Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, May 05, 1880, Image 1

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Per ve«r, in advance •* 50
OtimnriM 00
No nolweription will be discontinued oniil all
arrearatft* are paid. l'(»-tma«ter« neglecting t"
notify u» * hen subscriber* do not take oul their
papers will be held liable for the subscription.
sntncribcis removing from one poetoffi-e to
another nhorild give us the name of the former
m well w the present oS'«.
All i-omnnnications intended for publication
in paper miwt i>e accompanied by the real
name of the writer, not for publication, bat ao
a guaiantee of eo>xl faith.
Marriage and aewh notice* must be acoonipi
oied by a responsible name.
A ill lie—
(Sntier Time.)
Traina leave Bulier for St. Joe, Millerstnwn,
K-.ms City, Petrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.25 a. m.,
and 2.06 and 7.20 p. m. [See below tor con
nection- with A. V K R.J
Trains arrive at Butler from the above named
points at 7. 5 a. m.. and 1.55, and 6.55 p m.
The 1.55 tinin connects with train on the West
Pcun rmd '.lirnuirL to I'ittt-bar^h.
Triins !<*ave Milliard's Mill, Butler county,
for H»rri*ulle, <ircenville, etc., at 7.40 a. m.
an J 12.20 an»l 2.20 p. in.
Stajteo lea'e Petrolla at 530 a. m for 7M
twin, and at 10.00 a. m. lor 12 20 train.
Return etejjes leave Hilliard on arrival of
trains at f\27 a. ra. and 1.50 p. m.
f"!ai-e leaves Martinsburg at V.30 for 12.30
Train* leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time. /
,%!<:rhet at 5.0« a. in., iroes through to Atle
gh* ny, ar: viiiar at 9.01 8. rn. This train cot'
cects at Freei ort with Frci port Accommoda
tion, which arrive* at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in.,
rni'road time.
Exfrrett at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Bullet
Junrii n, wiihou: change of cars, it S.2U with
Esp.e-* wirt, i'.rrivit:g In Al'eirhcut at 95-
a. in . and Ex press earn arriving at Blaireville
a: 11 00 a . m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.3*5 p. m , connection at Butler June
liotiwiihoot cii.irge ol r.»rs, with Express west,
arriving in Allc<£l)<*ny at 520 p. in., and Ex
pro* east arriving at Blairsviile lnterwclion
at «.!0 p. ra. railroad time, which connects with
Philadelphia Kipr. .s east, when on lime.
The 7.21 a. in train connects at Hlaireville
at 11.05 a m will, the Mul cast, and the 2M
p.m. trr> itj at «.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
pre*- * eaat. ,
Train? arrive at Builer on West Penn K. K. at
9.51 a. m., 50* a:.d 7.20 p. m , Bu'h r Hint:. The
9.51 and s.oft train* connert v/itb trains on
the Butler & Parker K. B. Sun ay train arrives
at B-Jtle-at 11.11 a. el, conatcting with train
lor Parker.
Main line.
Th'ou.'h train'* leave Piiisburgh lor the F.ar'
Jt 2.5P and « M a. ra. and 12 51, 4 21 ai.rt s OH p
v ~ *. l iving at Pbiiadelphi t ol 3.40 and 7.20
p. m .nd 3.C0. 7.0 and 7.40 ». n:.; al Bahii lore
about the sane t'tre, at N< w York three h urs
later, and at Wa*binf(toi»-about one and a hall
boars later.
mvVl-ly] BUTI.KK I'A.
Oil WALDRON. On liu.itc ol the Phil-
K adelpl ia Dental College,is prepared
■ II •to do anything in the line of bis
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butl'-r, Union 81-iok,
up st:ilrs, apll
LAN i)K Vh sa LE.
Notice is hereby givon that I will, as Assignee
of Win. ficliroth,"of Haionborg. Butler county,
Pa., make public sale pursuant to an order of
the Court of Common Pleas of Butler connty, on
Thnrndny, 3*lay 6, 1880,
at 10 o'clock, A. M . on the premises, all ol the
following described property, to wit:
HOUSE AND LOT, situate in the borough of
Saxonbur*. bounded on thh nuitli by Main
street, east by lot of Dr. E. Marshon, south by
the borough hue, and west by Joaepli Kohn
fekler and lot No. 2, containing two and cue
fonrth acres, more or less.
