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Ail drees boti>Jßß CITIZKH,
BCTLZB, EARNS CITT AND PARKER RAILROAD
Trains leave Butler for St. Joe, Miller*town,
Sams City, Pelrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.27 a. m.,
and 8.23 and 7.25 p. m.
Trains arrWe at Butler from the above named
points at 7.17 a. m., and 2.15, and 7.15 p. m.
The 2.15 train connects with train on the West
Penn ro*d through to Pitubargh.
SHENANGO IHD ALLEGHENY RAILROAD.
Trains leave HilliardV Mill, Butler county,
for Harrisville, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. m.
and 12.20 and 2.90 p. in.
Stages lea' e Petrolia at 5.30 a. m. for 7.40
train, aud at 10.00 a. m. tor 12 20 train.
Return stages leave Hilliard on arrival of
trains at 10.37 n. m. and 1.50 p. m.
Stage leaves Martinsburg at 9.80 for 12.80
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.)
Market at 5.06 a. m., goes through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. m. This train con
cects at Fri-cpon with Freoport Accommoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. m.,
Express at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of cars, at 8.2# with
Exp;e9s west, arriving In Allegheny at 9.5S
s. m., and Express east arriving at Blairsvllle
■t 11 00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2-80 p. m., connecting at Butler Juno
tlonwitbont change ol cars, with Express west,
arriving In Allegheny at 5.26 p. in., and Ex
press cast arriving at Blnirsviile Intersection
at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects w'th
Philadelphia fcxpress east, when on time.
The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blalrsville
at 11.05 a. m. with the Mail east, and the 2.86
p.m. train at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Trains arrive at Butler on West Penn R. R. at
9.51 a. m., 5 06 and 7.20 p. m., Butler lime. The
9.51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Butler A Parker R. R. Snn ay train arrives
at Butle' at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the Eat'-
at 2.56 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 and 5.06 p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20
|>. ra . and 8.00, 7.0" and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
about the same time, at New York three hours
later, and at Washington about one and a ball
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
tny2l-ly] BUTLER, PA.
0 1/ WALDRON, Graduate ot the Phtl
|K adelpbia Denial College, Is prepared
• I* ato do anything in the line of bis
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block,
op sMirs, apH
LAND FOR SALE.
A handsome eix-roora frame house, located
on Bluff street, northwestern part of Butler.
Lot 50x176. All necessary outbuildings.
TERMS—Oce-!blrd cash and balance in four
equal anunal payments. Inquire at this office.
The wall-improved farm of Rev. W. R. Hutch
ison, in the northeast corner of Middlesex town
ship, Butler county. Pa , is now offered for sale,
low. Inquire of W. K. FBISBEE, on the prem
$5 will buy a one-half interest in a good bus
iness in Pittsburgh. One who knows some
thing about farming preforred. An honest man
with the above amount will do well to address
by letter. SMITH JOHNS, csre 8. M James,
93 Liberty sirret; PiiUburth, Pa. |au27-ly
/ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Losses paid In 81 years, $51,000,000.
J. T. McJL'NKIN A SON, AgenU,
jan2Bly Jefferson street, Butler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Office Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT.
WM. CAMPBELL, TREASUBRR.
H. C. HEINEMAN, SKCRETABT.
J. L. Purvis, K. A. Helmboldt,
William Campbell, J. W. Boikhart,
A. Trontman, Jacob Schoene,
6. a Roessing, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrrin, W. W. Dodds,
J. W. Christy H. C. Heineman.
JAS. T. M'JUNKIN, oen. Ae't-
HEHBT G. HALE,
FINE MERCHANT UIIOR,
OOR. PENN *XD SIXTH BTRXXTB.
[Suocesaor to A. C. Roessing A Bro.J
' DEALER IN
GRAIN, FLOUR, fEED, OIL,
THE HIGHEST MARKET PRICE PAID IN
FOB GRAIN OF ALL KINDS.
the U. S. service. LAW EXPIRES JULY Ist,
IMO, for ARREARS. PENBIONS INCREAS
ED. Thousands of Pensioners are rated too low.
BOUNTY AND NEW DISCHARGES PRO
CURED. Information freely given. Send
■tamp for blank*. Address.
STODDART k CO.,
Boom f, St Cloud Building, Washington, D. C.
Persona desiring to hare their Old Furniture
repaired, or New Work made to order, such aa
Music Stands. Book Casss, Wardrobes, Offioe
Deaka, Office Tables, Ac., would do wall to call on
A. B. WILSON,
Practical Cabinet Maker.
I bold that a piece of furniture made by band
ii worth two made by machinery, and will ooet
mat little more, if any. Then why not hare hand
made ? All work made in the latest sty lee and
ef the best material. I guarantee entire sat
isfaction is style, workmanship aad pries. Give
me a call. Shop on Mxffiin street, four doors
west of Main street, and opposite A. Troutman's
stare, Butler, Pa. sepl7-ly
BAUER ft BAXTER,
Livery, Sale and Feed Stables,
BEAR 07 VOGELEY HOUSE,
jan*-8m BUTLER, PA.
BOOTS and SHOES
Main Streets - - - - Butler, Pa.
