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THE BtTI ER CITIZKM,
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Directions in Eleven Languages.
SOLD BT ALL DEUGGI3TS AID DEALEBB DT
A.VOGELER Be CO.,
Baltimore, Md., V. M, JL
BBS. LTBIA L PIMUAH Of LTHV, MASS,
LYDIA E. PINKHAM'B
la a Positive Cure
feral' that* Pataftil CwpliliU 884 Wwtmm
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It will enra rattnlr tba won* f«rm of FSmala Com
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It will dIMbITS and npel tomora from thu uterwa la
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It removaafalntnaaa, flatulency, daatroyaall craving
for admulanti. and relieves waakness of tba rtomaeh.
It enraa Bloating. llaadsehea. Verroai Proatrmtloa,
Oaoaral IwbUltr, Sluaiilaaannaa. Dcprauloa aad LndJ
That feeling of bearing dnwß, ranilng pain, welftit
and backache, la always ponna.-irtitljr cured by Ita UH.
It will at all times and under all rlrmmaUnraa act la
harmony with tba lan that govern tbe female i;M«.
For tba coraof Kidney f 'oiaplaloU of either aax thla
Compound la onsurjisssed.
I.YDIA E. PIMKHAVH VEGETABLE CO*-
POt'XDIa prepared at tU and BS Waalarn Avenue,
Lynn, Maaa. Plica ft. Blr bottlesfor ft Sent Lr mall
la tba form of pltla, alao In tha f'trm of locengea, oa
recall* of prlca, $1 par box for either. Mrs. plnkhaa
freely answers all letters of Inquiry. Bend for pamph
let. Addraaa aa shore. Mention Ms Paper.
Mo family abonld be without LTDLA K. PWIHAOT
LJVXH niiA They cure constipation, bliUmsasss,
ud torpidity of tha Urer. » centa far box.
JOT Meld by all Dragflats. *®»
H1np,.,!,,) Por Catarrh, hay fever
Wf VntAM 5MJ*> V eotd In the Head. &c.,
Hp A»,"Jl;yCsi»' t -*41 Insert Willi little finger
■LATARRH.COLD* tTa a particle of the BlUm
B HAHe. nfjCA B into the nostrils; draw
■AS' *CPt, J «trongt>reathii through
(lie nose. It will be
vMUIt absorbed, cleansing,
Jhasal»»Z* S/e&M and healing Ihe dta
apply a particle Into
ELY'S CREAM BALM
HAViNO gained an enviable reputation, displac
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meroliranai linings of the head from additional
colds, completely heals the sores and restores the
dense of taste and smell. Keneflclal results are
realized by a few applications. A thorough treat
ment as directed win cure Catarrh. As a house
hold remedy for cold In the head Is unequaled.
The Balm Is easy to use and agreeable. Hold by
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iiialia package, Hend for circular with full Infor
KI.Y'B CREAM BAI.M CO.. Owego, N. Y.
For sale In ISutler by I). 11. Wulier, J. C. Redlck,
Zlminerinan ft Wulier. Coulter ft Mnn.
Gd to MKB. T. J. LOWV AN'B, Fashionable
Dress-maVer, if yon want your work done in
the latest styles. 3laug2t
I have brought from South America, and now
bare on bands a supply of Peruvian Ouauo. It
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Try It. WM. CROOKC.fIANKb.
augtflf Sarvcr Station, Butler Co., Pa.
On 9atnrday night, the 20th of August, 1491,
1 lost my pocket-book, containing over slso'
between Jacksvllie (Meclianlcsburg), Worth
township, Butler Co , Pa., and my residence,
about two miles south "| said Jncksvllle.
A reward of twenty dollars will he i;iven the
Under who returns Die sainc to me with Ita con
tents. ABRAHAM BROWN,
Jacksville, Worth Twp., Butler Co., Pa.
Sportsmen Take Notice!
All persons having Ouns needing repairs can
have them made In good order l>y railing on
the subscriber on Water street, Butler. Pa.
STOCKING, "ORING & RIFLING
done in a neat and workman-like manner. Does
ail the work at home, which saves extra charge
of sending to Pittsburgh.
Blaog4t (iunsmlih, Butler, Pa.
D. L. Cleeland,
WATCHMAKER & JEWELER,
(Store between Bnvlugs Bank and Wuller's Drug
Blorc, Main street, Butler, Pa.
A stock of Watches, Clocks, Jewelry snd
Spectacles constantly on hand. Spectaclca and
Jewelry of all kinds repaired to order.
fiT Pin" Watch and Clock repairing a speci
ality. All work warranted.
*7o* WKKK. ?IZ a day at lion wily made
9 / fcCo-stlv Outfit Iree. Address TRUR Hi Co.,
Augusta. Maine. 2marly
lyAdvertiw in the CITIZXM.
A DOUBLE CRIME.
The wholesale produce and commis
sion store of Mr. Purvis, on Delaware
avenue, near Vine street, was robbed
on tbe night of October 17, 1865.
The safe had been apparently opened
by false keys, and upwards of $9,000
in greenbacks were abstracted. A pack
age of bonds to tbe araouot of $4,000
more remained untouched.
