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Marriage and death notices must be accompa
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BUTI.IR, EARNS CITT AND PARKER RAILRCAD
Trains leave Butler for St. Joe, Milleictown
Kc.rns City, Petrol ia, Parker, etc., at 7.-7 a. m
aud 2.25 and 7.25 p. m.
Traius arrive at Butler from the above named
points at 7.17 a. m., and 2.15, and 7.15 p. ur
The 2.15 train connects with train on the West
Penn road through to Pittsburgh.
SUENANQO AND ALLEGHENY RAILROAD.
Trains leave Hiiliard's Mill, Butler county,
for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 7.50 a. m.
and 2.25 p. ra.
Trains urri\e at Hiiliard's Mills at 1:45 A. M.,
and 5:."* P. M.
Hacks to and from I'etrolia, Martinsburj,
Fait view, Modoc aud Troutman, connect at Hii
liard with ail trains on the S <St A road.
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pltubnrgli Time.
Market at 5.0(1 a . ui., goes through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 'J.OI a. m. This train con
nects at Freeport with Frecport Accommoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. m.,
Exprett at 7.16 a. m., connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of ears, at 8.26 with
Express west, arriving lu Allegheny at U.s<j
a. m., and Express east arriving at Blairsville
at 1555 a. in. railroad time.
Mail at 2 20 p. m., connecting at Butler Junc
tion without change ot cars, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 501 p. m., and Ex
press cast arriving at BlairsvHle Intersection
at 5.55 p. m. railroad time, which connects w.'th
Philadelphia Kxpre»s east, when on time.
The 7.21 a. in. train connects at Blairsville
at 11.05 a. in. with the Mail east, and the
p. m. train at 0.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Traius arrive at Butler on West Penn 11. R. at
U.SH a. m., 4.5S and 7.01 p. m., Butler time. The
P.SG aud 4.58 traius connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R.
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the EIIE I
at 2.56 aud 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 ar.d S.O« p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 3.40 and 7.20
p. m. aud 3.00, 7.0- : and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
about the same t!me, at New York three hours
later, aud at Washington about one and a hall
Time of Holding Courts.
The several Courts of tlie county of Butler
coruuence 011 the fiiat Monday of M&rcli, Jane,
September and December, and continue two
TTOLWI*, or BO long aa n- cesaary to dispose of the
bnnuieau. No causes are put down for trial or
traverse Jurors summoned for the first week of
the Boveral terms.
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
R7 P. SCOTT"
Attorney at Law, Butler. Pa. Office in Buff's
building. Main street.
JOHN K. KELLY,
Office with E. G. Miller, Esq., in Brady Law
A. M. CORNELIUS,
Office with W. P. Brandon, Berg Building. Main
Street, Butler, Fa. _
Office with L. Z. Mitchell, Diamond.
A. M. CUNNINGHAM,
Office in Brady's Law Buiiding. Butler, Pa.
s. H. PIERSOL.
Office on N. E. comer Diamond, Biddle build
~ JOHN - M. GREER.
Office on N. E. corner Diamond. novl/
Wil. H. LUSK, ~~ ~~
Office with W. H. H.Jtiddle, Esq.
Office on Diamond, near Court Douse, soutl.
E L BRUGII, L
Office In Riddle's Law Buiiding.
S. F. BOWSER.
Office in Riddle's Law Building. [marß'7B
~ ,L B. McJUNKIN. j
Special attention given to collections Offit' ,
opposite Wil lard House.
JOSEPH B. BREDIN,
Office north-east corner of Diamond. Butlei '
H. H. GOUCHER,
Office in Schneidemau'B building, up Btaiie.
J, T. DONLY
Office near Court House. 1-74
ebl7-75 Office in Berg's building
~ CLARENCE WALKER,
Office in Brady building* marl 7
Office in Reil erV building, Jrflerson St. ap9l)
F. M. EASTM AN, ~~
Office in Brady building.
Office Main street, t door eouth of Court House
JOS. C. VANDERLIN,
Office Main street. 1 door south of Court House
Wra A. FORQUER,
ear office on Main street opposite Vogelej
_ GEO. R. WHITE,
Office N. E. corner of Diamond
Office in Schneideman's buildiuir, west side o
Main street, 2nd Bquare from Court House.
" T. C. CA M PBELL,
Office in Berg's new building, 2d floor, east
side Main St., a few doors south of Lown
C A. SULLIVAN,
may 7 Office S. W. cor. of Diamond.
Office on Maiu street, one door south o
Brady Block, Butler. Pa. (Sep. 2,1874.
EUGENE G. MILLL~\
Office in Brad/a Law Building, Main street
south of Court' House. 20oc*81
JOHN H. NEGLEY
Gives particular attention to iansaction»
in real estate throughout the oouu.y.
OTOCEON DIA*O»I>, HEAR 00-BT Hocsx, IS
E. R. EcfcLßY, KENNEDY MARSHALL
(Late of Ohio.),
ECKLEY & MARSHALL.
Office in Brady's Law Building. Sept.#,?*
C O. CHRISTIE;
Attorney at Law. Legal business carefully
transacted Collections made and promptly
remitted. Business correspondence promptly
attended to and answered.
Office opposite Lowry Honse, Butler, Pa.
TOHN E BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
iny2l-ly] BUTLEKi PA,
Office on Jefferson street, opposite
Klincfler's Flour Store.
DEHSTTISTIR, * .