I have just received my entire Spring and Summer stock of BOOTS and
SHOES direct from the manufacturer, and am able to sell them at
and a great many lines at LOWER PRICES THAN E\ ER.
Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in
endless variety, and at bottom prices.
Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock, and is the most
complete I have ever offered. The prices are lower than ever, and styles
Parties wanting BOOTS & SHOES made to order can do no better than
by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ.
LEATHER and FINDINGS will be found in my store in superior
quality and at lowest market rates.
|3gf"All goods warranted as represented. AIJ« BUFF,
C ARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! RUGS! STAIR RODS
~i " " n
x NEW STOCK! NEW STOCK!
§ HECK & PATTERSON'S 1
j ffiW CARPET BOOM !
C» NOW CXFEM!
|j ©f Otatyrtg etettst, 5
Duffy's Block, septao-tf Butler, Pa. ffi
isaoaaivxs isntia isivk iSHJ-oiono isxaaavo
Time of Holdnlg Courts.
The aever&l Courts of the county of Butler
commence on the fiiet Monday of March, June,
September and December, and continne two
weeks, or so long at) n< ceaeary to dispose of the
business. No causes are pnt down for trial or
traverse jurors summoned for the first week of
the several terms.
ATTORNEYS ~AT LAwl
" J. F. BRITTAFN^
Office with L Z- Mitchell, Diamond.
A. M. CUNNINGHAM,
Office in Brady's Law Building. Butler, Pa.
Office on N. E. corner Diamond, Riddle build
JOHN M. GREER.
Office on N. E. corner Diamond. novl2
WM. H LUSK,
Offioe with W. H. H Riddle. Esq.
Offioe on Diamond, near Court House, south
"" E. I. HKUGH,
Office In Riddle's Law Building.
S F. BOWSER.
Office in Riddle's Law Building. [marß'76
J. B. McJUNKHST
Special attention given to collections Offic
oppofile Willard House.
JOSEPH B. BRED IN,
Officii north-east corner of Diamond, Butler
Office in Bchneideman's building, up staiis.
J. T. DONLY
Office near Court House. r 74
ebl7-75 Office in Berg's building
Office in Bredin building- marl7— t
Office In Berg's new building, Main street.ap9l)
F. M. EASTMAN,
Office in Bredin building.
Office Main street, I door south of Court House
JOS. C. VANDERLJN,
Office Main street, 1 door south of Court House.
Wm A. FORQUER,
Office on Main street, opposite Vogeley
GEO. R. WHITE,
Office N. E. corner of Diamond
FKANCIS K VIA NCE~
Office with Oen. J. N. Purviance, Main street,
south of Court House.
J. D. AIcJUNKIN,
Office In Scbneidemau's huildiug-, west side ol
Main street, 2nd square from Court House.
Office on Diamond, two doors weet of CITIZEN
T. C. CAMPBELL,
Office in Berg's new building, 2d door, east
side Main at., a few doom south of Lowrj
C A. A M. SULLIVAN,
may 7 Office S. W. cor. of Diamond.
BLACK A BRO.,
Office on Main street, one door sonth o>
Hrady Block, Butler. Pa. (gep. 2, 1874.
JOHN M MILLEIi «fc BltO.
Office in Brady's Law Building, Main street,
south of Court House. EUOENE G. MILLFB,
Notary Public. Jun4 ly
THOMAS ROBINSON, "
JOHN H. NEGLEY,
VGivee particular attention to transactions
la real estate throughout the county.
OFTICK ON DIAMOND, NEAB CODUT HOUSE, IN
E. R. ECKLET, KENNEDY MARSHALL.
(Late of Ohio.)
ECKLEY & MARSHALL.
Office in Brady's Law Building. 50pt.9,74
C Q. CHRISTIE,
Attorney at Law. Legal business cure fully
transacted. Collections made and promptly
remitted. Business correspondence promptly
attended to and answered.
Office opposite Lowry House, Butler, Pa.
McSWEENY & McSWEENY,
Sme|bport and Bradford, Pa.
M N. MILES,
Petrolla, Butler county, Pa. |JnB
WILLIAM R. CONN,
Office in Brawley House,
GREECE CITY. |june7-ly
~ M. C. BENEDICT,
jan6 ti Petrolia, Butler 00., Fa
Main street, near Court House,
GEO. W. CAMPBELL, - - PROPRIETOR.
stabling in connection.
On Diamond, near Court House,
H. EITENMILLER, - - - PROPRIETOR.
This house has been newly furnisliod and pa
pered. and the accommodations are good.
Stabling in connection.
ST. CHARLES HOTEL,
On the European IPlan
54 to 66 North Third Street,
Single Rooms 50c., 75c. and $1 per
O. 1-*. Schneck, Proprietor.
Excellent Dining room furnished
with the best, and at reasonable rates.
for all Railroad Depots
within a convenient distance.
CORTLANDT STREET, NEAR BB DWAT,
HOTCHKISS & POND, - - Prop'rs.
