Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, January 04, 1882, Image 1

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Far jur, in advanoa 'J®
OtiMTWiM 3 00
Mo anbaariptton will be discontinued until ill
uretfiMi mm pdd. Poetm»«tem neglecting to
notify as whea subecribert do not take out their
Mpen will beTield liable for the «üb»cnpUcn.
Hubecriber« removing from one poetottce to
another ,«hoaid gire UN the CUM of the former
aa well at the preeent office.
All communication* intended for publication
a this paper must be accompanied by the real
name of the writer, not for publication but aa
* KSS&S2i.'Si&- «». * ~o»t~
Died by a responsible name.
Chicago & North-Western
« A A 7K
EQUIPPED ! and hence the
It Is the short and best route between Chicago
and all points in
Northern Illinois, lowa, Dakota, Wyoming, Ne
braska, California, Oregon, Arizona. Utah, Colo
rado, Idaho, Montana. Nevada, and lor
Cedar Rapids, Des Moines. Columbus and all
Points in the Territories, and the West. Also,
for Milwaukee, Gn-en Bay. Oshkosh. Sheboygan.
Marquette, Fond du Lac. Watertown, Houghton.
Neenah. Meuasha, St. Paul, Minneapolis, Huron,
Volga, Fargo, Bismarck, Winona. LaC rouse,
Owatonna, and all points in Minnesota, Dakota,
Wisconsin and the Nortnwest. , _
At Couucll Bluffs the Trains of the Chicago St
North-Western and the U. P. R'ys depart from,
arrive a laud use the same joint Union Depot.
At Chicago, close connections are made with
the Lake Shore, Michigan Ceutral, Baltimore &
Ohio, Ft. Wayne and Pennsylvania, and Chicago
ft Grand Trunk R'ys, and the Kaukakee and Pan
Handle Routes.
Close connections made at Junction Points.
It Is the ONLY LINE running
Pullman Hotel Dining Cars
Chicago and Council Bluffs.
Pullman Sleepers on all Night Trains.
Insist upon Ticket Agents selling you Tickets
via this road. Examine your Tickets, and refuse
to buy It they do not read over the Chicago a
North-Western Railway. , ,
If you wish the Best Traveling Accommodations
you will buy your Tickets by tills route.
All Ticket Agents sell Tickets by this Line.
MARVIN HUGHITT. 2d V. P. & Gen'l Mang'r
' HP IWIVI w I mm l w m
or ALL' » J
L3\£T <• <
'•SH LI FETi'M E *«. I
\ ( Joijnsoisfai'lsGo. \
t &HICAGO ILL.-6 i
p Orange mass. {
2&ep6m 10) Sixth Street, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Petition of Waahingfon Ho
vard and Kovard.
In the matter of the petition of Washington Bo
vard and Naomi Bovard, his wife, in right of
nid wife, to have perpetuated testimony rela
tive to a lost deed from Jacob G. Grotsxman
and wife to John N Hoon. In the Court of
Common Pleas of Butler county, Equity No 1.
March term, 1883.
And now, to wit: Deo- 3d, 1881. Petition
presented, and on doe consideration thereof,
subpoena Is awarded to John N. Hoon and Jacob
G. Grossman. and to any and all persons who
nay be interested in the said petition or bill to
at pear in the Court of Common Pleas of uaid
oounty on Thursday the twentv-second (22 i day
of December, ins t., to make answer on oath or
affirmation to said petition or bill, and in case no
answer thereto i» filed, and in case the said per
sons subpoenaed, or any others do not attend on
or before said day, Geo. C. Pillow, Esq., is here
by appointed a Commissioner to proceed on said
32d nij of December, 1881. at ten f 10) o'clock,
of said day at the office of the Prothonotary of
■aid county, to take the iepoeitions of all wit
nesses who may be produced by said petitioners
respecting the proof of the facte alleged in said
bill or petition, and to aecertain and establish
the same, and to make return of said depositions
unto said Court, when such order and decree in
the premises will be made as to justice and
equity appertain. And further, it appearing
from said petition that the residence of the said
John N. Hoon and Jacob G. Groesman is un
known and believed not to be within this Com
monwealth, it is ordered that notice of this sub
poena and order of Court be given by publication
thereof for three (3) successive weeks iu one of
the weekly newspapers published in Butler prior
to aaid 22d of December, 1881. By the Court.
Certified from the Records
I ***** jihis 6th day of December, A. D , 1881.
vi'ljvv' A. RUSSELL, Prothonotary.
% -
*-~Xp John N. Hoon and Jacob G. Grossman,
{JIHNt£iKO : —We command you, that all busi
nees atS&£xcusee being laid aside, you be and
appear in jVir proper person before our Judges
at Butler, county Court of Common Pleas
there to b»bel() for the county aforesaid on the
twenty4econd day of December inst., to show
oause, if any you have why the witnesses on be
half of Washington Bovard and Naomi Bovard
his wife, in right of said wife on their petition
to have perpetuated testimony relative to a deed
from Jaoob G. Grossman and wife to John N.
Boon (deed BOW lost) should not be examined
and their testimony reduced to writing, and tiled
of record in our said Court In order to perpetu
ate the same, agreeably to the Constitution of
oar Government, and the Aot of Assembly in
sneh case made and provided, on part of peti
tioners, and herein fail not, unuer the penalty
of one btwdred pounds.
