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Addrewi B vTI KR CITIZEW,
TitA VEL.ERS' GUIDE.
BLTl.glt, K»RNf CITT AND PAKKEH RAILROAD
Trains leiive Kutler tor St. Joe, MillerStov n,
K nis CHt. tVlrnlw, Parker, etc., at 7JJS a. in.,
and '2 05 and 7.?0 p m. [See below lor con
nection- with A. V R K.J
TnUue arrive at Butler trom the above named
points it 7. 5 a. m. ana 1.88, and 6.55 |> ra.
The 1.55 ttain connects *!tL train on the W.-st
Peun ro id •hroutrU to Kitlshnrnh.
9nE>'ANGO ASD ALLBGHE>T RAII.KOAD.
Trait:: leave HllUard'o Mill, Bntler county,
tor Hiirriuville, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 ft. m.
anil 12.20 and 2.2t» p. ra.
lea e Pctrolia at 5 30 a. m lor . 40
tr:\ill ,~rill dat 10.' oa. in lor 12 20 tnilt).
ileturu rtas;<-s le:<ve Billiard on arrival of
trains at 11.27 a, tn. and 1.50 p. UJ.
stage leaves Martinsburn at V.SO for 12.30
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Fitwbnrgh Tluie.)
Market at 5.0« ft. m., goes through to Alle
gh 'iiy, »rr ving at a. m. Tliifr traiu con
nects at Free|»ort with Frecport Accoramoda
tlori which arrives at Allegheny at 8.80 a. m.,
rai - • d tituc.
turret at 7.21 a. m , conuecllne at Butler
•func't; j, without cdanife of cars, at 831 with
Expit»« wist, arriving In Alle*tien> at 'J.-Vi
a. m , and Express east arriving at B!*ir»vhle
at 11 00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.otf p. in., conrtectinsr at Bntler .futic
tion without change ol ciirs, vv iih Expre*« *vsl,
arriving in Allegheny at 526 p. ui., and Ex
press eati arriving al Blalrsviile Interred ion
at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connect* w'tb
Philadelphia Expn .s east, when on time.
The 7.21 a. tn. train connects at Blalrsviile
at 11.05 a. m. with the Mhil eaft, and the 2.'M
p.m. train at 6,59 with the Philadelphia Ex
Trains arrive at Bntler on West Penn 11. U. at
11.51 a. in , 5 (> : and 7.20 p. ru . Butler llrae. Tlje
9i.il and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Bntler <fe Parker R. R. Suu ay train arrives
at But le- at 11.11 a. ra., connecting; with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the Eiirt
ot 2.56 and S.2t> a. in. and 12 51, 4.21 ai d 5.06 p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 3.40 and 7.20
p. m and 3.00, 7.0 and 7.40 a. ra.; at Baltimore
about the wme t'me. at New York three honrs
later, and at Washington about one and a hall
hour 9 Inter.
JOHN E BYERS,
PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON,
mi2l-1 y] BUTLER. PA.
-0 1/ WALDRON. dr. dnate ot the Phil-
M adelphift Deutal Collegers prepared
■ ll »to do anything in tbe line of hi*
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Olliee on Main street, Bntler, Union Block,
np stairs, apll
LAN I) H)K SALE.
