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EMate of Leonard Wise.
LATK OR THE BOBOCOH OF BCTLBB, DEC'D.
Letter* ot Administration upon the estate of
Leonard Wise, dec'd., late of tbe Borougn of
Butler, Butler connty, Pa , having beeu grant
ed to tbe undersigned, all persons knowing
themselve# indebted to said estate will pleaae
make immediate payment, and any having
claim* igainst said estate will present tLelr
claims dulv authenticated for settlement.
CAROLINE WISE, Administratrix,
Jan. 30, 'S4. Butler, Pa
McJunkin A Galbreath, Atfys.
Estate of John Rosenberry.
LAT* or ALLEOHKNT TWP., D*C*D.
Letteis of Admini trs lion C. T. A. on the es
tate of John Kosenberry, dec'd., late of Alle
gbenv township, Butler county. Pa., having
been'jr ra,lied 10 tbe undersigned, all persons
knowing themselves indebted to said estate
will please make Immediate payment and any
having claims against saia estate will present
them duly authenticated for settlement to
8. P. EAEIN, Adm'r
Parkers Landing P.»»., Armstrong Co.. Pa.
Notice is hereby given that Simeon Nixon.
Assignee of John A. Harris, has tiled his final
account in the office of the Prothonotory of the
Court of Common Pleas of Butler county, Pa.,
at M's D., No. 4, March Term, 18#2, and that
the same will be presented to the said court for
confirmation fluid allowance on Wednesday, the
6th day of March, 1884.
M. N. GREER, Prothonotary.
Prothonotary's office, Feb. 4, 1884.
Notice is hereby given that Jacob F. Wise,
committee of Jacob Gerlmch, haß filed his final
account in tbe office of the Prvthonotary of the
Court of Common Pleas of Butler oounty, Pa.,
at C. P., No. 375, January Term, 1874, and that
the same will be presented to the said Court for
confirmation and allowance on Wednesday, the
sth day of March, 1884.
M. N. GREER, Prothonotary.
Prothonotary's office, Feb. 4, 18X4.
Application for Charter.
Notice is hereby given that application will
be made to the Law Judge in the Court of
Common Pleas of Butler county, on Monday,
the third day of March, A. D., 1884, under the
Act of the Assembly of the Commonwealth of
Pennsylvania, entitled "An act to provide for
the Incorporation and Regulation of Certain
Corporations," approved April 29, 1874, and
the supplements thereto, for a charter of an
intended corporation to be known as The First
Presbyterian Church of Centerville, the char
acter and object whereof is the support of tbe
public worship of Almighty God in Centerville,
Butler county, Pa., according to the faith, gov
ernment and dieiplint of the Presbyterian
Church of the United States of America and
for the purpose to have, possess and enjay
all the rights, benefits and privileges of the
mud Act of Assembly and its supplemets.
Norman Patterson j
C. O. Coulter f ,„_
Public notioe is hereby given that an appli
cation will be made to the Governor of tbe
Commonwealth for a Charter of incorporation
to be calieil tbe Workingmaus' Building and
Loan Association of Butler. Th« character and
object of which shall be to enable persons to
borrow money on Bonn and Mortgage by the
payment of weekly dues. Application to be
mad* on or about 6th day of March next.
WALTER L GRAHAM,
Feb. 2, 'B4. Att'y for Applicants.
Over THREE HUNDRED CHEAT FARMS In
West Virginia. 200 ol these (arms are located In
the Shenandoah valley, famous for liealthfiilness
and productiveness. Improved farm* at *5 to (50
per acre. Coal, Umber and grazing lands, $2 to
tW per acre. Have a few large tracts suitable for
colonies. For circulars, giving description, loca
tion, price, &c„ address J. H. BBMTOK, Martins
burg, W, Va. JaitfO-tt.
niLL FOR MILK.
A 3 run grist mill, near Wbltestown, this coun
ty. Mill Is In good repair, has both steam and
water power. Hood dwelling house and other
necessary bulldiugsou the premises. Running ex
pense very low. liood reason for selling. Must
be sold liefore Ist of April Only those who mean
business need address for particulars.
W. L. ALLEN, Whltestown, Pa.
18 Acres of land, with large two-story brick
houae and large barn thereon erected. Good
orchard; situated in Butler twp , Butler county,
Pa., adjoining Butler borough on the south, will
be sold cheap and on easy terms. For particu
lars inquire of Lev McQuistlon, Esq., Butler, Pa.
On the 23rd of January, iwu, on the road from
Hunnyslde Station to the Hrownsdale M. K'Church
a uochetbook about four Inches long by two
and a half wide, and containing one hundred and
twenty dollars-four twenty dollar gold pieces,
two ten dollar gold pieces, and the balance in
notes. Any person finding and returning the book
and money to me, at Brownsdale or leaving It at
this office can have *2* 00 for his or her trouble.
J. K. BLAKKI.KY.
Brownsdale, Butler Co.. Pa.
