Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, March 30, 1881, Image 2

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Entered at the Postojfice at Butler or
Bccond-cla»sß matter.
EEGLAND and the Boers hare ar-.
ranged terms of peace.
THE murdered Czar has been interred
at St Petersburg with great ceremony
and pomp.
THE President has nominated Hon.
Levi P. Morton, of New York, for
Minister to France.
THE correct name of tbe post master
ftt the re-established office of Holyoke,
this county, is Henry L \ oung.
ACCORDING to Vennor there will be
one cold dip yet and this month end
With rain and slush, when all will be
over of winter.
THE Republican primaries of Bea
ver county for this year will lie held
on the 26th of May, for nominating
county ticket, etc.
UNDER the new constitution just
passed, tbe general election in Indiana
will be held hereafter In November, in
stead of October as formerly.
KINO of Ashantee, in Africa, will
make war on England.' The kings of
several thousand shanties in Ireland
are anxious to do the same thing.—
STATE TREASUBEE Butler, says be
will obey the opinion of Attorney
General Palmer and not pay any
member of the Legislature a cent over
the salary of SI,OOO.
THE Harris burg Patriot suggests
that the Standard Oil Company, in
stead of the State of Pennsylvania,
. 4fect a monument to Colonel Drake,
tbe discoverer of petroleum.
THE effect of the recent opinion of
the law officer of tbe State will be to
keep Senators and Representatives
uioie closely at work. There will now
be less running home and elsewhere by
tbe members. It bad become notori
ous that many members did no', put in
balf the time they were sworn to do
at Harrisburg. the other half beiog
spent traveling on the railroads with
free passes and away from their public
duties to attened to their private in
terest .
PBTITIONS are being forwarded to
the Legislature from Lawrence colinty
praying for the erection of that county
into a separate Judicial district, with a
President Judge of its own. If this
can be done there should be no objec
tion from any quarter. But it is thought
a direct constitutional difficulty is in
tbe way, she not having 40,000 o
• population. Lawrence naturaHy
should be joined with Beaver county
for a district, neither of which under
tbe recent census: have the requisite
population for a separate district. Be-
sides, they are closely connected geo
graphically, and hnvo railroad connec
tion that gives convenient communi
cation between them, which is not the
case as regards this county. Whet'-or
the present Legislature will act in the
premises, which it is necessary it must
do, is now very doubtful. If it does
not Butler aud Lawrence will still re
al :in a district.
—lt was with more than ordinary re
gret tbat the citizens of this place, and
doubtless of all who knew him in this
county, heard of the death of Mr. Wil
liam J. Campbell, at Millerstown, on
last Wednesday evening. Mr. Camp
hell lived at the Glade Mills, Middle
sex township, this county for many
years past and no man was more re
spected or had more iufluence with all
his neighbors. lie removed to Millers
town about four years ago where he
was engaged in mercantile business.
Three years ago he was a candidate
for the Republican nomination for Reg
ister and Recorder of the county and
only failed by 17 votes of being suc
cessful. He was announced as a can
didate again this year and his friends
bad great hopes of his success. But
death has removed him from the list
and we take bis name out of the same
sharing the common regret of all who
knew him. He was aged about 55
years. Ilis remains passed through
here on Friday last for interment in
Middlesex township.
A corp.* of engineers, representing
the Pennsylvania Railroad Company,
we understand are to be in this place
(his week. Their work is reported to be
the survey iuga route from here to Home
wood, Beaver county, on the Fort
Wayne and Chicago r»ad, with the ob
ject of a shorter freight line from the
west than that by Pittsburg now af
fords. This would pass down the Con
noquenessing from here and give litt
ler the much desired outlet. In the
meantime the Narrow Gauge interests
are m itrinj ia tbo aim-: direction, and
it looks now as if we would have one
road certainly made down the creek
thi# summer. This is now the general
belief of our pco,»!e. An lat tbo sums
timo the pros|>ects appear good for a
speedy connection with the Shenango
and Hilliards Mill road. The Presi
dent and Su|>crintendcnt of this road
were in this place last wwk and spoke
• onfidently of the present road they are
making down into Slippery Rock,
Cherry and Clay Tps., beingcootinued
to Butler. The coal is the great ob
ject, and the branch leaves the Shenan
go road at or near New Hope Station,
dL'Wrv township. This would devel
•<•*) tfce very heart of our county ond
•give us a direct outlet Northward.
That it would lie a great paying road
PALM SUNDAY comes on April 10,
Good Friday April 15, and Easter Sun
day April 17, this year.
WE arc indebted to our friend Mr.
Robert R. McClung, now of Jewell
City, Kansas, lor a well gotten op and
finely bound copy of the "First Bien
nial Report of tbe State Board of Ag
riculture of Kansas, for 1877-9."
The new oil well near here, and
which for tbe past week or more has
created a new and lively intere*t in oil
matters, is located on what is known
as the Bald Ridge, about five and a
half miles south west from Butler, on
a direct line towards Evansburg, and
about six and a half miles from the
latter place. That oil, in promising
quantity, has been obtained is now
fully established. The rock or sand
appears to be better than at any well
heretofore drilled in this vicinity. At
1,620 feet the third sand rock was struck
and the oil appeared. The tubing for the
well passed through here last week and
this week it is said will demonstrate
the amount of the production. In our
next issue we hope to give a more re
liable and particular account of tbe PD.
terprise. The depth, 1,620 feet, at
which the oil rock was struck at this
well, proves that all the wells formerly
put dowu hereabout were not drilled
deep enough. We remember that lor
the first oue drilled here, near the Wal
ter SL Boos mill in this place, in 1862,
the contract was but for 600 feet in
depth. Other wells drilled nearheresince
did not
doned. This all indicates that they
were not sunk to the oil rock. The
tubing at the new Bald Ridge well
commenced yesterday.
Attorney General Palmer, the law
officers of the Commonwealth, rendered
a decision last week to the effect that
tbe pay of members of our Legislature
is limited by the Constitution of the
State to a salary, and that any per di
em or other pay is therefore unconsti
tutional. The Constitution says "the
members shall receive such salary," per
session "as shall be fixed by law aud
no other compensation whatever.''
