Newspaper Page Text
Per Tear, in vlvance 91 50
Otherwise 2 00"
No subscription will be discontinued au til all
arrearages are paid. Postmasters neglecting t*>
notily us when subscriber* do not take out their
papers will be hehl liable for the subscription.
Subscribers removing from one [xmt office to
aoother should give as the name of the former
as well as the present office.
All communications intended for publication
n this paper must be accompauied by the real
name of the writer, not for publication, but as
a guu antee of good faith.
Marriage and death notices most be accompa
nied by a responsible name.
Address BUTI-KR CITIZKH.
ETLEK, UHM CITT AND PARKER RAILROAD
Trains leave Butler for Bt. Joe, Millerstown
Karris City, Petrolis, Parker, etc., at 7.27 a. in
aud 2 and 7.25 p. ra.
Trains arrive at Butler from the above naraec
point* at 7..7 a. m.. ana 2.15, and 7.15 p. id
The 2.15 train connects with train on the Wesl
Penn road '.hroutrh to Pittsburgh.
eHEVASGO AND ALLEGUEKT KAILKOAD.
Train* leave HllliardV Mill, Butler county
tor Harrioville, Greenville, etc., at 7.50 a. na
»nd 2.25 p. m.
Traill* iirrive at Hilliard's Mills at 1:45 A. M.,
and 5:55 p 11.
Hacks to and from Petrolia,
Fairvlew, Modoc and Tromman, conuect at Uil
lard with all inioi on the S <fc A road.
Train* leave Boiler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.)
Market at s.ofi a. in., iroes through to Alle
gheny, «r. iviiiK at 9.01 a. in. This train con
lefts at Fret-port *ith Frecport Accommoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in.,
railt ad time.
Ezprcn at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Buller
Junction, without change of cars, at 8.28 with
Exp.ess west, arriving In Alleghen> at
x. m., and Ex-ires* east arriving at Blaireville
at 11 00 a. m. railroad time.
Hail at 2.Brt p. m , connecting at Butler Juno
lionwithout change ol cars, with Express we6t,
arriving in Allegheny at 526 p. ui., and Ex
prt-s- east arriving at Blairsviile Intersection
it 6.10 p. ra. railroad time, which connects w'th
Philadelphia Kxpn-.s east, when on time.
The 7.21 a. in train connects at Blairsville
it 11.05 a. tn with the Mail east, and the 2.36
£». tn. train at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Train* arrive at Butlrr on West Penn K- R at
9.51 a. ra , 5 Of and 7.20 p. ra., Buller lime. The
9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker K. R. Sun ay train arrives
*1 Butle- at 11.11 a. ui., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh tor the EnM
t 2.56 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 and 8.06 p.
tij., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20
p. in and 3.00, 7.0 and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
ilx.ni the same t'rtie. at New York three hours
•iter, and at Washington about one aud a hall
JOHN E BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURG EON,
my2l-ly] BUTLER, PA.
Ou WALDRON. Graduate ol the Phll
|K adelphia Dental College,i* prepared
a 11 ■to do auything in the line of his
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office ou Main street. Butler, Union block,
ot< stairs, apll
LAND KOH SALK.
A handsome six-room frame house, located
on Blnfl street, northwestern part of Butler.
Lot 50*176. All necessary out buildings.
TERMS—Or e-'hlrd cash ind balance in four
equal annual payments, inquire at this oflice.
The well-improved firm of Rev. W. R. Hutch
ison, in the northeast comer of Middlesex town
ithip, Butler county, Pa , is now offered for sale,
low. Inquire of W K. FIUSBEE, on the prem
ft will buy a one-half interest in a good bus
iness In Pittsburgh. One who knows some
thing about farming preferred. An honest man
with the above amount will do well to address
by letter. SMITH JOHNS, care 8. M James,
93 Liberty str et, Pltt-hurgh, Pa |au27-ly
/ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Aeets *7.078,224 49.
Losses paid In 01 years, t51,00f,000.
J. T. McJ'NKIN A B<>N, AgenU,
janSSly Ji-flerson street, butler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT.
\W| CAMPBELL. TREASURER
H C. HEINEMAN", SECRETARY
J. L. Purvis. I E. A. Helmboldl,
William Campbell. J. W. Butkhart,
A. Troutman, Jacob Schoene,
O. C-Roessing, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrvln, I W. W Dodds,
J. W. Christy 1 H. C. Helneraan.
JAS. T. M'JUNKIN, Gen. A*'t
IIEWKY O. HAM!,
Flic lEBClim TIIIOR.
COR. PENN A»D SIXTH STREETS. ,
PENSIONS ! liave'becn disabled in
the U. 8. service. LAW EXPIRES JULY Ist,
1880, for ARREARS. PENSIONS INCREAS
ED. Thousand* of Pensioners are rated too low.
BOUNTY AND NEW DISCHARGES PRO
CURED. Information freely given. Send
stamp for blanks. Address.
BTODDART 4 CO.,
Room >, St. Cloud Building, Washington, D. C.
Persons desiring to have their Old Furniture
repair< d. or New Work made to order, sueh as
Music Stands. Book Cases, Wardrobes. Office
Desks, Office Tables, Ac., would do well to call on
A. 13. WILSON,
Practical Cabinet Maker.
