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TUB BUTI'KR CITIZfcS.
CTLKK, KiRNS CITT AND PARKER RAILROAD
Truiu:- leave Butler for St. Joe, Millerslown,
Karns City, Petrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.27 a. in.,
and 3.25 and 7.2*> p. m.
Trains arrive at Butler from the above named
points at 7. 7 a. m.. and 2.15, and 7.15 p <n.
The 2.15 tiafn connects with train on the West
Penn road through to Pittsburgh.
SHENASGO AND ALLEOHEST RAILROAD
Trains leave Hilliard'* Mill, Butler county,
for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 750 a. in.
aDd 2.25 p. m.
Trains arrive at HHHard s Mills it 1:45 A. M.,
and 5:55 P m. ....
Hacks to and from Petrolia, M:\rtinsbnrg.
Fairview, Modoc and Tiontman, connect at Hil
i.ird with all trains on the d A A road.
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Tiuie.)
Market at 5.06 a. in., goes through to Alle
gheny, arrivinjf at 9.01 o. m. This train eon
teets at Freeport with Fre<-port Accomnioda
tion, wbieh arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. m.,
Express at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of cars, at 8.26 with
Exp.ess west, arriving In Allegheny at
a. m., and Express east arriving at BUirsville
at 11 00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2 36 p. m., connectinc at Butler Junc
tion without change ol cars, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 526 p. in., and Ex
press cast arriving at Blairsviile Intersection
at 6.10 p. in. railroad time, which connects w'-th
Philadelphia Express cant, when on time.
The 7.21 a.m. train connects at Slalrsville
at 11 05 a. m. with the Mul east, and the 2.36
p.m. train at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Trains arrive at Butler on West Penn It. R. at
9.51 a. m , 5 o*' and 7.20 p. m.. Butler lime. The
0,51 and 5.06 trains eon licit with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun av train arrives
.it Butle-at ll.lPa. m., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh tor the Eat",
t 2.50 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 ai.d 8.0« p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20
p. m and 3.00, 7.0 and 740 a. ro.; at Baltimore
about the same t me, at New York three hours
!ater, and at Washington about one and a half
_ JOHN E BYERS
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
my2l-ly] BUTLER. PA.
n\t WALDRON. On finite ol ibe Phil-
K adelphia Dental Col lege, i* prepared
• "i »to do anything in the line of bi»
profession in u «ati-f..ctory ninnner
Office on Main street. Butler, Union block,
up stair?, apll
LAND KOH SALK
A handsome six-room frame house, located
on Bind street, northwestern part of Butler.
L»t SOxITA. All necessary outbuildings.
TERMS— 0"e-!hiri1 cash and balance in four
equal annual payments. Inquire at this office,
The well-improved farm of Rev. W. R. Hutch
ison, in (be northeast corner of Middlesex town
ship. Butler connfv. Pa . is now offered for sale,
low Inquire of W K. FRISBEE, on the prem
#5 will buy a one-halt interest in a good bus
ine s in Pitulitirirh. One who knows soine
-1 bttifr ab..ut farming preferred. An hum si man
with the above amount will do well to address
fiv letter. SVIITH JOHNS, care S M James,
«.i3 t Iberiy sir et. Pin burirh. Pa |au27-ly
/ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Asets J7 078,22+ 49
Losses paid In ftl years, $51.00 ,000.
J. T. McJ NKIN A WIN, Auents,
jan'3Bly JctleroOn ptreet, Butler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT. •
\VM CAMPBELL, Tkkasukkk
H C. HEINEMAN, SECRETARY
J. L. Purvis E. A. llelmboldi.
William Campbell. J. W. Rutkhart
A. Troutman, Jacob Schoene,
O. C. Roesslng, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrvln, W. W Dodds,
J. W. Christy 11. C. Helneman.
JAS. T. M'JUNKIN, Gen, As't-
HENRY O. HALE,
FINE MERCHANT TftILDR,
COR. PENN akb BIXTH STREETS,
[Successor to A. C. Roessing A Bro.]
GRAIN, FLOUR, FEED, OIL,
THE HIGHEBT MARKET PRICE PAID IN
FOR GRAIN OF ALL KINDS.
the U. 8. service. LAW EXPIRES JULY Ist,
1880, for ARREARS. PENSIONS INCREAS
ED. Thousands of Pensioners are rated too low.
BOUNTY AND NEW DISCHARGES PRO
CURED. Information freely given. Send
stamp for blanks. Address.
STODDART & CO.,
Room t", St. Cloud Building, Washington, D. C.
Persons desiring to have their Old Furniture
repaired, or New Work made to order, each as
Music Stands. Book Cases. Wardrobes, Office
Desks, Office Tables, Ac..woulddo well to call on
A. B. WILSON,
Practical Cabinet Maker.