Also. HOUSE AND LOT situate in said bor
ongli of Saxonburg. bounded on the north l»y
Main street e«st by lot No. 1 above descnlied.
south by same lot No. 1, and west by F. A ick
enhagen, ccniaining about one-fonrih of an
•ere. more or less.
Also. TKV ACRES OF LAND, more or less,
situate in Jefferson township. Butler connty.
Pa.. !>ouud*d on the oa.l by lands of Ferdinand
Yaenig, noith by lands of Win. Schroth, west
by Stale road lea*ling from Saxoriburg to But
ler. arid south by lands of Henry lturige,
TERMS—One-half of the purchase money of
each jrfece or parcel of above descr.bed real es
tate to be paid »t the continuation of the sale
thereof, and the retjilue in six months there
after, payments with interest from said confir
mation. and to be secured by judgment or mort
gage thereon.
C. HOFFMAN. Aisignee.
Skxonburg, April 12, 1480. apll-3t
Williim S. I'. yd lus 324) ncres of No. 1 Prririo
Laud in Butler count v. Kansas, which he nil)
exchange for UK) acres in this county, and pay
difference if anv.
A large nitmter of CHEAP FAI'.MN for sale
in Ibis county. West Virginia, Missouri and Kan
sas. Apply to WM. S. BOYD,
mai:t-2m Vogeley House. Butler P»
A handsome «lx-room frame house, locked
on Blull sirei I, northwestern pnrt of
Lot 50x170. All necessary oulliuildlnga,
TERMS—Ore-third i-ash mid balance In lour
equal annual payments, inquire at this otllee.
F"or Hale.
Tlie well-lmfiroved farm of Itev. W. B. Hutch
ison,in the norlheai't comer of Middlesex towu
ship, Butler county. Pa . Is now offered for sale,
low. Inquire of W K FBISBEE, on the pi .-ra
ises. aplfiif
15 will liny a one-hall interest In a bu«-
ln<>* In Plttstmrgh. One who knows some
thing ali< ut farming preferred. An hoiieai man
with the above amount will do well to adore*-
by letter. SMITH J'lHNrt, eare 8. M. James,
93 Liberty str- et, Pittsburgh, Pa |au27-ly
ln«'orpor»t<;<l IHIO.
A«et« $7,078,224.49.
l.ot*M> paid In 81 years, $51,000,000.
J. T. McJTNKIN A S<>N, Agents,
Jan'iXly Jctlrrson street, butler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
Offlco Cor. Main and Cunningham Sts.
J. L. Purvis. I E. A. Helmboldt,
William Campbell, J. W. Buikhart,
A. Trootman, Jacob Schoeue,
O. C. Riwsi-lug, John Caldwell,
Dr. W. lrvln, W. W Dodds,
J. W. Christy I H. C. Helneman.
JAB. T, M'JUNKIN, Gen. A«'t
m»rl7-2m I'ORI'KIWVILLE. PA.
~ IIKiV K Y O. lIAI.K, "
i! fiiiEsim Tiiiett.
Fitttburgh, Fa
VOL. xvir.
Boot and Shoe Store
The largest and most complete stock of Ct.ods ever brought
to Butler is now Leing opened by me at my store. It comprises
Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers,
Misses' & Children's Shoes,
in great. variety.. All these Goods were purchased for CASH
in the Eastern markets, and therefore I can sell them at the
Old Prices, and
Lines of Philadelphia, New York and Boston Goods embrace
mv stock, and customers can take their choice.
