Newspaper Page Text
"A. TROUTMAN & SON, ]
CARPETS, OIL CLOTHS, RUGS, ETC.
"We have just received and placed on sale our Spring Stock of Carpets in ;
all grades and descriptions, from the Lowest I'rices to the Best Quality
We Especially Invite yon to call and E*nmineStoek and I'rice*.
Just opened, a Splendid Stock ot all kinds and styles of Embroideries in Swiss
Nainsook and Hamburg and Inserting to match, and we are offering the
whole lot at astonishing LOW PRICES.
Hsw White Goods of all Descriptions.
UC! WHIMS, lltt PILLOW SHWS,
Lace Bed Spreads Muslin Underwear, Skirts, Night Dresses,
Chemises, Drawers, Infants Robes.
Our inducements—We vo Ltrgest Stcck ond guarantee you th
LOWEST v KICKS. TROUTMAN & SON,
91AIX STKKBT, liL'TLEK, I*A.
The Leading fjlotliier
CHOILS THL liRSEST STOCK OF MENS', TOOTHS'
mo BOW wilts 10 it: comm.
Call and examine our Goods and Prices, and if we cannot do better with you
in both respects, we will not ask your patronage. Goods guaranteed,
and if not satisfactory money will be refunded on return of goods.
LARGEST STOCK, LATEST
STYLES, LOWEST PRICES.
Headquar's for G. A.R. Suits,
Suits with Buttons, $0.50 worth Si 1.0(1; worth sl2.
ALL-WOOL GUARANTEED COLORS,
All-wool Sack Suits s7."io, worth SIO.OO. Mens' Good Working
Suits $1.50. Jean Pants 00 cts, worth $1.20.
We have the Over-alls in the market 7"> cts., sold elsewhere
at 00 cts., guaranteed not to rip.
We are the Exclusive Agent for Warner Bros., Celebated
Clothing. First Class in Every Respect.
A URGE 1,1 XE OF TIUI.MiS, VAI.ISKS, AXD ALSO A FUIL
STOCK OF CiEXTS' Il ItMHULMi WOODS.
I^-H.—CJlotliing JVlside to Order-
Xaiioiial Hank liuilriliig, Itiitlcr, l*u.
JAMES J. RHEINLANDER, Machinist.
I have secured CUTHBKRT'S MACHINE SHOP and
IT irst- Ola M a c li i 11 e r y
I am now prpae <1 to do all repairing in the Machinery line.
ENGINES, THRESH ICRS, SAWMILLS, MOWEIJS, HORSE POWERS, and all Agricul
tural Machinery repaired.
IVole lo Farmers;—l have Patterns of all kinds of Thrcscrs anJ
Casing and all sizes of pipes cut to order. Steam connections and fittings
CAR WHEELS, AXLES, AND COAL DRILLS
for Mining purposes made to order. Special attention given to repairing
oi TJ e isr c; iisre y.
RLVCKSMITIIINO AND FORGING p»omptly attended to Cash paid forWRAUGHT
liRASS and COPPER SCRAPS.
All work satisfactorily guaranteed. Works on South side of P. &W. R. R., near Camp
bell's >undry, liutler, Pcnn'a.
JAS. J. RHEINLANDER.
BUY YOUR CLOTHING,
Hats, Caps, Gents' Furnishing Goods,
BOOTS A> I > SIIOI2S,
At thi: New Store oi
JOHN T. KELLY,
Jefferson St., Fast « I Luwry Houses ISuller, I*a.
STOVES, TIN-WARE ANDGENERAL HOUSEKEEPING GOODS,
Agent for Bradley's well-known Stoves, Ranges and Heaters. Ho >lii s, spouting and repair
ing'done on short notice. Store on Main St., comer of North. SIL'H of I.atge Collce Pot.
Half Out cf His Heal
'Blessed in- tin' man," said Don Quixote's weary
Mjuirc, "who invented sleep." Saneho's gratitude
is«uirs. but what if one cannot for any reason enjoy
that excellent invention? "Nervousness innie had
becoineadisca.se," \. rites Mr William Coleman
the well known wholesaledruggist of IlutTalo,N. V.
