Newspaper Page Text
Par year, in I
Otherwise 800 I
paper* will be bald liable for the eobecnpUcn. ,
HatMoribei* removing from on* poetofflee to
another ahoald giro as the DM* of the formar
u wall u the promt offlce.
AII OlW»iinittHir* intended for pobUoation
n this pftpar sriikt b» accompanied w
of the wrUar. not foe publication but aa
a guarantee of food faith.
Marriage and deeth nptioea moat be aooomp*
Died by a responsible name.
AddT *a* T- j ]B gllTLn civtn»i
, . . BCTLXA. PJt
Enisle of Abel Groot.
Letters testimentary on the estate of Ab«
Grant, dee'd, late of Allegheny township
Botl- r ceuaty, Pa., having been granted to th
ai dersigned; *ll per»on« knowing themselve
indebted to t*id estate will please ni«ke p»y
m»nt in. midiitel T And Any htTiog claimi
against said estate will present them duly an
thenticated for settlement.
8. P. EAHS. Executor,
Sep. 20, 1882. Parker City, Pa.
Wliereaa Utters of administration have beer
granted by the Register to the undersigned
Spon th* estate ?/Char lea Oswalt.*, late ol
wil make hwhedlato nhymeni and thoas
having, claims against the sane will present
them properly authenticated for settlement
Either to myxelf or my Attorney, -
J B MoJtfNKIN. PHILIP OSWALD.
Att'y for Adm'r Adminimretor
Oct n,un Mo no Botlar at Pitts Pa
Pellttoa tor Partlttoo.
In Be Petition of Elisabeth Barry, an heir-at
• law of Susannah Koch, dee'd, for Inquest to
; make partition.
O. C., No. 43, Sept Term, 18SJ.
Sept. 4th, 1882, Citation awarded retaraable
to next term. Notice by publications to heirs
who do not reside in the State and by service
on those who reside in the State.
BCTLEE CO. S. 8. :
How, therefore, you, Elisabeth Barry, in
termarried tilk Jot* Barry, the petitioner
now of A lie* My oity, Pa;, Leonard Koeh, of
ShreveportTLouisiana, Charlotte, intermarried
with Michael Seifor, of , and the
following grand children, being seas aad
daughter* of Margaret Koch, dee'd, Intermarried
with Weidaer, vis : Valentine Weidner,
Tmanl Weitfaer, Adam WeidMr, Annie
WeMaer, eSsa Of whoae reeide ia Batter Co
ond otfcem fat CKmoti Ca, bat thtaf place of
resideace ia ufkfowa, tfe hereby uwii<liM
and cited to Mfiear befcre the J»*e of tie
Orpfca«'fcCa»iafß«Wh, an Monday, 4he 4th
day of December, 18*2, or show cause why
writ or inquest should not ha awarded ae pray
ed for. .
Witness the 800. E. MoJuakin, PieeJ
Judge of Mr said Court at Batter, this 13th
day of Oct., 1882. . „
1 W. B. DODDS,
Clark, O. C.
Peillloa tor Part
Petition of Eleanor MeKinney, for Partition of
the real estate of Robert MeKinney, dee'd,
late of Adams township, Batter eaanty, Pa.
O. C., Ho. 44, September Term, 1882.
Oct. 13th. 1882, Rale to show cause why
writ of partition should not issue according to
law, granted upon the heirs within named.
Personal service to be made an all residing
wit&fai tfee Wnty and by publication as to the
others rstlraabts to next term. Paper to be
sent to'non-reeidente with notice.
Bt THE COUET.
BOTLKB COCWTY, 100
STATE or PEKN'A. j
Now, therefore, you, Jamee MeKinney, Mar
garet. intermarried with William Pierce, reel
ing at Beaver Falls, Pa., Elisabeth Jane, resid
ing in Adams twp., Butler county, Pa., Wil-
MeKinney, residing in Trego county,
Cansas, Mary, itermarrled with A. J. Fleming,
reeiding in Adams twp., John C. McKinnev,
residing in Mercer ooanty, Pa., Samoel B.
MeKinney, reeiding in Adams township, shall
be and appear in your proper persons at an
Orphaa'e Court to be held at Batter, in add
for said coanty on die first Monday el Decem
ber, then and there to show eaose if 'iay you
have writ of Partition should not issue as
the Hon E. MeJunkin, Pree't
Judge of our said Court at Butler, this 14th
day of October, 1882.
W. B. DODDS,
Oat 25, 'B2. Clerk O. C.
■ ' -
Auditor's Hot lee.
In th* Coomon Pteea of Butter Ooanty, lb- D
Ho • Jane Term 18W.
In the matter of th* voluntary assignment of
appointed by the Court « OotoSrttk 1882 to
dUtribute th* fund* in th* hands of 8. Petey
Meßaa, Materm, on his first and partial to
eoant filed an 3 confirmed in said Oonrt, emftog
th* parttee legally entitled thereto, will attend
to the d atlas of his appointment at hfcaOo* en
Water atr*ettaFr*enonb*raagb, PCoo«*rt
day the tth day o« ¥7l l«* I.MM. at 4» oMloek
a. at which thu* and jdaip they may appear
If they think proper or doemee be debarred
from participating ia said fund.
GEO. O. INGEBBOLL. Andltor.
Vrsapxt, Oct. 10th, 1882. oelß at
' AUDITOM NOTICE.
Ho. 1 am. nan, 1882.
Ia fka matter of the final aeeouat of Joeeph
Hartman, administrator of the estate of Wil
tern J. Campbell, deceased, late of Millers
towa. Batter Oe.. Pa.,
T* th* ereditore of th* eetato of William J.
Campbell aad all ethers interested.
That haviag beea appointed Auditor by th*
Court to ssake dlstributtea. of the balance of
the above estate among those eatitted thereto,
1 will attend to the duties *f my appointoMat
at my *fiee ia Butter on Friday October 20,
1882, at oa* o'eloek P. M.
oet4,3t GEO. C. PILLOW.