T bold that a piece of furniture made bv hand
worth two made by machinery, and will cost
out little more, if any. Then why not have baud
made ? All work made in the latest styles and
of the best material. I guarantee entire sat
isfaction in stvle, workmanship and price. Give
me a call. Shop on Miffliu street, four doors
weet of Main street, and opposite A. Troutman's
■tore, Butler, Pa. sepl7-ly
BAUER & BAXTER"
Livery, Sale and Feed Stables,
REAR OF VOGELEY HOUSE,
Jun9-3m BUTLER, PA.
tn *9OPPr® r 111 bome Samples worth
2)0 U» aZu sfi free. Address Snusos A Co.,
Portland, Maine. deo3-ly
M. FffiE & Bro.
100 4 102 FEDERAL STREET, ALLEGHENY.
Will Hold A Grand Clearing Out Sale Of Dry Goods.
All kinds of Summer Dry Goods will be Closed Out Kcgardless
At 5c per yard, very fine and beautiful
At 6%c, DRESS I'LAIDS, and a great variety
"of mixed Dress Goods.
At 12J£c. a very large lot of Brocade Dress
Gnod*, in all colors pnd shades.
AT 20 AND 35 CENTS,
We Are also closing out at very low prices, our
entire Mock ol
Black and Colored Silks
In these goods we oiler very decided bargasn*. |
jagPWe would call special attention to our very large stock of Alpaca and
Silk Sun Umbrellas, which will be closed out very low
M. FIRE"! BRO.,
100 Jk 102 Federal «<reet. Allegheny.
CARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUGS' ST AIR JRODS
s NEW STOCK! NEW STOCK! >
g HECK & PATTERSON'S p
j NEW CARPET ROOM !
M NOW OPEN! *
? Paap South off Glothicig otous© B b
Duffy's Block, »ept2o-tf Butler. Pa. S
iS'QOHHIVXS iSf)QH iSIVW iSHKHOIIO iSiLBdHVO
Time of Holding Courts.
The several Conrts of the county of Boiler
commence on th« fiist Monday of March, June.
September and December, and coutinno Iwo
weeks, or so long as n> cessary to dispose of the
business. No causes are put down for trial or
traverse jurors summoned for the first week of
the sevei al terms. (
ATTORNEYS AT LA W.
_ _____ PA. ~~
J. F. BRITTAIN,
Office with L Z Mitchell. Diamond.
ATMTCUN NIN GH AM,
Office in Brady's Law Building. Butler. Pa.
S."HT PTE RSOL; ~
Office on N. E. coiner Dian ond. Riddle build
"JOHN M. GREEK.
Office on N. E. comer Di» ond. novl2
WM H LUSK,
Office with W H. H Riddle. Esq.
Office on Diamond, near Court House, south
E. I. liRUfHI,
Office in Riddle's Law Building.
8 F. BOWSER.
Office in Riddle's Law Building [marß'76
J. B. McJUNKIN
Special attention given to collections Ollle
opposite Willard House.
JOSEPH H. BREDIN,
Officu north-east corner of Diamond, But lei
H. 11. GOUCIIER,
(•(Ik-., in Schneideman's building, np mails.
Office near Court House. * 74
W. D. BIIAN DON ~
ebl7-76 Office in Berg's building
~~ CLA R EN I 'E~ W ALK EL!,
Office in Brediu building- marl"—t
Office in Berg's new building. Main street .apUl J
F M. EAST" ANT '
Office in Bredin building.
Office Main street, T door south of Court Bonse
JOS. 0. VANDERLIN,
Office Main street. 1 door south of Court House
"Win A. FORQUER,
<3T Office o:i Main Btreet, opposite Vogelej
GEO It WHITE,
' >ffi«n* N. E. corner of Dianion-
F HAN CIS S PUKVIANCE,
Office with Oen. J. N. Purviance, Main street,
south of Court House.
J I) McJUNKIN,
Office in Schucidcinau's huildinir, west side ol
Main street, 2nd square from Court Hous-e.
Office on Diamond, two doors west of CITIZEN
T C. CA^I^ELII
Office in Berg's new building, 2d floor, ea u
side Main at., a few doom south of Lown
N A. & VI. SULLIVAN,
may 7 Office S. W. cor of Diamond.
BLACK & BRO.,
Office on Main street, one door south o
Hrcdy Block, Butler. Pa. (Sep. 2, 1874.
JOHN M MILLER & BRO.
Office in Brady's Law Building, Main street,
south of Court House. EOOENE G. MILLEK,
Notary Public. jun4 ly
JOHN H. NEGLEY,
particulai attention to transactions
in real estate throughout the coui'ty.
OrncF. ow DIAJIOKII, NEAR COUIIT HOUSE, K
E. K. ECKLEY, KENNEDY MARSHALL
(Late of Ohio.)
ECKLKY & MARSHALL.
Office In Brady's Law Building. 8ept.9,7-t
C G CHRISTIE,
Attorney at Law. Legal business carefully
transacted Collections made and promptly
remitted. Business correspondence promptly
attended to and answered.
Office opposite Lowry House, Butler, Pa.
McSWEENY & McSWEENY,
Sauethport and Bradford, Pa.
M N MILES,
Petrolia, Butler county, Pa. |JnS
WILLIAM R. CONN;
Office in Brawley House.
GREECE CJITY. [jUHe7-lj
M. C. BENEDIcfT"
j jan6 tf Petrolin, Butl«r co., Pa
In Housekeeping Goods
I We are enable ! to oirer better bargains than
ever before. Our stoek is very complete,
and must be sold to make room
lor Fall Good*.