0 1/ W'ALDRON, (Jn duftte of the Phil
II adelpbia Dental Colleffe.is prepare**
a |l •to do auything in the line of hh
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block,
up stairs, • »P"
LEGAL ADVERTISE MEN TS.
For a Special Court commencing Monday,
May 22, 1882, to be presided over by Judge Mc-
Dermitt, of Mercer county.
Dotlds Mill Oil Co., vs. Gabriel Baruhart.
Dr. S. Bredin vs. Kerr Mcßriile, et. al.
M. X. GREER, Prothouotary.
NOTICE OFINQUEST IN PARTITION
In the Orphans' Court of Butler County.
Pa., at Nc. 6 December Term 1881.
In the matter of the Petition of Margaret
! T,emmon, (now Mellon) et al., children of John
Lemmon. deceased, for partition of the real ea
tate of Thomas Lemuion, deceased.
To the heirs and legal representatives of
Hugh Lemmon. Thomas Lemmon, Jr. and
David Lemmon, deceased, William Lemmon and
I Itobert l.emmon, or their heirs and legal repre
: Mentations. Jane Lemmon, deceased, intermar
ried with —Wilson, Uebacca 1.-mrnon ii terrnar
' ried with Hali-trad. Nancy Leinn.f n intermar
ried witli—Speer, Ihe heirs and legal representa
tions of John Lemmon. deceased, and of Thom
as l.emmon, decease*!, and all others interested
in said proceedings in Partition
Notice is herebv given that, in pursuance of a
w,it of Paitition .nwucd out of the Orphans
Court of Butler county, Pa.. at No- 6 December
Term. 1881, and to me directed I will hold an in
quest of Pur. it ion on the real estate of Thomas
Lemmon, deceased, on the | remises described
in sud proceedings, situated in Butler township,
Butler conntv. l'a , on the 26th day of May,
I*B2, at tl.e hour of 10 o'clock. A. M., acc rding
to the act of Aesembly in such case mule and
provided, of which a'i parties aud persons in in
terest will take notice.
THOMAS DONAGHY, Sheriff.
May 4th, 1882. mlo-3t.
NOTICE IN DIVORCE.
In the matter of the application of Joanna F.
Dost man for divorce a vinculo matrimonii from
her husband Charles Dostman, Common Pleas
of Butler county, Pa., A. D. No. 8 Dec. Term
To Charles Dostman respondent.—Whereas
a subpoena and an alias subpujna in tlie above
stated case have been returned N. E. I. Now
this is to require you to be and ap]>ear in your
proper person before said Court on the Ist
Monday of June Term next A. D. 18h2, being
the ">th day of said month, to answer to saia
complaint, and to show cause if any you have
why the prayer thereof should not be granted.
Notice is hereby given that' Win. Barker and
John T. Martin, Assignees ol M. N. Gn*r,
have filed their final account In the office ol the
Prothouotary, ol the Court of Common I'lca*
of Butler County, at M. D. No. 10 March Term.
1880, and that the same will be presented to the
said Court for confirmation and allowance on
Wednesday the 7th day of June, A. I). 1882.
M.N. GREEK, Prothonolary.
Prothonotary's office, May Bth, 1832.
Notice is hereby giveti that George 11. Gra
ham, Committee of Elizabeth McCleary, a luna
tic, ha* filed his final account in the office ol
the Prothouotary ol the Court of Common
Ple.;s ol Butler County, at C. P. No. 125, Jatt
uary Term, 1873, aud the same will be present
ed to the said Court, for confirmation and al.
lowance on Wednesday the 7th day of June,
M. N. GREER, Prothonotary.
Prothonotary's Office, May Bth, 1882.
Estate ot James McGill.
[LATE OF CHER T TOWNSHIP, DEC D.
Letters testamentary on tho estate of James
McGill, dee'd, late of Cherry township, Butler
county, fa., having been granted to the und r
signed. all persona knonning themselves indebt
ed to said estate will please make immediate
payment and any having claims against said
es'ste will present them duly authenticated for
J D. STEPHENSON, Ex'r.
Slipperyrock I'. 0., Butler county, Pa.
Estate of Conrad Wleli.
Notice ia hereby given that letters of Admin
istration. with the will annexe!, have been
grant-d the undersigned on the estate of Con
rad Wich. late of Connoqu' nessing township,
Butler county. dei>tased. All persons therefore
owing said estate will please make immediate
pavmen'. and a'l having claims against the
same will present them, properly authenticated,
to the undersigned for settlement.
ButlerP. 0. Butler county, Pa,
Estate of Wm. G. Shorts.
Letters of aJminislration having been granted
to the undersitrned on the estate of William G.
Shorts, deceased, late of Conuoquenessing twp.,
itutler county, Pa., all persons knowing them
selves indebted to said estate will please make
immediate payment, and any having claims
against the same will present thetn duly authen
ticated for payment. T. P. SHORTS, Ex'r.
Connoquenesslug P. 0., Butler Co., Pa. lui
Estate or William Fleming.
(LATB OF BCIFAT.O TOWNSHIP, DEC'D.)
Letters ol administration having been grunted
to the undersigned on the estate ol W in. If leur
iug, deceased, late ol Bullalo township, Butler
county, Pa., all persons knowing themselves
Indebted to s.iid estate will please make pay
ment, and those having claims analust I* e
same will present them duly authenticated for
EDWARD 8. FLEMING, >
R. M. HARBISON \ Adm'rs.
Sarversville P. O- Butler county, Pa.