This would seem to be a plain provi
sion of the new State Constitution.
But the Legislature of 1874, whose
duty it was to carry it out, and have
said salary "fixed by law," seems
to have done so in a very peculiar
manner. For the act of 1874, after fix
ing tbe compensation or salary of mem
bers at one thousand dollars per ses
sion, undertook to say in effect, thnt
one hundred and fifty days should
compose a session; and that if tbe
Legislature continued in session more
than "one hundred days," that tbeu
"ten dollars per diem," should l>e al
lowed each member for a period "not
to exceed fifty days at any one 3ession."
The most singular thing about this, and
that waa noticed at the time, was that
ten dollars a day waa just the same
amount, in proportion, that one thou
sand dollars bad been for the hundred
days. So that if they continued in
session more than tbe hundred days
they received just the same amount of
pay daily for the following fifty days
that they in fact received for any of the
previous hundred days. And the ef
feet of this clearly unconstitutional law
of 1874, has been what every one who
had any knowledge of our Legislature
knew H would be, to wit, equivalent
to fixing tbe salary of each member at
fifteen hundred dollars. For it could
not be hoped that a majority of mem
bers of any Legislature would forego
the opportunity of extending the scs
aion beyond the "hundred days" aod
into ond very probably through tbe re
maining "fifty days," thus provided
for. And thus another effect WUH to
always lengthen a session to or near to
one hundred and fifty day*.
But Attorney General Palmer's de
cision is confined to the single point,
that the act of 1874 could not give
any per diem pay, and that in giv
ing that, in addition to the "salary" it
fixed nt SI,OOO, it exceeded the pro
vision of the constitution on the sub
ject. That be is right, every disinter,
ested person must see acd admit. The
only wonder is thi t the constitution
has been permitted to be violated so
long. The evil effects of tbe act of
1874 have been to the extent of mak
ing members careless of their duties.
The members of the present Senate
and House will now likely go to work
and at least stay at their post , and
endeavor to complete all necessary
legislation within the hundred days,
as beyond that timo they can receive
no extra per dirm pai.
Afraid to Swoar Alono.
Tho wicked practice of swearing,
which i» HO common as to offend the
car in every hotel, and almost in evury
street, is often mere bravado. Hoy*
think it sound* manly to be profane,
and men think it gives force and cbar
| acter to their sayings. Unlike most
i other vices, it is done openly, and is in
tended by the swearer for other f*>o-
I pleV ears. It is a public sin n«nin.-t
(lot], and a public insult to all good
men The boldest blasphemers are of
ten the greatest cowards.
I 'I will give j-ou ten doUnfH,'said a
man to • profane swearer, 'if you will
go ioto the village graveyard at
12 o'clock to-night and swear the fame
oaths you bait! uttered, when you are
alone withgod.'
'Agreed!' soid the man; 'ap easy
way to make ten dollars.'
'Well, come to-morrow and say you
have done it, and you shall have the
M idnight came. It was a night of
great darkness. As he entered the
cemetery, not a sound was beard; all
was still a.) death, Then caine the
QlJfjft PttlLee Citttwn: ftltitier, 3H&txly 30» 1881.
alone with God ! rang in his ears. He
did not dar«' to utter an oath, but fled
from the place crying, 'God, be merciful
to me a sinner.'
That is the Limit of a r egislative
Session—-Because the Members
of the Legislature Will Not
Receive ray for a Longer
Period—The Decision
of Attorney General
Palmer—The Con
stitution Quoted.
Some time ago Representative La
Touche of Lackawanna county, becom
ing tired of the ceaseless talk in the
House, to the great hindrance of legis
lation, and fully impressed with the
idea that it is the mission of sonn- peo
ple on earth to talk others to the verge
of distraction, and that these people get
into ihe Legislature through the over
weening confidence of their constituents
fully impressed with this, and more,
too. Representative LaT >uche be
thought hini of some manner bv which
an end could be put to the talk, and the
Legislature, could l»e compelled to get
down to hard work. Nothing will
touch an average member's heart so
quick as a raid on his pocket-book, and
Mr. LaToucbc had a very brilliant
thought when be wrote to the State
Treasurer and Auditor General, mak
ing inquiries in regard to the construc
tion of the law providing for the pay
ment of the salaries of the members of
the Legislature, with the more practi
cal view of ascertaining whether they
drew the extra pay of $lO per day for
the extra days served over a hundred
by authority. The State Treasurer aud
Auditor General, on receipt of Mr.
LaTouche's letter, conferred and decid
ed that as this was a grave question of
law, they would submit it to the Attor
ney General, and be governed by hi*
opinion. They accordingly sent him a
copy of Mr. LaTout he's ietter with the
remark that "as the law officer of the
Commonwealth we feel confident that
your opinion in tbe premises will be in
accordance with the law and the Con
• Tbe Attorney General, after consid
ering the matter, rendered a decision
-which virtually reduces the Legislative
session to one hundred days, inasmuch
as he says in it that no compensation of
ten dollars per day can be received by
any member after serving one hundred
days, and if the session is prolonged
the compensation is included in the sal
ary of one thousand dollars.
Attorney General Palmer enters
upon his opinion, as follows:
"Tbe Bth section if tbe Vnd article of
the Constitution provides that "the
members of the General Assembly sbal ;
receive such salary and milage fop reg
ular and special session as shall be fix
ed by law and no other compensation
whatever for servi es cn committees or
otherwise. No member of either house
shall, during the term for which he may
have been elected, receive any increase
of salary or milage under any law
passed during such term."
On the 11th of May, 1-574 (P. LI 29).
the General Assembly "fixed by law"
the salary and milege to be received by
The act, so far as material, Is as fol.
lows: "The compensation of mem
bers of tbe General Assembly shall be
one thousand dollars for each regular
and each adjourned annual sessson not
exceeding one hundred days, anil ten
dollars per diem (or time necessarily
s|>ent after tha iixpir&tiop of the hun
dred days: Provided, H owe IT? , Tht»t
such time shall not exceed fifty days at
any one session."
