Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, March 01, 1882, Image 2

Below is the OCR text representation for this newspapers page. It is also available as plain text as well as XML.

Entered at the Postofice at Butler as
second-classs matter.
How. THOMAS M. BAYS*, member
of Congress, has our thanks for public
documents. Also State Auditor Lem
on for a copy of his Annual Report for
the year 188 L
JOHN W. GARRETT has presented to
the State of Maryland a portrait of
George Calvert, the first Lord Balti
more, c<?pied from a painting made in
the reign of James L
THE Commissioner of Internal Rev
enue reports that the quantity of spirits
in distillery warehouses on January
Ist, was 73,806,941 taxable gallons,
which is about 40,500,000 in excess ot
last year.
OVRR in the town of Washington,
this State, they took a vote on the day
of the Spring election, last week, as to
cows running at large in the same,
which resulted in a majority against
the COWB.
AFTER having lasted two months, the
dead-lock in the New York Legislature,
caused by a fight among the Demo
crats, has been broken, and the business
of the State will now be allowed
to proceed.
IT is asserted with much positiveness
that President Davis, of the Senate, will
vote tor the bill admitting Dakota as a
State. His vote will give the Repub
licans a majority and assure the pas
sage of the bill.
THR little English sparrows fly
around all winter. Throughout the
coldest days they are to be seen about,
chattering and lively. As an evidence
of their hardy nature they have been
seen washing themselves in the little
pools of water on the pavements or
streets 'upon the coldest days this
THR venerable Ex-Chief Justice
Agnew heartily endorses Major A. M.
Brown for the Supreme bench. He
says; "I feel that the West ought to
have the Judgeship and I know none
in whom we can rely as a man of the
people more than in Major A. M.
Brown, a good lawyer and an honest
and fearless man."
THR memorial services in Congress
to the lamented President Garfield
came off on Monday. Blaine's eulogy
was all that was expected of him. It
is a simple narrative of the life and
character of a good man. While grand
in thought yet it is plain in style, no
light sounding terms or words of bitter
ness in it. He does not allude
to the assassin by name. For the
occasion it was appropriate and may
be regarded as a model. We will en.
deavor to give it to our readers in full.
THI HOD. William 8. Garvin, of
Mercer, whose death was announced
last week, was the veteran editor of the
Western Pre M of Mercer, a paper be
edited for aboat fifty years. Daring
all of this time Mr. Garvin was a
prominent Democratic politician in the
western part of this State, and was
elected to Congress in 1844, from a
district of which Mercer county was a
part, defeating the now distinguished
jnrist, Hon. John J, Pearson, for that
office. Although an intense partisan
be ia said to kare been an honest and
an honorable man in all bis public and
private life. He waa in the 76th
year of his age.
candidate for Governor, is a resident of
Uwcblao township, Chester county.
His admiring friends call him the
"TTwcblan farmer," hoping thereby to
win the agriculturalists vote, but
"how in—thunder" they expect Penn
sylvania Dutchmen to pronounce this
jaw-breakiog. Welsh name is a mystery
to ns. The Village Record, of Chester
county, insists that it is an ea*y name
to "tackle" if you only know how, and
tagrs it is pronounced Ulce-lan with the
acfeftat oa the last syllable, and signifies
high land. Why not fhen style Butler
the "Highland laddie? It is more
poetical as well as more eupboneous.
WHAT Butler county needs is a
greater development of its agricultural
and mineral resources and the estab
liahmeat of manufactories within its
boundaries. There Is capital enough in
the county, if properly invested, to ad-
TKice it among the foremost producing
counties in the State. The construc
tion of new railroads and the improve
ment of the old ought to impart a new
impetus to every branch of business.
We look for an awakening to a proper
realization of this among home capital
lata. Surely money can be invested to
better advantage than in bonds which
draw only a low rate of interest.—Pe
trolia Record.
THE postoffice department at Wash
ington city ban made a late decisiou
which it will be well for all postmasters
to heed. By the decision postmasters
Me not allowed to give a paper address
ed to a subscriber to one who is Dot a
subscriber unless by express permis
sion ; nor allow any one to read the pa
per and then pat it back in the box for
the subscriber. The reason for this de
cision is that great complaints have
been made from various sections by
subscribers to newspapers, that their
papers are constantly read by persons
who are to penurious to subscribe for
them, and that when they got them
they were in a condition scarcely to be
read. The Postmaster-General says
that any postmaster allowing such a
practice in his office it will lie just cause
for removal.