The und'-r.-igned will ofler at pnhlic sale, ut
the CoUtt House, iu Butler, on
THURSDAY. APRIL 15, 1880,
at 1 o'clock, P. M-, ot said day, the following
property, viz A LOT located in the borooirh
oi West Sunbnry, Butler county, Pa., l«-);in
niiit a post "on the Franklin road, or Main
street, thence by an alley south elghtr-flve dc
grei s west i ne hundred and eighty-seven at d
flve-teoihs f>et on line of lands ot Robert
Campbell, thence by said Hue north one degree
e:igt -ixty feet to a post, thenre by lot No. 4,
belonging to Neal D'ifly, north de
trt i • eat one hundred and seventy eisht and
five.tenths te. t to a post on Fraukliu road, or
Mauistr et, thence by said road south seven
decrees l ist sixty tect to a post, the place of
Auto. I<in same place, a lot. located as
follow?, viz B' L'inniDg at a post at the corner
ol Main a (1 Church ktrei-ls, them e by the Dia
mond south eislity six and one-h If degrc 8
cast one hundred and sixty teet to a port,
thence nort" three and three-four.hs degrees
ea> t. I>\ Ei.-t street, sixty teet to a post, theu'-e
iiofh eli'ltiy his and one-lourlh decree# went,
by lot of F. M. Campbell, on' hundred feet to
a post, fence south three and three-fourths de-
> east, by lo» of K J MrMiehael, thirty
■ '<i a i>o-i, ihence north elirhty-slx and one
f..urili decrees we-t, by lot of R. •*. MeMlclinil,
sixty f(" l to a post on Main street, the' ce i-outb
tlin'e and thrift) fourths dezree.» wn»t, by Main
str«*.thirty feet to a post on corner of Main
and Cliurc-h streets, upon which.is erected a
frame dwelling a store room and a stable
ejTTerms cash. THOS. RO«INB3N.
tnarvH-;;t Assignee of James W. Kelly
TV'iliiam S. Boyd has 320 acres of No. 1 Prairie
Lainl in Butler eountv. Kansas, which he will
exchange for 100 acres in this county, and pay
difference if any.
A large number of CHEAP FARMS for sale
in this conntv. West Virginia, Missouri and Kan
sas. Apply to WM. 8. BOYD.
marS-iira Yogeley House, Butler, Pa
A handsome six-room frame house, located
on Blufl street, northwestern part of Butler.
Lot 50x17ft. All necessary outbuildings,
TERMS—Ore-third cash and balance in four
equal annual payments. Inquire at this office.
Tu.' well-improved farm of Rev. W. R. Hutch
ison, in the northeast corner of Middlesex town
ship. Butler county. Pa., is now offerod for sale,
low Inquire of VV K. FRISBEE, on the prem
s."> will buy a one-half interest in a (rood bus
inees in Pittsburgh. One who knows some
thing about farniiotr preferred. An honest man
wit.li the atH>re amount will do well to address
bv letter. BMITII .H'H-NS, care 8. M James,
03 I ilierty stn et. Pitl-.burL'h, Pa |au'27-ly
/ETNA INSURANCE COMPANY
OF HARTFORD, CONNECTICUT.
Losses paid in 81 years, $51,000,000.
•T. T. McJt'NKIN it SON, A tents,
jan'jSly Jcflcrson street, Butler, Pa.
Mutual Fire Insurance Co.
OfTice Cor. Mainand Cunningham Sts.
G. C. ROESSING, PRESIDENT.
WM CAMPBELL, TREASUBER
11. C. IIEINEMAN, SKCRETAKY
J. L. Purvis, I E. A. Helmboldt,
Wiliiam Campbell, J. W. Burkhart,
A. Tioutwan, Jacob Schoene,
O. C. Koessintr, John Caldwell,
Dr. \V. lrvin, W. W Dodds,
J. W.Christy H. C. Heineman.
JAS. T, M'JUNKIN, GOD. A«'T
Three acres of pound, large honne And store
room, with outbuildings. good water at the door,
and good young orchard. Is six miles from
Butler: and a good location for * country store.
WUI yive possession immediuelv. Inquire at
mar3tf Butler. Pa.
PHOSPHATE USD FERTILIZERS
FOR SALE BY
p*H7-arp foisximnu, PA.
NOW IS THE TIME TO BUY!
CALL AT THE!
Boot and Shoe Store
MAIN STREET, BUTLER, PA.
Tlie largest and most complete stock of Goods ever brought
to Butler is now being opened b} - me at my store. It comprises
Boots, Shoes, Gaiters, Slippers,
Misses' & Children's Shoes,
in great variety. All these Goods were purchased for CASH
in the Eastern markets, and therefore I can sell them at the
Old Prices, and
Lines of Philadelphia, New Yoik and Boston Goods embrace
rnv stock, and customers can t;ike their choice.