I Mean What I Say:
All can call and see for themselves. The best of satisfaction
will be given for CASH.
of Goods in my store cannot be excelled by any other house in
the county, for proof of which a pc rsonal inspection is all that is
Leather aii<l Finding
at Pittsburgh prices. Shoemakers should come and purchaf-e il
they wish to obtain material cheap.
r* ) /V - "\ i"
yrmwr rrr-\ / : J 7?" I I
fmx-yfsxaS i .
picy \ "'4 F-^1
v( '/ i 11 \' • /-''a
» j \. V"- /?// /; $ rr^
.! ;• i, *•
Proprietors of the V/cll-Known Hplendid
We wish to inform the public that we have remodeled our Mill with the j
latest improved
Gradual Reduction System Machinery,
which i* well known by Millers to be tin- best in existence. «-:in say to
Farmers and Producers of wheat that it will be profitable to them
to give us a trial. We claim that we can make a
out of the Fame number of bushels of wheat than any other Mill in the
county, and equal to any first-class Mill in the city, or Western Mills.
The new Under-running Mill, uwd f< r Kegrindinj?, bouirht of Munson <fc 15r0.,
Utica, N. Y.; the George T. Fmith Ml<ldlingn Purifier, bought
at .lack, on, Mich., together with Molting Clothti,
Reals, Conveyers, &c., suitable for
the Machinery, cannot be
Excelled in the United States
or elsewhere. This may seem an exaggeration to some, but we \vinh the; pub
lic to know that we are able to perform nil that we publii-di, an we have
our machinery a thorough test in the presence of several good Millers and
Millwrights, and it has proven even better than it was guaranteed to do.
We are also remodeling our Mill for
Grindiisj Other Ji&mds ©£ Cri*ain,
which will be entirely satisfactory to our ciißtomeiv<. Farmera wishing to
have their griht home with them the same day, can do so on
short notice. They will thereby save another trip.
Buckwheat Flour, Bolted and Fnboltcd Corn Meal, different kin<!n of Chop,
iJran and Mill Feed, all of the best quality and at the
LOW i <:s r r PRI c e:p .
tssr Parties in town purchasing from us will have their ordors promptly
atended to anil articles delivered ut their place of residence.
We Pay the Highest Market Price for all Kinds of Grain.
B >l<» BLOCK,
Main Street, - - - - Butler, Fa.
I have ju.'t received my entire Spring and Summer stock of BOOTS and
SHOES direct from the manufacturer, and am able to sell them at
and a great many lines at J2gp"LOWER PRICES THAN E\ KB.
Ladies', Misses' and Children's Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in
endless variety, and at bottom prices.
Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock, and is the most
complete I have ever offered. The prices are lower than ever, and styles
Parties wanting BOOTS <fc SHOES made to order can do no better than
by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ.
LEATHER and FINDINGS will be found in my store in superior
quality and at lowest market rates.
ggrT'AII goods warranted as represented. A I*. RI'FF,
Boots and Shoes
To be found in any House In Western Pennsylvania, em
bracing all the Newest Spring Styles in the Market.
I am selling all this stock at
Recollect, NO ADVANCE.
Several lines of Boots and Shoes at even lower prices than ever. All my
customers have the benefit in buying by getting Boots and Shoes
that come direct from the manufacturer to my house.
No middle profits to divide up that parties
are compelled to pay that buy
from jobbing houses.
This Slock of Bcots and Shoos is Very Large in I lie Fcllcwiii? Liars
Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button Boots, - $1.50 and upwards.
" " " " Side Lace Boots, - 1 2. r > "
" Grain, Pebble and Kid Button and Polish, - I.2ft "
Polish, 9ft "
" " Standard, very prime, ------ I.2ft "
" Serges, in Congress and Polish, - 7ft to sl.
" Calf Peg Shoes, all warranted.
t lafaCßitM 9 !#«• |>s»i'f men' is very complete in every line in Calf
Button, Dom Pedros, Congress and English Walking Shoes, and especially in
Calf Boots, at §2 and upwards,
Brogans and Plow Shoes, at $1 and upwards,
Fine Buff Alexis and Congress, at $1 2ft and upwards,
Low Strap Shoes, in ever? style, at $1 25 and upwards.
Boys' and Youths' Shoes in same styles as Men's, but lower in price.
Infants' and Children's Shoes, in Colois and Black.
