL. I)., of the
University of Pennsylvania, and the
ilon. Henry A. Muhlecberg, mem
ber of Congress, and Minister to Aus
tria, and the father of Dr. H. II
Muhlenberg, and the 11. A. Muhlen
Two of tbe most prominent chil
dren of Gen. Peter Muhlenberg were
Major Peter Muhlenberg, who was a
Lieutenant in the U S. Navy and as
such participated in the fight on
L:»ke Erie, subsequently entered the
U. S. Army, was aid to Gen. Pike
in the Canada campaign, blown up
there iuto tbe air by the explosion of
a powder magazine, served under
Gen Jackson at New Orleans and
the Florida war, aud ended his days,
iu 184-1, as Paymaster in the Uuited
States Army; aud Francis Swaine
Muhlenberg, Etq, who represented
one of the Congressional Districts of
Ohio in tbe national Congress.
Dr. William Augustus Muhlen
berg. the author of "I would not live
A 1 way," founder of St. Luke's Hospi
tal, St Johuland, and Grace Episco
pal church, New York, was a graud
son of the Patriarch, his father hay
ing been Henry William.
The only liviug grandson of Gen
oral Peter Muhlenberg, is Major
Frank P. Muhlenberg, ot Galesburg,
Michigan, who served with distinc
tion in tbe late war with Gens Grant
and Sherman in the army of the Ten
nessee; a member of the Society of
Cinciunat, aud tbe Loyal Legion.—
A Brave Yankee Soldier'
"The bravest Y'ankee soldier I ever
SAW," says Hon Henry W Flourney,
secretary of the commonwealth of Va
"participated in one of the fights in
the valley of Virginia It was dur
ing Sheridan's raid in the valley.
Our company of cavalry was going
across a road aud level field at a
sweeping gallop In tbe woods I saw
a solitary Yankee soldier sitting upon
a horse, and I noticed tha' everv now
and then (just as fast as he could
load) he would fire down our line
Pop, pop, pop, would go his rifle, and
1 determined to capture him. I en
tered the woods without bi3 seeing
me and came up in the rear of him.
I bad a fine seven shooter in my hand
and iutunded to useitiu case of emer
gency. I rode up toward him as qui
etly as I could, and had my pistol
cocked ready for use if he attempted
to fight. Suddenly hd turned arid
saw me, and in aa instant raised his
rifle. I leveled my pistol, but he was
quicker than 1, and the ball from his
rifle passed through my neck. A
few moments afterward there was a
general skirmish, but I was badly
wounded, and did not know what be
come of the fellow who shot me and
stood solitary aud alone in tho very
face of a whole company of Confeder
ate cavalry aud resisted them.—Chic
—Thanksgiving is our next legd
Anarchists Before the Supreme
e.f.N Bli'TLElt PLEADS FOB TtlE WRIT.
Gen. Butler said that he would
state the points of contention, and if
he stated them wrongly be wanted t >
be corrected "by any wh »
did not advocate the right to steal
men and to steal t uppers." Af
ter describing what happened pre
vious to the Haymariet meeting he
"At that meeting a bomb was
thrown by somebody for some pur
pose, and there is not one word in
these 8.000 pages of evidence to show
that any one of these men bad any
thing to do with throwing that bomb
There were but two of these men
within miles of that meeting, and one
had his wife and two little children
in the very place almost where tho
bomb was lighted. Its explosion
kided a single policeman and within
a few days all of these men were ar
rested without a warrant, committed
to jail and held there without exam
ination and without process until they
were indicted by a grand jury. And
to describe a simple crime, if crime it
was, the State's Attorney had to
draw an indictment of sixty-nine
counts During the trial the Judge
allowed questions to be asked with
regard to a conspiracy, although in
all the sixty-nine counts of the indict
ment there was no conspiracy alleged.
He said that he was ready to pledge
himself that there was not a single
man of the jury selected who had not
said that he had a firm—and some of
them an enthusiastic—conviction,
opinion and prejudice against the de
Alter a great deal of rambling talk
about the composition of tbe jury, dis
satisfaction with the record,lack of
time for preparation, the sentencing
Of the prisoners iu their preseuce and
that of tLeir counsel, the injustice
done them by "uureasouablo search
and seizure," etc, Gen Butler said
that if all these things could be done,
"tbe question was to be debated
whether that Government would not
be a little better il it were over-turned
into anarchy than if it were to be car
rit d on in this fashion."