I Mean What I Bay:
ADVANCE OX OLD PRICKS !-=S3CT
All can call and see for themselves. 'J he best of satisfaction
will be given tor CASH.
T HE MAKE, STYLE AND FINISH
of Goods in my store cannot be excelled by any other house in
the county, for proof of which a personal inspection is all that is
Leatliei* and Piiulin^H
at Pittsburgh prices Shoemakers should come and purchase it
they wish to obtain material cheap.
WALTER & BOOS,
Proprietors of the Weil-Known Splendid
We wish to inform the public that we have remodeled our Mill with the
Gradual Reduction System Machinery,
* 1 •; 7
whi'.'h is well known by Millers to be tho best in existence. We can pay to
Farmers and Producers of wheat.that it will be profitable to them
to give us a trial. We claim that we can make a
BETTER ARTICLE OF FLOUR. AND MORE OF IT,
out of the same number of bushels of wheat than any other Mill in the
county, and equal to any first-class Mill in the eity, or Western Mills.
The new Under-running Mill, used f< r Eegrinding, bought of Muneon & I>ro.,
Utica, N. Y.; the George T. JSinith Middlings l'urifier, bought
at Jackson, Mich., together with Bolting Cloths,
Reals, Conveyers, &c., suitable for
the Machinery, cannot be
Excelled in the United States
or elsewhere. This may seem an exaggeration to some, hut we wish the pub
| lie to know that we are able to perform all that we publish, as we have given
our machinery a thorough test in the presence of several good Millers and
Millwrights, and it has proven even better than it was guaranteed to do.
We are also remodeling our Mill for
Grinding Other Kinds oi Crrain,
which will be entirely satisfactory to our customers. Farmers wishing to
have their grist home with them the same day, can do so on
short notice. They will thereby save another trip.
WE HAVE ALWAYS ON HAND THE BEST GRADES OF
WHEAT FLOUR.GBAHAM FtOUB. RYE FLOUR,
Buckwheat Flour, Bolted ar.d Unbolted Corn Meal, different kinds of Chop,
Bran and Mill Feed, all of the best quality and at the
! LOWEST PRICES.
Parties in town purchasing from u.s will have their orders promptly
j atended to and articles delivered at their place of residence.
[ We* Pay the Karket Price for aii Kinds of Grain.
BUTLER. PA., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 31, •►SO.
! OPENING DAILY
B. I HU'S,
TIIE LARGEST AND BEST ASSORTMENT OF
j Boots and Shoes
To be found in any House In Western Pennsylvania, em
bracing all the Newest Spring Styles in the Market.
**** •- I am selling all this stock at
, Recollect, NO ADVANCE,
Several lines of Boots and Shoes at even lower prices than ever. All my
customers have the benefit in buying by getting Boots and Shoes
that come direct from the manufacturer to my house.
No middle profits to divide up that parties
are compelled to pay that buy
from jobbing houses.
This Slock of Boots and Shoes is Yen Large in the Following Lines:
Ladies' Kid and Pebble Button Boots, - - - - $1.50 and upwards.
" " " " Side Lace Boots. - - 1.25 "
" Grain, Pebble and Kid Button and Polish, - 1.25 "
" " Polish, 95" "
" " Standard, very prime, ------ 1.25 "
" Sorgos. iu Congress ar.d Polish, - 75 to sl.
" Calf Peg Shoes, all Avarranted.
MY STOCK EMBRACES, IN CONNECTION WITH THE ABOVE, A FULL LINE OF ALL
THE FINER GRADES IN WOMEN'S, MISSES' AND CHILDREN'S.
Tlm* Prpnrfinrnt is very complete in every line in Calf
Button, Dun Pcdros, Congress and English Walking Shoes, and especially in
Calf Boots, at $2 and upwards,
Brogans and Plow Shoes, nt £1 and upwards,
Fine Buff Alexis ami Congress, at $1.25 and upwards,
Low Strap Shoes, in every style, at $1.25 and upwards.