HOCHEAUD LOT FOR HALE.
A VEKT COZY
Two-Storied Frame House
oi six rooms, cellar, out bouses snd two
lota ot ground In Bntler will b sold on reason
abte terms. Csll at office of
F. M. EASTMAN
Mar-14tf. Bntler Pa.
Rochester, N- Y.
GEORGE A. STONE NURSERY COMPANY.
Fruit and Ornsmental Trees, Shrubbery,
Roses, Creepers, etc.
Moore's Raspberry, Pockllngton and Em
pire State Grape, and other choice varieties of
B. W. DOUTHETT,
Brownsdale, Butler County, Pa
J. 11. Stevenson A Co.'s
REAL ESTATE AGENCY,
100 Fifth Ave.. Pittsburgh, Pa.,
Offer for sale a No; 1 Stock or Grtin Farm in
Peoria Co., 111., near railroad and river; has
three booties, good barn, <fcc,, contains 360
acres. Price tBO per acre Also a fine farm
near New Castle, fa , of 60 acres; a good dwell
ing and barn, with orchard; No 1 land: also on
same is a large storehouse with a stock of goods
worth about (3,500. all in best of order; value
of farm snd goods *9.500, would exchange.
Bend for free list of properties fC.B4. ly
John L. Jones, Auctioneer,
All orders will receive prompt
BRICKS I BRICKS I
The sut>scrtber continues the making of bricks
common, pavement, bay-window and other qual
ities at his kiln on tbe Fair Ground road, half a
mile west of Butter He will keep on hand a lot
of bricks at all times. He will also make and burn
brick ui the country for anyone desiring to have
them made on their owu farm or premises.
As be Intends carrying on the brick making
business, he Ir.vltes tbe custom ol all. promising
to give entire satisfaction to all who may patron
All orderf promptly filled at reasonable rates.
Call on or address,
J. CEO KG E HTAMM,
Patterson, the One Price Clothier and
Gents' Furnisher haa a Fine Stock of
new Winter Clothing for Mens', Boys'
and Children?' Wear at one extremely
Low Price to all.
Dufiy Block, Butler, Pa.
J. L. PUEVIB. L. O. PURVIS,
S.G. Purvis & Co.,
KAWUFACTFTBKRT- AND DEALERS IK
Rough and Planed Lumber
OF EVERY DESCRIPTION,
Brackets, Gauged Cornice Boards,
SHINGLES & LATH.
PLANING MILL AND YARD
Year German (JgthollctJharcb
FOR KENSINGTON, ARRASENE
AND OUTLINE WOBK DONE,
Also lessons in same given by ANNIE M.
LOWMAN, North ftrcet, Bntler, Pa.
Vibitors should not fail to call and examine
the largest and finest stock of Imported and
Domestic Liquors in the State, at
Dlax Klein, 82 Federal Street,
Allegheny City, Pa. Opposite Fort Wayne
Hard Wood Furniture
lor sale at extremely low Azores, A great
variety of Beds, Tables, Chairs, Cbildrens'
Chairs, Ladies' Rockers, Kxlra Heavy Arm
Rockers, Marble and Wood Top Parlor Tables
Bureaus, Stands, Double and Hingle l.oungee,
Spring Mattresses, &c., <fec., at
WM. F. MILLER'S,
Jforth Jlain Nlreet,
B U T L E R» 3r* A.,
FACTORY ON WAHHINOTON STREET.
Moat Extentlve Pure-Bred Live Stock
Kstablishment in the World !
K O 5B
5 z ~<t. •>. w 2 <3
V. f. ■ 1 V-Wt. J t O J
k P ■■MHriWteiimm ? ~
ClydetdaU, Prrchmm-Nitmuint Englith Ih-aft
Ilortet, Trotting-Bred Roruhtrrg, Shetland
Ponies, Ifnlttein and Devon Cattle.
Our customers have the advantage of our
manv years experience in breeding and import
ing large collections, opportunity of comparing
different breeds, low prices, because of extent
of business, and low rates of transportation.
Catalogue* free Correspondence solicited.
Hpringboro, Crawford Co., Pa.
Mention CITIZKN, july2r>-!»m.
NEW LIVERY STABLE,
Continue* the Livery Business on Jefferaon St.
first door below Bickel & Gallagher.
Good rig*, first class teams always on hand*
Horses fed on reasonable terms, also horses
bought an<? sold. oct'f-ly.
Pnre Bred lloUt« in Nlock.
The aridernitfiH*] have purchaHod from the
Powell BroM. a pure bred Holstein bull, one and
a half vear« old arid weighs 1235 pounds, which
can be Been at the farm of John Weber, in I'enn
town-hip, at uny time. Terms. #4 canh. or #6
chaiged. J. A PAINTER,
"It has become so common to write
the beginning of an article, in an ele
gant, interesting manner,
"Then run it into an advertisement
that we avoid all such,
"And simply call attention to the
merits of Hop Bitters in as plain, hon
est terms as possible,
"To induce the people
"To give them one trial, which so
proves their value that they will never
use anything else."