Fancy Slippers and Walking Boots, All Colors.
This stock is the most complete I have ever offered, the prices are lower
than ever, and the styles are elegant. Ladies' Ki>'l und Pebble Button New-,
i ports, good, $1 to $1.25.
Always in stock. None but the best brands ol Leiither kept, and prices guar
anteed at lowest market rates.
!'* ?"<;ive me a call and I will save you money in your Boots and Shoes,
i A careful inspection of this stock will convince you that the above is correct.
' No other house can give you lower prices or better goods.
! cr*
1 <fj P
|r/j NOW OPKTsr ! c
g One Door South of their Clothing' House, q
1 Uiiily'N •eptao-tr Katl<*r, i*». 2
fsuolfTTlVvT.<; VsmhTi iSJiVIv' iSiU<> r ID r IIO
Union Woolen Mills.
! would drntre to call the attention of tlj»
public to tin* I nioii W'k>l©ii Mill, J'utler, l'a.
, v.horo 1 havo new rod improved machinery fo»
« tho ut&TiiifiU'fiire of
Barred rod Gray Flannolf,
Knitting and Weavicr Yurnw,
m (1 J i'hii iccoinliiffid tliem ft* Iwiin/f vi rv dura
I,lc. a tlmjr KM' i iaii'ifacl un il of p"r( lint It r
comity wool. Tlii-y are Ix-mitlful iii color, mi
! purior in tfixturo. Mid will l>» «oid «t vory low
i nricet. For campleM and priofr-i addrew,
I JMI94.TK IT> Itnflor. P»
nnn is IM H °i"*' :i ,j K,ie °
HWOIIH. Wool. llook. only
*>.7.M. H Hlop Oi( Wool. Book, only #88.75.
I'iano-*, Htool, CuVf-r, Book. r'9(l to i 205. liiu*-
j trutud catalogue freo. Aildrccn t
I \V. C. LUNNEUL, Lcwiatown, I'».
Kfiw Lawn ThoiiMßiwlH Kvery nol
•liiir mr ii nightly by wound*.
or acciidcifit. €*ti lil lc*«l to jmiihloii. dating lm«k to
• lav of dietiiarK" Kvnu t)i« lohh of a or
to«*. eiititlftH Jo pennion. Also, all w'down and
dependent patent*, and nJnorn, « ntitlod. Time
limited. Apply at once Many peneionrrH now
entitled to increase ftomnty y«t dim to tlioun-
Land crn h >«#ttle<l I'atenta nroenred for
ai vent oiH Feen ti*ed I; I aw. Heiifl two Htnuiim
f«»< new lawn, I lank* and iimtrii 'tlotia to E. li
4!KTjHTON & CO.. INnhlon mid Patent Attor
iieyn. li«.x I'M. Wahiit vr*n»N. I> I*7-1 ra
Stork Sprrulalion and Investment.
()|ii;iatioiiM on Margin nr by Privlln«cn. H|io
••i*l Imciiii »» in MiniiiK HtocliH. I- nil partionlam
ou application. .1 \MKH HItOWN. Dealt r in
Mtoclm anil UuuUb, Ui & OU UfdiKiwtty, Suvt Yulk
Once a trap was baited
With a piece of cheese,
It tickled so a little mouse
It almost made him sneeze.
Au old rat said, "There's danger,
Be careful where you go !.'
"Nonsense !" said the oth^r.
''l don' think you know!"
So he walked in lioldly ;
Nolnxly in sight;
First he took a nibble
Then he took a bite ;
Close the trap together
Snapped, quick as a wink,
Catching mousey fast there,
Cause he didn't think.
Once a little turkey.
Fond of her own way,
Wouldn't ask the old ones
Where to to or stay.
She said, "I'm not a baby ;
Here I Bin. half grown;
Surely I am big enough
To run around alone !"
Off she went, hut somebody,
Hiding saw her pass ;
Soon like snow her feathers
Covered ail the grasa ;
So she made a supper
For a sly young mink,
'Cause she was so headstroug,
That she woaidn't think.
