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A iress BtfTI.BR CITIZKX,
BUTLER. FA. I
UTLEK. KAKXS CITY AND PARKEK RAILROAD
j rains le.ive Butler for SI. Joe, Millerstown,
Karti- < "Itv. Petr:«iw, Parker, etc., at 7.27 a. ui,
: .:.t 2.25 and 7.?5 p. in.
I rni::.- arrive :it Butler from the above named
points at 7..7 a. m.. ana 2.15, an>l 7.15 jv m
The 2.15 Main connects with ir.iin on the West
Pcnn ro-id 'hmuuli to Pitts'iur^li.
-UENANGO \SD \:.I.EGiI!-MT RAIt.HOAD.
Trains leave llllliard'- Mill, Bnlier conuty,
tor H: ri.-ville, Grei-nvllle, etc., at 7.53 a. m.
""Tra!) ' arrive at Hilli.ud't. Mills at 1:45 A. M.,
" Hrcts from Petrolin, Mr.rthisbnrsr.
Fait view, Modoc and Tiontman, connect ut liil
laid \v:: 11 a'l tnlns on the sJ <fc A road.
Trains leave Butler (Btttler or Pittsburgh Time.)
Market at 5.08 a. m., goes thromrh to Alie
iriienv, ar/.vintr at 0.01 a. m. This t.ain con
feet."' at Freejtorl with Frerport Accommoda
tion, w liich arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in.,
ExareMS at 7.21 a. tn , connecting at Butler
f miction, without change o( care, nt 8.20 with
Kxp.ess west, arriving In Allegheriv al 8.5S
i. m , and Express east arriving at Blairsvllle
at 11 00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.36 p. ni., connecting at Bntler Junc
tion without charge ol co s, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 526 p. m., and Ex
press east arriving al Blairsviile Intersection
it C.HI p. m. railroad time, which connects wth
Philadelphia Kxprcss ea.'«t, win u on time.
The 721 a. m Iraln connects at Blairsviile
,t 11 05 a til u ith the Mail east, and the 2.36
p.m. train at «.si» with the Philadelphia £x-
Tr litis arrive at Roller ou West Penn It. It at
!» 51 a. in ,5 <H a.id 7.20 p. in.. Butler time. The
Hsl and 5 Ofi trains connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun ay train arrives
it Bulle- at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh tor the E.i?*-
! 2.51! and S.2ti a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 and S.Ort p.
18. arriving at Philadelphia at 3.40 and i
... m :md 3.00, 7.0 and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
tlx.ui the same time, at New York three hours
..lor, and at Washington about one and a liall
JOHN E. BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURG EON,
my2l-ly] BUTLER. PA.
Off WALDRON. Or? duate ol the Phil-
IE adclphia Dental College,!* prepared
* " «to do anything in the line of hi*
profes-lon in a sati? factory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union block,
uii stairs. apl'
LAND FOR SALE.
A handsome -dx-room fiauie house, located
on Blull street, northwestern part of Butler.
Lot Kf>xl7(s. All necessary outbuildings.
TERMS— Ore- - bird cash and balance in four
annual payments, inquire at this otlice.
The well-improved farm of Rev. W. R Hutch
ih .n.in the northeat-t comer of Middlesex town
ship, Butler count v. Pa , is now offered for sale,
low Inquire of WK. FRI3BEE, on the prem
•?." wl.l buy a one-half interest in a tood bus
inv-.s in Pittr-Minrh. Otic who knows somcj
thiiijr alcut farniimr preterred. An honest man
witli the above ar'ount « il| do well to address
I v letter. SMITH JOHNS, care 8. M Jr.mes,
i»3 I iberty str et, Pitt liurirh. Pa |au27-ly
/ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Losses paid 111 fil years, $51 ,00'', 000.
J. T. McJI'NKIN A SDN, Agents,
jan2Bly Jeflereon street, hutler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT.
WM CAMPBELL, TREASURER
H. C. IIEINEMAN, SECRETARY.
J. 1.. Purvis. E. A. Ilelmboldt,
William Campbell, J. W. Buikbart,
A. Trontman, Jacob Schoene,
G. C. Roesslng, John Caldwell,
Dr. VV. lrvin, W. VV Dodds,
J. W.Christy H. C. Heineinan.
JAS. T, M'JUNKIN, Gen, As't-
lIEWRI «. HAI.E,
fiif mm TAILOR,
COR. PENH AND SIXTH STREETS.
T) V T /"i VCJ • Apply at once, if von
r biN S l ( iNn! have been disabled in
tne U. S. service. LAW EXPIRES JULY Ist,
1880, for ARREARS. PENSIONS INCREAS
ED. Thousands of Pensioners are rated too low.
BOUNTY AND NEW DISCHARGES PRO
CURED. Information freely given. Send
siamp for blanks. Address.
STODDART & CO.,
Room t, St. Cloud Building, Washington, D. C.
Persons desiring to have their Old Furniture
repaired, or New Work made to order, such as
Music Stands. Book Cauos, Wardrobes, Office
Desks, Office Tables, Ac., would do well to call on
.A.. B. WILSON,
Practical Cabinet Maker.