"I have no fear," he said, "of being
misunderstood upon tYils question. I
haye the individuality of being tbe
only man in the United States that
condemned and executed men for un
dertaking to overturn thd law There
were thousands of them Aud for
that set, please your Honors, a price
was set upon my head as though I
were a wolf, and $25,000 was offered
to any man that could capture me, to
murder me, by Jefferson Davis and
his associates, and who, if they were
here at your bar, trying to ascertain
whether they should have an honest
and fair trial for their great crimeß,
aud they called upon me—their lives
in danger —I should hold it to be mv
duty to stand here and do all that I
might to defend them. That is tbe
chivalry of the law, if I understand it,
and if I don't it is not of much conse
quence, for I am quite easily and
quickly passing away."
After some further taik, Gen. But
ler said he agreed fally that the first
ten amendments of the Constitution
were limitations of Federal power
and not restrictions of tbe rights of
the States. The "privileges and im
munities," however, claimed by these
prisoners, were privileges inherent in
each cjie of the citizens of the several
States of the United States, because
in vast majority we wero British sub
jects and had certain privileges and
immunities inherited under the com
mon law aad Magna Charta, and
among them, and tho most thorough
ly known and defined, were tbe trial
by jury for all high crimes, exemp
tion for search and seizure without
warrant of law, protection from self
accusation when a witness, and not
to be deprived ot life, liberty or prop
erty without due process of law. We
claim that all the rights, privileges
and immunities that belong to a
British subject under Magna Charta
belong to each citizen of the United
State, and that as new citizens of the
United States were made, not citizens
of States, by naturalization, these
rights, privileges and immunities
came to them as citizens of the
Uuited States. The effect of the
Fourteenth amendir >t was to guar
antee these rights, privileges and im
mucities to the citizens of all tbe
The words "due process of law" as
contained 'n the Fourteenth ameud
rneet, aud as used to define one of
these guaranteed rights, mean "by
the law of the land," uot tbe law of a
county, a province, or a State, but
the law of the country—the whole
country. That is tbe law of the laud
and was so understood by our forefath
ers as due process of law. Any other
meaning given to "due process"
ot law as it is used in the Fourteenth
amendment would make it simply
ridiculous and frivolous, because any
State may enact a "due process of
law"according to that State by which
a man's life may be taken, and from
which not a single right or immun
ity of citizenship can protect him.
Any law a State may make after the
passage of this amendment for deal
ing with the rights of a citigen of tbe
United States becomes wholly inop
erative, because the "law ofthe laud"
must forever remain fixed as at that
moment, not to be changed in regard
to its citizens without a change of
organic law, and for some purposes
not to be even so changed.
AS TO FIELDEN AND SPIES.
Gen. Butler then proceeded to a
consideration of the special and pecu
liar questions raised by the cases of
and Spies who are foreigners
He contended that treaties w«re the
supreme law of the land and that
these prisoners were entitled by vir
tue of treaties with Germany and
Great Britain to all the rights and
privileges of American citizens at the
time such treaties were made. A
State had no power to try these men
by one of their own laws which was
not the law of the land at the time
the treaties were ratified. He did not
mean, he seid, that a foreigner could
come into a State and break its laws
with impunity, and that the State
could uot touch him; but he did mean
that the State could only try him in
accordance with the laws of the land
—the whole land—at the time the
treaty with his Government was
This, he said, was an important
question to every American citizen,
biciuse iu return for tha concessions
made by this Government in the
treaty with Great Britaiu the Gov
ernment of that country had made
similar concessions to us. Suppose
that a citizen of the United States
should go to Ireland and should muk>
rome remarks about the advantage*
f h republicau form of government,
and should be arrested aud tried by
the Crimes act iu violation of tliv
treaty, would we not stand up and
pav that this man mast b* tried by a
fair and impartial jury—he must be
tried as an Euglish.n tu w>u d have
been tried at the time the treatv was
mide, and that he caunot be d ■ »lt
wi b in a more suiuiu.ry way U'ider
a Inter law. If this should happen,
Gen Butler said, he hoped that the
Euglish authorities would not be able
to bold up to h;m a decision of the
United Sta'.es Supreme Court «us tain
: ing the right to try an Englishman by
the local law of a Slate which \v<is
nothing but a swam? and howling
wilderness at the time the treaty was
Returning to the rights of States,
Gea. Butler said that hi was no: pre
pared to deny that a State might
change its organic law with the con
sent of all its citizens, but such chang
es would not bind a citizen of another
State who had not assented to them
After some djsultory remarks about
the record and the necessity of having
it before the Court, and another refer
ence to breaking open safes and desks,
Gen Butler said: "There is no doubt
that the prisoners were entitled to a
trial by an impartial jury—a stupid
jury if you please—because I don'c
think a man who reads newspapers is
any the more competent- to try a case
—rather worse if he pays any atten
tion to their lie 3 " As enunciated
by Chief Justice of th"> Supreme
Court, an impartial juror, he said, is
one who is "standing iu freedom of
mind without bias of prejudice, and is
indifferent " The petitioners were
noc tried by such n jury and are enti
tled to protection under the Federal
Constitution. "If," he said, "the
Court is 10 -iive tue jurors as prejudi
ced as some of those iu this case, I
had better go to a laud of Hottentots,
for they would not allow me to be
stolen and taken back into Illinois "
[Gen. Butler's allusion is to the
kiunapping of Ker referred to by
counsel on the other side in defend
ing their search and seizure ]
Iu reply to Mr. Grinnell's state
ment that the record would show that
the defense were more ready to take
the last juror, Sanford, than the State
was, Gen. Butler said that they were
compelled to accept the last juror
Their peremptory challenges were ex
hausted and they could do nothing
else. Uuder these circumstauces
they talked to him and coaxed him
into a slate of mind as favourable to
their side as they could. That was
what the record refered to by Mr.