ON THE EUROPEAN PLAN,
The restaurant, cafe and lunch room attached
are unsurpassed fcr cheapness and excellence of
service Rooms 50 cts. to $2 per day, t3 to flO
per week. Convenient to all ferries and city
railroads. N».w FURNITURE, NEW MANAGE
MENT. j an 15-1 V
-|-HE SBHREIP.EU HOUSE.
L NICKLAS, Prop'.,
MAIN STREET, BUTLER, PA.
Having taken poHession of the above well
known Hotel, and it bein" furniHlied in the
best of style for the accomodation of guests. the
public are respectfully invited to give me a call.
I have also possesion of the barn in rear of
hotel, which famishet* excellent stabling, ac
comodations for my paLrons.
JAMES J. CAMPBELL,
Cossnty mm «»■»_
Office in Fair view borough, in Telegraph
janls] BALDWIN P. 0.. Butler Co., Pa.
Justice of the "Peace,
Main street, opposite Postofflce,
jlylS ZELIENOPLE, PA.
Union Woolen Mills.
I would desire to rail the attention of the
public to the Union Woolen Mill, Butler, Pa.,
where I have new and improved machinery for
the manufacture of
Barred and Gray Flannels,
Knitting and Weaving Yarns,
and I can recommend tliem as being very dura
ble, as they are manufactured of pure Butler
county wool. They are beautiful in color, su
perior in texture, and will bo sold at very low
prices. For samples and prices, address,
Jn134.'78-1y) Butler. Pa
Q'p flf H 13 stops, 3 set Reeds, 2 Knee
UllUAllW Swells. Stool, Book, only
$87.50. 8 Stop Or<?an. Stool, Book, only $53.75.
Piano*, Stool, Cover, Book, i 190 to $255. Illus
trated catalogue free. Address
apl4-3m W. C. BT'NNELL, Lewistown, Pa.
Forty Dollars Beward.
On Tuesday night, April 27th, there was
stolen from the premises of the subscriber,
living in Penn township, Butler county, Pa., a
durk nay horse, six years old, weighs between
1,300 and 1,400 pounds, small star on the fore
head, shoulders somewhat sore from the wear
of the collar. A reward of S4O will be paid for
information that will lead to the recovery of
the horse. HARVY OSBORN,
mys-3t. Glade Mills, P. O. Butler Co. Pa.
Public Sale. -
The undersigned, surviving executor of Jacob
Bhanor, late of Centre township, Butler county.
Pa-, dee'd, will sell at public Bale on the premi
ses, in Centre townslup, on
SATURDAY, SEPT. 18th, 1880,
at 2 o'clock p. m. of said day, the following
Seventy-five acres of land, in Centre township,
being that part of the farm of Jacob Shanor,
dee'd, lying east of the graded or Franklin road,
about forty acres cleared and the rest in good
timber, no buildings thereon.
July2B-4t Butler Pa.
HITLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST 11, 1880.
ARE DAILY RECEIVING
Fresh and Seasonable Goods!
Cotton and Lisle Thread Hose,
Fringes, Trimmings, Buttons,
Ha n dkerch iefs,
Lace and Embroidered Ties,
Elegant Neckwear for Men,
AND FULL STOCK OF
Ladies and Men's Furnishing Goods.
jjS~Our increased Room enables us to give pur
chasers the very best value for their money.
109 FEDERAL ST. ALLEGAENY CITY PA.
OPPOSITE FIRST NATIONAL BANK.
Pittsburgh, Cincinnati St, Louis
Offers the best facilities and most comfortable
and expeditious Line for families
moving to points in
TEX S ,
jSTE brask a ,
OR ANY OF THE WESTERN STATES AND
THE VERY LOWEST KATES
TO ALL POINTS IN THE
WEST & SOUTH-WEST
CAN ALWAYS BE SECURED VIA THE
Tickets Sold and Baggage Checked
THROUGH TO ANY POINT YOU WANT TO GO.
We offer you the Lowest Rates, the Quickest
Time, the Best Facilities and the most Satisfac
tory Route to all points West ami South-west.
We run no Emigrant Trains. All classes of
Passengers are carried on regular Express
If you are unable to procure Through Tick
ets to points in Missouri, Arkansas, Texas, Kan
sas, Colorado, Wisconsin, Minnesota, lowa, Ne
braska or California, by the direct "PAN-H A N
DLE ROUTE," at your nearest Railroad Sta
tion, please address
~m,W. -*>- O'Rvlen,
Gen'l Passenger Agent, 'Pan-Handle Route,'
(A Medicine, not a Drink.) |
HOPS, BCCIIU, MANDRAKE, H
AND nut PfiiTST AND BitsTMii.ifAi.QrAU- H
TIKS UK ALL, oTIiKB lilTTEJttf. 3
THEY CUKE P
All Dl»ea«PSOf the Stomach, Bowels, Blood, 9
Liver, Kidneys, and Urinary Orßanc, Ner- H
voueiifcae, Bleeplesjnci»«aiul especially u|
Female Complaint*. ( J1
SIOOO IN COLD.