Two clerks, both young men, usual
ly slept in the store. August Yerke3
had been in the employ of Mr. Harri
son Purvis about four years, and enjoy
ed the confidence of his employer.
Pembroke Sharon, the other clerk, had
only recently been taken, but the man
ner in which he took hold of the busi
ness impressed Mr. I'urvis so much in
his favor that be predicted a successful
future for the young man as a very
able salesman and ultimate prominent
merchant. Under this impression he
placed implicit trust in Sharon, and se
lected him as a companion of Yerkes
in tbe store at night.
Both of these young men were in
the store on the night the robbery oc
curred ; but when the place was open
ed in the morning, Sharon was missing
and Yerkes lay on tbe floor near the
safe with a severe gash oa tbe side of
his bead, which had been bleeding pro
fusely, judging by tbe amount of blood
on the floor.
The unfortunate young man had evi
dently endeavored to staunch tbe blood,
for both hands were stained, as also
were his clothes. By tbe disorder in
the office and the numerous blood stains
both on the floor and walls, it was evi
dent that a desperate struggle bad tak
It was conjectured from this that
Sharon, bavin? provided himself with
false keys, had opened tbe safe and
been surprised by bis fellow cTerk in
tbe midst of bis work, who in turn dealt
bim the blow near tbe temple, and then,
after a severe struggle between them,
Yerkes fainted from loss of blood and
tbe robber fled with his booty.
Yarnoe, tbe detect)ve, and a physi
cian were at once sent for, and while
Dr. Edson attended to bis patient, tbe
detective examined the premises with
bis usual carefulness, particularly the
second floor, and returning to the lower
found that Yerkes bad recovered and
sat in an arm-chair with a bandage
around bis bead.
'Well, Mr. Yarnoe, what have you
discovered ?' asked Mr. Purvis.
'I find that the robber has beer to
the second floor,' replied tbe detective ;
'possibly be he has taken some valua
bles tbere as well.'
The merchant returned, saying
nothing bad been disturbed or removed
as far as he could see.
'Whatever bis object may have been
I am positive he visited the second
floor after the bloody struggle bad tak
Then Yerkes gave the following ac
'Not finding bim on the second floor
he descended to tbe first floor, and dis
covered him before the open safe. They
saw each other at the same moment,
and Sharon was spell bound at being
discovered in bis criminal act. Then
began the struggle, tbe evidence of
which was so plainly evident. Sharon,
being tbe stronger of the two, soon
overpowered bis opponent, and threw
him so violently on tbe floor that he
Varnoe listened with wrapt atten
tion to tbe end, then made a few notes
in his book after which he walked out
of tbe Btore with bis eyes bent on the
floor before him until he reached the
street; then, after casting bis eyes
searchingly around on the ground, be
walked over to the dock and gazed for
a few moments into tbe water in a
thoughtful manner. When he return
ed to the store and rejoined the others
in tbe office, it was with a grave coun>
'Mr. Purvis, the robber has evident
ly escaped by way of the river, as tho
blood tracks lead to the dock.'
All eyes were now directed toward
tbe wounded man, who bad turned
suddenly pale. He opened his mouth
as if to say something, but fell back ID
his seat with a groan and fainted
While tbe doctor was applying re
storatives to his charge the detective
drew Mr. Purvis away to the rear of
the store and remained there for half
an hour in conversation with him, and
judging by the frequent exclamations
he must have been greatly astonished
at what the detective told bim.
lie-entering the office, they found
Yerkes still unconscious, and at the
suggestion of Varnoe he was conveyed
in that condition to the hospital.
'Now, Mr. Purvis,'Baid Varnoe, 'yon
will please point out to me which are
tbe clothes usually worn by Mr. Shar
on while on duty at the store.'
'Certainly, sir,' replied the gentle
man, 'that is readily done,' and ho
went to tbe closet where the clerks
kept their outer garments and opened
it. He took piece after piece from the
books, an exclamation as is of surprise
escaping bim as be did so.
'What is it ?' asked Mr. Varnoe,
when Mr. Purvis had laid the gar
ments on the lied
'Why, as I live, Sharon has not on
ly left his coat and vest behind, but
also his pants!' said Mr. Purvis, with
a look of bewilderment.
'That is singular,' remarked the de
tective, exchanging significant glances
with the doctor; 'the more so when
you bear in mind that Mr. Yerkes,
when found had on his coat, vest, pants
and boots, while the robber even left
his boots behind him,' pointing to a
pair beneath the bed.
'You will now please see whether
Mr. Sharon has left anything of value
in his pockets.'
Every pocket was instuntly divested
of its contents. There was found a
valuable gold watcb and chain, a wal
let containing a trifle over $5, a pen
knife, pencil and memorandum book,
'Retain tbe articles, Mr. Purvis and
restore the clothes to the closet,' said
Varnoe. 'I have another surprise in
store for you, I think.'
When this was done, Varnoe took
off all tbe bed clothes and threw them
on the floor, leaving tbe mattress bare.
I An exclamation of surprise burst from
Mr. Purvis as he pointed to the mat
[ tress where a number of bloody finger
marks stained it along a seam about
ten inches in length.
'Now I see what you are driving at,'
cried Mr. Purvig, scanning the seam.