"The question to be resolved is
whether ibis art is in conformity or in
conflict with the provisions oftliv Con
stitution. and its determination involves
a construction of the section quoted."
Decisions of tbe Supreme Court in
volving the construction of tbe Consti
tution are quoted, and then the intent
of the farmers of the instrument as
gathered from the consideration of the
circumstances attending the formation
are commented upon, and the Attorney
General concludes as iollows :
Therefore we may certainly conclude
as well from tbe unambiguous longunge
of the Constitution as from considera
tion of the circumstances attending its
formation and the mischief to be reme
died, that the convention intended to
provide a saiary for the members of the
General Assembly, and that by a sal
ary they meant a "stimulated periodi
cal recompense," as distinguished from
a per diem compensation.
Does the act of 1874 effectuate th's
constitutional reform '(
It first provides a salary of #I,OOO
I for a session not exceeding one hundred
days. If the session continued but
half a hundrid daj'S, the salarv of
#I,OOO would be earned, nnd doubtless
would not be declined. It then allows
a per diem compensation of ten dollars
lor such additional time as may 1M? nec
essarily spen , I not exceeding fifty days,
thus conferring both a salary and daily
pay. The time is limited to fifty days,
but the right to provide additional
compensation beyond the salary for
fifty days implies the right to confer it
for three hundred days, or as long as
the General Assembly may choose to
sit and take it; and it further implies
therijihtto fix a per diem compensa
tion for as many days as the General
Assembly may choose to hold its ses
sions without reference to a salary,
thus perpetuating the very evil sought
to be remedied by the convention. If
this part of the act is not in irreconcila
ble conflict u ith the provision that
members shall rcce've "no other com
pensation whatever" betides a salary,
then for this ease, all established rules
of construction fail, and all common un.
derstandingo f plain words is «« fault.
The Constitution commands that the
members of the Qeueral Assembly
shall be compensated for their services
by a salary, and salary only. AH oth
er kinds of compensation are expressly
forbidden. No man will say that, in
face of these provisions of the organic
law, the General Assembly could pro
vide for paying its members exclusively
by the da}'. To pay partly by a salary
ai'd partly by the day is as palpable an
evasion nud transgression of the Con
stitution as to pay them a pi r diem
alone, and the violation is worse be
cause it tends to aggravate the misi hief
which the farmers of the Constitution
meant to prevent.
I am of opinion, for the reasons stnt
pd. th#' so much of the act of as
provides dally pay of ten dollars for
lifty days or less, is unconstitutional,
and that payments made by the Wt#tp
Treasurer under it, would be (inwar
ranted and unauthorized. In this be
lief 1 am confirmed by an abb; opinion
of my predecessor, J lon. (Jeorpe f-f ar,
given on ihe {Mb of December, to
s o&aaytteo ot tfa Id-pi Mmx/ iQ t
| which, after an exhaustive discussion
: ol this section of the Constitution and
act of Assembly, this language occurs :
"A salary is defined to lie an annual
or periodical payment for services—a
stipulated periodical recompense. This
is not only the established definition
and popular understanding of the term,
but the Constitution, in the use of it,
so qualified it as to exclude any other
conclusion than that it is a stipulated
recompense or compensation for a ses
sion. The per diem allowance in the
salary act was doubtless an oversight,
but it is nevertheless unconstitutional."
And if further confirmation were
needed, if may be found in "A Com
mentary on tbe Constitution," a work
bv the Hon. Charles R. Buck alow.
Construing t l e section under consider
ation, he says:
"This section was agreed toby the
convention upon the distinct under
standing it would exclude the allow
ance of daily pay to members at any
I may observe, in conclusion, that the
session of the General Assembly will
be in no wise necessarily abridged by
this decision. There is nothing in the
Constitution or law limiting their ses
sions to one hundred or oue hundred
and fifty days. Its length must be de
termined by the sense of public duty of
its members, and thecharacterof the la
bor they are called to perform. The
compensation for a session, long or
short, is as fixed at this time SI,OOO
and no more. HB.VRV W PALMER,
Attoru ey General.
llarri&burg Telegraph.
A Brutal Outrage.
A brutal outrage and heavy robbery
wa< enacted on Thursday night last
24 inst., a few miles from Ea*t Brady.
About 9 o'clock four masked robbers
gained an entrance into the house oc
cupied bv John Connor an aged farmer
living alone with his wife two miles
from Catfish station, on the A. V. 11 It
The robbers bound and gagged the old
people and tortued the old mau, who is
eighty-one years old, until he gave up
the key to his safe, shooting him once
in the head. They secured between
six and seven thousand dollars worth
of Allegheny Valley railroad and
Brady's Bend Bridge Company's bonds
and between four and five thousand
dollars in cash. It is supposed to have
been the work of some one knowing all
about the premises aud that no profes
sionals were engaged in the job on re
count of the bugling marine- they went
about it,
The reports of the effair are some
what conflicting as to the exact amount
of money taken. Some estimate the
amount of cash at as high a figure as
SIO,OOO, and say that among the bonds
were Goverment coupons, unregister
ed. The injuries inflicted upon \lr.
Connor by the shot and beating he
endured, before delivering up the kej
and revealing th:; combination of the
safe, are considered quite serious, and
may, considering bis extreme old age,
prove fatal 'l'he shock produced on
the nervous system of the old lady has
completely unstrung her, and it is
feared she may not survive it. The
affair has created intense excitement in
ihe vicinity for miles around, and
should the perpetrator# of tbp oytragp
be captured they will be severely dealt
with. The Connors are among our
moat ri'sprelab'e people aud have the
sympathy of the community. There ia
no due as yet to the prepetrators of
this high-handed outrage.
EAST BRADY, l'i., March gp -= —Tl l **
exeitim nt in the neighborhood of Cat
fish station over the Connors robbery
ir. still intense. Full particulars of the
outrage develop the fact that the old
lady apd gentleman were brutally tor
turee by the four picked robbers.