Witness the -Hon. E. McJtmkin, President of
our said Court, at Butler, this sth day of De
cember, A. D„ 1881. A. RUSSELL, Pro'y.
Union Woolen Mill,
H- FCLLERTOJr. Prop'r.
Ac. Also custom work doue to order, such a*
carding Roils, making Blanket*, Flannels, Knit
ting and Weaving Yarns, Ac., at very low
prtcoa. Wool worked on the shares, U de
fcpid. mjrT-ly
Utile# Citizen.
Neuralgia. Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soronsss of the Chest, Gout,
Quinsy, Sora Throat, swellinas and
Sprains, Burns and Scalds,
General Bodily Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet
and Ears, and all other Pains
and Aches.
So Preparation on earth equals ST. JACOBS OIL aa
•. .*"/>> 9ur€, simple and cheap External Remedy.
V trial entails but the comparatively trifling outlay
f 50 Cents, and every one suffering: with pain
in have cheap and positive proof of its claims.
Directions in Eleven Languages.
Baltimore, Md., U. 3, JL
fbralT time Palnftil Com pi mint, and W«»h»nil
HBMlwi towirkcat ft-vale popalatUn.
It will cure entirely the wont form of Female Com
plaint!, all ovarian trouble*, Inflammation and Ulcer*
tlon, Falling and Displacement., and the conaequant
Spinal Weakness, and la particularly adapted to the
Change of Life.
II Will dlaaolTe and expel tumors from the uterne tn
aa early stage of deTelopment. The tendency to raa
evrous humors thero Is checked very speedily by Its use.
It remores faint new, flatulency, destroys all craring
for stimulants, and relieves weakness of the stomach.
It cures Bloating, Headaches, Nervous Prostration,
Oeasral Debility, Sleeplessness, Depression and Indi
That feeling of bearing down, causing pain, weigh*
and backache, la always permanently cured by IU use.
It will at all times and under all circumstances act la
harmony with tho laws that govern the femalo system.
For the cure of Kidney Complaints of eithsr sex this
Compound is unsurpassed.
POUND la prepared at 233 and 233 Western Avenue,
Lynn, Uass. Price sl. Six Lottie* for (6. Sent by mail
la the form of pills, also in the form of lozenges, on
raoetpt of price, $1 per box for either, lira. PlnVhsm
freely answer* all letters of inquiry. Send for pamph
let. Address a* above. Mention this Paper
Ho family should be without LTDIA E. PINRHAMI
LIVXR FILLS. They cure constipation, bUlonsnss* |
and torpidity of the liver. IS cents per box.
w Sold by all Druffisti. "M
Pitting ofSM ALL
SMALL POX VOX Prevented.
ERADICATED. punfie,u,,ai,eal
. Dysentery cured.
Contagion destroyed. Wounds healed rapidly.
Sick rooms purified and scurvey cureu in short
made pleasant. time
Fevered and Sick Per- Tetter'dried up.
sons relieved and ie- j t j s perfectly harmless.
£ y , Vft I ,"* For &re Throat it is a
with Prophylactic Hi- sure cure .
Id added to the water.
Soft White Complexions
secured by its use
In bathing. DiPTHFRIA
Impure Air made harm- UlrlnLnin
less and purified by nnr , ir >ivrn
sprlnKltng Darby's PREVENTED.
Fluid about.
To purify the breath,
Cleanse the Teeth, it.
can't be surpassed. Cholera dissipated.
Catarrh relieved and Ship Fever Prevented by
cured. its use.
Erysipelas cured. Incases of death In the
Burns relieved instantly, house, It should always
Scars prevented. be used about the
Removes all unpleasant corpse—it will prevent
odors. any unpleasant smell.
An Antidote for Animal
or Vegetable Poisons,
__ Stings, &c.
SHARI FT Dangerous effluvlas of
PClicD slck rooms and hos
ttVLn pitals icmoved by its
CUBED. V use „
In fact it is the great
Disinfectant and Purifier,
J. H. ZEILIN fir CO,,
Manufacturing Chemists, SOLE PROPRIETORS.
Large Dumber of Farms for sale or exchange
at low prices and on easy payments, several
small farms from 35 to 50 acres wanted. Also,
loaus furnished to farmers having improved
farms on long time and at low rates. Address
W. J. KIBKADDEN, Freeport. Pa.,
Or call on Office duys: Every Monday at
Freeport. Every Tuesday at No. 60, Fourth
Avenue, Pittsburgh.
has just received a fine stock of
Please call and examine his goods before buy
We want five first class agents for
soliciting orders for Fruit and Orna
mental trees. Terms liberal. Call in
dividually, or address,
nl6tf Butler, Pa.
A iI? XT'PC! I WANT YOU ill every
A \JT EJLL I O I County, to sell our NKW AU
Ironi $3.00 to fs.uo per day the year round. Good
profits and rapid sales. Capital not necessary II
you can furnish good references. Address at once
Toledo. O.
i n CQflper day at nome. Samples worth
99 10 JaUJs free. Address STIKBOK ft Co.
I Portland, Maine. ,
j General Joseph S. Reynolds, lawyer,
Chicago, knew the prisoner first about
May, 1868, in Chicago. Witness visit
ed prisoner in jail twelve days after the
assassination. The prisoner asked me,
'Where were vou on the day of the
assassination V
Mr Corkhill—Did he use the word
'assassination V
Witness—Yes; that is the precise
word be used.