Once there was a robin
Lived outside the door.
Who wanted to go inside
And hop upon the flo«r.
"No, no ! said the mother,
"You must stay with me;
Little birds are sate-t
Sitting in a tree !"
"I don't care," said Robin,
And gave his tail a (ling,
"I don't think the old folks
Know quite everything."
Down he Hew, and Kitty seized him,
Before he'd time to blink ;
"Oh !" he cried, I'm sorry,
But I didn't thii k.
[From the New York Tribune.]
The argument of Downey, of Wyom
ing Territory. [Copyright, 1880, by
Stephen W. Downey. All rights re
served]," has been duly printed at the
Government expense, and occupies fif
teen of the broad double-column paires
of The Congressional Record. Mr.
Downey introduced a bill about two
weeks ago, which began by reciting the
Apostle's Creed as a "Whereas,"
and ended by appropriating
half a million of dollars for the
decoration of the walls of the Capitol
with paintings, commemorative of the
history of our Lord, said paintings to
be executed by "living artists" only.
In support ol this bill, Mr. Downey
obtained "leave to print an argument."
The argument proves to be a poem of
Downey's own composition, entitled,
"The Immortals," and dedicated to the
Congress of the United States. It com
prises about 2,500 lines of blank verse,
interspersed with rhymed songs and
choruses , and although we have failed
after as conscientious a reading of this
scintillating effusion as the brevity of
human life will justify, to discover the
remotest connection between the argu
ment and the bill, we can honestly say
that whether we consider the brilliancy
of Downey's ideas, or the splendor of
his language, or the blankness of his
verse, we do not know of any other
specimen of Government literature
which bears a resemblance to it. Dow
ney has been censured for smuggling a
copyright poem into The Record by a
trick It has even been alleged that
he introduced his bill for no other pur
pose than to make the United States
pay for printing his poem. It appears
to us, however, that he has sufficiently
explained his situation in the prelimin
ary verses. He is the victim of
"strange wild fancies," which crowd
the brain of mortal man sometimes,
and make such "thunder at the door
ways of the soul," that it is absolutely
necessary to let them in. Then they
take possession of the will and the in
tellect; "bolts cannot bur nor iron chain
them down the victim must spout
or burst; and what is the object of per
mission to print undelivered eloquence
in the Congrexxional Record, unless it
be to afford a vent for the bubbling
passions of overcharged Congressmen?
Downey's mind, as he informs us,
—a ! ere pie filled
With forma intangible, immortal »pri tea,
From Chaos rising, back to chaos borne,
and while in this state he got acquaint
ed with a young female named Phan
tasmagoria, in whose company he made
a journey to Mount Olympus, the Mil
ky Way, lb •11, various planets not iden
tified, the Temple Fame, the Pinnacle
of Existence, and a certain
—all e mlrolliog splinro,
Where life woro beauty passi igly sublime,
The one great centre, energizing soul,
Inspiring, moving all created worlds.
Phantasmagoria, who seems to have
been a garrulous anil gushing person,
talked a gooil deal "with soul-ingulfing
ecstacy," ami showed Downey all sorls
of astonishing sights; all the Homeric
deities, labelled with the same epithets
they wore in the Iliad and in Anthon's
Dictionary; Milton's devils; Dante's
sofils of the damned; chariot-races; pan
oramas; temples; fanes, domes, portals,
constellations, asteroids, crystalline,
empyreans, translucent spheres, ambi
ent skies, till of the most gorgeous and
opulent description. It is not clear
what Downey and Phantasmagoria
were after in this illimitable kaleido
scope, but they rushed along like fire
works, encountering among other
things a team of "twelve steeds of
fire," which had golden plumage, and
eyes full of woman's tenderness with
the lion's valor. The nine muses sang
to them its they passed. Calliope made
rhymes about the moon. Ruterpo
said that her chariot was rolling along
the strings to the lyre of the universe
strung Terpsichore remarked that
the twinkling slurs are dancing to the
time of harmonies now throbbing on
>ur ears. In rhyming orbits swinging
to the chime of symphonies vibrating
through the spheres. They suw "mill
ions of people." There stood in coin
puny of Alexander, and Hannibal, and
, La Fayette, and Lycurgua, and Audu
-1 bon, and Marco Bozzaris, and Moses,
ami Sir John Franklin, Socrates, Chit
ty, Leonidas, General Custer, Hector,
Helen, Napoleon Bonaparte, Edgar
Poe, immortal Washington (in italics).
