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Address BVTMR CITIZEJT,
BUTLER, KAR*a CITT AND PARKER RAILROAD
Trains .leave Butler for St. Joe, Millenitown,
Kama Cltv, Petrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.25 a. rc.,
and 2.05 and 7.20 p. m. (See below lor con
nections with A. V R. R.J
Tnlus arrive at Butler from the above named
point* it 7.. 5 a. in., and 1.55, and &S5 |>. ra.
The 1.55 train connects with train ou the West
Feun road '.hrnuzh to Pittsburgh.
SHEHASGO ASD iLUGHEXT RAII.KOAD.
Trains leave Billiard'* Mill, Builtr county,
for HarrUvUle, Greenville, etc., at 7.40 a. in.
and 12.20 and 2.20 p. m.
Stages lea'e Petrolla at 5.30 a. ia. lor <.40
train, and at 10.00 a. m. for 12 20 tram-
Return states leave Hilliard on arrival of
trains at 10.27 a. m. and 1.50 p. ra.
blase leaves Martiasburg at 9.30 for 12.30
p. * w. R. R. (Sarow fl&nge.)
The morning train leaves Z"Jienople at 6 11,
Hannonv 6.16 and Evansbarg at 6.3 a. arrifing
•t Etna 'Station at 1.20. and Alleghany at 9 01.
The afternoon train leaves Zalienop'e at 1.28,
Harmony 1.31, Evanabnrg 1.53, arriving at
Eto* station at 4.11 an»l Allegheny- at 4,46.
By getting *' S!i»n >l>u'(r station and
crossing the bridge to the A. V. R. 11., passen
gers on the morning train can reach the Union
dcp<->t at 9 o'clock.
Trains connecting at Etna Station tnth this
road leave Allegheny at 7.11 and 9.31 a. m. and
3.41 p. m.
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.)
Market at 5.11 a. pi , goes through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. in. This train con
tests at Frit-port * ith Frecport Accommoda
tion, which arrircs at Allegheny at 8.20 a. in.,
Expren at 7.21 a. m , connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of cars, <it 3.26 with
(sprees west, arriving In Allegheny at JI.SS
a. m., and Express eaat arriving at Blairsvlile
•t 11.00 a. in. raiiroad lime.
Mail at 2.3 ft p. ra., connecting at Butler Junc
tion without chance ol cars, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 5 2rt p. in., and Ex
press cast arriving at Bl.ilrsviile Intersection
at S.!O p. m. nilroad time, which connects w'tb
Philadelphia Express east, when on time.
Sunday Erpren at 3.25 p. ru., goes through
to Allegheny, arriving at 6.06 p. m.
The 7.21 a. ra. train connects at Blalrsville
at 11.05 a. m. with the Miil east, and the 2.30
p.m. train at 6-59 with the Philadelphia Ex
press east. '
Trains arrive at Bntler on We»t Perm R. R. at
0.51 a. ra., 5 06 and 7.20 p. ro., Butler time. The
9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun ay train arrives
at Butler at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the En-t
at 2.56 and 8.26 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 and 8.06 p.
m. f arriving at Philadelphia at 3.40 and 7.20
p. m. and 3.00, 7.0" and 7.40 a. ra.; at Baltimore
about the same time, at New York three hours
later, and at Washington about one and a bail
* m . Ainnni lD ™ t ® t * > ;t '- ch *
u u 10 oIUUU i make * fortnnM , every
" lv t | month. Book sent free ex
plaining everything. Addrecs
BAXTEB A CO., Bunker*,
oct9 7 Wall street N. T.
Exclusively devote) to the practical educa
tion of young awl men, for active
business life. School always in session. Stu
dents can enter at any time. JZ-H-Pend for
J. C. SMITH, A. If., Principal,
•ept24-.'im Pittsburgh, Pa.
■ dentistry 7
OM WALDKON, Graduate ol the Pbil
-1 adelphla Dentil College,la prepared
• Its to do anything in the line of bis
profession In a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Bailer, Union Block,
Bp stiirs, Hpll
T IK i;il U TliKli
NEARLY OPPOSITE LOWBY HOUSE.
CAPITAL STOCiT 60,000.
Wa. Caxtbell, J AS. D. Axdicusox,
President. Vice President.
I Wjj. Cuu'Rell, Jr., OasUier.
I William Campliell, J. W. Irwin,
I Jim. D. Anderson, George Weber,
I Joseph L. Purvis.
I Doe* a General Banking A Exchange business.
I Interest paid on time deposit*. Collections mad*
I and prompt retnrns at low rates of Exchange.
I Gold Exchange and Government Bonds bought
I and sold. Commercial paper, bonds, Judgement
I and othersecnritles bonght at fair rates fa2o:ly
I The Only Known Remedy
I THAT ACTS AT THE HA HE TUIE 05
I THE LIVER.
I THE BOWELB,
I and the KIDNEYS.
I This combined action gives it wonderful
I power to aire aU dineasc*.
I Why are we Sick ?