Witness made memorandum notes of
his conversation with the prisoner at
this interview, and to refresh his mem
ory was allowed to read from them
Prisouer read two or three times,
quoting the prisoner's words and using
the word 'assassination '
Colonel Corkhill— be use that
term ?
Witness—He used that word, and
never spoke in reference to any Divine
inspiration at this interview. After
this, at subsequent interviews, be al
ways spoke of the murder as the 're
moval' of the Presideut.
At this point Guiteau shouted, 'This
pan came to me as and old friend from
Chicago, when really be was nothing
but a spy employed by Corkhill. I
want to thunder this to the American
people, to let them understand what
this man's character is. (Turning to
Colonel Corkhill) This is your work,
Corkhill, and God Almighty will damn
you for it. You have deceived all
through and stolen my thoughts and
betrayed them.'
Witness continued to read from the
notes be bad taken at the second in
terview with the prisoner.
Allusions being made to something
which appeared in the Washington
Republican, Guiteau pounded upon
the desk and shouted out, 'That's just
what that little whelp Gorbam was
writing at that time, and now he is
ready to eat bis own words. He is
banging around A r thur now and try
ing to get some little office. He ought
to be ashamed of himself if he has any
decency. 1 have got a speech on this
fellow Gorbam. I only want to get a
cbauce at him.'
Witness stated he read to the priso
ner what Grant and Conkling and <
some of his (the prisoner's) alleged
friends said of him (Guiteau) and his J
crime, and he, walking the floor ex
citedly, said: 'What does it mean? i
I would have staked my life that they 1
would have defended me, and yet they 1
denounce me and can only see in it '
the bloody act.'
Witness also showed some papers in i
which he (Guiteau) was bitterly de
nounced for the crime, and his (the
prisoner's) comment was that the true
facts had been suppressed and he had :
not had any defense.
Witness continued : 'He asked me,
referring to Grant, t onkling and oth
prorainent Stalwarts, 'Do they know
1 have stated that I had no accompli
ces ?' and I told him yes. He seemed
dazed, and said, repeating his words
several times, 'Most astounding, most
Guiteau here broke in, and said,
with a sneer, 'You was a pretty smart
detective, wasn't you, General ? You'll
probably get more business in this
line now.'
The court here took a recess.
Immediately after recess Guiteau
announced he had a little speech to
make, and said: '1 suppose I have
given one thousand autographs since
this trifll began. It has been suggest
ed that I shall charge twenty-five
cents for them, but I decline. We
want money, however, for this trial
There are certain office holders in the
city and throughout the country that
never would havfe had their positions
but for my inspiration. I want these
men, if they have got atiy consciences,
to respond to this appeal and send us
some money. If they don't do it, I
shall speak'out in meeting and giye
their names next time. Some rich
men in New York gave Mrs. Garfield
several hundred thousand dollars. It
was a noble act, and I applaud it. Now
I want them to give me some. I de
mand it in the name of justice and
Colonel Corkhill introduced in evi
dence an applicatian made by Guiteau
ten years ago for a policy of life in
surance, in which the prisoner answer
ed in the negative the question, 'Has
there ever been any insanity in your
family V
General Reynolds, continued, 'At
my second interview with the priso
ner he wrote an address to the Amer
ican people, (which has since been
published), and handed it to me, with
the request that I have it published '
The original draft was then intro
duced and was read by Colonel Cork
hill, with occasional comments by
Guiteau, who followed the reading
with the closest attention. When the
word 'inspiration' was read, Judge
Porter arose and called attention to
the fact that this was the first an
nouncement of 'inspiration' as the de
fense for murder, and that it waß !
made on the 19th of July, after the ;
prisoner had learned that Arthur, j
Grant. Conkling and other Stalwarts
that he expected would shield hid, in
reality loathed him and abhorred his
'lt's a lie, Mister Big mouthed Por
ter,' shouted Guiteau.
The cross-examination became rath
er tedious, without eliciting anything
new or material, and Guiteau protest
.ed frequently that the time of the
! court should not be wasted by such
| 'loose, zigzag Bort of talk.' Finally,
. with great impatience, he shouted,
'Oh, say your aunt was your uncle:
it would be about as sensible as your
questions. You are most as stupid as
i Corkhill. Come, Your Honor, let's
go home.'
The court adjourned.
i WASHINGTON, Friday December 16.
[ —The prosecuting attorney was a little
late in reaching the Criminal Court
this morning, and Guiteau improved
i the opportunity to make one of his lit
j tie speeches, put in time,' Looking
over to the vacant seat he said with a
chuckle, 'I understand that General |
Reynolds is sick this morning. I won
der if Corkhill is. I guess they got
more than they wanted yesterlay. It
is about time for Corkhill to get sick
and stay sick.'
Geo. D. Barnard, Deputy Clerk of
the Supreme Court, Kings county, X.
Y , took the stand to prove the divorce
of Annie J. Guiteau from tbe prisoner.
