Butler citizen. (Butler, Pa.) 1877-1922, December 03, 1879, Image 1

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Ter year, in adraaee W ®®
Otherwise ; 3 00
No subscription will be discontinued until >ll
arre*r«ges arc paid. Poetmastera neglecting to
uotirv UB when onbecribeni do not take out their
papers will be held liable for the gubecnpUon.
Hubocriberu removing from one poetoffice to
another ehould give as tlie name or the former
aa well ae the present office.
All communications intended for publication
in this paper must be accompanied by the real
name of the writer, not for publication, bat M
a guarantee of good faith.
Marriage and death notices moat be accompa
nied by a responsible name.
(Butler Time.)
Trains leave Butler for 8L Joe, Millerstown,
Kr.rns City, Petrolia, Parker, etc., at 7.&*> a. m.,
an J 2.05 and 7.20 p. m. [See below lor con
nections willi A. V R R.J
Trains arrive at Butler from the above named
points at 7..5 a. m., ana 1.55, and 6.55 p. m
The 1.55 tiain connects with traiu on the West
Peun road '.hrouirb to Pittsburgh.
Traius leave Hilliard's Mill, Butler county,
for Hirrisville, GreenvUle, etc., at 7.40 a. m.
and 18.20 and 2.20 p. m.
Stages lea- e Petrolia at 5.30 a. m. lor 7.40
train, aud at 10.C0 a. m. tor 12 20 tram.
Iteturn stages leave Hilliard on arrival of
trains at 10.27 a. in. and 1.50 p. m.
Stage leaves Martlusburg at 9.30 for 12.30
P. *. C., * L. E. B. K.
The morning train leaves Zslienople at 6 11,
Harmony 6.10 and Evansburg at 6.3 a, arrivmg
at Etna Station at B.so. and Allegheny at 9.01.
The afternoon tram leaves Zelienop'e at 1.26,
Harmony 1.31, Evansburg 1.53. arriving at
Etna Station at 4 11 and Allegheny at 4.46.
Trains connecting at Etna Station J**" 1 t" 18
road leave Allegheny at 7.11 a. m. and 3.51 p. m.
t- Bv getting oil at Sharpsburg station and
crossing the bridge to the A. V.JL 8., pnsseu
gers on the morniDg train can reach the Union
depot at 9 o'clock.
Trains leave Butler (Butler or Pittsburgh Time.)
Market it 5.11 a. m., goes through to Alle
gheny, arriving at 9.01 a. m. This train con
nects at Freeport with Free-port Accommoda
tion, which arrives at Allegheny at 8.20 a. to.,
railroad time. . „
Exprett at 7.21 a. m., connecting at Butler
Junction, without change of cars, at 8.26 with
Exp.ess west, arriving In Allegheny at 9..V5
a. m., and Express east arriving at Blilrsville
at 11 00 a. m. railroad time.
Mail at 2.36 p. m., connecting at Butler Junc
tlonwithout change ot cars, with Express west,
arriving in Allegheny at 526 p. tn., aud Ex
press cast arriving at Blairsville Intersection
at 6.10 p. m. railroad time, which connects w'tli
Philadelphia Express east, when on time.
Sunday Exprttt at 3.25 p. m., goes through
to Allegheny, arriving at 6.06 p. m.
The 7.21 a. m. train connects at Blairsville
at 11.05 a. m. with the Mail east, and the 2.36
p.m. train at 6.59 with the Philadelphia Ex
press east.
Trains arrive at Butler on West Penn R. R. at
9.51 a. m., 5.06 and 7.20 p. ra., Butler lime. The
9,51 and 5.06 trains connect with trains on
the Butler & Parker R. R. Sun 'ay train arrives
at Butler at 11.11 a. m., connecting with train
for Parker.
Main Line.
Through trains leave Pittsburgh lor the Eairt
at 2.56 and 8.36 a. m. and 12 51, 4.21 ar.d 8.06 p.
m., arriving at Philadelphia at 8.40 and 7.20
p. m. aDd 3.00, 7.00 and 7.40 a. m.; at Baltimore
about the same t me, at New York three hours
later, and at Washington about one and a half
hours later.
ft.A . AI AAA I Invested in Wall St. stocks
3> l) 101UUU m4keß fortunes . every
▼ lu |month. Book sent free ex
plaining everything. Address
BAXTER <t CO., Bankers,
octg 7 Wall street. N. Y.
Exclusively devoted to the practical educa
tion of young and middle-aged men, for active
business life. School always in session. Stu
dents can enter at any time. j£®~Send for
J. C. SMITH, A. M., Principal,
sept24-3m Pittsburgh, Pa.
" -
* ■/ WALDRON, Orrduate ol the Phil-
I! n adelphia Dental College, Is prepared
Ui II •to do auything in the line of bis
profession in a satisfactory manner.
Office on Main street, Butler, Union Block,
up stairs, apll
President. Vice President.
Wx. CAMPBELL, Jr., Cashier.
William Campbell, J. W. Irwin,
J*?. D. Anderson, George Weber,
Joseph L. Purvis.
Does a General Banking A Exchange business.
Interest paid on time deposits. Collections made
and prompt returns at low rates of Exchange.