Will be paid for a case they will not cure or|B
help, or fur anything Impure or lujurloiw yj
found In tlicin. jjS
Ask your drupffist for Hop Bitters and try B
tliem before yon sleep. Take uo other. H
D I.C. It an Absolute and Irresistible cure for n
Drunken nest, ute of opium, tobacco und
SEXD FOB CiccrLAß. ■■BSABBBM
All above «old by dmnrUt*. M
Hop Blttore Mfg. Co., liocheiter, N. V., A On I. H
MRS. LYDIA E. PINKHAM.
OF LYNN, MASS.
LYDIA E. PINKHAM'B
The Positive Cnre
For all Female Complaints.
This preparation, as its name signifies, constats of
Vegotablo Properties that aro harmless to the most del
icate invalid. Upon ono trial the merits of this Com
pound will be recognized, as relief is Immediate ; and
when Its use is continued, in ninety-nine cases in a hun
dred, a permanent cure is effected,as thousands will tee
tify. On account of it* proven merits, it is to-day re
commended and prescribed by tho best physicians ID
It will cure entirely the worst form of falling
of the uterus, Lcucorrhcea, irregular and painfiu
Menstruation, all Ovarian Troubles, Inflammation c*nd
Ulceration, Floodings, all Displacements and the con
sequent spinal weakness, and is especially adapted to
the Change of Life. It will dissolve and expel tumors
from the uterusin an early stage of development. The
tendency to cancerous humors there Is chocked very
speedily by Its use.
In fact It has proved to be the great
est and best remedy that has ever been discover
ed. It permeates every portion of the system, and gives
new life and vigor. It removes faintncss.fiatulency, de
stroys all craving for stimulants, and relieves weakness
of the stomach
It cures Bloating, Headaches, Nervous Prostration,
General Debility, Slecplossncss, Depression and Indi
gestion. That feeling of bearing down, causing pain,
weight and backache, is always permanently cured by
Its use. It will at all times, and under rll clrcumstan
ces, act in harmony with the law that governs the
For Kidney Complaints of either sex this compound
Lydia E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound
Is prepared at 233 and 235 Western Avenue, Lynn, Mvs.
Price SI.OO. 81* bottles for $5.00. Sent by mail in the
form of pills, also in the form of Lozenges, on receipt
of price, SI.OO, per box, for either. Mrs. PINKHAM
freely answers all letters of inquiry. Send for pam
phlet. Address as above Mention thin paper.
No family should be without LYDIA E. PINKHAM'
LIVER PILLS. They cure Constipation, Blliouaness,
and Torpidity of the Liver. 25 cents per boa
GEO. A. KELLY 6i CO., General
Agents, Pittsburgh, Pa.
Sold by D. 11. Wuller, - Butler Pa.
Notice to Tax Collectors.
The Commissioners hereby give notice that
taxes of 1879 must be paid in immediately, as
the books for 1880 have been put in the handa
of the collectors. The County needs the money
and it must be paid. jel6:3w
In a little log church in the State of Virginia
Sonic negroes had gathered to worship the
Anil after the service they hail a class meeting,
That each for the Master might utter a word.
Their leader exhorted, and spoke of the warfare
Which Christians should wage against error
And finished by asking the following question :
"Which way is your musket a p'ntin' to-day?"
One after another they gave their experience;
Some brothers were happy, some lukewarm
One saw his way clear to the portals of glory,
Another had' strayed like a lamb from the
At last Brother uarkis—a regenade member,
And Satan's companion for many a dav—
Arose, cleared his throat, though visibly ner-
He folded his arms and proceeded to say :
"Dear Brudders and sisters, I once was a Chris
I once was as happy as any one here ;
I fit for de church like a battle-scarred soldier,
And stood by her banners when traitors were
"Hold on, dar," the leader excitedly shouted ;
"Please answer de question I axed yon, I say:
I've given you credit for all you tit den, sir—
Which way is your musket a p'intin' to-day?"
The Democrats talk of the glory of Hancock,
And boast of the record of English as well;
Then give them due honor ; for Judas was loyal,
Till money was offered ; he took it, and fell.
I would liken their boast to the boast of old
And then, with the class-leader, honestly say:
"Hold on, dar, inv brudder, dat isn't de question:
Which way is their muskets a p'intiu' to-day?"
Shall men who are training with Brigadier
Who fought to destroy our national flag,
And rise from their seats in the Forty-sixth
To eulogize traitors like Davis or Bragg ?
Shall men who bow down in Confederate cau
And worship the masters thev humbly obey,
Shall they rule the nation by Washington
"Which way is their muskets a p'intin' to
The question, my friends, is of vital importance;
The nation is waiting in anxious suspense ;
Each voter can wield a political musket.
Then wield it, I ask, in your country's de
The issue before us is clear and unclouded ;
Shall the nation be ruled by the Blue or the
I candic'ly ask fellow-soldier and voter,
"Which way is your musket a p'intin' to-day?"