I Beeaute we allow these great organs to bo
■ come dogged or torpid, and poisonous humors
I are therefore forced into the blood that should
I be expelled naturally.
I LIMZMB CURES
I BILLIOUHSESS, FILER, COHKTIPATIOH,
■ HDHKT COIPLAISTS, VBIXART DIB
- EASES, FES A LE WEAKKESHEH,
■ AJTO SKBTOUH JiINOBUERS,
■ by causing free action of these organs and
■ restoring their strength and power to throxe
■ vff disease.
■ ■■ Wkf Kaffir Billions pain* and aebest ■■
H Wkf be tormented with I'llesand Con.tlpntlna J
Why frightened aver dixerdrrrd K ldn< ys I
H Wkj endnre aerross headaches uid slreplm.
H Vf KIRNEY-U OUT and rejoice In llralik.
H It It a dru. tcviable compourul arut
H Im |Mhg« win mU six q.arta mf
H Qet Uof your Vrwjgl«/, h* will order u frrr you.
VXLXJ, BOUDMX ft CO., tngMm, Surfiagtea, Vt.
I ALL PARTIES
■ GOING WEST TO
■ Colorado or
SHOULD GO VU THE
I Chicap,Burlington & Quincy R. R.
••Tickets oan be had at aU offices where
H Wwrtem.tickets are sold. apie-tf
B. C. HUSELTON
! Will continue to sell for the next THIRTY DAYS, his entire stock of
BOOTS & SHOES
Oldl rn w m
PRICES THAT WILL SURPRISE YOU!
Boots and Shoes have advancer] 25 j>er cent., but you will recollect_jio
advance on Boots ami Shoesr at B. C. HUSELTOX'S as long as this present
stock remains. Now is the time for BARGAINS. I)o not put off buying,
but make your purchases at once, as this stock is being rapidly closed out at
These V"ery Low IPrices !
An enormous stock of Men's, Boys' and Souths' Kip and Calf Boots,
Women's, Misses' and Children's Kip and Calf Shoes. Old Ladies' \\ arm
Shoes a specialty. An elegant stock of Slippers for the Holidays. Large
stock Button and Side-Lace Shoes, all kinds. All of this'stock is very prune,
and will warrant all goods to be just as I represent them. I don't sell Split
Leather for Chit-ago Kip. Customers can rely on buying, that no misrepre
sentations are allowed in my house. All kinds of
LEATHER and FINDINGS.
gggPAll kinds of repairing done at reasonable prices. Call and examine
.took an" price, mJSISLTOX
SCHOENECK & GLOSE,
Cor. !oth St. Sl Penn Ave., PITTSBURGH, PA.,
Manufacturers nnd Dealer# in all kinds of
Are offering this Fall Extraordinary Inducements to Purchasers.
As they manufacture every article in their lir.c, they are enabled to sell at much lower prices
than at y other hounu west of New York. Do not fail to call in belore purchasing elsewhere,
and examine their large at,d well Cispleyed assortment ol
Parlor, Chamber, Offlco and Dining Furniture.
Kitefcen Furniture of every description always on hand. Alao, Mattresses ol all kinds. Fur
niture n>ade to cder and sntir faction guaranteed in every particular. seplO-Hin
BOOT s SHOE STORE,
Main Street, - - - - Butler, Pa.
Has received his entire stock of Fall and Winter
BOOTS and SHOES.
As I have an unusually large and attractive stock of BOOTS & KIIOES
just opening, embracing all the newest styles, I invite the attention and close
scrutiny of buyers.
Men's Kip and Calf Boots very cheap. Ladies', Misses' and Children's
Button, Polish and Side Lace Boots in endless variety, and at bottom prices.
Reynolds Brothers' celebrated fine Shoes always in stock.
Parties wanting BOOTS <te SHOES made to order can do no better than
by me, as I keep none but the best of workmen in my employ.
I also keep a large stock of LEATHER and FINDINGS.
|Cyff~All goods warranted as represented. Alj. StUFF.
ISTovember 3, 187 Q.
Choicest Line Ladies' Fine Garments We Have ever Shown. Silk Garments,
Lined with Silk and Satin. Also, Fur-Trimmed and Fur-Lined, $lO to
$125 each. Seal Skin Sacques, $l5O up. Extra Lengths and Sizes.
200 DOLMANS 1 One ease
IMPORTED MIXED DRESS GOODS,
At $8.60, $lO, sll, sl2 and sl(s, that are special New, at 15c., worth 25c.
styles and valued. Choice new Dress Goods daily, from 20c. to $3
tine Dolmans, $lB to SSO. Newest things out. 48-inch Colored (lashuierc- 1 , 48-lneli Colored
Bhoodah Cloths, at 87c. end 76c., re-pec-
LADIES' CLOAKS, $2.50 to $25. tively, the finest and best bargain
a • . ... to-day, we claim, in the
Special Good floaks, SO, and $lO. The United .States
latter trimmed with genuine Silk Genuine All-Wool Colored Cashmeres, at 45c.