"I I'ouhl not sleep, and my niglits were either
passed in that sort of restlessness which nearly
crazed, or in a kind of stupor, haunted by torment
ing dreams. Having taken I'arker's Tonic for
other troubles, and tried it also for this. The re
sult both surprised and delighted me. My nerves
w ere toned to concert pitch, and. likeC;esar'> fat
men, 1 fell into the ranks of those who sleep
o'nights. 1 should add that the tonic speedily did
nwav with the condition of general debility ;md
dyspepsia occasioned by my prertous sloepiesß
lM—and gave me strength and perfect digestion.
In brief, tin* use of the tonic thoroughly re-estab
lish* il my health. I have used I'arkei 's Tonic \\ith
entire success fi»rs«*;i sickness and for the bowel
disorders incident to ocean voyages."
This preparation has heretofore been known as
Parker's (Jinger Tonic. Hereafter it will be ad
vertised and sold'under tiie name of Barker's
Tonic- omitting the word "Ginger" Hiscox & Co.
are induced to make this change by the action of
nnpiiucipled dealers who have for years deceived
their customers by substituting inferior prepara
tions under the name of ginger. We drop the
misleading word ail the more willingly, as ginger
is an unimportant flavoring ingredient in our Ton-
Itense remember that no change lias been made
ir will be made in the preparation itself,
md all liottles remaining in the hands of
lealers. wra|>i>ed under lite name of "l'arkers
iiinrer Tome" contain the genuine medicine if
he facsimile signature of Hiscox & Co. is at the
lottoni of the outside wrapper.
Loss and Gain.
l l wait taken sick a year ago
with bilious fever.",
"My doctor pronounced me cured, but I got
sick again, with terrible pains iu my back and
sides, and 1 got so bad I
Could not move!
From ! lbs. to 120! I bad been doctoring
lor my liver, but it did me no good. I did not
expect to live more than three months. I be
gan to use Hop Bitters. Directly my appetite
returned, my pains lclt me, my entile system
seemed renewed as if bv magic, and alter
using several bottles I am not only as sound as
a sovereign but weigh more than I did bclbre.
To Hop Bitters I owe my lile."
Dublin, June 0, T Bl. R. FITZI'ATHICK.
"Maiden, Mass , Feb. 1,1883. (ientlen-cii—
I sullered with attacks of sick headache."
Neuralgia, female trouble, for jears iu the
most terrible and excruliallng manner.
No medicine or doctor could give me relief
or cure untii 1 used Hop Bitters.
"The first bottle
Nearly cured me;"
The &econd made me as well and strong as
when a child,
"And I have been so to this day."
My husband was au invalid lor twenty years
with a serious
•'Kidney, liver and urinary ccmpl&int.
"Pronounced by Boston's best physicians—
Seven bottles of your bitters cured him and
I know of the
•'Lives of eight persons"
In my neighborhood that have been saved by
And many more are tisiug them with [great
Do miracles?" . MRS. E. D. SLACK.
flow TO (IET SICK —Expose yourself day
and night: eat too much without exercise;
woik too hard without rest; doctor all the
time: take all the vile nostrums advertised, and
then you will want to know bow to get well,
which is answered in three words—Take Hop
When every other remedy has failed
thero is hope In Pernna. Thousands
are now ia the enjoyment of perfect
health from its use who had been given
up hopelessly to <lio by physicians and
friends. In consequence of its nice
adaptation to the support of weakened
organs it is the only medicine needed in
all the common ills of life.
Slfknoiw of tbe Ntomaoh anrtßH
llonsnewi. For Pls«awea_of_the
ttldneyw and all disease* earned
PernnaU producing a revolution In the
hlatory of medicine which will only end when
Its use will be exclusive and universal. For
"The Ilia of Life." addreaa b. li. llartman &
Co., Columbus. Ohio.
Price 91. 6b0U1e«95. Directions in
both English and Merman. Ko. 3.
. PROPRIETORS. PITTSBURGH. PA. I
I3H -- :
This ]>orous plaster in | B j
absolutely the heat ever H Jf*
made, combining tho j m m , .
virtues of hops with D I A C fl ET D
(Turns, balsams and ex- ■ ■ *■ lm
tracts. Its power in wonderful in curing di*ea.scß where
other planters simply relieve. Crick in tho Hack and
N. rk, I'aln in tho Si.le or Limbs, Stiff Joints and Muscluf,
Kidrn y Troubles, Rheumatism, Neuralgia, 8«»ro Chest,
Auctions of tho Heart and Liver, and all jtains or aches
in any part cured instantly by the J/op Plaster, t v Try
■ ja mm ■— it. Price 25 cents or live for SIOO.