The witDess presented a record to the
court and an order from the Judge for
his (witness) attendance here. Mr
Scoville objected to the admission of
the papers upon the ground that they
were not certified by a clerk of court,
as required by an act of Congress. The
court overruled the objection and ad
mitted the papers as origiuals in the
case. The papers sent for;h the grant
ing of an absolute divorce upon the,
ground of adultery, no answer having i
been made by the defendant.
• Guiteau, referring to the woman
named with whom be had committed
adultery, said, 'This woman Jennings
was a high-tonedwoman in New York
It was purely a matter of business be
tween us. I committed adultery with
her to get rid of the woman I did not
love. I thought it a much more moral
course than to live wiib her and have
children year after year. I have been
strictly a virtuous man for six years
past, and always have been a high
toned Christian man.'
Mr. Scoville decided to note an ex
ception to the admission of tbe evi
Guiteau, with impatience, Ob, what's
the use of quibliug over that ? I ad
mit my marriage and my djvorce. I
don't care for that, I can get married
again anywhere outside of New York
State, and for that matter in New j
York, too. Under the new law there
if a man lives a strictly virtuous life
for six years after being divorced the
courts will let him marry again. Why
I could get married in New York to
morrow if I wanted to.'
Gen. Reynolds was called. Guiteau
at once broke in petulantly, saying, 'I
hope you will cut off Gen. Reynolds,
and not waste any more time on him.
He told all he knew about this case,
and a good deal more.'
Mr. Scoville cross-examiued the wit
Guiteau frequently interrupted, con
tradicted and insulted the witness. At
one time he shouted, 'I would have
been hung one hundred times last July
but for the national troops, and all
through your lying and Corkhill's. I
am going to get even with both of you,
The witness explained that when he
visited Guiteau his trial had not been
arranged, President Garfield v*as still
alive, and he (witness) had no tbougbt
of being subpoenaed as a witness.
'You lie!' shouted Guiteau. 'You
came to my cell as an employe of the
District Attorney.'
Gen. Reynolds read rrom notes he
had taken on the occasion of his first
interview with Guiteau, quoting the
prisoner's words He read, 'lf there
is a Stalwart in the land I am be.
Grant, Conkling, Logan and Gov. Cor
nell are big guns among the Stalwarts
and I rauk with them.'
Guiteau retorted, 'I uever said I
could rank with them, but as a matter
of fact I think I can.'
A number of newspaper slips which
the witness bad read to the prisoner ut
this interview to show him what were
the sentiments of Grant. Conkling and
others in regard to his (prisoner's)
crime were then read by the District
Whei tbe letter of General Grant
WKS read, in which tbe writer, speak
ing of Guiteau, said, Mj'son tells me
he is a dead beat,' Guiteau became
very angry and shouted, this is what
Fred. Grant says ; he's a nice pill, isn't
he, hanging arouud his father? I
should say he's a bigger dead beat than
I am.'
Another passage was read which
spoke of Guiteau's crime as 'a most
audacious act.'
Guiteau interrupted, 'and so it was
to enter that depot and shoot down the
President of the United States, sur
rounded as he was by all his friends. I
have wondered at it a good may times,
how I ever did it. I thought to my
self this morning, I would not under
take it again for a million dollars. But
I was in such a desperate state of mind
I could not resist it. I was impelled
upon tbe President by a pressure I
could not resist.'
Ellen C. Grant was called and Gui
teau shouted, 'Mrs. Grant is the lady
I boarded with prior to the first of Ju
ly. She is a very fine lady and I owe
her $?7.- I trust I shall pay you soon,
Mrs. Grant, as soon as these fellows
holding fat offices shall respond to my
call (striking the table excitedly). I
made them, and if they don't soon con
tribute I shall call out their names in
Witness never suspected prisoner
was insane.
Mrs. Annie J. Dunmire, Guiteau's
I divorced wife was then called. Several
I ladies arose to leave the court room,
i Guiteau moved uneasily upon his seat
and looking angrily towards the audi
ence cried out. 'There won't be any
smut on this examination ; ladies need
i not go out. They have no business to
i put this woman on the stand unless
Corkhill wants to stir up filth. I say
j it's an outrage on decency for Corkhill
to drag this lady in here and 'iave her
character ripped up as it will be. Cork
bill ought to be ashamed of himself,
he's worse than an old hog. I appeal
to the court to intercept this infamous
action of Corkhill's. Arthur ought to
kick him out. I made Arthur Presi
dent, and I have a right to demand that
he shall put some reputable lawyer in
1 the place of this infamous Corkhill.'
'i Very much to the surprise of every
one but two or three questions were
j asked witness, and her statement in re
ply to the last question, 'I never saw
auv signs of insanity in the -prisoner
i while I lived with him as bis wife,'
; closed the examination by the prosecu
-1 tion.
Guiteau, with a sigh of relief, said
; to Mr. Corkhill, 'Thauk you, Mr. Cork
bill, for the sake of her children. That
| is the most decent thing you haved-jne
on this trial. I expect, however, that
Judge Porter and Davidge insisted on
it. They are both supposed to be de
cent men.' Then turning to Mr Seo
ville, "now cut this short and let's have
something else '
The cross-examination of Mrs. Dun
mire was tedious and wholly fruitless.
As she left the stand Guiteau shout
ed after her, 'I have not seen this lad>
for eight years. So far as 1 know she
is a higb-toued Christian lady, aud 1
| have nothing against her. I wish her
well in whatever station she must be.'