Velvet and fringe. and 50c., better value* than usual.
» . . . Choice Pennon Silk Mixed Dr"s< (jiKids, and
LADIES AM) MIBOKS' JACKETS, for Trimming, at 87Ac. and f»ne.
Light and Dark Cloths, 30 to 38-incb, bust The W 4M'JnCl'l*l/l K *CIMKi'FH 1 "'° f
measure, at popular prices. p, xtra fine Goods, at !Mc. and >l,' M.Vprlws our-
Ladies' Circulars, Ladies' Ulsters, in nil the new selves. < >it!l and see them, or
Cloths. Children's and Misses' Jackets, . send lor saniples
4to 10 years. Extra Large Line 40-lnch K aek Cas .mere, at< ,)c.,/.K:., S.JC., and
and at Prices. 4 „ " re not .-.nrp^sed
42-inch All-Wool < at ;^)e.
T Af>fKH' I'TT If r tvt'ti rtTtrnt Ai»d Double-width Iliac if Ca«!iinercs, -II and .10-
LADILS ILR LINLD ( IRCULARS, ind)( 2 - u> |||(> )nU(:r n|| woo ,
%t". to tkn 48-iiich New
BLACK ARMI RK DRESS GOODS,
Children's and Miws' Knit Ulsters and Hoods At $1 and $1 .''7 i, the best value ever sold,
in Cloak Deimrtment, from 50c. to 4.'!. New -la-inch Satin Stripe All-Wool Cashmeres,
$1 and j?1.20.
Altogether this Department prcs<-iiU, we One case
claim, special ail vantages to buyers, and if the ALL-WOOL DRESS GOODS,
will kindly visit our Cloak Room, we 2S-incli, known as "Uncut Velvets," nt $1
are quite willing to abide their decision, whether yar<l, in Navy 111 lies, Navy Mine and
the extent of our stoek, choice styles, perfect Cinld, Navy ISlueand llfue, and
shapes in garments made to our special order, Blacks. These goods are
do not fully justify our claims, as above. well worth rl.Soayd.
WINTER UNDER WEA RAND FLANNELS, Win >lcsalc and .Retail, at prices that enlists
the attention of critical buyers.
ZBOG-C3-S &c BUHL.
118 h 120 FEDERAL STREET, ALLEGHENY
'WA CM '
KVKHY ONB TO KNOW THAT
18. X.. FAHNXSTOOK'B
LUN a S TR T7 P
In the most efficient Remedy before the
public for the cure of <'outsit*, ('olds, Cut.
WK fiI'AICANTKF IT.
It In from nllKht colli*, which rn'ist pop
sons deem of but little Importance, and
neglect, that many serious dlsea*f-s arise.
Neglected cold* soon puss Into the acute
stage, and If prompt mid efficient remedies
are not used, In many <•««'•* become Chron
ic or Confirmed Bronchltl*.
It I* especially adapted In the cure of
children, on account of It* mild ('fleet, in
It contain** nothing that would Injuro tho
Hut a *1112)0 trlnl will convince you. Hold
by all dealers- Trial Hlze '£> ct*. I*rga
VAHKEgIOCK. ÜBOB., l'ro's, Flttsbarg,
WW. JLii UDOKk',
lll<le».'f,eatlicr, Finding*, Tal
low. Nliocp I'clu, Piiwter
Hlidieirt pr, ces pulri in ensli r<ir Hides, Kips.
CullnMrt*, Hlh c|i pelts, Tnllow, <Vc.
All kind* t I l.eniher, and also Piaster Ilnlr
ulway# on ha.'id, and sold at the lowest rush
prices. Ah»i>, mc.nalacturer of uud dealer In
Harnett, Sado ies. Bridles, Collars, Whips,
Ac., which will Ibe sold ut bottom prices, lie
pairing prompt!) attended to. P.1.0p on Cuii
nini;li.iiii ntreet, I ear creek,
ffIJTI.KR, V A.
t8 will buy n one half interest- in a irood bus
iness in Pittsburgh . One who* knows sotne-
IIIIIIK about farming preferred. An honest man
with the above iiinot nt will do \»cll to address
hy letter, ti.Vll i ll .. OIINS, care tf- M. Jaiues,
1 08 Liberty street, Pa. |au37-ly
BUTLER, PA., WEDNESDAY, DiCEMBER 10, 1879.
HAYES TO CONGRESS.
The President's message is a long
document, much of which is of no par
ticular public interest. The principal
topics treated of by the President are
the financial operations of the fiscal
year, the reform of the civil service,
the suppression of polygamy, the
fisheries and the Indian policy of
The President congratulates Con
gress on the successful execution of
the resumption act. Since the lst + of
January United States notes have
been redeemed in coin, but the demand
has been comparatively small, and tU?
voluntary deposit of coin and
in exchange for notes has been vtry
large. The excess of the precious
metals deposited or exchanged for
United States notes over the amount
of United States notes redeemed is
about $40,000,000. The resumption
of specie payments has been followed
by a very great revival of business.