C. Yeager A Co. vs. W. W. Marshall aad
Ia the Common Pleas of Butler C*, E. D.
No. ff, DM. T. 1882.
Th* undcrelgaod Auditor, appointed by th*
Court in above eaee, to distribute the fond re
alised or to be realised Afm a Sheriff's sate of
the personal property- of eaid defendants to and
among those entitled thereto, will attend to the
datiee of Mid appointment at his oOce ia
Butler on Friday the 17th day of November,
1882, at 10 o'olook A. X. of which all persons
interested will take aotioe.
GEO. C. PILLOW,
The undersigned. Assignee of David Zeigler,
Jr.. will, in parsaanee of an orter from Court,
offer for sale the following property on the
promisee, in the borough of Hsraiony, on
* Thursday, November tth, 1882,
At ODB o'clock, p. M :
One Steam Flouring Mill, aitaato in -the bor
ough of Harmony, Batter ooanty, Pa., with all
the machinery Ac., oaceeaearv to run eaid mill,
on a lot of ground in esM borough, bounded
north by an alley, eeat by an allay, eonth by a
lot and woolen factory of John Pearce, end
weet by a street, eaid hot being 60x80 feet more
Aleo, the undivided one half of lot adjoining
the came, containing and being about 2UO feet
long to Oonnoquoneasing creek and about 125
feet wide, branded north by eaid creek, eeet by
Oeorge Beam, eonth by G- Langbien and weet
by an alley, known ae the Water lot, an which
if greeted a steam pump for use of mill and fae-
Aleo, another lot, bounded north by Gernjtn
etreet, eeet by lot of Mrs. David Zeigler, south
by Eoonomite Cemetery and weet by an alley,
being about 78 feet front and by >9O feet beck.
Tuns: —One-third In band on confirmation
of eale, one-third in one yeati and one-third in
two yean, with interest; secured by bond and
mortgage. F. A. EDJfONDH,
0t4,9t Assignee of D. Zeigler. Jr.
Two Forma for Bole.
The heirs of Robert MeKinney, dee'd. late of
Adafpe twp . Butler count/, Ps." will sell a(
private sate, find h» teU, a farm *rff
situated one and a half mitee from Tempieton
Mtation, on the Pttteborgh A Wsetorn Bsitrua4.
la said hfisms twp. PUT partioulars inquire of
A. J Pteasteg oa the premises.
iLSO A FARM OF 123 AOBES
in Cherry twp., Butler Co., Pa., oa the line of
the Bbenengo A Allegheny Bailroad, aad mid
way between Bovard and Anandate Statkma.
For parttenlate ae to thia farm, inquire of Mr.
Itetander Potter, living on adjoining farm.
Pinafore P. O. Batter 00., Pa. .
'| y Adrertiae hi tbe CITIXBH.
A BsoMhtM Article for fnlTiml
For louM iad
■■■■■■■ Pox, KMIIM, HI
an CimfagloM Maeuci. Penons wutiagoa
the Sick should use it freely Scarlet Fever ha*
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used. Yellow Fever has been cured trith it after
hiaeh vomit k*4 token place. The von*
C*MI of Diphtheria yield to it.
aona refreshed and
Bed Korea prevent,
ed bf bathing with
Impure Air made
hamless and purified.
For Sore Throat it is a
anie care. <
Par Frosted Feet,
Soft White Complex
leaa secured by its use.
Ship Fever prevented.
Te parity the Breath,
Cleans** the Teeth,
it can't be surpassed.
Catarrh relieved aad
MM relieved instantly.
Weenda healed rapidly.
Isai IJ cured.
Aa Aatidote for Animal
er Vegetable Poisons, ]
I mS's* Fluid during
Hi Ui mit affliction with
Scarlet Fever with de
cided advantage. It is
Ixliini—hlf to the sick
noa-Wa. F. SAKD
*oao, Kyrie, Ala.
I 1 and
. PITTING of Small
• | Fox PBIVXNTID
A member of my fam
ily was taken with
Small-pox. I used the
', Fluid', the patient waa
i not delirious, was not
pitted, and was about
the house again In three
: weeks, and no others
, had it- J. W. Pax*,
i tut OK, Philadelphia.
I Diphtheria I
The physicians hate
use Darbvs Fluid very
successfully in the treat
ment of Diphtheria,
i A. STOLLXMWXXCX,
! Tetter dried up.
1 Cholera prevented.
I Ulcere purified aad
Ia canes of Death it
should be used about
the corpse —lt wilt
prevent any unpleas
The eminent Phy
sician. J. MARION
SIMS, M a, Mew
York, says: " I am
convinced Prof. Darbys
Prophylactic Fluid is a
Twdarbllt Unlf*r*ltjr, KadirilU, Tama.
I testify to the most excellent qualities of PIW
Darbys Prophylactic Fluid. As a disinfectant tad
dl—jial it a both theoretically and practically
superior to any preparation with which I am ac
yafnil.—W.T. Lvrnw, Prof. Chemittry.
Dsrbya Fluid la Recommended by
Ho*. AUXAMOAA H. STSPHBMS, of Georgia;
Her. Cms. T. Daaxs, D.D., Church of the
Strangers, M. Y.;
Jo*. LaCoirra,Columbia, Prof.,University,S.C.
Re*. A. J. BATTLB, Prof., Mercer University;
*er Gao. T. Pi Baca, Bishop M. E. Church.
INDISPENSABLE TO KVKBY HOICK.
Perfectly harmless. Used internally or
externally for Man or Beast.