I hold that a piece of furniture made by hand
worth two made by machinery, and will cost
out little more, if any." Tljen why not have hand
made ? All work made in the latest styles and
of the beat material. I guarantee entire sat
isfaction in stvle, workmanship and price. Give
me a call. Hliop 011 Mifflin street four doors
west of Main street, and opposite A. Troutinan's
storo, Butler, Pa. sepl7-ly
BAUER & BAXTER,
Liveiy, Sale and feed Stables,
REAR OF VOGELEY HOUSE,
Jqii9-3m BUT LET!. PA..
tFor tills style Singer.
We will send it to your
Depot to be examined be
fore you pay for it. If it is
not as represented it can be
returned at our expense.
Send a postal card for illus-
WOOD A CO. 17 N. Tenth St., Philadelphia.
~ the victor
L- - .Clover Mach:no
| s thc Hnd thlt eye,
rfCr?"/ " hulled 100 buihfij 01 K«d
V- -jk. wet straw. Send lor De-
P/TC rQ \T •crlptive Cireaiar ncd i*ric«
VjVyjljZ o V7*jr Lint, wbten cotr.«!nf
■ " JP-ciy/ tetter* cunftrra.n* .bU.
I! -S rttoirt AcHcwlmrrl iaph-Bieii, mt%. Co.
ituu* *.+e;6 g-u A+lvorilijftriuiwm
C; f\ tft V P® r da J at borne Hamples worth
IU 'I4U j.5 f reo . Address STINBOH & Co.,
t'urtlioid, Maino. decJ-ly
CARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUGS' STAIR HODS
x X?£2W STOCK! ISKW STOCK! >
HECK & PATTERSON'S |
! SEW CARPET ROOM i
V ' JSTOW OPEN!
One Dcop South of their Clothing House, 5
—* 1 " ;
Hlock, se P t2C-tf Bntler, Pa. X
i"s(TO?I HIV iS.LVK i SITXO r IO IIP
fi ~ C- Vr '
a 11 If I bJife WtS
" A PURELY VEGETABLE REMEDY
i ' 1 tor Internal and Exterrsl Use,
jf —%. v. Ij a SURE CL'flE fcr all !ao Disc-:c: for which It is recommendeJ,
j£ x , \\ and is ALWAYS PERFECTLY SAFE la the hands of
yT ( \ c/ia l!io nrct inexperienced persons.
fS, U'.\ It b a SKrc < J; ick i einecTy for COICHS, SOKE
, > . T f, • TOiriOAT, (.'£111.1.:-.. and liiidltr troutiles: affords initant relirf
I \iy 'ltt' - • '*• ! W*t MaUgnv ■ J- < c.t Kit itTKEIUA, sad is the Dot
• " \ !.,.««■: IT, civ . ! VfATIS.II Hill NEIU.U.GIA.
' | M THE CLCZST, DSST, AHO KKT WIDELY KNOWN
m I M FA&IiLY IN THE WORLD.
i',' ] sfea /V , It has fccf n t:sed \*it:i snc h wcndcrful saccess <» ««
dl§3 |(£\ U i&X par: nf ■>■< «o,U 1 r CItA. JP-S, 1 iMSI.UKA, DIAUUHCKA,
*4 j»9 \-y ,\ Ejr i IJVSJ'NTERV, sr ! c'.. V.OWVh C'OMPLAINTSi that u u
™j 3S tj »».' , | r.,„tide. iil a.l i ■ U1.3 rre for i.V-«e ditccM.
Ll li M 1 HAS STOOD THE TF.ST OF 40 YEARS' CONSTANT
I / fen § USE Hi ALL COUNTRIES AND CLIMATES.
*4 IS I K 4''' It is KECOMHKMJKfJ t»y Pbytrieliuis, Mlwikmarfcm
p'l iJ t : i'M nini- jenn .llrcatew ol" Plantntions, Work-gl:opa, end
SB' SM \i? 'I '2f.<i Factories, Xtirn-; in llcsi;itn!.i-fa tHort, by Bverykouy
fit 553 |&/5i P -f' ■ everv.-lierc who cvi.-r fi.cn It a tri&i
lllis l f '-ti IT 13 WiTHCUT A uIVAL AS A LINIMENT.
S i wE' M 1'"1 It 1 joald r' 1 i r Paiu in t!ic Hack mid rite,
■ y |j mils an'. Irln- r<f.v/ in a'.l cacca of Uru-LtJ,
f *S» Cnl-i, 'r::i:'s, ;vw.t Vr.vr.a, Scalds, etc.
gll 3 _ Y*j (• W:X BE WITHOUT IT. It tvIII
.. j DKWJVVV li.viy t'riiC • :S cr. t in doctors 1 bills, and its prico
PSRRY DAVIS & SGK, Providence, R. L
Time ol Courts.
The several Courts of tlie county of Butler
comtrence on the fiist Monday of March, June,
September and December, and continue two
weeks, or so long as u- eeseary to dispose of the
business. No causes are put down for trial cr
traverse jurors summoned for the first week of
the sevei al terms.
ATI ( Hi N KY< AT LAW.
BUTLER. PA. ~
_ J. F. RRITTAIX,
Office with L Z Mitchell. Diamond.
A. M. CUXXIXGH AM,
Office in Brady's Law Building. Butler, Pa.
Office on N. E. corner Diaiaond, Riddle build
JOIIX M UREER~ ~
Office on N. E. corner Dia . ond. novl2
YVM. H LUSK,
Office with W H. II Riddlo, Esq.