I hold that a piece of furniture made by hand
worth two made by machinery, and will cost
out little more, if any. Then why not have hand
made ? All work made in the latest styles and
of the best material. I guarantee entire sat
isfaction in stvle, workmanship aud price. Give
me a call. Shop on Mifliiu street four doors
west of Main streot, aud opposite A. Troutman'*
•tore, Butler, Fa. sepl7-ly
BAUER & BAXTER,
Livery, Sale and Feed Stables,
REAR OF VOGELEY HOUSE,
JnnS-Sm BUTLETI. PA.
For this style Singer.
Mr HIT We will send it to your
HVJn Depot to be examined Ik -
BUN fore you pay for it. If it is
Wif nrM not as represented it can lie
returned at our expense.
Send a postal card for illus
trated Circular. C. A.
a CO. 17 N. Tenth St., Philaielphia.
A HE VICTOR
MMIN M<S M Ml
I* mm Uf turn tea*
■■■■llßn MTM>. Kn.ll wr M
BJUJLTJ M NMB "rtjUw OhnlM taA en—
I'wtland, Mains. d«o3-ly
CARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUGS' STAIR RODS
= HEW STOCK! BEVT STOCK! >
| HECK & PATTERSON'S ;
I NEW CARPET ROOM j
M . NOW OPEN! 1
? On© Poop South oj their GUthmg fteus©,, c
Dnfly'N Rlock, sept2o-tf It n tier. Pa. 'Z
ijQOHHIVXS iS.LVK i SHJ,< >lO IIP iSIffdHYQ
PERFECTLY SAFE IN THE MOST INEXPERIENCED HANDS I
For Diarrhoea, Dysentery, Cramps, Cholera,
AND ALL THOSE NUMEROUS TROUBLES OF THE STOMACH AND BOWELS
SO PREVALENT AT THIS SEASON,
No Remedy known to the Medical Profession has been in use so long and with such uniformly
satisfactory results as
It Ims been used with such wonderful success In all parts of the world in the treatment of tlicne
.J ulties, tiiat it has come to be considered
W UNFAILING CURE FOR AU SUMMER COMPLAINTS
a.. i i-h it really in when taken in time and according to the very plain directions indexing
I.i *u- ;i dl.cases. tho attack is urtially sudden and frequently very acute; liut wlih i:
'.Te reiucJy lit hand lor immediate use, there la Klaom danger of the fatal rcbCilt
v.Mch co r. Jlcn follows a few days' ceglect
'ilie Inclination to wait and see if the morrow does not bring a better feeling, not infrequently
• r'-oJ.jij-. a va't amount of needless suffering, and sometime* costs a life. A timely uoie if
; itln Killer will alrao rt invariably save both, and with them tho attendant doctor's; fee.
It l;ar ,toml the tost of forty years' constant nse in all countries end climate?, c.n-1
i.i r>crfe:t!7 safe in any parson's hand.".
It !» rcconauicnOed by Physicians. Nurses in Hospitals, and persons of til classes r.nd
pnfessions who have had opportunity for observing the wonderful resulta which have always
i ill'jwed its use.
THE BEST EVIDENCE:
I h-re 1-nar vwl the modic'no known as PERRY
D A VIK' V3OETABLE PALN KLTJ.EK in mj family
in I r/ou! i net on any account be without it. Whon
Uli laiz list epidemic here, I used no medicine
' f any ort but the Pain Killer, and although myself
r.ad sere-al member* of my family were attacked
?7er jly. lam happy to zty thit the Pain Killer was
' iu-1 to eve.y emergency. I consider I should not
i e doini rcyd ity to the community did I not eay
tJi mu'-h. If' I vrere attacked by the Cho'era
t'xla/. Pain Killer would be the only remedy I
fhould uee 1 have thoroughly tested ft, and know
It can b J .oliod on.
F. E. BERGCfSEND, Galena. Illinois.
No family can afford to be without It, and its price brings it within tho reach of all.
The use of one bctlle will go further to convince you of its merits than columns of new®
paper advertising. Try it, and you will never do without It
Price 'Mc. jOc. and Sl.oo per bottle. You can obtain it at any drug-store or from
PERRY DAVIS A SON, Proprietors. Providence, R. I.
riuie oi II•• 1 «11ii k i'oi.rU.
The several Courts of the conntv of Butler
commence ou th<- flint Monday of March, June,
September and December, and continue two
weeks, or so long as n- canary to dispose of the
business. No causes are put down for trial or
traverse jurors summoned for the flriit week of
the several terms.
attorneys at la"u™
BUTLER, PA. ~
J. F. BRI IT AIN,
Office with L Z Mitchell. Diamond.
A. M. CUNNINGHAM,
Office in Brady's Law Building. Butler, Pa.*
SH. PIERSOLI ~
Office on N. K. coiner Diamond, Biddle build
JOHN M GREEK
Office on N. E. corner Di\ . ond. novl2
WM H LIISK,
Office with W 11. H Kiddle. E&T>
Office on Diamond, near Court House, south
~~ E. L BKUQH,
Office in Kiddle'* Law Building.
"~8 F. bouserT
Office in Riddle's Law Building [marß'7>
J. B. McJUNKIN.
Special attention given to collections Oillc
opposite Wlllnrd House.
JOSEPH It. BREDIN,
Officii north-east corner of Diamond, Butler
H. H. GOUCHER,
Office in Sehneideroan's building, up staiis.
j7l , .~i>only
Office near Court House. r 74
W7 DTB RANDON,
ebl7-76 Office In Berg's building
CTXRKNIJE WALKER, ~
Office in Bredin building- mar!7—t
Office In Berg's new tiuilding, Main strect.apHly
nr E AST• AN;
Office in Bredin building.