It will be recollected a question
arose daring the session of the last
Legislature as to the amount of pay
the members should receive. The
new Constitution of 1874 provided that
the members should receive "such
salary" as might "be fixed by law," for
each session, "and no other compensa
tion whatever." The evident design
of the framers of the new Constitution
was to put nd end to a very bad prac
tice that had existed, of each Legisla
ture fixing its own compensation, and
of members also receiving additional
amounts for services upon special com
mittees, etc. Or, in other words, the
object was to have the sum "fixed by
law." Ths Legislature that followed
the adoption of the Constitution did
fix, or attempt to fix, this sum or
"salary." This was done by enacting
a law that provided that for a session
of a hundred days, or less, the members
should have a "salary" of SI,OOO ; and
if the session exceeded one hundred
days, then $lO per day for each suc
ceeding day not exceeding fifty days.
This was passed in 1874, and since
then the legislators have received pay
ment under it, the result being that the
sessions since then have extended to
about one hundred and fifty days, thus
giving them the SI,OOO for the hun
dred days and SSOO for the additional
fifty days, virtually making the "salary"
$1,500. If this was not in accordance
with the terms of the new Constitution
it is most remarkable that it was per
mitted to stand as a law for the length
of time it did. Our own opinion was
and is now, that it was not in accord
ance with the true intent and meaning
of the new Constitution ; and this for
the reason that it was a mixing np of
"salary" payment and per day pay
ment, this per diem or day part being
the very thing it was intended by the
new Constitution to prevent But
while thinking BO we did not admire
the manner in which the question was
sprung upon the members of the pres
ent Legislature by the Attorney Gener
al of the State. As these members
had been elected with the understand
ing, on their part, that they were to
receive the same salary or pay as mem
bers of immediately proceeding Legis
latures, we thought the question should
have been raised in such a manner as
to give notice and apply to future
Legislators, who, having notice, could
not complain if the law on the subject
was found to be unconstitutional.
However, the question was brought
before the Supreme Court of the State
as to the present Legislature and that
body has just decided that the law of
1874 is constitutional and that mem
bers are entitled to the per day part of
their ".salary,' being the part in dis
pute, SSOO to each member, in addition
al to the SI,OOO already received by
them. The court decides that both
terms mean but "salary," and that un
der that word, of "salary" is embraced
"pay," "wages," "per dium," or oth
erwise. And as the Supreme Court
has the last yuess in the matter we
suppose this must settle the question,
at least for the present.
We were among those disposed to
give President Arthur a fair trial, to
judge his administration by bis acts,
without prejudice from the past or
from tho wicked deed that made him
President All else to this time that
be has done might have been endured.
But in picking up Roecoe Conkling,
and proposing bis name to the Senate
of the United States for a Judge of
the Supreme Court,—President Arthur
has done an act that shocks the sensi
bilities of the Nation. While the
wounds are not yet healed ; the tears
not yet dry, and Guiteau yet unhung,
the man whose political acts are be
lieved by the people, in their heart of
hearts, to have done more than all else
to inspire the foul murderer of Gar
field, is to be honored by bis successor.
Can there be any questiou that the
nomination by the President of Conk
ling is a'wrong and an outrage on the
Republican party ? Is it not an in
sult to the memory of Garfield ? Is it
not an outrage on all bis family and
friends? And what is the necessity
for all this? Let the motive of the
President be what it may, nothing can
justify the act. It is bold and bad,
and will be condemned. The Repub
lican Senators who advise and consent
to this nomination will also be repu
diated by their people. It is made in
defiance of public sentiment. It is an
attempt to restore to life a justly dead
politician, whose ambition and selfish
ness sought to disrupt and destroy the
Republican party. It is an attempt to
honor by the Nation a man rejected by
his own State. In every phase it is
uncalled for and wrong.
The lecture of President Jeffers, of
Westminister College, in the Court
House here on last Thursday evening,
was one of the best intellectual treats
our people have had. There was a
ready, off band manner with Mr. Jef
fers that made him very agreeable.
His subject, "Brains," took a wide
range and taught us something both of
anatomy and of mind. Wit, humor
and anecdote were intersjMirsed to the
great relish of bis audience. Besides
the many other good things he said he
was particularly complimentary to the
press, classing editors with even church
elders. This compliment was soothing
to members of the press here and duly
appreciated. We lIO[KJ friend Jeffers
will be called back here again, as we
really enjoyed his matter and style ot
(Kir* UttiUtt ®it iu*m lßß2,
In Philadelphia, Pittsburgh and
other places, at elections last week,
the question uppermost with the peo
ple was the putting down of rings and
boss rule. Anti-ring tickets were
nominated in Philadslphia and elected,
being the first signal triumph for re
form in that ring-ridden city. In other
places it was the same. The deter
mination to rid the Republican party
of Pennsylvania of central boss power
and rule is very general. This ap
pears to be the favorable year to do so,
and all Republicans, having nothing
but the purity and good of the party
at heart, should see to it that no oppor
tunity is lost to free the party from
the odium of boss rule.
The regular term of March Court
commences on next Monday, 6th inst.,
to continue two weeks. •On the first
week the grand jury will be in Fession
to act upon business brought before it.