King David, Stonewall Jackson, "aus
tere Chatterton," Mazzinni, Henry
VIII., Hawthorne, Clytcmu«'stra,
Charles Dickens, Commodore Foote,
Jowplms, Priuoo Afcort, Cluritftoirttor
Columbus, Oliver Goldsmith, and the
Wandering Jew. Shakespeare sat on
a throne where he must have been ex
ceedingly uncomfortable, for Melpomene
reached out of a cloud and perpetually
threw "torrents'' offiower9 down upon
his head ; Pygmalion amused himself
chiselling figures on the panels below
the chair; and the Psalmist crowned
him with laurel. The poet meanwhile
talked a lot of dreadful iubbish about
—the fossil fauna late exhumed.
Or imprint of the palm or fem upon
The enduring rock:
flfter which there was applause by the
bands, and Paganini played a tune on
the fiddle. There was a dramatic per
formance, the tragedy of Maximilian
in Mexico being represented by "Kean
Macready and the elder Booth, and
many celebrated actors from all ages
and all climes;" and consisted of "Eu
ropia's Kings,"—an expression which
reduces to a certainty the strong pre
sumption created by the general drift
of the poem that Downey is the kind
of man to pronounce "European" with
the accent on the o.
Music was not neglected, for Han
del's "Messiah" was sung by ten thou
sand angels, and at tbe back of the con
cert stage was a waving translucent,
liquids shining veil of something or
other, through which trenchant sera
phims unrippling passed, careening
in the light, which was very distract
ing and improper. Elsewhere Downey
and Phantasmagoria saw sapient
trains, horrific apparitions, assassins,
liberty trees, snakes, diamond-studded
canopies, liquid walls inlaid with sculp
tures, seraphs, plates of polished dia
mond, the belching of thund'rous bat
tles of the gods, spectral shades, An
anias and Sapphira, Evangeline, and
the murky reflex of conceptions grand.
There was, moreover, a Great Stone
Face, beaming benevolence, at the
sierht of which all grew still. We do
not quite make out whether Downey
alludes to General Grant or the Car
diff Giant. But probably the most re
markable of the curiosities exhibited
bv Phantasmagoria on this memorable
excursion was a mechanical marvel de
scribed by Downey in the following
A massive chain, bung from the loftiest point,
Suspended an immense chronometer—
Time keeper of eternity ! 'Twas called
Tbe Watch of Ages ! On its dial plate.
In characters of light unchangeable,
I read the seconds, minutes, hours, months,
And centuries, which far adown the dim •
And shadowy vinta of the past have rolled ;
The hollow npiral chain, link after link,
Showed Home. Greece. Carthage and Ash.vria
My utmost stretch of vision Eden reached ;
What lay beyond a cloudy veil obscured.
Its mighty hands remarked the flight of time;
Its pendulum with ceaseless motion swung,
etc., etc. The capitals and italics are
Downey's. The idea of affixing a pend
ulum to a watch is also his. When
finally o'er all the scene a mighty cur
tain fell. A curtain measureless in
breadth and height, trailing the shores
of immortality ahtwart the boundless
universe of space, Downey must have
felt that ho had enjoyed a first-class
show ; and he parted from his com
panion with many civil observations,
of which we can only cite the closing
I'hantasmagoria, farewell : I leave
Thee now to nurna thy offspring in the l>eams
That never fade, and warmth that nevor chills
General Garfield has moved that the
Committee on Bules be instructed to
report whether Downey's verses ought
not to be expunged from The Record.