"The REMEDY so favorably noticed
in all the papers,
,'Religious and secular, is
"Having a large sale, and is sup
planting all other medicines.
"There is no denying the virtues of
the Hop plant, and the proprietors of
Hop Bitters have shown great, shrewd
',ln compounding a medicine whose
virtues are so palpable to every ones
Did She Die?
"The lingered and suffered along, pining away
all the tune for years,"
"The doctors doing her no good
"And si last nun cured by this Hop Bitters the
papers say so much about-'*'
"liiQeed ! Indeed ! "
"How thankful we nhouid be for that med
A Daughters Misery.
"Eleven years our daughter suffered on a bed
"Froir a complication of kidney, liver, rheu
matic trouble and Nervous debility,
"Under the care of the best physicians,
"Who gave her disease various n -znes,
"But 110 relief,
"And now she is restored to us in good health
by as simble a remedy as Hop Bitters that we
had shuned for yearb before useing it."— THE
Father is Getting well.
"My daughters say :
"How much better father is since he used Hop
"He is getting well after his long suffering from
a disease declared incurable"
"And we are so glad that lie used your Hitters,"
A LADY of L'tlca, N*. V.
/ K <^H£ VER FA, LST> \
\ DHD j
1 (conqueror.) I
A SPECIFIC FOR
mr EPILEPSY, SPASMS,
CONVULSIONS, FALLING SICKNESS,
ST. VITUS DANCE, ALCHOHOLISM,
* OPIUM EATING, SYPHILLIS,
SCROFULA, KINGS EVIL,
UGLY BLOOD DISEASES, DYSPEPSIA,
NERVOUSNESS, SICK HEADACHE,
RHEUMATISM, NERVOUS WEAKNESS,
BRAIN WORRY, BLOOD SORES,
KIDNEY TROUBLES AND IRREGULARITIES.
BTsl .50 per bottle at druggists. *^o
Tie Dr. S. A. Blctunond Med. Co., Proprietors
St. TCGOJ>2=L. l/I-S. (1)
Correspondence freely answered by Physicians.
C. N. CRITTENTON, Agent. New York.
From thesis sources arise three fourths of
tho discuses of the liiiujun 111 c*:. These
symptoms indicate their existence: of
Appetite, UuwrU 10.live, Mick llead
acUr, fullne»« after eating, M vernion to
exertion of It ><l y or uiliitl, Krurtatlon
of food, Irritability of temper, Low
spirits, A feeling or hnvliig neglected
aoinc duty , Mlxzlneaa, Fluttering at the
Heart, Dots before the ryra, highly col
ored t rior, COXMTIPATJOnr, and de
mand the use of a remedy that acts directly
on the l.lver. As ft Liver medicine Tt-'TT'S
PI 1.1.N have no e.jtml. Their action on tho
Kidneys anil.skin isalso prompt; removing
all impurities through these three *• srav
•ngt rs of the sy stem," producing «|ipe
tlte,sound digestion, regular stools, a clear
skill anil a vigorous bod\. TCTT'N 1*11.1. 51
cause no 1 muse a or griping nor interfere
with tl illv work and lire u perfect
ANTIDOTE TO MALARIA.
IIE FEEI.N 1.1 UK A ,\l\V JIA!V.
"I have had iJyspepslu, with Constipa
tion,two years,and have tried ten rlitr. rent
kinds of pills, and TtITT'S aie the first
that have done nie liny good. They have
Cleaned me out nicely. My appetite is
splendid, fo'>d digests readily, and I now
have natural pastures. I feel lik- a new
man." VV. K. I.UW AEDS, Palmyra, O.
ftoMevrywl..-i. 'itUn-,41 Murriiyßt.,N.Y.
TUTTS HAIR DYE.
BmT Hair ok Whisker* changed In
stantly to a closbv Kla< K by ii Mingle ap.
plicutio'i of thin live. Sow I by iJrugglattf,
or neiit by expreflfi on receipt of si.
Office, H Murray Street, Srw Vork.
TUTT'S MANUAL OF USEFUL RECEIPTS FREE.
PLASTK H LiSTa.
The undersigned intends to remove to liutler ori
the Ist of April n«-xI. anil hereby Informs nil per
sons, that lie will In- prompt in executing any
work that may be entrusted to his eare.
STUCCO AND MASTIC
Work executed In the tiest anil most satisfactory
manner, Olve me a call.
Jao3» «. JOHBPH I!. PIZER.
G. D. HARVEY,
Bricklayer and Contractor.
EntiniateH given on contract work. Ileni
dcnco, Washington wtroet, north end, liutler,
West Chester, IPa.,
GROVER & KINNE.
Fruit, and Ornamental Trees, Shrubbery,
Hose", C'C., etc.
JAS. M. AIM MS,Agent,
□ov2l-8m Hullcr, Pa.