Estate ot Pliilip Melvln,
[I. ATE OF MUDDVCUEEK TWl\, DEC'D.J
Letters testamentary on the estate of (Phillip
Melvin, dee'd., late of Muddvcreek twp., Butler
county. Pa., having been granted to the undet
signcd, all persons kuowing themtelves Indebt
ed to said estate will please make immediate
payment, and uuy having claims against said
estate will present them duly authenticated for
WM. VTEKS, )
J. W. SCOTT, ( EXROUTORB
- P. O , Butler county, Pa.
Estate or Susannah Sf illlson.
(LITE (IF MUDDYCREEK TWP., DEC'D )
Letters testamentary on the estate of Susan
nah MiUison. dec'd., la'e of Muddycreek twp.
Butler county, Pa., having been granted to the
undersigned, all persons known ing themselves
indebted to said estate will please make immed
iate payment and any having claims against the
same will present them duly authenticated for
pavmeut. JAMES MOURISON, Ex'r.
Middle Lancaster, Butler county, Pa.
Eatntc ol John K. llnys.
(LATE OF FRAKKUN TWP., DEC'D.)
Letters of administration on the estate of
John K Hays, dec'd. late of Franklin twp.. But
ler county, Pa., having been granted to the un
dersigned, all persona knowing themaelves in
debted to said estr.te will please make immediate
pavmrLt and any having claims against the
same will present them duly authenticated for
pavment. J. PARK HAYS, Adm'r,
Prospect, Butler county, Pa.
Estate of Alice DOIIKHU.
(LATE OF OAKJ.AND IWP., DEC'D.
Letters testamentary with the will annexed,
having been granted to the undersigned on the
eatito of Alice Dougan. dec'd, late of Oal.land
twp , Butler, Pa., all persons knowing tl em
selvos indebted to said estate will please ms.ke
immediate payment, and any having claims
against the same will present them duly authen
ticated for settlement.
ELEANOR DOUGAN, Adm'x.
St. Joe P. 0., Butler couuty, Ta
The following daecril ed valuable pieces of
property Bituated in the borough of Butlor are
offered for sale by the German National Bank ef
Milleratown, Pa., to- wit:
One lot of ground on Fulton street, between
properties of Mrs. Louii-a McClureand H. H.
Gouclier, Esq., containing one acre, more or
lees, being one of the bet t building sites in the
l ° ALSO.—One lot of ground near the Wither
bpooti Institute, and formerly owned by L. G.
Linn. Esq , containing one acre, more or less,
on which there is a good two-story frame house
and stable. This property ia oleasantly located
near the depot and commands a magnificent
ALSO.—Lot on McKean Btreet, formerly own
ed by H. J. Mitchell, Esq., on whioh there ia a
good' two-story frame house and etable.
Piwsesrion given in 50 daya after purchase.
Neuralgia. Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout,
Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swellings and
Sprains, Burns and Scalds,
General Bodily Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet
and Ears, and all other Pains
No Preparation on earth equals ST. JACOBS OIL ai
a »"fr, mirr. timpls and etieap External Remedy.
V entails but the comparatively trifling outlay
of 50 Centa, and every one suffering with pain
have cheap and positive proof of its claims.
Directions in Eleven Languages.
SOLO BT ALL DRUGGISTS AND DEALEES IK
A, VOGEUER & CO.,
Baltimore, Md., XJ. M. At
That BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
will cure the worst case
Will insure a hearty appetite
and increased digestion.
Cures general debility, and
gives a new lease of life.
Dispels nervous depression
and low spirits.
Restores an exhausted nurs
ing mother to full strength
and gives abundant sus
tenance for her child.
Strengthens the muscles and
nerves,enriches the blood.
Overcomes weakness, wake
fulness, and lack ofenergy
Keeps off all chills, fevers, ,
and other malarial poison.
Will infuse with new life
the weakest invalid.
37 Walker St., Baltimore, Dec. iß3*
For six years i have been a peat
sufferer from Blood Disease, Dys
so debilitated that I could not retain
anything on my stomach, in fact,
life had almost become a burden.
Finally, when hope had almost left
me, my husband seeing BROWN'S
IRON BITTBRS advertised in the
taper, induced me to give it a trial,
am now taking the third bottle
and have not felt so well in six
years as I do at the present time.
Mrs. L. F. GRIP FIN.
BROWN'S IRON BITTERS
will have a better tonic
effect upon any one who
needs " bracing up," than
any medicine made.
WHENCE COMES THE UNBOUNDED POP
Allcock's Porous Plasters?
Because they have proved themselves
the Best External Remedy ever in
vented. They will cure asthma, colds,
coughs, rheumatism, neuralgia, and
any local pains.
Applied to the small of the back they
are infallible in Back-Ache, Nervous
Debility, and all Kidney troubles; to
the pit of the stomach they are a sure
cure for Dyspepsia and Liver Com
PLASTERS are painless, fra
grant, and quick to cure. Be
ware of Imitations that blister
and burn. Get ALLCOCK'S, the
only Genuine Porous Plaster-
■re LY '9ll he nasal' passages of
V Catarrhal virus, caus-
Pcu»®s*w '»B healthv secretions.
MCffjanH got "fin 1 Inflammation,
■ Sr.™ HEAD I protects themembrane
I ■»»» additional colds,
W&LMtamt >« completely heals the
laMtLMiW"\XSsS sores and lestoren the
LM# .*?/# sense of taste and
Hiy **2 Z§ smell. Beneficial re
/ J? suits are realized by a
few applications. A
will cure Catarrh, Hay
I for colds in the head.