The applications for license will also
be heard on this week.
The second week, commencing 13th
day, will be for trial ofCommonwealth
cases, old and new, for which a traverse
jury has been summoned. There will
consequently be many people iu town
from all parts of the county during
these two weeks. Our subscribers,
generally, make it a point to call and
settle back amounts then due, and
many not having occasion to come to
Court themselves Bend in the arrears
with some neighbor coming. By the
first of next month we will have been
editing this paper thirteen years, and
yet there are some to whom it is sent
that we have received nothing from
for about half of this time. It is to
them we direct this, hoping this notice
will cause their attention to the matter
during the coming courts and before
April first coming.
a history of two hundred years has
shown all liquor license laws to be
failures, that legislators were unable to
enact laws upon that subject that
could be enforced, even when beneficial,
and that the only way to attain the
objects aimed at by the Prohibitionists
is to haye a fundamental law regard
ing prohibition incorporated in the
THE Lenton season began this year
February 22nd—Ash Wednesday—
wbicb was also Qeorge Washington's
birthday. Lent is a fast of forty days
observed by the Roman Catholic and
other churches before Easter, in com
memoration of our Savior's fasting in
the wilderness. The name is derived
from the Saxon leny, spring, from the
time of the year in which it is observ
ed. It is used as a preparation for
Easter. The observance of Lent is 'of
great antiquity, for from the first ages
of Christianity it was usual to set
aside some time for humiliation and
special exercises immediately before
Easter. At first it extended only to for
ty hours, then to thirty-six days, and
four additional days were added in
the ninth century.
Blaine MI Uarfleld.
The great eulopry of James G. Blaine
upon the life and death of James A.
Garfield, was delivered before Congress
on Monday last. The following is its
closing We will try to give other
portions of it hereafter :
"Great in life he was surpassingly
great in death. For no cause, in the
very frenzy and wicked
edness, by the red hand of murder, he
was thrust from the full tide of this
world's interest, from its hopes, its as
pirations, its victories, into the visible
presence of death—and he did not quail.
Not alone for the one short moment in
which, stunned und dazed, he could
give up life, hardly aware of its re
linquishment, but through days of
deadly languor, through weeks of ag
ony,that was not less agony because
silently borne, with clear sight.and
calm courage, he looked into his open
grave. What blight and ruin met his
anguished eyes, whose lips may tell—
what briliant, broken plans, what baffled
high ambitions, what sundering of
strong, warm, manhood's friendships,
what bitter rending of sweet house
hold ties! Behind him a proud, ex
pectant oation, a great host of sustain
ing friends, a cherished and happy
mother, wearing the full, rich
honors of early toil and tears;
the wife of his youth, whose
•vholc life lay in (|is ; the little boys
not yet emerged from childhoods day
of frolic; the fair, young daughter; the
sturdy Bons just springing into closest
companionship, claiming every day,
and every day rewarding a father's love
and care; and in his heart the eager
rejoicting power to meet all deinund.
Before him, dissolution and great
darkness! And bis soul was not
shaken. His countrymen were thrill
ed with instant, profound and universal
sympathy. Masterful in his mortal
weakness, he become the center of
a nation's love, enshriuned in the
prayers of a world. Brit all the love
and all the sympathy could not share
his suffering." He trod the wine-presß
alone. With unfaltering front he
faced death. With unfailing tender
ness he took leave of life. Above the
demoniac hiss of the assassin's bullet
he heard the voice of God. With sim
ple resignation he bowed to the Divine
AB the end drew near his early
cruving for the sea returned. The state
ly mansion of power had been to him
the wearisome hospital of pain, and he
begged to be taken from its prison
walls, from itH oppressive, stifling tiir,
fiom its bomelessness and its bopeless
ness. Gently, silently, the love of a
great peoplo bore the pule sufferer to
the longed-for healing of the sea, to live
or to die, as God should will, within
sight of its heaving billows, within
sound of its manifold voices. With
wan, fevered face tenderly lifted to the
cooling breeze, he looked out wistfully
upon the ocean's changing wonders;
ou its fair sails, whitening iu the morn
ing light; on its restless waves, rolling
shoreward to break and die beneath
the noonday sun : on the red clouds of
evening, arching low to the horizon ;
on the serene and shining pathway of
the stars. Let us think that his dying
eyes read a mystic meaning which on
ly the rapt and parting soul may know.
Let us believe that in the silence of
the receding world he heard the great
wave breaking on a further shore,
and felt already upon his wasted brow
the breath of eternal morning."
[From MeKeesport, (Pa.,) Times of Feb. 15. J
For Supreme Court of Penn
sylvania; Maj. A. M. urown.
'Historians, briefly, with truth and clearness
should relate.'