We offer an Extra Good Quality of
Turkey Red Table Damask at 50c
Bleached Table Ulotli, very good, at 25, 35, 50c.
White and Colored Bed Quilts
AT ALL PRICES
; Towels, S, 10, and 15 cents,
j Towels, very tine and large. 20, 25 and Ssc.
GRAND BOULEVARD HOTEL.
Corner b9th St. <& Broadway,
On Both American and European Plans.
Fronting on Central Park, the Crand Boulevard.
Broadway and Fifty-Nlntli St.. this Hotel occu
pies the entire square, and was built and fur
nished at ail expense of over SWO,(XIO. It is one of
the most elegant as well as being the finest lo
cated in the city ; has a passenger Elevator and
all modern improvements, and is within one
square of the depots of the Sixth and Eighth
Avenue Elevated ft. IS. ears and still nearer to the
Broadway cars—convenient and accessible from
all parts of the city. Rooms with board. $'J per
day. Special rates for families and permanent
guests. E. HASKhI.L, Proprietor.
On Diamond, near Court House,
H. EITENMILLER, - - - PKOPBIKTOB.
This house has been newly furnished and pa •
pered. and the aecommodafionti are good.
Stabling in connection.
ST. CHARLES HOTELS
On the European 3?lan
54 to 66 North Third Street,
Single Rooms 50c., 75c. and $1 per
O. JL-*. Sclineck, Proprietor.
Exceilent Dining room furnished
with the best, and at reasonable rates.
Cars for all Railroad Depots
within a convenient distance.
CORTLANDT BTIIEET, NKAB BR DWAY,
HOTCHKISS & POND, - - Prop'rs.
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN.
The restaurant, cafe and lunch room attached
are unsurpassed for cheapness and excellence of
service Rooms 50 cts. to $2 per day, $3 to $lO
per week. Convenient to all ferries and city
railroads. N'w FUI.SITCKE, NEW MANAGE
■yHE SBnREII'ER HOUSE.
L Nlf KLAS. Prop'.,
MAIN STREET, BUTLER, l'A.
Having taken posesrion of the above well
kcown Hotel, and it being furnished in the
best of style lor the accomodation of guests, the
public are respect fully invited to give mo a call
I have also possession of the bam in rear of
hotel, which furnishes excellent stabling, ac
comodations for luv patrons.
JAMES J. CAMPBELL,
Cwuiily «'« »»• «»■■«*- mr -
Office in Fairview borough, in Telegraph
janls] BALDWIN P. 0.. Butler Co., Pa.
Justice of tlie Peace,
Main etreel, opposite I'ostoffice,
jlylfi ZEI.IENOPLE, PA.
Union Woolsn Mills.
I would desire t,o call the attention of the
public to the Union Woolen Mill, Butler, Pa.,
where I have new and improved machinery foi
the manufacture of
Barred and Gray Flannels,
Knitting and Weaving Yarns,
and I can recommt nd them as being very dura
ble. as they are manufactured of pure Butler
county wool. Tin v are beautiful in color, su
perior in texture, and will be sold at very low
priceß. For samples and prices address.
1U124.'7«-1t) Butler. Pa
HTS ft W 13 stops, 3 Reeds, 2 Knee
UIIUAuU Swells. Stool, Book, onlv
.$87.50. 8 Stop Organ. Stool, Book, only *53.75.
Pianos, Stool, Cover, Book, i<i9o to i' 255. Illus
trated catalogue free. Address
apl4-Sm W. C. BUNNELL. Lewistown, Pa.
BEAVER FALLS ACADEMY.
A new institution of learning, will open in
Beaver Falls, Ta.. on the
12th of SEPTEMBER, 1880.
Thorough preparation for COLLEGE, PRO
FESSIONAL STUDIES OR BUSINESS. Mod
em languages a sp-jiality. TERMS REASONA
BLE. including textbooks and stationery.
Applications should be sent before tlie Ist of.
Catalogues can te had at the CITIZEN office
Fullest information to be obtained by addressing
PRO. H. C. MUELLER,
aug2s-3t BEAVER FALLS. l'A.
HI TLER. PA.. WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 29. I>Bo
ADULTERATIONS AND SUB
People wo 'ike ;o mix chiccorv
with theiV coffee should undoubtedly
be allowed to do so although, for one
; who Knowingly use coffee • o unadul
terated, probably there are a dozen who
do it without knowing. So, too, in re
gard to those who use oleomargarine
instead of dairy butter, taking the for
mer knowingly on account of its lower
; price, ;ir because a good article of but
| ter may not be obtainable There are
many other deteriorations, adultera
tions and substitutions which are also
allowable, if not even entirely h rm
less, provided, as between manufactu
rer, dealer, and consumer, there be a
correct understanding cs to the article
dealt in, and no attempt at deception
is practiced. The difficulty is that de
ception in some form, or at some stajje,
seems to be an invariable accompani
ment of this kind of business. The
manufacturer may not deceive the large
dealer, who is supposed, equally with
himself, to be an expert ; from the large
dealer to the retailer, and from the lat
ter to the consumer, however, the op
portunities for deception, without the
commission of any fraud in the eye of
the law, are wonderfully increased.