Gold. Exchange and Government Bonds bought
and sold. Commercial paper, bonds, Judgment
and other securities bought at fair rates. 1a20:ly
N That Acts at the Same Time on H
M and the KIDNEYS. II
Q Thc«f great organ* are the Kataral cleans- P|
H en of the Bynm. U they work well, health M
fl will bo perfect; tf they become clogged, ■■
I 1 dreadful diseases are sure to follow wlta ■■
PI Blllioasaess, Headache, Dyspepsia, Jam- ■
I dlee, Comit Ipatloa aad Plle«| or Kid- Q
I I aey Complaints, Gravel, Diabetes, I
U Sedlaeat I* tke L'riae, Silky or fl
H Ropy Urine; or Chesautle U
U Palas aad aches, M
II are developed becanne the blood Is poisoned U
11 with the humors thit should hare been ■■
■g will restore the natural action and all these WM
H destroying evils will be hanlihe J—neglect U
fl tbcm and yon will live but to softer. ■
II Thousands have been cured. Try! t and you n
ft! will add onenioretothenumber. Takcltand W1
H bcalth will once more gladden your heart, ft 1
D WkyunnVrloaccrfKmi tie tormeatof aa U
n **Why tear i nth distress tram Co»«tlp«U— Q
U Why be fearfial Utww ef ilsirlavsl 11
|J Rir>XßT-WoRT will cure you. Try a pack- U
M ago at o. ce and l>e tatlsiiid. H
n it it a dry vegeiab:« compound and Q
II Oaepackare nake«ilxquartsofMedicine, H
U eoatalslag no Bplrlt, being prepared fl
H In pare water. II
U Tovr Druggtit vctU get It for you. Jnattt M
|« vpon having it, [1
. Nebraska,
Colorado or
Chicago, Burlington & Quincy H R.
fSTTickets can be bad at all offices where
Western.tickets are sold. aplO-tf
[Leadville Herald, Nov. 20.]
For several days past it has been an
open secret among newspaper men and
others that there would be an execution
by the vigilantes of one or more
scoundrels in the county jail. Last
Sunday, when the demonstration was
made at the city jail, it was the inten
tion of a number of the leaders of
public sentiment in this city to make
an example of Stewart that would
deter all others from treading in his
footsteps. As stated in the Herald
of Tuesday morning, the demonstra
tion above referred to prevented the
carrying of this threat into execution,
the parties not caring to identify them
selves with the mob in question. On
Monday evening a meeting of deter
mined, resolute business men was held,
at which it was decided that something
must be done to
of the evildoers who have been hold
ing high carnival in Leadville for sev
eral months past. This conclusion was
arrived at deliberately, and Tuesday
was taken to look up the antecedents
of the imprisoned footpad. On Tues
day evening another meeting was held,
where, nobody, not even a Herald
reporter, knows. It is known, how
ever, that the meeting decided that it
would not be necessary to hang Stew
art for good and all, but that in consid
eration of bis youth, and as far as
could be ascertained, his previous good
character, all that would be necessary
would be to give him a little choking
in order to extort from him a possible
confession of anything he might know
regarding the operations of the gang,
and then let hrm go, with the admon
ition to leave the city.
In the meantime another party had
assembled, and this was a party that
nothing would satisfy but the death of
the would-be robber and men of like
character. This party was much larger
than the first, and seemed to be much
more determined to have the lives of
these offenders against justice. The
condition of the town, and the numer
ous breaches of all the laws of the
State and municipality, were taken
into full consideration, as well as the
names of the parties who made them
selves conspicuous in their efforts to
protect the lawless classes—lot jump
ers, bunko steerers, and the like. The
necessity of
of a character that would immediately
render the streets of Leadville as safe
in the darkest night as in the glare of
noonday, and make every man's house
literally his castle, was conceded. The
two bodies were made aware of each
other's existence, but were unable to
come to a definite understanding in
regard to the best and most effective
move to make. One of these bodies
was large and unwieldly, and as is
usually the case in such matters, the
larger body leaked, though the leak
was of such a nature, consisting of
that even the proverbial curiosity of a
newspaper man was baffled so far as
the obtaining of definite information
was concerned. There was a little
difference between the two bodies Tues
day night, and therefore no action was
taken at that time, though there were
so many rumors in the air that Herald
reporters were on the qui vive until
Wednesday morning at 4 o'clock, look
ing for the fruit that telegraph poles
and lamps sometimes bear in this part
of the country. Nothing was done,
and therefore only the usual two thous
and edition of the Herald was printed
yesterday morning.
Yesterday, all day, there were the
same rumors floating around. Last
evening the Herald learned that it was
coming off at 11 o'clock precisely, and
a full corps of reporters were on hand
to get the particulars. At midnight
the reporters returned half frozen and
reported all quiet, and the paper was
put to press as usual. But the matter
was not yet settled, as the sequel
At half past 1 o'clock this morning
the slumbers of the watchers of the
jail were disturbed by a knocking at
the door of that institution, as though
of one of the Deputy Sheriffs who
desired to gain admission, and as
those officials have entrance and exit
at any time, the door was soon opened.