The Fluid has Iwen thoroughly tested, and w«
have abundant evidence that it has done everything
hare claimed. For fuller information get of your
Druggist a pamphlet or send to the proprietors,
J. H. ZEfLEN * CO.,
Manufacturing Chemists, PHILADELPHIA
■of the universal success of
Brown's Iron Bitters is sim
ply this: It is the best Iron
preparation ever made; is
compounded on thoroughly
scientific, chemical and
medicinal principles, and
does just what is claimed for
it—no more and no less.
By thorough and rapid
assimilation with the blood,
it reaches every part of the
system, healing, purifying
and strengthening. Com
mencing at the foundation
it builds up and restores lost
health —in no other way can
lasting benefit be obtained.
79 Dearborn Ave., Chicago, Nov. J.
I have baa* a great sufferer from
a very weak stomach, heart barn, and
dyspepsia in its wont form. Nearly
everything I ate gave me dutreas,
mad I could eat but little. I have
triad everything racomaaended, hava
take* tha prescriptions of a dosea
physicians, but got so relief uaul I
took Brown's Iron Bitter*. I feel
rone of tha old trouble*, aad am a
new man. I am gettiag much
stronger, and feel #r»«-r*te. lam
• raiwoad engineer, sad BOW make
my trip* regularly. I caa not say
too mack In prals* of your wonder
ful medicine. D. C. MACK.
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
docs not contain whiskey
or alcohol, and will not
blacken the teeth, or cause
headache and constipation.
It will cure dyspepsia, indi
gestion, heartburn, sleep
lessness, dizziness, nervous
debility, weakness, &c.
Use only Brown's Iron Bitter* made by
®rown Chemical Co., Baltimore. Crossed
lad Una* aad trade-mark oa wrapper.
THE ONLY ASSOCIATION
XV TKX WORLD.
Tbl* Institution vai formed (or tbe *ole pur
pote of treating tha dUea-e* of womon, It la
composed only of pbyUcian* who hnve obtained
a leading rank in the profes ion by thWr
acknowledged ability nnd surcesa, and who
have made the health and diaeaae* of women a
atudy for year*. I.niiir* can be anrcexfolly
treated at home, without any oilier ex|>ense
than tbe coat of the medicine. Advice by mail
frit. Bead stamp for circular* and testimonial*
from ladle* who have been permanently currtL
Is th« Favorite Prescription of the
Woman's Medical Institute
far Prolapsus Uteri, or falltpr of the Womb,
liufflrrhoco of White*' Inffaminatioii npd
operation at Wgmt>: Irrfcgßliiritlp*, flnod
fag, Amenorrboen or of monthly visita
tion, Weakpoaa |u U»e Bask aptl Btotaach, Palnl
mem, Keryoua Prostration, Dyspepsia, Kid nay
Cum plain to, Barrenness, nod u ft tonic during
PrwM»«T. at regular period* through change
•f life, and for tbe general debility of wofnea,
guts qvicjc and j*nkantul
One Pint Bottle Is Sufficient.
Sold by Druggists. Price, SI.OO.
AGENTS Wanted SqATttß
wertstf (hustler; great .iil*ii;DUOlH W> DIUIV*
tow U Mice; Mlllna eisi:eee4ede»etr»hefe: lifceeel wea
fcaMif, Merrill* • t«, M p. Fwmh St., fWtoSljiU, %
Grape Culture at Xiipa luid fjOtt
Correspondence of N. Y. Tribune.]
Los ANGELES, CAL., Oct. 4. —This
is the height of the vintage season.
Throughout the seven great viticultural
districts into which the State is divid
ed, Chinese coolies wearing inverted
straw basins like Mambrinus's hemlet,
together with Italian, French and
Portuguese laborers, are busily robbing
the vines of their purple and white
treasures, which are hurried to the
foaming wine-press, or dried for raisins,
or tickle the palates of appreciative
mortals in their normal state. What
the scenes are now in the vineyard may
perhaps be shown by a glimpse of one
—probably the largest producing vine
yard in California. Twelve miles from
the City of Angels—fallen angels just
now, for the Democrats have been
holding a mass meeting—is the vine
yard of San Gabriel. The road thither
ia covered with four or five inches of
powdery dust, which fails to soften the
jolting from the ruts and gullies in the
bard clay underneath. Stifling clouds
hang over the highway like the smoke
above a battle-field. Every driver
whips his steed and displays miracles
of craft and dexterity in order io "give
his dust" to his fellow-travellers, or,
failing this, be carefully seeks the wind
ward side of the road. Puffs of dust
mark the course of the gopher—hated
of all farmers—as be darts across the
brown, parched fields.
The dry season in California is a
time of sackcloth and ashes for those
who go abroad to spy out the land.
But beyond the quaint old San Gabriel
Mission the road turns into groves of
orange trees, limes and lemons.
Streams of clear water ripple down on
either side. The yellow wearers of
Mambrinus's helmet are busy here and
there in raising little embankments of
earth around each tree in squares,
within which they presently conduct
the water from the ditches. The glossy
green of the orange leaves is matched
by tbe color of the fruit, which is to
ripen into gold. Then the air becomes
fragrant with the smell of grapes. Here
are the wine-cellars, and just opposite
the building containing the wine-press,
vats and brandy-still Beyond, the
lines of vines cover the sloping fields
almost as far as the eye can reach.
TIIE PROCESS OFWINE-MAKINU.
Each coolin, equipped with a prun
ing knife aud box with handles, takes
a row and cuts the tempting clusters
from each vine until his box is filled.
Relays of wagons are loaded *ith the 1
boxes and driven up to tbe building.
From the side projects a hopper, into
which the grapes are poured. They 1
are poked down into a rapidly revolv
ing cylinder with an arrangement of
paddles which quickly crush tbem into
pulp. The stems are thrown out from (
the cylinder into tbe smaller end of the
cone-shaped stemming-wheel, and by
its.action work their way out. The (
pomace is conducted into huge tabs,
while the juice runs off through a pipe
into the fermentiDg vats, strained
through filters in which tbe skinny
claws and lean arms of the inevitable
coolie work the pulp and seeds which
hare run through tbe pipe and keep
the filter clear. Those juice-smeared
hands and elbows one should forget
when be drinks the wine.