'Yoa mean to say that the robber
has bidden his booty in the mattress V
'I think so, at all events,' was the
reply, a3 he took out his knife and
opened the seam.
Then inserting his band into the
opening, he presently drew forth the
package of greenbacks. They were
intact, so Mr. Purvis announced after
examining the fastenings and seals.
'What am I to think of this V asked
the gentleman in a helpless tone. 'I
declare that my head aches trying to
divine the motive of this most extraor
'Think as I do.'
'What is that?'
'Why, that Pembroke Sharon, in
stead of being the robber, is the victim
of the robber, which accounts for hav
ing all his outer garments behind. He
evidently surprised the robber at his
work ; and in the encounter that took
plaoe he murdered poor Sharon, drag
ged him across the street, as the trail
showed to me, and tossed him into the
'Then you really suspect August
Yerkes as the robber ?' asked the mer
chant, greatly agitated.
'I am sure he is not only the robber,
but possibly also a murderer,' was the
'Oh, the wretch !' cried the merchant
passionately; 'and in my heart I ad
mired bis bravery, while I pitied him
for what be had endured for endeavor
ing to protect my property.'
'I am convinced that you have hit
on the right man,' said Mr. Purvis. 'lf
be knew of this be might give UP the
slip. The next thing to be done is to
recover the body of poor Sharon.
'Poor, indeed, since all the clothes he
has on his back are not bis own,'spoke
a voice behind them.
All looked at tbe speaker, who wore
an old seaman's suit, and looked as if
he had just recovered from a severe
spell of sickness
Something in tbe tone of the voice
struck a chord in the breast of tbe mer
chant. He approached tbe man and
'Who are you ?'
'My name is Pembroke Sharon.'
In a moment he was surrounded by
the trio, who congratulated him on his
escape from death. He requested per
mission to assume his proper dress, af
ter which he would tell exactly what
had occurred during the past night.
His story was very different from
tbe one told by Yerkes, with this differ
ence—the positions wcro changed. It
was Sharon who surprised the other
before tbe opened safe, just in the act
of stowing in his pocket tbe package of
greenbacks alluded to. It was Sharon
who denounced-tbe act, and Yerkes,
both angry and frightened to be thus
detected, picked up a paper weight and
hurled it at his fellow cksrk, striking
bharon on bis bead, inflicting a ghastly
wound, from which he fainted, and
knew no more until he awoke on board
a vessel near tbe navy yard. He waß
told that they picked him up in tbe
The captain and two of his men had
gone to the theatre and were returning
in the boat to the vessel when a white
object floating on the u ater attracted
their attention and they made for it,
and drew the apparently dead man in
the boat and took bim on board the
vessel, where bis wants were at once
When Yerke's version of the affair
was related to him he laughed derisive
ly, and was on the point of making a
remark when familiar footsteps were
heard ascending tbe stairs.
'By heaven! I believe it is August
Yerkes !' whispered Sharon, as he has
tily entered the closet and drew tbe
door to. He was none to soon, for the
next moment Yerkes walked briskly up
to where tbe three gentlemen were
standing. Something in their faces
told him that something was amiss—
something to bis disadvantage, too.
'You are probably surprised to see
me here again ?' remarked he, for want
of anything else to say.
'We are, indeed,' said Mr. Purvis,
regarding him with an dminous frown.
'You all appear to be anything but
pleased to see me ?' next remarked the
robber and would-be assassin.
'On the contrary, we are very glad
to see you,' here spoke Varnoe, with
and ambiguous smile.
Glancing at the detective with a
skeptical air, Yerkes walked to the
closet and opened the door, and the
next moment he uttered a fearful shriek
and started back with his hair standing
"on end, and his face the color of ashes.
He had saen (as his guilty conscience
told bim) the ghost of bis victim, for
Sharon remained stauding in the closet
perfectly immovable, his eyes fixed re
proachfully on tbe guilty wretch.
The horrid vision was too much for
bis brain to endure. Yerkes became a
raving maniac and became so violent
ti nt Varnoe was obliged to manacle
him hand and foot and again return
him to tbe hospital, from whence he
was shortly afterward conveyed to the
insane department of the alms-house.
Pembroke Sharon was generously
recompensed by his employer for bis
heroic attempt to prevent the robbery,
and promoted to a responsible position
in the store, which he filled with credit
to himself and his gratelul employer.
Yerkes lived a year or BO after bis
confinement, and died a raving maniac,
a terrible retribution for his attempt to
fasten a crime on an innocent person
and thus rob him of both bis reputa
tion and life at one fell blow
Peruna cures every time—get some,
be well—keep it on hand, and sin no
It is the part of tbe true philosopher
to enjoy tbe prospect of good to come
rather than to grumble over pain that
[Cincinnati Irish Citizen.]
Mr. John Miller, of 54 West Fifth
street, tells us that he was cured by
use of St. Jacobs Oil of a complicated
case of rheumtaisin of ten years stand
BUTLER. PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 7,1881
Tbe subject of industrial schools is
one which is deservedly engrossing
much public interest at the present
time Tbe Senate of this State has
twice passed a bill for tbe establish
ment of iron industrial schools, but the
House failed to take concurrent action.