LEV. McQUlH'l ION;
Office Main Mtreet, I door south of Court House
JOS. 0. VANDKRLIN,
Office Main door south of Court House
Win A FORQUIiK,
I3T Office on Main street, opposite Vogeley
GEO li WHITE™
Office N. E. corner of Diamond
Office with Oen. J. N. Purviance, Main street,
south of Court House. •
J I) McJUNK IN~
Office in Scbnelderimn's liulldlntr, west side ol
Maiu street, 2nd square from Court llouse.
A. G~WILLI A MiT
Office on Diamond, two doore west of CITIZK.N
T C. CA^PBELU
Office in Berg's new building, 2d floor, eau
side Main at., a few doom south of Lown
C A. & vi. SULLIVAN,
may 7 Office S. W. cor ol Diamond.
BLACK & BRO,
Office ou Main street, one door south o
Brad.v Block, Butler. Pa. (acp. 2, 1574.
JOHN M MILLER & BRO. "
Ofhoe in Brady's Law Building, Main street,
south of Court House. Eoosmt O. MII.I.KH,
Notary_Public. pin 4 ly
THOMAS ROBINSON, ~~
_ JOHN H. NEGLEY,
•drQives particulai attention to transaction*
IM real estate thronghont the county.
OmcK ON DIAMOND, NKAK COUUT HOUSE, II
K. K. KCKI.BT, KKN.NKDV MARSIIAI.I.
(Lulu of Ohio.)
ECKLEY & -MARSHALL.
Office In Brady's Law Building. Sept.tt.74
C G CHRISTIE,
Attorney at Law. Lcgnl business careful!)
transacted Collections made uud promptly
remitted. Busbies* correspondence promptly
attended to and answered.
Office opposite Lowry House, Butler, Pa.
McSWEENY & McSWEHNY,
Smetliport and Bradford, Pa.
Petroll'i, Butler county. Pa. |jn. 1
WILLI-\M R • ONN^
Office in Brawley House,
GREECE CITY. |June7.l>
M. C. BEN KulVi,
janG tf "Petrolia, Butlwr co., Pa
Mem PERRY DAVIS & CON:
I know you need no test mcni; I to convnte ymi
that your medicino in all th.it you claim lor it, Lut I
cannot restrain the impui o to communicato to you
the fact that ia my family it has truly cionti wtnd&av.
I administer it to my children fonn eighteen ni nth*,
■nd the other three yearn old) vr.th perfect eu;-cci3.
It regulates their bowels, end ttcpn 0.l diarr':<xa.
Myself and wife rerort to it in all cccos, hoth Ir r
interna] and external Uho. I've used it in my temLy
for five yean, and will not bo without it. Fooling
myself under much obligation to you, in many timr 3
being relieved from pain. I am very tr:ly yonra,
L. F. MOORE, Baugall, DutcboM Co., r.cn- York.
GRAND BOULEVARD HOTEL.
Corner 59th St. & Broadvsay,
On Both American and European Plans.
Fronting on Central I'ark. the Grand Boulevard,
Broadway and Fifty-Ninth St., this Hotel occu
pies the entire square, and was built and fur
nished at an expense of over SIOO,OOO. It is one of
the most elegant as well as being the finest lo
cated in the city ; has a passenger Elevator and
all modem improvements, and is within one
square of the depots of the Sixth and Eighth
Avenue Elevated R. It. ears and still nearer to the
Broadway cars—convenient and accessible from
all parts of the city. Booms with board, 82 per
day. Special rates for families and permanent
guests. E. HASKELL, Proprietor.
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
On the European i^lan
-54 to 66 North Third Street,
Single Rooms 50c., 75c. and $1 per
O. P. Schneck, Proprietor.
Excellent Dining room furnished
with the best, and at reasonable rates.
|3*P*CarH for all Railroad Depots
within a convenient distance.
CORTLANDT STREET, NKAK BK DWAY,
HOTCHKISS <t POND, - - Prop'rs.
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.
The restanraut, enfe and lunch room attached
are unsurpassed fcr cheapness and excellence of
service Rooms 00 < ts. to $2 per day, $3 to #lO
per week. Convei.i nit to all ferries and citv
railroads. I'UUNITUHK, Ntw MANAGE
•y HE BBHREIBEB HOUSE.
L NICKLAS. Prop'.,
MAIN STREET, BUTLER, I'A.
Having taken r« i ession of the above well
known Hotel, and it being furnished in the
best of style for the icc imodatiou of guests, the
public are respectfully invited to give me a call.
I have also possesion of the barn m rear of
hotel, which furnishes excellent stabling, ac
comodations for my patrons.
JAMES J. CAMPBELL,
Office in Fairview borough, in Telegraph
janls] BALUWIM P. 0.. Holler Co., Pa
Justice of the Peace,
Main street, opposite i'ostoffice,
J1 yI« ZELIENOPLE, PA.
Union Woolen Mills.
I would desire to call the attention of the
public to the Union Woolen Mill, I'utler, Pa.,
where 1 have new and improved machinery for
the manufacture of
Barred and Gray Flannols,
Knitting aijJ Weaving Yarns,
and I can recommend them as being very dura
ble, an they are manufactured of pure Butler
county wool. They are beautiful iu color, su
perior in texture, und will bo sold at very low
prices. For samples and prices, address,
Jn194.'7«-lT) ltutW. P*
SMfH 13 stoi>s, 3 set Reeds. 2 Knee
UilwAilO Swells. Stool, Book, only
£S7.f>o. 8 Stop Organ. Stool, Hook, only JSIbTS.