The first man who stepped inside was
Under Sheriff Watson, and alongside
of him came several men
and pointed at the Sheriff's head.
Nothing was left for the latter to do
but to order the prison doors to be
thrown open and permit the men to
have full sway. Fifteen men went in
with the Under Sheriff, but who they
were no one knowsexcept the members
of the organization, as each of them
wore a black mask, which entirely dis
guised their features.
There have been two men engaged
as special officers at the jail ever since
the hold-up and shooting scrape on
Saturday night, as threats of lynching
the surving participant in that unlaw
ful transaction have been in no manner
of means kept secret. The officials cer
tainly had no control of the matter,
for the moment the door of the jail
was opened every man was
and the slightest motion on their part
would have resulted in instant death.
Deputy Sheriff Miller was lying on a
seat outside of the cage, and the mo
ment the vigilantes were in possession
of the premises, three of them made a
rush at him and before he could explain
his official capacity, he was bound by
a small cord and gagged. They were
just on the point of putting the
when sombody raised courage enough
to shout that the bound man was a
Deputy Sheriff. This stopped the
vigilantes for a minute, and, discovering
their mistake, they turned around to
see where the men were that wore
wanted. Deputy Miiler was unbound
and ungagged, and without any apolo
gies tbey released him from his danger
only to be covered by several six
shooters and ordered not to move. In
the meantime fifteen vigilantes had
filed into the jail, and twenty more
remained outside to protect their com
panions, or come to their relief if it
was necessary. While the three men
were busy preparing
another party discovered Frodsham,
who had only been incarcerated last
evening, and, as the jail is in a crowded
condition, had not been locked up in
the cells or even in the cage, but had
been permitted to remain simply in
side the walls. The victim was no
sooner spotted than a rope was thrown
around bis body, and the vigilantes
began to prepare him for his end. See
ing his fate, Frodsham called out to
the jailers,
which was answered by one of the
jailers: "We can't help you now ; we
are in danger ourselves." The victim
then exclaimed, "Won't you let me see
my wife first ?" "You will see your
h—l first," was the firm reply, and
therewith he was collared by the hemp
and pulled out of prison. As he was
being dragged out he simply exclaimed
"murder!" The slack end of the rope
was then thrown over the rafters of a
little frame that is being erected imme
diately south of the jail, about three
feet from the main building, and be
tween it and the cook-room. The
building is only in course of erection,
and simply the frame work has been
put up.
over the first joist and the weight of
Frodsham began to strain it, the joist
broke and he was landed suddenly on
his feet. Quicker than a wink the rope
was over another rafter and the body
elevated in the air. The end of the
rope was then made fast to the side of
the frame work and the unfortunate
wretch was left to die. Not a sound
escaped from him as he breathed his
however, and when the Herald re
porter appeared on the scene the toes
were just touching the ground.
The next victim was then prepared,
and this was Patrick Stewart, the
young foot-pad, who is said to be only
twenty years old. He is a beardless
boy, and when the vigilantes went to
him and made him come out, he prayed
for his life and beseeched that he might
not be killed. But vigilante commit
tees, like corporations, have no soul, or
if they had their sense of duty pre
vented them from showing it, and the
young criminal was soon made ready
to meet his fate. Like many others,
the recollection of childhood's days
must have flashed upon his mind, for
in his frenzy he beseeched for only time
enough to
This was not granted him and he
was hustled out without any further
parleying. He was dragged out with
a rope around his neck, and soon strung
up to the same building, with Frod
sham on the opposite side.
All this time the deputies who were
in charge of the jail were properly
provided for. Deputy Bob Johnson
was clutched in the hands of a power
ful vigilante, around the throat, and
six men pointed the danger end of their
pistols at his head. Deputy Miller's
predicament has already been described.
Deputy Harry Wiliams, who is the
assistant jailer, had his position on the
top of the cage, and as soon as he
jumped up to see what was the cause
of the disturbance, he was immediately
greeted with the
and ordered not to move hamd or foot.
This order was implicitly obeyed. By
the time the men had finished their
business forty men were in the inside,
but not a give-away sound was uttered.
They did their work effectively and
quick, for a quarter of an hour after
the first alarm both of the victims had
been hurled into eternity. The fol
lowing placard was written on a half
sheet of legal cap, and pinned to the
back of Ed. Frodsham, and contains a
warning to some of the crooked men
around town :
Lot thieves, bunko su*erers, foot-pads, thieves
and chronic bondsmen for the same and sympa
thizers of the above class of criminals. Tnis
is our commencement, and this shall be your
fate. We mean business, and let this be your
last warning.
r. A. KELLY,
and a great many others known to this organ
ization. Vigilantes committee. We are seven
hundred strong.
Both of the victims were privileged
to sleep outside in the corridor—B'rod
sbam, because he generally gave bonds
and alwayß refused to go into a cell,
and Stewart, because he had a wound
in his arm and there was no danger of
his attempting to escape.
Under Sheriff Watson was not in
the affair of his own free will, as that
would have been inconsistent with his
duties as a county officer, but he was
awakened at his sleeping apartments,
and, in the same manner that the jail
officers were obliged to hold their peace,
was the Under Sheriff bound to ac
company his unexpected visitors.