The chief advocate of tbe bill in the
Senate was the Hon. Evan Holben, of
Allentowu, Senator from tbe Six
teenth district, and in the course of his
remarks on the 28th of March last he
used this powerful argument:
Some seventy years ago the desire
and necessity of common education
brought about in this State, by tbe
law of progressive development, a
system of education known as the com
mon-school system, And it cannot be
gainsaid that by the progressive devel
opment of that system many public
benefits have accured. But the inquiry
now presents itself to all progressive
minds, by reason of the advancement
of such an education—should not
something be done to further an edu
cation so begun that it may be of a
yet more universal and direct benefit
to tbe people of tbe State of Pennsyl
vania, and by whom should this be
done ? This is a question which has
often presented itself forcibly to indi
vidual minds. The necessity of
equipoise in all things has often been
very mathematically demonstrated.
And the question of accomplishing an
equilibrium in our system of education
is one which is beginning to agitate all
social and business circles of tbe world.
The Lycurgian system of education in
Sparta failed because it was a purely
physical training. The purely mental
or intellectual system of education in
Attica failed because the mind became
too great tor tbe small amount of
physical development—or, in other
words, for the want of an equipoise of
development. We are now gradually
drifting on toward the same state of
The United States ar«» overrun with
statesmen, politicians and professional
men of all colors and grades; and
when any of our great manufacturing
firms are in need of skilled mechanics
they cannot find them here, but must
advise their foreign agents to import
skilled labor from England and Ger
many. What is the cause of this state
of affairs ? Certainly not the common
school system ; but tbe want of a sys
tem that will educate the hand as well
as tbe brain. It is an axiom of natural
law that without a healthy body there
can be no healthy mind. Every sys
tem must have an alternative, and so
it has become necessary in our day to
seek a system of education which will
balance the system now in vogue. It
is true that individuals have under
taken in this country to establish
schools in which the rising generation
may procure an education of the hand
as well as of tbe mind ; but, I am sorry
to say, they are few and far between,
and are not adequate to the demand.
But tbe example which these institu
tions, though few, have set is one
which tends to bring about tbe most
beneficial results—results that have at
once become a surprise even to pro
But to tbe subject. What kind of
education do we in Pennsylvania need
to aid an already prosperous Common
wealth ? The question is simple, and
yet easier is the answer which, upon a
few moments reflection, will present it
self to all intelligent men, viz : Iron
industrial schools established and sup
ported by the State. In this Common
wealth, which produces almost one
half of the iron in the United States,
the minds of young men and boys are
trained too much on a literary founda
tion. They are taught to follow the
ignis fatuus of great fortunes by reason
of literary accomplishments, when, in
fact, nine-tenths, nay, indeed ninety
nine one-hundredths, doom themselves
to fill the grave of poverty.
It is by the arts, sciences and me
chanics of foreign States and countries
that their wealth becomes visible and
their industries known. It is not by
reason of the huge stone and immense
Pyramids of Egypt that it is well and
favorably known among the countries
of tbe world, but it is by reason of the
art and science employed by the Egyp
tians in dressing that stone and build
ing those Pyramids. It is not because
Connecicut raises cotton that it is
known as tbe greatest cotton manu
facturing State in the Union, but by
reason of tbe art and science there itn
ployed in manufacturing such articles
as arc made from cotton ; and presum
ably Connecticut derives more direct
benefit pecuniarily from South Caro
lina's cotton products than does that
State herself. It is not by reason of
tbe iron found in Mansacbußctts that
it is so favorably known as one of the
greatest iron manufacturing States of
the Union, but it is by reason of the
art and science there taught and prac
tised in making things that are made
of iron, and iron and steel ; and yet
Pennsylvania, with its untold millions
of natural wealth, will presistently re
fuse to allow its boys and young men
to have no other facilities for education
than to muke of themselves editors,
lawyers, doctors, dentists, et cetera.
The apprenticeship system, a system
of bodily slavery, out of which they
emerge only to be cast aside when
they make application at our machine
shops as mechanics, will no more urge
itself upon the minds of men as it once
did. That time has passed by in this
country as well as in others where pro
gressive development is the acme of
wealth and prosperity, and that argu
ment, by actual experiment, will fall
far short of its mark. Let the people
then Bee whether (by abolishing, if
necessary, a few normal schools and
establishing a few iron industrial
schools) they cannot arrive at that
ultimatum of their happiness, tho
united efforts of capital and labor,
brain and hand, or tbe equilibrium of
development, to show to the world tho
wealth as well as tbe industrial pro
gression of Pennsylvania, and advance
them to a point which shall raise her
above the nations of the world.
I had not intended to give any fig
ures at the beginning of my remarks,
but I must give a few in order to prove
i the necessity and use of these institu
Take the Lehigh Valley. About
600,000 tons of pig iron are manu
factured there every year. One fur
nace in the city of Allentown makes
more pig iron than the whole State of
Massachusetts, yet in that State there
are more mechanics than in the State
of Pennsylvania, where one-half of all
the pig iron manufactured in the coun
i tr y is produced. Why is it that Mass
achusetts has more mechanics than
Pennsylvania ? Because the boys are
educated in that line. The system of
public education is what tells the tale.