Perhaps one of the most successful
of the comparatively new adulterations
is that of the use of glucose, made from
corn, for the adulteration of sugar and
sirup supposed to be made from the
sugar cane. Considerable prominence
has been given to this matter on ac
count of a trial which took place in
Buffalo in July, the suit growing out
of a difference as to the ownership of
stock in a company which had made
immense profits out of the business.
Glucose, or starch sugar, is not neces
sarily harmful, but it has very little
sweetening power Mr. 11. C. Kedzie,
the president of the Michigan State
Board of Health, in a recent report,
gives a list of the seventeen table sir
ups he had examined, of which only
two were less than half glucose, while
most of them were more than three
quarters, and four were all glucose.
One gallon of sirup is estimated to have
the sweetening power of 4.17 gallons
of glucose sirup. The writer concludes,
however, that there is comparatively
little glucose in 'granulated'and 'crush
ed' sugars, of which he had examined
many samples, although he found it
easily in many samples of light brown
sugars. He says: "The existence of
clean, well-defined, non-coherent crys
tals, free from floury dust, is i;Ood evi
dence of tl e absence of glucose from
commercial sugars," and adds: "In the
common candies, where the crystalline
form is purposely avoided as far as pos
sible, glucose is often used in large
The ense assumes a much graver as
pect, however, when we come to the
sophistication of drugs, and all that
class of articles known to our materia
medica, where a single instance of
adulteration or substitution may put
health of life in jeopardy. The Nation
al Board of Health has, therefore, done
well, in the absence of any yellow fever
damage this year, to devote some at
tention to this subject, and they have
accordingly issued a pamphlet in rela
tion thereto, embodying a report fur
nished by Mr. C. Lewit Diehl, on 'De
teriorations, Adulterations, and substi
tutions of Drugs.' The writer, after
mentioning the practical difficulties at
tending the'collection of specific infor
mation in regard to particular drugs,
to determine how general may be the
adulteration, proceeds to set forth
mainly such facts as are recorded in
the current literature of the last twen
ty-five or thirty years, most of it c ni
ing within the published proceedings
of the American Pharmaceutical Asso
ciation. Previous to 1848 large impor
tations of adulterated and inferior
drugs were thrown on our market, but
in that year Congress p ssed a law to
regulate such importations, and design
ed to exclude inferior and adultera ed
drugs. Under this law the 'special ex
aminer' for the port of New York, at
which most of the importations had
been made, had occasion, during the
first ten months, 'to reject
pounds of drugs, such as rhubarb,
opium, jalap, gamboge, senna, yellow
bark, iodine, croton oil, sarsaparilla,
etc., while from 1848 to 1857 the same
examiner rejected over 900,000 pounds
of unsafe, adulterated, and improper
drugs and medicines.' It was at once
demonstrated that the law had been of
great benefit, for the quantity of drugs
rejected within a short time after the
appointment of the examiner was much
larger than a brief period later, and
continued to diminish for several years.
The record of drugs rejected is not now
kept, but the same law is iu force, al
though it is complained that it is not
as effective as it should be, because the
examiners are not always appointed
solely with reference to their fitness
for the office.
The National Board of Health have
no remedy to recommend for the pres
ent state of things, but from the print
ing of their report, and the diffusion of
such information as is here presented,
much good may ultimately result. The
National Government can exercise
more care, or make more stringent reg
ulations if that be necessary, to prevent
importations of inferior or adulterated
drugs, but what seems even more neces
sary than this is uniform action by the
various State Legislatures to more ef
fectually control the manufacture and
the dealings in a class of goods where
the detection of inferiority or delete
rious adultera.ioas are generally so diffi
cult, and where any fraud is likely to
have a direct effect on the health of the
community.— Scientific American.
A GREAT BRIDGE RECONSTRUCTED.
—The great work of reconstructing the
famous railway suspension bridge
across the Niagara river has just been
completed without interruption of traf
fic. The task was undertaken some
months ago by Engineer E. A. Buck,
and, though mauy prominent engineers
doubted the feasibility of th • plan, he
has carried it out, making an iron and
steel bridge out of a wooden bridge by
process of substitution which has not
occasioned the slightest interruption
of trains. The casual observer would
never have suspected that anything
more than alittle repairing wasgoingoa.
A number of very clever though by
no means new swindles are described
jby a writer in Chamber's Journal. A
i precious pair of sharpers, desirous of
changing their abode, summoned the
| waiter at the tavern, and craltily in
duced him to join in "blindman's-buff,"
each being blindfolded in turn. The
waiter's turn to be the blind man came,
when if he caught either of his two
playmates, he was to receive a guinea
and a bottle of Champagne. He crept
about. lie searched the corners. They
were crafty hiders; but he would find
them. He groped tinder the table ; he
tried the chimney, and every place
which could afford concealment for a
rat; and at length jerked the bandage
from his eyes, found the room deserted,
and rushed down stairs to discover
that he had been duped, and his em
ployer swindled. ■"""
This reminds us of the stoy of two
fellows whose money was almost en
tirely expended, and who determined
that a wealthy hotel-keeper should be
the means of replenishing their purses.