With a currency equivalent in value
to the money of the commercial world
we are enabled to enter upon an equal
competition with other nations in trade
and production. The increasing for
eign demand for our manufactures and
agricultural products has caused a
large balance of trade in our favor,
which has been paid in gold from the
Ist of July last to N'ovemlwr 15th, to
the amount of about $59,000,000.
Since the resumption of specie pay
ments there has also been a marked
and gratifying improvement of tho
public credit. The bonds of the Gov
ernment, bearing only 4 per cent, in
terest, have sold at or ab ive par, suf
ficient in amount to pay off all the Na
tional debt which was redeemable un
der present laws. The amount of in
terest saved annually by the process
of refunding the debt since March Ist,
1877, is $ 14,207,177. Tho amount of
the National debt which matures
within less than two years is $792,-
121,700, of which $500,000,000 bear
interest at the rate of 5 per cent., aud
the balance is in bonds bearing 6 per
cent, interest. It is believed that this
part of the public debt can be refunded
by the issue of 4 per cent, bonds, and
by the reduction of interest which will
thus be effected about $11,000,000 can
lie annually saved to the Treasury.
To secure this important reduction of
interest to be paid by the United
States f.irthcr legislation is required,
which, it is hoped, will be provided
by Congress during its present session.
The coinage of gold by the Mints
of the United States during the last
fiscal year was $40,986,912. The
coinage of silver dollars since the pas
sage of the act for that purpose, up to
November Ist, 1879, was $45,000,850,
of which $12,700,344 have been issued
from the Treasury and are now in
circulation, and $32,300,506 are still in
the possession of the Government.
The pendency of the proposition for
unity of action between the United
States and the principal commercial
Nations of Europe, to effect a perma
nent system for the equality of gold
and silver in the recognized money of
the world, leads me to recommend
that Congress refrain from new legis
lation on tho general subject. The
great revival of trade, internal and
foreign, will supply, during the coming
year, its own instructions, which may
well be awaited before attempting
further experimental measures with
tho coinage. 1 would, however,
strongly urge upon Congress the im
portance of authorizing the Secretary
of the Treasury to suspend the coinage
of silver dollars upon the present legal
ratio. The market value of the silver
dollar being uniformly and largely less
than the market value of the gold dol
lar, it is obviously impracticable to
maintain theni at par with each other
if both are coined without limit. If
the cheaper coin is forced into circula
tion, it will, if coined without limit,
soon become the sole standard of value
and thus defeat the desired object,
which is a currency of both gold and
silver, which shall be of equivalent
v&lue, dollar for dollar, with the uni
versally recognized money of the
RETIRING UNITED STATES NOTES.
The retirement from circulation of
United States notes, with tho capac
ity of legal tender in private contracts,
is a step to be taken in our progress
toward a safe and stable currency,
which should be accepted as the policy
and duty of the Government and the
interest and security of the people. It
is my firm conviction that the issue of
legal tender paper money, based
wholly upon the authority and credit
of the Government, except in extreme
emergency, is without warrant in the
Constitution and a violation of sound
financial principles. The issue of
United States notes during the late
civil war, with the capacity of legal
tender between private individuals,
was not authorized except as a means
of rescuing the country from imminent
peril. The circulation of these notes
as paper money for any protracted
period of time after the accomplish
ment of this purpose was not contem
plated by the framcrs of the law un
der which they were issued. They j
anticipated the redemption and with- >
drawal of these notes at the earliest |
practicable period consistent with the
attainment of the object for which they
were provided. The policy of the
United States, steadily adhered to
from the adoption of the Constitution,
hus been to avoid the creation of a
National debt, and when from neces
sity, in time of war, debts have been
created, they have been paid oil' on
the return of peace as rapidly as pos
sible. With this view and for this
purpose it is recommended that the
existing laws for the accumulation of a
sinking fund sufficient to extinguish
the public debt within a limited period
be maintained. If any change of the
objects or rates of taxation is deemed
necessary by Congress, it is suggested
that experience has showed that a
d uty can be placed on tea and coffee
which will not enhance the price of
those articles to tho consumer and
which will add several millions of
dollars auuually to tho Treasury.
TIIE sfrPRESSKW OF POLYGAMY.
The President calls attrition to po
lygamy in tltab, a'nd says the law for
i ts suppression has been decided by
the Supreme to be within the
legislative pow<?r of Congress, and
,bindings am a rule of action, for all who
residedwithin the Territories. There
is no longer any reason-for delay or
hesitation, in its enforcement.* It
shall be firmly anu effectively exectfted.
If not sufficiently stringent in its pro
visions it should be amended,#nd, in
aid of in view, I recom
mend fhat more "comprehensive and
more 'searching methods faf preveut
igg, as well as punishing, tfcis crime
Wi provided. * "*• *
The President savsr-that the. elec
tions of the past year. tWooffi occtfpfro
only with State offices, have not failed
to elicit, in the political discussions
which attended them all over the coun
try, new and decisive evidence of the
deep interest which the great body of
citizens take in the progress of the
country towards a more general and
complete establishment, at whatever
cost, of universal security and freedom,
in the exercise of the elective franchise.