After fermenting in the vats the wine
is pumped through a pipe to tbe cellars
across the road, where there is a goodly
array of hogsheads and tuns like unto
that of Heidelberg, with butts in which
half a dozen Clarences could easily be
drowned. Here the wines stand and
are clarified, some, like port, with
whites of eggs, others with gelatine or
isinglass, and finally tbe more delicate
hocks are filtered through charcoal. In
the cellars and in the storerooms above
where tho barrels now hold 90,000 gal
lons, tbe wine remains usually for a
year before it is offered for sule. The
pomace after the first crushing is press
ed again, then dried and used for a
fertilizer. In the office is a well-filled
sideboard where the Eastern visitor
findß bis prejudices against American
wine melting away in the sunshine of
lusty port eleven years old, and dissi
pated bv ruby Zinfandel claret, and by
the bouquet of Burger hock, whose del
icacy few of tbe so-called Rhine wines
In the American market can surpass.
STATISTICS OY THE GROP.
While undergoing this pleasant con
version, one's guide chats about wine
making and waxes statistical In this
vineyard there are COO acres of produc
ing vines. The usual estimate is that
vines should begin to bear in the third
year after they are set out, and should
yield a profit in the fourth year, while
the fifth seanon should pay all the cost
of the vineyard, including the land if it
was cheaply purchased. Here the
Cbarbona was one of the firßt grapes
used, and with it are the famous Zin
fandel, tbe Malvoisie, the Burger,—a
wonderfully juicy white grape,—the
Blanc Elben, with a few Muscatel
grapes, and recently there have been
set out a quantity of the Seedless
Sultana, which is usually made into
raisins, but here is to be tried for wine.
These COO acres will yield this year
500,000 gallons of wine and 100,000 of
brandy. In quantity, port heads the
list, followed successively by Angelica,
sherry, Zinfandel, hock and Malvoisie.
It is curious to find the extensive de
mand for Angelica that still exists, al
though it is inferior to all other Cali
fornia wines, recalling forcibly the
Bweetened paregoric of one's youth.
From the vineyards tbroucrouht the
State tbe reports are generally of an
epcouragiug nature, and an officer of
tbe Viticultural Association gave me
an estimate in San Krancisco tbe other
day of tbe production of wine this
season as 12,000,000 gallons, including
that made into brandy.
THE NORTH CALIFORNIA VINEYARDS.
In my chat with this officer there
was revealed a curious mutual jealousy
between tbe northern and southern
grape sections of tbe State. He was
inclined to disparage the Los Angeles
district, and directed me to the well.
BUTLER. FA., WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 8, 1882
known Sonoma and Napa \ alleys,
north of San Francisco. The former,
where the phylloxera has wrought its
deadliest ravages, owing largely to the
former neglect of owners, I was unable
to visit, but a run up the Napa \ alley
is well worth takiog. It is only a
matter of a day or two to go up the
valley and back from San Francisco,
passing through Xapa, St. Helena and
Calistoga. On either side of the rail
road the valley is lined with vineyards
whose purple clusters show through
the leaves, and whose very perfume
seems blown into the car windows.
Everywhere vhe laborers are at work,
and wagons piled with grapes are on
their way to the wine-press. The
labors of the vintage season are hurried
on, conducted in as practical and mat
ter-of-fact a fashion as the grinding of
wheat or the making of shoes, which,
considering the National character, is
befitting an American vintage. There
are no peasant maidens in pink bodices
and white petticoats to sing vintage
soogs and clink glasses with their
lovers in the interludes of the noonday
dance, after the approved pattern set
by the operas. There are plenty of
Chinamen, and some swarthy Italians,
but the}' arc made to earn so many bits
a day, aud tbt-y look little enough like
singing ordaiu-iug, even if such luxuries
did not involve deductions from their
To one of these vineyards there is a
peculiar interest attaching, for it is
from this that Mr. Estees, like a Cali
fornia Cincinnatus has been called to
accept the Republican nomination for
Governor. Ilis country home is about
three miles from Napa. The ranch
embraces 000 acres, half of which is In
vines. The low one-story and-a-half
house is pleasantly shaded, and in the
rear is a fine orchard, through which
runs a stream of clear water coming
down from the mountains./ It is a very
charming, modest place, and no doubt
"Fair as a garden of the Lord.
To the eyes of the hungry Democratic horde,"
for the Democrats enviously started a
campaign slander that Mr. Estees had
not paid his taxes and had no real
ownership of his home—a slander,
which it is needless to say, was
But after leaving the northern dis
tricts for Los Angeles, I found that
this section ably holds its own. Here
I met another viticukural officer, who
pointed out that this district has always
been free from phylloxera, that the
most delicate hocks aud fine clarets are
made here, as well as the heavier
port and sherries, and that here is the
largest vineyard in the State. Cer
tainly, from all accounts here, there
seems to be little fault to be found
with the wine producing qualitios
which the grapes obtain from soil and
WHERE THE WINE GOES TO.
It is a matter for surprise to note the
growth and development of this in
dustry throughout the Stale. Indeed,
its growth has led some viticulturists
to express publicly a warning against
trop de zele in planting new vine
yards, from tbe fear of over-production.
Yet the shipments outside the State
are steadily increasing each year, and
I find that they have nearly trebbled
within the last Beven years. Last
year there were exported by rail 1,-
340,103 gallons of wine and 149,574 of
brandy, and by sea 1,505,262 gallons
of wine and 60,093 of brandy; making
a total of 2,845,365 gallons of wine and
509,677 of brandy, which is an in
crease over 1880 of 358,012 gallons of
wine, and 20,579 of brandy. Last
year the production of wine was
about 9,000,000 gallons, including
what was made into brandy. As
much wine is sent East, I am told, as
is consumed hero on the l'acific
"But why do we never get good
California wine East ?" I asked a
friend in San Francisco, after I had
convinced myself that excellent wines
are made here.