5 JA iwl E. Mailed on receipt of price. 5.»!. l by
all drutftfists and country hlorcs. j
D If //"/' Plaster fjompany,
D Proprietors, lioston, Maas.
t y"Forconsti|»atioii, loss of apfx-tite and diseases of tho
bowels tak»- Ifiiwh'y'H Stomach a-id l.iv< rPi IK y> cents.
Particular attention given to the Retracing o
old lines. Address,
li. F. 111 1.1.1 A ICI>,Co. Surveyor
North llopc I*. 0., liutler Co., Pa.
Union Woolen MilL
11. FHI.IiKItTON, Prop'r.
Manufacturer of BLANKETS, FLANNELS, YAHNS,
Ac. Also custom work done to order, such as
carding Kolls, making Blankets, Flannels, Knit
ting and Weaving Yarns, Ac., at very low
prices. Wool worked on the shares, if de
G. D. HARVEY,
Bricklayer and Contractor.
Estimates given on contract work. Ilesi
deuce, Washington street, north end, Butler
BUTLER, PA.. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 25. 1884
BLAINE AND THE BLIND.
The Presidential Candidate's Life
in Philadelphia as a Teacher.
From the Philadelphia Press.]
"Yes, i remember voung James G.
Blaine distinctly,"said William Chapin
principal of the Pennsylvania Institu-j
tion for the Instruction of the Blind, '
yesterday. "He was principal teacher I
on the boys side for two years, and i
when he departed he left behind him
not only universal regret at a serious
loss to "the institution, but au impres
sion of his personal force upon the
work and its methods, which survives
the lapse of twenty years."
The Pennsylvania Institution for
the Instruction of the Blind, at Twen
tieth and Race Streets, is the second
place where Mr. Blaine taught after his
graduation from Washington College,
He rang the bell at tne front door of
the building one summer afternoon in
1852, in answer to an advertisement
for a teacher. "There were thirty or
forty other applicants,''said Mr Chapin,
"but his manner was so winning and
he possessed so many manifestly
valuable qualities that I closed an en
gagement with him at once. He was
married, and his wife and little son
Walker came here with him, His
qualities which impressed me most
deeply, were his culture, the thorough,
ness of his education and his unfailing
self-possession. He was also a man ol
very decided will, and was very much
disposed to argument. He was young
then only twenty two—and was
rather impulsive, leaping to a conclu
»on very quickly. But he was always
ready to defend his conclusions, how
ever suddenly he seemed to ha?e
them. We had many a familiar dis
cussion in this very room, and his ar
guments always astonished me by the
knowledge they displayed of facts in
history and politics. His memory was
remarkable, and seemed to retain de
tails which ordinary men would for
BLAINE'S FIRST BOOK.
"Now, I will show you something
that illustrates how thoroughly Mr.
Blaine mastered anything he took hold
of," said Mr. Chapin, as he took from
a desk in the corner of the room a thick
quarto manuscript book, bound in dark,
brown leather, ana lettered "Journal"
on the corner. "This book Mr. Blaine
compiled with great labor from the
minute books of the Board of managers.
It gives an historical view of the insti
tution from the time of its foundation
up to the time of Mr Blaine's depar
ture. He did all the work in his own
room, telling no one of it until he left.
Then he presented it, through me, to
the Board of Managers, who were both
surprised and gratified. 1 believe they
made him a present of SIOO as a thank
offering for an invaluable work."
Indeed, this book, the first historical
work of Mr. Blaine, is a model of its
kind. On the title page, in ornamen
tal pen-work, executed at that time by
Mr. Chapin, is the inscription :
PENNSYLVANIA INSTITI TION j
INSTUUCTION OF TIIK BLIND, j
from its foundation.
Compiled from official records
j JAMES (J. BLAINE,
| UN. |
A MODEL OF METHOD.
The methodical character of the
work is most remarkable. On the first
page every abbreviation used in the
book is entered alphabetically. The
first entry reads: "On this and the
four following pages will be found
some notes in regard to the origin of
the Pennsylvania Institution for the
Instruction of the Blind, furnished by
I. Francis Fisher, Esq. From this
page to the 188 th, in which is the last
entry made by Mr. Blaine, every line
is a model of neatness and accuracy.