N E YVTONBL A (J lv,
Office on Diamond,. near Court Houee, south
E. I. RIUTOII,
Office in Riddle's Law Building.
S F. BOWSER.
Office in Riddle's Law Building [rr.arß'7' ;
J. B. McJUNKIN.
Special attention given to collections Oilic
opposile Willard House.
~~ JOSEPH B. BREDIN,
Office north-east corner of Diamond, Butler
Office in Schneideman's building, lip staiis.
.T. T. DONLY
Office near Court Hons*. t 74
W. D. BIiANDON,
ebl7-75 Office In Berg's building
CLA REN UK WALKER,
Office in Bredin building- marl7 —t
Office in Bern's new building, Main street.apillj
F.\r EASTV AN,
Office in Bredin building.
Office Main street, I door south of Court Housi
JOsTc. VANDERI IN,
Office Main street, 1 door south of Court House
Win A FORQUER
«5T Ofiice on Main street, opposite Vogeley
Office N. E. corner of Diamond
fiVancis s puuvTance"
Office with Gen. J. N. Purviance, Main street,
south of Court House.
.T D McJUNKIN,
Office in Sclim-ideinau's buildintr, west side ol
Main street, 2nd square from Court Houfe.
Office 011 Diamond, two doom west of CITIZEN
T. C. CAMPBELL,
Office in Berg's new building. 2d floor, eait
side Main st., a few doors south of Lowrj
House. • mar:!—tl
O A. & M SULLIVAN,
may 7 Office S. W. cor of Diamond.
BLACK & BRO.,
Office on Main street, one door south o
Hrcdy Block, Butler. Pa. (Sep. 2, 1874.
JOHN M MILLER «fc HRO
Oflica in Brady's Law Building, Main street,
south of Court House. EUOENE G. MILLEP.,
Notary Public. juiil ly
JOIIN 11. NEGLEY,
particular attention to transaction*
in real estate throughout the county.
OFFICEO:J DIAMOND, UKAB COUKT HOUSE, IS
E. H. ECKI.BY, KENNEDY MAKSHAI.L.
(Laie of Ohio.)
ECKLEY & MARSHALL.
Office in Brady's Law Kuilding. 8ept.9,74
C G CHRISTIE,
Attorney at Law. Legal business carefully
transacted Collections made and promptly
remitted. Business correspondence promptly
attended to and answered.
Office opposite Lowry House, Butler, Pa.
McSWEKXY k McSWEENY,
Smethport and Bradford, Pa.
M N MILKS,
Petrolic, Butler county. Pa- |]ns)
WILLI A.MR COXNNT
Office in Brawley House,
GREECE CITY. |june7-ly
M. C. BENEDICT,
janGtf Fetrolin, Butler co., Pa
GRAND BOULEVARD HOTEL
Corner o9th St. a; Broadway,
On Roth American and European Plans.
Fronting on Central Park, the Crand Boulevard.
Broadway and Fifty-Ninth St.. this Hotel occu
pies the entire square, and was built and fur
nished nt an expense of over *400,000. it is one of
the most elegant as well as being the finest lo
cated in the city; has a passenger Elevator and
all modern improvements, and is within one
square of the depots of the Sixth and Eighth
Avenue Elevated R. R. cars and still nearer to the
Bioadway ears—convenient and accessible from
all parts of the eitu. Rooms with hoard. £2 per
(lav. Special rates f< r families and permanent
guests. E. HASKELL, Proprietor.
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
Oil the European 3r*lan
-54 to 66 North Third Street,
Single Rooms 50c., tsc. anil §1 per
O. J-®. Schneck, Proprietor.
Excellent Dining room furnished
with the best, aud at reasonable rates.
for all Railroad Depots
within a convenient distance.
CORTLANDT STIIEET, NEAB Bn DWAY,
IIOTCHKISS & POXD, - - Prop'rs.
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.
The restaurant, cafe snd lunch room attached
are unsurpassed fcr cheapness and excellence of
service Rooms 50 cts. to ifr2 per day. f3 to flO
per week. Convei.i.ut !o all ferries and city
railroads. N >-.w FCIISITUEE, NEW MANAOE
■J-IIE SBHRE IP-ICR HOUSE.
L. NICKLAS. Prop'.,
MAIN STREET, BUTLER, PA.
Having taken poses-sion of the above well
known Hotel, and it being furnished in the
best of style for tlx- uccomodation of guests, the
public are respectfully invited to give me a call.
I have also possesion of the barn in roar of
hotel, which fnn.i.l.es excellent stabling, ac
comodations for u.v patrons.
JAMES J. CAMPBELL,
Office in Fairvkvr borough, in Telegraph
janls] BALDWIN P. 0.. Butler Co., Pa.
Justice of tlxe I^eace,
Main street, opposile Postoffice,
jlylti ZELIENOI'LE, PA.
Union Woolen Mills.
I would desire io rail tho attention of the
public to tho Union Woolen Mill, Butler, PP.,
where I have new c::d improved machinery for
the manufacture of
Barred and Grny Flannels,
Knitting an J Weaving Yarns,
and I can recommend them as being very dura
ble, as they are mnnnfietured of pure Butler
county wool. Tlify r-.ro beautiful in color, su
perior in texture, and will be sold at very low
prices. For sample, and prices address.
jiil94.'7«-ITI 1 Sutler, Pa
HTS pf 7T 13 siops, 3 set Reeds, 2 Knee
Swells. Ktool, Book, only
$87.50. 8 Stop Organ. Stool, Book, only $53.75.