When the front door of the house fcnp
suddenly burst open the old couple
were quietly sitting at their fireside
talking. Before the inmates realised
fully what had taken place revolvers
were leveled at them and four gruff
voices demanded their surrender. Op
position was out of the question, and
lhe robbers proceeded to bind the old
folks hand and foot, after which they
requested the old man to tell them
where the key of the safe, which is a
heavy, old-fashioned affair, was. This
he persistently refused to do, notwith
standing their terrib'e threats of viol
ence. Finally one of the rascals placed
his revolver close to Conner®' head and
discharged it probably with no inten
tion to injure blm, but to intimidate
him, but so close was the murderous
weapon, that the bullet tore a furrow
in the scalp extending from the fore
head to the back of the head, from
which the blood flowed in streams.
Stunned and frightened, the old nmn
at last told them where the key was,
which they procured, but they after
many attempts failed to open the door.
They then returned to their victim and
carried him to the safe, and by awful
threats of torture to the old lady com
pelled him to open it, and they secured
the contents, amounting to about sls
- in money und negotiable bouda.
The villains then carried Mr. Con
ners and wife to a bedroom, anil, after
gagging them so that they could not
make an outcry, bound them as they
thought securely to the bedposts and
left. During the night Connors sue.
ceedir.g in loosing himself, atid imme
diately proceeded to free his wife, who
was suffering much pain from the
thongs that bound her lie then pro
ceeded to the house of a married son,
who resides a short distance away, and
made km wn his less The soti says
that he heard the report of the pistol
the night pri vious, but paid no partieu,
lar intention to it, as revolvers werc
fired at all times of night by the mi
ners, who abound in the neighborhood
No other suspieii us sounds were heard
by him. From the systematic manner
in which the affair was conducted it is
the general opinion that the robbers
are residents of the vjciuUy and thor
oughly conversant with the old man
Conners* house and business affairs.
The victims are well known in Rutler,
Armstrong aud Clarion counties. De
tectives from the city of Pittsburgh
and other points are prowling about
the neighborhood, and the belief is
general that the robbers will socn be
run down.
Of the bonds taken four were 7,30'5.
of the Allegheny Railroad, of SI,OOO
eaeh, numbered as follows : 2,7X2, 2,-
7W3, 2,7X4 and 2,785: A. V. R. R.
income 7s of SIOO each. Nos. 3.507
3 <573 and 3,574. bight bonds, of $250
papb, were Hradj'V Rrpd bridge bond.-,
Nog. 14. Js,'|*>, 101 Ip 2, Jpif, and
JO4 The balance Mr.Conners wag
nnable to give th«" numbers of. Of the
(Cash talci 11 there were four $ ,000 na
tional banks notes and the balance was
aud Wtou
FOXBIRG, PA., March 15.—Some
days ago an order was issued for a
meeting of the stockholders of the sev
eral narrow guage railroads iu this
county, to be held at this place to-day.
A proposition was favorably considered
for the consolidation of the Foxburg,
St. Petersburg and Clarion, the Emlen-
Shippensville aud Clarion and tbe Fox
burg, Kane and Bradford Railroads.
The latter road is the line contemplated
from a point in this county to Bradford
via Kane. Another conference will be
held Thursday next when final action
will be taken. The several companies
agreed to the consolidation to-day, and
iu view of this fact there is little doubt
as to the result. Should the merger
be effected it is stated on good utbori
tv that the work on tbe connecting link
between Kane and this place will be
commenced in a very short time. Not
withstanding reports to the contrary it
is stated on good authority that the
sale of the I'arker, Karns City and
Butler road has been made to persons
in the interest of tbe Baltimore aud
Ohio. From ButU r tbe connection
with the narrow gauge line to Pitts
burgh will te made via Harmony. This
will be followed by closing the gap be
tween Park< r a;.d Foxburg. The com
pletion of a continuous narrow guage
line from Bradford to Pittsburgh will
then l>e perfected without difficulty.
The E. S & C., F. St. P A C., and
the Foxburg, Kane & Bradford rail
roads haviDg been consolidated, are
now merged in the new company to be
known as the Pittsburg. Bradford &
Buffalo Railway. On Tuesday last the
officers, consisting of President Marcus
Huiings, General Manager, J. M. Dick
ey, Secretary, W. J. Welsh, and Supt.
Mandeville, arrived here in a special
train, and after taking dinner, proceed
ed to the terminus of the road at Ar
thur, on a business visit to Gen. Mix,
Superintendent of Bagalev's Mill, and
then returned home.
The building of the extension to
Kane will be commenced as soon as the
weather will permit, and be pushed
through as fast as men, money and en
ergy can do it, to completion. It is
expected to have the new road in run
ning order by September Ist Clarion
llep nil ica n-Oa telle.
A circular, received from headquar
ters, says : The Continental Railway
Co. was organized 4>v Special Acts of
the States of New Jersey, Penii vlva
nia and Illinois, and under the general
laws of lowa, Indiana and Ohio, mak
ing a doyble.track line frojn the city of
New York to Chicago, St. Louis and
the Missouri river It crosses the Del
aware at Belvidere, 04 miles west, and
and reaches the anthracite coal fields of
Pennsylvania at Summit, 104 miles
from New Vork. The line crosses the
Susquehanna river and the Philadel
phia aud Beading railroad at Milton,
Pa., !64 miles distant; and then passes
through the bituminous coal fields and
oil regions of Western Pennsylvania,
crossing the Allegheny river at Mahon
ing, Pa, 312 miles from New York It
passes through the canncl coal field,
and then runs west through Akron,
Ohio, crossing the Maumce river just
south of Fort Wayne, Indiana, (>3{
miles from New York. From thence
it proceeds direct to Chicago, distant
7S(J miles, having a branch to St. Louis
tbri u"h|the great coal fields of Illinois.