On every page is a wide margin. At
the top of the margin is the year, in
ornamental figures. Below is a brief
statement of what the the text contains
opposite that portion of the marginal
entry. Every year's record closes
with an elaborate table, giviag the at
tendance of members of the board. The
last pages of the book are filled with
alphabetical lists of officers of the in
stitution and statistical tables, eompil
by the same patient and untiring hand.
One of the lists is that of the "princi
pal teachers." No. 13 is followed by
the signature of "James G. Blaine,
from August 5, 1852, to"—and then,
in another hand, ihe record is complet
ed with the date November 23, 1854.
"I think that the book," remarked
Mr. Chapin, "illustrates the character
of the man in accurate mastery of facts
and orderly presentation of details.
We still use it for reference, and Mr.
Frank Battles, the assistant principal,
is bringing the record down to the
"I recall one incident," Mr. Chapin
continued, "which indicates Mr.
Blaine's mode of discipline, and shows,
too, that he was in those days some
what impulsive. It was one of his
duties to take charge of the boys at
breakfast, and sometimes there would
be a few sleepy laggards. One morn
ing a whole room-full of boys, five or
six of them, failed to appear. Mr.
Blaine quietly walked up stairs and
locked them in. The boys had a screw
driver and unfastented the lock; but by
the time they reached the breakfast
room the tables had been cleared. 'Y r ou
can have no breakfast,' was the teach
er's announcement. The boys there
upon declared that they wouldn't go
into Mr. Blaine's classes. He reported
them to me. Although I thought it
perhaps a little severe to deprive them
lof breakfast, I felt obliged to sustain
Mr. Blaine, and told them to go to
their class rooms as usual. They still
refused and I suspended them for the
dav. The next morning they rose in
time for breakfast, attended their
classes, and 'he little rebellion was
"Mr. Blaine taught mathematics, in
which he excelled, and the higher
branches. His wife was universally
beloved, and often read aloud to the
pupils. When lie went away to be
come editor of the Kennebec Journal,
we felt th.it we had lost a man of large
parts and we have watched his upward
career with great interest. \es, in
deed, we're all for Blaine here. lie
has called here a number of times «vhen
he stopped in the city on his way to
and from Washington. '1 he last time
he was here he heard with great inter
est of the progress ofl>. D. Wood, the
blind organist at St. Stephen's Church,
who was one of his pupils, and recalled
Mr. Wood's proficiency in mathematics.
A PUPIL'S RECOLLECTIONS.
Three persons then holding positions
in the Institution, Michael Williams,
William McMillan and Miss Maria
Cormany were pupils uuder Mr. Blaine.
Mr. Williams said yesterday: "Every
body loved Mr. Blaine and his wife.
Both were always ready to do anything
for our amusement in leisure hours,
and we had a great deal of lun, into
which they entered heartily. I think
Mrs. Blaiueread nearly all of Dickens'
works aloud to us, and Mr. Blaine used
to make us roar with laughter by read
ing out of a book entitled 'Charcoal
Sketches.'" Mr Williams led the visit
or to a large room at the right cf the
main entrance to the building, separa
ted by folding doors from another room,
and added: "In the eveuing he used to
throw these doors open and sit there
uuder the gas light, reading aloud to
both boys and girls. Then we would
wind up with a spelling bee. Some
times Mr. Blaine would give out the
words and sometimes one of the bigboys
would doit, while Mr. Blaine stood up
among the boys. Then we would have
great fun trying to spell the teacher
Hired Men and the Law.
Few farmers have a correct idea of
the extent of their liability for acts of
hired help. Judge Parish, in a late ad
dress before the Grand Rapids (Michi
gan) Farmers' Club, explained the
rules of the common law in relation to
the torts and negligence of farm em
ployees. The essential portions of his
remarks we condense for the readers of
The Prairie, Farmer. The farmer,
according to this authority, "is respon
sible in damages to third persons for
wrong acts or negligences of hired
help occasioning injury, whether the
act be one of omission or commission;
whether in conformity to bis orders or
even in disobedience to them, by negli
gence, fraud, deceit, or even wilful mis
conduct, so long asMt was iu the course
of the employment. For instance, the
farmer has a horse affected with glan
ders or heaves, and he orders his hired
man to take it (flit on the road and sell
it or trade it off. lie is told not to
warrant or recommend the horse, or to
resort to any jockey tricks in order to
make a sale. The first person met is
stumped for a trade. The hired man
is asked if the horse is sound, and he
answers, 'perfectly so; not a blemish or
a fault about him; and that he would
not be afraid to warrant him." The
trade is made, and the employer is lia
ble for the deceit, because the swindle
was in the course of employment.