I'iano-, Stool, Cover, Book, $l9O to 4265. Illus
trated catalogue free. Address
apl4-3m W. C. M'NNELL, Lewistown, Pa
Letter* of administrator having been granted
to the undersign) d on the estate of George
Vogan, dee'd, late of Worth township, I'utler
county, Pa., notice i* hereby given to all those
knowing themselves indebted to said estate,
that immediate payment is required, and those
having claims against the same to present them
duly authenticated for payment.
ADAM I*l BOR, Adrn'r.
sep2fMJt Jacksville P. (»., Butler, Pa.
The most complete institution in the United
Slates for the thorough practical education of
young and middle aged men. Students admit
ted at any time.
/F9- 1- or Circulars giving full particulars
address J. C. .SMITH, A. M.,
df 7 ) WEEK. ♦l2 a <lay at 1 orn>- < asily made
■* Costly Outfit freu. Ad'ti est* 'IBUK A Co.
Aoguiit*, Maine. deca-ly
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 13, I*Bo
IN NEW YORK AND UP THE
EDITOR CITIZEN.—To me the New
York and Hudson are as charming as
ever. Once every two or three years
I like to visit and sail up that delight
ful river. I suppose that most people
know that in order to sail up the Hud
son it is necessary to visit first the
Metropolis of America, New York
City, the home of one million, three
hundred thousand souls, the richest
city in the United States, having with
in it some of the greatest men in relig
ion and politics and also some of the
worst men in the republic. New
York surpasses any city that the wri
ter has ever visited in its advantages
in reference to foreign and home trade.
New York is built on Manhattan Is
land. which is at least 14 miles in
length. The Hudson river flows along
the western side of the city into New
York Bay. which forms one of the
finest barbers in the world. The en
trance into this harbor is through what
is called the "Narrows," about half a
mile in width, where nature, with art
combined, has formed a fortification on
either side surpassed only by that of
the British at Gibralter, making it im
possible for any hostile ship to pass
with safety into New York harbor.
The visitor on entering New York
City will notice £ circular building at
the extreme south end of the city.
This is Castle Garden, where all im
migrants are landed and where the
friendless are cared for until they find
friends or a place to work. Into this
place the writer was landed on the
•29th of May, 1800, and in a few hours
after took his first walk up Broadway.
But what a change during those 14
years has came to the 'Empire City of
the great republic. It i 6 true Broad
way looks about the same as it did
then. There is Trinity Church stand
ing on Broadway, looking down on
Wall street, the latter place being the
great monpy market of the United
States. We have been up in the
tower of Trinity before, but let us go
again. Climb up 283 feet, and as you
go up be sure to notice the belfry.
Here you see the chime-bells which so
often delight the visitor with those
solemn peals. At last you reach the
highest standing place, where, if the
day is clear, vou get a view that pas
ses description. A city of one million,
three hundred thousand souls beneath
your feet. Across to the east is
Brooklyn, the third city in rank in the
United States. Across the Hudson is
Jersey City. Whatever way you
look you can see far beyoud the city.
You see villages, stately mansions, to
gether with bays anu rivers, present
ing one of the finest views that the eye
of man can behold. North of Jersey
City is iloboken. Look to the ex
treme north, aud near to the Hudson
river there is Weehawken. It was
there that General Hamilton fell in a
duel with that notorious politican,
Colonel Burr. They met at that place
on the 11th of July, 1804, and Hamil
ton fell dead at the first shot.
Only a passing word can I give to
the High Bridge, Bay Ilidge, Green
wood, Prospect Park, Coney Island,
Manhattan Beach. To-morrow we
must visit Central Park, see the Obe
lisk or Cleopatra's needle, old enough
for any one to look at, ns it is only
3,500 years old. Here we are once
more in Central Park. The Obelisk
is the centre of attraction. On a little
hill near the Museum of Art it is to
be placed. Men are buisy at work
but neither Jew nor Gentile dare come
near to see. I was told none have
been allowed within the sacred en
closure since the first stone came from
Egypt. The corner stone is not yet
laid. It is to be laid on the 2d of
October by Jesse B. Anthony, Grand
Master of the Fraternity of Free Ma
sons, and a grand display both of Ma
sons and Knights Templar will take
UP THE HUDSON.
The Hudson river is about three
hundred and twenty-five miles in
length, and for beauty its banks are
unsurpassed by any river in the Unit
ed States. The Hudson is the most
historic and classic river in America.
I shall not weary my readers by tell
ing them when and by whom the
North river, as it is sometimes called,
was first discovered. 1 propose to re
fer to thetowns aud villages as we can
see them from the deck of the Albany
steamer—The western bank of the
Hudson is guarded by the Palisade
some places as high as live hundred
feet. We must pass by many places
of interest as we go up the river, but
we must not pass by that historic
town on the east bank of the Hudson,
twenty-six miles from New York.
This is where we are going, like thou
sands of other loyal American citizens.
This is Tarrytown, so famed in the
history of the American revolution, as
the place where Paulding, Williams
and Van Wert arrested Major Andre.
The centennial anniversary of his cap
ture is to take place to-day (Sept. 22d,
1880.) Tarrytown is a living mass of
humanity ; about 50,000 civilians and
10,000 soldiers were present. Seldom
in the life of a man is he permitted to
see such a grand parade.