Boys' and Youths' Shoes in same styles as Men's, but lower in price.
Infants' and Children's Shoes, in Colors and Black
Fancy Slippers and Walking Boots, All Colors.
This stock is the most complete I have ever offered, the prices are lower
than ever, and the stvles are elegant. Ladies' Kid ami Pebble Button New
ports, good, £1 to $1.25.
LARGE STOCK OF LEATHEH AND FINDINGS
Always in stock. None but the best brands of Leather kept, and prices guar
anteed at lowest market rates.
Iy. Give me u call and I will save you money in your Boots and Shoes.
A can lul inspection of this stock will convince you that the above is correct.
No other house can give vou lower prices or better goods.
B. C. HPSELTOW.
Established, in 1836.
Hats, Caps & Straw Goods.
I 31A SI YE Y COLBERT
*T- 13? TAKES PLEASURE IN ANNOUNCING TO HIS FRIENDS AND PA
TRONS THAT lIE IS NOW OPENING
THE FINEST AM) MOST COMPLETE STOCK
OF HOODS EVER OFFERED.
SILK. Fl It, WOOL AXI) CLOTH
HATS A ND CAPS
FOR MEW, YOUTHS, BOYS AND CHILDREN,
AND WILT, L<E SOLD AT LOWEST POSSIBLE PRICES
EYEIIY NOVELTY OF TIIE SEASON WILL BE INTRODUCED
AS SOON AS THEY APPEAR IN THE EAST.
WE ALSO KEEP A FULL STOCK OP
Cwenlj-i* n*iri filing Goods.
Jjgf"THE PATRONAGE OP THE PUBLIC SOLICITEI>._^3
REMEMBER THE TLACE:
8 Doors Wnr'h of Berg Co,'s Banki
CARPETS! OIL CLOTHS! MATS! liTUS! STAIR RODS
- ———— ——— c
= KEW STOCK! NEW STOCK! >
3 HECK & PATTERSON'S ||
i NEW CARPET ROOM !
I < Z~
;ico NOW OPEN! c
One Door Scath of tlisir Clothing- House, q
DiiOy's Block, aeptao-tf Butler. Pn. S
• iSOOH HIYXS' ISf)QH ISIVK I SIIK> r l3 r IIP iHVO
Union Woolen Mills. 1
I wonid desire to call ihe attention of the
public to the Ur.ion Wooitci Mill, Eiitler, l'a..
; where I have new and iruproi ea machinery for
• the manufacture ot
j Barred Gray F1 atmel?.
Knitting and WCRVIDS: Yarns,
fcud I .MH them at being V«JQT dura
ble. a« thcv are manufactured of pure Under
county woo!. They aro I t ant. fnl 1:1 color, su
perior in texture, ai d wiii hn eold at very low
prices. For abd ;noj •?. addieba,
a. i*oxx'. irroN.
i jui2i.'73-Iy) iiuller, l'a
EIKXRY fi. H4IK.
FiS! R'ltUIT HUM,
j • COB. PENS and SIXTH STBEETB.
P it.t.ihiiroh Pi
Stock Speculation and Investment,
Oparation* on Mitrsin or by Privileges. Spe
cial biihitti in Mining Stocks. Fall particulars
..II application. .MMI'S BROWN. Dealf-r iu
' atncl;- ana W di 60 Aroadway, Now York-
PERILS OF A THIRD TERM.
Unfortunately the question ot a
"third term" of the Presidency is
coupled with a name deservedly strong
with the nation, and in consequence
the real issue involved and its perils
to the Republic are by many entirely
ignored. That is due wholly to the
friends of Grant. Xo one doubts or
distrusts the General's patriotism—
all are grateful, sincerely grateful, to
him for his magnificent services to the
nation during the rebellion, and there
is no honor, no dignity, however great
to which all would not gladly see him
advanced, if compatible with the wel
fare of our institutions and people.