A hired man in driving a neighbor's
cow out of his employer's cornfield,
killed it with a stone. The court held
the employer liable for the value ol the
A hired man taking by mistake a
bag of barley instead of oats, fed some
of the grain to the horses, put a clevis
iu the bag and left it in the old place,
saying nothing about the matter. The
matter. The farmer filled the bag with
ears of corn and took it to the mill; in
grinding the clevis injured the cracker.
The farmer was held for the damage.
A farmer is liable for trespass of his
hired man, done honestly in the course
of his employment—as cutting timber
on lands of an adjacent proprietor.
It being the duty of the employee to
unload a certain load of wood, and by
throwing it overboard he accidentally
or purposely wounds a by-stander, the
employer is liable. But if the unload
ing was no part of his duty at the time,
there would be no liability. The test
of responsibility is not whether the act
was done according to instructions, but
whether done in the prosecution of the
work he was doing for his employer.
If the hired man, in performing a par
ticular act in a particular manner, de
parts from instructions to inflict a wan
ton injury on a third person, the em
ployer is not liable.
We give the above as both import
ant and interesting information, and to
impress upon farmers the necessity of
extreme caution in choosing help.
There are other grave reasons why
care should be exercised iu this matter,
but this is sufficient for the present.
Negligent, careless help can inflict ser
ious loss upon their principal, even
when he thinks himself least liable.—
—There is a woman in Newport who
moves so often that sometimes her
husband doesn't know where she lives.
—A farmer cured a horse of balking
in this way : He went to the wood for
a small load of wood, but his horse
would not pull a pound. lie did
not beat him, as most men would,
but tied hint to a tree and left him
there. At sundown he went to the
lot, and asked tho horse to draw, but
ho would not straighten a tug.
So he put a blanket on him and
left him there for the night in the
morning he still refused to draw; but
at noon, l>eing hungry and lonesome,
he started at once, and drew the load
to the house. The farmer returned
and got another load before feeding
him, and then gave him a good dinner.
He has not been troubled since that
time. If the horse is disposed to balk,
lie has only to start on ahead, and the
horse will follow at once.
The United Pipe Lines and the
National Transit Co.
From the Petroleum Age.]
Few people outside the oil regions
have an adequate conception of the la
bor involved, the capital engaged and
the business energy displayed in the
storage and transportation of crude
petroleum as it is brought forth from
its hidden recesses in the earth's crust
and delivered over to the manufactur
ers of the refined product. The owner
of an oil well is in direct communica
tion with a freight carrier and a mar
ket at all seasons of the year. No
sooner has he produced a hundred bar
rels of oil than, by proper notification,
his tank is measured, its contents re
moved from his sight, and a receipt
given him for the amount, which is in
stantly convertible into cash at the
ruling market price.
The United Pipe Lines is the prin
cipal corporation engaged in running
oil from the wells through pipes to the
immense storage reservoirs in which it
is held until delivered to buyers. As a
matter of fact, the process of taking
the oil of the producers to the tanks ol
the company, and from thence deliver
ing it to the railroads or the seaboard
pipe lines for shipment to the remote
refining and exporting points, is a con
Every thousand barrels of oil in the
posession of the pipe lines, with the ex
ception of the amount necessarily kept
on hand to offset evaporation, waste,
etc., is represented by an acceptance or
order. These acceptances or certifi
cates are payable on demand in crude
oil at any shipping point within the oil
regions. They are subject to pipeage
charges of twenty cents per barrel,
when oil is delivered to a purchaser,
and to storage charges of $<1.25 per,
thousand barrels for every fifteen days
the oil remains in the company's tanks.
The company is never a holder of oil
on its own account, and simply acts in
the capacity of a common carrier be
tween the oil producers and the oil
refiner. These certificates have
acquired a spccfllativo value, and
exchanges in various cities are
entirely devoted to their purchase
The pipe line is a natural outgrowth
ot the petroleum business. It has per
fectly solved the problem of oil trans
portation. The railroad tank car and
shipping rack, though still in use, are
now only of secondary importance.