He appeals to the intelligence and pa
triotism of all good citizens, of every
part of the country, however much
they may be divided in opinions on
other political subject?, to unite in
compelling obedience to existing laws
aimed at the protection of the right of
suffrage. He urges Congress to sup
ply any defects in these laws which
experience has shown, and which it is
within its power to remedy, and in
vokes the co-operation of the Execu
tive and legislative authorities of the
States in this great purpose.
The subject of civil service reform
is next discussed, but the President
has nothing new to say. He speaks
of the gravo evils and perils of a par
tisan-spoils system, and goes over the
same ground as in his message last
year. He also recommends that Con
gress makes the necessary appropria
tion fur the resumption of the work of
the Civil Service Commission. He is
convinced that if a just and definite
test of merit is enforced for admission
to the public service and in making
promotions, such abuses as removal
without good cause and partisan and
official interference with the proper ex
ercise of the appointing power, will, in
large measure, disappear.
Our relations with foreign countries
have continued peaceful. With Great
Britain there are still unsettled ques
tions, growing out of the local laws of
the maritime provinces and the action
of provincial authorities, deemed to be
in derogation of rights secured by
treaty to American fishermen. The
United States Minister in London has
been instructed to present a demand
for $105,<505.02, in view of the dam
ages received by American citizens at
Fortune Hay on the 6th day of Janu
ary, 1878. The subject has been taken
into consideration by the British Gov
ernment, and an early reply is antici
pated. Upon the completion of the
necessary preliminary examination the
subject of our participation in the pro
vincial fisheries, as regulated by treaty,
will at once be brought to the attention
of the British Government, with a
view to an early and permanent settle
ment of tho whole question, which
was only temporarily adjusted by the
treaty of Washington. Efforts have
been made to obtain the removal of
restrictions found injurious to the ex
portation of cattle to the United King
THE ISTHMUS CANAL.
Diplomatic intercourse with Colom
bia is again fully restored by the ar
rival of a Minister from that country
to the United States. This is especi
ally fortunate, in view of the fact that
the question of an interoceanic canal
has recently assumed a new and im
portant aspect and is now under dis
cussion with tho Central American
countries, through whoso territory the
canal by the Nicaragua route would
have to pass. It is trusted that en
lightened statesmanship on their part
will see that the early prosecution of
such a work will largely enure to the
benefit, not only of their own citizens
and those of tin; United States, but of
the commerce of the civilized world.
It is not doubted that, should the
work be undertaken under the pro
tective auspices of the United States
and upon satisfactory concessions for
the right of way and its security by
the Central American Governments,
the capital for its completion would
readily be furnished from this country
and Europe which might, failing such
guarantees, prove inaccessible.
The portion of the message devoted
to the army and navy is a mere sum
mary of the reports of the Secretaries
of War and of the Navy. The busi
ness of the Supreme Court, the Presi
dent says, is at present largely in ar
rears. In the Courts of many of the
circuits, also, the business has increased
to such an extent that the delay of
justice will call the attention of Con
gress to an appropriate remedy. The
remedy suggested by the Attorney
General is the appointment of addi
tional Circuit Judges ami the creation
of an Intermediate Court of Errors
and Appeals which shall relieve the
Supreme Court of a part of its juris
diction. The President next gives the
figures published in the report of the
Postmaster General an<l then takes up
the report of Secretary Schurz.
The Indian policy sketched in the
report is endorsed. Its object, which
is to make liberal provision for the ed
ucation of Indian youth, to settle the
Indians upon farm lots in severalty, to
give them title in fee to their farms,
inalienable for a certain number of
: years, and when their wants are thus
provided for to dispose by sale of the
lands on their reservations not occu
pied and used by them, a fund to be
formed out of the proceeds for the ben
| efit of the Indians, which will gradu
ally relieve the Government of the ex
penses now provided for by annual ap
propriations, must commend itself as
just and beneficial to the Indians, and
as also calculated to remove those ob
structions which the existence of large
reservations presents to the settlement
I and development of tho country. I
therefore earnestly recommend the
enactment of a law enabling the Gov
ernment to give Indians a title iu fee,
inalienable for twenty-five years, to the
farm lands assigned to them by allot
ment. I also repeat the recommenda
tion made in my first annual message,
that h law be passed admitting Indians
who can give satisfactory proof of
having by their own labor supported
their families for a number of years,
and who are willing to detach them
selves from their tribal relations, to the
benefit of the Homestead act, and to
patents containing the
samel^rovision of inalienability for a
certain period. The President an
nounces his intention of protecting the
the Indian Territory, but
as settlors work their way in the diffi
culties will increase, and he approves
of the advice given the Indians on a
recent occasion, to divide among them
selves in severalty as large a quantity
of their lands as they can cultivate, to
acquire individual titles in fee, instead
of their present tribal ownership in
common, and to consider in what man
ner the balance of their lands may be
disposed of by the Government for
The message concludes with urging
a generous policy toward the District
110 W TIIE PENNS YL VA NIA
RAILROAD IS INSPECTED.