The line crosses tbp Mississippi rlvpr
at Rock Island, Illinois, and the Mis
souri river near Council Bluffs, lowa.
The grades for the east-bound trans
portation will not exceed three-quarters
of one per cent , and foi west-hound
transportation they *wi|l bo equally
light to balance dead weight against
paying weight, find all curves will be
avoided. The cost of operating twenty
feet of ascending grade, or thp over,
coping of K2O degrees of curvature, are
either of them equal to the cost of o»er
ating one mile of the (lead level road.
The location of the Continental Rail
way was made so as to accommodate
the through business, as it is well
known the local business naturally
grows up along short lines between
commercial centres.
The line crosses more than fifty ex
isting railroads, which are natural feed
ers to the Continental Railway system.
It also affords unusual facilities for
New Juiglund business, besides fur
nishing cheap coal to New York and
the Eastern States.
Contracts have been let for building
4t.0 miles of the Hue west from Akron,
Ohio, to Wisconsin, Illinois, with a
branch to Bureau Junction.
The road is bonded at $40,000 per
mile, for doublc.track, which bonds eau
be issued only on comp'cted road.
Limited express passenger trains
will be run between New York Chica
go in twenty hours. No freight delays
can possibly occur on this road.— Lock
Haven Journal.
Pork Killing in Chloago
March 24, 1881. )
Mkskrs. Et>iTOKS:-Wishinga'change'
I concluded to try the west and accord
ingly str.rted some days since for Mis
souri. I spent one day in Chicago.
While there I thought I would visit
the slaughter yards of Norman fc Co.,
and some others. They do not kill
every day, hut in winter when they do
kill they kill 3,000 per day, and in sum
mer about 1,600. They can kill from
i2oo to 350 per hour. Kach man has
his work, o: e shakles the hogs, another
raises them up, another bleeds them,
another drops them into the scalding
vat, 2 or 3 scald ihem, then they are
scraped l>v machinery, then a man lie
heads then), another disposes of the
heads, another opens them and extracts
the colon, another removes the entrails,
one washes the stomach, another the
intestines, which are simply cut open
| and thrown into the vats for rendering
lard, another cuts off waste portions
from the carcass, another rolls them
away,— they a**c swung tin as soon as
beheaded, —another raises them an i
inch or two and rolls them back to cool, I
and in about ten minutes from the time ;
a hog is shokled he is hung up to cool
before he is cut up and packed.
Chicago is the greatest pork packing
city in the world and is also the great
est grain market and one of the great
est lumber markets. Sometime, per
haps, 1 will tell you how they kill
beeves and what the animals look like*.
H. N. A.
Mr. Win. Cruikshank wijl havo hi*
celebrated grain and seed H-ijl, the
Farmer's Favorite, on exhibition on
the Diamond in It u tier, during the
April Cvurf wwfcw i
Death cf Col. Roberts of Titus- '
Col. E A. L. Roberts, of Titus.ille
brother of State Senator Roberts. died
Friday morning last in that city. Col
Roberts was not quite fifiv-tw o years
old. Altbouph bis health was bad, his
death was sudden and unexjxeied. He
was the inventor ofthe oil well torpedo,
and grew immensely rich in the manu
facture and sale of the torpedo. lie
was Lieutenant Colonel of the Twenty-1
eighth New Jersey Volunteers. At}
the battle of Fredericksburg he saw a
shell fall into a mill-race and burst, i
almost emptying the race of water at '
that point. Although on the way to j
battle, the inventor was strong withiu j
him, and he was seized with theideathat
this bursting force might be utilized to i
blast the way to the buried seas of
oil. In ISG4 be took out his first
patent on the torpedo, and soon follow
ed it with improvements which made it
a graud success. He obtained heavy
damages from many oil'producers who
used infringements on his patents in
their wells. He and his brother Dr.
W. B. Roberts, who was his partner in
the patent and in the banking business,
become enoriuonslv rich, aud the new
dead man spent large sums to advance
the interests of Titusville. lie was a
heavy owner of real estate in Titusville
and owned some oil territory. The
hulk of his wealth, however, was in his
patent, aud it is difficult to estimate its
value exactly. His income was sever
al hundred thousand dollars annually,
He was a director in the Pittsburgh,
Titusville and Buffalo railroad, ami ran
for Auditor General on the Greenback
ticket at the last election. He was a
genial, open-hearted gentleman, a pub
lic-spirited citizen, and will be greatly
missed in the community where he has
made and spent so much monny.
—According to the telegraphic re
ports in the dailies of Monday the two
York State U. S. Senators, w-11 oppose
the confirmation of Judge Robertson
who has been uouiinated by the Pres
ident for the Collectorship of customs
at New York city. Judge Robertson
is said to be an able and honest man.
He served several terms with Garfield
in Congress, is now a member of the
York State Senate and has been unani
mously indorsed by the York State
Legislature, both Senate and Assembly.
The Custom House at New York is the
great national toll gate, more goods are
imported into the country through the
port of New York, and pay duties there,
thep at all the other pons and custom
houses of the country, and it seems to
us a very great presumption for the
U. S. Senators from any one State to
to attempt to control it, in aid of their
own political interests.
It ui-llilo** Si iiti'.
Not s) fast my frieni ; if you
could see the strong, healthy blooming
men, women and children that have
been raised from beds of sickness, suf
fering and almost death, by the uso of
llop Bitters, you would say 'Glorious
an«l invaluable remedy.' See other
cob- Din.— Fh iladdphia Press.
—The mountain climbers seem to
have become dissatisfied with the nar
row limits of the Alps. They arp
scattering over the globe in search of
m.w peaks to conquer. The recent ex
ploits ol Mr. Whymper and his com
panions among tbegiantsof the Andes
have just been followed by a still more
hazardous performance in Guatemala,
where some fearless explorers clamber
ed to the top of the active volcano El-
Fuego, boldly penetrating the curtain
of death vapors about its summit under
protection of a favoring wind. This
volcano and its neighbor, El Augua,
have a curious history. The city of
Guatemala was fir-t placed near El-
Agua, and 1541 was destroyed by an
earthquake and inundation, The
Inundation ascribed to the moun
tain, and so the city was rebuilt fur
ther to the north. This brought it
nearer to El Fucgo, which proved to
be as formidable an enemy as the other
mountain. Ii shook up the inhabitants
with a earll.q lakes and terrified them
with eruptions of lava, until in despair
they moved thi ir town a second time,
and, going still further north, founded
the presedt ciul t.il city of Guat-mala
upon a high plain.