Union Woolen Mill,
11. FUIiLKKTOV. Prop'r.
Manufacturer of Bi.aneeth, Fi,annblb, Yahni,
Ac. Also custom work done to order, such ai>
carding Unlit, making iilaukeih, Flannel*. Knlt-
Ing and Weaving YitrriH, Ac., at very low
prices. Wool worked on Itie shares, 11 do-
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 13. 1884
For the CITIZEN.]
Man is a wonderful union of mind
and body, and to form a perfect being
a high degree of cultivation is required
for each component part. You should
not cultivate one part to the neglect of
the others. Those who cultivate the
mind to the neglect of the body are as
much in error as those who - cultivate
the body to the neglect of the mind.
The aim of all attempts of self-culture
should be the highest and most appro
priate development of the entire being
—physical, intellectual and moral. It
comprehends the health of the body,
the expansion of the intellect and the
purification of the heart. It guards the
health of the body, because if it becomes
feeble it acts powerfully on the mind
and is a clog to its progress ; it cher
ishes the intellect, tecause it is the
glory of the human being, and it trains
the moral nature because if that is
weak and misdirected a blight falls
upon the soul and rests upon the body.
As each faculty re-acts upon all the
others, true 6elf-culture attends with a
due proportion of care to each. Self
culture includes a proper care of the
health of the body ; to be careless of
your health is to be stunted in intellect
aud miserable in feeling. The body is
often injured by self-indulgences; such
as eating and drinking too much; and
sometimes by working or studying to
hard. The body requires a certain
amount of exercise and at the proper
time. How many bright minds have
failed to make any impression upon the
world ? simply because they neglected
the rules of health. Solomon says:
"The glory of a young man is his
strength." Some have ruined not only
body but also the soul by tbe use of
strong drink. Self-culture also implies
Buitable efforts to expand and strength
en the intellect by reading, by reflection
and by writing down your thoughts
The strength and vigor given to tbe
mind by self-culture is not materially
different from that expressed by the
term education in its broadest and most
comprehensive meaning. The intellect
being the crowning glory and chief at
tribute of man, there can be no nobler
aim to set before ones self than that of
expanding and quickening all of its
powers. Books are no doubt very use
ful helps to knowledge, aud in some
measure to the practice of useful arts
and accomplishments; but they are not
in any case tbe primary and natural
source of culture ; they are not creative
powers; tbey are only artificial tools,
and the use of them should never tempt
us to undervalue or neglect the use of
our eyes: the original and primary
sources of knowledge are not books, but
life experiences, personal thinking, feel
ing and acting. Ido not want to be
understood as saying anything against
the stu''y of books; I mean to ineour
age it if possible; but I want especially
to incourage you in making use of your
eyes and ears. It is the trained and
disciplined intellect which rules the
world of literature, science and art.
Knowledge is an engine of power, it is
the secret that gives us our dominion
over nature, the key that unlocks the
store-house of creation and opens to U3
tbe treasure of the uniyerse. It is that
which forms the difference between
savage and civilized nations, and makes
the distinction of men as they appear
in society. It is that which has raised
man from tbe humblest walks of life to
positions of influence and power.
It is not necessary that I should
dwell much longer on this part of the
subject. I only wish that all would
value the culture of the intellect as they
should. You should improve every
opportunity that you have to develop
the intellect, and in the selecting of
your literature you should be careful to
read something that will be a bene lit
to you, and in reading you should read
with care anil always try to understand
tbe meaning the author intends to con
vey. But man possesses something
more than a mere body and intellect;
be possesres moral faculties as well. A
true self-culture will be none the less
careful to have the moral nature refined
and pure than it is to possess physical
health on tbe one hand and mental
vigor on the other. The moral nature
of man supplies hirn both the motives
and the regulative powers, being, in
fact, the governor and lord and legiti
mate master of tbe whole machine.
Moral excellence is therefore justly felt
to lie an indispensable element in all
forms of human greatness. A man
may be as brilliant, as clever, as strong
and as broad as you please, and with
all this, if he is not good, be may fie a
paltry fellow Let every one therefore
who would not suffer shipwreck on the
great voyage of life, stamp seriously
upon his soul before all things tbe
truth of the scripture text, one thing is
needful, that is morality.
J. W NET.MAN.
A certain degree ot moisture is neces
sary for tbe hatching of eggs. The
biddv which hides her nest away in
some secluded spot on the ground
usually comes out with a fine brood of
young chickens, while the one which
had her nest made high up from the
ground iu some dry place very likely
failed to hatch the most of her eggs
Generally the hen will hatch the most
of her eggs when her nest is placed
upon tbe ground. If it is not practi
cable to build the nest upon the ground,
it is advisable, in order to maintain a
certain degree of moisture, to place a
few shovelfuls of earth in a box and
place the nest upon that. When nests
are made of straw and placed upon the
floor the air circulates throughout the
nest so rapidly that tbe eggs become
too dry to hatch well.
—This beiog leap year, the man who
was born on the 2!lth of February will
bo able to celebrate his birthday. And
he ought to make a grand time of it.