For answer he called the waiter
—we were lunching at a French res
taurant—and asked him for a bottle ol
"Mais, monsieur," protested the
waiter with a shrug, "there is no
good American wine, and we never
keep it. We only keep imported
winesand he brought a bottle
labelled "St. Julien."
"There's the answer," said my com
panion. "That bottle contains Cali
fornia claret under a French name,
and you will pay three times its
worth simply for the name Res
taurant and hotel men here as well as
East know that it is fashionable to
drink wines under foreign names, and
that they can charge for them a high
price. Do you suppose they will sell
California claret at 50 ceuts a bottle
when a foreign label makes the bottle
sell for $2 or $3? Nearly all the un
adulterated wine drank in New York
to-day is California wine under a for
eign name, and at a most extravagant
price, considering its real cost. And
back of it' all ia the American idea
that wine-driukiug is a luxury instead
of being an ordinary a matter as drink
So it is interesting, iq visiting these
vineyards, to know that one is view
ing the source of much of the "import
ed St. Julien, Chateau Margaux,
Hochheimer, Laubenheimer, Neir
steiner, pale sherry and old port"—
particularly the clarets—which grace
New York dinner tables.
A CALIFORNIA WATERING PLACE.
There is nothing paradoxical in
adding a word about watering places
at this time, for on this coast people
are still bathing and promenading the
sands, although I prosume Coney
Island has beoome a reminiscence—
like the bath room in most Western
hotels. Further north, to be sure, at
Monterey and Santa Cruz, the water
is taking on a slight chill, hut my run
down to these watering places last
week abounded in compensations. I
think the chief beauty of the fields in
California is tbe live oak, and almost
the entire distance there were groves of
these twisted and gnarled trees, look
ing like an old New England apple
orchard upou a windy hill, save for
their dense foliage, a thick glossy mass
which is a crown of beauty. Then
just outside of the city the train pass
ed the beautiful suburban residences of
Belmont, Millbrae and San Mateo,
surrounded by parks, English in the
neatness of the velvet lawns aud well
kept trees, and semi-tropical in the
jungles of palms, ferns, cacti and
pampas grass. They are double fasci
nations at Monterey. The hotel,
looking not unlike a French chateau,
stands in the midst of a wonderfully
beautiful park of 200 acres, where
the twisted cypresses lean toward the
arrowy trunks of the redwood and
pine; and there are live oaks, and
pampa grasses with stalks twelve feet
or more in height, and palms of every
kind, and ferns of all varieties, and
beds of carefully kept flowers forming
bright carpets underneath. Then a
short walk away is the great bathing
house, and opposite, the quaint old
town, an odd combination of Nantucket
and Mexican village. There are
charming views along the shore of the
bay, but the beach is inferior to that at
Santa Cruz, which is reached by a
branch road from Pajaro, an hour from
Monterey. There a fine white beach
awaits the completion of bathing
bouses and hotels to form the basis of
an attractive watering place, although
one misses the cypress groves of Mon
But at these resorts—very bumble
as compared with those which New
Yorkers know —the bathing season is
closing, as I have said, while here at
Santa Monica, only an hour from the
city of Angels, people bathe in Decem
ber as well as in August. The tem
perature at Santa Monica remains at
about 65° throughout the year. There
fore in these October days it is a very
refreshing thing to go down into the
sea in the big bath-house, where baths
of all kind await one. And it is also re
freshing to drive up the smooth curv
ing beach with its odd colored con
glomerate formations, its marvellously
large sea-weeds, and its view of the
beautiful Pacific. Soon you come to
the Santa Monica Canon, a pet haunt
of camping and picnij parties, and
climbing up it, you become conscious
of an unusual abundance of bees Here
are the "bee-ranches," surrounded by
orchards of small fruits and gardens ot
fuchsias, rhododendrons and honey
suckle, with rows of bee-hives in the
rear. This is becoming - one of Cali
fornia's important industries, and if
you spend a day among the "bee-ranch
es" you will And that honey and the
honeycomb have raised several of
their occupants from poverty to inde
pendence. Wilmington, another local
ly famous seaside town near by, I
have not visited, for time grows
short, and I must leave the orange
groves and vine yards to descend into
the hot sands of the Colorado desert
and emerge in Arizona.
A Liglilliotiae Builder.
Some weeks ago the opening cere
monies of the uew Eddystone Light
house in the English Channel, were
described in the editorial correspond
ence of the New York Observer. They
recall the romantic history of its prede
cessors. The first structure ou the
dangerous reef of rock, which in days
long past wrought ruin to so many
vessels and brought death to their
crews, was built of timber, by Hugh
Mr. Winstanley was quite a genius
in his way. In and about his house
were to be found many specimens of
his skill in mechanical contrivances.
For instance, in one room was a slip
per, to all appearances lying loosely
and carelessly about, which had but
to receive but the gentlest kind of a
kick to start a hidden spring and bring
a skeleton before the astonished gaze
of a visitor. Hardly over his fright,
he would bo invited to sit in a corufort
uble-looking and inviting easy-chair.