The annual inspection of the Penn
sylvania railroad by the executive of
ficers of the company began October
22nd, the inspectors traveling in four
special trains. The observation trains
consist of an engine drawing a hotel
and dining room car, pushing a "gon
dola," that is, a low, open platform
car, with seats raised in tiers, the su
perintendents occupying the first train,
the civil engineers the second, the
road supervisors the third, and the
divison foremen the fourth. Each
gentleman is provided with a printed
form, on which ho makes on a scale
of from 1 (very bad) to 10 (perfect)
his estimate of each section of the
roadbed. The verdict is reached by
considering the condition of the track
line, and the ballasting, ditching,
draining, policing,'and neatness of the
work. When the trip is completed
these cards are made up and an aver
age struck for each section. The
highest average indicates to which of
the supervisors shall be given the first
prize, usually a chronometer gold
watch and chain appropriately in
scribed, and to which of the division
foremen the second prize shall be
given. There is great competition for
these prizes, and the system begun
some ten years ago has been found to
be of the greatest value in getting the
best kind of work done on the roadbed
and lino of rail. Most of the superin
tendents on this trip have intimate
practical knowledge of what consti
tutes a perfect road, for they have
served the company of which they are
now officers as roadmasters and divi
sion supervisors, winning experience
and promotion in that way. Last
year the inspection was extended over
all the leased lines of the company,
the superintendents passing over on
their trip more than two thousand six
hundred miles of the company's track.
In doing this, however, they were not
able to give the track that close scru
tiny which tho importance of their
Therefore this year the trip will be
confined to the main line and its im
portant branch, the Northern Central
Railroad from Ilarrisburg to Washing
ton and Sunbury. Last year the sec
tion south of Newark, a part of Su
perintendent McCrea's division, won
all the prizes.
The manufacture of glass tubing is
surprisingly simple. The glass blower
takes a small quantity of melted glass
from tho pot with his blowing tube,
rolls it slightly on a marble slab to
give it a cylindrical form, he then adds
a small quantity of glass from the same
pot, and blows tho enlarged mass
while rolling it, taking great pains to
keep the shape cylindrical. If tubes
of large caliber are required, the in
side diameter of the cylinder is en
larged, and tho glass is allowed to
cool slightly before drawing. For
tubes of very small caliber, such as
thermometer tubes and other capillary
the internal diameter of the cylinder is
decreased and the glass is used very
in making a piece of glass tubing
the assistant places a ball of glass
cylinder by aid of his blowing tube.
Now tho men, each holding an end of
the glass cylinder by means of their
blowing tubes, began to separate,
walking backwark. The cylinder is
thus lengthened, and at tho same time
made smaller in diameter, and the di
ameter, of course, depends upon how
much the tube is drawn out.
When the tube has attained the right
size it is generally too warm and soft
to admit of laying it down without
destroying its shape; it is therefore
cooled by means of a fan. When it be
comes sufficiently cool it is laid upon a
series of equidistant parallel wooden
blocks of uniform height, where it re
mains until it becomes cold. It is
then cut into lengths with a diamond
or a file. If the tubes are to resist
great pressure or changes of temper
ature, they are annealed with great
care. They are sometimes plunged
into boiling linseed oil and slowly
—A country parson preached a series
of sermons on practical morality and
soon after he had an opportunity to
witness their effects. A lad in the
village, who heard one of them, com
ing out of an orchard one day with his
pockets bulging out with stolen apples,
was met by the parson, who noticed
his efforts to conceal the evidence of
his guilt. "Have you been stealing
apples ?" asked tho minister. "I have,
sir," answered the boy, sheepishly.
"And you aro trying to hide them
from me?" continued the good man.
"Ves, sir," said the culprit, brightening
up. "You told us last Sunday that
wo must avoid tho appearance of evil."
WILLIAM PENNS WAY.
Our method of treating the Indian
tribes seems to be compounded of al!
other methods. Like the Quakers we
treat with them; but unlike the Quakers
we never observe the treaties. Like
Spaniards we put them to the sword as
rapidly as we can out of greed for their
lands and the minerals they are sup
posed to contain; but unlike the Span
iards we do it by human authority
under the flag of the United States,
and jiot in the name of God and under
the flaming cross. We confine them
to reservations' from which our people
are permitted to drive them, that our
soldiers may get a chance to slaughter
thenar We protend to feed and cletbw
them, bnt our agents and contractors
st<»al the supplies, and when they bunt
to supply themselves, we cut the matter
short byjextermination: The incidents
of this composite system are an Indian
service honeycombed with corruptiou,
laws and treaties broken, desperate
tribes breaking away, fights like that of
the Cheyennes, massacres like that of
the Piegans, and massacres in requital
like that of Custer. It is the most ex
pensive as well as tho least efficient
system the wit of man could devise.