How it is Manufactured —The Care
and Watchfulness that it Requires
—How the Dangerous Explo
sive is Handled to En
About 100 yards west of the Hoosac
tunnel is to be seeu a board fence sur
rounding about ten acres of ground,
with the announcement: "Nitro-gly
cerine works ! Dangerous ;no visitors
admitted." A drive leading between
two rows of buildings brings the 'visi
tor' to the acid house, a well ventilated
building, 150 feet long. Here are
eleven stills, each seven feet long and
two feet in diameter. Under these a
light, slow fire burns, which is careful
ly attended to, for the temperature
must be kept moderate. In each of
these stills is placed a charge of nitrate
of soda and sulphuric acid. The stone
ware pipe conducts the gases, at a tem
perature of about 180 degrees Faren
heit from each still into a stone receiver
or condenser, or rather a series of four
condensers connected by stoneware
pipes, ranged on a platform three feet
above the ground. Into three of these
sulphuric acid is poured, and the fourth
is empty. The nitrous vapor passes
from a still to the first condenser, where
a portion of it, forming, as it condens
es, nitric acid, is taken up by the sul
phuric acid; the remainder passes on to
the second, third and fourth condens
ers, though a very small portion is left
to pass into the last, which only re
quires to be emptied once a month. It
takes about twenty-four hours for the
still to complete the conversion of its
contents into nitric acid, at the end of
which time the resultant mixture, about
600 pounds, is run off into carboys,
twelve of these being filled from three
stills. About 100 carboys are gener
erally kept in stock, as the acid does
not spoil when kept closed. These car
boys are then emptied into a soapstone
tank having a capacity of eighteen car
boys, and an iron pipe, connected with
the main leading from the blowers in
the engine house, is inserted into the
acid causing a current of air to agitate
it, so as to remove the nitrous fumes,
mix it thoroughly so as to bring it to
uniform strength. Formerly this was
effected by removing the acid into a
glass vessel containing about forty gal
lons, and it required boiling for hours;
the mode now practiced occupies only
five minutes, and the risk of fracture of
a glass vessel in a sand bath is avoid
ed. The acid is then carried into a
converting room, about one hundred
feet long and well lighted, where it is
divided among one hundred and six
teen stone pitchers, arranged in nine
wooden troughs placed in the centre
and at the end of the room, and these
troughs are now filled with ice-cold
water, or ice and salt, so as to rise
within four inches of the top of the jar.
On shelves above the troughs are ar
ranged glass jars, one to each stone
pitcher. Into each of these glass jars
chemically pure glycerine is poured,
and this, by means of a siphon, with a
rubber tube attached, about two feet
long, falls, drop by drop, into the cor
responding pitcher of mixed sulphuric
and nitric acids. Immediately below
the shelf on which the glycerine jar
stands is a two and one-fourth inch
iron pipe, which brings a current of
cold air from the receivers connected
with the two blowers above mentioned.
The current of air is distributed to each
jar, while the acid and glycerine are
mixed by a rubber pipe, to which is at
tached a glass tube 16 inches long and
with a one-fourfh incb bore. During
the hour and a half or two hours that
the glycerine takes to run off into the
pitchers, the greatest care and closest
attention is requisite. The three men
whose duty it is to attend to the mix
ing process have each a row of pitchers
to watch, walking the whole time up
and down beside them, with thermom
eter, in hand, and, as the nitrous fumes
rise from the forming nitro-glvcerine,
they stir the mixture with the glass
tube before ment'cned, in a pitcher
that may be giving out too violent
fumes. Sometimes this is caused by
the glycerine running a little freely,
which fires the mixture, wastes the
I glycerine, forming oxolic acid, and de-
velops unpleasant vapors.
In such case, by pushing back a lit
tle wooden peg in the glass jar, the
flow of glycerine is lessened, and by
stirring with the glass tube the nitrous
vapors are dispelled. Should the en
gine stop working by any unforseen
circumstance, the current of air, will,
of course, be stopped, when the mix
ture will take fire. In this case it is
necessary to stir the mixture, and at
once stop the flow of glycerine. When
the glycerine and the acid are all mix
ed, and the nitrous fumes cease to ap
pear, the nitro-glycerine from each
pitcher is dumped into a large tank of
water, at a temperature of 70 degrees,
about 450 pounds of nitro-glycerine be
ing the amount of each batch manufac
tured. The nitro-glycerine sinks to the
bottom, and is covered by about six
feet of water. Here it remains for fif
teen minutes, to be subsequently wash
ed free from any impurities. This tank
projects through the floor into a base
ment chamber, its bottom being on a
slight incline, so that the nitro-glycer
ine may run out easily. The water is
first drawn off from the top of the nitro
glycerine, and then the latter is run in
to a wooden swinging: tub, in shape
somewhat like an old-fashioned butter
churn, but a good deal larger in diam
eter. In this it is washed five times,
three times with plain water and twice
with soda, a current of air working
through it at the same time. The wa
ter from this tub is run off into a wood
en trough, which conveys it to a barrel
buried in the earth, in the side of which
a hole carries it to another barrel a lit
tle lower down the bill, and this into
another barrel, whence it finds its way
to the dump of rocks which were re
moved from the tunnel; any nitro-gly