When a man's birthday only comes
once every four years he is justified in
treating it with distinguished consider
Pork and Wheat.
Rigilo in X, Y. Sun.]
Chicago was no less desperate in her
speculations than New York. Grain
j and provisions, especially the latter,
i were pushed up without regard to facts
or value. Pork sold quite recently at
sll a barrel; it is selling now at sl7
tor May options. As Billy Murray, !
formerly the Cammack of Chicago, re
marked on Saturday: "The pork pack
ers are all crazy. They ask more
monej for mess pork than chickens are
selling for. The other day chickens
sold wholesale at 7 cents a pound in
Chicago, while a 200-pounds barrel of
pork at sl7 makes a pound of pork
worth 85 cents." It must be said,
however, that a considerable shortage
haa been recently discovered in the
visible supply of hogs. Some time ago
the country was reported to be all
black with hogs. It was said that yoa
could not take a drive out of any
Western town without running over
any number of bier, fat, black hogs.
Now it appears that tbe country is
short of 700,000 hogs, as compared
with last year, which was itself a poor
one. The quality of hogs is also re
ported as being lower, consequent upon
the poor quality of corn fed to them
this year. Tbe packing season, which
begins in November and ends in March,
will be over in a month, and packers
are talking S2O a barrel between now
and then. But if the supply should
prove short, summer packing will be
resorted to, and, with modern appli
ances for using ice, just as good pork
can be made in summer as in winter.
It will not produce merchantable or
"cortract" pork, but the lumbermen,
tbe backwoodsmen, the miners, and
tbe negroes in the South—and these
are tbe largest home consumers of porlf
—buy it readily
The upward movement in tbe price
of grain is, if possible, still more per
plexing:- The visible supply of wheat
is some 13,000,000 bushels larger than
this time last year; of corn about
3,000,000, and of oats about 2.000,000.
Of foreign demand there is none. Most
of the shipments made are purely spec
ulative, there being always some de
mand for American wheat for the pur
pose of mixing it with Russian, In
dian and Australian, the flavor of all
of which it is said to improve in mill
ing. It seems that American wheat
plays the same part to other kinds of
wheat as American cotton plays to the
short staple coHon of India. They
rarely use Indian cotton by itself in
England. But for these mixing pur
poses ample supplies have already
been forwarded, not to speak of tbe
steady exports of flour. It has now
been fully established that all the
European markets are glutted with
wheat, and, with the opening of tbe
Baltic aud Black Seas in a few weeks,
an additional quantity of breadstuff*
will be brought into the markets. No
wonder, then, that grain merchants
are "busting" all over England, and
that the price of wheat is there steadi
ly going down. It is known that the
Liverpool banks alone hold some 2,-
000,000 bushels as collateral security
for Itad debts, and are only waiting
for an opportunity to get out even if
they can. It has been established be
yond any possible doubt that the
world is at present producing nearly
100,000,000 of wheat a year mora than
it can consume. There was probably
always a surplus of production, but in
the absence of railroads the grain
grown in the interior of lands had no
market, and was often used for fuel;
while to-day every bushel of it is
brought to the seaboard and shipped at
once to that part of the world which
telegraphs a good demand and offers
the best prices. Yet our speculators
insist upon keeping the priceß here
from six to eight cents above those of
the European markets. How they
can expect shipments under such cir
cumstances is more than any man of
average intelligence can conceive.
Management of Young Fowls.
With the little chicks the trouble is
gaps, and we have a great many reme
dies for their relief, but tbe gapes is a
disgrace to tbe poultry yard, and its
prevention should be sought instead of
its cure. The disease can be avoided
altogether by feeding the chicks on a
board or some other hard, clean sur
face; tbe food, if soft, should be freely
mixed at every feeding aud all traces
of the portion not consumed cleared
away. If confined with the hen iu
latticed coops or small runs the chicks
should be removed to a uew location
duily. The gape worm is the result of
filth and decaying matter.
Young turkeys, and in fact all
young fowls, should be kept away
from wet grass or exposure to damp
ness until well under feather. The
down on young fowls is not a protec
tion against moisture; it is simply
nature's covering for retaining warmth
until the bird is feathered. They
should all be fed regularly, at stated
periods and often, especially during
the process of feathering. With young
turkeys the feathering season is a very
critical period, and a heavy drain is
made on the system thereby. The
omission of a single fee>l is sometimes
fatal, for once the young fowl becomes
debilitated its progress receives a check
from which it seldom recovers. Young
turkeys are very tender, but they take
good care of themselves when of suf
ficient age. The change of the cover
ering from down to feathers is tho
turning point with all young fowls.
Vermin, such as lice and parasites,
will ruin any flock, no matter how
cared for otherwise; hence the strict
est watch should be kept for their ap
pearance and extermination.