Accordingly, one of them giving up the
money he had to the other, entered the
premises of the selected victim, while
his confederate kept out of sight. The
visitor inquired for the landlord, to
the query, "Can you give me a good
dinner ?" Of course the resources of
the establishment were equal to such a
demand, and in a few minutes the
"good dinner" was served and duly
discussed. Then came the question of
payment; but the guest had no money,
and pointed out to his host that he
possessed the "needful," he should
have ordered what he had consumed,
in the usual manner; that he had sim
ply sought information concerning the
ability of the house and the inclination
of its owner to supply him with a
good dinner, and was much obliged for
the same. A policeman was called in ;
but his decision leaned toward the im
pecunious diner : it might be consid
ered a debt, but the criminal law could
do nothing. The guest departed. The
landlord ground his teeth. Not long
after this, number two arrived with
the query, "Can you give me a good
dinner ?" A smile of terrible meaning
crossed the "landlord's face. "Yes, yes,"
he replied ; "take a seat," He hastened
out, and returned with a bucket of wa
ter, which with his own hands he
dashed over the applicant for a good
dinner, who thereupon jumped to his
feet, and demanded an explanation of
such extraordinary treatment. "Ha !
ha!" laughed the incensed Boniface, as
he glared about for something where
with to chastise the object of his
wrath—"ha! ha! you fellows can't
fool me twice in the same way." The
visitor appeared astounded ; the irate
landlo'd appeared anxious to kick the
visitor out. A violent scene occured.
The would-be guest was denominated
a swindler and a robber. The officer of
the law was again summoned. Each
made charges against the other. The
infuriated host called in his solicitor.
The visitor declared that he was per
fectly able and willing to pay for what
he required, exhibited his money,
threatened proceedings for assault and
battery, and vowed he would bring
his action for slander as well. The
landlord's solicitor considered his cli
ent was getting cheaply out of the
scrape by paying down fifty pounds as
a solatium for the wounded feelings
and the wet clothes of swindler num
A swell-mobsman oiicc made a wager
with a gentleman that the latter could
notcarry aten pound note from the hotel
at which both were staving to a place
indicated, along a .specified route. The
bet was accepted ; and the gentlemau,
with a grim smile placing the note
within the lining of his hat in the pres
ence of the swindler, started to accom
plish his object. He had nearly arrived
at his destination, when, passing a
place encumbered with brick, timber,
and other building materials, his at
tention was attracted by a little boy
searching amongst the impedimenta,
and crying piteously. The gentleman
approached, and desired to know the
cause of his grief. The boy had lost a
ten pound note, which had been given
him to get changed, and he was afraid
his father would kill him. By this
time a crowd, attracted by the roars of
the unlucky lad, had assembled, and
the builder's materials were being
thoroughly overhauled. A confederate
among the crowd now managed, while
engaged in the search, to knock off the
hat which contained the coveted note.
Its owner naturally stooped to pick it
up, and replace it on his head. Instant
ly the confederate collared him. "Give
it up ! give it up!" he criqd. "Give
up what ?" demanded the gentleman,
endeavoring to set himself free ; while
the crowd, leaving off the search, be
gan to throng round the sharper's vic
tim. "Give the boy his money—his
ten-pound uote, you thief!" shouted
the swindler. The gentleman angrily
protested ; but the swell-mobleman cut
him short by exclaiming: "He's got
it, men. I saw him put it in the liuing
of his hat." The hat was instantly ex
amined, and conclusive proof obtained,
for why should any one be found car
rying his money in his hat? And des
pite the struggles of the real owner,
the note was handed over to the bov
confederate, who immediately made off
with it; while, had it not been for the
arrival of a constable, the vicftm of the
conspiracy would have fared badly at
the hands of the infuriated crowd.
Of all the bottles that have been
thrown overboard from imperiled ships,
no despairing man gave up hope so ut
terly as to fling into the sea a bottle of
fine old brandy.
THE BRADFORD AND BUFFALO PIPE
LINE.—The United Pipe Line Compa
ny has recently completed an oil pipe
line between Bradford and Buffalo.
The pipe is 3 inches in diameter, and
will transmit 125 barrels an hour.
There are pumping stations at Cattar
augus and North Collins. Extensive
refining works are being put up in Buf
falo. A system of racks for loading
tank cars and capacious ranks have
been erected in East Buffalo. The
racks are built along the railroad tricks
at a distance of about 500 feet, and
there are 24 spill pipes for discharging
oil into the cars.
Charles Livingston, at 1 o'clock yes
: terday, finished the eighth day of
I his fast in the hall at No. 5 Willough
by street, Brooklyn, and cheerfully en-
I tered upon his ninth day. He was
! encouraged by the visit of Dr. Yail
lant, one of Dr. Tanner's watches, to
j think that he could complete his fa>t
! of forty-two days, and, notwithstand
ing wife's objections, he said that he
was now going through with his task.