. But the real issue involved in a
' "third term." in its bearings and prob
able consequences to the nation in
I the luture, far transcends in import
ance anything merely personal to
General Grant. Hence, in order that
it be properly understood, that the
people may appreciate fully its char
acter and scope and its perils, General
Grant's great name and services should
l>e eliminated from the discussion, and
its examination be conducted inde
pendently, and solely with reference
to its effect upon the liberties and des
tiny of the Republic. It should be con
stantly borne in mind that the "un
written law" which forbids a third
term to all men was not the invention
of those who prefer other candidates
than Grant. Nor Mas it the inven
tion of party. It is the offspring of
patriotism, of hostility to autocray,
of a love of liberty and free institu
tions. Its birth antedates th.tt of the
Government itself. It will be found
in tbe Convention which framed the
Constitution of the United States,
among the wisest, purest, the most
sagacious of our early or Revolution
ary patriots; and the failure of the
Convention to limit in the Constitu
tion the eligibility of the President
was regarded by many of them as of
itself a sufficient reason for the refusal
by the people to adopt that instrument.
Thomas Jefferson, the author of the
Declaration of Independence, in a let
ter to John Adams, dated Paris, Nov.
13, 1787, says: "How do you like
our new constitution ? I confess there
are things in it which stagger all my
disposition to subscribe to what such
an assembly has proposed. * * *
Their President seems a bad edition
of a Polish king. He may be elected
from four years to four years for life.
Reason and experience prove to us
that a Chief Magistrate so continuable
is au office for life. When one or two
generations shall have proved that this
is an office for life, it becomes on even
succession worthy of intrigue, of bri
bery, of force, and even of foreign in
terference. It will be of great conse
quence to France and England to have
America governed by a Galloman or
an Angloman. Once in office and pos
sessing the military force of the Union,
without the aid or check of a council,
he would not l>e easily dethroned, even
if the people could be induced to with
draw their votes from him. I wish
that at the end of the four >/tuir.i they
find made him forever ineligible to a j
Again and again, in letters to other
distiuguised patriots, Jefferson urged
this objection to the adoption of the
Constitution. In that, and in the
great power which the Constitution
clothes the President, Patrick Henry
saw a "squinting towards monarchy"
—the probability, sooner or later, of
the continuous re-election for life of a
popular favorite, with its inevitable
consequences, monarchy! And in
that attitude they were supported by
all the teachings of history. But the
situation in which at the time the na
tion was involved, its necessities, grave
perils, caused many to surrender their
judgment and to hush their fears, and
the Constitution, as it is, was adopted ;
but Washington and Jefferson, the
"Father of his Country," and the
author of the "Declaration of Indepen
dence," as sagacious as patriotic, de
termined, if possible, by the weight of
their example, to establish a limit to
the eligibility to the Presidency. At
moments when their great popularity
was unabated, and when the people
no doubt would have gladly hailed
their re-election, both declined a "third
term." They would not, by accept
ing, establish a precedent which in
all probability would ultimately work
the subversion of our institutions and
the liberties of the nation.
The people, without distinction of
party, applauded their acts, and ratified
the precedent they thus established as
the "unwritten law" of the land. Nor
has any one since—no matter how
great his popularity, how great his
services to the nation—been able to
reverse or repeal the law thus adopted.
It is apparently impreguably fixed in
the minds and hearts of the people.