Tha Hon. Samuel J. Tildon occu
pied the chir. He looks quite feeble,
but the citizens of New York seemed
to be very proud of him. Prayer was
offered up by Rev. Alexander Van
Wert, a son of one of the captors.
The historical oration was by Hon.
Orlando B. Potter and the oration by
Hon. Chauneey M. l)c|>ew. A grand
concert is to be given this afternoon
and to-night the display of lire works
is to surpass anything that even a New
Yorker can imagine.
A few miles from Tarrytown is
"Sleepy Hollow," where Ichabod
Crane has his terrible encounter with
the llessiau. The story is graphieally
told by Irving in his Sketch Book,
which contains the legend of "Sleepy
Hollow" and Rip Van Winkle. Sing
Sing is 31 miles from New York ; Cro
ton 35. From this place New York
is supplied with pure water. Peeks
kill, 42 miles from New York, is per
haps the most romantic place on the
Hudson. It is the birth place of John |
Paulding, the principal actor in Major
Andre's arrest, and a man that could
not be bought with British gole.
Forty-eight miles from New York, on
the western bank, is Buttermilk Falls.
On the eastern bank is the famous
garden and grounds of ex-Governor
Fisk, where the writer did his first
gardening in America. At Butter
milk Falls is one of the finest hotels on
the Hudson. Many of our Sabbath
School childen will remember S. G.
Roe's description of it in "Barriers
Burned Away." The most romantic
and classic place on the Hudson is
West Point. The village of West
Point and the U. S. Military Academy
are situated on a level plain about 200
feet above tide water. The embank
ments around West Point are more
than a mile in circumference. Here
the visitor can see many old Mexican
guns, and in the Museum many an old
tattered banner hangs, showing that
American greatness has been the pro
duct of patriotic men in the past.
As we return to New York we are
favored with political excitement.
Daniel Dougherty and Ben Hill are
among the great orators. The Senator
from Georgia, having the best lungs, is
heard in every corner of Tammanv
Our next place to visit is Long
Branch, then Ocean Grove, and here
jwe are at Sea Girt. We have three
hours here and will spend them on the
bea<'h. The hotels are all empty, not
I even a dog is seen to bark at us. The
only living thing near is a potato bug
which must have traveled miles to get
here ; it is within a few feet of low
water mark, I suppose waiting for the
next higher wave to bear it out to sea,
hoping that by next spring it may
reach the Irish coast, where it will
have a milder climate and a peaceful
home. My trip for the past week has
been delightful. It has been made
more pleasant by the company of my
young friend Mr. J. S. Bard, who has
traveled with me most of the time
since I left Pittsburgh. He is most
pleasing as a companion, and a great
admirer of the beautiful and of the
good. J. A. Menaul.
VALUE OF ARCTIC EXPLORA
Many intelligent persons are una
ware of the real value to the world of
Arctic explorations. Some of us, iu
fact, who should know better, find in
the almost countless expeditions which
within the last three hundred years
have penetrated the far Northern seas
a barrenness of results corresponding
with the sterility of the cheerless field
of research itself. The presumed ab
sence of substantial gains to mankind
in the investigations thus far made in
that direction is regarded as holding
out no promise of important discovery
in the future. To not a few the whole
thing looks like an enormous waste of
time, money and life in the pursuit of
chimeras. It may be well, therefore, to
state a few of the results of Arctic
voyages, to the end of showing that,
even if they have not adequately com
pensated their cost, they are not alto
gether unfruitful of advantage. The
mystery of the North Pole remains
unsolved, but the magnetic pole has
been found, and facts of no small im
portance have been ascertained in as
tronomy, geography, geology, geodesy,
mineralogy, botany, zoology, meteorol
ogy and the science of ocean currents.
These are all of a practical character,
and they constitute a valuable contri
bution to human knowledge. Commer
cially the results obtained even by the
earlier maritime adventures were of
immense consequence. The voyages
of Hudson upward of 200 years ago
opened out the whale fishery in the
Spitzenbergen seas. The sealing in
dustries and the fur trade are largely
indebted to the Arctic navigators
The great quest of a Northwest pas
sage for shipping from the Atlantic to
the Pacific, which inspired so much
hardy and heroic effort, has indeed
proved unavailing but it was the
means of much incidental discovery
that has been utilized. The Northern
passage, however, has actually been
found, and would be of the highest
commercial value to the world at large
were it not for the Suez Canal The
opening of this canal gives to general
commerce that short route to India
which was the dream of navigators
before Columbus, but the importance
of Nordenskjold's route lies in the out
let which it affords to the northern
coast of Europe and Asia. The great
Siberian rivers run north into the
Arctic Sea. These mighty streams
traverse forest lands and districts of
great agricultual value. The lands they
drain have but slight access to the
outside world. The previous routes
thither are so difficult that no com
merce with them has been possible.
The importance, therefore, of water ■
communication between the mouths
of the Obi, the Yenesea and the Lena
with the Atlantic on the one hand and
the Pacific on the other can scarcely be
This single achievement of Arctic
exploration opens half of one of the
great divisions of the globe to com
merce, and renders practicable the ex
portation from vast regions heretofore
almost hermetically closed, but remark
able for their fertility, of agricultural,
domestic and forest products, thereby
giving tu their inhabitants the means
of exchanging the productions of their
soil for the industrial products of Eu
rope and America. The inhabitants of
this immense area are thus offered con
ditions of comfort and •convenience
which the poorest European ami Amer
ican regards as indispensable. By the
route now opened it will be possible to
introduce on a large scale into the very
heart of Siberia and Asia heavy ma
chinery, agricultural engines, steam
boats, and other appliances which con
stitute nowadays the very levers of
the civilization of a country.