As soon as the vigilantes had finished
their business and their errand was
completed, without any way disturb
ing anybody else, they retired. The
first squad which went out took with
them the Under Sheriff, with a
and without explaining to him why
he was wanted, they simply con
ducted him from the premises. Not a
sound was uttered, but one by one the
committee backed out at the door, cov
ering their respective men, aud Dep
uty Sheriff Bob Johnson, who was in
charge of the jail, officiating in the
place of Jailer Caldwell, was the last
man to be uncovered. His guard grad
ually witharew, one by one, until but
one man was left, and the Deputy had
to conduct him to the door, the pistol
barrel fairly being braced against his
temple. A second after this last
guard had disappeared from the door
way, the Deputy looked out to see
what was to be seen, but was rewarded
only by seeing
The two men as they hanged by
their necks in the darkness, lighted
only by the glare of a lantern, pre
sented an awe-inspiring sight. They
had been gagged and bound by thick
ropes by someone not a novice in the
business ; for the knots were fine speci
mens of the hangman's knot, and could
not have been made more perfectly.
The men had hardly ceased to breathe
a half-hour before the news spread
like wildfire that the two notorious
characters—lot-jumpers and hold-ups
—had met with a fate as just as it was
horrible. Of course curiosity was ex
cited, and before long Harrison avenue
presented a scene of commotion and
excitement that is rarely witnessed in
any city at 3 o'clock in the morning.
They flocked up to the county jail and
were crowding in on the Deputies,
when it was found necessary for the
latter to
if a single man advanced another step.
This was sufficient to make the crowd
hold back, and as soon as it was as
certained that there was no one in it
who intended to harm the officials,
they were permitted to advance, look
on the appalling spectacle and read
the warning. There was but little
said, for it struck terror to the soul of
every man present, and although none
denied that the reward of the victims
was merited, they hardly dared to ex
press even it.
When the Deputies had sufficiently
recovered their equilibrium they went
for the Coroner, but Dr. Law was not
at home. Justice O'Brien was called
on, and he acted in the case only so
far as to issue a paper to Detective
Frank Smith, ordering that a guard
be placed on the premises to prevent
anybody from disturbing the bodies
until Coroner Law could be heard
from. The two men as they
certainly presented a frightful example
to all evil doers.
The man Ed. Frodsham is a man
who has for some time been notorious
in this city in connection with lot
jumping operations. He respected no
title, whether obtained through a
squatter or through a patent, but
watched the rise in building lots with
an eye to his peculiar business, and
jumped such as suited him without
regard to the rights or feelings of any
one interested. Associated with
as himself, to which Marshal Kelly
and others of the city officials were
charged with belonging, for a long
time he escaped punishment. Well
supplied with money, he was always
ready to give bail when arrested for a
breach of the law, and finally people
began to ask themselves how long this
desperado was to be permitted to go
unpunished. This feeling was the
beginning of the end. The ej'es of a
sterner power than the law were di
rected to his misdeeds, and several
times within the past few weeks
Frodsham was nearer death than he
had ever been before, desperado as he
The case on Capitol Hill, fully
noted in these columns, a week ago,
brought matters to a culminating point
and when it was followed so quickly
by the killing of Clifford and the
wounding of Stewart, those inside
knew that his days were numbered,
unless be took the alarm and left the
city. He had ample time to do this,
however, and might have made his
escape, but
he declined to listen to any warning,
and remained. He was well armed
and bore the reputation of being a des
perate man and a quick shot, and the
remark has frequently been made in
the past few days that if any attempt
was made to take him more than one
man would die before him. Although
it is not definitely known, it is hardly
capable of doubt that he was one of
the party that attacked the cabin on
Capitol Hill, in which were sleeping
two men, only holding property to
which the records show they had an
undoubted title. This was the straw
that decided his fate, and from that to
his death he did not make a move that
was not closely watched.
But little is known of Frodshain's
antecedents. He came here about a
year ago, and as stated, almost .imme
diately became notorious. Latterly
the detectives were at some trouble in
learning something of his past life.
The most that could be learned was
that he was suspected of having been
guilty of murder in Laramie, Wyom
ing, Cottonwood, Utah, and in the
Black Hills. Last night he was ar
rested and lodged in jail on a criminal
complaint, and as he was in the habit
of immediately giving bail when ar
rested, he was not placed in the cage,
and thus fell an easy victim to the
power which had marked him for his
Very little is known about this
young man, except that he was here
last July, and was locked up for being
drunk and disorderly. He has, bow
ever, traveled under a number of
aliases, a fact which is sufficient of
itself to stamp him as a member of the
dangerous classes. He was only
about twenty years of age. Since he
has been in jail he has been told that
he was likely to be hanged, to which
he made the reply: "I don't care a
G d whether I am hung or
not." As he was taken out of the
jail this morning be made the remark,
his last words on earth.
The hanging of these two men is
but the legitimate result of the law
lessness and crime that have run ram
pant in Leadville for several months
past. The law seems to have been
powerless to reach the men, who com
mitted their desperate deeds in the
dark and defied detection. The lot
jumping fraternity have hitherto es
caped through legal technicalities,
and by the liberal use of money, but
the people who have been outraged
could not be put off by such means.
