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A. TKOUT MA N,
DRY GOODS, NOTIONS. TRIMMINGS.
Carpets, Oil Cloths, Rugs, Mats, Druggets, Stair Rods, Etc,
FOR FALL- FOR FALL.
New Black Silks.
New Colored Silk?.
New Colored Cashmeres.
New Black Cashmeres.
New Black Silk Velvets.
New Colored Silk \ elvets.
New Colored Silk Plushes.
>ew Black Silk Plashes
New Shades Ladies' Cloths.
New Dress Goods.
JfEW KIBBONS, FISCHCJS, TIES, IIASID SATCHELS,
Gloves, Handkerchiefs, Towels, Corsets, Velvet Ribbon*, Knitting Silks,
Embroidery Silk on spools, all colors.
Nsw Fall Hosiery. '
Underwear for men, ladies and chil
dren. Largest assortment, lowest
CARPETS AND OIL CLOTHS
Carpet Room Enlarged. Stock En
larged, Prices the Lowest.
> T EW FALL STYLES.—We are now prepared acd showing our entire Fall
Stock of Carpets and Oil Cloths, in all the Newest Designs.
Olli CLOTIIS, I to 3 YARDS WIDE, IN ALL CIUALIFIES.
Please call and examine stock and prices.
Remington Clipper Plow.
IMPROVED KELLER GRAIN, SEED AND FER
TOLEDO I. X. L WOOD PUMPS.
W Til i'l' ifSpi "■ IW
The Celebrated American
Fruit Dryer, or
It is portable, durable, al solutely flre-proof, economical and will cure fruit and vegetables in
lees time and with lean fuel than any Dryer in the market. It will pay for itself in less than
thirtj dayii If properly attended. Its products are unsu rcateed as to quality acd color,>nd are
In great demand at high prices. Full instructions how to dry, bleach, pack and market tho pro
ducts, accompany each machine.
WILL EVAPORATE 8 BUSHELS OF ANY FRUIT PER DAY.
ROOFING DEALERS II
SPOUTING 1 * ,,1 * €5 hard
DONE TO ORDER wBmSKtIB WARE.
WHERE TO BUY MENS' AND BOYS' CLOTHfNG,
At the Store of the undersigned, the acknowledged leader in
GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS.
\ We wish to say to the trade this full that we have a larger and more varied stock 'of Carpets,
HATS AND CAPS,
and Gents' Furnishing Goods than ever before.
AEMEMBER WE HA.VE THE LARGEST STOCK,
The LATEST STYLES, the LOWEST I'KICKS. We have all jgrades and all prices, from
the Cheapest to the Best made.
I> H It: C K,
The Leading One Price Clothier and Gents' Outfitter,
2nd DOOR, DUFFY'S BLOCK, BUTLER, PA.
Union Woolen Mill,
H. FOLLEBTOW. Prop'r.
Manufacturer o( Blankkts, Flannels, Y ahns,
&r. Also custom work done to order, Bucb us
carding Roll*, making Blankets, Flannels, Knit
lug and Weaving Yarns, &c., at very low
pricca. Wool worked on the shares, il dc
y> u Ui MUIiC *Q*\l »<« One Ho.itJ. tluui an/-
tiiiQir in Ainertca. A b*>l«te Certainty. Kith.-r
t*zx. >oc«t>iUl 3i- Yoontf,iriUr««awU;liSt.N.Yuik.
FOR FALL. FOR FALL.
New Flannels, White Blankets, Red
Blankets, Blue Blankets, Bed Comforts,
i White Quilts.
I Yarns of all kinds. Germantown \ arns,
Midnight Yams, German Worsted
Yarns, Cashmere Yarns, Saxony Yarn 3,
Country Factory \arns, Zephyrs.
Tne above Yarns in all colors.
iln new Fall Shades, Ladies' Jersey
Jackets, Lace Curtains, Lace Lambre
[ quins. Large stock, prices low.
INDIA JL & Jid
From the Districts of ASSAM, CHIT I'AGONG,
CACIIAR. KANORA VALLEY, DARJEEL
ING, DEHRA DOON, aud others; Absolutely
Pure. Superior in Flavor. The Most Econom
ical. Require® only half the usual quantity.