Grimeil would show, and nothing
Gen. Butler then referred to the
assertion of counsel on the other side
that the petitioners had waived some
of their rights through not insisting
upon them bv exception or objection
at the proper time, and that therefore
they were estopped from asseiting
those rights now in this court. He
contended, however, that when a man
was on trial lor bis life there was no
such thing as a waiver or an estop
pel. In capital offenses a prisoner
cannot waive wittingly or unwitting
ly auytbing that will affect the issue
Iu support of this contention he cited
the ophiion of Chief Justice Shaw in
the case of Dr. Webster. The pris
oners, he maintained, could not be
barred out because they had not rais
ed sufficient forma! objections."
Gen. Butler theu returned again to
the "unreasonable searches and seiz
ures" complained of by the petition
ers, and said his associate, Mr. Tucker,
had characterized the proceeding as a
"subperna duces tecum " executed by
a locksmith. "Why, your honors,"
he exclaimed, "they searched uuder a
burglary headed by the State's At
torney on his own admission—no mis
erable policeman or half-witted Con
stable, but the State's Prosecution
Attorney does the burglary, steals
the papers, and says you can't help
that. He puts it with a sort of tri
umph, and yet we are told that our
immunities and privileges are not in
vaded, aud our remedy is to sue for
trespass What a beautiful remedy.
Sue the State's Attorney and be tried
by such a jury as the laws ot Illinois
would give, . Better be in a place not
to be named for comfort."
As a final reason why the writ
should be granted, Gen. Butler urged
that the prisoners had been sentenced
to death in their absence and without
be>ng asked whether they had any
reason to give why the sentence of
death should not be pronounced upon
them. The record, he said, did not
show that they were atisent wheu
sentenced, but they could prove it,
They record showed that they were
present, but they could prove by halt
of Chicago that this was a mistake.
In conclusion Gen. Butler said:
"May 1, in closing, m-ike one obser
yation? If mens' lives can be taken
in this way, as you have seen exhib
ited here to-day, better anarchy
better be without law than with any
such law " Gen Butler then thank
ed the Court for its indulgence and
took his seat.
The pretty poem "Du Baeihlein,"
by Kletke, erroneously attributed in
some of the books to Geo: he, has
been paraphrased bv "Otto War
burg " It will be noticed that the
exact metre of the German version
has been preserved and the transla
tor has as closely as possible, (too
closely, perhaps, for poetic beauty) to
the German author's words. We
append the German stanxas aud the
Du Baxhlein, silberhell uad k'ar,
Du eilst vorueber immerd*r,
Am Ufersteh' ich, sinn' uud sinii';
Wo komrnst du her? wo gehst du bin?
"Ich komm' aus dunkler Felsea Sohoos,
\lein Lanf geht neber Blum' und Moos;
Auf memem Spiegel schewbt so mild
Des blauen Himuieis freundlioh Bild
D'ruui hab, ioh frohen Kindersian,
r.-i treibt uiich fort, weiss nicht vrohin:
Der mieh gnrufen aus deru Stein,
Der, deak'ich, wird mein Feuhrer sein."
THE LITTLE BKOOK.
Thou brooklet, clear aud silver bright,
Forever onward is thy flight.
I hear thy song and faiu would know
Whence do you come ami wither go,
"I come from out a glodmy cave,
My course the flowers and lave.
My mirrored face reSecteth, to.), __
The image of the heavenly blue.
And thm I have a child like sen-ie
Wbirth drives me forth, I know not whence.
From oi is the roja. it sendeth me
I ku'dw it Vkill ray leader be."
How Adam Fell.
One of the inimitable stories told
by Prof, l'riee, the celebrated colored
orator of North Carolina, is some
what as follows:
The gr-atest danger to the negro
;i- the ope 1 silooa. A certain negro
! f mily lived in a little cabin in the
countjy. two miles from a small vil
lage, where there wa« one store and
one 8 loon. Like all their race, they
were yery respectful to their minister
and glad to provide h m an eatertain
ment ot the best in their reach.