Some heathen, ure not an much of the
hethen as we think; read a Mahometan
proverb, "(iod hat* bestowed the good
things of this world to relievo our ne
cessities, not to reward our virtues;
these will be rewarded in another
world " We know of no greater neces
sity to UJ relieved, to be relieved than
a stubborn cold, ami we know no bet
ter r«lwf tiiau lir. UuJl'e UoDgL Syrup.
Esq. Wilson's Game Dinner.
Some days ago James Wilson, a
Justice of the Peace of Rollandsville,
this State, was arrested on a charge of
having venison in his possession in
violation of the game law. He had
won a deer at a raffle. It had been put
up by Jordan Mapes and Frank Grov
er, who asserted that they killed it in
self-defence. They were threatened by
John Rollands with arrest for killing
deer after the season had closed by law,
and compromised with public opinion
by raffling it off and dividing with the
township the money thu3 received.
Justice Wilson wa3 arrested on his
way home with the deer on a warrant
sworn out by John Rollands, who is a
candidate against Wilson for Justice
of the Peace for a new term.
On Thursday night last 'Squire
Wilson invited a nnmber of personal
friends to join him in a game supper at
Rice's tavern, when the choice morsels
of the deer were to be served. The
party broke up late in the evening and
Wilson went home. Others of tbe
party went to Rolland's house and
serenaded him by pounding on tin
pans, hooting and firing off pistols.
Rollands finally appeared at a window
with a shotgun. He pointed it at the
crowd and told them that if they did
not leave at ODce he would fire into
them. They dispersed.
On Friday morning Rollands met
Wilson in the street. He charged him
with being in the crowd the night be
fore. Wilson denied the charge and
declared that he new nothing about the
affair. Rollands called him a liar, and
Wilson knocked Rollands down. Rol
lands had the Justice arrested on a
charge of assault and battery. Justice
of the Peace Clark held him in S3OO
bail to answer the charge in court.
Rollands then swore out warrants
against 'Squire Wilson, Wm. Wilson,
his son, Jordan Mapes and his son,
Frank Mapes, and several others on a
charge of disturbing tbe peace. Justice
Wilson and young Mapes were dis
charged, as they proved an alibi, and
the others were held in S2OO each to
After leaying Justice Clark's office,
Mapes, who was a member of the
lumber firm of Mapes & Gunn, went to
the sawmill belonging to the firm.
Samuel Gunn, his partner, is a son-in
law of John Rollands, and has warmly
espoused his father-in-law'B cause
through all the difficulties the political
campaign has made. He took Mapes
to task for his offensive conduct toward
Rollands, aud hot words followed. The
men finally clinched aud but for the in
terference of others a bloody fight would
have resulted, as both are powerful and
passionate men. Gunn soon afterward
apologized for words he had used, and
made Mapes an offer for his share in
the business. The offer was accepted,
and in fifteen minutes the firm was dis
solved. It had been in existence twen
ty years, and there had never been one
word of difference or dispute between
Frank Mapes, the son of Jordan
Mapes, is an industrious carpenter, aud
one of the most respected young men
in the neighborhood. He is engaged
to be married to John Rollands'
daughter Marv. On Friday night he
called upon her as usual. While they
were talking together in the parlor, the
girl's father entered.
"Frank," he said, "who are you for
in this light ?"
"Under the circumstance," said
young Mapes, "I think I ought not to
be expected to take sides at all in the
*,Yes you are !" exclaimed Rollands.
"1 expect you to side with me, all the
way through, or you can't enter my
family. If you're not for me, you must
leave this house at once !"
Miss Rollands protested against her
father's decision, but to no purpose, and
the young mau left the bouse. Efforts
are now making by friends of all con
cerned to have the difficulties amicably
Next in imporance to having milk
perfectly pure and sweet, and free from
all animal odors, comes the n.atter of
keeping tho cream after it is taken from
the milk. In the first place, the less
milk there is with the cream better. A
great deal of carelessness is shown in
this matter, for be it known that milk
makes cheese, while the cream only
makes butter, and the more milk there
is in the cream at the churning time
the better, and therefore the more lia
ble to spoil afterwards, unless very
highly salted. Really pure, good but
ter requires very little salt, while but
ter as ordinarily made will sour again
unless well salted or kept covered in
Secondly the cream jar must be of
the best quality of stoneware—thick
glass would bo better—and must have
a cover that will exclude all dust and
Thirdly, the cream jar should be
kept in a place whore no noxious odors
or gases can be absorbed when the jar
is opened to receivo more cream, aud
also where the temperature can be kept
cool and equable—say about sixty de
gree; and lastly, the cream is to be
made into butter as soon as it begins
to sour; and when the jar is emptied it
must be thoroughly cleaned and scald
ed before being used again.
Mr. George. P. .James, Newville,
Pa , says: "Brown's Iron Bitters com
pletely regulates my bowels aud is a
—"Hello, old boy; how are you ?
You look particularly happy. "What's
up?" "Nothing much. Just been
getting married. Self-preservation,
you know. I thus escape the snares
and pitfalls of leap year."