Early yesterday morning he and his
watchers walked down to .Montague
Terrace, and, as he filled his lungs
with the pure air blowing from the
bay, he said that he felt better. On
h s way back to the hall through Ful
ton street he passed a restaurant whose
window contained a fine custard. He
looked longingly at it, and said that
he was tempted to go in and get it, as
a strong, hungry feeling came over
him, but he resisted the temptation,
and returned to the hall. Mrs. Liv
ingston kept her word in the morning
not to return to the hall, because her
husband had disobeyed her wishes in
continuing the fast. But at about II
o'clock she sent word that she was
sick in bed with heart disease, and
tha she must see him at once. He
and two of his watchers went at once
to her house, and they had a private
interview ; but, as far as is known,
he obtained no food. Livingston re
turned to the hall, and in the after
noon his wife, apparently as healthy
as ever, entered and took a seat by his
side. She still insisted that he should
stop the fast, aud told him that if he
didn't he would surely die. Livings
ton said that the doctors who visited
him daily would not let him die, and,
moreover, that he was not afraid of
hurting his health. Mrs. Livingston
( said that she had the heart disease,
and would get so excited about hiui
that she might die. Livingston, how
ever, remained firm, and told her that
he would not be at home to stay for
thirty-four days more.
"I have read the news from Maine,"
Livingston said yesterday, "and it
makes me feel better. All I care for
now is to finish this fast of forty-two
days, and then to help elect Winfield
S. Hancock." Livingston is such a
strong Hancock man that bis watchers
formed a Hancock aud English Club.
The fast came to an unexpected eud
last night when Livingston's German
landlord ran excitedly into the hall
and exclaimed: "Your wife has
taken poison! come home, quick!"
Livingston darted out of the hall and
with his watchers running at his heels,
started for the residence of Dr. Stuart,
at Clinton and State street. He than
ran at full speed to his house at 358
Atlantic avenue. The neighborhood
was in a state of great excitement, and
the other tenants said that Mrs. Liv
ingston had taken bedbug poison and
was dying. Livingston ran to her
room, his watchers following him, in
tent on seeing that it was not a ruse
to give him food. He entered his
wife's bedroom and found her appa
rently suffering from a dose of the
mixture which was in a teacup at her
side. She was moaning, "Where is
my husband," but when he came she
would not speak to him and, as he
believed that she was dying, he was
in great distress. He came out to his
watchers and announced that he would
stop his fast, as his wife was bound to
get him home; and if he attempted to
go on, it would be merely a continua
tion of the trouble.
The ambulance was summoned to
remove Mrs. Livingston to the hos
pital, but Livingston said that she
should not go. Dr. Stuart said that
there was nothing the matter with
Mrs Livingston, and that, although
she appeared to have taken poison, she
probably had not done so. Mrs. Liv
ingston grew better after her husband
said that he would stay at home, and
it is thought that she will be all right
by this morning. She was once a
female pedestrian, known as Mine.
NEVADA'S NATURAL PHE
Nevada is a land of curious phenom
ena. Iler rivers have no visible outlet
to the ocean. She has no lakes of any
magnitude. She has vast stretches of
Hjkali deserts, however, that give every
indication of having been the beds or
bottoms of either seas or lakes. Down
in Lincoln county there is a spring of
ice-cold water that bubbles up over a
rock and disappears on the other side,
and no one has been able to find where
the water goes. At another point in
the same country is a large spring,
about twenty feet square, that is ap
parently only some eighteen or twenty
inches in depth, with a sandy bottom.
The sand can be plainly seen, but on
looking closer it is perceived that this
sand is in a perpetual state of unrest.
No bottom has ever been found to this
spring. It is said that a teamster, on
reaching this spring one day, deceived
by its apparent shallowness, concluded
to soak one of his wagon wheels to
cure the loosuess of its tire. He there
fore took it off and rolled in into the,
as he thought, shallow water. He nev
er laid eyes ou that wheel again. Our
mountains are full of caves and cav
erns, many of which have been explor
ed to a great distance Speaking of
caves, a redeo was held last spring
over in Huntington valley. During its
progress quite a number of cattle were
missed and for a time unavailing search
was made for them. At last they were
traced to the mouth of a natural tunnel
or cave in the mountain. The herders
entered the cave, and followed it for a
long distance, at last found the cattle.
It appears they had probably entered
the cave, which was very narrow, in
search of water. It had finally narrow
ed so that they could proceed no furth
er. Neither could they turn around to
get out. They had been missed some
days, and if they had not been found
must inevitably have perished in a
short time. As it was they were ex
tracated from their predicament with
difficulty, by the herders squeezing
past and getting in frout of them and
scaring them into a retrograde move
ment by flapping their hats into the
faces of the stupid bovines.— Eureka
A CHANCE FOR INVENTORS—
THE $5,000 CAR.
Our readers will remember that a
prize of $5,000 was offered last year by
the American Humane Association for
a cattle car so constructed as to allow
cattle to lie dowu while in transit, and
to be fed and watered while in the cars.
This to prevent the suffering caused by
long standing and the injury and delay
incident to unloading and reloading.
The president of the association, Mr.