The court here took a recess.
Dr. Francis B. Loring, in charge of
the Eye and tar Infirmary at Wash
ington, made an examination of Gui
teau's eyes soon after his arrest and
did not find any indication of auy dis
ease of the brain
Dr. A McLaue Hamilton, of New
York, had made disease of the mind
aud nervous disease a special study for
the past nine years. Witness made
three examinations of prisoner at the
jail and had also closely scrutinized him
iu the court since the 28ih of Novem
ber when he (witness) arrived in the
city. Witness found no defects in the
physical conformation of the prisoner's
head or face, uor auy physical peculi
arities or symptoms of congenital dis
ease of the brain. On the contrary, he
found from actual measurements that
the prisoner had a symmetrical aud ex
ceedingly well-shaped h< ad. Witness
found no external evidence of any men
tal or physical disease in the prisoner.
He considered him an eccentric man.
Guiteau-Exceedingly eccentric, when
I am abused I've had to take more
abuse siuce this trial began than dur
ing my whole life before. I don't take
much stock in this head business.
(Striking the table and flashing his
eyes upon the witness.) You study
upou spirituology instead ot craniology.
and you will learn something. It is
the spirit that gets into the brain and
behind it that actuates man.
The witness was then asked, 'What
is your opinion upou the prisoner's
sanity ?'
Witness—l believe the man sane,
though eccentric, and, full}* able to dis
tinguish between right and wrong, and
realize the consequence.
Mr. Scoville noted aa exception, and
Guiteau, with an air of seriousness,
added, 'With all respedt to this court
and jury, this kind of examination don't
amount to a snap Was my free agen
cy destroyed? That is the question to
this jury to decide. 1 swear my moral
agency was destroyed. How is this
prosecution going to prove it was not?
That's the short and sharp of it, and
that's all there is in this case.'
Vending the cross-examination of
this witness the court adjourned until
There was no court held on Monday,
19'h, or Tuesday, 20, owing to the
death of the wife of wne of the jurors.
WASHINGTON, Wednesday, Dec. 21.
—The Guiteau trial was resumed this
morning, and Dr. Hamilton, from New
York, took the stand Mr. Scoville
desired to have all other experts ex
cluded during the testimony, but the
Court ruled against him.
During the argument on this point
Davidge was interrupted by Gniteau,
who said: 'I will cut' this short,
Judge, by saying I am perfectly will
ing to have theiu here. I want th-tn
to learn all they can. 1 have so much
confidence iu their honor and integrity
Mr Davidge—That is precisely
what I am coming to.
Guiteau—You are on the right
track, Judge. I'll take you ou my
side. You are engaged for my side of
this case.
The witness was questioned at
great length relative to the operations
of the mind, tho significance of dreams
and unconscious expressions as indic
ative of mental processes.
The counsel for the prosecution ob
jected against the apparently objectless
direction of the inquiries.
Mr. Scoville (smiling) Well, gentle
men, 1 told you I did not know much
about this subject,
i Guiteau—Then you had better get
off the case if you don't know auy
thing about it. I think Ileid aud I
can do better than you, judging by the
way you are laboring. Looking over
the nctes which Scoville held in his
! hand, he continued, 'You've got lots of
stuff there ; it is not in you hand writ
i ing. I guess it must have been con
tributed by some crank.'
j Guiteau appeared to be dissatisfied
' with the results of the examination
and finally said to Mr. Scoville, 'Oh
tear that stuff up, Scoville—send this
man down and call Clark Mills lie
'■ is a good deal better man for you than
; this one. lie took the cast of my
! head the other day thinking that some
i people would be interested to see it.
i He took the bust of Andrew Jackson,
! and he thinks I'm a greater man than
Jackson was. He found one side of
my head badly deficient though.
The prisoner then branched off to
the 'inspiration theory,' and rattled on
for some minutes bis oft-repeated har
angue on the subject of 'irresistible
Alter the examination Lad apparent
ly been concluded, Mr. Davidge asked
the witness if 'people adjudged medi
cally insane were not nevertheless
capable of judging between right and
wrong V
| Guiteau, who had been writing for
some minutes, looked up quickly and
shouted, 'What bearing has that when
a person is controlled by an irresisti
ble impulse ? That's all there is in
this case (striking the table violently),
and all this talk don't amount to any
Mr. Scoville objected, but Judge
Cox admitted the question, and witness
• replied, 'There are a great many peo
ple medically insane, but who appre
• ciate the difference between right and
' wrong.'
In response to another question Mr.
Hamilton continued: 'ln nearly all
I the asyluns a system of rewards and
- punishments is iu vogue in dealing
with the insane, showing it is recog
nized in the treatment of the insane,
and they can distinguish between
right and wrong, nnd can control their
, actions.'
On the whole this witness'testimony
bore against the theory of insanity
and was fairly well sustained.
Dr. Worcester, of Salem, Masscchu
j setts, who refused when upon the
! stand for the defense to answer the
j hypothetical questions proposed by Mr.
Scoville, testified that in his opinion
. the prisoner was a sane man.
Ouiteau (sharply)— How much do
| you expect to get for that opinion, sir ?
I suppose that will be worth SSOO to
you. That is the way Corkhill is run
ning. but don't think it will be worth
a snap with that jury ; not a*>nap, sir.