Piano*, Stool, Cover. Book, -Si 90 to •t255. Illus
trated catalogue fr-. a. Address
apH-8m W. C. 1 I'NNEIX, Lewistown, Pa.
Letters of administrator having been granted
to the undersigned on the estate of George
Vogan, dee'd, late of Worth township, Butler
county, Pa., notice is hereby given to all those
knowing themselves indebted to said estate,
that immediate payment is required, and those
having claimsagiiinsl the same to present them
dulv authenticated for pavment.
A DAM PISOR, Adm'r.
sep29-6t Jacksville I*. 0., liutler, I'a.
The most complete institution in tlie United
States for the thorough practical education of
young and middle aged men. Students admit
ted at any time.
<-•- For Circulars giving full particulars,
address J. C. SMITH, A. M.,
v.'j j) A WKI'.K. 412 a day at home easily made
V " fosttv Outfit free. Addrest" Turr. A Co.
| Augusta, Maine. dec3-ly
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 20, IHBO
GEN. R. li. it COMB.
Thr Great Pennsylvania Greenbacker
becomes a Republican, and in the
following letter gives b is reasons fot
NEW CASTLE, PA., Sept 27, 1880.—
Among the acquisitions to the Repub
licans ranks in Pennsylvania this fall,
there arc not many men of wider repu
tation that General 11. B. McComb, of
this city, who has up to this time lent
his influence to the Greenbackers, and
was at one time the Congressional can
didate of that party in this district.
General McComb is one of the leading
members of the bar in this county, and
has very many friends among the work
ing men here and all over the State.
Following is the full text of a letter
written by him, passing the Republi
can and Democratic parties in review,
and showing why he deems it wise to
act this fall with the Republicans. The
letter was a private one to Rev. C. H.
Close of Beaver county, * Greenback
candidate for Congress, in this district,
but we have the author's consent to
NEW CASTLE, PA., Sept. 15, 1880.
MY DEAR SIR: I intended writing
to you several weeks since, and frankly
state my views in relation to the pres
ent political canvass, but have delayed
simply because I did not want to in
terfere in any way with the plans or
discourage the hopes of our friends in
the National Greenback Labor party.
1 have in no way changed my convic
tions on the questions of the currency
and protection, but I have abandoned
all idea that anything can be accomp
lished by means of a third party or
ganization. The truth is, no party
competing for the control of the Gov
ernment can be maintained and suc
ceed having but a single idea. The
government of a Nation comprehends
too many questions of policy to toler
ate an administration riding a hobby or
a brace of hobbies. Public opinion di
vides on other questions, and, although
a large majority of the people may be
lieve just as we do on the questions of
the currency, yet but very few would
be willing to subordinate all other
questions to this one, and it is unrea
sonable to ask or expect it.
We are not now, as we were a few
years ago, when the demonetization of
silver and the enforced resumption of
specie payments were threatening our
industries and our commerce with
ruin. That storm has passed, aud*our
industries are again on the full tide of
prosperity, owiug, I admit, to the in
fluence of the greenback party acting as
breakers to the car that was so swiftly
carrying the business and industry of
of the country to ruin. The advocates
of the greenback currency unquestion
ably put a stop to the further destruc
tion of this kind of money, and the
same influence caused the remonetiza
tiou and increased coinage of silver.
To these measures more than to all
others is the country indebted for the
revival of trade and our present pros
perity. But our business is with the
The whole fabric of a Republican
State rests upon the independence and
intelligence of its producing classes.
The policy and measures of a party
should be to protect and promote the
living power of the nation ; that is the
productive industry, and the virtue, in
telligence and independence of the pro
ducing class. To insure aad main
tain such policy and measure the pro
ducer must be protected from being
brought into competition with enforced
or slave labor. By the abolition of sla
very in this country the whole produc
ing class was made to occupy the same
plane. With slavery, free labor was,
by the force of competition, more or
less degraded and dragged down to the
condition of the slaves.
The same thing is true of labor in
despotic governments. The whole ten
dency of imperial power is to degrade
labor, and this fact is in full view
wherever despotism rules. To make
our own industries independent of this
competition with the uebased labor of
despotic countries, we require a pro
tective tariff. Our productive labor
has a right to this protection. The
mechanics, operatives and laborers of
the United States occupy a higher
plane, both socially and intellectually,
than in any other country on earth.
With us tire workingnian is the gov
erning power. In war he is our
strength, in peace our wealth, and no
good citizen will approve measures
which, from their nature, must reduce,
him to the low, ignorant and degraded
element that supports and maintains
the despotisms of other countries. It
was perfectly natural for the defenders
of slavery to advocate free trade, but
most inconsistant in the friend of free
The present political contest is be
tween two great political forces—the
one progressive and the other tradition
ally retrogressive. The Republican
party came into existence as an antag
onistic force, resisting the policy of the
Democratic party on the question of
slavery. The Democratic party by
taking into its keeping the institution
of slavery made-Tree labor an opposing
element in politics. Slavery demand
ed concessions from the free States.
Free labor demanded the abolition of
slavery. Slavery demanded free trade.