The countless millions of money it has
cost, to say nothing of the lives, would
have sufficed to build railroads and ca
nals for the accommodation of every
inch of all the inhabited parts of the
country. Had we not better change it?
It is not yet too late to begin and
do better, by simply being honest and
The Indians of our forests were a
fiercer, though in some respects a nobler
class of savages than the ludians of the
plains. The Founder of Pennsylvania
subdued thein entirely to the wishes by a
strange habit he had of keeping his
word and paying squarely and honestly
to the last blue bead he ever promised.
His treaties were the "only treaties
never sworn to and never broken."
Half a century after his death Hecke
welder saw the Indians produce the
strings of pure white wampum which
represented "his speeches," and served
to remind them of their engagements,
which they thus renewed among them
selves by periodical ceremonies. In
the language of the Iroquois he was
called Onas; in the more plaintive
tongue of the Delawares, Miquon.
Both words mean quill, and indicated
their sense of his peaceful and truthful
character. He came among them with
no other weapon, and with that he never
made either a false or a bloody record.
Under Pcun and his children, and in
deed for nearly a century, and until the
policy of the Founder was abandoned
by his successors in the government,
there was peace in all the borders of
Pennsylvania. There were no flying
settlers, no smoakiug cabins, no captive
women and children, no abandoned
harvests. The Pennsylvania traders
were welcomed by every tribe, even to
the Mississippi for the fame of Penn
sylvania justice preceded them to the
furthest recesses of the wilderness, and
the political children of the good Mi
quon never wanted of hospitality or
protection at the hands of their red
But the Pennites and Broadrims
were hated by their neighbors almost as
bitterly as tin advocate of justice to the
Indians is hated to-day on the Western
border. The Virginians were espe
cially hostile both to the Pennsylva
nians and to the Indians, and to their
cruel efforts to put strife between them,
and break up the lucrative trade of the
Pennsylvanians with the interior tribes,
were due some of the most terrible wivrs
of the last century. A Virginia butch
ery, unprovoked and cowardly, pro
duced Dunmores's' war and with sun
dry aggravations added, the whole se
ries down to the victory of Wayne.
But we repeat that the policy of Penn
was the cheapest aud safest of which
history makes mention.
CAN NEGROES SNEEZE 1
An item stating that negroes never
sneeze has been the rounds of the
press. Last evening a newspaper man
demanded of Mr. George W. Jackson,
while that gentleman was improving
the appearance of the itcinizor's boots,
"Why is it, George, that you don't
"'Cause I ain't got no call to," re
sponded the old gentleman, in some
"Did you ever sneeze, George?"
"Did I evah sneeze F" cried the as
tonished Mr. Jackson. "Well, you
heah me, sah, dis ole horn o' mine is
n snorter when it has business on
When it was communicated to Mr.
Jackson that the press of the country
was asserting that the African nose is
deficient in sternutatory power ho
scoffed at such a libel upon his race,
and to show how groundless it was
lie hobbled out of the barber shop and
returned with a pinch of snuff, which
presently resulted in an explosion that
created an impression in the neighbor
hood that some old machinery was be
ing broken up with giant powder cart
ridges as the Con. Virginia works."
"I)at shows what youah noospa
pahs 'mount to," said Mr. Jackson, as
he wiped his eyes. Then he requested
the reporter to look upon the back of
his coal-black hand.
"See heah," he said, flopping over
the knotty old paw and disclosing the
lung-colored palm, "whah's the science
man dat kin explain dat finominutn?"
inquired Mr. Jackson, proudly and
further confided to the reporter the
pleasing fact that the soles of his
feet presented tho same inexplica
ble peculiarity. Ho also relates
a test that had been niado in Bt.
Louis some years ago of the blood of
a white man, a negro and a bullock,
which had resulted in tho utter con
| founding of the scientists, who had
I been able to discover no difference be
' tweeu the fluid held in the respective
tubs. Mr. Jackson confirmed all his
statements with a final sneeze, which
caused a man being shaved to jump
up in his chair and cut a gash in his
jaw against tho razor.
"Dar's blood for to prove what I
BOZ," was tho pleasing observation of
> Mr. Jackson.
I The reporter then withdrew.
One square, one insertion, 91; each subse
quent insertion, 60 cento. Yearly advertisement*
exceeding one-fourth of a column, 95 jx>r inch.
Figure work double thooe rater; additional
charge* where wookly or niouthly changes arc
made. Local advertisements 10 cents per line
for first insertion, and 5 cents per line for each
additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notioee charged
as advertisements, and payable when handed ID
Auditors' Notices. 94; Executors' and Ailminia
tratore' Notices. 93 each; Estray, Cant ion an#
Dissolution Notices, not exceeding ten lines,
From the fact that the Cmzr* is tho oldest
established and mo»t extensively circnlated Be
publican newspaper in Butler county, (a Bepub
lican county) it must bo apparent t« btuunes*
men that it is the medium they should use in
advertising their business.