Mr. Corkhill then read a hypotheti
cal question which covered all the
I material facts in the prisoner's history
from boyhood down to his act on the
2d of July, and inquired, 'Assuming
all these facts to be true, in your
opinion was the prisoner sane or in
sane when he killed the President?'
Answer—l believe him to have been
Quiteau (sneeringlv)—Yes, sir; and
you expect to get SSOO for your opin
On concluding the reading Col. Cork
hill again inquired of witness, 'Do you
consider the prisoner was sane or in
sane on the second of .July V
Auswer—ln my opinion he was sane.
The court took a recess.
Dr. Worcester then turned to Judge
Cox and said, 'lf the court please, I
understand that I appear here as an
j expert, summoned by the government
1 to test fy just as I believe, impartially
! on this case ' Colonel Corkhill under
i took to explain that the witness had
' remained in the city wholly against his
will, when he was interrupted by Mr
j Scoville, who, with evident auger, pro
! tested against the action of the counsel
for the prosecution in attempting to
fortify this witness with the jury in
i advance of his evidence. A sharp col-
I loquy ensued between the counsel, in
: terrupted by Ouiteau, who shouted,
'Oh, let him alone, he aiu't worth noth
ing. lie is working for his five hun
dred dollars, that's all.'
Mr. Scoville was about resuming the
examination when Ouiteau struck the
table violently and called out, 'Make
the matter short It is simply a mat
ter of fact for the jury to determine
\\ hether my free agency was destroyed
or not. I claim it was and won't have
you compromise my life as you are do
ing by your stupid, blunderbuss way of
examining the witnesses.'
As the examination proceeded Oui
teau frequently interrupted an(£round
ly abused Scoville for his incompeten
cy, and charged him with
i inx bis case. Turning toward the Judge
Ouiteau added, deprecatingly, 'Scoville
is a perfect idiot in this matter, and
between him and Corkhill I have a
hard time. [General laughter.] I'm
; a g-jod uatured man flaughing], but I
can't stand abuse, and when I'm abused
1 wan't to talk light back.'
i Mr. Scoville, who had borne every
thing heretofore with apparent equa
nimity. seemed to feel very deeply this
last evidence of heartless ingratitude.
His voice trembled, and for a moment
he was uuable to go on. Even the
prisoner realized the injustice of his
conduct and hastened to apologize, say
ing, -Y.-u are doing very well, Scoville,
to the best of your ability.'
Several times afterward during the
examination of I>r. Worcester, CJuitcau
denounced Scovdle, at oue time in evi
dent anger, aud again with a sarcastic
smile, 'Why, your honor,' he shouted
out, 'if I was indicted for manslaughter
1 would be hung for murder if Scoville (
should defend me.'
I Mrs. Scoville reached over to speak
to Guiteau when he snarled at her, J
'You keep your mouth shut, you're as
big a fool as your husband. You're a
crank in this business. If you had all
'stayed in Chicago it would have been
belter for my cese These relatives
are a nuisance I would be better off
if I didn't have any. I would have
plenty of friends if this pack of relatives
were out of the way.'
| Mrs. Scoville whispered some expos
tulatory reply, when he again turned
angrilv and shouted, 'You have been
an unmitigated nuisance in this case
all the way through.' Then changing
quickly from anger to mirth, he added
with a laugh, 'You're a queer lot, you
The court adjourned.
Having been troubled with a very
bad Cough for about two years and
having tried almost every cough mix
ture that was ever made, I have found
none that has given me such great
relief as l>r. Bull's Cough Syrup and
I earnestly recommend it t«T all afflict
ed. Benj. F. Duggan, 14 Park PI. N.
The detectives whom the illicit
, whisky distillers in the mountains of
the South most fear are the horses rid
den by the revenue officers. An old
; 'moonshiner' says that a horse can
! scent a distillery two miles away; that
the animal throws up his head, sniffs
the air, and the bridle being dropped
on his neck, carries his rider to the
spot where the illegal work is going
it J.
Dear Bro. Meek, Ed. The Central
Methodist,' Catlettsburg, Ky. I see
in the last 'Central' that you want a
remedy for sick headache. If you will
use a remedy that you advertise in
your paper every week, I am sure you
will be greatly benefited thereby and,
I believe, cured. I have been a suffer
er from sick headache, 1 can say al
most from infancy, and have tried
every remedy 1 could }jet, and never
found anything to do me any pood un
' til I used Simons Liver Regulator. I
' feel for any one that suffers with that
' terrible disease, and 1 hope you will
" give it a trial.
' C. Morris, Brownsville, W. Va.
Take no quack nostrums. Put your
I trust in Peruna.
I To the sick Peruna is the greatest
; blessiug.
There are few diseases that possess
. more interest, both for the physician
and the public, than smallpox, and
j hence we take pleasure in laving be
fore our readers a description of the
i treatment which has been used for
many years with great success by Dr
Kldan.S. Payne, late Professor of
Theory and Practice in the Southern
Medical College, Atlanta, and Honora
ble Fellow of the Medical Society of
Virginia, etc. The following is an
abstract made by his permission from
one of his lectures on smallpox
Prof. Payne states that as early as
184(J, when at the Smallpox Hospital
in New York city, he noticed that the
primary or initial fever of smallpox
could be detected, by the pulse before
any other symptom appeared. This
pathognomonic pulse is oue peculiar to
smallpox, a pulse ?ui generis difficult
to describe, but recognizable by any
physician wbo will patiently and care
fully investigate the subject until his
linger becomes educated. When once
recoguized it can never be forgotten,
any more than a physician who has
once learned to detect the hemorrhagic
pulse could forget its peculiar thrill
imparted to his educated finger.