Free labor demanded protection. Here
was the gulf which divided the two
great principles upon which the two
parties—the Democratic and Republi
can—were built, and it was the most
natural thing that all whose instincts
or convictions were foreign to a gov
ernment of equal rights should ally
themselves to the Democratic party,
and that the workingmen of the coun
try should become Republicans.
In the interest of slavery, the Demo
cratic party struck down the protective
tariff of 1824. It defeated John Quin
cy Adams' bill for protection in 1832;
it treacherously destroyed the tariff of
1842, and ever since has opposed any
measure intended for the protection of
American labor. In obedience to the
same master, the Democratic party un
dertook to extend the area of slavery.
It maintained the right of the slave
holder to bring and hold his slaves in
tree States. It enacted the Fugitive
Slave law. It gives us the Dred Scott
decision, which stripped the negro of
every vestagc of his manhood, and
made him a thing, with no rights a
white man was bound to respect. It
closed the mails against religious and
political books and papers containing
the teachings of Jefferson and defending
the Declaration of Independenee. In
opposition to all this, free labor organ
ized the Republican party, and unfurl
ed its banner with the inscr ption,
"Free Labor; Free Men, and a Free
Ballot." Around this standard, the
great productive power—the working
men of the Nation—rallied, and the
Government was transferred from the
hands of the Democrats to the hands
of the people. Against this change
the slaves States rebelled, and our
civil war followed. At the beginning
of this war the Democratic party made
itself an immense breastwork over
which the Union armies had to force
their way. Almost every measure pro
posed for carrying on the war was op
posed by the Democratic party. It op
posed a draft for soldiers to fill the ar
my. In fact, it claimed that the Gov
ernment had no constitutional power
to coerce the seceding States and com
pel obedience to the authority of the
Federal Government. Even when the
enemy was in the agonies of the death
struggle the Democratic party met in
convention at Chicago, and in the most
and deliberate manner, resolved that
the war was a failure, and called upon
the Government to withdraw and dis
band its armies. Thus it would have
buried the American flag, the blood of
our heroes and the glory of their
achievements in ignomy and disgrace.
The Republican party naturally at
tached the friends of a protective-tariff.
It naturally gathered in the intelligent
workingmen throughout the country,
and from the fact it overcome the her
esies of the Democracy, it ought to be
the instrument through or by which
the reforms we seek may be worked ont.
To it alone is the country indebted for
the abolition of slavery ; to it alone are
we indebted for the restoration of the
Union ; and the perpetuity of our sys
tem of government depends altogether
upon the intelligence, independence
and virtue of the producing classes.
These classes naturally adhere to the
Republican party—or rather the party
itself is the organized agent of the pro
ductive power of this country.
To the workingmen the Democratic
party promises nothing. Its antece
dents and its traditions make it impos
sible for the friends of equal rights, of
progress and of reform to look to it as
an agent for good.
Another element, perhaps more dan
gerous than any other to the future
harmony and prosperity of thiscountry,
is the Democratic theory of States'
rights. Bv subordinating the supreme
power of the Confederation to the sov
ereignty of individual States the couu
try would be continually menaced with
sectional disputes and intestine strifes,
with no arbiter having power to control
sectional interests, prejudices or ha
treds. We want a Government capa
ble of harmonizing the institutions af
fecting industry, commerce and educa
tion, so that the people may be one in
interest with equal chances for special
position, wealth and power.
With the candidates I have nothing
to do. The one elected will obey the
commands of his party. We want
peace, and measures that build up our
industries and promote our commerce.
Intelligence, wealth and prosperity
will follow. The party that abolished
slavery, that has given us what we
have of protection, that created the
greenback currency and furnished the
members of the Supreme Court that
pronounced it constitutional, that main
tains equal rights and impartial justice
is the party into whose hands the des
tinies of this great Nation may be con
fided. At least I would rather trust
it than the party that has heretofore
antagonized all these great measures.
Very trulv yours,
R. B. MCCOMB.
JUDGE AO NEW ON THE CUR
The following is that portion of Judge
Agnew's late address in Pittsburgh
that relates to our currency and bauk
ing system. As with everything
else from him, it is stated with such
clearness that all can understand the
A SOUND CURRENCY.
"The next great measure of the
Republican policy is the establishment
of a sound money system. The nation
is an aggregation of individuals, each
moved by his own interest. Being
protected in his business bv wise leg
islation, according to the Republican
doctrine, the government owes him
stil! another duty—it must provide him
with a medium of exchange good
everywhere; to enable him to dispose
of the products of his industry in his
best market, be it near or remote. This
medium is money of equal value
throughout the nation. To be of
equal value and current everywhere
money must have eithe** intrinsic or
an undoubted representative value.
Coin, like any other product requiring
labor to produce anil fashion it, has
an intrinsic value equal to its cost.
But paper which represents money has
no value except in the ability and dis
position of the party issuing it to pay
it in coin or other true value. Unless
it have this undoubted representative
value to raise it above suspicion indi
vidual interest will reject it. Men will
not sell their labor or products without
an equivalent, and without individuals
or bodies of individuals to use money it
can have no value either as paper or
coin. Thus the inexorable law of the
use of money lies in the confidence of
individuals, and the moment this con
fidence is gone its currency cases.