Lynching is the last desperate
remedy of an outraged community,
and the warning given last night
must be heeded, for unless the crimes
that have led to this terrible result are
stopped, and that immediately, there
are other beams that will bear similar
ghastly trophies, and that in a very
few days. The Stray Horse road
should be one of the localities to re
ceive the attention of the vigilantes.
[Special to St. Louis Globe-Democrat.]
Before being cut down a police
man took the placard off Frodsham's
back, but was persuaded that it looked
very appropriate where it was, and
huug it as before, the place being
pointed out by a six-shooter, and un
der circumstances easy to find. P. A.
Kelley, who received notice to leave
or share their awful fate, has been City
Marshal until within the last few days,
and has been known to accept bribes
and in every way to sustain the thiev
ing element, and has been before the
City Council twice to anwser various
charges of this rapture. The Coroner
to-day had a notice slipped iuto his
hand by some unknown bunkoman,
saying to have Bockhouse leave the
city to-night or he would be a dead
man in the morning. Jim Bush, the
murderer of Arbuckle last winter, has
received notice to leave. The town
is wild with excitement, and but little
is needed to fan the flame and start the
ball moving again.
Last night passed away quietly,
but the morning was anxiously looked
for by many to reveal a repetition of
the horrors of the night before, as
some of the warned parties failed to
leave on the notice given them. The
Highland Guards militia were on
duty all night, and an additional po
lice force was put on, and the fire com
panies ordered to hold themselves for
immediate action, as the bunko-steerers
had threatened the destruction of the
city, and also ordered the Herald and
Chronicle force to leave owing to their
strongly advocating some desperate
method to rid the city of these char
acters, which the law failed to provide,
at least enforce. At 10 o'clock, p. m.,
a false alarm of fire was sounded, and
the deserted streets were quickly filled
with men, and the report that the
bunkos had begun their hellish work
created the greatest excitement, but on
learning it was a false alarm the ex
citement subsided. This evening's
Chronicle says the opponents of the
vigilantes had at 10 o'clock this morn
ing 756 nameß enrolled, and
and not above four own a dollar's
worth of property. They claim to
know everyone of the vigilantes, and
threaten that as soon as the excite
ment subsides they will hang every
one of them, and then burn the town.
The militia are out again to-night. The
threats from the bunkos must be con
sidered idle ones, and no danger is
apprehended, only from the torch.
Mayor James has put on a large body
of special police, and every precaution
will be taken to guard against such a
sad calamity.
The formation of Supervisors' dis
tricts under the provisions of the Cen
sus act of March 3, 1879, has been
completed by Superintendent Walker,
and approved by Secretary Schurz.
The details arc of interest, for the rea
son among others, that the appoint-,
ments of Supervisors must be made in
each instance by selection from appli
cants residing within the boundaries
of the respective districts. These im
portant offices, which will practically
control the thousands of local appoint
ments necessary for the work of taking
the census, are to be filled by the Ist
of January. Gen. Walker says that
in the formation of districts reference
has been had solely to the exigencies
of enumeration due to the geographical
features of States and to existing con
ditions of settlement, occupation and
intercommunication. It results as was
to be expected, that the districts vary
greatly in population and territorial
extent. The formation for Pennsyl
vania is as follows:
First District—Philadelphia county.
Second District—Chester, Delaware
and Lancaster counties.
Third District—Berks, Lebanon,
Dauphin, Northumberland and Schuyl
Fourth District—Bucks, Carbon, Le
high, Montgomery and Northampton
Fifth District—Columbia, Luzerne,
Lackawanna, Monroe, Montour, Pike,
Sullivan, Wayne and Wyoming.
Sixth District—Bradford, Cameron,
Lycoming, McKean, Potter, Susque
hanna and Tioga.
Seventh District—Adams,Clearfield,
Clinton, Cumberland, Franklin, Fulton,
Huntingdon, Juniata, Mifflin, Perry,
Snyder, Union and York.
Eighth District—Bedford, Blair,
Cambria, Fayette, Greene, Indiana,
Somerset and Westmoreland.
Ninth District—Allegheny, Beaver,
Lawrence and Washington.
Tenth District—Armstrong, Butler,
Clarion, Crawford, Elk, Erie, Forest,
Jefferson, Mercer, Venango and War
A SINQULAR transaction occurred in
an office a day or two since. By
some means or other it happened that
the office boy owed one of the clerks
three cents, and the clerk owed the
cashier two cents, and the cashier
owed the office boy two cents. One
day this week the office boy, having a
cent in his pocket, concluded to dimin
ish his debt, ami therefore handed it
over to the clerk, who, in return, paid
half of his debt by giving it to the
cashier. The latter handed it back to
the boy, saying that he now only
owed him one cent. The office boy
again passed the cent to the clerk, who
passed it back to the cashier, who
passed it back to the boy, and the boy
discharged his entire debt by handing
it to the clerk, thereby squaring all ac
counts. Thus it may be seen how
great is the benefit to be derived from
a single cent if expended judiciously.—
Petrolia Record.