* Agreeable to use. Ap
■ ■ A v> erVCD ply liy the little linger
■ the nostrils. Ou
receipt of Ke.wlll mall a package.
Sold by Butler di uggists.
ELY'S OKKAM BALM CO., Owego, N. V.
The undersigned has on hands at Prospect,
Butler oonnty, Pa., one of the latest improved
P. A H. Brandy's Portable Haw Mills, mounted
on six inch tread wagon, under boiler aud all
necessary fixtures. Log-turner, board wagon,
patent guide, Jacks, 140 feet of pipe, cant
hoiks and everything pertaining to a mill that
Will make work light, which he will sell at a low
p icn and ou time. C. M- EDMVNDBON,
aprl2,6t Prospect, Butler county, Pa.
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, MAY IT. 1882.
LET TIIE Oi l) CAT UIK.
Not long ago I wandered near
A play-ground in the wood.
And there heard words from youngster's lips
That I never quite understood.
"Now let the old cat die," he cried;
I saw him give a push,
Then gayly scampered away as he speied
My face peep over the bush.
"The little villaiu has stoned a cat,
Or huug it upon a limb,
And left it to die all alone," I said,
"But I'll play the mischief with him."
I forced my way between the boughs
The poor old cat to seek,
And what did I find but a swinging child
With the bright hair brushing her cheek.
Swinging and swaying back and forth,
With the rose-light in her face,
She seemed like a bird and a flower in one,
And the forest her native place.
"Steady 1 I'll send you up my child I"
But she stopped me with the cry,
"Go 'way, go 'way ! Don't touch me, please,
I'm letting the old cat die
"You're letting him die?" I cried aghast,
"Why, where's the cat, ray dear?"
And lo ! the laughter that filled the wood,
Was a thing for birds to hear.
"Why, dou't you know", said the little maid,
The flitting, beautiful elf,
"That we call it 'letting the old cat die'
When the swing stops all of itself?"
Then swinging and swinging and looking
With the merriest look in her eye,
She bade me "good-day," and I left her alone
A-letting the old cat die.
tyi£!]LjlsC-z r r •
The Story of the Jeannette Artie
The messenger and correspondent
sent out by the N. Y. Herald, met
Lieut. Danenhower at Irkutsk, in Sibe
ria, in the latter part of February, last,
and from him got a full history of the
expedition from the time the ship left
San Francisco, on the Bth of July,
1879, to the time she was crushed by
icebergs, on the 12th of June, 1881,
and also the story of the retreat to
Siberia, up to the time the three boats
were separated in a gale ofFSemmoffsky
Island, and of the adventures of his
own boat's crew, from that time till
they were met by natives iu the Lena
river. The story is a very long and
thrilling one, but we have room for
but the following short synopsis of it:
The ship had scarcely got into the
Arctic before she was frozen fast; and
from that time on, until at last she gave
way before the terrible strain to which
she had been so long subjected the
Jeannette simply drifted with the ice.
Lieutenant Danenhower gives this
picture, which would hold good proba
bly for almost any time during nearly
two years: "Our position was not an
enviable one. At any moment the
vessel was liable to be crushed like an
eggshell among this enormous mass of
ice, the general thickness of which was
from five to six feet, though some was
over twenty where the floe pieces had
overrun and cemented together and
turned topsy-turvy. Pressures were
constantly felt. We heard distant
thundering of the heavy masses, which
threw up high ridges of young ice that
looked like immense pieces of crushed
sugar. . . . The ship would groan
from stem to stern ; the cabin doors
were often jammed so that we could
not get out in case of emergency. The
deck planking would start from the
beams, showing the unpainted wood
for more thau half an inch. This,
together with the sharp cracking of the
ship's fastenings, like the report of a
discharge of rifles, would wake us up
at night. . . . We lived on canned
goods, with bear and seal twice a
week, pork and beans and salt beef
once a week. The discipline of the
ship was excellent, and during the
whole twenty-onemonths iu the pack
there was but one punishment given,
and that was for profanity "
So things went on until the ship
sprang a leak, as was supposed—
though in reality it was a much more
serious thing than a leak—nndthen for
eighteen months nearly the ship had
to be pumped regularly and vigorously
—the men often standing up to their
knees in ice-water. That is a specimen
of life in the Arctic that will not be
likely to attract volunteers for future
In September, 1880, the Jeannette
being firmly as ever imbedded in the
ice, orders were given to go into win
ter quarters—orders that from the
standpoint of this climate would seem
decidedly superfluous. At that time
says the Lieutenant, "we all consider
ed that if our provisions held out long
enough, if we were not attacked bv
scurvy, and if the ship were not crush
ed by the ice, we should eventually
drift out after reaching the vicinity of
Franz Josef Land, either north or south
of it." Significant'ifs,' with the long
night of the second winter closing in
The following eight months were
comparatively uneventful. The ship
drifted with the ice, but resisted its
pressure, and the life on shipboard was
the same monotonous round of exer
cise and moderate rations. The ship
drifted in a sort of a groove, which
was called Melville's Canal, the rate
of movement varying from three to
twelve miles per day. About the
middle of May following land was
sighted, the first se en in many months.