These are practical truths not to be
gainsaid, for they lie in the experience
of every man, who knows he will not
part with his property or labor with
out an equivalent, and consequently
he will not sell them for any susjieeted
form of currency. Now what affects
one affects all, and a suspected or
doubted form of currency must fall,
whether it be old continental, modern
wild cat, or shinplasters or French
I Assignats. If therefore a nation issues
paper money it cannot redeem from
a want of ability, or repudiates,
or authorizes institutions to issue, such
i men will reject it, and theories cannot
save it, for practical individual interest
shrinks from what it cannot use—the
instincts and practices of men confound
all ideas running counter to them.
The coin of this country has never
been sufficient for the business to say
nothing of its inconvenience and risk
of its transfer between distant places.
Representative money has always ex
isted. Now the practical qu -stioa for
every voter at the next election is,
what party has given to the people,
and will contiuue to give them, a
sound currency, equal in value to coin,
current everywhere; enabling even
citizen to reach his best market near or
remote; and to bring home the pro
ceeds of business without loss, or the
fear of it.
THE BANKING SYSTEM
Here again we must attend to lessons
of the past, for it is only by them we
can foretell the future. Fifty years
ago the only representative money
was the notes of the state banks and
the Bank of the United States. The
former were limited in their circula
tion to the narrow areas of their credit
—that is where they were known, and
were subject to frequent depreciation
and even total loss. But the Bank of
the United States being created as a
government fiscal agent to receive,
transmit and pay out the public
moneys, and its issues being founded
on an actual cash capital, its votes
were current everywhere. They were
then the only representative na
tional currency. The Democratic
party broke down this only form of a
national issue, and transferred the
public moneys to the state banks in
1833. Now, whether the refusal to
charter the Bank of the United States
was right or wrong, is not my point.
Men may think which way they please.
My point is this, that that party gave
the people no other form of national
currency. They left men Whose mar
ket was distant no currency they
could bring home and use in their
business. The consequence of this
Democratic dereliction is well known.
The state banks, overflowing with
large public deposits, used them by
issuing their own notes. Then came,
first inflation, next s]>eculation,' then
embarrassment, and finally the sus
pension and innumerable broken banks
The next Democratic measure was
to provide for keeping the public
moneys in the vaults of the govern
ment—its sub-treasuries. In itself this
was not objectionable, but no provision
was made for the people, and they
were left without any national cur
rency good at all points. It was the
old thing, every man for himself, and
the devil take the hindmost.
When the country began to recover
under the protective tariff of 1842, and
the state banks began to rise again,
wild cat and local issues inundated the
country, without a regulating hand or
The natural consequences followed,
and again came inflation and specula
tion and the explosion of 1857. So
much for the Democratic mode of
taking care of the people.
In 1861 a change came. The Re
pub' ican party took the reins of gov
ernment, but found itself confronted by
secession and a south in arms. War
followed, and its consequent destruc
tion, loss, and tremendous debt. But
the Republican party was equal to the
crisis. It deiended the Union, waged
a successful war against rebellion, and
gave to the people two forms of
national currency, which, while they
afforded the means to preserve the
Union, supplied a want the Democratic
party had never filled. These two
forms—government notes and the notes
of national banks based on the na
tional credit—now constitute a cur
rency so sound that they prevail every
where without suspicion or doubt,
givingthc people representative money,
good in every state in the Union ; and
now under careful Republican manage
ment equal in value to gold or silver
coin. Being above doubt they are
accepted by individuals everywhere as
a true equivalent of their property or
labor. The real value and national
character of these forms of general
currency are proved by their constant
appreciation in the face of over pro
duction, final suspension in 1873 and
bankruptcy among the people, brought
on as the consequences of the war.
There is not a spot on this broad land
where this national representative
money is not equal to coin, and is not
accepted by men of all persuasions, in
dustries, and parties.
Even the Democrat uses it without
doubt or suspicion."
THE HISTORY OF TARIFF
LEGISLATION IN THIS
In 1824, during the Presidency of
James Monroe, was enacted the high
est protective tariff that had been adopt
ed before that time. Under its influ
ence manufacturing establishmentswere
erected all through Xew England, New
York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and
In 1828, during the Presidency of
John Quincy Adams, the tariff was in
creased, giving further protection to the
manufacture of home-made goods, and
under it the mills and shops flourished
In 1832, during the Presidency of
Andrew Jackson, South Carolina, un
der the lead of John C. Calhoun, passed
an act nullifying the law of Congress
requiring duties to be collected. In
other words, passing a law forbidding
any customs officials from collecting
duties at the port of Charleston. In
order to prevent the government of the
United States from collecting those du
ties, the State militia men were ordered
to drill and hold themselves in readi
ness for that purpose In this rebell
ious movement South Carolina had the
sympathy of all the South. Jackson
however, was lovalfaiid he concentra
ted troops at Charleston for the purpose
of enforcing the collection of the tariff
duties. He also declared that in case
of blood being ehcd, he would hang
| Calhoun. Henry Clay, who was then
in the Senate, fearing a civil war, and
lieing withal a Southern man, introdu
ced his compromise tariff hill, by which
the duties were to be gradually reduced
down to a mere revenue standard, the
time occupied in this sliding scale being
The compromise hill was accepted by
South Carolina and civil war was post
poned till it broke out in 1861. Un
der this compromise tariff bill the panic
of 1837 occurred, closing all our mills
and shops and throwing a great portion
of the working classes out of employ
ment. causing an immense amount of
misery. This terrible state of depres
sion lasted until 1842. In the meantime
the people rose and hurled the Demo
crats from power and elected William
Henry Harrison President, in place of
-Martin Van Buren, free-trader, who had
been President front 1837 to IS 11 This
resulted in the protective tariff of
being enacted. Under i's oi>eration
thousands of mills ami shops sprung
into existence, and the country was
on the road to prosperity. In
1844 the Democrats succeeded in elect
ing James K. Polk, a free-trader, Pres
ident, which resulted in the free trade
or low revenue tariff of 1846 being en
acted. This resulted in over 200 mills,
furnaces and glass manufactories being
closed and 40,000 men thrown out of
workiu the State of Pennsylvania alone.