How muny a fond mother while
combing her hoy's head has repeated
the famous command of Joshua.
The circulation of American news
papers in Europe is increasing. Last
year 8,000,000 copies went through the
mails, nearly one-half going to Great
INSOL VENT LA ITS.
In seven of the thirty-eight States of
Union—Alabama, Arkansas, Colorado,
Florida, Tennessee, Texas and West
Virginia—there are no insolvent laws.
In California, New Jersey and Nevada
the claims of both resident and non-res
ident debtors are discharged upon the
debtor makinu an assignment of all his
property and giving notice thereof by
publication. Iu Pennsylvania a debtor
may make an assignment, but t'e
claims of his creditors are not thereby
discharged ; and the law is similar in
Ohio, Kentucky, Delaware, Georgia
Virginia, Illinois, lowa, Minnesota .ni.l
Nebraska. On the other hand, the law
in Wisconsin and Michigan discharge*
a debtor from all his ebts upon his
assigning all his property, except when
fraud is discovered. In Kansas, Indi
ana, Oregon, Maryland and Mississippi
an assignment dots not discharge the
debtor unless all the creditors consent.
In Missouri an assignment by a debtor
does not release him from his debts un
less they are paid in full, or all the
creditors consent to the debtor's dis
charge. In North Carolina a debtor
who makes an assignment without
fraud being shown can be discharged
from imprisonment, but his debts re
main in full force. In South Carolina
the assignment secures the debtor's re
lease from imprisonment, but enly the
claims of those creditors who accept a
dividend from the debtor's estate are
discharged. The law in Louisiana
permits a debtor to surrender his prop
erty and obtain a discharge from all bis
liabilities upon the consent of a major
ity of his creditors in number and
amount The Massachusetts insolvent
act is similar to the national bankrupt
law, except that the discharge does not
exempt the debtor, as did the United
States law, from liability to civil pro
cess and arrest in those States where
debts may be due. The Vermont law
is modelled on that of Massachusetts
The Maine statute is also like the bank
rupt act of 1867 in its leading provis
ions. In Connecticut, upon petition of
a creditor, foreign or domestic, whose
claim is more than SIOO, a trustee is
appointed to take charge of the debtor's
estate, who sells the property, paying
each creditor pro rata, but the estate
must pay 70 per cent, to entitle the
debtor to a discharge. In New Hamp
shire a debtor may assign for the bene
fit of bis creditors, but such assignment
does not annul any prior mortgage or
sale, dissolve any a tachment or bind
a creditor who, within thirty days, sig
nifies his dissent to any such assign
ment. The law is in such shape, how
ever, as to be of very little advant ge
to either creditor or debtor. Under
the Rhode Island law any debtor
whose property has been attached or
levied upon may, before the sale of the
same, dissolve such attachment or levy
by making an assignment within sixty
days thereafter for the equal benefit of
all his creditors. In New York a sworn
inventory of his property must be filed
by the debtor in order to obtain the
benefit of the insolvent law, and hit
assignment must be recorded. All
creditors are privileged to examine the
books and papers ; assignees must give
bond and are subject to removal for
cause upon the petition of creditors,
and citation may be issued to all par
ties interested. The County Court is
empowered to examine all parties, to
require accounts from assignees, to ad
judicate payment of creditors pro rata,
to discharge the assigner and his sure
ty from liability on proof of a compro
mise between the debtor and his credi
tors, and to authorize the assignees,
upon such composition, to release the
assets to the debtor.
A very considerable diversity will
be discovered in this summary of the
insolvent acts of the various States,
and the points of divergence are more
numerous than th He of similarity.
Without expressing any opinion as to
their relative wisdom and justice, it is
manifest that the conveniuce of the
business community would be materi
ally aavanced by a substitution in their
stead of a single Congressional act, uni
form and certain in cperation, covering
the whole ground of insolvency and
bankruptcy.— Phila. Record.
THE EFFECT OF MANUFAC
If the whole community were en
gaged in raising food there would be
no markets, excepting foreign ones, to
which the surplus would be sent to lie
exchanged for manufactured articles.
But it is convenient and economical to
have markets near to the producer to
avoid the cost of carriage for long dis
tances. This becomes very conspicu
ously true and plain when a factory or
other industrial enterprise is operated
in a community of farmers; and it is
beyond question that nothing more re
joices a farmer than to see mills built
and operated and a village growing
within sight of his farm. The remark
able growth of the manufacturing in
dustry of the United Sta es c. nnot fail
to have a most beneficial effect upon
agriculture. One instance may sullice.
I'aterson in New Jersey had in 1873,
30 silk manufactories within is limits.
Its population was then about 30,000.
Now it has 102 factories engaged in
the silk industry, which employ 12,509
operatives, who earn in wages more
than four million dollars ]>er annum, or
SBO,OOO weekly, or more than $13,000
daily ; and which turn out an annual
product valued at over twelve million
dollars. The present population of
that city is over .00,000. The farmers
for miles around find a good market for
their products there, and eager buyers
for hard cash at prices considerably
higher than are current at the not-far
distant New York markets. Every
where throughout Our land there aro
such busy centers of industry springing
up, which provide markets for agricul
tural produce. These markets are dai
ly increasing, and this fact'ougbt to be
a matter for congratulation by farmers
who are benefited, and by those who
hope to be.
The spread of noxious weeds is often
owing to their undisturbed growth ou
the public highways.