A personal friend of Gen. Grant's
savs that that distinguished citizen is
more concerned about employment
than anything else. He has but a
small fortune, and the General says
he must now address himself to his
own business. He is anxious to get
to Philadelphia, where it is under
stood, his personal affairs will be dis
cussed and looked after. From there
he will go to Havana and Mexico,
unless, be says, he should be advised
of a business opening, in which caso
he would not go to Mexico. This
points directly to the Nicaragua Canal,
in which he has always taken deep
an engineer, ana to be at fne heard of
a company, to build such a vast work, *
in- wnich the Nations of Europe, as
well as America, and interested, would
be to erect a monument to himself.
Here would be additional fame, con
genial occupation and handsome sal
ary, whereas in a Presidential candi
dacy there could be no additional repu
tation, and might be great peril. If,
however, the coveted employment
should not offer, then Grant would
yield to the pressure of his friends,
and consent to take the Presidency.
This, undoubtedly, correctly repre
sents Grant's position to-day.
A Washington special says that
there is a good deal of quiet consulta
tion among Southern men there as to
the propriety of a movement on the
part of the Southern members of Con
gress to create the office of Captain
General of the Army, with a a*d»ry of
$50,000 per |annum, and giv<?~ it to
Gen. Grant for life. The movement
has not taken shape yet, as there are
but few members there, but it will
certainly be agitated within the next
few weeks, and there are many there
who believe that it will be consum
mated on the reassembling of Con
How TO JUDGE WEATHER. —Tho
colors of tho sky at different times are
a wonderful guidauce. Not only does
a clear sunset presage fair weather, but
there are other tints which speak with
a clearness and accuracy. A bright
yellow in the evening indicates wind,
a pale yellow, • wet; a neutral gray
constitutes a favorable sign in the
morning—an unfavorable one in the
eveniug. The clouds are full of mean
ing in themselves. If they are soft,
undefined and feathery, the weather
will be fine; if the edges are hard,
sharp and definite, it will be foul.
Generally speaking, any deep, unusual
hues betoken wind aud rain; while
more quiet and moderate tints bespeak
—lt is, for some reason, a great deal
easier to hate a bad man than to keep
from being one yourself.
—The blind ought to be happy. At
any rate they cannot themselves see
any reason why they should not be.
—lt was Pelham who said that it is
eminently respectable to bo arrested
for debt, becauso it shows that you
once had credit.
—lt is a curious fact that charity
for others' faults is a kind of magic
mantle Which covers up your own
faults at the same time.
—They say it takes nino tailors to
comfortably make a man, but to make
a man uncomfortable only one taiior
with an unpaid bill is required.
—One of tho best of epitaphs, and
one of the shortest also, is that which
.Terrold wrote for Charles Knight, tho
amiable historian. It was simply
—The coming year of 1880 will bo
rather peculiar in some instances.
Four holidays come on Sunday, as
follows: February 22, Decoration day,
July 4th, and Christmas. ;
If you should tell all know tho
recital might not requfSa any great
length of time, but if yOii should at
tempt to tell all you don't know one
lifetime would not suffice.
—The milk of human kindness is a
necessary ingredient in every true and
noble life, but unless it is kept fresh it
will change into the sour buttermilk of
a carping and critical spirit.
People are vory apt to bo generous
with what ccsts nothing. Sidney
Smith once said that most men are
ready to act the Good Samaritan, but
without the oil and twopence.
A man may bo a poor scholar
when he has everything in bis head
and nothing in his purse, and he may
be equally a poor scholar when he has
nothing in his head and everything in
There are some people who re
semble storks. They are said to have
one foot in tho grave, but, like the se
date bird above mentioned, they are
able to stand on the other log so long
that their hoirs become impatient.
—Sidney Smith was sufficiently con
scious of at least one of bis faults,
lie once said of his handwriting, which
was at l>cßt a terrible scrawl: "It looks
as if a swarm of ants, escaping from
an ink bottle, bad walked over a sheet
of paper without wiping their legs."
—lt is not mere information that
makes a man great, but that ability to
| use information which is called wis
! dom. When some one told Rivarol
that he had mastered four languages,
the wit replied, "Then, sir, you will in
future have four words for one idea."
—lt may bo that tho answer of the
poor servant girl may find a response
in other hearts. Some one said to her,
"Well, Mary, I hear you have left
vour old place. Where do you live
now ?" She replied, with a pleasant
smile, "Please, inarm, I don't live no
where now; I'm married."
—Talleyrand was always ready with
a reply, and woe betide tho man who
had offended him. His words wore
apt to be like burrs in wool—vory hard
to get rid of. Ho onee wrote to a lord
who had bored him, this message j
"Dear Lord Blank—Will you oblige
mo with your company on Wednosday
next, at 8 o'clock. I havo invited ft
number of exceedingly clever people,
and do not care to be the only foot