Pennsylvania produces say 2,100,-
000 tons of pig iron annually. Sup
pose it takes fourteen men a full day
to make one ton—l think this is cor
rect—2,loo,ooo tons would require or
employ 98,000 people. In this esti
mate I have taken into consideration
the digging of ore, mining of coal,
quarrying of stone, hauling, transpor
tation, etc. This immense production
of pig iron does not give employment
to as large a number of hands as are
required to convert the iron into finer
articles. It is estimated that a ton of
pig iron is worth $2200 if manufactur
ed into cutlery. It is hard to estimate
tbe average value of articles manu
factured from iron, and iron and steel,
but on a rough guess I should suppose
it would be from S2OO to S4OO per ton
—say S2OO, which being multiplied
by 2,100,000, tbe number of tons of
iron manufactured in this State, would
amount to $420,000,000. Suppose you
estimate pig iron at $22 per ton, and
2,100,000 make $46,200,000, which,
being deducted from $420,000,000,
leaves a balance of $373,800,000. This
difference is the value between the
raw and the refined material; this
large increased value is produced by
labor—skilled labor. To make 2,100,-
000 tons of pig iron will require 98,-
000 people, reckoning that each man
will work 300 days in the year. I
suppose there are employed in tho
production of iron about this number,
to wit: 98,000. This estimate may
be a little too high ; but I think it is
sufficiently correct to base an -opinion
upon. Now, take the difference be
tween the value of the raw material
and the refined material, which is
$373,800,000. This difference between
tbe two surna represents nearly
all labor. Instead of requiring 98,000
hands it would require almost a mil
lion of hands.
The Listory of industrial schools in
tho old country establishes the fact
that they have been puccessful and
beneficial to the communities in which
they are located. And why should
the same kind of schools not be a suc
cess in this country ?
Tbe truth of the matter is that they
ought to have been established long
ago. Prompt action should be taken
in tbe matter. The Commonwealth
must commence the work, and prove
by tbe fruits of such schools their ben
eficial effects, and you will find in a
short time that rich individuals will
endow industrial schools. This State,
if proper steps are taken in the educa
tion of tho young men and boys in
matters pertaining to convert our valua
ble iron into fine articles, will, in the
course of a Bhort number of years, be
come the greatest iron industrial dis
trict in the world.
WE 10 IfINO~A 110 Q.
A dog fight sends tbe pulse of a vil
lage up to 130, and a foot race or a
knock down will almost restore gray
hairs to their original color; but for
real excitement, let a man como along
in front of the tavern about sundown
driving a hog.
'Hey, where are you going?'
'Going to sell this hog '
'Hold on a minute! What dooß he
'Ob 1 about 225 '
'You're off; he won't go over 200.'
Every chair is vacated on the in
stant. Every eye is fastened on the
hog rooting in tho gutter, and every
man flatters himself that ho can guess
within a pound of the porker's weight.
'That hog will pull down jist exactly
195 pounds,' says the blacksmith, after
a long squint.
'He won't go an ounce over 185,'
adds tbe cooper.
'l've got a $2 bill that says that hog
will kick at 210,' says tbe hardware
'You must bo wild,' growls tho gro
cer; 'I can't see over 150 pounds of
Twenty men take a walk around tho
porker, and squint and shako thoir
beads and look wise, and the owner
finally says :
'lf ho don't go over 220 I shall feel
that I am no guesser.'
'Over 220 I If that hog weighs 200
oounds I'll treat this crowd I' exclaim
ed tbe owner of the 'bus line.
'I durino 'bout that,' muses the
'Squire, who is on his way to the gro
cery after butter. 'Some bogs weigh
more and some less. What breed is
'Well, I've Been some o' them Berk
sheers that weighed like a load of sand,
and agin I've seen 'em where they was
all skin and bone. Has anybody guess
ed that this hog will weigh 600.'
'Well, that's a leetle steep, but I've
kinder sot my idea on 250.'
By this time the crowd has increas
ed to a hundred arid the excitement is
intense. The 'Squire lays half a dollar
on 250. and the owner of the hog rakes
in several bets on 'between 220 and
225.' The porker is driven to tbe hay
scales, and the silence is almost painful
as the weighing takes place.
'Two hundred and twenty-three !'
calls the weigher.
Growls and lamentations smite the
evening air, and stake-holders pass
over the wagers to the lucky guessers,
chief of whom is the owner of the hog.
'Well, I'm clear beat out,' says the
'Squire. 'I felt dead sure be would
weigh over 300.'
'Ob, I knew you were all away off'
exclaims the guileless owner. 'When
wo weighed him here at noon he tipped
at exactly 223, and I knew he couldn't
have picked up or lost over a pound.'
Peruna will make your blood pure
INTERESTING TO FARMERS.
MANAGING AND JUDGING OF HORSES.
If a colt is never allowed to get an
advantage, says a writer in the Lan
caster Farmer, it will never know that
it posesses a power that man cannot
control, and if made familiar with
strange objects, it will not be skittish
and nervous. If a horse is accustomed
from his early days to have objects hit
him on the heels, back and hips he
will pay no attention to the giving out
of the harness, or to a wagon running
agains him at au unexpected moment.