The Oil Creek teamster with his jaded
horses and load of wooden barrels,
dragging the crude petroleum over
mountain sides and down muddy hill
sides, from the wells to the Allegheny
river flat-boat, or to the nearest railroad
station, is no longer a familiar object
iu oil region sceuery. 11 is occupation
ceased with the advent of the massive
steam pump and the huge cistern ol
The United Pipe Lines Association,
first known as the Fairview Pipe line,
was orgauized by Capt. J. J. \ ander
grift and George \ . Forman. It is
incorporated under the provisions of
the general Act of the Pennsylvania
Legislature of the 29th of April, 181 1.
It commenced busiuess on a compara
tive small scale, and at a time when
there were numerous lines in existence,
all actively engaged in a ruinous
competition*. The new company en
deavored to avoid this suicidal policy
and was successful.
Other lines were merged with it
from time to time, until it became the
rich and powerful organization of the
present day. The lines that have been
bought and consolidated with the
United since 1877, are the Antwerp,
Oil .City, Clarion, Union, Conduit,
Karns, Cirant, Pennsylvania, Relief,
the Clarion and McKean divisions of
ofthe American Transfer Co., the Pren
tiss lines, the Olean I'ipe, the Union
Oil Co.'s line at Clarendon and the
McCalmont line in Cherry (Jrove.
The United Pipe Lines cover the
oil region from Allegany to Butler,
with a net work of iron through which
the wealth of the country continally
pulsates. Its only competitor of im
portance at tho present day is the
Tidewater Pipe Line a much smaller
organization, but a persistent and en
ergetic rival The United Lines own
3,000 miles of iron pipe, and control a
storage capacity of 40,000,000 barrels.
With its present force it can remove
10,000 barrels from the producer's
tanks in a single day, and place it
where it can be taken out of the region.
One hundred and eighteen pumping
stations are required to do the work of
transferring from one part of the field
to the other, These stations range
from the smallest boiler and engine to a
rude hut in some remote section, to the
nicely fitted buildings containing from
one to five seventy-horse-power boilers
with engines and pumps of commensu
rate magnitude. The largest of these
stations are at Tarport, Duke Centre,
Richburg and Kane. Of the entire
number, 51 are located in the Bradford
and Alleghany fields, ;!2 in Warren and
35 in the lower country. The United
Pipe Lines employ 87 guagers in Brad
ford and Allegheny and .'52 in the other
portions ofthe field. The chief officers
are at Bradford and Oil City, and each
station is connected by telegraph with
one or the other of the n.ain offices.
The employes at the pump siations are
required to be telegraph operators as
well as engineers. When the ganger
measures up the tank ot a producer
and the oil is passed into
the pipe line, the report is wired to
the central point of that section of the
field. Here accurately prepared tables
representing tho measurments of pro
ducer's tank in the region are at hand,
properly labelled and numbered. A
reference to the right table shows at a
glance the amount of oil In barrels that
corresponds to the feet and inches run
as reported by the gauger, and this
amount is immediately credited to the
producer on the books of the Pipe Line
office. There reports are carefully
summed up, and the company knows
exactly how much oil has been rceeivep,
and the total amount it has under its
control at the beginning and close of
each day. This system involves a
vast amount of book keeping ami em
ploys a large clerical force of expert
accountants ami telegraph operators.
An ingenious method of checking re
sults has been devised, and so system
atic and well regulated is everything
connected with the business that any
carelessness or dishonesty on the part
of the employes that may result in loss
or waste of oil can be promptly traced
to the proper source and corrected.
The business plant of the United
Pipe Lines was formally transferred to
the National Transit Company on
April Ist, but there has been uo change
in the officers of the company, who
still remain as follows :
President, J. J. Yandergrift; Vice-
President. 1) O'Day; General Mana
ger; W. T. Scheide; Secretary, 11. D.
Hancock; Treasurer, John R. Camp
bell: Register, A. Pitcairn; Auditor, Cl.
W. Moltz; In charge of measuring
tanks, James Robison; Telegraph Ship
ping Agent, E. Ford; Chief Engineer,
A. C. Beeson; Superintendent of Tank
age, J. B. Maitland; Superin
tendent of Cojstruction, A.
Smedley; Superintendant of Machin
ery, J. S. Klein: Superinten
dent of Fuel, W. C. Henry; Superin
tendent of Telegraph, W. W. Splane;
Superintendent Butler and Clarion, C.
A. Hite; Superintendent Middle Divis
ion, S. M. Rose; Superintendent Up
per Division, L. A. Stanford; Superin
tendent Running Oil and Pumps, Up
per Division, W. J. Alexander; Super
intendent Running Oil and Pdntps,
Middle and Lower Divisions, Wm.