No such land being laid down on the
chart, a discovery was proclaimed, and
the island—for such it evidently was
received the name of Jeannette
Island. Not long after a second island
was seen, and was named Henrietta
Island. A sledge party was sent out
to explore it, and after a most difficult
and dangerous trip reached the land
and took possession of it in the name of
the United States. Probably the right
of possession will not be seriously dis
puted The sledge party had hardly
returned when the final and fatal day
came for the Jeannette. After an im
prisonment of twenty-one months, the
ice suddenly broke away and the ship
floated free" Free, that is, in a very
small circle, which was limited by the
moving ice. That was the new dan
ger. The ship was just free enough to
be caught in a crush of the mighty
masses of ice and that was what happen
ed On the 11th of June, the next day
after the breaking loose, the frozen
mountains came together with a re
mendous force, and the ship was in
the way. That settled the matter,
and there was barely time to get tie
provisions and tents and sledges and
boats out on one of the largest ice-floes,
when the Jeannette, again loosed from
the ice clutch, went to the bottom of
the Arctic sea, a crushed and broken
The position of the party at this
time was anything but cheerful. In
the midst of rapidly breaking ice-fields,
live hundred miles from Siberia and
help, with a third of the crew sick
from tin poisoning produced by the
tomato-cans, and all exhausted by the
labor of getting out of the ship, the
outlook on the morning of June 14
was dark indeed. But preparations
for the long journey were made at
ouce, and not a man showed despond
ency, if he felt it. The provisions con
sisted of some 3,500 pounds of pemmi
can, or thin-sliced, sun-dried meat,
1,500 pounds of hard bread, and a large
quantity of Leibig's extract. There
were five sleds, and three slea-mouat
ed boats making a total weight of
15,400 pounds to be dragged by twen
three men—the rest being invalids—
over the tough and almost impassa
The travelling was to be by night,
♦o prevent snow-blindness, the sleep
ing by uay. The order of march was
this: all hands except a special detail
of four men were to advance the first
cutter to the first black flag established
by Pilot Dunbar, who went' ahead to
select the best road; then the second
cutter and thewhaleboat and provision
sleds to be brought up to the first sta
tion as rapidly as possible; and while
this was going on, the special detail of
four was to advance the extra pro
visions, and the sick, with the hospital
sled, were also moved to the front.
After a week of such toil and hardship
as this, the captain found from bis
reckonings that the drift had more
than neutralized the way covered by
the painful advance, that they were in
fact twenty-seven miles further from
succor than when they started. Had
that distressing fact been told the men,
it may be doubted whether their cour
age would have held out as it did.
So the days and journey went on.
The direction of the drift most fortun
ately changed, and carried the party
toward instead of away from the
Siberian coast, and at times they were
ab'e to make as much as twenty miles
a day, the number of the sledges de
creasing as the food was devoured, and
wider spaces of water to be sailed over
making passage much easier. In July
land was sighted and made, and Ben
nett Island became a point for future
maps. Millious of birds were seen,
but no seal or walrus. Nearly a week
was spent there, resting for a new
Then came what was to be the final
voyage, and a long and eventful one.
The boats were now used altogether,
aid passing safely through great quanti
ties of ice the three heavilv-loaded
boats worked their way southward.
They reached Thaddeoffsky and the
New Siberia Islands, and after a suc
cession of perils and many days of half
starvation made a landing on Semmoff
skv Island and succeeded in shooting
a deer, which they devoured then and
there, as an antidote for utter exhaus
tion. September 12 the three boats
left the island, in a few hours saw the
last piece of ice, and in but a few hours
more saw the last of each other. All
were caught in a terrible gale, through
which Lieutenants Danenhower's boat
lived as if by miracle. It is more than
probably that the smaller boat com
manded by Lieutenant Chipp went
down in that heavy sea. The escape
from it of Lieutenant Danenhower's
boat makes a thrilling chapter.
At last, after four days of exposure to
the storm, a landing was effected on
the banks of the Lena, and September
18, a Sunday, was the first day of real
rest the eleven had known in many a
month. Soon they came across a coup
le of natives, and then their trials
were nearly over. It is a fitting/i'/iafc
of the story that these natives, shy and
fearful of the strangers at first, were
made friends and fellow-helpers by the
sight of a religious emblem which a
friend had given Lieutenant Danen
hower as a talisman. When he saw
the natives cross themselves for pro
tection, he at once produced it as a
sure way to their confidence, and says
in closing his remarkable story: "It was
the only article in the possession of the
party, which indicated to the natives
that we were Christians. You can
imagine our feelings at meeting these
people, for they were the first strangers
whom we had seen for more than two
years, and I never before felt so thank
ful to missionaries as 1 did that day at
finding that we were among Christian
The sad fate of Lieut. DeLong and
all his party, with the exception of
two of them, has already been publish
ed. Their boat reached the northern
mouth of the Lena on the 17th of
September, last, but were prevented
from entering the river by a bar.
They abandoned the boat and waded
to the shore. Here they found a
reindeer or two, and after resting
started south-ward, but were unfortu
nate us to their course, and got into a
desert where they perished from star
vation. The Lieutenant and ten of
his men were found dead, on the bank
of the Lena, where they were left on a
morning early in October by the two
strongest men of the party, Noros and
N'nlerman, the commander having
chosen them to push forward in search
of food or natives. At that time the
food supply was utterly exhausted,
the only sustenance for some time had
been a small quantity of brandy per
day, and the frostbitten, suffering
wanderers were too worn to go further.
The captain held divine service, the
little company being seated on the
river bank, and then the men tearfully
said good-by to their departing com
rades, who were to see them no more
alive. Death from starvation could
not have been long delayed.
The two made their way south.