When one sincerely respects an in
dividual, it is very hard to write un
romantic facts. Our admiration oft
times tempts us to extol the virtues of
a man for whom we entertain the
warmest feelings of regard. The truth-
ful adjectives will tell the story much
better than would the superfluities of
jesthetics. One of the most eminent
lawyers in the State now rightfully
claims recognition and support from
his fellow citizens. The Supreme
Court is the conscience of the State,
and in November next there is to be
elected to this place of trust one new
member to take the place vacated by
Chief Justice Sharswood, retiring. He
who would take upon himself this sa
cred trust must be a man of Jorce —a
man of acute ability, of legal instinct;
a man possessing a strong sense of
right; and, besides being an able law
yer, he must be capable of being an hon
est, conscientious and impartial Judge.
Pennsylvania has many very eminent
lawyers and many are eager for such a
high distinction, yet all unite in ac
knowledging Maj. A. M. Brown to be
the man most fitted for such a respon
sible position. Being a Western man
his claims are doubly good—since it is
but right, with the present bench com
posed of a majority of the Judges re
siding in the East, there should be
another from the West.
With pleasure we relate the history
of Maj. A. M. Brown. He was born
52 years ago in Brownsdale, Butler
county, Pa., of staunch okTCovenanter f
stock. At the age of 15 years, he was
able to successfully contest with men
of matured minds." On growing up he
became a clerk in the wholesale grocery
store of Jamea Marshall, Allegheny
city, but afterwards he Btarted up for
himself in Brownsdale. While not yet
out of his teens he was elected Major
of a militia regiment, Col. McLaughlin,
commanding. In '49,' having been
taken with 'the gold fever,' he set out
by the over-land rout for California.
The perils of this trip, its humors and
its incidents, are set forth in his book,
which he wrote of his travels on re
turning, with a descriptive power rare
ly equaled in the works of our very
best literary characters. Here we find
him in the role of lawyer. Entering
the office ol his uncle, T. M. Marshall,
Esq., he began the study of the law
soon after his return from 'beyond the
Mississippi.' Developing marked abil
ity be became his uncle's partner. In
1865 Mr. Brown went into bußinese
for himself, and for the past eleven
years his practice has not fallen below
the handsome net of $25,000, per an
num. We were permitted to examine
the Twenty Second Volume of bis Cas
es argued in the Supreme Court, and
to show the methodical habits of this
remarkable man, who claims your con
sideration, allow us to point you to the
great care shown in the compiling of
his 'paper books' on many of the most
important cases reported in the United
States and tried by him. For conve
nience he has a 'brief to each volume
corresponding to the arrangement of
Brightly's Digest. He has, also, a
large number of volumes of Bills in
Equity, bound. The examination of
these volumes will convince any law
yer that be who wrote them possessed
a master Aristotelian mind, a genius of
flashing brilliancy, a memory that
holds tor all time the most trivial cir
cumstances. And as to his scholar
ship. 'The erudition of this man is
marvelous!' It is an indisputable fact,
whatsoever else may be said, that Maj.
A. M. Brown has a larger knowledge
of the practice in the Supreme Court
of this State than any other man in the
entire Commonwealth of Pennsylvania.
Few lawyers succeed in filling even
one-half the volumes of paper-books in
the whole course of their lives, such as
Mr. Brown fills each year. He is an
able man, a careful man, an honest
man, and withal, a refined, cultured,
scholarly, gentle mannered man. And
now, that one strange coincident, con
nected with our candidate must be re
lated, to add a little romance to a life
spent amidst musty papers and old law
books, let us prophesy that Old Mid
dlesex township Butler county, may
again be represented, this time not by
Chief Justice Thompson, but by Chief
Justice Brown, whose father's farm ad-
joined that of the old Chief Justice
Thompson, under whose observation
'young Brown' had been regarded as a
youth of good promise and rare capaci
ty. Wo wonder does this coincident
auger propitiously ? To hia fellow cit
izeos he comes recommended by his
works, 'By thy works thou shalt be
Maj. Brown is a worthy man, and
ho comes claiming your recognition as
'one whom Nature's self had made to
mock herself and truth to imitate.'
A nci being the candidate of the West,
be is certain of the nomination, if this
persevering, pushing end of the State
can give it to him; and 'nominated'
means elected, fur Maj. Brown is, l»c
--vond a doubt, a candidate chosen for
his worth, by the universal acclamation
of an admiring, trusting people. And
now for a few words of comment on
that which are virtue, magnanimity,
as it appears in the character of Mr
Brown. No man is more considerate
and generous to the faults of others.