Bold by all Grocers. JOHN C. PHILLIPH &
CO., Agents of the Calcutta Tea Syndicate,
130 Water St., N. Y. Novß-ly.
Advertise in the CIXIZXN
Ij riTHE GREAT GERMAN
f<bbwiimhiihw>j run r m lii>
iwftlw. Relieves and cures
jj&P I Neuralgia,
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jilifv ! nilH""" : """'"wjlt HF. tD.U'HE, TOOTH ACHE,
jfe'jg <WMHWWIII>I SORE THROAT,
g QUINSY. SWELLINGS,
•r I lltlUlifinmlld'jii So r sne«s. Cuts, Bruises,
iijil i ,i! • l " l Hjj,' ,,l| nWP' | Briss.
|fl ' I !!iilllrirtUl!lllnu,ualftf And all bodily acii««
Sl ______ f a,ld P ai QS
wman ii f,fty cents a BomE
•wMnJB ''> \ Sold by all Druggists and
jj|| | ?a ' ers - Directions In 11
ISiiif*] I Tlie Char,es *• Vogeler Co.
I E [ rß Oflwn to A. VOGELER 4 CO-)
i Dli, -J j, Ralllmorr, IIH., V,#. A
• The only known specific for Epileptic Fits, -yj
Also for Spasms arid Falling Sickness. Nervous
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[A SKEPTIC jjgl
ngly blotches and stubborn blood eores. Eliminates
Bolls, Carbuncles and Scalds. and
promptly cures paralysis. Tea, It la a charming and
healthful Aperient. Kills Scrofula and Kings Evil,
twin brothers. Changes bad breath to good, remov
lng the cause. Bouts bilious tendencies and makes
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£2fContains no drastic cathartic cr opiates. Relieves
the brain of morbid fancies. Promptly cures Rheu
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ties to the blood. Is guaranteed to cure ail nervous
disorders. g7~Reliablc v. lien all opiates fail. He.
freshes the mind and invigorates the body. Cures
dyspepsia or money refunded.
Diseases of the blocd own it a conqueror. Endorsed
In writing by over fifty thousand leading
clergymen and physicians in U. S. and Europe.
K2TTor sale by all 'eadiPKfiruggihts. $1.50.
The Dr. S. A. Richmond Medical Co. Props.,
St. Joseph, Mo. (3)
Charles X. Crittenton, Agent, New York City.
A DISORDERED LIVER
IS THE BANE
of the present generation. It is for the
Cure of this disease and ito attendants.
PEPSIA, CONSTIPATION, PILES, etc., that
TUTT'S PILLS have gained a world-wiJe
reputation. No Remedy has ever been
discovered that acta bo gentlyon the
digestive organs, giving them vigor to as
similate food. As a natural result, tha
Nervous Bystem is Braced, ttie Muscles
■re Developed, and the Body Robust.
Chills and rover.
E. RIVAL, a Planter at Bayou Sara, La , nayo:
My plantation Is In a malarial district. For
several years I could not make half a crop on
account of bilious diseases and chills. 1 was
nearly discouraged when I began tho uso of
TUTT'S PILLS. The result was marvelouHT
my laborers soon became hearty and robust,
and I have had no further trouble.
ThfT rollrrr the engorged Liver, cleans®
the Blood from poisonous humors, and
ennse the bowels to set naturally, with
out whleh no one can feel well.
Try this remedy falrlr, and yon will gain
a henlthT ingestion, Vlforomllody, rare
Blood, .Strong Xerres, and a Mound Liver,
yrloe. lt.Kent*. Olgeo, aa Murray Wt.. «. Y.
TUTT'S HAIR DYE.
CJRA y Hair or Whiskers chanced to a Oi.ossr
Black by .1 single application of this Dvk. It
Impart* a natural color, and arts Instantaneously.
Sol'l bv I)riiK(fißts, or sent by express on receipt
of One Collar.
Office, 3B Murray Street, New York.
(Dr. TVTT'H StAXVAtj of Valuable "V
Information and Vmrfnt Kmeiptm I
will be mailed FREE o» application. J
FOR SALS CHEAP?
In the town of Piopect, IJutler county, Pa., a
largo lot on which is erected a
FOUR ROOMED DWELLING,
with cut homes also a splendid well of water.
Being pleisii.tly located it must improve in
va'ue rai idly, a-j new railroads are shortening
the distances to all large bushies-H centres. En
V/. GiBSON MILLER,
112 Pilgc St., Allegheny, Pa.
Visitors should not fail to call and examine
the largest and finest stock of Imported and
Domestic Liquors in the State, at
Wax li!eiu,B2 Federal Slreef,
Allegheny City, Pa. Opposite Fort Wayne
Winte turn of sixteen weeks opens Novem
ber 13th, IKM! Iloom rent and boarding ex
tremely low. All branches taught. A regular
Classical and Scientific course in progress.