We once saw an aged lady drive a
high-spirited horse, attached to a car
riage, down a steep hill, with no hold
back straps upon the harness ; and she
assured us there was no danger, for
her son accustomed his horses to all
kinds of usage and sights that common
ly drive animals into a frenzy of fear
and fright. A gun can be fired in front
of a horse, an umbrella held over his
bead, a buffalo-robe thrown over his
neck, a railroad engine pass bim close
by, his heels be thumped with sticks,
and the animal take it as a natural
condition of things, if only taught by
careful management that he will not
be injured .hereby
Many believe that horses are injured
by the use of blinds, especially when
they are allowed to stand close to the
eyes. So also by the check-rein. One
writer demands the intercession of Mr.
Bergh to prevent this most coolly-pre
meditated wrong and cruelty to a
noble animal. The horse is intelligent,
and enjoys as well as man the sights
about him. And when he is treated
rightly and has a full sight of all about
him, he is more kind and tractable.
Imaginary evils and bugaboos are al
ways more frightful to man and beast
than real ones. Besides the discom
fort to tho horse, and the disfigure,
ment of his appearance, blinds are in
jurous to the sight. They cause a
sharp current between the closely
pressed blind and the eye, causing the
lodgment of dust and dirt in that too
tender organ, and this aids in accelerat
ing the too-frequent blindness. Think
of his patience, his faithful service, bis
intelligent devotion, and leave off those
torturing instruments, the blinds and
The following rules for judging a
horse, says tho Turf, Field and
Farm, will be found useful:
1. Never take tho seller's word; if
dishonest, he will be certain to cheat
you ; if disposed to be fair, he may
have been tho dupe of another, and
will deceive you through representa
tions which cannot be relied upon.
2. Never trust to a horse's mouth as
a sure index to bis age.
3. Never buy a horse while in mo
tion ; watch him while he stands at
rest, and you will discover his weak
points. If sound he will stand firmly
and squarely on his limbs without
moving any of them, the feet planted
flat upon the ground, with legs plumb
and naturally poised. If one foot is
thrown forward, with the toe pointing
to the ground and the heel raised, or if
tbe foot is lifted from the ground and
tho weight taken from it, disease of
the navicular bone may tie suspected,
or at least a tenderness, which is a
precursor of disease. If the foot is
thrown out, the toe raised, and tbe
heel brought down, the horse has suf
fered from lammitis, founder, or the
back sinews have been strained, and is
of little future value. When the feet
are dra.vn together lieneath the horse,
if there has been no disease there is a
misplacement of the limbs at least, and
a weak disposition of the muscles. If
the horse stands with his feet spread
apart, or straddles with the hind legs,
there is weakness of the loins and the
kidneys are disordered. When the
knees aro bent and the legs totter and
tremble, the boast has been ruined by
heavy pulling, and will never bo right
again, whatever rest and treatment be
may have. Contracted or ill-formed
hoofs speak for themselves.
4. Never buy a horse with a bluish
or milky cast in bis eyes. They indi
cate a constitutional tendency to oph
thalmia, moon blindness, etc.
5. Never have anything to do with
a horso that keeps his ears thrown
backward. This is an invariable indi
cation of bad temper.
6. If the horse's hind legs are scarred,
tho fact denotes that he is a kicker.
7. If the knees are blemished, the
horso is apt to stumble.
8. When the skin is rough and harsh
and does not move easily and smoothly
to the touch, tho horse is a heavy eater
and his digestion is bad.
9. Avoid a horse whoso respiratory
organs are at all impaired. If the ear
is placed at the side of the heart and a
wheezing sound is hoar, it is an indica
tion of trouble.
SHERI* lilt REDING.
There is scarcely any other branch
or department of live stock breeding
that pays as well as sheep-breeding,
when properly managed, and it seems
strange that more of our farmers do
not give it at least a fair trial. Espe
cially are sheep desirable on a po<>r
farm, for they will materially assist in
increasing the fertility of the land, in
the bands of an intelligent and practi
No other live stock will return the
profits so soon and so regularly as will
sheep, and the percentage of profit can
not help but prove entirely satisfactory
under fairly favorable circumstances,
for riot only are there lambs to sell at
good prices every spring, but there is
quite a supply of wool each season to
still further swell the profits, while the
average cost of kecpiug them is com
paratively slight It is, however, poor
economy to feed poorly, for high and
regular feeding always pays best, espe
cially with sheep, telling very percept
ibly in both tbe meat and the wool.
Iregular and poor feeding impuirs not
merely tho quantity of wool, but it in
jures its quality and value by produc
ing a fiber which Is of varying degrees
of fineness and with frequent knots,
thus spoiling it for manufacturing the
best quality of goods An examina
tion of a few samples of wool with an
ordinary microsco|>e will explain this
matter more fully than we can here.
On lauds but a few miles from our
largo cities, it seldom pays to broed
sheep, or in fact, any kind of live stock
for profit, for such lands are valuable
for raising early vegetables. There
are huudreds of acres of comparatively
good and cheap lands which are but a
few hours by rail from some ot our
large -cities, and these can be made to
pay well with sheep, raising earlv
lambs for the market. It requires some
capital as well as experience, and those
who attempt it without either, will fail
to a profit.