Really it seems to us that General
Garfield is meddling with the privi
leges of a fellow member. What rea
son can Im* given for striking out this
magnificent argument? Any member
of Congress has a constitutional right
to address the House or the Senate in
verse if he please, prose and verse be
ing entirely equal before the law. Or
is it to be stricken out because it has
I teen fraudulently incorporated with
the proceedings, being an essay that
was never delivered, and on a subject
not under discussion ? That is a de
fect which it shares with a thousand
other "arguments" published at the
cost of the Government and distribu
ted free through the mails. During
this session obout 400 pages of The
Record have been filled with fictitious
speeches, every one of which is a fraud
upon the people. When tho House
grants "leave to print," it authorizes a
member to falsify the official report of
the debutes, and to insert in The Rec
ord any sort of irrelevant nonsense he
sees lit; and to express displeasure at
the use which the Wyoming gentle
man has made of the permission is
simply ridiculous. We daresay Dow
ney's argument on the Mural Decora
tion bill is not a bit more irrelevant or
silly or dishonest than scores of unde
livered speeches that precede it in the
pages of our National False Intelli
gencer; and we trust that ho will be
given leave to print an epic poem every
week until Congress is shamed into
abolishing the scandulous abuse which
has just been so conspicuously illus
—Tiie Vesuvius Railway. —Tour-
ists are now able to visit the crater of
Vesuvius without tho labor of climb
ing, the railway being complete. The
depot is situated at a height of 810 me
ters, or 210 meters above the Observa
tory. A restaurant and cafe capable of
accommodating 100 people is atttached
to the depot. The angle of inclination
of this railroad attains at various points
|0' J , 50° and 63°. There are two pas
senger cars, the Vesuvius and Etna,
accommodating 12 persons each. The
system adopted in the construction of
the railway is of American invention,
and is known as "the prismatic sys
A correspondent of the Prairie
Farmer says, in order to raise water
melons successfully, plow the ground
I deep deep, pulverize it well, and mark
off the rows eight or ten feet each way.
1 Put a shovelful of well-rotted manure
'in each hill. Keep the soil well culti
vated until the vines l>egin to run,
then throw the vines over and plow
them both ways, turning the vines
back to their proper place again. Af
ter that cut out all the weeds or grass
that may come up, and you will rait>e
plenty' of "feuu iul*Mu&
One square, one insertion, 01 ; each subse
quent insertion. SO oents. Yearly advertisements
exceeding one-fourth of a column, t 5 per inch.
. Figure work doable these fates; additional
charges where weekly or monthly changes ars
made. Local advertisement* 10 cents per tin*
| for firrt insertion, and 6 cents per line for eacii
additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub*
lished free of charge. Obituary notices charged
as adveitiHoments. and payable" when handed in
Auditors' Notices. $4 ; Executors' and Adminia
trators' Notices. (3 each; Est ray, Caution and
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines,
From the fact that the Citubm is the Okies'
established and most extensively circulated Be
nublican newspaper in Bntler county, (a Repub
lican county) it must be apparent* to business
men that it is the medium they should use io
advertising their business.
NO. 24.
Dr. Peck, of tbe Surgical Institute,
has just performed a surgical operation
on the leg of a young girl by the name
of Jordan, from Illinois, sent here for
treatment. The bones of both her
legs will have to be partly removed,
and the little sufferer will have to sub
mit to two painful operations. The
cause of the affection is from "jumping
the rope," a pastime engaged in gen
erally by young girls, resulting in ne
crosis, or death of the bone. The doc
tor stated to a reporter in this connec
tion, that similar cases were constantly
occurring from the same cause, but
more frequently resulting in necrosis
of the spine, and that not a month
pesses but more or fewer cases of this
character come to the Institute for
treatment. lie says that rope jump
ing produces continuous concussions
on the joints which impinge upon the
bone, causing at the first stage |»erio
tests, and finally resulting in the death
of the bone. He thinks that parents
and teachers should be warned of this
dangerous sport, and eradicate it en
tirely from the play-grounds of child
ren, as it is ruinous in its effects,
and is the prime cause of more crip
ples among the female portion of the
community than probably any one
cause. He also added that during tho
practice of bis profession deaths had
been occurring, coming under bis ob
servation, which were the result of
this pernicious pastime. In conclu
sion he said : "I would warn children
against rope-jumping, and would ad
vise parents and teachers to prohibit
it under all circumstances."—lndian
apolis Sentinel.