—A careworn husband, who came
to the office to advertise for a "girl for
general work,' 1 volunteered some good
advice to the polite clerk ha met at the
desk. He said : "Young man, if you
must marry, marry the hired girl; you
iiaye (jot to liavv ber w»yt»ow "
A Fancy Farmer.
"You don't say! A thousand dollars
for a cow! well, a fool and Lis money
are soon parted." Ben, said 1, Squire
Landers is no fool. I remember when
his father farmed it here, and the
Squire was the smartest boy around.
And he was smart enough to pick out
the best calves from the farmers, and
take them home and rear them, aod
when they were cows to sell them
back to the same men who sold them
for two or three dollars, and get fifty
for them It wasn't many years before
young Landers was in a law office, and
then a lawyer; and he was smart
enough to gain a great case in court,
and that made his fortune. No, he's
no fool. If he gives a thousand dol
lars for a cow, it is because it is a good
one, and he will get the money back
from it, and he knows the man who
reared that cow fairly earned the
money. Now. look here, Ben, if you
take a cow to Squire LaDders' young
bull, you pay him $25 dollars for it.
"You dou't say!" Yes, I do. And
it's worth it, too. Yes, as you say, it
is as much as the cow is worth. You
are right theie, my boy. But your $25
cow has a calf that makes let us say
300 lbs. of butter in a year and she
has not cost you, all told, more than
SSO. I come to you and &ay, Ben, I
want to buy that cow. You say she
she is too good a cow to sell for less
$150; she makes as much butter as any
two cows round Here. Well, this is
true, and I give you the money for
your cow. You get your $25 back very
easily, with SSO more to it, and I get
my money back in two or three years
out ol the butter. So wo are both
satisfied. Now, Squire Landers' bull
can earn SI,OOO a year in that way,
and the first year's income, you see
just pays for the cow. Ob, yes you
see it now, of course. But there are
forty farmers who have calves from
that bull worth $25 each, and every
heifer will make a cow worth twice as
much as she cost. And in a few years
you see all around the marks of that
bull. The butter is more than doubled.
The farmers take a fancy to the stock
and the handsome cows get better sta
bles, better pastures, better feeding,
better care all around. In ten years
you won't know the places. The
houses will be painted up, the gardens
will be neatly planted. There will be
new barns, and the old ones will be
enlarged. All the extra money made
will add to the comfort of the farmers.
The girls will be better dressed; the
boys will be better educated, and in
ten years' time it will be hard to say
how much money the whole will be
worth. And Squire landers will be
more pleased to see this than to han
dle a thousand dollar bill every day of
his life. So you see he makes money
and the money makes a good deal of
comfort all around. Don't you ever
call a mau fool because you think he
is a fancy farmer. There are Short
Horns and Jerseys, Ayrshires and
Dutch cattle all around here, and they
are making money for us; but if you
trace up their pedigrees, Ben, you will
find a fancy farmer at the end of the
the line oVery time. And some of
these fancy farmers can teach us green
horns a good many things. They
may not beat you and me plowing or
bowing corn, but they can tell you all
the ins and outs of it and what we do
it for, and how it should be done, and
that's the biggest part of doing it.
As was stated by us two or three
weeks since, an act passed by the last
Legislature allows members of borough
councils to be elected for longer than
one year, if the voters choose. It i
optional, however, and the several par
ties should agree at their nominating
caucuses to act uniformily in the mat
ter We believe a large majority of
our citizens, irrespective of party,
think that it would be to the material
interests of our town to elect members
of council in the same manner and for
the same length of term as school di
rectors are elected. The following, ex
cept the first section, wbicb repeals the
former act requiring the annual election
of borough councils, is the act in full;
SEC. 2 That it shall be lawful for
the qualified voters of the boroughs in
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
not oow enjoying this right by special
statutes, at the first election of borough
officers, next ensuing the passage of
this act, to elect one-third of the wbolo
number of councilinen to serve for one
year, one-third to servo for two years,
and one-third for three years, and an
nually thereafter to elect one-third of
the whole number to serve for three
years: Provided, That in boroughs
where the chief burgess is one of the
six members of town council, the chief
burgess shall be elected annually, and
at the first election held for borough
officers two of the council shall be elect
ed for one year, three for two years,
and at succeeding elections two or
three, alternately, for two years.
SEC. 3. That it ahull be lawful for
the qualified voters or the boroughs in
the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
which hare an even number of council
men not divisible by three, and which
do not now enjoy the right by special
statutes, at the first election for bor
ough officers next ensuing the passage
of this act, to elect one-half of the
whole number of councilmen for one
year, one-half for two years, and annu
ully thereafter to ele:t one-half the
whole uutnber for two years: Provid
ed, That at the first election for bor
ough officers, held after the passage of
this act, the voters shall put on their
ballots the names of those who are to
be elected for the different terms.