The suffering caused by this low tariff
was enormous, The country struggled
on, and the manufacturers were com
pelled to reduce wages to the lowest
point kuown previously, in order to
compete with the cheap pauper made
goods of Europe. In 1857 the Demo
cratic Congress insanely reduced the
duties to a still lower rate, which cul
minated the panic of 1857, and times
were as hard as they possible could be.
Mr. Howell Cobb was then Secretary
of the Treasury under President Bu
chanan. Under the operation of this
last tariff our gold flowed to Europe,
and people were so poor that they could
not afford to buy their usual supply of
dry goods, and in spite of the lowness
of the tariff, the demand for goods was
reduced, imports fell off, and the con
sequence was a falling off Jin the reve
nue. Mr. Cobb in his report hoped
there would soon be an increased flow
of goods from Europe, the duties on
which, low as they were, wouldeuable
the government to pay expenses. But
he was disappointed. The revenue fell
eff, and down to the breaking out of
the civil war. Mr. Buchanan had to
borrow money, paying as high as 12
per cent, interest in order to obtain
means to pay the expense of running
the Government. From this it can be
seen how the free-trade tariff of 1857
cut both ways. It drained the country
of its gold, closed our shops and mills,
or reduced wages down to a starvation
point, and the people became too poor
to buy more than one-half their usual
supply of goods, and even imports
fell off, jesulting in the Government
becoming poor for want of sufficient
revenue from the low duties it h;.d im
After the war when the Republicans
were in control, the tariff of 1861 was
passed. Immediately manufactures
took a tremendous start, and all will
remember the prosperous era and good
wages commencing in 1861 and lasting
till 1873, when the panic of that year
occurred. The war of the Democratic
rebellion created the necessity of an ir
redeemable paper currency. It fell in
value as compared with gold. Goods
went up in paper value, and after goods
and labor were 'up to the high point
they reachedj it was difficult to get them
down to gold value, The resumption
bill was passed. It was a necesary evil
in order to reach the plane of the world's
standard of value, which is gold and
Because resumption was a Republi
can measure, the Democrats opposed it,
prophesying all manuer of revulsions,
calamities anil ruins growing out of a
return to specie payment. Business
men and capitalists were timid and be
earned nlarined, and they all pulled in
their sails and salted down their mon
ey, waiting for resumption to take place.
This all resulted in trade and manufac
tures becoming dull. People economi
zed and did not purchase more than
two-thirds of their usual supply. This
produced a stagnation of business and
manufacture, and mills run on half time
or were closed, and thousands of men
were thrown out of employment. As
soon as resumption became an accom
plished fact, twenty-one months ago;
and our paper money became as good
as gold; then business took a start, wa
ges began to increase, and now we are
as prosperous as we ever have been,
the lying predictions of the leaders of
the Democracy to the contrary notwith
standing. Under our protective tarilF
with resumption accomplished, and
with good hard money and the best
currency our country ever had, there
is now no danger of any more hard
times unless the Democrats should elect
Hancock and inaugurate a low wages
revenue tariff. In that case, we shall
have to go through another period of
depression and misery, for Europe will
do our manufacturing for us, and our
mills and shops will close and millions
of our sous of industry will be thrown
out of employment.
The salvation and prosperity of our
country demands that the present tariff
be left untouched. To abolish it and
subsitute for it a low wages revenue tar
iff means deprivation and suffering for
our working and all other classes
throughout the North Therefore our
only safety is to elect Garfield and a
Republican Congress.— C'ler. Leader.
PRESERVING EGGS. —A reader asks
how eggs may be preserved when han
dled in considerable quantities. The
following method was indorsed by the
National Butter, Cheese and E<jg As
sociation. In pickling a small quanti
ty of eggs, all that is necessary is to re
duce the quantities relatively of the ar
To make pickle use strtne lime, fine
salt and water in the following por
tions : One bushel of lime, eight quarts
of salt, twenty-five ten-quart pails of
water. The lime must be of the finest
quality, free from sand and dirt—lime
that will slake white, fine and clean.
Have the salt clan and the water pure
One squaro, ouo insertion, £1 : each mtn
quent insertion, 50 cents. Yearly advertisements
exceeding one-fourth of a column, #8 per inch.
1 Figure worn double these utes: additional
charges where weekly or monthly change* are
made Ltx al advertisements 10 rents j«r hno
for tirn insertion, and f> ceijts per line for each
additional insertion. Msiria P -et- and deaths pub
lished free of charge. Obituary i otices chaigcd
a« adverti.-enietite. aad payable when handed in
Auditors' Nonces. $4 : Executors' and Adminis
t rat ore' Notices. 93 each; Rattray. Caution ai.6
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines,
From the fact that the CITIZF.X is tlieoldis'
established and most extensively circulated Re
publican newspaper in Butler county, (a liepub
lican county) it mast be apparent to bushiest,
men that it is the medium they should use in
advertising their business.
| and sweet, free from all vegetable or
: decomposed matter.