The "sister" received word that
the preacher would ca 1 that day and
wished to ask her some questions ous
of the Catechism. It was nearly
noon and they had no chickens.
Adam, the husband, was in the back
yard. He was instantly summoned
and that the preacher would be there
soon and they must get him some
dinner. He could give no advice in
At last the good housewife be
thought herself that she had a quar
ter oi a dollar. She at once dispatch
ed Adam to town to get a jug of mo
lasses so that, at least, they could
make a molasses cake for the minis
Adam got his molasses and start
ed for home, but as he passed the sa
loon he met an old companion and
the following colloquy took place:
"Why, how'dv, how'dy ? I hain't
seen you in a long time. Come in
here, old fellow, and take a little."
Adam went iu and took a dram,
and was starting for home when he
met another comrade.
"Why, how'dy, how'dy? You
don't get to town often. You'r well?"
"Well come take a little."
And Adam took a second drink.
He then essayed to go home, but he
met another old crony, and took a
By this time Adam was drunk but
be managed to get on very well with
bis jag of molasses until he reached
the foot log across the creek. Some
how the foot-log wouldn't lie still but
flew up and hit the jug and broke it.
The broken jug cut Adam's face, and
the blood and molasses ran over his
clothes.- He got home and fell into
the door. The good wife took in the
situation at once and said:
"Adam, what ails ye?"
"How come this blood and molas
ses on ye?"
"Adam, you're drunk and the
preacher is going to be here in a few
minutes You go under the bed and
stay there till he goes away."
Adam went under the bed. Pres
ently the preacher came and said:
"How'dy, sister, how'dy?"
With forced serenity she said
' Sister, I have come to ask ye
some questions outen the Catechism,
and I will just ask them now. Sis
ter, just tell me, if you can, how
"No, sah, I can't tell you nothio';
I don't know how Adam fell."
"I'm astonished" said the preacher,
"that you cannot answer so easy a
question; I will ask you only one
more. After Adam fell where did he
The good wife was thoroughly as
tonished. She turned her face to
ward the bed and cried out:
"Adam! Adam! Come out of there.
The preacher knows all about it,
somebody has been telling him,"
And so, because of that one saloon,
that pastoral visit was spoiled.—H.
D. IJinman in The American.
Is This Sectionalism.
Hon. James G. Blaine in his
speech at Augusta, socu after his de
feat for the Presidency, gave an ex
hibit of Southern usurpation, which
appeals to every white and colored
voter, and which shows that we are
under a Democratic administration.
In speaking of intimidation he said:
"If the outrage stopped there it
would be bad enough; but it does not
stop there, for not only is the negro
population diafranchised, but the
power which rightfully and constitu
tionally belongs to them is trans
ferred to the whito population, ena
bling the white population of the
South to exert an electoral influence
far beyond that exerted by the same
uum'oer of white people of the North.
To illustrate just how it works to the
destruction of all fair elections, let me
present to you five States in the late
Confederacy and five loyal States of
the North, possessing in each section
the same number of e'ectorial votes.
"In the South the States of Louisi
ana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia
itud South Carolina have in the ag
gie/at-j forty-2igbt electoral votes.
They have 2,800 000 white people
and over 3,000,000 colored people.
Iu the North the States of Wisconsin,
Minnesota, lowa, Kansas and Cali
fornia have likewise in the aggregate
forty-eight electoral votes, and they
have a white population of 5.600,000,
or just double the five Southeran
States I have named. The Northern
States have practically no colored
population It is therefore, evident
mat the white men in these Southern
States, by usurping and absorbing
the rights of the colored men, are ex
erting just double the political power
of the white men in the Northern
How long this will continue will
depend on how loug.tbe people will
consent to have a Democratic Admin
istration. The party which gave the
negro the ballot is the one to protect
him in his franchise. None other
—The stereotyped report of Jacob
Sharp's condition is that "he remains
about the same." And. thanks to
his money, he remains in juat the
same place, instead of going to the
prison to which he was sentenced.
—Mrs. Dinah Maria Craik, better
known as Miss Mulock, the author of
"John Halifax," is dead. Mrs. Craik
was born in 1826 at Stoke-upon-Kent
aud has been a novelist since 1849,
when her first novel was published.
—A Camden, N. J., minister has
been assaulted for not paying particu
lar attention to the wife of one of his
parishoners. It seem 3 pretty hard
on the ministers if they are going to
be punished whether they .do or
whether they don't.
—Everywhere you go, you are cer
tain to hear of the wonderful virtues
of Dr. Bull's B-by. Syrup. All'drug
gists sell it at 25 cents a bottle.
Oftentimes crabbedness of temper
is induced by an unhealthy liver.
Laxador will bring sunshine by
promptly acuon .n thi> gtea, organ.