A substitute for the fifteen puzzle is
the conundrum whether a man cau
marry his widow's sister.
STORY OF A WILD MAN.
A letter from Xew Castle, Pa., to
the Pittsburgh Leader, contains the
In the year 18 — there moved to
this country from Germany a couple,
man and wife, by the name of Harrier,
who took up their abode in the east
ern part of the State.
They had several children born to
them while in the east, and in the
year 1820, they moved with their chil
dren to this county and settled on a
farm in the northern part, where one
of their children, James, who is now
eighty years old, resides. About three
months ago the mother died at the ex
treme a?e of 105 years. The family be
ing «>f German decent, speak very lit
tle English. At the time of the death
of the old lady, many of the neighbors,
taking advantage of the opportunity
offered, visited the place, more through
curiosity than from an honest sympa
thetic motive, and many stories were
current of the peculiarity of the family
The husband of Mrs. Harrier died
some years ago at the age of 105
years, while his father, wh< lived in
Germany reached the age of 115
The eldest son is 80 years of age,
and wields the axe and bandies the
plow with as much vigor as any man
in the neighborhood with but half the
number of years. His hours of labor
are from the rising of the sun to the
going down of the same. William, the
younger brother, is a wonderfully
stranpre being. The story of this per
son, which I shall reproduce, was re
lated by one who had made special in
inquiry concerning him of one of the
members of the family, to the
While living in the East, William,
whose a<re is not exactly known, was
a mere child just learning to walk,
when an old woman who was non
compos mentis, angered by the insults
of other persons raised a heavy club
and struck him on the head, from
which time he was never known to ut
ter an intelligent word. When the
Harriers moved to this county Wil
liam was yet a small boy, although he
could be managed, and was compelled
to wear clothing, and he ran about en
gaging in simple sports. He gradually
became very distant, even with mem
bers of the family, and as he grew be
yond their power to restrain, he re
fused to wear the clothing that was
put upon him, and il they ever did suc
ceed in getting him dressed, he would
tear away from them and return in an
hour or so naked. His clothing would
be found in the woods or on the hill
torn to shreds. The family finally
abandoned even the thought of trying
to keep his body covered, and for the
last forty-five or fifty years he has
been running exposed to the scorching
sun in summer and winter blasts until
his body is a dark brown color, and
covered with a thick coating of long,
taggy, blavk hair.
The house in which the Harriers
live is a small one-storied frame house,
and stands among a thick cluster of
blackl>erry bushes in a stony section,
about oue hundred yards from the
road. To the main part of the house
there has been attached a small shan
ty, the door to which opens into the
kitchen of the main building ; this is
the winter quarters of the wild man.
He always goes to his winter home re
luctantly, and when occasion presents
itself, breaks out and joins the com
panions of his summer house, although
this is very seldom, as a heavy bolt, i
secures the door upon the outside.
It caunot be said of this man, al
though he knows nothing, that he
does not enjoy life. In his dungeon he
has a pleasant countenance, which
shines out through his long straggly
beard of half a century ; when at his
liberty in the summer he capers about
from place to place digging roots, and
he and the animals of the farm form
one common society. As we said be
fore, the family live very secluded,
and old men in the immediate neigh
borhood say that, although they have
been watching for this strange being
for many years, they have failed to see
him. He is very mischevious, and al
ways has his eye open for |>assing
strangers. Sportsmen who have been
in the Harrier neighborhood and by a
sudden turn in their pathway would
come upon the man, would become
frightened to such a degree that some
have been known to faint away. No
sooner had he become aware of the
presence of strangers than he would
start and run away with the greatest
velocity. He always takes advantage
of a chance to get uvvay from a strang
er, but when brought face to face with
them he is very offensive.
For the sixty years the family have
resided in this county William has
never been known to once leave the
Before the death of old Mrs. Harrier
there was said to have been living in
this city a Mrs. Jenkins, who was a
grand-daughter of the old lady, and at
the same time being a grand-mother
GOATS WHO CHURN.
The most striking feature of the dai
ry ranch of F. S. Clough, in San Mat
eo canon, is the new dairy house which
Mr. Clough recently completed at a
cost of $1,500. It is lSx.Sfl in ground
dimensions, finished externally in rus
tic style, and inside is as trim and
cleanly as the thrifty housewife's "best
room." The butter room, an apart
ment 18x15 feet in dimensions, is as
inviting as a parlor. The apparatus
for handling the milk and making the
butter is complete i;i every detail, and
is designed throughout for the saving
of labor. The churn holds fifty-two
gallons of cream, and turns out from
one hundred to one hundred ami twen
ty pounds of butter at each churning.
It is worked by goat power, the appli
ances being a treading wheel eighteen
feet in diameter, which connects with
and operates a shaft runuing into the
dairy house, and this in turn connects
with cog wheels working the dashor.
Mr. Clough says that the goats in oper
ating the wheels indulge their natural
propensities for climbing, and they apt-,
One square, one insertion, f1; each scb»«4
qnent Insertion, 60 cents. Yearly advertisement*
exceeding one-fourth of a column, #6 per inch.
| Figure *or* doable these iaie«; addition*!
charges where weekly or monthly cliacges tie
made Local advertisements 10 "cents per line
for flr»t insertion, and 6 cents per line for each
additional insertion. Marriagee and deaths pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notices charged
a" advert laments, and parable when handed in
Audit ore' Notices. t4 ; Executors" and Adminis
trators' Notices, *3 each; Estray, Cantion and
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines
From the fact that the CmztN is the oldea*
established and most extensively circulated Re
publican newspaper in Butler oonuty. (a Reput
lican county J it must be apparent to business
men that it is the medium they should use lb
advertising their business.