No Extra 8 jusloii—President Gar
field b tt es tfce Quetticn.
WASHINGTON, March 2fi.—At yester
day's Cabinet meeting the question of
an extra sefsiou of Congress was con
sidered. Pre-idt ut Garfield read a pa.
per prepared by him on the subject, in
which lie took strong ground against
an extra fcs.don. The President
chiiniec., in the first place, that any new
funding bill which would be proposed
at an extra session would lie substan
tially sinrl.it hi that vetoed by Presi
dent Hayes, and any change in it would
pi ce the administration in the position
of defending the National Ranks,
against which there exists a strong
popular feelii g. Again, the agitation
of refunding now would lead to disturb
ance in the maikets at the tiuie when
farmers would be trjiug to sell
their crops. The President says he
is informed by Mr. Windoni that
with the results of he sale of $140,000,-
000 of either 4sor 4 (whichever would
prove most ad\ .:ntageous) and the sur
plus revenues, he <an redeem not only
all the 'is but some of the ss. In short,
he agrees that there Is no occasion for
a session, and (hit it-* effects would be |
had all around. Ihe result of the rend- !
ing of this pa pi r was that the Cabinet
decided against n*i extra session.
IVnvc l'on Ever.
Known any person to be seriously
ill without a weak stomach or inactive
liver or kidneys? And when these
organs are in good condition do you
find their possessor enjoying pood ;
health? Pui kt r's Ginger Tonic always]
regulates these impoitant organs, and;
never fai's to n tike the blood rich and
pure, and to strengthen every part of
the system. It has cured hundreds of'
despairing invalids. Ask your neigh
bor about i|. See other column.
1 UK WANT Vol! In evtiry
tIJ i N I • County, to sell our NKW AI -
TOMATIC I'AIMMCT h» KKI'I K. You call make!
from f> #."> <*> iter tiny 'ln- year round. Hood
profll* ami ri|itd H:II*4. Capital not iwrsvuv If T
you f in furnish good r< i.-mn-c". at onrc j
J'A'il, I'AKrKI SWKKI'KK I'll.
Toll do. O. !
Rheumatic Cure,
lian curid rlii uonMitm *ft«r the trnnfufnt ol
fourteen doofotr in.d fniUid and niter lio had
lined crntclien for wixftcn year*.
It discovered ly K Donne)). in the treat
ment of liimeelf H<*ld I y
i>. ii. n ri.i r.et.
nor]4|Hiii UVTl.l'lV J\\. i
Cfi 4a oni« r l ' av at li'inc. Sample* worth
&U IU 4<idn.w> friOco.-^
Herbal ine Syrup,
T! t nlv " i. in \\ ? < V::ip;:n«le*lfrom the Natural Koots aivl Herbs of Mexico.
<Nt» OHOi ir I»KINi\.» Tlie nu»-t val.labje remedy over tiisrovewl in the Vege
tal-.o I* 11' i: . i"i for ihe .m l !**rni:-.iten! erm* of Dyspepsia, Habitual t
L;v% r. :<! rv» ... » » oinpla.j,j>. S<'r<ili!la, Kheum.uisni. Piles, l>ro;»sv, Heart Disease, Ner
vous Afleelu :,s ;oitl Chronic Ilinjuw-N
(NO \IN !-.<i \R ( OVl»Ot Xl>.) The pureM m.d bent Medicine in the v.orid for delicate
, renii.w, whj'.hcr youuc or el*!. married or anijt'e, at t!»p dawn of womanhood or thetutu
Of 11.p, relieving ami curing tiieir compliant!! a If by M: For the air -1 ami the feeble
this ionic Svruti has UJ equal.
b\ R H A LINE S Y H U P,
iN<> MINKKAI. roiSON.i A swift and surf relief in Mental and Phvsical Prostration
caused :.y ovi-r-laxiuu she raiiul and bodv *uh bcslnr.vi aud professional care*
H E R 13 A L I IST E H Y R U P,
(A\ iTAI.I.'.IXG TONl*\t I'ne.ji-.aieu as medicine lor Children.being easy of adnun
-I*lration, i-.ca~.itii .-.nd ivfn sh ns» to take, prompt m it-; action ; certain in it* results, and
a.wavs v .fc an 1 reUab,". NY, Yertr.lfitp , Lozenges. <>r oilier medicine* will free I lie sys
tem from Worms like tills wonderful Wild Herb Tonic.
H K R B \ T. I IST E S Y R U P,
iTfl K Lit• E 01\ IX(i HUNt'IPI.E.) Skin tuseases of whatever name or nuture.sueh as
Lruptnms, Blo«caes. i imp.***. UinnworniN. Scrofula, &c., are literally dug up and carried
out of the system b** this grc;U Tome and Alternative, while the complexion is rendered
clear and beautiful. j
H E R B A I, I TsT E S Y R U P,
(PI RhIA HKKBAIO A K« n»liiL' medicine warranted free from <'a!oniel. Arsenic.
Opium, Qmnlne. and Alcohol in all its forma. The uiosi valuable Family Medicine In the
•■ . «»«»•» ■* »C IK B9 is offered f«.r a case of ( lironic Disease
tUa. this (creal ionic Syrup will fail to cure or greatly benefit. U the directions are strictly
]>X ARC II Ist, 1881.
Special Bargain, One Lot, 10 Pieces
Extra quality and delicate shades, clear and fresh, at the
Remarkable price of 45 cts- worth 75c to $1 per yard.
Cliolif New Plnlrts.
Choice N.tw Home Spun Checks.