Prepaiation for colleges and teaching the
chief aim and purpose of the scltr.ol. Many
students will attend the common schools during
the wintt r 1» < an so it is cheaper than going to an
academy. This is a mistake. It is not cheaper
in the end. Von '" He both time and money, you
do not hi 1 , . c be ilßvantages of clarification and
choice of study offered you in our piimary
schools tl a' you havo in an academy. Address,
N M. CBOWK, Prospect
Auttioi's Heview and Scrap Book,
MONTH I.V MAOAZINK, Hi l'A«;i:s Ali.inKD
TO SCHOOI.H, ltK VIIINC CIIU.'I.K AND iIoMKS.
The following course of study has heen adopted
by the Educators of Western Pennsylvania :
Septenii.er, William Cullen lirvant; October,
tjoldsmllli ; November. I'rescolt ; December, Ma
eaiilay ; January, IL W. Longfellow ; IVbruary,
Sliakspeare; Mareli. Klnerson ; April, Carlyle ;
Mav, II". > IK : .1 mi.-. TnacKeray.
Besides tin.-, each Kevli-w will contain a' liort
li ol „ distinguished person not ail anllior, a
dialogue, ni'u it€-ii>general informal ion. fables,
natural history, a "l,itlli> Peoples'' department,
M.iga/.iae finely illustrated. lext paper for
study of Literature.
Tltli.MS : single Numbers, liCents each ; Single
Copy for 1 lt>- year, ia» Cents ; in clubs of ten or
more by the year, ."><) Cents.
P. F. SMITH, Publisher.
55 Vimun Ai.i.r.v, I'lTTHr.riKiii. 0c21.1t
I»KKT3 .4XS';XT STASIPIJUJ
FOfl KENSINGTON, ARRASENE
AND OUTLINE WORK DONE,
Also lessous in same given by ANNIE M.
LOWVI AN, North ttieet, Uutler, Pa.
BUTLEtt, i'A., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31. 1883.
! AN EARTHQUAKE'S HAVO
Thousands Perish in Asia Minor
--Many Villages in Com
CONSTANTINOPLE, Oc'ober 17. —The
latest advices Irom Smyrna state that
the earthquake of Tuesday, which
shook the island of Chios severely and
extended along the entire coast of Ana
tolia and far into the interior of the
western portion of Asia Minor, was
rnurh more severe than was indicated
in the first advices received here. The
first shock was felt at Smyrna about
7:20 A. M. It lasted apparently only
about the fourth part of a minute and
was followed by three lessor shocks in
quick succession, which seemed to be
only of about half the duration of the
first. With the first shock many dwel
ling houses came down, the damage
being greatest in the Armenian quarter,
on the lower slopes of the ancient
Mount Pegasus, where the vibrations
were much more severe than along the
plane between the hill and the shore,
where the Christians reside. In the
adjoining villages of Burnabad and
Budja, a number of handsome villas
A FLIGHT FOR LIFE.
The loss of life in the city of Smyrna
proper was not very large, the wave
seeming to have spent its force before
it reached there. But the scenes among
the people were far beyond description.
The fear and consternation was terri
ble. The roost resolute persons did not
dare stay to rescue friends iu danger,
though many lives might have been
saved by so doing. The first thought
of all seemed to be self-preservation.
Crowds of men, women and children
rushed into the open spaces aud into
the middle of the streets. The caravan
bridge was crowded with a motley lot
of people aud the camel grounds adja
cent were completely thronged with
human beings. The castle on the sum
mit of the hill was thrown down with
a tremendous crash. The large Roman
Catholic Cathedral, a comparatively
new building, was damaged considera
bly, ono of the towers falling aud kill
ing some eight or ten people, who were
running wildly from their homes, near
by, The railway station was badly
damaged and the tracks of the roads
are so much torn out of line that it will
be impossible to run trains for several
days. About au hour after the first
shock several fires broke out amid the
ruins and added, for the time being, to
the terrors of the situation, but they
were put out before serious damage had
A GREAT TIDAL WAVE.