cerine that may have escaped in the
washing process being collected and re
tained in one or other of these three
barrels. The nitro-glycerine is by this
time thoroughly washed and ready to
store in the magazine, 900 feet distant,
to which it is carried in a couple of
pails. In the magazine the nitro-gly
cerine is poured into the "crocks," as
they are called, earthenware jars, hold
ing 60 pounds. T1 ese crocks are then
placed in a wooden tank 2i feet deep,
which hold 20 of them, and immersed
to withih six inches from the top of the
jars in water warmed by a small pipe
from the "boiler, to raise the tempera
ture 70 deg., at which temperature it
is kept all the time, as nearly as possi
ble. They remain in this water about
72 hours, during which time any im
purities still remaining rise to the sur
face as scum and are skimmed off with
a spoon. The nitro-glycerine is then
chemically pure, transparent as water,
refracts light powerfully, and is ready
for packing. The tin cans, lined with
parafline, and containing 56 pounds
each, are placed in a shallow wooden
trough, and the nitro-glycerine, being
poured from the cracks into copper
cans, is again poured into the tin thro'
a gutta percha funnel, the bottom of
the trough being covered with a thick
layer of plaster of paris, which absorbs
and renders harmless any drops of ni
tro-glycerine that may be spilled. The
tins are then placed in a wooden trough
containing iced water, or ice and salt,
where the nitro-glycerine is slowly
crystallized or cougealed. - In this con
dition it is stowed away in small mag
azines, 300 feet distant, in amounts of
30 or 40 cans each, until required for
use. When the nitro-glycerine is to be
conveyed to any point by teams, the
cans are packed in open wooden boxes,
with tw(J inches of sponge at the bot
tom and four rubber tubes underneath;
these are long enough to allow the
ends to come one inch over the top of
the tin on opposite sides, thus interpos
ing two elastic tubes between the out
side of the tin and the inside of the
wooden box, rendering it perfectly safe
to carry. Each tin is cellular, i. e.,
from top of each tin to the bottom a
tube passes about 10 inches deep and
l£ inches in diameter, for the purpose
of throwing the congealed nitro-glycer
ine when the blast is ready to use it,
liquefaction being effected with water
of 70 to 90 degrees. The tins, being
closed with a cork wrapped in bladder,
are put into a sleigh or wagon, cover
ed in summer with a layer of ice and
blankets, and may thus be carried any
distance in this purified cystalline state
as safely as so many tubs of butter.
GUARDING AGAINST DANGER.
Perfect system pervades this factory,
and it is necessary to insure safety.
The steadiest men possible are selected
for the work; three are employed in
the acid house, working in three shifts
of eight hours each, but they do not
actually work more than seven hours.
Every movement is like clockwork;
every man has his place and special du
ty, which he is expected to perform at
the proper time. In the morning at 7
or 7:30, two men dump the carboys of
acid into the soapstone tanks and mix
them, while a third is filling the glass
jars with glycerine. This operation
takes about an hour. One draws the
acid, another weighs it, and a third
carries it to the troughs. After an in
terval, during which the acids cool,
three men attend closely to the con
verting of the glycerine into tri-nitro
glycerine. After the nitro-glycerine is
dumped into the water tank, two men
are employed in washing it, while two
wash the stone pitchers with water.
The floors are kept scrupulously clean
and perfectly free from atoms of nitro
glycerine, which, stepped upon while
the men are at work, might send them
to eternity and the building to smith
ereens. The room is then prepared for
next day's operations, and, by about
one or two o'clock, after six, or at most
seven hours' work, the day's work is
done. Nothwithstanding the extreme
care used to avoid accidents, the Mow
bray works have been blown up three
times, and of the nine competent super
intendents that have been in charge,
eight have been killed outright and
their bodies blown to fragments, while
the ninth is yet living, totally blind.
The highest wages are paid, and, in
order to render transportation easier
and safer, Prof. Mowbray, within the
past two years, has built a car express
ly for the purpose. Boston Herald.
A cruel husband calls his wife
"green fruit," because she never agrees
A SPANISH HULL FIGHT.
How splendid and terrible is a bull
fijrht in Madrid ! The amphitheatre is
filled fully three hours before the fight.
Seats command the highest prices.
Persons without money borrow monev
to go to the fight. Men and women fill
the seats and boxes. Everybody
drinks, eats and shouts. Spicy jests
tickle the ears of the most noble young
ladies. The sun sh'nes and burns.
There is an uproar worthy of pande
mouium. The spectators hiss, applaud,
slap each other's faces, and drawn
knives flash in the air. At last the
President ol the Fete enters the box.
Frequently the King is honored by the
office. He is accompained by the
Queen. He waves his handkerchief.
There is a tremendnous outburst of ap
plause. The trumpet sounds. An officer
in the costume of Philip IV., astride a
prancing steed, rides to the President's
box, who drops into his plumed hat
the key to the toril, or pen where the
bulls are confined. He gallops away
and tosses the key to the chief of the
band of bull fighters. This ceremony
concluded, a dazzling, romantic, and
living panarama is presented. It is
called the despejo. All the terreros, en
snares of death, salute the President.
The chief is termed Vespada. Each es
pada has his assistant or cuadrilla.
They move slowly and gracefully,
their costumes shining in the sunlight.