Having learned to recognize the ini
tial fever by its peculiar pulse, he next
proceeds to vaccinate. If this is done
within ten or twelve hours after in
ception of the initial fever the patient
will have slight indisposition, without
a nign of eruption, and as positive ex
emption from a recurrence of the dis
ease as if he had had it in the most
malignant form. The most remarka
able feature about the whole thing is
tbat if the patient is vaccinated early
after the iniutl fever sets in, he may
be then to go where be pleases
without fear giving the disease to
others. The ingrafting of the vaccine
matter upon the primary variolous
fever seems to have the power to de
stroy its ability of reproduction or
propagation entirely. Another pecu
liarity is this: If an unprotected
patient is vaccinated betore the in
ception of the initial fever, and the vac
cine takes, but does not prevent, only
modifies the disease, the eruption will
be varioloid in its appearance and
characteristics. But if vaccinated after
the commencement of the initial fever,
and too late to entirely prevent an
eruption will resemble in size and oth
er characteristics the smallpox eruption,
it matters not whether there is one or
a hundred pimples. There is as great
a difference in the appearance of the
varioloid eruption and the smallpox
eruption as there is between gray and
Dr Payne divides smallpox into con
fluent, semi-confluent, discrete, modifi
ed, and manipulated, the latter being a
term of bis own invention. In 1873
smallpox broke out in his neighbor
hood, in Virginia, and was of the va
riety known as rarinla nigra, and
when not modified by some benign in
fluence was invariably confluent. Those
in and around Manassas were of the
same variety. Being called to attend
a colored chambermaid who had but
recently aborted, and who was in a
room over the kitchen of a large hotel
near his own dwelling, he recognized
in her the pulse peculiar to smallpox,
and the next day the eruption appeared.
In regard to isolation he says : "I saw
it would never do to remove this wo
man, and I determined to isolate the
case and abide the consequences, be
they what they might. If I have her
removed, I said, the poor woman must
die, and the prevailing winds will blow
the virus for miles down the valley be
low, and the disease will spread beyond
control. But by isolating the case I
have every confidence iu my ability to
check it. But should she die, she must
be removed for burial (and that she
will die there is a strong probability),
and my plans will be defeated, and I
shall incur the reproach of all my friends
and neighbors. These were grave con
siderations, and I was by no means re
clining on a bed of roses. Firm in faith
of the greatest good to the greatest
number, I never faltered. I said to
myself, if she dies I will wrap her from
her toes to the crown of her head in
double linen, and with the aid of some
one who has had the smallpox I will
bury her." This was January 11,
187 H. By the 30th she was convales
cent, having had it in the semi-couflu
j ent form. Three persons who were in
the room at the time were ordered to
report to the doctor twice daily One
of them gave the peculiar pulse on the
24th and was then vaccinated. He
was indisposed for two days, arm sore,
but no pustules appeared. The others,
who had been vaccinated before, did
not take it.
Another case described by Dr. Payne
occurred in January, 1883. lie was
called on the 41li to see W. J., suffer
ing from an eruption which he recog
nized as varioloid, lie vaccinated the
father and two sisters, but an old aunt
refused to be vaccinated, although she
had not been vacciuated iu many years,
and she died on the 10th of February.
The next day, January 25, he found
the brother at home with the peculiar
pulse. As he was unprotected Dr.
Payne vaccinated him at once, and the
very next day his arm looked as if vac
cinated eight days before; it rapidly
became sore; he was indisposed for two
or three days, and recovered without a
single sign of eruption.
In another case of an unusually poor
ami shiftless colored people, the whole
family of eight persons, oi all aijes and
both sexes, occupied a hou?e that had
only one room, in which the cooking,
washing, and everything else had to
be done. Good air and cleanliness
were impossible. The father suffered
from a very malignant case of varioloid
and was terribly scarred up, but the
rest of the'family, none of whom had
ever been vaccinated before, were vac
cinated after the initial fever began,
and escaped with sfight attacks. One
of the women had twenty pustules,
but no scars; another had two or three
pimples; a third bad two on her
face and one on the bottom of each
foot; a fourth had no eruption. The
boys had about twenty pustules each.
We might quote numerous other cases
of whites and blacks where vaccination
j after the initial fever had set in was
Al>V£UTIBlWti mm,
One square, one insertion, 91; each rabM
qaenr insertion, 60 cent*. Yearly advertisement
exceeding one-fourth of a column, 96 per inc b
Figure work doable theae rate*; addition
charges where weekly or monthly change* are
made. Local advertisements 10 centa per Una
for flr»t insertion, and 6 cents per line for each
additional Insertion. Marriage* and deaths pel
liebed free of charge. Obituary notices chargtd
advertisements, and payable when handed in
Auditor*' Notices, $4; Executors' and Adminis
trators' Notices. |3 each; Estray, Caution at*
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines,
From the fact that the CITIZKH is the oldea'
established and mot-t extensively circulated Be*
publican newspaper in Bntler county, (a Heput
iicao county) it most be apparent to business
men that it is the medium they should use iti
advertising their business.
followed by the arms becoming rapidly
[ sore, malaise continued for a day or
two, and rapid recovery with slight
eruption or none at all.