A wave of inky blackness swept from
the sea, through'tbe Gulf of Smyrua,
bringing with it disaster to a number
of the majy vessels in the magnificent
harbor. Several ships were carried far
up on the shore and landed high and
dry. The city is in a great state of
confusion and uncertainty and nobody
yet ventures to sleep in houses. Hun
dreds of rude and impromptu tents
have been put up in the suburbs and
large numbers of people who cannot Jbe
accommodated even in these meagre
quarters are lying upon cots and eyen
the bare ground, rather than return at
present to their more dangerous habita
tions in town. The tide, which is
ordinarily but twenty-five inches, rose
to a height of more than seven feet,
sweeping away mur-h of the portable
property on the shore, as well as a
number of fishermen's huts. Several
thermial springs in Budja were inter
cepted for the time, but appeared again
shortly afterward of the color of blood.
The extent of the field of action shows
that the force which produced this great
earthquake was manifested deep in the
interior of and not on the surface of the
earth only. The pecuniary loss to the
city of Smyrna will be very great, but
the loss of life will hardly exceed three
FHE SHOCK IN CHIOS.
In the Island of Chios, in the Arch
ipelago, a few miles beyond the prom
intory behind which Smyrna is situat
ed, the shocks were felt with terrible
severity. The first one occurred al
most simultaneously with that felt iu
Smyrna. The entire four hundred
miles of territory of Chios seemed to
be for the time but one undulating sea
of earth, waves following each other
rapidly, like the swell of an ocean
storm. The subterranean rumble was
followed so quickly by the terrible
shock that the people were gi ven neither
time to fly nor to throw themselves into
the arms of loved ones and bid them an
everlasting adieu. Frightful noises
succeeded the shock, terrifying cries,
fearful howlings of human beings and
crushed animals; a thick dust was
diffused in the atmosphere and the sky
was darkened as in tho darkest nights.
The lime stone rocks dotting the island
were rent asunder, the beautiful valleys
were seamed with enormous fissures
and the course ot the streams which ir
rigated the fertile plains suddenly
changed. Nearly all of the extensive
wine cellars on the island were utterly
ruined and the loss to the owners will
aggregate au enormous sum. At
Kastro, the capital of the island, the
castle built in front of the city as a
means of defonse in the olden time was
leveled to the ground. Three small
silk factories were totally destroyed
and one cotton factory was damaged
almost beyond repair. Of the town's
population few people escaped some in
jury and a large portion were seriously
hurt. The loss of life in K istro will
aggregate fully nine hundred souls.
Most of the dead arc Turks, In other
parts of the island over thirteen hundred
people are so far reported killed and it
is feared the number will preatly ex
ceed the present estimate when all the
outlying territory is heard from.
It is, of course, ver> difficult to get
reports from places at a distance—from
Kastro owing to the difficulties attend
ing travel and the excited state of the
populace. Along the coast of Western
Asia Minor, or Anatolia, the shocks
were felt with great force anil the latest
reports indicate that the effects of the
earthquake were very severely felt as
far into the interior as Kulab, over
ninety miles east of Smyrna. There is
no doubt that when the results of the
disaster are fully made known, the loss
life and the damage to property in the
, territory west of the Karajahdagh and
the continuing range as far as Lake
Iber will be very great. .All ♦he vil
lages between Chesiueh and \ ourla are
totally wrecked, scarcely a house being
left standing to mark the sites of the
many thriving piacss which on Monday
were scenes of life andbustling activity,
for this is one of the busiest seasons
with the people of tho Peninsula. It
is estimated that about 3,000 persons
lost their lives in this part of the
EXTENT OF TLLE DISASTER.
The earthquake waves seem to have
followed the coastline all the way from
Alvah to Malusscs and the whole ter
ritory over which the great shocks ex
tended was at times heaved simulta
neously, and sensations similar to sea
sickness were experienced by nearly
all the inhabitants Those who watched
the sky noticed that the drifting clouds
seemed at times to be arrested in their
motion. Advices from the interior in
dicate that the loss of life in that sec
tion may reach four thousand souls
and will certainly number fully three
quarters of that estimate. The num
ber of mained will be very large. At
Eskihissar Sart the loss of seventy-five
lives is reported. In Milassa the dam
age was slight and the loss of life will
not number over fifty, the earthquake
seeming to have spent its force near
that point. At Geira the dead num
ber about eighty. From many other
villages similar reports are coming in
at Smyrna, and it is very diffictlt at
this time to make even an approximate
estimate of the loss of life. The Porte
has issued an appeal to the people to
assist the sufferers by the earthquakes
in Asia Minor, stating that twenty
thousand survivors of the disaster in
that region have been rendered home
Anecdotes of Judge Black.