Later, an illustration of that may be j
found in the case of Gen. Andrew
Jackson. His popularity was as great
as Jefferson's. It was on the increase,
rather than on the wane, at the close
of his second term, when some indis
creet partisans agitated a "third term"
for the General. His health was fail
ing. In his own opinion he had not
long to live He was also a widower
and childless, and had no one of his
own blood to whom to transmit the
succession. It was, nevertheless,
charged by his opponents that the
General was not averse to a "third
term"—that he had an ambition to
die in the Presidency. If Jackson,
whose patriotism was unimpeachable,
was of the intensest kind, really in a
moment of weakness favored a "third
term," which is very doubtful, the
storm which the proposition created
among all parties forced him to aban
don it. Besides, what renders the
charge more doubtful is Jackson's pub
lic attitude in reference to the eligibil
ity to the Presidency. In all, ia
every one of his eight annual messa
ges, Jackson urges upon Congress, as
a means of guarding our liberties
from the plots of unprincipled ambi
tion, to recommend to the States an
amendment to the Constitution limit
ing the eligibility to the Presidency to
a single term of "four or six years. And
it should not be forgotten that, in 1876
the ReuuMican party throughout the
t drudtiy, Id ftb Sttft© u'aftiofcal ood-
ventions. solemnly affirmed this "un
written law" as the great- conservator
of our institutions.
Thus for eighty odd years this rule,
which has had all the effect of law,
and has been so justly called the "un
written law of the land," has been rec
ognized and obeyed by all parties with
excellent results. Will the Republican
party now stultify itself by attempting
to reverse or repeal a law it so sol
emnly affirmed ? Dare it assume a
responsibility so grave? If in the
days of Washington and Jefferson, in
the davs.of Andrew Jackson, when
the revenues and patronage ot the Gov
ernment were comparatively email,
the example of a "third term" was
fraught with so much danger to our
liberties, how much greater is the dan
ger now, when the revenues and pa
tronage of the Government have in
creased a thousand told ?
Let us not be mistaken ; 110 ope ap
prehends danger to our institutions
from Gen. Grant's occupancy of the
Presidency. His unimpeachable pa
triotism and integrity are guarantees
against that. The great peril lies in
the precedent. Every reflecting and
patriotic man sees with fear and tremb
ling the multiplication all over the na
tion of mammoth monopolies, huge
corporations, railroad, land, bank, min
ing, and others; their vast resources,
their immense wealth, their increasing
powers and forces, really rivalling
those of the Government. Ever\'-
where this power is felt. In the State
and national Legislatures they have
their representatives, and they arro
gantly, boldly aspire to absolute domin
Hence, the precedent of a "third
term" once established, we might, it
is true, for a time elect Presidents with
patriotism equal to Grant's, and who,
like him, would protect our liberties
with their lives: but sooner or later
an ambitious, unprincipled knave—a
king of one of these mammoth mon
opolies, an autocrat of a combination
or alliance of these corporations—
would obtain the Presidency. With
the prodigious forces thus united, the
power and wealth of the corporations,
and the vast patronage and revenues
of the Government, such a knave
would be able to and would re-elect
himself for life, and establish the suc
cession in perpetuity in his own fam
ily, or otherwise, as he and the cor
porations should choose. All history
demonstrates that. Hence here is the
great peril of a precedent of a "third
term.'' Once firmly seated in the
Presidential chair, how could such a
usurper be dislodged ? It is doubtful
whether he could be by armed rebel
lion, or whether, under such circum
stances, rebellion would be possible.
The immense forces of the corpora
tions which he would unite and con
trol, supported by the vast resources
and wealth, and all the forces of the
Government, would, in all probability,
successfully defy and defeat all the
forces of the people, while in his vic
tory would be forever crushed all our
so-cherished institutions and all our
liberties, and the hopes of mankind
"THE ADMINISTRATION OF
The following address was delivered
bv Judge J ones, of Cleveland, ()., in
answer to the above "toast," at a ban
quet recently given by the legal fra
ternity of that city :
"It would be a vain attempt for the
most silvery-tongued or gifted orator
among you all, to do even scanty jus
tice to a theme like this within the
brief period allotted to me for its con
sideration. But 1 take pleasure in
solacing myself with the reflection
that though you all believe brevity to
be the soul of wit, you will no more
expect me in five minutes' time to do
justice to this occasion than you would
imagine an unskillful navigator could
make a journey to the Indies in a
week, or an inexperienced artist paint
a magnificent landscape in an hour.