No lawyer more willing to lend a help
ing hand to those struggling to earn
an honest living. Encouraging young
men by kindly treatment, he is grate
fully remembered by many. None es
cape his memory. His though tfulness
for the interests of others is shown in
many instances, as for instance when
urged by his friends to contest against
the late Judge Hampton for President
Judge of the Common Pleas Court
of Allegheny county, his idea of justice
and the 'fitness of things' prompt
ed him to refuse to be a candidate
against a friend ; and later, when re
quested to 'run' for Mayor of Pitts
burgh, under the now constitution, he
again refused. Recently the 'bar as
sembled' offered to ruu him again for
Common Pleas Judge; but he again
declined to contest against a friend.
Now that he is a candidate for this
place of trust we urge his many friends
to be active iu his support.
The Nomination to the Su
preme Bench.
Guiteau has made a Supreme Judge,
as well as a President; and he is not
hung yet.
There is not a human being in the
countrv so ignorant as to believe that
Mr. lloscoe Conkling would have been
awarded the highest judicial office in
the gift of the President, if a cold-blood
ed assassin had not murdered the
President whom the people elected.
For that horrible murder no man liv
ing is thought by the people of the
United States more responsible than
Mr. Conkling himself. The President
gave him five-sixth of the important
patronage of this State. He demand
ed it all. On the nomination of a
single man whom he disliked, he de
clared war upon the Administration,
fought it in the Senate till he found
the struggle hopeless, then betrayed
his party and threw the Senate into
the hands of the opposition by resign
ing, and then besought the Mate of
New York to return him w T ith letters
of marque as a licensed privateer, to
wage war upon his own people. Mean-
time on the day after his resignation,
his disciple, Guiteau, bought his pistol;
and the very physician who was after
ward called in to probe the President's
wound went about saying that Gar
field deserved to be shot.
Mr. Conkling was beaten in his own
State in the contest he invited—over
whelmingly, hopelessly, disgracefully
beaten. A Legislature of his own
creatures dared not reelect him. The
people of the State were as a hundred
to one against him. When he return
ed, defeated, from Albany, he could
not have been elected Road Supervisor
or Justice of the Peace in the strong
est Republican County of the State.
Then Guiteau stole up behind Ga'field
and fired bis shot. And now the man
whom Guiteau made President makes
Roscoe Conkling a Judge of the Su
preme Court of the United States.
These are the simple, historical facts,
known to everybody, undisputed by
anybody. We recall them now, mere
ly "to set this appointment in the light
of the attendant facts.
t If the nomination were otherwise a
fit one, something would be pardoned
to the personal friendship and personal
gratitude of the late Yice-President.
But the nominatiou is, on other
grounds, notoriously unfit.
(1.) Mr. Conkling has no. standing
at the bar to entitle him to be even
thought of in the connection with the
Supreme Bench. He has had no con
siderable practice since his youth. He
has been retained in no cases save
those which came in the way of pay
for political influence. The appear
ance he has made In the court have
been such as to provoke the contempt
and ridicule of real lawyers. On this
point, in spite of the high position and
great influence he had, there has scarce
ly been a divided opinion. No doubt
he might have been a good lawyer.
But he chose to devote his active years
to something else, and he is now too
old to learn.
(2.) Mr. Conkling is unfit for the
Supreme Bench, or for any bench,
because he is not a man of judicial
temper. Everybody, friend and foe
alike, knows him as an intense, red
hot partisan, who never sees or can
see more than one side of a question.
There was absolute accuracy in Mr.
Curtis's description of him as a person
who divided mankind into two classes,
i slaves and enemies. Such a man may
do good service in some places, but he
is no more fit for a Judge than he is
lor a bank-note engraver or a Sunuay-
school superintendent.
(3.) The nomination is grossly unfit,
because it is a flagrant abuse of the
appointing power to use the Supreme
Bench to pension a broken-down poli
tician, whohas made himself odious to
the people. If he must be provided for at
the public expense, it should be after
the manner bo himself recommended.
This is what he said about Collector
Robertson to Garfield: 'Send him
übroad to some 'second-class consul
ship; and I will go into 'the lobby,
and hold my nose while he is con
"firmed."—New York Tribune.
DmpoMltlon ol (be Property of
(he Lale H. A. Purvi
ance. Knq.
The will of the late Samuel A. Pur
vianco, Esq., was probated laHt week
in the office of the Register of Alle
gheny county. It is brief, the follow
ing being a copy:
'I, Samuel A. Purviance, being of
sound mind and memory do make this
ray last will and testament and hereby
cancel and revoke all previous wills
and papers mado by me. I request
that my remains after being embalmed
be interred iu the Butler cemetery on
my lot, the locatiou of which is known
to George Roessing, Esq., and that
the funeral be as private as pos
uil.lr. >
'I devise and bequeath to my wife,
Caroline M. Purviance, all my estate,
real and jHjrsonal and mixed, for and
during her natural life, with full pow
er to make, execute and deliver deeds
of sale made of real estate, and to sell
whenever iu her judgment she may
think it of advantage to tho estate,
and at her death the estate to be equal
ly divided between mv children,—Win
field S. Purviance, Mary Purviauce
Irwin and Ettie Purviance.