He was remarkably careless about
his personal appearance, donning the
first garments that came to hand, with
out a thought of their effect of appro
priateness. His wife, on the contrary,
was a very neat and tidy lady, and her
chief pride lay in seeing the Judge well
dressed, and to insure this she used to
lay out his clothes for him and look to
it that he put them on. On Sunday
morning, being busy getting the chil
dren ready for church, she said to him:
"Now, Jerry, I've laid out your
clothes for you. See if you can't put
them on right." The Judge remarked
that he guessed he could, and ho went
to his room. When he came down he
placed himself in front of his wife, and,
slowly turning around, said iu a satis
fied tone of voice: "Well, Mary, how
do I look ?"
Mrs. Black looked him over for a
moment, and then replied: "Well,
Jerry, you've done very well this time,
but I think you would look a little bet
ter if you didn't have but one vest on."
The Judge had put on not only the
vest she had laid out, but also the one
he had removed.
"On one occasion the Judge was
going to Bedford Springs for a day or
two, aud Mrs. Black packed his valise,
which, by the way, was an old carpet
sack. She put in two shirts, and par
ticularly charged Jerry to change his
linen every morning. When he return
ed his shirt front was badly stained
with tobacco, and Mrs. Blrck immedi
ately opened the carpet sack to see if
he had followed instructions. There
was not a shirt, clean or otherwise, in
it, and she inquired what had become
of them. The Judge replied that he
did not know, but supposed some one
had stolen them. When he retired that
night Mrs. Black found that he had all
three of them on.
Like many others, Judge Bla.:k had,
to use a common expression, no ear for
music, but, also like many others, he
imagined that he appreciated it fully.
Once he heard his daughter Becky, who
is a fine pianist, play a piece that pleas
ed him, and inquired its title. She re
plied that it was 'Lucy Neal,' and the
Judge ever after declared it to he his
favorite. Whenever Becky would ho
playing for visitors, the Judge would
say, "Now, Becky, give us my favorite,
'Lucy Neal,' and Becky, slily winking
at the guests, would play "Old Dan
Tucker" or "Old Hundred." As she
concluded, the Judge would tip hack
in his chair and exclaim : "That's my
favorite 1" and would wonder what the
people were laughing at.— Detroit Free
William M. Evarts' Atlvieo to a
JJvarts is a wonderfully effective
realization of the musty, crusty, digni
fied old lawyer. He is the last man in
the world to take liberties with; and
yet he told me, to illustrate his asser
tion that there is nothing too mean for
some persons to expect a lawyer to do,
of a professional thief asking his advice
as to how to steal with the greatest
possible safety. This fellow insisted
ou a private interview, refusing to
state his case to any subordinate.
"I'm a sneak thief," he said, when at
length seated in front of the Statesman's
desk. "1 mean to do some big job this
winter. Suppose Igo into a bank, and
bv making a depositor think 1 am an
employee, induce him to voluntarily
hand me his bank-book full of money—
mind, 1 don't use force—l simply take
what he hands me ; would that make
me liable to conviction of robbery in
the first degree ?"
Kvarts is never undignified. He
kicks in metaphor only. He simply
told the thief that he was too busy to
take hold of his case.
"What lawyer would you advise me
to go to ?" said the caller.
"Try the District Attorney,'' was
—A tripple score of happiness:—a
good business, a contented mind and a
botile of I>r. Bull's Cough Syrup.
The Colored Curtain in the Eye.
This ring-like curtain in the eye, of
gray, green, bluish-green, brown, and
other colors, is one among the very
many remarkable contrivances of the
organic world. The eye cannot bear
too much light entering into it, and
the colored curtain so regulates its own
movements that too much light can
not enter the eye. The dark circular
aperture in the center, known as the
pupil, is consequently for ever altering
in size; on a bright, sunshiny day,
out in the open, it may be only the
size of a pin's head, but at night, when
there is no light stronger than star
light, it is ever bigger than a pea.
This colortd ring curtain is fixed at
its outer edge, and its inner edge ex
pands or contracts so readily and, ap
parently, so easily, preserving its cir
cular outline all the while, that it is
quite provoking to the inventor, who
has been trying to invent movable
"stops" or "diaphragms" for years,
and after all his labor cannot even ap
proach it in perfection, and bis des
pair is complete when he learns that
the movements of this eve curtain
are automatic and quite independent
of the will.
It is unlike the ordinary window
blind, which is generally of a rectangu
lar shape, and is drawn up or let
down according to the amount of light
entering the room. The eye curtain
or iris is of ring shape, and possesses a
wonderful power of expanding itself so
as to diminish the area of the pupil,
and of shrinking in, so as to enlarge
the area of the pupil. Its movements
may be watched in a variety of ways,
some of which we shall describe.