They shot one grouse and caught an
eel, and that was all the food they had
for days. They made a tea from the
- bark of the Arctic willow, chewed aiid
i ate portions of their skin breeches and
the leather soles of their moccasins,
I and were about to give up in despair
when they met a native. Thus thev
w ere rescued, but they either could not
make the natives understand that other
n en were perishing iu the delta, or the
natives would not go on the search.
Had the course taken bv the party
varied but a few miles a settle
ment wou'd hive been reached by
all but Eriekson in safety; and once
the starving travellers passed within
a mile of a hut in which hung the
carcasses of fifteen deer—au ample
food supply till rescue could have
come. These thiugs only render the
fate of so many human beings seem
the more pitiful. Dr. Ambler, the
surgeon, and Mr. Collins, the meteor
ologist and correspondent, were l.ke
the commander, brave, capable meu,
who could have beeu better spared iu
a better cause. That Lieutenant
Chipp and his party will be found
alive there is no hope.
Surely this sad ending, if it shall
not put a stop to private Arctic ex
peditions, will put a stop to them so
far as our Government is concerned
To allow its officers and seamen to en
gage in Jsuch work is equivalent to
sanctioning their suicide. To send
them would be official murder.
The Tubercle Parasite.
Professor Tyndall's letter on the na
ture of tubercular disease, is an impor
tant contribution to medical science.
It embodies the results not of his own
but of Dr. Koch's masterly investiga
tions which have been conducted in
Berlin in relation to the deadliest
of modern diseases. This German
investigator, having successfully
traced a parasite through all its stages
of development iu splenic fever, has
applied the same method of study to
the great class of tubercular disease,
lie finds that consuptiea of the lungs
and cognate diseases of tlia liver,
kidney and intestines are caused by
the presence in Ihe blood of a living
parasite analogous to that which is
developed in intermittent and other
fevers. In the centre of the tubercle
cell is the microscopic organism which
has created it. The tubs rele is in fact
infested with rod-shaped parasites
which do not depend upon any virus
imbedded in the diseased organ. Dr.
Koch, having discovered these organ
isms, cultivated them artificially, and
after developing several generations of
them without the intervention of dis
ease, introduced them into the blood of
healthy guinea-pigs, cats, rabbits and
other animals. The result in every
case was the reproduction of the para
site and the rapid development of tu
bercular disease. This was a prac
tical demonstration of his theory that
tubercular disease is due to the pres
ence and reproduction of the bacillus,
and that the parasite does not depend
on a diseased condition of the organ.
While Dr. Koch has not been the
first investigator to identify pulmonary
consumption with ordinary eruptive
fevers, or even to attribute the infec
tive property of tubercular disease to
the of microscopic organisms,
be has made a tenable theory out of
what was at best an ingenious sur
mise. He has found the disease-produc
ing bacillus and cultivated it, not only
from diseased lungs but even from
matter expectorated by consumptive
patients, and has proved that tubercle
can be communicated by inoculation
Professor Tyndall confines his atten
tion to the scientific results of the
German's investigations, and makes
no attempt to anticipate the practical
benefits which may be derived from
the development of this new thoory of
tubercular disease. Dr. Koch has not
succeeded so far in producing by cul
tivation a mild form of the disease.
Although he has bred artificially as
mauy as eightgenerations of the parasite
the effects of purification were not ap
parent. In the eighth generation, as
in the first, decided and iu most cases
virulent tubercular disease was the re
sult of inoculation. Nevertheless it is
a well-established fact that parasites
which produce analogous disease in
in animals and in the human system
can be modified by cultivation until
they finally produce a mild form of
those diseases, and in this way protec
tion may be afforded against virulent
conditions. The analogies of diseases
imply that it may be possible to pro
cure from guinea-pigs or rabbits a:i ef
fetive inoculant against consumption,
precisely as smallpox germs are cul
tivated in the cow or splenic fever
germs in a sheep. It is the possibil
ity of converting the occupant of a
tubercle cell into a prophylactic or
preventative agent that lends impor
tance to these interesting experiments.