—"How to Tell Bad Eggs," is the
title of an article in an exchange,
j When you have anything to tell a bad
' egg, you must l>e careful not to break
the shell while imparting the informa
—Regular wags—Pendulums.
The Pittsburgh Dispatch of the 20th
ult. contains a report of interviews
had by its reporter with some mem
l>ers and ex-members of Congress on
the present view of National politics.
Below are the opinions of three, which
will give our readers an idea of about
how matters appear to stand at pres
ent on the points referred to:
Col. Bayne was out Of his office
yesterday, and his house was closed
in anticipation of his departure soon
for Washington, but a reporter found
him subsequently at the residence of
his father-iu-law, Mr. Smith, on Ilidge
avenue, Allegheny. "Yes," said he
in response to a question with refer
ence to his early departure for the
Capitol, "Yes, I expect to start very
soon, probably about the 25th, as I
have some business to transact on my
The conversation passed to some not
specially interesting matters concern
ing the coming Congressional session
and then to the next Presidential can
vass. Col. Bayne expressed himself,
as he had frequently done before, as
being devoted to the candidacy of Gen.
Grant. "He is the only man," said
the Colonel, "that can be safely relied
upon as certain under any and all cir
cumstances to carry enough States to
secure his election. Grant will get
500,000 Democratic votes. I have ob
served recently published interviews
with a number of representative men
of the South and of the Democratic
party, in which the truth of this esti
mate is clearly indicated. The South
ern leaders say they prefer him to any
other Republican."
In the course of a lengthy conversa
tion with regard to Gen. Grant's pros
pects, Col. Bayne said he did not re
gard it as necessary that the General
should lie a candidate to carry Penn
sylvania. He had no doubt of the
Keystone State being Republican by a
very large majority. He also stated
that in Gen. Grant's favor it was to be
said that he was not drinking now,
and would not surround himself with
men of the class of many of those
whom he formerly had about him.
Referring to the recent election, the
reporter said :
"Well, Pennsylvania gave a round
Republican majority."
"Yes, Pennsylvania is a reliable
Republican State."
"Who is her choice for President?"
"Grant, if he will accept. If not,
Blaine. I ought to say, perhaps, that
these candidates would represent the
preferences of the masses of the Re
publican party. By a process of ma
nipulation well known to the junta of
politicians that manages the affairs of
the part}', anybody it selects may be
thrust upon the party, and Pennsylva
nia Republicans are so thoroughly Re
publican that they will do their duty.
There are very few Republicans in our
State who are identified with those
that thank God they are not as other
men are."
"New York will be the battle
ground ?"
"It may and it may not. The com
ing Presidential election is susceptible
of a management, which would be
perfectly constitutional and lawful, but
which would involve possible, if not
probable,contingencies that might give
rise to an alarming condition of affairs."
"How is that?"
"Well, you know that Section 2, of
Article 2, of the Constitution, provides
that 'each State shall appoint, in such
manner as the Legislature thereof may
direct, a number of Electors equal to
the whole number of Senators and
Representatives to which the State
may be entitled in Congress.' Now,
it is conceded by the Democrats that
if New York goes Republican, our
candidate will be elected. The Legis
lature of New York is largely Repub
lican and is likely to continue so.
Suppose the Legislature, imitating tho
declared purpose of Louisiana, Florida
and South Carolina, should repeal the
existing law on that subject, and enact
a law empowering itself to appoint the
Electors, and should appoint them,
that would give New York to the Re
publicans beyond a peradventure. It
would be legal and constitutional. But
the Democrats have both houses of
Congress. They are making a life and
death struggle for power, for they
know that after the next apportion
ment their chances will be hopelessly
gone. They might hold a popular
election, and the Republicans, standing
on the action of the Legislature, would
not vote. They would say the time
honored custom of New York had
been departed from, and they would
refuse, for this and other reasons, to
count the vote of New York, and thus
throw the election into the House."
"But how could they do that in the
face of the fact that Florida, Louisiana
and South Carolina had been manipu
lated in the same way in their be
"The Democrats will do anything
for power. They care no more for
consistency than they do for any other
principle. If they should refuse to
count the vote of New York as cast
her Electors, the Republicans would
not stand it. It is easy to imagine
what might come of this."
"Wouldn't such a course impinge
directly on their doctrine of State
rights ?"
"It would. But you have a very
common complaint among Republicans.
You judge the Democrats by your
own staudard. That won't do. The
act of Congress to prevent the intro
duction of yellow fever clashed di
rectly with their State rights theory,
but they passed it because it would
tend to the desired end, and carried an
appropriation. State rights are un
doubtedly politically dear to them, but
far dearer are the spoils of practical
The reporter asked Col. Bayne who
would succeed Mr. Chaudier as Chair
main of the Republican National Com
mittee. He replied he did not know,
but thought Mr. Cornell bad the point
of vantage.
A reporter of the Dispatch dropped
in last evening and detained Uncle
Robert Me Knight at his residence
until that gentleman was a little late
for prayer-meeting. Since Mr. McK.
represented the Northside district—he
was a member of both the Thirty-sixth
and Thirty-seventh Congresses—he
has.not taken a very lively interest in
politics, as he said to our representa
tive, adding: "I have been so occu
pied of late in the settlement and di
vision of the Denny estate that I have
hardly had time to give much thought
to the questions of National politics."