The common way of watching the
movements of the iris is to regard it
closely in a looking glass while the
amount of light entering the eyes is
varied. Place yourself before a look
ing glass and with your face to the
window. Probably the iris will be ex
panded, and there will only be a very
small opening or pupil in the center.
Now shut one eye suddenly, while
narrowly watching the other in the
glass all the time. At the moment
the light is cut oil' from one eye, the
iris of the other contracts or is drawn
up so as to enlarge the pupil. This
shows that there is a remarkable in
terdependence between the curtains of
the two eyes, as well as they are af
fected by variations in the quantity of
light falling on them.
Perhaps one of the most interesting
ways of watchiug the movements of
these sympathetic eye curtains is one
which may be followed while you are
out walking on the streets these dark
winter nights. A gaslamp seen at a
dis;ance is, comparatively speaking, a
point of light, with bars of light ema
nating from it in many directions.
These bars, which give the peculiar
spoked appearance to a star, are proba
bly formed by optical defects of the
lens within the eye, or by the tear
fluid on the exterior surface of the eye,
or by a combination of all these causes.
Be that as it may, the lengths of the
spokes of light are limited by the inner
margin of the eye curtain ; if the cur
tain be drawn up, then the spokes are
long ; if the curtain be let down, or,
in other words, if the pupil be very
small and contracted, then one cannot
see any spokes at all Hence, as I
look at ft distant gaslight, with its
radiating golden spokeß, I am looking
at something which will give me a
sure indication of any movements of
the eyo curtains. I strike a match and
allow its light to fall into the eyes ;
the spokes of the distant gaslamp have
retreated into the point of flame as if
my magic; as I take the burning
match away from before my eyes the
spokes of the gaslamp venture forth
The experiment may be utilized to
see how much light is required to move
the window curtains of the eyes. Sup
pose you are walking toward a couple
of gaslauips, A and B ; B about fifty
yards behind A. Then, if you stead
fastly look at B and at the golden
spokes apparently issuing from it, you
may make these spokes a test of how
soon the light of A will move your
ires. As you gradually approach A
you come at last to a position where
its light is strong enough to make the
spokes of 15 begin to shorten ; a little
nearer still and they vanish altogether.
I have found that about a third of the
light which is competent to contract
the pupil very markedly will serve to
commence its moyement.
A Russian Solomon.
The St. Petersburg Herald relates
that recently in a South Russian vil
lage a peasant was accused of a theft.
The culprit kept out of the way, but
sent au advocate to plead his cause
before the local judicial magistrate.
The lawyer employed all his eloquence
to convince the Judge that his client
was innocent, but his clever appeal had
no effect upon the magistrate, who
knew the accused and had probably
condemned him before he heard the
details of the case. He gave the
sentence—five and twenty blows with
a rod. The village Solomon was in
formed that the criminal could not
be found "Never mind," he observed.
"Justice must have its course. As the
criminal is not in our hands, we de
cree that his advocate shall receive.the
(loggiug. The man who has the face
to defend such a rascal deserves to bo
punished. The luckless lawyer in
vain protested against the illegality,
absurdity and utter injustice of the
monstrous sentence. The loss of his
time and fees, he contended, would be
quite sufficient punishment. But the
stiff old Russian Solomon was inexor
able, and the lawyer was actually
seized, bound and received the twenty
five strokes as the representative of
the absent criminal.
The baker rarely eats as much
bread OH be kneads.
Mr. John Denlinger, Lancaster,
Pa., Kiiys: "I used Hrown's Iron Hit
ters for ti weak, brokendown constitu
tion. Jtreleaved ine very much.
A MYSTERY SOLVED.
The Ada Atkinson Murder.
FOWJ.ER, IND., October 17.—A Court
of luquiry was held yesterday after
noon to hear Jacob Nelling's confes
sion of the murder of Ada Atkinson.
The room was thrown open and
quickly crowded by au infuriated mob
determined to hear Veiling's confes
sion from his own lips, and then hang
him to the nearest post The prisoner
was brought into court through a
private way, aud on being shown his
written confession, declared it to be
true. He said: "No one prompted
me to kill her, and I had no reason for
it. I did not have any connection
with her. I went up stairs and said,
'Ada, I am going to kill you.' 'Oh,
no, don't do that, I do not want to
die,' she replied. She did not scream,
ouly struggled a little. I remember
cuttiug her throat. I washed my
hands and threw the bloody water on
the grass. The blood on my knife I
could uot tell whether it was hers or
from the hogs. I didu't clutch her
throat, but threw her on the floor and
didn't attempt to outrage her. I have
always loved her dearly. It appeared
to me that I had to do it."