'lf in any event the proceeds Bbould
fail to be suflicient to furnish responsi
ble support, then my wife to as
much of tho proceeds of tho principal
as she may deem projior and necessary
for that purpose. I appoint my wife,
Caroline M. Purviance, my executor.
SAMUEI< A. PUBVIANCK, March 3, 1880,
'I make tho following codicil to my
will this March 22, 1881 : I withdraw
the request as to my burial in Butler,
and inasmuch as my dear grandchild,
Kate C. Purviance, is interred in
Bollevuo cemetery, I substitute it in
place of Butler. I also desire that the
within disposition of my estate takes
precedence of anything written previ
ous to or since March 3, 1880. My
above words 'within disposition' mean
ing my will as executed on the
page of this sheet.'
John M. Sullivan and 11. A Stephen
son are the witnesses to tho will.
Gents' fine white and colored
shirtß, low prices, at Heck A Patter
—Car|M)ts, oil cloths "and mattings,
cheapest in Butler county, at Heck &
_W. Aland, Merchant Tailor, is
now prepared to tako your order for
early spring garments, offering forty
styles. New designs in fine suitings
at" $25 for suits. These goods are
equal to the best French makes. Also,
'lino French worsted in black, blue and
fancy styles at equally low prices.
Tbe Suit Against the Standard
Oil Company on Hearing
at Harrisbnrg.
HABBISBUBO, FEB. 23— A suit of
the State to recover taxes alleged to be
due from the Standard Oil Company
came before court this morning. Dep
uty Attorney General Snodgrass pre
sented a letter, alleged to have been
written at the Auditor General's office
in 1879, requesting the Standard Com
pany to report. The defense objected
to the letter on the ground that the
person to whom it was sent was not
in any manner connected with the
company. Reports filed by the Stand
ard Company in the latter part of 1881
were read. A voluminous correspond
ence between Auditor Geueral Schell
and attorneys and officers of the Stand
ard Company was offered and read bv
the State's attorneys, in all of which
the Standard Company denied they
were liable to taxation in this State.
An agreement as to the facts was next
read, during which the counsel for
both sides gave notice that they would
make numerous objections. The com
monwealth rested its case after pre
senting a statement of Auditor General
Schell. Qlmstead opened the defense
by presenting an appeal for the com
pany from the Auditor General's state
ment. He also read depositions from
ex Governor Hartranft, Insurance
Commissioner Foster and Clerk Frazer,
all of which tended to show that the
foreign corporation had but a portion
of its capital invested in the State, and
had never been taxed on the full
amount of its capital stocks. This,
they state, had been the case during
their connection with the Auditor
General's Department, which had cov
ered a long term of years.
In the afternoon session M. E. Olm
sted continued his statement, conclud
ing by having fead a paper by R. C.
McMurtrue, approved by Attorney
General Dimmick, setting forth an act
of April 24thf 1874, as construed by
the Auditor General's department, that
did not hold foreign chartered corpora
tions liable for tax by reason of the
pnrchrse of material or sale of wares
in this State. The argument waa ap
proved by Deputy Attorney General
Snodgrass a little before 3o'clock. He
contended that, as a great portion of
the company's capital was used in pros
ecuting its buinesss in this State, it
should be taxed. He then endeavored
to prove that their business was car
ried on in this State.
Mr. Ulmsted, in his argument, quo
ted the accounts upon which the claim
iB based. Referring to section 4, act
of 1868, which imposes a tax on foreign
companies lawfully doing business in
this State, he dwelt at some length up
on the words 'doing business,' and
claimed tbe company was engaged in
no transactions save the purchase of
oil lor shipment out of the State. He
claimed if the law was as the Attorney
General construed It, Pennsylvania
has declared all the world shall be tax
i ed. The construction asked for was
not founded on any known principle of
equality or justice. Pending argu
memt, court ajourned.
Tbe defense submitted the argument
of Judge John J. Pearson. It goes to
i show there was no design in the stat
ute to tax a foreign corporation for
buying or selling in the State and
that it was beyond the power of the
State to tax the capital stock or busi
ness done here so far as the same is
admitted or proved by the facts agreed
on. The facts prove no more than the
carrying on of commerce and intercorse
i between people, companies and corpo
. rations, Pennsylvania and tbe Stand
ard Oil Company, and being business
of that character in Pennsylvania can
not be taxed in this State, under the
i Federal Constitution Admitting the
possibility that the court would decide
i the company waa doing business within
i the intention of tbe statutes, if taxable
• at all, it was only to the extent of
the business transacted.
The Trlniuph ot Ketorm.