The utter absurdity of retaining
npou the statue books the law taxing
watches is shown by the fact that in
three of the wealthiest townships in
Chester county the assessors do not
know a single person who owns a
watch of any kind. Why there are
only 1,206 watches of every kind in
the whole country or hardly one to
every sixty persons. When the tax
was placed on watches they were
thought to he luxuries, but they are
now a necessity and the tax should be
repealed if it cannot be collected any
more closely. Thus in Bedford county
there are only 84 watches, while great
big Berks only has 308. Little Came
ron has 76 and Crawford and Warren
have none at all, it being a well
known fact that oil princes never
carry watches, especially gold ones.
In Franklin county they have 143
gold watches and no silver ones, while
Green county has no gold or silver
watches, but 96 common ones. In Ju
uiata and Monroe they scorn to carry
anything but gold watches, though
only 43 people carry those in the first
named and 20 in the latter. Potter
county has twenty gold watches and
one silver one, while in Venango there
are 457 gold and no silver ones. All
these figures are perfectly absurd, and
everybody knows that they are of no
value whatever, except to raise a few
dollars for the Commonwealth at tho
expense of much sacrifice of veracity on
the part of a good many people. For
instance, when the Commissioners of
Crawford and Warren counties certified
that there were no watches in those
counties, they must have known abso
lutely they were certifying to a false
statement, for it seems impossible that
three men could be elected county com
missioners in those counties who did
not own watches themselves.— West
Chester Village Record.
In many respects tho Columbia Oil
Company of Pittsburgh is unique, and
its career a remarkable ono. The
common lot of oil (petroleum) com
panies is to "bust," to involve stock
holders iu ruin, and to go into divi
dendless oblivion. To these rules tho
Columbia i 3 a marked exception. For
nearly twenty years it has produced
petroleum, and to-day its territory
adds over 400 barrels to tho daily
yield of the oil regions. Sinco the or
ganization of the company in 1861, its
properties have produced 2,748,820
barrels of crude petroleum, of 42 gal
lons each. During tho same period
the price oil has ranged from sl3 per
barrel in July, 1864, to 65 cents per
barrel in June, 1870. During its ex
istence the company has declared and
paid dividends to tho amount of nearly
four million dollars ($3,980,100,) and
the selling price of its stock (par SSO)
has ranged from $lO5 per share all tbe
way down to $4.75 per share. The
original shares numbered 10,000, but
in 18G4 were "watered" to 50,000
shares, making wealthy men of the
"ground flour" stockholders. The oil
producing territory of the company
comprises a number of farms in Ve
nango, Butler and McKean counties,
Pennsylvania, but by far the most pro
ductive tract is tho "Story Farm,"
located on Oil Creek, six miles from
Oil City, Pa. In fact it is very doubt
ful whether a tract of the same area in
the known world has been compelled
artificially to yield so enormous a
quantity of oil. The Story Farm com
prises 600 acres, but the oil-producing
portion of the tract is less than 100
acres. From this tract has been pro
duced, up to April 1, 1880, 2,226,995
barrels of petroleum, and at present
there is still 60 barrels per day coaxed
out of this farm. This is done in a
thoroughly systematic way, a singlo
engine by means of "sucker rod" con
nections, pumping seven wells at once,
thus reducing the outlay for wages to
a minimum. A singular well was de
veloped upon this farm some years
ago, and its irreverent activity fully
earned its title of the '-Sunday Well."
For months this well would flow only
upon the first day of the week, refus
ing to respond to any known processes
for inducing it to produce on week
days. The hoadquartcrs of this vef
teran oil company are at Pittsburgh,
but the stock is held in New York,
Philadelphia, and St. Louis. The last
dividend wan declared April 10, 1878,
the low price of oil compelling this ac
: MVuirf fcymubtftfcwlti,