Slake the lime with a portion of the
water, then add the balance of the wa
| ter and the salt. Stir well three or
| four times at intervals, and then let it
stand until settled and cold. Either
dip or draw off the clear pickle into the
cask or vat in which it is intended to
preserve the eggs. When the cask or
vat is filled to a depth of 17 inches, be
gin to put in the eggs, and wheu they
lie, say about one foot deep, spread
around over them some pickle that is
a little milky, made so by stirring up
some of the very light linte particles
that settle last, and continue doing this
as each foot of eggs is added. The ob
ject of this is to have the fine liine par
ticles drawn into the pores of the shells,
as they will be bv a kind of inductive
process, and thereby completely seal
eggs. Care should be taken not to
get too much of the lime in, that is, not
enough to settle and stick to the shells
of the eggs and render them difficult to
clean when taken out. I believe that
the chief cause of thin, watery whites
in limed eggs is that they are not prop
erly sealed in the manner described.
Of course, another cause is the putting
into the pickle old, stale eggs, that
have thin, watery whites. When the
eggs are withiu about four inches of the
top of the cask or vat, cover them with
factory cloth, and spread on two or
three inches of the lime that settles i;t
making the pickle, and it is of the ut
most importance that the pickle be kept
continually up over this lime. A thin
basiu (holding about six or eight dozen
eggs), pnnched quite full of inch holes,
edge muffied with leather, and a suita
ble handle about three feet long attach
ed, will be found convenient for put
ting the eggs into the pickle. Fill the
basin with eggs, put both under the
pickle and turn the eggs out; they will
go to the bottom without breaking.
When the time comes to market the
eggs they must be taken out of the
pickle, cleaned, dried and packed. To
clean them procure half a molasses
hogshead, or something like it, filling
the same about half full of water. Have
a considerable number of crates of the
right size (to hold twenty or twenty
five dozen eggs), made of laths or other
slats, placed about three-quarters of an
in"h apart. Sink one of these in the
half hogshead ; take the basin used to
put the eggs into the pickle; dip the
eggs by raising it up and down in the
water, and, if, necessary to properly
clean them, set the crate up and douse
water over the eggs; then, if any are
found when packing that lime has not
been fully removed from, they should
be laid out and all the lime cleaned off
before packing. When the eggs are
carefully washed, as before described,
they can be set up or out in a suitable
place to dry, in crates. They should
dry quickly, and be packed as soon as
dry. Iu packing the same rules should
be observed as in packing fresh eggs.
Vats built in a cellar, around the walls
with about half their depth below the
surface, about four or five feet deep, six
feet long and four feet wide, are usual
ly considered the best for preserving
eggs in, although many use and prefer
large tubs made of wood.
The place in which the vats are built
or the tubs set, should be cleau and
sweet, free front all bad odors, and
where a steady low temperature can be
maintained—the lower the better, that
is, down to any point above freezing.
Beside the foregoing other methods
for preserving eggs have been devised,
such as varnishing, greasing, oiling and
rolling in flour; but these methods will
only answer in a small way, for an in
dividual's private use, it being nearly
or quite as much as the eggs are worth
to put them in merchantable shape ; in
fact, it is nearly impossible to do so, as
the shells will never look uniformly
clean. Several processes /have been
pateuted and sold to a considerable ex
tent, but the old liming process un
doubtedly stands ahead up to the pres
ent time.— Country Gentleman.
COMMON SENSE IN ADVER
A model advertisment is designed
to satisfy the rational demand of a
probably customer to know what you
have got to sell. The successful ad
vertiser, therefore, observes three rules:
First, lie aims to furnish the informa
tion which the public wants ; second,
he aims to reach that path of the pub
lic whose wants he is prepared to sat
isfy ; and third, he endeavors to make
his information as easy of acquisition
by the public as possible.
The commonest and handiest thing
in the American family is the news
paper, and as nearly all shopping pro
ceeds from the family, from its needs,
its intelligence, its tastes, its fashions,
it follows that the thoughtful and suc
cessful advertiser approaches the fami
ly by this means. lie does not waste
his money and his time in loading his
advertising gun and shooting it off sky
ward in the streets, at all creation, on
t e chance that some willing customer
may be going that way, and may bo
brought down; QU the contrary, ho
takes account of the advertising am
munition which he has on hand, and
loads and points his gun through tho
col urn s of seme reputable newspaper at
the game he wants to hit.
Besides, knowing that newspapers
are the best means of advertising and
now to pick out the best newspapers
for his purpose, the successful adver
tiser fully appreciates the importance
of persistent advertising. Mr. Bryant
used to say that the great influence of
the press depends for one thing upon
its power of iteration. Presenting tho
same subject in many forms, it finally
wins attention and acquicscacc. Used
in this thorough and systematic way,
the advertising columns of the news
papers are as useful and essential to
the merchant, as means of telling tho
public what he has to sell, as the clerks
behind the counter are to show his
goods when the people come to exam
ine them.— New York• Evening Post.
A young man married a deaf and
dumb girl, but soon afterward she re
covered both speech and hearing, and
he has applied fur a divorce, lie says
it is an outrageous d d d o d