AH hail to the briliant dawn of a
new era in Philadelphia! The on
marching cause of the people against
ring rule has achieved its most signal
and crowning triumph. The victory
is sweeping, decisive and overwhelm
ing. It has been won against all the
odds—won against the elements—won
against the last desperate life-and-death
struggle of the bosues and ringsters,
all the embattled forces of corruption,,
jobbery and stolid partisanship—won
by the spontaneous and irresistible up
rising of the people I
The magnitude and volume of the
victory attest the depth of the popular
feeling and the power of the popular
will. The reform wave has swept
over the bulwarks of the bosses with
resistless might. It has buried Blair
under a majority of nearly eight hun
dred. It has sunk Mullen out of sight.
It has made Miles, of the Thirteenth
Ward, pay the penalty of a halting and
hesitating course. It has swallowed
up Ileyburn with the lesson that a
good man must not train in doubtful
company. It has destroyed the infa
mous Gilbert. It has borne William
B. Smith on its crest with the reward
of faithful service. It has saved gal
lant Ilenry Clay against the combined
force of all the bosses, hirelings and
recreants that could be brought to
crush him. It has defeated Bonsall,
elected Page and Sanders, Grim and
Marshall, Bailey and Else, and counts
its trophies in nearly every ward.
Aud William McMullen iB almost the
sole relic of boss rule that is saved to
remain as a frightful example.
Tho value and significance of this
splendid victory are incalculable. It
is tho most important and far-reaching
of tho series of triumphs which have
illumined the recent history of Phila
delphia. It was necessary to carry the
outworks of tho enemy line by lino,
and every preliminary assault and vic
tory prepared tho way for the final and
vital success. In securing the Con
troller, the Tax Department, tho May
or and tho Common Council, the Re
formers made great gains; but the
bosses had fortified themselves in the
Select Council, as their last entrench
ment, and determined to maintain it at
all hazards as the only remaining cita
del of their strength. The people have
now stormed and captured this strong
hold and hurled the ring-masters from
power. The importance of this success
cannot well bo over-cstlraatod. It is
tho practical overthrow of the Gas
Trust, and it ncans the regeneration
of the remaining departments of the
City Government.
We congratulate the Citizen's Com
mittee of One Hundred upon this bril
liant triumph, which is the reward of
its popular support, and confirmation
of its great influence. We congratu
late tho honest aud earnest Republi
i cans of the city upon a result which
goes far to redeem their party from the
selfish, corrupt and autocratic control
which was crushing out its real life
and moral force. We congratulate the
patriotic Democrats who have risen
above unworthy partisanship, and we
congratulate all the people of Philadel
phia upon the promise of better days
and the assurance of a more honest
and upright government Philadel
phia Press, Feb. 22.
Popular Rale la Peaasylraala
Nearly 450,000 Republicans make
up tho Republican party of Pennsylva
nia. The Independent Republicans
believe it is the right and duty of these
men to govern themselves, to conduct
their own party in their own way,
without dictation from any element.
They believe in the rule of the majori
ty, whose will is to be freely express
ed, honestly ascertained, and fully re
spected. For themselves and every
member of the party they demand the
largest liberty of conscience and action.
They ask only what is fair and that
what the vital interests of the party
require shall be accorded. This they
would be glad to accomplish peaceably,
so that party harmony and popular
ascendency may be established togeth
er. But they are ready to fight.
This is not an ephemeral movement
It has come to stay. It falls upon sin
cere Republicans not only to purify
the party, but afterward to keep it
pure, and neither end will be reached
without organized, persistent effort.
The aim of Independent Republicans
is to organize the whole party on a
right basis, which will endure by com
manding the common respect and con
fidence. They will not be discouraged
by obstacles nor dismayed by defeat. I
is their purpose to use every weapon
which honorable men may employ,
steadily pressing forward in the battle
for regeneration until the evil influence
of the party management shall be re
moved, and the popular will triumph
Every Republican ought to be Inde.
pendent enough to encourage the right.
Right and justice are inscribed upon
the standard of Independent Republi
canism. It is the people's cause, and
they must support it not only with
their sympathy, but with their most
effective work. The struggle may
cos*. something, but victory will pay.
—Phila. Press.
Marshal Henry Will Hang
The office of executioner for capital
offences is geneally loathed. Tbe bang
man is a man who flits about at night
making his awful preparations. No
body knows bis name or his home.
Men would shudder to grasp his hand,
and women would grow hysterical in
his preseuce. But the business of
hanging Guiteau I The Marshal could
recruit a million of assistants each of
whom would be anxious to cut tbe
rope. So universally is this bad and
miserable assassin despised that pity
has no place in any breast for him.