"I presume you have a choice for
President in 1880, though," said the
"I most certainly have," was Mr.
McKnight's statement, "and my pref
erence is for a man of whom I haven't
heard much said—l refer to Vice Pres
ident Wheeler."
"He is certainly an irreproachable
man." ventured the reporter.
"You speak truly. A man of purer
life is not to be found in our politics
to-dav. He is a man whom such Re
publicans as George Wm. Curtis and
other New Yorkers who are opposed
to Mr. Conkling and his methods
would esteem and support, and I have
no doubt that he would be able to
sweep New York State."
"Against Mr. Seymour?"
"Yes, against Mr. Seymour. The
latter is a man that I regard as of
equally estimable character. Never
theless, he is not a great man, I think.
He has not the nerve to enter into
such a contest to win."
"I suppose I nia\" say you are not a
Graut man ?"
' On the contrary, I admire General
Grant. But I would vastly prefer not
to see him the candidate. It would
he a bad precedent to establish. Cer
tainly this country is not so poverty
stricken for men fit to fill the Presiden
tial office as to render it necessary that
one should go there the third time. I
am a one-term man. I believe it
would be better for the country if the
Presidential term were extended to six
years, and a man made eligible to the
office for a single term only."
"You would not care to see Mr.
Hayes a candidate again ?"
"No, I esttcem him too highly to
believe that he could violate his prom
ise so definitely made, not to accept
the office a second time. I think Mr.
Hayes has made an admirable Presi
dent. His administration has been a
credit to the country Under it pros
perity has been restored, and the
masses now look upon the Republican
party not only as the party which put
down the rebellion, but which made us
prosperous once more. I think because
they do so look at it the election of the
Republican candidate is a surety."
"Do you think Sherman a strong
man ?"
"When I was in Congress, Mr.
Sherman and I were intimately asso
ciated, aud I know him well. I think
he is a man of great ability, and do
not believe any of the aspersions I
have heard upon his integrity. But
he is a cold man, uot likely to catch
the popular heart, and, therefore, not a
strong candidate. He would make an
able President."
"About Blaine ?"
"Blaine is a noble man, but some of
us were afraid he was just a little
smirched with the Credit Mobilicr."
General Moorhead, who trod tho
halls of Congress in troublous times,
and took active part in National and
State politics for a number of years,
but who now enjoys that rest and
quiet guaranteed the successful and
upright American citizen, was dis
turbed by a Dispatch newsgatherer
yesterday. The General was run
down in the cosy office of the Monon
gahela Navigation Company, of which
corporation he is the President.
"General," remarked the reporter,
are you at liberty to express your
views on matters political. The cam
paign is drawing nigh, and slates are
being 1 fixed up. Now, as to Grant's—"
"Grant appears to be 'booming,'"
spoke up the cx-Congressman. "If
he is the best man and the strongest
man, why that is sufficient to elect
"You have frequently expressed
your opinion on Grant, General," re
marked the interviewer. "Have you
any objection to telling who is your
choice for the Chief Magistracy ?"
"None whatever, sir. Blaiue is my
"No doubt you have your reasons
"Blaine is my choice because I think
he is the choice of a large proportion
of the Republicans of Pennsylvania."
"In regard to the Chairmanship of
the National Republican Committee.
Who do you think will step iuto Zach
Chandler's shoes?"
"Now I want it distinctly under
stood that I am out of politics. The
fact is 1 have not given the matter a
"As to United States Senator. It
is stated that IJuay will probably make
the riflle—"
"That question I can only answer
in the same manner as the other. I
am out of the political arena. How
ever, I am gratified at the result of the
"To what cause do you attribute the
success of your party at the polls last
month, General ?"
"1 think the action of Congress in at
tempting to cripple the Government
caused the result you refer to The ex
tra session of Congress saved the Re
publican party. The courageous action
of the Republicans during that session
was most timely and commendable."
"What are the futnre prospects of the
"I have no hesitancy in saying that
the Republican party will at the next
election gain the ascendancy in both
branches of the National Government.
I feel confident of it, and also of the suc
cess of the party's Presidential nominee.
1 want to see the success of the Repub
lican party."
"General," remarked the interviewer,
"it is to lie presumed you do not pay
much attention to the other side?"
"No, sir;the troubles of Democrats
do not agitate or annoy me in the least."
One square, one insertion, #1; each subse
quent insertion, 50 cents. Yearly advertisement*
exceeding one-fourth of a column, $5 per inch.
Figure work double those rale?; additional
charges where weekly or monthly changes are
made. Local advertisements 10 cents tier Una
for 6rrt insertion, and 5 cent's per line for each
additional insertion. Marriages and deaths pub
lished free of charge. Obituary notices charged
as advertisements, and payable" when handed in
Auditors' Notices. *4: Executors' and Ailminis
trators' Notices. *3 each; Estray, Caution an#
l'i*M>lution Notices, not exceeding ten lines, t
From tho fact that the CITIZEN is the oldea l
established and most extensively circulated Ito
publican newspaper in Butler county, (a Reput
lican county) it must be apparent to busines*
men that it is the medium they should use in
advertising their business.