This possibility is not outlined in
Professor Tyndall's letter, but it nta\
readily be inferred from the vigorous
rebuke which he administers to the
anti-vivisectionists iu his closing para
The gold and silver mines of the
United States produced last year about
seventy-seven millions of dollars of the
precious metal According to the an
nual statement of Mr. John J. Valen
tine, the General Superintendent of
Wells, Fargo & Co., the yield of gold
was $31,8G9,G86, aud of silver $45,077,-
829. The supply of gold from Cali
fornia, as compared with 1880, was
less by toward six hundred thousand
dollars, but there was an increase of
over three hundred thousand dollars in
silver. The total tailing off in Nevada
was over three millions, due to the
greatly diminished production of the
Comstock mines. Colorado, however,
showed an increase of nearly seventeen
hundred thousand dollars, and Arizona
of more than three millions and three
During 1881, however, the stocks o
our gold, silver and copper mining
companies invariably declined : n market
value, and in some cases the deprecia
tion was very great. They sold for
less at the end of the year than at the
beginning, the falling off occurring
both in the stocks of the mines which
paid dividends and iu those which did
not, and which had never returned any
For headache, sick headache, take
1 I ETIKII FKOM KA.\'SIS.
The Prohibition QIICHIIWII
M E.-SRS. KIUTOKS: —Vour reader*
are doubtless interested in the suhjeel
of Prohibition, and a word from a
State which is uow applying that
method of dealing with the liquor
bu.-im.ss, may interest t H>-IU Alcoholic
liquors as used fur medical or mechani
cal purposes need no special attention
from the civil government anv more
than wheat or corn ; but the fact that
its use as a beverage leads to vice,
crime end wide spread evils, calls for
legislative action for its control. But
two methods have been proposed, viz.,
license and prohibition. The former
has !>ecn tried in every civUized coun
try in this world. As a method of
lessening the evils of the business, it
has been a ghastly failure. The licensed
saloon Itecomcs the school of vice and
fills the land with drunkards just as
certaiuly a.- if liquors were sold as
freely as sroceries. Prohibition has
been tried in Maine and Kansas The
law weut into effect here Mav 1, lssl
How does it work ? The friends of
temperance, sobriety and good morals,
the men who worked and voted for it,
are well satisfied with the result. The
whisky men, bummers and cheap poli
ticians, publish far and wide that it is
a failure. We scarcely expected to
frame a law that would please the
latter parties, and are disappointed
at their marked displeasure. In fact,
their curses are many and orthodox
In a few of the larger cities tLe saloon
element elected officers to not enforce
the law, and in these places nothing
has been done except as compelled by
the efforts of private citizens. In
places where nflitvrs have made nn
honest effort to do their duty, the law
has bi en enforced as easily end suc
cessfully us t 1 e lav.- against stealing
This is true even :11 counties that gave
a majority against the Prohibitory
Amendment. The last distiller in the
State has closed business and left for
Missouri. lie went for!h bearing his
irods with him, (1,000 barrels of whis
ky for which he found no market here.)
and swearing volubly that prohibition
is a failure. All the published reports
of the failure of the law come from a
like source. At present we are con
tending against the entire liquor inter
est of the country. Success here means
success in iowa next June, then in
Ohio, PenLsylvanit. aQd the remaining
States of the Republic. The manu
facturers and wholesale dealerd under
stand this and contribute freely to help
break down the law. The question of
Prohibition conuot long be kept out of
the national politics The party which
adjusts itself to this vital issue will
live and prosper. Let the liues be
drawn in the graud Keystone State, as
they are being drawn in Ohio and in
other States. Set the battle iu array,
and do not fear.
"Ever the truth comes uppermost,
And ever is justice doue."
It. E. MCBRIDE,
Seneca, Kansas, May 2, 1832.
Appleet Every Year.
For an orchard of fifty trees we
want but few of the summer kinds,
unless they are of a very choice varie
ty that would be of ready sale. For
early summer Red Astrakhan, Early
Xowell, Townsend anil Summer Por
ter, 2 of each ; 4 Maiden Blush, 2 Jeffer
is, 2 Fall llambo, 4 Smokehouse, 2
Winter Cornell's Fancy, 4 Gravestein,
4 York Imperial, 4 Roxbury Russett,
4 lted Romauite, 6 Winter Blush and
2 Fol-du-wall. The latter is generally
called Fallawater, but the former is the
proper name (found in the forest).
King of Tompkins county rot beforo
hey are ripe, like the Baldwin.
Smith's Cider are good bearers and
*ood keepers, but void of Havor. The
Smokehouse is one of the richest flavor
id and have a yellow flesh, hard and
;olid, and will keep until Spring. It
locs best if planted in low or meadow
and, it matters not if their roots run
nto a stream of water. Any one
javing a piece of ground of this kind
vould do well to plant a goodly num
>er, as there is no trouble in selling
A pples are like every thing else,
requiring soil to suit their nature,
and to get a crop you must take
care of them. Manure this fall and
salt the next ; a half peck thrown on
the ground, spreading it from the
trunk as far as the limbs extend is
not too much for a bearing tree from
eight v» ars upwards. S>*lt has a ten
dency to make the bark smooth as
well as promote a rapid growth.
Manure and salt is the object, if you
want a crop of sound and good keeping
apples. 1 have seen apple trees treat
ed in ihi* wise that the bark was so
smooth that there was scarcely a
crevice deep enough for an insect to
deposit its eggs therein
1 1 is very common to see an apple
orchurd in full bearing this year, and
next year almost void of frnit. As
oue remarks, ' llow scarce of apples
your orchard iswe get the answer,
"This is not its bearing year." I will j
h:re state how easy it is to make every
year its bearing year, with but little
labor, although it would bo less labor
to commence when the trees are
young, with their first bearing. This
is to allow but one half of each kind to
give fruit at one season ; this is done
by picking off the blossoms: it can be
done any Spring regardless of the
age or size of the tree, and when
once doue it is permanent. Oue half
rests this year while the other half
is fruited; and the next year the
other half takes its turn. By this
means, with the assistance of manure
and salt, we compel our orchard
1 every year to bear plenty of fruit.—
I At Sunday School one of the teach
ers endeavored to point a moral-by
g ving his scholars a description of the
compass as emblematical of the Bible.
'Now, what way does the compass
point?' he asked. 'North,' 'South,'
'East,' 'West,' shouted the scholars.
'No, children,' said the teacher; 'it
points to the north. Always to the
north. Now what way does the Bible
always point ?' 'Always to the north !'
was the thundering response.'