On the 23th of January Prof. Payne's
own family were exposed to smallpox,
and the initial fever revealed itself iu
all their pulses on February 2. He
revaccinated them; their arms became
rapidly sore; there was very slight
malaise for two days, and convales
cence without any eruption.
Let us suppose a house located in
the middle of a large prairie, and we
see the grass burning at a distance,
but the flames bending straight in the
directiou of the house. Would it not
be the most sensible thing we could do
to fight fire with fire, and, starting a
couuterfire, burn the grass around the
house so that when the approaching
(lames reached the ground burned over
the fire would have to stop for the
want of combustible material and save
the house? This is just what Dr.
Payne proposes to do in treating
smallpox. He recommends isolation,
and giving the smallpox to all near by
and likely to be exposed to its direful
influences. Visit the parties twice a
day, and as soon as the fever of incep
tion is recognized vaccinate them, and
the disease must stop for the want of
material to feed upon. Hauling
around to hospitals aDd the pest houses
is the best way to spread the disease.
Prof. Payne has tried his plan in
more tban a hundred cases, extending
over a period of thirty-four years,
without a failure. He now calls upon
medical men to repeat his experiments
and report on them.— Scientific Amer
When Franklin Brolliar, of Hancock,
Md., went to the wars in 1861 he left
home with the understanding that up
on his return he should marry Miss
Mary Roller, the apple of his eye.
After the second Manassas the Balti
more papers gave Brolliar's name in
the long list of the dead. Miss Rol
ler's anguish was greater in depth
than in length, for before the war clos
ed she married Brolliar's rival, becom
ing Mrs. Reeder. At the end of the
war Brolliar came out of a Georgia
prison and made post haste for his
Man-land home. Walking into town
at .dusk, he seemed a stranger to persons
whom he had know a few years before.
His first question was as to Miss
Rolleraud the answer so dazed hirtt
that he walked away without making
himself known. He reached Mis
souri before any desire to stop came to
him He stayed at Carrollton in that
State, bought land and became known
as 'the batchelor farmer.' Several
years ago Mrs. Reeder's husband died.
One day the widow, in reading of the
survivors of Andersonville, learned
that Brolliar still lived. She at once
began to search for him and recently
fouud him. Last Monday the bache
lor fanner was married to his love of
twenty years ago.
[Cairo, (III.) Radical Republican.]
What We Know About It.
'Wbat do you know about St. Ja
cobs Oil ?' said one of our oldest sub
scribers. This was a fair question,
and we answer, that we are reliably
informed, that a gentleman of this city
who has suffered untold agony, and
spent a mint of money to get relief
from Rheumatism, in desperation
bought some and tried it, and declares
that it is the best remedy for Rheuma
tism he ever heard of.
A SOFT ANSWER.—'Can I see the
lady of the house ?' inquired the ped
'Well, yes, you can, if you ain't
blind!' snapped the woman who ans
wered the bell.
'Oh, beg pardon, madam; you are
the lady of the house, then ?'
'Yes, lam ! What do you take me
for ? Did you think I was the gentle
man of the house, or the next door
neighbor, or one of the farm, hands, or
the cat or the ice chest ?'
'I did not know, madam, but you
might be the youngest daughter.'
'Ob, did yer ! Well that was natur
al too,' replied the lady of the house.
'What do you want, sir?
Then the pedler displayed his wares,
and when he left tbat doorstep half an
hour later his face was full of pleasure
and his pockets were full of money.
He understood human nature and had
made a good sale.
Nothing like 'Lindsey's Blood
Searcher' for all skin diseases, tetter,
salt rheum, itch, etc. It never fails.
ID Ireland a man is not considered
respectable unless Le bas served one
or more terms in jail.
A beacon in distress is 'Dr. Sellers'
Cough Syrup,' the most efficacious
remedy for coughs, colds, and hooping
cough. Price 25c.
Bartholdi's statute of 'Liberty En
lightening the World,' with its pedes
tal. will be three hundred feet in hight.
This is what John Ruskin says
about 'insane' murderers: 'Yet, I as
sure you, sir, insanity is a tender point
with me. One of my best friends has
just gone mad, and all the rest say I
am mad myself; but, if ever I murder
anybody—and. indeed, there are num
bers of people I would like to murder
—I won't say that I ought to be hang
ed, for I think that nobody but a bish
op or a bank director can ever be rogue
enough to deserve hanging; but I par
ticularly, and with a'l that is left of
me of what I imagine to be sound
mind, request that I may be immedi
ately shot.'
An important act relative to taxes
was passed by the last legislature. It
makes all taves assessed upon real es
tate a first lien upon which they are
levied, to be entered up on the first of
January each year, and to be good for
two years and up to the succeeding
July; provides for a lien docket to be
kept in the commissioner's office, which
is to be a notice to everybody. In case
a judicial sale takes place, the liea
docket Is to be satisfied before anj
money goes to the creditors. It is not
' retroactive, and excepts first mortgages.
! Collectors must swear that the taxes
' could not be collected from personal
on the premises.