Good native ewes crossed with a
pure bred Southdown or Cotswold will
produce a class of lambs which arc
sure to please anv judge of good stock,
and the quality of such lambs is duly
appreciated by customers. Those who
wish to breed sheep, aud havo very lit
tle if any experience, will find it bast
to begin with a very small stock of
from ten to twenty, and then increase
the number as the experience and cash
increase, until you have as many as
you wish, or as the farm is capable of
carrying.— D. Z. Evans, Jr., in Mary
The best cows are those which
give the largest returns for the food
consumed, whatever the breed, size,
color, or pedigree.
Poultry will produce more flesh—
pound for pound of food—than the
steer, sheep or hog, and is meat of the
tenderest quality compared with the
It is not necessary to grease fowls
to rid them of lice. If their roosting
places arc kept clean, they will keep
themselves free from vermin by dust
Buyers of eggs show a preference,
as a general thing, for dark eggs, but
for what reason is bard to surmise.
There is no prettier sight than a dish
piled up full of snow-white eggs,
UNCLE RUFUS' ANECDOTE.
'Anything new?' a representative of
the New York Commercial asked Un
'No,' was the reply, 'the usual bulle
tins from the White House come to us.
The stock market is a little down and
little up, and vice versa. The stock
market reminds me of a little story told
me by a Judge of this city some years
since on the train to Washington. I
am not much of a hand for repeating
stories, but I never think of this one
without a good hearty laugh, even if
I'm alone, which goes to show that
sunshine in thought makes us live
'Many years ago, when thousands of
children now living were yet unborn,
Horace Greeley was in the zenith of
his power as editor of the Tribune, and
was more or less mixed up or down in
'A gentleman bv the name of Amos
Cummings was acting as nipht or day
editor, it matters little which, and was
to arrange the political columns all
'Greeley was asked to give a place
to a newly arrived emigrant who could
neither read nor write—said emigrant
being about six feet two inches tall.
'Greeley requested Cummings to
make a place for him, and the wicked
Mr Cummings appointed him as mes
senger or waiter at the door of Mr.
Greeley's room, cautioning him to obey
implicitly Mr. Greeley's orders.
'Well, one day Mr. Greeley told bis
six feet-two boy not to let anyone into
his room, as ho was going to write his
editorials; and it came to pass that
this same day Vice I'resjdent Wilson
called aud desired to see Mr. Greeley
without delay. He was arrayed in
slouched hat and dusty duster and
armed with a valise, and was met with
the reply: "No, Mr. Greeley will see
uo tramps; he is writing his editorials.'
Cummings sat innocently eying the
couple, and interfered just in time to
prevent a scene aud let tho Vice Presi
'Later came a ward politician that
miiHt see Mr. Greeley. The answer
rang out the same, 'Mr. Graly can't be
distarbed.' As the ward politician be
came rather violent in his efforts to en
ter the room, our valiant boy from the
Emerald isle took to mopping the floor
with him, and he made rather a hasty
descent down the stairs. Well, so the
story runs, soon after tho boy of six
feet two came running into the sub-edi
tor's room and said, 'Mr. Graley wants
the Kncychomania,' and this same sub
editor, while writing at tho rate of sls
a column, replied. 'You'll find it
over there in that case, with an indica
tion of tho pen as to where it was. Tho
boy returned with a pair of handcuffs
that had been used on John Brown's
hands at the time of his murder, and
inquired, 'ls this what Mr. Graly is
after a wantin ?'
'What has all this to do with the
stock market V the reporter questioned
'Why, don't you see, younj? man,
somebody has handcuffs on and cannot
sell. The parties who have been buy
ing stocksao freely are what are known
as the Lambs, who cannot read nor
'Suppose you tell mo who the Judge
was that regaled you with this amus
'l'll tell you this much: It was not
Judge Noah Davis, though we have
been friendly these forty years; and it
was not Judge Brady,—he never told
a story in his life, —lie gets John C.
Wyman to do all that kind of business
for him. llcallv, young man, 1 don't
like to tell the Judge's name—it might
make him blush to see his name in
print; but this is a true story, and if
you don't believe it, you just ask Amos
Tonic, Allcrnfltc anil C/'alliar
Simmons Liver Regulator, purely
vegetable, is not unpleasunt to the
tasto. It is the meuiciue generally
UH<M! in tho Soutd to arouse the torpid
liver to healthy action. It cures
malaria, biliousness, dys|»epsia, head
ache, constipation and piles. The ac
tion of tho Regulator is free from
nausea or griping. It is most effective
in starting the secretions of the liver,
causing the hile to act as a cathartic.
When there is an excess of bile in the
stomach, tho Regulator is an active
purge; after the removal of the bile, it
will regulate the bowls and impart
vigor and health to tho wholo system.