The action of sitting down at once re
leased a pair of arms that closely en
folded the occupant of the chair, and
there was no escape until Mr. Win
stanley, or one duly ' initiated should
set the prisoner free. About the
grounds which surrounded the house
there was a pmall pond that
looked cool and attractive in the
warm summer days, the more so as
upon the shore was a rustic arbot that
offered welcome shade and rest. Step
ping into this, the arbor was by me
chanical arrangement set drifting to
the centre of the pond. There the oc
cupant must stay until Mr. Winstan
ley's own hand should effect his release
and return to terra firma. Mr. Win
stanley en'ered into the erection of the
the Eddystone Lighthouse with great
enthusiasm, and his energy and inge
nuity proved equal to the task. When
it was complete it lacked the appear
ance, and, as was afterwards proved,
the qualification of strength. Tbe
builder was warned that the structure
was not sufficiently strong to withstand
the wild storms which frequently
wrought such havoc among vessels in
Channel, sometimes sending them
to destruction upon the very Eddystone
rocks. But the builder was confident
of the soundness and safety of his tow
er, aud laughing at all warnings declar
ed that he would like to he in the light
house all night during the wildest
storm that ever blew there. A few
days after his wish was granted.
While he was on a visit to the Eddy
stone iust such a storm came up. It
rose to its height during the night,
and when morning dawned anxious
eyes peered through their telescopes to
see if the tower was safe. Alas, not a
vestige of the beautiful tower remain
ed. It with its occupants was washed
away by the raging aea.
EASILY PROVEN —lt is easily prov
en that malarial fevers, constipation,
torpidity of the liver and kidneys, gen
eral debility, nervousness, and neural
gic ailments yield readily to this great
disease conquerer, Hop Bitters. It re
pairs the ravages of disease by conver
ting the food into rich blood, and it
gives new life and vigor to the aged
and infirm always.
On December 6th the much talked
of transit of Venus will take place.
Mental depression, weakness of the
muscular system, general ill-health,
benefitted by uaiug Brown's Iron Bit
First Steps of the Slate of
Lending Kveuls and Develop
luentH front the Discov
ery of ili<> Dela
ware. I<> to. (o
1 7 H «.
From the Philadelphia Time*.]
In commemorating the establishment
of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania
under the charter of William Penn, it
is important to bear in mind the histor
ical relation of Penn's arrival with the
events that prrteded and followed it.
This is set forth in the following com
pact chronology, which gives the most
important dates connected with the
early history of the settlements on the
Delaware from the first discoveries to
the independence of the colonies. It
will be seen that a good deal of impor
tant history preceded the coming of
of Penn :
1601). Henry Hudson, sailing on an
exploring expedition in the service of
the Dntch East India Company, dis
covers the South bay, so called by him
in distinction from the North bay and
river, now called the iludson.
lt!10. Lord Thomas de la War, on
a voyage to Virginia, enters the South
bay and river, hence named by the
Euglish the Delaware.
161 G. Captain Hen Irickson, on the
Restless, of the Duieb fleet, explores
the Delaware as far as the Schuvl
1618. Captain Cornelius Jacobsen
Mey gives his name to the cape at the
mouth of the bay.
1623. The Dutch, iridcr Mey, build
Fort Nassau, on Timber Creek, near
tbe present site of Gloucester, New Jer
1626. Tbe Dutch build a trading
house on Biles Island, Bucks coun
-1630. The Dutch settle at Caj»e
1631. Captain de Vries, with two
ships of Dutch colonists, builds Fort
Oplandt and tbe settlement of Swau
endael, near the site of Lewistown,
De). A quarrel with the Indians leads
to the extermination of the colony.
1638. Tbe Swedish . West India
Company under tbe patronage of Queen
Christina, sends out two vessels under
Peter Mlnuit They land at Cape Cor
nelius, which they call Ilenlopen. They
build settlements near tbe mouth of
the Brandywine and at Chester and
1643. Governor Prints builds a
house and settles on Tinicum Island.
A mill erected on Cobb's creek.
1646. Church built on Tinicum Is
land and services held in Swedish tongue
by Rev. John Campanius Holm, chap
1648. Grant to Sir Edwin Ployden
of New Albion, as Governor, and Earl
Palatine. Upland founded.
1651. The Dutch cross from New
Jersey aud build Fort Cassimer, where
New Castle, Del., now stands.
1654. The Swedes take Fort Cassi
1655. The Dutch, uuder Peter
Stuyvesaut, of Manhattan, capture the
Swedish forts on the Delaware and
claim jurisdiction of tbe o.lony.
1664. The English, having taken
Manhatten, or New York, from the
Dutch, send an expedition to tbe Dela
ware, undor Sir Robert Carr, aud cap
ture the fort 3.
1672. Reconquest by the Dutch.
1674. The colonies restored to Eng
land by treaty, and tLi Dutch power
euded. Government by tbe Duke of
1673. George Fox's visit.
1675. Friends' meeting at Up
1677. Burlington settled.
1680. William Penn petitions
Charles 11. for a grant of territory.
1681. The court, under James,
Duke of York, sits at Kingsessing.
1681. Grantof the province to Will
iam Penn, as proprietor and Governor,
March 4, O. S. Penn sendaover bis cous
in, Captain William Markham, as his
deputy to arrange affairs and acquaint
the colonists and natives with his plans.
September 13, the first court under
Peuu's charter convened at Upland.
In December the Sarah and John and
tbe Bristol Factory arrive in the Dela
ware, the Amity coming in the follow
ing spring. The three commissioners
Crispin, Bezar and Ailen, with Tbo.u
as Fairman as surveyor, choose the
site for the city and lay out Philadel
1682. August 20, Penn embarks on
the ship Welcome, at Deal, with about
a hundred emigrants. Arrives at New
Castle in October, where he commis
sions justices and instructs Markham
to complete the transfer of the territory.
Proceeds to L T pland which he calls
Chester, where he lands and directs a
court to be summoned, to be held at
New Castle. Proceeds to Philadel
phia- Treaties with the Indians. The
three counties, Philadelphia, Chester
and Bucks, established, and also three
counties in the territory, now Delaware.
Judges, Sheriff's Magistrates aud Re
corders appointed and writs of Elec
tion issued for an Assembly.