Captain Charles E. Henry is an
Ohio man, and served with General
Garfield in the late war. From
that time to the General's death they
were warm, personal friends. Tbe late
President appointed him District Mar
shal. He was a member of the
'Chum Cabinet,' and enjoyed the con
fidence and esteem of the late Presi
dent to the fullest extent. During the
trial it was often remarked that there
was a dangerous glitter in the Captain's
eyes when Guiteau was near. Thera
is little doubt that he contemplates the!
duties of his office with grim satisfac-l
tion. I
Vermont ban the model farmer. Hi
does bis own work on the farm and
spends bis winter evenings at knitting
and sewing, llis evening work so
fur this winter consists of four pairi
of double mittens, a quilt containinj
928 pieces and one containing 1,22 i
pieces, and is now engaged on anothe
calico mosiac.
Lydia E. Pinkham's Yegetabl
Compound revives the drooping spirit*
invigorates and harmonizes the organ
ic functions; gives elasticity and firm
ness to the Btep, restores the natura
lustre to the eye, and plants on th
pale cheek of beauty the fresh roses c
life'q spring and early summer time.
Minneapolis' flour mills consum
about 25,000,000 bushels of grain eac
year. The leading millers there bav
found it difficult to secure the quantit.
desired from the great wheat belt t
the north and west of Minneapolis
owing to the efforts of millers to seem
large quantities for mills east and soutl
of that point.
How Long Would It Take to Ooun
Two Millions?
Over two million volumes ot the re
vised edition of the New Testamen
were sold on the first day of its issue
These figures can only be equaled bj
the enormous sale of Swayne's Oint
ment for Itching Piles, which is unl
verßally used as a standard remedj
for stopping the itching at night, whei
when one thinks that pin worms art
crawling about tbe rectum. To cal
culate the extent of its sale in actua
figures, would involve the labor of
life-time. Will you bo postered lon
ger from tbe aggravating Piles f
Apportionment Bill. "~ 1
The apportionment bill willnolongc
trouble our national law-makers, fc
tbo Senate passed tho bill agreed upo
by tbe House. Tbe apportionment
as follows among tho Statos :
Alabama N MinniMippl
Ark allium Miaaouri.. ■
California. « Nebraska I
Colorado 1 Nevada ■
Connecticut 4 New Hampshire ■
Delaware 1 New Jeraey -■
Florida 2 New York ...
Georgia 10 North Caroliua
Illinois 20 Ohio
Indiana 1J Oregon ■
lowa II Pennsylvania ■
Kentucky. 11 .South Carolina ■
Louisiana »i Tennewee ■
Maine 4 Tex a* -H
Maryland fliVermont. S
MuwmchunetU 12 Virginia.......
Michigan! llWe.t Virginia. H
MinncNota 6|Wi»oon»in
—Men's, Hoys' and Children*' ol
coats, at less than cost, at HeckH
Patterson's. H
—Heck A Patterson are doH
overcoats out, at less than
Americans are Incoming a
coffee drinkers. The
tea per bead of population bas
creased from 1.01 to 1.44 pounds
18<;7, while that of eoffeo in the
period has gone up from 6*ll to^H
Sounds. Great liritain, on the
and, drinks less coffee in
to imputation than a generation
while tbe consumption of tea has
quadrupled iu forty years.
Neuralgia. Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout,
Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swellings and
Sprains, Burns and Scalds,
General Bodily Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet
and Ears, and all other Pains
and Aches.
No Preparation on earth equals ST. JACOBS OHM
a tafe, mure. timplr and cheap External Remedy.
A trial entails but the comparatively trifling outlay
of 50 Cents, and every one suffering with pain
can have cheap and positive proof or its claim*.
Directions in Eleven Languages.
Baltimore, Md., V.B.JL
Pitting of SMALL
SMALL POX POX Prevented.
(iangrene prevented and
Dysentery cured.
Contagion destroyed. Wounds healed rapidly.
Sick rooms purified and Scurvey cured In short
made pleasant. j time.
Fevered and Sick Per- Tetter dried up.
sons relieved and re- it |* perfectly harmless,
freshed by bathing p or gore Throat it is a
with Prophylactic Flti- Bure cure.
Id added to the water.
Soft White Complexions
secured by its use
Impure AhMmade harm- DIPTHERIA
sjiriiikUnK' Un Darby's PREVENTED. I
Fluid about. ___
To purify the breath,
Cleanse the Teeth, tt I , ... . .
can't be surpassed holera dissipated,
Catarrh relief and Ship Fever Prevented by
cured its use.
Erysipelas cured. ,In cases of death intha
Burns relieved instantly, house. It should
Scars prevented. be
Kemow. all unpleasant Zlt
An Antidote for Animal
or Vegetable Poisons,
Stings, ®c.
QPARI PT Dangerous eflluvlas of
wwA\nLtl sick rooms and hoa-
FEVER pitals removed by Its
In fact it Is the great
Disinfectant and Purifier,
Manufacturing Chemists, SOLE PROPRIETORS
Allcock's Porous Plasters?