Miller ; Agents—Pittsburgh, Thos.
Chester; Oil City, O. P. Swisher;
Bradford, E. R. Shcpard; New York,
G. W. Stahl ; Philadelphia, J. B.
THE NATIONAL TRANSIT COMPANY.
The National Transit Company is
the organization engaged in the trans
portation of oil from the regions to the
seaboard and the interior refineries.
It takes the producers' oil from the
tanks of the pipe lines, and delivers to
the New York and Philadelphia export
ers and refineries, and the manufactur
ers of illuminating oil at Pittsburgh,
Cleveland and Buffalo.
This company received its charter
at the hands of the Pennsylvania legis
lature. It holds the original charter
granted to Andrew Howard, J. S.
Swartz and others, under the name of
the "Pennsylvania Company," by the
Act of April 7th, 1870. Four years
ago it absorbed the business and plant
of the American Transfer Company, a
corporation engaged in the same line
The officers at the present time are,
(/. A. Griscom, President; Benjamin
Brewster, N ice President; .John Bush
nell, Secretary; Daniel O'Day, General
Manager; and James 11. Suow, Gen
The approximate cost of its property
was $15,000,000. It owns 15;000,000
barrels of iron tankage aud several
thousand miles of iron pipes, besides
pump stations, machine shops, etc. Its
six lines of pipe connect the oil regions
with the sea shore and refineries at
New York, Philadelphia and Balti
more, and with the interior refiueries
at Pittsburgh, Cleveland and Butl'alo.
The New York division consists of
two six iuch pipe lines, from Olean,
N. Y, to Bay on no, N. J., and a con
necting link across Saddle river to the
refineries on Long Island, A third
line is already laid half the distance
between Olean and Bayonue. This
division is nearly 100 miles long and
has eleven pumping stations located at
the following places: Olean, Wells
ville, Cameron's Mills, West Junction,
C'atatunk, Osborn Hollow, Hancock,
Cohecton, Swarthout, Newfoundland
and Saddle river. Each station is pro
vided with seven one hundred horse
power boilers and two largo Worth
ington pumping engines. The boilers
are in brick houses, each forty feet
square and covered with roofs of cor
rugated iron. The pumps are in separ
ate buildings of the same class as the
boiler houses. There are two 35,000
barrel iron tanks at each station, and a
telegraph office with all the latest elec
The Pennsylvania division is 280
miles long, and has but a single six
inch pipe, which extends from Cole
grove, in McKean county, to Philadel
phia. There are five pumping stations
on this line, viz: Colegrove, North
Point, Pine, Dirnsife and Millway. A
branch pipe extends from this line to
Milton, Pa., whore tank cars are load
ed for Philadelphia on the P. & E.
The Baltimore ilivision consists of
seventy miles of five-inch pipe connect
ing Baltimore with the Philadelphia
division at Millway. One pump sta
tion is sufficient for this line, and it is
located at the last named place.
The Cleveland line begins at 11 il
- in Butler county, and ends at
Cleveland. It is of five-inch pipe and
one hundred miles in length. There
are four stations on this line, llilliards,
Warren and Mantau.
Tho Buffalo division is seventy
miles in length and consists of one
four-inch pipe, with its initial station
at Four Mile, Cattaraugus county, N.
Y. There is another station at Ash
ford and one at the terminus of the
line in Buffalo.
The Pittsburgh liue is sixty miles
long and extends from Carbon Centre,
in Butler county, to Pittsburgh, with
a central station at Freeport.
The National Transit Company, bv
the acquisition of the United] Pipe
Lines, becomes one of the most power
ful orgtuiizations in the country. It
is controlled by men who are entirely
familiar with all tte details of oli trans
portation anil storage. Its capital is
amply sufficient for every emergency
that may arise, and the enterprising
character ol its projectors and controll
ers is clearly shown by the manner in
which past difficulties have been en
countered and overcome.
—Gentlemen's handkerchiefs now
have a border of red or black devils in
grotesque attitudes. They raise their
satanic majesty every time they flirt.
Hark! from hill ami valiey far,
A joyful soi>j» there comes;
It L;r(et< us in the city mart,
And in our quiet homes.
Hurrah! for Jimmy Hlaine!
Hurrah! for Logan, too! .
Pennsylvania's son the fight leads on,
And Illinois will see it through.
An honest man for President,
L- what the people want;
The true Republicans are tired to death
With "Kings" ami all like that.