1 y apply themselves to the worfc with
great gusto. This herd consists of some
eight or ten animals, ranging from the
grandmother and old "Billy" with the
whiskers down to the youngling not
over a foot high. When released from
their pens they one and all, great and
small, run bleating for the wheel, and
the only trouble to contend with there
after is the excess of power which they
are apt to give it in the course of their
frolicsome gambols.— Los Angles Ex
THE NATION AND STA TE.
While Senator Bayard argues that
the Democratic party is the hope of
sound finance—as the Democratic re
joicing over the supposed election of
Mr. Plaisted in Maine probably proves
—and while Speaker Randall gravely
alleges that the Democratic party is
the hope of economy—as the increased
Congressional appropriations probably
show, in the same manner—ex-Gover
nor Seymour warns the country that
the Democratic party is the party of
constitutional union—as the late rebel
lion probably established Mr. Sey
mour's historical and miscellaneous
discourses are always excellent, but
his political speeches 9eem to us to be
fallacious and strongly partisan, even
with all their composure and candor.
His recent speech at Utiea begins by a
quotation from Mr. Schurz's speech at
Indianapolis, which Mr. Seymour con
tends must mortify the American peo
ple and delight their enemies, because
it implies that our government can now
be administered only by an exceptional
man, and has therefore failed. Now,
as it appears to us, nothing could be
more illogical than Mr. Seymour's de
duction from the extract that he quotes
—a deduction for which his object is to
make the Republican party responsible.
Mr. Schurz said, and it is undeniable,
that the bucolic age of America is over.
The rural republic of three millions of
agricultural citizens, largely homoge
neous, has given place to a vastly ex
tended nation of fifty millions of people
of every nationality, with immense and
variou3 and contending interests and
industries. Consequently, says Mr.
Schurz, "the requirements of states
manship demanded in this age are far
different from those which sufficed a
•This is a clear statement of a very
simple and obvious truth. But Mr.
Seymour insists that it implies despair
and revolution, and that trouble or dif
ficulty in public affairs is "due not to
the character or structure of the gov
ernment, but to the manner in which
it is administered." But Mr. Schurz
does not say or imply that tbe greater
pressure issue arises from the fact that
a coustitutionable republic is inade
quate to the changed nat : onal condi
tions, but simply that for the prosper
ous management of complicated public
affairs qualifications are required differ
ent from those which could manage
lea.- complicated interests. This is all
that Mr. Schurz says. But Mr. Sey
mour immediately gives battle to the
centralizing and destructive heresies
which he detects lurking in theso
words. He attacks the idea of nation
ality as connected with onr govern
ment, and is evidently impatient of the
word. He states that tbe dual nature
of our system, and, as usual with rea
soners of his political school, he insists
upon the State as against the nation.
It should be a warning to all who are
inclined to depreciate the United States
as a national republic, and to belittle
our American national life, that Mr.
Seymour is at once forced into the bald
est Calhounism, and defends his posi
tion by tLe unadulterated argument of
secession. "When question? arise,"
says Mr. Seymour, according to the re
port in the New York Herald, "as to
the authority of the general govern
ment, they should be decided accord
ing to the letter of the law." Un
doubtedly. Upon that point there
never was any difference. The import
ant question is, who is to decide?
What says Mr. Seymour? "If this
dots not solve the problems they should
be turned over to the State authorities,
if they are competent to deal with
them." This is in substance the doc
trine of the old Virginia and Kentucky
resolutions of '9B. Wh®Q there is a
difference of opinion between the na
tional and State authorities, tbe State
authorities, the State must decide. Mr.
Calhoun and Mr. Hayne and the South
Carolina nullifiers said that the State
must be the judge of the infraction of
the compact Jefferson Davis and the
secessionists said no more.
The jealousy of tho national govern
ment which ifc taught by Mr. Seymour
and the Democratic party found its log
ical and naturul result in the rebellion.
The Democratic political school regards
every clear definition of national pow
er, and all vigorous enforcement of it,
us dangerous and destructive central
ization. It teaches practical hostility
to the national government as a foreign
II nd menacing power. It is a narrow,
belittling, and perilous doctrine. It
implies that somehow tho people have
less control of the national than of tho
State government, while the fact is
that the people craate both as their po
litical agencies; that their relation to
both, and their interest in both for
their several purposes, are equally
close and essential ; that a man is not
lirst a citizen of Colorado, and then of
tho United States, but that he is sim
ultaneously and equally a citizen of
both ; that an American has a national
feeling and a patriotism as deep and
fervent as those of any man in the
world, and that they bind him prima
rily not to Oregon and Nebraska, but
to the country in which he was born,
and whose institutions hare moulded
him. Mr. Seymour is one of tho ablest
and sincerest of Democratic leaders,
and it is from such authorities that wa
can best learn the spirit aud tendency
of Democratic doctrines of tho govern*
ment. Those doctrines are found in
the resolutions of ; in the teachings
of Calhoun and his followers, who
were the true leaders of the Democrat
ic party dowu to the outbreak of tho
rebellion; in the debates of tho extra
session upon election laws; and now
in the speech of Mr. Seymour. Tbey
are doctrines that foster the spirit
which has been found fatal to the Union.
Theoretically us well as practically th«
Democratic ip the disunion party.