Mr. Frazier had read the charge ac
cusing Nelling of the murder of Ada
Atkinson. After the reading he was
asked : "Are you guilty or not guilty ?"
He said : '"I murdered her, but I had
no malice towards her." Here the ex
citement was painful, Nelling alone
showing stolid indifference. Judge
Coffroth committed the prisoner for
trial without bail. The doors were
then locked, and a deep, powerful voice
said : "Not a man shall leave this
room for five minutes." It was a
scene to make the stoutest heart
weaken. The Sheriff was rushing the
miserable wretch down the rear pas
sage to the jail. Men threw up the
windows, but dare not leap to the
ground below. When the doors were
opened the crowd surged out. "Hang
him," hang him!" was heard from
every mouth. The jail is new and
strong and it will be no easy task to
seize the prisoner if there is much re
sistance by the officers.
The Sheriff is guarding the prisoner
in jail, which is surrounded by 300
armed men. At 10:30 last night a
gang of 50 went for railroad iron to
batter down the doors. It seems cer
tain the prisoner will be lynched.
A mob of COO to 700 men gathered
in front of the jail demanding Nelling,
the murderer, be brought out. They
ran wild with excitement and fear
Nelling will escape the gallows on the
plea of insanity. Sheriff and assist
ants stood fire, refusing to deliver up
the prisoner. A rush was made by
lynchers and a struggle ensued, dur
ing which several of the lynchers were
thrown down and trampled under
foot. The Sheriff and ex-Sheriff plead
urgently to tho crowd to disperse, aud
the best citizens of the town went in
among them, begging them tor God's
sake to desist. The mob was under
no regular leadership, or would haye
accomplished its object. As it is they
dispersed with threats of hanging the
murderer at some future time.
(E xtract from oration of William
M. Evarts at the Newburg Centennial )
And now, after a hundred years of
marvelous fortunes and crowded ex
periences, we confront the days and
tho works and the men of the first age
of the Republic. Three wars have
broken the peace h<*re proclaimed. The
war tor neutrality to complete our in
dependence, by establishing our right
to be at peace, though othe»" powers
sought to draw us into their wars.
The war for boundary, wbich pushed
our limits to the Pacific, and rounded
our territory. The war of the Con
stitution,' which established for this
people that, for them and forever,
"Liberty and Union are one and in
separable." These rolling years have
shown growth, forever growth, and
strength, increasing strength, and
wealth and numbers ever expanding,
while intelligence, freedom, art, cul
ture, and religion have pervaded aud
ennobled all this material greatness.
Wide, however, as in our land and
vast our population to-day, these are
not the limits to the name, the tame,
the power of the life and character of
Washington. If it could be imagined
that this Nation, rent by disastrous
feuds, broken in its unity, should ever
present tho miserable spectacle of the
uudefiled garments of his fame parted
among the countrymen, while for the
seamless vesture of his virtue they
cast lots—if this unutterable shame,
if this immeasurable crime should over
take this land and this people, be sure
that no spot in the wide world is in
hospitable to his glory, and no people
iu it but rejoices in the influence of his
power and his virtue.
If the great statesman and orator,
Mr. Fox, could, in the British Parlia
ment, exalt the character of Washing
ton as that "illustrious man, deriving
honor less from the splendor of his sit
uation than from the dignity of his
mind; before whom all borrowed great
ness sinks into significance, and all the
potentates of Europe become little and
contemptible;" if the famous eloquence
of Erskine could speak of him "as the
only human being for whom he felt an
awful reverence;" if the political phi
losophy of Broupham prescribed it as
"the duty of the historian and sage of
all nations to let no occasion pass of
commemorating this illustrious man;" if
he asserted that "until time shall be no
more, will a test of the progress which
our race has made in wisdom and virtue
be derived from the veneration paid to
the immortal name of Washington;" if
our own great statesmen and orators
join in the acclaim,
Nil nrtiiMira alias, nil ortuiu, tule faleiitea,
let his countrymen with one voice ac
cept and cherish thin splendid posses
sion and exalt and perpetuate it, now
—Train jumping is producing the
usual harvest of death.
Wlint will it matter in a little while
That for a day
We met and gave a word, a touch, a stuil.-,
Upon the way!
\V hat will it.matter whether hearts were brave
And lives were true;
1 hat you gave me the sympathy I crave,
As I gave you?