One square, one* insertion, $1 ; etch «nbee
qient insertion, 50 cents. Yearly advertisement
exceeding one-fourtli of a column, 95 per inch
Figure work double these rate*; additions
charges where weekly or monthly changes are
made. Local advertisements 10 cents per line
for fir*t insertion, and 5 cents per line for each
additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub
lished tfoo of charge. Obituary notices charged
as advertisements, and payable when handed in
Auditors' Notices. *4 ; Executors' and Adminis
trators' Notices, $3 each; Eetray, C'antion and
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten linea,
From the fact that the Cmz«!» is the oldes l
established and most extensively circulated Re
publican newepaper in Butler county, (a Repub
lican county J it must be apparent" to businesh
men that it is the medium they should use in
advertising their business.
THE PRESIDENTS STRUG
GLE FOR LIFE.
Dramatic Scene Between Mrs. Gar
field and the Doctors.
WASHINUTON, August 30. —As hope
returns, more is learned iD detail of
the terrible anxiety of last Friday. It
appears that tho surgeons, after the
alarming symptoms of tho morning,
decided that it was useless to continue
the struggle, and two of their number
were selected to wait upon Mrs. Gar
field and to inform her that medical
science could do no more, and that she
must prepare for the worst. The in
terview which occurred between these
surgeons and Mrs. Garfield will, if re
ports are true be regarded as one of
the most dramatic incidents in this
extraordinary case. Captain Henry
Marshall of this District, a friend of
the President and family, says that
Mrs. Garfield heard the news with
great composure, and that, smothering
her emotion, she arose and said:
"Gentlemen, you shall not give him
up. He is not going to die; he is
going to live. I feel, I know it. Go
back to your post, every one of you,
and leave it not until every remedy is
exhausted; until death itself has set
its seal upon him, for I will not believe
that be bis dying. Go back and do
what you can ; you cannot do more,
bat don't give up. lam his wife, and
I say that we will not give up until
the end itself is upon us."
Mrs. Garfield has never surrendered
more than a moment or two at a time
to her grief, and then she has retired
to her room, and after a brief abssence
has returned to her post of duty at tho
LONDON, August 30. —A special
service of prayer for the recovery of
President Garfield was held at several
Nonconformist places of worship in
London on Sunday.
Liverpool newspapers say that
prayer for Mr. Garfield was almost
universal in the churches there on
NEW YORK, Aug. 30. —A union
meeting for prayers for the President
was held last evening in the brick
(Presbyterian) church on Fifth avenue.
The church was crowded. Rev. Dr.
Be van presided. A large number of
ministers and laymen, representing all
denominations of Christians, took part
in the exercises. The addresses were
very few, and the prayers frequent and
fervent. An interesting feature was
the remembrance of the President's
wife and mother, the ailusion to them
being many and pathetic. The inter
est of the meeting was so great and
the feeling of the Christian public so
intense in relation to the President's
recovery, that the meetings will bo
continued for a scries of evenings, tho
next one to be held to-morrow evening
in the P. E. Church of the Iloly
THINGS TO BE REMEMBER.
That parsely eaten with vinegar will
remove the unpleasant effects ot eating
That cakes, puddings, etc., are im
proved by making the currants, sugar
and flour hot before using them.
That lamp shades of ground glass
should be cleaned with soap or pearl
ash ; these will not injure or discolor
That gold lace may be cleansed by
rubbing it with a soft brush, dipped in
roche alum, burnt and sifted to a very
That earthy mould should never be
washed from potatoes, carrots, or other
roots, until immediately before thoy
are to be cooked.
That cold boiled potatoes used as
soap will clean the hands and keep the
skin soft and healthy. Those not over
boiled are the best.
That charcoal powder is good for
polishing knives without destroying
the blades. It is also a good tooth
powder, when finely pulverized.
That potato water in which potatoes
have been boiled, the water being al
lowed to settle and afterwards strained,
is good for sponging dirt out of silk.
That straw matting may be cleaned
with a large cloth, dipped in salt and
water and then rubbed dry. The salt
prevents the straw from turning yel
That buttermilk is excellent for
cleaning sponges. Steep the sponge
in the milk for some hours, then
squeeze it out, und wash it in cold
water. Lemon juice is also good.
That tea leaves, used for keeping
down the dust when sweeping carpets
tue apt to stain light colors; salt is
tho best in winter, and new mown hay
in tho summer.
That a piece ol linen cloth dipped in
turpentine and wrapped round tho toe
on which a soft corn is situated, will
give relief, and after a few days the
corn will disappear.
That rusty black Italian crape may
bo restored by dipping in skimmed
milk and water, with a bit of fine glue
dissolved in it, and made scalding hot
It should bo clapped and pulled dry
That the white of an egg In which a
piece of alum about the size of a wal
nut has been stewed until it forms a
jelly, is a capital remedy for sprains.
It should be laid over the sprain upon
a piece of lint, and be changed as
often as it Incomes dry.
Every man has a temper of his own,
but very few people in the world know
how to keep it.
The people of Emerson, a town in
Winncpog, the Dominion of Canada,
were startled a few day ago by the ap
pearance of winged ants in myriads
(lying through the air like clouds and
covering the country for miles, the
surface of tho lied river being coated
an inch thick with them.
What a blessing it is to have neigh
bors ! Two Tennessee families have
been disagreeing in a manner that was
merely food for village gossip, but
when" they came to blows they wore
assisted by about two hundred of their
friends, and the affair became sorious
enough to be telegraphed all over the