The chulilos, whose duty is to distract
and tire the the bull by the incessant
movement of their cloaks, and the ban
derilleros, who throw darts into his
skin, follow Frascuelo, La Gartijo,
Machio, Arjona, and old Sanz, the
great matadors who are favored by the
women and saluted by the men. The
picadors, in yellow leather, stiff
brimmed gray felt hats ; and iron-en
cased legs, follow those on foot. They
are invariably too heavy for their poor
bony $lO horses. The menial cachetero,
whose sharp knife gives a wounded
bull the coup de grace, comes next.
The procession is closed by the mulil
las, or mules covered with parti-colored
blankets and laden with noisy little
bell. They drag 1 the dead bulls and
horses from the ground.
The King is saluted. The mulillas
are trotted from the arena. The pica
dors range themselves close to the
toril, with lance in rest. The chulillos
throw into the outer inclosure their
silk caps, and take up their capas de
combat, all torn and in rags. The
trumpets again sounds. The applause
is redoubled. A massive door at the
end of a narrow and dark passage is
opened, and the bull comes out. To
make him furious, he has been kept
in a dark prison without food or water,
and has been tormented by thrusts
from lances. Blinded by the torrent of
light, astonished by the shouts with
which he is greeted, undecided as to
his first attack, he stops, angrily paws
the sand, lowers bis head, and glares
at his enemies. Like a flash he may
dart upon a picador. The horse re
ceives the terrible shock, and wounded
or killed, be is thrown upon his back
against the barrier. The picador is
usually burried beneath the poor
animal Then, again, the bull may se
lect a chuliilo for his first attack. The
expert either drags his cape behind
him or throws it aside, to distract the
infuriated animal's attention, and on
reaching the barrier vaults over it like
lightning, a bird without wings.
The fun now begins in earnest. The
crowd becomes enthusiastic, maddens
the bull, insults the toreros, and clam
ors for the killing of other unfortunate
horses. When a picador falls the chu
lillos provoke the bull to prevent him
from goring the man. They surround
the animal with their capes, and finally,
at the sound of the trumpet, the work
of the horses is finis! Ed and that of
the banderilleros begins. The chulillos,
encouraged by the cries of the crowd,
advances upon the bull. They shake
before him wands on which pieces of
bright-colored paper are pasted. Their
fluttering sounds like the rustling of
silk. Darts at the end of the wands
are shot into the neck of the bull. At
times a banderillero stations himself
almost between the horns of the mad
dened beast, with the animal's nose at
his fe«'t, ami flings darts into its quiv
ering flesh. The bull roars and bellows.
He charges, backs, Ptands still
charges and recharges, and finaily
moves about the arena, his great shoul
der covered with the plumes of the
darts tint are fastened in his neck.
More horses must be killed. Al
though the bull's feeble legs can barely
sustain him, although streams of
blood are flowing from his body, and
although he fills the plaza with his
roars of pain, a fiery bandar ilia is
driven into his neck. As the darts en
ter* the flesh the fire in the bai/uette is
ignited The odor of burning flesh fills
the air, and a black smoke rises in
curves from the bleeding neck. The
bellowing of the unfortunate animal
becomes frightful. Sometimes the bull
throws himself on the ground and re
fuses to fight any longer. Then a man
comes forward, carrying a pole at
tached to a sharp reaping hook, and,
amid the applauses of the crowd, cuts
at the kuees and legs of the animal.
Tears are forced from the bloodshot
eyes. The fallen bull endeavors to rise.
He drags himself upon the ground.
He still wants to live, but they finish
him with knives.
The matador generally follows the
banderilleros. In this red muleta he
hides his sword. In his right hand he
carries his montera, a handsome round
cap, and walks gracefuliy toward the
President's box, in frout of which he
offers up his victim. "Al Re.! Ala
Reina! A las jembras andalusas/"
In this toast the most original and ex
travigaut things are said. He throws
his cap in the air. The crowd gives
vent to a hollow murmer. The mata
dor points out to his cuadrilla the spot
where he wishes to kill the bull. The
chulillos brandish their cloaks in the
nostrils of the tired animal, and tempt
him on to the spot chosen by the ma
tador, who steps to the front. The an
imal has been pierced by the lances of
the picadors, weakened by the darts
of the banderilleros, and stupefied by
the shouts of the crowd and the chase
of the chulillos. The espada dazes him
by quick flourishes of a criwsou cape,
One square, one insertion. *1: ca.?h snl#e
quant insertion. 60 cents. Yerrly advertieemtnta
eioeeduig oae-fonrtb of a column. 50 r" r inch.