Lee Brown, announces in a circular
that the money has been pledged and
nearly all of it paid over to the secre
tary of the association and deposited
with trust-worthy bankers, All com
petitors for the prize are required to
send their models and plans, with full
descriptions, to Mi*. Brown, corner
Clinton and Jackson streets, Chicago
111., before the Ist day of October next
All communications with regard to tho
prize should also be addressed to Mr.
The judges appoiutedare Edwin Lee
Brown, Chicago, 111. ; John B Wins
low, Boston, Mass.; A. Kimball, Dav
enport, la ; William Monroe, Brighton,
Mass.; E. T. Jeffery, Chicago, 111
The judges d » not prescribe the siz»
or the internal arrangement of th'i need
ed car; but among plans which meet
the conditions, that will have the pref
erence which can most readily aud
cheaply be adapted to the citttle car
now in use. Of course, also, that car
which can be most easily adapted to
the transportation of other live animals
and merchandise, if in other respects
satisfactory will have the preference.
It is expected that competitors wi.l
take out pateuts for their inventions,
before submitting them, or not, as each
shall choose; but the judges must be
full}' satisfied of the legal title of a
claimant to his invention, before award
ing to him the prize, or any part of it.
The prize winner must also convey to
the American Humane Association, or
to such persons as its Executive Com
mittee shall designate, a patent for the
United States and Canada of the inven
tion, which shall be satisfactory to sai 1
committee, before any part of the prize
money will be due to him.
As models and plans may be seen by
others than the judges while in their
possession, they suggest, as a precau
tionary measure, that each inventor file
a caveat at the United States Patent
Office before sending them.— Scientific
A very recent decision of the Su
preme Court, at Washington, strikingly
illustrates the importance of an inven
tor's using reasonable diligence and
promptness in prosecuting his applica
tion. It is well understood that de
lay in this respect does necessarily not
forfeit one's rights. Inventors may,
if they can, keep their inventions se
cret, and if they succeed in doing so,
no postponement of the application for
a patent will deprive them of their
rigtttoone. The delay may be sat
isfaetorialy explained or excused; as
where poverty, sickness, absence from
the country, or the like, hinders early
action. But, generally speaking, who
ever has sufficiently matured a valua
ble inventi" n will do well to seek a
patent without dallying, as Mr. Wood
bury in the case now to be narrated,
In the fall of 184t> Woodbury com
pleted au improvement in planing ma
chines. The nature of it is not im
portant to the story ; it involved the
introduction of a "yielding 1 pressure
bar" to keep the wood to be planed
firmly in position, instead of the rollers
employed in previous machines con
structed on the "Woodworth" general
plan. It was a real improvement;
and, as developed in other hands, has
now acquired value.
But i i 1848, when Woodbury filed
application for a patent, his invention
seems not to have been appreciated.
It was rejected (in 1849,) and he was
notified he might "withdraw or ap
peal." lie did not appeal. In 1852
the attorney through whom the appli
cation was made withdrew it. This
was done without authority, to be sure
but Woodbury made no attempt, when
informed, to have the case reinstated.
Meantime he took out other patents,
showing that be was not prevented
from acting in the matter by ill-health
or want of money. At last, in 1870,
he renewed the application, and a pat
ent was (in 1873) granted, lie organ
ized a company, which commenced in
troducing the machine to profitable use.
But meantime the principle of the in
vention had been adopted by other
persons. The planing machine com
pany sued these for infringement; and
one "of them resisted the suit on the
ground that Woodbury's delay was an
abandonment of his invention to the
The Supreme Court has sustained
the defense. They say that there is
no rule requiring intention to abandon
to be declared in words. It is the un
questionable right of an inventor to
confer his invention upon the public,
and this he may do by his conduct,
and may do it alter applying for a pat
ent as well as before. The patent law
requires him to be vigilant and active
in taking steps to procure a patent if
he desires one. He cannot, without
cause, hold his application pending
during several years, leaving the pub
lic uncertain whether he intends to
prosecute it, and yet keeping the field
closed against other inventors. It is
not Unfair to one who has for many
years neglected a claim, that the pub
lic and the courts should treat it is
One of the hardest lessons to learn
in life is that the man who differs with
you, not only in opinions, but in prin
ciples, may he as honest and sincere
If the evening' shadows are longer
than those of noon, it is not because
the sun is then farther away. Ho is
near, but has changed bu position.
And when our other shadows grow
about us, it is not to suggest that the
Father has departed from us. He has
not; he is only "for a small moment"
smiling on us from another point of
One square, one insertion, $1 ; each subset
qaont insertion, SO cents. Yeirly advertisemenl*
oxceoding one-fourth of a column, >5 per inch.
Figure wor* doub'e these rate*; additional
chariot) where weekly or monthly changes are
miule. Local advertisements 10 ceuta per line
for iinft insertion, and 5 cents per line for each
additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub*
lished free of charge. Obituary notices charged
as advertmetneuts, and payable when handed in
Auditors' Notices. 94 ; executors' and Admin is
tratont' Notices. #3 each; Estray, Caution and
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines,
From the fact that the Citizbx is the olde* 1
established and most extensively circulated Be
publican newspaper in Butler county, (a Repufc
lican county) it must be apparent to business
men that it is the medium they should use in
aJvu-tising their business.