SEC. 4. That the members of town
councils shall have power to fill any
vacancy which may occur therein by
death, resignation, removal from bor
ough, or otherwise, until the next an
nual election for members of town
council, when such vacancies shall be
filled by electing a qualified citizen to
supply the same, for the balance of the
Rev. B. J. Forrester.
From Western Instructor.]
The subject of this sketch was born
near Prospect, Butler county, Pa., on
the 12th of June, 1845, and commenced
a life which proved to be of checkered
| scenes, made np of sunshine and
shadow. He commenced hi* education
in the common school when about six
years of age, but had little desire for
study till near ten years; then to be
kept at home was a punisbmeut. He
was never behind in bis class, but gen
erally first. At an early age he com
menced his college life at New Wil
mington, Pa., and entered the prepara
tory course, and then the regular col
lege course He remained out two
terms to teach school in order to help
pay his expense at college. At the
close of the junior year he. with a num
ber of his classmates, went to Mon
mouth, 111., and graduated at the end
of the senior year, June 1870. During
bis senior year in college he attended
also the theological seminary. From
Monmouth he came to Allegheny Sem
inary, was licensed by Moaongabela
Presbytery in the Spring or 1871, and
finished his theological course in 1872.
Then he did missionary work for some
time in various parts of the church till
in 1874, when he accepted a call to the
Lisbon Center congregation, New
York, and was ordained and installed
by the Presbytery of Albany on Janu
ary 21st, 1875. lie remained at Lisbon
Center two years when be resigned,
and again did missionary woik until
January, 1879, when he took charge of
Marlette congregation in the Presbytery
of Detroit. By a unanimous vote the
congregation went into the Presbyterian
Church, and he went with them, aad
was installed by the Saginaw Presby
tery. After a pastorate of two and
a-half years be resigned because he
was broken down in health by over
work. He was never again able for
ministerial work, but under a decline
of health and strength nature gradually
but surely gave way. He died at Pros
pect, among his relatives, on the 22nd
of November, 1883.
The following were the prominent
features of bis character: As a man
he was of the amiable type; as a min
ister he was a very pleasing and at
tractive preacher ; as a son, of long
contioued affection; he was very
patient, no complaints, no irots; as a
Christian he was one of those whoso
pathway bad no clouds of darkness,
and no doubts of his interest in Christ.
He was cut down by disease and death
in the midst of his days and in the
meridian of bis usefulness. The watch
word receives a new emphasis: "Be
ye also ready." He leaves behind a
widow and two children. They have
been committed to a Father's covenant
love and a Shepherd's undying care ;
and all the relatives and friends who
mourn his loss are exhorted by the
dispensation to double diligence while
it is called to-day. J. A. C.
The Origin of the Potato.
The potato, originally a Soutb Amer
ican plant, was introduced to Virginia
by Sir John Harvey in 1629, though it
was unknown in some counties of En
gland a hundred and fifty years later.
In Pennsylvania, potatoes are mention
ed very soon after the advent of the
Quakers; they were not among New
York products in 1695; bat in 1775
we are told of eleven thousand bushels
grown on one sixteen-acre patch in this
province. Potatoes were served, per
haps as an exotic rarity, at a Harvard
installation dinner in 1707; but the
plant was only brought into calture in
New England at the arrival of the
Presbyterian immigrants from Ireland
in 1718. Five bushels were accounted
a large crop of potatoes for a Connecti
cut farmer ; for it was held that, if a
man ate them every day, he could not
live beyond seven years— January
—No one is fatigued after the exer
cise of forbearance.
—The favorite name for whisky in
Chicago is "coffin varnish."
—A Congressional cyclone in neces
sary to purge Utah of its ill fame.
—Allowing cabbage and potatoes to
rot in your cellars breeds disease.
—One of the cutest valentines shown
this year is a pair of paper shears on
which is inscribed:
"If you love me as I love,
These shear* can't cut our lora in two."
—Glue is said to be the best thing
for frosted feet. It rwstom» them im
mediately. Apply it with a brush. It
is a simple thing, and should be tried
by all who are Buffering with frosted
Men love to be big and great to
their wives, they say, and such is the
reason given why a little helpless wo
man can marry three times if she want
ed, to a sensible self-reliant woman's
tise. If you have business, advertise.
It is a "poor rule that won't work both
ways." A place well advertised is
known to many, while one not adver
tised is known only to a few passers-by.
—Cincinnati has been trying to give
a minstrel show with four hundred
burnt cork performers. The potential
cause of failure was a marked shortage
in an adequate number of old circus
jokes to go all the way round.
JjjJjf Well dressed people don't wear
dingy or faded things when the 10c.
and guaranteed Diamond Pye will
make them good as new. They are
perfect. Get at druggists and be eco
nomical. Wells, Richardson & Co.,
—The Greensburg Tribune says
that the war horse, "Old Hob," that
belonged to Colonel George II Covode,
and upon which he was riding when
he received his fatal wonnd.diod ou the
l*2tb inst, aged tbirty-four yaars. Ha
has been in the possession of G. U.
Covode, Esq., of Ligonier, over sine*