Choice New Stockinettes,
All 12 to -iii inch goods :st 70c to $1 l'.'i per yard.
One case Extra Value anil Kxtia With*, 46-iucli
Special Ba!v:«tn<i,
Colored li-.it.ii Cashmeres,
3t l ' t c, . r >oc and 02'ic up.
On Sate To-day,
100 pieces lllnek Cadimere, at &Ji,c up
an t'niiMial Bargain,
40-lnch Black Cashmeres, at !V»c and SI.OO.
<}: adrilles, ;>akk:i Clone*. '• rinares.Jctrov Cords
Br.W adcil Silk Citsliuu lO*.
Choice Lilies Be it Mo; : Wing Goods.
Cri-p,--; i r.oi Veils, Shaw Is. *. e.
Gnu f.aso Motib'e !"II (1 American Blr.ck Itepps, at ,
|sc, lor School Siu;s, Wrapper*. i* a
great bargain and ri-al valiw'i'e.
118 and 120 Federal Street, A.ll^t?lienv.
N. 8.-Special close prices at retail or by the piece or package on Domestic r.nd Housekeeping Dry
Goods. Line lis. Toweis and Napkins. Very special bargains in <}iult-. and Blankets.
.Aim* unccinentSt
We are authorised to announce the following
ISOIIS as candidates for nomination for tlic of
fices under which their litmus r.|.|>ear, at the
coming Republican Primary lor Putlerconuty
A'otc.—The names r,rc arranged alphabetical
lUiAXDON, J. W., t'oiißoquenewdng twp.
CHRISTY, JOHN G., Concord township.
GRANT, W. P., Mlegl.eny township.
WEIR, A. D., Buffalo township.
RITRTOX, W. J., Petiti township.
BAUDER, JOIIN, Mnddycreek township.
KRAMER, PETER. Middlesex township.
QUIGLEY, I>A V 11), Fatrview
BTORJSY, JAIIGB 0 . BtitUr, l'u.
SIIIRA, FERGUS M., Parker township.
THOMPSON JOHN P., Brady township.
CAMTBKLL, J. K., Fairview township.
GREEK, M. N.. Buffalo towrahJp.
SIIIRA, WILLIAM M., Washington twp.
BIPPUS, JOHN G., Oakland township.
CROUP, JACOB ('., Butler, lute of Butler
GIRSON, WILLIAM, P.trolio borough.
I MILLER. J HARVEY, Spriugdale, liutler.
NORRIS, JAMES 11., Clinton township.
SNIDER, PHILIP, Clinton township.
ItceNfcr il Hccnnlrr
FINDI.KY, JOHN, I'arkcr township.
GALLAGHER, 11. 11, Butler; formerly of
Krunklin township.
IIENItY, JAMES L., Butler, formerly of
Earns City
WILSON, JAMES, Centre township.
( Icrlt oj CoiirfN.
DODDS, W. 8., Muddyereek township.
WRIGHT, W. A., Fairview township.
Co ii ri(y <om m ihsloiior*.
BARRON, ROBERT, Worth township.
UREA DEN, J. <\, Clay township.
CRAIG, IIIOMAS, Oakland township.
CIIRISTLEY, JAMES P., Clay township.
COCHRAN, ("HAS., Concord township.
COOPER, ROBERT, W infield township.
FORRESTER, D. W, Franklin township.
HARVEY, WILLIAM, Clinton township, i
HAYS, GEO W. ('apt, Middles x township.
IHSELTON, JOHN, Butler borough, for
raerly Butler township.
M< QUISTIoN. W. W., Brady township—"#
wounded soldier."
St OTT, JOHN", Butler borough.
YOUNG, JOHN, Butler township.
Count) Auditor*.
KINSF.R, U. A., I'onionl k>«n*hi|).
M AI'ItHOFF, [) K , Clinton township,
McGREW, WILLIAM Franklin twp.
SHANNON, J A MFS 11.. Frimklin twp.
('Ollllll Nll|>«lll»lOII«l< 111.
McKEF, I>. F., F«irview homngli.
MI'RTLANI», J. 11., Pctrolia hnrnuub.
RITSSFLL, W. (1., Hunbnry, formerly of
l'< |icoril t< w ii-li i|».
.4 SIO.OO Itihlirul Prize.
J!iitledyr's Monthly lor April in on our table,
mi'l we liml it mi intorcKtint; little magazine-
Its publisher* idler the following easy wuy for
someone to make £10.00:
To the permm telling us how many turns the
woril "lii tliiehem" is found in tin- New Te*ta
ineut Seripttmn, liy April loth I. W M, we will
ijive idtMM in gold it* n prize. The money will
lie forwarded to the winner April 1">, I!»M.
Those nlm try for the pr.ie must semi Hi oont*
with their nn»«er, lor which they will reeeivc
tlie May nuinl>erot the Monthly, u handsome
Magazine of :y> I in which lie puldislied
the name find uihirevi of the winner of the nriw,
with ttie correct answer thereto. In uritini;to
say you »uw thi* notice in the Ilt ltKlt t'lTI-
J'i'n.* Address, Rtri i bin I'l ILlnhi.m; Com
l'ANY, Knit. ill, I'a.
Ailvortiw in I CITIZFN
fW liiU ClfViW
Two lot-i Kvtra Choice Black Satin Damassea,
taigc elegant designs, at ta 25 and J2 30 per vard,
that are fully .".0 cents per vard less than iuual
maiket value.
1-aiße line Satin Da musses, at st.oo, $t.2S and
Blacks and Crlon.
Colored Silks, 37Hc cents up.
Black Silks, of best known makes, including the
celebrated Bonnet Goods.
Large lot ljulies' Muslin I'nrterwear, ol superior
I style and finish, and al bargain prices,
j ]*ndic>' CnlP'indried Muslin Chemises, on coun-
I ler at 30 c uts each.
• Choice llue Bridal Sets, $4.00 to JW.OO each.
I New HIM.'I 'I or Irish Point FmbroiderieH.
New VeMenia il.ace Edge) Knibroidenes.