Figure w>rk double th©s-e ntw. a4di!i*n*l
charges where weekly or monthly cliar.;:?*' rr•
made. Local advertisements 10 cents per hue
for drvt insertion, and 5 cents per line for each
additional insertion. Maniages and death* pub
lished free of cliarge. Obituary notices charged
as a Irc-rtisemcnta. and payable when handed in
Aivliton' Noiicoe. H ; Executors' and Adminis
t rat ore' Notices, each; Eotray, Cantion and
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lilies,
From the fact that the CmzEjr is the oldea*
established and most extensively circulated Ke
publican newspaper in Butler county, (a Repub
iican county) it must be apparent to business
men that it is the mediuia they should use in
advertising their business.
the deceived bull Junges fur the cloth,
and the espada plunges his sword into
his heart. Sometimes the espada, miss
ing his thrust, wounds the bull in the
neck Blood bursts from the animal's
mouth. No tongue can utter words
more ferocious thau the epithets hurled
at the matador by the disappointed
crowd, who expect a skilful sword
thrust. You would think they were
going to kill the matador. They hiss
him aud tear pieces of wood from the
seats to throw at him. But if the
thrust is successful, cigars, hats, cloaks,
and even the fans of the ladies darken
the air. The quantity of offerings that
fall into the arena sometimes prevent
the matador from going over to make
a new bow to the occupants of the
Presidential box. Then there is music
and more shouting, while the mulillas,
rattling their bells, drag off the dead
horses and the still warm bull. They
leave behind them a great trail of
The trumpets sound a third time.
The toril is once more opened, and
another bull appears. They prod him ;
they burn him, sometimes with ten
and sometimes with twenty sword
thrusts. At each fight they kill eight
bulls. If a bull goars a man, and he is
left upon the ground for dead, nobody
minds it. They go on with the per
formance all the same, and sometimes
applaud the bull. If ha tosses an as
sistant upon his horns, and catches him
before his comrades can come to the
rescue, not a single cry of fear or mur
mur of pity comes from the crowd.
The man is taken to the hospital,
wounded or dead The affair naturally
produces a little stir, but the sport
goes on, and the women never quit
their places. When a bull wounds two
or three fighters and kills sixteen or
seventeen horses, his photograph is in
great demand. Every body buys it.
His head is sold at a high price, and
eventually ornaments the appartments
of some lover of the sport.
Probably the meanest trick that was
ever played on a white man was
played last week in New York, and
the fact that there is no Vigilance
Committee there is the only reason
that the perpetrators of the trick are
alive. A business man had just pur
chased a new stiff hat, and he went
into a saloon with half a dozen of his
friends to tit the hat on his head.
They took beer and passed the • bat
around so all could see it. One of the
meanest men that ever held a county
office went to the bartender and had a
thin slice of Liniberger cheese cut off,
and when the party were looking at
the frescoed ceiling through beer
glasses, this wicked person slipped the
cheese under the sweat leather of the
hat, and the man put it on and walked
out. The man who owned the hat is
one of your nervous people, who is
always complaining of being sick, and
who feels as though some dreadful dis
ease was going to take hold of him
and carry him off.
He went back to bis place of busi
ness, took off hrs hat and laid it on the
table, and proceedeu to answer some
letters. He thought he detected a
smell, and when' his partner asked if
he didn't feel sick he said ho believed
he did. The man turned pule and said
he guessed he would go home. He
met a man on the sidewalk who said
the air was full of miasma, end in th
street car a man who set next to him
moved away to the end of the car, and
asked him if he had just come from
Chicago. The man with the hat said
he had not, when the stranger said
they were having a great deal of
small pox there, and he guessed he
would get out and walk, and he pulled
the bell and jumped off. The cold
perspiration broke out on the forehead
of the man with the new hat, and he
took it off to wipe his forehead, when
the whole piece of chaese seemed to
roll over and breathe, and the man got
the full benefit of it, and he came near
fainting away. He got home and his
wife met him and asked him what was
He said he believed mortification
had set in, and she took one whiff as
he took off bis hat, and said she should
thiuk it bad. "Where did you get
into it?" she said. "Get into it?"
said the man, "I have not got into
auything, but some deadly disease has
got hold of me, and I shall not live."
She told him if any disease that smelt
ed like that had got hold of him and
was going to be chronic, she felt as
though he wa3 going to be a burden
to himself if he lived very long. She
got his clothes off, soaked his fee*, in
mustard water, and he slept. The man
slept and dreamed that a small pox
Hag was hung out in front of his house
and that he was riding in a # butcher's
wagon to the pest house. The wife
sent for a doctor, and when the wan of
pills arrived she told him all about
the case. The doctor and the wifo
held a post mortem examination of the
hat, and found the slice of limberger.
"Few and short" were the prayers they
They woke the patient, and to pre
pare his mind for the revelation that
was about to he made, the doctor asked
him if he had made his will. He said
not, but that he wanted a lawyer sent
for a once. The doctor asked him if
he was prepared to shuffle off. The
man said he had always tried to lead
a different life, and had tried to be
done by the same as he would do it
himself, but that he might have made
a misdeal some way, and he would
like to have a minister sent for to take
an account of stock. Then the doctor
brought to the bedside the hat, opened
up the sweat leather and showed the
dying man what it was that smelled
so, and told him he was as well as any
man in the city. The patient pinched
himself to see if lie was alive, and
jumped out of bed and called for his
revolver, and the doctor couldn't keep
up with him on the way down town.
The last we saw of the odoriferous
citizen be was trying to bribe the bar
tender to tell him which one of those
pelicans it was that put that slice of
chees iu his hat.
It will take a pretty heavy frost to
kill this speech crop that is coming on