December 4. The first Legislative
Assembly convenes at Chester aud pass
ses the act of union, an act of natural
ization and "The Great Law," or con
stitution aud the code of the prov
Emigrants from Maine settle Marion
1683. The Provincial Council con
vened in Philadelphia. The Assem
bly organized- Penn, with the assist
ence of the Council, busies himself in
establishing the affairs of the Prov
October. A colony of Germans
from Cresheim and Crefelt arrive in the
Province and settle Germantown.
1684. August 12, Penn returns to
1685. Charles 11. dies and is suc
ceeded by the Duke of York, James
1685. First book printed in the
Middle Colonies, by William Brad
1687. Penn takes the executive
power from tbe Council, aud Ldges it
with live commissioners.
1(588. Captain John Black well np
poiuted Deputy Gove-nor, but leavis
the Province at the e.:d of tbe yt-ar.
The Territories separated from the
Province with separate Assemblies.
Thos Lloyd Governor for the Prov
ince, William Mark ham for the Terri
tories. Expulsion of James 11. and ac
cession of William and Miry.
IGS9. First assertion of the liberty
of the press, by William Bradford, on
his trial at Philadelphia
TROUBLES OF TUE PROVINCE.
1092. Penn arrested ou the charge
of treason, released, re-arrested aud dis-'
charged. The Crown takes possession
of Pennsylvania, and places it uuder
the Jurisdiction of Governor Fletcher,
of New York.
1093. Fletcher arrives in Phila
delphia; summons thu Assembly, reu
nites Pennsylvania and Delaware;
changes the Constuution of the As
sembly and makes requisition for mon
ey to aid in the defense the north
ern frontier. The Assembly passes a
1094. August 30, the Province re
stored to Penn. Markham made Lieu
10.95. Christ Church founded.
1697. Paper mill built by Bradford
and the Ilittenhuysens on the Wissa
1099. Penn returns to Pennsylva
nia. He resides at tha slate roof house
on Second street till the completion of
1701. The new constitution deliv
ered to the Assembly. Philadelphia
chartered a city. It contains i.t this
time 700 dwellings and a population
of 4 500.
Having appointed a Council of State
! of ten members and commissioned An
drew Hamilton Deputy Governor, and
James Logan Provincial Secretary,
Peon re.ciubarks for England Novem
ber 1, 1701
1702. February 23d, accession of
1703. Separation of the Three Low
er Counties, or Delaware.
1704. John Evans appointed Gov
ernor to succeed Hamilton. Angry
political controversies. The sale of In
dians into slavery prohibited. Contin
ued disagreement between the Gov
ernor and the Assembly.
1708. Penu arrested for debt and
confined in the Fleet prison.
1709 Evans removed by the Pro
prietor and Charles Gookiu appointed
Governor. French privateers plunder
1710. Swiss Mennonites settle on
1711. The Assembly votes £2,000
for the Queen's use.
1712. Act prohibiting the importa
tion of negro slaves passed by the As
sembly, but suppressed by the Crown.
1714. Accession of George I. Re
vival of laws against the Quakers,
which are extended to the colonies.
1717. Sir William Keith appointed
Deputy Governor. First iron made.
German Heform Church organized at
1718. July 30th, William Penn
dies at Ruscombe, England, aged 74
years. The Proprietorship descends
to his sons, John, Thomas and Richard.
OROWTII OF THE COLONV.
1719. The American Weekly 3fer
cury published by Andrew Bradford.
1722. Scotch and Irish settlements
in Donegal and Paxton.
1723. First issue of paper money.
Franklin comes to Philadelphia.
1724. The Carpenters' Society es
1726. Governor Keith superseded
by Patrick Gordon.
1728. Bartraui's Botanic Garden
1728. A large number of German
colonists cross the Susquehanna and
settle in York and Adams counties.
Irish Presbyterian settlements in the
1729 The Assembly imposes a
duty of 40 shillings a head ou all
"foreigners" immigrating to the
Province. State House begun.
1729. Commissioners directed to
establish boundaries of a new county,
to be called Lancaster. The town of
Lancaster laid out by Andrew Hamil
ton and the county seat removed there
from Postlewaite, in 1734.
1730. Thomas Godfrey invents the
1731. Library Company of Phila
delphia founded. •
1732. The Colony in Schuylkill
founded. Thomas and John Penn
visit the colony. Thomas resides here
till 1741 ; John returns in 1734-5.
1733. The Governor informs the
Council that "a house has been lately
built on Walnut street in Philadelphia
wherein maps is openly celebrated by
a Catholic priest, contrary to the laws
of England "
1733. Schwenkfelders' settlement
on the Tulpehocken (Berks county).
1734. The State House finished.
1735. Scotch-Irish settlements on
the York Barrens.
173 G. Governor Gordon died and
the executive duties devolve on the
Council, James Logan President
Border war between the Pennsylvania
Germans and the Marylanders. Second
great land purchase.
1738. Arrival of George Thomas as
Governor. Easton laid out.
1739. Governor Thomas issues let
ters of marque against Spain. The
first privateer commissioned in Penn
sylvania, the sloop Georg«\ Captain
William Axon. Beginuing of trouble
with the Assembly over the enlistment
of servants. Growing animosity be
tween the Governor's party—the city,
or "gentlemen's," party—aud the
Quaker, or country party. Election
riot at the Court House. Triumph of
the country party.
1744. King George's war with
France. Thomas calls for military or
1745. Louisburg taken. The As
sembly votes £>,ooo for the King's
1747. Franklin publishes "Plain
Truth" and aids in the military organ
ization. Two regiments formed in
Philadelphia. Lottery for building a
battery on the Delaware.
17 43. Christopher Sauer prints the
first Uermau Bible iu America, at
One eqnare, one insertion. 91 : each an baa
quent insertion, SO <MU. Yearly advertiaen.fi t
eueeding one-fuurth of a column, #5 |>er it.ck
Figure wore donh'e tL«»o rates; addition*
cliar 0 -s« where weekly or monthly change* are
made Local adver:>sementa IV cents )er line
for !ir-t insertion, ki.d 5 cent* per line for each
additional Insertion. Matriagea and deatl.a pub
lished free of cnajge. Übituiry notices charged
as advertisement*, and payable when handed in.