Chet Arthur may retire again,
To the Custom House once more;
And the Government, perhaps, may give
To operate it o'er.
The Camerons may fret and swear,
But broken is their slate;
The day of Riugism's o'er,
Within the Keystone State.
Then fling our banners to the breeze,
Our leaders' names thereon;
The people will haye B. and L.'s
From rise to set of sun.
The Great Desert.
A traveller who has journeyed
across the great Sahara desert in
Africa, thus describes in the New Or
leans Times the terrible scenes that he
witnessed: Riding five hundred me
tres in advance of our little troop, the
horseman who acts as guide directs
our way over the dead level of the dis
mal solitude. For the last ten minutes
he kept his horse at a walk, sitting
motionless in his saddle, and singing
iu his own tongue a melancholy, long- *
drawn chant, with singularities of Ori
ental rhyme. Wo imitate his pace.
Then allf>f a sudden he starts of at a
trot, standing in his stirrups erect,
with his great burnous floating behind
him. And we all trot after him, uutil
he draws rein agaiu to recommence a
I asked my comrade:
"How can he guide us through
these naked wastes without a single
mark to show the way?"
Rut he answered.
"There are only the bones of cam
And in (act every quarter of an hour,
we came across some enormous bone
gnawed by beasts, cooked by the sun
—all white, in strong relief against the
sand. Sometimes it was part of a leg,
sometimes part of a jaw, sometimes a
portion of the vertebral column. The
caravans leave behind them every
animal that caunot keep up; and the
jackals do not carry all the remains
And for several days we continued
this monotonous voyage, always in
the saddle, always behind the same
Arab, almost without speaking.
Now, one afternoon, as we were ap
proaching Bou-Saada, I saw, afar off,
before us, a great dark mass, made
larger by the mirage,—the form of
which astonished me. At our ap
proach two vultures flew away. It
was a carcass,still slimy in spite of the
heat, —glossy as though varnished,
with putrid blood. The chest alone
remained; the limbs had doubtless
been torn off and carried,away by the
voracious devourers of the dead.
"Ab! There are travelers ahead of
us!" said the lieutenant.
Some hours later we entered a ra
vine, a sort of defile, a frightful fur
nace, bordered by huge rocks toothed
like a saw—sharp, pointed, ragged,
in revolt, as it were against the im
placably ferocious sky. Another corpse
was lying there. And a jackal that
had been devouring it fled away.
Then,as we passed out of the ravine,a
gray heap of something before us mov
ed, and slowly, at the end of a dispro
portionately long neck, I saw the head
of an agonizing camel rise up. He
was lying for three or four days, per
haps—on his side, dying of fatigue and
thirst. His long members that seem
ed inert, broken, all mixed up together,
were stretched upon the liery soil.
And, hearing us coming, he had lifted
up his head like a light-house. His
forehead, already gnawed by the sun,
was but oue wound—a great running
sore; and his resigned gaze followed
us. He did not utter a moau—did
not make the least effort to rise. One
woultl have thought, that as he had
seen so many of his brothers die in
their long voyages through desolation,
he knew too well the mereilessness of
man. Now it was his turn—that was
all! And we passed on.
But when I looked back a long, long
time afterward, I saw still rising from
the sand the lofty neck of the abandon
ed beast, watching to the end the last
living cieatures he could ever behold,
passing beyond the horizon.
An hour later it was a dog, erouch
ing close to a rock, with jaws wide
open and fangs glittering—incapable
of moving a paw—with eyes fixed upou
two vultures who sat not far off, plum
ing themselves while waiting for his
death. He was so possessed with ter
ror of those terrible patient birds, wait
ing for his flesh, but he never turned
his head, and did not even feel the
stones that a saphi flung at him.
And, suddenly at the outlet of an
other defile, I saw the oasis before me.
It was an apparation never to be
forgotteu. One has traversed endless
plains, climbed mountains all craggy,
Imld, calcined, without ever seeing a
tree, a plant, a siugle green leaf; and
lo!—right before you, at your very
feet, is an opaque mass of sgmbre ven
dure—as it were, a lake of foliage ex
tending upon the sand. Then, further
on. the desert recommences, lengthen
ing infinitelv to the indefinable horizon
where it mixes with the sky.
Why is a girl who takes out fond
lings to ride in a baby carriage like a
traveler? Because she is a waif-airer.
JS C. 02.