And I strongly suspect that your hon
orable and efficient committee were
fearful that some of us had been bot
tled up so long on the Bench that if
we once got under full headway we
might, like Tennyson's brook, "run on
forever." And if they thought this
goodly company could not "brook"
such a tide of eloquence, I'm sure I
for one cannot blame them for ilam ing
the stream so very near its mouth.
Law, Mr. President, in its most unre
stricted and comprehensive sense, is as
broad as the realms of the boundless
universe ; it is as deep and inexhaust
ible as the mysteries of human exist
ence ; it is co-existent with and as end
less as eternity itself; it governs as
well the lowest form of inanimate
matter as the highest emanations of
eternal wisdom ; it surrounds us every
where as lovingly and firmly as the
waters of the sea surround the inhabi
tants thereof, and it fills with its glory
and fruition the heavens and the
'•ln its more restricted sense the law
rules, regulates and governs nearly all
the multitudinous relations of life from
the very cradle to the grave ; and even
after death it distributes your accumu
lations of years, according to your
will, and protects or attempts to pro
tect, in undisturbed rest, the frail clay
you once inhabited. This municipal
law is the result of the accumulated
experience of centuries. The human
race has been taught by the experi
ences of its Ion? march from barbarism
to civilization that law. order, equality
of rights, liberty and justice, are highly
essential and conducive to its progress
and happiness. To accomplish these j
purposes constitutions are made, stat
utes are enacted, courts of justice arc
established and their jurisdiction in
voked. As a late writer has remarked,
'A Court of Justice represents tbo
judicial majesty of all the people;
through the forms of law it utters
their mighty voice in judgment Prop
erty, character, liberty, aud even life
itself are involved in the issues before
it, and it needs all the aid which com
posure can lend to reason to enable it
; to discharge wisely and impartially its
manifold and most momentous duties.'
"The paramount importance of
tfuripj; in fchite, fe'arafe'd &nd iaVorrJp^-
j A DVFBYISI Vfi IIA'XJE®;
j One t>u« iLSc-rtion, $1: «uu«h auhaf
iiiet-it.oii, W cents. ieariv adVf.itiseuicitiTa
j i \<.e tdicg one-fourth of a column, #6 per inch.
Figure trort double thwe rates; additional
charges where weekly or monthly charge* ar»
made. Local advertisements 10 cents per line
for fii>t infertinn, and 5 ctntß per line for each
additional insertion. Marriages nul deaths pub
lished fret of charge. Obituary noticed charged
a« adrottiwnenia. and payable when handed in
Atiditois*' Notices. rt ; Kxeentore* a Lid Adiuini*
irators' Notices. each; Ketrav, Caution and
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines.
From tlio fact that the CmztN is the oides*
established and mo*t extensively circulated }!e
ijubiican newspaper in Butler county, (a Repah
Lean county) it must be apparent" to business
men that it is the medium they should use in
advertising their business.
ble judiciary, independent alike of
executive power or of popular clamor
or prejudice, and knowing no master
but the law and everlasting justice,
has long been recognized in every civ
ilized country of the world, and to se
cure such a judiciary and to place it in
a position of entire independence has
been the purpose of many statutory
regulations. Hence, in the United
States the Justices of the Supreme
and other United States Courts hold
their offices substantially for life. The
Judges of the English Courts, who pre
vious to A I>. 1600 held their office*
merely at the pleasure of the Kintr,
have for now nearly 2'tO years been
substantially secure for life in their po
sitions. and only removable on the ad
dross of both Houses of Parliament.
Prescott tells us in his history of Fer
dinand and Isabella that there were
repeated and brilliant examples in the
history of Arragon of successful in
terposition on the part of the justices
for the protection of individuals who
were persecuted by the Crown, and iti
utter defiance of every attempt at in
timidation. That the kings of Arra
gon, chafed by this opposition, pro
cured the deposition on more than one
occasion of the obnoxious judges. To
prevent this interference so subversive
of an independent discharge of the
high judicial functions a statute was
passed as early as A. D. 1442. making
the judicial uffice one for life, and the
judge removable only for suiiicient
cause, by the united action of the
Kinjr and the Cortes. This is said to
he one of the most ancient precedents
in favor of the independence of the
judiciary, and favorably reflects on the
wisdom of the free States of Arragon.