■ New llnriihuirrs—great bergams.
I New Swiss am! Nainsook Embroideries.
New White Goods and Figiued Swtves.
inst., at the residence of Eli Miller, E*q., ia
t> lUitler, by Rev. W. P. Turner, Mr. George D.
I!< nshtw. of Petrolio, and Miss Jennie M. Hua
elton, of Penn township, Rutler count*.
STOREY—STOREY—On March 19th, 1881,
by Rev. A. R. C. McFnr.'and, Mr T. K. Storey,
of Petr>dia, and Miss E. O. Storey, of Martina
burg, this county.
i»r,« T ii«».
Mi LrUE.-On the 30th instant, in New
I Castle, Pa., AbJiel MeLure, in the 67th year
of his age.
Dee a*ed was born in Connoqueneasing tp„
thss county, but has been a resident of New
Castle for about ten yeurs. Hi* remains were
laid to rest at Mt. Nebo churchyard on the 22d
in-t. He leaves many friends and relatives.
DIPPNER.—On March 18th, I<aura Maud,
daughter of Thomas uii'J KliiaKeth Dipner, of
Ch arfield township, this ci>untv, aged 3 years
and 21 days.
"Bereaved mother! mourning o'er the loss
Of thy departed child— a flower soon plucked!
(But not too MM in tor glory,) which distilled
Crystal fragrance on thy |mth below.
Weep no»; but let thy tffivied Ixuist be this:
"1 am the parent <if a rauaom'd saint.' "
LONERGAN—On Monday, March 28th, 'Bl,
in Butler. Mr?. Lonergan, mother of Mrs. Jo
anna Groutt, of this place.
CLEELAND— In Portersville, this county,
on March 1!', issi, Mis* Belle ('lceland, daugh
ter of Mr. William Cleeland, of Mnddycreek
township, aged 17 years, 11 nionthsand 22 day*.
Aii<lifortt Kvllrc.
C. M. it J. *f. Garrison vs. A. Haffnor. Id
the Court of Common Plea* of Butler county,
Pa , P. D. No. '9. Juno Term. 1881.
Tho undersigned /■ nditcr appointed by the
Ci ui t in tbove cause to distribute the fund re-
I al./ed fr> m a Sheijff*n >.ale of tiie pei-sonal pro
! petty of d< f"iidant to and among those entitled,
will attAxd to tha duties of said appoiutmeul
at the office of O. A. A A. 'P. Black in Bntler,
■ on Tue day the 2f;*h day of April A. D 1881,
at 10 o'clock A. M , of which all ier ons inter
ested will take notice A. T. BI.ACK,
Hi 3t Auditor.
I Lcok to Y(. ( ur Own Interest
The Celebrated Clydesdale Stallion
] Will sianl for service the ei.suing season, oom
mrncing A| ril 11th and ending August 14th,
| lbßl, at tho followiug places, viz :
At the stable of Walter .1 Poo«, in tho l>or
' ouuh of Butler. <•!' April lltb. 12th. 13th. Mth,
Ittli. lrt'li. .2*l h. 20th. 271h. 2rtth. 2Wh and SOth.
Mav'J.h, 10th. Htli, 12th. 13th, 14th, 23rd,
j villi. 25th 2fith. 27th and 2Sth.
Juii' flth. 7th. Mb, «wh, loth, lltb, 20tb, 21at,
2 el. S.trd. l ltb and stb.
Jill- lib. 6lt. 1 tli, 7lh. nth and !)th
At the hUble of Jotin Lawtkll, in Le.ianievilla,
Wind Id township, on April 18th, 19th. 20th,
22d ami 23d.
v kV 2d 3d. 4th. ."tli, 6th. 7'li, 10th 17th, 18th,
■9t It, 20th. 2Ut. 30th and 31 tit
Jnni Ist 21. 3,1 4th 1 tli. 14th, 15th, 17th,
18th, '.7ih, 2Mh. 29tii and SOtli
Jal.r Ist ai.d 2d. and so alternately, the sia days
of .>aili alt»riihte week at the alßivo places.
PEDinilEE.—'This splendid Stallion wan im
porte<l by I. aTV* 11 \ B os, end lias been pro*
Mounted by the m<>st competent fudges to ba
th" I est Draught Horse in the St»te. He is a
da k bay, tiino years old ; without bloaii- b. and
mu'Cle cannot ba excelled.
II" was got by Clyde wbi gainel m\oy p.-a
ni'iims, it eluding the Sterling preiriura : <*hea
on-- and two years old ho gained tho premium of
the Collier farmers' Sltow «Ve He is nearly
connected with the great Sir Walter Sco t. who
Is v.ell known and who obtained the Glasgow
premium of £OO. two years In sue. ession ; b<
ttlso won the first pifze at the lioval Snow belcj
at Bittb'sea, London. His ()abi was a p<4r
Clydesdale Mate who won many first piUas %
Kiikuituliock Sin w. He is known to b» the bea
! toal gettei in this part of the Ktalo.
TTRMH: Fifteen Dollars for insurance. t<
: lie paid when the maio is knoan to bo with foal
Irregular attendance, or |<eisons parting witl
a rnnie before she in known to lie wnti foal for
feits the liistiraiice. ('am will be taken but IM
: acccuutal il.tv ft>t ac iilents
I to t.I3C: I'm owiiem
A f
To all who arc stlltcilni! from the errors am
: iiidlacretioun of ymrli, i.eivous weskuesa, curl
' decay, 10-s of m nhood. A' 1 .. I will scud ara
eijir linit will turc you, r KKE (>K CIIAKGE
Tills tr«-*t remedy ». us ili-covered ly a mla
-lonary in South Alrlea. Send a svlt-addrcsaei
ei.vdui it lo liev. JOM pb Iniunu, Stullou D
New Y..tk City.
I'l'.ltltlS VltMOIl,
JuHtico oi Peace
Maiu sirv«i, t>ppo-ite PoaiotUcv.
w\o iJßUfiNVl'ire, PA*