Auditor*' Notice*. ; feieentom' and Adminis
trators' Notice*. 63 each; £*tray, Cauticn and
Dissolution Notice*, not exceeding ten linea,
From the fact that the Crrizcs i* ■he oldest
established and lawt extensively circnlatcd Re
; publican newspaper in Butler county, (a ho put
. acan county; it must be apparent to busim-sa
men that it is the medium they should nee in
advertising their business.
, Germantown. Sister's louse at Beth
1740. Whitefitiid visits America.
Whitefield House, at Nazareth built.
First Sunday school in America, at
1717. Moravian mission at Shamo
1748. The treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle.
REt'OKE TUE REVOLUTION.
1749. James Hamilton, Governor*
Roval grant of land on the Ohio to the
Ohio Company, whose agents are ex
pelled by the French. The Six Nations
sell 100,000 acres to George Croghan.
Third great purchase of laud from the
1750. Cumberland county establish
ed It contains 807 taxable inhabitants.
1752. Berks county organized ; also
Northampton county. First lire in
surance company in the colonies, the
Philade'j hi« Contributionship.
1753. \\ asLington's expedition to
Venango. TLr f irks of the Ohio forti
fied by hisadiice. French aud Indian
war l>egius, iu which Western and
Central Pennsylvania suffers for ten
years. The French build forts at
Prrsque Isle ani Le Boeuf.
17.)4 Kus.gn Ward driven from the
forks «.f the Ohio; Fort Duquosne
built; Juiuouville defeated ; battle of
theGteat Meadows; surrender of Fort
New-unity. KotmrtH. Morris, Governor.
1755. Bratbtock's defeat. Pennsyl
vania Hospital and College of Phila
delphia fooiid»d. Ilitteuhouse con
1750. Armstrong's expedition to
Kittannine. F.rst stage coaches from
Philadelphia to New York aud Balti
17 >8 French retreat from Fort
Duqm sne. Fourth great purchase.
1 700. Accession of George 111.
1702. Connecticut settlers arrive at
Wyoming and are attacked by Indians.
Fort tiuilt ou Mud Island.
1703 Indian massacre at Paxton.
Match of PaXlon boys to Philadelphia.
Pontiac's war. Mason and Dixon's
survey begun. John Penn Governor
of the Province.
1764. Bouquet's expedition against
the Indians. Treaty at the forks of
1705. Passage of the Stamp Act
Excitement in Philadelphia. The
Declaration of Rights.
1707. Act taxing tea, paper, glass,
etc. Non-importation agreement.
1771, Bedford county erected. 1772.
Northumberland county established and
Suubury laid out. 1773. Westmore
1773. Excitement over the tax.
1774. The Continental Congress
meets in Carpenter's Hall. The First
Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry,
formed. Dispute as to the boundary of
1775. Second Continental Congress.
1776. Declaration of Independence
July 4. Constitution of Pennsylvania
September 28. Battle of Trenton.
1777. Bradywine, Paoli, German
town, Congress removes to Lancaster
and thence to York. British occupy
Philadelphia. Supreme Executive
Council, Thomas Wharton, Jr., Presi
dent, organized at Lancaster.
1778. Philadelphia evacuated.
Wyoming massacre. Bank of North
1779. Sullivan's expedition up the
Susquehanna. The Royal Charter
annulled and tbo Peuns granted £ 130,-
000 for their unseated lands.
1780. January Ist, the last delivery
of two beaver skins at Windsor Castle
by the Proprietors for the Province of
Pennsylvania. Act abolishing slavery
We do not find fault, reproach or
condemn the practice of any regular
physician—this is not our mission
but we do claim if ho were to add
Pcruna to his prescriptions as directed
in our book on the "Ills of Life" (and
furnished gratuitously by all drug
gists), he would cure all his patients.
Oswego, Potter Co., Pa.
DR. HARTMAN— Dear Sir: The
small ulcers are all healed, aud
the two large oues are not more than
half as large as they were. lam feel
ing quite well. The people say your
Peruna and Manalin are doing a mira
cle. Ido not take neatly so much
opium as I did before.
MRS. ELLEN MAYNARD.
Who wouldn't be a showman and
own Jumbo? Barnum, Bailey A
Hutchinson closed their summer cam
paign at Chester, Pa., Oct. 14, and
their profits for the season are $(>000,
000, which is a third more than they
made last year. Tbe show is now
housed at Bridgeport, Ct.
Diamond Dyes always do
more than they claim to do. Color
over that old dress. It will look like,
new. Only 10 cents.
A strong rivalry has sprung up be
tween Chilicothe and Trenton, Mo., con
corning tho number of nightly burglar
ies iu each. The Chilicotho Trib
une boasts of seven well authentica
ted cases in one night. The Trenton
Republican reports from one to three
each for ten consecutive nights, aud
claims the "horns" because noije of
the thieves have been caught.
Don't lMc In the Iluiiwe.
Ask druggists for "Rough on Rats.'
It clears out rats, mice, bedbugs
roaches yermin, flies, ants, insects
15c. per box.
—For finest assortment of stoves in
Butler, call at BERU & CYPHER'S.
—New Blankets and Flannels, just
received, at L. STEIN «B SON'S.
—Waring's Fertilizers and Peruvian
Quano—for sale by J. NIUULE A Bao,
—A lot of second-handed Watches
cheap for cash at E. (Jrieb's
—Lunches and meals can he had at
all hours at Morrison's City Bakery
Vogely House block. "
—Highest price paid in cash for
buckwheat and buckwheat (lour, at
Boos' Store, south end of Main street,
Butler, Pa. 2t.