Many other nations and States havo
enacted these or similar provisions to
accomplish the same end, to-wit: long
terms of office, exemption front legal
responsibility for judicial acts, and
fixed salaries, which cannot be in
creased or diminished during their
terms of ollice. Many splendid exam
ples may be found scattered through
English history where incorruptible
and courageous judges and lawyers
have protected the people and their
liberties against the aggressions ot
kings, with an unyielding firmness
and fortitude worthy of all praise
And modern history shows but com
paratively few instances where the
high duties intrusted to the judichny
have been faithlesslv administered.
"But it is not possible for even an
able, industrious, learned, and incor
ruptible judiciary to thoroughly and
efficiently perform its widely variant
and multitudinous duties without the
efficient aid which they are accustomed
to receive from the industry, the learn
ing, the tact and eloquence of the
members of the legal profession. No
profession in the world is superior in
dignity to it; none are habitually
called "on to deal with subjects of more
absorbing or momentous interest, and
in no other profession has industry,
learning and genius so frequently sur
mounted all obstaclas of fate or fortune
and "planted the shepherd's crook be
side the sceptre.'' It is of the highest
importance in this profession that
there be at all times the most scrupu
lous honesty; the highest sense of
honor; the most unfailing faithfulness
to courts and clients; a courtesy and
a chivalry that utterly scorns all mean
or unfair advantage over an opponent,
and a culture as broad as the interests
of men. It has been said with some
truth "that the sparks of all the sci
ences in the world are covered up in
the ashes of the law," and it is true to
a remarkable degree that in the active
practice of the law, involving an al
most endless variety of questions and
controversies, there is scarcely any de
partment of human learning or expe
rience that may not be involved or
"At the bar courage, tenacit}", for
titude of the highest order are also
frequently necessary in the perfor
mance of its highest duties. The
legal profession is no fit place for
weaklings, idlers, dawdlers, incompe
tents, or frauds ; and in no profession
will such qualities sooner find and
everlastingly retain their proper level.
Let all the avenues to the legal pro
fession be jealously guarded against
' If I were not in this instance the
veriest slave of time, I would like to
briefly recall the noble and conspicuous
part which lawyers in past times have
taken in all of the most eventful of the
great moral, political, and military
struggles of the world for liberty and
constitutional freedom. In all these
contests they have conspicuously been
the haters of oppression, the natural
foes of despotism, the knigbt-errants of
progress and the chivalry of civiliza
tion ; and in all of these grand con
flicts they have garnered up for them
selves and the profession they have
graced and honored unlimited and un
fading laurels and imperishable re
nown. But lam admonished by the
faint shadow of a frown which I
1 perceive gathering upon the brow ot
our accomplished and courteous Presi
dent, that the brief time allotted to mo
has already been more than exhausted,
so I will at once yield the floor to a
more eloquent tongue and a more con-,
genial and delightful theme.
ACCOBDING to the Western newspa
pers the prospects of the winter wheat
crop in that section are excellent. In
eleven States the yield, it is estimated,
will be about sixty per cent larger than
last season. In Illinois, for instance, an
immense yield is promised : Michigan
reports an increase of seventy percent;
Indiana shows a marked acreage in
crease ; Missouri which had an unpre
cedently large crop last season, will, it
is expected, do fully as well this year.
Equally favorable reports como from
Ohio, Kentucky, Kansas, Nebraska
and Wisconsin. The prosperity of the
farmers means the prosperity of nearly
every other class in the community, so
that the outlook all around is all that
could bo reasonably desired. It should
be taken into account that the size of
j the crop will depend in a great meas*
| ure upon the weather during tlje,
| couple of weeks. The only drawback'
I thus far is the dearth of snow, which
i apoears to extend over all the States
! above xriWlftiooed.