ABSENCE OF MIND.
"Speaking of absence of mind," said
the Rev. Sidney Smith, "the oddest
instauce happened to me once in for
getting uiy name. I knocked at a
door in London, and asked if Mrs.
was at home. 'Yes, sir; pray what
name shall I say ?' I looked in the
man's face astonished—what name ?
Aye, that is the question—what is my
name ? I believe the man though me
mad, but it is true that during the
space of two of three minutes I had no
more idea of who I was than if I bad
: never existed. I did not know wheth
er I was a dissenter or layman ; I felt
as dull as Sternhold or Jenkens. At
test to my relief it flashed across me
that I was Sidney Smith. I heard
also of a clergyman, who went jog
ging along on a road until he came to a
turnpike. "What is to pay?" "Pay
sir ; for what ?" asked the turnpike
man'. "Why, for my horse, to be
sure!" Your horse, sir; what horse?
There is no horse, sir!" "No horse!
God bless me," said he, suddenly
looking down between his legs, "I
thought I was on horseback."
Once there was a king who employ
ed his people to weave for him The
silk and patterns were all given by the
king. He told the workers that when
any difficulty arose they should send
to him, and never to fear troubling
him. Amoug men and women busy
at their looms was one little child,
whom the king did not think too
young to work. Often alone at her
work, cheerfully an patiently she
labored. One day, when the men and
women were distressed at the sight of
their failures, the silks were tangled,
and the weaving unlike the pattern,
they gathered round the child and said :
"Tell us how it is that you are so
happy in your work. Wo are always
"Then why do you not send to the
king?" said the little weaver; "he
told us that we might do so."
"So we do, night and morning."
"Ah," said the child, "but I send
directly I find I have a little tangle."
So let us take all our wants and
troubles directly to the Lord in prayer.
He invites us to do so and promises
to help us.
THE ONE SAFE WA Y.
The pilot of a United States revenue
cutter was asked if he knew all the
rocks along the coast where he sailed.
He replied: "No; it is only neces
sary to know where there are no
rocks." These words suggest a deep
moral and spiritual truth. Sermons,
lectures, and books abound on the
temptations which lie along the life
course of the young to eternity. Over
the most dangerous stones are lifted
the solemn notes of repeated warning.
This is well. And yet how much
more frequently does the Word of God
present and enforce, with all the ur
gency of motive love can suggest, the
very truth contained in the pilot's
answer—the "King's highway of holi
ness." Looking unto Jesus with sim
ple faith, the soul is secure ; whatever
the perils that lurk on every hand,
there arc no rocks ahead.
The real wealth of a man is the
number of things which he loves and
blesses, and by which he is loved and
If wc praatice goodness not for the
sake of its own intrinsicexcellence, but
for the sake of gaining some advantage
bv it, we are cunning, but we are not
Jamrach, the wild animal dealer of
London, has imported the biggest
ourang-outang ever seen in JEurope.
These creatures when imported almost
invariably die of lung disease.
It is a desolate thing, indeed, to for
bid the love of earth, if there were noth
ing to fill the vacent space iu the heart.
But it is just for this purpose, that a
sublimer affection may find room, that
the lower is to be expelled.— F. W.
A lawyer and a preacher were dis
cussing the direction of the wind. The
former said, "We go by the court
house vane." "And we go by the
church vaue," replied the parson. "In
the matter of wind that is the best au
thority," sail the lawyer. And the
preacher went home to cogitate.
The wealth of heaven never per
ishes, never departs, never ceases,
never brings with it care or envy or
blame, destroys not the body, corrupts
not the soul, is without ill-will, heaps
not up malice; all which things attend
on earthly wealth. That honor lifts
not men into folly, doth not make
them puffed up, never ceases nor is
dimmed. Again, the rest and delight
of heaven endureth continually ; ever
being immovable and immortal, ono
connot find its end or limit. Nothing
which comes to an end is much to bo
desired; whatever ceases, and to-day
is and to-morrow is not, though it bo
very great, yet it seems little and con
temptible. Tbeu let us not cling to
fleeting things which slip away and
depart, but to those which are endur
ing and immovable.— Chrysjatom.
To TELL THE AOE OF COWS. —The
ages of horned cattle may be known by
the rings on their horns till their tenth
year; but after that time they give no
indication of age further than the ani
mal has passed its tenth year. The
first ring appears on the horn after the
animal is two years old—soon after, as
a general rule, th >ngh sometimes be
fore that age. During the third )*ear
the ring gradually increases, and at
three years of age it is completely
formed. The second ring appears dur
ing the fourth year, and at the end of
the fifth year is complete. After that
period an additional ring is formed
each year. This rule is sufficiently
plain, and even a young farmer needs
but little practice to enable hiiu to
read a cow's age on her horns. A
cow with three ring* is six years old;
with four, seven years old. No now
rings are formed after tha tenth year.
The deeper rings, however, and the
worn appjaranne of the boras, are
pretty sure indication) of old ago —.