One mfaMrp. one insertion. (1 : each snhac*
| Tueuf inncrljon. 50 cm.ln. Yeirly advert iecnjei t»
one-foarl u of a cjlumn, f 5 ]er inch,
r-ort duul !o these tale*; additional
charge* where woe .IT or monthly change* are
made. Local adve.-ti*emeute 10 cents per line
, for Hi>t insertion, «.nd i cents i«r line for each
additional insertion. Maiiiages and deaths pub
lished free of cfcarge. Obituary notices charged
•» advertisements. and naval le when handed in
Audi', urs'Notices. >M ; Fxecrtors' and Adminis
trators' Notices. tS each; Estray. Canticn an 4
Dissolution Nonets, not exceeding ten lines,
Prom the fact the Gmiu is 'he oldest
established and nujit extensively circniated Ks
puMicau newspaper in Butler county, (a Btpufc
f:c»n county) it must be apparent to bnainera
men that it is the medium tht y should nee in
vlvertising their business.
One <lav last week when the remains
of a woman bad been driven away from
a tenement on Division street to a pau
i per's grave, ba lf a dozen women gath
; ered in the bare rocms to act as exccu
( tors. Law did not enter with tbem.
There was uot enough there to attract
the vulture. The bed was old and
poor—only lit for a bonfire The store
would hardly pnv for removal. Three
or four old chairs, a table, a few pieces
of crockery—even the poorest who had
gathered there had no use for them
And yet a woman and her babe bad
lived there among ihe shadows for long
months No, it was not living; it was
dragging out the hours—waiting for
another sunset—for another sunrise—
fur the coming of the glad relief.
When the body has long been ill and
soulsick—when days and nights and
weeks and months have brought noth
ing but cold and hunger and groans of
despair, the dread of death is nothing.
! he coming of ibe shadow is even hail
ed wi;b glad s&isfaclion.
A nd so thoy had lived ; aud one night
when the winds howled drearily and
the snow flakes v\ hitled through the
broken panes, the mother and her boy
slept—s-hoto awuken no more on earth.
His little hands were toying with her
cold, dead face when they found him.
They took him away, and he smiled
when they said, "Poor babe! You are
all nloue now." When the mother bad
gone to her narrow home they crept up
stairs to the dismal room, aud one of
' We have found a home for the
child, but he must not forget his mother.
Let us look for his legacy."
And so they searched old dresses, and
peered into the dark corners, and rev
erently opened the old boxes at the
foot of the bed. One found an old
scrapbook ; another a necklace of beads:
another a knot of ribbon and, when the
search was ended, there on the table
was a heap of relies which th«'V wept
over. There was something there
which told of a girl's love; there was
something there which told of mar
riage—of happiness—of a husband's
death—a deep sorrow and bitter pover
ty. An auctioneer would have turned
away in contempt—a rag-buyer would
not have gathered tham up, yet those
women each with the heart of a mother,
handled each relic with fresh team.
There was no story in tbem for a man
—there was a whole life's history in
tbem for a woman. They had not
fouud even a penny in money—not an
article that would bring a dime—not
even enough property there to call for
removal, and they bad found something
there of more value than gold or dia
monds. There was a laded tintype of
father and mother, some letters stained
with tears, to locks of hair pinned to
the same card—more to him than if
the old boxes had been full of bright
dollars. Only by them will be recall
the dead—will he realize a mother's
love and devotion—will he know that
one dark morning women crept up the
stairs and found him prattling to the
dead. Money might have worked his
ruiu. Those relics on which his moth
er's tears have fallen—over which a
mother's prayers have ascended to
heaven—will be holy light to guide him
through the deepest gloom.— Detroit
A celebrated divine, who was re
markable in the first period of his min
istry lor a loud and boistrous manner
of preaching, suddenly changed his
whole manner in the pulpit, and adopt
ed a mild and dispassionate mode of de
livery. One of his brethern observing
it inquired of him what had induced
him to make the change. He answer
ed : "When I was young I thought it
was tbe4hunder that killed the people;
but when I grew wiser I discovered
that it was the lightning. So I deter
mined to thunder less and lightning
more in future.
A Chicago family were among the
passengers on a steamboat that was
lazily plying the waters of a Florida
river one morning last month. The
youngest member, a boy about eight
years old, happened to espy an alliga
tor basking on the shore and was
greatly excited by the spectacle,
tlunning across the deck to where his
mother was talking with a friend he
tucged at her skirts until he had at
tracted her attention, and then point
ing toward the recumbent monster,
cried out: "Oh, mamma, look yonder;
there's one of sis'er Sallie's old gum
One reason why Kate Field wants
knee-breeches revived is because "Col
umbus did not set sail in quest of
America in trousers." Of course not.
America was not in trousers at that
early day. She didn't wear much
more clothing than a mole on the back.
Nor did Chris, set sail in trousers. If
our memory is not at fault, he set sail
in a ship which in our day, might
readily be mistaken for the entire
A correspondent of the Weekly
Tribune has for years used shavings
from' planing-mills as an absorbent in
his cow stables. He finds them un*
equalled for this purpose, while they
do not hinder the use of the manure
as a top-dressing even for hoed crops,
and induce and maintain a slow fer
mentation in the heap all winter.
Mr. X. A. Williard says, in The
Rural New-Yorker , that to be a good
milker is an accomplishment which
same persons can never attain. It re
quires a muscular hand, honesty, or
conscientious integrity in discharge of
duties, good nature, or complete con
trol of temper, at least while milking,
and a scrupulous regard to cleanliness.
Every package of poison kept in the
house should be very plainly labelled,
and put where children cannot get at
it. I has been suggested that a pack
age of the proper antidote should be
attached to the poison, and that a few
pins thrust through the corks of bot
tles containing poison, with points
projecting, would prevent their being
mistaken for other bottles in the night.
The first law of nature is self-preser
vation ; but to do it she needs Peruna.
Advertise in the CITIZEN.