These trifles! Can it be they make or ru&r
A humble life?
Are souls as lightly swayed as rushes are
lty love or strife ?
\ oa, yea! a look the fainting heart way break,
Or make it whole ;
And just one word, if said for love's sweet sake,
■May save a soul: —May Riley Smith.
The Making of Steel Pens.
The steel pen is a modern invention,
not fifty years having elaped since it
was introduced, and like many other
inventions it met with much opposi
tion and had a number of rivals. Of
these the quill pen was the most for
midable, and to this day the quills of
geese are used by some old stagers.
Pens of silver and gold, the latter es
pecially, have been great favorites with
those who admire much flexibility in a
pen, and the handy self-feeders, as the
stylograpic, have plenty of users. But,
after all, the steel pen is the most gen
eraally used, and unlike most inven
tions, the method of its manufactare
has hot been essentially changed or
The steel from wbich pens are made
is the finest crucible steel rolled into
sheets 7-1000 of an inch thick. From
this the blanks are cut by means of a
punch and die in presses worked by
hand or toot, the operators bjing girls.
The side slits in the pen, tho central
oval or semicircular hole, the corruga
tions or embossings, the curved or
semicircular form to the original flat
blank, and the stamp of the pen or the
maker, are all formed and produced by
similar means—the screw hand proas
or the lever foot press—by the use of
punches and dies, each pen being
These corrugations and slits and
central cuts are not merely fanciful or
naments, but are intended to adapt the
pen to the user. Some want a resist
ing pen, very stiff and allowing con
siderable pressure without opening tho
nibs wide enough to moke a heavy
mark; others a yielding pen that re
quires bat a touch to opsn tho nibs.
There are many degrees of these qual
ities required, as well as differences in
sizes; so that a single establishment
makes no less than forty-six styles of
Of course, cast steel of such extreme
tenuity becomes hardened by these
successive pressings and punchings,
and must be annealed. Thi* is done
by placing the blanks, or unfinished
pens, in a cast iron box leaving a
space all around of half an iuch or
more, which is filled with ashes or fine
charcoal. The whole is then subjected
to a glowing red heat for about two
hours, and allowed to cool When an
nealed, these blanks may be rolled up
by the fingers just like so many bits of
tea lead, which they much resemble iu
Iu heating for hardening the saiue
method is used—packing in double
boxes six or eight inches sqnare—and
when the pens are red hot, they are
poured into a tank of animal oil. When
taken out from the bath they must be
handled carefully, as they are uot only
stiff and brittle, but crumbly; they
can be squeezed to minute fragments
between thumb and linger. Thsy are
then placed within a couo-shaped
sheet iron receptacle open at the largo
end and mounted on a spindlo, aud are
rotated over a glowing fire until they
turn to a full or "low" blue. They
are then chilled in oil, and when cool
are rattled in saw dust until they are
quite clean and bright. The next pro
cess is the grinding of the nibs on mi
nute wheel of fine emery and corun
dum, and lastly comes the essential pro
cess that completes the pen and makes
it a pen—the slitting of the nibs. This
is done by a pair ot shears acting the
same as the presses at.d punches.
This splits the steel from point to cen
tral hole without removing a particle
of material. The pens are then lac
quered, straw or brown,blued or black
ed, or left bright as the style demands,
and packed for the market.
Where a Miracle Can be Per
The llev. Dr. Howard Crosby wrote
to the anti-monopoly meeting at Coop
er Institute the following:
"Our present system punishes those
who steal five dollars, encourages and
applauds those who steal five niliiona "
If the meeting had produced nothing
more than these words of Dr. Crosby
its time and labors would not have
been thrown away. They are simple
words of truth. But they set before
the people, intensely and strongly, an
evil which reflects on our national
character and threatens to destroy re
Day by day the power of wealth is
asserting itself as superior to law. Day
by day the evidences increase that the
rights of the poor man are being grad
ually impaired and that the privileges
of the rich man are growing more aud
more defiant of law and destructive of
We may paraphrase Scripture. It
is easier for a camel to go through the
eye of a needle than for a rich man to
get into the State prison.
In the cells of our prisons to-day are
thousands of poor wretches driven by
starvation to larceny. In our club
houses, our hotels and our brown stone
mansions are dozens and scores of rich
thieves who have robbed the govern
ment and people of millions, aud
against whom the law is powerless.
If the anti-inouopolist organization
can do anything to destroy this ev il,
they will deserve well of the country.
Hut they will perform a miracle.—iV.