NO. 3.
"What do you think of the Hoyt dis
patch to Grant ?"
"Well now," replied the genial gen
tleman, with a twinkle in his eye,
"I don't know what to think of that.
The language was not at all familiar to
me. It seemed rather obscure and
"Alex. McClure says it was written
on the bottom of a champagne bottle
with a corkscrew."
A hearty laugh was the answer to
this remark, and the interviewer with
drew with the assurance that he had
left the ex-Congressman in a good
natured and jovial frame of mind.
The condition of the foreign fruit
trade of Philadelphia has rarely been
livelier at this period than it is at the
present date, says the Confectioners'
Journal. Raisins have recently ad
vanced 50 cents per box in consequence
of recent severe weather on the coast of
Southern Europe. They now command
$2.25 to $3 per box, and are coming in
freely. The steamship Escurial arrived
here from Malaga early last week,bring
ing 50,000 boxes. This is the busy sea
son for raisius, owing to the demand
for the holiday trade.
Oranges are coming in very rap
idly, nearly all front Louisiana and the
West Indies. A cargo of 300,000 has
just arrived, consigned to the house
alluded to. These came from the Ba
hama Islands, and hundreds of thous
ands are coming in every week. Or
anges will continue to arrive in large
quantities from Louisiana and the West
Indies until December 1, when they
will begin to arrive from Valencia and
the Island of Sicily. Oranges from the
latter places will come until next Au- *
gust. Oranges now sell for $lB and S2O
per 1,000 wholesale.
Lemons are arriving in small quan
tities, and the supply is not what is de
sired. They are brought principally
from Malaga, but after the Ist of De
cember they will come front Sicily.
About four-fifths of the lemons that
come to this country are shipped front
the Island of Sicily, and they will con
tinue to arrive until next September.
Lemons now sell for $5.50 per box of
350, wholesale.
The market is overstocked with do
mestic grapes, and California grapes are
beginning to come in large quantities.
Among the choice grapes are the white
ones from Almeria, Spain, and they
come in 50 pound kegs, and they, as
well as the best California grapes,
sell for s('■ and $7 per package of 50
pounds. Malaga grapes come in mod
erate quantities, and sell for $6 and
$7.50 per package of 45 pounds. It is
thought the recent storms in Spain will
increase the price of grapes about 40
per ccut. White grapes will continue
to arrive for the next three months.
Bananas are steady, and a very brisk
trade is being done. An average of two
steamship loads per week come to this
port, and this firm imports an aggre
gate of 20,000 bunches per month at
the present tine, each bunch containing
an average of 12 dozen bananas. They
sell for about $2 per bunch. During
last March the firm mentioned imported
50,000 bunches. The best months for
importation are March, April, May, and
Cocoanuts are being imported in
large quantities, and the confectioners
in the city use up about 500,000 of them
per month. One house (Croft, Wilbur
it Co.) has a contract for 100,000 per
month. They come from Jamaica,
Cuba, and the Spanish Main, and sell
from $37.50 to SSO per thousand.
Pineapples arrive in April, May,
June, and July. They come from tho
Bahama Islands, and between 2,000,-
000 and 3,000,000 reach this port every
[New York Evening Telegram.]
The phrase, "Acknowledge the
corn," is variously accounted for, but
the following is a true history of its
origin: In 182S Andrew Stewart,
member of Congress, said in a speech
that Ohio, Kentucky and Indiana sent
their hay stacks, corn fields and fodder
to New York and Philadelphia for
sale. Wickliffe, of Kentucky, called
him to order, declaring those States
did not send hay stacks or corn fields
to New York for sale. "Well, what
do you send ?" asked Stewart. "Why,
horses, mules, cattle and hogs."
"Well, what makes your horses,
mules, cattle and hogs?" You feed
one hundred dollars' worth of hay to a
horse. You just animate and get
upon top of your hay stack and rido
oir to market. How is it with your
cattle? You make one of them carry
fifty dollars' worth of hay and grass
to the eastern market. llow much
corn at thirty-three cents a bushel does
it take to" fatten a hog? "Why,
thirty bushels." "Then you put that
thirty bushels in the shape of a hog
and walk it off to the eastern market."
Then Mr. Wickliffe jumped up and
said: "Mr. Speaker, I acknowledge
the corn."
—A Russian medical journal has an
article upon the beneficial results of
sinking as a healthful exercise. It is
based upon the examination of a num
ber of singers between the ages of
nine and fifty-three. Experiments
seem to prove "that the relative and
even the absolute circumference of the
chest is greater among singers than
among those who do not sing, audthat
it increases with the growth and ago
of the singer." Thus the practice of
singing as introduced and practiced
in most of our public schools is not
only a pleasant recreation for the chil
dren, but promotive of their health
and vigor.
Chief Justice Carter, of Washington,
deserves to be commended. Ile refused
to grant a divorce in the case of John
Casev against his wife, Florence E.
Casey, because from all the evidence
one is about as wretchedly quarrelsome
and extravagant as the other, and it
would be an unjust infliction upon the
public if either should bo givem a
chance to get iuto the matrimonial mar
ket again. He would direct a decree of
separation, but uot of divorce.